Newspaper Page Text
Two Dollars per Annua.
17.:n. J1C0DT, Proprietor
Truth and Right God and onr Country
BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY APRIL 9, 1862,
STIR OF THE NORTH
rCSLUHZD KTXltY WXDXZBBAT BT-
W21. II. JACOB!,"
CLItc ca Sain St., Srd Sqnarc below Sarket,
TERMS: Two Dollars pr annum If paid
within six months from the time of subscri-
bingr two dollars and fifty cent if not paid
within thb. year. No subscription taken for
a. less period than six months; no discon..
tinaar.ce permitted o n t i 1 all arrearages are
paid, unless at the option of the editor.
' Iks term of advertising vill be as follows :
One square, twelve lines three times, SI 00
Every subsequent insertion, ..... -25
One square, three months, ....... 3 00
On year. . .... . . . . 8 00
OF UNSEATED XANDS.
AGREEABLY to the provision of an Act
of Assembly, entitled an Act direcling
the mods of falling Unseated Lands for tax
es, and for other purposes, parsed the 13th
day of March, 1815, and the further sup
plements thereto, passed the 13th-day of
March, 1817, 25'h dav of March, 1821, and
8th day of March, 1847, the Treasurer of the
connty of Columbia, hereby gives notice
to all person concerned therein, that unless
the Co , Road, Sc hcol.Poor and Siate Taxes
lue on (he follow in j tract of Unseated
Lands, situate :n Columbia county, are paid
before '.he day ol sale, the whole or such
pans of each tract as will pay the taxes
and costs chnraenble thereon, will be sold
t the COURT HOUSE, in Bioomsburg,
county of Columbia, on the 9th day of June
J862, being the second Monday, and to be
continued by adjournment, trom day to day
ft'r arrearage ot laxe due said county, and
Ihe cosi accrued on each tract respectively .
WARRANTEES OR OWNERS.
BENTON TW P.
80 "o Your? & Co.
72 Andrew Clarlt,
4u0 Sarah A. Cautfran,
25 Isaac Davis,
35 do do
SO Anthony Davis,
100 benjamin P Frick,
209 John Graefl,
- 150 Macn & Roai,
87 Elias Miller,
" 100 George Nunseser,
100 George Noyer,
63 Franklin bhuman,
40 Mose Scbiicher.
200 Peter Yohe, dec d,
125 Lewi Fitger,
200 -William Newart,
200 William Grev.
41 Jesse Bowman,
4 Seth B Bowman,
180 Christopher Bender,
277 Lewi's Bender,
427 Nathan Beach,
28 V. J. T. Cleram,
10 - Philip Freas,
50 John Freds' estate,
150 Andrew Freas,
90 Gilbert Fowler,
' 64 John Parkerson,
35 Daniel Seybert,
7 do do
SCO Joseph Sharpless & others
90 J. H Young estate,
140 Daniel F. Seybert
320 George Ashton,
394 Peter Dehaveu,
331 Joseph Jordan,
373 Caleb Lowndes,
398 William Miller,
389 William Porter,
340 Daniel Reese,
109 Peter Smith,
4, Richard Tenia
372 " Whiieman,
337 John Warner,
382 John Young,
277 Rotert Jordan
285 Andrew Porter,
170 Thomas Ruston
380 Mary Huston
303 Lewis Walker.
384 - Johnston Beatdey,
100 George Beckham- '
30 Thomas Barnes,
384 Thomas Hikzhimer,
384 Robert Hittzbinier
3S4 William Shannon
250 Amos Wickersbam,
3 Dit ision A., Martin Lands,
120 do B, do do
35 do C, dn do
441 Ebeuezer Brar.ham
100 Peter Banghf.er
429 Joshua Beam,
406 John Young
112 John Huston
ioll36 Paxton, Kline & Sharpless
400 Jacob Triea,
100 do do
72 00 !
20 37 6-IPp. Foulk & Preston Retreat,4 . 10
114 119p. Altemas & Co
17 !6Sam'l S- Altemas, 10 22
f 9-16 J Anspach jr. 13 12
Benjamin Ailebach, -Jacob
George Harm an 1
Emanuel Lazarus, 1
Solomon Helwig 4
Schmich & Rrobst
Elijah Reynolds & Co.
Frees & Hoffman
Edward M.c Henry
William Patterson's esiate
Daaiel F. Seybert,
John Covanhoan's estate
Isaic A. DeWitt, r
James DeWiu's heirs
Samuel C. Longshore
Robert Montgomery estate
Nathaniel Campbell 5 63
Robert Montgomery's es:ale 15 25
Gears? Dili 2 43
Elias Golder & Co. 10 11
Abraham Hidler, 87
McCall's heirs 1 00
Newbard & Goldet 10 11
Wiiiiam Siepbeas ' "2 43
- Wright Hughes,
John Reynolds -Thomas
18 George Brown ' 90
27 Jacob Hartcel jr. 74
10 Marshall G. Kinney 1 72
3 Geo. Longenberser 10
20 Abraham Masteller 2 53
20 Peter Miller, 49
175 George Nnngesser 4 37
209 Jacoo Schweppenbeiser 6 52
80 Peter Yohe's estate, 2 01
300 Thomas Lemon, 7 63
AO William Ellis 60
127 Robert Montgomery's estate 3 80
8 William Ginztes, J6
400 Boyd & Paxton 28 25
17 Henry & Jacob Baoman 3 53
14 Benjamin P. Frick 7 33
35 Jeremiah Fiucher, 1 83
32 George Lonaenberger 6 78
10 Henry G. Miller, 2 12
110 C. F. Mann, Esq ,7 06
69 Isaiah Shuman 3 67
24 Joshua Webb 2d, 1 69
10 Samuel Boone 52
11 William Beers 52
4 5 Samuel Me lick 2 68
29 John Melick 1 72
8 Peter Bellas sr. 1 04
100 Mathias Appleman 7 98
18 Thomas Davis' estate 1 92
80 James Lockard 8 60
21 Lewi? Schuyler 2 17
30 Samuel Snyder - 2 19
116 Vallershamp's eslate 12 46
50 Peter Baughner 3 09
60 Thomas Barnes jr. 3 70
100 Part of John Huston, 6 18
165 IsaaTJ Ltndville 5 OS
137 Daniel Levan, sr. 6 18
50 Jacob Trien 3 09
195 James Buckalew 10 56
SO Benjamin Cole's heirs 1 54
05 Goss' Estate 11 22
64 Conrad Hess' estate 7 04
4C0 John Lnckard 16 50
73 Aaron Lewis l 98
2 9 Robert Montgomery's estate J3 64
200 do du 11 00
17 Lemuel Roberts 2 20
23 Sarah Jane Roberts 3 03
50 James Sbnltz 5 50
47 Abraham Young 5 50
275 Bloomsbor lrou Co. jo 30
150 William Stephens 4 18
30 Wm Montgomery 2 64
JAMES S. McNINCH, Treasurer.
Treasurer's Office, 1
Elooras.burg, April 2d, 1862. J
TKEASERER'S SALE OF REAL ES
AGREEABLY to the provisions of the act
of AM?mblv, entitled an Act to reduce
the State debt, &c , passed the 39ih day of
April, 1S44, the Tieasurer of the County of
Columbia hereby sive notice 10 all nr.
sons concerned therein, that unless the
Pnnntu. rnml . echnol. nnnr and Sin.
... j , - j - 1 " as,
fee. due on the following real etaie situate
in the coontv of Colombia, are paid before
the dayvof sale, ihe whole or such parts of
each as will pay the charges and costs
chargeable thereon, will be sold at the
Court House in BIoombor2, co. of Colum
bia, on the 9th day of June 1862, beins 'be
second Monday, and to be continued' bv
08 j adjournment from day to day for arrearage
40 : ot taxes due sai county and the costs ac
crued on each respectfully.
O WNERS OR REPUTED OWNERS.
Ilea's. Doh. Cls
'Kingston Coal Co,
Hiram W. Thornton
John V. Crtsweil
Franklin, Stewan & Co
John Baliard's heirs
George A. Frick
Charles S. Coxe
j 1 lot
E. D. & J. R. Swaawout 1
Josiah Epwler '
Samuel F. Headley
Daviu Kiner's estate
Gi leon Ha.-eler
3i Abraham Co'.p
30 Jon Johr.HOo
John Anderson's est.
Lewis Brigg's estate
A. Dei tench & Torby
John W. Clarlt
I J Richard Torby 1
James Parks 1
Isaac Drum 1
Monroe Merkle , 1
CyrcsFox ' 1
27 Iaac Richard
'i Julia A. Cromley
22 Sanford Gearhart
Mots James Hampton
11 Samuel C. Iusrhora
100 Henrv C. Hess,
80 John Roberts
7 Caleb Fox
1 t 66
" . 73
1 1 50
4 1 96
two 2 95
one -1 88
two 1 56
3 9 87
3 3 92
1 5 65
3 3 r2
St. 1 15.24
1 30 j
two 80 I
one 1 05 j
two 2 26 J
one 1 65 j
3 i 39 j
two 30 j
One 5r )
1 :t 06
one : 04 ;
I 17 1
one !i 10
' 44 i
J. R. Morris
135 & Hoi J. Cnvanhov.an's est. 1
Charr.berlin & Sowns
John H. Parker
Thos Stackhouse sr.
David & A. Smith
Samuel C. Longshore
Uamel ShuI zV estate
200 Bloomeburg Iron Co.
40 Lavina Golder,
JAMES S. McNINCH, Treas'r.
Blonmfburg, April 2nd, 1862.
Notice to the Heirs of Peler noffu ia, dit'd.
man. Harriet bisher. Anna At -
ria Fowler. Rozelta Amanita Cleaver, Syl
vester Hoffman, William IIofTiiMn. Sarah
Elizabeth Richards, Charlotte Hoffnan,
Hannah Hoffman, Joseph Sieela and Ha ro
ue! Sieele, children and devisees of i'e'er
Hoffman, deceased, late of LocubI township,
You and each of yon Bre herf by cilei! and
commanded to bv and appear in ynut per
sons before I he Judges of ihe Orpian's
Court ot aid county, to be hoh'in at
Bloomsourc, in and for said county, en the
first Monday oi Mty next, then and .here
to accept or refuse the estate of said lec'd
at the valuation, or 'how cause why the
iame should not be old. Witnesi the
honorable Aaron K: Peckham, Esq , Presi
dent of our said Court at Bloomt)or;' Ihe
fourteenth day of February, A. I) one
thousand eight hundred s'txty two.
Jacob Eterlt, Clerk O. C.
JOSIAH H. FlIRMAN, Sheriff
Sheriff's Office, )
Bloomsbnrz. Feb. 26. 1862. J
limit tti Foit niu u.vfiu,
A lid I.- T. harpless' "heap t'nsh ore.
NEW GOODS I GREAT BARGAINS I
THE nudersisred is iust receiving 1 new
supi lr of eoods, iresn norn tne cities 01
New York and Phil'a. and
is prepaied to
sell them at Reduced Price?
Calicoes from 7c to 12 jc, the best at I2jc
some of which cost I5c. Dress Goods;
Challis, Lavellas, Ginghams, Muslins Ken
tucky Jeans, boy's Cassimeres, &c. &c,
Ladies' Shoes and Gailors, in great vari
riety of stj le rnd quality. A good heeled
Gaitpr for 62je, ani an excellent Congress
forSl.00 A kid Reeled Lace Hoot lor Si
and upward ALSO, the High Cut Falmo
ral Lace Brot for ladies. Ladies' an! Children-,'
Skirts, Linen KaudnerchieN, k.c, at
a very low fisiure. '
Best Stone Ware Sets $4.00, &c. H( miny,
Dried Peaches, Mackerel, Chees, L rnons,
etc. Good S)rnp Molasses from 50 to 60o
a gallon. Sugars, lower than recently sold,
from 8c to 13o, the latter price ft r beet
white. Coal Oil as low as any.where.
CF"An examination of the goods i soli
cited. Come and see for yourselve s, that
the Cash System is preferable to any other.
Grain and country produce taken in ex
change for Goods by
L. T. SHARPLESS.
Bioomsburg, March 26, 1862.
ry HE Spring Term of thi lnsiiluitn wi I
X commence on the 7ih of April Jext.
T he Principal will be assisted t y able
instructors, and a ample lacilities will be
afforded to qualify Students lor leaching,
for business ot for a more extensive course
in literature, a liberal 6hare of parlronage
is again solicited. .
Pnpil who do not come from hr me, or
are not put under ihe charge o.' near rela
tives, must board at the Seminary, and be
subject to ihe regulations thereol. They
musl provide their own towels anil have
each article Of clothing distinctly rn irked.
Eleven weeks corstiiute a quart sr and
there will be a vacation of about six weeks
in mid summer.
Boarding, washing and Toilioi wish
furnished rooms, will be $25 per quarter,
or.e half payable in advance.
Tuition alone io Common branches $5 00
including advance Algebra
mathematics his-ory &c. " 6 00
' in Latin, German or French
each extra 1 00
For furthr particulars address
WM. BURGESS, Principal.
Millville, Col co., Feb. 26, 1862.
Estate of Chrutcphcr Ucller, late of Mifflin
townsh'p, Col co., deceased.
LETTERS testamentary on the state of
Christopher Heller, late of Mifflin twp..
Columbia county, deceased, havi been
granted by ihe Register of Colurab a coon
ty, to Samuel Heller, residing in Hollen
back township, Luzerne county. All per
sons indebted to said estate are requested
to call and make immediate, payment, and
those having claims or demands will pre
seat tbem prrpeily autherticatod for settle
mentto th nnderaianed.
SAMUEL HELLER, Execu'.or.
. January 8, 1862. 6u
COLUMBIA COUNTY SS .
$kW&'l f HE Commonwealth of Psnn- '
V"ViP syivania to Louisa f.ynn, j
'xZJ? Henry Hoffman. Geo. W. !loff-!
WHEREAS the Hon. Aaron K. Peck
ham, President Judge of the Conrt of
Oyer and Terminer and General Jail Deliv
ery, Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace,
and Court of. Common Pleas and Orphans'
Court, in the 26th Judicial District, compos,
ed of Ihe counties of Columbia, Sullivan and
Wyomw2 and the Hons. Stephen Baldy and
John McReynolds, Associate Judges, ot Co
lumbia Co., have issued their precept, bear
ing date one.lhonsand eighteen hundred and
sixty one, and o me directed for holding a
Courl of Oyer and Terminer, and General
Jsil Delivery, Quarter Sessions of the Peace,
Com. Pleas and Orphans' Court, in Bloom
horg, in the county of Columbia, nn the first
Monday (bein? the 5th day) of May, next
and to continue one week.
Notice is hereby given, to the Coroner, the
Justices of the Peace and Constables ot the
said County of Columbia, that they be Ihen
and there in I heir proper persons at 10 o'
clock in ihe forenoou of said day, with their
records, inquisitions and other remembran
ces to do thoe inings which to their offices
appertain to be done.' And those that are
bound by recognizes, to prosecute against
the prisoners that are or may be in the Jail
of raid county ot Columbia, to be then and
there to proecute then 'as shall be just. Ju
rors are requested to be punctual in Iheii
attendance, agreeably to itieir notice, dated
at Bioomsburg, 24th day of March, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-one,, and in the eighty-sixth year
of the Independence of the United Slates of
America. (God sava the Common we.Hh.)
JOSIAH H. FURMAN,
Sheriff's Office. ) Sheriff.
Bioomsburg, Mar. 26, 1862.
Grand Juror?, for Dlay Term, 1SG2.
Bloom John Pursel, sr., Montgomery Xline
Braver Christian Shuman.
Benton Elijah Klir.e.
Briarcreek Johli W. Bowman.
Bor. Berwick-Towtisand B"one.
Cattawissa, John Sharpless, - Daniel C.
Hemlock John Bruglpr.
Jackson Frederick Wile,f RibertJEdgar.
Locust Wm. Lee, David L. Helwig, Reu
ben Fahringer, jr., Benjamin Wagner.
Mount Pleasant Tnomai J. Welliver
Madison Jacob Swisher, Henry.C. Mills.
()rang John Herring.
Pine John Lore, Albert Hunter.
Scott Peer E .t, Enock Howell.
March 26, 1862.
Traverse Jurors, for May, 1862.
Bor. Berwick Henry C. Frea.
BInom Peter Bill meyer, George Weaver.
Briarcreek John Fester, jr., J hn Blank,
jr., Enos L. Adams, Joseph Sackhouse.
Beaver Jdcob Hrriger, Peter Eeroath.
Benton Jcob Kimble. Alexander Colley.
Cattawissa John Rif.er, George Strieker,
Centre John Hill, Paul Zaner.
Franklin Washington Parr, Aaron Lara-
Fi-hinacreek Elias Pealer, Henry Bitten
bender. Greenwood Jesse Heacock, Nicholas Cole
John M. Parker.
Hemlock Reuben Bomboy, Samuel Ohl,
Benjamin Wilson, Jacob Harris.
Locust Henry Fahriner, Jacob Miller,
David lUuck, Michael Hower.
M. film Stephen Auchenbach, John R.
nhe, Her.ry Angle.
Madison Valentine Christian, Thomas A.
Fonsion. Jutm Fruit, ir.
Montour Lewis Roat, Grier Quick
Oraiiiie Jesse Coleman. Peter P
Hiram R. Kline.
Rojringcreek Benjamin Hacck.
Sugarloaf William Masteller, Elias .Cole,
Scott Chester C. Matr, Samuel Kressler.
March 26, 1862
BOOKS & STATIOINEIiYT
William G. Terry,
Bookseller, Blank Book Maning, arer and
Dealer in Imported and Amer ican Sta'ion
ery, and Photograph Album, S. W. cor.
Fourth and Race, PhiUda.
Rlauk Accou t Books,
FuOLS-CAP PAPER, LE1TER, NOTE,
Bill, Sermon and Drawing Paper, Curtains
and Wrapping papers. Envelopes, Pencils.
Slates, Backgammon Boards. Ches, Gold
Pen-, Family Bibles, Hy mns, Prayer Books
American, Engli-li & French Inks, Pocket
Books, Writing Desks, &e.&c, all of which
are being sold at very low price foi cah.
Wm.G. Perry, S. W. cor 4ih fcRace, Phita.
Blank Books of the Best Quality,
can be bought at low prire, in every vari
ety of Mj le of binding at W m. G. Perry's
Account Book Manntaf.tnrer S. W. cor. 4th
and Race Sireets, Phila !o.
A large assortment selling ?l very low
prices for cash. Wm. (i.. Perry,
S. W. cor Fourth & Race Streets.
Buy Win. . Perry's
Steel Pens, the best and cheapest in the
market. Wm. G. Perry, Stationer,
1 S. W. corner Fourth & Race sis.
Selling at a bargain. Purchaers buying
Books, and Stationery for cash, can pur
chase, much below wholesale prices at S.
W. cor. Fourth & Race.
Wm. G. Perry,
Bookseller and Stationer.
Of ever y description executed in the best
style. Person having books in quantity
thai need binding, can have them boned
at the present lime at very low rates. None
but experienced workmen are employed
in my establishment. Win. G. PERRY,
Book Binder and Stationer,
S. W. cor. Fourth & Race Sis, Philada.
December 18. 1861 -4m.
ITtQUSrtLE. Two Patent Lever ( Thirteen
Jewels Watche6, will be sold cheap
for cash. They are in good condition, hot
further particulars, inquire at the Star Of-
Bioomsburg, Jan. 29, 1862.
PHOTOGRAPHY IN ALL ITS Branches
executed in the best style known in the
art, at C. G. CRANE'S GALLERY, 632
Arch Street, East of Sixth, Philadelphia.
ET.ife Size in Oil and Pastil,
. CSAmbrotvpes, Daguerreotypes, Sic.
For Cates, Medallions, Pins, Rings, $c.
Speech oi lion. N. Perry, of New. Jersey,
Delivered in the House of Representative on the
6A of March, 1862.
The House being in Committee of the
Whole onthe stateotthe Union, Mr. PERRY
Chairm'k 1 It is with great reluc
tance that I enter at this time into any dis
cussion ; but the questions of emancipation
and abolition having been forced upon this
House in various forms by the gentleman
from Massachusetts, (Mr Elliot ) the gen
tleman from Illinois, Mr. Lovejoy, the
gentleman from Pennsylvania, Mr. Ste
phens, the gentleman from Ohio, Mr.
Bingham and others professing similar
sentiments, at a time like the awful present
involving issues so vital and important,
plain good intention, h wish to prevent anj
misconstruction of the views of my constit
uents, and an earnest desire for ihe welfare
of my country, are the only motives iha:
prompt me to tresspass for a few momenta
on the attention of this House.
II there ever was an occasion that called
for an exaljed conseption of public affairs,
or for a snpethnman effort to cast aside. ihe
bonrts of fanaticism and stand before the
world a patriot, not a partizan, it is the pres
ent. We never have seen, and I trust to
Ood wo never will see again, such a crisis.
Everything that makes life desirable is de
pending on the fortune of war; but the re
sult of that war rests with our loyal peo
ple. Those measures ad vocating the abolition
of slavery involve and virtually ask the
question , shall the Government be main
tained and the Union preserved' They
present themselves at the bar of this House
clad in the borrowed garments of necessity
They bear beneath their deceptive folds a
sword drawn to destroy and sever the Union
-a shield to shelter and defend the beloved
African. They are, Mr. Chairman, wolves
in sheep's clot hing.
The fact that theee extreme measures
are totally unconstitutional is perhaps suf
ficient 10 condemn them; but there is noth
ing in the Constitution that gives them even
the shadow of a foundation. This is a con
test to uphold and maintain, not to destroy
and overthrow the Constitution. The Amer
ican Union can exist no longer than the
Cons;itution remains safe from tho in?idious
attacks ol these abolitiou doctrines. If we
give up our defence of Ihe Constitnlion, or
yield one inch of the 6acreJ leriitory upon
which we take our stand, we seal our own
fa'e.are accessory to our own insignificance
and aid in our own destruction. If I under
stand, sir, anything of the object of this
war, it is designed for the preservation of
the country, and not lor its destruction ;
yet yoi propose to annihilate the groat in
stitution of the South that you may preserve
the South. How can yon preserve the
whole by destroying any part 1 Bnt you
may be willing to sacrifice, if. necessary, a
part 10 save he rei.
, For myself, I want far, far stronger proof
that emancipation or abolition, is a neces
sity. I cannot now be made lo believe that
it is necessary to make the slaves our allies
in suppressing thi rebellion.
Thi is not a war for the destruction and
depopulation of the South, but a war to
preserve Ihe South, and restore it to the
protection of the Government arid the
Since all our acts have such an influence
on the existence of our nation, it is necessa
ry that we should look at the effect of our
What; then, would be the effect of the
adoption of these abolition schemes ?
And here the book of fate is opened to us
so wide thai he who cannot draw from it
instruction and warning mut be blind in
deed. Though I think that the advocate of these
measures err in their juogement. still I have
Ihe charity to believe in the rectitude of
their intentions. But the effects of this pol
icy are so certain that they seem lo me to
be evident to almost dullness itself.
The universal condemnation with which
this emancpa'ion doctrine has been leceiv
ed inKetr.ucky, Missouri, and Tennessee,
is a sufficient index of its effect in the rest
of the Southern States. Men thai were for
merly Union men have actually been driv
en to lake up arms and join the rebel army.
From escaped and released prisoners, from
deserters from the rebel arm, from a hun
dred bources.we have an unTmited amount
ol proof that it is the general impression of
ihe South that this war has for its direct ob
ject the emancipation of the slaves How
ever much wo may disclaim such a po.iey,
still that does no! alter the fact that such an
impression prevails. The soldiers and peo
ple derive these impre ssions I mm their
leaders ; bin the truth cannot be shut out
from the people for any gieat length ol
Now, if lhe?e rumors are without found
ation they must fall to the ground, and bury
their authors in theroins.
There are thousands at th6 South who
cannot thus be misled by the leaders who
are compelled to occupy a neutral positbn.
But give thee reports the shadow of a
foundation in fact, let this abolition policy
te adopted, and the South will be uniteJ
heart and hand in one unanimous effort to
establish their bouse upon a rock.
It has beer, sufficiently demonstrated that
it requires all the strength ol the Govern
ment to maintain itself against those actu
ally rebelling, but yet you seem determined
to inspire them with greater strength.
I accept the proposition of the honorable
gentleman from Massachusetts, that this
war "is a question whether the government
or the rebels shall be stronger." I think it j
has been sufficiently well demonstrated that
the southerners are valiant fighting men,'
and that it requires all the giant power of
the North to cope with them. Then, sir.
when our salvation is doubtful, it is the
height of folly and blindnees to throw into
Ihe balance against nu all the hatred, all the
vigor, all the strength of feeling in the
southern heart. To say the Iea6t, it is not
according to the dictates of common sense
to make bad worse by drjving the entire
South to arms. Such measures as these
will convince them that fanalici-m rules
the councils of the nation, and will animate,
nerve, and strengthen them In their efforts
to build on the ruins of the American Union
a southern confederacy a monument to
our insane and suicidal policy.
Smce these measures will insure a united
and exasperated South, why do you hasten
to destroy all that is desirable in the present
that some imaginary good may be secured
in the future? When we show to the south
the utter want of a foundation for their de
lusion; that we are not enslaved by the
insane measures promulgated by the aboli
tionisms; that we worship our country, but
not abolitionism, then sir, we will rob them
of one half their strength, and break the J
strop.gset sword drawn to sever the Union
If. we utterly rout these measures, and pro
claim to the south that loyalty is 10 be
maintained, disloyalty subdued, we will
crea'e a political revolution in our favor;
surely a result devoutly to be wihed. Thus
we will put thoe actually rebelling in such
an odious light that they cannot possibly
maintain the formidable front they now pro
sent, but will be compelled to succumb to
the powerful reaction of the southern peop'e
But if we drive them into .1 position which
they do not occupy, if we are determined
to make the entire South our mortal loe,
ihe. 1 should the whole north rise in mass
and crush the people of the sou h. Let me j
tell you, at that late hour we would find, to j
our sorrow, that "he who comes by force I
alone hath overcome but half his ioe.
Bui how will these measures effect the
state of affairs at the Norn? In the anxi
ety for ihe developments of the future, in j
the terrible suspense of the present, all j
have forgo ten the past. -The loyal men of j
ihe North have cast aside all parly preja- i
dice. They have forgotten the mottoes i
daubed on the tissue banners of partizan- i
ship. They have buried the hatchet, and
united 111 this effort to maintain the Gov
ernment. , Party has been swallowed up in
the broad stream of patriotism that sur-
i rounds our countrv. Whv are rou so am,
j j -
i ious, at such a lime as th:s, 10 di up the
I buried hatchet, and fulfill the earnest ex- j
j pectalion of the South, by making a divi- J
I ded North ? The fabric of a Southern Con- j
! federacy built by the wicked imaginations '
! of men deluded by a false ambition, was 1
! foandeJ on the expectation of aid from for '
I eign Powers and the hope of a divided
North. Since one halt of the loundation :
: has vanished, it remains with von 10 with 1
draw the other half, and dash the proud j
fabric to ihe dust. Why do you oppose I
j and try lo unseize ihe noble principle of'
action adopted by ihe President, to whom j
'i all eyes are turned, and in whom all hopes '
are concentrated? The loyal men of the I
; country look to ihe Administration to de- !
1 fend the Constitution, and not turn their
1 armies into a band of crusaders agaitist the !
j institution of negro slavery; and, sir, let me J
, leu you ine win 01 millious ol patriots is
j no thing to trWle with.
j The Democratic Union party now, as
j heretofore, insists on the enforcement of
the laws throughout all this country, and
they rejoice in supporting, with heart and
; hand, a President who seems determined
, to fulfill his oath of office, and to preserve
the Union by maintaining the Constitution.
Let Ihem never see a desertion from the
raoeofthe Union, or this noble struggle
' converted into a John Brown foray; then,
' sir, the Abolitionists will have to fight their
I own battles, or lollow an illustrious exam
' pie and resort to insane asylums,
j Sir, ihe Nation looks lo iho President to
1 stand unmoved by either of the factions,
! North or South. He must conquer the fae-
lion at the South that are trying to overthrow
j the Constitution by substituting one of their
! own making, and that faction at the North
who are trying to subvert ihe Constitution
' by applying the power of the nation :o 1
! carry out their aboHtion schemes,
i 'Ihe adoption of this policy will as surely
, caue a division at the north as that a snn
j shine, in trie heavens. It should be our
j chief aim . for our salvation depends upon
j it, to keep ihe north united and divide ihe
sou'h. Yet the certain result of these meas
ures will be to unite the South and divide
the tmr.'h ' United we stand, divided we
fall.,r' The heart of the people must be in
ihis mighty struzsle. They must be attach
ed to the Government, the leaders of the
Army, the commanders of the Navy. Their
affection must be anchored deep in the
foundation of our saered institutions. With
this, we are safe and victorious against ev
ery foe; without it, the Government would
be a number of tottering columns ; the
army a miserable rabble; the navy but a
floating mass of roMen timber Why will
you shatter the wonderful . confidence the
people have placed in the Government?
When the nation is rising in its strength,
and every preparation is made to bring the
war to a successful termination, and every
thing is conspiring to make easy the way to
conciliation, when success is almost in our
grasp, by resorting to these desperate meas
ures, yon block up forever the road to victory.
" If these are ihe facts of ihe case and I
know not who can deny them',' how utterly
absurd does such a policy appear! W'ith
what confaaion'ihoald its advocates be cov
"I there not some chosen course, ven,
Some hidden thunder in the stores of hea-
Red with uncommon wrath, to blast the man
Who owes Lis greatness lo his country'
The gentlemen seem to lose siaht of the
object of this war. It wocld be well to de
termine what this contest was commenced
for. Was it not because the traitors of th
south attempted 10 supplant the Constitu
tion of the United States by one they had
framed for themselves ? Since the day our
nation's flag fell, "Muttering like a wound
ed bird," on the ramparts of Sumter, ee'ven
hundred thousand freemen have drawn the
sword to avenge the insult, and maintain
that banner as the emblem of the Union -Our
patriot soldiers, who have taken their
live in thetr hands, have gone forth in de
fence of the Union; that, sir, being their
sole object, not to advance any single doc
trine or to establish any theory. When
these meri hear that I heir lives are endan
gered not for the Union, but to supply the
slaves with knives to cat their master's
throats, then will they, in ihe might of their
indignation, rue and tell you thai they nev
er trusted iheir lives to your care thus to be
sacrificed for the liberation of the almighty
negro." They swore to maintain and not
lo overthrow the Constitution ot the United
Mr. Chairman. I never can consent that
ihe armies sacred to the cause of the Union,
the Constitution, and the rights of man,
slioold be used to violate 'hose first princi
ples; to crush the loyal as well as the dis
loyal, and lo overthrow where they should
build up. Never fhall I consent that our
Army of freemen shall be convened into so
many John Browns. Ye who so loudly cri
ed "not guilty" when that infernal insur
rection wes started at Harper's Ferry, why
now are you so anxions to carry on the
same insurrection on a magnified scale?
Why do you strive to shield whh the man
tle of military glory such a monstrous na
tional crime ? In the words of the honora
ble gentleman from Kansas, (slightly mod--ified)
' estrangement and war will always
exist while abolition survives. The extinc
tion of this evil is the only final end of dis
union. The question, therefore, is whether
our Government shall be saved or des'.roy-
i ed; whether L".i'jn sha'l be its object, and
j peace its frui's, of al-olitinn its object, and
war its baleful offspring." Sir, it is this
doctrine of abolition that ha driven as into
this war: and yet its advocates flag not in
advancing this pernicious theory. - In spite
of the unavoidable proof of til this; in spite
of the awful danger ne are in because of
them, they are "determined to ablain the
sop'emacy, that they may carry out their '
fatal system, and ihen exult over the ruin
they have made Let us be thorough in
our lustrMion, and tear from the hiJeoui
face of aboiitio-i the deceptive mask of
emancipation, let ns bury it in one and the
same crave w i;h its colleague, disunion.
But, Mr. Chairmen1 , 1 neither wish at this
lime to open old wounds, nor to enter into
a discussion abouf the causes of this war
It is enough lo know that ihe evils are upon
us, and it becomes us, a ihe arbiters of the
J destinies of ibis Republic, to strip off all
vails that contract or impede our vision.
Honorable, indeed, is it 10 be a nation's
physiciat; and when a country is struggling
with a disease that threatens its very life,
ill noes it become us to disccss, with pro
fessional skill, the cause of the malady, and
overlook the groaning calls for relief. It is
our imperative duty to prescribe tha prop
er medicine, and in sufficient quantities to
save the life of our country. Hiving done
Ihis, it will then be time enough to investi
gate the cause, and guard against a recur
rence of the malady.
Since, then, onr Constitution has been
vitally assailed, let ns first decide whether
or not il shall be trampled under foot, and
spit upon, and not stop to discuss these side
issces when the very pillars of our govern
ment are tottering around ns Instead of
closing the breach that now yawns between
the North and the South it will widen and
deepen it. If it be your object to bury in
tha same grave loyalty and disloyalty, pass
these measures, and you will accomplish
But if you love your country better than
llie ne:zro, the Uiiion better lhan party,drop
these diverting, ruinous measures, and lei
the whole united strength of the nation be
used to accomplish ihe object of all these
efforts, and when the Union is again reslor
ed to its former safety, then introdace your
o'her measures, and we will try lo settle
them. Why will you allow the African to
cast such a black shadow over your minds
thai you cannot get a single unclouded peep
at the Union ? Do riot. I beseech you, look;
ct everything through such black and de
ceptive spectacles. For the rake of your
country, turn your eyes away from the
negro, if only for a few short month, and
let patriots see the Union restored ; Then
care not bow divided we are in sentiment,
nor bow much you extol and eulogize lb
dark object of your affeclions.
i do not wonder that the advocates of
emancipation are at a loss to know hatto
do with the immense burden they propose
to carry. I do not wonder that they prof
pose so many and such impracticable
methods of relief. Already have many of
ihe Siates-, whose representatives on thU
floor are loudest in their appeals for eman
cipation and abolition, cruelly clod their
j doors against the onlortonate African.
I snnd to the Clerk's desk to b9 rt,d u