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MWM. II. J A CO BY, EDITOR.
' CH1S. G. BJ RKLEY, Assistant Editor .
BLCOnSBrRG, WEDNESDAY, 31 1 R( II 8, 1865.
: a M. Pettengii.l & Co., 37 Park Row
g. New York, are duly authorized to solicit and
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" Star of the Aor, published at ,Bluoinsurg,
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- 3r. Sccrctirr Stanton a Coarieted Rebel.
. . , 01 all tbe satellite of Mr. Lincoln, there
. is not one who bas taken greater : pains, in
M eeason and oat of seon, to denounce the
. beinousness of secession, or who has scat-
tered maledictions, upon rebels and rebell
. ion, with proluser hand, than the Secretary
of War, Mr. Edwin M. Stanton.. His ex
, aggerated expressions oi loyalty 'and the
superfluous aavageness of. his antagonism
in the other direction, have been perpet
, uaHj suggestive of something, .behind the
. certain, from which he desired to withdraw
attention, or lor which he was anxions to
toue. - The following extract from a speech
. delivered by the Hon. A. G Brown ol Mis
sissippi, in the Confederate Senate, on the
thirtieth nltimo, explains, the whole affair
. .and sbonld command the aiteution of the
country.. It shows, beyond peradveutore,
that, as late as the secession ol Mississip
pi, Mr. Stanton not only approved of the
coarse which that State had adopted, but
, warmly commanded the whole action of the
South, and exhorted Mr. Brown to go home
Jrora the Senate of the United States and
, urge the Southern people to stand firmly
f, opon the ground they had assumed agaius
, this Government. Mr. Brown said ;
r "He had one consolation in thinking' of
, this, man Stanton, and that was that he
would be certain, sooner or later, to betray
Line ul j. Stanton wu incapable of keep
'inylaiih. He bad a fondness for betraying
-v tnwe who gave him their confidence that
.. has become the charm of bis lite. Mr
( Brown related an interview which he had
with the preseut Yankee Secretary of War
' just before he (Mr. B.) left Washington the
" last time. It was under circumstances pe
;: coliarly calculated to impress Mr. Brown.
His State hadwitbdrawn fro:n the Union.
' Mr. B was passing out of the Senate and
Mr. Stanton Irom the Supreme Court. They
- met by accident in Irom of the Old Capitol,
.when the conversation at once turned on
. secession, the action of Mississippi on the
question and Mr B.'s consequent with
drawal Irom the Senate. Mr. B. was sor
- prised, aud under the circums'ances. de
, lighted, to hear Mr Sianton say the South
was right, and express an earnest hope that
she would stand firm. Yoa are right,' said
1 he ; 'go home and urge yonr frit nds to
stand by what they have done and ' all will
. ;te well. Firmness now will secure you all
v you ask ; any wavering and you. are Josi.'
He had accepted his adnce, and the next
" he heard ol him he was Lincoln's Secreta
- 7y of War, or, be had better say Lincoln's
batcher."- ' .
:r This is trie Mr. Stanton, who now thinks
banging and coofiVcatien too good for any
' ma a who entertains the convictions which
be thus avowed, or who acted opon the
faith of his exhortations so earnestly given !
- This is the gentleman, whose sublimated
.-loyalty will not allow htm to Jisgrice the
. language of common courtesy, by assoei-
' ating iia most ordinary words or titles with
Dames of Southern gentlemen ! This is
t the patriot, whose zeal for Sou. hern subja-
Ration is so rabid, that he cannot even lol-'-
erats the approach of a peace commission
. or to bis military lines 1 How many on-
bappy wretchet has this same Mr Stanton
- crowded into his bastiles, under sentence ol
nnlawfn! .military courts, or without any
:- trial. at all, for having followed the counsel
..which be; urged - through Mr. Brown nay
.ior the mere expression of sentiments, not
half so "disloyal"' as those thu fixed upon
X himself! . . . . ;. .
. One thing we. should particularly like to
e know ;. Has Mr. Stanton taken, the required
official oath that he has never given "aid,
. countenance, counsel or encouragement"
, to the Southern rebats 1 . To take th it OMth,
jal8ely,; is. to commit perjury, under the
statute, and. not only ; involves deprivation
ot office, but "perpetual disqualification
' therefor."' We commend the inquiry to the J
Hou. Charles Soraner, who is not orHy oath-
master general, by bis own appointment,
' but bas all the lust of a genuine New Eng
r lander for putting a conscience on tho rack.
For once be bas an opportunity for turning
, liii tastes and functiona to fcood. There
( co excuse for evading the duty. .Senator
Saulsbary has pledged himself, io bis place,
' to prove the truth ol the statement ot Mr.
Brown, if the Senate 'will .alow him the
-opportunity. Let -Mr. St roner see to it!
As he lores the negro and' hates a seces-
aiouist, we cnurge cira Dot to let it pass.
(i Thi Ou Guard The March number of
7Ue Old Guard (now ready), contains the
, following articles'; Our Co'onie and laie
Unions i The Peer ami the Printer (continu
ed); Muouligbt Maying ; Unland (poetry);
The Ce!ebra:ed Beauties of Hampton Court;
F.izram on the United Slates; t4The Damn-
ft ab!t Heresy ol State Sovereiiniy;'' A Latin
l!p!ram;The American Uacea linger B.
Taney and rdw'rd Evererl Hie' Etlitor's
". Tat'a- 'Jhi numtier has two very valuable
tuc ; the leader, "Our Colonial and
fvv Unions,'.' in which ii i sbovrn that we
.'"Lata i.ad no' !e.t than four Unions and the
one "The Ari.eric-ari riacei,'' h tch tt fQlJ
of jrrrprrjM " intcr'm.iUonl The arttclr ffti
13 "L.aii;ie-i of tlamptoii Court,'' 'is an in-
ti-rctin historical teview, while ilei 'CJi
tor's Tat'la is distinguished fur . it Usual
spirit end piquancy, - Single -copies sent
f pct p kj) 'for 23 cents. . ... .
Van Kr', flnrton Sz Co- N. 162 Ns i
Fads about th67-30s The adfaatages the)
: i Offer.: t-
i ' i
Their - Absolotb Skcumtt. Nearly all
active credits are now based on Govern
ment securities and banks bold them, as
the very best and strongest investment they
can make. If it were possible to cor.tem-J
plate the financial failure of the Govern
ment, do bank wonld be any safer. It
money is loaned on individual notes or
bond and mortgage, it 'will be payable in
the same corrency as the Government pays
with, and no better. The Government has
never tailed to meet its engagements, and
the national debt is a first mortgage upon
the whole property of the country. While
other stocks fluctuate from ten to fitly, or
even a greater per cent., Government stocks
are always comparatively firm Their val
ue is fixed and reliable, beyond all .other
securities ;' tor while a thousand specula
tive bubble rise and bnrat, as a rule they
are never below par, and are otten above.
It is convertible into a six per cent, gold
bearing bond. At the expiration of three
years a bolder of the notes "of the 7 30 loan
has the option of accepting payment in
full cr of funding his notes in a six per cent
gold interest bond, the principal payable in
not less than "fie.. nor more than twenty
year from its date as the Government may
elect. These bonds are held at such a
premium as to make this privilege now
worth two or three per cent, per annum,
and addn so moch to the interest. Note ot
the same cla. issued three years u;o. are
now elling at a rate that fully proves the
correctness ot ibis statement. Jew lw
The whole country seems to be advertised
lor sale. Go where you wilt, advertise
ment of personal propei:y and. real estate
are to be seen more plenty than ever be
fore. Our people are selling ofT their prop
erty for various purposes ; some to enable
themselves to buy their exemption by put
ling in substitutes, others to put themselves
in such a position as to flee the country in
case the draft reaches them. This is a ter
rible state of affairs, when we see our citi
zens shaping themselves to avoid a civil
war which is going on between the North
aud South. They do no: wish to be en.
gaued in it they wish to have no part nor
lot in ibis unholy war, and to escape it they
are abandoning their business and sacrific
ing tneir property. I ne present cratt,
which we were told last fall would not take
place if Lincoln was re-elected, is disor
ganizing and disrupting the whole country.
Its effect are most keenly felt in every fam
ily circle throughout the whole Nonh. The
oceaes that transpire about the enrolling
Ooarda while Ihe wheel ot death is in oper
ation are truly heart-rending. It is impos
sible for the pen to depict them ; and only
to think of four years more of a con tin oa
ioo of this thing is really horrible. When
will the powers that be learn wisdom?
When will they stop this cold-blooded mur
der and consider, only to reflect for a mo
ment what they are doing, and weigh prop
erlyjihe results ? The people did wrong last
Fall in re-electing this man Abhaham Lin
coln and now they are seeing it when it is
too late. The whole country is fan whirl
ing into the very vorex of ruin and the
people being rapidly p'unged into the jaws
af death. .
Or a'l queer things the queerest is lo read
in one column of a Republican newspaper
something about the supremacy of the Con
stitution, and in another column a recom
mendation to Cengress tu incorporate a truit
company. The Timet finds fault wi'h Sum
ner for the very thing which the Republi
can party was created iodn,and has done to
the best of its ability. ;Sumner never pro
fessed to obey the Constitution ; he claimed,
just exactly as Mr. Seward claimed, to owe
allegiance to something higher.
Why Ehonld either of those gentlemen be
a hypocrite I They have the comunity at
the.r backs, ready to sanction and approve
any hing, and to crucify opponents. If it
bad Lot io old times, before the year 1861,
been ibe received American doctrina mat
speech aud tfionghl were to be as free as
iir ; if in the days of role of the Democratic
party such . a phrase as "disloyalty" had
been invented and oaths of allegiance exac
ted, neither Mr Seward nor Mr. Sumner
could have sal io the Senate of the United
Slates, If it had not been the . universal
conceded doctrine ot the American mind
that a man was entitled to advocate any
policy in decent language, Wendell Philips
could dot, a'ter an avowal of earnest labor
OX twenty years to take nineteen states out
of the Union, have been honored by the
attentions of Ucited Sta'es officials as only
public bene'actors are honored.
There i? only one theory upon which a
Republican can use the word Constitution,
that ot the Thug in India, who fancies all
the good qnatitiea of a man transferred to
The Illustrated Phrenological Journal
for March, contains Gov. Fenton of New
York ;. Edward Everett, the orator; Major
Davidson, Ihe patriot; Aristotle, the Phil
osopher; Charles Fourier, the Sociafist ;
W. H Fry, the composer; wiih Portraits
and Biograpeies. The races of Men ; Caucasian-,
Mongolians, Ethiopians, American
Indians, and Malayans, with Grouped por
traits of each, and a Map showing the
Geographical distribution of Mankind, w;th
Seventeen illorurat ions. Al.o Physiogno
my, or 'signs of -character," Loe under
Difficulties, Fore seeing, and "Seeing at
Sea,'.' "Working together lor Gaod." by
H. V Beecher. Ruling by Love. Expe
rience of a School Teacher. Light Gym
nastics. -The Inscrutable. Ojtr right lo
Reason ; How we Change , How the brain
melds the cranium, and the bead conform
lo the Cbarecter. With answers to corres
pondents, etc,. An excellent Number.
Only 20 cts., by firat post, or 2 a year.
Address Messrs." Fowler & Wills, 389
Broadway, N. Y.
A serious accident occurred io the mines,
a Tew miles north of Bloomsborg, on Thurs
day last week. . Mr. Henry Craze, was ap
plying fire to, the t. fuse, while engaged in
blasting hard ore, when somjs sparks acci
dentally blew: into the powder, -which
caused an explosion and resulted ia cutting
and bruising Mr. C. in inch a manner; that
he died in a short time afterwards. The
. . Conspuae j in Congress.
The mountain has conceived and brotfghl
forth a mouse a contemptible, laughable,
abortioo of a mouse. The-abolitionized
Congress, after terrible labor, has brought
forth a resolution paving the way for the
alteration of the Conntiiution, for. abolishing
slavery. Now, all the company of tools or
knaves who voted for this resolution have
recorded ibeouelve in faver of both of the
following prepositions :
1. The perpetual dissolution of this Un
ion, by barring the last avenue left epen (rr
the return of the southern States.
2. The destruction of the government
formed by out fathers, by blotting out the
sovereignty of the States on which alone it
Stripped of all shams and lying disguises,
it is simply a proposition to revolutionize,
overthrow, and destroy this government. . It
is a hundred-fold wdre than all the follies
of ecesion combined. If the secession
ist is a bailor, ihoee who voted for this res
o'uiion are double traitors, because they go
for destroying' the organic principle on
which our government is based. The orig
inal, inherent, and undelegated powers of a
single State cannot be legally torn from it,
not even by the action of all the other
States through the form of altering the Con
stiiution. That clause of the Constitution
giving a certain number of States the pow
er of altering the instrument, does not, by
any means, gie the majority the right to
overthrow ibe vested rights or to destroy
. ,..,. ,; c c.. - t-i. - -r
mo nivalin, t'oilig Ul a k'ldin. Ilia TO(B OI
I the majority to alier the Constitution can-
not touch the minority in any matters that
were not delegated in the instrument nuder
which the alteration claims to be made.
.The reerved. or undelegated, risihl of the
j State are not subject to any jurisdiction
which the Staies do not themselves sanc
tion. Sunpo-e that . under the rlea of ai
I t""g 'he Constitution three quarters of the
!.... i it . i
States should vote o reduce all the people
of the other quarter to a state of vassallage
would that be liw ! Suppose that, under (
the style and title ot altering the Coustitu- j
lion, three-quarters should vote that they j
would appropria.e to themselves all the j
wives and daughters of the other quarter,
would not ihe quarter say to 'he three-qnar-
ters, ''Show us your authority 1 IVher
in thnl instrument did we delegate to any j
body tk'ofe sacred matters? They wet e ntver
Milkier.! of Federal le-riilatinn. and Iketi never
. j -j ... -0 , 7 .
cw 6s si-fjects of constitutional amendments '
For thi purpote you may amend the Const it u. J
lion until your bodies are rotten and your souls j
damned ; we shall devpUe and defy you I What i
State, what husband, what brother, would i
not talk af ar this strong fashioa ? No, we j
will not believe that there can be such a j
fool in Congress as one who really thinks j
that, under the plea of altering the Con- J
stitution, ibe organic and untransferable ;
rights of Slates can be legally overthrown, j
We can no more alter the Constitution to
rob States of their "slaves,'" than we can to ;
kidnap their wives and daughters. We
find it much easier to believe that those '
who propose this kind of thing are knave!,
than to let them off under the more char-j
itable conclusion that they are idiots. We i
leave it to those apostate Democrats wtio
advocated this resolution to settle it with
their constituents as best iney can, whether
they have been bribed outright or lost their
senses. Old Guard.
Fortunes or a Bounty Broker. The
New York I'od gives the following descrip
tion of the ca-e of one of Colonel Baker's
Toe man is a resident of Brooklyn,
where his father, through strict attention to
business for years past bas secured a com
fortable income, which the son has shared,
though not bimeelt industrious, spending
moat of his lime with the "fancy" ot ihe
jl0Jn. gome months since, however, he
, 6iruck a prolific vein by connecting himself
! with ihe recruiting business of New York,
j IJ obtained a iibaral percentage on each
icau enlis;od, and as tht number of these
' recruits increased largely, the broker sooc
fouud hnnelf in pobsessior, of wealth.
Eventually he became a prominent object
of the envy of his associates ; the public
eje was fixed upon him, and honest men
ehook their heda. He exhibited his wealth
irequeuiiy and in many ways ; tew persons
drove a finer team than his ; while at the
opera aud promenade he appeared in ex
pensive drees iu company with a female
relative whose diamouda were second to
none. Upon bis family . counectious he
lavished tiis means. Among bis gifts were
hundred dollar hats and a pretty skating
cap worth seventy-five dollar. Not long
since negotiations were opened for the se
lection of a country seal lor bis accomoda
tion, but in the meantime an elegant man
sion (on the Heights" was purchased for
the item ol thirty thousand dollars, and a
pew at a. first-class premium was secured
iu a conspicuous part ot one of the most
popular Brookly n churches.
A sudden change however, has come up
on this piosperous individual. For several
days his lace has been missed in bis ac
customed places. On Sabbath laat the pew
in church was vacant, and it is not only
whispered, but pretty well ascertained that
he is in the old Capitol prison at Washing
ton. . .
Political Psisoners In reply lo a reso
lotion calling opon Secretary Stanton for in
formation in regard to the causes of thenar
rest and imprisonment of persons charged
with being guilty of political offences, and
also requiring ot him lo state by whose an
thority such arrests were made, Mr. Stan
ton replies that the arrests were made by all
sorts of persons, from military commanders
and Governors ol States down to .Provost
Marshals, whose acts were covered by a
sort of general sanction from President Lin
coln. He adds, however, that all tne pris
oners so held will be speedily released on
giving their parale to do nothing in viola
tion of the Constitution of the United States
except such as it ma be deemed advisa
ble to retain. He concludes by promising
The late Capt. J. Y. Eeall His Diary While
'The trial of Capt. John Y. Beall, pub
lished by Apple'on, contains his diary
while in rison, from which we make ibe
following extracts : '
Thursday, Dec. 29th 1864. Since I have
been placed in this cell I have read the
Scripture, and have found such relief in its
blessed words, especially where ii speaks
of God's love for man ; how He loved him,
an enemy, a siuner, and sent His Son into
the world to save His enemy ; how He com
pels the wretched from the hedges and
nigh ways lo come to the feast; how any
may come, and how He bids them, entreats
them. Though it may seern unmanly to
accept offers in our adversity which we neg
lected in prosperity, yet it is even so ihat
with His assistance I will go up aud beg
forgiveness, and pot my trust in the saving
blood of Him who died for man. Aye, 1
pray Him to grant His grace lo my mother
and sisters and my loved one. If He is with
ihem, who can be against 1
What pleasure I lake in the hymns I
learned in boyhood. They come back to
me now in my manhood and in ray sorrow,
and with God's blessing have wiled away
and comjorted many a weary and lagging
Dec. 30th. Last evening the doorman
bought me a "Book of Common Prayer,"
for SI. 00, and il was and is a source of great
comfort to me. I read over the familiar
services and oft-heard hymns, and commit
ted two "Rock of Ages" and "Sinners
turn, why will ye die ?" io memory.
Jan. 1st, 1865 Sunday, first day of week
and first of a new Year. To-day I enter my
thirtieth year of pilgrimage According to
the calculation of ray father's family, I am
more than halt way down life's stream,
even if spared by war aud sudden death.
But in prying into the future, I can see
nothing to induce me to think that my days
will be lengthened to that age of fatality,
fiftv six. Has my life been so crowded
with pleasure or good deeds that I need de
sire to prolong it? Alas! no. Though
well reared- and surrounded with very
many advantages I have not done any thing
logive me particular, plea-ure ; uor, on the
other hanJ, have I been remarkable for the
opposite. I am truly thankful that I always
stated with mother and the girls and tried
to do my duty by them ; that I never volun
tarily left ihem. They know not where I
am to-day ; and every one of them is this
day thinking of me. Little do they know
where I am. ludeed, I doubt if they have
heard any thing definite from me for many
a weary month. On this war!
This far on life's way I have , lived an
hones! life, defrauding no man. Those
blows that I have struck have been against
the society of a hostile nation ; not against
the society of which I am a member by
right, or vs. mankind generally. To-day the.
thought bas obtruded itself again and again
to become an "Ishmael." Your country is
ruined, your hopes dashed make the best
bargain for yourself. "Remember the civit
wars 'of France,, of England the examples
of Talleyrand, of Josephine, etc.; of Shaftes
bury, Caermarthen, Marlborough, etc."
To day ray bands have no blood on them
(unles of a man in open battle); may 1 say
so when 1 die. I saw grandfather and fath
er die ; they both took great comfort -Irom
the thought that no one could say that they
had of malice aforethought injured therr.
Belter of ihe sudden or all the loathsome
corruption ol a lingering lite, with honor
aud a pure conscience, than a long life with
a.l material comforts and the canker-worn i
of infelt and constant dwelling dishonor ;
aye, a thousand time. O God, our Creator,
Preserver, and Savioux ! I pray give me
strength to resist temptation, to drive back
the thick-coming fancies brooded of ein and
dishonor, and cling to the laith of Jesus
who said, "Do unto others as you would
that they should do unto you."
American Liberty Illustrated.
From the Milwaukee News
A scene occurred on Wisconsin street, in
front of our office, yesterday, which illus
trates ihe revolution in American institu
tions since the Simon Pure "friends of free
dom" came into power. In the broad
light of day, a white man was being drag
ged through the streets to the depot of the
Prarrie du Chien railroad. -He refused to
go voluutanly, for the reason, as he alleged,
that he enlisted for a bounty, and the mon
ey bad not been paid to him according to
agreement. In the struggle the victim was
thrown to the pavemetil. One man 6tood
thrusting a bayoner toward 'him, waile an
other held him by the coat collar. A large
crowd collected, in ;he midst of which the
conflict went on briskly for some minutes.
The refractory recruit was finally secured,
lifted to his leet, and bloody and handcuff
ed, was taken away. Perhaps the officers
in charge of the man were doing their doty
by obeying the orders of their superiors ;
but no one will pretend to deny that, if the
recruit told ihe truth, a gross wrong was
being committed on him-
Five years ago every man had his reme
dy, and uo negro in our State would have
been subjected to an outrage of the son
without a public outbreak. Had il been
attempted al that time Mr. Booth would
have mounted his horse and shouted "Free
men to ihe rescue !" once more, and there
is not the least reason to suppose that he
would have shouted in vain. Yet it is he,
and such as he, the professed friends of
"human freedom,'' who have made possi
ble and common such scenes that we have
Gkanu Entertainment The largest par
ty ever given in Washington came ofT to
night at the private residence of C. Knapp,
contractor for heavy cannon. Two houses
have been converted into one by tearing
down walls. Celebrated caterers from New
Yoik have prepared the most costly supper
for seven hundred gnests ; - while green
houses, far and near, have been called
upon for flowers io decorate oarlors and ta
bles. The street io front ba been floored
and carpeted, aod it is estimated that the
The Opening ef the Freneff Legislature.
. Paris, Wednesday, Feb. 15, 1865 The
session of the French Legiala'.ure was open
ed at 1 o'clock this day by the Emperor,
who delivered the following speech t
"Messieurs !es Sea ateurs and Messieurs les
'.'At the period of your lai assembling I
entertained the hope that the di.ffwuliiea
which threated the peace of Europe would
have been obviated by a Congress.
"This has not been the case. 1 regret it;
for the sword often cuts questions without
sttling ihem ; aud the only basis of a dura
ble peace is the satisfaction given by the
agreement of the Sovereigns to the true in
terests of nations. .
"In the presence of the conflict which
has arisen on the shores of the Baltic, my
government, divided between its sym
pathies for Dennark, and its good will
toward Germany, has maintained ihe most
strict neutrality. Called to a conference to
utter its opinion, it restricted rtself to up
holding the principles of nationalities and
the right of the populations lo te consulted
as regards their fate.
"Our language, comformable to the re
served attitude which we meat lo maintain,
has been moderate and friendly towards
"In Central Europe the action of France.
had to be displayed with greater resolution.
It was my wish to rentier possible the solu
tion of a difficult problem. The Conven
tion of the 15th of Sept., disentangled from
passionate interpe'ations, consecrates two
great principles the firm establishment of
the new Kingdcin of Italy, and the indepen
dence ot the Holy See. Tt:e provisional
and precarious state of affairs which excited
so much alarm will soon terminate. It is
no longer the scattered members of the
Italian nation seekingto connect themselves
by feeble links to a small S ate situated at
the foot of the Alps; il is a great country
which rises above local prejudices, despis
ing the ebullitions of unreflecting agitations
which boldly transfers its capital to the
center of the Peninsula, and places i' in the
midst of the Apennines, as in an impregna
ble citadel. By this act of pat riot i-m Italy
definitively constitutes herself, and at Tie
same lime reconciles herself with Catholi
city. Sho engages lo respect the indepen
dence of the Holy See to protect the fron
tiers of the Roman States and ihus follows
os io withdraw our troops. The Pontifical
territory, tafely garameed, finds itelf plac
ed under the protection of a treaty which
so'emnly binds the two governments. The
Convention, therefore, is not a weapon of
war but a work of peace and reconciliation.
' In Mexico the new throne is being firm
ly established; the country is becoming pa
c i fie J; its immense resources are being de
veloped the happy result of ihe valor of
our troops, of the common serine of the
Mexican population, and ol the intelligence
and energy ot the Sovereign.
"In'Japan our fleet, acting in concert
wiih those of England, of Holland, aud of
the United States, has given a new proof of
wliai it ran do.
"Io Africa a suJJen insurrection has dis
turbed the safety of our possessions, and
shows how much certain tribes are still ig
norant of our power and of our benevolent
intentions. It is at the very moment when,
by a spirit of generous j isiice, Fra ce as
sured the property of the soil to ibe Arab
population when by liberal measures we
were endeavoring to make that misguided
people understand, that far from oppressing
it, we wished to call it to the blessings of
civilization it is at this moment, I say, that
led astray by religious fanaticism, the- Arab
neighbors of the Desert have raised the
standard of revolt. Despite the difficulties
of the ground and the inclemency of the
season, our army, ably commanded, soon
got the upper hand of the insurrection, and
after the combat no sanguinary reprisal or
needless severity have saddened the victory.
The zeal of the experienced chief placed at
the head of Algeria, the unity of command
re-established, the belief 1n the generous in
tentions of France all will, I trust, concur
lo prevent a recurrence of similar disorders.
Thus a'l our expeditions are nearly termi
nated. Our land iroops have evacuated
China ; the fleet sffices to maintain our es
tablishment in Cochin China, our army in
Africa is lo be reduced ; that of Mexico is
already returning to France; the garrison at
Rome will soon be withdrawn ; and, clos
ing ihe temple of war, we may with pride
inscribe upon a new triumphal arch thee
words : "To the glory of the French armies
for the victories achieved in Europe, in
Asia, in Africa, in Spain, and in America.
Counterfeit 5100 Treasury Notes A
new and dangerous counterfeit is now afloat.
It is an exact fat simile of the $109 Treasury
notes issued under the act of February. 1862,
and is so weil executed that good judges
might be deceived by it. Upon close ex
amination, however, ihe fraud may be easi
ly detected. The spurious note is smaller
than the genuine one. and coloring on tbe
back is paler and less distinct than on the
genuine bill. The words "one hundred
dollars'' on the right hand side of the coun
terfeit are smaller than on the genuine note,
and the lettering around the margin is also
In the Firsl Ward of Philadelphia, many
heart-rending scenes look place at
Lincoln lottery the draft, one little boy
upon hearing his father's name called, fell
in a fit, and was taken home insane. A
man whose name was read out, burst into
tears and exclaimed, ' Oh, my God, what
will become of my sick wife and four little
childreu ?" lie had voted for Lincoln and
war tor the negro, but never supposed he
would be caught himself.
When a lady, fishing for a lover, cun
ningly adjusts her leatures for the purpose
each of them is at an acute angle.
Many persons write because they have i
nothing to do, not duly considering ihat
they have also nothing to say.
j Prejudices are like ra s, and a man'airind
THE WAR NEWS.
Fiom the Age of the ilh inst
There is scarcly any military intelligence
this rnorn"ng. The heavy rains iu various
parts ot the country have kept nearly all
the troops ot both sides at a Hand-still. The
studied silence of the Southern journals
prevents us from giving details of Sher
ry an '8 movemuls.
Il appears that General Jonston was ap
pointed to the command of the Confeder
ates in South Carolina, at General Beaure
gard's soliciiation. General Beauregard re
mains as second in command. General
Sherman is still steadily marching towards
the sea coast. The invasion of South Caro
lina may be regarded as practically ended.
There is little probability of a ba'tle being
fought. Sherman has been moving towards
Cheraw, fifty miles northeast of Columbia
He is believed to have occupied that town on
Monday last. On that day Sc ho fie Id attemp
ted to move from' Wilmington to join, Sher
man, but whs checked by the Confederates.
A junction of the two armies cannot, there
fore, be effected for some days.
The various rumors ol the. Federal move
ment in the Shenandoah valley have at
length resolved themselves into definite
shape. Five thousand Federal cavalry are
advancing south along the valey from Win
Chester towards Staunton.
Galveston, Texas, is the new port of en
try for Confederate blockade runners. The
business there is qui'e as brisk a sit former
ly was at Wilmington. In Florida, in a
rerent skirm ish, the Confederat'es captured
eighty-five Federal prisoners, leu wagons
and hixty horses.
Fr om the Ae of the Gth
We have already stated that as late as Mon
day last no Federal troop from Schofield's
camp had been able to march from Wil
mington west ward to wards Georgeto wn, ihe
direct roa t to Sherman's camp. Several
at'empts had pceti made, but all had been
checked by the Confederates. We now
have advices as late as Wednesday last, '
from rayettviile, norlhwest of ilmington. ! fra it, and largely increase the quantity and
This town stands upon the othsr route o : perieci ihe maturity of the Iru it. Foj hoi
Sherman's camp. No Federal troops had i i,,, Htnl hou-ehokl plants and flowers, it
at that time advanced from Wilmington j will be found an itidispensible Hrmde to se
towards Fa j etteville. In spite of teports cure their greatest perfection. It will pre
fiom Wilmington, therefore, we cannot see i vent and cure diseased condition of the
how Sherman and Schofield can have lorm- j peach and gra,e, and is excellent for grans
ed a junction Sherman is fal in the mud j and lawns.
between Columbia and Cheraw. The rivers j j, lf ,;0moo-ed of sin-h elements as make
are swollen; the swamps impassable, and j j, ata J)le,, lo tt,e growth of all kinds, of
he seems unable to move in any direction cr0((S j a kinds of soil
The Confederate steamer Chichamauga has j The lormnla or method of combining in
been burned on the Cape Fear river, shove I co, llu, (rtriiiizing ingrediei.is ha- re
Wilmington, to prevent her cabiure. There iieV,,(, llie highest approval o! emiuent
are various .reports from Wilming'on, and t.lmih,s anj .'cienti6c ariculmn.-ts.
Washington that herman has reached , i.in- ...i Ton
roj ctlfviiir;, ami t i i uiiu4n uavrj yr-rii
sent up the Cape Fear river to that lawn.
These reports are at least premature.
There is no cessation in General Grant's
preparation for a gigantic expedition from
Hatcher's run on the left of his line. He
l.....,ii ...i ik, ., v. i i
may be expected to march a soon as The !
lrehets sub-ide, and ihe roads are ht to j
bear anillery. Such a movement has be-j
come necessary to relieve Sherman ; ior no j
Federal troops from the east can get to him,
and ihe lonie'ierate army in his trout is
strengthening every day.
General Sheridan's advance south along
the Shenandoah valley began on Monday
last. Cieueral Hancock was placeo in '
command ol Winchester during Sheridan's j
autenio. o nan iiu news iiueci ii'i.ii
c. , . . . . . .
i w . l .1: . r I
. ,. . ' ,, - , , r-u
from City Point that deserters say Char-
, , . ; i .
nuiesviiie Nk a capiurfu uu i iiuroiuv ii,
1,S00 prisoner, including General Early,
being saken. hetr.er this is true or not
cannot yet be decided.
A Federal force has been concentrating .
at Penacola, Florida, for some lime. Off
late additional impetus has be -n given to 1
the preparations, and the Confederates fear
j a raid into the interior of Alabama There
is but little doubt that the expedition so i
j long concentrating at New Orleans has !
I sailed, against Mobil-. General Canby ;
will t'.rect le operations there. Mobile is t
reported to have teen reinforced by the
Some oi the Abolitonist in the United
States Senate have got up a bill which .
provides that if any volunteer or dra'ted i
man desert, the district to which he is
credited shall be held responsible for his
ex pired term. This is just about as fair as
any ol the legislation ol that party bin we
have no idea tnal it will pass or bee trie a
law, as ihe abolition sections of the couutry j
would be about the only ones effected by it. j
Democratic communities do not send cow- ;
ards and deseners lo any army, so such a '
law could not oppress them and it is lor
this reason that it will never be passed.
He is the greatest man whose strength
carries up the most hearts by the attraction
of hi s own.
''Brick" Po.merov say, "In this section
tho whiskey is so weak since the war tax
struck il that it is run in candle-moulds,
frozen, and sold by the slick."
REVIEW OF THE MARKET,
CAREFULLY CORKKCTKD WKEKLY.
! WHEAT, 52 f0
LAUD, per lb
RYE, 1 74
CORN, 1 50
BUCKWHEAT , I 00
FLOUR pr bbl 14 00
CLOVEKSEED 12 oo
DR'O APPLES2 50
M A K 11 IE 1).
On the 4th inst., by the Rev. Goodrich,
Mr. John W. Beishline, to Miss Sarah E.
Hess, both of Fishingcreek twp., Colombia
On the 11th ult , by the same, Mr Levi
Wenner, of Fishingcreek twp , to Miss Ro-J
sa Mss, ot ii uniington, inz-irne co.
On the 26th of Feb , 1865, by I K. Kirck-
Knnm f 1 Tr Cn rrruenn tculafiii I r rVfiea !
a..- ri , k.,.u r cv,;
ItlUIV Xlllll V VtU 111 All , UUIU Jk A ICUIUCVIOCk .
twp., this county.
On the 28th nit.
by Rev. Wm. J Ever,
Mr. Martin N. Nuss, to Miss Mary E. Fish
er, boih of Main twp., Col., co.
AtPiltston, on the morning of the 28th
ult.. by th Rev. E. A Sharrers, Mr. Jacob i
Sander of W ilkes-barre, and Miss Mary G
Ferris of Pittston.
Al the residence of the brid father in
Berwick. March 2d. by Rev. W J. Leacock
Mr John L Freas of Centre, and Miss Mary
C Dieterick of Berwick Pa.
I) I E I).
About December 1st, 1864, in Salisbury
military prison, N. C, Frederick Hoover,
of Fairmount. Luzerne county, aged 36 yr.
THE CFF1CB Of THE
Agricu luml Chemical Co.'s
.THE Fertilizers prepared by the Agri
cultural Chemical Co., (a Company char
tered by the Legislator ol Pennsylvania
with a capital of S250.O00,) have been
proved in practice to be the cheapest, most
profitable ami best, for the Farmer, Gar
dener and Fruit grower, of all concentaned
manures now offered in any matkel. The
Compaii)' list embraces the following
This Fertilizer is composed of night
soil and the fertilizing igents of urine,
combined chemically and mechanically
with other valuablelerlilixiug agents audi
' It is reduced to a pulverulent condiiion ;
ready for immediate use, ami without loiw
of its h ighly nitrogenous fertilizing proper
ties . .
Its universal applicability to all crops
and soils, and its durabiliiy and active
qualities are well knowu to be all that ag,
riciiinrists can desire.
Price $30 per Ton. i
The Fertilizer is largely composed o
animal matter, such as meat, bone, fish,
leather, and wool, together with chemicals
and inorganic fertilizers, which decompose
the mass, and retain tLe nitrogenous ele
ments. . -
Ii is ti very valuable fertilizer for field
crop generally, and especially lor potatoes
and garden purposes. ;
I s excellent qualities, strength an I cheap
ness, have made it very popular with all
who have n-ed il
Price, S40 pr Ton.
COMPOSITE EEflTlLlZEn. .
This highly phosphate fertilizer is par
ticularly adapted lir the cultivation of trees
Iruits, lawns atij flowers. It will promote a
vry vigorous and healthy growth ol rood
PHOSPHAIE OF LIME
! The Agru-ulitMal Chemical Company
j manufacture a Phophate ol Lime in aeror
' dance wiih a nw and-v.iluahti tofmnla by
1 which a very superior arnrle i- produced,
as io be afforded al a If pne t'la'i oih-r
mannfaciurers charge. Practical ' have
proved tfia its value, a a Wtiliz-r, i
eq.ial to the best Piio-ph tt? of L ine in Jthe
Price, 65 per Ton.
TERMS CASH. All Order o' Ton or
more, will be delivered at ihe Had road
Stations aud the Wharves of Shipment, tret
ol cartage. Cartaga will be charged on all
, , - .
orders ol 6 barrels or ls-
One dot!ar jer lor. allowance lor cartage
... . 1 . t.i..i . .
wi be made on all sales delivere I at the
Works of the Company .on Canst Whart.
Agricultural Cheoiical Compan' Woiks,
At Canul Wharf on the Delaware.
Office, 413J Arch Si. Philadelphia. P.
U. B. F1TTS, General Agent.
The Company's Parnp'b-l Circular, in
bracing fjlf directions fc o-ing the above
Fertilizers, sent by mail, tree, " when re
March, 8. 1865 6mo.
U. S. 7-3(7ToAi.
By authority of the Secretary "ol tho
Treasury, ihe undersigned ha- assumed
the General Subscription Agency for the
s.ile of Uuil'd States Treasury No'ea, bear
ing s-ven and three ten' hs per cent, inter"
es', per annum, known as Ihe
SEVEN Till TV LOA N.
These Notes are issued under date of
August 15th, 1864, anil are paval.de thrift
years from ihat time, in currency, or ar?
convertible at the option of the hol lar into
U. S. 5-20 Six per cent.
(sOEiS)-ItEA Ell( E 5 O A II S
These bonds are now worth a premium,
of nine per cent., including :old iiiteret
from Nov., which makes the actual profit
' on the 7-30 lo;m, at current rates, iru lu
I ding ir.tere!t, about ten per cent." per ao
I nnm, besides its exemption from State and
municipal tuz ttion, which n-LU from one to
, thru pet cent moie, according to ihe rt lv-
ied on other property. The interest i
payable semi-annually by coupons attach-
I ed to each note, which may be cut off anj.
cold to any bank or banker. '
The intere.-t amounts to :
One cent per day on a S50
Two cents " " " S100
Ten " M 4' " $500
20 " 11 " SI000
SI " " " S5000
Notes of all the denominations named)
will be promptly furnished upon recept of
subscripiions. Thi is the
ONLY LOAN IN MARKET
now offered by the Government, and il is
confidently expected that its superior ad
vantages will make it the
Great Popular Loan of tbe People,
Less than S200.000 000 remain unsold,
which will probably be disposed of within
the next 60 or 90 days, when the notes wilt
undoubtedly command a premium, at hat
uniformly been the case ou closing the.
I subscriptions to other Loans.
In order that citizens of every town and
section of the country may be afforded fa
cilities frr taking ihe loan, the National
Banks, State Banks, and Private Bankers
throughout the country have generally
agreed to receive subscriptions at par.
Subscribers will select their own ageals,
in whom they have confidence, and vrha
only are to be responsible for the delivery
of the notes fur which they receive orders.
Subscription Agent, Vkiladclphia.
Subscriptions will he received by the
FIRST NATIONAL BANK OF RLOOMS
February 2?, 1865 3mo. '
Whikkrs ! !! Thooe wiahin
of whiskrr, a nice moustache
tiful head of glo-sj hair, will pi
1 M X
- ' the 13 Id ot H', F CHAPM V