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A; Annuli, trite* AND PROPRIETOR
VOL. X !'X.
"ILIT HEREAS the lion. Wm. N. In
visa, Esq. President of the several
• Courts of Common Pleas, in the Counties
composing the 19th District, and Justice
of the Courts of Oyer and Terminer, and -
General Jail Delivery, for the trial of all
'capital and other offenders in the said dis
trict—and Grottez • Sweatt and Janke
ATElrvrrr, Mtgs., Judges of the Courts of
•Common Picea, end General Jail Delivery(
tor •the irial of all capital' nd other offend
era irr the county of Adams--have issued
,their. precept, bearing date the 19th day
of January, in the year of our LOYD one
thousand eight, hundred and forty.eight, and 1
tome directed, for holding a Court of Com
mon ilearand General 'QuarterSessifms ll
of the "Peace and General Jail Delivery,
tied COOtt ;of co r .. ; and Tenninqr, Get
,jrilbUrg, on :Von the ilth day of Spril
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN To
all the Justices of the Peace, the Coroner
and Constablea within the said County of
Adams, that they be then and there in their
proper persons, with their Rolls, Records,
Inquisitions, Examinations and other Re.
monibninces, to do those things which to
their offices and in that behalf appertain
to be done, and also they who will prose
cute against the prisoners that are or then
shall be in 'the Jail of the said County of
Adams, and to be thenjind there to pros
ecute against them as shall be just.
WiNJAMIN BCHRIVER, Sucairr.
fThorilr's Office, Octty4Purg./ td
Ahich 17, 1848.
Vi:202 1 ,19
NOTICE is hereby given to all Lego
1‘ tees and other persons concerned,
that the .9 DMINISTIMTION
COUNTS of the deceased persons herein
after mentioned will be presented at theOr
phans' Court of Adams county, for coptir
tnation and allowance, on Monday, the
17th day of hpril next, viz*:
The account of John Boblilz and George
Itlmumert, Executors of the last will and
testament of Samuel Mummert, deceased.
The account of George Link, Adminis
innor.of the'estate of Charles T. iVelsh,
The account of Jacob Hersh, Guardian
of Henry Showalter, Isaac Showalter, and
David She: \ ‘ker, minor children of David
The aC ati Vf John L. Noel, Guardian
uC Racherim _lain, minor child of James
The first and final account of David
Hollinger, Executor of the last will and
testament of Christian Nagle, deceased.
The final account of Philip Fleishman,
and Michael Beavenour, Executors of the
last will and testament of Peter Beavenour,
The first account of John 1.. Taughin
baugh, Adnsiuistmtor de bonia non of the
estate of Jacob Shank, deceased.
The first and final account of John L.
Tinglsinbaugh, Executor of the last will
and testament of Elizabeth Shank, deceas
The account of William C. Seabrooka,
Administrator of the estate of Elijah Sea
The first and final account of John !Too
very. Administrator - of the estate &Alexan
der Walter, deceased.
The first account of Nicholas Bushey,
Administrator of the estate of Philip Sny
The first and final account , ofJarob Co
ver Administrator of the estate of James
The first Guardianship Account of Hen
ry Overholser, Guardian of Samuel Geisel
ininor son of Michael Geiseirnan,sen.,
The first and final account of Benjamin
Schrirart Administrator of the estate Wil
liam fihroetler, deceased.
ROBERT COBEAN, Register.
Register's Office, GeV/burs.
March 20,1848. to
Barwick—Jahn C. Ellis, Jacob Diehl, Jacob Mar-
tin. , .
M0UP00344111 Homer, Joseph Zuck.
Motintplessant--Anthony Smith, Peter Smith.
Tyrone--Henry Eekeniode, Wen. Yeatts, Ozias
Union--Santuel .Bhorb, Amos Keports, Enoch
Ira( ngtan..—Joseph King, Joreph.Taylor .
Hamiltonbam—Hobert Shinunons, Win. Douglus.
Prankiin—J. Killt Wilson.
Msnallen—Samuel Meals, Andrew Bittinger,
John Burkholder, Philip Burner.
Deism—Jacob Sterner, Samuel Diller, William
HatiltonL—Benthanit Hildebrand, John Mum-
Medi; Of G.) Samuel Hollinpr.
Latlenoroa-Aaroa.Cox, Ueo. W. Miller, David
Borough—James F. Fahnestock, J ohn ditriternallt
LibertV—Barnabss Belly, John Biker.
Huntington—Alfred Miller, Jacob B. Trostle, 3.
Cumberland—Solomon Welty, Joeeph Black,
area Black, Jacob Weikert,
Freedom—John M'Cleary, Abraham Waybright.
Menallen—Wm, Harlan. - Johu Latshavr, Adam
Conowago—John G. Morningstar.
Fri nklin—Philip Hann, Win. Paxton.
Mounolcarant—Andrew Little, John Blair.
Strahan—llaniel Heiner, John Cress.
ETTERS of Administration on the
JLA Estate of WILLIAM MUMMEILT, late
of Reading township, deed, having been
granted to the subscriber, residing in
said township—Notice is hereby given to
all those indebted to said estate to make
payment, and those having elaints upon the
estate to present the same, properly ati-.
thentinted, for settlement.
March 17, 1848.—lit'
"VAN C Y A wit C LES, Cologne,Soups
U Hair Oils, Tooth Brushes. Toilet
Brushes, Tooth Powders, ite., &L - c., for
sale by S. 11. BUEHLER.
THE BOAT OF LIFE.
Leta tak6 this world as' some.wide scene,
Through which,' In frail but buoyant boat,
Whit *les now rods and now serene,
Torah& thou and I must float;
Beholding oft, on either shore,
Bright spots When we should love to stay;
But Time plies swift his dying oar,
And on we sweep...away, away.
winds and rain come on,
We'll miss our owning 'gainet the shower—
. Bit closer till the storm is gone,
And smiling wait a sunnier hour; ,
And if that sunnier hour should shine,
We'll know ha brifittness cannot stay,
And, happy, while 'tis mine and thine,
Complain not when it lades away.
...—Thurs.reseiemelboth,mt.last, that. hill. .
Dollen which hte'acurtents aUtowit go—
The dark, dm brilliant, destined all
To sink into the void below :
Not e'en that hour shall want its charms,
If side by side still fond we keep,
And calmly in each other's arms
Together linked go down to sleep.
For the "Star and Banner."
need of Great Men.
Ma. Eni rot :—The recentiliness of 'fa ADD [US
Seravans, Esq., coupled with the sudden death
°firma' Qorncv An►ats, has induced me to give
voice to thoughts which have long dwelt in my
bosom ; and if you deem them worthy a place in
your columns, they are at your service.
I have for many years .mourned over the un
scrupulous reckleeidiess of party spirit, in pouring
shoes and every specie, of calumny upon th• best
and greatest spirits In our land. No sooner is a
man named as a candidate fur any high station,
however well qualified he may be to dischargelts
duties, than this Party Spirit—this base hound of
Power and Place—sets oft, yelping upon his track;
and, not content with following along the high
way of his public career, and shouting over every
little deviation that his foot has made, it dives into
the bye-ways and shady lines of private life, noses
out every stain and spot of dirt, which the neces
sities of humanity have forced him to leave behind
him. Nor does it stop at this; but clamorously ate
tributes to its object every *vile and filthy thing
which yt can find, or imagine, in all the ways in
which he has left his foot-print. This should not be.
Let us for a moment contemplate Mr. Anse,—
in his public life. Since the early days of this Re-
public, he has been its faithful servant. He learn
ed his politics in the days of Washington, under
the guidance of his excellent father, aid no less
excellent and capable mother ; and, amid all the
Labels of political commotion, changes, and amal
gamations of party and of party nameri—which
have been so many that no modern politician can
know to which of the ancent parties his opinions
assimilate—Mr. AD•XIS maintained the severe re
publican principles of his youth. He was that
nobleat work of God—Ys Hoxerr " Mss. In
every Station which he filled as a public servant,
from his first a p pointment by the unerring Weill
ington, to his death in the council chamber of his
country, he sought that country's good: Honestly,
faithfully, unflinchingly, he walked in the way of hie
duty. He sought not the aggrandizement of party
—riot to give mom power to the hand of oppression,
but to equalize the interests of community, braise
up the oppressed, to help the poor and powerless
to their right: to enforce justice, according to the
true teaching of that Constitution, which, in all
its bearings, was familiar a the B C," even to
his boyhood. And this great, good, and wise
man—wine, by the endowment of his Creator; wise,
by the example and teaching of the wisest of men;
who., by tho acquired knowledge of a long life, spent
amid the very beat opportunities of acquiring wis
dom—this man was followed even to the verge of
life by party malice, by the base ours of party hate.
Mr. ADAMS was brow-beaten and stigmatized as a
leader of a fury faction.by the sons of foreigners—
by men who were born since he was a patriot and
statesman—men who are as ignorant of the true
meaning oldie terms Independence—Constitution
—Federal Republio—as they are of the toils by
which the one was achieved, the wisdom by which
the others were framed and sustained—men who,
compared with Aim, look like a molehill, at the
foot of the Andes. I remember how they assailed
him when be eat as the chief-magistrate of a pur
blind and ungrateful people. I remembermuch,
which the billows of time will never wash kola the
tablet of immortal Remembrance.
But "He Died." Aimee Dian ! Tba_perae
eutoni started back appalled—set up sti - oicf of
apparent grief—and, whining pitifully, followed
the poor remains to their quiet resting plat*. Yea
--now, that the bleated spirit has gone to meet
the gracious commendation—" Well done, good
and faithful servant; enter thou into the joy of ,
thy Lor d "—and the venerable age-worn form has
ceased to feel the quick pulse of joy, or sorrow;
now, that the lacerated heart is_cnvered by the
shrewd, and hidden in the bosom of the pitying
earth; Party spirit ceases to cry out against him,
and joins in the tenant commendation of the pare
patriot, who is now beyond the reach of-malice
Vile, dastardly spirit! ! Who that has a soul,
does not feel prompted to spurn it from the face of
the desecrated earth I While the man lived, and
labored for the good of his country, the voice of
her approval had been sweet to his ear;, it has
soothed and cheered him in the arduous paths of
duty. His was a high and noble heart ; but wu
human. If shrank, pierced and • bleeding, from
the shalt, of calumny it was transfixed with ve
nomed arrows ; it was covered with wounds ; it
went bldg . :ding to the grave. Can the late justice
that now admits the excellence of his heart and
life, atone for the suffering that.all his life-long he
endured 1 Can the late repentance of those who
maligned him, end embittered his life, avail any
thing, now that he is dead ; or lay the healing bal
sans on the noble heart, that feels and heeds no
more 1 Is itnot the climax of baseness and by-
PoctiS,l the his rntblers, defamers, to put on
now the badge " of Mourning, and lamentthe fall of
the patriot sage I—The Great, Me Good Jona
QUIXOT MIAMI t Oh! shame upon them!—
Let them not think thus to atone for the disgrace
ful past. There is no atonement now—it is too
late. Let them blush, and be forever silent,
So of Mr. &raves's. He has been bunted by
the base and Servile dogs of faction, defamed, be
lied; robbed of hie sacred right; even the-assassin's
steel "and the ready ilro-arm has been raised a
gainst his precious life—.and for what I Because
his soul—truly great; able to grasp, and incline
mind and motive; clear in its perceptions oftruth
and falsehood; capable of reading at once past,
present and future; of perceiving the effect from
the cause; the end front the beginning; of seeing
the spring and moving power of every political
engine ; of detecting the bearing of every measure
on the interests of the community ;—because this
soul refused to bow to the powers that were; to fol
low, blind-fold, in the wake oldie car of political Jug
gernaut—because he persisted in standing on the em
inence which Inc had gained,and speaking the'l'ruth,
as it was revealed to hiseagle eyes. But hisenenties,
while they clamored against him, were ready to
die of fear. They knew that he read their minds,
with all their aims and purposes, like an open
book ; they shrunk, and crouched sway. from his
searching scrutiny ; and, having obscured the vision
bf the time-serving, because ignorant, multitudes,
wills the black and noxious vapors of their own
base spirits, they hissed then, on, to overcome
with brute force, the greatness which no power
on earth could intimidate, or force to falsify its
own just convictions. lie did not yield to them.
But when he saw those for whom lie had labored,
fur whom he was suffering, for whom he was wil
ling to dare all thiturg; whose rights lie was ready !
to sustain in his giant arms, and carry safely above
the turmoil of wrong and robbery ; when he.saw
them turning from him, in distrust, and cowardly j
servility, he smiled through the tears that pity for
them wrung front his noble heart —descended from
the heights from which none could thrust him--
and, us title hi, most tirulent opposers stood wrap-'
GETTYSBURG, PA. FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 14, 1848.
pad In awe, and wondered at the, greatness which
was beyethithelr competition/ion, !mired with proud
composure to the etudes of rivets life. Here
was a victory, pester than ever was sr-biased by
Alexander, or the meteor Bonaparte--a victory
over the malice of his enemies; e victory mac the
wishes of hbi friends; a victory over the aeplratlons
of hie own mighty spirit. 4 4 have done with poi
tic;"—he said. Hi had learned that it is a
wife, In which villainy shuffles the cards; a con
test, in which animal force generally prevails; a
race lu which the truly great slid sensitive soul
ought never to engage.
And Mr. Bravura lives quietly, in the retire
ment which he chose. And yet there is no man
living in Pennsylvania who has deserved so wall
at her hands; who so well understands her wants,
and her resources; who is half so capable of gui
ding her to opulence ind bettor. Bat his soul is
'too noble, too expansive, too ranch above the cern
mon lent. _Hs man gtibuilielool:_oti Poity-r.
the ellgy of &power behind which they could in
trigue, and carry out their schemes An place, and
emolument; he would not sacrifice tha interest, of
the many for the aggrandisement of the few ; be
would not keep the people in ignorance g that their
rulers might away them at their will, fatten on
their labors, and ride on their shoulders to dome
. tiem—that worst of all deponents which makes its
slaves believe that they rule themselves, end thus
takes from them the common right of complaint,
when they feel the iron wheel of ruin crushing
them into the earth.
Mr. STsvass would none of these things. He
would have a world, of educated freemen ; a com
munity of men capable ofjudging for themselves,
of whom every one should be competent to rule
himself, and to educate his children. Witness
his herculean efforts in the cause of Education—
Witness the Free School 'gleam of Pennsylvania,
(mutilated though it be, by unskilful builders upon
hie broad and noble foundation.)ls it not aliv
ing, speaking honor to his name I Are not thou
sands of children now drinking the sweet waters
of immortality from the way-side fountains, which
his wisdom opened for them, in toil, In strife, in
unequal combat, when he bared his broad bosom
against a host of foes, and came off a glorious con
queror. Aye, glorious, with a glory far outshining
all the lustre of military greatness r—inesimuch as
Mr. Sr has confireted the highest benefits—
even knowledge, which is the light of life—on mil
lions of his fellow creatures, while the hero leads
passion -blinded men to butchering, rapine, and
death; earning, amid toil, and smoke, and blood,
at best a horrid glory.
Look at Pennsylvania College ! The wits
dorn of Mr. STIV las laid its corder stone ; his la
bon, in the Legislature of the State, built up its
noble walls, and endowed its institutions. It will
stand, a monument to the wisdom and intellectual
powers of Ts•neaui &revise, when he shall
have gone to his reward, and the tongues that ma
ligned him shall have been gnawed away by the
busy coffin worm.
Mr. &reverts is a truly great man. His mind
grasps the moral universe, and roads its powere, its
weakness, its policY, its aims, its capabilities and
its incapacities, at a glance—sees where the aims
of national policy will succeed, and where they
will fail of success. He knows mankind—their
virtues, their faults, their wants, their sorrows—
his heart has room for all humanity. He feels for
all who suffer, and he relieves, as fax as ho is a
ble. In his goodness, in hie mercy towards the
erring, in his boundless benevolence towards all—
he seems to me a glorious exemplification of the
All these things Mr. &rave:vs hu done—not once,
or twice—but habitually. Let those whom he has
fed, and clothed, end provided with comfortable
homes, answer. Let the prisoners, whom he has
released ; the slaves, whom he has set at liberty,
hear witness. Let those whom he has educated at
his own expense, call to the multitudes who are
now reaping the inestimable benefits of his efforts
in the cause of Free School education, and let
them reply; and the shobt will fill the earth, and
go up like the smoke of frankincense into the glori
ous presence of God, and bring down blessing and
honor on his worthy head.
Yet, while he lives—while his feeling heart and
sensitive spirit are able to appreciate love, or en
mity; to enjoy the consolations of the one, or
writhe under the inflictions of the other; (for the
greatestsouls aro most keenly alive to these things,)
the serpents of envy and malevolence will contin
ue to infest his path; and his at his best and no
blest deals. This is cruel. This is base, This
,is - beneith the mall& of demonin TO hunt hu
man excellence to the grave, and then acknowl
edge Its worth and purity.
ptit, party spirit wilt do these deeds of malice.
It has done so by Mr. Assiut : it is doing so to
Mr. &ravines. It id doing so to Mr.•Wsaarse
and to 'ffsaai Cc►v--than whom not a greater
lives on the face of the earth—it will do so to all
the great and good. This is their meed on earth.
But the memory of their nobledeeds shall live, and
be commended forever ; while their persecutors
shell be remembett , ;d only as the dogs, and adders,
that infested the paths by which they walked to
Immortality. Q. D.
ALLICGORICAL.-1 traveller setting out
upon a long journey, was assailled on the
road by cure, mastiffs, and_half grown pup
pies, which came out from their kennels
to bark at him as he passed along. He of
ten dismounted from his horse to drive
them back, with stones and sticks, into
their hiding places. This operation was
repeated every day, and sometimes as of
ten as twenty times a day. The conse
quence was, that more than half the travel
ler's time was consumed in chasing those
dogs and puppies. At last he was overta
ken by a neighbor, who was going the
same road, but who had set out a long time
after him. The latter traveller was very
much surprised to find the other no farther
on his journey ; and,' on hearing the tea?
eon, "Alas 1" said he, “is it possible that
you have lost your time and wasted your
strength in this idle occupation 1 These
same animals have beset me all along,the
road, but I have saved my time and my la
bor in taking no notice of their barkings,
while you hare, lost yours in resenting in
sults which did you no harm, and in chasti
sing dogs and puppies, whose manners you
can never mend.
IRASCIBILITY OF TRISPER.The great
est plague in life is a bad temper. It is a
great waste of time to complain of other
people's ; the best thing is to amend our
own ; and the next best quality is to learn
to bear with what we meet in others. A
bad temper will always tire itself out, if it
find no one to ressut it: and this very
knowledge is worth a trifle. Irascibility
is very injurious to health ; and so, in fact,
is every morbid indulgence of our inferior
nature—low spirits, nielancholy, diffidence,
disinclination fur ordinary duties, discon
tent, fretfulness, even down to mental las
situde, indolence, or despair—are all very
inimical to the enjoyment oflife ; and every
possible effort should be made to cast
them all to' the winds, and look unblush
ingly into the truth of the fact. It is as
tonishing what a little reflection will do—
the fears are mostly imaginary,
: and with
one dash of resolution may all be •over
ir:rAn named John Hoffman, has
'veil arrested in Philadelphia, charged with the
rubbery of the Clietter county Dank:
''FEARLESS AND FREE."
BURNS AND HIS HIGHLAND MARY
We extract the following interesting ar
ticle from the Montreal Herald. It will
be read with a melancholy pleasure, by
many of our subscribers ; few poets have
a deeeper hold on the heart of New Eng
landers than Robert Burns, whose errors
are forgotten in the contemplation of his
genius and his works.—Essex Register.
We had in our possession on Satur
day the identical pair, of Bibles presented
by the immortal Bunts to the dearest •ob-,
;act of his affections, Highland Mary, on
the banks of the winding Ayr, when he
spent with her "one day of parting love."
They are in remarkably good preservaticin,
and belong to a deseettdant of the family
of Mary'', motkerjilio. Owning!, w hose
propertY they becamoon the death of tier
daughter, and subsequently Mrs. 'Ander
son. The circumstance of the bible be
ing in two volumes seemed at one time to
threaten its dismemberment— , Mrs. Ander
son having presented. a volume to each of
her two daughters--tibt on the approach
ing marriage, their Mother William pre
vailed on them to dispose of the sacred vol
umes to him. On tht first blank leaf of
the first volume istyritten, in the hand-wri
ting of the immortal bard, "And ye shall
not swear by my name falsely.-4 am the
Lord." Levit. 19th chap. 12 verse; and
on the corresponding leaf of the emend
volume, "Thou shalt hot forswear thyself,
but perform unto 'the Lord thine oath,
Matth. bth chap. 39 - dveise." Ott die alm
ond blank leaf of each volume, there am
the remains of "Robert Burns, Mossigial,"
in his hand-writing, - beneath which is
drawn a Masonic emblem. At the end Of
the first volume there is a lock of Highland
There is a mournful. interest attached to
these sacred volumes—altered from their
contents, and sacred fEom having ,been
pledge of love from the moat gifted of Scot
land's bards to the straps object of his af
fections, from whom he was separating, no
more to meet on this iiderOf the grave.—
The life of Burns was full of romance, but
there is not one circumstance in it all so
romantic as those which attended and fol
lowed the gift of these volumes. Be was
young when he.wooed and won , the a gap
tious of Mary, whom he describes as "a
warm hearted, charming young creature as
ever blessed a man with generous love."
The attachment was nmltual, and forms the
subject of many of his ..earliest lyrics, as
well as the productions - of his later years,
which - shows that it was very deep-rooted.
Before he was known , to fame, steeped iu
poverty to the very dregs, and meditating
an escape to the West Indies from the re
morseless fangs of a hard-hearted creditor,
he addrestied to his "deer girl" the song
Will ye go the Indies, my Mary,
And leave old Scotia's shore 1
Will ye go to the Indies, my Mary,
And cross the Atlantic's marl
But neither Burns nor his Mary were
doomed to "cross the Atlantic's roar," nor
to realize those dreams of mutual bliss
which passion or enthuriiasin had engen
dered in their youthful imagination. Burns
was called to Edinburgh, there to com
mence his career of fame, which was to
terminate in chill poverty's dreary dissp?
pointment and despair—while Mary's hapr
pier lot, after a transient gleam of the sun
shine of life, was to be removed to a better
and a happier world. Her death shed a
sadness over his whole future life, and a
spirit of subdued grief and tenderness was
displayed whenever she was the subject of
his conversation or writings. Witnets as
"Ye banks an' braes and streense around
The castle o' Moutgornerle,
Green be your woods, and fair your flowers,
Your waters never drumns.
There summer first unfolds her robes,
An' there they longest tarry,
For there I took my last farewell
•O' my sweet Highland Mary I"
In a note appended to this song horns
says, ' , This was a composition amino in
my early life, before I was known at all
to the world. My Highland . lassie was.a
warm.hearted. chariniug young creature.
as ever blessed a man with generous love.
After a pretty long trial of the most ardent
reciprocal affection, we met by appointtnent
ment on the second Sunday of lklay, in a
sequestered-spot ou the banks of the Ayr,
where we spent a day in taking a farewell
before she would embark for the West
Highlands, to arrange matters among her
friends for our projected change of life.—
At the close of the autumn following, oho
crowd the sea to meet me at Girenuock.
when she was seized with a malignant :fe
ver, which hurried my dear girl to the
grave in a few days, before I could even
hear of her illness."
It was at this romantic and interesting
meeting on the banks of the Ayrohat the
bibles before us were presented to 166 ,- ;
and he must have a heart of atone indeed,
to gaze on them without his imagination
calling up feelings irk his bosom too big
for utterance. On that spot they had ex
changed bibles and plighted their faith to
meet each other, the stream dividing them,
and-the sacred book grasped by both over
the purling waters. This was the only
token of affection each had given the other,
and the wealth oldie Indies could not have
procured a better or more appropriate one.
In Lockhart's Life of Burns, we are in
formed that several years after the death
of Mary. on the aniversary of the day
which brought him the melancholy intelli
gence, he appeared, as the twilight advan
ced, (in the language of his widow) "very
sad about something." and though the eve
ning was a cold keen one in September,
he wandered into his barn-yard, front
•which the entreaties of his wife could not
for souse time recall him. To these en
treaties he always promised obedience,
but these promises were but the lip-kind
ness of affection, no sooner made than for
gotten ; for his eves were fixed on heaven,
and his inereasing strides also indicated
that his heart was also there. Mrs, Burns'
last approach to the barn-yard found him
stretched on a mass of straw, looking ab
stractedly on a planet, which, in — a clear
starry sky, "shone like anot her moon,"
and having prevailed on him to return
to the house Ito instantly wrote, as
they stand, the following sublime verses,
"To Mary in Heaven," which have thril
led through many breasts, drawn tears from
many eyes,and which will live the noblest of
the lyrics of Burns, while sublimity and pa
thos have a responding charm in the hearts
of Scotsmen :
TO MARY IN HEAVEN
Thou lingering star, with . lasening ray,
Who lor'st to greet the early morn,
Again then usher'st in the day
My Mary from my soul was torn.
0 Mary ! Dear departed shale !
Where is thy place of blissful rear!
Sewn thou thy lover lowly laid?
Bear'st thou the groans that rend his breast ?
That mood hour can I forget !
Can I forget that hallow'd grove,
Where by the winding Ayr we met,
— To lire ottelayreparting love
Mternity will not efface
'Thom records dear of transports past
The heap of our lest embrace,
Alf!' little thought we 'twee our last!
-Ayr iltiriling kilned his pebble shore;
O'erhung with wildvrood's'lting green,
The fragrant birch end hawthornhoer,
'Twined &stereos round the raptured scene.
The flounce sprang wanton to be primed,
The birds sang love on every 'piny,
Till soon, too soon, the glowlmt crest
Proclaimed the speed of the winged day.
Still o'er these meow my mem'ry wakes,
And fondly broods with miser care !
Time but the impreedon deeper makes.
As stream their channels deeper wear.
110 kiary,datr departed shade
• Where is thy blissful place of rest
Smut thou thy Lover loyly I
Ilear'at thou the groans that rend his breast ?
RAISIN() THE WIND.—The Spirit of the
Times relates the folloiving capital affair:
What a- potent charm has money
. great number of ways there are of
raising tt ! Its magic influence will rend
asunder the tenderest of humant. i
natter broaddast the fairest genis of affec
tion.. Strange and singular are the ways
pursued for its accumulation. Some will
eatrifiee conscience, dignity, self-respect,
and atliertiWill pander to the worst of pas
sions,. But the latest and most modern
way of "raising the wind," we noticed a
few evenings since. Our attention was at.
Aracted, in passing the Girard Bank, by a
crowd of persons, who were surrounding
a nian:on the Bank atepa who appeared to
he in great agony, without a person present
willing-to console him.- -We were about
to undertake the kind office, when a plain
looking Man stepped up, and recognized
the sufferer as a resident of Kensington.—
He-turned to the crowd, and made a pathet
ic appeal for sympathy for the prostrate
man7rAat.d_he.knew..him, well—that he
Was an upright citizen and honest man—
that unfortunately he (the speaker) had ex
pended his "I SA cent." or be would pro
cure a carriage to remove Mtn to his home,
but if the persons present would "throw
iu" only a dime apiece, it would be sufft
cient for that purpose; and although it
would be a gross neglect of his business,
he would appropriate the • money' to that
benevolent object. This appeal was not to
be resisted, for all were , pleased with the
humane remarks. A. Yankee friend stand.
ing near Abe speaker, (whose heart and
purse are always opens) was the first step
forward with "here's taw shillen," and
next a Venerable' looking old quaker hand
ed in his Mite. All present gave some
thing, amounting probably to three or four
dollars, and a carriage was procured. The
sick man was soon transferred to it, with
hichumane: friend, and away they went.
The crowd quietly dispersed, each think
ing le had done a very charitable act.—
But alas! how soon do the bright pictures
of life fade from our view, and present its
rough realities ! About an hour after the
'occurrence above related, we went into a
restaurant at Chestnut and Eighth street
and were astonished to see the sick man
and his sympathetic friend cosily swallow
ing "a Oxen fried," and laughing heartily'
over the adroit artifice by which they had
"raised the wind," on the occasion refer
Tim Palm or LIFE,--Why not strew
the path of life 'with flowers ?-- . lt requires
no ktronger :effort than to plant thorns and
;beers. Is it not strange that we bend all
'our efforts in cultivating those plants which
stlbrd' no pleasure, but oa the contrary,
abridge our happiness ; while we suffer to
spring spontaneously, the few stray
flowers that occasionally throw a smile
along our way ? It need not be thus. The
few happy men around us shotild teach us
an important lesson. There is no reason
in the world why we should not be as hap
py as they. If we must look on the path
of life as a road, we must cultivate our
selves, and go diligently about it. Less
frequently would we have cause to mourn
over the bitter past, or tho dark and cloudy
present. If our years have run thus
far to waste, let us, with care, influence
the future, and with all care and attention,
cultivate those fruits and flowers that will
yield a harvest of agreeable pleasure.
YANKEE MANUFACTORV.--Ie the ,vil
lage of Birmingham, Conn., there is a ma
chine for making brass chains, and works
as if endowed with human instinct. By
every turn of the driving wheel, the wire
for the chain is wound off a reel and pul
led forward to its proper place and posi
tion, the end running through the last form,
ed link, exactly the length for two links
cut off, first one end turned over into a
link, then the other, the former dropping
down through the machine, leaving the lat
ter projecting above, so that the wire can
be instantly pushed through it, when it is
cut off, two more links formed, and so on
until a large roll of wire is transformed in
to a perfectly-funned chain by the unaided
operation of self-acting machinery, hard
ly a finger having been lifted during the
HONORS TO FEDERALISM.—The recent
County inecting , ,held in Lancaster, to en
dorse Mr. Buchanan, was presided over.
by Judge Grosh, one of the old federalists
of the oounty. He is still found supper.;
ting his old friends and principles.
A SIMEWD OLD Gatiri.ustax once said
to his daughter, ""De sure, my dear, you
never marry a poor man, hut. remember
that the poorest man in the world is one
that,has money and nothing else."
MORMON..—=rile number and move
'news of the Mormons are extraordinary.
They have an encampment called wither
quarters, on land owned by the Omaha
Indians,in the immediate vicinity of Coun
cil Bluffs. At this encampment, it is cal
culated there are now over twelve thous
and, one half of whom intend starting for
the valley of the great salt lakes, as soon
as the grass on the plains will! permit.
The balance will remain and put in a crop,
and in turn leave for California when a suf
ficient number have arrived to keep up the
'eneAmpment at "winter quarters. It is
expected that from eight to ten thousand
souls from England, will join the emigrat
ing party this season. In addition, large
parties are expected from other parts of
Europe: The Mormons from Europe
will land at New Orl3ans, and proceed by
St. Louis to "winter quarters," and thence
across the country to the valley of the great
salt lakes, where they intend erecting a
magnificent temple. What will be the end
of Moretionisin, is mystery. Like the de
lmendants of Ishmael, their hands appear
to be "against every man's hand, and ev
ery man's hand against theirs."—Descen
ded from the Caucassian race, they ap
pear determined to build up a religio-poli
' tico government and policy that will etfee
tually separate them (rain all other men.
They will stand alone, a monument of
1 what—time alone can determine.
THE OLD WORLD .- A London corres
pondent of the National lutulligencer, writes
under the latest date: •Latest news from
Paris, says the Government is in daily ex
pectation of receiving news from Belgium
of the establishment of a republican form
of government in that country. In Ho,-
land all is quiet. Not so in Germany,
however; fresh disturbances had broken
out in Munich: the military were under
arms, and great dread existed of a conflict
between them and the people. The King
of Prussia has made some concessions,
and promises more. The Duchess of Or
leans arrived on the third inst. at Berlin.
Saxony has not yielded to the people's
requests so 'far as was expected, but the
numerous petitions from all parts of the
country, particularly from Leipsic, will,
it is hoped, overcome the King's dislike to
yield to the march of events. Serious ap
prehensions were felt at Frankfort, of in
LAFAVEITE.-A Paris correspondent of
the New York Courier says:
"The other day I had a very interesting
interview with M. Lafayette, the son of the
old general. He was a prominent mem
ber of the opposition party, and a particu
ar friend of 0. Barrot, who although at
present under a cloud, will, he thinks, play
a prominent part in politica hereafter. M.
Lafayette is an old gentleman of about fif
ty-five, I should think, with an exceeding
ly benevolent countenance, and he treated
my friend, Mr. M ,of Ga., and myself
withgreatkindness andcourtesy. Ile con
versed with us very freely upon the revo
lution and the causes which led to it, and
spoke at length of the probable result. I
do not feel warranted to commit to paper,
all that he said upon this litter point, but
I may say that he expressed great hopes
from the intelligence and good sense of the
WHY DO 9 NT WE GROW—The Louisville
Examiner contains the following answer to
the question often asked in the Slave States
—"Why don't we grow."
"Slavery costs us millions. Who had
now tilled our fertile lands if the State had
been free ? What now would have been
ourannual earnings, if slavery had not black
cried our soil. All around us, in sight of
our lirst settled homes, progress marks and
makes everything in the free States—con
verting wilderness countries into thick set
tlements, swelling villages into towns,
towns into cities, and cities into mighty
marts of a thriving commerce, and we
stand still—stand stock still, as Wan incu
bus were upon us, nod we bad no power
to heave itotf—as it we were the slaves of
a bondsge, as galling as any man can suf
Let it be so no more! The world bids
us play the part of a man—let us do it.
Christianity appeals to us with a trusting,
living spirit—let us answer her rightly.
Self-interest urges us to set free the slave
—let us do it."
DEATH FROM SUFFOCATION.—On Sun
day last Samuel M. Barnitz Esq. was cal
led to hold an inquest over the body of Mr.
JOHN BARN, of Spring Garden tp. The
deceased was found dead about sunrise, on
said morning, in the lime-kiln, and is sup
posed to have come to his death by the in
haling of thu gas manufactured by the burn
ing stone-coal. Front the facts elicited,
the Jury returned a verdict of "Death by
Suffocation." The deceased was about
30 years of age, and had been married on
ly two weeks previous to his death.
EXPLOSION AT CUMMILAND, Mo.—A
powder Magazine, belonging to a number
of merchants in that town, blew up on
Sunday night last, about 11 o'clock. It
contained, at the time, about seventy or se
venty-five kegs of powder. There was,
we understand, considerable damage done
to the town—many windows were broken,
and houses otherwise shattered.
Ig_7.•The proprietors of the 4...V.v0L0
SAXON, " announce that some villian has
stolen their packet books, and left them
without means of forwarding their paper
to anberibers. They request all suberi
berg who fail to receive the paper to no
tify the proprietors immediately.
CRAZY INCENDIARY.—On the night of
the 20th ult, the barn of Mr. Samuel Rin
ehart, two miles from Waynesboro', Pa.,
was burnt to the ground, with all its eon;
tents, ineluding fire horses. The tire was
communicated by a crazy sun of Mr. Rin
DECISIVE VDTE.—In Manchester, (N.
II.) at the Stale eleetion---Is it expedient
that a law be enacted by the General Court;
prohitiiiiritthe sale of winds and spirituous
liquors, except for chemical, medical, or
mechanical purposes'.''.the yeas were
1,000, the nays 30.
TWO DOLLARS PER ASSUR.
1 NEW SEIES-NO. 47.
THE COURT OF INQUIRY.
It is difficult to read the report of the peenreof
ings of the Court of Inquiry, at Minim =lend in
try Major General Sears, without a deep lieskog
of sympathy for his position and its of open a
mind so sensitive. He appears in the edisdfatisn
of a man encircled and oppressed by pay' NW envy
and the decrees of a government, whose poorer he
acknowledges, and whose manholes be obeys_
Hut however irksome the momentary It 'insillistion
may ho. if Gen. Scott is in the right. and the cos
duct of the administration has been tyrannies", et
dictated by individual spleen, the result will le
glorious one for the accused, end the Unknown" of
the people will dignify him beyond the power of
oppression to dispute.or censure. . After the Mier
ization of the Court, the following stasstfress Gin.
Wu sir n , the pet of Executive favor, was wed:
&AD.:LI:ANT ICUS OP Taa FINS, Drvtairm,
Twirboya, Mexico, Merrill 14. 1848.
To Gen. N. TowooN, Pm. Corr of harrirgi
Sin: In the matter of my appeal from
Major Gen. Scott, Commander-in-chief of
the Army, the President has done me full
and ample justice. In view of the interest
and harmony of the service. I desire to
withdraw the accusations which I made
in that appeal against Major Gen. Scott.
I have the honor to be, Irony' ntweethilly.your
obediout servant, W. J. WORTH„
Brevet 3lsi Grea.
After the reading of the above, the Vows dater_
mined to suspend proceeding agvarathiarverrr,
until the will of the Government should be 11,1101 M.
Gen. SCOTT, Ol AC ply, addressed the Court ea
Mr. President and Contionea of the Court:
lime, in the Capital of Mftien, conquer
ed by the American arms, Under my com
mand, I find myself but a prisoner at Loge
—the chief criminal before this Court.—
Deeply wounded, my military ride is
east down into the dust—not by the public
enemy—hut by the long arm of power
front home. All that could be done, in
that quarter, to injure, to degrade and bum
ble me here and elsewhere, has been ac
compli,hed. But sustained by the Al- ,
mighty arm ; feeling myselfstrong in con--
conscious rectitude, strong in mind and
body—strong in all the means of self de
fence, I bid defiance to my accusers. I
shall not plead the letter withdrawing the
appeal against me, in bar of trial. I rhall
lenge the writer of that letter to come for
ward and do his worst. But no doubt he
thinks, and with reason, tha: he has dole
hid word!. Here, in view ofthe enemy, he
has caused ine tit he struck down from the
the high and honorable command of 4
most gallant anti triumphant army. He
has caused me first to be prejudged and
punished at home, and then to be brought
forward to, be tried again. while he, my ju
nior, has been pre-acquitted and rewarded.
The President has, we are exultingly tokl.
done him "full and ample justice"—yes,,
sir, in double measure: justice to Itts
pride, and justice to his vengeance. Let
him, Mr. President, go forth, rejoicing in
the plenitude of Executive fay.w. With
out envying him his honors, I shalt. at the
end of this Court, have done with him for
ever. Again, Mr. President, I repen, my
attitude is that of defiance.
The Court having nest determined to proceed
with the charges against Generals Pillow and
Duncan, Gen. Scott row, and announced that in
view of the ex trtiordi nary conduct of the President
in acquitting and restoring to command,one tithe
arrested Generals (Worth) without the form of a
trial,—his declining to order a Court Martial, es
requested by General Scutt, to try the charges
against these officerc—and his own degadation.
he would decline prosecuting the earns against
Gavials l'illow and Duncan, unhati ordered to
do so by the Court or President.
Gcn. Pillow, however, insisting upon his "ease
being disposed of at ance L the Court waned the
case to proceed.
GEN. SCOTT.—THE FEELING FOR
HIM IN MEXICO.—In all the tenets Gam oil
ferent correspondents st the city of 3.lexicts„ to the
New Orleans pspers, we find great sympathy ex
pressed fur Gen. Scott awl a nt,isersad condemn.-
tion of the course of treatment he hashecti subject
cd to. We publish the following thrilling, haw
from the correspondent of the Cnment, ow this
CITY or Mexico, March 19, 1813.
The Court of Inquiry has been in ses
sion here for three days, the proceedings
of which accompany this.
Scott feels deeply nmrtitied at thee:loom
things hate taken, and he does not load:
like the same man. He stated in the court.
on the second day, in a sort of preface to a
paper withdrawing the eltarges,,that he had
requested a Court Martial to try the offeu
dors ; and that the President, instead of or
dering one, reluctantly cozened a Court of
Inquiry, and before such a connive thought
it useless to waste time. and consequendx„
su far as he was concerned, the trial would
It is beyond doubt that the President
has treated the General badly. A Briga
dier General broke open his - dispatches to
Taylor. at Monterey. and their importance
being buzzed about, the bearer. a gallant
officer of the army, was overtaken and kg
led at Villa Grande, the dispatches sent to
Santa Anna, and he, advised of the with
drawal of the regular troops, marched at
once front San Luis to Enc.arnacion. and
and shortly after fought Taylor at Buena
Vista. For this high offence of opening a .
public document, General Scott prekared
charges :old sent them to the Secretary isi
War. But no court was ordered. After
the capture of the city, he deemed it nears,
sary fur the good of the service, war/est
three officers of the army, and again sea}
charges to 'Washington. This tune he ho
ped a Court Martial would be called. but
he was mistaken. One oldie arrested. who
had preferred charges against hits, was sr
leased without a trial, whilst a Gnus ot
Inquiry was ordered um inquire into the
charges preferred by the one rehised.
Under the cireumitances, can you mew*
that Scott feels chagrined ! Cantus! wfilp
der that the proud spirit irMilt bow lairs
front victory to victory in this Tear ilea
been partially broken, and dtrt
which was wont to tread the 'IA so proti*
ly, has bait changed to the slow putout
the disconsolate! I :odes, that nty Item