Newspaper Page Text
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ft i i ! ,'
V. U. JACOSiubUsher.j
Truth and Right God and oar Country
$2 50 in Advance, per Annan
BLOOMSBURG. COLUMBIA" COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1865.
THE 'KEW.TOKK IE1VS.
TUli BEST PAPER M THE. WORLD.
53. Wood, Ed. andPropi ietor
The Democracy of the North will com
mit a latal error if they arceDl the result of
the lute. Presidential election as an indica
tion trom the hand of Destiny to relax
their political action until the opening of
the xt campaign. ".The future welfare of
the republic depends upon the political
zoat and activity of the Democracy during
ihm vear 1865.
' The 'small majority of the po pular vote
that elected the Black -RepuMican candi
dates,1 cooMdered in view of the extraordi
nary resources of the AdminiMration for
corruption fend rpmpulsion, attests that the
power of the Democracy, on a fair field, is
eqnal to the vindication ol Democratic
There is one fc.'ure in the result of the
Presidential election thai goes far to re
concile the patriot to the hard, fate of his
country under four years more of Black
Republican misrule. The baleful meteor
that lingered in grief whil in onr political
atmo-phere ha vanished lor ever. War
Democracy has fulfilled its mission of dis
organization, and like any other pestilence
will be remembered only for the evil it'
The j!(iue now before the people' is the
final struggle between Centralization, and
Stales' Right, nd no journal is Democrat
ic that is not the devoted' champion of
States' Rights, the paramount principle of
"he Democratic faitti. .
,TheNew York News needs no totimony
beyond its plain unalterable record to sub ,
Uoliate its claim to being and having'
been the most earnest, able and coutidKiit
States' Rights Journal in the land. We
have no excuses toiuyeitt for modifications
' of sentiment, uor have we tOf pit ad "ex
pedieucj" in palliation of iDconsistencv.
Uui path has been lraigM forward. Our
olumn are belore the. people, not a line
. iutheiu that we would cancel nor senti
ment we would recall, not an assertion
that teqnires an explanation,' not a word
that we regret to have ut'.ered, not a prin
ciple ad vocafed that we have no' stood, by
and Will stand by to the last. Such has
been our pact record, o will be our future.
We Jo not, however, a-k the Democracy
to' sustain as in our mission a a reward
lor the service we have done, but in con
sideration ot the good work that we pro
pose to do. The N.w Yoik News for 1865
w"ill oot merely ituitafe its predecessors, it j
will excel them. ' It shall be not only the
I'uesl exponent ct Democratic principle,
lnt the. best neicjpaper in the country.'
Hereioiore it h-i tiad no superior as a ve-,
luclrt of hews, hereafter it shall have no
t-qual. ' In every department ot jHiniHliru -we
have arrand that ilie New rhall dis-
' lance-competition. It is the only Demo- j
crane newspaper hi Hie metropolis that has
the advantage ot publi4hm nVily issue
with the full dispatcns of the Associated
Press, and iherelure its machinery for fur- '
pishing a complete record of events is
more perlecl than that of any of i:a Ddmo
rratic coteoiporaries. None have attempt
1 latterly, to compete with it in the publi
cation of Souihrj intelligence, as our
. -yMem of exchange with Southern journals
baffles ike sagacity aud enterprise of our
A glance at the columns or The News
devoted to ;rioo liern and Northern per-
sonals'' will remark the extraordinary sue.
cess that has ausnded'our enterprise in
that direction. We are in daily receipt of
letters expressing; ihe thauk ot those who,
throuab the medium oMhe 'Personals'' in
The News, have been f f.aMed to receive
tidings from their friends and relatives io
the tfoath, and the heart of many an exile
nd -wanderer has been gladdened through
.(bat instrumentality by words of affection
Uud hope from those mourned for as dead.
The New York News Jus become so
popular iti- the rural districts thai other Me
tropolitan '- jonruals, in publ shing their
stereotyped boa-t of 'the lament circula
tion of any' weekly jonrnal" are constrain
ed to make an exception in our favor. It
is a significant cireu instance that since the
Presidential election and cotitwaueni de-
ini-e of War Den.ocntcy, the tobscrip:ioiis '
10 thia paper have been uuutually uumer-
ous. - '' j
The Agricohura1 Department of The
New York News renders it. an invaluable
companion aua assistant to the farmer;
and its Cattle, Maiket. and Produce Re
ports are" more reliable and full than those
of any other journal.
The Daily News will forfeit one thou
sand dollars if, in the above Departments,
competent judges should deny its superi
" DAILY NEWS.:' '
One copyone year, by mail ' , f 10.00
Oue copy, six mouths, 5 00
WEEKLY NEWS. - : -
Oni copy.1-one year, -. 2 CO
Four copies, one year,' -.; '. ; . 7.00
Ten copies, one year, ,-. -.. 17.00
Twenty copies, one year, 30.00
We have no traveling agent authorized
10 collect or receive money for subbcaip
tions. . , --a - , 1 :
Orders and letter should be addressed lo
BENJAMIN WOOD, L
Daily News Office, New York.
Jan. 25, 1865. - j . : , ..
OLD. THINGS i MADE NEW.
-A PAMPHLET directing how to speedily'
'restore sight and give up' 'spectacle,
vi bout aid ot doi:tar' or medicine. Sent
iy mail, free, oa receipt af 10 cents. ' Ad
4ms; ' E. B. FOOTK, M. D.
1130 Broadway, New York.' '
Feb. J, 1863-.6mO. ' ! '
CHARLES C. BARKLLY,
Attorney' at law,
fJLCOSCG; C01X2ICI1 CO., PA.
TTTTILL practice ia the severl Coorts of
' i ' Colombia county. All legal business
jntrnsted'to" his cars shall rsceive prompt
attention. ! ; t . . !
O F F IC E, On Main Street, Exchange
JJaiiJiPS, 6v?r JiiUsr's S c4e. - '
April - -- -A - ;
THE STAR OF THE NORTH
IS FOBUSHED EVERV WEDNCSDAT BV
WM. II. JACOBY,
OTfice on Main St., 3rd Sqnare below Market.
TEKMS: Two Dollars and Fiftv Cent
in advance. If not paid till tbtf end of the
year. Three Dollar will be charged.
No subscriptions taken for a period less
than nix months ; no dii-continuance permit
ted' outil all arrearages are paid unlessal the
option of the editor.
7 he terms of advertising will be as follows:
One square, eight lines, one lime, SI 00
Kvery subsequent insertion, . .... 25
One square, three months, 4 50
One yearfc 10 00
A couple sat before the fire,
Debating which should first retire,
The husband sportively bad said,
'VVu'e yu should go and warm the bed?'
'1 nevvr will,' she quick replied ; -I'd
id so once, and nearly died."
And I will not,' rejoined the spouse,.
With firmer tone and lowering brows.
Aud thus a war ol words arose,
Continuing till they nearly froze.
When both grew mute and hovering
Aroand the faintly glimmering fire,
They trembled over the dying embers,
A . though the ague, had seized their
Resolved, like heroes, ne'er to.yie'd,
Rut force each other from the field.
And thus this once fond loving pair
In silence shook aud shivered there,
Till every spark of fire was gone,
Aud cocks were crowing lor the dawn ;
When all at once the husband said,
'Wile, had'ot v better go to bed V
Oil on the Brain.
A correspondent of the Cincinnati Com
mercial, writing from Paritsbur, Va , gives
the lollowing description of the all-oil per-
vading manial la that locality :
If you want to be boied come to. the oil
region. Lie re's the place where you bore
and get bored, it's nothing but oil from
morning to night oil on paper boiled oil
people talk, write, sleep and snore oil. Ask
a man how far it is to Charleston :
'Twenty-ix miles from Slabside'a oi!
. "What time does the steamer leave for
''Just as soon .as Siocum's oil is loaded."
"What was the fight about yesterday T"
.'O t n '
''Jenkins married an oil well yes'erday
or just as good married Miss Snilkins,
whoe fattier s rock 'lie' a few days ago."
.Siiifkms hadn't lime toga to his wife's
funeral last Tuesday his 1 ile woald run
Preachers preach nboot ol being poured
spoil the troubled waters, and say this is
the very spot where the oil for that occa
sion comes tfom.
1 leP oa.iout barrels of oil last night;
every hotel full. The entire country looks
greasy, people bave'oilv tonsoes. and voar
oil factory nerves are stronsly impressed
with the tepible stench. Everybody bas
. territory for sale, and there are plenty of
"loots and their money" who anticipate
, the realization of the Baron Munchausen
stories itat are afloat. ' .
L Every sharper has a map of the region
and can (ell a stranger exactly where the
nicest spot is he hss been there, knows
the place, but is sjiort of funds has no
personal interest in the ra&uer, not he in
deed. Ba: in mere nratter c friendship,
advises you to buy, there and then do what
he is doing bore and oil must come.
Mel seem crazy ; victims are plenty
Seeking 10 become suddenly rich, many a
tolerably well-to dj bat ever sanguine in-
dividual goes bis pile and loses all he has.
and sneaks off ; a lew strike ile and become
millionaires ; not one in a hundred bat get
their fingers, terribly burned.
Wants to Sell.
We find the .following novel advertise
ment in the last Fredonia Advertiser :
For Sale Tb Xegro Worshippers : I offer
for sale my lauds, bouses and store in Fre
donia, at a good bargain. It is a mou de
sirable town to hear political preaching on
jSunda), aud generally the people believe in
negro equally. To these inducements may
be added that it contains abolition edi
tor who believes firmly in negro superior
ity especially, for the 1 purpose of stopping
a ballet, which he .objects to do in person,
and who ridicules the ofd flag and Consti
;tioa of bis country. I shall sell, and now is
jthe time to purchase. It is a fine property.
Tbe dwellings have from one to two acres
jin each lot. The ' store is brick and in
(the centre of the town- Any money but
greeobacks Certificate of :ndebtness will
jbe received in payment. -Believing in be
png an honest man and caretal to my hands
jjfrom picking and stealing, tcannot accept
payment in Confederate bonds or money,
pr in any Southern property wbatsovef. It
Is also true 1 never ."poloie" my soul by
mterlng church to give God thanks for
nurder, but leave that for ths editor of the
feasor aad other tnaligoaat Christians7.
Let there be plenty of sunlight in your
duo. Don't be afraid of it. ... God. floods
ie world with light," and it costs yoo an
..Jort to keep it out. Yoo want it as much
plant, wTiich grow sickly, without iu . It
, i:ecesiary to the health, spirits, good
Spiritualism in a 3ew York Court.
New Yoke, Feb. 6.
SUPRIME COURT CIRCUIT.
Before Judge Leonard.
Lather C. Tibbets vs. Horatio N. Trom
blej.. This was one of a series of suits
brought by plaintiff against tis relatives, to
recover damages iri a slander suit. The al
leged slander consisted in stating to several
parties that ;'he (plaintiff) was insane, and
ought to be in an insane asylum."
The defendant set up justification, -Mr.
Malliard opened the case for plaintiff,
and staled that Mr. Tibbets would conduct
his own case.
A COMMUNICANT WITH THE OTHER WORLD.
Eliza M. Neal, a lady fat and forty, vas
the first witness. She deposed that Mr.
(Tromblej- called at her house on the ni'ht
of the 7th of February (this was a short
lime before plaintiff was tried,) and said
that the best thing plaintiff's friends could
do was. to make him out crazy; defendant
said plaintiff was crazy, and that he would
KJse all bis property in wild speculations ;
there were many other things, but the pur
port Mr. D. D. Field (starting op briskly)
Never mind the purpart give the exact
Mrs Neal Well, don't jump up that way;
be reasonable ; you embarass me.
Mr. Field Ob, well ; I'll not not jump at
Mrs. Neal You better not ; you most
remember I have nerves.
On cross:exsmination, Mrs. Neal had
the testimony she gave in the Court of Ses
sions, in wbicb. the swore to plaintiffs in
sanity. s -
Mr. Field cross-examined :
Q- Does Mr. Tibbets pay your board ; ,
A. I decline to answer ; its none of your
Q. Do yon remember taking a trip to
Boston with plaintiff?; j
a. I refc6e to answer. 1 did have Mrs. j
Tibbets arrested in Connecticut, because i
she threatened my life. I have known j
Tibbets two or three rsars.
Q. Have you spiritual relations with him ? )
A, I decline answering. j
Q. Do you both have communications '
with the unseen world? Have vou con- !
nection with the upper or lower world?
A. I decline answering.
Q Does Mr. Tibbets have communica
tionis Irom the unseen world through you ?
A. Ask him yourself
Q. Are yoo a mediom between plaintiff
and his former wife ? J
a. uon't Know waaiyou mean, i nave
communication with the other world. 1
decline to answer any more saucy questions.
a magnetic doctor.
Dr. James A. Neal, called for plaintiff,
testified in substance to hearing Trombley .
say that plaintiff was craxy, and ought lo
be in the insane asylum. !
. Cross-examined. I am a magnetic doc- .
tor ; I cure by the laying on of bands ; the
spirits have something to do with it and
' Q. From whoji do you gel your knowl
edge ? '
A. 1 pray to God for my power; I per
form miracles, and my wife is a miracle
Q. Have you a diploma ?
A.. Not one of your-sort.
Q. Have you a diploma ?
A. Nv, sir, uot a written one, but an un
written oue from Almighty ; I cure all dis-
eases by the rubbing on of hands ; chronic J
and Ioathesome ; I cored one of Lord & ,
Taylor's clerks of a secret disease ; I do
not receive aid from the spirits, and I doo't
think I receive special revelations from God.
Oliver Lovell testified to' being present at
the interview when. Trorable) said that
they ought to make Tibbets crazy ; that
was the best thing we coald do.
Cross-examined. Mr. Trombley was
trying lo make out a case for Tibbetts in
case ihe janitor died ; I know Dr. Neal as
he is called ; be performs some wonderful
cures; I consider Ibem miracles ; the doc
tor is my son-in-law.
' In answer to a suggestion of the court,
Mr. Tibbetts said he was trying the case
himself to show the jary whether be was
insane or not.
A Shocking Anti-Climax. A sensational
writer in a Western paper relates the lol
lowing incident of a recent execution - by
fire-arms : ,
"Each man's feet were then tied together,
his hands unbound, Lis coat taken off, hjs
hands retied behir.d him, and he was then
made to sit down on bis coffin. Their eyes
were then bandaged, and all was ready.
The tcood .priest had retired lo oneide of
the firing party, and was kneeling in the
snow, bareheaded, in the bitter cold wind,
and praying for the welfare of the souls
about lo be launched into eternity Just at
this instance of awful suspense, while a
thousand eyes were wet with tears before
the order to make ready had been given,
Murray spit a great quid of tobacco out of
mootb, and beodiog forward, wiped his
moo;h on the knee of bis pantaloons."
; Shillahek? of the Carpet Bag, tells the
following oulragHOUs gun story :
I Speaking to-dy with a son of a gun re
garding his exploits, be told me a singular
instance of a gun haoging fire which, were
i not for his well known veracity, 1 should
feel disposed to doubt. -He had snapped
bis gun at a gray squirrel, and the cap had
exploded, and the piece not going off he
took ii from his shoulder, looked down in
the barrel and saw the charge just starling, j
Progress of National Degradation.
from the special co h respondent or
Washington, Feb 13, 1865
The worshipers of the black idol asem
bled yesterday in the Hall of the House of
Representatives in honor of an event that
will live long in the memory of the people.
They assembled to hear a discourse from a
colored preacher, the Rev. Henry H. Gar
nett, the first negro who has ever preached '
ton was dLusted las, night, and that the i
shame that had been put upon the country
formed the Iodic ot conversation in all cir
cles. Theaudience perhaps I should say
the congregation was mixed, white and
black. The serrpon was of like complex
ion arranged to suit the tastes of those
assembled to hear it. Who will now 127
that we are not now approaching Utopia ?
A negro pre-c her standing a, the Speaker's OI-uJ l "e ies 10 sena recruittDg
desk, bis voice' resounding through the ! Se.ms ,'U?,.an of the SLtate declared to
chamber wont to ring with the eloquence I Je In bellton. except the State, of Ar
. . , .. ;.K - K : kaDsas, lennessee, and Loutsnna, to re-
pf statesmen, declaring ih.l the barrier be- j CfuU volun,ee UQ(jer caU u'Jer
tween white and black has been ( provisions of this act, who shall be credited
down that both men stand upon a com- ; t the Staf d TBti bi,kj:
mou level, announcing that ihe African
shall henceforth sit side by side with the
; and this in the Capitol of the
We have reached . the lowest
round of the ladder descending to social
degradation. We have had a negro lawyer
in the Supreme Court of the United States
and a negro preacher in the Council Cham
ber of lbe country. We. may hereafter
have black Judges, black senators ant:
IB dlltt I
black Representatives, and why not? Have
f, . . .
uot our pii.anthrop.c socialists opened the ;
door by potting a negro into the chamber (
holy with the memories of Mar.-ball and .
Story and Taney, and transformed the
Speaker's desk of the House of Representa-
lives into a pulpit, wherein to hammer and 1
beat into shape the new doctrine of mis
cegenation ? Come back, .oh ye erring
brethern ! and listen to the "new diepensa. j
tiou,"as expounded by your slaves who!
shall be placed above ye.' Come back and j
beiieve that the lowest of mankind is your I
equal. Come back and took into the cham J
tier once so familiar, and there behold
Home, and Boutwell, and Kasson, aud El
liot, and Draudagee, and Julian, and Hob
bard, and others that ye knew of Tore, aud
say that they are better and holier than
thee, for they sit beneath the draping of
the sanctuary, while he who preaches unto
them is the son of a slave !
Oh, how noble is the war we wage ; how
rich its fruits, how glorious its harvest! The
negro is king, and a
men bow before him.
j He speaks, and Senators kneel unto him.
I He preaches, and the audience of Repre
sentatives, jurists, and o'.her distinguished
oersons can "with difficulty ren'.ratn their
en,hQBiagra.. 0i Saturday, Gen. Grant
waB e.coned ,0 the Speakers chair, and the
House took a recess io honor of the hero.
On Sunday the same chair was occupied by
foremost in doing honor to the soldier as
sembled tp bear the fulminations ot the
Weep and hoVI, oh ye old maids ! Tear '
your hair ye widers ! Leap year is clean
gone for four years and how have you im-
proved it ? Oh, ye of little courage, don't j
you know that these war times '"men are
ftrar anil urnman ara nlArilv 1 mil itin 't I
kn(m .f ook fof .
. ,k ,il. '
for you ? Now that you have to wait tour t
more long, weary years you wilf have plen J
ty ol time to mourn over your loolish pro
crasnnation, and to regret thai yoo did not j
make up your mind before it was too lat.
Just thiuk oi it! four years! fonr times!
three hundred and sixty five days ! when '
you can find a new wrinkle in your old .
face, and another gray hair on your old
head ! for you are ee:::"2 old and there is
no nse lor yoo to look so indignant. Bat 1
- , r t ,. : . ,'T. . - i
beseech of rou dou't let this lake jourap-
, , , i t
petue, for you will look much worse if you
1 . J. , . , .
get .bin, neither let it melt you to tears, for
that will wash off the paint ! Keep your
temper if yon would preserve your beauty. Mr SrjMNER I aQ) inclined.to think
ln conclusion let me exhorl you to do. your the iett(jr waa wriUcd before the' passage
best and if you don't succeed you wiir not of this law
be to blame and one consolation let me Mr. NESMITII. The letter was writ
whisper, when you get as old as I am, you ; tfcD after the (all of Atlanta.
won't mind it at all. but settle down and
charge it fate tbal yoo are doomed to waste
your sweetness on the desert air.
Who are the Happt ? Lord Bryson
said : "The mechanics and workingmen
who can maintain their families are, in ray
opinion, the happiest body of men. Pover
ty is wretchedness, but poverty is prefera
ble to the heartless, uiuneaning dissipation
ol the high orders." Another author says : 1
1 have no propensity to envy jany one, least
of all the rich and great ; but if 1 were dis
posed to this weakness, the subject oj my
envy would be a. heaity young man, in lull
possession of his strength and faculties, go
ing forth in the morning to work for his
wife and children, or bringing home bis
wages at night."
The following is the latest oil story : A
man wen: from New York to ihe Pennsyl
vania oil region and spent S1.500 in boring
for oil, bu. without success. He bad no
funds left, but bought five barrels of oil on
credit, carred them lo his well in the night,
poured the oil down his pipee, and the next
morning began pumping with, a success
which astonished all bis neighbors. Before
the flow stopped be sold his well for $7,000
Recruiting in the Rebel States.
, Io the Senate of the United States, Feb
ruary 6th 1865, a bill supplimeDtary to
the Conscription laws, being under con
sideration, the followiDg proceedings took
Mr. BUCKALEW. I offer an amend-
i tnent to come in as a new section :
And be it further enacted. That the third
section of the act entitled "An act further
VM? PlVde ?' eDr11,n?
Land calling out of the national forces, and
lor other purposes,' approved July 4,
1864, be,and the same is hereby .repealed.
I serjd to the desk to be read the section
which I propose to repeal.
The section was read, a's follows :
''Sec. 3 And be it further enacted,
1 hat it shall be lawful for the Executive
visions thereof, which luay procure the
Mr. BUCKALEW and Mr. CAIILILE
called for the yeas aud nays ou the amend-
The yeas and nays were orTered.
After some debate Mr. Saul-bury said :
"In support of the remarks that 1 have
.J- T II 1 . r
uiaue l win reau au extract iroin a paner
v. 1 Ian r hs. I T- m r- n cba aU V.M..I. J .
t I'm.i u .u
lioston, which is understood to be the or-
of a disti ujjbed member of thib
body) and wbich f upt0(te always states
whal ia exacliv correct ln t,e8(J matters.
The extract reads io this wise :
"Phompx as USUAL. Immediately on
the fall of Savauuah, Governor Andrew
dispatched agents to that city to recruit
black loyalists for the national Army, to
be credited to the quota of the Slate. lie
ihen asked permission from the Secretary
of War to do so, which whs cheerfully ac-
corded, and the documents will arrive out
ouu",, luo ",uc ur" 6(iuau 13 0Q
1 appeal to the American Senate, is that
right, is it fair I When the young men of
my otate, of Pennsylvania', and of other
ctates,are compelled undor your conscrip
tion law to leve their homes and go lo the
battle-field, is it right that the Governor
of M assachusetts, or the Governor of any
otbar State I make no assault upon Mas
sachusetts shall be allowed 10 send agents
into the southern States, waiting, perhaps,
until some city falls, that they may re
cruit and enlist into their service the ignor
ant, degraded slave, and to count him as
a man against the educated young man of
my State I No, sir. If this direful war is
to continue; if, as judging from the indi
cations of the time I presume we are, we
are to have twenty or fifty years of-bloody
fratricidal war in this country, I have a
right to second the demand of the honor
able Senator from Pennsylvania, and ak
that you send your sons and brothers to
the field, when we are compelled to seud
there our sona and our brothers. Do not
fiend VOUr airents into rha nnnftiorrr States
to pick up the poor degraded African to
fill your quota, and keep your sons and
your brothers and the husbands of your
raugncers in your own midst to enjoy all
the pleasures of life while ours are drawn
away from home.
Mi SUMNER. I merely wish to make
one remark on this proposition,
aware that any abuses of evil
I am not
ces from the existing law have ben shown.
Mr. U KIM 1 .5. Does the Senator rec
ollect the letter of the ditiogutshed Gen
( unci lu a ii upuu mil BUl'IcCl
Mr. SUMNER. What was the date of
the letter. Does the Senator remember.
Mr. GRIMES. I cannot remember the
precise date, but I rem inberdistinctly it
w" after the passage of the law, which is
now sought to be repealed, and after ome
of x States had sent their recruiting
"Sen; dowi " General Sherman's army
lor the purpose of recruiting, thus coming:
. r r , , ,, ! .
n collision with the United States recruil-
ing officers who were attempting to recruit
, into Unfted State,
Mr. SUMNER, Very well. It was a
good letter. I remember very Well that
it was a well-written letter, rather pointed,
and seemed to be written rather with the
point of the sword than with the pen, I j
thought, as I read it at the time.
But, sir, I am not aware, notwithstand
ing the letter to which my friend from Iowa
calls the attention of the Senate, that any
abuse has been shown, nor any evil con-
sequences, nor any evil example. I there-
fore sumbit to the Senate that inasmuch
as the laws exists, as it is already on our
statute book, it should not be hastily re
moved, unless some reason can be shown
for the removal. The burden, therefore,
is on the Senator from Pennsylvania, who
makes this motion, to show that something
wrong has occurred under thu law.
Mr. DUCKALEW. I explain by Bay
ing that I desire each State to raise its
own troops within its own limits, establish
ing a principle of equality, and that no
State, by favoritism of the War Depart
ment, or of the President, or of generals
in the field, shall be permitted to fill up its
quota from the South.
Mr. SUMNER. The Senator now
brings forward another point. He speaks
of favoritism, and says that no State by ;
favoritism of the President or of the War
favoritism there can be under this statute I
Mr. BUCKALEW. 1 refer to the paper
already read in the presence of Senators,
Mr. SUMNER. I say what favoritism
can there be under the law as it exists !
Is it not open to all the States alike I
There is no State that may uot send its
agents there, precisely as it is said Mass-,
achusetts has sent hers. Let .us 'under-
stand each other. Do not let us vote ig-!
noraotly., The Senator says that the law
as it now exists operates unequally ; that
it opens the way to favoritism, either from
the President ' or from the Secretary of
War. Sir, he can show no such thing.
The law as it exists operates equally
throughout the whole oountry. If one
State is more active in its recruiting agents,
if it rushes swiftly to that field of exertion,
there is no favoritism in it. That is from
the activity and th energy ot the State,
and not from any favoritism or indulgence
here io Washington. Therefore, sir, that
argument of the Senator I put aside.
I came back, then, to the question with
which I began when I was interrupted by
the Senator from Iowa, what abuse, what
evil example has been shown I. Not one.
Senators, if ihey vole for this proposition,
must vote under the influence of prejudices
and not of reason. . There are Senators, I
know, who have prejudices against ihe en
listment of colored troops ; but I make an
appeal to the patriotic- Senators on this
floor; those who love their country, and
who hate beliigwrect slavery, not to yield
to any such prejudice. I can understand
that the Senator on the other side who
smiles, the able Senator -from Indiana
always does vote against the employment
ol colored troops. lie, therefore,if he sus
tains the proposition of his friend, will act
naturally and in harmony with all he has
done and said on this floor. I am sorry
that be feels obliged to take thatoourse.
It is not for me, however, to criticise him.
But how other Senators who do not follow
the lead of the Senator from Indiana and
the Senator Irom Pennsylvania can strike
at this enactment when no abuse under it
has been ehowo, when, in point of fact, no
reason has been adduced for its repeal, I
am at a lo?s to understand.
I haveiaid thatnothingbasbeen brought
against the existing law. I may add now
that something can be said in its favor.
It has stimulated recruiting ; it has secured
to the public service certain soldiers who
otherwise would not have borne arms for
their country ; and that alotie.sir.ia an all
tuvu bvuuii V 1 nu4 visa aivucoii sis au a 41-
sufficient reason for keeping it still longer
00 the statute book.
Mr. GRIMES. It will be recollected
by the Senate that this question wa be
fore it at the last session, and by several
decisive votes it was decided that the law
as it now stands ought not to be the law
of the country, ln other words, we re
fused upon several occasions to allow any
State to go into any other State for the
purpose of recruiting and filling up its
quota. There was disagreement between
ti is body and the House of Representa
tives, and the question was referred to
a committee of conference, and in some
way, after I left the city, this provision
was adopted, contrary to the expressed j
opinion by a yea and nay vote several
times made, of the Senate, and by very de- j
cisive votes. I trust now, sir, when we ,
have the opportunity to do so, that we will '
put ourselves right on the record in this
regard, and that we shall declare that if,
there are colored men in oavannan or in
any other place to bo recruited, they shall
be recruited into the service of the Uni
ted States and not into tha service of any
particular State ; that we will clothe them, '
that we will feed them, we will give tbera
the bounties, we will furnish them with
arms, we will become responsible.politically
and morally, for their afe-keeping, and !
not allow this Slate or that State to a- j
sume to become the superintedent of these '
men, and claim them upon their quotas, !
and compel the other States that do not '
happen, perhaps, to have quite as prompt j
a Governor as the Senator from Massa ;
chuset's says they have, to fill np their
quotas with the young white men of their
States. These colored men in the rebel
States are a fund that .belong to all of us,
and neither the State of Massachusetts,
nor the Stafe of Iowa, nor any other State
should be permitted to go and draw upon '
that fund so as to fill up its own quota, and .
thereby impose the necessity- of a still
greater dralt upon the States which do not
see fit to do this, or have not the opportu- !
nity to recruit these colored men. It is
manifestly unjust, and I trust the amend '
ment of the Senator from Pennsylvania '
will be adopted." '
After remarks by Mr Wilson, Mr Davis,
Mr Te h Eyck, and Mr Sherman.Mr Pow
ell of Kentucky, said.: j
"Mr. President, the only equitable way
to furnish men in this war is for each
State, out of its own population, to furnish
iti quota. When you put the negroes who
are residents of the seceded States, or the
rebel States, ia the Army, they mast be
credited to the general qouta, and that it
would lessen tue urau upon an me au ,
hereing States. That is the only equitable
way iu which it can be done ; and that was',
the sentiment of the Senate at the last ses- ;
sion on more votes than one. If you want
three huadred thousand soldiers by draft, '
1 .1 1 r.
and you get fifty thousand from the ne- ;
groes in the rebel States, then the draft
ill be only for two hundred and ntty
thousand, instead of three hundred thous
and, and that eistributed equally and
properly will tend to relieve every State
in the Union from the dralt.
The Senator Irom Massachusetts "eays
there lias been no abuse uuder this law.
The Senator from Ohio has told you of
the abuses under it. That excellent let-
under it. But I will tell the Senator some,
of the abusas which have fallen under my
own observation. In Kentucky, all the
negroes are enrolled as the ' white peopU
are The draft in that State is based upon,
the enrollment of both whites and blacks.
Under the operation of this law, agent
from the northern States have come and
, located themselves io Indiana, and Illi-r
nois, righi on the borders of Kentucky,
and absolutely sent over agents and stolen
I and taken by force negroes Irom Kentucky
' and enlisted them. Theso-are facts that
I know. Jf yau take away the negroea.
from Kentucky and Missouri ia that, way
do you not see that Massachusetts, or thet
State that gets them, gets credited for
j them, and we have to be drafted upon the
fold enrollment upon which these very no-
groes were all enrolled i 1 he greatest
frauds were committed in that way. When
they get these qegroeB over the river,they
make the negro say he is from Alabama
or Georgia or some State in rebellion, not
excluded in the law, and that is the way .
the thing is worked. - There is no doubt
about these evils existing there ; I know
them myself; and yet the Senator from
Massachusetts says there are no evils re
sulting from it. On every hand yon hear
of the evils of it. Why, sir, the border
States ia the West are not ablo to send
out and pay large sums to recruiting agent,
all over the country to fill up their quotat
they have to give. their men to the conflict 1
and why should not the older and rioher
States do so ? If you enlist these ne
groes, and they are being en lifted every,
wliere by the general orders of our super-.
ior officers, let them go to the general Ac
count, where they ought to go, and let.
each State of the Union be compelled out
of its own population to give the quota that
is wanted from it."
The question being taken by yeas and
nays, re-uted-e-yeas 28, nays 12; as foi
lowi .YEAS Messrs. Brown, Buokalew.Car
lile, Chandler, Col lamer, Cowan, Davis,
DoolittleJ rimes, Harlan, Harris, Hender
son. Hendricks, Howard, Howe,Johnson,
Lane of Indiana, Nesmith, Powell, Ramsey
Richardson, Stuisbury,Shernian,Ten Eyek
Trumble, VanVinkle, Willey and Wright
NAYS' Messrs.Anthony, Clark, Con
ness, Dixon, Farwell, Foster, Hale, Mor
gan, Morrill, Nye, .Sumner, and Wilson
ABAENT Messrs. Foote. Ilardine.
: y . ' f .
II,L?1I,e Kansas, MeDonKall Pome-.
roy.Riddle, Sprague, S'tewartWade. and
ViIkinon 11. .
So tha amendment was agreed to.
The mineral wealth of the United States
' is of the most gigantic proportion, -and of
the most valuable kind. All of the useful
and precious metals with one or two ex
ceptions as regards the very rare metals,
which have not as yet been found in any
great quantity, exist in the widest abun
dance. They are not confined to on seo
lion, but extend over the entire Republio
in the most wide spread profusion.
Principal among tnese metals and min
erals, both on accoint of its incalculable
practical value, and for its extraordinary
abundance, is coal, both of the anthracite
and bituminous varieties. A peculiar fea
ture in the great' carboniferous deposition,
of the country is the fact that lb beds ta .
the eastern part of the land are anthracite.
The coal gradually loses this distinctive
fea'ore as we go westward, assuming mora
and more ol a bituminous character until
we find it entirely devoid of the peculiar
anthracite propeities in western Pennsyl
vania, about Pitt.burg in West Virginia,
and iodeed io ail the Western States. .
Thus the great coal fields of Rhode Island
and the contiguous portions of Massachus
etts, (ere at indeed, although the am al leal of
the vast coal beds in the country) the ex
tensive depositions in east Pennsylvania,
and the other fields in the eastern part of
the country, are anthracite and most admir
aoly adaptad for burning being clean, and
dsvoid io a great measure of the volatile
and infiamable oil which characterize the
bituminous kind. The large coal field
west of the Allegha&ies, comprising a part
of western New York, western Pennsylva
nia and Virginia, and a part of Ohio, and
stretching down through Kentucky aad
Tennessee 10 Alabama comprising an area
of some six y-three thousand square mils,
are purely of the bitnminoas type. Besides
the value of this kind of coal' for fuel pur
poses, it contaias an oil, commonly called
petroleum, whose value not discovered until
recently, renders these bituminous coal
fields of fabulous value. Inexhaustible ia
. quantity, and so situated as to bo easily
worked, the Biblical irdditions of Qphyr
aid the oriental myth of Cathay, sink law
insignificance, and from the importance of
j this oil in commerce we bid fair to realize
; u,e magnificence of the dreams of that poet
i0idier Walter Kaleish.-vod fiod El Dorado
at our very doors, holding out its inexhaust
ible treasures to our grap.
No PktME. Iu the days" when servants
were bought and sold 10 service in Massa
chusetts as wall a in South Carolina my
graudialber had in his family an aoetaooa
darkey, called, of coorse, "Dinah," Now,
Dinah was fair to look upon and after son
dry flirtations, received, in her eighteenth
year, a bona Adt offer from a well to-do)
Sstnbo of forty.
' '.'And why doa't yoo have hiro, Dinah V
asked my grandfather ot the faifcone. "
"Toxoid, masa " was the grinnieg reply,
Why Diuah, he's just in his prime.
. . . .