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A r e , BiTETIVER,' EDITOR AR I D PROPRIETOR.
WM 403 ttet Mgt
avrrrsiTune, r 4.
TrilE _Subscriber tenders his acknowl
m- edgments w the Public for the liberal
and steady patronage with which he has
been favored for a mice of years, and re
sp6trully announces that he has just re
ceived, at" his old established stand in
.Chamberstineg street, a large and fresh
DRUOS & MEDICINES --
ff'&11111 4 .1 1 a11al OIBLB
and, every variety of articles usually found
in'a. Drug ,store, to which he invites the
- ifteltliteof thepubite, with witurances that
they will be furnished at the most reason
The subscriber has also largely increas
ed his assortment.of BOOKS, by an addi
tional supply of -
School, and .Mis
embracing almost every variety of Stand
and and Popular Literature ; also,
flank nooks and Stationery
of all kinds, GOLD PENS, Pencils, Vis
icing and Printing Cards, Card Cases, Ink
stands, &c. dte., all of which will, as usual
be sold ic3"4T THE LOWEST Pl4l
irtKr Arrangements have been made by
which any thing not included in his assort
ment will be proinptly ordered from the
Cities. V • •
S. H. BURBLER
Gettysburg. Oct. 22, 1849.
071 have at present on hand an excel
lent assortment of BIBLES, plain and fan
cy. for school and family use—at very low
The ('heap Book Store,
Opposite Me BA NK,Gettysburg, Penn'a
— Sign - of the
BIG BOOK. V 4 , 1;
EMPORIUM OF !P•1:2-
STANDARD LITERATURE ,
10,7 HERE may be found a large and
choice collection of the standard
works in the general dearunent of Litera
Aviculture, Domestic Economy, &c.
Hil.lical and Theological Iliatory and Literature.
I lisniry. Ancient and Modern.
College and School Books.
Mental and MoralScimics, Criticism.
:Natural Science, &c.
Voyages and Travels.
Splendid Embellished Works.
Medical and durgical Science. &e.
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias.
Politics, Political Economy, and Statistics.
Poetry and the Drama.
The above with a general assortment of
Maps, guide Books, Charts, Games, Sta
tionary, &e., are for sale at the Original
Cheap Rook Store of
Opposito the Bank.
March 17, 1848.
Notice to Tax-payers.
NOTICE is hereby given that the Com
missioners will make an abatement
of FIVE PER CENT. upon all State sm.l
County Taxes assessed for the year tgtS,
and paid to Collectors on or before the tat
of Jul', next, and collectors are hereby re
quired to make said abatement to all per
sons paying before said day. Collectors
will be required to make their payment on
or before the 4th day of July next, other
wise they will not be entitled to any abate
ment. It will be the duty of Collectors to
call upon individuals personally between
tbis and the Ist of July next.
AttestL4. Auourinsuott, Clerk.
• April 111.-1848.-3 t
Rftrden 411' Flower Seeds,
OF every variety, from the Mebane('
. SHARKS Mardenr, New Lebanon,
N. York,--also-RISLEY'S Gardett and
Flower Seeda--just received .attd for sale
it the Drug and . Book Store of
S. 11. BUEHLER.
Gettysburg, March 17. 1848.
21111.11'CREARY. informs the ladles of Get
-0 tyaborg and vicinity that she hatjut*
lFbs s~i tho City with it hiathente waort.
'0 00011' Millinery of the latest styles, yhich
dykes them to call and examine.
P.'l. —Oneor two Ladles will ho taken st Ap-
OrantlCAlt immediate application be made.
Gettystnug,.A pril 14, 1848.*
WI%TAII'S BALSA* AT THZ SOUTII.-
One of our agents at Athens, Georgiai has
sent UP the following letter with peinia
sion to publish the same.
Trtiih is mighty and wilt prevail
Athsns, August 24. 1840.
Mr. A. Alexander—k Dear Sir' Haling
been' afflicted , for mere than ten moitha
with Chronic Inflimation of the Lungs—
dt times very severely—and having adept
, 4,,mati,k_medicinee witheut any but tem
por:try reher.-,4 purchased about three bot
tles of Wistar's Balsam n4' Wild Cherry,
fl'om the effects. ofshich I obtained name
relief 'tan from all he medicine's 1 Aid
jitilren for that distressing disorder,' I
t i t
repealed use of dile valusela
Baleen n more free from pressure for
410'dath Intl oppressionowthe , bmgeihat I ,
'WC IMtielpated4—and,, indeed, contich4
#l,lliffrill'he"iiiiiini by continuing eta use,
bf . ll2:l;mdit dishearten ing milady. Ipo
. _,/heerfally . tinder you this ackuop.
JoupliMit. , which you will use se ru'
RODNEY 'BURKE. '
°tough. Burke Co , Geo.
For sale in Gettysburg at the I )rug
NW* of . , B. 11, BUEHLER.
'April 21, 11318:-. 1 .2t -
The following poetry should be treasured u an
unparalleled literary curioeity, It emus written by
a ittle girl, (Nu Amax WATillll, 47 Missouri
street, Boston.) only ten years of age. Mlin was
born without hands and wfoto it with her mouth,
haring acquired an extraordinary rity in Mr,
mode of recordine'trougfithe - enrol, no less
the. the mechanical, origin of this poem is remar
kable enough, and its an exhibition of poetical pre
cocity It surpunes, I think, the first born offerings
of Pope and Cowicy.--Bosros Poe?.
Now the wintry signs are going
Fast from stream and sod and tree,
Warmer airs are mildly blowing,
Spring is here with face of glee.
Snows are low and suns are high,
Where her rosy footstep fly;
Wide abroad her mantle flinging,
As the maid advances
---Flowers-ate Masoning, Meager* singing.
In the sunshine of her glances.
Boul of verdure. youth and beauty,
_ Genius of the road of roses,
Who delays to pay the duty,
Who"but in thy lip reposes?
psrlieet born I thy blush supernal
, Gave their tints to - E - tlen r s flowers,
Clad the globe with glories venial,
Fitted scenes for heavenly hours.
Changeless, though that globe is changing.
Youthful, though our forms grow old,
As of yore thy feet come ranging,
Bringing beauty to the mould,
Balm to breezes, light to skies,
Life and freedom to the fountains,
To the woodlands emerald dyes,
Moss and garlands to the mountains,
' Order to uncultiired lands,'
Music to returning birds,
Labor to the farmer's hand,
Hope to hearts and cheer to words !
Glorious, gentle, genial Spring,
Could we ever to the cling.
Never more a sigh for summer
Should a human bosom heave;
lie should be a noteless comer,
Nor a look of love receive;
For thy ways era ways of grace,
Freshness, peace and purity ;
Paradise adorns thy fare
With its sweet simplicity;
And though Summer's robes imposing
Ampler seem mad bolder dyad,
Thine are evermore disclosing
More of peace and less of pride.
Only in thy walks I'd wander.
Other seasons sacrifice,
And when dust and spirit sunder,
Leave thee only Inc the skies.
BY CHARLES J. PIEIVION.
WE have a dear little cousin—half rose
bud, half lily l—frfici teases us whenever
we meet, to tell her how the question is
popped.. She is but fourteen, and in these
days, between boarding-schools and balls,
girls are as knowing as their grandmothers
were at twenty. We suppose she wishes to
learn in time, so as to be ready for the first
elcince that offers. Dear girl ! she little
imagines that the question usually pops
itseif. Young folks require no aid in such
pleasant emergencies—only give two lov
ers fair play, and semi your match-making
mutts and the children to Coventry—and
our word fur it, some evening, when least
expected, the question will pop out like
the cork from a champaigne bottle. We
would give our fair cousin some instruc
nous, if we could ; but she would probably
forget them all, and find her heart in her
throat besides, when the question came to
be popped to herself. So we will content
ourselves with a story, which she may
think true or not, as she likes.
Kate Spencer was one of your delicious
hub vixens, that steal away the heart with
a merry laugh, a pair of bright eyes, or an
hour of playful raillery. She was a bit of
of a flirt, as, indeed, what girl named Kate
is not I—There's a fatality about that cog
nomen. Every Kato I have known has
taken to coquetting, as naturally as a cat
to canary birds.
Kate Spencer was a bewitching creature.
If you could have seem her bounding a
cross the lawn, or gathering wild flowers
to adorn her hair, or heard her warbling
some merry by in the morning, you would
have worshipped her as you would wor
ship a Rosalind, or an Ariel, for she seem
ed a compound of both. At love she laugh
ed : "it was a trap for fools," sho said.—
But people who make traps, sometimes
are the first to fall into them.
Kate was in her eighteenth summer
when her bosom friend, Lucy Wharton,
was married ; and Kate .was bridesmaid.
Her partner. Harry Neville. was a line,'
dashing fellow, with a pretty estate, and a
commission in the army. He and Kate
were well matched. He cared no more
for-her raillery than for a Mexican battery ;
and, in fact, her wit was to his, like a!
trumpet to the war horse. It did one good
to see a passage of arms between them !
But being bridesmaid and groomsman is a
dangerous recreation. Marrying, like the i
yellow fever, is an infectious disease, and
one never catches it as quickly as at an
other's wedding. if I was a young bach-;
elor, and wished -to remain one, I would i
run to the world's end rather than wait on
a pretty girl. You may picnic) with a se
raph or sleigh with a hottri, hut be no
oomsman with a sensible girl like Kate
Spencer was. Harry Neville, however,
-was bomb-proof to such things—at l ea st
he considered himself so, antklurd been
hitherto. Besides, he had been told Kate
was a flirt, and he was on his guard.
And how was it with Kate I Dear coz I
have you ever seen a flirtation begun in
fun, and ended in earnest I Kate was flat
tered by having a partner like Harry Ne- '
villa, and put forth all her powers orpleas-
Mg, resolute to bring the flirtation to a 1
elose, before there wits danger; but flirta
ions ,- like thorough bred's, sometimes run
away with you ; and so at a week's end,
what between the customary attentions of
a groomsman, and -something peculiar to
I Harry, Kate began to be interested in her
nottinnisp more than she chose to confess,
-The wedding was held in the country,
is the midst of a rich:distriet, and for rev
seal weeks the young clenple were involv. ,
ed , in a- round of entOrtainments. Gave
me e country wedding afier all! Therfi
dra , long rides, tete-a-totes by - moonlight--
the'spending dull hours in flirtations with.
Our partner—'the boating parties, the 111113.
Meepthrough the wpods—the summer eve
ftings beneath the arbor in the gartlen,And
a hundred other things, which to*nfalks,
who get married at d4-break, and then
race over half the States for a month,have
no more idea of-then a leHog has of
GETTYSBURG, PA. FRIDAY EVENING 9 • Artas
t 8 1848
. And so, insensibly; love stole .upon
Kate t Neville was not mere a Wit; any
more than herself; and often, laying aside
his raillery, he would indulge the natural
enthusiasm of his character, until he paus
ed finally at his own impassioned word.
At such times Kate would sit, long after
going to her chamber, unconsciously gazing
up at the calm, still sky, but her thoughts
would be on Neville ; and' these reveries
usually ended with a sigh.
A woman in love, whether flirt or not,
is often blind ; nor could Kate discover
if Neville love d her or not. At times there
was that in his tone that made her heart
thrill ; but if the most ordinary acqaintance
would approach, Neville always sauntered
away indifferently; with some gay remark.
Kate chided _har_own...weakneasklut in
vain ; absence id the only cure for such a
passion, and the wedding pries were not
half over. She feared Neville was a flirt
because she had been one herself; and
many an unhappy hour she spent in se
cret, angry at herself, at tim, and at all the
In such a mood she was, when called I
on to dress for a ball at the house of their 'I
entertainers. Kate entered the room on
Neville's arm, but he immediately left her
side to address a beautiful girl who was
" Ah ! " she heard two gentlemen say.
who were ignorant of her vicinity, "Neville
has found Miss Benton out already ; and
that gives color to the report that they are
engaged. She is a splendid match—beau
tiful, rich, and 'from a good old Virginht
"Oh ! I learnt nt Washington, this win
ter. that they were certainly engaged,"
Was the reply.
Kate heard no more. Offended pride,
combined with anger at herself, almost
took away self command ; she felt the
blood rushing to her hrnw ; and she was
greatly relieved when a gentleman ap
proached, just as the music swirl; up. and
asked her to dance. She took his hand
and was led out.
"Excuse me," said Neville. accosting
her companion, "hut I believe Miss Spen
cer -is engaged to me this set. I appeal to
"She shall decide," said her partner
Kate remeinhered well the engagement,
but she was vexed, and rejoiced at this op
portunity for revenge—accordingly she
"I shall dance with Mr. Morton. You
know, Mr. Neville. it is not always easy
to remember whether -,me has made pro
mises or not, when one is plagued out of
one's life for them."
Neville's haughty face flushed, as he
bowed coldly, without reply. Kate had
no sooner spoken than she felt ashamed of
her rudeness—indeed, almost terrified at
what she had done; but she gave no out
ward sign of this ; and when, during the
evening, she met Neville, she returned his
cold salutations as coldly as they were
given. She did this, too, even after she
had heard that Miss Benton was not en
gaged to him, but about to be married to
another—such a strange thing is human
"'What have you done to Mr. Neville ?"
said the bride to her. "I hear you were
quite rude to him. Ali ! Kate, will vou
never have done jilting better men than
you deserve I"
Kate felt cut to the quick at this reproach.
She turned crimson. Yet she replied:
"Surely I am not accountable to Mr.
Neville frit. my conduct, I may even
break a promise to dance, I hope, without
treason ; it is consider& no great crime to
break a betrothal, now-a-days. The gen
tlemen grow presuming, when they com
plain to one's friends."
"Mr. Neville has made no complaint to
me : he is too proud to do so," said her
friend, gravel•. But my husband over
heard your conversation. Now, Kate, I
know you are ashamed of what you have
done; be frank, and apologize for your
Kute's eyes flashed haughtily..
"Nay !" said her friend. "Refuse or
accept a lover, as you will; but never be
Her friend had, spoken frankly, and the
words were not without their power, for
Kate had a noble heart. After a moment's
pause, she saw Mr. Neville, who was at
the other end of the room, step out into
the balcony, which overlooked the garden.
He was alone. She could never have a
better opportunity. She would apologize,
she said, and then be colder titan ever.—
Without a word, but only giving a glance
at her friend, Kate crossed the apartment
and followed him. ,She hesitated a mo
ment ; then laid her hand on his arm, still
holding the curtains half open behind her.
[he started abruptly, for he had been plung
ed in moody thought.
"Mr. Neville," she said in a low voice,
"I believe I was rude to you just now.--
She could proceed nn farther, for, with
a look of wohifer and delight, Neville turn
ed round, clasped her hand, and interrupt.
• •Say nothing of it, dear Mks Spencer,"
he said ; then,embarrassed by the warmth
into which he had boon surprised, he stam-
"This surprises me—l did not think'
you would do it-noble.generous creature !"
Kate was agitated violently. The eager
ness of her companion had drawn her Il
ya), from the window; the curtain had
dropped, and her hand remained and trem
bled. In that of Neville. Thus she stood
for second, •"' '
• "I love you," continued Neville; breath
; shut dare scarcely' hope. You
kre,above your sex-4hd will bo generous
to me. I have long loved you. Tell me
I may hope T"
~ Do not ask me, at least, now." said
Kate, in a low, entreating tone, speaking
with great difficulty.and in much agitation;
and she lifted her eyes pleadingly to those
of Neville, as she sought to Withdraw her
hand from his.
Neville could have clasped her in his
arms, for his whole frame thrilled with the
assurance of love 'which that look give ;
but delicately bowing over it, he released
.IFEASIXSIO AND FRNE."
the fair hand; and -Kate, like a frightened
deer, . darted away. and harrying to her
chamber, locked the door, and buret into
'Numerous were the inquiries made for
Kale ; but Neville 'bad whispered to the
bride that Wuls Spinier had retired with a
violent headache; and no one knew the
truth till many months after—if they even
kneWit then—when Neville stood up at
the altar with Kate, and they mutually ex
changed those vows that cease only with
And in this way.-Wear cos I—did Har
ry Neville pop the question.
"Sick AND TM VISITED ,la."—About the
10th br 12th of Set., Bishop Paine, of
the-AL-Fn. Oh u reb.-Utith r :ausee -oix board
a steamboat at Memphis 041 his way. to
Kentuelty. Nearly every boat from New
Orleans had on board persons suffering
from yellow fever, although no such cue
was acknowledged to exist on the boat in
question, the Bishop kept a sharp look out
for indications of thatkind. At a late hour
that night, he saw a man 'belonging to the
boat, go rather stealthily to a state room,
and hastily open and shut the door—pas
sing something in without entering: - Hil
suspicions were now awake, but he could
get no information that night. Next morn
ing he demanded to know if there was not
a sick man on board ; the answer was e
vasive, but he pressed the question cate
gorically, until finally it was confessed that
there was a sick man, said to be a Catho
lic priest from New Orleans, ill in the
state-room in question. 41ie Bishop re
quested to, see him, but was put oti with
excuses ; he urged the matter and finally
declared that h would see him. His lin
1 portunity and solute stand gave hint sue,
(teas ; the doo was opened. and from it is
sued a sieke ing stencil, which fur a ono
went drove him back ; he rallied and made
his entrance. and found a man apparently at
the point of death, who had been begging in
I vain for a cup of cold water to be handed
Ito him. But what was the good Bishop's
surprise ; when, instead of some suffering
I stranger, lie found that his victim was the
Rev. John Cress, of the Poydrass street
Methodist Church, New Orleans ! The
Bishop had him well taken rare of, became
himself his nurse, and by proper attention
' his patient soon recovered. Professor
Cross believes that but for the Bishop's
I interposition in his behalf, he could not
I have recovered. The Bishop resolved at
I all risks to succor a stranger, but unexpec
tedly found himself saving a friend.
[Nashville Christian .11dvertiser.
AFFECTINa INCIDENT.—In the North
American we find the following extract of
a letter written by Captain Merrill of Bata
via, (who was in ell thebattles,) to his bro
ther. It refers to the death of a noble Vir
"Among the great and good who have
this day fallen, was my friend Burwell, of
the sth Infantry, Ile fell early in the ac
tion from a wound in the leg. On the
slight repulse of our troops he was inhu
manly murdered by the enemy's lancers.
His faithful dog, a beautiful pointer, had
acompanied him there; he also was wound
ed. During the action he became separa
ted from his-master. After it had subsi
ded, the noble form of Burwell, manly as
in life, was discovered, and beside him.
and even licking his face and wounas, was
his poor dog, who, regardless of his o*n
pain, had sought his generous master iu
the hour of danger and, upon the same
field, to die. ' • affecting scene touched
the hearts of at ny."
WHAT IS IT TO Br POLITE t—Politeness
is a trait which every one admires, and
which confers upon its possessor a charm
that does much to pave the way of life with
success. But it is very much misunderstood;
Politeness does not consist in wearing a
while silk glove, and in gracefully lifting
your liat,as you meet an acquaintance—it
does not consist in artificial smiles and flat
teringspeech, but io sincere and honest de
sires to promote the happiness of those it-,
round you : in the readiness to sacrifice
your own ease and comfort to add to the
enjoyment of others. The man who lays
aside all selfishness in regard to the happi
ness of others, who is ever ready to 'confer
favors. who speaks in the language of kind
ness and conciliation. and.who studies to
manifest those little attentions which grat
ify the heart, is a polite man, though he
may wear a homespun coat, and make
a very graceful bow, And many a fash
ionable, who dresses getiteely, and enters'
the most crowded apartments• with assur
ance, and ease, is a perfect compound of
rudeness and incivility. lie who has a
heart flowing. with kindness and good will
towards his fellow men, and who is guid
ed in the excereise of these feelings by good
common sense, is the truly polite men—
and he alone.
PAT AND Tim STEAM Ervouvz.—The
following which we find in the Boston Bee,
is capital. II the editors have any inure
of the "same sort" lett, we hope they will
send them along.
An Irishman, a day or two since, who
had been often and profitably employed us
a stevedore, was intently gazing at an engine
that was whizzing away at aswift rate. do
ing his work for him. and lifting .the cotton
out from the hold of the ehip, quicker than,
you can say "Jack Robinson.' Pat looked
till his' anger was prettrivell Up, and then
shaking his 'flat at the "tarns' critter," he
010hbog 4 choog, !pet, smite it and be bo
thered, ye ould child o' Satan, that ye ere
Ye may do
. the work twenty-five fellers
•--yernay take thi c bread out iv en honest
by, the powers,
now; yeian't ote, ould t;l4ei, mind that,
IPtti .e I"
4 Ontrictrur CaszeT-•The. Quakers in
Virginia seem to be placed in , a peculiar
position relative to the laws of Va. The
Yearly Meeting of 'Baltnnorit; to which
they belong., has charged all its members
to educate the free colored 'people. The
laws of Virginia forbid it. and the Friends
have addressed a memorial to the General
Assembly of the State ofVirginia, asking
liberty to pursue the advice of their Year
LITTLE LII!IA AND BERARCMIER.
It is a , beautiful sight when children West
each other with kindness and love, sale re
fated in the following story : oldest even•
ing," says a miesionaq gentleman. "I
took tea with Lydia's father and mother.
Before supper, Lydia, her parents and my
self, were sitting in the room together, and
her little brother Oliver was out hr the
yard drawing his cart about. The moth•
er went. out and brought some peaches;
The father handed me one: of the rareripes,
gave one to the mother, and one of the
best, to hislittle daughter who was , eight
years old. lie then took one of the smal•
ler ones and gave it to Lydia, and told her
to go and give it to her brother. Ile was 4
years old. Lydia went out and was gone
about tell minutes, eathen came in.
- -4 41/d - yotrglife your tab - that Ittkpitiebl
sent him ?" asked the father.
Lydia blushed. turned away, and did
not answer. . •
"Did you give your brother the-peaeh 1
sevatimt" asked the father again, a little
more sharply. -
"No, father," said she, "I did not give
him that." . , ,
"What did you do with its" he asked..•
"Why. did .you not giveyour brother
any 1" asked the father.
"Yes, Idith father," said she ; «I pat;
"Why did you not give him the one I
told you-to give him? " asked the , father,
"Because, father," said Lydia,"? thought
he would like mine better."
"But you ought not to disobey your fa
ther." said he... _
'•I did not mean to be disobedient, fa
ther," said she, and' her bosom began to
heave, and her chin to quiver.
•But you Were, my daughter," said ho.
"E thought you would not be displeased
with me, father," said Lydia,"if I did eve
brother the largest peach ;" and the tears
began to roll down her cheeks.
"But I wanted you to have the largest,".
said the lather . ; "you are older and larger
than ho is."
"I want to give the best things to broth
er," said the noble girl.
'"W fly ?" asked the father, scarcely able
to contain himself.
"Bego," answered the dear generous
sister, "note him so; I always feel best,
when he gets ihe best things. "
"You ere right my precious daughter,"
said the father, as he fondly and proudly'
embraced her in his arms. "Ypu are tight
and you may be certain your happy fath
er can never be displeased with you for
wishing to give up the best of every thing
to your affectionate little brother. lie is
a dear and noble boy, and t am glad you
love him so. Do you think he loves you
as well as you do hint ?"
"Yes, father," said the little girl, "I think
he does ; for when I offered him the lar
gest peach he would not take it; and want
ed me to keep it ; and it was a good while
before I could get him to take it."
Have the courage to confess ignorance
whenever or with regard to wUatever sub
ject you really are uninformed.
Have the courage to treat difficulties as
you would obnoxious weeds—attack them
as twin as seen. Nothing grows as fast.
Have the courage to meet a creditor.—
You must be a gainer by the interview.
even if you must learn the worst. We
are our own deceivers.
Have the courage• to own that you are
poor, and, if you can, to laugh at your
poverty. By so doing you disarm your
enemies and deceive nobody. You avoid
many difficulties and mueb bitterness ; be
sides, there are persons who will not be
lieve you, especially those who make the
same acknowledgement as a pretext for
Have the courage to be silent when a
fool prates--he will cease the sooner I be
sides, what can he or you gain by prolong
ing the conversation?
• Have the courage to receive a poor re
lation openly and kindly. His shabby
appearance, even his ignorance, will ap
pear to your advantSge ; (Jr the mind is
prone to draw comparisons. We have
nothing to he ashamed of hut our own er
Have the courage to carry a cheap um
hrella ; you will discover why when you
, A BOSTON BOY'S INDISIENDENOS.AATI
old gentleman of Boston, who was at the
head of a ,large manufacturing establish
nuntt, had an apprentice who was addic
to a rather uncleanly practice, termed
by anxious mamas, "picking the nose.'
Often had his employer expostulated with
him on the impropriety of such a habit,
hut to no effect. Ho was rather a close
fisted old customer, and on the 4th of July,
he informed the youth in question that he
must work on that day. The boy of course
did not relish this • much, but went away
grumbling, and on his "boss" calling in at
his place of business to see how matters
progressed, he found the boy, instead of
being at work, busily engaged, as usual,
with his usual protuberance.
"There, John !.thiels the twentieth timer
this week I have claimed paitit'that
act," heexelaimed: .
dont't carol" - blitibenkthe appren
tice. ""it's my own 'taw-And Indepen
dance day...and 1 1 11 pick thunder out of it
OLAMOZ. eon of Hon. David 'Wit.
mot, aged about eleVen years, dame to his
death on Monday evening last, says the
Bradford Reporter, by eating of the wild
parsnip. lie was attending Misses Robb's
school at Athens, and in company with an
other lad, in the fields, ate of the root,
which caused his death after much suffer
ing, in about two hours. The other lad
was not so badly poisoned, and is expe c t.
ed to survive.
If smoking, says the Scottish Tempe
rance Review, continues to increase,, it
will ultimately destroy the energy and
thoroughly practical character of the na
tion, and induce the dreamy, speculative,
unpracdcal, and inert charaCter of the
011/041/ GIP FREE ISOROOLS U MARRA-
, la-did not at all enter into my present
purpose, is a motive, and yet it is a fact
not unworthy of i remark, that the present
year ,completes the second century since
the. Free Schools of Massachusetts were
first established. In 1847, when a few
scattered and feeble settlements, almost
buried in the depths, of the forest, were all
that constituted the Colony of Massachu
setts; when the entire population consist
ed of twenty-one thousand soul, ; when the
external means of the people were small,
their dwellings humble, and their raiment!
and subsistence scanty and homely ; when
the whole valuation of the colonial estates,
both public and private, would hardly enual !
the inventory of many a private individual
st-the miens day ; when the fierce eye of;
the savage was nightly seen glaring front!
the -edge .of the surrounding wilderness,l
and 'defence or succor was at hand ;rt
I wits then, amid all these privations and
dangers, that the Pilgrim Fathers conceit.-
ed the magnificent idea of a Free and Uni-t
vernal Education for the People ; and, ,e- !
mid all their poverty, they stinted them-
Seeger to a, still-scantier pittance; amid I
all their toils, they imposed upon them
selves,still more burdensome labors; amid
all their perils, they braved still greater
dangers, that they might find the time and
Means to reduce their grand conception to
practice. Two-divine Atha': filled their
great- hearta,—thekr duty; to God and to
posterity.. For site one, they built the
church:A(lr the other, they opened the
school. . Religion end Knowledge
attributes ef,the same glorious and eternal
truth,-and that truth, the only:one on
which, immortal or mortal happiuoti can
be seourely.fognded. . • -• ••
As in. : innovation upon all pre•existing
policy and usages, the establishment of
Free Schools was the boldest. ever prom,.
gated since the commencement of the
Christian era. As a theory. •it could have
been refuted and silenced by a more formift
dable array, of argument and, •experientie
than was ever marshalled against any other
opinion of human origin. But time has
ratified its soundness. Two centuries
now -proclaim it to be as wise *a it .was
courageous; .as beneficent as it was disina
terested. It was one. of those•grand men:
tal and moral experiments whose streets
cannot be determined in atingle goner&
don. • But. now, according to the manner
in which human life is computed. _wears
the sixth generationlrowits-foundera,-and_
have we not reason to be grateful bothio
God and men fbr its unnumbered blessings I.
The sincerity of our gratitude mutt be test*
ed by our aortal° perpetuate and imprOver
what they established. •
• [lion. Horne' Afanta4
New. Itiorannt,-,-. -The vote, in. I`sW.
Hampshire, on the question, sub,alitted by
the Legislature, in respect to the expedien
cy of it law prohibiting the sale of intoxica
ting liquors except for mechanical and,med
icinal purposes, seems to indicate . that a
majority of the people approve sueh a law,
The vim in 39 towns, now hoard from,
stands-40r such a law, 4,134; against,
1,410; showing that nearly three-fourths
of those voting on the queitico, are in
favor of the proposed law.
Fur the "iitar and Banner"
LETTER FROM MAJOR ()ROCKET.•
Uartitto (*Taira', (City of Mrsinn. Z
Doubtfultlrnund,) April 4, MB. 5
DEAR Stn:—liin still away, dawn here
in Mexico ; but hope I shall soon git
home agin to'the 'United States proper,and
have a good hearty shake hands with sli
my old friends, for I do assure you 'm
tired of this land of butcherin down here.
Why, the people hare think no more of
I:melte:ln a feller than we 16 the 'north do
of killin a good fat ealf. I received some
despatches from the Ppe r idenl itt.
which he says I meat do thits
I do 'assure 'you, Mr. Editor, maim me
feel had all over. They' were hard pills
to s'wallow. I had to 'Wallow them sere
,,ral times before thAy , wok ; and the on
ly way I got them to stick at last, was by
takin great, ring -tail, ioarin big snort of
brandy on top of them; which kinder pot
my senses, to sleep, and the time I rous
ed up agin, then were so far gone that
they didn't - e eine op'aiiit mini. But, oh !
Jerusalem, critekd I' bufthey did make me
sick. But then, I ,began to think'that it
was all for the good of the Deirindrat party
and my friend, Col. Polk (and you know,
Mr. Editor, that I have always been his
best friend.) T did consent. to do , what lie
wanted me to, but when I think of the
great injustice I am doin to one of the
greatest and noblest men !win, my con
science kinder cheeks me, and the, only
way I can git over it is to take another
gallbustin snort of brandy, which sets all
things right agin, and I go to work as if
nothin was wrong. But to return. 1
must tell you what the President ordered
me to do—it is this : I must attend the
Court of Inquiry, and see that no evidence
will be admitted that will tend to exone,
rate Glineral Scott ; that when such evi
dence is brought fOrward it must be deci
ded by, thb Court that it is out of order,and
therefoie cannot be admitted.
hisl'esPatches, lays: "'Ma
jor Crockett, I want you to exantibe all
the witnesses before . ..they go before the
Court, and lot the Court know who is
likely to testify in favor of Gineral Scott,
so that they : may be on their guard. You
needn't be afraid to express your views to
them; they are all first-tate friends of
mine, and good democrats intighdliargain ;
and are ready and willin to do'any Mina
forme and the party:" Well, I set to work,
examinin the witnesses and found them h,
a man in favor ofScott. I told the Court 110,
' and what do you think my surprise was
when the Court said: "W 1! never mind,
Major, we'll reject all that evidence, anti
find somethin out at least to cast him into
the shade for a while, say until after the
Presidential election next fall, and then we
don't care if he is exonerated. If we can
do, nothing else keep him her " e a pris.
I unseat large until after that time.
Well, Mr. Editor, thin Courtnpsned and
, Gineral Scott made his appearance, preps-
TWO DOLLARS Pss ANiottllitf,
INEW SEIES-NO 49.
red to vindicate himself. I watched him
intently, observed the various chstiges in
his countenance, and never saw ti - proud
and noble hero in whom so much change
was visible as in Gineral Scott. There
is a sad melancholy restin upon his coun
tenance ever since his suspension from the
command, and his arrest for trial, that is
sicknin to the heart of every true Ameri
can and patriot to behold. The proud.
good, great, noble and glorious hero, Gen.
Winfield Scott, who led our armies to vic
tories greater than ever a Caesar or a Na.
poleon achieved, to be arralkned like a
prisoner at the bar before a court comp*.
sed of inferior officers, to try him for
what? I repeat it, for what ? At dolts'
his duty : •
When the Court refused to adMit the
evidence that he offered to acquit himself,
a sad smile of contempt seemed to lightnif
his manly brow. But in a moment it van- .
ished and his countenance assumed its for
mer melancholy. lie then rose and made
a powerful speech to the Court. lie told
them that he looked fur nothing else ; -or
could expect nothing more from Col. Polk
' or the Administration at Washington ; they
had always been his enemies, and had been
firin in his rear•ever since the Mexican
War began ; that ho did not expect justice
at the hands of the Court, but he only wanted
, to go before the people—they, he had no
j doubt, would do him justice.
And, Mr. Editor, they certainly will do
lit; for he is as
.innocent of the chariots
that were brought against him as any t e sts
livin. I have written to Col. Polk, (in'
some despatches which you will find en-•
closed in this letter, which you may read
if you think proper and then forward them
on to him,) that I will have nothin more
to3lowith the the trial of Gineral Scott: it '
goes too much *gin the grain, I cant stand'
it. Why to continue on in that business
I'd have to make a reeler built loafer out
Of myself ; for the only way that I could
quiet my conscience in the matter was by
&tin half top; then I was ready for any
thing, but 1 wont do it any longer.
I wrote to the President in my Ise that
he had better stop the trial, anti in the pre
sent dispatches I told him If 0e does not,
(which I now think is too late) it will ru
in him-entirely; "The people wont stand
it anytlonger. lie has else ordered me'
to come home-shortly. He wants me to
help him' t 6 411 the nomination for Preii
deut at the IVEarCiutvention. He thinks .
that - it 'will require- a gond deal of good
management - fillet It.' .He' wants •Me to'
be - home to help him. -So I shall return
soon-tithe United dunes proper,and hope
to see you then. In the meantime I shall
keepfitt adiriied of What is goin on: .
, . : .Yoias obedieatend humble, servant. ' '
.; - - . .4 • MAL:JO :
P. A. Itcassaa, Gettysburg.
DESPATdIES NO 2.
To bin *eellimey /AIM K. POLK, President i
'tbs gaited States and all antlered Territory.
• I,INITRO STA2III, CITY Or 31/141C01,
• Doubtful Territory, April& Me.
Diu* Coitiatet. see by your last
despetelieti tO me that you hails taken my
advice atuigot the treaty thioigh the Sen
ate:" that was tight: But I fear that the
difficulty is not settled yet, Yeti shonld
beim tutored Gitieral Scott to the corn
hind of the ittruy, and tried to smother ,
his arrest over. .That.would certainty
have restored a permanent peace, for the
very name of Scott down here in Mexico
bra - terror , to the Mexicans. I fear since
he is deprived of the command we will
have more trouble in the shanty. I hear
strange indications by the Mexicans that
'they All not ratify the treaty as it comes
from the Senate. They have found out
'that you are at war with your great ginerals,
and nurLthev say is- their chance to . re- ,
trieve theirtififili - didf;Trirlie are fight
in with your great ginerals. They say ,
they can lick our army 'and give them Jett-
se under the ribs. So you see by the,
'courier you have pursued that you htvs,
gitied aid and comfort to the.Mexitnini.--,
But no matter fur that ; only git old Falb
er Ritchie to put it on the Whigs, and all
things will ha right. In your last day
patches you ordered me to have Gineral
Scott found guilty, or 'disgraced, whether
he was guilty or not. Obedient to your or
tiers I went to work before the Court con
•vened to examine wittieites, and found
them unanimous in his favor. And when
I seen the great change that had taken
place in this war-worn chief,. who. ranks
reeond to no 'General . in military achieve
ments t- when I looked at the-melancholy
restin upon his noble brow and heard Ins
defence, I could not stand it .any . longer.
'I told' the' 'Coen they .might do as they
pleased ; I'd have nothin snore to do with
it. They arc progresein with the trial, acid
are the very men you ought" to have, fur
the trial of so great a military chieftain. if
you want him found pithy ; for they ap.,
pear to exchuhr all the evidnee that would
acquit him, and say that it is out of order
and cannot be admitted. My advice, to
you, Colonel, would be to smother up 'the
proceedings of the . Court and arrest. are
Much es possible, and restore the old,Gio
oral th . his command in the army sten, and
-in that Way you will insure a peace iu
In your last you wished me to come
home shortly to help you to vv.Ofk
for the nomination for President by the ~
democratic convention in ,May. I will ttio
home before that time, and will (10 e 11,..
I can for you, but in the meantime,,
yotf must be at work as much es po4-.,,
sible. I will put you upon a pile
Watch closely and find out all the delegates
that are appointed to the May Convention. .
and any & that you think are doubtful fur :
yon, give them a spoonful of Uncle Same'
1 Pap : give as litany of the delegates a suck
ut the Pap as you can. You have it in
your power, and if you take my advice in'
the matter I will insure your nomination'
However, you must git your friends Irk fa''
let the ..two-thirds" rule come up aglif 11k 4. `
convention this time. It did very wtill
i W '
I fore, but it will not do nowt; site people
know you too, well. Then timf•fitOttlett,'
.. 4 moot tri ,..
know who James 4. Polk spa. , c Thitiy 0
hake since (pupa Apt. 4,-i 0, , A .1 , 0 41 : - -
1= 1 4 11 7 4 w bemb411071100 1 1*0‘ ) W 1 ',,*
To yaw tzeclholei Jo* IL Yeti . •