Star and banner. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1847-1864, January 07, 1848, Image 2

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TO the &nate and Rape of nepresentatireg of thr
t'omii a .eajthof Perms),lrani*.
tiiiirLtntv r—Ye ordinary reneons far thanl•
ruffles+ W the (}mat (led, crowd Memories% upon
the Representatives of the people. at this annual
meeting. Abundance during the past year. has
heeert the reward of honest industry,in even• pur
suit of the eiliaens. Aniinatrd with health itml
encouraged by MUCCOMI, thry have stradile pro
g•cooed to the accompliehrnent of their destiny,
and while entiorptiae has been highly-. favored
the development of our great resources. the vie% a
ling pogroms endlito alopecial orminimn. , o,
trire, morality, edIIMMO7I. refinement and civiliza
tion have Been cherished and advanced.
Altheash peace and tranquility have reived
OIL borders of this State, we are identified
with, end 4040 interested in, the war with ?aeri
e°, in whim the nation is engaged—a war which
the pradance, forbearance, and desire of the people
to retain friendly relations,c cold not avert : and
which was eventually forma upon us, by the duty
Etat rest- upon every well regulated Government,
to protect the right* of its citizens, and tnoint tin
lie how tithe nation.
Our nikion. our interests, and our institutions,
are essentially pearefisl. The people hold an thvir
km* the soverignty of the nation, and exact from
their mien obedience to their will. By their con-
trolling influence, they sanction and preserve the
cardinal puffer of maintaining amicable relations
with anther nations, By threat thr rights of A.
meriean citizens. in all parts of the world, and the
honor of the nation arc held tweed Viidations
albeit, national rights and national honor, appeal
In the justice, and invoke the power of the whole
psople for their vindication. The war of ISt:,
with England, and the existing war wtih Mexico,
are illustration.' of this distinguishing featior in the
character of the American people. Patient of in
tury while wrongs are sufferable, and reasonable
Napes of a return to amicable relations, upon equi-
table principles, can he entertained, yet no nation
may, with impunity. violate the the obligations of
cretin', or break faith with the United States.
In deknoe of there just rights. the power of this
people is rtsistlesa. Ever citizen holds himself re.
apransible. and the army springs into existence. Itta
by eonscriptions. or contracts fir enlistments. hut
by the voluntary impulse of independent freemen,
animated by patriotism and urged onward to dards
of heroic valor. by the approbation of the whole
nation. Thie invincible spirit. guided by the ed.
cure and skill of the offiesen, has led our annica in
Mexico, from one victory to another, and from one
great triumph to a greater, and sill lead them still
onward, Until a permanent and honorable peace is
secured. While the honest pride of every .linen•
can is gritifkal, by the great achievements of our
soldiers, his confidence in our free institutions and
in the means to defend mud mammy them, it eltruath
In the support and prosecution of the war in
which we are enitaged. Pennsylvania has giveu to
lett of het ancient end uniform fidelity to Sherry and
the honor of the norms. Her volunteer* wave a
mong the inn to tender their wn ices, and in every
meaning with the enemy haw magnified the mil.
itary fame of the Coromonweatth. by denim of ro.
Mantic chivnley and noble daring. In these great
achievements, many of our heroes have fallen in a
foreign land. The moans of the winds of heaven,
in passing through the long grau on their graves.
are re-echoed. by the alpha of their friends in in the
fatherland, and the sad requiem is a just tribute to
their sufferings and their valor.
The finances and credit of the State—the a
mount and condition of the public debt, and the
means of reducing it. are among the objects which
claim the first attention of the Representatives of
the people.
The amount of the public debt, en the tat De
cember. 1946. was 140,789,577 00
On the Id December, 1847. it was,
according to the Report of the
Auditor General. as 6.Unws. viz:
Fusnen Daur.
8 per cent- st Kiat,* 1.762.336 06
3 , 37_267.999 37 .
Wile(' Lewes in cir
Interest cettitic-oter
outatandinc. .
Intermit eeditlemes
Interest on outstan-
200.000 00
931.664 00
353,953 43
8,448 38
ding arid tosclaint
certifKates, at
per cent, to
I at August. 1 R 43,
time of funding, 22.438 rrt
Domestic creditors, 9G,095_ 4/
Bening ' 5160,627 49
less than h was on the tat DrevishPr; IM&
This payment. or redectio . n of the debt, within
the lad financial year, was effected by the comsat
tion„ at the Treasury, of one handled and fifty
thousand dollars of the relief issues, and by the re
ceipt of the State stocks in payments of old debts,
which is allowed in certain caws by law.
There would have been tun hundred thousand
dollars of the relief issues eancellerl, within the
year, in aorordstire with the requirements of the
isw. but the payment of the interest which fell due
on the first of Fehrnury hot, left the Treamtry so
much exhausted. that the amount which should
have been cancelled on the. 314 March. was not
then on hued. It will he recolleerd that it became
necessary to anticipate a portion of the means ..f
the year. by a loan of `'.. , ..!0(1.000 00. to melt the
interest which fell due on the Ist February.
The balance in ute Tren.ury, on
the la I)ereinher.lB4o, WAR,
The ter ririts int" the Treasury.
(iring the financial tear mains
the 30th Nov. 1847, fmm all
sources. itscluding the loW of
;200,0. 0 00 11b0f C referred lu,
Makin; an agzre.vite of
The payments mule out of the
Treasury, during the same pen- -
rel. including the repayment of
the loan of 1100,000, were.
Leaving the Mame in the Treasu
ry, on the Ist Dec. 1847, 880.890 85
being:11796.212 IC, more than it was on the Ist
Dee., 1846. •
The eatituitril amount of available
outstanding tatee. on the lit
Dor. 1841, vru,
and the estimated inmont of the
same, on let Dee., 1846. w..
which exhibits an imams°, in this
item, of
To which Mid the increase of the
balance in tl.e Treasury, of
and we bare the RUT of 302.404 51 !
as the agarequie increase of the. bahuwe in the i
'Treasury, and of outstanding taxes on the Ist Dec.l
1847, over the tome nein. 011 the Ist Der. 11 4 40,
This calculation 111101A4, that the revenues WWI , - I
fed sal secroin;. within the financial year, ending I
on the 80th Nov. lost, were not only adequate to
meet the demands upon the Treasory. within the
velar, hot exceeded them by the sum of $302.404
61, as above mated, and if to this sum be added
the amount of the debt paid within the year, to I,
'sit, 9100.627 49. we have the sum of f-463032
00, bathe excess of the revenue accruing within
the year, over the p. , y meta of the interest on the ~
public 4e14, the expenses of the government and]
the ordinary demand. upon the Treasury.
'This presents a s! ry encouraging view of the
improving rontlition of the finances of the Stale.— i
It is the Ann time, since the commencement of the
intiegol improvement .vt.tein, that the permanent
I+lllllllollll eeciuea within the year, unaided from
any ether MUM% hove exceeded c'ir been equal to
the Amanda upon the Treasury. It is true, the
batnenat upon the funded debt, and other di/little up
on lite 11trosury donna the two preceding' years,
IlaitatiCht, the payment of a portion attic pantie
doh; II the tanornation of relief notes, were punt ,
unlike *ail t bet in doing this, the balance which
hod enetaintitated in the Teraaury. on the let Ilec
tfas. by the prari,vus attcpcusion of the payment
lathe Whams on the public debt, for two and one.
hary lam ag waft at the amount of taxes then
fi t imnipain i t, were diminished each year, until the
WI, hit in pathentliely explained in ray annual
lilt 100 cad lettlEt, to wilia you ale re .
Aua i ls orihe eiwipte and expenditure, , of
the eueniat IPOSP., made with inirell ram, and open
reetialbeillett - leith the ether deicers et the gown:.
ttlealt4ii WWI weiolieri, toy ...kith it appears, that
the eithothelk hopiontotroolifitit into dte Treamary,
Om A weft* lit the ftsaterial year, railing nu
OP Illth liteenthee, MIA is 1 ,3,7 1 :1.900 00
Ate* Hiatt Oat oattaitadett ..coon of
oatairodittarr., is the assn. pr.
n i t 4, fottwho: ~ h. ,
of $ti.),),000 relief note:, is
Which exhibits an estimated eater;
of rcccipta,ps•rr expenditures, of $345,510 00
To which mid the estimate for IC-
I cancellation of relief notex, obA'll
arc a part of the public debt,
And we have the RIM of 545,510 00
as the estimated exer , s , of receipts. of the current
,) car, coiling on the 30th November next,
over the payment of the interest an the public
debt. and the current demands upon the Treasury.
Them , estimates, when taken in the aggregate, I
consider entirely cafe and reliable. During the
last few years, the actual results have been more
favorable to the Treasury, than were anticipated by
the estimates. NotwiClstanding the extraordinary
(heels, which occurred during the past year, the
consequent damage to the public weals, and the
interruption of the trade upon them, for about two
months, the tolls taken by the onllectors, within
the year. according to the report of the Canal
Commissioners, amounted to the sum of tt1.581.-
575. 87, being $236,081.11. more than was taken
in the preceding year, and exceeded the estimate
male for last year, near one hundred thousand dol
-1 lars. Had no unusual interruption at - business oc
curred, the amount taken would certainly have
reached eighteen hundred thousand dollars.
'rho estimate for canal and milmad tolls, for
the current year, is $1.700.000. which, there is
good reason to believe, is rather below the amount
which will he received. The expenses of repairing
the damages to the public works, by the floods of
the past year. will principally fall upon the cur
rent year. They are. however, included in the es
timate of the expenses, of the year, and will net
affect the results presented in the preceding csku
The amount of relief issues in circulation, on
the Hof December list was $93k664, of tabieh
*50.000 were cancelled at the Treasury, on the
3 i.t of I)ecember, leaving $881,664 still oubtand
inv.. The means of the Treasury, it is believed.
will be adequate to the cancellation of the whole
amount now in circulation, within the present and
succeeding year. Many of them MC so defaced as
to be nlmnst illegible, and arc unfit for circulation ;
besides, they vitiate the currency, and famish en
excuse for the UR' Of small notes from other dal**
in v iolation of law. and lessen the circulation of
I gold and silver among the people. Justice to the
public creditors, who a, e compelled tracceive them
in payment of their interest, when they are below
par, as well as to the people at large, imperatively
demands that they should be taken out of cistethe
, non as soon as practicable. 1. 'therefore, mean
! mend the peomite of a law, allowing such of the
Banks as have awned dine notes, to fiend thin '
a rate of interest not exceeding six per cent. pet
annum. payable semi-annually, and that all the
surplus means in the Treasury, beyond the pay
ment of the interest on the public debt, and the
current expenses of the government, be applied.
first, to the redemption or cancellation of thou that
may remain in circulation, as they come into the
Treasury, and then to the payment of the amount
funded by the hanki.
The MOM** of the Treasury will be enditient
to cancel all that mily be received in payment of
dues to the Commonwealth, and to pay the banks
the amount funded within two youth. By this
procese, should the banks !agree to Find any con
siderable portion of them; they may all beige*
Out of circulation within dis present year. It may
he urged that as there notes do, noinole
j bear in
rest, they ought not to he conraWlitto.diditrxi
which interest will be payable. This, boittrier, is
but a superficial view of the subject. nereilne
linnet any excuse for a continual violation of the
public faith, by the payment of the public credit.'
ors, in a depreciated. estereney, and the eariedt a.
mount of interest which will have to be paid, if
the ha As agree to fund a portion of these notes,
will be more than compensadel by relieving the
character of the Sate From the continuation of
this act ofininitioe, alAd therpeople them the loon
incident to a depreciated eneulation. Tina cur
rency had its origin in an reason of the Constitu
tion, and ought to be blotted ontidremembranee.
it dial* now be snide assumed that we have
niched a preened. ha crealnincial Weary when the
pnentethent revenues of the Conutionweohh exceed.
annually, the intend on deerblic debt, and the
41 14 hilef ,ththeet4o Nome th e rearing, lay-at kenst
ball igen of daffier. And 'this oxen*, it is
contidently believed, may; by a indleious revision
and . inneendenterted the revenue 1aw5...4 prudent
aritheronondad course oa the part of the Legisia.
the anti . ' Executive departments of the Govern
ment,- and the Willful management of the public
wake, be augmentedin a few years to one million
of dollen nara sinking fond, without incensing
the hardens ofthaso Who net pay their taxes, on
full Setrun - stid thiliiiinthatfor that terable - pws
pony. This sum. applied semi-annually, with its
accruing intetest, to the redemption of the five per
emit. Suds stocks,at par. wookl di-cheege upward
of $18400.000 cri the dehtin twelve years. and re
duce it at the end of that time to 1.23.000d500, It
is believed that all the relief inn vein he redeem
ed and cancelled by the year 1850, and if the op
erations of the sinking fund ate then conntrenced
on the funded debt, the minelt thus matic*otedwill
be realized in the year 18fig. at whit& time there
is good reason to believe the net themes front the
public n orks will he mom than sufficient to pay
the interest on the balance of the public debt, and
and thereby relieve the people from all further a
rect taxation for this purpose.
Sonic may view this proprwition ss visionary
and delusive, but I regard it as entirely practicable
under a wise and prudent admit:l66.2*in of the af
fairs of the State. The. augmenting trade upon
ou r public works, end the consequent increase of
business in our commercial and umminclaring ci
, lies and towns, and the incisese of population and
taxable property, within our limit*, CUM* 4 %
under a proper enforcement of the revenue taw*, to
add to the means of the Treasury every year. It:
however, this great objert is to he effected, the pub
! lie revenues must not he diverted to other peep*-
, on and the most rigid eennomy. and the Arleta*
accountability of public agents, must be required
and enforced. It is among the first and highest
duties of those entrusted with the administration of
the government. to adopt the moat efficient means,
under existinti eiremnstanees. to increase pebble
confidence and guard against the good faith clubs
I State being ever again called in question—to re.
dux the public debt and niiere the people from
perpetual taxation to pay interest. I. therefine,
feel impelled by a sense of duty to renew the re.
' commendation contained in the last annual me..
sage, Which is in thew. words : eln connection with
this subject I respectfully recommend to the Gen
eral Assembly the propriety and Jicq of prop.
sing to the people an itmendinciitto the Condit*.
tion of the State, under the fOrm of the 10th ern
; ele of that instmment, by which the income from
j the public improvements, atter)deducting the ne
cessary expenses for repairs and stiperintendence—
' the revenue arising from the State tax on real and
personal property. for a certain period, and such
other items of income as it may be deemed cape.
dient to include, shall he set apart and sacredly
pledged, for the pay went of the interest upon the
public debt, and the gradual liquidation of the prin
, eipal. Such an amendment. judiriously arranged,
would, I apprehend. meet with the decided appio
hation of this people of the Commonwealth. It
would coneentrate public Nentiment upon a fixed
object— remove all doubt of the fullness of the
public credit. and lay the foundation of the srial ex
! languishment of the public debt. It would give an
Additional security and assurance to the people,
j and to the public creditor,. that, in no event, could
I the public revenue he diverted from its legitimate
Jobject, and would furnish conclusive reasons for
the prompt and cheerful paytnefit of the taxes."
4 1 .61:11,1148 51
$381,678 70
9T7.13?.5 P 9
4.101,704 59
3,680,813 74
540,891 00
542,686 G 4
6,192 3
295.212 15
The inequality ot taxation arising from large
iptantities of property subject to lax under exist•
lag lawoo, escaping assessment, and the unequal
valuation of th.ot which is a•bei , ! , f,li, continues to
be a subject of just onplaint. 1 am well aware
there are inlicient difficulties concerted with the
subject. bat still the experience of the operation
of the s) stem, and tbeoletects which base become
apparent, will point nu t some remedies f o r t h e
grievances ahtclu exist, and which should be
adopted. 1. tho.refoie. unlit respectfully inyite
the attention of the I:eller:II Assembly, to alhor
ougli examination ofthe Fllhieet. Whatever just
.1111WITII of taxali.m mail c,.capea by an eva
siom, or imperfect execution. ot the law is an im.
position and !rand upon his neighbor, who makes
a full return ot Lit property, and pays a tax upon
a fair valuation.
Thew are no subjects more intimately co“nected
with. or which hose a mote direct influence upon
the interests of the country, than the currency and
the banking systein.
There is good Incisor. to believe, that the pros.
psriey of the people ot the U. States, particularly
thooe eitimected with the agricultund interests,
h* been promoted. by the removal on the part of
the British timernment, of the high duties upon
one *specie of grain, and other ugriciilf unit pro.
4011 /0101. 41,11 the ,Ino.hite.Attott of our !aril!.
Ittiletk the c, , toti , elet.kl t :he
two countries have been greatly augmented, with.
out at injuriously, ao far as 1 am infm med.
any of the great manufacturing intcrcuts, or other
industrial pursuits of our people.
Other CAllfet, in combination with thine allud
ed to, have produced a large influx ot specie into
the U. States, during the past )e ir, a hich ha• .
gone into active circulation among the people, or •
Wood its way into vaults of the banks- phis in
crease of the purloin metals, white it ...tumid dui-
Nrisre, in a ghat degree, with the u-e of paper
currency, has a tendency to increase ii, by enlarg
ing the of the Wilk, to extend their tsaties•
The etrect ofwhtch , if encouraged, will be to pro
mote speculation, and overaction in every depart
ment of busine•s, and thus make the present sub
stanti•l prosperity of the people. the means of
producing adversity and depression. !pent
lions of the Constitutional Treasury hose bad.
and no doubt will continue to hare, a salutary
influence, in restraining the tendency to exeessi‘e
banking, by keeping the public ressmuiss net of
the vaults of the banks, and compelling them to ,
be prepared to redeem their note., and furniab ape.
vie, to men t the wants of those who hay. tiistom.,
&Hi other dues, to pay to the Gnvernment. •
Although the restraining influence Of this great
measure. upon the banking system ell Most beae a
ticial, still it does not dispense wit ,the oesussity
of caution and prudence on the part *flit, States,,
in every thing pertaining to banking and,paPer
200,000 00
Moderate discrintiniting duties, with a woad
currency. limited to the specie standard,. marl*
regarded as the natural and healthy, aindition sr
a eouatry, by which tbejrdlrswards , at labat'ig•
secured, and all tbe groat interests of the people
Avenged, while high dolor and a redundant psper
currency operate as unnatural dinisibutith awl
and create appattat bat delusive proanstrity.
Nothing can centributer'io ankh to the malatio
:::7: 14 ::ggra1:11 11 : .17 44 11 = 7,5-
almost every deseriptkin malted by the wants of
mankind; and nogusg, iinepessary to` make her
people the" iest brdependent theWoild, bilt a
proper regard for ber twee intereste. Ts advance
these, she must not be seduced from her devotion
to sound principles, by the. artificial contrivances
of false economists, whose selfish theories are Rol
delusive, as they are destructive to the public
'The present is a most propitiotts period, when
them is an abundance of geld sad silver to
mere a determisted *fort to Wen me it* vine'
lation, and secure to the people the currency
which the 'misdeal Ofthe fruiters, of the Consti
thee of the V. States provided. Instead of crest
ing new banks, or increasing the capital of old
suies,-oar.etfacts should beclitecuniso-seeum alto
saliency of those which alreadvexitt, and there-
by render theircirculation sound and reliable.
Impressed with the knew these considerations.
I am convinced that the increase of the banking
capital of the State, would he unwise and impoli
tic; and I respeettutly recommend, that before
any one of the existing bank* is reehartered. a
searching scrutiny be instituted into its affairs, its
management, its credit, and its means; and if
it be lUUDd that the notes have been *tinkled to
depreciate, der the accommodations Aare Seca be
stowed-uporrkroriter, and large speculators and
dealers in unmet. instead of being diffused among
moderate and safe customers; that the issues haie
at one period encouraged speculations by their ex.
eels, and at another oppnrased honest industry by
their contraction; in short. thif the legitimate
objects for which the privileges were granted,
have not been by fair, faithful and judicious man
agement accomplished, then the charter should
he soared to expire by its own limitation. The
discontinuance of such institutions will promote
the public good, taut will be hailed with altitvolmk
nice by all but those who have, for ptivate gain.
wrested them from the purpose fdt whfch they
were estatdisned.
This policy, so just ton-aada the public, while
it may, to a , niodenite extent, diminish the pres
ent amount of banking capital, will strengthen
public...confidence in other banks, and add to the
stability and soundness of the cutrency.
And as it may also increase the profits of ex
isting banks, beyond • just compensation to the
shareholders kw their investments, and as this ex
arms of pin is desired from the special privileges
conferned upon them by the Legislature. I recom
mend that the tat imposed by the act of April I.
'lB3B, upon dividends exceeding six per cent. per
annum, be increased. While the inducement to
'etc/alive banking will be reasonably checked by
the increase of thiii tax, the finances of the Mate
may be, to sense extant, improved, and the public
welfare promoted.
The policy_ indiested, will lead to the rigid
excretion of the law prohibiting the circulation
of foreign . notee. under the denominalion of fire
dollars, as soon as the balance of the relief is
sues is cancelled. This *ill be a positive ad.
mince in the improvement of the currency,
which should be then followed by a law pro
hibiting the circulation otsil notes, below the
denomination of ten dollars. The channels of
circulation will then be filled with an aba udr
anee of gold and silver. the public secured
against the chances of loan by broken banks,
and depreciated currency ; and the way will be
opened to' inch further improvements, - as the
real interest and convenienceof the people may
The cautionary enactments I have suggested,
cannot fail to increase, rather than diminish
the amount of a sound circulating medium,
fully entitled to the public confidence. The,
erect will be to bring the specie of the country
into active eireulation, to furnish the people
with, substantial currency, that cannot be im
pelled by bank Failures, and to restrain the
tendeney of the banks to forger extravagance in
time of prosperity, and check the means of op
pression in tame of adversity.
A theory has been advocated and lout into
practice, in some of the States, called FREE
BANKING. It is based, in part, upon specie,
and in part upon state stocks, hypothecated
with the Government. In other words banks
become the creditors of the Commonwealth,
by . purchasing ber bonds; these are deposited
with the government, and the government en
dows, and unarm to the bankers, notes pre
pared for circulation, to an - regal amount. .1
can perceive no grounds for confidence in this
system. It mast explode, in a country where
it is adopted to any considerable extant, when
ever a revulsion occurs to tat its stability, for
it is a deviation from true principlee. bound
and safe banking can only be barred and con
ducted on money.--lohl and sihrer. Neither
individaals or banks, can-lend that Which they
have not; and if they lend credit in the shape of
bank notes, without the means to redeem them
in gold and silver, they commit a fraud upon
the community, as they lend and put in circu
lation, that which is not money, not the repro-,
aentative of money.
If this system of converting state stock into
banking capital, and hypothecating it as a se
curity for the payment of bank issues, were not
a delusion, mortgages upon real estate, might
be used for the same purpose, which would
afford an equal if not a better security, for the
payment of notes, and by this process, the
whole value of the real estate of the countrY,
might be converted into banking capital, and
the people into a nation of bankers. This pro
position shows, that the whole scheme is illu,-
isor and unsound.
F rce banking, in this legitimate sense, is the
right which every man enjoys, to lend his own
money to whom he pleases. It is the exchange
of money for securities, to pay with interest—
it involves no fictitious increase of the circula
tion, but may be carried on to an indefinite ex
tent, without affecting the currency. This is
the free banking, which has at all times sup
plied, and does now supply, the wants of a
large proportion of borrowers, and commends
itself to general confidence and approval, by its
simplicity and adaptation to the circumstances
of the people.
The policy of incorporating mining, manu
facturing, transporting and other companies,
for purposes appropriately within individual
competency, has been fairly discussed; and,
guided by the unerring demonstrations, that
these enterprixes are most successfully conduct
ed, under the control of individual responsibil
ity, the public opinion has been expressed in
the spirit of the age in which we live, against
I the policy.
While all the great departments of business
in the Commonwealth ,are prosperously con
ducted, under free and equal competition, there
are yet some men, who seem to stand still,
, while the world is going onward around them,
and who cherish the antiquated notion, that the
, timid, contracted and selfish aggregation of
I wealth, under therotection ofcorporate privile-
I ges,tv preferable f or the transaction of buainess,
die tree, ardent and bounding capabilities of
individual enterprise :--a power which, since
William Penn arrived on these shores, in 16811,
has changed an immense wilderness into fruit
ful fields, and has, in this march of civilization
and improvement, provided for the wants, the
comfort, the education and refinement, of two
millions of free petiple, What have corpora
tions done in this great achievements W here
are the trophies of their generous spirit, their
value or their Utility) They are behind 'the
times—they belong to an age that is past. The
time was, in other countries, where all the
rights of the people were usurped by despotic
governments, when a grant by the king to a
portion of his subjects, of corporate privilege.,
to carry on trade, or for municipal pu es,
was a pallid enfratichisserient, and . the
mega. Or tiftlartialt eons of deli nen' . r to.
Then and there, corporations had merits, and
were elterlehntierthar*llenthrifflibratpreSsea
in this ageriy4, oppevo
y,0,0 (retiree ,s= t
wherethe Peistile are actreesig4 Vs Vint
p h rieileeee, it is an inversien of the order
t snits. , it, it
_not le maim*, but to 1111K0 attll.7.
trifle theystrplilkihdr esherdon ifirlief, ind,gitia
them to'il few. .1t is to go back to the dark
ages for instruction fn the science of government,
Mid having found an example, to wrest it from
its original purpose, and to make it the instru
ment of restoripg the inequity and despotism,
which its introduction tended to correct.
The &linty that, where large Investments ire
required to carry one profitable business, (and
eorporatereilo..nellesociate for. that which .is
usprofitable,,), Ingrid on mean' sr* 134 d 0 0 1110 4
is everywhere related in thisisappe.clountry.
Further, by cherishing any particular beef
ness,inil surrounding It with•special privile
ges, the manna law, which secures to every
branch of builiefili its appropriate encesfafer
meatand vailaarilyie violated-. - laniet:thielawf
so kindly .provided by Him who rules all
things, every individual mans untrolinvelod by
the curses of .Imd•govenunent, guided by his
moral and intellectual powers And his, religious ,
principles, advances hit own happiness and
improves his own condition; and, thus, the
happiness and prosperity of all aro promotid.
Every effort to triodifY or,subvert this sovereign
law, by placing °levies, profanities or ceilings
beyond its control, has Indian°, and ever will,
like ercry other transgression , be destructive
of good, I f our free institutions are right—if
it is right that - ill men should - berheld equal-:-.lf
this is the law of our nature, enstamped by
Him who made us, them every human law
which impeire this equality, is niNally , and'
intrinsically Aun -
The Report Of the Canal Commissioner will
furnish information, in detail, in regard to the
public works. Notwithstanding the interrup
tions of business experienced during the year,
the gratifying result is,presented, of a large in
crease of tolls over any preceding year. The
increased ands increasing value of these great
works, render them an object worthy of peouli-,
ar care and protection ; and must, forever, neg
ative the idea of the State surrendering the
control over them, to a corporation.
'rho Pennsylvania railroad company have
commenced the construction of their road, be
tween this place and the city of Pittsburg,
under very favorable auspices. The Eastern
division is now wider contract as far as Lewis
town, and it is expected the remaining portion
of it, as far as Hollidaysburg, will be put un
der contract during the ensuing Spring. The
completion of this great public work, even to
Hollidaysburg, will augment the trade and
travel upon the Philadelphia and Columbia
road:—'l his prospective increase of business,
urges the necessity of considering the best
means of avoiding, the inclined plane, at the
Ae theThiladelphie and Columbia railroad
is the important link which connects the main
line of our public improvements, as well u the
North and West branch canals, with the com
mercial me tropolis of the State, and upon the
control an d
management of which the value of
our canals mainly depend, every thing which
relates to it, is of the highest concern to the in
terest of the Commonwealth. In adopting
ineksures to change its route, so as to reach the
city without passing the inclined plane, the
greatest circumspection and care should be ob
served, to secure the best location practicable,
and to protect the State againet exorbitan
claims for damages. No change of location
should be sanctioned, until the whole question
is carefully examined, by one or more of the
moat competent engineers, who ate entirely
free from all interest in the decision. Under no
circumstances, should any plan or arrangement
be entertained, by which the State would, fora
single moment, be deprived of the ownership
and entire control of the road.
The reports of the Auditor General, and
State Treasurer, present, in detail, the financial
operations of the year; and I take pleasure in
saying, that the industry, ability, and fidelity,
with w}Acit these departments have been ad
ministered, are deserving of the highest corn
The Commonwealth has heretofore sustain
! ed many losses, by the delay of the settlement
of accounts, and the omission to enfore the pay
ment of the balances fooled doe, when settled.
Within the last few years, many old accounts
have been finally settled. and suits broughtand
prosecuted to judgment and execution, for bal
ances of long standing, embracing the terms of
!several administrations.—This has, in many
instances, produced cases of extreme hardship
upon bail, some of whom have been compelled
to pay the balances found doe. with the accu
mulated- interest, after the insolvency of their
principals and co-sureties.
lam gratified in being able to say, that the
business imposed upon the accounting officers,
by a special act ofauembly, in collecting these
old debts, has not only been faithfully perform
kid, but that the current business has been
promptly attended to. and kept up. Towable
the Auditor General, however, to continue to do
full justice to the interests of the State, and all
concerned, in the prompt settlement of accounts.
liberal provision should be made to pay addi
tional clerk hire.
While on this subject, I would respevtfolly .
invite attention to the organization of ibpoffiees
; I of the Auditor General and State Treasurer, to
ascertain whether the-•reghlations and checks
existing are sufficient, in, all.respeete, to secure
a proper accountability, 'Mid - protect the inter
ests of the Commonwealth. It is, true, that
1 the public has for many', years sustained po
!losses by the Tiviesriry,' - but I, apprehend that
Me faithfulness of the ageetts boring charge of
ithese departments, and itht the cheeks provid
ed by the law, has prodrieed thicresult. This
' ix a propitious period for Mediating an entai
-1 nation of the'eubject, partimdarlyae,the present
1 worthy officer hold so, large a ahare of the
public confidence. Stria! theleisffiblishment of
the present iiyitem; 'finances of the state
Mare increased from i COO hundred thousands,-
io nearly four millions of dollars, annually.'
The regolitions and therein; which were -then
considered sufficient, maYrdits- be - inadequate
protect. the interests oldie Commonwealth,
in its enlarged and increasing tinanoial opera
! dons.
The Auditor Generant office, to be an effici
ent check upon the Treasury, should be so or
ganized, that the Auditor General should know,
at all times, the condition of the Treasury,from
the books of his office, without being depend
ent on those of the Treasury. If errors or
omissions exist in the Treasury, the Auditor
General's books should detect and correct them.
This not the case raider the present organi
zation and mode of doing business, in the two
It also occurs to me, that greater security a
gainst the misapplication of the moneys in the
Treasury, and on dnpositc in the banks, to the
credit of the Treasurer, should he provided, by
the institution of some chocks upon his drafts
and payments. The moneys of the Common
wealth, on deposite to the credit of the Treasu
rer, varying in amount, for some months in the
year, from four hundred thousand, to near a
million of dollars, are subject to his draft, alone,
while lie is only required to give security in tho
sum of eighty thousand dollars. Thus a very
great and dangerous power is confided to one
I, therefore, suggest the propriety of requir
ing the Auditor General to countersign all drafts
for the payment of money drawn by the Treas
urer, on the depositories, or for transferring
moneys from one depository to another.
The report of the Auditor General exhibits
the number nftho militia of the Commonwealth,
as Well an the arms and milvary St9res.
This detail shows the elements of the milita
ry power of the Commonwealth—the strength
of a Republican Government. The experience
of the last few years has added proms to the
value of this instautioniand presents the sub
pet, as one of great importance, to the care and
au rervisi on of the Legislature.
rhe report of the Superintendent of Common
Schooli exhibitta full - view of the progress and
steady eirve ncem en t ere u r admirable 'yahoo of
Common School instruction, which is diffusing
its blessings to the rising generation, and
strengthens all our free inantuuons. 'lie man
who loves his race cannot find a more delight
ful subject of contemplation, than this u hirer.
salprevision for the ed emotion of all the children
tie cognilnorkwiallluiend.}bus e{ming them
:tttiYltis.know)ediu intt.,penienz toed. cuing them
foe unloosing the rank and dignity of freemen.
The perilmetkuo thsrrkeetimiarnsetaielasste•
blest objects, of legielattoo, Ouil, will ie9re the
early end catittnetett ittebtlfai:Ot die Goners!
, Yon are respeotklig referredto the report
of the Surveyor commit, for infant:4Am
in relation .to the operations of the Lind
(Mee, during the past year, by which it will
be Been, the receipts into the Treasury,
that source, have been int:teased.
, 7 The dial Geological 'report, non , finished
end reedy for the pros*, bait been deposited by
Henry D. 'Rogers. Esq., the 'State Geologin,
with the Secretary of the,Commonwealth. 'Phis
*poi* is represented to contain a general and
scientific view of all the Hooky, strata, and their
°entente-6Sb order of arrangement, and the
region ofoountry'they'oeCtiiiy,ind representing
in detail the' situation of every layer of Coal,
lively impeetant - itehr and bed of iron ote, and'
every other mineral deposits, •ofitlehlity, within
the *tam The' sits hes erpeteled a tinge sem. -
in collecting the mate4sle, and informitien.
contained mthiselaborate and extensive report,
,which' Will be in a great degree, lost, unless it
is published. I therefore recommend the sub-
Liimit tif pliblicatlon to the early attention of the
she ?headier property of married women,
presents. in my opinioni a proper subject of le
gishitivecossidention. Hy our laws, the hus
band, Upon marriage, possesses the power of
becoming the absolute owner of the personal es
tate of bli,wife; by reducing it into possession,
and When ihe thns sequites this ownership, he
may dispose of it by will,st his death, to whom ,
he pleases. She has the privilege, by law, of
"renouncing the estate or property devised or
• bequeathed to her by, will; and upon such re
nunciation, she is entitled to dower of her hus
band's real estate; of which he. died seised.
The wife has no control of her own personal
estate, or of that of her husband during the
marriage, unless it bean extorted allowance for
necessaries; and at her death, she has no power '
to dispose of even that which was her own, by
will; but the whole belongs to the husband.
The husband may encumber his estate, by con-'
tracting debts without the consent of his wife;
and upon his dying intestate, she is only enti
tled to the one-third of the personal estate, and
a life estate in one-third of the real estate, after
the payment of all the debts; and, if the estate
is not sufficient to the payment of the debts, she
loses all. But the wife cannot encumber the
real estate she holds in her own right, and upon
her death, the whole vests in the husband, '
during his natural life.
The policy, as well ns th e justice of this cl is- ,
unction, made by the law in favor of the has- ',
band, and against the wife, may well be . ques-
tioned. The liberal and enlightened spirit of I
the age, has developed and secured the nghte of!
man, and has redeemed woman and elevated her ,
from the degrading position she occupied, and
placed ben. where she always should hare been,
at the Side of her husband, his equal in rank 1
and dignity. Then why should her rights on
propertysaill be, to a great extent, controlled
by the contracted and illiberal enactments of i
an age when her husband was her lord, and he
might chastise her by law, as if she were a i
servant I Our law very carefully provides,;
that the husband shall not, without the formal
consent of his wife, convey his real estate by !
deed, seas to bar her right of dower, and if this
consent is not given, her right is protected, af
ter his death, against the claims of his creditors.
Now, if this be a sound principle; and worthy
of the solemn sanctions at has received from
the Legislature and the Judiciary, why should
it net be extended, so as to preserve to the wid
e ow her dower, in all cases where the husband
has not only by deed, but by other means,
sanctioned by the law, disposed of his ml ee
-1 tate. without the formal consent of his wife!
If the husband coat:sea debts, hisreal estate is
as effectually transferred by the law, for the use
1 of his creditors, as if he had conveyed it by
deed, with the consent of his - wife:—thus the
law, at present, enables the husband, by one
mode of transfer, to bar his widow's dower,
without her consent, while it protects her tights
with the greatest pertinacity, if be adepts an
ther mode of transfer. If the widow's right of
dower tsgood in one case, as is universally ad
mitted, it is equally as good. in the other, and
the power of the husband to take it away, by
changing the mode of transferring the estate, is
destructive of a sound and well established
principle, and repealed. This con
elusion appears to me to be irresistible; and I,
therefore, recommend the passage of a law, se
curing to married women their right of dower,
in all cases where the estates of their husbands
are transferred, after the passage of the ace,
without their formal consent. •
In the annual message, to the Legislature at
the last session, sad in several messages con
taining objections to bills for dissolving mar
riage contracts, I have expressed my opinions
upon the subject of granting legislative divor
ces. These ophdons have been strengthed by
further reflection, and I shalLadhere to them.
The great purposes for which the law-making
power was established in the Commonwealth,
have been accomplished. General laws have
been enacted, and have received the approba
tion of the people, for securing the enjoyment
of the life, the liberty, and reputation of the cit.
'sena, end ier protecting them in the acquisi
tion, possession, and transmission, of property,
and in the pursuit of their own happiness. The
foundations of good government - being thee
laid, the time of the General Assembly, at its
annual sessioneils mote eeeopiedln providing
for the contingeneies that *rise in time prftress
of our:affairs. than in changing the tor:War ro,
as is attested by the annual enactments or . ibe
'Legislature. Fee some Yeari'pain, but few
vestal.' whiles tiro nismber of local laws,
have been enacted: The tendency' silents to be
to substitute special for general legislation; a
practice which may well be regarded as of doubt
ful utility 7-401, it presemsh question, which,
in my opinion, deserves. grave, consideration..
General laWs,affectlig the whole community,
reselse,in'tladr diedussiOn, the deliberate con
sideration of all the Representatives of the peo
ple. That which interests all, arrests the atten
tion, and secures the careful and close imolai=
station of all. Hence, general laws have . Ito.
pressed upon them, the wisdom, the experi
ence, and the judgment of, every member
of the Legislature. Having' rebeived this
deliberate sanction they usually meet with
the approbation of dm people, and become per 4.
manent rules of action. This reasonable prae•
nee limits and simplifies the questions submit
ted for legislative discussion, is calculated to
shorten the sessions, and give dignity and im
portance to the proceedings of the General As
On the other hand, local legislatiop excites
no interest. A few members only, representing
the county, township or borough, in which the
change of the law is proposed, are concerned in
arranging the provisions, and being too often
passed upon their request, those special acts are
act forth, with all the imperfections, which the
wisdom and deliberate care of the whole body,
if they had been general laws, would have cor
tected. 'Vito direct tendency adds practice, is
to multiply the demand for local laws—a de
mand which has increased from year to year, to
au alarming extent, which no industry of the
General Assembly will be able within the lim
its of an ordinary session to satisfy, if the 'prac
tice is continued. Is it not impracticable, in
a great State like Pennsylvania to provide spe
cial acts to meet all the different and changing
views of the citizens of every borough, town
ship and county! and if this wore practicable.
would not the policy of establishing an infinite
variety of different rules, for the seine people,
he exceedins,rly questionable, and introduce
great confusion and uncertainty?
,Would it
not defeat one great and beneficial object of
sound legislation, which is permanency of the
laws? Is there not true wisdom, and sound
policy, in preserving and strengthening the u
nity of the Commonwealth, and maintaining
uniform interests, customs and hahital it is
true, there are shades of difference in the con
dijion and local circuinstances of the citizens,
of somata districts of the state; but, in an
advancing and improving country. where in
tercourse is so direct. and the social relations
of life are so general!) diffused, these will
gradually and certainly disappear under the
influence of general laws. We are one peer
pie witheut reference to our ancestry, or the
place of our birth. We are all Pennsylvani
ans—we have the same constitution of govern
ment—the same common rights—then why
should we not have the same common lawsl
intonelneion,pennlt me to assure you,iren.
denten, that I *hall must, heartily co-operate
with, yen, in all your efforts to atirstme our be.
loier CiiMinontrualth, end to promote the war
fare of the people.
Exaor.rnmt Coalface: •
Harrisburg, Jan. 5, qr.
%I DE Subscriber tenders his annowl
•• edgments to the Public for the liberal
and steady patronage with which he has
been favored for a series of years, and re
speetfully.annotinces that he has just re
oeivial,As his old established: stand in.
eliambersburg street, a large and fresh
rkaimatt.watiwata - m 9
Paints,Varuish, Dyestuffs 1 .1
and every variety of articles usually found
in a Drug store * to which he invites the
attention of the public, with assurances that
they will be furnished at the most reason
able prices.
The subscriber has also largely increas
ed his assortment of BOOKS, by an addi
tional supply of
_ Classical, Theological.
- : \ 4 -,:i: : , School, and Mis
.;"...' \ •,. , :.f.
" - .
embracing almost every variety of Stand
ard and Popular Literature ; also,
Blank Books and Stationery
of all kinds, GOLD PENS, Pencils. Vis
iting and Printing Cards, Card Cases, Ink
stands, Ate. ate., all of which will, as usual,
be sold 0....7%.1T THE LOWEST PRI
0:7 - Arrangements have been made by
which anything not included in his assort
ment will be promptly ordered from the
Gettysburg. Oct. 22, 1849.
0;71 have at present on hand an excel.
lent tuisortment of BIBLES, plain and fan
cy. for aehool and family use—at very low
THIS School is located in a healthy
part of the country, within of a
mile of York Springs. and 20 miles west of
York. at which place persons arriving in
the morning train of Cars. by applying to
Samuel Hays, will meet with ready con
veyance to this place tin the same day, and
those coming. in the afternoon train can
take the Gettysburg Stage immediately fu r
Cut's Tavern, on the York and Gettys
burg turnpike. where they will he accom
modated over night and conveyed here the
next day. The School is also easy of ac
cess from Baltimore, Carlisle, Harrisburg.
and Gettystnirgos stages from eachof these
places pass through Petersburg (one mile
north of this) every other day of the week.
The course of Instruction enmprises till
the branches of a solid liberal English Ed
ucation, together with the French and Ger
man language, and Drawing.
The suminer Session will commence on
the first second day in the sth tumult, and
that for the winter on the first second day
in the 11th month, and each continue 22
TEnes.—For Tuition, Boarding, Wash
ing, &c., $5O per seassien of 22 weeks,
one-half payable in advance, and the re
mainder at the end of the term. N., ex
tra charges except for the French and Ger
man languages, and Drawing. The use
of Reading Books and Library without
charge ; other Books and Stationery•, when
needed, fnrnielied at the usual prices,
Each pupil must furnish her own wash
basin and towel, and have each article 'of
clothing marked with her entire name.
York Springs, Adams Co. Pa.-31n
(I F the very best-quality, an/ different
,/ flavors. can be had. at all times, at
WEAVER'S Confectionary in Chambers
burg street. Families and Parties will be
supplied with any desired quantity, at the
shortest notice. CAKES and CONFEC
TIONS of all kinds always on hand, and
will be furnished to order on reasonable
Gettysburg, July 23.--tf
ISAUMMTBAL 3111111,111311,1 r.
cirrTvsevao, PA.
BUTT TREES, of all kinds, (grafted tin the root,) can be had of the tub
senlieir;iiiiiTreasonable terms. Please. call
and Judge for yourselves.
41P41Mister's OW esent,
IVOR the cure of external Sores. Scrol
l': ulutis affections, Liven Complaint.
Quinsy, Sore Throat, Bronchitis. Pains in
the Chest, Tumors, Diseases of the Skin,
Piles, Coins. Rheumatism, &c., for
sale at the Drug Store of
Gettysburg, June 25.--tf
FANCY ARTlCLES,Cologne,Soips
E. Hair Oils, Tooth Brushes. Toilet
Brushes, Tooth Powders, dm., &c., .for
sale by S. H. BUEHLER.
Dee. 10.
Jewelry, Watch r Guards,
Inv ATCH Chains, Keys, Spectacles,
• 1 • 1 ' &c. &c. can always be had at the
Clock & Watch Establishment of •
w I s i t; L bse b i l
bc n .r iil l t v lo h
o n
I n v d ill i a )u tt t en us b ytle
ly to all orders, and upon' us reasonable
terms as can be procured at any establish
ment in the county.
Gettysburg, October 15, 1847.
0 ESPECTFULLY informs his friends
111, and the public generally that he has
now on hand a large assortment of TIN
WIRE of every description., witioit 'he
will sell at moderate prices—all warranted.
Persons wishing to purchase of lourvittir
will dowel Ivan before purchasing else
HOUSE sPotirmt; will be Made
and put up at 12i cents a foot.
Gettysburg, March 12, 1847.
To Farmers and Liine Burners.
IV' ()TICE is hereby given that JACOB
LI. BOWER, of Juniata county, Pa.
has recently invented and procured Letters
Patent for an improvement in the construc
tion of Lime Kilns, to which the attention
of Farmers and Lime Burners is respect
fully requested. A Kiln can be construct
ed according to this patent, to yield one
thousand bushels of Lime for about twen
ty. dollars, and larger kilns can iw built at
the rate of six dolrat's per arch. Kilns can
be made ant size to suit the convenience
of persons. The system has been well
tested, and has proved to be vastly neve
riot to any system ever tried, as kilns can
be built for one-half the cost formerly at
tending their construction.
The subscriber is duly authorized a
gent to dispose of FARM RIGH'FS, in
Juniata, Adams. Franklin, Union and Bed
ford counties, and to furnish Letters Pat
ent, Schedule, Drawing and Deed for the
same. ~.niperson wishing further infor
mation, or to procure a farm right in eith
er of the above counties, can do so by en
closing $5 in a letter, or by personal appli
cation to DAVID KEPNER.
Waver-r P. 0. Juniata county, Pa.
Sept. 24, 1847.-13 m
&c., of best quality, can always be had at
the Fancy Siore of C. WEAVER.
April 10, 1846.
J. Lawrence Hill, M. D.,
F.1"71S T.
RESPECTFULLY offers his profes
sienna services to the citizette of
tysburg and surrounding country. He is ,
prepared to attend to all cases usually en
trusted to the Dentist, and hopes, by strict
attention to Dentistry alone, to be able to
please all who roay see fit to entrust their
tretbitthis hands. try Office, gerund door
above hurry's Hotel. S. Matt ttttt ru street.
Gettysburg, July 23.—tf
Dr. F. E. Vandersloot,
soeaduN UI NTIST,
lEsi.EuTFULLY informs the CM
-11, Lens of Gettysburg anal viciiiity shut
he IS prepared to perform every operui ,u
appertaining to his Profession, such as
ciemising, Ming, plugging anti inserting
'reeili, trona a soigle tooth to a fuU set. Aug
experience of more thou twelve yetiro—tet
the Prokaolin' he trusts will et able him to
operate to the entire satisfaction of thous
wlio limy wish his services. All work will
bug w:irrunieil. For his place of residence
enquire :lathe store of Samuel Fahnesiock.
Reference is respectfully made to the fol
lowing gentlemen :
tier. Dr. Stinttuelier, Re.. Prof. Rougher,
Dr. D. Horner,
Dr. IL Gilbert,
Prof. H Haupt. Ker. E. V. Grrhatt,
Dr. C. N. Ikriuchy, 1 Prot M. 1.. titterer.
Gettysburg, Get. 29, 1847—1 y
_. .
dnorney al Law,
FFICE in the S. W. corner of the
10 Public Square, one door West of
Arnold's Store. formerly occupied ail" a
Law Office by John M'Cunaughy. deed.
He solicits, and by prompt and funhlul at
tention to busin3ss in his profession. it will
be his endeavor to merit, confidence and
11[24). ArCo',mown . will also attend
promptly to all business entrusted to him
as Avid mid Solicitor for Patents end
Penaions. Ile has made arrangements,
through which he can furnish very desira
ble facilities to applicants, and entirely re
lieve them fom the necessity of a journey
to Washington, on application to him per
sonally or by letter.
Gettysbur:, April 2.—tf
'r 111 0 111 A S 111 9 It Alt •
OFFIOE in the Soutit•east Corner 01
‘- 7 the Diamond, between A. B. Iturta's
3otel and R. W. M'Sherry'e Store. •
Gettysburg, Dec. 12, 1845.—tf
OFFICE in the Centre Sqnare, North
of the Cowt•house, between Smith's
and Stevenson's corners.
Gettysburg, Pa.
THE undersigned having (brined:a
partnership for the practice of the
Law, will attend the'Courts of York and
Adams, and also v isit the neighboring cowl
„ties ll:desired. OM* in York street, Get
tyiburg; berrieen the BariYand Public Of
flees, where one of the firm will constant,
ly attend, and where communications will
receive prompt attention.
June 18, 1847.—0nt
J , --- - ,
JAMES 111. 411.1..1ED, lately from Pitts
burg, desgn!, making Gettyihurg his
permattent"plitixt:Of residence, and to pur
sue there the, mil* of the Lew. He
has- rondo arrillfbin a with his father,
Jotoi 'Rime, Esq., ' I to have his
aid in such muses as m . it. Ile
i l
will .• , ran, 11 times • re, en
Chatill' "',,"rg, reet, oppdsite •the hat
store of . if. AxTos, or, at his lodgings.
at the llotel of Jutnes M'Cosh.
Oct. 29, 1847.-91
1.411 . NOTICE.
Y L . )" 11EPPo .
co" Carlisle,)
pRESEIVIS his respects in hi m f t e c dd o
and informs them that he bas stodet
arrangements to continue to pruelireas usual
in the Courts of Adams enmity, under the
ne w regulation of the tienes Cot ttolltlitig
THA 4 OI?&It allitkitt
Frldity,vining, Jan. 7, 1845._
CITY 'MIEN° likqesetto, Fs4s it the
corner of Chesnut & Third Wee; Pkitedelphia ;
160 Nassau street Newt YorAanglSoutlyeast cor
ner of Baltititore and Calvert . street, Bahimare—
sad E.W. Ceske, Ern. Sun Budding, N. E. Corner
Third & Doric ste.and 44t) N. tooith et. Philad'a
are our authoriz ed Agents for terei v ingAdvertise
ments and Subscriptions tn die fititar" end `collect
ing and rereipting for the cane. • •
ET Will be taken at this Olice, if early applies.
Sion be made. The applicant must be poeseemed
of correct habits, and from 14 to 17 years of age.
113 1 " A Wave," is in type, but has been crowd•
ed out by the Message.
ED.—On Moodily. says the National I iltelllgencer,
theMisam of Representatives of the United States
sigaellited itself by a homage to' Truth, the
more brilliant and striking because unexpected at
so early a day In the session, though not doubted
in the and by those who believe, as we do, that
the ultimate trjumph of Truth over Error is cer-
Being Resolutionmlay, Mr. Ilonsroi, the Whig
Member from Delaware, havipg previously given
notice of his intention to do so, introduced a redo.
lotion of thanks to Gcn TATLOII and the army
under his command for the great achievement of
the Battle of Buena Vista.
Thießgeolution, Mr. H . , one of the Demo.
mac Representatives from Indiana, moved to e
, mead by adding to the words describing the army
these words: "engaged as they were in defintding
the rights and honor of the nation. "
This amendment Mr. Asnmcw, of Massachu
setts, wised to farther amend, by adding these
words: "is s war unneressarily andunronatfridioit
ally begins by the President al the U. State,"
On 'peeing to this last amendment, the yeas
and nays were ordered ; and the vote being taken
it stood as follows: Yeas 85, nays 81.
So that the Horst or R lIPII6/IF.HTSIS ran Iles,
by ■ solemn vote, declared that THE WA n WITH
THE VOTE.—The following is the vote in
the House on Monday, on Mr. A/91 , 11!:f . 11 amend
ment declaring the War "unnecessarily anil
constitutionally begun by the President of the U.
Mates." We are pleased to find the name of our
Representative, Dr. Nos, among the yeas. Let
the House stand by the honorable decision it has
thus made, and the truth-loving people of the land
will stand by it. One step more is necessary to
make the action of the House what honor. justice
and right demand that it should he—the adoption
of • Resolution authorizing the immediate termi
nation of a War thus declared to be "unnecessary
stud unconstitutional," and directing the President
to enter upon negotiations for a Treaty of Peace:
11.:AH—Messrs. John Q. Adams, Ashmun,
Ts/ringer, Barrow, Belcher. Botta, Brady. Buck•
wee, Canby, Clingnion, Cocke. Coda mer. Conger,
Wrote:ton, Crowell, Crozier, Diekey, Dixon, Don
mell, User, Daniel Duncan, Garnett Duncan,
Cekert, Edw.:lois. Alexander Evans, Na. .thsn Evans. Fisher. Fulton. Gavle. Gentrv, Giii
•dings. Roguiti, Grinnell. Hale, Nathan K. Hall,
James G. •minim. Ha.kell. Henry. John W.
Houston. übbs rd. Hudson. Irvin, Kellogg, Thom
as B. 'King. D; P. King. Lincoln. M'llvaine, Marsh.
"Marvin. 'inutile, Nee, Newall. Preston. Putnam.
Reynaldo. Julius Rockwell. John A. Rockwell.
!look fluinsey, tut. John. Schenck, Sheppard,
ftlingmimul. Caleb IL Ctinitli, Trenton
Rtepheita. Aintree, stewart. Strohm, Syl
neater, Thibodeaux, Taylor. Tompltine. Richard
NV. Rhommion, John B. Thompson. Toombs
'Peek. Van Dyke. Vl'arren, Wiloon-85.
NAY S—%l ex , rs. B.nk, Bedinger.
Meek. Bowdon. groilkelid, Wm. (1. Brown,
Charles Swirl', fnithenrt, Chase, [levelly 1..
'Clark. Newel Cobb, Williamson R. W. Cobb,
Cummins, Daniel. Diekinson. Tenon. Featherston,
Tieklin. Fries, 'resell. I.7nera, Williard P. Hall.
7ffnaes Hampton, Harinainnm, Minis, Henley,
Pllll, George P. l'lnustnn, Inge, Charles,
moll, Jamicaun, Jenkins. Andrew ishason, Robert
W. Johnson, Gee. W. Jones, Kaufman. Kennon.
I.ahm. La Sees. 'Sidney Lawrence, Leffler. Lord.
humpkin, Nrelelland, M'Clernand,
Wismar, Mann, 'Artemis., Miller, Morris. Morse.
Murphy, reader. Peck, Phelps. Pilahury, Rhett,
Richardson, RiAry. Robinson, Roekhill. Sawyer,
sims, Smart, Robert Smith, Stanton. Stinkweed'.
er. C. E. Stuart. Strong. Thomas. Jas. 'Thompson,
Jaeoll Thompson, William 'Thompson. Thurston,
Turner. Venable, Wirk, Williams.—Sl.
CALHOUN, it will lOC ova, by refemnee
to the Congressional pmeeedings, addressed the
Equate in support of Resolutions
on Tuesday. Ho gum in favor of withdrawing
our army to a defensive line, as recommendbd by
Gen. Taylor.
CV'The Prmitiont has sent in the following
onminationa to the tr. Senate for confirmation :
John W. Davis, of Indiana. to be Commisaion
ax to China, vice Alexander 11. Everett. deceased.
Jekn &man, of Kentucky, to be Cargo des Af
&ire' to Naples, vice William H. Polk, appointed
Major of Dragoons.
De. Niles, (formerly Charge at Paris,) to be
Charge des Atoka to Sardinia, vice Mr. Wick
liffe, resigned.
11 - 3 The Washington Correspondent of the Bal
timore Patriot., writing under date of Dec. 31,
says t---AThe &leakier' between Oen. Scott and
come of the °Moen of high rank in his anny are
very muck regretted by an minim. The prevail
ing opinion is, that General Acta is right and
that the others are wring. Celewel Harney, the
other day, while here, spoke to Gets. Brooke, of
Cleft- &Id, sod romerked, "You know very well,
Genera,. that for rainy years pen. beta and my
self were sintest tlt dames points l but neverthe
less, I mum, that's. a great military commander,
Gen. Scott has me laperier anywhere r' •
TOASTINO.--At the Stockton dinner in
Philadelphia:last- week, the following toast was
given i• .1 '•• . • '
"Oits•Cous7lin—May, ohm alwagsbe
but, right ot.wrosg,air sionntry r
At a sissiptionyarntopetainment, given in Fins
bury!, on Usegellslll44stiiii Prissiseeetthat city;
the Oh" *airier Wlsliten Stith it'spinallibi
' - vothi - Ciitiirfiit t. ltisitf none.— e aria
stand by her idienright ; whet, a!irohg, ire wilt try
'Act i• iredluiclijaqinpr thinks the remarks
to risk Atr.'
of 15w. Pnayyin milli to Otto , TAYLOR mid the
ns*t 6 0 ,14", oo s of Otos, and mayottsoy Jonot
Malt Wiettbo apploblon of a tole pordoo of the
Whir fifty In mairytand. '
"Tht Itradiag, Ossetia mentions the death
of danibter of Alderman I}Tays Li, of that pleas,
aged latifcal 4 years; trove" eating a preparation of
arsenic and sager, *bleb had been placed on a.
Plato in *seamy. far the purpose of destroying rata.
nr)ity. Mimi, has vrritton a letter to several
of his political friends In Georgia, in which he en
deavors to out bid BUCHANAN in the puichiuse
Southern support. He. is wined the Wilmot
provien, and in laver of prosecuting tins War with
g %km. W territorial a—pantie:l.
The Dinner to Generals QUITMAIe and Santos,
in Washington City, on Friday, was a brilliant
affair. The Mayor of the City preieidedoeseleted
by Maj. Gen. June., Com. Waanteeros, nrid ,
other. Speeches were =ado* Grinentle Quit.
man and Shields, Means. Buchanan, bast,
Reverdy Johnson, Atherton, A.IF. 'Write, A.
Butler; F Butler King, H. F. Foster, ire. Gen.
I Set kLIIIX, in his speech, Paid a boantlful [ tribute to
the skill and high Military , knowledge dbipiayed by'
the Commander in-Chilf of the Almy transits dist
landing at Vera Cruz through the entire series of
brilliant achievements down to the capture of the
Capital of Mexico. Gen. Shields affirmed thet.oin
4 11. 04/Ors of the the annals of all Mill,
airy affairs and enhnpnambe Sound no enterprise
comparable With the capture of Vera Cruz. One
of the strongest positione in the world—en strong,
indeed, that t i aras deemed almost impregnable by
the military aids of the world, and yet on •
coast the moat difficult of recess in the • world, it
fell before an army of 12,000 men - with the Itwa of
only two scores. (Applause.) - . And the Mine still
which enabled him to accomplish thisiindertaking
marked every step of his progress until lie mitered
the gate. of Mexico." .If I ever (continued Gen.
Shields) harbored aught against him. politionlly or
otherwise—for a "hasty plate of soup" (laughter)
or a slow plate of soup—l recall it all, and make
the amide to him also, and say 044,1 /hula
very unwilling to eels any. other man tikean army
of ten thousand men into the valley of Mexkomod
attempt to land them in safety. ,Such an under
taking invitees not only ,unquattiemable bravery
of the soldier and gallantry of the officer, but a
great superintending military mind, that bed con
quered and made himself master of his profisulon,
and thus fitted himself to secompliat such an
most miraculous enterprise."
Gen. Shields concluded by giving "The health
of Major General WIPITIt1.1) Se'orr," which wai
drank with snag applause.
MERCER COUNTY.-The Whigs of Mer
cer county, on the 21st oiL, appointed delegates
to the state Convention, and adopted Resolutions
'in fever of Gen. Score for the Presidency, and
Judge M . Less for the Vice Presidency.
t.V - A complimentary dinner, attended tw six
or seven hundred persons, was given in Philadel
phia on Friday last, to Coin. broeirros. Mayor
SWIFT presided.
uary. has three Imautiful Engravings in the way
of embellishment, besides a plate of Fashions and
two pages of Music- Mrs. Osgood, Mrs. Sigour
ney, "Fanny Forrester," Miss Russell, Miss Gard
ner, T. S. Arthur, 3. N. Danforth, John Inman,
Robert A. Rest, &c., contribute the reading mat
ter, which is; of course, excellent. The "Celine
hien,Leennneneeelr sew -volume with the peneent
No. Persons wishing a good Parlor Magisiine
altouldsubseribe for it. Address Joists . B. T I AT ten
151 Nassau street, New York. $3 pee annum,
or two copies fur $3.
SONGS FOR THE PEOPLE," is the title
of a new monthly publication, just commenced by
G. 13. Et an KR di Co., Philadelphia, the first No.
of which is before us. The desigtuaf the publish
era is to present, in a cheap yet elegant form, uni
form,erlitions of the moat popular Songs, with Mu
sic and appropriate illustrations. While the body
of the wont will be devoted to American Music
and Poetry, selections will be made, from time
to time, from the music of all nations. Each No.
will contain 48 pages of Songs, comprising words,
music and engravings, and wilbbe furnished at the
low price of 25 eta per number—each No. to be
complete in itself.
"Flail Columbia," "Star Spangled Banner,"
"Dandy Jim of Caroline," ".Minute Gun at Sea, ,
"Hope told a flattering tale." "Peaceful Slumber
ing on the ocean," he., make up the contents of
the first number—the whole beautifully printed on
clear white paper, and handsomely embellished.
A specimen number can be seen at this office.
lir Mr. Guest, of "The Lad). a Dollar News
paper," announces in the butt ngitiber that the
service. of "Grace Greenwood," have been receiv
ed as the future Editor of that paper. The new
Editor has, . for some lima, been one of the moat
popular contributors to the Magazines. Her con
nection with the Dollar Newspaper will invest that
journal with additional interest.
Both Housos met on Tuesday last—the House at
I , and the Senate at 3 o'clock.
IN THE HOUSE. 98 members answered to
their name—Mears. S. W. Roberts and William
Sanborn brink absent. On proceeding to ballot
for Speaker, WIC F. Pscalta, of Lycoming coun
ty, (Locoftwo)—recriced 88 rotes, and Osmium
1. a ocicv, of Chester county, (Whig) 83.
Mr. PACK mt being declared elected and the oath
of office administered to him, be returned his ac
knowledgements to the House for the honor confer
red on him.
After fixing the hour of vacating in future at 11
o'clock, the House adjourned.
IN THE BENA:rH, 32 Senator* stunveted to
their names—Mr. Black being abaci% Mr. Wit
m•imos, of Chewei, (Whig) wee elected Speak•
er on the lint ballot, having received 18 votes--
Mr. Hitt, of Westmoreland, (Loco) 12 votes.
The speaker returned his thumb, to the Senate
in a neat speech; when, having fixed 10 o'clock
as the hour for meeting, the Senate adjourned.
bWo are without reports of the Le
gislative doings on Wednesday. The
Whig caucus had agreed upon the follovi—
ing persons as Officers of the Senate, who
were no doubt elected--Clerk, Mrs Pasts
sox of Somerset ; Assistant Clerk, Mr. Sot-
LIVAW of Butler Transcribing do. Messrs.
MT Au LEY' of Franklin,n and Dasmonvss of
Philadel'a • f3ergoant-at-Arms, Mr. EAST. -
PURN. of Monroe ; the other officers the
seine as last year.
The Iliouse Oftleers will of course' be
Lccofocci.._ .We utularstand ,that Mr. D.
MANUEL ZlteLsa.;ot.-thes place. is thecae
, et' cartdidate for Doorkeeper. Hope he
way he elected.
1/C3 7 THE. MESSAGE of the Gover
nor was received at too late en hour to al
low time for commenL It is a curiotritir
both as to matterand style rot example,
read the last paragraph ip thlitt
commencing " %Ir hi le all the great *art.
meats," icon We shall hate - Something
to sag upon the Mitisagefiereaftai.- .'"
MH. 'CIAY.--Mr. Cut , hi on his way
to'Wash ington City, to attend . the Supreme
Court. He wail at Martinsburg, Vs. on
Thursday,. and was expected ht Washing.
tut to-day.
• il&Theateamer Caledonia arrived pt
; New York on Wednesday—no news of
importance. There has been no material
%change in the prices of breadstuffs since
the, satlilig of the last steamer. There had
been a Succession of tremendous gales a
long the coast of the British islands. eau.
;sing great destruction of life and property.
The trouble in Switzerland has been
brought to a final close.
M'Suirtev and 1111CAtirev
will accept our thanks for early copies of
the 111essagc.
From authentic sources we learn that the
comparative condition of the Revenue of
the Gonuupwealth for the last three years,
ending respectively on the 30th of Novels
ber, is as follows :
1845. 1848. 4#41.1,,, -
$3,010,082 46 03494)57 28 $3,P7,025 89
adding to which the balances on Inuni on
the, fits day of Decesaber in each year,
frolnAo PrOceeditnt Ygazi-viz
1844. 1846. 1848.
0063,831 es *384,888 09 $51.4,071 70
the ' totals are for
1846, 1841. 1947.
*3.073,914 29 $3,912,940 37 $4,20,1,704 30
thus showing , for the present year a very
marked and gratifying increase in the gums.
paid into the public treasury. This
crease has been derived from various rOstr/
ces, two of the most prcimbietit'biiing• the
mitt on th; public works', stud the: Ita Git
bank dividends,—which stand tutus.; .
1845. 180: 1841, t
$1,133,581 55 .
,31,367,20x,17. #1,05,995 51,
4186,675 se $70.384 82 '1 11 i 8 4 47
The ifliirease lit the amount collected
from our canals andiailmade would have
been vrry considerdbly .4r- greMer, but kr
the unfortunate breach , which occurred in
the Juniati division the "tinged season
of the year, and unaVoidably diverted
large portion of the trade.'
The balawee•in the Trenitidit oti the- first
day of December. in the present year, ( 1 47)
was $BBO,BBO 1118,1ninarly$300,11/00 more
than t at the corresponding period of lait
year ; and this amount wilt be still furth
er augmented before the lit proximo. by
balances due and payable in the course of
the present month. Our • ability to Meet
our February interest is,thus' purbeyowd
all 4uestion ; and there will be no neces
sity for special loans, or other stringent
legislation in regard to the moneyed affairs
of Commonwealth. -
. ,
In connection with this subjeet We may
mention that in consequence of the reforms
introduced by the -Whigs,-eeparially the
short session of the last Legislattire—the
expenses of government for the fiscal year,
which closed on the latof November, 18479
were, in round numbers, $lO,OOO less than
they were in 1840, and $39,000 less than
in 1845. We hope the Locofocos, whet,
having the Governor and the House of
Itepresentatives,•of course possess a con
trolling -influence, will imitate the good
examples which have been set for them.
—North Smerican.
AWFTIL -STEAMBOAT-- El mostomo—The
Cincinnati papers, of the 30th ult., record
another startling calamity on the Chid riv
er. The steamer A. N. Johnson, bound
from that place to Wheeling, blew up ott
the 29th, W th a tremendousexplosinn, near
Maysville, Ky., from some unascertained
defect in her innchineryi; Hy this'easual
ity, between SIXTY and SEVENTY
persons were killed, by scalding,' fire or
drowning, and a very large number 'Meld
ed, of whom some THIRTY are aohorri
bly injured that.their.rceovery is doubtful !
So rapid was the progress of the flames
after the explosion, and so
.eornidete the
devastation, that hardly an effort eptild be
made for self-preservation:: The ::host
was soon in one sheet of .fire and burned
to the water's edge.
'l'he_number of passengers on board the
A. N. Johnson when. this appalling emit
dent occurred, was one hundred and shdyc
not more than one quarter of them escaping
injury. .
GifiA RD COLLEVE.—The Girard Col
lege for Orphans was formally opened on
Saturday last for the reception of pupils,
when addresses were made, in the pres
ence of a numerous audience of both, sex
es, by Mr. Chandler, President of the
Board of Directors, and by Judge Jones.
President of the College. 101 orphans
have been already admitted to the College,
which is about the number that can at
present be received.
I)Axnues.—Mrs. Henrietta Glenn lies
recovered $2,000 damages of Walker ars
ine,. the proprietor of a, stage line. in the
U, States Circuit Court for Western Penn
sylvania, for injuries sustained by being
upset in one of Graham's stages.
Temperance Mass Meeting.
Agreeably to public notice, delegations
from several Temperance Associations in
Adams county assembled in the Hunters.
town Church on Saturday the Ist ofJanu.
pry, 1848, and organized by the selection
of the following officers:
. Freshlent—JouN F. Fzurcr.
•V ice Pres iden WATSON,JOHN
Secretaries—John G. Brinkerhoff,.lohn.
Monfort, Robert E. IN' !thorny, and Hugh
F. Ring. ..
The convention having been opened
with Prayer by Mr. AARON WsTaos, the
following Rese'llition wait fdteMtl jiy Mr.
Jous NICELY, and alter an interesting diur
cession in which Messrs. Robert Winton.
ny, Aaron Watson, Jacob Wiilty John
Hagerman, and A. K. Myers participated,
Whereas, Intemperance has ever been
the avowed and perpetual enemy of all us;
Lionel prosperity and honor; Therefore
Resolved, That our Legislature tin pets=
tinned to abolish the lei, 'wl4ch authorizes
and pro tects_the sale of iiitoxiCatlinilliptore.'
On motion, the , Chair wok authorized
to appoint delegates•, to the State (Inertin
don, to be held at Harrisberg.-en the-third
Wednesday of clianuary.being'the 19th'iW'
Whereupont -Prof, J otthe',..P.' !W-
C 00 . 1 1 144,Ebui• 911. Vral , , jraln. Prof.
If. , T.,..aatighor,,, in. R. Sod r,,at q, end
A. It. Stevenson,- Esq.. wore appointed,
with the power to fill vacancies in the tkl-
Ott motion , or 'A. K. Mvenis, Melisis., D.
,weiioguy. win. W. faxten t and A.
14.Stevealiatt , Wate appointetia Committee
4o:furnish the. necessary information. re
poetlhz the Temperance 'tune in this
county, the number oterimes committed
throushintemperance,lite, to the deleptco
to the State Convention.
Messrs. A. K. Myers, Aaron Watson,
Jacob Welty, D. A. Budder, E. W.
Stahle,John Neely, John F. Felt}, John
Dickson, Prof. M. L. Strayer, Wm. W.
Paxton, Geo. Hagerman, and David M.
Myers were appointed a Committee to
procure Speakers, and make oilier neces
sary arrangements for the Mass Conven
tion in August.
On motion it was Resolved, That the
proceedings, signed by- the officers, be pub.
halted in the County papers.
On motion, the Convention adjourned
to meet in the same house on the second
Saturday of August, 1848,',atg10 o'clock
A. M. (Signed by the Them)
SENA.TE...Numerous petitions were
presented and referred.
Mr. Jorinsott, ofLa., on leave, introduc
ed a joint resolution to create a board to as
certain and determine the amount of claims
of the Citizens of the United States against
Mexico t• which passed Its aria reading.
• The bill so provide 'clothing for the vol.
unteersio the service of the U, States, was
Wien up and passed.
The Senate then resumed the considers
titan ofitheden Meet bill, which cams
apes the unthaishedbolinentsatibe adjourn.
mentoei • -
bird Cum isepportedi the bill 'at some
lettgft andiatramniateciidiscussion ensued,
in which , Messrs.:, Calhoun, Crittenden,
Weatcon, Dadger4.liluder:
non, Macnweii .4104111haties• and Jefferson
Davis took part, when
On motion of Mr. MANoust, the further
considetagion l did bill was! jiliettioned,,was nut* 14 ppeeitAorder for
• HOUSE. , --.The •Spetaker , - called on the
Stalls ibr resolutions, When !Massachw
setts , was ealled..Me.litrosox submitted a
resolution, on the peas* of which he cat-,
led 'for the ~previoas quent on, , initructiag,
the egitetnittee on,military, airairsm inqui •
into the
,expediency of diiecting the Pxeti
litiitituxt.callhe U. States to withdraw .our "
army to the cut bank of the Rio Grande.
and to :forthwith tender terms of peace to
Menke; which should place the boundary
line'between the two countries in the des
ert between' the Nueces and the Rio Gentle
—.ask nerindemititt of Mexico for our ex
panseoof the , war—Aut require thlit Gov.
ernmentioliquidate the debt due from her
to American citizens prior to the com
mencement of shower.
Mr. Stemma; of Georgia. moved to lair
the resolution , on the table—yeas 54.
nays 125. ,
Mr% Soutannt , Moved a reconsideration'
of the„ vote._ and nicht" motion the year.
and' nays were taken, and steed. yeas 90 ;
nays 02. S the vote was notreconsider.
The resolution was then put on its pas.
sage, and rejected by a vote of 41 yeas;
137 nay'. •
The Chair how resumed the call of the
States for resolutions. Many on a variety
of subjects were submitted.
Mr. DICK KY, of Pennsylvanis,submitted
a series of resolutions against the war and
in fawn of. Peace., - ; ; • .#
Mr. 'Moses thIePTON, of the same State,
submitted *. preamble and resolution de
claratory' that any Mexican State, upon
proper application, and with a republican
eoeadtution, may be admitted 'into • thfs
1114.111oonroti o of Delaware , submitted a favor of voting thanks and. a
medal u; cveperal,Taylor and. his
and soldiers, for the victory lit Buena Via
Mr. Evaiis, of Maryland, submitted an
amendment to the same, Which was Riot
Mr. Host r of Indiana, offered an amend,-,
ment, stating that the said otteemand sol-,
Biers were engaged in defending the honor
and rights of grit. eountry.
Mr. Aslytura, of Massachusetts, offered
to amend the umenthnent,,by Oiling, "in a
war unnecessarily, and uneool24itutionally
beg-un by the President , of the U . States,
and he called for the yeas and,najcs on it,
Which were ordered. They stood as fa-,
lowa—yeas 88, nays 81.
So the - aineralment of AI r. A Itil Millis. to
Mr. Delay's amendment was adopted.—
The resolution as amended grants the
thanks and medals to, the officers and sol
diers at Buena Vista, engaged as they were
,iu maintaining the honor and rights. of their
coantry, slid in proiecuting a war, tiluieces;
eerily and Miconatittniomitly begottitt the
Prelidtll)(of the "V, States. ..
Mr. Coen, of Georgia. said Oahe.
like to, debais the subject,;:W' taitirefoi e
moved to postpone it until u4orrow;
Before•this motion was atilltetwawsso:.
tion to adjourn was made Mid earned.
SENATE.—Mr. Cattstatta , presented
the proceeding!, of the meeting field is
Philadelphia, on the 18th December, ,ap•
proving the meastdes pursued by. the ad
ministration-in the prosecution 'of the war
with Mexico, and remarked. in presenting
theM, that he agreed is opinion with those
composing theineeting, and should feel it
his duty„ as a senator, to act according to
their wishes.
Mr. BREESE. on leave, introduced a bill
to create the office of Surveyor general in
the Territory of Oregon, and to grant'dona.
don to settlers therein. and for 'Oth
er pirioaea ; which was read 'twice and
referred to the Comniittee on Public Janda.
The Bennte then took tip the epeeist or
der of the day,`.being the restitutions offer
ed by Usinoux, on the ;16th 'December
Mr. Celt man supported , his resolutiond
in n'spench Of 'about an hour a4a a half,
'which was liitened to by a large audience,
( including many ladies,) who throriged' the
Semite Chamber and the avenue* leading
to k. as vializa the gallerieo.
Mr: Ctditiitin . said that in offering his
reaolutkini for consideration, he•llad been
" 3 " 02) fr, v ' 1 0 4 1 tealloPP Which' imitieed
him fo the 'war 'when it wascpre 7
amid t Cdngress for recognition.
In oppp,aint *hewer at4hat Lieut.' he op.
posed h not only because he considered it
'unntieett, go one that havplieen avoids.—not , onit because he
eonaidered the agitation s ulrttti. ehu h' it
Ime.rOtindkr to hioe beeti . upneceaeurity
ex,aggeratedbut . from high conaideeSions
of reason and policy ; (ruin a tiella that it
- would lead,to serious and great evils to our
own goruntry. But after the war had re
ceived the sanction of the government, ar - -
quieseing in what he could not prevent,
and which it was impossible to prevent,,
he Suggested p defensive line as the best
'means wnich could be adopted of averting
those evils, and it was for that purpose he
now offered his resolutions. He was gov
erned by no personal or party considera
tions—neither by a desire to sustain the
Executive nor to strengthen opposition—
but simply to discharge his duty. He
would express himself Upon all points with
boldness and independence.
Mr. Calhoun then went on to. argue that
the defensive line was the best policy that
could have been pursued nt thattime-4hat
when he suggested it we held in possession
of our army ample territory for indemnity
—OW we were better situated then than
we are now, or ever will be in , the progress
of the, war, in relation,to indemnity—and
that the force that has been employed, and
the treasure expended. in pushingour con
quests, would have sufficed to maintain
this line, while the lives of our gallant
troops that have been sacrificed in thcso
conquests • would have been spared.
wAsiimaTo N .- hip. 4
Mr. Calhoun contended that the line
policy was the best policy now to secure
the objects professed to be desired by the
administration. and that, if these profes
sions were sincere, they could be accomp
lished by adopting it. lle iv n t on to ar
gue that the line of policy marked out by
the administration must inevitably lead to
the total subjugation and annihilation of
Mexico, and that the most disastrous con
sequences must result to our own country
when that event takes place.
When Mr.'Callt6utt concluded the reso
lutions were laid upon the table, with the
understamling that they shall be called up
again, and the discussion of them renewed
alter the ten regiment bill (which comes up
tO.mOrrow,) shell have been disposed of.
rinkolutinn, previously of
fered by Mr. Coggin, calling on . thi liresi
dent,hic information , in.relation to the re,
*um Miseanta Anna teAteximiiondfortiop
iecof 01 instructions of the =Government,
or'any. officer diereM toany agent or :din
in 'retittieti . the thatqf;' ,. .7/fait'til , ttf,of?
foractio4. , , ,
gr:hrLANN, of ogerea ' tiProttilto.
that the call hid been
hitherto 1111R41101114be
President, and hie ariawer 'comtmutiested
to Cotreo ll, 116 bluffed tbdta aim ar calf
had been made °ditto PrisittAltiltrileao
hint, tie'it illfie4 and' itiat ha answer
ed it,.givingthe rintonlalqciprArmy was
oidered to th e'Rio Orwide. •
~Sr..EY.AXittgrmiLitoincoded Auk', the'
two calls were widely dlkstthtiar. '"
Mr. Atruarits., Mist.; repljed'tro Mr,
M'Lane in atrong ent cOtirteoits Urine' ix
rebuke for not being possesaed of the fails
in,a matter so important, before attempt.l
ing to enlighten the Ilonse upon the subi4. l
jeet. He denied that the President 'hid
eter communicated to' Con g ress such in
foirniation as this resplittinit called for.
One or two,other motions-were made.
when Mr. Gonne( tlemanded , the.previuut
questiod on the resolution. '
Gooote's resolution was now put
upon its paisnd. The, yeas _and nave
were orderedlind lakett. stud. 1.14 e xoto aloud.
yeas 143 nays lA, 4 . •
•NVAErnt.s.arco. Jan. 5.
SENATE—AIIer debitintsome private
bine the Senate took np the ten regiment
bill, and Mr. .Critte.nikti. moved to-amend
by changing the force to be raised from re
gulars to volunteers. • - - •
After debate by•Meears Prittetiden,
Jefferson Davisoind Calhoun, the amend-,
ment was negatived—yeaa 19 nays 20..
The bill was then kid ever until to-mor
110 USP,.—The . time of Moose wile
occupied in debating the resolution in re,
gard to the transportation .of, the,SOathern
mail. without coming to a, decision,
Major -Gaines , appeared: and-tunic: his
sertung altientber: ." '!.
1 , 11011 Telt DALTI74OIqII) SIM 01,
DERE CAWLE.....There were 760 bead of.:
feral et the eleslespunantlay, 390 of pitiehreelel
it $4 ISO a *6 -76. per 100 Om: nei--a decline.
HOGS.—Sales of Live Hogs at *5OO 1id6 1 6 2 64
F I A/Ult.—Theilourtuathet tlullandlew salsa&
Holders of Humid street brands generally
00—a few sales made at *5 04. Receipts are still
light, City Milk $0 .12.. Corwroest sokl 41143
26 a 37, sod Rye Flour stss-00.
GI RAIN—The receipts of grain continue small :
good to. prUue , red,tehrat sat this mqrnitlgAt , $l,-
30 a :131 35; r erdinar . # to gnarl at'ol' 20 a 81' 90;
whito!for;fnmily flounat 0i:18 alli. 45w 'Whitt!
Corn 56 a 58 ctn.; yellow 00 n 62. Ilan. 35 n 40.
Rye 85 a 88. Cloverseral $4 2 5 a* 4 172 . Flatt
aced *I 30.
, .
PROVIKIONS.c--,No eporinl change; in prices:
Mesa Pork sells at yl4 a $1.5 .inti Primo at 4UO.
Meer *NI $11; No.d p
1 $10; and $B. Ba
con dull—salca of Shoulders at 11:a 7} ; Bklria - 61
a 71; .Haina 10 ai 11. Lard—kegs held at.o,
and Ida a 71 cent& •
Oh the 21,4 WaOcuboro 4 : Fr:tnkliu coun
ty,. by the Ret. D. Clark, M 1:1
r. ,i,tn, D. M.
G UDR r, end MifiS JA lor. D., daughter,u( Den.
Jamas Di: I NM.
• On ThUretlay 34 ult.' by t h e Ree . .,Or. Wet
lltl -
son, Mr.' OiON Minis
Mititiss—loth t tiniitington township.
On the 23,1 ult . . in ttitprettnyll, by ihr/4 1 .
Mr. Contud, Mr. !sox's FAS& &Ll 4, rortnerly of
this county, and Miss MAKI' KKR, &A 3F, alt of
Washington county', Md,
On Sunday last, after a lingering illnoas. Mrs.
Et.tzsp LTH AAR tra,N,Aridow of the late Thom
as Atlgatugh, of this borough, iiiihit - 12d year of
her age.
On the 38th ult., Puna, s•oungest son of Pe
ter and Margaret Myers, of thu place, aged 2 yam
.9 months and 10 Jaya..
In Frederick, on the 31st tilt. after a thawing
Illnoea MidsAJOAsnA MATI LOA E a dirugh-
I ter of Michael And .Elisabeth Ebtirts; .aged 19
year, ' lit Months and 2(rilays. -
In the demise of this lovely young girl the earth
has been robbed of one of the faired and . most
beautiful of &users; her parents Windt of one of
the most affectionate and belorenl ;longbow.; and
'society deprived of one of the brightest and most
enchanting of its ornament,. !She was young and
Apparently, healthy, and, with a ligbtami buoyant
heart that krommon to the young, dimwits look
‘ing thirward, in her bright. and ittnakent imagine
don, to the dawn of that flame whichAhe, in her
fond hoped and glowing anticipationa, had already
yealized. But, alas !Caine ! all those
, dreatna.of her gentle heart perished, when she,
"Like a Illly drooping. "
Howell her head and died." •••
Misr death WaaelutnMteriaedhype — ace, calmness.
'and resignation. kite' did igot , fear, to meet the
"grim monster," but, with an unshaken eonildeues
erµlufMvcringtrgat IW the blood of the Vordoens,'
er, y ielded, to his sunimbps without a a4uggl,,
in the, hor a blisadial isaniartality &Taal:
the graye.-4ivilerirk ZwohineY.
17 . QTzar.
B1klliM•811-1EFUE11, (Carpenter.)
nkt!i,Vry'rene township,- Adams- co : linty,
I'n:4 having oseoutedtit deed of voluntary
assignment , to; - die iuhseriber, residing'in
Strabau township, eounty,:in trust
for creditors. nutiee is:hereby given to all
persons indebted , to said Shell'er to-make
payment without delay to the subscriber,
and to all Peonmehaving claims to present
thorn, properly nuihenticated, for smile
meta. SA DEARDO It
Jan.l, 1848---Ot 38signer.
JACOB RTM AN, of 111ountjoy
township, Adams county, having ex
ecuted a deed of voluntary assignment to
the subscriber, residing in Straban town
ship,-in said county, in trust for creditors,
he hereby requests all persons indebted to
the said Hartman, to make payment im
mediately of their respective dues, and all
persons having claims to present. them,
properly authenticated, for setttleinent.
JOHN DEARDORFF; .07,mignce.
Jan. 7 1848.—tit
tßy:orullkinds,eanstantly nn hand
and for-sale, at the! lotecet .prieee, ut the
Book,and Stationery Store of .
Dee. 10. S. Ij. 131:1;111.ER.
Stanton's External Remedy,
IIUXT7 . 1 4 Lid" renTorr,
Is now universally
_licknoseledgcd to be the
For Rheumatism, Spinal Atleetious, Contraction!
of the Muscles, Sore Throat and Qainey, la
toes. Old tilceri;, Pains in the Back and
Chest, Ague in the Breast and Face,
Tooth• Ache, Sprains, Bruise*,
Sett Rheuin, Burns, Croup,
Frosted Feet and all
Nervous Di-eases.
UNT'S LINIMENT is sustaining a notori
isra_4., ety unequalled by any zimilar remedy. It
regimes no pinning to give it a reputation, it has
been fur some time 6iletilly and sorely securing
it. and now., when it, beneficial effects have Leen
experienced by so many, the expressions of grat
itude ore continually apyearing, and those who
have been made whole by its means, are desirous
that the afflicted should no longer remain ignorant
of its invaluable and infallible efficacy.
Mr. Geo. E. Stant,m, the Pinpriclnr,is con
stantly recei tr testtinitni,ds of benefits ieceited
from its use, and many of the cures it has effected
alitunit exceed belief. In one cat.e a child had
been a cripple for viitbt year*, having wrenched
hen at the are of Iwo years, by a tall
Opp a chair. Alcilicrl !prtinent jailed. but (um
brittles cif the Liniment te-toted him to strength.
mid hA nOw joins with his playmates in their
gambols. to , robust us the.healthiest of
4theini stid4anl* a small. hump on his back to re.
turnditim of his truly sufferings. l'rice 25 cents
the Aterotoix Vrirnd.
-4Iik..CKNOWLEDGKI) i 0 be the mool , valuable
4 1 114 remedy that has yet been diecovercd, and
to nil* on with confidence by all nlio may
hilt 14 4 0%1'06 for its we in ca•el
TltiaOintment is pa, t, cularly in ended for those
t'ottrplaints that Mothers are liable to (hiring the
anteing of intints, and may be truly called The
Niaree's Film!. Price .25 eta per box.
G. i. STANTON, Proprietor, Sing Sing, New
York. Sold by
S. Ambler and S. S. Arney, Get
ltsbOrt ; 'Wm; Wolf, East Berlin ;
Arland, Althottatnwn"; Lilly and kilo,.
Oxfitril ; Jacob Alabaugh. Hampton ; L.
Zack, New Chester Ling, Hun
terittown ;• - •.flolizingre it • ibrtt, Peters ,
burg (Y. S.); G. W. Bevy, Fairfield.
1:44 - 4 —dm ' ,
!ONYENTION of tile frieqds of the
B,lbbith Day, In be Comprised l.oftlele
gates from the Counties of Adaine,, Frank
lin, Cumberland, • Piirry,' Dauphin and
York, will babel() ih'the borough of Chum
hersburg„ ireitneido2ll,lie 26/A dey of
January inig.,ut 10
clock, A. It. 3 .1' he
. .
friends', of din Sabbath.aro_respectfully re
quested to meet la their:respective districts
and townships, and appoint delegates to
attend said convention. And particular
eft rolii'a, iruley , pr`t;jer, inay appoint 41 el e - Itt in Attendance. It IS expected
that the Rev. Drs. SCHRECXER and Nevis,
Prof. 'A Lt.tor. .Rev. Mr. SHARPE, lion.
Itidge.Titoitesott. 'Mott.''GEORGIE 011 AM.
8i41 11 ., diatiugnistied gentlemen
will adaytaitlk Oonvetit'niti•
• : • It OBEKI:
. :,, JUDGE -,IIMKINS, • • •
Jan. 7, 1818. I'o/omit/et of .iirrungenoca/
York papera.pleow copy. •
' , The Expression; .4 ick blood." and "poor,
blood,'•'• have a scientific basis. The ri
dicule which many have Attempted to
rose on these common sperm opinions,
mad recoil , upon theMeelpesas sar'elli
as that 'Prutit roili prevail. . .
• The effect ofthis celebrated medicine-it to.pu,
' ,rift/ :the blood, to cons tut the poor; elligtePt bleed
into healthy, rich bloollf...Attoilhisliemuuse-t,bay
do this that they have been so steadily sought al
ter by all classes of our citisenswho have mon
red medicine. And it is because of the itowet
Ilrandreth Pills ale- neer knirertir•to:, poems* lis
Wield/ refitment. that retooters•thett's 10. popular..
.They cure all itiflietitoits, simply loiresum , they
' make the • bltiod pure—absteact out. of it these
qualities which produee disease, and .give to it
dusts qualities tichich.romalace health. •
Now, every:solid part of the human frame is
made from the tottiod.'addthS fotod wisest it eon'
veiled into bloO to simply dm -waste our bridles
; are-corigni laity • same lung. r 1 . 0 in' -Me ordinary
Comae of nature we ritiontfacttire olir entire bo
ttles infolsout nine' years fratn the food•taken into
our Stomachs. - "ssoppote the blood models this
stomach of nllll il unsound. impure, occasioned
by-Bente amuse or other 3 - it-nuiy oder to-the pus
ceding generation : no matter, we male impure
blood. end if so. it cannot be healthy. Or soli
pose the air we have lived in forsometime has
Steen loaded witts/mattert detrimental to health,
or our food fore long period, herb been of an un•
_wholesome kind. or that theintiod has been mach
troubleol—'or grief. anxiety, or great attention to
'any'partiCulior paint id more to occasion had el.
fects on the blond. Any offline cameo existing,
,good blood cannot be ii,opplixid,,to the body.
But let Brandietti'm 1110 Iti instil daily under
1 these 'iireunnstiowes in ilitietof trim two to sic - '
pills. nrsta thei case shill determine. What ii i
their effortl7, •It is to carry : of the impute mot
. tem from the !dotal. leaving only the good to le
„newevery ilart ol the body. iir,liat was unsound
i'noie' beiithit 4 i tiounds'X'Oa the simiauch'toort gets
1 into so heelthy a condition that il-en bed siit or
I, unwkelesomeloool the a time ale unable to onion.
the heillthinaltrially. EVen when AIN} etiolate Or,
fOOdcon!ique nothroolthy.the occasional tome! the
Brandreth ,Pille ,will sets ate , the inopure parts
cud cheat) thiiir expillition o leitrine 1t hut is good
to supply life and stiermth to the bodY.'''' . '
' When the'lsonei ate'dileasetl e a bee every ram
ideation of thir Itwormiis envoi order, the r Miand•
fells Pills wilt, ,in nineteen eases mot of t%tesity.
cure.:,..[ i
temernhmrhat; dm biltly,can he entirely
remade from the forml, hones snot all i' awl aided by ,
this most liSnStiCein 'medicine, in (matter of the
' lime if falret Mt,* Ordinary contse tiftnat it ie. In
..from two te . Midi years km entirely new healthy
' body can be exchanged for the - nnsound, the di
issued,- 1101firentb!e., •
one. The slowness ow
o .fildegriertlfg . ll 401-gellier dorena., upon '
the effect the Brun belb Pills are made to pro.
`dime j which effeeeran be graduated just as the
patient pleases. . No possible injury ran result
Imm this; nothilmr•but good can hollow.' Empolie
ifhe effect of ProluallittWor Pills sinning x our !Home-
Judiced friends : you wilt hear, Putlicirid to , ato,ly
volt that there:is iiii . ripk in 'nuking the trial , and
,That you wAll not•beiloing yourself justi , e with-
I out it. ‘ .
' rrThe Pramlrelli Pills are sold for 25 cents
per tiox qt Dr. 11.13randretli'A Principa I Mire, 241'
BrinulWay. N. York, and by the following duly
authorized Agents M. Stevenson Sr, Co., (.et
tystiorg ; .1. it. 'All.'rearv, Petersburg; Abraham
King, 11ncOndow ; A, irFariand, Abbottolown;
1). M. 0. White, ; tineeringer & Fink,
Littlestow ; Mary llonenn, Cashtown ; (;eo.
'leans, Fairfield ; J. hi. A idahatigh, Enst Berlin ;
I). Newcomer .Merlionieiwille ; Shirk. Han
over. - • pan: 7, 1848. -
hoever wants a First-rate
CN he aecotionodated Iry calling at
FRAZER'S Clock & Watch Estab•
lishinent, in Chauthersburg street, Gent - S..
burg, next dem. to Mr. Buehler's-Dreg
Store—where a' new lot 'of beautiful 24
hour and 8 day CLOCKS have just been
received'from tlic City. They are of the
best 1111111Ufacve, and will be warranted.
Give us a ca11.. , --they will he sold cheap.
CILS. (ile‘st quality) Card Cases,
:Visiting and Printing Cards; Fancy Note
Paper, EArrelopes, Motto Wafers, Fancy ,
Sealing Wu , Letter Stamp., &e.. for bale'
by - H. 1317111LER.
December in.
PAM MD 1 1 AVERN Ottir
FOR' 'SALE: "' -
On Saturday the2 ----4 2d fan vary imam!.
rillE subpofiber ! Assignee of Jaoes B.
• limmeAN, will offer at Public We.
at 12 o'clock, M., on the premises. the
Real Estate of said Hartman, consisting of
situate in Mountjoy township..Adanta
u.. 1 the Baltimore Turnpike, about 3
miles south of Gettysburg, and adjoining
lands of Adam 'Wirt. Daniel Shiite' s Win.
Cowllover, Jun. and otheis--containing,
33 ACreo, • ,
more or less. The Improvements..are a
with a our anti a hantory
log Bark Building, Bank Barn, .part atone
and part frame,) log •S'lninh"Otiopi with
coal and showing Sheds, a Well of Water
with a Pump in it, and 2 ORCIIA Pp?
There is also a quantity of good
. Woodland.
The Property is in a good F tate
of eultiliatioo, and has been occupied we a
TAVERN STAND for the' last twelve
months, being half way be,tween the Tart.
Taverns and'Oettyslierg.
-;.- 1 A I, S'
.7t the same time and rlttee will Le offered
of said Gartman. to wit: 1 Hoirse, 1 Wit
ter; Hogs. 2 Wagotm, Plough, Shovel
Plough, Ilorse Gears, Ilartiesi, 2 Bee
hives, Wheelbarrow,' 1 premium Cook
Stove and pipe, I ten-phte Stove and Pita 6
Winnowing All, Cutting Box, together
with sundry articles of Household and
kitchen Furniture. Also,about 0 ACRES
of Grain in the Ground.
Attendance will be given on the day of
sale and terms made knnwn by
JOHN I)EARDOIt PF,:issignee.
Ilia.ll the Property he riot sold as above
it will be RENTKIJ for one year from
the Isi of April next.
Jan. 7, 1818.—td
suleurintoz Mane
NoTicE is hereby given to all Lega
l' atees and other persons concerned;
COUNTS of the deeensed persont; herein
after mentioned will be presented at theOr
phans' Uon rt of Adams county, for confir
mation and allowance, on konduyi
17i/t day of January ne.rl, ref e:
The account of Win. Wolf. Adminiatra
tor of the Estate Of JOseph 'Miller, dec'tl.
The account of Elias Harbaugh, Jacob
Harbangh, and Leonard Harhaugh, Execlt
tOrs of the last Will and testament of Hen
ry Harbaugh, dee'ensed.
The guardianship acrouni of Israel Ir
vin. Guardian of David Stewart, minor
child of David Stewart.•of Hatiailtonban
township. deceased.
Register's Office, Getty.burg. ;
Doc - 20, 11147.
'Much talked about Ito. born. you know,l
The &mous battles in Airsico; •
None flare dispute, but inuvtconfess,
The glory in our lams' stores...
Hut mightier victories tibm these
Have; long been made t% iilt greater ease ;
• Victories tri,mphani and c‘Miphte,
At Marcus tianisen's, in York street. ':
Far Clothing , Chino there's nom dare try • ;)
To rivsl I,lw in. quantity ;
In kyle and make, and lit and ease,
H 6 patron. he is sure to please.
Hia stuck is great, his prices small,
Who Vivuld buy cheap. had belle,
acrAre you going to buy CLOTHING'
this - full, and do von want to buy cheep? •
If so, cull at SAMSON'S Clothing and Val ,
riot y Store, nearly opposite ,the Bank, in.
Gettysburg. where the largest and beat as-.
sortinent of
Readyonade ebithitir.
(*or BOYS' and MEN'S wear, ever
eoived in Gettysburg, is now being opened.
It is unnecessary, :is it would be impossi
ble. to enumerate the dith‘rent articles com
prising the assortment, which ineludes ev
ery variety of Boys' and Metes Apparel,
such as superfine Caslimeret anti Cloth
Dress COATS and CLOAKS; line and
superfine Tweed Coats ; Cassinet
plain and lanes Cassimer, Cloth, Tweed,
and Cassinet PANTS; Silk, Satin, (!Us
simere, Cassinet, Plain & Fancy VESTS:
Wrappers, Shirts, BIOSMILIS, Collars,
CA I'S, Cravats, handkerchiefs, Sus,
ponders, Gloves, Stockings, &e. Also, a
large variety of
Jewelry. Spectacles, Perfumery, Pep
kniVes, Cnnds, Fl,ating Apparatus, Pur
arg, Dish-shades, Umbrellas,
tars, Violin and Guitar titr'ogs,
Pins, Dish-shades, &e. 8.• . •
liCr Haying porchasell an unusually large
supply of Goods, for Cazdt, and havingde
let-mined to sell tm the Cashand One Priet
principle, my (;oods have put down ffiVie
lowest prim es, and will be sold at askinish•
jowly hat rates. If you want to save ;IQ
per cent. in purchasing your Fall and Witt
ier Clothing, call and examine time splend
id iiSsortment now Opening by
Nor. 5, 1817.-11
Xese .ii 11rk
10110 1,11 . 8. WA IA 1 7 7' Kr.rt-
NELs, (in good order;)`
wanted at tir r. • Weaver's Confectinnary
in liettysburg, for whirl' 121 cis. a pour 4
will lie paid in Cash. Immediate atten
tion is required. As the above article Can
he prepared by those who hare 'WnlnutS
on hand, at leisure hours, attention Will
well pay. [Dee. 10, 1847.
XL II of *IA G E.U.CI4.
A Daily Line . behi.cep
rtillt: Subscribers have the pleasure of
j_ announcing that they have entnpleted
their arrangements for ruithing a r
max xcum
between Gettysburg and Baltimore, via
Littlestown, Westminster and Reiitoprg.,
town. An entirely new line or supeitor
- and elegantly built
01;;•• TROY COAORES• , w
have been put on the mute, which. -•
er with trusty and arcommodstlattirirels."
they feel assured utualgive,,etuire satiate,
Lion to the Tr.irelling
11C7"The hue will run tbrpogh 610.
Sundays excqued,) Arsilify
I o'clock, A: M.
Joint L. this at. -
September 17, 1b47. ,