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'Oar friend David Barker. Esq ," says an
Fasten paper,"who has produced some of
the bast poetry - ever written by a Maine
ward, pleased at a little incident that hap
pened in his family, (the first occurrence
vi tho kind,) gives vent to bis feelings in
the following imaginative piece :"
V Mr child's orioos.
Ons night as old Si. Peter slept, '
He left thi door of Heaven ajar,
When through a little angel erupt,
And came down with a falling star.
One summer, as the blessed beams
Of morn approached,1 my blubbing bride
' Awakened lrom some pleasing dreams,
And loam that angel by her side.
God grant but this I ask no more
That when be leaves this world of sin,
lie ' U wing rus way to that bright shore,
And find that door of Heaven again.
Wiiereupon some .'el low of the practical
tort, and without any imagination, and not
possiissing the "divine" afHatus,' attempts
to destroy the little iilosion of David, as fol
lows: IT. peter' reply.
Full egliteen hundred years or more
I've kept my door securely tyled "
There was no 'little angel" strayed,
' Nor cne been missing all the while.
I did ret sleep, as yon supposed,
Nur left thi door Heavec ajar,
Nor has a "little angel' left
A 3d gone down with a falling star.
Go iisk that t:Mushing bride," and see
If she don'l frankly own and say
Thar when she found that angel babe,
She found it by thai good old way.
God grant but this I ask no more
' Tait should your number still enlarge,
'That yon Will not do, as before,
And lay it lo old Peter's charge. .
LOYAL" VS. "DISLOYAL "
Never before, we think, was there so
rncch bewildering nonsense ottered about
any on a thin j: in this world, as is now daily
put forth in writing, and talking, and spout
- ing about the words Icyal and disloyal
Sen. ill boys, who think they are men be
cause ".hey ran smoke and swear, will tell
yoc who Is ioyat and who disloyal witb.as
eay ai impudence, and with as small an
outlay of bruins, as the ass in the fable
used ia criticizing the crnduct of the lion.
: This worJ loyJ s a very simple affair. It
is s. French word, from loi, which signifies
the law. To be loyal, is simply to abide by
the Into. A !oyai man is one who is attach,
ed to the laws who faithfully acts accord
ing to the constitution and laws of the coun
' try. . ;J -. - , . , - . .
, This givei yoa at once the measure of
loyalty and disloyalty. All those who hon
estly and faithfully adhere to the constitu
tion and laws, are loyal ; and all who, from
whatever pretense, disregard the constitu
tioa tied Jaws, are disloyal. Whether the
maDi naran is "Jeft" or ."Abe," if be dis-
V. regards the constitution and laws of his
. -r cons try, he is disloyal, and, instead of being
- prijf.ed by his stupid followers as a patriot,
oo,;ht to bi punished as a felon. Whether
. , be is a president or a fishmonger, he falls
within the rale. " A president has no more
right to transcend the law, than a fishmong
er has. Both are bound to, act within the
limits of tha law with this difference, that
this president has to take an extra oath that
be will be faithful to the constitution and
lh laws. On an unfaithful president, there-
, fore, there is an extra weight of perjury and
felony for disregarding the law, or being
diiloyiil. . Ha has been faithless to higher
... pljdges and more sacred trusts. Such is
th 3 law and the tact ; and all the spouting,
: at d twisting, tmd turning,' and lying, can
rnake it nc otherwise.
Bat, exclaims some moon-eyed philo
cpber, must not the president put down re-
ballion ? The laws mutt put dowu rebell--io:3,
and tie president is no more than the
f g ent, pnt tempore, for directing their ad
, m'nistratin.' Rebellion most be pat down;
bi t it must be put down according to law,
and by nothing else, or the strife is simply
that of om disloyalty pitched against an
other. When the judge leaves his bench,
a;d rushes down at the culprit, exclaiming,
".' deciari the laws to be incompetent to
" punifh th s sconndrel, and so I will take
ifce Biattarinto my own hands V yon have
ecmethinj; to match the folly and crime of
a president and a congress who proclaim
their determination to suppress rebellion by
-unlawful means. Then your president and
crciess rnsh into the riag oo . even terms
Trith rebellion, to Egbt it oat, like two law
;kss pugilists contending for the national
" lv.lt. Naw that is tha bad JS!it we shall
t je-.two ccted pagi'isia entering the ring,
gr d faliinjj to fistsccfnng after a fashion that
si a tozfmseS viclatloa cf tha bws, and
4arsf2fa licks the whole aiTaif into a com ;
rrcn lavs!: of disloyalty and' "blood. "L'at:
MM ' wmmm, of the
BLOOMSBURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, FA., WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 7, 1863.
Vetf' gave the challenge, and drew the first
blood." Then he proved himself to be a
disloyal villian. But was that a good rea
son why we should accept the challenge
on illegal grounds, add rush into the disldy
al ring I For "Jeffs" disloyalty, he should
have been met by the . whole force of the
constitution and law j neither the president,
nor Congress, nor any other power, had a
right to go beyond than If the challenge
Was an act of disloyalty, is not the accept
ing cf it, on a field of violated law, also an
act of disloyalty t Has Abraham Lincoln
and Congress any more right to violate the
law, in punishing rebellion, than Jeff Davis
has to violate the law in starting rebellion ?
Broken law is broken law, whatever party
i i . t
may va gumy 01 aisioyauy. lint we are
told that "the constitotion is suspended."
Who suspended it ! Who had a right to
suspend it I To suspend the constitution
of onr country by force of arms is, itself, an
act of treason, usurpation and rebellion is a
felon's deed, and deserves a felon'a doom.
If the consrilution is suspended, what are
Abraham Lincoln and his Cabinet, and that
negro-spouting Congress ioing there in
Washington f If the constitution is sus
pended, they have no more" bdsiuess there
than any other equal number of crazy men
and vagabonds. If the Constitution is sus
pended, all their acta are without the antho
ity of law, and are oo more binding upon
the people, than the edicts of a political
caucus. II the constitution is suspended,
the tax bill is a farce, and the people will
be under no legal obligation to respect it
U, ye wretched dolts I keep on telling the
people ihat the constitution is.suspended,
and how long, think he, it may be before
they will take into their beads to suspenend
you and your tax-gathers ? If the constitu
tion i suspended, the United States has
ceased to have any existence, and the State
Governments would then be the only legal
authorities in this land. Suspend the con
sli'ution, and, in an instant, the aforesaid
fishmonger and his second cousin, the clam,
crier, will become the equals of Abraham
Lincoln in authority with this single acci
dental difference, that the one may Have an
army at his back, and the other not. But
there is this about it : if the constitution it
suspended, the army has no legal existence
ana it would do under no more obligation
to Mr. Lincoln, than it would be to follow
the fortunss of the traitor Jeff Davi. Such
is the jumble of absurdity and nonsense we
get into by proclaiming the constitution
No : rather let" u6 declare at once that
any man who dares to suspend the consti
tution, roust himself be suspended, and that
directly, unless he give up his disloyal busi
ness. If we are men, let cs show the
courage of men, and speak out. If there is
yet left a drop of patriot blood in our veins,
let our souls stand bravely up, in our own
defiant bones and muscles, and proclaim it
aloud, right in the face and eyes both of re
be II ion and usurpation, that the conttita
tion i6 not suspended, and never shall be,
while we've a hand to strike in its defense !
It cannot be suspended, except by the
same authority of the States which created
it. Mr. Lincoln has no more right to via
late one of its least provisions, than the
hostler in the stable of the White House
has. He has taken a solemn oath to sup
port the constitution, each and every part
of it ; and any effort on his part to violate
one of its sacred provisions would onlr
make him a criminal while- that immortal
instrument would still stand, "the supreme
law of the land," or the whole legal being
of the Republic would tumble.
This is the ground we stand upon. The
constitution, the whole constitution, and all
the laws resting upon its firm -foundation,
must be supported, defended, and obeyed-
obeyed, not in the South only, bot in the
North also; uot by the people of one sec
tion, but of every section ; not only by Jeff
Davis, but by Abraham Lincoln, and by all
the fn rioos imbeciles of Congress, who have j
beea working to overthrow our government.
To support the constitution and the laws is
the true loyalty. To violate these, is the
real disloyalty. If the constitution-defying
and law-despising party in power is not
disloyal, then the word has no meaning.
And to say that those who are pleading for
the constitution and laws are not the true
loyal people, is to be a fool, and not to
know our own language. ' . -
Lincoln does not blush to own that he baa
violated the constitution, and done deeds
without the warrant of law ; and the party
in power pots in the plea for him that the
constitution and laws of bur country are
defective, and unequal to the crisis.' There
fore Mr. Lincoln sets op his will, as above
the constitotion and laws he has sworn to
obey. , In one word, he virtually proclaims
himself dictator ; and, seeing that his entire
party press justifies bis usurpation, he has
lately, we are told by his organs, Assumed
personal direction of the departments of
the army and navy, as if ambitions to play,
as nearly as possible, the role of' the old
Impei alort of Rome, who, by precisely the
same steps, destroyed 'the Republic, and
established the Empire upon its ruins. The
tyrants in old Rome said if was necessary
to assume : extraordinary power, be
cause the laws were incompeten t ; and the
deluded peola permitted this impudent as"
sumption until it was too late for them to
regain their lost liberties. , It is only a few
months since a Senator of the United Slates
etood cp ia his place in the capitol of our
republic, aad declared that .be "was, wil
ling to maku Abraham Lincoln dictator for
the time." What a delasion V Admit a
dictor for a jear admit Lira for a day
nay, admit him long enough to drive a nail
in the capitol and you have conceded the
principle. Consign the liberties of the peo
ple to one for an hour, and why not for a
year t for a year, and why not for life ?
Once, during the hardest period of our
revolutionary struggle, when the Briliih
army was devastating the State of Virginii,
some parties in the legislature, moved by
weak feir and blind cowardice, proposed :o
make Patrick Henry temporary dictator.
At the sound of these words, a noble-minded
Virginian sprang to his feet, and e.c
caimedi "Though I am the friend of Patrick
Henry, the day yoa place your dictatorial
crown upon his brow, that same day I'll
plant my dagger in his heart 1" Thi6 bold
step brought tbe deluded cowards to thuir
senses; and from that day such words of de
lusion and folly Lave never been repeated
within the boundaries of this Republic un
til the accession of the present party to pow
er. Since the foundation of the Govern
ment, the name of dictator, of military gov
ernor, or of martial law, has been a sou id
as foreign to these shores as that nsnrper,
imperator, or tyrant. Never, since the stirs
shone above our fair fields, were thuse
names heard until now. Alas ! my coun
trymen, what millions of gloomy miles
have we run back in a single year ! Orer
what precipices and into what gulfs hs.ve
we plunged in a single year ! While ihe
thunders of ungodly rebellion are rattling
and hissing at one end oi the Union, a con
tumacious disregard of constitutional find
statute law is breaking up the very founda
tions of our Government at the other. In
the whirl of rebellion at one end, and of
osurpation at the other, the land of our
fathers seems to be going down, and utterly
inking in an ocean or blood. My God !
with what tearful, bewildering velocity we
fall ! Never before, I think, since the Jo
dean herd, suddenly filled with devils.rosh
ed down the steep places into the sea of
Gallilee, and were drowned, was there such
another sight to behold !
Then there is this further brutish stupid
ity -that the only men in our land who are
honestly and earnestly working to prserve
our constitution and . laws, are denounced
as disloyal, while those who are subvening
both, are pronounced loyal, la the mad
jumble of human nonsense, loyalty and
disloyalty have changed places. To ask
that the constitution and laws shall be re
spected, is to sympathize with rsbellionso
we are told ; and further subjects every true
patriot to threats of hanging, or being drag
ged off to military dungeons, to be subject
ed to treatment which sends the stoutest
and bravest men to the grave ia a few
Alas ! into what a 6winish gulf are we
fallen, when such, men an Sumner and
Wade are calleJ "patriots;" while those
who love theit country, and would willingly
die to save it, are denounoed as "trailers !"
O, reason 1 O, shame ! where have you hid
den yourselves, when these load praying
foes of the constitution, who have lor a
quarter of a centuary denounced our nation's
flag as a "flaunting lie" and a "polluted
rag," are allowed to elevate their treason
into patriotism, and.to glorify their malig
nant hatred of the constitution into a blow
for the Union 1 Shall I be told that I sym
paihize with the accursed folly and crime
of Southern rebellion, because 1 cannot sit
still in cowardly silence, and see the party
in power trampling the constitution under
foot, and palling down the wholo temple
of our liberty and laws over our heads?
Who are they that run up and down, his
sing and sneering and praying about. dis
loyally Why the infamous indorsers of
the treasonous "Helper book," whjeb. de
clares: That "henceforth we will have no anion
with slaveholders ;"
That "we are wedded to one purpose,
from which no earthly power can ever di
vorse us. We are determined to abolish
slavery at all hazards."
That "against slaveholders as a body we
wage an exterminating war."
That slaveholders mast emancipate their
negroes, or (iwe will emancipate them for
That "it is a solemn doty to abolish sla
very in the South, or die in the attempt."
That "the present is lime to try the strength
of arms now is the time to strike,"
That "we are not only in favor of keep
ing slavery out of the territories, but, carry
ing our opposition to the institution a step
further, we here unhesitatingly declare our
seif in favor of its immediate and uncondi
tional abolition in every State in thin con
federacy where it now exists."
"That, "in this extraordinary cr sis of
affairs, no man can be a true patriot " with
out becomming anabolitionist. A Fnue-soil
er is only a faf pole in an advanced istate of
transformtion ; an abolitionists .is t'ae full
and perfectly-developed fiog."
This book was called the "Impending
Cricis," meaning the comming doom of
the Sooth. It was the text-book of the Lin
coln campaign. Sixtr-three ReDublican
members of Congress subscribed a hundred
dollars a piece to circulate gratuitously a
hundred thousand copies of the work. Be
sides these congressional assassins of con
stitutional rights and the Union, the leading
members of the Republican party all over
tbe country werealso subscribers. In the
black list of conspirators we find the Dames
of Governor Morgan, Horace Gree'y,WilIiam
Collen Bryant, Tbarlow Weed H. "Seward.
The last-named patriot I gave it the follow
in& particular indorsement : . f -
r.-. I ; . "AciWEjr. Jane 28, 3.857.
and Bigot God and onr Country.
"Gentlemen : I have received from you
a coppy of your recent publication, enti
tied, "The impending Crisis of the South,"
: and have read it with deep attention.
"It eeems lo me a tvork cf a great merit, yet
accurate in statistical information, and logical
in anlatys. I do net doubl that it will exert a
great influence on the public mind in favor of
the cause of truth and justice.
"1 am, gentlemen,
"Your obedient servent,
WILL. AM II. SEWARD.
"Messrs. Bardick Brothers, New York."
This seditious, disunion book Was not
only the text-book of the Lincoln campaign,
but after this election, a new subscription
was made by the leading members of his
party, for the purpose of reducing the retail
price of the work from 25 to 10 cents, so
that it might "obtain universal circula
The anther of this plea against thegjeon
stitution and laws of our country was re
warded with a consulate by Mr. Lincoln,
and nearly every one who had devoted his
time to circulating its disunion posion has
been rewarded with a milar post of honor
and profit by the President.
This, then, is the style of traitors who are
spouting and praying arond about the "dis
loyalty' of all the God-fearing and eonstitu
tion-ioving men who are working to save
our beloved country from the doom bf utter
destruct ion.' These ''loyal" howlers are
the same who lately showed their teJeth,
and snarled at us as "Union-savers" the
same - who. in the Frffmou campaign,
marched op and down throughout the
North, shouting and screaming, and sing
ing, with only sixteen stars on their ban
ners, as if indeSant proclamation that only
the Northern Slate were entitled to a place
on the flag of our Union the same who,
in tbe Lincoln campaign, took the name of
"Wide-awakes," indicating that they wre
on the lookout for Helper's " Impending
Crisis" of "a war against slaveholders," ar
rayed themselves in a soft of military uni
form, marched before the people in martial
columns and section, used military phrases
in all their calls for private meetings and
public demonstrations, and spouted, and
shouted, and raved against '-'the slavehol
ders," un'.il the South was frightened at once
out of its senses and its loyalty. This is
how tbe thing came to pass. And these
same seditions spenters and military march
ers who frightened the enraged and : foolish
South into rebellion against the government,
because it had fallen into such hands, are
now screaming "loyalty" over the wreck
they have made, in imitation of the cunning
thief, who cried oat, with all his might, to
"Stop thief !" in order to draw off attention
But let the eyes of the people be kept
steadily upon Ihe traitors who have wronght
all this mischief. Let them not skulk out
of sight under the cry of "disloyalty!"
which they set op against all who are hon
estly endeavoring to preserve the constitu
tion and laws, and to save the Union from
doom that threatens it. The latest device
of these enemies of the constitution is to
persuade the people that "the restoration
of tbe Union, under the old constitution, is
neither possible nor desirable"." Such is
the language they use. Believe them not !
As a good child will never forsake the bed
side of his sick parent, nor give up hope so
long as life remains, so the good loyal citi
zen will never desert his country in tha day
of its trial, nor despaif of saving it while he
has a heart to pray, or a hand to strike in
its defense. Let us rather say, As God trill
help tis, the Union must and shall be restored !
restored to its old foundations of justice,
equality, and the rights of States of liberty,
freedom of speech and of the press, and all
the sacred old guarntees of constitutional
and statute laws! Let us swear the oath
of liberty, that we will prefer death in de
fense of these, sooner than meanly pur
chase life by their loss !
And as for the Southern rebellion, we
have to say, that the Constitution must and
shall be enforced, until the laws of the
Union are acknowledged over every inch
of its territory ; but we will have also the
olive-branch offers of peace, justice, equal
ity, and protection to property and life. All
tbe unconstitutional acts of the last disloyal'
Congress we will promptly repeal, as soon
as we can send loyal men to fill their dis
graced seats. All the illegal deeds of the
present administration we will wipe out, so
far as a return to constitutional legistation
can repair the mischief. The negroes we
have stolen, or induced to run away, we
will send back to their happy homes and
rightful masters. Whatever has beeti done
contrary to the constitution and laws, must
be undone. Cat their shall never be any
destruction of this Union neither on the
ground of secession nor abolition. Let the
multitude of Union men in the South, who
have been frig h tend and silenced by the
horrible din and tyranny', of war, patiently
trust the trne loyal people, tha real friends
of the Union, in the North, will yet work
out these results, andbring the Govern
ment back lo its old foundations, from
which it has been dragged by the abolition
party now in power. Let'this be the hope
and the programme of the real loyal people
of both the North and the Sooth. To this
end, let the people of every section pray
and work without ceasing, until the hated
mother and daughter of rebellionAbolition
and Secession are both dead, aud buried
together in a; common grave. Then our
lost peace and prosperity will be restored
Then and not till thea.
ErJIes for Passengers and Condncton of City
Rules for the Ladies. 1. When a lady en
ters a car in which there are but few pas
sengers, she should appropriate two seats,
for the proper accommodation of her flow
inS l"tB, and as the car fills up, yield not
2 When a gentleman rises and proffers
a seat to a lady in a crowded car, she will,
if she belongs to the bon-ton, bounce into it
without making the slightest acknowledg
ment. 3. Loud talking and laughing is particu
larly lady-like in public tafs p and should
one of the passengers be the subject of mer
riment, so much thfc mare refined.
4 If a conductor fails to bear a question
asked by a lady, in reference to where she
wishes to alight, and a ttnan answers
for him, she will, if shlPCa true lady,
"look him through" for taking such an un
5. Should a conductor forget where a la
dy wishes to stop, let her, on leaving the
cars, give him a "regular blowing up
This will not only teach him to mind his
business better for the future, but also teach
him tt-hat position he holds in society.
Rules frnr the Gentlemen I. It is the mark
of true refinement in a gentleman entering
a car partially filled to make a lounge ofthe
seats stretching himself out at full length !
If his boots soil the cushions, no matter,
the ladies (considerate creatures) wear dut
ttrs for this very purpose to remove any
mud or blacking from the seats, .left by
2. Smoking has been prohibited, except
on the platforms, from whence ladies are
often regaled by aromatic rephyrs ; but
chewing, that more elegant accomplish
ment, is still allowed, and as there are no
ppittoens in the cars, gentlemen can use
their fancy by expectotating where thev
please: some prefer the street, and should a
uree nouer ana onng tne sal.va back into
the cars, it makes a most agreeable shower
"Ul .'"ui iruiy
"' o epmoon oi trie
matting, and whatever is left theie by gen
tlemen ladies will kindly remove by sweep
ing np wiih their lengthened skirts. It is
surprising how any one can doubt the ctili
ly of long dresses, when thpy are found of
such public service in wiping up tobacco
spittle from our cars, &c.
3. When a gentleman sits opposite a
beButiful girl, he should stare at her all the
time. She will be much gratified by this,as
all women are vain ; and if she chance to
bluh under ihe gaze, it wilt bat enhance
her lovelinees ! -
4. A gentleman should rise immediately
when a fashionable young lady wants a
seat, but show no politeness to either the
aged or the shabbily dressed; it is the mark
of a true born gentleman to show tbera bo
5. The most convincing display one csn
give of being a "finished gentlemen" is to
ask a lady in a crowded car to sit on your
Rules for Conductors. 1. Keep your cars
dirty as possible cushions dusty, windows
and lamps dingy. sure and never trim
the lamp until the time lo light them, then
use for that purpose the strongest matches
you can find the damaged ones will be
bes , as you will probably have to use a
half a dozen for that purpose, and it will
make an agreeable odor for the passengers.
UE ,.i uoo.c iu ua-iujj uruicu g.ass
attended to, especially ia winter.
2. Keep your hammers, &c, &c, under
su.u.wu.. .u .... ,u. a jieaani
variety to tne monotony oi car-riding forij0
the fortunate individoal who may chance
to occupy that sett.
3. In winter, when the weather is intense
ly cold; make frequent trips through the car
(leaving the door open) to 6peak to the
driver ; some of tbe passengers may re
monstrate, but it is the duty of a conductor
to attend to the health of the passengers by
zficqucnt ventilation of the car.
4. Be all attention to vounc ladies, but
quite the reverse to lbe aged of either sex.
Indeed, it will be well, and we suggest it
in this connection, that our spruce young
conductors call a meeting for the purpose
breaking up tbe barbarous practice of old
people rid'ng about in cars. It will be well
to put a stop lo this annoyance, as it is al
ways their slow movements which endangers
the situation of drivers and conductors by
being "behind time." Should the meeting
be successful, it will not only prove a bene
fit to the fraternity, but also lo our foot citi
zens generally and if by this arrangement
the proprietors find themselves some hun
dreds out of pocket at the end of the year
what of that ! Is that to be compared to
the situations of their employees being en
dangered by being "behind time!"
6. fkmefeio nf our young conductors have
adopted a very pretty and spirited mode of
introducing ladies into the cars, viz: They
ring the bell while the lady is still on the
platform ; this gives her a graceful pitch in
to the cars, which generally (without the
passengers are all French creates visible
merriment, which makes a pleasing varie
ty these dull times. We warmly recom
mend this elegant improvement to all our
conductor,. Kte M. Evening Post.
He RiPENTs. David A. Frey, editor of
the York Pennsylvaniun, a Republican jour
"WE ACKNOWLEDGE IN SHAME
THAT WE VOTED FOR' GOVERNOR
CURTIN. GOD SPARE US FROM EVER
AGAIN VOTING FOR SUCH A MAN."
The Shoddy men and 4. C. Snrlin.
Who sold to the Government, for the taSg
of Ihe soldiers, shoddy clothing that one
rain would uttfeMy destroy ?
Republican Greenback Shoddy Contract
Who sold shoes to the soldiers that had
paper soles ? '
Republican Greenback Shoddy Contract
ors. Who gave contracts to shoddy specula
tors, and probably shared in the spoils 1
Andrew G. Curtin.
Who, after they were detected In their
swindling operations, cheating the soldier
and the State, still retained them and gave
them his confidence ?
Andrew G Ccrtin.
Who, then, helped them to cheat the sol
diers and the State ?
Andrew G. Cofiin.
Who have speculated off the soldiers !
Republican Greenback Paymasters.
Who have made money off contracts of
all kinds in this war ?
Republican Greenback Patriots.
Who form Union League'!, bat do not go
to War ?
Cotton speculators, Draft Commissioners,
Postmasters, etc.-all belongingto the Green
Who want the war prolonged indefinitely
that they may make money 1
Finally, who has aided and abetted this
whole host of swindlers, robbers and scoun
drels, who associates with them daily, and
who is their favorite candidate for Governor
the man on whom they "go their pile V
ANDREW (I. CUUTIN.
The pREii)E?rr8 ' VV bb Feet." The
President, in his Springfield letter, said, in
allusion to our ironclads and gunboats:
"Nor must Uncle Sam's webbed feet be
forgotten. At all the waters' margins they
have been presnt. not onlv in iha Aan
- j - ."w u...
S sea, the broad bay and rapid river, but also
1 ? the narrow, muddy bayou and wherever
; me ground was a little damp, they have
Deen and made their tracks."
Upon this the Peoria Morning Mail
petrates the following :
We have no eagle change is there
Abe swapped cur bird away ;
We have no eagle any more,
Ba! d headed, black or gray.
Abe swapped away our glorious bird
Got cheated like the deuce !
The t3lons for the web-foot went
The eagle for the &ooe 1
j Questions or the Day. The following
j dialogue occurred the other day between a
pentlemari re?iding in Washington city and
his friend out west, who he is visitiog :
Host H cil, tiow are you getting along i
at Washington, anyhow ?
j Guest Oh, prtty well. We have plenty
: of greenbacks. I live near the Treasury
building, and, from my window,' I see a
horse and cart back up every morning and
j go away with a load of them for the differ?
; ent depanrneuts during the day.
Host Well, but what do tho Adminis
tration and people think about a fairs now?
Guest Think ! Why they think if ibat
"old horse" was to die, the Government
, would go to the devil in no time Ex
Neveb for,ake a frienJ- Wfaen
galher around. whe ickn9 fal!8 on lbe
hear!. when lhe wor!d js and cheerless
is the lime to
try true frendship. They
who turn fram the ce;ie of distress betray
their hvDOcrisv.and rtrnv that ini.ratt nnlv
. m,ica them. If you have
you nave a triend who
ves vou. who has studied vour inter
est and happiness, be sure to sus:ain him
in adversity. Let him feel that his former
kindness is appreciated, and that his love
was not thrown away. Real fidelity may
be rare, but it exists in the heart. They
only deny its worth and power who never
loved a friend, cf labored to make a friend
These smacks of heaven!" said a
youth, and he kissed the maiden's cheek.
Well, you've plenty of trie lip, I'm sure!"
replied the madin. "Yes, and yoa've
plenty of cheek," respon Jed the youth, as
he repeated the osculation.
A Moderin Munchausen, addicted to
humming an air, beginning "Strike the
lyre," was much suprised when one of his
acquaintances, taking him at bis word,
knocked him down.
Nener be without a quarter in your
pocket, and you will always be a quarter
"Anything to please the child," as the
nurse said, when she let the baby crawl
out of the third story window.
Most Men have some of the milk of hu
man kindness in them, but there is a nation
in the East consisting entirely of Kurds.
The man who courted an investigation,
says it isn't half as good as courting an
The King of Portugal has ordered a cens
us of the population, a process never before
realized in that kingdom.
4 . . . . .
rF-JUDGE WOODWARD IS A CITIZEN
OF UNIMPEACHABLE CHARACTER.AN
ABLE JURIST, AND A PATRIOTIC GEN
TLEMAN." Philadelphia Inquirer, June 18,
1863, Republican paper.)
This is a good endorsement of the Dem
ocratic candidate lor Governor, coming as
it does from one of tbe most' influential .
Republican journal ef the State
Two Dollas per Annua.
fiow Am ons the Printers.
iHE first roller made for a printing press
in Albany was made in 1816. One of the
persons who aided in malidg that roller is
stiil alive. We allude to that well known
citizen, John G. White. The idea of a rol
er came f-om New York, by Thomas Til
men, who then worked for Webster & Skin
er, at the Old Elm Tree Corner. Before the
introduction of rollers, as every primer
knows, "balls" were in order of the day,
and night, in printing offices. The last
person to ue balls, in Albany, was James
Duffy, in 1844. Duffy iheti kept oa tbe cor
ner of Broadway ar.d Hamilton street. The
printers of Albany were so attached to old
"ozy ideas, that they actually held an indig
nation meeting lo put down Tillman and hie
rollers. Thej insisted that it would reduce
the demand for labor, cut down wages, and
lead to ruination generally; Tillman, how
ever, persevered, tie knew be was right,
and resolved to go ahead. But he was so
closely watched by the printers that he bad
to work On the sly in a back cellar, with no
one to help" him but John 0. White, who
was then an apprentice boy to Webster &
Skinner. The rollers made by Tillman, in
1816, were composed of green pelts. The
pelts were rolled up in cloth or paper, and
stamped cpon till all the oil was worked
out. They were tb-Jn worked into a roller,
The composition rollers, made of glue and
molasfees, were not invented nntil about
1824. The improvement in rollers is bot
one of the great advancements which have
been made in the art of printing since
1816. fn that year the best press would
only ihraw off some three hundred impres
sions per hour ; at the present day, twenty
five thousand ia attainable in the same
space of time.
The English LanHi&e.
The words of the English Language are a
compound of several foreign languages.
Tbe English Language may be looked upon
as a complication, both in words and ex
pressions, of various dialects. Their origin
is from ihe Saxon language. Our laws
were derived from the Norman, our military
terms from the French, our sientific names
from the Greek, and our stock of nouns from
the Latin, through the medium of the
French. Almost all the verbs in the Eng
lish language are taken from the German
and nearly every other noun or adjective
is taken from other dialects. The English
language is composed of 15,734 words of
which 6,732 are from the Latin, 4,321 from
the French, 1,665 from the Saxon 1,669
from lhe Grek, 691 from the Dutch, 211
from ihe Italian, 105 from the German (not
including verbs), 50 from the Welsh, 75
from the Danish, 55 from Ihe Spanish, 50
from the Icelandic, 31 from lhe Swedish,
41 from the Gothic, 16 from tbe Hebrew,
I5ffcnth3 Teutonic, and the remainder
trom the Irish, Scotch, Arabic, Sytiac,Turki
ish, Portugese, and other languages.
In Incident on the Rappahnncek
A portion of our own and the rebel armies
arecevided by the Rappahannock. Orders
were recently givea not to Ere ort lbe pick
ets cf the enemy nnless they attempted to
cross lhe stream. Orders were also given
not to hold an conversation. One of our
soldiers, regardless of these orders, opened
conversation with a rebel picket, crossed
the stream, which is about twenty-live
yards wide at ihe point where this occurred j
and entered into a game of bluff with his
rebel friend. They played for some time,
when they got into a quarrel. Bosh had
laid aside their muskets, and resolved to
settle the difficulty with the fist. The rebel
being the larger of the two, got the ad van
tage of his opponent, and the Union soldier,
picking up his mnsket, stabbed the rebel
through the shoulder inflicting a very ngly
wound which disabled him. The Union
soldiar whoee name is Zundt, and ajesident
of Brooklin, having won five dollars of the
man, returned to his quarters in safty. Hit
bayonet was covered with blood. Having
violated orders he was placed under arrest
for trial by court-martial. Ex.
Ah Address to the Jury "Gentlemen
of ihe Jury," said a Western lawyer, "yoa
are met here on one of the most folemrt
occasions that ever happened since I had a
brief. Tbe defendant, being a stoat, able
bodied man, rushed like an assassin opori
my client, who is a frail young Wtdowj and,
why did not the thunders of heaven blast
him, when he stooped towards her,streatcb
ed forth bis arms like tbe forked ligktnioga
of Jupiter, and gave her a kiss on the
try GOVERNOR CURTIN CAN NOT SE
CURE THE SUPPORT OF EITHER HIS
OWN PARTY OR HIS OFFICE HOLD
ERS. Speech of Alex Cummtngs, before the
Republican Slate Convention, Aug. 5, 1863.
Mr. Commings is only one ot the many
formerly Warm and influential' friends of
Curtin, who now are deserting aim in the
hour of trial when he most needs their sup
port. So it is, Curtin has made a very on
popular Governor, even with his own part
Cummings is a leading Republican !
A Lady being asked what business be f
husband followed, said be was engaged ia
"finishing." Father explanation was nectt
sary and after a brief hesitation she contin
ued "'finishing his time in the State Pris-
A YaSxes IkADi. Free tbe negroes 4
make- elates of tha white men.