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Vr, 11. JACOBY, I ublisher.
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N Y. flVEEKLY NEWS.
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r-rietor. Published at No. 19 Ciiy Hall
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THE NEW YORKWEEKLY NEWS is
onrivufeJ iir it ability and enterprise as a
public joiirral. and in
It mo't efficien ly conducted, so as to form
a weekly record of event political, com
- mercial, financial and - literary, ihrognout
the World.; In addition to Ihi it contains
" till fhre Domestic Intelligence of each week
and mrl reports of every n.atier of public
A a political Journal The Weekly News
will be found on the side of tha Constitu
. lion of ibe co'jrtry a. it was framed and
. estsblisasd hy the Fathers of the Republic,
and w ill wan with care and fidelity every
public act I hut may tend to the violation of
ite letter and npiril of that instrument of
our libertine. It prefer the
POLICY" OF PEACE
to a rait.ocs and exhausting sysiem of War.
' Insisting upon the ' trutn of the principle
embodied in lie Declaration of Indepen
dence that th-s just powers of the Govern
ment are derit ed from the consent of the
governed, it ures the preservation of the
fundamental principles of liberty, inviolate,
a of more sacred mportance than national
praridenr or eonsolic"attd power nnder des
potic rule wit tout the pale of established
. law. On all question of na'ional impor
lance it ! the inflexible champion ot the
nchw c( citizons, as guaranteed under the
instruments by which they bav edecided to
be Cemed. It therefore boldiy avow its '
purprse ta ataio tne freedom of Speech
and ot the Pte., wuh the view to protect
te-ruople from the encroaching dogmas ot
theoris is vrho contempelate a modification
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fort to overtt row them. In all matter per
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Federal and Legislative laws, and a firm
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yoliiu-nl proposition may be expected a
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structi a ,.t feing derived from some of
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wnh h" a'jr ost iIiiv by those who deire
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il is by far She cheapest newspaper in the
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ud coid oct lo use their influence in adding
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.containing all the news of the day. Politi
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Addrens BENJAMIN WOOD, Editor
; and Proprietor, No. 19 City Hall Square,
SISGER & CO S
Letter "A" Fansilj Sewing Machine,
' IFith all the Recent Improvements.
Is the best and cheapest and most beauti-
ful of all Sswina Alachines. This Machine
will saw anything, from the running of a
luce itTarletan to the making ot an over
coat; anything from Pilot or Beaver cloth
down (o. Ibe softest Gaue or Gossamer
Tissue, and is ever-ready to do its work to
perfection It can fell, hem, bind,. gather,
- lack, eiuWr., and has capacity for a great va
riety of ornamental work. This is not the
only Machine that can fell, hem, bind, and
to fori o, tnt it will do so-better than any
other machine. The Letter "A" Family
Syriri; Machine may be ha J in great vari
ety of cabinet cases. The Folding Case,
which is 'now becoming so popular, is, as
its : naroe-'implies, one ihat can be folded
jr.tn a box or case, which, when opened,
makes & beautiiul. substantial, substantial,
and spacious table for the work to rest
upon.. Tfja ca-earaol every imaginable
deiign; plain as the wood grew in its native
forust, or i s elaborately finished as art can
The Branch OSices are well supplied with
sill: twist,! ihread,. needles, oil, etc., of the
very best quality. ' .
5ec d (or a copy of StsGrn & Co.'s Gazette.
,1 I. M SINGER & CO.,
- . 458 Broadway. N. Y.
FIHLADELFHIA OFFICE.810 Chestnut St.
H. S. Tiiigley, Agent, in Espy Pa.
John Sbiuple, Agent, ia Cattawiesa.
Joy 23,;iS62.-)y. ( r
'BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 14 1863.
HEADING RAIL ROAD.
St ill MLR ARRANG-MEAT.
"JREATTrunk line from the Norlh and
North-west for Philadelphia, New
York, Reading. Polisville, Lebanon, Allen
town. Easton, &c &e. '
Trains leave Harrisburg for Philadelphia
New York, Reading, Poitsville, and all in
termediate Sta.ions, at 8 a. M. and 1.40 p. m.
New York Expre- leaves Harrisbnrt at
1.25 a. m. airtving i New York at 8.25 the
Fares from Harrisbnrg: to New York
S5 00, to Philadelphia $3,25 and $2,70.
Baage checked through.
Returnins leave New York at 6 A. M. 12
Noon, and 8 P. M. (Pittsburgh Express.)
Leave Philadelphia at 8 A. M. and 3.1 5 P.
Sleeping cirs in the New York Exprers
Trains, through to and from Pittsburgh
Passengers by the Caftawissa Rail Road
leave Port Clinton at 4.45 A. M. for Phila
delphia and all intermediate Stations, and
at 3.00 P. M. lor Philadelphia. New York,
and all Way Points.
Trains leave Poitsville at 9 A. M. and
2.15 P. M. for Philadelphia and New York,
and a; 5.30 P. M. for Aubnrn and Port
Clinton only, connecting' for Pine Grove
and with the Catlawissa Rail Road.
An accomodation Passenger train leaves
Reading at 6 A. M. and returns from Phila
delphia at 5 P. M.
lis" All the the above ttains run daily,
Sui das excepted.
A Sunday train leaves Potlsvijle at 7.30
AM. and Philadelphia at 3.i5 P. M.
Commutation, Mileasa, Season, and Ex
cur sioi: Tickets, at reduced rales to and
from ail points.
G. A. NICULLS,
June 4:h i8C2.
Pulmonary Consumption A
Curable Disease !
TO C OIVMJJJ PTI VES.
THE undersigned having been restored
to health in a few weeks, by a very rim
pie remedy, after having suffered several
years with a severe lung affection, and that
dread disease, Consumption i anxious to
make known to bis leiJow sufferers the
means of cure.
To all who desire t, he will send a copy
cf ihe prescription n-eJ (free of charge),
withthe directions for -preparins and u-inn
the ame, which they will find a turt cm e
lor Consumption, Anhma, Bronchitis,
Conahs, Colds, &e. The oi.ly object of the
adverser in sending the Prescription is to
benefit the afflicted, and spread the infor
mation which he conceives to be invalua
ble ;' anf he hopes every sufferer will try
his remedy, as it will cost them nothing',
and may prove a blessing.
Parties waning the prescription will
REV. EDWARD A. WILSON
Wiliiamsburib, Kings county, N. Y.
Sept. 23. 1863 4mos
TERRIBLE DISCLOSURES !
Secrets For the million !
m i valuable and wonderful publi
ca'Toii. A work of 400 pa2, and
3icoWI engravi-igs. DR. HUNTER'S
VA DE.MECUM, an original and popular
trea'i- on Man and Wcman, their Phys
unctions, and Sxual disorders of
, pvirv kinu, with xvever railing iiemedies.
i.r i' r peedy cure. The practice of
Dr. Ht'-NTER has long been, and still is,
I unbou iOrtd, but at ihn crcest solicitation
I num'etdiis persons, he has been induced
; to pr o' d h:a medical usefulness through
the ,ei mm of his "VADEMECUM." It
is a volume ihat snonld be in the hands ol
every family in the land, as a pre venti ve of
secrei vices, or as a guide for the allevia
tion of one of the most awful and destruc
tive sconrse ever visited mankind. One
copy, seourely enveloped, will be forwar
ded free ot postage to any part of the Uni
ted States tor 50 cents in P. O. stamps, 3
co.ues for SI. Address, post paid, DR.
HUNTER, No. 3 Division StTeet, New
Sept 9. 1863.
North Central Railway.
TWO TRAINS DAILY to and from the
North arid West Branch of the Susquehan
na, Elmira, and all of Northern New York.
On and after Mondav, Anril 20lh, 1863,
the Passenger Trains of (he North Central
Railway will arrive and depart from Sun
bury, Harrisbnrt: and Baltimore, as follows:
Mail Train leaves Sunbury daily
except Sundays, at
Arrives at Baltimore,
10.10 a m.
Express Train leaves Sunbury daily
except Sundays, at 1 1 07 p.m.
Leaves Harrisb'rg.excepl Monday 2.00 a.m.
Arrives at Baltimore daily except
Monday, at 6.15 a.m.
Accommodation leaves Harrisb'rg 6,30 a.m.
Mail Trail leaves Baltimore daily
except Sundays, at 9.15 am.
Leaves Harrisburg, 1.15 p.m.
Arrives at Sunbury, 4.05 p m.
Express Trains Baltimore daily, 9.15 "
Arrives at ilarrii-bnrg, 1.35 a.m.
Leaves Harrisb'rg except Monday ,3.00 "
Arrive? at Sunbury, 5-.38 "
For further particulars apply at the office.
I. N DUBARRY, Supt.
Harrisbnrg, Aug. 8, 1863
TIIE OLD GUARD.
A Monthly Journal, devoted to the Prin
ciples of 1776, Designed to unmask
the Usurpation, Desptisro and crimes of
ADd to defend the doctrines of State Rights,
and of Constitutional Liberty, aa held by
our Revolutionary Fathers.
Published by C- CHAUNCEY BURR &
Co., saa street, New Fork.
PRICE Single numbers 16 cents. For
warded by mail or express to all parts of
the United States at SI a year, in advance.
Any person sending ten subscriber ill
receive an additional copy for one year.
Aug. 26, 18631 '
J.ent9 Balmoral Lace Boots, will be sold
Tery low. Also. BoytShoes, at
. L. T. SHARPLX SS.'
J 'etc Stock of Clothing.
FALL So WINTER GOODS
JNVITES at'ention lo his stock of cheap
and fashionable Clothing at his Store, on
MJIJ.V STREET, Ji LOOMS BURG,
two doors above the American House,
where he has just received from New Yotk
and Philadelphia, a full assortment of
Men antl Boy's Clothing,
includiug the mosi fashionable, durable and
handsome, DRESS GOODS, consisting of
Box, Sack, Frock f Gum and O'U Cloth
Coals, and Pants,
of all sorts, sijes, and colors. He also has
replenished his already lariie stock of Fs.li
and Winter Shawls; striped, figured arid
plain Vests, shirts, cravats, slock-, collars,
handkerchiefs, gloves, suspenders and fancy
N B He bus constantly on hand a large
and well selected assortment of Cloihs and
Vestings, which he is prepared to make up
to order, into any kind ol clothing on very
short notice and in the besi of manner.
All his clothing is made to wear and most
of it is of home manufacture.
Ot every Description, Fine and Cheap
His Case of Jewelry is not Mirpased in th is
place. Call and examine his general as
sortment of Clothing, Watches, Jewelry,
&c &c.' PAVID LOW EN BE KG.
Blnomsburg, Ai). 26, 1863.
OF FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
rMIE subscriber has just returned
the Cities with another large and
FALL & 1VIiTK: GOODS,
purchased at Philadelphia &nd New York,
al the lowesi figure, and which he is
determined rosell on as moderate terms as
can be procured elsewhere in BloomsLarg.
. His stock comprises
Ladies' Dress Goods,
of the choicest styles and latest fashions.-
C2 xtce a1 a S5S
HARD W ARK. QUERNS WARE.
CEDAR WARE, HOLLOW-WARE,
Boo's and Shos, Hais ami Caps, &c , &c.
In short, ever thing usually kepi in com try
stores; to which he invites the public gener
ally. The highest price will be paid for coun
try produce, in exchange for good.
STEPHEN II MILLER.
Bloomsburg, Aug. 26, 1863.
CIRTOXS i CII EAP HAT STORlf"
Another Arrival of Goods.
" Now is Your Time lo Buy.
I NOW SELL CHEAPER THAN EVER.
TIHE undersigned having bought out the
1 Grocery of David Stroup, has removed
his Hat and Cap Store up to Slroup's Old
Stand, where in addition to a superior as
SPRING AND SUMMER
a HATS AND CAPS,
Comprising every soit and quality, which
will be sold ai unusually low prices.
He will continue ihe Grocery and Notion
business in all its forms as carried on by
Mr. Stroup And solicits a continuance of
the old customers.
ALSO,-A fine lot of KIDS, M0R0CCOES,
and LININGS to which he invites the at
tention ol Shoemakers and the pnblic.
JOHN K. GIRTON.
Bloorrsbnrg, Aug. 26, IH63.
rVciv Clothing More.
LATEST STYLES CHEAP GOODS.
fllHE undersigned respectfully informs
his friends and the public generally,
ihat he has just received from (he Eastern
Cities, a laroe assortment of
'AND SUMMER CLOTHING
Fresh from ihe seat of Fashion, cf all
sorts, sizes and quantities, which , will be
sold cheap for cash or country produce.
" RATS & CAPS
i-Sjw Together with a variety ol no
tions and things loo troublesome to numer
ate, lo which he invites the attention ol pur
chasers. ESCall and examine our stock of goods.
ANDREW J. EVANS.
Bloomsburz. Ana. 26, 1863.
OR FRENCH CREAM.
FOR BALD HEADS AND BAR FACS:
MJIS celebrated article is warranted to
brin" out a full set of Whiskers en the
smoothest face, or a fine growth of hair on
a Bald Head, in lest, than six weeks, and
will in no way stain or injure the s;in.
The French Cream is manufactured ty Dr.
PelatreauH of Paris, and is the only reliable
article of the kind. Use no other. , War
ranted in eve'ry case. ONE BOX WILL DO
THE WORK. Price SI. CO. ImporteJ and
for sale Wholesale and Retail by
THOS. F. CHAPMAN,
Chemist and Druggist,
831 Broadway, New York.
P. S. A box of ihe Onguent sent to any
address by return mail, on receipt of price,
and 15 cents for Postage.
. August 26, 1S63 1m.
EDWR AD B. SNIDER,
- '. AND .
General Commission Iler
Bloomsburg, Columbia county Pa. . '
Particular attention given to Patem rights.
SepU 2, 1863. 3mot -
STAR OF THE NORTH
PUBLISHED ETKRT VBDRE8SAT BY
w. a. JACOBy,
Office n Main St., Sd Square belw market
TERMS : Two Dollars pr annum if paid
within six months from the time of subscri
bing: two dollars and fifty cents if not paid
within the year. No subscription taken for
t less period than sis months; no discon
tinuance permitted until all arrearages are
paid, unless at the option of the editor.
7 he terms of advertising will be as follows:
One square, twelve lines, three times, SI 00
Every subsequent insertion, . . . , . 25
One square, three months 3 00
One year, ... 8 00
BETTER LITE TfliS NEVER.
Life is a race where some succeed,
While others, are beginning ;
'Tis luck at times, at others speed,
That gives an early winning.
But if you chance to fall behind,
Ne'er slacken your endeavor,
But keep this wholesome truth in mind,
'Tis better late than never.
If you can keep ahead, 'lis well,
But never trip your neighbor ;
'Tis noble when ton can excel
By honest, patient labor
But if you are outstripped at last,
Press on as bo'd as ever :
Remember, thongh you are surpassed,
Tis belter late than tever.
Ne'er labor for an idle boast
Of victory o'er ano'.her ,
Bnt while ou strive your mtermost,
Deal fairly with a broihf
Whate'er your station, do jowbeit,
Antl hold your purpose ever ;
And if you fail to beat the rest,
'Tis better late than never.
Choose well the path in whjch you run,
Succeed by Bobleilaring ;
Then, iho' the last, when once 'tis won,
Your crown is worth the wearing.
Then never fret il left behind,
Nor slacken your endeavor.
But ever keep this truth in mkid
'Tis belter late than never.
"IT'S BENEATH ME."
" I tell you it's beneath me, and I shall
not go. 1 didn't marry you to be made to
sit down with ail the common people in
Mexworlh. My lather was an apothecary,
and I know what's due o myself too well
to disgrace my family ; ar.d that's all abont
it, Sam," said Anne Rogers to her hus
band one erenrug towards the end of the
''Bui they are not law people," quietly
remarked Sam, as soon as his wife's volu
bility had a little expended itself. "They
are honest, industrious, well mannered
folks as any in the whole town."
"They are low people," retorted the lady.
! Didn't Mrs. Perkin's mother sells nuts and
apples at the corner of the street, and was
her father anything belter than a journey
men 1 It's nothing because Joe was your
fellow servant that you want me to demean
myself lo people like that I wonder you
haven't more proper pride than to forget
that you were butler when he was groom.
But if you have not dignity enough be
longing to you, 1 have, and that you'l! find,
Sam was pretty certain it was a desper
ate case, for his wife bad only once before
honored him with this form of address. He
stuck his hand), ihereiore, into his pockets
with a hopeless air; but not to be beaten
without a struggle, began once more, with
a "Bat my dear Anne"
"But my dear Anne has got a will of her
own about some things," was the impatient
reply, "and that's one; so joucan tell the
Pelkinses not lo expect me."
Half in terror, half in anger, her hus
band took up his hat, and hastened into the
Thank God that eyerywhere, even in the
busiest thoroughfare? of our busy towns, '
the sweet freshness of the summer evening
may be fell by those who seek it. It seems '
as a messenger, sent to smooth the rufHIed
brow of the angry and careworn, and to
bring fresh bloom into the faded cheek of
the sickly and the sad. Il is certainly our
own fault, if we do not come in of a sum
mer's night happier and better than we go
out; and so Sam, thought as he felt ihe
breeze upon his forehead. Accordingly, he
had not gone far before his anger had sub
sided, and his tenderness for his wife came
4'I knew the was high, before I married
her," he remarked to himself, "so I have
no cause to be surprised. She's high but
then she has a kind heart at the bottom.
Who can tell whether I mayn't get her to
see as I do, if Iv'e only patience for a bit?"
True, Sam: if you have patience you
may fairly expect it. We wish you success,
with all our hearts. We shall be glad too,
if you do succeed, of a lilUe advice from
you; for, unfortunately, not a day passes
over our head but some good undertaking
is spoiled in the beginning, for want ot ho
ping and trying a little longer.
Will Sam's be spoiled ? is, however, the
question at present. I think not, for con
scious that be had patience, and a good
deal for his time of life, he quickly made
up his mind what course to adopt. This
was, not to try to overturn his wife's pride
by direct attack; but, like a skilful general,
investing some fortified place to sap and
undermine it at the foundations.
By the lime he reached home, the cloud
bad passed away from Anne's face, and, in
a cheerful voice, she asked ilhe were ready
- During the meal, conversation went on
briskly; and Sam took an opportunity of
remarkink that be thoaght his wife would
have a visitor in a day or two; for he had
heard thai his old mistress and kind friend,
Mrs. Coortenay had come back from Lon
don, and she told him just before she went
that she would call and see him as soon as
she returned. J
"Well, I'm sureit's very kind, and I shall !
be uncommonly pleased to see her," said '
Anne. "I hope she will look in of an even
ing, though; I shonld not like a lady to
catch me in my dirty trim.''
"As to dirty, that you never are, said her
husband, turning a pleased look on the tidy
figure beside him. "1 believe," added he,
somewhat more drily, "that it's you she
comes to see. and not your new gown ; but
I dare say she wouldn't mind going up and
looking in the drawers, if you asked her.''
Anne, who had a quick sense of the ridi
culous, was moreamused than angry at
this speech, and f fesnVy. after turned the
The following evening when Sam came
home to tea, be heardthat Mrs. Courtenay
had just called ; and found bis wife in ex
treme delight at the kind and good-natured
liked so much," said Anne ''was
iiifteomiug right up to the table instead of
standing just in by the door. And then she
sat down on her chair there just as if she
had been in her own drawing-room and
talked away to me as kind as though 1
were her equal "
What did the talk about V inquired
"About you, mostly what a good ser
vant you used to be, and what a good hus
band she haJ thought you'd make. And
than she asked all about my family where
mother lived and how many sisters I had
married, and lots of things besides. But il
was not' said Anne, warming with her
subject, "i. was noi so much of the things
she said as the pleasant manner she had
witb her, ami then he shook hands so
heartily when she went away."
A halfsmile passed over Sam's face, as
he quietly remarked, "She did not seem as
if she thought it was beneath her to come to
see you then ? '
Anne made no reply , nnles a deep blnsh
can be considered as such; and her husband
wisely refrained from pressing her any far
ther. This was Wednesday evening. Friday
morning, at breakfast, Mrs. Rogers a"ked
her husband whether he had eaid anything
yet to ihe Perkinses.
"No: 1 have not seen Joe"; but I expect
to do so this evening, and I must give him
an answer then. What had I better say ?"
"That we will go," said his wife, without
the smallest hesitation ; and the husband
felt himself rewarded for his forbearance.
The evening of the visit soon came ; and
Anne, dressed in her wedding gown, ac
companied her husband.
To her surprize she found Mrs. Perkin's
house, thoogh smaller than her own, not
merely clean, bni the very pic:ure of com- j
fort. It had a most unusual luxury in this !
part of the town several pots of balsams!
and fuchias in the siuing-toom window; and
the room itself was hung with various pen- ;
cil drawings, the work of ihe Misses Cour- i
tenay, by whom they had been presented :
to Joe on his marraige. J
In putting on her bestbonnel and gown,'
Anne had also put on her most dignified j
manners. For the last three days she had
been weighing the difference of rank be- ,
tween the daughter of a journeyman and .
that of an apothecary , and it was, as im- !
portant in her opiniong, that this difference .
should be felt in its precise degree at their ;
first meeting, as it is in the eyes of a sol-
emn conn usher that at some grand cere
monial the precedence of an earl over a ba
ron shall be carefully observed. j
You will wonder perhaps, that as Anne
was sufficiently moved by Mrs. Cosrtenay'a :
example to go at ail if she did not go in a '
more humble spirit. Unfortunately, to many i
of us, this is no mystery. Her inborn in- j
visible enemy had received a sharp blow,
it is true ; but it had driven him from ihe
outworks into the citadel. There he took .
up a stronger position than before ; and but j
for God's blessing on a nature hottest and j
kindly in the ftiain, il would have gone j
hard but he would once more have regain-
ed the master) .
Anne, then, went prepared to be royally J
gracious, and to patronize Mrs. Perkins, if
she found her agreeable; but her plans!
were disconcerted, and by a very simple
eourse Mrs. Perkins was a person who ,
could not be patronized. Happily in most
circles her counterpart is to be met with, so i
a 6hort description will enable my readers J
to recognize her. When you see a woman i
quietly doing her daily work, without seek- i
ing for excrement, content to live and die j
unknown, if it so please her Father in heav
en, when you see one who feels that in
doing ihe bumble duties of every daj life
she is as great, in the sight cf God, as the !
conquerer in ihe battle-field or the lawgiver j
in the senate, there you see one whose j
manner is full of true dignity and whose!
countenance beams with true happines,
then you have the picture of many noble
woman amongst others of my Iriend Mary
Perkins. ' - j
"What a lady she would make I" said
Anne to her husband, as ihey walked slow-!
ly borne by the light of the moon. j
"What a lady she is " he quickly replied, i
"Yes, all the fine clothes in the world could j
not make her more so. All they could do S
would be to help other people to see it:
but it's a poor traveler that can find noplace
without a directing post." .
Anoe answered only by a sigh. There'
was something in her heart that said "Yes"
lo every word spoken by her husband , but
there was also a strong dislike to hear the :
remark spoken. j
Courage, Sam! have patience a little
longer, and who knows what, with God's j
blessing, you may be able to accomplish. )
, tu i
vuinc. juuiinv." rr p i n iitiia criri at 1
' J , ,' v.
nine years old to her brother, who was ap
parently a year younger, "run of now, for
it's just five o'clock, and you won't be back'
again belore tea time, unless you make
"Here's mother ; I'll a-k her if I most
Mother, I don't like to go for James Strong; i
may Anne go V
"Why don't you like to go John ?'' in-i
quired his mother an old Iriend, whom
we have not seen for ten long years.
"Because he has got such shabby clothes,
and the boys all laugh at him. And Henry
Davis paid this morning thai it was beneath
us lo play with bim."
"Henry Davis is very wicked then," ex
claimed the little girl."
"Not wicked, but he ought to be better
taught," said the mother. "Does he ac
cuse James Strong of being a thief.Johnny?'
"No mother," said Johnny, looking at
her with some little surprise.
"Or of being a liar, or of using bad words!"
he asked again.
"No," said Johncy, opening his eyes
wider and wider.
Then go and bring him here directly
And tell Henry Davis, the next time he says
anything, that your mother snyi it is not be
neath you to play with good boys, although
they jnay bt poor, and it is beneath you 10
plaj wiia bad beys, let them be ever so
Johnny ran off immediately, inspired by
his mother's word's ; and the father, who
had come in just in time to hear the last
se.nence, stood, looking at the picture of si
"Thank GoJ for helping me to be patient
with her," he said to himself. "Oh, what
a difference from ten years ago."
Fowi the Savage's Typographical Dictionary.
The London Times in 140.
The printing ofa daily newspapers inthe me'
ropolis is a distinct branch from that of brint
ing books and jobs, and is governed by differ
ent rules and regulations, so as to require a
separate account of the process. The rou
tine of business is uniform and regular,
without that variety which occurs in a book
house. The qualifications requisite for a
compositor on a newspaper are : Punctu
ality, quickness in composing, and clean
proofs so that no delay may take place
from the deficiency of any one individ
ual. As the London Times is one of lhe7 largest
daily papers in Europe, and as it is printed
in a smaller type, and containes more
matter than any other, it consequenly re
quires and employs more people to prepare
it lor publication ; and as it is generally ac
knowledaed to be one of ihe be-l conducted
papers lor the arrangement of i s matter,
and :he punctuality ot its publication, j
have selected it to give as a specimen ol
the manner of printing a daily morning
newspaper in London.
The compositors employed to compose
this great mass of intelligence day by day ,
and every day throughout the year, Satur
day excepteJ, there being no publication
on Sundays, are seventy-five, who are di
vided into two classes, viz. : the night or
news hands, and the advertisement hands
The first class consists of 33, who are di
vided into full hands, 14; supernumeraries,
10; assistants, 15; to these may be added
10 ''outsiders," who fill the frames of ab
sentees in cases of sickness, or from other
causes: ihey are not considered pe
longing to ihe establihment, inasmuch as
they hold nc situation, and are consequen
tly dependent upon the workmen. The
advertisement department consists of 36
As it is desiratle not to have to distribute
letter after copy is taken, the compositors
usually put iheir leiter in after all the corn
posing is completed, or take ihe oppertun
ity while waiting for copy, lo be ready for
the evening, or else they attend sooner in
the afternoon than the usual hour, lor that
The full hands take copy at bix o'clock in
the evening, precisely and go on withoul
regard to the old rule of first work and
finish, and the day's work is considered
to be completed at the expiration of eleven
hours, five o'clock in the morninz; if en
gaged after that time all hands are paid by
the hour, ihe printer never availing ,himie!f
of the ehoice of beginning an hour later
on account of the lateness of the preced-1
, , r i
ing morn in I. 1 lie iuu uanus aircijicciou iu
compose two galleys each per night, and
all over lines are paid for extra, even
though they are conoed within the time
prescribed by the rules laid down for lhe
guidance of compositors.
The supernumeraries are expected to
compose one galley each per night, and all
over lines are paid for extra, the same as
with the toll hands.
" The full hands have each ihree pairs of
cases Nonpareil, Minion, and Borgeois;
and as the most advantageous' matter is
generally set up in the smaller type, they
claim the benefit of it as an equivilant for
the labor Of putliog the tones to the ma
chine. The supernumeraries and assistants take
copy at seven o'clock in the evening, and
continue to work till all is composed; an
should there be sny standing still for copy,
they are alloweJ at the rate of a quarter
cr paey per hoor for B lhe tjme ,hey may
have lost durins- the night. The assistant
have no stated salary, but are paid by the
galley, and share the same advantages as
the supernumeraries, no distinction being
made in the giving out of copy.
The compositors in the news department
have the privilege of composing a consid-
erable quantity of extra, or "back" matter
to enable the printer io have at all times a
resource in case o.' accident. This extra:
copy is given out and divided into half gal-,
ley shares, and taken in rotation thus pre
venting monopoly and favoritism.
As there is an emense quantity of letter
in use, the division of which for distribution ,
would occasion loss of time, and Irequent
disputes, the companionship pay a man to
lay op the forms, mark the letter for each
individual, Bnd distribute the useless'
heads. An is also answerable for the clear
ance of the board.
Each compositor has a hnmber attached
to his frame, and when he takes copy, bis
number is placed on the back of bis copy;
so that each man's matter is immediately
identified ; and in case of a foul proof
or an out that will occasiot much trouble,
it is immeditaely handed to him wbo com
posed it without furher inquirry, which
prevents an exposure and annoyance to the
individuel. The copy is marked with pro
gressive numbers, which prevents confu
sion by enabling the compositor to know
with certainty whom he follows in coco-,
position, and to emty his stick in the prop,
er galley so as to join the preceding mat-,
As the matter is composad it is taken, a
galley at a time, by the printer, and made
up into columns ; a proof of the column is
then pulled upon the galley by one of the
compositors, wbo all take it in turn; it is
then given to the reader ; af er being attent
ively read and corrected, it is returned to
the compositors to make the correction,
wbo take it in turn, two and two ; the col
unin is divided into four, the first and third
parts, and the second takes the second and
forth parts, and be who is the last in mak
ing his corrections, pulls a second proof,
which is carefully revised, and when the
revise is corrected the matter is ready for
the paper. It thus goes on, column
after column, till the whole papei is
composed, when it often occurs that the
arrival of foreign intelligence increases the
quantity considerably ; matter of less im
mediate interest is, in this instance, taken
away, and kept as back matter lor a luture
day, to make room for the latests intelli
gence. If lhe first compositor has six or nlore
lines to compose of copy that he has in
hand, he finishes il before he commence
correcting , this regulation is adopted to
prevent any interruption or delay in the
progress ofgeuing the paper out.
The full hands take in turn to correct the
revises, lock up the forms, and take I hern
to be worked off.
The advertisement department is not
regulated after the same manner as the
news department, there being co distinc
tion of graOes, nor any fixed salaries; nor is
there any, precise lime of commencing
work, the uncertainty as to the time of ad
vertisements being received at lhe office'
rendering it an impossibility to appoint any
regular hour for beginning. The composi
tors are paid by the galley, not according to
the scale of prices fixed for morning papers.
The method adobted in this part of the es
tablishment in taking copy is the same as
in other offices the first out of copy takes
first, and so on, and as the compositors
come out of copy their numbers are placed
on a slate, which prevents disputes or con
fusion. The compositor marks his copy by
putting his initials on the back of it; so that
if any gross error be committed, and re
mains uncorrected a wrong number in &
reference, for instance it can immediately
be ascertained whocomposed it, and either
he reader or compositor is held responsible
for that advertisement duty, the proof de
ciding which is to pay the fine for negli
gence. The salary ol a fall hand is 2. 8 per
week, but the average earnings are 31. 12s.
f 6d. Thesaleryofa fupefnumerary is II.
3i. per week, but the average, earnings are
3. Il often happens that mcch higher
bills at 4 written, but the above may be
taken as a fair average.
The .whole establishment of the Times
newspaper, including editors, reporters,
compositors, readers engeneer, overseer of
of the machiens, persons to lay on and take
off sheets, clerks, etc., consists of one hun
died and thirty-seven persons.
1r lha i-Pir lh Tim ft nSWRDlDCf.
according to the official returns of the gov
ernment, consumed 3,650,000 stamps
amounting to 73,000 revenue, in addition
to that chargeable at the period on their
immense daily list of advertisement.
Impcp-kt Questions. To ask an unmar
ried lady how old she is.
To ask a lawyer if he ever told a lie.
To a-k a docter how many persons b
To ask a merchant il he ever cheated s
To ask a young lady il she would like
To ask an editor the names of bis corres
pondents. To ask a subscriber if he bad paid the
To ask an Abolitionist if he loves tha
Union and the Constitution.
To ask a loyal Leaguer if he is going It