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STAIIQP THE NORTH.
. mil. &. JAOOBY, EDITOR.
BLCOSSBDS:, WEIfAESDAT, CCT. Ulh, 1863
During the last week past ihe Democracy
held orae dl the largest and most epirited
neeiini every held in Columbia county.
Tbey weje attend! by thousands the peo
ple seeming more thoroughly aroused in the
cause of Democracy and Liberty than- ever
at any prsvious campaign. It is with them,
Liberty or Tyranny I They feel that to enjoy
their Freedom and Civil Liberty longer tbey
nMJSt!eu the Democratic Ticket, thereby
place tliti pc wer tind control of this Govern
ment into safe ha .ids wih persons whm
they can tru3i and enjoy their constitution
al privileges as they have heretofore under
Democratic rule. 'This being hampered and
chained -doim by the bands of the present
despotic an J tyrannical Administration for
exercising a frewnan'a right, is a thing not
to be'toleraied any longer by a once free
white" people. They -have borne this des
potic pressure lang enough. A change of
rnlers is being called for from ever quarter,
thatwhie men' may again enjoy the right
of speech, of loffrage, and trial by jury,
without ihe intermeddling of the Washing
ton tyrants and imbeciles.
At JmsmowN a Democratic Mass Meet
ing was held on the 8th inst., which was
the largest political gathering ever assem
bled in Columbia county. The number of
people pre en t have been estimaed at from
four to six and right thousand 7 There weTe
tid less than five thousand perplt in cttendurce,
1o the txt of our judgment, and we have
seen -a few gaiherings within the past year,
Ihoogh of a military character. The weath
er was not faron.ble tor an out-door meet
ing, as it ranged considerable of :he lime
daring the day. In t-piteof the inclemency
of the 'feather, a meeting was organized,
on the ground prepared for the occasion,
nd speeches dehvered by Joseph C. Bcch
cb, Esa, of Lewjsburg, and Col. William
EaiKBLc, of .-Lycoming. They made able
and patiiotic pe-sches, and were patiently
listened to ty both male and female. The
speaker were frequently applauded, thus
giving ihe octrine promulgated a hearty
ndoTse.uent. At the close, each speaker
was the recipient of a beautiful bouquet, pre
pared br tbe hand of the fair daughters of
Columbia. Hoi. Chas. R. Bcckalkw pro
vided; and .'die Vice Presidents were, Hon.
John McReynolds, Hemlock; Hon. Stephen
Ba!dy, Catawissa; Hon. Jacob Evan8,Green
woodj lion. '-Robert Moore, Danville; Hon
Joseph Dea 3, Deny; Hon. Peter Ent, Scot
Thos. A. Fomnon, B. Essig, Madison; John
J. .Barkley, Bloom; Daniel S. Vacderlice,-
Esq., Ml. Ileasant; Benjamin Wintersteen,
Fiue; Irara JDerr, Jackson: Sarnri McHenry,
Benton;. Richard Fruit, Anthony; and John
Moore, West Hemlock. Secretaries Col.
Levi L. Tan, Capt. Thomas Chaltant, Wm.
H. Jacoby, and J. S. Sanders, Esqrs
la Cckt.wham Thursday evening, Octo
ber 8ih tlx Democracy of that township
aaeemt led at the Public House of Henry Ga
ble, Esq., tind after the meeting being called
to order, Ceil. J. G. Freeze, Henry S. Marr,
Eeq of Schuylkill co , Joseph H. Campbell
Esq., ol Danville, and W. Wirt, Eq, ad
dressed tha Democracy in able and spirited
speech js. The staunch and stalwortb De
mocracy of Conytigham were out in their
might, ea sr to hear the i$nes of the cam
paign discussed, in at) earnest' and patriotic
manner. .This township is going to do bet
ter. She will completely submerge all Ab
olitionism within ber limits. The doctrine
of Secession and Abolitionism is a dead let
ter in Conrngham twp. They are in favor
of coniititt.lional liberty, free speech, free
press, and no suspension , of the writ of
holed cot pus in a State not in rebellion, and
maintain I bat under the constitution there
is sufficient power to pat down the present
rebellion, tad had the constitution and laws
in accordance thereof been observed and
respected by the men in power, this nnholy
and wicksd war would hare teen brought
to c ose ere this. But as ii is, no one can
yet see t'js end of the difficulty. At the
close of . the addresses, the speakers were
cheered baertily, as well as were our gal
lant tmd oobie camfida'e for Governor
Gconc k VirTsmCTON Woodward. The meet
ing acjoumed, iill being highly pleased with
the p:-oc,eding. - ,
Is MiiriisviLir, on Thursday evening
last, the Democracy bad a meeting. It was
organized by makins S B. M. Yants chair
man, and Levis Eckroat, John Michael,
William Fsttit, Geo Brown, John R.'Yohe,
Fhineaa'Sintih, Daniel Noyer, Thoa. Aton,
Vice Presidents. Silvester Dielerich acted
as Scre:ary. The meeting was addressed
by E. H. luiii.E. Eaq., of this place, in his
nsual able and patriotic manner. The meet
ing watt spirited, being largely attended
for an evening meeting in that section. The
Democracy ar fairly aroused in little Mif
flin.t, .Look: out! for an increased Democratic
majority ic; thi township
- At SiairrowN Friday afternoon, October
C:h the Democracy had meeting which
was presided over by Bew i Wagner, Esq.,
issis.ed bj; a .number of vice presidents;
and Gera Hower, Secretary. After thecom
plstian il tile organization, earnest. patrioii
and FpiriteJ addresses were delivered by
Gen! Pa ttiin, of Bradford, Henrt S Marr,
;.q., of Ashland ; Caj l. Thomas Chalfast,
Jesj. K RiAD.tJ, Esq.," J H! Campbfli. Eiq.,
-f Mon:oa f ce unty, and CoJ. J. G. Freeze,
sf this I lace. . The mee'ing was an entire
success. Tii speeches were rapturously
spplauded.: )Va need not fear of having a
good, reponi from the Democracy of Locust
inof adjoining townships on Tuesday, elec
tion day. They appeared to be all ready
for the coming contest. At the adjourn
ment, three cheers wer5 given in such a
manner, for Woodward and Lowrie, that
made the welkin ring. The "speakers re
ceived the thanks of the meeting for their
patriotic and earnest -efforts made ia ihe
cause of Democracy.
In Beaver, at Franklin Shnman's. on Sat
urday afternoon, Oct. lOih, E. H. Little,
esq., addressed a large and enthusiastic
gath ering of the Democracy on the present
issues of the campaign. Hbsrv Lair, sen.,
presided, assisiectby John Shuman, Samuel
Case, John Fry, Daniel Romer, Isaac Davis
Esq., Christian Sboman, as Vice Presidents;
and Wm. Loneenberger arid Allen Mann,
Secretaries. They had a good meeting.
The speaker did justice to, the cause, elict
ing from the andiencein several instances,
tremendous applause. The mee ing ad
journed after giving three cheers for the
speaker, and soundly cheering their stand
ard bearers, Woodward andLowRic.
In Robrsburo Saturday the 10th inst,
Ihe Democracy had an old-fashonied and
spirited meeting. Hon. Peter Ent, was
made chairman. Jacob Evans, J. A. Fun
ston, John Fruit, Tram Derr, Samuel Mc
Henry, Philip Appleman, Samuel Eisner,
Robert Robbins, Benj. McHenry, Joseph
Ikeler, and John McHenry, Esq , were cho
sen as Vice Presidents of the meeting. And
Isaac A. Dewrtt anJ Andrew J. Albertson,
Secretaries. Addresses were delivered by
Elijah R. Ikeler, of Millville, and Col. Levi
L Tate, of the Columbia democrat. The
speeches were of a purely Democratic stripe,
consituttional in every senseof the word.
The meeting was well attended people
being present from various sections of the
county. Madison township turned out a
delegation on horse-back, some thirty 1 The
people are thoroughly aroused this Fall all
over ! Three cheers for the speakers, and
W oodward and Lowrie, were given at the
close of the meeting with a will that ia
rarely witnessed at political gatherings.
Kohrsburg is in a hot-bed of Abolitionism;
but with all that, there are those among
ihem who knowing their rights dare main
At Licht Street, the evening of the
10th inst., the Democracy of Sco'.t and
adjoining townships held a meeting in ihe
School Honse, at which Josiah H. Furman,
SheTitT of Columbia county, presided. The
vice presidents were, Wm. White, George
Oman, B F. Reichart, James Freeze, Jere
miah Hagenboch, P. T. Ilartman, John G
Jacoby, Wm. Mosteller, James Johnson,
Augnstns Everhart. Samuel Shoemaker, P.
Yohe, J. R. Brugler, Esq. Secretaries
Peter Shng and J. S. Bachman. The meet
ing being organized. Col. John G. Freeze,
Hon. L. L. Tate and E R -Ikeler, deliv
ered addresses. The people in this town
ship are like they are in other places men
tioned in this column alive in the cause
of Woodward, Lowrie and Civil Liberty !
In Scott we may look for quite a change in
the vote compared with that cast fir Curtin
three years ago. Curtir. then had a hand
some majority, but this Fall his mnjoii y
will sink into nothingness. We are great
ly mistaken if Woodward does not carry
the township. This meeting had a good
effect. Mark the result. The meeting ad
journed in good order.
In Centre, a large and enthusiastic meet
ing was held on Tuesday evening the 6 h
inst., at the bouse of John Grover, by the
Democracy. Peter Miller, Esq., presi
ded. J. E. Frederick, Solomon Neyhart,
Lafayetie Creasy, Jeremiah Hagenbnch,
John Dietericb, Wesley Hess, Daniel Ney
hart, Jacob Sanders, were vice presidents,
and G. A. Herring, Samuel Neyhart, Secre
taries. Lieut. A. B. Tate aad E. H. Little
addressed the meeting. A good turnout was
had; and the people of little Centre are all
in motion. We can safely put her down
for an increased Democratic majority. She
will do Ler duty.
A Democratic Meeting was held in Frank
lin twp., Columbia county, on Monday
evening last. It was addressed by J. H.
Cajhfbeix, Esq., of Danville, and E. H Lit
tle E.q. It was a spirited and patriotic
meeting. The Democracy of Franklin are
sturdy and true hearted in the cause of Un
ion and Democracy. They stand unwaver
ing, determined to vote for the man of their
choice GeofiGE W. Woodward. Frank
lin is soundly Democratic, and good for a
snug little majority for the Democratic
The Democracy of Espy had a meeting
on Monday evening last, Johx Fobbipon,
presiding. It was addressed by ol. J. G.
Fbeeze, in an able and convincing speech,
which set the Republicans of that place to
thinking. There was a larse turn out for
the place, considering, too, that it was an
evening meeting. Scott township was for
merly one of the strong holds of Republi
canism. But from what informatian we
can gather, Woodward stock is best in that
township this Fall.
The Phillips And Garrison Party.
The Republican party has finally admit
ted that they have taken position with
Wendell Phillips and William Lo)d Gar
rison who declare that '"the Constitution of
the United States is a league with e'eath
and a. covenant with hell " This announce
ment is roadie In the Worchester correspon
dence of the New York Tribune, which
speaking of the late Massachusetts Re
publican" convention, says : -
'It will.be borne in mind that there were
nearly 1,700 delegates in attendance, and
ihat resolutions, radical, without a prece
dent in the history of this State were un
dr consideration, and thos unanimously
adoubted. In their admirable speeches,
Wilson and Boulwelf, Dana and Elliott,
ranged themselves fully along itit ofUnrrison
ami Philips, ami tht Convention, with un
teJ, and enthusiastic voice said amen t
The New York Post a Republican Jour
nal, in descanting upon the probable effect
of war upo slavery, says :
r'-U Slavery is to be continued in this
country Wfc WANT THE IRISH and
CATHPL1CS TO TAKE . THE PLACE of
the NEGROES, and let the More Intelli
gent and More Virtuous Blacks be liberat
ed I" - . . . , . .
Legal Ten & era Hope in the Fnture.
.It was related of a high judicial authority
ot England that,
I I I BV
young man who had obtained a party ap-
noimm.nl . . pi it j i
poimment as a Colonial Judge, in there-
In 1 1 . ,,
spect to the duties lo be discharged, told
him i n,,!. i . . , - .
him to make decisions to the bet of fcis
unden.tamtin.T aA u ii u u V
unnerstandHi?, and he wou d probably be
nearri.rht ... i u ict. t
nearr.ght. Bu', said he, "beware of
.giving reasons for yonr judgements."
"FaUA Tonenn;r,r. r I T i
raise reasoning from misunderstood pre
miea .;n tl , ,
raises will Tjin you." The soundness ol
ihu k r ii m .i
this edvtce ha3 been powerfully illustrated
a , . . i r c r ,
in the decisions reported of the six Judges
nfiKr..( i. i - u u -
of the Conr: of Appels, who have pronounc-
ed in favor of "legal tender paper." The
resn.tsarel.wasfara, the State of New
v,u . . .u i
Yorkgoes; but the Teasoning of those
Tk-, t k -.u t .-
whom The Tribune with emphatic sneer
nii .1.... u, - a ,w u .u .
calls " elected" judges, although that paper
-fw . t .
was one of the most ardent supporters of
,Kn, . . . . n k
that clause of the new Constitution, is such
. , , . . . .
as to convince every clear headed man that
, i ... . . u it .
the legal tender cannot stand in the United
e, , V . tu . . r
States Courts. The best powers of sit
, , n ... ... .
judges, of the Court of Appeals in trying to
7 r .u L
sustain Congress in the assumption have
, , . , u . u
only demonstrated that the measure is rn-
A f K1a , j . , , , ,
t r,. . . , . , ner-be deprived of liberty or property
Mr. Chase and his whole scheme of paper ,:,k. . .
. , , , ,, ; without due process of law." He is told
will yet pe cast off from the shoulders of a .i. . ..
, . ,t' tu t . u tat thia is necessary to "save the country."
long suffering people. The Judges have o- . .. . ...
. ... t i i. , . Hia common seuao tells him that this is a
amid a wilderness of words, claimed the. i, . .
,, -r . . ' '.is, invented to cover the other wrong ; that
right ol Congress to issue paper money and rk,. . . . , ,,
. ... , , . . L i l u Cpase could have ''borrowed money"
make it legal tepder, beetle, although no , . . . .
jmH , . t legally to carry on the war. and bv proceed-
powers were rante v'do so by the , ,, . , , ,,.
nn .. .- .u . , i ing legally abundance of troops coud hive
Constitution, that inSmjrtTMt prohibited the . T a u . . j
c.olM f i r. . . . - . been had without illegally depriving any
bates from doing so. This is a emgu ar ,,. ... , 9 J ' J
. . . one of his liberty,
mode of reasoning, but it was the onlv one T.. . . ,, , .
,k u j . This is not all. Mr. Chase has issued
left to those who were first determined to -0rt nnn r , . ...
. . . . , , . . 520,000.000 of fractional currency which is
nave the power, and then look up ainharity , , . . .
, ., ' rf.J now so defaced and dilapidated that at least
for it. That no better authoTily cr : tel.,... rftfl. . c . u
, . ., . , lp4,000,COO has become confiscated in the
procured by all that array ol egarTalui7:r , , . , . ...
, . , . yiands of the peoplecan't pass it. Every
proves conclusively that no authority exlrfsf , ,, . ,, c , ,. . . r '
T. f, . . . r day the holder finds that the grocer, the mar
f he Constitution contains the following , . , . . , r
j ket man and the shopkeeper refuses to take
MThe powers not delegated to the United
Slates by the Constitution, nor prohibited,
by it to the Slates, are reserved to the States
respecfivtty, or to the people."
This provision is very clear and exclu
des the right of Congress to issue paper
money or to make anything a legal tender.
This latter fact is one generally over!ooked
and has been so entirely by the Court of
Appeals: but we shall demonstrate it. The
following are clauses from the Constitu
tion: "Congress shall have power to borrow
money on the credit of the United States."
"To coin money, to regulate the valae
thereof, and of foreign coin."
"To provide for the punishment ol coun
terfeiting the securities and current coin of
the United States."
' No State shall coin money, emit bills of
credit or make anything but gold and silver
a tender in payment of debts."
"Nor shall any person be deprived ol
life, liberty or properly without due procesn
Now the first power conferred upon Con
gress was the exclusive one of "coining
money;" ano'L-r clause forbade the States
to do 60. The coin in the country at that
lime was mostly Spanish coin, but more or
ess coins of all nation, of different values.
It was requisite for Congress to fix a nation
al coin, and adjust the value of all those
foreign coins in relation o it. To 'coin
money' it was requisite to have the martiaf.
This was supplied by merchants who im
ported the metals, took them to the mintf
and Congress had them coined for the mer
chants, Congress was required to regulate
ihe value of the coined money, and it did
so by declaring that three hundred and
forty eight grains of pure silver coined
should be called "a dollar," or two hundred
and thirty-two grains of pure gold should
be "an eagle," or ten dollars. There the
functions of Congress ended, but it regula
ted the value of the foreign coins in accor
dance with these new coins. The mer
chants bronght ihe metals into the country
and Congress coined them and regulated
their valne But Congress never made any
thing a legal lender. The S'ates were to
make these United States coins, or any for
eign coins, a legal tender, providing they
were all gold and silver. They could not
make copper or bras or leather or paper
or anything else a legal tender, only gold
and silver. Up to the pasage of the paper
money bill by the Republicans the Federal
Government never made a legal tender.
The money of the country, the coics,
being thus provided, Congress was empow
ered "io borrow money" on the credit of
the Government. The States were forbid
den to issue paper money, "emit bills of
credit," and a degree was introduced into
convention to authorize Congress to '"emit
bills of credit." This was stricken out.
iays Mr. Madison, ' to cat off all pretext for
issuing paper money." Thus the power to
issue paper was forbidden to the Stares and,
as deliberately, refused to the Federal Gov
ernment. The right to do it is, however, claimed as
the right to borrow money. Under tin's
right .Congress authorized in 1861 fifty mil
lion of paper money payable on their face
on demand in gold and silver. Mr. Chase
failed to do this, the Treasury became bank
rupt, it nevar paid a dollar for one of their
notes, bat took them in. payment of debtii to
it. Since the four hundred million of paper
has been issued bearing on their face the
"The Uoiied States will pay the bearar.
at the Treasurer in New York."
Now this promises to pay "one Jollur,"
and is not therefore "a dollar" of itiself.
What is a dollar ? It is according to United
States law, Congressional enactment, 343
grains of pure silver, or 23.2 grains cf pure
gold. Let any one go to the Treasurer and
claim the dollar here promised, and he will
be laeghed at. When Congress authorized
the issue of these promises, it passed a law
that not onely they need not be paid, but
that no individnel in the whole country who
had promised to pay ',dollars" need f alfill
his contract; that all creditors should take
paper instead of gold. Thus a deliberate
lie was engraved on these pieces of paper
bearing the portraits oi Mr. Chase and Mr.
Lincoln, and a confiscation of the-property
of creditors was ordered by this ' operation.
j -"" V OU 111 ICIJ
on t77T u K' ? Z
oponto pay. Ho haw his pocket book
full nf . .. .
lu,,0 P'omises to pay him dollars; he se-
!.. nr,a r , J , , ' ,
ec9 one Tor ten thousand dollars and de-
min,i. ,., u tr i
m payment. He is offered paper for
,h amnn, k.,. . u
am0llnl bal t worth only seven
,honsand dollar.. H i,;n. 'a
r. , , . , .r .'
Phase's portrait s'ares at him with hard ar-
. , . .
'ogance. He has had three thousand dol
, A ,
,ars ' his money taken from him "without
, , , ' , .
process of law," and he has no remedy
C, c. . , ..
Mr tantn seizes a workingman, tears him
, .. , ... , a- ? . ...
r, h'9 fam,!'' h sends h,m
the "e. ,f he ,s not shot ,n sixty
days, Mr. Chase gives him paper promis-
. , .. . . ....
ng to pay him twenty six "dollars." a sum
c , J U . . ' ,
fixed by Congress, in specie. He finds on
,. .. . . -
Preseni-itig the notes !o the Treasurry that
,K - .,, . . .. .
they will not pay. if ihey wou d pay he
, , . . . , . v 3
coul" ge: eight barrels of flower for his
r.T, f , . . . ., . ' ,
money to feed his fami y. As Mr Chase
. 3 ,
won't pay however, he gets only five bar
. ., , . . .
rels. He loses equal to three barrels of
fl. . ..
nour out of the pittance given him for s xty
.,,, ... ' . . , . ,., '
daJ8 lo8J 01 ,lberiy and risk of life, yet the
. .. . . . ..
i 0v.uiuiic7 n. uiiii iiiai uu ciiau
j the ihase shinplasler, that his small earn
'( ings are confiscated 'without due procesftof
law," and ne has no remedy. He knows
also that when he loes pass the paper he
loses one-third, of his right. He is charged
fourteen cents for a pound of sugar. If Mr.
Chase paiiXShsiitutional coin the sugar
would be but eight rents and all the sup
plies for which his family suffers, would be
proportionately less. While his property
is thus confiscated, Mr. Chase arrogantly
assures the country that he Is "borrowing
LATEST F110JI IHAULLSTOX.
Progress of Gen. Gillmore's Preparations
Advices to Tuesday Last Early Resump
tion of Jan t Cpei ahons.
New Vohk, Oct. 9. The U. S. transport
Curlew, from Charleston bar on the morn
ing cf tbe 6;h inst , has arrived here.
She left Port Royal on the 4ih inst, and
towed the Weekawken to Charleston bar.
The Patapsco and Passaic were at work,
but generally the navy was doing nothing.
The correspondent of the Baltimore
American, writing from Charleston bar on
the 5th inst., says :
"All is qtuet except the occasional firing
from ihe retiel lort.
"Geo. Giilmore's preparations are nearly
completed, and active operations will soon
"The steamers Tah Kee and Commodore
Dupont arrived yesterday from For:res
Baltimore Oct. 9. The following has
been received from the correspondent of the
"Charlestov Harbor, Oct. 2. A mon
otonous inactivity continuesto prevail here.
The rebel fire upon our working parties
has slackened. General G.llmore's works
are rapidly progres-ing. 0ir batteries now
reply to the James island forts, and occa
sionaly shell the ruins of Fort Sumpter.
The health of the army and navy is good.
A heay northwest pale set in last night,
but our vessels sustained no damage from
"Fridat Evening There is considerable
firing ibis evening between our batteries
and ihe rebel works on James Island.
"Fort Sumter was also shelled fcr a short
time this evening.
"There is a heavy cloud of smoke float
ing over James Island, apparently from a
The War Denioerats fraetical Peace Men.
How many of the so called leaders of the
War Democracy are ready to shoulder the
musket and enter the ranks ? Are these
men whose insatiable thirst for blood de
mands a still greater sacrifice of human
life willing to take Ihe field? Do they
mean by iheir'own pacific acts to fling ridi
cule on their professions, or do they stay
at home that they may partake of the ad
vantage which fall to the share of those
who sustain the Government in a vigorous
prosecution of the war.
It is about time that the real character of
these men was thoroughly understood.
What right have they to insist on the pro
longation of a conflict in which they incur
no risk ? Let every Democrat, who would
furnish the Administration with "legitimate
means" for the further prosecution of this
fratricidal strife, be called upon to en!it,and
prove by his acts the sincerity of his pro
fessions. Let every one of these so called
leaders of the party who insist upon insert
ing the war plank in tbe platform, be re
quired to test the strength of their convic
tions in favor of the physical force policy,
by at once donning tbe Federal uniform.
This is tbe way to prove them, and should
they shrink from the lest, let us hear no
more of ihe war policy, particularly when
that policy is to be carried out by the Ad
ministration over whose acts they can ex
ercise no control. These men, while they
call for more blood, for a prolongation of
this hellish strife, act peace. Their own acts
and professions are in conflict. Theirs is
the patriotism that costs nothing. For the
Democrat whose acts are in consonance I
with his professions we entertain a certain
degree of respect; but these men are either
politicl fools or political hypocrites.
The country has already had enough of
this war cant, this hounding on of others in
the track of blood, this insatiate Moloch like
thirst for human sacrifices. Let all those
who claim to lead the Democracy, and
whose "voice is still for war," be required
to place their lives in the hands of the Ad
ministration as they demand others shall
do. We are for peace, and so are they, :f
we are to jude by their acts.
i 1 ' ' '
8 1 68 mj Wood
194 286 87 mj. Curtin
Greenwood, , 159
Mt. Pleasant, .
Orange, 1 1 5
145 30 mj. Cnrtin
97 83 mj. Wood
195 mj. Wood
161 13 mj Curtin.
29 108 mj Wood
Woodward's maj. as far as heard Irom in
this county is 11S6. It may reach 1700 !
The Stale is not lost for Woodward if we
may judge from the returns from the Aboli
tion falronz holds.
The JleLclIan Testimonial.
The first proposal to present a testimonial
to General McClellan met with unexpected
approbation,.and corps and division com
manders, without exception, favored the
project, many ef them.. heading the lists
with magnificent sums. All contributions
were to be voluntary, and it was lound ne
cessary to limit the amout given by privates
lest more money should be raised than
could be properly disposed of. Twelve
thousand dollars were raised in a single
corps. Kvery member ol General Meade's
staff, except one, contributed, the General
himself setting the example, and when the
order was received from Washington to dis
con inue the collection, and' refund the
money, the astonishment ot the officers and
men was only equalled by their chagrin,
nearly every officer of not in the army hav
ing been permitted to receive testimonials
The troops were at aloxs to accoiinl for this
unexpected proceeding, nmil ihe malignity
whic!i promp-edthe measure was beirayeJ
in the treatment ol officers who inlereMed
themselves in the movement. Col. Dvis,
As..i!.tani Inspector General on the staff ot
General Meade, a class mate and an inti
mate friend of General McClellan, wl:o look
ihe subscription list around among the orfi
rers at headquarters, has teen reduced to
ihe rank of Mijor, and ojJere.l to Santa Fe.
O. her officers are under the ban. while the
troop, mortified and indignant, poikel
their contributions and await a more con
A Scorching Letter.
Bishop Hopkins on the Rr probtes.
A few weeks ago, we published a large
part oaniphlet of Bishop Hopkins letter
on Slavery, as written and origiually
published in January 1861. Since its
late re-publication, certain Episcopal
Clergymen of Philadelphia, with Bishop
Potter at their head published the follow
Bishop liopkitis and the Icstilufio cf
Tbe subscribers deeply regret that the
fact of the extensive circulation through
this Diocese, of a letter by "John Henry
Hopkins, Bishop of the Dioccsa of Ver
mont," in defense of Southern slavery,
compels them to make this public protest.
It is not their province to mix'io any po
litical canvass. But as ministers of Christ,
in the Prctcstant Episcopal Church, it be
comes them to deuy any complicity or
sympathy with such a defence.
This attempt not only to apo!gize for
Slavery in the abstract, but to advocato it
as it exists in the cotton States, and in
States which sell mea and women in the
open market as their staple product, is, in
their judgment, unworthy of any servant of
Jesus Chri?t, As an effort to sustain on
Bible principles, the States in rebellion
against the Government, in the wicked at
tempt to establish by force ol arms a tjr
ranny under the name of a Republic,
whose f'corner-stono" shall be the perpet
ual bondaire of tho African.it challenges
their indignant reprobation.
TiilaJephia September, 1563
Alonzo Potter, Geo Leeds,
John Hednew, J A Childs,
E A Washburn, Thos C Yarnall,
W uliam Suddards, E Lounsbery,
D 11 Goodwin,
II M Stuhrt,
J G Maxwell,
J A Yaughan,
E S Watson,
Geo A Durborrow,
li J Parvin,
A Be ally,
T S Yocum,
J R Moore,
W J Alston,
G M Murray,
C G L Richards,
G A Strong,
J W RobiDs,
Thoa B Barker,
M A To! man,
O W Shinn,
C W Duane,
J II Drumm,
G B Allinson,
J X Spear,
Jos N Mulfort,
G G Field,
L C Newman,
R C Evans,
E C Jone3.
J I)e W Perry,
It G Case,
T G Clemson,
M A I)e W Howe,
W W Spear,
Jacob M Douglass,
II S Spaclman,
P. Van Pelt,
C D Cooper,
W F Paddock,
R D Hall,
J D Newline,
B W Moms,
D S Millen,
B T Noakcs,
R A Garden,
11 0 Matlack,
L W Smith,
J L Heysinger,
Charles A Maison,
O B Beith.
A B Atkins,
Samuel E Smith,
W N Diehl
Chas W Quick,
II T Wells
To which Bishop Hopkins replies as
TO THE RIGHT EVEREND
ALONZO POTTER, D.
Bishop of tho Dioceso of Penna. :
I have seen, with great amazement, a
protest against my letter on the "Bible
view of Slavery." signed by you and a
long list cf your clergy, in which you
condemn it as "unwoithy as any servant
ot Jesus Christ?' as "an effort to sustain,
on Bible principles, tbe States ia rebellion
against the Government in the wicked at
tempt to establish, by force of arms, a ty
ranny.in the name of a Republic, whose
corner stone hball be the perpetual bond
age of the African," aDd as such you say
that it challenges your "indignant repro
bation.u . - -
Now my Right Reverend brother, I am
sorry to bo obliged to charge you, not on
ly with a gross insult against your senior,
but with the more serious offence of a false
Je more serious onence ot a talse
. My letterwas first published
V. IPfll.morft tliTl tlirpo mrmtKa
in January, !8Gl,more than three months
before the war began, at a timo when no
one could anticipate tho form of Govern
ment which the Southern States should
adopt, or the coarse which Congress might
take in reference to their secession. And
when I consented to its republication, I
did not suppose that it would be used in
the service of any political party ,althongh
I had no right to complain, if it were so
used, because the letter, once published,
, ' , ,.
beeame public property. But in its pres-
ent form there is nothiDg whatever in it
which bears on the question ol 'rebellion,'
or cf the 'perpetual bondage of the Afri
can,' or of a 'tyranny under the namo of a
Republic,' of which slavery should be the
"corner-stone." On the contrary, I re
ferred, on the latt page, to my lecture pub
lished fta Buffalo in 1850, and to my book
called 'The American Citizen,'' published
in New York, in 1857, where ''I set forth
the ame views on the subject of blavery,
adding, however, a plan for its gradual
abolition whenever the South should con- !
sent, and the whole strength of the Gov
ernment could aid in its accomplishment."
Sooner or later,'' I added, "I believe that
some measure of that character must be
adopted. But it belongs to the slave States
themselves to take the lead in such a
movement. And meanwhile their legal
rights and their Datural feelings must be
, , , , , . ,
respected, if we would hope for unity and
With these facts before your eyes, I am
. , , , ,
extravagacce of party zeal could frame
ugJiun ixic iu umci U ucuuuuiiiiiou. no
whole objeet of my lettor was to prove,
from Vie Bible, that in the relation of mas
ter and slave there was necessarily no sin
whatever. The kin, if there
lay in the treatment of the slave, and not
m the relation itself. Of course, it was
,. , , , ,
hable to abuse, as all human re.atbns
,, , ., .
rauatbe. Lat while it was certain that
thousands of our Christian brethren, who
held slaves were treating them with kind-
ness and justice, according to the Apos-
ties rule, and earnestly laboring to im-
prove the comforts ana ameliorate the
; ,,. , ... r
bardslnps of the institution, I held it to
be a cruel and absurd charjre to accuse
them as sinners ooaiDst the Divine low,
" , . . . '
when they were only doing wLat the W ord
,,,; , ,
of God allows, under the conttttution and
established code cf thei: country.
. . , , , , ..
I do not know whether vour band oiin-
, . . ,
published 18, 57, but yoa read because
I sect you a copy, and I have your letter
of acknowledgment, in which, wh le you
dissented from some of my couol jion3, you
did it with the courtesy of a Christian gen
tleman. In that letter there is nothing
said about my opinions beiDg ''unworthy
of any servant of Jesus Christ," and noth
ing of ''indignant reprobation." But.
taapora tntdautur et ?io mutamur t't
Yes ! the time3 are indeed sadly chang
ed, and you have chaDged accordingly.
For many years you met in brotherly
council with these Southern slaveholders.
You invited them to the hospitalities o I
your house, and paid them c?pecial defer
ence. Tho now light of Eastern Abcli
tionUm had not yet risen within our
Church, and if you then thought as you
now think, you took excellent care that
no man amongst your Southern friends
should know it. Moreover, your favorite
Theological Seminary, only three years
ago, was tha Virginia school at Alexan
dria, raised to great prosperity by Bishop
Meade, a slaveholder, and I am vesy sure
that nothing at vamnco with my Bible
view of slavery was taught in that institu
tion. Yes ! we may well say of you, as
of many others Quantum mutatus Q,b
xllo How changed is the Bishop of Penn
sylvania, in three years, from his former
course of conservatism, pcaeo and Scriptu
ral consistency 1
But the Word of God has not changed ;
the doctrine of the Apostles has not chang
ed ; the Constitution of our country has
not changed ; the great standards of re
ligious truth and real civil loyalty remain
just as they were : and I remain along
with them, notwithstanding this bitter and
unjust assault from you and your clergy.
I do not intend to imitate your late style
of vituperation, for I tru3t that I have
learned, even when I am reviled, not to
revile again. I respect the good opinion
of your clergy, and am not aware that
have done anything to forfeit it. I re
spect your office, your talents, your per
sonal character, and the wisdom and suc
cess with which, for many years, your
Episcopate has been conducted.
Bat I do not respect yoar departure from
the old aBd well settled rule of the Church,
and from the Apostolic law of Christian
fairness and countesy. I do not believe
in the modern discovery of those Eastern
philanthrapists who deny the divinity of
our Redeemer, and attach no importance
to the Bible except as it may suit them-
selves. I do not believe that the veaer
ated founders of our American rK.i,
I were ignorant of the Scriptures acd blind
to the principles of Gvpcl mortality. I
do not believe that Washington' and Lis
compatriots, who framed our Constitution
With such express provisions for the rights
ot siare boners, were tyrants and despot,
sinners against the law of God and the
fteliDgs of huuianity. But I do not believe
in the teaching of the inspired Apostles,
-and in the Holy Catholic for universaH
Il U 1.-1- '
umuu wuicn you ana yonr clergy also
profess to believe. I know that the doc
trine of that Church -Avas clear and unani
mous on the laicfulness of slavery for
eighteen centurie together; and on that
point I regard your 'protest" and "in',
dignant reprobation" as the idle wind that
I wish you, therefore to be advertuedv
that I shall publish, within a few months
if a frac5oilS PrnvMonen ot-inl,! m-...-,. J.
i;a ,Ti- r n -a . -
llle and facuIt,, a full demonstration of
t tl . f- T ,
tbe truth "wherein I stand." And T mhu
prove in that book, "by the most unqnes'
tionable autLoriti?s, that slaves and slave
holders were in the church from beginning;
that slavery was held to be consistent with
Christain principle by the Fathers and
Councils, and by all Protestant divines and
commentators, up to the very close of the
last century, and that this fact was uni
versal among all Churches and sects
throughout the Christain world. 1 shall
contend that our Church, which maintains
the primitive rule of catholic consent and
abjures all novelties, is bound, by her very
Constitution, to hold fast that only safe
and euduring rule, or abandon her Apos
tolic rjaims, and descend to the level of
those who are "driven about by every wind
of doctrine." And I shall print youf
indignant reprobation," with its list of
names, in the preface to my book, so that
I -e T , e . ,
, " I cannot give you fame, I may, at leat,
! do my part to give you Dotonety.
That the nineteenth century is a cenla
ry of vast improvement and wonderfjl.dis-
covery in the arts and sciences-, I grant as
I .. , , . ,. .
iences I grant as
But in religious
truth or reverence for the Bible, the age
in which we live is prolific in daring and
impious innovation. We have feen pro-
' fescdly Christain comunities divided and
. nK,i:w'i(i(J,i nn OPnr- t lv
, , r tT . ,. .
the rH? anJ Tread of Umversalisra, Mil-
' t, , . , t. .
, Ierism, Pantheism, Mormontsm and Spint-
m u- .,
uahsra. e have seen even our venerable
j iotj,er Church of England sorely agitated
; by the contasious fever of change on the
j one hand towarJj Buperttition and on tha
Lther towartls ini.iel Iat;0DaW And
j , i . ,
I we have heard tho increasing clamor
! ': , .1 t. i , , , ,
i Bganut the Bible, sometimes from the de-
I r 1 1 1
votees of geological speculation, sometime
i , .1 , , , , - - . , ,
from tho bold denicrs of miracles and
j , , . , , ..
'! prophecy, and, not least upon tha li t,
; r f. , ii, , 4, f
; rocl tl10 Inad-tongued apostles of anti-
' u . 1 T .
slavery. We have marked the oraton
i , ,.r. ... , -r .
I which cry "Down with the Bible, if it
! . . . . e 1 e 1 ,-
1 maintains the lawfulness 01 slavery. We
hive marveled at the senatorial eloquence
wntcn proclaimed mat it was Ligli time
to have an anti-slavery God and an anti
siavery B;b!e." We have heard the Con
stitution of our country denounced as "a
covenant w.th death aud bell." We have
heard the boasted determination that tha
Un'ou shall never be restored until its pro
visions for the protection of slavery are
utterly abolished. And what is the result
of all this new philanthropy I The fear
ful judgement of God has descended ti
chastise these multiplied acts of rebellion
against His divine Government, and what
the final catastrophe shall be is only
know n to Him who seeth the end from the
After forty years spent in'the ministry
more than thirty of which have passed ii
the office of a Li;ho;, I can look back
with humble thankfulness to the Giver of
all good for this, at least that all my best
labors have been directed to the preserva
tion of the Church from the inroads of
doctrinal innovation. At my ordination I
promised ''so to minister the docthixb
and sacraments and discipline of Christ,
as the Lord hath comm uidod, and as this
Church has leceived the same''9 and cer
tain it is that "this Church ' had not re
ceived tbe modern doctrine of ultra-Abolitionism
at that time, a3 1 trust she never
will receive it, because its contrary to the
Sacred Scriptures. I also promised uwitb
all faithful diligenco to banLh and drive
rway from the Church all eroneius and
strange doctrin's coutrary to God's Word,!'
and 1 uiadc those promises in the truo
sense which the venerable Bishop White,
my Ordaiuer,attached to them I believed
then, as he believed, that our Southern
bretbern committed lo sin in having slave
and that they were men of as muck piety
as any miui.ster in our Communion. I
believed, as he belived, that the plain pre
cepts and practice of the Apostles sano,
tioncd the institution, although as a matter
of expediency, the time might come when
the bouth would prefer, as tlx 2orth had
done, to employ tree labor. Those prom
ises I have kept faithfully to this day and
it, when 1 am drawing near to the end ot
my career, I am to be condemned and vil
ified by you and your clergy, because I
still maintain them to the utmost of my
slender ability, be assured, my Right Rev
erend Brother, that I shall regret the fset
much more on your account than on my
In conclusion, I have only to say that I
feel no resentment for the grossly insditing
style of yourmanifeeto. The stability and
unity of the Church of God are the only
interests which I desire to secure, and I
am too old in experience to be much
moved by the occasional excess of human
infirmity. John n. Hopkins,
Uisnop cf the Diocese of Vermont.
Burlington, Vt., Oot 5, 1973.