Newspaper Page Text
STAR at. BANNER EXTRA
Col. Fremont and his Party.
From the Natiohal Intelllgencer.
Letters have been received (nun Col, F exeunt
covering the two month. (front the Mat of Novem•
ber to the lid of February) that he was not heard
nf, and giving terrible create of that time. They
are written from Tam and &vita Fe, New Mcxi•
co, and addressed to Mrs F g 'MON T. at Washing•
toot mod, in her 'haunt*, (for It woe deemed pro•
bible that she might have met off to California by
IRS before they could arrive,) to Senate VITUS,
and in his absence to WILLIAM Cccii Jove.,
Esq. The letters came from St. Louis last night ;
hating been brought to that place by Mr. St,
Vain. Mrs. FRIMONT, fortunately, was gone t
Senator flats Toe had delayed his departure kit
Missouri. conft.lent letters were on the way ; and
in his hands we here seen the original*, and ws
propose to give extracts in order of their dates.—
The first is dated—
N !Kw Malmo, Jan. 27, 1840.
"I *tile to you from the house of our
good friend Carson. This ma g a cup
of chocolate was brought to me while in
bed. To an. overworn, overworked, fa
tigued, and starving traveller, these little
luxuries of the world offer an interest
which, in your comfortable home, it is not
possible for you to conceive.
"I have now the unpleasant task of tel
ling you how I came here. I had much
rather speak of the future, ( with plans for I
which I ant already occupied.) for thel
mind turns from the scenes I have wittiest- ,
tied and the su ff erings we have endured ;1
but as clear information is due to you, and
ti your father still more, I will give I
you the story now, instead of waiting to
tell it to you in California ; but I write in
thereat hope that you will not reeeite
this letter. When it reaches Washington
you may be on your way to California.
"Former letters will have made you ac
quainted with our progress as far as Bent's
Fort, and, from report, you will have heard
the circumstances of our departure from the
roper Pueblo, near the head of the Arkan
ras. We left that place on the 25th of
November with upwards of one hundred
good mules and one hundred and thirty
bushels of shelled corn, intended to sup
pint our animals in the deep snows of the
l.igh Mountains and down to the lower
parts of the Grand river tributaries, (a fork
of the Colorado of the Gulf of California,)
n here usually the snow forms no obsta
i.e to winter travelling. At Pueblo I had
swaged as a guide au old trapper, well
Lnaa u as "11111 If and who had
s; stir some twenty-five years of his lite in
trapping in various parts of the Rocky
...file error of our expedition was cont
twitted in engaging this man. Ile proved
never to have known, or entirely to have ;
lirgotten the whole country through which
we were to pass. We occupied after pas
mg the mountain, more titan half a month
in making the progress of a few days,.
blundering over a tortuous course, through
deep snow, which already began to choke j
tip the passes, and wasting our time in
searching the way. The 11th of Decem
ber we found ourselves at the mouth of
the Rio del ..Vorie canon, where that river
issues front the Sierra San Juan—one of
the highest, most rugged, and itupractica-
Lle of all the Rocky Mountain ranges, in
accessible to trappers and hunters, even in
pummer. Across the point of this eleva
ted range our guide conducted us ; and,
laving still great confidence in this man's;
knowledge, we pressed onward with fatal
resolution. Even along the river bottoms
the snow was already breast deep for the
mules, and falling frequently in the valley
and almost constantly on the mountain'.
The cold was extraordinary. At the warm
est hours of the day (between one and
two) the thermometer (Fahrenheit) stood,
in the shade of a tree trunk, at zero r and
that was a favorable day, the sun shining
and a moderate breeze. Judge of the
nights and the storms !
'-We pressed up towards the summit,
the snow deepening as wo rose, and in
four or five days of this struggling and
climbing, all on• foot. wo reached the na
ked ridges which lie above the timbered
region, and which form the dividing heights
between the waters of the Atlantic and Pa
cific oceans. Along these naked heights
it storms all winter, and the raging winds
sweep across them with remorseless fury.
On our first attempt to cross we encoun
tered a potukrie—(dry snow driven thick
through the air by violent wind, and in
which objects are visible only at a short
distance)—and were driven back, having
some ten or twelve won variously frozen
--fax, hands, or feet. The guide came
near being froze to death here. and dead
mules were already lying about the camp
fires. Meantime it snowed steadily. 'rite
next day (December—) we renewed the
auempt to scale the summit, and were
more fortunate, as it then seemed. Ma
king mania, and beating down a road, or
trench, through the deep snow, we forted
the ascent in defiance of the driving peed
erie. crossed the 'neat, descended a little,
and encamped immediately below in the
edge of the . timbered region. The trail
showed as if a defeated party had passed
by--packs, pack-saddles, scattered article's
of clothing. and dud mules strewed along.
We were encamped about twelve thousand
feet above the level of the sea. West
ward the country wu buried in snow.—
The storm continued. All Movement was
paralyzed. To advance with the expedi
tion was impossible : to get back, impos
sible. Our fate stood revealed. We were
oreinikeit by sudden and imitable - ruin:
The poor animals were to go first. The
only places where grass could bit
. had were
the extreme summits of the Alarm "'here
the sweeputg winds kept the rocky ground
bate, and where the men could not hee l —
Below, in the timberd region, the poor an
imals could not get about, the snow being
.deep enough to bury them alive. It was
instantly apparent that we should lose ev
ery one.. .1 took my resolution immedi
ately, and determined to terrors the moon
tanr back to the valley of the.. Rio del
Node, dragging or parking" the baggage
by men. With great labor the baggage
was transported across the crest to the
head springs of a hide stream leading to
the main river. A few days were guff].
cient to destroy that due band of mules
Which you saw mo purchase last fall on
the frontier of Missouri. They generally
kept huddled together ; and, as they froze
one would be seen to terrible down, and I
disappear under the driving snow, Some
times they would break off, and rush down
towards the timber till stopped by the deep
snow, where they were soon hidden by
the powlerie. The courage of some of
the men began to fail.
"In this situation I determined to send
in a party to the Spauish settlements of
New Mexico for provisions. nod for mules
to transport our Baggage. With eeono.
my, and her we should leave the mules,
we had not two weeks' provisions in the
camp 1 and these consisted of it reserve of
maccaronl, bacon, sugar, Am., intended for
the last extremity. It was indispensible
to send for relief. I asked fur volunteers
for the service. From the many diet of
fered I chose King, Brackenridge, Creutz
felth, and the guide, Williams ; and pla
ced the party under the command of King,
with directions to send me en express in
case of the least delay at the settlements.
It was the day after Christmas that this
little party set out for relief. That day,
like many Christmas days for•yeare past,
was spent by me on the side of a wintry
mountain, my heart filled with anxious
thoughts and gloomy forebodings. You
may be sure we contrasted it with the
Christmas of home, and made warm wish
!es for your happiness. Could you have
looked into Agrippa's glass fur a few mo
ment only ! You remember the volumes
of Blackstone's Commentaries which I
took from your father's library when we
were overlooking it at our frietol Brants
They made my Christmas "amusements."
I read them to pass the tinte, and to kill
the consciousness of my situation. Cer
tainly you may suppose that lily first law
, lessons will be well remembered.
"The party for the relief being gone. we
of the camp occupied ourselves in remo
ving the baggage and equipage down the
side of the mountain to the river in the
valley, which we accomplished in a few
days. Now came on the tedium of wait
ing for the return oldie relief party. Day
after day passed, and no news front diem.
Snow fell almost incessantly in the moun
tains. The spirits of the camp grew low
er. Life was losing its charm to those
who had not reasons beyond themselves
to live. Proulx laid down in the trail and
froze to death. In a sun-shine day, and
having with him the means to make a lire,
he threw his blanket down on the trail,
laid down upon it, and laid there till he
froze to death ! Vu were not then with
"Sixteen days passed away, and no ti-
dings front the party sent for relief. Ibe
carne oppressed with anxiety, weary of i
delay, and determined to go myself, both
in search of the absent party, and in search
of relief in the Mexican settlements. I
was aware that our troops in New Mex
ico h'ad been engaged in hostilities with
the Spanish Illuths, and with the Apaches,
who range in the valley of the Rio del
Norte and die mountains where we were,
and became fearful that they (king and his
party) had been cut off by these Indians.
I could imagine no other accident to them.
Leaving the camp employed with the bag
gage, under the command of Vincenthaler,
with injunctions to follow me in three
days, I set off down the river with a small
party, consisting of Gdecy, his young
nephew, Peones, and Saunders, (colored
servant.) We carried our arms and pro
visions for two or three days. In the camp
(left under the command of Vincenthaler)
the messes only NO provisions for a few
meals, and a supply of five pounds of an
ger to each man. If I failed to meet King
my intention was to make the Mexican
settlement on the Colorado, a little affluent
of the Rio del Norte, about half a degree
above Taos, (you will see it on my map)
and thence send back the speediest relief
possible to the party under Vincenthaler.
''On the second day after leaving the
camp we came upon a fresh trail of In
dian—two lodges with a consider able num
ber of animals. This did not lessen our
nominees for our long-absent people.—
The Indian trail, where we fell upon it,
turned and went down the river, and we
followed it. On the fifth day after leav
ing the camp, we surprised an Indian on
the ice of the river. He proved to be a
Utah, son of a Grand River chief whom
we had formerly known, and he behaved
towards us in a friendly manner. We en
camped near them at night. By a present
of a rifle, my two blankets, and other pro
rewards when we should get in. I
prevailed on this Indian to go with us as
a guide to the Little Colorado settlement,
and to take with him four of his horses to
carry our little baggage. The horses were
miserably poor, and could only get along
at a slow walk. On the next day (sixth
of our progress) we left the Indian lodges
late and travelled only some six or seven
miles. About sunset we discovered a lit
tle smoke, in a grove of timber, oil from
the river, and, thinking perhaps it might
be our express party (King and his men)
on their return, we went tco see. This
was the twenty-second day since that par
ty had left us, and the sixth since we had
left the camp under Vincenthaler. We
fond them-..three of them Creutsfeldt,
Breckenridge, and Williams—the most
miserable objects I had ever beheld. I
- dirt hot *wise Creutsfeldes features.
when Brackenridge brought him up and
told me his name. They had been starr
ing I King had starved to death a few days
before. ' Ilia remains were six or eight
miles above, near the river. By aid
the Indian horses we carried these three
with us, down to the valley she Pueblo
on the Little Colorado, which we reached
the forth day afterwardis, (the tenth after
leaving the camp oo the mountains.). ha
ving travelled through snow, end. on Wet.
one hundred and sixty mites. •
GETTYSBITRG, APRIL 27, 1549.
"I leak upon, the feeling which induced
me to set nut from the ramp as an inspi
rotten. lied I remained there, waiting the ,
return of poor King's party, every man of I
us must have perished.
"The morning after reaching the Little
Colorado Pueblo, (horses and supplies not
being there,) Godey and I rode on to the
Rio Hondo, and thence to Taos, about'
twenty-five miles, where we found what .
W e needed ; and the next morning Godey,
with four Mexicans, thirty horses or mules.)
and provisions, sat out on his return to the
relief of Vincenthaler's party. I heard I
from him at the Little Colorado Pueblo,
which he reached the same day he loft me.
and pressed on the next morning. On the
way he received an accession of eight or
ten horses, turned over to him by the or-I
dent of Major Beall, of the army, corn-I
mending officer of this northern district of '
New Mexico. From him I received the
offer of every aid in his power, and such,
actual assistance as he was able to render.
Some horses, which he had just recover
from the Utah., were loaned to me, and
lie supplied me from the commissary's
partment with provisions, which I could
have had nowhere else. I find myself in
the midst of friends. With Carson is li
ving Owens. Maxwell is at his father-in
law's. doing a prosperous business as a
merchant and contractor for the troops.-
1 remain here with these old comrades,
while Godey goes back; because it was
not necessary for me to go with him, and
it was necessary for me to remain, and
prepare the means of resuming the expedi
tion to California as soon as he returns
with the men left behind. I expect him on
Wednesday evening, the Slat instant, this
being the 17th.
"Say to your father that these are my
'plans for the future :
"At the beginning of February (Godey
having got back in that time) I shall set
out for California, taking the southern
route—the old route—by the Rio .dbajo,
the Paso del Norte, the south side of the
Gila, entering California by the Apra Ca-'
liente, thence to Los Angeles, and imme
diately to San Francisco, expecting to get
there in March, and hoping for your arri
val in April. It is the first time I have ex
plored an old road, but cannot help it now.
I shall move rapidly, taking with me hut
a part of my party. The survey has been
uninterrupted up to this point, and I shall
carry it on consecutively. As soon as
possible after reaching California I ■hall
go on with it. I shall then be able to draw
up a map and report of the whole country,
agreeably to our originhl plan. Your
father knows that this is an object of great
desire with me. All my other pions re
main entirely unaltered. A home in Cal
ifornia is the first point, and that will be
ready for you in April.
"Running.—Mr. St. Frain and Aubrey,
who have just arrived from Santa Fe, cal
led to see me. I had the gratification to
learn that St. Frain sets out front Santa
Fe on the 15th of February for St. Louis ;
so that by him I shall have an early and
sure opportunity of sending you my letters
—the one I now write, and others after
the return of Godey, and tip to our depar
ture for California. Lieut. Beale left San
ta Fe on his way to California on the 9th
of this month. He probably carried on
with hint any letters that might have been
in his care, or at Santa Fe, for me.
"Monday, January 29.—My letter as.
sumes a journal form. No news from
Godey. A great deal of falling weather—,
rain and sleet here—snow in the mountains.
This is to be considered a poor country,
mountainous, with but little arable land,
and infested with hostile Indian..
am anxiously waiting to hear from
my party, and in much uneasiness as to
their fate. My presence kept them togeth
er and quiet : my absence may have had a
`lied effect. When we overtook King's
famishing party, Brackenridge said to the
"Heidi himself safe."
(From the National lotelligrootr of Monday.)
FURTHER AND FINAL ACCOUNT/3.
We resume the extracts from Col. F 's
Letters, prefacing them with some brief dascrip•
Lion of the localities made memorable by disaster,
for the information of those who have not recent
maps at hand.
It is known that the great Rocky Mountain
chain, with a mend direction north and south,
sends out a branch towards the southeast from be
tween the heads of the Arkansas and the /Go Del
Norte; and this branch forms the dividing ridge
between the upper valleys of these two rivers, and
between the bead-waters of the Red River and the
Del Norte f and having accomplished them !tre
pans' it subsides and disappears In the plains of
Taxes. The highest part of this branch chain,
and the governing object in it to travellers, are the
Spanish peaks, first make known to American ge
ography by the then young Lieut. Pus. These
Peaks are about In north latitude 3Th deg., and
and west longitude filfill London 105 deg., and
about on a line longitudinally with the Rabbi
of the Upper Arkansas, distant from them half a
degree, and in sight. They are seen at a great
distance, and are guiding objecteto travellers.—
The road to Rants Fe purees below those Peaks,
and crosses the chain about two degree" south:
CoL Fremont passed above them, and entered the
valley of the Del Norte high up above the Meal
ou4 settlemtints, and above Pike's usekade, and
intended to follow the Del Mete to its head, and
crow the great Rocky Mountain chain through
some pass there to be found. He was, therefore,
so to speak, going into ths forks of the mountain
—into the gorge of two mounfoino--and at •
great slevalion, shown by the feet of the great
rivers which - blel3o . hOln she oppo ohs lido, of the
Rocky Mountains at that piet—the Mumma and
Del Norte en the east, the Grand river link of
the Coked* of the gulf of California on the
west. It was at this paint—the head of the Del
Ifortor—where no traveller had ever gone before,
that Col. Fremont intended to pass, to survey his
last line across the continent, complete his know-
ledge of the country between the Missiesipiii and
• the Facidie, and crown the Mors of long explore
liens by showing the country between •thiP great
an 4 to he klthabitidee by a ;iv-.
ilized people, and practicable fur a great road, and
that on several lines, and which was the best.
He had been seven peen engaged in this great
labor, and wished to complete It. It was the be
ginning of December that he mural the chain
from the Arkansas valley into the valley of the
Del Node; and, although late, with the full be
lief of the old hunter's and traders at the Pelel4o*,
the guide includvo whoin he there engaged, that I
he woukl go through. He Was provided with
every thing to carry the men to California, and I
with grain to carry all the animals *crow all the /
the mountains into the valleys of the tributaries of i
the Great Colorado of the West, where the snows
would be light, wood and grace sufficient, game!
abundant, and the hardships of the expedition all
surmounted and left behind. In two weeks he
1 expected to be in these mild valleys. Unhappily, I
the guile coneumed these two weeks in getting to
the head of the Del NOTtel distance which only
I required four or five - dap - travel, as Col. Fremont
showed in coming back. ThW was the cause of!
the first calamity —the km of the horses avid mules.
The same guide consumed twenty-two days, when
sent with the party for relief, in making the disi.
tance which Col Fremont, (with Gixley, Proms.
and • aervant,) without a guide, on foot, In colder
weather, deeper snows, and half famished, made
in six. That was the cause of the second and ir
reparable calamity—the death of the own.
The immediate scone of suffering in this great
disaster, where the ascent of the great mountain
was forced arid its suntatit scaled, must hive Ticeih
about north latitude 3Sii, and west longitude from
' London 107, the elevation above twelve thousand
feet, and the time that of dead winter—Christmas !
From this point the noted objects, Pike's Peak
and the Three Parks, would bear about E. N. E.,
and the Spanish Peaks about E. 8. H.
IrCith this notice of localities, to which a mourn
ful interest must long attach, we proceed to give
can-acts from the remaining and final letters from
Col. Fatties - T. The first atheist is doted—
"Taal, Saw Mast co, February 6. 1849
After a long delay, which had wearied
me to the point of resolving to set out
again myself, tidings have at last reached
me from my ill-fated party.
•olMr. Vincent Haler came in last night.
having the night before reached the Little
Colorado settlement, with three or four
others. Including Mr. King and Mr.
Proulx. we have lost cloven of our party.
" Occurrences, since I left them, are
briefly these, so far as they came within
the knowledge of Mr. Haler: I say brief
ly, because I ant now unwilling to force
my mind to dwell upon the details of what
has been suffered. I need reprieve from
terrible contemplations. lam absolutely
astonished at this persistence of misfor
tune—this succession of calamities which
no care or vigilance of mine could foresee
•' You will remember that I had left the
camp (twenty-three men) when I set off
with (;Foley, Precis., and my servant, in
search of King and succor, with directions
about the baggage, and with occupation
sufficient about it to employ them fur
three or four days ; after which they were
to follow me down the river. 'Within
that time I expected relief from King's
party, if it came at all. They remained
seven days, and then started, their scant
provisions about exhausted, and the dead
mules on the western side of the great
Sierra buried under snow.
Manuel—(you will remember Manuel
—a Christian Indian of the Cosumne
tribe, in the valley of the San Joaquin)—
gave way to a feeling of despair alter they
had moved about two miles, and begged
Vincent Haler, whom I had left in com
mand, to shoot him. Failing to find death
in that form, he turned and made his way
back to the camp, intending to die there ;
which he doubtless soon did.
"The party moved on, and at ten miles
Wise gave out—threw away his gun and
blanket—and, a few hundred yards further,
fell over into the snow, and died. Two
Indian boys—countrymen of Manuel—
were behind. They came upon
rolled him up in his blanket, and buried
him in the snow, on the bank of the river.
4 , No other died that day. None the
" Carver raved during the night—his
imagination wholly occupied with images
of many things which he fancied to be eat.
ing. In the morning he wandered off, and
probably soon died. He was not Peen a.
" Sorel on this day (the fourth from
camp) laid down to die. 'They built him
a fire, and Morin, whn was in a dying eon
dition, and snow-blind, remained with him.
Those two did not probably last till the
next morning. That evening (I think it
was) Hubbard killed a deer.
" They travelled on, getting here and
there a grouse, but nothing else, the deep' ,,
snow in the valley having driven of the
" The state of the party became deep-
rate, and brought Haler to the determina
tion of breaking it up, in order to prevent
them from living upon each other. He
told them that he had done all he could for
them—that, they had no other hope re
maining than the expected relief—and that
the best plan was to scatter, and make the
best oftheir way, each as he could, down
the river ; that, for himself, if he was Lobe
eaten, he would, at all events, be found
travelling when he did die. This address
had its effect. They. .accordingly wipers
" With Haler continued five others—
Scott, Hubbard, Martin, Bacon one other,
and the two COMM Indian b oys.
„ Rohrer now became despondent, and
Mopped. - Haler reminded him of his tam.
ily, and urged him to try and hold out for
their sake. Roused by this appeal to his
tenderest affections, the unfortunate man
moved forward, but feebly; and soon began
to fall behind. Oa a further appeal he
promised to follow, and overtake them at
" Hider, Scott, Hubbard, and Martin
now agreed thatif any one of diem should
give out tho others were not to welt icir
him to die, but tallish on and try , to, aac
41/24460105. Soon tbi.s u 10 44 , 1,4 • coir9msnt
had to be kept. But ►et me not anticipate
events. Sufficient for each day is the son.
m At night Kerns's party enortma
few hundred yards from Baler ' s, wi the
intention, according to Taplin, to rem • .
where they were until the relief oho d
come, and In the mean time to Uric— pon
those who had' died, and upon the weaker
ones as they should die. With this party,
were the three brothers Kerne, Capt. Cad).
cart, Sr/tie, Andrewi, Stepperfeldt, and
Taplin. Ido not' know that I have got
all the names of this party.
', Ferguson and Boodle, had remained
together behind. In the evening Rohrer
came up and remained in. Kerns 's party.
Haler learnt afterwards from some of the
party that Rohrer and Andrews wandered
off the neat morning and, died. They say
they saw their bodies.
'' Hale P's party continued on. After a
few hour** Hubbard gave out. According
to the agreement he was left to die, but
with such comfort as could be given him.
They built him a fire.gave him some wood,
and then left him — without turning their
I heads, as Haler says, to look at him.as
they went off.
a About two miles further Scott. you
remembbr him t he used to shoot birds
fur you on the frontier—he gave out. He
t was another of the four who had covenant.
ed against waiting for each other.. The
survivors-did fotAtina-rts-they had done for
1 Hubbard. and passed on.
1 .. In the afternoon the two Indian boys
; went ahead—blessed be these boys 1,--and
I before nightfall mct ,(3odey with the 'relief.
IHe had gone on with all speed. The boys
I gave him the new,. He fired sigual guns
to notify his approach. Haler heard the
gun., and knew the crack of our rifles,
and felt that relief tad come. This night
was the first of hope and joy. Early in
the morning, with the first, grey light.
Godev was in the trail, and soon met-Ha
ler a n d the wreck of his party slowly ad
vancing. I hear that they all cried together
ilike children--mhese men of iron nerves and
lion hearts, when dangers were tore faced
or hardships to be cenquered. They were
all children in this moment of Melted hearts.
Succor was soon dealt out to these few
first met; and Grodey with his relief, and
, accompanied by Haler, who turned back,
hurriedly followed the back trail in search
of the living and the dead, scattered in the
rear. They came to Scott first. He was
vet alive, and is saved ! They came to
Hubbard next: he was dead, but still warm.
These were the only ones of Baler's party
that had been left.
••From. Kerne'. party, next met, they
learnt the deaths of Andrews and Rohrer ;
and, a little further on, met Ferguson, who
told them that Beadle had died the night
before. All the living were fuund--and sa
ved—Manuel among them—which looked
like a resurrection, and reduces the num
ber of dead to ten—ore third of the whole
party which a few days before were sca
ling the mountain with tne, and battling
with the elements twelve thousand feet in
“Gotley had accomplished his mission
for the people ; • further service had been
prescribed him, that of going to the camp
on the river, at the base of the great moun
tain, to recover the most valuable of the
baggage, secreted there. With some Mex
icans and pack mules he went on ; and
this is the last yet heard of him.
“Vincent Haler, with Martin and Ba
con, all on foot, and bringing Scott on
horseback, have just arrived at the outside
Pueblo on the little Colorado. Provisions
for their support, and horses for their
transport, ;were left for the others, who
preferred to remain where they were, re
gaining some strength, till Gods) , should
get back. At the latest, they would have
reached the little Pueblo last night. Haler
came on to relieve my anxieties, and did
well in so doing; for I was wound op to
the point of setting out again. When
Godey returns I shall know , from him all
the circumstances sufficiently in detail to
udeerstand clearly every thing. But it
will not be necessary to tell you any
thing further. Yon hive the results, and
sorrow enough in reading them.
“Evening.—How rapid are the changes
of We I A few days ago, end I was strug
gling through snow in the savage wilds of
the upper Del Norte—following the course
of the frozen river in more than Russian
cold—no food—no blanket to cover me in
the long freezing ni ts—( I had sold my
two to the Utah for help to my men)--on
certain at what moment of the night we
might be roused by the Indian rifle—and
doubtful, very doubtful, whether I should
ever see you or friends again. Now lam
seated by a comßwtable are, alone—par.
suing my own thoughts—writing ki you
in the certainty Of reaching you—a French
volume of Balzer: on the table--it colored
print of the landing of Columbus before
me--listening in safety to the raging storm
"You will wish to know what effect
the scenes I have passed through have
had upon mc. In person, none. The de
struction of my party, and loss of friends,
are causes of grief, but I have not been in
jured in body or mind. Both have been
strained, and severely taxed, but neither
hurt. I have seen one or the other, and
sometimes both, give way in strong frames,
strong minds, and stout hearts; but 1, as
heretofore. have comb out unhurt. I be
lieve that the remembrance of friends some
times gives us a power of resistance which
the desire to save our own lives could nev
er call up.
oil have made my preparations to pro
ceed. I shall have to follow the old Gila
road, and shall move rapidly, and expect
to be in California in March, and to find
letters from home, and a supply of papers
and documents, more welcome perhaps,
becruse these things have a home look a
bout them. The future occupies me—our
home in California—your arriv: . ..l in April
—your rood health In that delightful
mate_ t ris finishing up wy poraPhisai
funuilte iutiors sad enloy
inents. hm writti.n to Messrs, Mayhew
& Co., agricultural warehouse, New York,
requesting them to ship me immediately a
threshing machine ; and to Messrs. Hoe &
C. same city, requesting them to for
sytird to me at San Francisco, two runs or
4etts of mill stones. The mill irons and
the agricultural implements shipped for mu
last autumn from New York, will be at
San Francisco by the time I arrive there.
Your arrival in April will complete all the
(These extracts in relation to Colonel
Fremont's intended pursuits are given to
contradict the unfounded supposition of
gold projects attributed to him by some
newsmen. The word gold, is not men
tioned in bis letters from one end to the
other, nor did he take gold mining in the
least into his calculation when he left Mis
souri on the 21st of October last, although
the authentic reports brought in by Lieut.
Beale, of the Navy, were then in the news
paper., and fully known to him.]
•*February I I.—Godey has gut back.
' h o did not succeed in recovering any of
the baggage or camp furniture. Every
thing waslost except some few things
that I had brought down to the river.—
The depth of the snow made it impossi
' ble for him to reach the camp at the moun
tain where the men had left the baggage.
Amidst the wreck, I had the good fortune
to save my leap alforgas, or travelling
trunk—the double one which you packed
—and that *as about all.
4.llAntrA Ft, February 17, 1849.—1 n•
the miest of hurried movements, and In
the difficult endeavor to get a party 'di
started together, I can only write a line to
say that I am well and moving on to Cab
ifornia. 1 will leave Banta Fe this even
ing. I have received here from the uili
core, every eiVility-and attention in their
power, Anil have been assisted in my out
fit as far as it was possible, for them to do.
I dine this evening with the Governor,
(Corlriiilthigton.) before I follow my
pasty. A Spanish gentleman has been
engaged to go to Albuquerque, and pur
chase mules for me. From that place, we
go on my own animals, and'expeot no de
tention, as ..vre,tillow the old Gila route,
so long known, and presenting nothing
new to stop fur:'
The $3OO Exemption •Law.
Annexed we give a copy elate law Passed 11l
the Legislature to except property to the value of
$3OO from levy and sale on execution, and die.
trees for rent. Its provisions, it will be observed,•
do not take effect until the 4th of July next t
An Act to exempt property to the amount of three
hundred dollen from le•y and nate on execs.'
lion and diction kor rent.
falser. l. Be it enacted by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the Cam.
monwcalth of Pennsylvania. in Guaeral
Assembly met. and it is hereby enacted
by the authority of the tame. That in lieu
al the property now exempt by law from
levy and sale on execution issued upon
any judgment obtained upon contract, and
distress for rent, properly to the value of
three hundred dollars, exclusive of all
wearing apparel of the defendant and his
family, (which shalt remain exempted•es
heretofore.) and no mop, owned by or in
possession of any debtor, shall be exempt
from levy and sale on execution or by die•
tress for rent.
Sect. 2. That the sheriff, constable, or
other officer charged with the execution of
any warrant issued by competent authori
ty, for the laving upon or selling the pro
party, either real or personal, of any debt
or, shall, if requested by the debtor, sum
mon three disinterested and competent
persons, who shall be sworn or affirmed,
to appraise the property which the Said
debtor may elect to retain under the pro
visions of this act, for which service the
said appraisors shall be entitled tcyreerffve
fifty cents each, to be charged as part of
the costs of the proceeding., and property
thus chosen and appraised, to the value of
three hundred dollars, shall be exempt
from levy and sale on said execution or
warrant, excepting warrants for the col
lection of taxes.
SICT. 8. That in any case where the
property levied upon as aforesaid !Mall
consist of real estate of greater value than
three hundred dollars, and the defendant
in such ease shall Mama retain real mate a.
mounting in value to the whole sum of
three hundred • dollars or any less sum.
the appraiser aforesaid shall determine
whether. in their opinion, the said real es
tate can be divided without injury to or
spoiling the whole, and if the said apprai
sers shall determine that the said real es
tate can be divided as aforesaid, then they
shall proceed to set apart so much therof
as in their opinion shall be sufficient to an
swer the requirement of the defendant in
such case, designating the same by proper
metes and bounds, all of which proceedings
shall be certified in writing by the said
appraisers, or a majority of them, under
their proper hands and seals, to the Sheriff,
under Sheriff, or Coroner, charged with
the execution of the writ in such case,
who shall make return of the same to the
proper court from which the writ issued,
in connection with the said writ : Provi•
ded, That this • section shall not be con
strued to affect or impair the iievs of bonds,
mortgages, or other contracts, for the pur
chase money of the real estate of insolvent
Baer. 4. That upon return made of the
writ aforesaid, with the proceedings there
on, the plaintiff in the case shall be enti
tled to have his writ of venditioni exponas
as in other cases, to sell the residue of the
real estate included in the levy aforesaid,
if the appraisers aforesaid shall hav'e de
termined upon a division of the said real
estate, but if the said appraisers shall de
termine against a division of the said real
estate, the plaintiff may have a writ of
venditioni exponas to sell the whole of
the real estate included in such state levy,
end it Mall and may be lawful in the lat
ter case for the defendant in the execution
to receive from the Sheriff or other officer,
of the proceeds of said sale so much all he
Mould have received at the appraised vel
ar had the takid r! , 14 Wats beeli thv ttied,
Spar. b. That the twenty-411,h section
of the act, entitled "An act relating to ex
ecutions, passed sixteenth June: one thou
sand eight hundred and thirty4ix, and the
7th and Bth sections of an actentitled "An
Act in regard to certain entries in ledgers
in the city of Pittsburg, and relating to
the publlshing of Sheriff's sales, and for
other purposes," passed twentv-titcond
April one thousand eight hundred and for
ty-six, and all other acts inconsistent with
this act, be and the same are hereby re
Secr. 0. That the provisions of this act
shall not take effect until the fourth day of
July next, and shall apply only to debts
contracted on and after that date.
WILLIAM. F. PACKER.
Speaker of the Ilnuat, of Representatives.
Speaker of the Senate.
Approved the 9th day of April, one
thousand eight hundred and forty-nine.
WM. F. JOIINSTON.•
NEW ESTA BLISHMENT.
Chairs and Cabinet Furniture.
LOWER TII3N EVER!
k, J. CULP
R ESP ECTFULLY winnowed to Ike
citizens of Maine county.' that they.
have entered into co-partnership fur the
manufacture' and Bale of all kinds of
Chulris and Cabinet Furniture,
and that they will always I eve on hand,
at their Establishment in South Baltimore
street, Gettysbnrg, a law them above
Fahnestoeles Store, (the old 'manila( 11:'
Colp,) a fall assortment of CHAIRS, of
every variety, such as
BOSTON ROCKING, C.9NR SE.IT
AND C'OMAION C/L/IR S.
Also, SET'PEE9, of vtirions kinds,
painted in imilation of rose-wood, mahog
any, watiti-wood. walnut, maple, and all
fancy colors, They will constantly keep
ow hand and make to order,
Bureaus, Centre Tables, Bedsteads, Cup
boards, Stands, Dough- Troughs,
Wash-Stands, Dining and
t Breakfast 'Tables, 4.c.
sl manufactured by experienced workmen
and of the best material, which they will
be pleased to furnish to those who may
MO them with their custom on the most
reasonable term*. Having supplied them
selves with a very large and superior stock
of stuff, they have no hesitation in assu
ring the public that they can furnish work
which for cheapness,• beauty and durabil
ity, cannot be surpassed by any other shop
in the County. They will also attend
to all kinds of
HOUSE AND SIGN PAINTING, PAPER
upon the shortest notice and moat reason
able terms. Wall Paper will be furnished
—emu:Wens of which tan be seen at our
lirrAll work made and sold by the
firm will be itarranted. They are deter
mined to sell as cheap as the cheapest. just
to suit the times. The public will consult
their interests by giving them a call before
iurehasingelsew here. All kinds Of Coun
try Produce and Lumber will be taken in
part payment for work.
Feb. S, 1849.—tf
t'S B LYE 7' 1N.91 ER,
for the liberal share of
patronage he has heretofore received,
takes this method of respectfully Worn,.
ing the public, that he still contiuues his
at the old stand, in South Baltimore street.
Gettyaburg,Secontl Square, where he is
preparod.to furnish every variety of
Bureaus, Centre and Dining Tables, Bed
steads, Cupboards, Work, LANA and
Candle Stands, Q e. Ike.,
in a neat, substantial, W ork in an like man
ner, at prices to suit the times.
p - ' He is always prepared to make
according to order, and at the shortest no
tion. Having agood and handsome Mann
ha can convey corpses to any burial ground
at the lowest rate.
lETI.UMBER, and all kinds of COUN
TRY PRODUCE Wien in exchange for.
Gettysburg, Fub. 9, 1849.
AT THE OLD STAND,
BUT IX .1 NE IP SHOP
J. G. FREY
TENDERS his acknowledgments to
his friends lbr past favors, and has
the pleasure of announcing that he is again
located at the old stand, on IV ashington
street, one square south of Thompson's
hotel, where ho will be prepared, as here
tofore, to do all kinds of
Coach, Cloth, & Sign Paint iug.
rCARRLAGE REPAIRING done
at short notice, and on reasonable terms,
for which Country Produce will be taken.
The subscriber is thankful for past fa.
yore, and hopes, by attention to business.
and a desire to please, to merit and re
ceive a continuance of public patronage.
J. G. FREY
Gettysburg, Jan. 12,1849.—tf
ACAULEY'SIIIBI'ORY or ENg
LAND.—llarpere cheap ediaott,
el. I, just received, price 116 et& poi:vo.
For sale at the Bookstore of
K F.:141.34K1L V fitZ;