Newspaper Page Text
l'fil%~i not a d
pat Mai koala •
ingth , aii* dise Nil
'•Or ifiotrund" triada a Par. '
•It bad" today ilabgbk • •
'Tim vnisn's Ilrosul• "bald ;
And orif!ppefir balPtrito the night
'Thin sZiba*Pla can yield.
- ftroaketh putty content, Voiff*LirMl'Fili" *Oct;
It is a gift from Heaven sent
• Fos mortalikto increase.
saiiiiirsildliith a smile at morn,
It lulls you 110‘pme—
A dower.* pUr or peamnt born,
An everhuniu rasp.
• A &dui to bardsh grief &Way.
To snatch'.ihe frown from care.;
Tsui Aussie ;Pike, maka.didipupia gay ;
Spread Ungar eurywhora
And ydt .chapip u rammer du
That frame the Illy s breast— , •
A talismanfer lave,' as law •
As saps man proposed.
A l e lOU 'tie Indisim6 Ondrigh the elodd
When threstning sterm begins—
, #4l. etfieeillPti4. l . o ml ) .?t /wit.
am min at. sweat w - ay wins ;
Ai isprhigesit lAA screw the tide,
Whine wars conflicting Item.
ad 'coma the seraph to oar side,
This angel of our home.
Whgt may this wondrous spirit be,
With power unheard before
This Obann—this blight divinity I
,temper—nothing more !
Good te mper—'cis the choicest gift
Tttekwatnan horneweid brings ;
And can the poorest peasant tilt
Te bliss unknown to kings.
, • . For the "Star sad Banner."
Lady, I hive theiPfor the mile
• That lights thy ninny brow,
Winning the soul from 'Wile...
At pleissure'll shrine to bow.
I love thee.for the gentle tons
That falls upon the ear,
When evening shades are stealing on,
And none but thou art near.
I love thee lot thy gentleness,
114abog thee seem the while
Like an angel from that better world,
To gladden with thy smile.
I lots thee t—Us thy lustrous eye
There dwells a admit *teal
For those whom sorrow's blighting touch
}lath wrapped in misery here,
I love thee—woluldarthou know how well I
Then list thee to this vow :
Lo ft as this heart its pulses tell,
love thee well art now.
April 3, 1948.
From the Ladies' National Magazine
"MT FORTUNE'S MADE."
EY KART ALItiINA
My young friend, Cora Lee, was a gay,
dashing girl, fond of dress, and looking al
ways as it, to use a common saying, just
out. of a band box. Cora was a belle, of
course, and had many admirers. Among
these was a young man • named Edward
Douglass, who was the very "pink" of
neatness, in' all matters pertaining to dress,
and exceedingly particular iu his observance
of the little proprieties of life.
I saw, from the first, that if Douglass
pressed his suit, Cora's heart would be an
easy conquest ; and so it proved.
"How admirably they are fitted for each
other," I remarked to my husband, on the
night of, the wedding. "Their tastes are
similar, and their habits are 10 much alike,
that no vinlenbe - will be dime to the feelings
(Walther, in the more intimate associations
that. marriage brings. Both .am neat in
person and orderly by instinct ; and both
have good prinaiples."
"From all ptmient appearances, the match
Will be a good one," replied my husband.
-There Ass, I thought, something like re
servation in his tone."
""Do you really think sot" I said, a little
ironically ; for 111 r. Smith's approval of
the marriage was hardly warm enough to
suit my fancy.
"Oh, certainly ! Why not ?" he replied.
I felt a little fretted at my husband's
mode of speaking ; but madatto further re
mark on the subject. He is not very en
thusilstic or sanguine ; and did not mean,
in this instance, to doubt the fitness of the
partici for happiness in the marriage state,
as I half imagined. For myself, Lwarinly
approved my friend's choice, and called
her husband a Itchy min to secure for his
companion through life, a woman so ad
mirably fitted to make one like him happy.
But a visit which 'I paid vo Ours, ono day,
abounds weeks after thelioney-moon had
expired, lessened my enthusiasm on the
subject, and awoke imam unpleasantdoubts.
It happened that I called soon after break
fast., Core met me Id the parlor looking
like a very fright. She wore a soiled and
rumpled 'morning mapper; her heir was
in papers ; and she had on dirty stockings,
and a pair of old slippers down at the heels.
"aloes me Corot" said I, 'm What is
the Matter I Have you been sick r.
.N.. ,Why,do l c k u. ask 1,1 my dis
habille on the extreme r
"Candidly, I think. it it, Cora," was my
friar atawer,' '
"Oh, Well! Nit 'hitter," she careless.
IY°my follows's, math"
"I donit *lowly underitand you." said I.
, Tat **trite, you kwow." .
"Yes ; I ana'awars of that fact." •
"No need of !ling particular in dress
"Didn't I just earl" replied Cora,--
OMy fortunes inade. I've got a husband."
Beneath in air of jesting, was apparent
the real earnestness of my friend.
"You dressed with a careffil regard to
taste and neatness in
.ordcr to win Ed.
ward's love I" said 1.
f‘Certainly. I did."
"And should you not do the same in or.
ier, to retain it
"Why Mrs. Smith ! Do you think my
busband's affection gone no deeper than
ntyl dress? I should be very dorm- to
'NA Owl Ile loves me for myself. 6
"NO doubt of that.in the world, Cora.
But retneniber, he cannot see what is in
your mind except by what you do and say.
If he admires yotir taste, for instance, it is
trot from any abstract appreciation of it.
but became the taste manifests itself in
what you do. And, depend upon U. he
will find it a very hard matter to approve and
admire your correct taste in dress, fur iu•
stance, whtM you appear before him, day
after day, in your present unattractive at
tire. If you' do not dress well for your
husband's eyes, fro. whose eyes, pray, do
you dress 1 You are u neat when abroad,
as you were before your marriage."
"As to trat, Mrs. Smith, common decals
cy require me to dreas when I go upon
the street, or into company ; to say nothing
of the pride one naturally feels in looking
"And does not the same 'common de
cency and' natural pride argue as strongly
in favor of your dressing well ittlome,snd
for the eye of your husband, whose approv
al and whose admiration must be dearer to
you than the approval and admiration of
the whole world."
"But he doesn't want to see me rigged
out in silks Sod. satins all the time. A
pretty bill my dress maker would have a
gainst him m that event. Edward has
more sense than that, I flatter myself."
"Street and ball room attire is one thing,
Cora ; and becoming home apparel another.
We. look for both in their place."
Thus I argued with the thoughtless
young wife, but my words made no impres
sion. When abroad, she dressed with ex
quisite taste; and was lovely to look upon :
but at home, she was careless and slovenly,
and made it almost impossible for • those
who saw her to realize that she was the
brilliant beauty they had met in company
but a short time before. But even this did
not last long. I noticed, after a few
months, that the habits of home were con
firming themselves and becoming apparent
abroad. Her fortune was made, and why
I should she now waste time or employ her
thoughts about matters of 'perttonal appear
The habits of Mr. Dotigliss, - Winte cot -
trary, did not change. Ile was as order
ly as before, and dressed with the same
regard to neatness. He never appeared
at the breakfast table without being shaved;
nor did he lounge about in his shirt sleeves.
The slovenly habits into which Cora had
fallen, annoyed him seriously ; and still
more so when her carelessness about her
appearance began to manifest itself abroad
as well as at home. When he hinted any
thing on the subject, she did not hesitate
to reply in a jesting manner, that her for
tune was made, add she need not trouble
herself any longer about how she looked.
Douglass did not feel veryeAutelL ZULU.'
plimented ; but as he had his share of
good sense, he saw that to assume a cold
and offended Manner Would do no good.
"If your fortune is made, so is mine,"
he repled, on ono occasion, quite cooly,
and indifferently. Next morning he made
his appearance at the breakfast table with
a beard of twenty-four hours growth.
"Yoe havn't shaved this morning, dear,"
said Cora, to whose eyes the dirty looking
face of her husband was particularly un
"No," he replied. "It's a serious
trouble to shave every day."
ullut you look so much better with a
cleanly shaved face."
•Looks are nothing,—ease and comfort,
every thing," said Douglass.
"But common decency, Edward."
"I see nothing indecent in a long beard,"
replied the husband.
Still Cora argued, but A in vain. Iler
husband went off to his business with his
"I dont know,whether to shave or not,"
said Douglass, next morning, running o
ver his rough face,
: upon which was- a
beard of forty-eight hours' growth. His
wife had hastily thrown ona wrapper, and,
with slip-shod feet, and head like a mop,
was lounging in a large rocking chair, a
waiting •the breakfast hell.
"Poi mercy's sake, Edward, don't go
any longer with that shockingly dirty face,"
spoke up Cora. "If you know how dikiatl.
fully you looked."
"Looks are nothing," replied Edward,
stroking his beard.
"Why, what's come over you all at
"Nothing, only it's such a trouble to
shave every day."
"But you diti'm shave yesterday."
"I know ; I am just as well off to-day,
as if I had. So much saved at any rate."
• But Cora urged the matter, and her hus
band finally yielded, and mowed down the
luxuriant growth of beard.
"How much better you do look !" said
the young wife. "Now don't go another
day without shaving."
"But why should I take so much trouble
about mere looks ? I'm just as good with
a long beard as a short one. Its a great
deal of trouble to shave every day. Yon
cart love rite just as well ; and why need
I care about what others say or think 1"
On the following mording, Douglass ap
peared not-only with alOng beard, but with
a bosom and solar that were both soiled
"Why Edward !. How do you look ?"
said Cora, "You've neither shaved nor put
on a clean shirt."
Edward stroked his face, and run his
fingers along the edge ef his solar, -re
marking; indifferently, as he did so,
ailt's no 'metier. laik well enough.
This being so very particular in-dress, is
waste of time ; and I'm getting tired of it."
A.nd ;hip trim Douglass went off to
his business, snuck to the annoyance of
his wife, who could mot bear to see her
husband looking so slovenly.
laradually. the deeletutiOu from tteitttieu
wanton. until Edward was quite.* match
for his wife, and yet. strange to say, Cora
had not taken the hint. broad as it was.—
In her own person she was as untidy as
ever. . . '
About six months after their marriage,
we invited a few friends to spend a social
evening with us, Cora among the number.
Cora came alone, quite early, and said that
her husband was very much engaged and
could not come until after tea. My young
friend had not taken much pains with her
attire. Indeed, her appearance mortified
me, as it contrasted so decidedly with that
of the other ladies who were present; and
I could not help suggesting to her that she
was wrong in being so indifferent about
her dress. Hut she laughingly replied to
"ton know my fortune's made now,
GETTYSBURG, PA. FRIDAY EVENING, ArltaL . 7; 184.8.
Mn.s Smith. I can afford to be negligent
in these matters. Its a great waste of
time to dress so much."
I tried to argue against this,'but could
make no impression upon her.
About an hour a ft er tea, and while we
were all eng aged in pleasant conversation,
the door of the parlor opened, and in walk
ed Mr. Douglass. At first glance I thought
I must be mistaken. But no, it was Ed
ward himself. But what a figure he did
cut His, uncombed hair was '
up, like stiff spikes, in,a hundred different
directions ; his face could not have felt the
touch of a razor for two or three days ;
and he was guiltless of clean linen for the
same length of time. His vest was soiled ;
his boots were nnblacked ; andlhere was
an unmistakeable hole in.,one of his elbows.
"Why, Edward !" exclaimed his wife,
with a look of mortification and distress,
as her husband came across the room, with
a face on which no consciousness of the
figure he cut could be detected.
"Why, my dear fellow ! What is the
matter ?" said my husband, frankly ; for
he perceived that the ladies were begin
ning to titter, and that the gentlemen were
looking at each other, and trying to repress
their risible tendencies; and therefore
deemed it best to throw of all reserve on
"The matter ! Nothing's the matter, I
believe. Why do you ask ?" Douglass
Well may he ask what's the matter !"
broke in Cora, energetically. "How could
you come here in such a plight?"
"In such a plight?" And Edward look
ed down at himself, felt his beard, and run
his fingers through his hair. "What's the
matter ? Is any thing wrong ?"
"You look as if you had just waked up
from a nap of a week with your clothes
on, and come off without washing your
face or combing your hair," said my hus
"Oh !" And Edward's face brightened
a little. Then he said with much gravity
"I've been extremely hurried of late ;
and only left my store a few minutes ago.
I hardly thought it worth while to go home
and dress up. I knew we were all friends
here. Besides, gas my
—and he glanced with a look not to be
mistaken, toward his wife—"l don't feel
called upon to give as much attention to
mere dresay,as formerly. Before I was
married, it was necessary to be particular
in these matters, but now its of no conse
I turned over to Cora. Her face was
like crimson. In a few moments she a
rose and went quickly from the room.-
1 followed her, and Edward came after us,
pretty soon. He found his wife in tears,
and sobbing almost hysterically.
••I've got a carriage at the door," he
said to me, aside, halflaughing half serious.
"So help her on with her things, and we'll
retire in disorder."
"But its too bad in you, Mr Douglass,"
"Forgive me for making your house the
scene of this lesson to Corn," he whisper
ed. "It had to be given, and I thought I
could venture to trespass upon your for
"I'll think about that," said I, in return.
In a few minutes Cora and her husband
retired, and in spite of good breeding and
everything else, we all had a hearty laugh
over the matter, on the return to the
parlor, where I explained the curious
little scene that had just occurred.
How Cora and her husband settled the
afratr between themselves, I never inquired.
But one thing is certain ; I never saw her
in a slovenly dress afterwards, at home or
abroad. She was cured.
MEMOIR OF LOUIS PEILLIPPE.
The Ex-king of the French was born in
Paris, October 6th, 1773 ; and consequent
ly is now in his 75th year. lie succeed
ed to the title of Duke of Orleans in 1793,
after the death 01 his father, Phillippe-E
-galite, who, it is well known, suffered by
the guillotine in the sanguinary days of
the Revolution. The Orleans branch of
the Bourbon family, of which Louis Phil
hippo is now the head, originated in nut.
lippe, a younger son of Louis XIII, crea
ted Duke of Orleans by his elder brother,
Louis XIV. The first Duke of Orleans
twice married, his second wife being Eliz
abeth Charlotte of Bohemia, grand daugh
ter of James I. of England ; thus connect
ing the houses of Orleans and Stuart, from
the latter of whom the Queen of England,
Victoria, is descended.
For many years Louis Phi Hippo was ex
iled from France, travelling in various coun
tries of Europe, and visiting the United
States in his exile. While in Switzerland
he engaged as a teacher in an academy for
eight months, being then twenty years of
age. It is a mistake; however, • that he it
ver' taught school in the United States, as
is generally supposed.
He arrived in this' eciuntry in Novenibet
1786, and was joined by his two brother*
the three Spending some time with Gener
Washington at Mount Vernon, by invi
tation, previous to makings journey through
the Western country. After a tour to the
Lakes mud the Falls of Niagara, the Prin
ces returned to Philadelphia, where they
resided .a few months. Having determin
ed to join their mother in Spain, the Prin
ces &reelected to o ' thither by way of
New Orleans and Havana. For that pur
pose they again crossed the mountains of
Pittsburgh, and descending the Ohio, and
Mississippi rivers in a boat, arrived at
New Orleans , in February, 1798. Being
refused a passage to Spain from Havana,
whither they went from New Orleans,
they sailed to New York, whence an En
glish packet carried them to Falmouth, at
which place they arrived in February.lBoo.
The Princes then took up their residence
on the banks of the Thames. at Twicken
ham. They received much attention from
the English nobility. They made a voy
age to the Island of Minorca, a passage
heing'given them in a frigate by the Bru
tish Government ; but finding no opportu
nity of passing thence to Spain, which
was then in a convulsed state, they return.
ed to England, and resided for some years
at Twickenham. The Duke of Orleans
had the misfortune to lose both his broth
'FEARLESS AND FREE."
ors while in exile.—The Duke of Mont.
pensier died in England, in 1807, and his
remains were interred M Westminster Ab
bey. The Count Beaujolais died at Mal
ta, whither his brother accompanied him in
From Malta Louie Philippe went to Si
cily, and accepted au invitation from Fer
dinand, the King of Sicily, to visit the roy
al family, at ?elastic). During his resi
dence there he gained the affections of the.
Princess Amelia, the second daughter of
the King, and with the consent :of Ferdi
nand and the Duchess of Orleans, who
had joined her son in Sicily, their mar
riage took place in November, 1809. Dy
this lady, late Queen of the French, Louis
Philippe has sight childrenrof whonrsir
still survive, viz:—
1. Louisa, Queen' of Belgium, (wife of
Leopold,) born 1812.
2. Louis, Duke of Nemours, born 1814,
married Victoria Augusta, of Coburg, cou
sin of Prince Albert.
3. Maria-Oleinentina, born 1817--un
4. Franc is, Prince de Joinville, born
1818, Admiral of the French Navy.. mar
ried Francisca,•a sister of the emperor of
Brazil. and of the Queen of Portugal.
5. Henry, Duke d'Aumale, born 1822 ;
married to Caroline, cousin of the King of
the 'rwo Siciliea.
IL Anthony, Duke born
. of Montpensier,
1824 ; married a Queen of Spain:
The oldest son of Louis Phillippe was
Ferdinand Duke of Orleans, born 1810';
killed by jumping from his carriage in Ju
ly, 1842. He married, in 1837, Helena,
daughter of the Grand Duke of Micklen
burg Schwerin—by whom he had two
children viz: = Louis Phillippe, (Count of
Paris,) bornlB3B, and now ten years of
age, and Robert Phillippe, Duke of Char
tres, born 1840.
At PalermO, Lotus Phillippe remained
after his marriage until 1814. when in the
restoration of the-Bourbons he-repaired to
Paris, and was restored to his rank and
honors. The return of Napoleon from El
ba in 1815, broke up his arrangements, aad
he sent his family to England, where he
joined them, and again took up his rein
deuce at Twickenham.
On the restoration of Louis XVIII., the
Duke returned to • Fiance, in September,
1815, and took his seat in the Chamber of
Peers. The large estates to whielt he was
entitled by inheritance being restored to
him, he devoted his attention principally
to the education of his family. His opu
lence enabled him to become the protector
of the Fine Arts, and the patron..,of Letters,
and few men in France were more popu
lar during the career of the Bourbons. He
was unexpectedly called from private life
by the Revolution of the three days in Ju
ly, 1836, and adoptedthe style and tillA
of Louis Philippe. King of the .M-ench.
The Ex-King was a handsome man when
young ; his frame is now bulky, but there
is much ease in his manners. He is ready
in conversation, and was always remark
ably affable to all.
[From the Hagerstown Torch Light.
DR. STOVE.; RECEIPT FOR THE BITE
OF A MAD DOG.
Ma. Dart : The following receipt, verbatim, of
Dr. Stoy's celebrated cure for the bite of a mad
dog, has accidentally fallen into my hands; the
authenticity of the receipt cannot well be question
ed; lniin thc "eireumitatice, that It was thud among'
a Gentieniian's papers, who purchased a receipt
about twenty years ago, of the late Win. Kreps,
an authorized agent of Dr. Ditty, and also, who
MO restricted by oath before Dr. Schnebly, not to
use nor cause it to-be used for any person, other 1
than a member of his own family. 1 would thank 1
you to publish it in your paper, for the benefit-of
Rzemzer.—Take of the Red Chick
Weed (herba anagaiis ruber) that has been
dried, one handful, pour two quarts of good
beer on it, and boil it in a new earthen pot
(the pot must be covered with a close lid ,
til half the liquor boils away.) it must
be boiled over a slow fire; the vessel in
which it is boiled must be kept very clean
and used for no other purpose. When the
herb is boiled enough, it must be strained
through a clean cloth and well squeezed, so
that the substance may be all taken out of
it; then add to the decoctinn two drachm,*
of thehest Threriaca Vend, it must be , well
dissolved and mixed with the decoction.
Of the above, decoction give io a man or
beast in the morning fasting the followiug
proportions. A man of strong constitu
golf meet take a pint of it, and, that at one
timti if possible ; 'if not at once; take it at '
short intervals. If there ahould be any
symptoms of madness, the medicine must'
be taken two Or three mornings in stiecillt
sion ; but if actual symptoms of madness
should exist, a larger portion of the herbs
should be added to the said quantity of
beet. A woman should take less of the.
medicine than a man, say about 3 or 3i
gills--for children the medicine ,must be
reguleted according to theit• !gis and con.,
louden. • It mutt be likewtse observed
that Children can bear more of if than
grown perso nsia piopcntion.
The mother, or person that nurses' the
child, shnnld take an extra portion ;"if the
child would receive one or two spoonfuls
of themedieine it would be sufficient. A
horse ilineld be given one pint; a. cow 20
table ipoonsful; a heifer or dog according
to. Use and strength—the•medicints to
be takes warm and well shaken ; it. must
be:taken. in the morning, and fast must not
he broken for 3 or 4 hours after taking it.
No cold or fresh water mustbe taken, other,
wise serious consequences might
On theday of taking the medicine, the per;
son must abstain from spoon victuals, par
ticularly milk or warns beer. A beast
must not ho watered on that day ; and a
person must far two weeks abstain froth
the following eatables. viz : Moat and pork
of alekinds, cabbage, peas, beans, fish or
water fowls. If a person is bit through
the skin, the wound must be scratched
with a chip until it bleeus, and washed
with some of the decoction ;' this niny be
done for two or three days.. If the wound
require.: dre. , sing, make a plaster of the
threria , :i vend (venice treacle)-twice a day
until the weand is healed. Observe that
before dreastsg, the wound must be clean
washed with the decoction. After having
made lute of the niedichie,the persitift Melt
put en dean linen and change Ms/ clotheis'
and bedding, Which moat not be'tirottrlub
til peribctly clean. All' strew that tebettat
his lain ott Must be burnt and Malik
cleansed. - • • ,
• • *J
DOIXIINO A BULLET. •
John Quincy Adams once received the
following challenge '
Sir—Your remark's in the House on
Ttiesday last, relative to my- deceatied
Mend and relative; I contidei as a personal '
insult. Being at' letattre lo•ilay. I ' have
prevailed nn my friend. 'the HO: Mr.
Jamiesen, (whom yeti findltibe,a'tiati
of the itrictest honof,) to' call apon you
anitarraiterteT a - wore, lettletnitot tit 'lttn
s it custoaky among gehtletneiV.
Very' respeetfullY your ob'r servant,
J. It. Ba'rettnixe.
To which . Mr. Adams made die follow'
ing reply :
Dear Sir—l thank you, for having,'
aliorded tbe opportunity of_ half an
hour's conversation with the agreeable and
excellent Mr. Jamieson. As to the propo
sal which you were.good enough to make.
—and which I presume is intended as an
invitation for mu to set myself up as a mark
to be bred at—tixouse me,if I decline it.--,
I can do so consistently. out•I assure you
have not the,honor to boa gentleman t but
yet I remain, ,
Your—humble and ob't. servant,
JOHN QUINCY ADAI4S.!
The paper;in which we find this comes
penitence, says that Mr. Satterlee• after‘
wards met Mr. Adams 'with the intention
of caning him ; but the mild and benevo
lent countenance .of Mr: A: deterred him
from the assault. A:' short 'explanation,
which succeeded, made Mr. Elaucriee one
of Mr. Adams' warmest friend and ad
REVERICICE FOR A0.E..-141W beautiful
it is to see the young reverence old age I--
We never 'see a little boy bowing , respect
fully to an aged man in
. the, street, but, we
feeLsnre r he ix a good limy... "Reverence as
always, due to aged people. 'Good nature
and a proper educauon say to the young:
Reverence old age. Orpy hairs areerowps
ofglory, when (tmin4iTlf! 43 way of 604-,
eoutoness. Tlie-promptinge of our kindly
nature teacht . ga to respevt the aged, to rise
up bett;re the hoary , head. • The dim, eye,
the furrowed brow, and temples thinly clad, .
—who_ would 'not respect, reverence, cud
lOve them I"
MR. WEBSTER & THE WAR.
1.-47"10 the U. B.,Ecnate, on the 23d pond.
ing the consideration ~ot the Lotto Hal t Mr.' Waal
tcrintattideessed tho Monate Ibr several hone% `I rc -
view of the policy of the; aihninistraficm, the war,
and its objects. The annexed abstract of hls re
marks will be read With interest
Mr. Wmoirran rose andsaid, that do Fri
day a bill had passed the Senate for rais
ing ten new regiments. ' And diey are, in
formed that This bill is to be followed by
another to raide twenty, regiments of Vel
untsers for the same service. He had de
',Fred on Friday to express his vicars, and'
Would now do'so, in opposition to the,pol
icy which they were ititendeilio,promote.
The 'bill new heron? the S,Pelite
, . •
Measure jo p,rpy,ule rueeris for
pori of these ' Zhirly regimenta t The
scenes through Whieh we have peasetl end
are passing here are various,
For a Voitninght 'the world 'supposed
them to , have been ocetipied iii the ratifica
tion of a treaty of peace. Awl though the
world had been shutout, strongpssuraacee
had been given ua of the proapect of a trett
ty of peace to console us,, Not u Lentil*:
"peace—but a permanent one, wlneh
shall cut off their expenses;nnd 'return our
children from the land of slaughter, and'
still more deadly cliinate tp our fireside.,
ScarCely had thar notes died away when
we •ere' Called upon for this additional,
force to Preas - licime;bii fire and ilia ewori,
the claims which we had put forth against
a fallen, he had'almOst said an ignotile, foe.
The doctrine put'foitltby the Senafor front .
Michigan was t 'that not bnly was it neces
sarylo seenre peace, Mit to prees thu war
with renewed vigor.
What then should all,this mean 1 Was .
it en atimiesion shot we were„ne nearer a
,thitn when we Snatched tipa piC9O
o(` paper andpasied it through, thin body
„ , Ay
strong desire had
The actual order of preeepdingi bed been
to negotiate first and ratify aft,uirds. But,
we, have reversed the ordore procooliop,
had ratified, a,treaty and, then ~pent agents
to nezotiate. 1t atrnek,itim that* ceuraP .
which they had,athipted was:strange, watt
grotesque--mapreepth pe,biatoly ,
of diplomatic mferronlee,.
We were in Rolniefifion of ,California and
New ,Mexico , and Were infotoned.ofthe
tentiort of the Prettident to retain Ahern ,as
provinces proper to beadded io the. United
Slates, and 'these troops were
Mexico irito'e cession of this territory,—
Tko is the 'object of these additional, regi.
moots in opinion, the identical object
for which, tbe war Was commenced. All,
The Members of the other House had
all been elected since the declaration of the
llth'of March, 1848. That other House
had declared by their vote that this war
was unnecessarily and unconstitutionally
commenced by the President of the United
States. In that declaration he concurred,
and he believed the majority of the people
There was another proposition equally To the object for which this war was
capable of demonstration, that this war prosecuted—the bringing of new States in
was begun and has been prosecuted for the to the Unimi—he was opposed. Ile was up
acquisition of new territory, with a view I posed to bringing new States into the Union
to bring new States into the confederacy. from foreign territories, East, West, North
And this force is : to. be used to force . or South. Ife would reject all—and if
Mexico into an acquiescence in this de; the question were put to him to.day,
sign on our part to bring in new States whether he would have peace with new
from her territory. We know that the :States, he would sa' no !
Mexican people .will never accede to this . Fur there was no reason whatever to be.
treaty unless -compelled by irresistible lieve that we could obtain as speedy, as
force. and for this it was that these thirty safe. as honorable peace without •as with
thousand troops were to be sent into Men.. territory. Mexico does not wish us to
ieo. • take her territory—she yields it reluctant-
ify.opinion. said Mr'. Webster, in the' ly—end every man IteT knew it.
present state of things, is„ that the 'people' And if the 'Net papet was rejected by
of this country wil•ttot sustain this war.— Mexico, it would be in consequence of the
They WUI not go to the expense. They
will•not find 'any gratification in putting
Ilterbayonet to the throats of the Mexican
'people, -For my part, I hope the Ten
Regiments hill will never become a law.—
Three weeks ago I should have entertain
ed that hope with the utmost confidence.
Events since have struck me with pain
and shaken my conviction. Still I hope
it will not pass.. And here, I dare say, I
shall lie called a "Mexican Whig." A
man' who can stand up here and say that
hopee that what the Administration pro
jects for the farther prosecution of the war
' against Mexico, will not be carried into
effect, Is "an enemy to the country ;" or,
what gentlemen would consider the same
thing,-an-"enemy of the President of the
United States, and his Administration, and
his'party t He ie a ". , Mexican !" Sir, I
think very badly of the Mexican charac
ter, high and low, out and out. But names
do not lenity me. Besides, if lam a sal
tier in. this respect—if I be made the sub
jectefrbproach by these sti pend iary presses
—these hired abusers of the motives of
public men . --I have the honor on this oc
casion-to be In very respectable company.
In the - *itapeeative--the accusative—the
dentniciatory'sense of• that term, I do not
know , *greater Mitielleitt this body than
the honorable genthiman gem Michigan at
, the head of the 'Military -Committee.
Mr4._Cass.4- l lshould like the honorable
gentleman to explain what sort of a Mexi
can I am.
Mr. Webster—That is exactly the thing
I now propose to .do. •
Mr. Can-4, shall be glad to hear the
explanation. • •
Mrs Wchster-wln. hits rewrks ion this
bill in,theSenate,:the other day, the , hon
orablegentleMantold us that his object was
to frighten Mexieco,-it would:touch .his hu
maniirto hurther. • • •
Mi. paw—Dose the hoaorible,gande
man mean to •tairtbati made such a re
mark • , '
, Mr. Webster-4 .mean- • to, say that the
gentleman said it rwicas,,
* the , geutleman's par
don., Leah) no such thing. Will the gets+
deman allow me ttlmate what I did say
I remarked that wis,,had two objects to ac.
complish , raisirig these regiments: one
wee.l . he vigorous prosecution of the war ;
itirPt i lliatnittri — RnMftrgifirMollll elff - eet
upon Mexico by .crinvincing her ot our de
tern3ination, and thereby hold out an'in
duceinent to her to make iiMace.
Mr. Webster—The gentlemen said that
hit principal object was to ofrightim" Mex+
leo, and that would, be, more humanwthan
to harm Ntexico-:•
MreCass. (in his sent)—True.
Mr.: Webstesr4t iv true I Very well.'
thought•saaamit. ~N ew the , remarkable
eherseteruitio of his speech which makes
it, so Illoch a Mexican speech 4, that the
gentleinintspoke it in the hearing of Mex
co, ea walisurin the hearing of the Senate.
We hare tiqen accused, Sir, of being "Mex
ican Whigs," because. what we say here
is heard by; Maxie°, and Mexilv derives
countenance and 4upportfrom what is said
here. , liqt,thebutiorable snember comes
(unhand tells Mexico thatltie object is to
frighten her L ; Rio words; have -passed
long the .wires--they are, on the gulf
they two Ilestirtg.swity to Votna..f.ltut. and
whoa they get there, they, ~will satisfy,
the :Mexicans that, after aIIT--nfter. all,
"ye 'good , Metrlostll4 - our - . pririciptil ob
ject isto frighten you —And to the
end, that tkey susy not be frightened too,
much, he gives them notice that the object
is to *frighten Otestt I ' Mr. President, when
Snug, thejqlner,,wps,to reprisent the lion,,
and .roar on she stage, be was.quite spPre
hal:ll4'44l3lW he, might too much frighten
"die duchess, end the and, there
fore, by the adTice, of his c9mtedie,one
Niiholas, Bottom, he wisely conclutedl
that 'in the heat and fury, of his effort, he,
svoula"shin% face end 51/Y7-i
"Lathes, fur 'ladies, I ,woeld wish yqu A or,
I would request you, or. I, would - entreat!
you, not to fiat., not .to , tremble ;' my, life
for yours, if you think.' come hither as
lion, it were a piety of rity life ! No,
no such thing bun a roan as other men
are ; Suug the joiner , !"
Webster,contende4 that,there was
no ,necessity fqr , this additioual,.forse..;-,
Sickness and battle had so thinned the,
ranks of the army in Mexico, that it would,
require 10,000 tur to till up, the present'
regiments. „ , ,
' Tint svas . all that 7Nas.necessery.' . Be
uhderstoottehm.thero was a • report . from
Gen. Seetk(upon whose career in Mexico
he passed." ..verylaigh compliment; sh6w*
ing, that if the regiments were all: hi ed up,'
there.w.ould be, including. recruits on. the
WaY,:5340004 Whops M.. AltliCO., . 1 ' ~
The,ellect of .oreatiag .new. regiments,
raising. new , reeruitapand appointing new
of w itho ut filling up the old regim en ts,
would be ultimately.° to:thin the ranks
that the officers would'eieetid the privates
in zumberw 'tv - . . . . •
-Mlle Government of Mexico, he said,
probably owed its existence to the expec
tation Of relief from the three millions ap
proprialion.'; :Then - where the necessity of
sending thisi new force into Mexico. The
main' object of these wishes, he believed,
was patronage—the gratification of friends.
The bill would render necessary the
pointment of some 500 ofheers—C lonels,
Majors, Captains, &c.—but there ere al
so paymasters; commissaries, et d omne
gurus—down to sutlers, who, i the lan
guage of Corporal Rim, declares :
"nutlet he would be unto the camp, ,
And profits should ensue."
TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
NEW SEI:W-110. 40.
reluctance of the Mexican Congress or the
Mexican people to give up their territory.
They preferred to keep their territory, and
that we should keep our money—just as
he preferred that we should keep our reo. ;
ney. and she should keep her territory. .
lie denied that the people of the United
States, in concluding a treaty of peace de
sired the acquisition of territo r y—andittch
territory. Through the South and West c
lie believed there was no general feeling in
favor of taking territory, and such be be
lieved the preponderating sentiinents at the.
He knew no reason then, why the purr
pose of the President should control them.
any more than their purpose should con
trol him. lie would stand out, it was
said, against them, and were they afraid to
stand out against him. lie was willing to .
go to the people nn• the issue whether we
shall or shall not take territory.
If the constitution was to be broken
down, let it he the act of the people not his t
But he did not distrust the people. Kg;
was willing to submit it to them, whether.
they will take territory, paying for it a ,
thousand times inure than it is worth, or..
whether they will take peace without ter
But the truth could not be concealed that
we trembled before Executive power..",
Mr. Polk would take nothing but this, and
we feared that if we opposed, the King's
anger would be kindled. And who was
Mr. Polk: Ile meant no disrespect. Re ,
was in tl►e last year of his official term, and
in two short mouths events might occur
which would render his wishes of very,
little consequence. We were oil the eve,
cola Presidential nomination.
It might be that Mr. Polk would receive,
again the nomination of his party;
not, his position and influence would* as,
insignificant as any of theirs. 'Who then.
would care for the consistency of the pre
sent incumbent? Manifest destiny will
then have pointed out some other man, as
only fit to be at. the head of this govern, ,
ment. Therefore it was that he did not
ascribe any particular consequence to the
'will of the present Executive in the matter.
He wished, like Zachary Taylor, at the ,
battle of Buena Vista, that they had the
prudence to "feel the enemy," before eat
ing, and if they did so, he believed that, as
in the other case, they would find him, on
his way to San Louis Potosi ! From the
annexation of Texas down to the present
moment, he had opposed the annexation of
new territory into the American Union.
Ho them explained his position in Mr.
Tyler's cabinet on the Texas question.—
lle saw subsequently, in 1843, when not
in' public life, that the annexation of Teias
vas the settled purpose of the adatinistra
trade'', and he had then deemed it his du
ty to let the public know his views there
on. JUN before the coming in of the pre
sent administration, when the resolutions
for the annexation of Texas were before
the. Senate, he had again taken the oppor
tunity, as a member of that body, to ex
presb his views in opposition to the annex
ation of new territory, and here reiterated
the, views , which he had there expressed.
.13nt wc admitted Texas, and witlt the
prOviiion that we should thereafter have
the power to make four other new States
from Texas—five new States altogether,
and ten new Senators. And now it is
proposed to make two other new States
from California and New fgexico=four
teen- new Senators, in all, from new States
thus coming in from foreign territory with
a population of sonic 290,000 only.
Had the Senate looked at the eonseguen
ces ? He trusted if they had not, that they
woultl--4o the disproportion of paople,
two Senators from these new States. lie
held it to be a most flagrant imposition u
pon the government and constitution which
we professed to support. To be sure it
was provided that these new States should
come ,in at a suitable titne---hut that suita
ble time would be, as in the case of Texas,
When party votes were wattled:
Mr: W. said the two votes of the Texas
Senators, who came in in 1846, overthrew
the Tariff of 1842, one of the best systems
of finance which had ever existed in this
.country... This was then the suitable tune
for thein, and possibly two years hence
we may again be engaged in revising the
present system, when it will perhaps be .
the suitable time for the admission of
another of these new States.
If we taite New Mexico and California,
who is so weak es to think that the him
ger 11;r/inquisition will be appeased unless;
upon the presumption that what we get is
en tvorthless, that more is undesirable'.
He had heard no cry an absurd as that
we were getting indemnity. We were •
paying a large sum, and what (lid we get •
for it I He proceded to show that there
was no public domain in New Mexico--
that there are plenty of people, such •as
they are—and that there will not be 200
planters or farmers who will go from the
United States to Mexico, in fifty years.-i- 1
They cannot live there. For agricultural
purposes it was useless to us.
[Mr. Rusk here, Mr. Webster giving '
way, explained that a very great portion of
the territory in New Mexico lying between
the Nueces and the Rio Grande was valu
able, and that Mexicans were emigrating to•
this portion of 'Vexes.]
M. Webster proceeded. Much hes been ,
said about leaving the regulation of, certain
matters to the people of these new Stateit,
when they shall adopt the new .conetiti'l . - .
tion,'and ask for admission Mtn the Minn.
Who did not know that the people' Of New ,
Mexico and California were wholly in
competent to form a Constitution for them-.
selves—that when the "suitable" time arri- .
veil, a Constitution would be prOvided for
theai by the executivegovertiment at Wash
Mr., Webster said that while their tor-, ,
ritories remain territories. they WO tie
troablesome—armies will be required ! rot '
their protection. When they, *mite
States they will be still . more so. ":
thought he saw in the future n delnent*:
tiori deer° v the' proper cheelkir 10 . 01 tit.;
anees of the tlonstitution.
his daiY; Whether supported o,gitioppqt-
ed. lie despised all asigurisoOt r adlottfia,
;or support to u 0 onion bit hil oodsttrfir