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THE STAR, OP THE NORTH
TVi Ht J.ACOBI, Pcblisher.j
Truth and Right God and our Country
Two Dollas per Annum.
BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 21, 1863.
N. Y. WEEKLY NEWS.
The chenpeM and bei New York News
paper. Only orie dollar per anuura. Eight
pages forty columns. A complete record
of events, Benjamin Wood, eniior and pro
prielor. Published a: No. 19 City Hal!
t?qnaie, Dtilj News Buildi .g, Njv York
THE NEW VOKKVVEEKLY NEWS is
oarivaluJ io its ability and enterprise as a
public journal. nd in
is mot eff cien ly enn' ucted, so a? to form
weekly record of event political, com
mercial, fi ianci a I and literary, ihronoot
the World. In addition to thi it contains
all the Uomesuc Intelligence of each week
and full reporta of every matter of public
As a political Journal The Weekly News
will be found on the side of the Constitu
tion of the courtry a it was framed and
established by the F-lhers of the Republic,
and wil scan with cam and fidelity every
public act that may lend to the violation of
the letter and spirit of thai instrument of
or liberties. It prefer the
POLICY OF PEACE
io a ruinous and exhausting system of War.
Insisting- upon the trum of ihe principle
embodied in the Declaration of Indepen
dence, that the juBi powers of the Govern
ment are derived from the consent of the
governed, it urges the "preservation of the
fundamental principles of fiber:y, inviolate,
of more sacred mpartance than national
ftraodear or ronsolic'ajrd power under des
potic rule without the pale of e'ablihed
law. On all qeions of national impor
trace it is the inflexitde champion ot tho
tights of citizens, as guaranteed under the
Instruments bv which ihev h.iv p.loni.tpd m
fce governed. It therefore hoKfiy avows its i
jurpcse t;i su attt tne freedom ot Speech
and ol the Pres, with the view to protect
the peopla from the encroaching dogmas of
theories who contempelate a moddiction
of the democratic principled which to this
time, have been suTained against every ef
1ort to overthrow ihem. In all matters per
tiniu.i to Government the purpose of this
newspaper is to protect the people from in
considerate ai;d rash lesji.-lation, and to
Ir.eW our public servants to a Mrict account
ability for their conduct while rar.ving ou
the rraclunery of po?er. To this end the
rnost careful alien t ion will be given to all
Federal and Legislative laws, and a firm
and impartial examination of every new
tliticat proposition may be expected a
the only means of protertinz the people
from an abridgement of their riant.
COMMERCIAL & MARKET REPORTS
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and being derived from some of
te ablest minds io Eorope mut be rad
with the utmost avidity' by thoe who deire
1o camprehend that clibiomacy of the Gov
ernments of the Old Wo-M.
In all other respects THE WEEkLY
NEWS will be found to meet the public de
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taining. FAMILY NEWSPAPER,
pure in its moral influence, ennobling in
it character, and satisfactory to that large
lass in the community who desire lo see
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with arguments axp'ej-sed in rourtey and
anlor, thought, at the tame time, with the
eptrit due to the themes discussed.
Bv reference to the term of Tne New
York Weekly New it "will be noticed iha!
it is by far the cheapest newspaper in ihe
world, and the Proprietor feels thai he may
invite those who approve of its principles
nd coidjctto nse tieir influence in adding
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containing all the new of the day, Potiti
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Addres BENJAMIN WOOD, Editor
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' s??g;r & co.'s "
Letter "A" Family Sewfoj Machine,
JFith all the Ricent Improvements.
Is ihe best and cheapest and roost beauti
ful of all Sewing Machines. This Machine
will sew atyihing, from the running of a
tack io Tarietan to the making of an over
coat; anything from Pilot or Beaver cloth
down to the-softest G sue or Gossamer
Tissue, and is ever ready to do it. work to
perfection. It can fell, hem, bind, gather,
tack, quilt, and bar. capacity for a great van-sty
of ornamental work. This is cot the
only Machice that can fell, hem, bind, and
0 forth, but it will do bo better tban any
other, machine. The Letter"A,f Family
Sewing Machine may be had in great vari
ety of cabinet cases. The Foldicg Case,
which is now becoming so popular, is, as
In name implies, one that can be folded
ir to a box.; or case, which, when opened,
rr.akus a beaatilul. substantial, substantial,
;id spacious table for the work to rest
tjpoa. Tbn ca-es are of every imaginable
d jstan; plain as the wood grew in its'native
"fc rest, or aji elaborately finished as art can
jliaku thena. r '
The Brani h OSces are well snpplied with
t'lk twist, j hread, needles, oil, etc., of the
vury best quality.
f; jnd for a copy oTSihgcr & Co.s Gaztm.
: 1 , 1 M. SINGER & CO.,
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jniLADELPniAOFFICE.SJO Cbegtnot St.
N. S. Tidgley, iLgnt, ia Espy, Pa.
Jaia Sharpless, Agent, ia Cattawissa.
.Jay, 23, J,852.-ly.- : , . - - .
: 1 . '
READING RAIL ROAD.
.REAT Trunk line from the North and
North-west for Philadelphia, New
York, Reading. Pottsville, Lebanon, Alien
town, Easton,&c . &.
Tra ins leave Harrisburg for Philadelphia
New York, Reading, Pottsville, and all in
termediate Staiions, at 8 a. m. and t.40 p. m.
New York Express leaves Harrisbnrg at
1.25 a. m. arriving i New York at 8.25 the
Fares from Harrisbnrs: to New York
$5 00, to Philadelphia 3,25 and 2,70.
Basgage checked through.
Keturnins leave New York at 6 A. M. l2
Noon, and 8 P. M. (Pituburgh Express.)
Leave Philadelphia at 8 A. M. and 3.15 P.
Sleeping ctrs in the New York Express
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Passengers by the Cattawissa Rail Road
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delphia and all intermediate Slations, and
at 3.00 P. M. for Philadelphia, New York,
and all Way Points.
Trains leave Pottsville at 9 A. M. and
2.15 P. M. for Philadelphia and New York,
and ai 5.30 P. M. for Aubnrn and Port
Clinton only, connecting for Pine Grove
and with the Cattawissa Rail Rod.
An accomodation Passenger train leaves
Reading at 6 A. M. and returns from Philadelphia".-
5 P. M.
C& All iheihe above Mains run daily,
A Sunday train leaves Pottsville at 7.30
A. M. and Philadelphia at 3.i5 P. M.
Commutation, Mileaga, Season, and Ex
cursion TickeU, at reduced rales to and
from all points.
G. A. NICOLLS,
June 4'h FS2
Pulmonary CoiiMiEmilioii A
. Curable Disease !
THE under'gned having b?en restored
to health in a few week, by a very sim
ple remedy, alter having suffered several
years with a severe lung affection, and thai
dread disease, Consumption is anxious to
make known to his feljow euUerers the
means of cure.
To all who desire "l, he wilt send a copy
cf t?ie precriplion ued (free of charge),
with the directions for preparing and uing
the tame, which they will find a ture cuie
for Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis,
Coosbs. Cold, &:. The or.ly ol j-ct of the
dverds-er in sending the Prescription is to
benefit the afflicted, and spread the infor
mation which he conceives to be invalua
ble ; and he hopes every snfferr will try
his remedy, a it will rost thern nothing,
and may prove a blessing.
Parties ui-hirig the pre-orlption will
REV. EDWARD A. WILSON
Williamsburgb, Kings county, N. Y.
Fept, 23, 1863 4mos.
Secret? Fop the million !
A most valuable and wonderful publi
cs cation. A work of 400 pasjes. and
30 colored et.gravhgs. DR. HUNTER S
VADEMECUM,an original and popular
treatise on Man and Wcman, their Phys
iology, Functions, and Sexual disorder of
every kind, with Never-Failing Remedies
for their speedy, cure. The pwci'-e of
Dr. HUNTER ha long been, and still is,
unbounded, but at the earnest solicitation
nnmt erous persons, he ha been induced
to expend his medical usefulness through
the medium of hi " VA D EM EC Vil ." It
is a volume that should be in the hands of
every family in the land, as a preventive of
secret vices, or as a guide for the allevia
tion of one of ihe moi-t awful an J destruc
tive scourge ever visited mankind. One
copy, seourelv enveloped, will be forwar
ded free ot postage to any part of the Uni
ted States tor 50 cenis in P. O. stamps, 3
copies for SI. Address, pot paid, DR.
HUNTER, No. 3 Division Street, New
Sept 9. 1863.
lYortli Central Hallway.
TIME T A LB E .
TWO TRAINS DAILY to and from the
North and West Branch of the Susqoehan-'
na, Elmira, and all of Northern New York.
On and after Mondav, April 20th, l?63,
ihe Passenger Trains of the Nora Central
Railway v i it arrive and depart from Son
bury, Hrrisbnrg and Baltimore, as follows:
Mail Train leaves Sunbury daily
- except Sundays, at 10.10 am.
Leaves Hairisburg, 1.15 p.m.
Arrives at Baltimore, 5.35 "
Express Train leaves Sunbury daily
except Sundays, at 1 1 07 p.m.
Leaves Harrisb'rg,except Monday 2.00 a.m.
Arrives at Baltimore daily except
Monday, at 6.15 a.m.
Accommodation leaves Ilarrisb'rg 6,30 a.m.
Mail Trail leaves Baltimore dily
except Sundays, at ' 9.15 am.
Leaves Harrisborg, 1.15 p.m.
Arrives at Sunbnry, ,4.05 p.m.
Express Trains Baltimore daily, 9.15 "
Arrives at HarrUburg, 1.35 a.m.
Leaves Harrisb'rg except Monday, 3.00 '
Arrives at Sunbury, 5.38
For farther particulars apply at the office.
; I. N. DUBARRY, Supt.
Harrisburg, Aug. 8, 1863.
TUG OIjU guard.
A Monthly Journal, devoted to the Prin
ciples of 1776, Designed to unmask
(be Usurpation, Desptism and crimes of
. ABOLITION ADMINISTRATION.
And to defend the doctrines of State Rights,
and of Constitutional Liberty, as held by
our Revolutionary Fathers.
Published by C- CHAUNCEY BURR &
Co., sau 6treet, New York.
PRICE Single numbers 15 cents. For
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Aug. 26, 1863;
ents Balmoral Lace Boots, will bs sold
rery low. Also, oys Shoes, at
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Choice 3 o c l r p .
Hood on Dueling.
Tom Hood describes an intended duel
which was prevented by amicable arrange
ment made upon the ground. The parties
Mr. Bradly and Mr. Clay rivals for the
affections of Lucy Bell, found i: necessary
to appeal to arms :
But first they found a friend apiece,
This pleasant thought to give
That when tbey both were dead,they'd have
Two seconds yet to live.
To measure out the ground, r.ot long
The seconds next forebore.
And having taken one rasa step,
They look a dozen more.
They next prepared each pistol-pan
Against thf deadly strife ;
By putting in the prime of death
Against the prime of life.
tinw all was ready for the fotfs ;
But when they took their stand,
Fear made ihem tremble, so they found
They both were shaking hands.
Said Mr. C to Mr. J3 ,
Here one of us must fall,
And, like Si. Paul's Cathedral now,
Be doomed to have a ball.
"I do confess I did attach
Misconduct to your name ;
If 1 withdraw ihe charge, will then
Your ram hod do the fame?"
Said Mr. B., ''I do agree ;
But think of Honor's courts ;
If we be off without a shot,
There will be strange reports.
"Bat look ; the morning now is bright,
Though cloudy it begun,
Why can't we aim above, as if
We had called out the sun V
So ftp into the harmless air
Their butlets they did send ;
And may all other duels have
That vpshot in the end.
The War Power.
Under the clause "to provide for the
common defence and general welfare," the
the Jacobins profess to find their authority
lor what thewcall "The War Powar." How
absurd such a claim is, may be exposed
by the simple statement that our Courts
have over and over again decided, "that
these words confer no distinct and substan
tive powers unconnected with taxation."
The Courts have always insisted that it is
a pufficieot objection to tlm construction
that it would make the Federal power un
limited, and the specific enumeration -vhich
follows this particular clause, unmeaning,
if not absurd.
It is very clear to every constitutional
lawyer that the weight of reason as well as
of authoritj , simply makes these words a
qualification of the taxing power. The
whole provision means ihe same as if the
words were "in order" "to pay the debts
and provide for the common defence and
general welfare." Thus, while Congress is
not limited by this clause as to the sub
jects upon which taxes may be levied,
it is limited as to the purposes for which
they may ba levied. Congress cannot
wantonly exersise the taxing power, for
any purposes whafsoever, but only for the
specified purpose of paying the debts and
providing for the common defence and gen
It has always been sonsidered a sufficient
objection td this construction that it would
make the Federal power unlimited, and
he specific enumeration which fellows
the clause unmeaning, if not absurd.
This is the language ofall the commen
taries on the Constitution, and of the Books
of Reports. It has been reserved for the
men of this generation to find out a power
as given to the Executive under this clause,
absolute and unlimited in its scope. This
war power, whose influences have been
felt, and the extent of whose authority
knows no limit, it is actually claimed finds
its warrant in the above clause which we
have quoted. Strange as such a. claim is,
it is no; stranger than to find jurists, m en at
the bar and upon the bench, yielding to the
influences of power, and not only acquies
cing in the doctrine, but actbally giving it
countenance and support. This clearly
arises from a want of that moral courage
so prolific in our age, and which strange
to say, is nowhere more apparent tban in
that profession, whose peculiar province it
is to vindicate rights, and redress wrongs
a profession that in past ages bai, been
the bulwark against the advances of arbi
trary power. Now when dangers threaten,
when unprincipled rulers would trample
the law under foot, or mobs would .rise to
overthrow,' the men of this profession
should be the sentinels to give the alarm.
With some few glorious exceptions,' we re
regret to say, that in these times of misrule
the people hare looked in Tain to tint class
of men,-whose profession it is to watch
over the laws, and who in times pait have
been its most zealous delenders.
War Democrats Insure the remanent) of
the Lincoln Administration
This is a problem susceptible of very sim
pie demonstration, which we give. The
Constitution of the United States declares a
majority of the electoral votes of all the
Slates to be necessary td the election of
President, and in case none of the parties
before the Electoral College phall receive
such a majority, the election shall devolve
on Congress, which shall select from the
three receiving the highest number of votes
in the Electoral College. As it is nearly
certain that the Con federate States will r.ot
be legally represented in the Electoral Col
lege, it may safe! be assumed that no one
will receive the vole required by the Con
stitution, and that iherelore the election will
devolve upon Congress, and as the Repub
licans can have and will bave a majority in
Congress Mr. Lincoln's re-election may
fairly be pronouced a foregone conclusion.
Should it so happen that Mr. Lincoln
should get a majority of the electoral votes
cast, we may feel well assured that be will
declare himself duly elected, and this he
will dD by the same good authority which
issued the Emancipation Proclamation, the
Confiscation and the Habeas Corpus Proc
lamations, the Vallandigham banishment
manifesto, and the like; and ihe same pow
er which enforced ihem will enforce bis
election ; and the same pliant judiciary
which has sanctioned all these, and pro
nounced the Conscription act constitutional,
and having decided that paper is gold, will
continue to play Poionius to our Presiden
tial Hamlet, and when he thinks he see a
whale it will see something "very much
like a whale." But in case a Democrat
should get the majoritj, the President will
very clearly see that the Constitution inter
poses an insuperable bar. and that the elec
tion must go to Congress.
So, when the election -is made by Con
gress, if he shall get a majority of the
States vo'ing, it will 6ufioe, though it be
not a majority of all the States, and West
ern Virginia and bogus representatives
from Southern States be there to give him
the majority, it will be declared leal by the
President, and be held to be perfectly in ac
cordance with the Constitution by our Poi
onius judiciary. But, should a Democrat
chance to get a majority, the President will
suddenly be visited by constitutional scru
pies, and the proclamation would be issued
that no election can be mad.
What then ? Mr. Lincoln will announce
his purpose, which imperial "necessity"
forces upon him, to forego bis desire to re
lire to private life, and to submit to a con
tinuance of the labors of office, lest anarchy
should ensue in this unprovided condition
of affairs ; he will continue to act as Presi
dent until a restoration cf the Union shall
j enable the people constitutionally Io elect
; a President. Will not a Poionius judiciary ,
which humors to bis topmost bent the Pres
idential Hamlet, say Amen to his decision ?
Peace would reverse all this. Instead of
such a programme, rendering the perpetui-
' ty of the Lincoln dynasty a certainty, peace
would render its extinction certain, at the
end of Mr. Lincoln's term, and with its ex
tinction a restoration, perhaps, of the Con
stitution and Laws. The tortuous policy of
the War Democrats defeats its own aims.
Is it they who have given the Administra
tion power to perpetrate all its infamies,
which reder us such a stench in the nostrils
of all nations. They have put the lah in
the hands of the Administration, which it
so vigorously applies to their backs; ft is
they, and they alone, who. have given a
power to the Admistration which effectau
alJy and permanemly shuts the door upon
all their hopes of office ar.d and of spoils.
Had the war Democrats proved true to
their pedges of hsnor and declaration of
principles, this war could have no exist
ence ; if begun by Mr. Lincoln it would
have firzled out in a month ; If could not
now continue six months, and but for the
War Democrats the tyrant scepter would
fall from tho palsied hand. Whatever of
evil flows from this war the blame must
rest equally on the Administration and on
the War Democrats, the first being the
wicked will which enacts it in all its hide
ous character and proportions. Now in
vain does this War Democracy (a cat's paw
to the Administration,) look forward to the
possession of office and spoils by continu
ing the war until after the period of the
next Presidential election ; the expected
fruit, it will be seen'by this article, will
tarn to bitter ashes in their mouth, and it
will remain as now, the subservient, unre
warded dope of this accursed Administra
tion. Peace will put the Democracy in
power beyor.d all reasonable doubt. A
protracted war only aggravafes every evil,
and insures the destruction of all that it
purports to save. This Administration is
as mucb the enemy of every man true to
Democratic principles as it is to the South.
A Portable Sheep Eaek.
A sheep farmer of Columbia county,
Ohie, who has triad several kinds of racks
gives the following description of one
which prevents crowding, is in every way
satisfactory and so simple that any larmer
can make one. it consists of four posts
three feet long and if made of three by
three scantling will be heavy enough. Two
bottom boards one inch thick and ten or
twelve wide and two for the top, one inch
thick and five or six wide. These boards
are placed horixontatly for the sides of the
rack, and similer boards two feet long are
nailed to the posts at each end. The rack
maybe about twelve ftet long and two
feet is a very sutable width. Upon these
horizontal boards are nailed uprights, six
inches wide, and placed six iccfies apart.
This makes a cheap portable rack, which
we like ia every respect. A'. E. Farmtr.
We can scarcely conceive a more miser
able being, or one who has so powerful a
temptation to hang or drown himself, as a
gentleman of leisure, in a communiy of
workinmen. The very fortune that has
placed him above the necessity to labor, has
imposed on him a greater curse than if he
had been doomed to the galleys. He works
harder to get rid of himself, than he would
io forge en anchor. Companions he has
none, for the industrious hold no fellowship
with the idel. He roams from pillar to
post ; from parlor to counting-houssj ; from
acquaintance to acquaintance , from -one
hotel to reading room to another ; finding
no rest for the soles of their feet, nor the
vertebrrc of his back. II is soul is disquiet
ed within him. - He would fain be merry,
but mirth without companionship is qnes
tionable joyance, and his gayety is repress
ed and subdued by lack of sympathisers,
until the poor ennui is driven to melancholy
madness Such a man has our honest com
miser3iron, for we pity his impecibility an d
dep?dance. The honest but needy labor
er, whose d.iily task must he daily comple
ted, be La re he can look forward lo cessation
fttm toil, is happier in his sinewy streng'h
and cheerful industry, than it ever entered
into the independent idler to suppose or
There is another class of men who de
serve neither our commiseration, sympathy,
or" consideration ; who are miserable by
choice, and of no value in society. We al
lude to those who have led a life of penuri
ous celibacy, until the property amassed
by niggardly savings and self-mortifvin-g
deprivations hovers over them, by day and
by nigh?, in visions of distrust, disquietude,
and fear. These are they who never liten
to the petition of the widow, nor the cry of
the orphan; whoe charities end where
they began at home if he may be said
to have a home who has no feelings in com
munity with Ihe world and its families. We
have one such in our mind's yn at this mo
ment. ' He is a man who indulges neither
in the vicious nor the innocent pleasures of
the age. His life is as regular and monoto
nous as an eight-day clock. He is punctu
al in waking and rising ; punctual in lying
down and sleeping ; punctual at breakfast ;
punctual at his de?k, and the performance
of his regular duties; punctual at church
except when there is to be a collection, and
then he is suddenly indisposeJ ; punctual
in his appearance at another's dinner table,
and most dilatory in making a return. The
"old clo'hes men" down town have fre
quently proposed to barter coats xrhh him,
but they have never been able to trade, as
they always demanded something 'to toot '
The ladies, members of a charitable socie
ty, once sent him their subcrip'ion book,
in hopes that, as a rich old bachelor, he
might contribnte to their funds. He envel
oped the book in brown paper, begged at a
grocery, and returned it through the post
office, poor as when it came to him. If he
wants a shilling to purchase seme urgent,
necessary article, he has no change in his
pocketr and draws a check. If he pays his
board a day or two before the end of the
month, he demands a discount for reay
money. He employs a man servant to cut
his hair, and forgets him at Christmas.
Dancing is eschewed by him, because it
occasions annecessary waste of sole-leather;
and common paries are equally ignor
ed, because, as he says, they are only ex
cuses for squandering money in hack-hire
Such is a brief eketch of h man who, in
common parlance, has neither ' chick nor
child" has lived more than two score
years, is worth fifty thousand and upwards,
and is, in our estimation, nothing more nor
less than a poor pevil.
Oca Dcad. Who can tell the agony of
feeling which has existed for weeks in the
breasts of wives, mothers, friends, who left
ns in good health, but now who may be ly
ing cold in death, slain by the hand of an
enemy in war. The torture of uncertainty
attending the absence of an enumeration of
the casualties recurring in the action in
which they were engaged, has been dread
ful. What sad uncertainty what a hard
iesson. Some hope, but mingled with an
ious fear. If the name of a dear one, a hus
band, a father, a son, or a brother be found
among those reported dead, crushing as the
blow may be, its force can be measured,
the worst is known. But who shall tell the
woe of the woman who reads the name of
a lovedjone in either of the lists. If wound
ed how is the mind racked, and the heart
tortured. And the report "missing" is, if
anything, more terrible still. lie may be a
prisoner, and mat fteturn. He may have
been so mutilated as net tc be recognized
may have just strength enough to crawl out
of the way and die in 'some obscure spot,
where only the filthy bird that scents the
battle from afar, shall, by the stoppage of
its lazy flight,' point out his resting place.
Many .a one reported "missing," meets
such a late as this.
Do one thing at a time, that's the rule,
when you have done slandering your neigh
bors, then begin to say your prayers.
lr is said that the wheel of fortune re
volves for all, bat many ot as are broken
on the weef.
'Mr. Brown, I owe you a grudge, remem
ber that, sir."
I shall not be frightened, then, for I nev
er knew yoa to pay any thiag that yoo.
BV JOHN PHOSNIX.
George Washington was one bf ths most
distinguished movers in the American Rev
olution. He was born of poor but honest parents,
at Genoa, in the year 1492. His mother
was called the mother of Washington. He
married early in life, a single widow lady,
Mrs. Martha Curstis, whom Prescot descri
pes as the cussedest pretty woman south of
Mason and Dixon's line " Young Washing
ton commenced buines as county surveyor,
and was present in that character at a sham
fight nnder General Padlock, where so many
guns were fired that the whole body of
militia were stunned by the explosion, and
set down to supper unable to hear a word
that was said. The supper was afterwards
alluded to as Braddock's deaft eat, and the
smile, "deaf as braddock," subsequently
vulgarized into "deaf as haddonck," had
its circumstance. Wasliingtoncofnmanded
several troops duiing the revolutionary war,
and distinguished himself by crossing the
Deleware river on the ice of very inadequ
ate thickness, to visit a family of Hssians
of his acquaintance. He was passionately
fond of green peas and string beans, and hi
favorite motto was, "In time cf peas pre
pare for war."
Washington's most intimate friend was'a
French gentleman, named Marquis Dee,
who, from his constant habits of wriibility
was nick-named "langhy yet." His great
est victory was achieved at Germentown,
where, coming upon the British at night, he
completely surrounded them with a wall of
cotton hales, from which he owpened a de
structive aud tarrific fire, which caused the
enemy to capitulate. qTlre cotton bales
beine perforated with musket balls, were
much increased in weight, and consequent
ly in value, and the expression playfully
used, "Whales the price of cotton?" was
much in vogce after the battle.
During the action, Washington might
have been seen driving op and down the
j lines, exposed in a email Concord wagon,
drawn by a bobtail gray horse. His cele
brated dispatch, "Vini, vidi, vici," er 1
came and saw ia Concord wagon, his ref
erence to the circumstance,
Washington has been called the father of
his "country," (an unapt litle, more prop
erly belonging to the late Mr. McCloskey,
parent of of the ce!ebratedpubilist;) the
child has grown, however, to that xteal Its
own father would not know i?. General
Walker (William Walker) is also called the
"father of Nicaragua," and we have no
doubt, in case of his demise, his children,
the native Nicafaguans would erect a suit
able monument over his remains, with the
inscription, "Go' father and fare worse."
Washington was a member of ihe Know
Nothing order, end directed that none but
Americans should be put on guard, which
grately annoyed the Americans, their com
fort being greately destroyed by perpetual
turns of guard duly.
He was elected twice President of the
United Stales by the combined Whig and
Know Nothing parties, the Federlists and
Abolitionists voting against him ; and ser
ved out hts time with grsat credit to
himself 3tid the country drawing his sal
ary with a regularity and precision worthy
Although, for the time in which he lived
a very deatuinguished man, the ignorance
of Washington is something perfectly in
credible. He never traveled on a Steam
boat ; never saw a locamotive engine; was
perfectly ignoraat of the.s. principles of tha
magnetic telegraph; never had a caguerro
type, Colt's pistol, Sharpes rifle, or used a
fraction match. He ate his meals with an
iron fork, never used postage stamps on his
letters, and know nothing of the application
chloroforme to alleviate suffering, or the
use of gas for illumination. Such a man
as this could hardely be elected President
of the United Slates in these times, although
ii must be confesstd we occasionally have
a candidate who proves not much better in
formed about matters in geaeral.
Washington died from exposure on the
.summit of Mount Vernon, in the year 1766,
leaving bim a name that wtll endure for
ever, if posterrity presist ia calling their
children afier him to the same extent that
ha been fashionable. He is mentioned in
history as being ''fiirst in peace, first in war,
and first in the hearts of his countrymen ;''
in other words, ne was No 1 in everything,
and it was equally his enlrest and pleasure
to look out for the number, and took pre
cious good care to do so.
A portrait by Gilbert Stuart, of this great
soldier and etatesman, may be seen, badly
engraved, in the History of the Uuited
States; but as it was taken when the gen
eral was in the act of chewing tobacco, the
left cheek is distended out of proportion,
and the likeness rendered Yery unsatisfac
tory. Upon the whole, General George
Washtngton was a very excellent man ;
though unfamiliar with Scott's Infantry
Tactics, be was a tolerable officer ; though
he married a widow, he was a fond hus
band ; and though be did not know the
Bsecher family he was a sincere Chris
tian. - .
A monument has been commenced in
the city of Washington to his memory,
which is to be five hundred feet in highl
and it should be' the wish of every true
batted American that this virtues and ser
vices may not be forgotten before it is com
pleted, in which case their rememberance
will probable endure forever.
Reply of Bishop Hopkins (o Bishop
7e have heard of embalming in prassid
acid, but never had a visible example of it
before we read the reccDt admirable epis
tle by Bishop Hopkins. Yet there is noth
ing fierce or denunciatory Ig a tingle par
agraph. There is the dignity of the Bish
op, the courtesy of the gentleman and the
gentleness of the Christian, manifest in
every lioe. "He doeu not render railing,
for railing, but contrariwise," in aceor
dance with tho Apostle's injunction. The
attack of the Pennsylvania Bishop waa so
unprovoked, unnecesary, aad bo full of the
malignity of a political partisan, that if
might have stirred the heart of even so
pure and gentle a nature as that of th
Bishop of Yerinont to rebuking with bit
terness. But his high Christain nature
was proof against the temptation, ltd
responds to the attack simply to the lan
guage of rebuke and Cbristain expostula
tion; but the rebuke and expostulation
manifest what is meant by the phrase
''LeapiDg coals of fire" on the head of an
adversary. What a scathing, withering
rebuke upon the consistency of this Bishop
turned politician, is administered in the
following passage :
"For many years you met in brotherly
council with theee Southern slaveholders.
You invited them to the hospitalities of
your house, and pid them especial defer
ence. The new light of Eastern Abolition
ism had not yet risen within odf Church ;
and if you then thought, as you now think,'
you took excellent care that no man among
your Southern friends should know it.
Moreover, your favorite Theological Sem
inary, only three years ago, was the Vir
ginia tchool at Altxasdria, raised to great'
prosperity by Bishop Meade, a slaveholder,
and am sure that nothing at variance
with my Bible view of slavery was taught
ia that institution. "
Bishop Hopkin's allusion to the site of
the new lights in New England, the en
couragement of irreligion, and the impious
innovations conntenanced by New England
religious societies, is as just as it ia true.
It shows that he has been no idle, obser
ver of the condition of the community
about him, and manifests a statesmanlike
sagacity in tracing the cause dfour present'
troubles to their true origin. Horace has
warned painters against combining a mans
head with a horea's neck, of making a
beautiful woman terminate in the tail of
a fish ; and we would advise the senior
Bishcp of Pennsylvania against a similar
incongruity, by trying to write the head
of a prelate in lawn sleeves, with the scaly
tail of a political serpant of the Loyal
League pattern, crawling on his bally in
all the dust and slime of that political
arent, whre venemous asps are content to)
How Affairs are Managed.
Lesi than a year ago a boy imbecile in
mind arrived at the port of Philadelphia,
from Europe, and was brought to Wil
liamsport, where his parents reside. Sev
eral months ago hs strayed from the resi
dence ot his parents, and by some means
found his way to Philadelphia, where tho
substitute sharks got hold of him, and got
a board of enrollment to accept him as a
substitute no doubt paying the members
of the board a portion of the substitute
money. The boy was given eighty dol
lars as his share, and-during the first night
after his acceptance the money was stolen
from his pocket in all probability by the
very men who g-ave it to him. After be
ing sent td camp where, of course, his
conduct was nothing more nor less than
tliat of a partial idiot ho was frequently
flogged, and several times officers (who
cou'd see, if they had brains enough to
see anything but huh money, what kind
of a boy he was,) presented a pistol to hi
head and treatened to blow bis brains out
a threat which, if executed would hav
covered the guilt of all concerned, and
perhaps will yet be executed, for that pur
pose. A few days ago this boy was pro
vided with a free pass from camp to Wil
liamsport and back again, and given ticket
for Curtin and Aguew, with instructions
how to obtain their acceptance at ths
polls, and a threat that he would be shot
if he did not vote them, and cent home to
follow out these crders of his officers, not
withstanding he is a minor, a foreigner of "
le3 than one year's residence, and hi
mental incapacity. The whole transaction
the acceptance of him as a substitute;
the theft of the paltry sum paid to bJmt
his admission to a military camp as a sol
dier, the abuse he suffered while in camp,
and sending him home to poll an illegal
vote for Curtin and Agnew forms a chap
ter in human depravity too monstrous for
If anybody doubts this narrative of
revolting' facts, he can easily hare b
ioubts dispelled. We have the name
residence of the boy, and any one intervw.
osted can lesi it for himself . )