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D. A. BORHGER;,EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
telnk Ott Malt
IVHE BubiMriber tenders his acknowl
.ll edginents to the Public for the liberal
and steady patronage with which he has
been favored for a series of years, and re
spectfully announces that he has just re
ceived, at his old established stand in
Chambersburg street, a large and fresh
DRUGS &' MEDICINES,
Paints, Varnish, Dyestuffs
and every variety of articles ustrally found
in a Drug store, to which he invites the
attention of the public, with assurances that
they will bp furnished at the most reason-,
The subscriber has also largely increas
ed his assortment of BOOKS, by an addi
tional supply of
School, and Ms
embracing almost every variety of Stand
ard and Popular Literature ; also,
Thank Books nod Stationery
dal' kinds, GOLD PENS, Pencils, Vis
iting and Printing Conli4,l3ard Cases, Ink
stands, &c. dm, allot which will, as usual,
be sold grj•dir THE 1,011E87' PR I
o:7"Arrangements have been made by
which anything not included in his assort
ment will be promptly ordered from the
M. 11. lIITEIILER
Gettysburg, Oct. 22, 1849.
U:7l have at present on hand an excel
lent assortment of BIBLES, plain and fan
cy, fur school and family use—at very low
retlillii\P gIOWKS r!,
..1 ' - ' • J
THE undersigned has constantly on
pant, a large assortment of Family and
. • • — Packet - Biblesi
Prayer and Hymn
flocks, in every a\: C:
I? 00 KS, Journals, .--, \.
LITHOGRAPH PRINTS, of every
quality at the lowest Cash prices, with
frames to match.
PENS, INK. AND PAPER, (Innis,
Lead Pencils,Slates, Inkstands,Wafers, Ru
lers, Copy Books, Cyphering Books, Al
pbabet Cards, Arithmetical Tables, Letter
and Cap Paper, Note Paper, plain, gilt,
embossed,Envellors, French and
ANNUALS of all kinds, Christmas and
New Year Presents, suitable for the com
ing Holliday's. Persons wishing to pur
chase will find it to their interest to call up
on the subscriber.
VALENTINES, in season, sentimen
na and comic.
such as are at present used in the College.
Public and Private Schools, will always
be kept on hand, and supplied to all who
may invor me with their custom, at very
low prices ; to test this I invite a call from
purchasers and others. •
TOY BOOKS.—A large assortment of
Toy and Juvenile Books, kept constantly
on hand—also a large stock of Perfumery,
Fancy articles, &c., &c.
Walk in, Ladies and Gentlemen, always
happy to show goods and answer ques
tions, at the Cheap Book, Stationery and
Notion Store, opposite the Rank.
KELLER K URTZ.
Gettysburg, Oct. 22.
A Valuable Stock Farm
T HE subscriber otter, at private sale,
the FARM he resides on, situate in
township, Franklin county,
half& mile south of Mr. Samuel Bulirman's
Tavern, on the South Mountain, containing
more or leas, 160 or 70 of which is clear
-434 and in a gond state of cultivation, a good
quantity of first-rate Mead,pw, and more
.can be made on the place.
The improvements are a convenient
TWO STORY LOG
with a spring of never-failing wa
under it, and another close to the doer,
a large double log Barn, with sheds, a hog
stable, and carnage-house, and other build
ings necessary on the farm, and a great
variety of fruit. If not sold by Tuesday
Nov; 28. it will then be offered at public
sale at 10 o'clock.
Term Mule known by
~ WILLIAM DOWNEY.
uotober 2, 1847,-40
g TQFN PROPERTY
At Private Sale.
IWILL sell at Priritte Sale, the HOUSE
and LOT in Which I reside, situate in
the borough of Gettysburg, and fronting on
East York street. The House is a large
- and convenient 'r watt TORY
with. aloud Brick BA BUILNG,
and le la the very best of order. There
ate on the premises a Frame STABLE,
Wash-bottle; Wood-house. and •Sittolte.
house„ * well of excellent water, With a
near pump in it, convenient to the door.—
All the imovements are in the beat order,
—On en being regarded one of the
i ll,P m a r t.'. 0 06 1 000 to the borough. The
re dy is pleasantly located, and pollen
atwevery convenience for a first-rate fami
ly!esidente. UPI have also a NEW
- ROCKAWAY BUCHOY,
which I will disponi of very low.
Gettyaburg, t 22, 1847.-4 t
At Public Sale.
On Saturday the 4th of December.
AT 12 o'cLocm, m., AT THE COITRT-HOHNE,
WILE, sell all my land lying within
I the Borough of Gettysburg, Adams
county, Pa., consisting of a
CONTAINING MORN THAN
TWO HUNDRED ACRES
or expellnt land, on which are erected a
large BriPk BARN, and good
.191 FARM HOUSE,
Wagon Shed, and Granaries.
There is a large quantity of excellent
MEADOW, and 50 Acres (more or less) of
Much of the land might be ,sold
as Town lots, as it fronts on sev
eral principal streets.
' Several Town Lots
and other property will he offered for sale
at die same time. or - 7-as I reside at-a
distance from the property, I am determin
ed to sell it without reserve. 'lime Farm
be sold in two tracts if purchasers de
TERMS.—One-third part of the pur
chase money on the Ist day of April next,
when a good title will be given, and the
balance in two equal annual payments with
TIIA DDEUS STEVENS.
Lancaster, Pa. Oct. 22, 1847.
& V&L &111 f,
subscriber offers fur sale the val
it_ mime FARM adjoining that on
which he insides, in Cumberland town
ship, Adams county, containing
more or less: - The - improvements are in:
good condition, and include a new two
stery Log Dwelling
•11 23 0 T 7 Et 3,
with a Cellar under it, a Frame
Barn, a Garden . enclosed with a paling
fence ; also, a well of water and a young
hearing ORCHARD of Grafted Fruit.—
'Fliere is a good Meadow, and more can
be inade r if desired. About 70 Acres are
well set with good thriving timber-35
Acres of which can readily be cleared,
leaving still a sufficiency of timber for the
use ef the farm
This property lies about 8 miles south
of Gettysburg. nearly joins the road that
leads from Emtnitsbiit Millerstown
to the Two Taverns, on the Baltimore
turnpike, and within 1-2 mile of the road
that leads from Sell's Mill on Marsh Creek
to Taneytown and Baltimore. About 8
miles from the larm there are two Lime
Kilns, and plenty of limestone, near the
The neighborhood in which it is located
not surpassed by any in the county for
intelligence, sobriety and good morals,
there being stated religious worship by dif
ferent denominations within a convenient
distance—all making it a very pleasaut and
11:7"The Farm will he sold entire, ordi
vided to suit purchasers. The terms will
be made easy, and the payments to suit
purchasers. Persons wishing to view the
premises, can do so by calling_in the sub
the above property be not sold
before Friday the 12th day of November
next, it will on that day be offered at Pub
Oct. 15, 1847.—ts
ItaICriCILL I S NOV. P .Calga
NOTICE is hereby given to all Legs
atees and other persons concerned,
that the rIDMINISTIMTION ditGr-
COUNTS of the deceased persons herein
after mentioned will be presented at theOr
phans' Court of Adams county, forconfir
'nation and allowance, on Manitay, the
15th day of November next, viz :
The second Accqunt of Joseph Cline,
one of the Executors of the last will and
testament of John Cline, deceased.
The second account of Jesse Cline, one
of the Executors of the last will and testa
ment of John Cline. deceased.
The third account of Samuel, Isaacs, one
of the Executors of the last will and testa
ment of Daniel Eyster, deceased.
The final account of John Dickson, jr.
one of the Executors of the last will and
testament of James Lockett, deceased.
The final account of Moses M. Neely,
one'of the Administrators of the estate of
Peter Deardorff, deceased.
The account of John Deardorff; Admin
istrator de bonis non, cum testamento an
nexe, of David M'Creary, deceased.
• The final account of Moses Lockart, one
of the Executors of the last will and testa
ment of James Lockart, deceased.
The first, account of William Cobean
and Alekander Cobean, Executors of the
last will and testament of William Cobean,
The account of Jonas Spangler, Admin
istrator of the estate of Jonas Spangler,
The account of• eorge Loy, Admin
istrator of the estate of George Loy,
The account. of George Spangler, Ex
ecutor of the.last will and testament of ho.
cob Spangler, deceaited.
ROBERT COBEAN, Beiisten
Register's Office. Gettysburg. ' to
Get. 112 1847.
a , WATCHES, of all kinds,,
l t iE wi Ibe cleaned and repaired, at the
phones' notice, at FRAZER'S Clock &
Watch E • blislunent, in licttysburg.
July In, IMI7. If
GETTYSBURG, PA. FRIDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER - 5, 184 . 7.
We have received the following touching and
beautiful lines from a friend at the North. We
understand they are from the pen of the distinguish
ed Professor of the South Carolina College, *hole
name is connected with several celebrated works
of science and literature, one of which, alone, the
Encyclopedia Americana, would be sufficient to
place him in rank with the great literary characters
of the age. Being much struck with the simple
beauty of the lines, and thinking we commit no
indiscretion in doing so, we are induced to give
them to the puhlic.—N. 0. Corn. Bulktiot.
MY SON'S DEPARTURE FROM N. YORK
The pilot said, "'Ti, time to go ;"
The captain took the word :
I blessod my son—l pressed my boy,
And then she sailed—the lad on board
I saw the waving, weeping boy—
We had the barque in tow;
Antips she pointed, he would ahik .
From starboard to the larboard bow, ' „
That he might see his Whet yet,
AN long as it might be
For I stood stemmost in the Tug,
And gazed as steadily as ho.
And thus it lasted full an hour ;
We saw—we could not speak ;
At times we waved one greeting morn—
At times our hearti would almost break
The busy steam worked fast and strong,
The lovely shores grew wide;
The ocrnda swell set rolling in,
And threw the ship from side to side.
At last they let the flamer alip—
The chafing bark wits free;
I felt ac if wine cruel noun.
Had torn'a living piece from me
She here so handsomely away,
Mho bent with graceful dip ;
But 'neath the trim and spreading nil,
Was tear and grief, within the ship,
As flaunting banners smartly float,
When soldiers bravely start,
They wave oe'r many gallant brows—
They wave o'er many &bleeding heart.
I 1411 W the ship it distant tower,
It grew a mere white spot:
Thrice lost—regained with straining eye,
Until I lost and found it not.
They say that mother. feel it most,
When children part or die :
But fathers, too, can bleed and know
Love's warmest pubic amidoepest sigh.
I launchod him sole upon the are,
Where many meet their fate ;
I launched him on theses of life,
Where, greater, graver Perils wait.
But will not God prOieet the lad,
Au fair, to true and pure!
If hr were not on sea and land,
Who could such parting days endure
• The author is Dr. Francis Lieber, of Columbia
College, South Carolina.
Front the Pmple's Journal
My room opened upon a little terrace-,
the flat roof of a lower apartment in our inn
at Jerusalem ; and from this little terrace
I was never tired of gazing...._4.o.aidera.7.
ble portion of the city was spread out be
low me; not with its streets laid open to
view, as it would he in one of our cities.
but presenting a collection of flat roofs with
small white cupolas rising from them, and
the minarets of the mosques springing, tall
and light, as the poplar from the long grass
of the meadow. The narrow, winding
lanes, which are the streets of caste rn cities,
are scarcely traceable from a height ; but
there was one visible from our terrace, with
its rough pavement of large stones, the high
house walls on each side, and the, arch
thrown over it, which is so familiar to all
who have seen pictures of Jerusalem.
This sired is called the Via Dolorosa, the
Mournful Way, from. its being supposed
to be the way which Jesus went from the
Judgetnent Hall to Calvary, bearing his
cross. Many times in a day my eye fol
lowed the winding of this street, in which
I rarely saw any one walking ; and when
it was hat among the buildings near the
walls, I looked over to the hill which
bounded our prospect, and that hill was
the Mount of Olives. It was then the time
of full moon, and evening after evening I
used to lean on the parapet of the terrace,
watching for the coming up of the large
yellow moon from behind the ridge of Oli
vet. By day, the slopes of the Mount were
green with the springing wheat, and dap
pled with the shade of the Olive clumps.
By night. those clumps and lines of trees
were dark amidst the lights and shadows
cast by the moon; and they guided the
eye, in the absence of daylight, to the
most interesting points—the descent to thc
brook Kedron, the road to Bethany, and i
the place where Jesus is said to have look
ed over upon the noble city, when he pro
nounced its doom. Such was the view
frdln our terrace.
One of our first walks was along the
Via Dolorosa., There is a strange charm
in the streets of Jerusalem, from the pic
turesque character of the walls and arch
ways. The old walls of yelldw stone are
so beautifully tufted with weeds, that One
longs to paint every angle and projection.
with their mellow coloring and their dang
ling and trailing weeds. And the shadowy
archways, where the vaulted roofs intersect
each other till they, are lost in the dazzle
of the sunshine beyond, are a perpetual
treat to the eye. The pavement is the
worst I ever walked on—large, slippery
stones, slanting all manner of ways. Pas
sing such weedy Walls and dark archways
as 1 have mentiondd, wo turned into the
Via Dolorosa, and followed it as far as the
Governor's House, which stands where
Fort Antonia stood when Pilate tried Him
in whom ho found, as lie declared, no guilt.
Here we obtained permission to mount the
Why did we wish it t For reasons of
such force as 1 despair of making under
stood by any but those to whom the nein°
of Temple has been sacred from their car
lies years. None but Mohammedans may
enter the enclosure now ; no Jew nor
Christian. The dew and Christian, who
repel each ether in Christian lands, are un
der the same . ban here. They are alike
eicluded from the place where Soloman
and Christ sanctified the temple of Jeho
van ; and they are alike mocked and in
sulted, it they draw near the gates. Of
course, we were not satisfied without see
ing all that we could see of this place—now
occupied by the mosque of Omar—the
meet sacred spot to the 'Mohammedans: af-
"YEARI;ESaI AND FREE."
ter Mecca. We could sit under the Gold
en Gate, outside the walls ; we could meas
ure with the eye, from the bed of the brook
Kedron, the height of the walls which
crowned Moriah, and from amidst which
once arose the temple courts. We could
sit where Jesus eat on the slope of Olivet,
and look over to the height whence the glo
rious Temple once commanded the Valley
of Jeliosephat, which lay between us and
it; but this was not enough, if we could
see more. We had gone to the threshold
of one of the gates, as far as the Faithful
permit the infidel to go; and even there
we had insulting warnings not to venture
further, and were mocked by little boys.—
From this threshold we had looked in ; and
from the top of the city wall we had look
effilown upon the enclosure, and seen the
extriar beauty Orthehuildings, and the
Pri e and prosperity of - the - Mohammedan
usurpers. But we could see yet more from
the roof of the Governor's house ; and .
there we went accordingly.
The enclosure was spread out like a
map before us ; and ver beautiful was the
mosque, built of varie ed marbles, and
its vast dome, and its ble marble plat
form,with its fl ights of ps and light ar
cades, and the green hewn whiclt eloped
away all round, and a raw of Cyprus trees
under which a company of worshippers.
were at their prayers. But how could we,
coming from a Christian land, attend much
to present things, when the sacred past
seemed spread before our eyes f I was
looking, almost all.the while to see where the
Sheepgate was, through which the lambs
for sacrifice wen!, brought ; and the Wa
tergate, through which the priest went
'down to the spring of Siloam, for water
for the ritual purification. I saw where
the Temple itself must- have stood. and
planned how far the outer court extended
—the court of the Gentile, the court orihe •
, women, the treasury, where the the chest
I stood on the right.of entrance, and the right
`hand might give without the left knowing;
and the place where the scribes sat to teach,
and where Christ so taught in their jealous
presence as to make converts of those who
were sent to apprehend him. I saw wherea
bouts the alter must have stood, and where !
arose, night and morning, for centuries, the
smoke of-thewa *crifioesa--.laftw-where 4he
golden vine must have hung Its clusters on
the front of the Holy Place, and where,
again, the innermost chamber must have
been, the Holy of Holies, the dwelling
place of.Lehovah, where none but thew .,
might enter, and he only once a year.—
These places have been familiar to my
I mind's eye from my youth up, almost as fa
miliar as my own house;
and now pook
et! at the ver y groun d th - eY had - oceupied;
and the very scenery they had command
ed, with an emotion that the ignorant or
; careless reader of the , New Testament .
could hardly conceive of. And the review
of time was hardly less interesting than
4hat--of -Owe.-- --Here my thoughts-awcre_
led back to the early days when David and
Solomon chose the ground, and levelled
thesummit of Mount Moriah, and began the
Temple ofJellovah. I could see the lavish
ing of Solomon's wealth upon the edifice.
and the fall of its pomp ender invaders who
t worshipped die sun ; and the rebulding in
Ithe days of Nehemiah, when the citizens
worked at the walls with arms in their gir
dles ; and in the full glory and security
(as most of the Jews thought) of their
Temple while they paid tribute to the Ro
mans. Oh ! the proud Mohammedans be
fore my eyes were very , like the proud
Jews, who mocked at the idea that their
Temple should be thrown down. I SAW
now the area where they stood in their
pride and where, before a generation had
passed away, no stone was left upon an
other, and the plough was brought to tear
up the Oast remains of the foundatjons.—
Having witnessed this heart-breaking
sight, the Jews were banished from the
city, and Were not even permitted . to see
their Zion from afar off.. In the age of
Constantine they were allowed to approach 1
so as to see the city from the surrounding
hills—a mournful liberty, like that of per- ,
milting an exile to see his native shores
from the sea, but never to land. At length
the Jews were allowed . to purchase of the
Roman soldier leave to enter „Jerusalem
I once a year—on the day whe' the city fell I
! before Titus.
And what to do How did they. spend
that one.day of the year? 1 will tell; for
I saw it. Tit mournful custom abides to
• I hove said how proud and prosperous
looked the mosque of Omar, with its mar
bid buildings, its green lawns, and gaily
dressed people—some at prayer under the
cypresses, some conversing under the ar
cades; female devotees in white, sittini oil
the grams;and merry children runtii itg on the
slopes—all these ready andeager to stone
to death, on the instant, any Christian or
Jew who should dare to set his foot within
the-walls. This is what we saw within.
Neat wk went round the outside, till .we
came, by a barrow crooked passage, to a
desolate spot, occupied by desolate people.
Under a high; massive, and very ancient
wall, was a dusty narrow space, encloied
on the other side by thw baelm of modern
dwellings, if remember right. This an
ancient wall, where the weeds are spring
ing from the crevices of the stones, is the
only. pan remaining of the old Temple
wall; and here the Jews came every Fri.
day to their Place of Wailing, as it is cal
led, to mourn over the fall of their Temple,
and to . pray . for its restoration, What
a contrast did these humble people
present to the proud Mohammedans
! The women were seated in the dust,
some wailing aloud, some repeating pray
ers with moving lips, and others reeding
from books on their knees. A few' 'dill.:
dren were at play-.n—the - grotind ; and
someuged men seteilent, their heads droop.
ed on their breasts. Several younger-men
were 'leaning 'against the well, pressing
their, fore heads vino' the atones, and
resting their hooks on their clasped hands
in the crevices. With some, this wailing
is no foam ; for I saw tears on their cheeks.
I longed to knout, if any had hope in their
hearts, that 04, or their children of any
generation, should pass that wall, and
should help to swell the cry, "Lift up your
heads, 0. ye gates, that the King of Glory
may come in !" If they—have any such
hope, it may give some sweetness to this
rite of humiliation. We had no such
hope fur them ; and it was with unspeak•
able sadness that I, for one, turned from
the thought of the pride and tyranny with
in those walls, and the desolation without,
carrying with me a deep felt lesson on the
strength of human faith, and the weakness
of the tie of brotherhood.
Alas all seem weak alike.. Looltat the
three great places of prayer in the Holy
City ! Here are the Moliammedans,eager
to kill any Jew or Christian who may en
ter the mosque of Omar. There are the
Christians, ready to kill any Mohamme
dan or Jew who may enter the ehur,ch_ of
the Holy Sepulchre. And' here are the
pleading against their enemies, "Re
the day of - Jerusalem, who said, raze it,
raze it, even to the foundation thereof. 0,
daughter of Babylon, thatart to be destroy-.
ed, happy shall he be that rewardeth thee
as thou halt served us. Happy .shall he
be that taketh and dasheth thy little ones
against the stones!" Such are the things
done and said in the name of Religion!
Boys and girls, .
And seamen that would groan to see a child
Full off an insect's legrall-resd war,— -
The best amusement for a morning meal •
ThO poor wretch who has learnt his only prayers
From curses, who knows scarcely Words enough
To ask a blessing from , him Heavenly Father,
Becomes a fluent phraseman, absolute
And technical in victories and defeats,
And all our dainty terms for fratricide;
'Penns which we trundle smoothly o'er our tongues,
Like mere abstractions, empty sounds to which
We join' no feeling and attach no afn I
Ai if the soldier died without a wound ;
As if the fibres of this god-like frame
Were gored without a pang ; as if the wretch,
Who fell in battle doing bloody, deeds,.
eased off to heaven, translated, and not kiln—
As though he had no, srife to pine for him,
No qod to judge him !
A NEW - X 0 DE OF BOOK-XEEPINO:"WhO
was it bought the handsome saddle, John,"
inquired a saddle and harness maker..in
Philadelphia, some tirne.ago, of his ' fore
man,- upon coming into his shop and find
ing a very handsome saddle lad disap
—3 iftidebit; I catlttotteltwho-11--tirds;
the worst of it lib, it itas not-bask paid for.
I was very busy this morning,•whon a gen
tleman came in, priced it, told me to charge
it to his accouqt, threw`it into his vehicle,
:ed drove off before I could ascertain his
name. lam sure, however, it is one of
our customers, for he has frequently bought
articles here before:"
....T.lua'a.rather a puzzling case, really.'.'_
said the boss, scratching his head, "dnd
some mode moon* devised to find oot the
purchaser and get the pay for the saddle.'
Aye, I - have :John, charge every one-of
our customers who have accounts open,.
with the saddle; those who didn't get It,
will of -comae - refiner to pay , . and - twit:tar
way we shall reach the right one.
John did as he was ordered. Two or
three' weeks after the July bills had been
sent out, the foreman was interrogated as to
whether he had succeeded in finding out
"It ,is impossible to a'ay, sir," he answer
ed; "for about thirty have paid for it al
ready without saying a word!"
A 0000 SLAP AT RARE ARMS.-A certain
minister lately paid a visit to a lady of his
acquaintance, who was newly n;tarried.itnd
who was attired in the modern indecent
fashion. After the usual compliments; he
familiarly said, •"1 hope you have got. a
good husband, Madam. ' "Yes, sir.''-re
plied she, "and a good man, too." "I don't
know what to say about his goodness,"
added the minister, rather bluntly, "(Only
bible teaches' me that a good man should
clothe his wire, but he lets you go half na
"Breeches of faith," sereemed Mrs. Par
tington, ai she heard that term applied to
Mexican violations of the armistice. ' , Well,
I wonder what they will have next. I
have heard of 'cloaks of hypocrisy'. and
'robes of purity,' but I never before heard
of 'breeches of faith.' I hope they're made
of something that won't change and wear
out, as old Deacon Gudgin's faith did, for
his was always changing. He went from
believing that nobody would be saved, to be
ng that every body would be, and at last
turned out a phrenologer, and did'ut believe
in nothing! I wonder if it's as strong as
caesium.° I" and she bit off her thread and
prepared a new needleful.'
MOST Houatat.a I--The Cumberland
( Md.) Civilian, of the present:week, relates
the following dreadful story 1 -; • -
"On Sunday morning last, one of the
neighbors was, attracted by the crying of
a child in the house occupied by Mrs.
Timothy B. Thomas, at Mount Savage,—
On approaching the house, it was found to
be closed ; assistance was immediately
summoned and the 'door broken open.--•
On entering, a horrible spectacle presented
itself. Mrs. Thomas was dead in her bed,
the body in a'partial' irate of decomposi
tion, and a poor little infant of five weeks
lying at the breast, endeavoring to extract
nourishment front the dried-up fountains
of its mother's corps; whileanother child,
aged about eighteen months, was sitting
on the floor, weeping from hunger and ex
..An inquest was hold over the body by
Charles W. Fenton, a bouquet:the Peace.
Front the evidence_ of the witnesses, and
the opinion Of tir. Molter, the physician
at Mount Sa . ys,ge, We _learn- that. Mrs:
,hatl probably . been dead from.
Friday night, about the time she retired
to rest. Her death was Occasioned either
by - apoplexy or suffusion of water on the,
brain. Her husband, Timothy B. Thom
as, wait for some time a miner in the ser
vice of the Mount &trip Company, and
upon the breaking up of the works, went
to the west, probably to Ohio, to seek for
employment. lie lett hie wife after a
short visit amnetime during the past week.
We are happy to hear that the poor little
children 'have fallen into . good hands, and
am doing well. There were no signs of
deetitution about the house occupied by
Preipoottecoe of ette alittor, and Banner!!
Cooetrirreetiatit, ijuited States.
October 28, 1847.
Morin Eorroa :—I have long been
thinkittof *thin. to you upon the great
'Matters of thie'hation; -and' of Tetlin you
know all about 'what is
,goin on down here,
bull have bin so busy earryin dispatchee
from President Polk down to Santa Anna,
and . front Santa Anna back to the Preei
dent that I had scarcely time to sleep ever
o ge e this Mexicaowar was hegun. Well,
Pie just returned-from a _voyage down to
Mexico, and. I think that if the President
dean's git sousethin new-into his head, that
I'll have a little_ time to rest now ; and
Whili I onlEating3 Vet „thought .I_ would
tell you all about my trip down south.—
Well, sir, as soon as .this Mexieun. war
Wu begun. President Polk sent for me to
come to see him rlkht off. Well. I went
immediately, and when I come 'in to hint
I never seed a more distressed look in man
in my life. He was Minn there wringin
his hands, and . then •clappin them to his
forehead,'and apparently in deep thought.
At length he reified uP and seed nie; when
he jumped eft and took me by the hand,
and , raid, "Oh I how' glad I am to see you,
_Majett_Orocket. got into so much
wade with this Menton 'War, that the
Whir said we would have if we took in
Tens.; and- now. 'Major, want you to
help me to git out of it as soon as I can nit
Santa, Anna-back into the Presidential
Chair of *rico. • WO must be smart a
bout it too,lor it will Mitt me mid all our I
Party ; for the Whigs keep such an ever
fuss about mrbeginnin the war, and
say that it Will 'run the whole country in
debt ever head and heehi, and that I ought
to havenvoidfd" the war, mid that it was
allittelattlt of our party, that 'we had no
business to -take .in Texas ; that we
itiOuldint have sent the army down to the
Rio. Hrande to take poi/mien of the dis
puted territory, and pint Our big cannons
right into Matamonte, one of , their eapit
alit; heft' tie - the bernitlaiylineWati fixed an,
while we were trying to have it amicably
settled. Oh !. Major, I'me aifraid these
blunders will nun our Party, but to return
Major, to be - hearer-of dispatches down to
Santa Anna; and I want yoti to start right
off in the morning for Havanna, and git
there as soon *you can ; tell Santa Anna
that • the war is now begun with Mexico,
and he had better get there us soon as he
can; that his people ire 'in trouble at.this
tiine, and he *mild be poplar there. now ;
that he could nen raise - att . army, and as
lie `was iikiiiirOttliiiti.rfiticiAlirtiOciii
tinguishr.-hunself and. -W.-made'President
right otE , I hive ordered the °Aleut* of
oar blockading aqiiadron itiMexleO Riper
mit him and his men tapas/ into.Mtixico,
as he'-wilt find in then diepatehus,"
"Yes..but," ees I„,,, , ,Preeldent,"apose lie
wont accept of your Mier i l epose he thinks
you only want to fool him hue a trap,
what ant to do, .then 1" "Oh, Major, you
need not - be affeered oh that '; the knows nip
too well to think that . I would:lota
Pine sure lie iv iIF &Idle Pass in thin
patches in my own hind Writing, and he
knows that well eneugh..for . it Is not the
fleet *inn tei , get-troninie." '
sea I "ill do it, but I think it IS:rather
dangerous undettakin; ref. Whigs 'gin
holt of that it will be 41' oier with us then.
They will blow us and Our administration
up - aky - high!" . "Oh," Says he, "neyer
rqind that; I'll fix that part Of the bueinegi ;
If therdo get holt of it, I'll jilt tell Father
Ritchie I smell PederaliSts, and that'll set
hiin to, 'marlin and tinkle, and then rii ashy
its treason to Say' anything against the
President or the War, end then he'll rare,
and tare; and rip at them till they will be
glad to give it up," "Yes, President, bin
you know he sometimes gins his dander up
too high, and saytum much. like he did
'when the Senators ehatied him out of the
United' States Senate:'' "Yes, lditidf,lint
you know if . he does say toe mech. he is
good at denyin, and - cart get net of it some
way, -and alwitylt says I am not respond
hl4 for it."• "Oh; you're right, President,
I did'ist think of that plan Wit dint el:-
ellent tine, - ,and off to Havanna in
the mornin bright and early." '
So I bid the President good-hie, and .
went home, and fixed my bundle - for tray =
lin, sod in the.' mornin .1 got up, started,
and bad a very pleasant - trip:of it. When
I hinded at the hotel in - Havanna, I inquired
where. Sante Anita lived, and they told me
that be lived down' that street; in that big
house; pinto) it out toMie, but *aid ho was
not at 101110 now ; he bad gone • out of
townthattnornittlo-have. sr-alai:ken: fight,
but the landloril.said if twanted titan him
right ofite,would go with nie out. Well.
I told him I ~dtdoo tory important busi
twee. , So wer, started right off, and I tell
yoti Ate way.* feller tried to, git out of
itit4.tin the wey„what I.werittid with San
ti 444' wee .enOtigh totnake old Father
Ritchie,sneen t , but. I, guess Ito mitt it.--
So got away . out ,ef town we
itotno to, a grenthig crowded queer looking
people placed all, around in a eircle„aud
few were inside of it, with two chickens
' lightin for life. just like uncle Josh's old
Then used to fight aunt Sally.wheu she went
to ketch her chickens.. The landlord said,
"Do you see that fellow -with the wooden
kg and big whiakers„' and 'a1111144 so
straight I" Spa 1, "Yes." "That's Santa
Anna," he said, "he is fightin .ch icli,tnot
with that other big fuller-you see with hint
there." . •
So I bolted right. up to Santa Anna and
told him Lwanted to see him pp ; import
ant business. He said as soon as this
Chicken tight was ever' he, would attend to
me. I then whispered to him I had dis
patches from President Polk fur Itini. Ile
then right off gets into a. hurry and calls, a
feller to attend to his chickens for him, and
tuk me by the arm and said I must go right
home with him in his own carriagp, (I sup
pose it's the same one that Gen. ; Scott
took from him at Cerro Gordo.) So 1
told the landlord that I would go with San
ta Aunit„ and way we started, talkin all the
way abput how the President was. and
how thof people liked Santa Anna. I told
hint I thought there was'ut malty here that
TWO DOLLAR/5 Ptit AINRIVIL
liked him but the President. lie wasted
•to know why. I told him I did'nt Want to
offend him; I hoped he would not booed
if he would promise not to be, I'd tell him.
Ile promised on his honor, and then I told
him that the people here considered, him a
little toabarbarons and treacherous.' When
I told him this, the way he turned np his
eyes and gritted his teeth, was equally
Sam Johnson the time he swallowed the
live bumblebee. Ile said be did!nt mind
the swallowing of it, but it scratched the
all-firedeat, as it went down. Well, then
by that time we had got in his house. and
I handed him the President's dispatches.
When he read them he looked pleaseddlto
pieces. I then told him all that the Pres
ident told rue tell, and I raily thought he
would go right °lithe handle at once. lie
laughed and rejoiced, and said he'd - ateinle
some of the Mexican boys that bad him
sent out of the country what they were a
bout ; but in lookin over the documents►
again he all at once stamped his foot arid
got fairly black with rage, and oraid,"Does
Polk think that I ton a fool to think that I
am to give away so much of my conotty.
and get nothin fin it. No, I'll not give hint
one inch of it, if he don't pay me for h." I
then told him that he had better give the
President a hat lie wanted, that he only
wanted all of New Mexico and the Califor
nias, and then he could be President of
the balance of Mexico, and that was better
than to he away off in Havanna. If he..
iiiii'm do that, he would have to stay there.
At that he placed his finger below his eye
and said, "Do you see anything gram,
there f" Ile then took his Pass from a
mong the dispatches and read it tome, and
then pushed it right tinder my nose, and,
said. "There, do you see that ? I now de
fy you and all the men in the U. States to
keep me out of Mexico now." I then told
him if he got any ways stubborn the NW-.
dent would send word down to the officers
in the squadron not to let hint pass; but he
only laughed at me and mid, "Can't Ibe
in Mexico as soon as you arc in the Uni
tq States," and he then gave such a horrid.•
grin and sneer at me that it makes the cold
chills run over me yet, when I think of it.
Well, 1 then set to work thinkin the mat
ter all over in my mind. At last I
clapped my hand to my head and sea. to
Myself, ‘ , l ye got it now." "Lleueral,"ini
I, "I see you've come it over the President
and myself, and I think we'd better make
the best of a had bargain. Now jist say
how much will you take for that part of .
Mexico that we want? It's no use for you
two, who him always been good friends,
to got at loggerheads - now, when you know
that Ole President has bin so good to .you
as to send you that Pass. So, let's strike •
a bargain of sonic kind. Now, jist say .
What are your terms, and I think the Pres- .
ident will agree to them, and if he does,iea ..
all right; fin he has a large majority of.
good simon-pure 'Theocrats in Congress,
and they will jist do as he wants 'em, and
Old VathetThichie will back them and aay
1 its'all right." "Well,"ses ho,"I'll tell yon
I what I'll do, if the President will send me
I about three millions of dollars down, so
that,l can raise and equip a good army,
and then promise not to send too many
soldiers into Mexico, and be sure not to let
that old Taylor have too many, for I don't
like the way he cuts up, then I'll do what
you proposed. I'll make the offer to the
President, in my dispatches to him, andif
he'll 414 i it it will all be right." "Well." - -
see 1, "(3 onerid, your terms are puny hard,
but I rather 'spits(' Polk will agreeto them,
/min as he dont want to get at loggerfierulte
with you." „ . .
I then bid hint good bye, and he said I
should give his best respects to President
Polk, and mll him to write soon. Ile then
gave a wink. as much as to say, "I'll be
his when he kitches me." .1 took passage
for Inime as 801/11119 . 1 could, and called on •
the Presitient immediately on my return,.
and I can tell you there never was a feller
gladder to see another than the President
was to seem.
W 0,7 sea he, "how . is Santa. Amm.
and how did you get along with hint
Does he agree to give me the territory I
want 1", I shook my head and told him.
that he woultrist give up one inch without. .
.bein paid for it. I then gave the Presi
dent Saute Anna's dispatches, and told him.
all that had occurred; and I tell you, gisn
amen. that I never seed a feller look
worse than Polk did when he read over
the dispatches. Whv, even Bill Grimes
did not look worse when uncle Simon sail,
ketched him in our hen koop. Alter
readin the dispouthes over and over again
and again,. he gave a big sigh and mad,
"Well Major, 1 spore I'll have to give it lo
him. I don't see what else I am to do..
Oh, Major. Major. Prue alreared this coa
fitntule4- tlesivati War will ruin me, and. ,
our whole party,; all the IV higs and a great
many thineenits are eensurin tee for brute
in on the war, and now say since it is be
gnu it must be prosecuted with vigor, and.
are now censurin me fur not sendin on more
eOldient mid money, I've told old father
Ritchie that its treason to say any thiug
against the. President
. or the War ' , anti
he is puffin and blowin himself. -ahneet
to-tleath in his paper, but it wont do.; he
gets hiutaelf used up on all sides. Heiken
told um that I would have to go down to
Mexico b e f ore long with more dispatches.
and told me to call over and see him soon
again, for I was such a comfort to him itv
these troublesome Clines. I then bid him
good-by and, left.
Well, Mr. Editor, Irvin as we are old,
frientlit, I thought l'tl.have to let you Ow
eomethio about my
,trip to Ilavonaa, and
when 1 write to you again give yes
history of my trip to Mexico. I remain
your'o, .____Joit".4 Comas..
"I knew by the smoke that so lazily coiled
From his lips,'twas a biller I happened tow*
And I said, -if a nuisance there be in this weadd.
Tis smoking cigars in the frequented *lre
Twee night, and the ladies were glidixts
And in many en eye shone theilit Weer'
Durtho loafer puffed• on: and I beerdloos SOMA/
Save She shod hacking cough o eseitlissed*
ltiarriages itilcon, Celebi l 11414
considerable pOtnii, arid * Atr 1r Ike
priest even from the bras* AIM `.7//4i
less then 1122. - •
"You in* sto if yea wan 7'""
the wAs ma WA, HiOW Wh• 01001, • felik""