Star and banner. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1847-1864, October 01, 1847, Image 1

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VOL, 1V111.7-29.1
11r10112, 1 4 MLIOASIXI.
Sacred to me, B°Werl4
facia ye are !
p m yo hale bloomed in that home of ours,
TINA home ahrr ;
Where in the frashowes of childhood's hours
We need to dwell; •
Ye have been plucked from thole leafy. bowers .
We loved so well;
And ye bring back the memories of other times
fair the music. of oldamembered chimes.
Almada ye bring of bright days departed,
When children, we,
Full of gay hope and summer-hearted,
Darned life to be
A world, wherein yawl& wes thwarted.
How fait* the thought,
The 'neath WWI we since have 'matted
Too soon have taught;
Yet each year has swept by with an autumn blast,
Beating tallest hopes to the buried past.
Others noturdwell ht that cherished place;
Strange footstep' tread
The selfrneme paths wbere, in sportive chase,
So oft we've sped ;
Yet of our pretence remains no trace,
NO single one;
The flowers laugh on in their gleaming grace,
Though we are gone ;
And no eternity's* burden the joyous wind
Of the thousand sights we left behind:
They've chanted and oew•modelled the aspret old
Of Mat loved spot;
They have made it better and fairer, told;
I nhould love it not.
oh, dearer to roe ten thounand-fold
It unaltered face !
And better to see it deserted and cold,
A silent place.;
Where would every stone and every weed
liter a tale to tell and a cause to plead.
Where each would with touching voice recall
Sorneehrgone sport. •
Teeming with thmurand tnernorica, all
Of joy estioi sort ;
Of some gleesome game of hoop or ball,
Some playful strife,
Now laid aside for the sterner thrall
Of remelt life;
Whilst others reap the smiles and flowery,
Whit* once we deemed Do fondly ours.
And he before whose glance of light
Pale borrow fled,
Whose soul wu the home of all things bright.
Sbeeps with the dead.
Howisoiny eyes did the welcome sight
Of his smile rejoice !
How many hearts listened with fond delight
To his kindly voice !
It is hushed, and those hearts bent ea light as the
Of the grass that grows over his silent grave.
Alt this is the bitter and desolate thought,
Death's chirkst wo,
To feel how soon wesre deemed as nought
When laid below;
Forgotten by those who our presence sought
With loving hearts,
When in this regent of honors bought
We bore our parts.
We din, and the title of Ilk's inlay scene
Rolls onward as though wo Itad newer been!
God formal the world for beauty,
And hung it in the ■ir,
Then clothed it in its loveliness,
And called it "good" and fair.
His are the humithed Heavens,
With all their orbs of fight;
He gave the stars the luster
That they shed upon the night.
He made the Mighty Ocean,
Its grandeur and its grace,
And gave its mystic splendor
As a mirror for his free.
No nolderenthleut bath He,
None greater, none more free,
No symbol halloo touching
As the bounding Mighty tics.
The Mountains in sublimity,
As monuments shall stand,
To teach us wondering mortals
The workship of his hand.
Upon their mighty hill-sidle ,
Amend their summit high,
His name is wr o to in glory,
In power and majesty.
But oh I the blooming Prairie,
Here are God's floral bowers;
Of all that Ho bath made on earth
The loveliest are the flowers.
This le the Almighty's garden,
Alrzl in thewtsajgdauskstafif, and sea,
g mompared in beauty
With God's garden Prairie her.
'Few know the treasures in their own
bosom—very few the elasticity and capac
ity of a well-regulated mind for emjoyment.
The' whole world of philosophers. and his
torians and poets, seem, to the secluded
student, but to have labored for his pleas
ure; and as he comes to one new truth
and beauiiful thought after another, there
answers a chord of joy, richer than music,
in his heart—which spoils him for the
coarser pleasures of the world. The mind
is like the appetite—when healthy and
well-toned, .receiving pleasure from the
commonest food; but becoming diseased,
when pampered and neglected. Give it
time to turn in upon'itaelf, satisfy ha rest
less thiestfor knowledge, and it will give
birth to health. to animal spirits, to every
t.thinagg which invigorates the body. while it
311 **Aiming by every step, the capacities
•of the soul. Oh! if the runners after plea
'sure weidd stoop down by the wayside,
i'they might drink waters eiren better than :
thede *birth they see only in their dreams.
They will not be told that they have in
tAbir pOsksision•the golden key which they
. covet; they will not know that the music
they seek to enchant them, is eleSping in
their untouched instruments; that the lamp
• which they oak Stent gie enchanter, is
'burning within ein4r own hose=
A Rousing Can.—. The Boston Tray
elide says A young girl has lately been
brought to this oity for the benefit of emi
nent medical treatment, who has been suf
fering for several years with.a strange in
ifivisity.,, It is a noise in the throat, loud
aid distulol, - and sounds like the striking
two metals together, er , castanets used
by boys Lin the street. The noise is with..
nut intermission, save perhips ;ler a few
minutes oemtsionally. As yet the cause of
the noise hes not been ascertained, or any
means found to abate the disorder, which
so far has been on a gradual increase. It
is Mildly distinct from the motion of the
lungs. while breathing, and altogether is
one of those cases which arc beyond the
ken of human wisdom."
The death of Simeon Hays, a famous
police Mlicer in Baltimore, was announced
J,►at week•
In the pleasant and Odle Island of Mar.
Unique there lived, about thirty years ago,
a rich planter named Monsieur Hainsa.—
Possessed of a princely fortune, gilled with
a polished address, and a mild and friendly
character, he as one of the most popular
and influential colonists on the island.—
His plantations were numerous and flour
ishing, and he was the master of Amity
hundred slaves, whom he usually treated
with humanity and gentleness.
To one of these be accorded the most im
plicit confididenee. Antoine was a Artie
in nothing but the lame. lie had but t 2
express a wish, and it was gratified. His
master made him general overseer of his
property and manager of his affairs, and
Antoine might be seen mounted on a su
perb charger, with silver bitiffi'd spurs, the
adopted son, it seemed, rather than the
servant of the opulent planter.
Monsieur Haima's possessions Consist
ed, besides his landed property and slaves,
in large droves of mules and numerous
herds of oxen. He bad been for a long pe
riod fortunate in his stock, which increas
ed year by year. At last, a mortality ap
peared among his mules, and he lost a eon
siderahle number both of these and of ox
en. A few oThis negroes, too, died sud
denly, and the nature of the disease which
carried them off did not appear to be un
The next year the mortality continued,
apparently with increasing virulence.—
The negroes died in number, and, among
the rest, the-parents and. telations of An
tonio felt victims to an unknown disorder.
The ablest physicians on the island were
consulted, and several of them gave it as
their opinion that the mortality was caused
by poison.
The third year it raged to a frightful ei
tent. Men, women and children, as well
cattle of every kind, died daily, until this
mysterious calamity seemed to threaten
M. Haima with the loss of his entire prop
erty. The symptoms of poison were now
too evident to be mistaken; but who could
have conceived and executed so frightful , a
revenge remained unknown and uninispec
M7liii7 illaitalwaysitred - onlie m. at
friendly terms with his neighbots; scarce
ly any man had fewer enemies than he,
and no one could imagine the cause of an
animosity so persevereing and fatal.
One day, when the mortality was at its
height, several friends of M. Haima called
to consult and condole with him. ...Let
me advise you," said one of them, "to ap
ply to the sorceress who lives at the foot
of the mountains."
"What!" said Haima, in surprise, "old
Catiche? You suspect do not too of lend
ing credit to the foolish stories, which are
circulated and believed by the slaves, of
her supernatural powers ?"
'By no means. But a character like'
hers is seldom acquired without some foun
dation. Do not imagine that I give her
more credit than yourself for powers of
witchcraft. But for shrewdness and sa
gacity, ldo give her credit. By her spies,
or otherwise, she obtains lrifermation re
garding the most secret doings of her neigh
bors ; scarce a whisper Mtn be spoken,
but it comes to her ears; and if any one
can inform you who is your secret enemy,
it is old °stiletto."
Haima recurred to his friend's advice.—
"1 shall be a beggar," thought he. "if this
mysterious mortality continues much long
er. And, after all, a wise man may profit
even by the superstition of fools. At all
events, I cannot loose much by the trial."
So he mounted his horse and rode, unat
tended, to the hut of the sorceress.
Site sat at the furthest corner, muffled in
a huge blanket, and muttering unintelligibly
to himself, and did not, by word& gesture,
intimate her recognition - of the planter as
he entered. He seated himself by her,
and inquired if she could throw any light
on the cause of his late misfortunes.
"How should 1I" returned the hag in
her sharpest key. "How should a poor
old creature like me know any thing of
such things?"'
Haim repressed his impatience, while
he replied, "I do not suptiatte, as many do,
Catiche, that you have other means of in
formation than any one else might have,
with the same acquaintance and opportu
nity. But you do get to know almost ev
ery thing that passes on the island."
"And if I Cannot speak with spirits, why
do you come to mc, when you have your
own eyes, and can use them as well as I
can I"
The planter was little accustomed to be
teased or contradicted, but this was not a
moment to resent the old woman'a peculiar
temper. He drew a couple of gold pieces
from his pocket, and as he put them ►n her
withered hand he said, ueatiche, I have
not time to argue with you. Tell tne, if
you can, who ►t is that poisons my slaves
and cattle."
The old woman looked at the gold, cast
a searching glance around the room, and
then, appraching her lips to the , planter's,
ear, she pronounced, in a low whisper the
name of "Antoine."
"How," said Haim*. out'of all patience.
"Him whom I have treated as a eon, and
kia4ed with benefitst You rave. IV*
are your proofs t
But Catiche remained obstinately silent,
and not another word could theplanter
draw from her. 80 he was forted to take
his leave, very little satisfied with his visit.
"As I said,' was the reply to his friend's
inquiry regarding his success. "'The old
fool knows nothing of the mattdr, and out
of envy, or want of some one else to ac
cuse, she lays the blame on poor Antoine.
But I merited no better answer for my fol.
ly in going to consult a sorceress."
"Be advised," rejoined his friend. "Ca
fiche is well informed regarding all that
passes on our plantations, and she would
hot hazard such an assertion without good
reason. You have unlimited confidence
in Antoine, but see that it is not misplaced ;
he has opportunity enough, if he be so dis
posed, to do you this injury,"
"But how should ho be so disposed I I
have shown him more favor than to any
one else on the plantation. Ile has what
soever he asks or wishes for. Interest, if
not granted', would make him regard my
welfare as his earn."
"Well," said his friend, "do not trust
too much le probabilities. Order Antoine
to be seized ; tell him that ill his villany
is discovered, and see how he willionduct
himself." • . 2 •
fri. Halma was exceeding loth to agree
to a proposal which seemed to cast an un
just imputation on his favorite, but at last
his friend's repeated representations indu
ced him to adopt it.
Antoine was manacled and brought be
fore him. He uttered no word of eons•
plaint, yet neither did he evince any signs
of trepidationor guilt. His master already
began to repentthe course he had adopted; •
and, as he looked on Antoine's steady eye
and collected demeanor, be found no Bide
difficulty in acting the part he bad so un
willingly consented to assume.
"It is you, then," at last he said, "who
have been my secret enemy ; who have
wantonly, destroyed my property, and all
but effected my ruin ?"
"I, Monsieur Haima 1"
"Yes, you. Disguise is no longer ne
cessary. All your plans are discovered.
Everything is known to me, except the
motive that could have induced one on
whom I had conferred such benefits toilet
the serpent towards his protector and ben
Antoine was silent, but a slight, scarcely
perceptible, yet contemptuous curi-of the
upper lip, aroused his master's suspicions,
and determined him to Mow up the ex--,
amination iii a similar tone.
"I treated you with the care and lonfi-
dence of a father. - I distinguished you *-
hove "all your companions; and you have
abused my favor, repaid my kindness with
the blackest treachery. You have plotted
and too successfully effected a revenge
such as the cruelest mind conceives against
its bitterest enemy."
Antoine still remained silent, but the
kindling, almost oinking expression of his
eye confirmed all Haima's surmises.
"Antoine," he continued, with 'increas
ing emotion, "have I merited this at your
handet Have I given you cause for this
deadly revenge t Interest, if not- gfati
tude, might surely have secured your fi
delity. What was wanting
I to your com
fort ETIP - Pitielitit — braywhat could
you wish for that you did not possess ?"
"My liberty !" said the African, in a
tone of mingled pride and bitterness.
"And did I not,grant you more than ev
ery thing which liberty could have afford-,
ed you ?'
"I was your slave I" and Antoine drew
up his tall and hilidsome form to jts full
height, and clenched-tha manacles that
bouud his hands, as if he-would crush the
iron chain in his grail.
"Wretched man," said his master, as a
conviction of the truth at last settled on his
mind. "These, then, were your motives 1
IBut your own father and mother—your
nearest relations !"
"Had I not poisoned them,l should my
self have been suspected."
"Good God!" exclaimed Abe planter,
"and this is the man I had treated as my
own child, and to whom I had confided all
I possess!"
"He was but a part of your property,"
said the slave, with a scornful smile.
"Do ypu feel no compunction, no re
e merge for the multiplied and ungrateful
' crimes you have committed I"
"Have I ever given you the shadow of
a cause to complain of toy conduct towards
you 2"
Antoine was forthwith conducted to pris
on, tried, and executed. He died tran
Haima's fellow-planters moralized on
the danger of evincing partiality to a slave,
and bade their overseers double their vigi
lance and increase their security, while the
philosopher and friend,of Freedom thence
deduced, with greater reason, a striking se
gument against slavery itself, be its form
or disguise what it may. .
I have not related a tale 9f fancy. I had
the above - facts from a French gentleman
who resided on the island at the time they
happened, who was personally acquainted
with M. "Haima, and who had seen the
high spirited, misguided Antoine in the
height of that favor and prosperity which
could not weigh with him against the name
itt relates an anecdote, wisociated with the
poem from which this, finnan line is so of
ten quotec4 which may not be familiar to
our readOt. Burns being invited to dine
at a nobleman's on a certain occasion, wag
turned off to eat his dinner with the butler.
After the repast win over, le *tut sent for
to the dining-room, a chair placed for him
at the bottom of the table, and he was cal
ed on for a song, Controlling his Indig
nation he sang.—
kls there, for haunt poverty,
Wha hanp his heid and a' that 1
The toward, slave wopion him by,
And litre be poor ttri a' that.
For a' that and a' that,
gatat's mintier a' that..
46You 'see ybn birds, tai'd lord,
(Pointing to the no Manus It the heti( of the labia)
Mao 'Sines and own and a' duet,
Thoagie hatatlreda winaltip at hip word,
lie's but *coot for that.
Nolr a' that and a' that,
A nean's ktalitt thaV •
As the last-words homed from Ids lips,
he role and not deigning the company a
syllable of adieu, marched out of the room
and the house.
SLANDER.—It i 8 a poor soul that cannot
bear slander. No decent man can get a
long without least, mine who are
engaged in the business pursuits of life,—
Have you had a bad fellow in your em
ployment and discharge him—he goes
round and slanders you ; let your conduct
be such as to excite the envy of another,
he goes round and slanders you. In fine,
we would not give a cent for a person w
is not slandered—he is either a milksop or
a fool s No, no, earn a, bad name by a bad
fellow, (and you can easily do so by cor
rect conduct,) it is the only way to prove
you entitled to a good one.
"The woman made me, sit down; and
when I placed myself in the usual Europa
an manner, they begged me,in,a deprecat
ing tone, not to remain in that constnined
position, but to put myself quite at my
ease,erif I were mmy house. Hors far
I walk - it mT ease, installed aht tisrque, on
an ieiinenrxt pile of cushier', I leave to be
imagined by any one who ever tried to ra..
main five minutes in that pout*.
I was determined to omit nothingthat
should give them a high idea of my gsavoir
VIVO; according to their own notions, and
began by . once more gravely accepting&
pip*. At the pasha's I had managed mere.
ly to hold it- in:-my- occasional
Witching it with my lips, without really
using it; bat I soon saw that, with some
twenty pairs of eyes fi xed • ly upm
me, I must smoke here ,-- p us *Warr'
Wally smoke—or be nocisid a violator
of all the laws of good breed . The to- 1 1
bacco was so mild and fragrant that the
penance was not so groat al might have
been expected;.but icould scarcely help
laughing at the ludicrous position. I was pla
ced in ; seated in state on ' square
cushion, smoking a long p other
end of which was supported *kneeling
slave, and bowing solemnly r e sultant
between almost every whiff. Vti , sweet
meats, and sherbet, (the mostritlightful of
all pleasant dratights,) iverer*ght to Me
in constant succession by thWo little not
grotty, and a pretty young gitt, whose d
. ty it was to present me the richly embr ••
erad napkin, the corner of w 'eh I was e ! •
peeled to make use of . lay on her
shoulder, as she knelt befit . ..• These
refreshments were offered 'me in bean
dila crystal vases, little g*. ceps,. and
silver trays, of which formf inisfortune,
they seemed to possess a large supply, as
I was obliged to go through a never-end
ing course of dainties, in order that they
might have an opportunityilif displaying
them all. • t •
"My bonnet sadly puzzle them; and
when, to please them, I •torik it off, they
were most dreadfully scandalized to see
me with my_ hair uncovered, and could
scarcely_ believe that I was not ashamed to
sit all - day without a veil or - handkerchief;
they could notconceive, either, why I should
wear gloves, unless It were to 'hide the
want of henna, with which they of
:bred to supply me. They then proceed
to ask me the moat extraordinary questions
—many of which l•found it really bard to
answer. My whole existence was as in
comprehensible to this poor princess, sw t
getating from day to day within her four
walls, as that of a bird in the air must be
to a mole burrowing in the earth. Her
life consisted, as she told me, of sleeping,
eating. dressing, and bathing. She never
walked farther than from one room to an
other ; and I can answer for her. not htiv•
ing an idea beyond the narrow limits ()Cher
prison. It is a strange and most unnatu
ral state to which these poor women are
brought ; nor do I weirder that the Turks,
'dame own detestable egotism alone cans-
I es it,
should declare that they have no
The'- Rochester Advertiser tells a capi
tal story of egg hatching by steam. While
the operation was going on in Baltimore.
and while hundreds were examining its
wonders daily, an old lady called et the
door and paid- her quarter for admission.
Once inside, she took the gentlenum who
conducted the apparatus by the button, and
wanted he should tell her all about it : how
the machine worked—how much it cost
—where they were to be bought—and
whether or not it was really erect that the
brood -of little chickens running about the
floor were actually hatched by steam. She
then gave a detailed account of how
much poultry she raised, how much ma
ney she made by it, Am, adding that the
profits were aorjltily small," aild - if theie
machines would do the thing cheaper she
would buy one.
After she had made a thousand inquries
the gentleman proceeded to show her the
drawers wherein were deposited the eggs,
in different stages of incubation. 'The old
lady looked astonishment. -
"La, me 1" she exclaimed, do you use
eggs T'
"Certainly," was the answer.
"Then," said she, "I consider this a
perfect piece' of imposition—A downright
swindle, to pick the pockets of honest
people 1 Why, anybody can hatch chick.
ens with eggs. Icon do it myself, and not
charge nothing for the sight either."
And the old. lady made her way out in
a mighty huff, muttering to herself, "What
impudence! to charge a woman ' two shit
ling to see chickens - hatched oat of eggs!"
W 41," OT
Gough, the temperance lecturer, is, it
seems, not firmly established ipitis tempe
rance principles. lie said, in aldcture re
clutlY, that he had so little confidence in
his own power to resin: temPistiOnt ends°
fearful lest at any time he should again fall,
that no sum of money however large, no
prospect of worldly advantage, would in
duce him to pais a night in a room, with
no companion but a bottle of.rum.
11 ;min wrrivotrr MMUS &limo.—
We find in the Elehnel!post an account of
a method olcompelling the wheat plant to
become perennial, like grass. 'and to per
fect its grainannually, without annual
sowing of mewl, which has been success
fully practiced at Constance, in Germany.
It was discovered by a steward of an es
tate named Kern. His method, after
plowing and manuring the land and sow
tug it with summer or winter wheat, is to
mow it in the spring, before the ear makes
its appearance. This process is repeated
several times in the season, and the pro
duct is us ed as hay. The plant is then
allowed to grow and be cut in the °Mina
way. 'rho next year it ripens earlier.
GOOD.-A youth, who, it is charitably
presumed, hasl never "seen the elephant."
recently (built; himself in the company of
three young ladies,and generously divided
an orange between them. "You will rob
yourself, said one of the (lamas's." "Not
at all," replied our innocent, "I have three
or four more in my pocket !"
Toter. or Adams County,
REMEMBER, That James K. Polk recom, l
1842, and approved the British Free-trade Tariff
Of 1846, by which American Industry must be
brought into ruinous competition with,foreigstpau
rw Labor.
REMEMBER, That Jam" R. P6lk, by lump
ping rowers deleptedby:Bie Cooothution to Con-1
harilitWifyid is'an trri-
NECESSARY WAR, 'word for the 11111110121-
bimment of a doterllep . and #ol o ol l6 lPithit
REMEMBER, That Soma K. Pl* VA. or.
Agota,tiw cienln* 4.4 our egiUkkita AA the
OW!**Obitret time ,PASSAig. Or WI
TA ANNA , INTO NEXICO,!;11 which as the
brOkoo nei t her ' of the enemy wan
farm With a favorite and iopttler leades..
REMEMBER, That James' K. Polk exerted
hiuteehrto the utmost TO DEGRADE 01lbig.
11(XrrT ilk TAYLOR, b! lultwilnillf urging uP.
an Congress the appointment of • Lionnettent Gen
eral w ape nn* tim both! • _
REMEMBER, that Jeans K. mit, by with
holding the requititellolollll 061011. luta. through
out the *Mire minialgit,iteharesied the operations
of these Alien* and ibreediitem to engage the en
emy under desperate odda. • '
REMEMBER, that James R. Polk's aria!
the Washinton Uoieu, recommended
t " ibe win be convected " CRUSADE A
. .
• kw°, and that the Religion
~ bsdiswerated and pit4god. to., wan" for
Curl's* en thews , .
REMEMBER, test lamer K. Polk, in the true
*tit bbirk-cookade .11*as, CHARGED
TREASON upon all wild speak of these
things, or call In Tumble, the merits of his admire ,
isthmian. ' '
itehnsmißEwThat UntieA. Polk warmly
urged upon tb• last coholi to lay , a mono too
Of 20 per cent. on 'Mk AND COFFEE. mut
that the y deoonnoed thane nuaibeii
of ' u tim?Pit4 ehellience to Ws
io4kuloy'a osiers. w ‘ • ,
4111/ IrPla attratininkytraia
DENfEhtIIER—ALSOrtitiV molbes
Comity, Convention, Which, caked'-upon you to
panesar mirrages Bit Mr. Surlia, APPROVED
of all these acts of Mr. Pots by adoptiUg the fol.
lowing resoluddrar
Resolved, That the warm pursued by Lours
K. Palm, during hh truly trying administration,
TION.; and that the lgonesty, ability and liminess
nuirdhsiPth the prommutwof the preterit war,
notwithstanding the opposition he,mette with in
the Federal party, eminently entitle him to the es.
teem and admiration' of the AMerican people.
(Prom the
The Locefeco, journals who take their
• cue from the Washington Union, add oth
er unscrupulous Locofoco organs, have at
tempted to manufacture capittiy gut of the
oppoaition expressed'hy, ;gang: Whie.49 ,
the War, as, to its origin and commence.
meat. The sjtention of these as' well as
the public is called to the following Hindi
cation ot the opinions of the Whigg by the
tesfimenrof one - of the
,Bopters.and Fath
ers of the Loeoroce party
Mr. Brownson, the able editor of. the
"Brownson's Quarterly ideview." in the
July number of that "exponent Of •Demos ,
racy," "conclusively proieit that ;ty re War
with Mexico is uUNOALLED. An;
Browneon is known to be one of themost
powerful champions of Derecietriey in• hal
Union; and as nuchebtaineilireatcidebritt,
As editor of the "Democratic
Ile is the political friend of the President,.
sedan adherent' of the Leaden& party.—,
It at
wag...therefore. certelt- - -no to bo -ex
. • t .
pected that such a iitiNist such s„ position,
would ido completely demolish every argt
ment advanced by Mr: Polk andhisrriendi
in support of the. present _War, as 'Mr,
Brownstin brie done. , Be has thug volurp;
tarily rendered a service to troth for which
the Tkioofeceit will ma*" forgive him:—
But let hits speak tor himself: ; . • ,
"Foe ourselves we have regarded ihri
Mexican War from the first as ,totgalled
or, .inipolitic and . unjust. - We_have' ex
amined the documents published by order
of the Voverament; we hive read' tbe of
ficiad,defenire *l i the war in the list annual
Message 6f the President to Congress,
and'argh every diepogititiii to find our own
governnient in the right but We are bound
to say, that our original impressions have
been' strengthened rather than, weakened.
The President undoubtedly makes it clear
that we have many just causes of com
plaint against Mexico, which at the time
of their occurrence might have justified re
prisals, perhaps even war, but he cannot
plead these-in justification of THE PItES
ENT WAR; for they were not the
ground on which we professed to eng age
in it. The official announcement of the
President to Congress was that war al
ready existed between the two republics,
by the act of Mexico herself, and whatever
use we may make of old grievances in ad
justing the terms of peace, we can make no
use of them, in defending THE IV AR.—
e can plead in its defence only the ffiet
on which we grounded it ; namely. war
exists .by the act of Mexico herself. But
unhappily, at the time of the official an
nouncement, WAR OW NOT EXIST
between the two republics at all, for neith
er republic. had declared war against the
other. There had been a collision of their
forces, hut this was nut war, as the people
would probably have conceded, had he
known or recollected the distinction lw
tween war and hostilities. By placing the
war on the ground that it existed by the
act of Mexico, and that ground being
FALSE, he has left it wholly indefensible,
whatever the old grievances we may have
to alledge against Mexico.
“The act of Mexico in crossing the Rio
I Grande, and engaging our troops on terri-
tory which she had possessed and still cial publication of a palpable FALSE
claimed as hers, but which we asserted HOOD, sullied the national HONOR.—
had, by a recent act, against which she had It is with no pleasure that we spook thus
protested, become ours,—the act which the of the chief magistrate of the Union, for
President chose to inform Congress and whose elevation to his high and responsi..
the world was war—may or may not have ble office we ourselves voted. But what-
been a just cause for declaring war against ever may be our attachment to party, or
her, but assuredly it was not war itself.— the respect we hold to be due from all good
We have no intention of justifying Alexi.; citizens to the civil magistrate, we cannot
co. She may have been decidedly in the I see the Constitution violated, and the no
wrong ; she may have -had no valid title tional honor sacrificed, whether by friend
to the territory of which the President had or Me, from good motives or bad, without
just taken military occupation; that terri-1 entering, feeble though it be, our stern and
tory may have been rightfully ours, and it - indignant protest "
may even have been the duty of the Pres- '
ident to occupy and defend it ; hut it cannot
bedenied that she once possessed it ; that it
.was stills partof one of her States or provin
ces; . that she still claimed it, and had con
tinued to exercise jurisdiction over it, till
driven from it by our army of occupation ;
that.she invaded it with an armed force,
ifinvasion it can be called, not as territory
belonging to her; and that she attacked
our: troops, not for the reason that they
warp ours, but for the reason, as she held,
—and she had as good a right to he judge
in' her Own. case as we had in ours,—that
they were intruders, trespassers on her
.The motive of her act was not war
against the United States, but the expul
sion of intruders from her own territory
' , )‘ - No sophistry can make her act WA It
- . •.certainly not without conceding that our
act in taking military possession of that
territory was also ; and if that was
Wei.. then the war, if it existed at all, exist
ed WY OUR ACT, and not by hers, for
her act was consequent upon ours. The
most that-the President was at liberty to
say, without condemning his own govern
ment, was, that there had been a collision
of the•forces . of the two republics on a ter
ritory claimed by each ; but this collision
he had no right, to term war, for every bo
dy knows that it takes something more than
collision of their respective forces on a dis
puted territory to constitue war between
two eleilirted nations. In no possible point
dtvie v , *at the announcement of the Pres
ident Alit war existed between the two re
public*, and, existed by the act of Mexico,
or : if it4li4it existed not by act of Mexico,
but by' nth. ad: ‘'ln either case, the official
announcement was FALSE, and cannot be
oThe President May have been govern
ed by patriotic motives; he may have felt
that prompt, and energetic action was re.:
(mired ; be - mny have believed that in great
emergencies the chief magistrate of a pow
erful republic, having to deal with a weak
end distracted state, should rise superior
to mere technical forms, and the niceties
truth and honor ; but it strikes us that
hi would here donebetter, proved himself
even more patriotic, and sufficiently prompt
n"erfgeflo , it he lnul confined himself to
the ordinary volts ainordify, and the well
defined principles of international law.—
By aspiring to rise above these, and toap
pear original, ho has placed his country in
' a false position, and debarred himself, what
ever the just 'causes of war Mexico may
bare given us, from pleading one of them
in justification Of *the actual — war. We
must be pennitted to regret that he did not
reflect beforehand, litat, it he planed the de
, fence (Odle war on the:ground that it al
ready existed brdtelet of Mexico herself,
and mt-that-tround-demanded of Congress
the means of prosecuting it, he would in
me that ground proved to be untenable,
as he must have known it wonld, have
nothing's whatever to alledge in its or his
4ov/ft - jurisdiction: • He should have been
lawyer 'enough to have known that he
could not , plead anew, after having fliiled
milts brit issue. It is often hazardous
in our • . plead what is not true,
and in rdoing so. in the present case, the
President has not only offended morality,
whioit4te may regard as a small matter,
but has even committed a blunder.
"The course the President should have
pursued is plain and obvious. On learn
mg the state of things on the frontier, the
critical 'condition of our army of occupa
tion, he should have demanded of Congress
the reinforcements and supplies necessary
to relieve it and secure the purpose for
which it wee avowedly sent to the Rio
Grande; and, if he believed proper or no
cessary,lo have, in addition, laid before
Congress a full and, TRUTHFUL state
mentsof our relations with Mexico, inclu
dibg all the unadjusted complaints, past
and present, we had against her, accompa the recommendation of a declara
tion of war:
4'He would then have kept within the
limits of his duty, proved himself a plain
constitutional President, and left the re
sponsibility of war or no war to Congress,
the only war-making power known to our
laws. Congress, after mature delibera
tion, might, or might not, have declared
war—most likely would not; but whether
so or not, the responsibility would have
rested with it, and no blame would have
beet] attached to the President.
"Unhappily, this course did. not occur
to the President, or was too plain and sim
ple to meet his approbation. As if fear
ful, if Congress deliberated, it might re
fuse to declare war, and as if DETER
MINED TO HAVE WAR at any rate,
he presented to:Congress not the true is
sue, whether war Should or should not be
declared—but the FALSE ISSUE, wheth
er Congress would, grant hint the means
01 prosecuting a : war, waged against us by
a foreign power. In the true issue, Cob
gress might have hesitated—in the one ac
tually presented there was no room to hes
itate, if the official announcement of the
President was to be credited, and hesita
tion would have been criminal. By de
claring that the war already existed, and
by the act of Mexico herself, the President
relieved Congress of the responsibility of ,
the war, by throwing it all on Mexico.—!
But since he cannot fasten it on Mexice—
for war did not already exist, or if so, by
our act, and not hers--it necessarily re
coils upon HIMSELF. and he must hear 1
the RESPONSIBILITY of doing what
the Constitution FORBIDS him to do—
of making WAR without the intervention
Of Congress. In effect, therefore, he has
trampled the Constitution under his foot,
seta dangerous precedent, and, by the ofti-,
NEW 11L.
.I . lle Tariff of 1842 is safe in the heads
of' Mr. Polk."
"Mr. Polk is a better Tariff with than
Mr. Clay."
"The annexation of Takao cannot and
will not endanger the peace of the countr y
These were the talismanic primitive
which won the triumph of Polk in 1844..
Was this the answer of 'truth? Let
. .
History an. !
Or - Let the clouds that haritovetlite
mestic industry of the country, soon to
break upon the laborer and the manufactu
rer, tell whether Mr. Polk is a better Tit
rill num than Mr. qpi t y !
oz:r. Let the graves of dead men, and the
groans of the dying—let the tears of the
widow and the forlorn condition of the or
phan—tell whether Annexation was a
work of Peace ! •
people were deceived: they have
bee*Orayed by those whom they have
honored—basely, outrageously betrayed !„
The Tariff of 1842 is not. Peaeo an
its blessings, that were—are no more!
ri t ..-NV ill not those who have been thus
deceivod and betrayed—will they not cast
oil' and put down those who have ao gross
ly and shamefully imposed upon final
[Village Record..
[From the North American
The statement of the new Collectet on
the Public Worke loCated of PittsXurg,
shows that although the number of boats
passed from the opening of-navigation to
the first of August this year is 755 less
than last year up to the same period, the
tonnage is 3,602 306 lbs. more, and the
tolls near $lO,OOO more than they
were during the whole of last year ! What
is the unavoidable inference from these
facts ! What but that the State, under a
Locofoco Canal Board, has been plunder
ed systematically from a quarter to half a
million of dollars a year 1 how has the
robbery been discovered and checked ?
By theklection of JAMES M. Powka, the
Whig. ual Commissioner, whose pros,
ence at the Board compelled salutary re.
fornt7 and honest returns.
Our State has witnessed strange sights
of late years in the management of the
public works. We have seen men go in
to the public employ penniless, at small
salaries, and in the course of a year or two
become the owners of large farms or the
possessors of funds to enter largely into
speculative business. We have seen em
ployees, whose wages were set down at
$1 50 or $2 50 per day, voluntarily leave
their situations, and live subsequently on
their means like very nabobs. We have
seen the State encumbered by debt and its
citizens tax-ridden, until endurance at most
ceased to be a virtue, and we have seen at
the same time our public works losing
money when under locofoco control. But
as soon as there was an infusion of Whig
energy and Whig honesty given to the
Canal Board, the aspects are all changed
—the works become profitable, and, while
the number of boats passing has decreased
25 per cent. the tonnage and tolls of the
present year have already exceeded those
of last year.
Will the people need prompting to apply
the proper corrective, which they commen
ced last fall ! Will they require to be told
thnt a Whig Canal Board will prevent fu
ture frauds on the public works, when
they see what has already been accom
plished by the election of Mr. Power?—
We think not. Give the good old com
monwealth the services of POWER and
PATTON as Whip, and Mr. Beasts, who,
though opposed to us politically, we be
lieve to be an honest and conscientious
public officer, and we need have no shad.
ow of distrust concerning the paymenLof
the State interest, and a surplus of availa
ble means towards the creation of a sink
ing fund for the eventful liquidation, of a
portion of the principal.
Gov. SHUNICS DEmocaacv.—The Whig
Legislature of last winter passed s bill au
thorizing the People of the several counties
to elect their Prosecuting Attornies in the
same manner in which they elect the other
County Officers. This mode of choosing
these ollicers has long prevailed in Ohio
and many other States and has recently
been introduced into the new Constitution '
of Illinois.
Gov. Shunk, however, was not willing
to relinquish so valuable a branch of offi
cial patronage. The power of appointing
the Attorney General subjects all his Dep
uties to his control, and insures him the
possession of a servile tool_ in every coun
ty. An old office holder himself, without
any qualifications (of merit or service) to
recommend him to the People he relies
on the exertions of these official dependants
to secure his re-election.
He therefore quietly pocketed the bill ,
When it Was presented to him, and Slink
prevented it from becoming a law as CAW!
tually as if he had vetoed it. But he did
not dare to veto it—he would have been
obliged to give his reasons for doing air!
And he hail not the maillibetot to avow, as
Martin Vanillin:it • did in the New York
Con vent iine," that "Meier/her Potor, ,etiat
removed /rout the People, the Wilt I"
He wished to secure liithrlocdoo Anal
Then he eau apply the veto withllll4o7 . :
But should Gem Irvin be eleoletkltill WAX
let the bill become a law simply byl :' ;.}.
it lie in his pocket. Win the poop :' ' . •:,,
donee this kind of dentegoiluim by
thotr-votes to - Mr. Shank l'-.-4101. *MO;