Newspaper Page Text
BY D. A. & C. H. BUEHLER
Religion—What Is It?
Is it to go to ghissch ta.d a y,
To look deenutlind seen. In pray,
And ere. to-inurraw's Pun 1401,1 down
lie dealing slander through the town 1
Does every aene!imonions Nee
Denote the (Trion) rein n grace I
D les not it, phiz that gcowle at sin
Olt veU Itypocr.ey v)ithio
Is it to Insico our (Lilly walk
And 01 our good deeds to talk,
Yet often prAciiee secret crime,
And thus mispimil our precious timo
je it•lor sect or creed to fight,
To cell our :mil 'he tufoofr rl ight,
When whit we wielt.hiet the beet,
To See our church: exCell the rest 1
Is it to wear the Christian's Jre.a
And Inve In ail nnankinJ !awes.,
And treat with scout the humble prier,
And bar against them every door 1
Oh, no! religion means not this.
Its fruit more hweet
. poil fairer is—
Its precept this: to others do
As you would have them do to you
It griives to hear an ill report,
And scorn• with human woes to sport—
Of others' deeds it speaks no
lint tells of good or keeps it still.
And does religion this impart?
'Then may its influence fi I my heart;
Oh ! haste that hhasfu!, joyful .1 iy ,
When all the eartli may nun its sway
Many sparkling passages occur in
"Gilfillan's Bards of the Bible." Thu fol.
lowing are illustrations :
Its words and itethoughts are alike po.
etieal ; it has gathered around its central
truths all natural beauty and interest ; it
is a temple with one altar anti ram God,
but illumined by a thousand different
lights, and studded with a thousliol
cu ortintnents. It has substantially but
one declaration to make, but it utters it in
the vutei.s of the creation. Shining forth
from the excellent glory, its li g ht 11. is been
reflected to a myriad . of inter uh•
jects, till it has become attempered for our
earthly vision. It now beams upon us ;a
once front the heart of man, and front the
countenance of nature. It has arrayed it
self it the charms of fiction. Ithasgath•
erect new beauties from the work of crea
tion, and new warmth and new power front
tho very passion of clay. It bvs
into its sertiee the very animals of the
the forest, the ft titers of the field, the
stars of heaven—all the elements of na•
tore. The lion spurning the sand of the
d e s er t, the wild ro e leaping oven the moun
tains, the tumbled in siielleo to the slaugh•
ter, the goat speeding to the wilderuc•is,
the rose blossoutiogi. in Sharon, the lily
AT99ping4l'tllo valley, the apple-tree bow.
iniktutilehts fruit, the great ruck shadow•
ing a weary laud, the river gladdening a
dry plata!, the 1110011 1111(1 thu morning ;
star. Carmel by the sea and be
mountains, the dew from the womb of the
morning, the rain up an the omen
the r a inbow encompassing a dark piaeo, l
the light of God's shadow, the thunder of
Jlis voice, the wind and the earthquake!
Ins footsteps—all such v j !eta tine i
male as if naturally designed from their
creation to represent hint to whom the!
book and all its maiden's point. Titus the
spirit of the book has ransacked creation
to lay its treasure on ielinvah's altar, uni
ted the inoutnerable rays of far—trea
glory on the hill of Calvary, and woven a
gad in I fir till Moe hog brow of Emanuel,:
the flowers of which have been culled from
the garden of the universe.
The power of the Bible over man has
been long and obstinately resisted, but re
sisted in vain. For ages has this artless,
loo'ely•piled little book been exposed to
the fire of the keenest investigations—a fire,
meanwhile, which has consumed contemp
tuously the mythology of the Iliad, the
husbandry of the Georgics, the historical
truth of hivy, the fables of Shuster, the
Talmud and Koran, the artistic merit of
many a popular poem, rho authority of
many a work of philosophy and sc•ience.—
Aml yet there the Bible lies unhurt, un
touched, with not one of its pages singed,
end not even the smell of fire having pass
ed upon it. :Many an attempt has been
made to seam away the Fiery Pillar of our
tranderings, to prove it a mere natural pro
duct of the wilderness ; but still night af
ter night it rises, like one of the ever
shining stars of the vanguard of the great
march of man, the old column gliding slow,
but guiding certainly to future lands of
promise, both in the life that is and Masi
which cotneth hereafter.
While other books am planots shining
with reflected radiance, this book, like the
sun, shines with kindred and unborrowed
Lose SzeslPhtes.—These, after ail, are
the great mistakes of clergymen—the cry
ing sin of the. pulpit. People will not
read.long. dry -disquitions upon secular
subject.i. and religious subjects are listen
ed to with pretty much the same sort of
uneasy ears. The truth is, a half an hour
of good, hearty laboring is about as much
as ordinarily sensitive sinners can stand
at one sitting; and when sermons are hab
itually protracted beyond that length,
those to whom they are perhaps the most
important will habitually keep away.—
The value and efficacy of sermons consist
in whit is' remembered , not in that which
is forgotten; and a half dozen curt, epigra
music sentences, with a small relish of el
eqUence and rhetoric, are worth more up
on a?promiscuous congregation, than a
whole . work of preaching ,under
the ten hour .system. Deacons and
elasS•leaders may, be suited , with the ten
heal. system sermons, but. sinners won't
be—end there's the difference. Lung
sermons 'and thin congregations are in
dietittO tie, '
TiaViitsisohs atter ;hoary-hooded frosts
Fall on the fresh lip of the elbow:on Taw ;
Atid`oll 'Hyovien's chick end icy crown, • •
In ethical's chaplet of sweet lumpier bails.
lit 06 4 inaefit 10t ;.The spring, the summer
• Olin" aututalt, angrj . %inter change
woo* liveries ; aqd the sassed wotld;
' Oasis Militia; now Morena which•ls.wbkii.
2 T ar
The Wile Bore Grandpa.
About thirty years ago, visiting ll—,
in the wilderness of North-eastern Ohio,
in company with Rev. Luther Ifutnpltry,
and examining candidates with a view to
organise,achureh, I was struck with the
narraavo given of herself by Mrs
Living about two miles Crum her lath.
er'n in Massachusetts, she one day took
her little .on, five years old, to visit her pa•
rents; and a thunder storm arising, they
were obliged to tarry fir the night.
"In the evening." she said, "sty father,
as his custom was, called his family tageth•
er, read Irma hi+ large Bible, and commen
ded all to God in pm . ) er. In the morn•
ing, the family were also assembled, when
he again read the Bible told prayed ; and
I returned home with my little bay.
"1 soon noticed that the little fellow
seemed pensive and very sober, • and asked
him, 'What is the matter r Afier a lit
tle hesitation, he said, , Why doesn't pa
do as grandpa does 7' 1 said to him, ['ho,
g i away to your play.' My Attie boy
looked disappointed at my answer, but ran
to his play. lie was pm.: but a short
time, before he came running to me, and
with more earnestness again said, "Ma,
ma, why doesn't pa do us grandpa does '•
1 frowned upon bin, and bale him the
second time to go away to his play. Ho
seemed grieved, but went away. Soon be
came running buck to the a third tim , ,
and still more earnestly cried nut • 'Ma,
ma, why doesn't pa do as grandpa does r
To paddy him, 1 asked Into, •Ilow does
grandpa do ?"11'lly, ma, he gets his
great Bible and reads, and tlo. t, goes to
prayer.' 'Well,rusk pa when he comes
"3ly husband was abroad on busincsi,
Ind Wil3 tat expected hunic until even-
The boy ..keeincd to wait impatieu'iy for
his fat her to (mine. eaulo,
931 , 1, 'My /kile boy, is it not tone fir
you to go to bed.' 'No, ma, I must sit up
till pa collies.' 1 soon tried again to in
fluence his little mind to think it best for
him to go to bed. But no, be most sit up,
contrary to his usage, and see hisp.t. Si
hu Wailuti tiil between eight and nine o'-
clock, when his father returned. As soon
as siepped his lint Within the duo r . ! h e
little boy ran to meet him, saying, 'Pa, pa,
• v wil don't you do us grandpa doe, r
‘.lway, away ; what are yan up at this
time of night for ? Off to bed.'
"Nothing more was heard from his lit
tle boy until morning. Be lay 111 b:d
later than usual, even till after we break.'
fasted. Whim he got up, I placed his
breakfast I r iefare Lim, :out drew him up to
the table. But lie did uot eat anything.—
He sat very demure, looking at his food.
1 said, 'Way don't you rat?' Ito sail
nothing, but sat almost motionless. 1
soon asked hint again, 'Why don't you eat
your breakfast ?' ion waiting to asli
',hissing. for I don't see that: ally uudy wt.!,
it 1 don't.'
lei:1111 , 4i were neerenTirl , !; I Cold]
eulltail myself ua l•inger, and iiiitnedi at,•-
I}' rot it eil into another r o om. where I might
Weep and pray elidiseoVered. I ilifural.• 1
tiny hu.Land. Ile Was deeply affected.—
Without delay, we sought an na cre :4 in
th e ltedeeleer. OM' own family altar was
erected; and snow, as we hope, we found,
to our unspeakable jay, Him of whom Al ,-
Se,l in the law cud the prophets did
The father %%mi.; elected deacon of the
church. in wlih it office lie served accepta
bly to the day of his death. And the lit
tle boy, grown into the meridian of life,
is now an ornament to the Christian name
and cause.—.'lm. Meas.
'•A Lillie. tout."
In the life of the Rev. S. Judd, the no.
lowing hulking thoughts oceurr
pre:mm(l a sermon from the text, "lbs
mother made hint a little coat." 1 Sam.
it., 19. Pasting front the letter to the
spirit, ho speaks of clothing for the mind
and the soul, and endeavors tnimpress mo
thers that they should be it:9re solicitous
about such little coats than for the fashions
and frock-jackets or other garments of
"I met a man in the streets literally
clothed in rags, clothed also with mani•
fold tokens of u depraved life. I ask, did
his mother, when young, make hint a little
When I see a person clolhed in humili
ty, entertaining a modest SCIISd of him::lf,
revereut of truth—his tuot:let made for
a little coat.
These coats last a long time. Children
shall wear them when parents are dual ;
they shall wear them in distant lands ;
that old family style shall show itself in
many places and times. What sort of
clothes arc you making for your children?
Is their vesture wisdom or fully ? Is it
the true beauty of goodness, or a poor im
itation from the dranerh.
"Your word;, your acts, go to make up
this clothing. Something you did yester
day becomes part of a garment your
child must wear many yeari..
"Young mother, a naked spirit comes to
put builds as well as a naked body. You
havo prepared clothing for the last ; shall
the first go denuded, picking up what it
may wear at haphazard ? Is the body of
your child all you have thought about ?
It is yours to dress a new living spirit..-4o
cut out and make for it celestial attire.—
Your older children are even now wearing
coats you made them years ago. How do
you like them? le it n garment of praise ?
Have thny a character which you would
wish them to Wear for ever? B u t th e
child y3u 'are dressing - for alitio - st; tho 'first
time. for whom you . aro makiulc'hits rst
little coat, what Shall he bo ?
Make the little coat, oh. mother ! Make
it so that it will be no disgrace for hint to
be been in it. So make it that it will be
to him a robe of_ dignity. and oatecm in
the world, and a robe Spotless and bright
is thi kingdom of heaven forever"
A speculator who buys largely 4af the
producers. remarked to up, that 'firbt
thing ho looked for when ho went jute
man'. bonen to purchase. was a newspaper..
If ha saw sogol_be was sure of good
GETTYSBURG, OBIDAY, EVENOG, MAY 11, /855.
Belles and Beggars In Italy.
The Florence correspondent of the New•
ark tbd vet. ti4er says
Instances are not unfregnent of medi
cants becoming rich through their beggar.
ly sarings. A singular revelation rof this
is reported to have occurred here a few
days since. A young man of respectable
ftmily, being chcated in settle way out of
his heritage, went daily ro a certain place to
pray the Virgin to take his cause into her
hands ; and as he went he was in the hab
it of throwing alms into the hands of a
beggar found always on the church steps,
who pretended to be blind, weal ing a ban
dage over his eyes After a ineuth or so
the beggar addressed him, changing his
impl , n•ing air to one of patronage, and ask
ed hint if he did not ithaself need pecuni
ary aid. Thu young man with surprise.
asked the beggar, in reply, what was that
to him ?
I "Much," lie answered, “beeause I lore
you;" and then inquired if would like to
inaky an c:ip,ible marriage.
1 "1," si 1 the young gentleman, "how
mairy a rich wile, when I have
nothing !,) bring her in return?'
"Will enough, if you let me make the
match fir yin," said the bevar
to morrow, et Joel' an hour, to— street,
Ni —, and I pruinido you a good fur-
".Igrocil," sal eln other, beginning to
bolievo Ora his Ralson Mary hid wrought
a ininele in hi, 14.11.,1f.
i,ext d f,,und him tr4e,.1,4 hia ap
p intcneut at tli.. h ruyc. Tao d nir Loins
(pone I by a scrvan , , he wa• alnnit to re
tire, t a hoax, when the &flies
in3..sted ~ n 1,13 g rill! ill, saring tliAt
i l l 3 uta.ter esp.n.ted lihn. 11. aeoordlng
ly enli.ted tel lam.' a gentlenitn, %di.)
met 141111 with it kindly welenine.
°Sir, I h .ve not the lion r of your an•
quaintattee," said the piling in '•1
61t .w pao tluntgii," repti:d the gon
tlitnatt, "and penult, lie to present you to
my - daughtet ," I'a in,; thr astonisoed
pooh t • a bevutifal pupa: lady seated ua
the sofd. A f;er some g.,nteloi votiver-a
t.e. 0. father siguilidd ills wish to 1 .);
alone wi'lt Ihe StrAllg , ,,r. Tice (laugh tor
modestly withdrew, and he reveale
self os the Win 1 b./g tr of the Church stone
u,l It,: had, doling twenty pat.:, ace)•
'lttulated a fortune through I ggin. : , and
wendl 1111 W Tirv , tettt ill:11 with his datigh"et
and her lot, bee inie W:IS sure 01 IL 11 , !
was till bluest It need not h
that Italiul picly did hat pr e‘ cut the
acee',/t4ilg+ the pile,' of low
treachery, nor that i• le.l Trim ag lin to the
churehi.potonk the Vagin fur t Id; won•
del fol answer to his. prayeti, an I to hang
a silver heurt, in utdiuuwiedglutnt,
her ill) Igo
PATIENC.V. § . .4141iS ox Page.—Wat.
Pa) He, ;I very W. 14 a leit:110f
of Milt-ic, in it 'veil , int, IOW!' in, Alass.ietiii•
sou.: and in his sidciol, um! was a
pretty girl. smite twenty years okl, flamed
I'mic,eo Ad ons, having 111 hi a it strung
impressi.m 'yin., he lost n.i time
in dee! .1 ' via 16.1 which NI Hs
A. r •ciproe doil, and in en,i 110
resell, lust a+ Alr. P. s nuentions lie
rame mid the fa •t of an ett4 , 1,0•
meat w.l Lpmer,illy tio•lersio lie sehmil
ti,ml 4 1.0:1 in emointuove, so p tr•
ties cm a cer:aoi evening yirt•Selli. \Jr.
Witilitlll any thou rhl 01 the
named as the time for the entrimetwill.;
exercise, "Ft Street, " in that exec ' ,
ill olthureli inn "The Cdr.
mina Savra. " Every 1111 C licriee,
and every one entertained the highest re
speet lor P iyne; mid with a hearty goo]
a ill on the p irt, of all the school, the cho
rus commenced :
"See Gentle P.itienre smile on Payne,
Sett dying hope re*iye again."
The coinenlence Was so striking, that
tfiegrae'itvoftiletoung ladies and gen de•
men could scarcely Ike restrained long e•
'tough to ge•t through the tune. The
young lady was still more charming
with, her blll4hing cheeks and rand st
cast down eyes, while the tenc;:ier wa: s o
exceedingly einhat rassed, he knew not what
he did. Hastily turning over the leaves of
the belok,liii eye lit [tonna well known tune,
nitul he called out ••f)nndre." •l'he song
began ns soon as sufficient order could
bere,ktorekl, and at like last line of the fol•
lowing stanza, ruse to a climax :
'.Let not aleapair nnr fell revenge
Be to my bod.tin known ;
give Inc to.lw for other's woo,
And Patience lot my own."
Patience was already betrothed; she
was in liwt his; in about a year aftelVeirds
they buJaine wan and wire.
Then gentle Pnikace snito.t on Payne,
And Payne had Patience for hie own
It is plenatit to be able to nth' that
they still It ve: four or five litt'e pleasant
Paystes have heed added to t h e flintily,
which is one of the happiest to be found
in this beautiful world.
A gentleman of grave deportment was
busiiy engaged ht btu .ving hobbles of soap
rind water, and was attentively observing
them a. they expaniled and burst in the
sunshine. A pert youth fell into a fit of
loud laughter at a sight an strange. and
which showed, as ha 0%4)1,4111, such folly
and insanity. Be ashamed, young man.
said one who passed hy, of your rudeness
and ignorance. You now behold the
Greatest philompher of the age. Sir Isaac
Newton, investigating the nature of light
and colors, by a series of experiments
no less rmrinus: than useful, though you
de em them childish and insignlficunt.
Clecasimrilly we come across ah adver
tisement worth -pondering-over. Here is
none of 'em :"—"Thn silbscriber is (yen
to emoract for the washing of a few reopen
table families ih a superior - manner and - mi
reasonable terms. Greitt'Attentien paid
to ladies. Address,4o."
then sweeping the country in such power,
that if the vidian..tOiak" the Texans on
AN INDII9VMEN S anru neement, ' flank and in'the rear; would have
i - • the
the Ciroleidllo:Toninal Says, "that till sob• 4 been inevitablytttal: A wan of influence
soribinitiaying ia. advance Win dm entitled with the . lndians.ant sent among them and
" fir.tro, !9. aki.4l7 iptipcs; .14 c o 0 of in.da league with thirteen ,nationv..:—:
death." • . I When' the - ,Teiani were obliged to.fly
• • - • "FtARLESS AND FREE."
4ty HE AMIERICAN
A•LttcTVRR 111' pENITAL BA3II3KL.ImusToN.
A few days ago, Senator Houston, of
Texas. went on to deliver a lecture before
the NatvEngltinti Young Men*Associa
tion. There WO a very large audience
present. We find a synopsis of the lec
ture in The Toibyne, whichove deem of
sufficient interest to copy into our col.-
mu. Gen. n, is ti fast friend of the red
i The house was nearlysfilled. Gen.
11. way received amid applause, and will'
three cheers, and three inure... He com
menced his address 4 ,witli en tittolingy for
his want of preparation, Owing to multi
farious avocations - and baste in travelling:
Still he was, froin long experience, not
unacquainted witit the Ihoriginal Indians.
Notwithstanding the inadequate efforts
made to civilize' and ettrisilsnizb them,
the mismanagethent of the Government
.and the cupidity of its agents, they have
ina le great pregrOs in civilization and re
, ligion. It has ben supposed that the
loill In is inferi r in intellect to the
i white math,. but; he is by nature.inledi
gent, and suseep .. le ; and !null the Ms
, COVery Or the 14111, there have been men
of !admit birth itiliose v/lor mid geitious
i should redeem ( h race trim) :my slur.—
The delects of Ott Itidil'in, at Ilia he a ls of
the whites, were to result of tile supiiriiir
arms of ow Lott!. (lien. 11. claimed firj
the liiilialls :iii e 'ty by nature with the
proudest of the . rimy are caleti•
fated io receive flateilciit au I rvifile
menu.. iif the e out auctety. Among
ilitio )iiii wil twat and comfortabie
hoincs, lathe tied to einiverHtliiM and
beautiful in rip 4iirance, a government
properlysy tritium ized, t he Sa . ..batil resvuct.
, eil, native preachers koelaitifingthe gospel
of peace t., th ' r
ludiad hroi hers, lit a
manner Mid wit! a lecling that ttionid no:
discri•ditlie, wb t o man. T i wit It tint
such good resul t doe 1 Ti Cii! ellorts of
toe G .vernmeitt, ' T.) tau ,),-,i,), ) o f s , ) .
elelles for Ilia . 111 liiirli.loti of Cie lodi . i.C.
contlilloo 1 No I Of tiiii hitoilred millions
of dolliir/4 apprii riated by g rlYn11111(411 fur
their use, not 111 ' re dean twenty iii , l)ions
have been belief !.ially ;yolk! I 1.1 tli It ~b.
jaa:. Toe test, as heed -witilitiviiil op hi .
Liu vopolity of . anti. 11 i i ;11,. roll 411.1
butt aililit . :l as '.'ell as ii11, , ,1.1.•.1, 11 wool,:
havc rcelaiiiieit i ffinn the s ‘ aviif . iii id lie :111
the 111111.1114 Wit 1 11 the 1111111 , of the Urtitcd
St:ires. Tii.i ii " Wit 101;.0:ti 11l 111..;11,:t!:er
setUlig l'ooll tir ilk—pra.•are Caenr in irk,
lift bi.lialllre, 4r . en (lit. , do not iii.ow What
i they are multi . 'lney :ire 1111:9 abused
throngdi the qui ' iivance of the trailers att.l
egents. lit_Mt: W i lma, what , starving lit
atati litiolicksj to eat their elilldrea, lilt
iof $4811,000 app opriated, only $43,1100
I were used liar LIM .111011,1114. In N cbra,k, I,
the civil amid military function:trio; have
been combined loi elicat the Indians alit of
the price of land. %Vita( wander that hi . r
toilialiiivi. tides lint test updo ihe Iron.
tier. whim the Ilfiti lers of tad I . : vat. alive
d ) it a tall a.) the, tv retelle. tv 110 act (hos
beaely. Tile 11h11.1oS 1/I' , l II a treat v•
brew Sere ; but WIII:11 they aro allitscil, t i t .y
!laterally seek rtvenge. Toi . y yo omit
liiiirilors t lilt ioi it, I i po1p : 01.1 Oil, rut . ,
and it wont.] be unjust to l• lilt Iliii vii y
se a iii st it iiiilrdsiers !wpm's . : of the slots,
or a few. %liel I rcli
eat a it lit . .ilii . s and
lingo' of , whole ale mass eire i ( which
fail iiii the wiiiiteit and t . :1;1 Ice'', for the
is.)rri.,r.i :ire itos,liit) lot properiy at the
dour ot the wlittet. The Flori It war is
MI 111,:b111( . 1.!. J4litsim 'then defeated (fie
the laidtanioa Mt field of baitie; but w lien
Ile meanie the ar.
tier of their destiMe4,
sn ,l ) ) ) ,,, in t, l 4)tr to Menem .iir j. 1,,,,, he acted
so that to this thiy, the ;dime of Jackson
rallieS Ilse big ni'r to start to the eye iil
ithe warrior. !Luise Illi•to• ilativvs Id the
Soil, will When their advancement In riviii•
Zdtitill et1.111)01 . 1,4 WIIWI Oar t=oci,•l y ill
stiintions. give the t a territory. ii ,a n•-• and
iippilailees of i ttrovelirmit ; reeeive them
into our legislative l g i •e
initial share and n equal tittere r t in the
legiclation ; 11,iiit.,l
811,1 when 1 / 4 . 011 reduce them to -- a
cal habit:l6mi alt .i A Willi.," they willlei-
the destiny of leen, live by tile swat of
their brow. cultiOle the arts and even ele.
gaitcliti of peace, and in two ge::eratious
they wiil he as civilized its ourselves.
Goa. 11. adviirted to the Indian war
threatened at present, and said it roin•
mcneeti in u slaughter oh the Indians by'
the troops. Thu liiihan law—an tin/aria,
Isle custom—is that blood should be veng
ed by blood ; not alone in the person of the
offender, but of his relatives. A Nloritom
party were passing near the Sioux romp,
when a cow strayed [ruin then in the 1 1 .
dlaaa: a Bear Indian with %I.:is among them
killed the now. Tlte
at Fort Belnap, anti a lieutenant ja West'
Point cadet, wit') had never seen all 111111-
an) was Bent with 29 men and two pieces
of artillery to adjust the opener. Tile In
dians offered to. pay the value ; the inatt
who killed the cow was demanded, but he
took refuge in a lodge, and said lie would
not be taken; lie was a stranger among the
Sioux, and they said they could nut give
him up, but would pay for the atom
whereupon the lieutenant tired his artillery
upon them, and the result was 'that the
whites were all massacred. This inci
dent waiumatle the fotindation of asenitiai
tion to Washingtott far an army to pat down
the. whole race. ls Peace has ever been the
best policy *ith the Indians.; war has
purchased only disasters. The agents
sent oinniig them ,are either gentlemen
who hive dissipaied their estates, or poor
loafers who have a 'claim upon the Govern
ment; and their Chief or sole purpose,
,go with ..a..parchment in their
bosom Among the tribes, is to steal and rob
from thent. Gott., H. was not reflecting
on the firesent Athitiniatration, but stating
the conditigns of thinge for fifty years.—
lie relairl.more itteitleu*ebrittectoti with
the Texan war.., n,Mexican . force was
hind the river'S tbine,their fugitive women
and children were fed, relieved and help.
cd forward by the Indians.. When peace
was restored and a new administration in
stalled in Was hingtqii, their, same Indians,
peaceful agrintiliii rat people, were set upon.
driven out, and many of them massacred,
The result was a bloody retaliation. and,
for years, the tomahawk gleamed over the
whole district. Another Administration
came in; and, thntigh friendly', it took two
years to remora peace. A delegation was
1 sent among the Indians by the Polk Ad.
inibistration, but they had previously a
greed not to hear propolitious from any
one vitto did not bring tfllir credentials of a
ring ariU certain colors. AsAro could
not be shown, the Indians air • the 'dole.
gates, who sent them 1 they answered,
Tlu Indian's father ; tVe latter roplell.
'they had no (adult., blit a brother—[Al).
platise]—and would have no "sulk" with
t hedelegates. .
Gen. A. was heard with much attention,
and frequently applauded.
I would have a female quaitied for her
station as a wile, mother, and mistress of
a lainily ; but this is not all ; for mental
improvement' should he associated with a
correct knowledge ol household atriirs.—
ti he who Is 10 reside river a faintly should
be most intimately acquainted With every
that can Vetter we order or PllllllOlO
eO,OlOll. Tll,ll 111191 be 1111 111iL1111e10111
mother who is oin anxious to teach a
(I.lw,Viter how to manage a family to the
advailin2e ; anti that Olll9l be a
weal; and silly girl who is not willing to
ho taught. All the time, therefore, must
not be gi von to honky ; fur learned ladies
tt khout iteatin i sa, maithicat order, without
economy, withanit frugality.
do very well 1.4 ritniden; or aunty,
Out beileve mo, ilieflt hewer mike wives."
A howye should ho rendered
runilorbib . .e for and hii children,
or eke they ere very likely by wander
home fur cu , nl..rt.
nc..tne•e4. Irug.ilily and nr i kr, uru n;I
4re.tt vibli,rtaiteu in 'lto Ip.bit+ of a wile.
and iniAtres+, for the want. 01
which, 11 , 1 knowledge, linwev.er extensive,
c. 1 ,1 sehstitutll,l.
It IS 110 t req.ll.6lP that 3 wife shmli,l be .
ei!iier an Hee,..np!isielJ to.' a
I• 1/ Ai, 4111 lOW ttoght to it Ale to
Jmlga of tilos,: goalitirntiou in,o then' ; a n d
;fit! Waal 1)1 tit:4 altilitt.• hag letl malty
Wan W'ii) W. 14 111 , : , 4 , (1 wiII a leurne,l Lv, fc.
to fr:t.t.-tita, with totattoltittg between clia-
N •tt and tio•tp;or, 110%v (1011, to my cost.
11141 totowiolge ;timid I I Im poor a tittatiti•
I.,stiott for a. wife as rratlaal he Dilly or
exit-ro.ll acaotookslttaaati !"--1/.14.17t1
W4INDERSUL EjCAPI: Filar
r " V 'l3lSn.;e„k (him ler sierai, the
I suit niche ehiin lay of the flwel
liaz el I r n ar (),weg . i, N. V..
do,weilditig . the stuvr-pti.c 1,1 ilie min ve and
thenre ihtrased it•iell in everir iltreanieni
ossiiil mio dining!' the finer 111141 On
t"l' e of iii Mr. Skilinnis
w. 04 IhroWn 1;04 , 11 801141049 111111 1111 11 tor,
lIIV 1.1,010.. 10111111 fatter. 01 0110 41.111. and
lie rig ' lt Aida Iv 1. sev (rely haratid and par•
z,••il A little girl. Win w in the
rn.wi, parently was nit injured; but-whet
is alai etc olio was thrown
dewll and the !suits she hail no were torn
;INN areinid the ankle, and die loot of
rile 11:1.,14 1.8 I t Iron her feet with
st•ieltinqs, and throit $O4OB 1.0% fe ' l`t dis•
ti.ni, leaving the I I legs entire on the
girl. The chimney WAR nearly tern to
p ieees and h rickswere thrown Mille eigh
teen reds distant : the flmir was (0111 up in
several pliwer, and one aide of the house
was much shattered.
deur, don't y "'ale," sty/ •rnar
ativel" said II modest lady to her little n o n,
who w. 14 relating a very inturaatiug tale
he hul just read ill it newspo Intr. IVltile
the little ((.1;ow was thinking ma,
the oil 11..114u-dug wall:v(1m shaking
iii nii /l ',poked (one familiarly at the
boy. n•ho exclaimed :
"M 1. make Sanclw quit shaking hia nor
"Father," said a hoy to his parental pro.
teetor, a venerable. Quaker, "I can lick that
"That in.iy be all true., my gen ; hut if
thee does, thee will gel illy hands blacked
in the, orrati.til," was the wise counsel or
the pea,,eful Friend. A counsel which
every satt,clous editor sees frequent el:ca
nton to follow.
"Bruilder JIHIPS, ran you tell me de dif
feren,c 'tweet' dyine, and ?"
"Wily oh course I can, Samuel. When
von diet you Ith all nottio, and when you.
die you hats notlitt to lib on."
%Veil dais ditraretit what I tort it
wal. 1 tort It was a race %wean do dor.
trio' stuff and star wation, to see which will
The Inr4eso clock over tr.matructed has
been tioirdred fir the new hiu eef p rriia•
men t, London ; the dials ur., twenty-two
feet irr diameter ; the point of the initiate.
hand will, therefore. move nearly four
inches every mtuute. The pendulum is
fifteen feet long. The hour hell is eight
lee' high, Intl weighs fifteen tune. The
hammer weighs four cwt. The clock. aM
a whole, is eight,times as large us a lull
sized cathedral clock.
"A New Dull."—Under this caption
an extthange announces tint "a Mr. En
field Elam was recently married to Miss
Jeminta EtNe - ." - : It is presumed thetniton
took place on afry-day." .
It appears that Matt. J. Ward, who shot .
the schoolmaster, flutist., is the` rest lion
of the streets of New Orleans. Ile sport!!
a beautiful span of biy hums. deautifully .
Caparisoned, and a carriage
,that is bril
liant with splendour, and upon the box is
two colored gentlemen, with blue suits,
white glovus, black hats, a groan band a.
bound, ant a small fuathor upon. the up
I,f afinut)l b0y.63,0.111Qd a ift it
proper to call a bigger one a Madder r ‘,„
~ Mom the•Germaistoire Tiditrepti.
• Culture : • Corn.
118. EDTTOR:—A .about 'the time that
farmers are beginnin prepareethttilant corn,
and the best method whereby anOtindant crop
may be produced should Nu:ought aftcr j it may
not bo amiss testate some important MU; con
nected with this subject. it is a customary and
a very propOr practige to plow an old sod. for
this crop, and to stitnulate the growth of the
young plant by Am application of some kind of
manure to the hill until the roots extend suffi
ciently. to reach the inverted sod and extract
.centinnance or pabulum to assist
its future growth and inatgrp the grain. A
variety of fertilise:l:, finch as proudrette, su
perphosphate. Lo.. have been used for this pur
pose with doubtful advantage. But a comp°.
sition iWgreater value than . either of the above.
can be economically made by the farmer. with
out the aid of a chemist or any other function
Ivy to concentrate it into a substance of no Al- I
ue, with a complicated name. Chicken manure I
is the 'most important ingredient in this com
post. hence the necessity for providing suitable
houses wherein the foods can at all times
roost : thereby' preventing the excrement front
being impaired by the weatherfand moreover
adding greatly to its emir:whiten. From , my
stock of fowls. we get annually a.aufficient por
' tion of innnure to form a compost with the ad
dition of twenty-five or thirty bisheis of ashes
and a few cart loads of the shovelings of the
Ihorse stable. for ten acres,Of corn; About one
! handful! is the proper quantity to apply to
I each bill, and this should he opened with a hoe
mod the corn dropped irtfile space thus made.'
,prevents antdenger of the grairi,l
Ibecoming Injured before sprouting, by the
enustie properties of the' compost. and also
I forms a nucleus for the advancing growth - of
the roots to be equally supplied with nutri
ment. .. . .
But the proper depth to plow for corn, how
ever, is one of the main featurea upon which
'touch of the success of the crop depends. and
it should receive the careful attention of the
firmer. inasmuch as the thorough cultivation
of the soil and the consequent facilitieri larded
the roots to permeate and expand, are greatly
Promoted thereby. There are a. goodly nein*
her who strenuously ativeentelhallow plowing
to no greater depth than three inehes,snd have
adhered •to this practice. handed down . - fnoni
pair generations unto the preserif time :'cionse
qiiently they knoiv whiting of the advantagea
to he derived by plowing to a pester 41eptki;
notwithstanding their assertions to the contra
ry. that no better crop could have Leen ott:;
mined under the circumstances by sicking the
Div experience and observati on has inva
riably tended tulliconclusion that deep plus.
ilvt, say to ilieWitli eteix inelieri or more, was
of great advantage ingekny respects, that oth
erwise would not have 'been deriired.When'
the soil has been plowed to a good depth, the
future &titivation of the corn :I:tee:tuna very
easy and moires but little exertian to Iceep
the ground mellow and free from grEss or nox
lode weeds. On the contrary, by plowing shal
low, the roots of the grass are exposed to the
stance, end consequently, soon begin to grow
very vigorous after the first warni,raiit, fullevi
ed by a genial sun. Then the r'eultiviadr"
his' to_lie brought into immediate requisitiqn,
frequently,liefore the plants are of ksuitible
size to Work among. to be idlowed u t short
intervals throughout the season, to frovent the
erns:: oven:min / ig. all effort to e xiernei ria to it. un
til at last the plow must he resorted to,' to fininh
what in was only permitted to half perform at
But nsitlo from this benefit resulting from
deep plowing. there is another of greater im
portance that should induce all to pro - tatty it,
when an minimally dry or. tvet season , occurs.
The roil by being pulverised.to o ceitsideralde
depth. enahles•the moistero to rise to the sur
face in a dry season. while it facilitates theytb
sorption of the 'superabundant - moisture in a
Wet season. By this means an equality of
growth is (ttained, independent of the season,
which is highly gratifying, to the 'farmer and
conduces to the Baal success of tho'croP
great extent. indeed the effects are KO , plain
to the observing flintier that he CO point ont
the debts wherein the plow his been allowed to'
perform its proper duty: and nothing mere',
than this should impress hini With the necrissi;
ty of adopting the practice of deeriploWing
the future. The crisp and curling blades of:
the corn plant. growing in the shallow-plowed
field in a dry season. bear a marked contrast ter
the broad, healthful and vigorous appearance
of those in the neighboring field of deep cut.
ture: the'one is stuttering fir the want of 'finis
tore, while the other 14 abundantly supplied by
the water which hid been previously absorbed
by the, soil. and now - exuding. to the surface by
the process °temptation. In a word. the adt.
vantages arising from deep plowing mast be
realised in order to be fully appreciated : there
fore, we trust that those Who have never de
viated troth shallow calm' will experiment
this season that they may see the great benefit
from a change of practice. ' E.
Disoovery of a Vow l'oople on. the West-
ern . Contin.nt,
A correspondent of the Now priories Plea
yune statea that during tiro . late trip of u.
S. glory of war Decatur through the straits
of Magellan, Dr. Bainbridge and another
car obtained leave of absence for a few'ilaye.
during, a calm, end were landed at Terre del
Fuego. They then ascended a mountain to
the height of 3,500 feet. when they ramp von
a plain of stirp,visinv richness. anti beauty;
fertile fields, the greatest variety of fritit trees
in lull beitrilet. nod Biotin of cultivation and
refinement. Their appeaYanen astonished the
inlcibitants, who. however. did not treat theta
unfriehdly. The men all snots from *6 to tif•
feet in height. well proportioned, very athletic,
and straight as tin - arrow. The women were
I among the !nest parfeet models of beauty ever
formed, nVi.r.lgin:„; 5 feet Wei. very plump,
with small feet ail& hands, and with a jet black
.ye. 'l'hi writer adds: • •
' '('heir - teachers of religion" speak the Laths
111112liatte. and have traditions trout successive •
priests through hallo hit ndred centuries. They
tell ", 11431 . gjar.d wits unite attached to
doe loom lam! that' &theta 1900 yenre aga, by
their racers. . their conntry was visited by
violent earthquake, Which oreasioned the rent
now knowti us the Straits of Mngellan t that
nu the top of the, mountain. whielt lifted int
head to the sun. Vllloentiint,te rested where .the
wAlere it0W.41w5. , t 1 994
which,aceoiding to their &sedition, tie coin._
pared to Ine One now eNietnq Wit Hite'. 11111.4
• • r 1112
have been 17.2011 feet square, and 0%.• I.
feet high, built the 'Moist ,
The nilinenr remained two weske with these
strange pernile,and obtained from %limn lisped
, mid of pilititie - g tin poreet!vin rive r - 3,000 - years
old. The men,'wouten Ittikchildren , , number
sboitt 3,000,,0nd, when, then children optitiply
too' fait. th,y are •,sactiftced by the priests.
They . Hie in huts or cduriges, encl. one by
I himself, avoiding nein poiti . * acid disiniuse.; eni•
ployieg all their Bette to contemplation and
their religions duties. • • • . ,
DOM° Itictininnd Divotei speaks of a visit
to a'soiviewhat celebrated firm. on James Riv
er. Curl's Neck.-The proprietor harvested
about 40.000 bushels of whr.st. and will have
for sale 1.500 barrels of corm •
r11317/ti vs. Iler--;A pro; stockbroker
havfng warriarl u Ent old widow with $100;
000,4 sys It-wasn't hi 9 witietclicur ttiAt 1itt4494-
ed him so 'truck' a* the Sta.* ' "
• ' , -
fiefori r M Safi Communal. of Comity Sh4irgenk
two of Comm*
/la aft sumo, Thorn/ay. April 11. lOU
Mr. WILLY said hie feelings wire akin
to those ofa careworn traveller. trimming
avast plain, under the scorching rays of a
irildflay sun. He longs for a cool. limpid
fonntain at which to quench his thins, end
under whose overhanging foliage hemay
rest his weary limbo and gain strength and
vigor to pursue his journey.
Thus, near the end of his educational
pilgrimage for the winter,,bed he anxious
ly looked forward to this meeting et the
fountain—the source—of vitality to our
glorious Common School System—that
he might drink deep of thd new truths and
useful facts resulting from the combined'
experieneeof co-workers in this great canoe
of general education, amigo on in hie pis
He commenced ;his labors last August
by giving notice to each antic+, of the
time and place he would meet the Directory.
Touchers and friends of educattion goner.
ally, for the purpoie of examining
The Directors generally attended, and
frequently many of the patrans of the
schools honored him with their presence ;
all evincing much interest in the esanalnt.
lion.. The chief difficulty which emtrar
revised him was ode of which all complain
--the scarcity of teachers and especially
of well qualified teamwrs. He gave but 6
permanent and 140 temporary or provision.
al certificates. There are more teachers
in Adams county, who, in point of echo.
lastic attainments, are deserving of perma
nent certificates, but whose qualifications
to impart knowledge and discipline •
school, lie desired to test, by a visit to their
schools before granting them such a cell.
Ile kept a record of ivory school visited,
carefully noting the teaoher's qualification*
and grading them in five difierent degrees;
at the memo time suggesting :to each the
defectss, in his school and advising him of
the remedies. Recently he had increased
the number of permanent certificatestol 1.
and will no .doubt grant more 41nring fi tte
summer, to pose who have been 4riteciiii.
fulin their endeavors to qualify thirotitlYea
for teaching. ,
There are 135 schools in the county, all
of which had'bnen visited, amino B. which
were closed before he he could - reach than.
His planweit toget the directorsandas many
of the patrons - W possible to acettoplish
hint in visitation* In some 'districts
he was. BUCCedgUI ; .in others he had to go
alone, and on inquiring, was told that the
directors had not made their appearance
the school Mom during ti Ho. wintry. The
teachers always lamentedgis.riegleet, and
`I elt eurh indiffermice toWards the echoekli
to be a.chief cause of the, leant of injuriA"
outhe part of pupils, and that it reacted on
their own ardor.
lie found the teachers and pupils gen
erally pleased to sue him and anxious to
make.a diSplay , of their acquirements,—
:he teachers to make known their success
in imparting knowledge—and the scholars
their advancement: •Oh this he took notes.
which will be a guide mu renewing cern&
thi saw that his chief energise must be
directed to the improvement of the teach
ere.' The:Materials are good, pliable. and
such as, alder the hands of skillful artiste,
must' eventually Stand forth, bright and
shining characters. There are an ingenu
ions.' persevering end energetic band of
yeung men in the field, ell aroused to the
necessity of self-improvement. They are
beginning to feel that there is no office
higher thatilhat of a 'teacher of youth :
'that there is nothing nu earth so precious
es the..nind and character of the child,
w hie!' they are . faehiooing. His aim had
been to encourage the,finest minds in the
roinmititity to assume this honorable, but
laburiius atid. responsible calling.
llt's t step tolards their mutual im
proveitient, was to, rail the teachers of the
county together to : form an association.—
fits brightest anticipaiions were realized
by, the tin:t
es. of his first attempt, as 14r.
Burrowed. who was enigma and deliv
ered an able address,
.will testify. Du.
ring the winter, the. Co. Teachers Asap.
chum had' a' second session of two days.
'well 'attended, end the exercises very in
teresting. . With the assistance of teach
ers anti others he Mid succeeded in organ
izing several , District asenciations. which
are also doing their gond work.
It is due to one section of the county,
which has bean supplied with good teach.
era for several. years past, to refer to the
source whence such resuitalosr. An in
telligent and liberal minded Mao Dr. Pfeif
fer, at greatiscrifitpt ot-firne, and expendi.
tore of utimey, witted tin institution which
luts been devoted' principally to the prep.
Mellon of teachers for our common school.;
and the gunit *Ahem of this liberal gentle
man's lahore.'althotigh to a certain extent
to be seen on every aide. In five minutes
lif:er entering isocline] room, Mr. W. could
'H60111141 whether the teacher bad been
s pupil at this Academy. He regarded
onw, as , good as a Normal
Scion,), and prednited for It still inure ones
ero, 4411 null uAeful rektite.
, Also through the exertions of a gentle.
map ainither township, who, has the
cause of 'an education .deeply at heart,
they had sueeeetlediu
. 61r.rtins s school
eau be confined during the summer) wider
the supervision of en able Instructor, lot
the education of teacher,. sod it is well pa.
trepolzetl.: , ,
Thu educatio nal feeling has been smuts
ed in little Adatue and4wfll. be kept up
'Moil : she will have as effielbei a corp. of .
teachers as New _England can bout. rut
he thought theY now compared favorably
with any county in this State. The will
is there, amid the means an them and the
result must follow ; and has Adams, with
I her barren hills. Most. in a few. yew.
boast of her in telligeut lime Ind diehters,
and•her comforts /bee . usei doting
every ilk di earsided
Tibia tituele eerfstrfieteM. end wliae 4*
&mi l ometer intern Itein'th*
-feel Le bad duai s se o 4 'rork; ""111.-