The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, January 13, 1864, Image 1

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U . n. JACOB!, Publisber.;
Truth and Right- God and onr Country
Two DoIIas per Anama.
Volume -is.
FT ; TT . V X 3 A TTK- :
; -' i .--J I -J "'-- 'T.--M : 1 .-A V' :' )) : ;
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CITitC C3 SlaiflSt., 3rd Sqnare below Blartet.
TEUMS: Two Dollars per annum H paid
within six months from the time of subscri
bing: two dollars and fifty cents if not paid !
les period than six. months; no discon-
tinaar.ce permitted until alia rrearages are
paid, unless at the option of the editor.
1 he terms cf advertising will be at follows:
Oae square, twelve lines three limes, SI 00
Every subsequent insertion, . . . . . 25
One square, three months, 3 00
Una year.
8 00
!)oice paetrn.
Jlow hard it is to find a friend,
On whom we always can depend ;
Sometime we :hink th"n Iriend is got,
.'Till trial proves we have him not.
Some, to serve ther selfish ends,
.Declare and row they are your friend ;
Bat soon as serving self is o'er,
Behold ! ihey are your Iriend no more.
Others will act a part more ba.-e,
Always be friendly to your face
Yoa turn your back-then they your name
, Expose to scandal and to shame.
Apparent friendship others show,
To find uut all that you may know ;
Your secrets thus are all pumped out,
"And they are handed alt about.
Those who of others tell yon much,
My counsel is, beware of such ;
raething to tell of all they know,
As freely they will speak ol you.
-A faithful friend I highly prize,'
A treacheroas one 1 do despise
All in suspense, I look around,
Where can a real frieud be found ?
Where'er disposed a friend to trust,
Be always sore to prove him first ;
And when he's tried:lhen trust him kind,
"A faithful friend is hard to find.
From thst Chicago Time,.
A UEVil.iV.
Everything indicates thai the campaign
of 1863 ha reached its end, and that, for
the ux four or five months, active opera
lion will not be resumed upon a scale ol
ny great magnitude. Meade has desisted
from the pursui: of Lee and fallen back to
the hither bank of the friendly Rappahan
nock ; Grant, owing to the necessity of ac
cumulatir.g supplies, aud the execrable
character ol the mountain roads over which
bis advance must necessarily be made, will
not be likely to leave Chattanooga at pres
ent. Langmreet, by the defeat of Bragg,
has been compelled to raise the siege of
Kuoxrille and abandon the project of recap
turing East Tennessee; Dy which quiet
prevail at all the prominent po,n:a along
the line ot Federal operations.
Oa the first day of Januarj of the year,
the Federal army, under Gen Rosecrans,
was burying its dead which had fallen the
day previous at the tremendous battle of
Murlreesboro', or, as generally termed,
Stone River. That same night Bragg, un
der cover' ot darkness, withdrew his dis
heartened force., and took up a new line
of occupation upon the outh side of Duck
Hirer. ,
Thus, at the opening of 1861, the rebels
held, west of the Mississippi, all the coun
try south of the Arkansas River, and on the
east of the Father.'of. Waters, nearly, or all.
south of a line which commenced on the
rtrer at Vicksburg, ran up the Yazoo Rirer
to Yazoo City, then ran off irregularly to
ltd northeast till it reached Bragg in Ten
nessee, on Duck River. From this point it
-continued eastward, including EastTennes
ee, until it reached its terminias in the
east somewhere not far from Frederick
burg, on tha Potomac Rirer. The Sia-es
held by the confederacy were about one
balf of Arkansas, nearly all of Louisiana,
Texas and Mississippi, all of Alabama,
Georgia Florida, North and South Carolina,
with trifling exceptions ; and the we6t part
of Tennessea "and Virginia. The Federal
forces held two hostile Southern States
Missouri and Kentacky ; held half of Ar
kansas, and had effected lodgments on the
coasts of all the others.
How much have we'eained dnriner ih
present year? . Nothing in Virginia ; the
remaining half of Tennessee j of Mississip
pi abont one-third, or, practically, the coon
lying west of the railroad that runs from
Memphis to MobiJn ; and the navigation of
tha Mississippi. Ja Arkansas, the" chief
difference between the beginning and end
of tha year is, dial then the rebels occupied
the Arkansas Rirer, which is now occupied
by os. .-- ;
Frcn this it will be seen that the gain ia
territory on the part of th9 Federal gorern
raeslis very smalL One half of Tennessee
end the country immediately adjacent lo
tha Mississippi Rirer from Vicksborg to
Pert Iladioa ; ca the coast, bat little a
lanilc3 in front of Charleston, and a foot
hold at lis niouth of tha Rio Grande in Tex
es. We practically command the State of
j but fcs capture to ns Is as bar
rsn &i was its possession to the rebels ;
tbsrsfars, ia eanxraing cp, we do not regard
Us trtjcsiioa as a material benefit to the
Ctlczil rTers.Tient. . .
T-3 k:3cf tsrritorf to lbs rebels, bcn
I ;:".;;a rr.zit i"s:-incant oa
ae- cseles
r, &ni s mall
;3 (Arksnf as3) hi!f cf another
portions of Texas, Louisiana, and Mississip
pi. In consequence, if we estimate the net
profit to the Federal cause by the amount
; of territory that we hare conquered during
; the past year, it will be found to be con
temptibly email almost an unappreciable
quantity ; one which, considered simply as
!, much coanU cP" not com-
pensate for one-tenth of the blood and
money which hare been expended.
As onr territorial gains hare been so
small, it will be necessary, in order to know
that we are really making progress, to find
ether sources of affirmative assaience.
Strategically, we hare made greater pro
gress than in territory. At the beginning of
the year the rebels held Vicksburg and Port
Hudson, through which they were able to
avail themselves of the enormous produc
tions of Texas and Western Louisiana. At
Duck River they guarded Chattanooga, the
door which opened iato the very heart cf
the Confederacy, and also secured to them
selves the possession of East Tennessee, th e
granary of the Confederacy. From Tex
as they obtained immense supplies of cat.
tie, aud from East Tennessee, hogs, grain
and saltpetre without limit.
In capturing Vicksburg and Port Hudson,
we cut them off from the live stock of Tex
as, and in getting East Tennessee; we de
prived them of an inexhaustible source of
cereals and a vital constituent in the manu
facture of gunpowder. In these two posi
tions they have sustained an irreparable
loss. The plenty which reigned in the
South during the years preceding this has
dep.rted, and in its place comes the grim
monarch famine. This is no mere rhetori
cal imagery, but an actual fact, as every pa
per which we see from the South, and eve
ry refugee, will substantiate.
From this it will be seen that while we
have gained little in territory, we have been
more fortunate in obtaining positions whose
possessions to the South is of a vital impor
tance. Simplified, the gains of the cam
paign of 1893 are the capture and perma
nent possession of two of the rebels main
sources of supply their cattle-yard, granary
and laboratory ; Texas and East Tennes
see. In other respects, we hare inflicted slight
damage npon the Confederacy, without
having ourselves acquired a corresponding
gain. The siege of Charleston has, as yet,
done nothing more than close that port
against vessels running the blockade ; but
lor every dollar that we have cost the
South at this point, we have expended a
a thousand. Whether this process will pay
is a question about which there may be
an honest difference of opinion. At Wil
mington, we have by a large and expen
sive addition to our squadron, succeeded
in stopping much of the contraband trade,
while the same is in the caie at Browns
ville, in Texas.
The victories at Vicksburg and Chatta
nooga, especially the Utter, give us other
advantases, which, however, are rather pro
spective than present. The next rebel line
of defence, owing to the situation of
streams and railroads in the South, mnst
be formed with its left on Mobile, its tight
covering Richmond, and its centre fronting
Grant, at Atlanta. It is only by thus refor
ming their lines that they will be able to
preserve communication between the wings
a .condition absolutely essential to the
strength and integrity of this cordon-of de
fence. Small bodies may for a while dis
pute the possession or such points as Jack
son, Meridian, and Dalton, while it is
certain that guerillas will infest the country
north of the new rebel line ; but all such
operations are irregular and valueless be
yond the temporary annoyance they may
cause an advancing enemy, as they do not
at all effect the vital issues which must be
met and settled at Mobile, ' Atlanta aud
This new line upon which the rebel arm
ies are thus forced is their last, and, by far,
the most indefensible one which they hare
at any time occupied. Its air lice length is
much Eborter than any of the others, but its
actual length, owing to the tortuosity of the
railroads which connect it, is much greater.
The condition of preserving their communi
cation from wing to wing will be greatly
enhanced in difficulty, from the fact that
the Confederacy lacks for rolling stock and
means of repairing its railroads. The revolt
will b9 that commuaication at first will be
exceedingly slow and difficult, and, in a lit
tle while, from the complete wearing out of
cars and trucks, impossible. "
But while the rebels will lose many con
ditions of great value, in being forced upon
their sole remaining line of defence, they
will gain onj immense advantage. Every
foot that they yield enables them to concen
trate npon the eborter inoer line of defence,
while it correspondingly weakens us by
lengthening onr comunication as wa ads
ranee. Oor armies are now so far from
their basis of supply that a very slight inter
ruption would be fatal ; hence it is neces
sary to guard absolutely against any such
contingency by leaving a small army at
every point as we leave it. This weakens
enormously oar capacities for offence, and
is one of the main reasons why the North
is obliged to call for men incessantly, . in
order to preserve its advances, and at tha
same time render it movements .effec
tive. '
The battles of the present war hare,1 in
magnitude, exceeded those of any previous
campaign. Among those which stand oat
in bold relief aa first-class contests, are r
Fredricksbarg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg,
Vicksfcurs, Cbickaraas
la ad Jitioa to these, we
a, and Chattanooga.
fcava tad a myriad '
of smaller affairs, whose title is legion, and
whose name can scarcely-be remembered
save by one with an encyclobsedian memory.
Among them may be mentioned : Arkansas
Post, Prairie Grove, Jackson, Thomson's
Hills, Port Hudson, Sabine Pass, Morris
Island, Milliken's Bend, Little Rock," Hele
na, Knoxrille, and a thousand skirmishes
and contests that have occuned between
Washington and Richmond.
Of all these battles, and lesser affairs that
hare occurred, we can regard but three as
decisive : that at Champion Hills, before
Vicksburg ; Gettysburg ; and the last battle
of Chattanooga. Even this scant number
may be reduced to one-third, for the battle
of Gettysburg although grand in its propor
tions,was not decisive in scarcely any sense
of the word. It is of Ihe same character as
Antietam, and fought for precisely the same
purposes, viz : to check the rebels in a
movement which had no particular stra
tegic importance, and which amounted to
supply a foarging party on a larger than
common scale. In neither case was the
enemy more than checked in both cases
he drew off his army without demoraliza
tion, and retired at his leisure, and in good
order, and unmolested. , .
Chickamauga was a greater content than
Chattanooga, but was not decisive ; it effec
ted no important results, and left the re
spective armies not materially different
from what they were before the engage
ment. Champion Hills was decisive, for it deci
ded the fate of Vicksburg, and gave ma
terial advantages in the cutting off of Texas
from the Confederacy. Chattanooga was
also decisire, for it gare us East Tennessee,
prft haa ihrnwn (Ka rohota Kart nnrtn iKair '
, ... . . ( c , v
last line of defence. So far as the remain-
..... j,- -.
nig uunuieu uauien auu PKirmitiues are con
cerned, seven t -five of them need
have been fought ; and in every one of such
cases, the blood shed, and the time and
material used, have been a useless and
wanton expenditure. It is a sad, bat never
theless a truthful reflection, that three
fourths of those gallant men who have
given up their lives have done so not
for their country, but through the crimi
nal incompetency of official management.
Notwithstanding that to day Virginia is one
vast graveyard, and that rivers ot blood have
deluged her soil, neither the North nor the
South has gained since the war commenced
. .. . n .l
a sinsle advantage of importance. Both
arimies, at the close of the campaign of
1863, stand very nearly where ihey did at
the begiunkig in 1861. A beautiful country
reduced to desolation ; a soil cloirgsd with
graves, and full to repletion wi:h blood :
and thousands of bereaved and mourning
firesides in the North and South, are the
only results obtained by these years of san
guinary any desperate conflict. If ihe re
sponsibilities for all the useless waste of
blood attached itself more to one party than
to the other, it is to the Federal authorities.
The rebels, in the main, Lae stood upon
the defensive ; when battles have been
fought, they have generally been projected
by us, and their failure is attributable to our
inefficiency. When we march upon Rich
mond, the rebels, as belligerents, have a
perfect right to oppose our progr3Ps(and
every time that such a movement fails the
ones who are responsible for the failure and
the life wasted are those who directed' the
The necrology of the campaign is surpris
ingly small in general officers, but volumi-
nous with relation lo lesser officers and the
rank and file. All our
great baules have
been desperately contested, and bloody be
yond comparison with those of other years
and other nations Probably not Ies than
from one hundred to one hundred and fifty
thousand men have, dpring the campaign
just ended, been slain . outright, or died
fr.ora wounds or desease a mo.t fearful
aggregate of human life to be sacr ficed in
one year, and is one whose proportions
will appal the stoutest heart. Probably,
there has never, in modetan limes, been a
war in which men were used ap as rapidly
as in this. Uus little over two years have
elapsed since its beginning, and yet nearly
twelve hundred thousand men have already
been sent into the field by the North. Ot
these there remain perhaps one-half, pos
sibly two-thirds alive the remainder are on
the thousand battle-fields whose width ex
tends from the Atlantic to the Territories.
When to this monstrous number are added
those whom the South has lost, the aggre
gate assumes dimensions so vast and repel
ling that h umanity shudders and-recoils in
the attempt to comprehend it.
Female Smugglers. The Evening Post
says: "The provost-marshal of Memphis,
Tennessee, some days since, had in custo
dy several ladies, some of apparent re
spectability, suspected of having been en
gaged in smuggling goods into the Confed
eracy. Some strange developments were
made. One bad on a belt of tbe finest lin
en, adjusted to answer to r the purpose of a
bnfetle. Her corset vras filled with pieces
of gold coin, quilted in, to the, iimoant of
one thousand and two hundred dollars.
Another had her form well rounded out
with padding made of the best dress silks,
worth five dollars and upward per yard.
Her hose fere foand to conceal a quantity
of gentlemen's cravats, which were swath
ed carefally about her legs. The third la
dy's ample hoops were found to cover a
nnmber of yards of broadcloth. Her bust
w filled OOt by a musenm olf articles,
consisting mainly of jewelry, siflc thread,
needles and medicines. Tha fair imogfelers
who detained formal.
Josh Billings oa Dogs.
Dogs are various in kind, and thanks tew
an all wise Proridence, tha are various in
number. They are the onla animal ov the
brute perw ashun who have voluntary left a
wilde stait ot natur, and cum in nnder the
flag ov man. Tha are not vagabonea bi
choise, and luv tew belong tu sumbody.
This fact endears them tew os, i hev al
ways rated the dog az about the seventh
cusin tew the human specious. Tha kant
talk, but tha kan lik yure hand ; this shows
that their hearts iz in the plase where other
folks' tungs iz ! Dogs in the lump are use
ful, bat tha are not alwas profitable in '.be
lump. The Nufoundliti dog is useful to
saiv children from drowning, but you have
got tew have a pond ol water, and children
running around karsless, or elite the dog
aim profitable. There aint rothins maid
boarding a Nufoundlin dog. Rat Tarriers
are naeful to ketch rats, but the rats aint
proffittable alter yu hare ketched them.
The shepard dog is useful tew dirve sheep,
but if yu hav tew go and buy a flock ov
sheep, and pay more than tha are wuth, jist
to keep the dog bissy, the dog aint profita
ble, not mutch. Lap dogs are very useful,
but it yu don't hold them in yure lap all
the time tha aiut profitable at all. Bull
dogs are extremely useful, but yu hav tew
keep a bull tew, or else you caivt make en
nything on the dog. The Coach dog is one
of ov the most uefulle?t ov dogs I kno or,
but yu hav got tu hav a coach (and that
aint alwas pleasant,) or yu kant realize
from the dog. Thus we see, that while dogs
are generally useful, thare are times when
I tha aint generally profiiitable. I don't re
ally Inv a Yallerdog, nor a mad dog, but
! with these tew unfortunate excehuns, it is
i , , . . . , '
ureuiui naru worn lor me lew sa a hard
j word again a dog; the wag ov their tails is
what takes me. Enny mac who will abuse
a dog will abuse a woman, and enny man
that will abase a woman iz thirty-five or
forty miles meaner than a pale yeller dog.
These are mi centiments, and i hant
change them, until i receive notice that the
carnel has smoothed down th hump on his j
back, and the sarpent ceases tew wiggle
when be waaders.
Somebody's Dead. There is black crape
or. the door, soraebnoy's dead. Yes within
I r .T" F OI
i humanity and the ax-man. Death, is swin-r.
' a
ing his weapon for another blow. There t
the bell ia tolling ; somebody's dead ; slow
rolls the found, and how they resound, !
reaching clear into the heart of tha thought-,
ful ! The coffin maker is fixing a coffin ; '
somebody's dead. That beautiful polished i
Box must soon moulder and rot ; the worms !
will crawl over it worms, the only witness
of mortality dropping away, from
shape and substance. There gose the
hearse ; somebodys dead. Ah that's the
last ride and the passenger will not
come back, the stay away is eternal.
Somebody's dead all the time ; tiankind
are dying ; the earth is our prodcer and
consumer, and will tie no crape upon her
door and wear no black in mourning for our
loss. While we are dying she amies, and
laughs, and dances forward in her perpet
ual joy.
At the Ladies' Fair recently helcf in Co
lumbus, Ohio, a pretty Indian girl was ob
served exerting her persuasive powers to
their utmost intension trying to induce acer-
, tain military gent, who rauks as Captain, to
buy a bead basket, or some other ornament
she had in her possession. As the gallant
Captain had been gouged an unlimited
nnmber of times during the evening, l:e
didn't see it ; but, thinking to startle tLe
maiden, said, jokingly, "Don't want to bay
your trinkets ; but I'll give you five dollars
for a kiis." The maiden reflected a no-!
ment she was laboring in a noble caise.
for the soldiers' good "surely in such a
case there's no harm ;" so, in the twinkling
; of the eye, she said : "Done, sir!" and, as
he expressed it, she gave him a whopper
j right on the cheek. Military drew back,
abashed. The crowd saw it and lxnyhA.
There was but one way of escape he pull
ed out his somewhat depleted wallet and
forked over a V. He then rushed frantically
up stairs and drowned his sorrow in a flow
ing bowl of oyster soup. The maiden in
the meantime, maintained her accustomed
tranquility, and yet survives, a fitting mon
ument to woman's patriotic spirit.
The Crime or Silence. "The man vho
stands by and says nothing when the pcil
of his government is discussed cannot be
misunderstood." Lincoln.
"The government is now in peril, and
we trust no one will be guilty of the crime
of silence. Mr. Lincoln condemns it. Let
ns all therefore cry aloud and spare not.
The grand and glorious heritage of our fath
ers, the product of their blood, their tears,
and their sufferings, through seven long
years of doubtful struggle, is now about to
be lost. Tbe President of the United States
has no desire to save it. He sets aside the
Constitution. If your neighbor's hons? was
on fire, you wonld ran and cry "fire, fire,"
nntil you had awakened the intinates.
But our Constitution is on fire the sboli
lionists are burning it up, and shouU we
not cry aloud until the-people see tbe dan
ger that threatens them ? Let no one lere
after be found guilty of the crimi of
An Irishman lately fought a duel vith
his most intimate friend because he jacise
ly asserted that he was born without a ihirt j
t o bis bac k. t j
Russia and tbe Loyal Leaguers.
The latest news Irom Warsaw announces
an increase of the arbitrary rule of Russia.
Thousands of men and women have been
seized, stripped naked to their skin, and
whipped. A writer says:
"A new issue seems to have arisen to di
vide the Democrats and the Republicans.
The former are taking up the cause of Po
land, as against the pro-Russian proclivities
and demonstrations of the administration
and its supporters. At the grand mass
meeting at Cooper I nstitute, there were
loud and vociferous cheers for Poland and
the Poles, together with groans for the Rus
sians. 1 hope it is not treasonable for me
to confess that I was glad to hear both the
cheers a'ld groans, not that I loved Russia
less, but Poland more. I cannot make it
right that for the sake of an expediency,
which is doublfu.l and at best only tempo
rary, we should so suddenly ignore all oifr
old traditions, forget the memory of Kos
ciusko, and take side of the powerful op
pressor against the heroic oppressed. But
we have been for a long time traveling in
this direction, and I fear that we have yet
further to go in the downward path before
we find the depths of national ignominy.
Tbe Administration press of course, sneers
at the Democratic opinion expressed at the
Cooper Institute, and slurs over polish af
fairs with as few words as possible. They
would not for the world tread on the ten dor
toes of our distinguished Rnatian visitors'
by whose presence we are so highly honor
ed. What a pity the unfortunate Poles bad
not been born black!"
Never before in the history of this country
has a considerable portion of the Americans
sympathized with despotism and given
their moral influence agairst a people strug
gling for liberty. We have been the friends
of Poland, Hungry, Ireland, Italy, and ol all
the oppressed nationalities. Now .we are
placed in the attitude, through our Repub
lican Administration, of spmpathizing with
the Russian despot agaiitst one of the most
gallant, but cruelly oppressed people on
the globe a people united to us by the
strongest lies of Revolutionary association,
who cent their Kosciusko and Pulaski and
others lo aid us in the dark days of 1776.
and who under Washington, poured out
their blood o'er our cabse.
Gen. Grant in a Hor6e Trade. A few
Congressmen ot. the train to-day entered
into conversation about the merits of dif
ferent Generals in our armies, in the course
of which one "of them told the following
story about Gen. Grant :
"I knew Ulysses Grant when he was a
little boy. We used to go lo school together
near Georgetown, Brown county, Ohio.
The boys used to plague him dreadfully
about a horse trade he once made. When
he was about twelve years old, his father
sect him a few miles into the country to
boy a horse from a man named Ralston.
The old man told Ulysses to offer Ralston
fifty dollars at first ; if be wouldn't take that
to offer fifty five, aud to go as high as 6ixty
dollars if no less would make the purchase.
The empryolic Major General started off
with these instructions fully impressed
upon his mind. He called upon Mr. Rals
ton, and told him he wished lo buy the
'How much did your father tell yon to
give for him !" was a very natural inquiry
from the owner of the steed.
"Why," said Ulysses, "he told me to
offer you fifty dol'ars, and if that wouldn't
do to give jou fifty-five dollars, and it you
wouldn't take less than sixty dollars, to
give you that."
"Of course sixty dollars wa tha lowest
figure, and on the payment of that sum,
the animal became the property of the
young Napoleon,"
As the ccld blasts of winter strike us, let
us remember that ihey strike the contra
bands as the chills of death, by reason of
their having come from a warmer climate,
and the cantiness of their covering. Sup
plies are needed now as winter is setting in.
Cleveland Leader.
Yes, and "the cold blasts of winter strike
hundreds and thousands of poor -xhiie peo
ple, as the chills of death " In the garrets,
and damp cellars of our large cities are hud
dled together thousands of shivering, half
famished men, women and children, some
of them wives and " children of men who
have sacrificed their lives in this "cruel
war," but the Leader has no words of sym
pathy or appeal in their behalf. They are
unfortunately white The contrabands en
gage the entire attention of these Abolition
negro worshippers. They urge on the con
flict of brother against brother, and shout
hosannas as rank after rank of brave men
are swept away in the tide of tattle, and all
for the nesro. "Oh, Liberty, what crimes
are committed in thy name !"
A jRomantic Fancy. On tbe shores of
the Adriatic Sea, tbe wives of fisherman,
whose husbands have gone far off upon the
deep, are in the habit at even-tide of going
dowa to the sea-shore and singing, as fe
male voices only can, the first stanza of a
beautiful hymn ; and after they had sung it,
they listen till they bear borne by the wind
across the desert sea the second stanza,
sung by their gallant husbands as they are
tossed by th gale upon tha waves, and
both are happy.
A modern tourist calls tbe Niagara River
"the pirde of rivers." That pride certainly
has a tremendous fall.
2 Ug ia Crinoline.
The wide distended skirts of ladies'dresB- There can be no doubt that the preserva
es of the present day have bnen the cause tion of the Union is an object dear to the)
of many a sad, but also of many amnsing popular heart. It is something more than an
scenes. An iucident of the latter class, opinion, it is an instinct. The prospect of
which happened the other day in Mont- a division of our country into detached frag
rose, is one of the most laughable we have ' ments, jealous of each other, and warring
overheard (says a Montrof-e paper :) A j perhaps against one another, is a picture
yonng lady, dressed in full, fashionable at- j which co American can contemplate with
tire, including an ample crinoline-extend-1 feeling other than those of deep seated and
ing dress, was in a friend's yard, looking at ' positive aversion. This popular instinct of
the cows, perhaps, and during the time she ' Union has been the great power which tha
.1 a ii ... .
wan mere, a una smaii pomer was roaming j
at will in the yard. Tbe pig impelled no
doubt, by curiosity, commenced to make
close inspection ol the young lady while '
she was inspecting some other animal; and
having ventured rather near, was canght
and caged within the compass of ihe crino
line. Not liking so email a sty,' wide tho'
the skirt wax, the pig soon made known to
the owner of the crinoline the unpleasant
fact that he was within, by making deiper
ate eflorts to get out. The young lady was
in a 6ad fright at the commotion within her
dress, which was not lessened by hearing
the grunting which indicated what sort of
a tenant she had got ; but, notwithstanding
the shock to her nerves, she made anxious
eflorts to get the pig out. His swineship,
however, had got his snout fixed in the net
work of the crinoline, and his ejectment
was found to be no easy matter, a "lord
of creation," who was attracted to the spot
by tbe noise of the struggle, was so struck
with the absurdity of tbe tcene, that his
risible faculties fairly prevented him from
rendering assistance. The struggle did not
last much longer, however, for the pig, as
sisted by the?:resisting strength of the lady,
made his exit by carrying away one balf
of the cage on his snout. The lady re
trea'ed in as great a hurry as the pig in a
6tate that can better be imagined than des
cribed. Crooked Enocuh. Speaking of the Rio
Grand, a writer says : '"Imagine one of the
crookedest thiogs in the world, then imag
ine four more twice as crooked, and imag
ine to jourelf a large river three limes as
crooked as all these put together, and you
have a faint idea of tbe crooked disposition
of this crooked river. There is no driftwood
in it, from the fact that it is so crooked that
timber cannot find its way down far enough
to lodge two sticks together ; but few
snakes, because it is not straight enough to
swim in ; and the fish are all in whirlpools
in the bends, because they cannot find iheir
way out. Birds frequently attempt to fly
across the river, but light on the same side
they start from being deceived by the
crook. Indeed you may be deceived when
you think you see across it ; and some of
the b'hoys say it is so twisting there is but
oue side lo it.
In an effecting account of his courting
with "Betsy Jane," Artemus Ward says :
'There was many sflecten, ties which
made me hanker after Betsy Jane. Her fa
ther's farm jined ourn ; tLeir cows and ourn j
squctiched their thirst at the 6ame spring ; ;
our old mares both star in their forreds: the
mea?e!s broke out in both families at nearly
the same time ; our parents (Betsy Jane's
and mir;e) slept regularly every Sunday in
tbe same meetin' house, and the nabors
used to obsarve : "Haw thick the Wards
and Peazles air !" It" was a sublime sight j tind they have never defined, except that
in the spring of tbe year to see our several the negroes should all be free; but as we
mothers (Betsy's and mine) with their ' know of no Union except that embraced in
gojvns pined up so that they couldu'l siie j tDe tarns of the Constitution, as prepared
;em eflecshunitely bilin soap together and by tbe Convention over which George
abot-aing the neighbors." Washington presided in 1788, ihere is no
other Union to talk about. That Union
How it Wpbes A widow in Western they alwaysjepudiated, and they have an
New York, whose husband was killed in undoubted right to feel insulted when ac
the war, had left her by him a note for j Cused of any intention to restore it ! Iodeed,
about five thousand dollars secured by mort j 0 plain and so palpable is iheir opposition
gage. At the same time she owed in Can- ! to the Union, that Mr. Lincoln has just is
ada a debt of less 'than S4 000 Under the PUed a revolutionary pronuaciaraenio dec
legal tender law she is obliged to take ; hring it at an end and fixing oue on Aw own
greenbacks lor what is due her in New ! terms 1
York, while she is obliged to pay in specie ! Now, the people want the Union, not Mr.
or its equivolent for the sura she owes in Lincoln's ghastly hodge-podge of contra
Canada. The five thousand dojlars is not J band camps and white men's graves. Why
of course, sufficient to pay this debt. The j should no: Democrats, then, make an effort
widow don't clearly understand it, and has
lost faith in "Old Abe's" proposition that its
easier to pay a large debt than a larger one.
Smoking Cap A patriotic old lady re- i
cently sent three smoking caps as presents '
to officers in ihe Potomac army. Oje was i
for General Meade, and the remaining two !
she desired to be presented to two generals,
one of whom must be a teetoteller, and the
other one who never indulged in profanity.
General Williams, chief of General Mead's
staff, took the Anti-Profanity Cap, and Gen.
Hunt the Temperance Cap.
Vert Satisfactorv. "Charles, do yon
know what people are saying about us?"
"No, dear; what is it?"
"Why, that that you 'and and I
are a going to be mar married !"
"Fudge ! let them 6ay so. Wo know bet
ter. We are not so foolish as that, are we !"
Posm !
The wind it blew, the snow it flew,
And raised particular thunder-
With skirts and hoops, and chicken coops,
And all such fcind of plqpder. , j irge a, ,ife .,Bat re,onicd the arti.tthat
The Cat Market. There is a man wb o 1 board is to 6maU for ,hal Pn'Pe;" a
regularly visits one of the river towns and countryman looked perplexed at tb nnex
buy. up all the cats that b can find, taking S Pected discovery. "That's a bad job," said
' tc xr t, Tk , he : "but bok 'ere sir, yon can let his feet
them to New York. Ihe country people ' - k ,
- j u. u .v .u v u. r ; bang down over tha edge ot the boarjj."
are in doubt whether they 'are bought for ; " . -
the furriers or the sausage makers. . 7 T7 ". Z-.i. .-.k
. It is unhealthy to fall m love with anotn- ,
er man's wife. In Arkansas, this kind of
Soaaow grow less and less every tuna lning usually "terminates in death" thefim
they ara told, jaat like the age of a woman. ! year.
itepuDlican party has wielded lo carry out
their principles of negro equality. Assam
mg that they were trying lo restore the Un
ion, it lollowed as a logical consequence
that they had the right to remove whatever
obsticles there were in the way of its res
toration. Thi has afforded them tbe ex
cuse, to the popular mind, ior all their as
saults upon the Constitution, and all their
outrageous attacks upon the American re
lation of races. Now there is no getting
over or around this instinct of Union. It
must be satisfied, and it ought to be, for
how can these States live so happily as un
der a well regulated Federal Union-, such
as that formed by Washington and his com
patriots of 1788 ? Persons often wonder
why the people acquiesce in and seem to
support all nnconstutional and tyrannical
acts of Lincoln's Administration. The easy
answer to all this is, "the Union ! the Un
ion V That is associated, in the popular
mind, as such an unmixed good, that any
thing and everything seems of less value.
The Republicans have a most powerful le
ver to work with, and they know it. Let a
man say "Peace, aid they tell yon that
that means disunion, and so it does, al
lowing that a party with their principle is
to remain in power. The North, as repre
sented by Abolitionists, and the South can
no more live together than oil and water
can unite. What then ? Shall we give cp
the Union? Nay. How then can we get
First, we must deny in Mo that Mr. Lin
cola or his party has ever made the first ef
fort to save it. The very last effort made
to preserve the Union was made by the
Peace Convention in Washington, in Feb
ruary, 1861, before Mr. Lincoln's accession
to office. Since then, all that has been
done has tended to destroy it, and to make
its destruction more certain and more sure.
Is there a Republican in the land who does
not know that the Union is to-day further
off than when Mr. Lincoln sent bis first
fleet to Charleston, and set in motion the
awful train of consequences that have fol
lowed 1 But beyond all this, the men in
power never wished to preserve the Union.
We say this deliberately. They never
wibhed to preserve it, and they do not, and
are not, trying to restore it, and would not
res ore it if they could. This position we
must also take boldly, for upon this hang
all the law and the prophets. We do no
injustice to the Republicans when we say
this, for almost any intelligent Republican
will allow it. Indeed, they never profess
ed to be in favor of the Union. They abused
. na ridiculed it for years
They derisively
! declared Democrats ''Union-savers," and
compared them to old women ''sitting op
! the Union, nursing it." It is fair to
say that they had no particular objection to
a certain kind of a Union exactly what
to Mate the Union 1 Yes, ave the Union,
even yet. Nobody has tried to do it for the
past three years. The Union, the great
and glorious work of Washington and MaJ-i-on,
has actually been abandoned. Let a
man. thereiore, be selected for a candidate
for President, who repre-ents the Union un
dcrtht Cons'.tiution the White Government
formed by Washington not war or anti
war simply, for when the government is
again administered as it has been for sev
enty years, that moment there will be no war
for there vill Le no c i use for war. Let ns,
therefore, cease to support any longer a
Disunion Party and found a Union Party, a
Democratic Union Party. Let as no longer
bo the allies ol Discnionists and Abolition
ists, now in open revolt against the Union
of Washington, bat rather let ns rally to the
standard ot our fathers, and sweep the ene
mies of the Union as the whirlwind sweep
the leaves of ihe forest.
A countrymen once brought a piece of
board to an artist, with the request that he)
! phoald paint npon it St. Christopher as