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TV, U. JACOB!, Proprietor.;
Trah aad ItigLj ! and onr Comitry.
Two Delias per Aunya.
VOLUME 14. r
BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA JCOUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 8, 1862.
Tn. ,To Wfts- , ,, ST A R OF THE NORTH
1 fctJb ail vemser having been restored to, . r.,,.o.....
- , - PUBLISHED 1TBRY WEDNEBPAT BT
health in a few weeks, by a vary simple I ; Win II JACOBf "
remedy, after having suffered years with a . P ,
, - , u , , a Cince on nam St., 3rd Sqnare below Market.
.seveie lung affection, and that dread dis-1 ,!,o ' 4 Ml'
ease, Consnmpnon-i-s anxioa to make LS ! Dollars pr annnm IJpa.d
, , . ; . , t wtninix months from the time of subscri-
kno-n !o his leiiow-sufferers the means of bins: two dollars and fifty cents if not paid
cure. - ' j within the. year. No subscription taken for
TVall who rfeeire it, he will send a copy i a less period than six months; no discon
rfh n,;nn ,i re f hr 1 5 linnar.ee permitted until all arrearages are
- i - V V r
with the direction for preparing and uing
' the fsme, which' they will find a sure cure
cr Consumption, Asthma, Bronchitis, &c.
The jnly pbjeqt. of the advertiser in fend
ing ibe Prescription is to benefit the afflic
ted, i nd spread information which lie con
ceives to be invaluable and he hopes eve
ry sufferer will try his remedy, as it wll
cost Jiem nothing. piiJ may prove a bless-
Parties wi-hing the prescription will
pleaie address Rev. K. A. WILSON,
, William sbnrs, Kings county, N. Y.
Oc'ober 1, '62. 3m.
TUB contesioii iii. experience ot a
sofie-er. Published as a warninj, and for
the especial benefit ol Young Men, and
taose who si.iler with Nervous Debility,'
4..0S3 01 iijemory rremnture Decay, &c,
oy one wnn nas eureu himself by simple
means, afier being pm to orat expeure
and inzoiiveineuce, through the use- ot
worthless medicine prescribed by learned
Doctsrs. Single opiex may be had of ihf
authur, C. A LAAIBEK1 , esq., Grn point,
Long Island, by et.cJo.-ing a' po-t-paid . ad
dresi envelope! Addre-s
f 4 CH AS. A. LA M B E RT, Esq ,
" Green poim Long Island, N; Y.
M.iy 21. '62 2m.
A CAUDto yourm Ladies and Urtnlle
men. Tne subscriber will send free of
charge to a'l all who desire if, the Rerip
and iJifection fr rrakinii a simple Vege
table Balm, tht will, in ..om two to eiuhr
days, remove -Pimple, Biotches, Tan,
Freckle, iSallowness Rud ail impniities
and rouahness of the Skin, leaving the
samif asJVaiure irnended it should be
soft, clear, unooh and( t eantiful. Those
desiiing the Ro n;er wi:h Jull itilrncions,
direraion, and advite, will pleae call on
or address wiih retnrn posiaie J
TIIOS- P. CHAPMAN,
- - Practical Chemist,
831 Broad .vay, New York.
Way 21, '2. 2m.
dlale cf FrarL'in Lnenbcrcr ilecwted.
f liTTTKUS ot ai m in illation on the estate
cf Franklin Lomirnberyer, late of Co
Inmhia county, ilc'if, tMve'beeh grained
by the Register f said cuidvv to Wm! K.
Longenberger4 ol Beaver two.,' Col. co.,
aiia'nst the esia'e -f the ilecedenf, will
preterit them to ihe adxiiiiiisirwuir lor settlem
en:,i!id thojs in-lebied in ' the estate are
requested to make pa) mem immediately
lo the under-ianed.
Wm K LOXGENBERGER.
Beaver twp., Jul-9 l?fi2.
ESTATE OF ALEM MARK, DECD.
etters of a-'ministraiiofi on the psiaie of
Aiem Marr, Inte ot Seott tnp , Colum
bia -cocn'j, deca-ed, have been jran:d
by the ReiMer of said cnumy to Peter Ent, 1
rentiing in i'ni ireet, inwnsriji anu conn-
ty nforesaiih All persons having claim or j
t'enands at:aii si the esaie of iha decedent i
re requested 10 present ihem duly anthen- '
tics ted to tl:e adihiriistraior for feitlenient, i
ant' thof indebted to the estate will make '
payment forthwith to
. PETER ENT,admr.
Scott, May 28th, 1862.
Opposite the - Court J2oue and next door to ,
THE ondcrsir.ed,ret'eci(ully inform his .
friends and cnifmer that hn has opened
V A ISew Exirber Shop.
In Court Hou-e Alley, next door below ,
Ihe Orfice of the Columbia Democrat, where
he will be hvp, y to wait upon all cu-tomers,
and worn loci experience and strct attn-
tio-i to bu-iness. he hones to merit and re-
ceive a iinerai shares fit piioiic pa:ronage.
xjr'AU things her 1 don in derencf and
in order." THOMAS BROWN.
!3'oombnr2. March 5. 162.
t'OLU n 15 1 A tU RTY
The Executive Comm'ttee of the Co4um-
bi l County Agricultural Society, hae fixed
upon me - ,
titi. ISlh. 17th. k ISlh (!ayi Of October J
next, asthe time ol holdir.2 their SevenCi'
Annual Fair, " " .
CALEB BARTON, Pres't.
: Ansust i3. I8fi2.
TI'STRAYED from the premises of the
-3-- subscriber, in Gr-enwood town-hip,
?v. - --- " r
Columbia countv. on or about the 10th off
July last, a jrnni
uaHT RRn row
AllUli M. Jill -r ,
marked w'uh while pots, 'and!
fj;d on when she left, a yoke:G-
with a piece of chain- attached. A libera!
reward will be paid for any information
vHieh will lead to her recovery.
Grrenwoo.!, Aug. 13. 1S62.
iJoiice "rs hereby given lhat Hester Hess
wife of James He-s, has left his bed,
and board without any just cause or provo
cation and ail pernns are forbidden to trsut
hut ort his cconnt. The parties restdo in
Suarloaf township, Columbia county.
JAMES HESS. ....
"5ugirfoaf, Aos. 20, IS62. 5t. ; . ,
. - - wr f jr
Or;c? in rou.-t Alley; formerly occupied by.
Chatle R. ii.ick-lew.,
EXECUTiOIiS, SUCrCENAb',, -oj
proper desirableforis,fo-sa!e at the
dies ofthe tar ofthe North.7
1 Paii, !essatthe option of the editor.
ihe terms nf advertising will ve as follows :
One square, twelve lines, three rimes, $1 00
Every subsequent insertion, ..... 25
One square, three months, . 3 00
One year, ...... . . . . . . .... 800
Tell me not that he's a poor man,
That his dress is coarse and bare ;
Tell me not his daily pittance
Is a workman's scanty fare. .
Tell jme not his birth'is humble,
That his parentage is low :
Is he honest in his action ?
That'ia ull I want to know.
I h:s word to be relied on ?
Has his character no blame ;
Then I care not if he's low-born ;
Then I ak not whence his name.
Would he lorm an unjnt action
Turn away with scornful eye ?
Would he then defraud another,
Sooner on the scaffold die I
Would he pend his hard sained earnings,
On a brother in disiress ?
Would he succor the afflicted.
And the weak one's wrongs redress?
Then he is a man deserving
Ot my love andjmy esteem;
And I care not what his birth place
In the eye of me.i may seem.
Let it be a low, thatched hovel ;
Let it be a clay built cot ;
Let it be a parish work-houe,
In my eyes it matters not;
And it others will disown him,
As inferior to their caste,
Let them do it ; I'll befriend birn
As a brother to the last.
FVom the Philadelphia Sunday lilercu-y.
OrphtnsC. crrsnd Ceo. Pope's Campaign.
After arriving near the celebrated molas
ses junction, where a number of Mackerels j
were placing a number of neT cars and lo- I
comoiives on the track the object being j
lo delude the Southern Confederacy iMo (
taking a ride in tlrem, when, i: js believed (
the aforesaid Confederacy would be.speed-
iff. destroyed. .by.ope f . ttc.sal'.It ta2xtL?,,ac - ;
cidents" without which a day on any j
American railroad would bea perfect anom- j
alj arriving there, I say. I took an imme- J el in, 'be wood but staid there, and vhen
diate survey of the appointed field of strife. one lne Orange County Howitzers , was
To the inexperienced civilian eye, my ' discharged wi;h ereat precision at a r por
boy, everything appeared to be in a sta'e j er wno was caught sneaking into our ines
of chaotic confusion, which nothing but the ,ne report was heard by - the Yeneiable
milnary genius of our generals conld make Gammon-at Washington, caused that rev
much worse. On all sides, my boy, I be- j prentl mari to telegraph o all the paper,
held Mackerel chaps marching and conn- I lhat no one neeJ ,eel alarmed, ns h was
termarshing, falling back, retiring retreating
d making re'.rogade movements. Some
ere looking for iheir re2iments. which
had beccme mixed with other regiments ; '
some were insanely looking for their offi-
cers as though they did not know that thb
latter have resided permanently in Wash- !
ington ever since the war commenced;
some were making calls on others, and
here and there might be teen squads of
Confederacies picking up any little thing
thor miohl hinnpn n fimt
,. , . f ' , , .
lunching upon a bottle and tumbler
0 (r ' '- " - - ' '
near me, 1 saluted him, and says I :
'Tell me, my veteran, how it is that you
permit the Southern Confederacy to mean
der thus within your lines ?"
Tbe eenerai JookeJ oleratingly at rre
. . .
"i nave a plan to entrap tue Uoniederacy
and end this doomed rebellion at one stroke.
Do j'on mark that long train of army wag
ons down there near by my quarters?"
"Yes," pays I, nervously.
"Well, then, my nice little boy," says the
general cautiously, "I'll. tell you what my
plan is. Those wagons contain the rations
of our troops. It is my purpose to induce
,he celebrated Confederacy to capture those
- tk. ...-.
.ct..,: j- .t... .....
ii me won icue ia.Ky win uy un uiai, fayn
the general fiercely, "It will be taken sick
on the spot and we shall capture it alive."
I could not but feel shocked at this inhu-
man arunce. ray coy. ine soutnerners
- L .'! c .
have indeed acted in a way to forfeit all
ordinary mercy, but still we should abstain
from any retaliatory act savoring of demoni
ac malignly. Our foes are at least human
Suppressing my horror, however I assum
ed a practical aspect and says I:
'But bow are the Mackerel warriors to
ubbi-t, my Napolean, if you allow the ra
tions to go V - !
"Thunder V' says the General handing
me a paper from his pocket, "They are to
subsist exclusively on the enemy. Just pe
rose this document, which 1 have just ful-
roihated." - -
Taking tne paper, I found it to be the fof
Whereis, The rnctter of provisions is a
great expense to ihe United States of Amer
ica, besides offering inducemsnls for ane.t
peeled raids on the pari of famishing foe
men the Mackerel Brigade is hereby di-
rected to live entirely upon the Southern
Confederacr. eatics Tilm alive wherever
found, partaking of no other food.
The Brigade will not be perrniited to take
any clothing wiih it on the march,' being
required henceforth to dress exclusively in
the habiliments ol captared Confederates.
We have done with retrogade movemen's-
No more lines of retreat wirr be kept open,
and henceforth the Mackerel Brigade, is to
make nothing bnt captures.
By order of the ' s ;"
General of Ike Mackerel Brigade.
This able document, my boy, pleased me
greatly as an evidence that the war had iri
deed commenced in earnest, and though
at that moment I beheld some half dozn
Confederacies ransacking '.he tent where
the General kept his mortgages, his bank
account, and other Government property, I
felt that our foes were to be summarily dealt
with at last.
An orderly having finally given notice to
.K f J.l . . . .
..I- vun.cneraciflg rummaging within cur
lines to get in their proper places, in order
ihat the battle might begin, the Anatomical
Cavalry, under Captain Samyule Sa-mith
made a headlong charge vpon a body of
foes who were destroying abridge near the
middle ol the field, and succeeded in oblig
ing them to remain there. This brillitnl
movement was the signal for a general en
gagement, and a regimen t of Confederacies
at once advnnced within oar lines and un
quired the way to Washington.
Having given them the desired mfornia-.
tion, and allowed a number of similar rci
merits to take position between the Mack
erels and the capital, the General gave or
ders for the Conic Section and the Orai'ce
County Howitzers to fall cautiously bad in
order that the remaining Confederacies
might get between us and Richmond.
Yon will perceive by this movement,
my boy, we cut the enemy's forces crm
pletely in two, compelling him to attack us
either in the front or in the rear,giving him
no choice of any operation save flink
movements. Our plans being thus perfect
ed, Captain Viiliam Browr. with Company
' "r-,""ci" ff was oruereu to charge into
a wood near at hand, with a viewto induce
some recently arrived reserved Confedera
cies to take position in our centre, whi!
still others would be likely to flank us on
tho rinKt an.f
auu ii-J!. I
Yon mat remembpr Knv iTiof U t, !
heretofore been our mifortnne to fi'iht on
j j " j t t na?
'"e circumference of a circle, while the
Confederacy had the irwida and this treat
p!ra,e'P Khme was intended to produce
result vice iwi.
It was a great success, my boy a great
'ncce i-and nl,Ur"pv rris-ty fr-oml
temelve inside the most complete circle
on record, -y iSjarn rjrown not only, cl arg-
rerf?cily safe, and lhat our victory was very
mai particular canger the- Venerable
wmmon mcurreo, 1 cannot say, my boy,
Dor what l,e knew at,0"t le battle, bt his
dpa'ch caused renewed confidence all
OTer lh? cot"try, and was a great comfort
to his friends
Having got the Confederacies just where
we wanted them, the General of the Mack
erel Brigade now dispatched ten vet ?rans
under sergesnt O Pake to attack a few hun
dred foes who intrenched themselves in an
"keenly manner among our wagons. The
Mackerels were well received as prisoners
of war, and paroled on the spot, a proceed
ing which so greatly pleased the idolized
(hat he at once issued a second
Il must be understood that in his recent
proclamation directing tie Mackerel B'iade
to dine exclusively upon Southern Confed
eracies, the General commanding diJ not
intend that mch dining should take place!
without the free consent of ihe aforeiaid ' head court martial, and there he fi ids out
Confederacies. , what he is accused of . Military Commis-
It mcst not be understood that the order t sions are summary tribunals, not much re
concerning the confiscation of ConleJerate j strained by technicalities, and having a su
garments is intended to authorize a forcible preme contempt for Constitutions and laws
cotifscaotof such costums in opposition j and rules of evidence. General Hunter,
to the free will of the wearers.
7 he General vf the Mackerel Brig ade.
This admirable order, my boy, prcdnced
great enthusiasm in the ranks, as no Con
federacies had yet been cacsht, and there
was some danger of starvation in the corps.
And now my boy occurred that rnignifi
cent piece of generalship which i destined
to live forever in the annals of fame, and
convince the world lhat our military lead
ers possess a ' genius eminently bt'fi'ting
every one of them for the next Presidency
or any other peaceful office. " By skillful
manoenvering the gifted general of the
Mackerel Brigade had succeeded in cut
ting the enemy's forces to pieces, the
peices being mixed op with our owr army.
Then came the words " Forward, double
quick !" .
Facing toward Washington our vangnard
forced ihe Confederacies before tbem lo
move right ahead. Swiftly following the
vanguard,and evidently fancying tha; "it was
flying before them, came a regiment of Con
fedsraeies. Pursuing the latter, as though
in triumph, appeared ihe Conic Section,
Mackerel Brigade ; closely succeeded in
itsxmrn by a regiment of Confederates in
charge of out baggage wagons, faciig after
whom was a regiment of Mackerels, and eo
on to the end of ihe lines. 1 i
You may ask me, my boy, with I which
side rested the victory, in this remarkable
movement t ' . '
That question, my boy, can't be" decided
yel as the whole procession has tcarcely
J reached Washington but the answer mav
be said to depend very much upon wheth.
erthe last regiment coming in is Mackerel
The contest, my boy, lias assumed a
prolound metaphysical aspect and the de
velopement of a little more military genius
on our side will tend to'. utterly confound
our enemies nnd every body else.
ORPHEUS C. KERR.
Pfoclaraatiou ?io. 2.
The slaves are allowed three months and
a halt before they are converted into free
men. Freemen have rvo such day of grace;
for Mr. Lincoln's Proclamation No. 2 goes
into effect at once and evreywhere. It de
clares martial law throughout the North, with
a Provost Martial and his deputies in each
State and rounty. Itsuspends the writ of
hn beat corpus, not in, specified regions but
everywhere, in the case of suspected indi
viduals. It decrees ,he trial of persons be
fore ' Military Commissions." These are
its chief.provisionSjineresting to every man,
woman and child.in "he Northern Slates.
Let ns, in a plain snd direct way, reduce
these large sounding phrases and annuncia
tions to their elements. What does martial
law mean 1 It means, in plain English,the
supremacy of the military to the civil au
thority. When they do not come in con
flict, the civil authority possibly may act ;
but when they do, the civil authority must
yield. The commanding genpral is the
, FeJeral Mayor, and the provost martial the
Federal high constable. If Mayor Henry is
willing to do what the commanding general
directs, then the Mayor may continue his
functions; but if Mayor Henry .demurs,
then General Montgomery, or some other
General, may put the Mayor in custody.
All constables are sntject to the provost
martial, and (so say the order of the adju
tan'-general.) must obey his orders. If du
rir.r martiel law, the commanding general
chooses, he may take possession of any
houe in Philadelphia and do what he
pleases with it. He not answerable to
he Jaw, only to his military superii rs, and
thy are a hundred miles distant from
Washington. Such is martial law, which
Mr. LincolnVprodamatioa says exists in
j Philadelphia. The marshal, as an agert of
tne war Department, claims the right to
make military arrests; and jf Jude Cad
wal'adn'r d?;es 15 ty he .o ic! rlglu,
ihe marshal will, by virtue of martial law,
exercise il in 8jite of the "denial. Such, we
repeat, is martial law.
What does suspending the writ of liilcas
corpus mean ? Le'. us see. It meaus a de
nial of the rL'ht to meet one's accuser face
to face ; a right to know why a citizen is
deprived of his liberty and locked np in jail
A man is accused, orj an ex parte afTidavit,
made before some magistrate who neither
knows nor cares for its contents, or, as is
the fashion, before some man who has no
right to administer an oath or witness an af
fidavit. It is eeat to Washington, and ' L.
C. Ttrner' sends wo-d to arrest the man,
and the arrest is made, and. he is hurried
away to ihe Capitol prison, or kept in cus
tody here ; and when be or his friends his
wife or his children ask why ? what is the
charge against him ? they are told it is none
of his or iheir bu.ine, because the Presi
dent has suspenued the habeis corpus act,
and they mot submit. The suspension of
the writ gives a glorious immunity to epies
and informers and detectors, and stool pig
eons, and all that brcod of noxious vermin
which the stagnant pool of irresponsible
power creates in profusion.
Having secured the citizen and carried
him ofT where neither wife nor children, nor
friends nor relatives can trouble him with
questions, he is brought before a "Military
Commission" (so sajs Proclamation No 2
in to many words.) a son of erand drum-
who, we see, is PresiJiJiit of one of them,
might give a black man a fair trial, t ut will
make short work with a white one. The
poor citizen ventures a suggestion as to trial
by jury, and his peers,nd his vicitiage,ar.d
his distant witnesses : but he is pooh-poohed,
and maybe he is told to prove his inno
cence, and, failing in lhat, is sentenced to
one ot the humane penalties ot military law
not flogging, which has been aooiished,
but a ball and chain, or perhaps to be shot,
and so the matter ends.
Now, this is the plain English of martial
law suspension of the habeas cotpu, and
the establishment of military commissions
But something eUe remains to be consid
ered. Who does tbe Proclamation say are to be
arrested ? The old-fashioned rule was, that
a man was penally rev'ponfible for "illegal
acts." Misdemeanor is the legal term ris
ing on the scale of yraviiy to felony. Both
mean "illegal acts." The new Proclama
tion says men are to be arrested and tried
for "'disloyal practices,'' and the postscript
of ihe Adjutant-General says "disloyal per
sons" are to be arrested. Whai exactly is
meant by "disloyal practice," as distinguish
able from an illegal act or a "disloyal per
son" from a criminal, it is hard to say ; but
something is meant, and the public is left to
the mysterious awe which these dark threats
inspire no one knowing what he may not
do to attract arrest, or what lie may not do
to make him obnoxious to the new "holy
office." It is, as ia eaid ol Mr. Lincoln's
J No. 1, enough to make one thoughtful lo
J find whither we are drifting. Our only ob
ject is to staid, in plain and intelligible
terms, the dreadful meaning we attribute lo
these Executive manifestoes.
Whether they will avail ic crush out the
spirit of freedom which used to animate not
merely the Democratic parly but the Amer
ican people, we do not pretend to say. If
they do, then we may as well get ready for
No. 3, which will be that, on the second
Tuesday of October, the people of Pennsyl
vania shall not be allowed to vote, or, at
least, that the privilege shall be confined
to ihose,who are "loyal" to the Powers that
"be. We hourly look for such a proclama
tion. Ours is the day of downward prog
ress, and we slip on carelessly almost
&aj ly. Constitutional Union.
The Surrender c Harper's Ferry.
COLONEL MILKS KXCULPATtD.
Currency has been given to scandalous
rumors in connection with the above event,
by which it is sought to cover. with infamy
the memory of as gallant and loyal a soldier
as ever drew a sword in defence of ihe
country. Even Ihe officers who served un
der him have not escaped similar calum
nies. When. the facts come to be correctly
ascertained, we believe it will be found
that everything was done by our troops at
Harper's Ferry that was possible for so
small a force to accomplish azainst such
overwhelming odds. The blame of the
surrender rests not with the officers in com
mand, but with the War Department. which
failed to reinforce this important s ra egical
point when it was in danger. McCIellan
had too rnnch on hand at Sharpsbnrg to
spare any of his troops without endanger
ing his plans. It was for the War Depart
ment to have despatched a sufficient force
from Washington to enable Colonel Miles
to hold out until the'rebels in front of Mc
CIellan were either compelled to surrender
or driven across the Potomac. Thus again
to the insufficiency of the blundering of the
deparment do we owe the lo-s of the ser
vices of eight or ten thousand of our beot
troops, and the facili'ating of Jackson's
junction with Lee. which cost us the lives
of several thousand more. Of what ue is
il for ns to have good Generals if they are
thus secortded ?
A CLEAR CAUSE FOR COl'RT MARTIAL.
If iho rocemlh,:i:y vf Prrcmlrl vif
Harper's Ferry belong especially to any
one officer, we think that Colonel Tom
Ford, of Ohio, is that man. His abandon
ment of Maryland Heights was the loss of
the whole position ; for with those Heists
in possession of the enemy all the other de
fences of the townwere untenable. Nor
does it appear lhat Ford made even a res
pectable show of resistance to hold those
Heights. Gen. McCIellan fought the suc
cessful battle of South Mountain on Sunday
the 14th, the cannonading ol which was,
perhaps, heard in the same mountain range
at Harper's Ferry, only some twelve or fif
teen miles off. We know, at all events,
that had our officers in charge of that poi
lion held out till Monday night, instead of
basely surrendering lhat morning, the be
leaguring rebel forces would have been
compelled to leave the place on Tuesday
morning, as they did, to go up the river to
the relief of General Lee.
Thus, in holding Harper's Ferry a few
hours longer, we should have saved to ocr
Army of the Potomac from ten to twelve
thousand men, some fifteen thousand rnus.
kets and rifles, from fifty to one hundred
peices of ar'ilery, and valuable supplies ol
ammunition, provisions, wagons and stores
ol alt kinds; but, above all, in connection
with the?e troops and materials of war, we
should have saved a military position equal
in fifty thousand men to General McCIellan.
Cut all was lost through this disgraceful ca
pitulation, and Ihus the means and the way
of escape were provided for the rebel army
from Maryland, which otherwise wou'd
have been cut off. From the fact before
us, had our forces at Harper's Ferry been
under the command of an officer of Jeff.
Davis, the capitulation would not have been
contrived more advantageously than it has
been lo Gen. Lee.
We submit lhat the abandonment of
Maryland Heights by Tom Ford should be
thoroughly investigated. We have had of
late quite enough of these shameful capitu
lations, with the smallest possible show of
honest resistance ; nor until some exempla
ry punishments are administered for such
outrageous delinquencies can we expect
any great success, In conclusion, while
such incompetent, blaiher-skiting politi
cians and adventurers as Tom Ford are as
sisned to such important military trusts as
Maryland Heights, we have no right to ex
pect anything bat disappointments and dis
grace. To make lager beer the following new re
ceipt is given ; Take a barrel and fill it with
rain water, put in a pair of old boots, a head
of last fall's cabbage,two short sixes, a' sprig
of wormwood and a little yeas'. Kaep it
lor a year and then "dish out."
"Why did yon come back ?" asked a
sleek, well-fed citizen of a poor half-sick
Federal soldier just returned from McClell
&n's army. ''Why don't you. go ?" replied
A peddler being asked by a Iong.spindle,
shanked wag, if he had any tin overalls
answered . "No, but I have a pair of candle
moulds that will just fit you."
THE EMIGRANT'S DlIXC CHILD.
Father I'm hunger'd ! give me bread :
Wrap close my shivering form !
Cold blows the wind around my bead,
And wildly bea's the storm,
Protect me from the angry sky ;
I shrink beneath its wrath,
And dread this lorrent rushing by,
Which intercepts our path.
Father these California skies,
Yen said, were bright and bland
But where, to night, my pillow lies,
Is this the golden land ?
'Tis well rny little sister sleeps,
Or else the too would grieve ;
Bui only see how utill she keeps
She has not stirr'd since eve.
I'll kiss her, and perhaps she'll speak ;
IShe'll kis me back, f knf w ;
Oh ! father, only touch her cheek ;
'Tis cold as very snow.
Father, you do not shed a tear,
Yet little Jane has died;
Oh ! promise, when you leave rne here,
To Jay me by her side !
And when you pass this torrent cold
We've come so far to eee,
And ynu eo on, beyond, tor gold,
Oh think of Jane and me.
Faher, I'm weary ! rest my heal
Upon thy bosom warm
Cold bio ws the wind aroend my head,
And wildly oeats the storm.
It Pays to Take the Papers.
A capital story is told of an old farmer in
the northern part of the county, who had
been 'saving up' to take up a mortgage of
S2000 heldacainst him by a man nearer
the sea shore. The farmer had saved up
all the money in gold, fearing lo trust the
banks in thar-e war times. Week before
last he logged down his gold and paid it
over, when the following colloquy ensued.
'Why, jou don'i mean o give this S2000
in gold do you V said the lender.
'Yes. certainly,' said the farmer, ' I was
afraid of the pe.-ky banks, and so I've been
saving up the money in yellow boys,for this
AH right,' responded the lender, 'only I
thought you didn't take the papers, that's
'Take the paper ! No, sir, not I. They
have gone on so si nee the war's been agoing
that I wont have one of. ihe d lish things
about. But the money is all right, isn't it?'
'Yes, all right, S2000 in gold. All right',
here's your note and mortgage.'
And weft he might have called it all right
as the premium on gold that day was 22
Tr rant., u.J hit- ,lvi Ultly WUiili
the face of his bo:,d, but S440 besides, en
ough to have paid for his village newspa
per fi r himself and posterity at least three
centuries. It pays to take the papers.
Not tci Ik Guzdle .
A notorious scamp was brought not long
aao before an Onatidago Justice. He was
accused of having come the " strap-game"
over a native. The portly Justice wishing
tr decide undersiandingly, requested the
culprit to give him a sample of his skill.
The party instantly produced a leather strap
pave it a scientific whisk acros. the bench,
and remarked :
"You see Judge, the quarter under ihe
s rap V
"What !" interrupted the dignified func
tionary, "do you mean to say that there is
a quarter there V
"Sartin !" was the replv.
"No such thing." said the Justice.
"I'll go you a dollar on il," said the pris
oner. "Agreed !' said the Ber-ch.
With accustomed adroitness the strap
was withdrawn, when lo! there was ihe
"Well," said the nstonished Shallow, " I
wouldn't have believed it if I hadn't seen
with my own eyes ! There is yourdollar,
and you are fined jive dcllirs for . gamblins,
contrary lo the stitue in such case made
and provided !''
The elonaatcd countenance of the discom
fited gambler required no additional evi
dence to testify his appreciation of " tbe
Farming os Sharks. Connecticut boasts
ot som "ood farmers. They have a curious
way of do;i g things on snnrf.?,and the result
of these operation sometimes offer a fine
field for the display of logic. One ol their
farmers leased to his son-in-law three acres
of land to be planted wish corn and cultiva
ted by him at the halves. In ihe fall the
lessee said that was the poorest land he
I ever worked on : 'for' saul he. "I worked
hard all summer, and at harvest time,when
we came to divide crop, I not only had no
corn left for myself, but lhat logo and buy
five bushels of shelled corn to make out my
Here is another case illustrating the
workings of thin peculiar institution of doing
things on shares : Farmer A happened
to have more pigs than he could keep,
while his neighbor B had more milk
than he could dispose of. One day A
brought two pigs over and deposited them
in B 's pen; saying that he wished B
to keep them, on shares, and thai he might
keep thrm two months, and have one of
them s his share. B replied that as
he had plenty feed he would keep them
four Months and have them both as of
courne that would amount to the same
ihina ! A left, saying lhat he suppo
sed il was all right but guessed he wouldn't
bring. iny more.
"There's two ways of doing it," said Pat
to him-elf, as he stood musing and waiting
for a job, "if I save me four thousand dolfars
I must lay up two hundred dollars a year
for twenty years, or I can put away twenty
; dollars a year for two hundred years now
i which shall I do!"
From the Week'y Scotsman.
The Confederate Forces and Prospects.
The Times publishes a statement from
George Saunders, late American Cpnsol in
London, who has arrived in England by the
Jura, direct from Richmond. .He has im
portant advices from ihe Confederate Com
missioners. He says: The army in Vir
ginia numbers 200,000 fighting men.'wiih
400 pieces of well-appointed field artillery
and 10.000 splendidly mounted and armed
cavalry. The army was in fine condition,
marching on the enemy and anxionslo
give them battle, and no one in or out of
the army doubted the result, . 150,000 in-,
fantry and artillery and 12 000-eavalry are"
in supporting distances in North Alabama,"
East Tennessee, and South Eastern Ken
tucky, and were making concerted marches
upon the front and rear of Buell's and
Grant's armies, supposed to be less than
150,000. The Confederate cavalry, under
Generals Forrest and Morgan, bad cot off
the Federal reinforcements and supplies by
river and rail, destoying the bridges, tun
nels, trains, and transports from close prox
imity to 150 miles in Buell's rear. It was
confidently believed at Richmond that Gen...
Buell's nrmy would have to capitulate.
To hold St. Louis and Missouri against the
Confederate forces would require 150,000
men. Acconnts from Tennessee, Missouri,
Kentucky, and Mar land represent that the"
young men are ready and anxious to lake
up arms as soon as the Confederate army
shall advance; lhat the Confederate Govern
ment calculate upon adding to their num
ber in the field not less than one hundred
and fifty thousand from these States, they
having furnished scarcely a regiment to the '
Federal army under the last call, and that
the health of Richmond is particularly ''
good." The Times believes tbe above state
ment to be genuine.
The FinnnxG Forcb of th Confederate
States A writer in the Mobile Register
gives the statistics of the fighting force of'
the Conftderate States, professedly derived:
from the United States census table of 1840
and 1850, and assuming that the ratio of
increase from 1850 to 1860 is as great as
lhat from 1840 to 1850. The census tables
for 1S50 show that the fourteen slave states
had a white male population between the
ages of 15 and 50 of 1,470,000; and if the
Stales increased as rapidly between 1850
and I860 as they did during the preceding
ten years, their present white male popn-j
laiion between 15 and 50 will re 2,030,000.
"Assuming the census tables to be correct,"
says4he Richmond Whig, "we now bars
in ilia fourteen Southern States, upwards of
two millions of white males between the
azes of 15 and 50, and it is idle to talk about
conq uering them. Tbey ate not shopkeep
ers, tatWrs, factorymen, button-makers. &c.t
turned loose upon the world, and forced to -enlist
from want: but they are use to hand
ling the shot gun and rifle from the age of
12. Grant, bowever, that this estimate is '
extravagant, let us suppose that the ages of
18 and 40 should govern as the limit. Still
this would not reduce us lo despair; for, by
no rule of calculation could our fighting -forces
be reduced to one million of men. ;
This force can be kept in the field as long
as the North may assail us, and it will not :
interfere with our producing and agricultur
al population. When the present crops
are gathered, the South will not again feel
any want of food for man or horse. Insub
ordination among her black population,
upon which the North counted so largely,
does nol exist; our slaves can be safely
trusted to the management of the boys un
der 18 and tbe old men, and abundant
crops be thus secured while our fighting
men are in the field. Not so with the
North. Whenever she puts anything like
her military strength into the field she
weakens her power to feed her people; and
though her white population in I860 was
19.000 000, against 8.700.000 whiles of the
South, and though she ought, therefore, to
be able to send out two soldiers where we
can send one, yet we question much if she
can send out one million as readily as the
South can. The prolongation o! this strug
gle will develop more of the resource of
the South than of the North."
A Calt. to Arms. The following "excit
ing" call to arms has been extensively cir
culated in the State of Connecticut, United
" Invalid Brigade! Pour in Patriotic Sona .
of Connecticut, and fill up the Ranks!
Glory, Hallelujah! Yonr Country calls!
Let 'er call. Get your certificate, and join
the glorious Brigade of General Debility"
The first Regiment of this Bnsade will con
sist of the following companies: Com
pany A, Sapheads and Minors; Company
B. Undertakers' Zouaves: Cora'y C, Crutch.
Company, (in ambulances); Company D,
Only Sons Company; Company E, Peace
Guards in Private Carriage; Company F,
Substitute Corps; Company G, Disabled
Patriots ; Company II, Forty-six yearolders
'pet lambs'; Company I, Invited Guests,
(foreigners); Company K, Canadian Volti
geurs. There will be a 'grand inspection'
of ihe corps on Saturday; every 'ill that
flesh is heir to' is expected to be in tbe
ranks. The Undertakers' Zouaves will form
the right of the line. A few more men
wanted for this company. None bnt able
bodied men need apply. Each man will
be armed with a pine coffin and a 'cerlifi
cate !' Bouuty Land A Farm 6 ft x. 1,
will be given to each recruit."