Newspaper Page Text
Trutb"and Riff hi -Cod and our Country.
Vro Dolfas per Annua
Volume 15. -
BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, ii?A., WEDNESDAY MAY 25, 1864.
I. U. JACOSY, roMIsner.
AOUTtIE FbU ALL
CI THE II MEN OR HOMO
NO HUMBUG, but an ENTIRELY NEW
f).. I l I. ' . i. .,; .. - :
'the .Jirca aroMnstruciion once bril, apd
. . .
. " . . . . .
yoa w.ll onder.111 perfect!,. A Lady
JU w. ...-.. ,w me ,na, n9 Ia mamng
'a-high as TWENTY DOLL A US SOME;
;uAlb! giving instructions m this art.
Thousands ot SoMter are 'Waking money
rapidly at it. It id a'VnVriu that i'kes better
'than anything ever ottered. You can
'make money wiih il hdtne -or abroatf on
rteam boats cr 'fsThWd car, and in the
'country or city. You 'will jbe pleated in
.(pursuing it, not -only b'ecaase i: vwill iild
ra handsome income, but alab 'in cotlse
buence of the general a'dftiiralton wtitch il
'elicits.' his pretty'' roach l-p'rjfii. A
mere IrVfle is necessary to start with.
-There U scarcely 01V3 erVon oat ol
thousands who ever pays 'aiiy attention to
advertisements of thifc'-kinJ, thitikin they
are buinbugt. Conq'ueiily thoce who da
'end for inMructioirs -Vrill 'Uae a broad
fielJ to rnk mony 'h. There Is a rla'
ot persons in thin WorTd .vho would think
h&i because thf '1)4 bten hunibtigged
v0Dl cl a Joll4r or co, that everything that
ia advertuwli is Iturnbug. Consequently
. he tr) no more. The -person who sue
cetda is tfie oue'that kep on trying uni!,;
be hits something that pay him.
. This art-ton on ihocoand dollars
an I expect to make money out of i: and
-til who purchase itfj rt ot me will do the
same. Oue Dollar snt to vie will intiore
lie prompt return of a crd of iti-trut-tion
fi the art. Tkt money wvl It ftluTntd tc
kon not iatufied.
Address WALTER T. TINSLEY,
No. 1 Park Pl-ce, New York.
Oct. 21, 1863 3m.
"IMPORTANT TO LADIES. Pr. Har
Tey'sTemah?. PilUhave never ySi iailed in
'removing diffici.1 ier ari-ir,g from obtruc
r; !io"n, or meppae of nature, or in re-totin
1 the sy stem to perfect health when suS-'t-.
itig from iial adtiont, prolapsno, Uteri,
.'the whuff, nr other weakness of tlfa ater-
- ine trgans. The p'dls are perfectly hatm-
- !es on the conxii ntlbn, and may be taken
by itie mot rfelicste tm.tle without cans
. JcfcT dirt w ''he safne-tiaie ihey act like a
chrrn by .trngihrtnstii, invigorating
restoring the tm ion bealthy condition
and by, brinyirtjs on the uionthi'y period
with regularity, 'no fUKtter from wbt caus
es the'obrtructior iirsfj arie. They hou-lj
hojver,'Ar0T be taken during the firi
Ihree or lour mot;hs ol pregnancy, thoo h
safe at any other time, as raucarrig
.Vould be the reult.
" Each box cotilain'60 plll, Pric Si.
- - Dr. Harvey'n Tre..tie on dseses ef Fe
males, preanancy, rrjHeirrta:e, liarre ii;ie
.'sterility, ReproJuctMn, and abifte of Na-
StJie, and emphatically the 'ladies' Private;
-Medical Advtrer, a pamphlet ol 64 pages
pent free to any atldres. Six ten:o re-!
Vjnired to pay postage. i
The Pills and book uill be sent by mail .
when iiefred, securelf seated., and prepaid
.by 'I. BliYAN, M. D. General Asj't. j
' " No. 76 Cedar street, New York. !
tSold by aM the principal drag-tks. j
Nof. 2i, Yfe&3 Vy. , j
BELL'S SPECIFIC PILLS Warra.ed
- - i
!in allrase. van be relied onl ieretWi
to cure T Do not nauseate i Xresgeedy
n action 1 Nachanse of diet required !
K)o not interfere ith buiiiea pursuits !
Cu be uned witho'dt ddiec:ion ! Upward
of 200ctrVfe the pai moftth-one o'flhem
Tery aereVfe cases. Over one hundred 'phy
'siciafin have "n.ed raern fn their practice,
arid ill sptak trell of the'ireGicaey, and ap-
krove their composition, which is entirely i
, . ,, . ' , .
Vegetable, and harmless on the system
.. .. . : j
Hundred ot certificates can ve shown.
Bell's Specific P are the original and !
Specific Pill, tlrev
;u.y ru..ne r.... 'rey
-aoapieu ior mate ana iemai,o.a or young,
i -1 s s s a B'laT.j. .
ana in oniy remote remeuy iot eueciing j
permament and reedy cure in i't cases j
Spermatorrhea or Seminal VVeakn-tefe, with :
all its train of e'ils such as Urethral and
Vaginal Discharge, the whites, nightly or
t Involuntary Emissions, Incontinence, Geni
at Debility and Irritability- Impotence
' Weakoess or' IcVs f Power, nervous De
bility, &Cj all of 'ftblch . arise principally
from Sexuel Ercersed or self-abuse or
tona eousti'.utinnal derangement, and n
VapacUates the su'Serer from fulfilling the
duties of luarrie.l life. In all sexual dis
leasesjGoaotrhea, Gleet and StHctores, and
' Diseases XJf the Bladder and Kidneys,
Ley act as a charm! Relief Is experi
enced by taking a single box.
. . Sold by all the pHr.cipal druggists. Price
Thtf will be sent by mail, securely seal
ed, and coaiiufiutiallf , on receipt ot the
kaouey, by- -'-. J. BRYAN, M. D.
No. t6 Cedar street, New York,
, CrntHicg Piiyic;ans tor the treatment of
Senjinal, Urinary, Sxual, aud. Nerv'dua
Disates, who wtil tmf, free to all, the
- " "lollowing valuable work, ia tealed en
THE FIF11ETH THOUSAND DP..
CELL'S TItKA TlSfi cn selt-abtHe, Preraa
ure decay, jtnpouace and !o3 of power,
" esxual Jieases4 ceminal wfeakness, nighiiy
sniUsiot., genital debiliry, &c ; c, a
fiuiphlsl ol 64' pagej, couuimug impor
tant aJrice to the afliielad,. arid which
fc':ia'.J ti read by every sufferer,' as "the
r ,;,:stf cars ia the sveret s!ages is
t'-'-S f fotl5j- Two. stamps fairea to ?
f av postage. .
!Wo clap-trip operation to gu!l the JpubTte, wirf,;. ix months from the time of subscri
'but a genuine money-making thine ! 'Read bine: two dol!arsand fifty cents if not paid
;STAIS .OH5 !3WSI!B HOISPIHI
! . ' ptffirAD itibt wsdnxsdat BT
I ItTltf. IT. T h PflDV
.-frf. 6B jjaa St. JnJ Sqnare beoW Market
... .1 L. r i.r . . i '.v
witniti year, no .uoecripuon lasen lor
o ! oa nannd than m9 mrtiiln nr tl 1 4rrin.
! rinnnr. nlmiiied nnfil all arrearages are
f p,j unless at the option ot the editor.
7 he terms of advertising will be as follows:
One square, twelve lined, three nines, ST 00
Every subsequent insertion, ... . . 25
One square, three months, '3 Ot)
One'year, ....'.......'. . . . 8 00
'Is there a time when moments flVw
More peacefully than ail be side !
It is ot all the times below
A Sabbath eve in summer tide.
O.then the setting sun smiles fair
And. all below, and all above,
The different forms of nature Wear
One ouiversal garb of love.
And then the peace that Jesas beam's,
' The life of grace, the death of sir.
With nature's placid woods and streams.
Is peace without, and peace within.
Delightful scene ! a world at. rent,
A God all love, no grief nor Tear,.
A heavenly hope, a peacelol breast,
A smile unsullied by a tear.
If Heaven be";e;er.felt below,
May cause alieart on earth to know
Some fore: aste bf celestial bliss
Delightfiil hour ! how soon Will night
Spread her dark mantle o'er thy reign,
And morrow's quick returning light
Will call us to'ihe 'world again.
Yet will there down at lat a. day,
A "Sun that never sets shall rise,
Night will not veil his ceaelei ray,
The heavenly Sabbitu never die.
'Cbilizatloa in the Free and ' Slaic" Slates.
"The poverty of the Sooth.". "The bar-lar'n-m
of the South ". "rretChaUness and
deolciralization in !consequence of 'sla-
What the north surfers from 'sla-
"The curse of 'slavery.' "
This has been
the harp f a thousand strings, played on
with marvelous alacrity and skill by clergy
men, politicians, tract-distributors, and all
oris ot social jugglers, here in the north,
until ail grades in the community have
adopted the senseless -jargon a a conclu
sion, not on'y foregone, but foreordained
In thif article we propose to lay the fi;
urea and the fact touching lhi matter,
plainly before our readers. We do not hope
that the truth will open the eyes of the vic
tims ol the Abolition fanaticism, but it may
possibfy save some from following the mul
titude in:o the dishonoring, the bioodv de-
Motion. The truth is, that negro 'laerv'
has been a corse to neither north nor south
but has been a b!ewig to both, as the his
tory atu'l the figures will show. We state
the question thus plainly, becafhse we mean
to challenge contradiction It is said that
there is such a thing as a man telling a lie
until he himself Ifelreres h to be a truth,
And the Abolitionists rosy have 'repeated
their slanders and falsehoods until they be
lieve fhfem to be true ; but their leaders do
not believe them so im-plteirly tfeal they
dare 'risk a fair and public debate upon
them. . They are brave at assertion?, dog
D.atism, noise, and wordy defiance, bot
they flee witVra the covert ot prejudice aod
ignorance at the appVoarh of any man who
proposes to argne the point with them.
Their fuclt are the inventions of impostors.
Their logic lire ell of the howling dervish
es. Foolish and malicious ! Behold the
abomination of their pretentions in the fol
lowing statistical records of the two tac
tions of our country :
1. How bas the north suffered by -rfggtt
'slavery' in the socth 1 It has grown ricb
o'fi the proceeds of 'slave' labor. The mer-
hanli iVta tor tfotnf-Vj I Vt sW w m m
,. ' . . '
ana all classes ol laboring men, here in the
v . i L , c i
Nort?, have been immensely benefited by
. . . . ... .
twthiVd8 0, ,he m9nknfot
manafacturi ng, and industrial operations ol
,h 9 nQf m ba9eJ lha ,ilaVa,
vf the gouih.
Strike down this 'slave' la-
bor and you BWe9p
thifj9 o lhe comme
out of existence two-
commerce of the United States
at a single blow. The United Slates Treas
ury tables of 1859 show that our exports of
that year were 5278,392,080 ; of which
$178 000,000 were of southern origin, while
578,000,000 only were of northern origin.
While the south produces more than two
thirds ot the exports of the country, the
north reaps mainly the commercial advan
tages ariiing therefrom. The Treasury ta
bles of 1850 show that the ton age of the
oorth was 1,831,88 tons, while that cf the
sooth was only 391,518 tons; and to fern
ploy this shipping, the north furnished on
ly ' 53,500,000 worth of freight ; the South
tarnished 524,500,000 worth. While the
South furnished six-sevenths of the freight,
she had less than Oris-sixtk of the ton nags,
thus throwing almost all the immense ptaf
its of the carrying business into the pockets
of the north. The South has not only kepi
our hipi and merchants busy, but she has
also given employment to oor mechanics,
ariizans and laborers. In 1850, we sold the
Soath goods of oor own manufacture to the
valoa bf 5240,000,000. ..
We cold them imported goods, which we
paid for abroad by southern export, S106,-
The interest and brokerage we made blit
of the South that year, 63,2C0,CD0.
Money spent in the north by southern vis.
itof5j ,rada,men irelert, tc, daxlag taat
I Making oar toul buinei with thVWdTh
I that year, 462,560,374.
I Thi! ; ihm .w - V... mnfTrmA hvtfio
S th. That is the way thesOuttrba'e wrong.
ea us. she has given employment to our
merchants, mechanics and laborers, to such
an extent that wo may truly 'cay we owe
-Oor.p,0,petitr to bar. The production .of
'southern 'slave' labor ha. been the grea.
motive battery that has driven nearly all
the industrial operations of the north. The
Treasury tables of the ;Udiied States show
that not only our commerce, but the -whole
of our industrial interests, have kept exact
pace with the increase of the 'slave' pro
ductions of the south. 'ln'f820, when there
"wereonly one million five hundred ihous-
and 'slaves' producing the staples of com
merce, our tonnage was only 47,000 tons ;
but in 1856, when there were ever three
I niiU'ibili'of negroesiproducing the same sta
ples, our tonnage was 469,000 tone. Every
item of the material wealth of the north has
increased in the same ratio with the iu-
j'C'rease ot the 'slave' staples bf Ihe'ebuth.
That ia the way 'slavery' has hurt us. By
the bletfsing of Almighty God, may it con
tinue to do fdr oor children as it bas for us
-"giving era ploy ment to our capital and to
our iudusiry giving cheap clothing and
high wages to our laboring men, nd lb
our commerce a'name respected on e very
sea. That Is what 'slavery' has done lor
the north. We know how profanely the
Abolitionists will rave at there stern truths.
But there stand. Ine facts and the figures
let them deuy them it they dare.
2. We are told also that 'slavery' ha im
poverished ihe83uth itself ; and to remedy
this evil we are now trying to'cut the throat
ol every white man, woman and child there,
and to give the lands to'ihe negroes, and to
such people, in the north, as are willing to
ive on terms of perfect equally with the
negrbes. That we may see how 'slavery'
has impoverished the south, we will take
the five old 'slave' States, 'from Maryland,
i,-l Ini!.wl;r.n f2.yvp.ii. .nil nmn..u il.Bn
an J including Georgia, and cbmpare them
with six New England State, which boast
ol being possessed of almost all possible
advantages over the ret of mankind. In
1850, these New England States had a pop
ulation of 2,728 000. In two hundred years
ihey had, according to the ccusus ot 1850,
accumulated wealth to the amount ot one !
billion, three million four hundred and six
ty thousand dollars, while the five 'slave
States, with the same population, had ac
cumulated wealth to the amount of otfe bil
lion, four hundred and twenty million, nine
hundred and eighty-nine thousand dollars.
Thus the five 'slave' Stafec accumulated an
aggregate wealth over the accumulated
wealth of the six New England Siates of
four hundred and seventeen 'mill on five
hundred and eighty-nine thousand dollars.
If the whole wealth of New England were
equally divided among its citizens, 'it would
give each but three hundred and eix-y dol
lar;, while the property of the five slave
States, eqnalfy divided among their citizens,
would give each the sum of five hundred
and twenty dollars, showing a difference fu
favor of the 'slave' States ot $153 per capita
This, then, is the Way 'slavery' has impov
erished the southern people. Massachu
setts, which is the richest of the New En
gland States, and perhaps rhe Trchest cf the
n'on-blaveholding States, could, if tfer prop
erly were equally divided among all her
citizens, give each S548. But Sooth Caro
lina, if her property were bo 'divided, could
give every citizen Sl,000. Atte'r "Connecti
cafaud Rhode Island, there is no noulave
holding State that could give over two hun
dred ai d eighty dollars to each ti its inhab
itants, and majority of the-northern States
could not give over two hundred dollars to
each, While a majority ot the 'slave' ttates
could give Jour ti'andred dollaTs to every
white tnan. The population of all the free
States, according to the census of 1850, was
13,214 380. The white population ot the I
'slave' States was ,6,312,879. AH ths nor
thern Slates of '.irteen million citizens had
accumulated property to the amount of three
billion one hundred aod eighty-six million,
six hundred and eighty three thousand dol
lars, while the 'slave' States of only six mil
lion citizens had accumulated two billion,
seven hundred and seventy-five million, one
hundred and twenty thousand dollars worth
of property. While the population of lhe
north was one hundred and nine per cent,
greater than the sootb, it had accumulated
riches but sixteen per cent- above the south.
So a division of all the property of the non
staveholding Slates, among all their inhabi
tants equally, would give to each only 233,
while the same division bf the riches ot all
the 'slave' States would give to every white
man 439. This is the way 'slavery' has
impoveriohed the white people ol the south.
This is the "losing game of 'slavery,' " of
which. we h'ire fieard so much for a quar
tet of b century. The census o f 1850 Shows
that the wealth of the 'slave' States was
abbot double per cafita td that of the Rbn
slaveholdiag Slates. What folly, inch, what
impudence, for ua here in the north tc talk
of the ''losing game" of 'slavery,' with
these figures staring us in the face !
3. We bear a great deal about the barba
rism and wretchedness which 'slavery' in
fiicta upon family and home in the south.
Whit say the figures on this subject ? Let
os take again the six boasting New England
States, and compare them with the five old
stave' States having the Same population.
It must be conceded that a home for every
family is one of the most desirable bless
ings that civilization can bestow. The
more conlpIete,or the less railed this hdme,
the greater the probabilities of happiness
i and rinse. Now these fire New England
States had, according to the 'census, 518,- i
Si2 families, vbile 'hey 'had only '447,787
dwellings. "So that New -Englaud trad sev
enty thousand seven 'hundred and lorty
three families without 'a separate home ;
while the five 'slave' Stales,' e'6'htiiinSng the
sarne population, have 506.768 families,
and '476,369 dwellings. Thus, in New En
gland, tone family in' every Seven ia without
a home, while, in 'the 'slave' 'Stales, :only
one family in everj jfC'y-hw) is destitute of
this inestimable blessing. This, tnen, is
what 'slavery' has done fdr the 'whtteKfiomet
of the sbuta. This the ob'cial wretchedness
and barbarism we hear so 'much aboutT
There are actually more white families bro-
1 ken up,Veparated, and scattered to the four
winds ol heaven 'in these New . England
States than there are 'slave' families thus
separated in the southern States. Bat our
present estimates are all concerning white
peopte north and south.
4 We hear incessantly of the irreligion
of 'slave'-holders, and our northern clergy
are in the habit of praying for the southern
peopte a though they. were heathenr, and
without Christian habits. 1. is not an easy
matter to estimate the . relative ruligious
merits of a people. We can only take the
visible evidences ol attachment, or of in
difference to religious institutions as our
guide. Let us again lake the six New En
gland States and the five old 'slave' States,
and see in which section We find the great
est evidence ofa profound and consistent
attachment to the worship of God. We are
still guided by the census of 1850. A Tier
two'cerituries o! religious aj'cny, New En
gland has erected 4,607 churches, while
the five old lavo' States, with the same
population, have erected 8,081 churches.-
The New England churches accommodate
one million eight hnndred and ninety-three
souls, while the churches in the five old
'sravf Slates accommodate two million
eight hundred aod ninety.six thousand four
hundred and seventy-two souls. So thef,s
. 'r r" fj inn fi Ife 9 A ' X ' m htaVA raf&t ftr.llhlA
the number of churches, aad furnished the
means of grace to over a million more 'souls
than the boas;ing pharisees of New En.
gland have. One-third of the population
of New England is unprovided with any
place of worship, while thee 'slave' Slates
have provided churches for a million more
people than can go to chdrch, if they wan
ted to, in New England. This is lhe "irre
ligion of 'slave'-holders." Agaia.'we all
kubw that the religions semirnenl of the
south is almost entirely free from the innu
merable urns which have demoralized and
broken up the churches in the north. All
such auomiiialiins as Mormonism, Mille
ism, Communism, Freeloveism, and Spir
itualism, are ol northern birth, and have
never made anv headway in the south. The
southern churches have steadily resisted all
these profane and corrupting innovations
upon the pure domain of Christian faith.
It is the rarest thing to see a 'church split to
pieces thete by schism. Neither is there,
'comparatively, any ot the indecent sectari
an violence in the t-outh which bas ditgrac
ed the very name of reli icn in the north
The ministers ot the Gospel in the south,
as a class, are, in Christian deportment, and
in manly 'character, lat ahead of the clergy,
as a class, in the north. 'One reason ot
this, undoubtedly, is, the settled, dignified,
aud toieraut character ol the southern
cbnrches. Like people, like priest," is an
old maxim. Tbe laTigaage wh'iph the dif
ferent ecis in the north are In lha habit of
applying to each ether, is far more becom
ing the 'fi!h markets than the temple of God.
Such indecent aud profane clerical dema
gogues as Beecher, Cheever.Ty ng, and Bel
tows, even leaving out their Abolitionism,
would not be tolerated in the sosih. With
all these facts Known to us, what intolera
ble impudence for us to talk about tbe "ir
religious character ol 'slave' holders !"
a. We are told that 'slavery' has brought
demoralization and crime upon the sooth.
Let os have the figures. Tbe census of
1850 shows that the ratio ol whites in the
Penitentiary ot Virginia, fbr ten years, was
one to twenty-three thousani, while the ra
tio in the Massachusetts Stales Prison was
one to seven thonsabJ five hundred and
eighty seven. In the city of New York, in
1849, there were 1,235 convictions lor
crime, which was more than in all the fif
teen 'slave' States for that year. In tbe
State of New Ybrk, in 1850, there were ten
thousand two hundred and seventy convic-'
tions for crime. In South Carolina, in ,a
population more than one-fifth that cf New
York, there were only forty six cases oW
crime. The bills of crime in Charleston, S.
C, for that year were six and a naif per
"cent, les than in Boston. The same cen
sus distfoseft the fact that free negroes south
are a great deal less addiclod to crime than
free negroes north. In Massachusetts, the
ratio of Tree negroes in the States Prison,
for ton years, wrs one to two hundred and
fifty. In the Penitentiary Of Virginia it was
009 to three thousand and onb. So that to
'.he nbn-slaveholding States two hundred
and fifty free negroes commit ft much
crime annually as three thousand free ne
groes in the Mave' States. Seven thousand
five hundred and eighty seven white peo
pie in the firee States commit annually as
much crime as twenty three thousand and
three white people commit at the south.
The eriminal degradation among the whites
at the north is from three to five times
greater than at the south. One reason of
this'undoubtedly is, that extreme poverty is
almost unknown at tbe sbuta. There is not
the same debasing competition, the same
elfish strife lor the necessaries of life there,
and tha ailfisb passions ua touch lea ex-
cited, while a sease of superiority of race,
which is practically awarded to the while
man of every degree shuts' off from a thons
and temptations incident to !ife in the north.
How else shall we 'account lor the vastly
less amount of crime in the south 1 The
census proves hefacl, and ought for ever
to seat the lying lips of Abolitionism.
6. Another of the falsehoods of Abo.
Hlionism is, that the whites are physically
degenerating in the 'slave' States. Where
are the'figures for that ? One of the sgns
of physical degeneration is pauptritm. Xet
us see. In the six New England States
there were 33,431 paupers ; in the five old
'slave States, containing the same popula
tion, there were 14.221, giving in the New
England Stales an excess of paupers Ol one
hundred and thirty-five per cent, over these
'slave' States. The ratio ot native born
NewEuglanders in thepoorhonse is one to
one hundredand forty-three ; while in these
five 'slave' States it is one to two hundred
and thirty-four. All nationalities in the
New England poor-houses are in the ratio
of one'to'eighty one, while in the 'slave'
States they ale 'one to one hundred and
Another sign of physica degeneration is
the growing frequency of insanity. What
says the census on this point? There
were in Newigland, 3,829 case of insan
i:y while intmf five 'slave' Siaies,embracing
an equal population, there were only 2:t326
cases. Mere is a difference of more than
siatyper cent, in favor of the 'slave' States.
An equal per cent, will be found in favor
nf the 6lave' States in relation to deaf and
Populalional decrease is another evi
dence ol physical deterioration. New En
gland, with 11,564 more fannlies than the
bid 'slave' Slates, has 15,534 less births
annually, and 10,152 more deaths than
these .'slave' States. The 'slave' Stales
have 27 per cent, more births, and thirty
three per cent, less deaths. This seems
truly wonderful, when we reflect that the
climate of a grea. portion of these five
Slave' States is "a great deal lass bealihy
than that of New England. Where 'slavery'
has existed for over two hanJreu years, we
fiad the population, even in a comparative
ly unhealthy clima'e, exhibiting signs cf
physical perfecubiliiy from thirty to
Icrtv per cent, above the healthiest and the
most orderly of the free States. This, theu,
i the way 'slavery' has deteriorated the
physical man. If we wanted further proof
of this same kind of physical dsfilny from
Slavery,' we may find it.in the history of the
present war a history in which even oor
boundless impudence has, thus fir, fooDd
nothing it dared to brag over.
7. Another falsehood of Abolitiooira is,
that poor white people are despised and
troddsn under foot by the slaveholder. This
is about the wickedest lie of all : ior il is
exactly the reverse in
it south. There
: . ..." . i
:ne wnue men wears
ami l i , vaUhO i
lernai hattr- t
honor in bis white skin.which. however poor
be may b?. if he is an honest, upright, and
intelligent citizen, is always acknowledged,
al all times, and in c!l places. This fact
astonished the English traveller, Col. Frea-
manile, when he lately visited the south.
Speaking of this very class (fiocr whites)
in the South, he says : "Every white man
is as good as another (by theory), and every
while female is, by couri;sy, a lady there
is ctly one class." This we know to be
strictly true. A white man may be as pcor
as Lazarus there, and still, if he po-ess
the attribntes cl character aud intelligence,
his poverty never bats him (rom the parlors
Of the rich, as it does in the north.
There the social bau is on the black race,
and not, as here upon, the poverty or mis
fortune o( our own white race. Poverty is
never treated as a crime in the soalh. Let
the poor, but honest white man answer how
the thing is here in lhe north. And lot his
answer stand for the refutation of the Abo
lition falsehood in relation to this matter.
8. Another charge is that tha South is
without schools, aud has done nothing tor
tbe cause ot education. What say s the
cen-us ? Take again the six New England
States, and compare them with the five origi
nal 'slave' Stales. These New England
Slates have of Colleges and Academies,
1 002. The five 'slave' Stales have of the
same 1,265. The New England States,
have endowed theii Colleges aud Acade
mies to the extent ol $343,605. The five
'slave States have endowed tbeiis to the
much greater sum of 81,080,435. Thus, the
'slave' Stales have 163 more Colleges and
Academies than the six New England
Slate's, and these five 'slave' States have
beat the six States of New England in en
dowments of these institutions ot learning.
2236,630. Under lhee figures, how look
the editors, lecturers, and ministers cf the
North, who have crammed the public mind
with so many impudent falsehoods on this
subject! Itisbnt a few weeks since a
New England chaplain, writing from New
Orleans, to a New York piper, declared
that "the South is without school," when
the truth is, that the Stale of Louisiana from
which this clerical vagabond wrote, has the
finest system of common schools of any
Siate in the Union ; or had, before Butler
broke them up in New Orleans, and Banks
in the cor. ntry as far as he bas advanced.
The State of Louisiana has twelve Universi
ties, with an average of 989 scholars, while
Massachusetts has only four, with an aver
age of 769 scholars. . And yet a Massachu
setts minister writes home that "they have
co schools in Louisiana !"-
9. For years tha Abolitionists have urged,
as a charge agaicai 'slavery that it was!
the caasa of sgtett dt' jwir.'.owa.a) '
between the whites and the blacks. In
1850, according te the' census, shere wer,
in the United States 405,794 raulattoes.; of
these there was one mulatto cot ot twelve
.among the 'slaves,' and a fraction more
than' one out of tico artfon" free netrces.
Tha! is, the illicit intercourse between
whites and blacks, is ten times greater in the
Njnh than in the South, with the 'slaves.'
Thus we see that northern editors, clergy
men and politicians, have been in the habit
of charging npon 'slavery,' as a sin, tbe
very thing that the north is ten times more
guilty of than the south. Or, it used to
be counted a crime ; but now, in these ripe
days of '-Republicanism" and miscegena
tion, this kind of intercourse between the
whites and blacks has suddenly Become a
virtue which, if not rare, is the crowning
and glorious triumph of the Republican
party. , ... , : ,.
If the Mrnits ofihis article permitted, wo
could name even other matters, in a com
parison of the two sections, still to the dis
advantage of the north. In tome future
number-of Tub Old Guakd we shall resume
this subject, with a view of pointing out the
causes which have led to diiferences bt the
two sections, as developed by tbe census
We shall be able to show that many of
these southern advantages are actually
due lb the institution of negro 'slavery'
that not only the census, but moral and polli.
cat philosophy demoiutraie that the institution
of upgrb rslav3ry' developes a superior
mental aud physical condition cf the while
race. This statement may cause Mr. Sum
ner to open his eyes with horror : but Mr.
Sumner dare not enter into a lair debate
with the editor of Thk Old Gcahd on this
ubject. He kuows that the charges which
t L I 1 . . . L . " I I
nave oeen orougni against tue soma win
not stand the test of argument and fid. The
very history of the foundation of our govern
ment is a perpetual refutation of the cardi
nal slanders ot tha Abolitionists. The ar
chitects of American freedom were 'slavs'
hoiders. Washington, "the Father of his
Country," was a 'slave'-hclder. The auth
or of the Declaration of Independence was
a 'slave'-holder. The father of the Con
stitution was a 'slave'-holder. Heligicus
liberty on this Continent was established by
'slave'-holders. While the New England
Puritans were downing the Baptists, whip
ping the Quakers, boring holes through
their tongues with red-hot irons, and driv.
ing women naked through the s'reat ot
Boston, because they would not adopt tbe
Puritan sectarianism, the catholic 'slave'
holders of Maryland vere laying the deep
foundations of religious toleration and lib-
! eriy. If we are in any mood for looking
facts in the face, contrast the condition of
our country now with what it was when all
ware 'slave'-holders. Contrast ccr present
Congress for character, dignity, and ability,
with the CcngreAS when almost every meru
i bsr was a 'slave'-hc'.der, or the repreeenia-
i . - . tir ft
' live ot a "slave -nouing contntnoncy. wen
j w8 ,n.a ',ne9 ot ur.s .
i "Yoa see yonreel with ihsm compared,
t. r II
And shudder at tbe nitTer."
Or, if we dare tell ;he whole troth, com
pare Abraham Lincoln, tae typeman ot
Abolitionism, with JefTtjrscn Davis, lhe
type-man of 'lavs'-holders. Measure
them intellectually, morally, religiously, or
as pen'.teihen, and tell us what yon dis?ov;r.
Then, if yoo V-ant to see the thing further,
compare Hannibal Hamlin with Alexander
H.Stevens. If yon are nol alroady sick,
make the beat comparison you can, and
compare Gen'. Gra'it wiib Gen. Robert' Lee ;
or Stonewall Jackson with the Poes, i
Hookers, and Burnsides sent to
f.im in battle. But this is cruel. It is dis
tasteful to us. We are ashamed of these
contrasts ; but we are still more ashamed of j
Ipu slanders and falsehoods which the pub
lie opinion of lhe nonh seems to have tm- j
bided in relation to the south. Our sola
object is lo Bave our own section from an
ignorance, a delusion and falsehood which
have perilled everla&iingly the peace of our
country. We were born in New England
and know how to be proud of much lha:
belongs to New England ; but we also
know how lo blush for its implacable fanat
icism Said a Grecian philosopher, "Do
not tell me my virtues ; tell me my faolts."
This is the part of honor, and ot true friend
ship. We have performed that part ia this
article. Elder John LnUnd, a somwhat ec
centric but famous Baptist minister in Ver
mont, in lhe early history of out country,
Fwas one day praying, at the inotaliaiion cf
a vain and conceited young minister, when
he 8id, "O, Lord, do thou bless thy young
servant ! Make him humble. O, Lord, let
him not be puffed up, but do , thou prick
him, and let the wind out !" We have fol
lowed somewhat the spirit of Elder Leland's
prayer. We have pricked the pride ot in
vidious northern pretention. We have let
the wind out of Abolitionism, in order to
show what a wretched mass of lies it is mcol
From Richmond. A gentleman who
very recently since the fighting began
escaped from Richmond, says that great
confidence is felt there fin which he did
not perticipate,) that Richmond cannot be
taken. They believe Lee and his army to
be inviucible. And he adds that "Boiler's
movenments were not so much dreaded as
Grant's. That the general belief was that
Lee would leave a part of his forces in his
intreacbraents behind the Sooth Anna, who
could easily bold Grant at pay; while with
the rest he would fall on Butler aod annihi
late him with the assistance of Beauregard
i ana rtojte, sua uius, wua too iuioo cow
mands combined, is tarn to assail Grant
publishes itie .following, which in its gram
mer and statemanship has all. the peculiari
ties of "our Presidentf"'alinongli we should
prefer to believe it.a hoax : . ' . ,
'ExKcuTiva Mansion, Not. 2, ) 861.
"Hon. Montgomebt Blair : Dear Sir-
Your brother Frank wants to leave it to as
whether he'd better stick to politics or play
6odger.. Well, my. wishes aout it are kind
ot mixed up, I raiher guess he'd better
hand me over his commission, and come
here and try to fix bp things about this sla
very split,' cause it's "mors important, to
Keep our party tcgether than anything else.
So he'd better fco into, caucus, and, like
enough, he'll get himself elected Speaker
'Jus' like as not. If he can't, why lei him
stay here awhile, aad then I'll tarn oat
sonia General that's been "fighting while
he's been keeping the party together, and
put him in agin He's yoaug yet, and al
mighty smart, but be masn'l gel mad. Now,
t hat's just what I'd say if "Frank wa ray
brother, insiaed of your'o. A. Lincoln."
The Newburyport Ilerald, a strong Abo
lition paper, evidently believesit to be
genuine as we are afraid it is and re
marks : "This is a rare paper, upon which
we will make no comments, for il admit
ol no words favorable to it."
A Frank CosrcsMON. A correspondent
f an Abolition sheet, the New York
Evening Post, writing from Alexandria, op
the Red river, makes lhe following honest
statement abcul the negroes :
These unfortunates are ground between
tbe upper ar.d nether mill atone. They
look upon us as friends, but we abuse them;
and I conclude to be a philosopher aad say:
"If it is God's will we should abuse them
and exterminate them, so that tbey perish,
I must submit ; but I for one do not mean
to go into tbe business ot butchering,"
It will not do, however, fcr men, who
have supported nay, urged 'ca the
negro policy of the Administration, when
they witness its dire effects, to wash, their
handa of the infamous business thus cooly.
The blood ot these helpless victims of thaic
Insane aud remorseless ianatacism ia; upon
thslr heaus, and upon their souls, and they
cannot escape the condemuatioa and exe
cration of mankind, which will overtake,
them in dee time.
Fkmalk Convicts. The inspectors of the
Eastern Penitentiary have in termer reports
called the attention cf tbe Legislature to ths
unsuitabienesi of sending female prisoners
to this Penitentiary., There are now aboo,t
twenty fomales thcro, who cost the same
amocnt as lhe cattody cf 50 male coavfets.
Of the 23 female prisoners remaining ia
prison on the 3 1st of December, 1863, 14
were from Philadelphia, 2 from Chester, I
from Lancaster, 3 from Cr ad ford, and 1
from each of the cocnties cf Snyder, Cam
berland and Backs. They require special
care, tr.ci it is believed a separate building
should be erected for their rsceptica and
discipline. The average number cf this
class for lhe past ten years has been but 14.
Il will be sean by this statement that ths
'expenditure for thsir maicuiaaaco and.
support has been as 37 to Xo males. This
is a large outlay lor Vo small a number of
convicts, and the board of Inspectors agairi
present lhe matter to the attention of lbs
West Virginia. On- S. Judgs. at last
bae indicated his opinion that the creation
j of lhe new State of West Virginia by Con-
eress was an. unwarranted and onconstita-
r , . . - i -
tional act. In tbe United Mates ureal
Court', now in session at Nashville, Jadgo
Catron presiding, an attorney on Tuesday
last read a declaration wherein certain par
ties declared themselves lo be citizens f
the Slate of West Virginia, and certain oth
er parties, citizens ot lenuesseo. Judge
Catron interrupted tbe reading of the decla
ration, and directed tbe attorney to struts
out the word "West," so ai to have ths
name lhe Slate of Virginia ; he added as
bis reason for so ordering, that he knew no
such State as "Wet Virginia."
Thaj. StsVens admitted ths unconstitu
tionality of the act in Congress and jet,
although he had sworn to support the Con
stitution, Voted for it. Judgs Catron
"kuows no such State," and i! .'Abolition
ism went out of power, to-morrovr, no such
State wobld be known ia Congress.'
'Old Abk's Last Joxr. Tue ether day
Western correspondent, In nczzzh for some
thing defiwite iu relation id ths fighting
now going cn, stepped into the Whits
House and asked tbe President if he had
anything authentic lrom Gen. Grant. Ths
President stated that be had not, as Grant
was like ths man that climbed the pole
and ihea pulled ths polo after him. IFo
ington Con. Union.
Darinz the investigations into ths Treas
ury scandals the depositions of ten womett
employed in the . Department were read,
and some of them pronounced wholy aafit
The counterfeiters are trying their hands
on the tea cent postal notes, anil havs suc
ceeded so well in imitating them that it Is
difficult to distinguish ths bogus from ths
General Boiler has lately enforced tas
rights of colored travelers is sit at ths firsi
table on steamers plying between Baltimore
aud Fortress Monroe.
What is it ihst cobody wiau,aai oolsd
likes io loss 1 A 1T13U.
A Rich Lkttm. The ..Boston