Newspaper Page Text
tt. II. JAC03Y, ruMisber.
Truth and Rights-God and onr Country.
Two Hollas per Innun.
BLOOM S BUI J G. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY MARCH 23, 1864.
A 'FORTUNE FOR ALL!
LITI1EI. HEX OR WOMEN !
NO HUMBUG, bui an ENTIRELY NEW
v thing. )oly three months in this country.
No clap trap operation to gull the public,
.but t genuine money malting thing! Read
the Circa ar of instruction once onl, and
Jon wilt understand U perfectly. A ---Lady
has just written to me thai she is making
a high as TWENTV DOLLARS SOME
DAYS! giving instructions in thi art.
f Thousand of Soldiers are making money
Japi.Ily at it. Ii i a thins that take better
than any thins ever, offered You can
make money with it home or abroad on
team boats or railroad car, and in the
country or eily. You wiil be pleased in
pursaing it, nof Only because i: will ield
a hand'ome income, but also in conse-
buenre of the general admiration which it
rliciis. It i pretty much all profit. A
mer trifle is necessary to start with.
There is scarcely one person oal of
thousands who ever pays any attention to
.advertisements of this kin J, think'uig thev
. are humbugs. Consequently those who do
send for instructions wjlJ have a broad
field to make money ;r. There is a class
ot persons in this world who would think
thai because they have been humbusgeJ
out of a doiUr or so, th it ever) thing that
u advertised i a humbug. Consequently
l'e tr) no mure. Trie pers n who suc
: eeed is the one thai keeps on trying until
he hit something that pays him.
This art cost me orw ihossand dollar?,
and 1 expert to make money out of i: and
til who purchase me art of me will do the
lame.' 0'e Dollar sent io wis will insure
- he prompt return of a c-rd nf inirnt'lion
tie art. The ir.oy wiTl . It returmd ts
tkote not satisfied.
Address WALTER T. TJNSLEY,
No. I Park PUce, New York.
Oct. SI, 1863 Sm.
IMPORTANT TO LADIES Tr. Har.
vey'e Female pill-have never ! failed in
r'moving difiieul ie arising from obstruc
tion, cr stoppage of nature, or in restoring
the system 10 perfect health when surT-i-Ing
from spinal anWtion, prolapsn, Uteri,
the whl'es, or othef weakness of the uter
ine organs. Tt-e" pills are perfectly harm
less on the con-iituilon, and may be taken
ty the mosl drHente female without rails
inga5ifr the same time they act like a
charm ty eirerigihvusn;;, inviiioraiing and
"restoring the sj.-lwrn to 8 healthy rendition
aud by bringing on the monthly period
with regn!afi:y, tin rrtrftter from what caus
es the obstruction me) ftft-e. They should
ImwDver. li'UT bi taken during the Srl
three or ion f nioir'bs of prea' ancy, though
safe at any other lime; as miscarriage
would be the rasi.lt.
Each box contain 60 pill. Price f?L
; Dr. Harvey's Treatise on d.iesses of Fe
males, precnanev, miseafrfage, Harrenness
sterility, Reproduction, and abuses of N'a
tore, and emphatically the ladies' Private
Medtral Adviser, a parnphlei ot 64 pages
ern f-e to sifY address. Six rents 're
quired 50 pay ri age.
The 1'il's and Look will be sent by mail
when de-ired, sernrely sealed and prepaid
by J. BRYAN, M. D. General Aai.
. ., . " No. 76 Cedar street, New York.
RSoM by all the principal druggists.
Nov. 25, 1S63 ly.
BELL'S SPECIFIC PILLS Warrated
in all ease. Can be relied on! Nver fail
toeore! Do not nauseate i Arespeedy
' in action ! No change of diet rt quired !
Do not interfere with business pursuits !
Can he used without detection ! Upward
of 200 cores the past month one of them
very severe rases. Over one hundred phy
siciaos lave Used them in their practice,
and all speak well of theirpftieacy, and ap
prove their c-crnposition, which is eti'irely
yegetable, nd harmless on 'b"3 system
' Hunt red of certificates can be shown.
. Bell's Specific Pill are the original and
: only genome Speci6c Pill. They are
- adapted for male ami femala.old or young
' 'and the only reliable remedy for effecting
a permanent and speedy cure in all cases
.Spermatorrhea, or Seminal Weakness, with
all its train of e-ils, such as Urethral and
Vagina! Diciarges, tfre whites, nightly or
Involuntary Emiscions Incontinence, Gani
!at ' Debility . and Irritability Impotence
Weakness or lops of Power, nervous De
bility, all of which arise principally
r. from: Sexoel Eseesse or self-abuse ar
force constitutional derangement, and u
s capacitates the tuSerer from fulfilling the
" -duties of. married life. In all sexua-l djff
ease?, Gonorrhea, G'.eel and Strictnres, and
io Diseases of the Bladder and , Kidneys,
they act as . a : charm 1. Relief is expert
I inced by taking a single box.
SoIdJby all the principal druggists. Price
i: s: ,i, ' . '
- They will be sent by mail, securely sea
ed, and confidentially, on receipt ol the
money, by J. BRYAN, M. D.
No. Ts Cedar street, New York,
'Consotting Physicians for the treatment of
Seminal. Urinary. Sexual, ' and Nervous
Diseases, who wil send, free to all, the
following Valuable work, in sealed eu-!'-
veiope : '
THE FIFTIETH THOUSAND DE.
"ELL'S TREATl-SEon self-abue, Pre ma
tare decay, imptMence and loss of power,
sexasl diseases, seminai weakness, nightly
emissions, genkal debility, &c ,v&c., a
"pamphlet of 64'pages, containing impor
tant -advice -to tbe afHicled, and which'
sboald be read by every sufferer, as the
means cf enra ..in the .ssrerest- stages i
plainly set forth-. Two stamps'teqaired. to
THE PHILADELPHIA AGE.
The onlv Democratic Daily Joarnal Pub
lished in Philadelphia
The fTnion, the Constitution, and the
Enforcement of the Laws.
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which advocates the principles and policy
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por s ot PobhC Gatherings, Foreign and
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Theatrical Criticisms, Reviews of Literature
Art and Muric, Agricultural Matters, and
discussions of whatever subject is of gener
al interest and importance.
The Weekly Age,
is a comple'e com pedium ol the News ol
the Week, and con'ains the chief editorials,
ihe prices current and market reports. stock
qiotainns, correspondence and general
news mat er published in the daily Age.
It aiso aontains a great variety of other
matter, rendering it in all respects a first
class family journal, particularly adapted
to the Politician, the Merchant, the Farmer,
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characteristic ol a Live Newspaper, fitted
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wiiji an ej ra copy Gratis for getting
Pa men! required Invariably in Advance.
Specimen copies ol the Dailr and Weekly
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The Publishers of The Age conld easily
fill their columns wiih the " unsought and
most liberal rommendv.ions of the press
throue out the country ; but they prefer
that it should stand altogether opon claims
to public confidence, well known and ess
ablished. They believe it has acqnired
this repntation by ihe candor, fearlessness
and independence wi;h which it has been
conducted. Throush times of extraordinary
confusion of ideas on public subjects, and
latterly ol almot unexampled pnblic trial.
Ji is i.nst, and Will Le, as heretofore, the
supporter of truly na tonal principles, op
posed alike to radicalism and fanaticism in
eve-y form, and devoted to the maintenance
of pond Government, law and order.
The Pubiishers of The Ant conceive that
it thus renders peculiar services and has
peculiar claims upon all men bv whom its
principles are valued, and who, by the
proper means, look to promote and secure
the Constitutional restoration of the Union.
These ran best show their sense of the un
tiring efforts of the publishers, in behalf of
this gfeat and un paralleled cause, by ear
nestly sustaining this paper in all its busi
ness relatiO'. Address.
GLOSSBRF.NNR & WELSH,
No. 430 Che.:nut St., Philadelphia.
March 16. 1864.
We do rroi believe that even in this atf&e
nf cheap pnblicafions any work can be
more rfaonahle than the terms of Ihe
Scientific Vrnerit-an at 22 per annum a
wiih 25 per cent, discount tor clubs of 10
to lorrn a jearly 'Volume of 832 pages
qoarfo, wi;h an immense namber of orig
nal ensrHvi'is cf patanted machines! valus
able invention, aiid objects of scientifia
interest. There is not an industrial pursurt
which doe nor receive a share cf its at
tention. It contains oflicNI lists of patent
claims, important statistics, practical re
ripes lor domestic purposes, and has long
stood, both in this country and in Europe,
i as the highest authority in the mechanic
art. and siertces. There is no publication
more valuable to the farmer, the mi!Jprt
the engineer, ih iron founder. Ihe mechan
ic. or Ihe mar.ufactnrer. We have never
rpjned a nnmber withotrt learnin? somes
thing we never" knew beforeand obtaining
valuable information for the benefit of our
readers. The Publisher, Messrs. Munn
& Co, of 37 Park, Row, New York, have
deserved Ihe success which (hey have
achieved. No one should visit that city
without calling at their palatial establish
ment, which is a museum of inventive
senios, collected from the entire world.
ll any of our friends do not know this work
and wiil take our advice, they will mail SI
and become snkrsrribere immedtalelj, or
by applying ro ihe Publishers they can ob
tain a specimen copy gra'is. which will be
sore to confirm thra truth of oor recommerv
Old Things Become IVevr,
The ondersisned woold beg leave to in
form his old friends, and "the rest of man
kind," that he has lately returned Iroro the
... t .
service ol his country, ana again re
coened hi OLD ESTABLISH
EDTAI LO R I NG SA LOON
who a view of making op entire new gar
ment, as well as men ding old ones, for all
mankind, and any body else, who may
favor hrm with iheir work in his line.
He i prepared lo do work NEAT, Fash
lONABLEand SUBSTANTIAL, and hopes
by so doing, and strict attentron lo business
l merit and receive a due share of patron-
f ae. bot rememDer, an, toac mre tiroes
require money, or somethmg lo live upon,
be therefore hopes and troets, that when
he ha done his . paTt,; his customers will
da theirs, by furnishing the "ready John,"
or ready trade. For truly the "Laborer is
worthv of bis hire."
,. Bloomsborg, Sepl. 10 1862.
CLANKS! CLACKS! CLANKS 11
EXECUTIONS, SUBPtEAS, .
of proper & desirablefonna,fo sale at the
rce ofthe "Star ofthe North.' '
PtJBLlSBED EVERY TTEDSKSPiY BT
m. II. JAC0DY,
Office on Main St., 3rd Sqnarc bcow M&f'kct.
TERMS: Two Dollars per annum H paid
within six months from the time ol subscn- ...j o j. iiu
bing : two dollars and fifty cents if not paid " "a. Bernard Barton s daily lift? , and
within the year. No subscription taken for daily trouble, until he was sixteen. Vague
a less period than six months ; no discon- j dreams of breaking away from it, and ven
tinuar.ee permitted onlil alia rrearages are tnring om npon lhe great ea of ,h'e worid,
pau, n., a. . e puou . . -
7 he terms of advertising will be us follow:
One square, twelve lines threetimes.fi 00
Every subsequent insertion, ..... 25
One square, three months, ...... 3 00
One year, 8 00
Exempt! from what? a knapsack, gun,
A blanket and uniform ;
Sorne' weary marches in the son,
And nights out-doors amid the storm.
That's all ; my boy, I pray yon wait
Before you laugh and say "all right!"
Your papers have not waived your fate,
Yoo have the battle yet to fight !
Exempt ! come, have yoo brains, a tongue,
Within your breast a living bean ?
Then stand where you belong among
The men who fight on Freedom's part!
Yoo need not search to find a foe ;"
Behold he meets von in the street,
He follows you where'er you go,
He tlings himself beneath your feet.
Stand to your guns ! be brave and calm ;
Beware the foe with whom yon deal
His mouth is full of deadly harm,
His lies are worse than cutting steel.
Exempt! there's no such thing my boy !
You're not exempt while war endures;
Think yoo your pale face can destroy
Your country's right to ' ou aud yours?
Exempt ! no mofe ol that poor word
Or fill it with a better sense";
So shall your country's toice be heard,
A calling yoo to her defence!
THE STORY OF A JUG,
It is a true tale of one whose name is "as
familiar in our mouths as household words,"
but who shall be known here a Bernard
Bernard was born in one of those home
like, cleanly, and honest looking villages of
Massachusetts, of which there are so many,
and which we shall call by war of di-tin
guishmetit Middletown. Bernard was an
only ehild, and hU father, there's no deny
ing the fact, was a harsh a very harsh man,
and apt to regard the faults of the boy mnch
more harshly than they deserved. Bernard
was without a mother, she having died
when he was but three years of age, since
which time he had been under the charge
ol a grand-mother, who had become domi-
ci'ed at lhe Barton homestead, and who .
made op by peffmg for the rough usage he
received from his father The only other !
member of the family was Marion, an or
phan, whom' Bernard had called "cousin,"
and who was ol that relation some score of,
limes removed. Between Marion and Ber
nard there was six years difference, and ibe
little bloe-eyed child looked no to the boy ;
of sixteen as to some superior being, whoe
wisdom snrpassed all comprehension; for1
BernarJ, though born and educated upon '
a farm, and to do farm work, was both a
reader and a thinker, and by some means,
even with hi very limited opportunity, hi
managed lo pick cp a vast dsal of knowl
edge unusual for a lad of his ege. This
picking np. however, was something not in
accordance viih the taste of Mr. Barton,
who could see nothing in books,and was no
believer in learning beyond what was ne
cessary to enable him to read the -daily
chapter, and keep his farm account,
believed in work, and in having the
kepi farm in the country ; andv believing
lins, and this only, it was" nor strange lhat
he was severe opon the boyish dreaming
habits of Bernard, and classed them only as
laziness. The boy writhed under his fatb-
er's treatment, and labored and monrned
over the task set him to perform, but never
it hi faihar nHrH a word of rnmnlaint r )
w . v.. --- - 1 J
ail this was poured into lhe grandmother's
ears, and from her lips came all Ihe conso
lation lhat Bernard received, save snch as
could be given by little Mariou, who, tho'
too young to fairly understand the matter
in its proper bearings, could always, when
she saw the clood upon Bernard's face, kiss
away some of it-
I doo'i believe be cares; any more forme
than a stranger,'. Bernard would say.
'Oil ! you're wrong, Bernard. Your father
does not want lo praise yoo before your
face, bot I know he loves you, and wishea
lo make you happy. He thinks his own
way is right,' was the grandmother's re
Happy? if he wants me to be happy,
why doesn't he send me to school. No!
no ! he wants me to be a farmer and gar
dener. I never will be a farmer in the
There I there, now ! come dry . jour
eyes, Barney, and go fetch me a cool drink
You know 1 never'care a cent for a drink if
you don'i-draw it for me out of the north
corner of the well.'
The boy knew that the appearance of the
stone pitcher was like a peace offering and
that with it -grandmother generally closed
the scenes of tears and repinings ; some-'
times, perhaps, in special cases, accompa
nying it by wiping away the falling tears
with her ample check apron and a kin.
There was no getting over the old -hdy's
style of comfortinc. and the boy always
i took ihe pitcher with a smile, and bore it
back brimming with the crystal fluid, from,
as the old lady expressed it, 'the north cor-
f he . ch fllher occafionaUv lhrou2h his
brain ; but they never took shape, and so
the ol.l Rtnrv ha.il cone on from dav to dar.
j p j I
and from year to year. Dreams of some-,
thing beyond the boundaries of the farm, of j
somthing that should lead him among men,
and make the name of Bernard 'Barton
heard. Dreams of a time when he would'
have unlimited hours of study, aud'would !
not be obliged to fly with or hide his books,
as though they were some stolen property.
One day, a terribly sultry orje in August
Bernard had jhst come in from the barn for
his midday meal, which tti!l stood untouch
ed upln the table, when Mr. Barton- made
his appearance. There was something up
on his face that foretold a storm, and there
was not long to ait for it.
1 thought I told you to mend and rehang
that corn crib door", Bernard,' were his first
Yes, sir ! and yoo also told me this
morning that 1 must mend Sorrel's harness.
I couldn't do both, father,' was the boy's
'Sorrel's harness ! why it oughn't have
taken you half an hour to do that.'
'You'll think differently, father, when
you've seen it.'
Oh ! you've always an excuse,' said the
farmer, angrily ; you spend more time in
inventing eicai.es than in doing your
A flush flew over the face of Bernard,
aud the tears came starting into his eyes -His
lather saw it. but he had no pity on
You idle aw:iy your time orer some
newspaper or books, and then your work
Un't done and if you're spoken to there's
nothing but whimpering and crying. You
don't earn your salt, and you'll never be
good for anything as long as you live.'
The boy's breast heaved as though it
would buret, and! wi;h one upbraiding look
he sprang from the table, and hurried ia!o
the kitchen, whure, in an instant, be was
followed by grandmother and Marion.
Go back, eo back, Bernard. Go back
and eat your dinner. Lei your father have
j his fell swing, anddon't say anything. He'll
i get ever it soon, when tn sees you've been
at work this morning. Go back, child.'
'No, grandmother, never ! This is too
much 1 I'll never eat bread that is begrudg
ed me, even though it is my father's.
Oh ! he'll get over it in an hour, and be
sorry, Bernard. Go into your1 dinner, and
forget it '
He may be sorry many limes, grandma,
but he never tells me 60, and 1 cau't stand
this any longer.'
Marion crept np to his side, and drew
his rough hand up to her cheek. Grand
mother forced a smile to her face, and
bringing forth the inevitabiestone jug thrust
it into Bernard'if hand, vrip?ng oil his face
as she did so, and kissing Lira twice,
Ah ! well, never mind, Bernard, you'll
soon be a man. Now, then, bring me a
cool drmk from the north corner, mind ;
there, that's a good toy.'
Bernard could not restrain a smile as he
took the jug, even though his heart was
breaking, and throwing an arm around
grandmother's neck, he kissed her quickly,
then stooping to Marion's bright red lips
and tercr-dimmed eyes, he drew them into
his bosom, and with one little word cf lore
he did the same, and then ret out for the
well. It was but fifty yards away Irom the
i home, this well with lhe cool north comer,
Kni within lhal fifir rar.! what ihonfhts
' wenl trooping through the hot brain of Ber
nard. Grandma was in no hurry for the
water, he argned, and he would cool that
J heated head, and dry away all traces of the
! tear9 before he went back to the house. A
j little stroll down the road to get the south-
west breeze woold do it, and so Bernard
sal the stone jug inside the hedge, covered
it with leaves, and ran down the road
against the wind. On he went, but the
south-west wind did foot cool his heated
brain, he went fsnher still, until in a few
minutes he found himself passing through
the village of Middletown, and 6till striking
southward with a head hotter lhan ever.
Ten years must now pass 'over Middle
town, and subsequently the same period
over lhe headu Of all about it. Just about
dusk a stranger alighted from the stage at
the tavern, looking earnestly and familiarly
up and down main street, and into the
face of the landlord though claiming bo
acquaintance vritb him. His request was
that his bagae should be retained there
until sent for, and as for himself, he wanted
nothing, but would walk to his fiftal destin
ation ar he knew the way well. On he
went, treadinj: every foot of the jcad as
though he knew it thoroughly, until he
reached the Barton homestead. Here there
had been changes, bot rot in the outer ap-
pearance of the old place. Farmer Bartoa
had been dead for some years, but other
wise save such as time inevitable brings,
there had been little changes. The stranger
made bia way straight toward the house,
reaching the windows that led into the little
iittingroom ; ;ind there paused. There were
Toices inside speaking.
Ten yeara aso,4hia rery night,' iaidone,
and how Terji. strange ilia .that we hare
never heard a word ol thai poor boy.'
He can't be alive, grandma ; I'm sure
that if Bernard were living he would not
have let so long a lime pass without letting
ns hear from him.'
No ! no 1 Marion. I am content to wait.
I know that 1 shall not die without seeing
'And grandma, if yoo should see him
now, perhaps you would oot know him.'
Not know bim ! yes, indeed, I woold
know my boy whenever I would see him,
and at any tirne. Shall I never forget, Mar
ion, the day when ho wen: out with the
stone jug, and both our kisses warm upon
his lips, and never ceroe back ? His poor
father held out for many years against him,
od even forbade his name to be mention
ed, but in his last sickness he mnnrned for
Bernard, Borrowed for his harshness to the
boy. He felt that he had done wrong.Mari
on, or he would not have left the larm and
all that he had labored for so hard, to be re
claimed by Bernard, if he ever should re
torn. No! no Marion, Bernard will come
back some day, and bring me another jng
of water from the north corner of the welt.
I haven't enjoyed a drink of water 6ince he
Ihe stranger had heard all this, looking
in upon Ihe old grandmother and the beau
tiful girl who sat sewing beside the shaded
lamp and dropping bet brown cut's over
her white, plnmp hands, and then, without
waiting for more, moved silently away from
Down ihe lane he went, towards the well,
and groping for a moment jn the hede, he
drew forth a stone jng. In a few moments
it was cleansed, filled with sparkling water,
and on its way to ihe house ; and the
grandmother and the fairgiil with the drop
ping curls were startled lo see a tall, sun
brown, richly 'Irssfed man, enter the sit
tingroom, bearing before him a great stone
jng, and saying :
'Here's the water, grandma, you sent me
The old lady was not long in
'Put it on the table. Bernard, and come
and kiss me.' And then in an instant the
whole three were locked in each other's
arms, Marion covered ;with blushes, and
I grandma laughing aloud from very happi
I cannot close my Story without a sequel.
Bernard's ten years, as a rolling stone; had
overthrown the proverb, for he had not on
ly gathered moss, but he had gained fame.
Ar.d when, in two weeks after, he said to
Marion, as they were walking in the moon
light up and down the lane that led to the
old well, ihese words, it lold the whole lale
of the struggle :
'I knew, dear Marion, that ihisday wol'd
come, and I struggled lor my wealth to
'I fell (hat I should some' day come back
and claim my child-love, and thai I should
find hej, but I did not look upon my wealth
as a means to sit down and wear away a
listless life. There is work yet for mfe to
do in lhe world, and 1 shall do it. This
spot shall be our borne always, but I muM
still work, and you as my wife shall help
And he did work, not rpon the corn crib
or upon Sorrel's fcarn, but upon the
world's work, until all the world knew of
him, and of the Story of a Jug.
Addrtss of the Democratic Senators.
To the Democrats cf Penhsytviniv.
Fellow-Citicns At this juncture in the
proceedings o I the Sen ate ol Pennsylvania,
the undersigned deem it their right and
duty to address you.
For more lhan two months we have nr.it-
edly and determinedly withstood . an effort
on the part of the Republican members of
that body lo subvert the organic law, to
ignore lhe precedents of seventy years of
our history, and to trample' under foot the
rights of their equals and peers. In so doing
we have been actuated by the high resolve,
that by no act of the representatives ol the
only law-abiding political organization in
this Commonwealth should the rights and
constitutional privileges of, the people be
subverted. We have relied with unshak-
en faith opon the people for oar support :
and vindication, and to the end that their i
verdict may be rendered with a full knowl--'
edge ofthe facts, we beg leave to present a j
brief history of our position during the pro I
traded and exciting contest which has
The members of the Senate assembled in
the Senate Chamber at Harrisburg on Tues
day, January 6lb, A. D. 1864, at 2 P. M.
Of the twenty-two Senators holding over,
all were present save Major White, who
was a prisoner in the hands of the rebels ;
of those present, twelve were Democrats,
and nine Republicans. The Senate was
called to order by the Hon. J. P. Penney,
lhe Speaker elected at the clc?8 of the ses
sion ol 1363 The Secretary of the Com
monwealth was then introduced and pre
sented the returns Irom the districts which
had elected Senators in October, 1863. The
returns were opened and read, by which it
appeared that four Democrats and seven
Republicans bad been elected all of whom
were present, thereby causing a tie in the
vote between the two great political organi
zations of the country ' at represented on
Upon the reading of the certificates of
election, it would have been the duty of the
Senator elected Speaker at the close of the
f tfio kau iiit:iliaili,;r
I had he been governed in bis action by the
express ierrrts of the Constitution, which,
by section X, Article I prescribes that the
General Assembly shall meet on the 1st
Tuesday of January in every year, and by
Section XI of he same article, that ''each
Houe" (i. e. when they meet on ihat day)
shall elect its Speaker and o'her' oflicera.
It appears to the undersigned that the
words 4,f ach House shall elect its Speaktr"
are sufficiently certain to determine the
question that no one elected Speaker by the
Senile of 1863 could excercise the duties
of that office over the Senate of 1864 the
latter being a r.ew and distinct body, made
op of other mambers wl o had never partici
pated in an election for Speaker, and as by
the express terms ofthe Constitution, "each
House shall (when thep maet on the first
Tueseay in January in each year) elect its
Speuker and other officers," it is manifest and
clear that the Senator from Ale"hany had
I no hadow of right to excercise the duties
j of speaker over this new Senate which had
j never elecied him its Speaker, and we have
j r.ever recognized him as such. Bat admit
; ting, for the sake of argument, that the
j words ot the Constitution ara auibigious and
j certain, then precedent and osage, if they
exist, mast determine their meaning, and
by this test the undersigned desire that their
position may be tried.
During a period of seventy years, from
1794 until this day, there is biit dne, other
instance where a Speaker elected by a for
rrpr Senate attempted to excercise the du
ties of hi ofiice over a succeeding and new
Senate, and that was during the '"Buck Shot
War." when the late Charles B Penrose,
the Speaker holding over, eniertalned two
motions relative to contested seats; but
when these were determined, even he vacat
ed the chair, and did not dare to resume it,
until by the vote Of lhe r,ew Senate he was
elected Speaker. If the republican mem
bers ol the Senate of 1864 can gather com
fort from this one solitary exception in the
unbroken line of precedents, they are wel
come to it. The .boldness and magnitude
of their act of usurpation has destroyed its !
significance as a deed of revolution.
The Senator from Alleghany, notwith
standing the express words of the Consihii-
lion, with their meaning illustrated by the
action of all former Speakers, save one, for
a period of seventy years, after lhe reading
of the cerificates of election whice created
the new Senate, failed io vacate the chair.
which he occupied by courtesy and lor the
sake of convenience. He requested the
new Senator to come forward to be sworn.
Th? the Republican Sdnators did and, and
-.!..-. .v,- r i . : o . . . i
. " 1 . sworn. Assuming u to be genuine whose
however, under a protest, in which, in brief i fault is that an election was not ordered inl
and emphatic terms, they denied his right mediately on its reception, which would
to administer the oath cf ofHce to them. ' tiave 5en ample lime to have put his sue-
.be, tarta, b. eUcd merab.r. of.bod,
oi w ii it ii ne imj never oeen eiecea dpeax
er. It is here to be observed that this
course was necessary on their part, for the
reason that it was the evident intt'nt?on of
lhe Republicans, should the Democrats re
fuse to take the oath, to leave their names
off the roll, whereby our opponents won
have secured a clear majority of rhose
Alter this act of unrpatlon the new Tan- j people of Pennsylvania, we will merely re
ate, by a v mmimous vote, adobted a resolu- ! mark that if ihe .'ate of Major White had
lion io proceed to an election for Speaker,
If it is not troo lhat the office was vacant,
(as the undersigned contend,) why ihe ne-
cessity to elect a Speaker ? But under
this resolution several ballots were held on
lhat, lhe first day of our meeting, each re
sulting in a tie between the Republican
candidate, Mr. Penny, and the Democratic
Mr. Corner. The Senate aj.
j jrturned until the next day, when, after rev
J eral ineffectual ballots, th9 Senator from
Berks, Mr. Clymer, on behalf of the under-
! signed, made the following nronof-Iiion of
! compromise, viz : That lha Republicans
fhot'd select a Speaker of the Senate, the
Democrats the Clerk, and so alternately
-tit ii - . r i
untti an were riiteu. inisDaMSTi a:i,a
Md to be just.
ment the ondersigr.ed consid
It was made, not tor the purpose of securing
place or position, but to viadica e a prin
ciple. It was precisely the pasis" of com
promise adobted in 1855, when the Demo
crats having an actual majority (although
not present) were given the Speaker, the
Know Nothings of that day (at present Re
publicans) lhe clerk, and so alternately to
the end of lhe list
But this propcs.tioo thef
Republican Senders of 1S64 refused to ac
cept. They bad entered upon usurpation,
and they determined to adders to it with
i all its consequences.
During the protracted straggle which fol
owed, this offer of compromise was renew
ed from time to time ; it was always raject-
ed, and not one propositiou lending to a so
lution of the difficulty ever come from the
Republican side, save lhe absured sugges
lion of the Senator from Erie, Mr. Lowry,
that he would vole for the Democra ic can
didate for Speaker, provided either he or svme
one of the undersigned would agree never to
ioti on any party nr. test question.
It is thus a matter of history lhat the Re
publican Senators refused a fair and just
proposition which, had il baen accepted,
would bave organized the Senate on the
second day of lis meeting. They attempt
lo justify their conduct on two grounds.
First, lhat the Senate is ever organized, the
Speaker of a former Senate being lhe
Speaker ofthe subsequent one ; Fuond, thai
Major White, ii present, would have given
them a majority.
- We'have heretofore exposed the fallaoy
of the first position by reference to the words
of the Constitution, and to the an broken
I m.ixJanit nf nvintv vsirf. In addition. I
' we will present a test which wilt to clearly
expose the unwarrantable and unconstitu
tional nature ofthe claim, that, no one, how
ever predudiced, may mistake or raisunder- .
By ihe XXIII section, Article isl, bf the
Constitution of this State, it is provided that
all bill parsed by the Legislature and pre
sented to lhe Governor for his signature,
within ten days ofthe final adj'diJrhHient,
shall become laws without s'gnilure, unless
soot back (with his objections) within three
days offer their next meeting.
In 1355 the Legislature o-i the second day
of January. The contest for Speaker was
prolonged cntil the fifth, when the Hon.
Will iam M. I'ies'erof Brks county, was
elected. Upon the sixth, ihe fourth day
alter their meeting, ihs Governor of the
Commonweal-h retnrneJ, with his objec
tions, several ot the most important bills
pasted by lhe legislature of 1854. If the
position of the Republican Senators of 1864
is correct, viz : that the Senate is always
organized, and thai the Speaker of the lor
msr Senate is the Speaker of the new Sen
ata, then ihose bills of 1854', vetoed by Gov
ernor Bigler on theuAday ofthe session
or 1855, are laws notwithstanding his vetoes.
Thatthii is not so, or at lean that none of
ISie eminent lawyers and ftitesrren who
composed thai Senate (among whom were
Pric-, Buckalew, Heister and Darsie) so
thought, is evinced by- the (act thai they all
vote d upon those vetoes as require j by the
Constitution, which Ihey surdly would not
have done had ihey bean of opinion they
had been sent in to late. The Senators of
1855 did not even claim to have met until
they had elected a Speaker, 'muck less that
they were oiganized. O jr view ol this ques
tion is further strengthened by thb acl of
I8t0. which obriously contemplates the
election of a Speaker of each Hou-e at the
begiuning ol each fession, and requires hid
first lo be sworn before he can administer
the oaths to the neweiy elected members,
ll has been left for the Republican Senators
ol 1S64 to ignore the Constitution, io defy
preednt, nd lo attempt to destroy. the
very foundations of law and order.
This dispose ol their? first ground of de
fence. We wid n-jw pro6e the second raa;
lor the revolutionary coq-
Wrho is accountable fof the absence of
Major White, or rathe?, who is to blame
that his seat was not filled on the first day
we met ?
It is alleged that Majir White resigned
his seat in this Senate, that re-ignation hav-'
ing, been received by his lather, Judga
White about lhe middle of November, 1863.
It is to be assumed (the undersigned reser
ving ihsir individual opinions thereon) that
the resignation was genuine, since in foi
therance and in support of the usurpation
inaugurated in January, an elecwon was
ordered thereon by the Speaker de ficto ot
? the Senate, and a new member elected and
signed, nor ot any Democrat in the State ;
the blame musi rest where it rightfully be
longs, upon the Republicans of the Senate
and upon their abettors.
The excuse offered s lhat the resignation
was not tilled, in order lhat oSorts miht be
i made (the incentive being the necessity of
i Major White's prelence to Republican as-
i cende:icy in ibis Mate) tor bis exchange.
jWiihoui stepping to inquire whether tbis
: ascendency is likely to be beneficial to th
i u,ae i "f P-"aoid man taat
of thousands ot other brave and natlenl men
who are enduring the c'nlold horrors of cap-
livity in order tu it Lie nero mau be raised
to Ike level cf Ike white tnxn, then indeed,
might some sucn excuse be tolerated. Bat
Major White's condition, macn a we de-.
plore it, is no worse t.naa lhat of those who
! are a 2irnered harvest of brave
j in priaoi, victims to the malignant heresies
oi wr.o aurocdte socyu, pilmcal.
of those who advocate the
end mdUary eqi.iuy of ihe Luck end white
inai iViajor n;n oecarni a prisoner is
e ; that he is not released is
he intentional and Jesigned lack of his po
litical friends. In either view, be and thev
j are alone responsible lor lhe "dead lock"
caus ed t y his absence.
Alter tne Republ.cans had secured a clear
majority, Ihey still persisted in their course
1 0 !urPfi0!1- l li,e erlier days of tfca
session, by a unanimous vole and by par
licipaiiiig in twelve ballots, ihey admitted
that it was thetr sworn duty to proceed to
the election of a Speaker. When tbsy had
secured the power to da sa, then, in viola
tion of the CoosutUfiion, of precedent, of law
and of their own aJmissions, they (ot tea
days, persisted in their ieelutionary con
duct. Bui from the 29th of Fenruary, the4
day when Dr. St. Clair was sworn as Sen-
j.u da of h andiianed h, ra.
sistbJ as before, by ad
er, every auempt or.
, f -J -
means m their powv
the Republicans to'
legislate. b.Ulud and de.'eated, they have
on this diy yielded lha whole question in
issue. Tut StNre of 1S64 tu ELtcTED
I t 1
Thus, lellow citizens, have the Constitu
tion, precedent and law been ustained, and
lhe course ofthe undersigned vindicated.
We have thus narrated the facts of thia
case, and have eadevord, and we trust snc
cessiullj, to expose the fallacy of the osten
sible reasons assigned by the Republican
Senators in support of their conduct. We
say ostensible, lor we do not hesitate to de
clare that the entire proceeding is bot a
part and parcel of a programme which pro
poses lo break down and distroy every bar
rier standing between them and heir last iur
power and place. -
In the past, we have presented a deter
mined and unbroken front. We bave dona
so during the trying times ot the present,
and sustained by your confidence and tup
port, we will conuaue lo do so in the timer
We have presented you the record by if
we are willing to be judged.
Heister Clymer, Wm. A. Wallace,
Geo. H. Bucher, Jno. Latta,
CM. Donovan, Geo. W. Stein,
Hiestand Glalz, J. B Mark,
mm t Ttl-
ra. Hotins, - tteiny,
D. B Montgomery, J. C. Smith.
H. B BtearVJalee, C. A. Lamberlon;;
Wm. M'Shetry, Wm. Kinsey. -HaimxssfRxs,
March tt 18&4.