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TAROF THE NORTII.
... fPiU . JACOBY, EDITOR.
BlOaSSBliarWC&XESDU, SI A 50071862.
Congress having "passed an net which
gives to this State and additional member
el the .House of "Representatives, the duty
of re-arranging the distrcts will devolve
cpon the Legislature at th present session.
The senate yesterday resolved to appoint a
committee of three to revise the apportion'
ftient ot la&t session. In the House of Rep
leentilives a similar resolution w as intro
duced by Mr. Aristbo-ng, and an amend
ment offered by &lr. Cessna (providing for
the appointment of a committee of seven to
report a bill apportioning the Slate into
Congressional districts lor the next ten
j ear. Action was then postponed on . the
resolution and the ameudroent.
The amendment of Mr. Cissna indicates
the proper course for ihe Legislature Jo
pursue. The apportionment of last .3 ear
was premature, and ia withal such a dis
graceful gerrymander ol the State that ne
amount ol tinkering can pat it into a decent
or respectable shape. The legislature seems
105 have fceea influenced by but one idea
in arranging this apportionment, and that
was to make as few Democratic districts
and as many Republican districts as the
oatare of the material would warrant. No
sort of respect was paid to The ratio. Tins
ratio for twenty-three members of Congress
the ouraberto which it was tteu sop
posed the State was entitled' was 126,363.
One district contains a population of 158,
281 exceeding the required ratio by 31,
918 ; while another district has a popula
tion of but 101,427 or 94,936 less than the
ratio Five districts have an aggregate
population 708,552 ; and five other dis
tricts a popclalion of 557,404, the former
xcedingjhe latter by 151,481, or more
than sufficient popalatioa to form another
district, and more than any district contains
with a single exception. Montgomery
county ia divided into three part ; one part
attached to Bocks county and certain wards
in Philadelphia, another part to Berk?, and
the third part to the counties of Chester
aad Delaware. A single township is vio
lently lora from Northumberland coonty
and attached to York and Dauphin, and
other territorial and numerical deformities
characterize this mitshappen thing called
The legislature cannot carve out an addi
tional district without commencing de novo
and making another apportionment. Noth
ing can remedy the radical injustice and
inequality of the act as it stands, but an en
tire re arrangement of the districts, and we
trust tha the House of Representatives will
not permit this occasion to pass without
tearing to pieces the abominable work of
the last Legislature. Patriot and Urjon.
In tlie last 1:037.
When a number of physicans are gather
ed around the bed or a rick man he is sup
posed to be in imminent danger of speedy
dissolution, and the chances of recovery are
paiofolly email. A number of Republican
editors have issued a call for a state conven
tion to assemble in Harrisbors on the 12th
- Inst , for the purple of ho'ding a consulta
tion over the wasting remnants of the Re
pcblican party, and prescribing remedies
for the death-stricken patient. The crisis
cf the disease afflicting this once visoroo
-party ha admonished the political doctors
of the absolute neciasity ol adopting some
new treatment in order to prolong the life
of the patient, or at leat to ease its dying
a?onies. It has fed so voraciously upon
public plunder that it has become complete
ly ZTsed, plethoric and inert, and those
summoned to consult upon its unhappy con
dition seem to be impressed with the pain
ful premonition that they will be called op
on to hold a post mortem examination over
its defanct carcass, notwithstanding all their
; efforts'to vitalize the palsied concen. .
The call for this meeting informs us that
its purpose is to procure more concert of
action, a more perfect understanding in re
gard to the best conrse to sustain the Na
tional cause and prevent a division of
strength on minor issues. This indicates
an apprehension that in the general break
ing op of the Republican party there is
preat danger that its fragments may stray
off in different direction, e.n3 hence the ne
cessity of a mutual understanding at this
We might improve this occasion by con
trasting the straight-forward ' policy of the
Democratic party wiih the restless make
shift career of its enemies, but the idea sug
gests ilself to every reflecting mind. No
doubt the Republican managers will atte mpt
to win public approvalby some starring nov
elty after the manner of theatrical conductors
lot this business has had its run, and is
about "played out
Scarcity cf Grain In Earope.
The regular wheat crop of Great BrUain
.and Ireland, is 163 000 000 bushel, but last
.year it amounted only to S6,000,000. To
make np this great deficiency and supply
eed for ihnew crop, it is stated that no
les than 122 000,000 have been required
from abroad, mostly from America. Ol this
amount it is uted that one half ha not yet:
been obiained. The granaries of Great Brit
tain wera probably never so empty at this
season of the year as now. Vet the pries
cf wheat in Loudon is not very h'gh, being
uboul Si 9i per bushel, just about the same
ss ii was iu January, 1S47, the yearof the
lr;sh larnine! and yet before the first of
joce that yir, the pr ice had advanced to
ij'sa pr bashL
. 'Trie Accusers and the Accused.
One of the "remarkable peculiarities of
thepresenrwar'whuh will stand in history
as an illustration of the violence of faction,
is to be foupd in the fact that solicitude for
the preservation of the Constitution of the
United States is denounced as furnishing
evidence of disloyalty to the Government.
There is something so astounding in the
mere statement of this fact, that we might
deem it incredible were it not that the proof
is furnished us daily by a perusal of the
newspapers devoted to the cause of univer
sal and indiscriminate emancipation. And
yet, when we consider the antecedents-of
the Abolitionists, it is scarcely a subject for
sprprise that they now desire to be unielter
ed from constitutional obligations; for the
Constitution has always proven ed the great
est barrier to the consummation , of their
idea, ami has therefore encountered iheir
covert-or opeo hostility. From the "league
with Death and -covenant with Hell'' of
Garrison and his small band of furious but
frank disciples, to the plausible and insinu
ating, and consequently more dangerous,
attacks of Greeley upon ihe principles ol
the Constitution of the Urited States, the
distance has not been so great as some
have imagined. The events, or rather the
favorable opportunity of war, have consoli
dated the different classes of enemies of the
Constitution into that compact body which
is now clamoring for the overthrow of the
Constitution by the destruction of its funda
mental ideas, and with rare but character
istic insolence accusing all who do not fol
low their lead with want of sympathy with
the Government in this struggle against re
bellion. The man whose memory will carry him
back over the past three or fouryears, can
not fail to reecoilect the habitual levity with
which the intensely "loyal" men of the
present iay treated the apprehensions ex
p reused by good and true statesmen ot dan
ger to the Union. They laughed to scorn
all such fears -as the offspring of. "slough
faced timidity or truckling subserviency.
Tbey cried ''No danger ! No danger !"
from one end of the Northern Stales to the
other and we do not question that they
siacerely meant what they said, because the
dissolution of the Union and the division of
this cation inlo two rival confederacies,
presented to their minds a conclusion pre
ferable to the preservation of the Union
upon its Constitutional besis. "Perish a
hnndred Unions rather than abate one iota
of cur principles," was ihe rallying cry of
this revolutionary faction. The men who
at that time trembled at the thought of a
division of this country and put forth al
their exertions to procure an amicable ad
justment of the questions that threatened to
cause separation, were derisively styled
"Unian savers." Their very affection for
the Union was made the occasion of sneer
ing remarks by those who shared neither
their apprehension or their love.
Not have the events of the past year, the
mighty exertions put forth by ihe na
tion to preserve its existency and its unity,
worked this leaven of disloyalty out of the
faction to which we refer. Their hatred of
the Constitution has rather been intensified.
They are zealous, not for its preservation,
bat for it overthrow. They regard the war
as a fiery furnace of purification which is to
consume and destroy the old, arid bring
forth a new government wherein dweiielh
Abolitionism. The Union as it was "with
the rights and institutions of the several
Slates unimpaired" is their abomination ;
and if the rebels would lay down their arms
to morrow, and the Government re-assume
the exercise of its constitutional function,
they would exclaim against this lame and
Now lei the reader mark these pregnant
facts '.he enemies of the Constitution ai;d
the Union, one, two or three year ago,
those who thought that it might "slide ' in
certain contingencies, who refuse J 10 lifi a
finger for its preservation, and who malig
nantly sneered at every statesman who be
trayed any degree ol anxiety on this account
compose at this day the emancipation party,
which insists that the Constitution of ihe
United Slates shall be disregarded, that the
institutions pf the Southern States thall be
destroyed the parly which opposes the
j olicy of the Administration, endeavors to
impair public confidence in our m'ers and
in the Commander in-Chief of our armies,
clamors for precipitate movements, and
seeks every opportunity to suspect and in
suit the fearless patriots of Virginia and
Kentucky, through whose exertions the ad
vancing tide of revolution was checked iu
those Stales, and to whom we are indebted
to a great extent for the signal victories that
have crowned our arms in the southwest.
Now turn to ihe other side, and we find
that the men who estimated the Constitu
tion and the Union, 'as beyond all price,
and who illustrated this affection by making
every reasonable effort to preserve the Uni
on by peaceful adjustment, are now the
most earnest supporters of constitutional
Government. Their very faults arose from
love for ihe Unioo. T he y were Union men
before the war commenced, and they have
supported it with all their strength, because
:. is a war for the Union. Iu perpetuity
has been the mainspring of all their actions
the key to their policy. Tbey stand upon
the congressional declaration, that this war
is to defend and maintain the supremacy
of the Constitution and to preserve the Uni
on. While seeking to accomplish Ibis work,
they yield a generous support to the Ad
ministration, and do not labor to discredit
and embarrass the operations of the Com
mander in-Chief of te Army.
These are the men denounced as disloyal
by the Abolitionists.. Truly, lh history of
these times presents no more startling
anomoly. Patriot ana Union.
Many of our officers have discovered in
the secession captives, old friends and
school companions in years gone by. A
Federal lieutenant has found his brother in
the captain of a Tennessee company, who
has resided in Nashville for many years,
and married a Mississippi widow. Truly is
thi&r in nioia
than oue sense.- a fraternal
lit loyally Braie. ...
The number of, our killed in thoFort Dcn
elson bailie, is likely to be more tfpn
double that rendered by the official rep rt,
as many of the Wounded at the time lial
list was made out have now been trais
ferred to the dead which is set down as ull
one thousand. The wounded are at !asl
fifteen hundred. ;Fort Donelson will, the re
fore, live in history as one of the b'ood est
battles ever fought in North America. 1 be
rebel loss we shall probably never know,
exactly, but wheti ihe "badly woundod"
the day after the baltle, come to be added
on the -finally dead, 'five or six hundred
will pobally prove but a moderate estimate.
The gallantry everywhere observable in
the movements of our Iroops, during the
late -series ot victories, is one of the ch er
ir.g featured of the war. Where loyalty aa
met rebellion on anything like fair teims
the result lias -nobly vindicated the bravery
of ihe national troops.
Even with the advantage of fortified pi si
Hons agaiust ihem positions which the re
bels deemed impregnable by any force.' we
could throw against them there has bien
no flinching anywhere among the icyal
Hatteras, Beaufort, Roanoke, Fort Her ry,
and Fort Donalson, are the records of no th
ern courage. The last mentioned battle
particularly bravely maintained thro lgh
three bloody days will rank historically
among ihe boldest ventures of martial va
lor. And it is remarkable also, as a cheeiing
index of future achievements, that som i of
the forces which most distinguished thi re
ceives by land and water, were cotnpira
tively little drilled, making up deficiencies
in technical rules by the sturdy bratery
with which ihey handled iheir arms ind
held their positions in the late well-foight
batilefj. Rockland Co. Journa I.
The Treasury Aote Bill.
The United States note bill has received
the President's signature, and become a . aw.
The most important of the Senate's amend
ments that making the interest on all the
obligations of the United States payable in
coin, is a part of the bill a; it finally passed.
The duties on imports are fret apart is a
fund for the payment of this interest, and
the creation of a sinking fund for the liqui
dation of the principal. The Lull aotlori
zes the issue of a hundred and fifty mill ons
of r.otes in addition to those now in circula
tion, but it contemplates ihe withdraws! of
these last from circulation, while the lew
ones may be repeatedly paid out after b sing
received for government -dues. The old
notes and specie will alone be received in
pa) nient of duties on imported goodi, the
new ones are receivable for every uher
kind of government dues, and are a egal
tender for the payment of all public and
private debts except interest on go- era
ineut notes and bonds, and dues at the cus
It will be sefia that the new currency has
sonie advantages over the notes of the sus
pended banks, so long as the suspend' n of
specie payments continues. They can be
used for the payment of taxes, for v hich
bar k no es cannot, and they wil! legally
discharge all private debts. Being coitvert
ab!e into interest bearing bonds, thej' will
facditate the funding of the public det 1, and
through this channel and the paymeit of
taxes a large amount of them will be con
stantly withdrawn from circulation to t e as
constantly returned into it by the Govern
ment. Direct Taxation.
The Tax bill reported by the committee
of ways and means, is likely to rr.ee. with
much opposition in certain quarters.
Greeley. of ihe New York Tribune, says that
his share of the Tax under the preeit bill
will amount to twenty five thousand collars
per annum, and he i of course opposed to
the bill as it now eland j. These gsntle
men, who have been making such exirava
gant pretensions to patriotism, are the first
to grumble as soon as iheir pocke s are
touched. They were the first to advoiate a
resort to hostilities, and now when th gov
ernment is compelled to resort to direct
taxation to meet its expanses, they ate the
first to find lault. We were in favor f set
tling our difficulties by the adoption of the
Crittenden Amendment, but as that meas
ure was rejected by the Republicans as un
wise and unnecessary, we can see n)good
reason why they should object to a meas
ure which every thinking mind must have
seen, would follow a resort to hostilities.
We are in the war now, and they honld
pursue but one course so Song as it 11 con
ducted on constitutional principles, aad that
is to fight it through at every cost anil sacrifice-
It won't do to grumble about sxpen
ses at this late day. That was a matter
which should have been taken into consid
eration at the outset. JETxc&ange.
Since the late retreat of Gen. Pric 1, Mis
souri papers proclaim that the rebe lion is
ended in that State. The St Louis Jepub
Iican says : v
" There are no arrred rebel band from
the Nishnebotne to the St. Francoii from
the Des Moines iothe Neosho and he last
military vistage of insurrection has been
swept away. The hope of wrestirg Mis
souri from the Union always a slender
and frail hope has been abandonel iu the
breasts of the warmest and moot anient se
cessionists." Further resistance to Federal authority in
Missouri must now seem hopeless, even to
the most stubborn advocate of secession.
Again and again has Price called fcr co op
eraiion from the government at R chmond
without avail, till at length he ii driven
into Arkansas for refuge, with ihe remnant
of a once formidable army There is rea
son to believe that the work of de rastaiion
and bloodshed, which has brought ruin up
on so many households in Missouii, is now
Thc Rcbklmoh is pretty nearly "sewed
p." They have been hemmed in for tome
time , and h ave re cently got a bast pg.
The Tax Bill.
Washington, March 3 The following is
an abstract of the Tax Bill as reported to the
House to day :
It provides for the appointment, by the
President, of a commissioner ot Internal
Revenue, with a salary of five thousand dol
lars. His office is to be in the Treasury
Department, with a suitable number of
clerks. The counlry is to be divided, as the
President may direct, into convenient Col
lection Districts, with an assessor and Col
lector to be appointed by the President for
each District, who shall 'have power to ap
point such Deputies as may be necessary.
The bill provides for a duty
On pirituous liquors 15-cts per gallon.
I On ale and beer SI per barrel
On stem and leaf tobacco 3 els per pound
Do to add when manufactured 5-cts
On segars 5, 10 and 20 els per 'pound
(according to value
On lard -and linseed oil, burning fluid and
crude coal oil 5 cts per gallon
On refined coal oil tO.cts pergallon
On lias per 1000 cubic feet 25 cents
On bank note paper
On writing paper
On printing puper
On sole leather
On upper leather
5 cts per pound
2 cts per pound
5 " "
4 ct per 100 lbs
1 ct per pound
ict per pound
10 ct per b-irrel
All othermanufactures3 percent ad valorem
Railroad pastenger 2 mills per mile ot travel
Commutation tickets 3 per cent.
Steamboat travel, 1 mill per mile.
Omuibusses, ferry boats and horse railroads
3 per ct on gross receipts on passengers.
On advertisements 5 percent on amount of
For use ot carriages, annually, 'from Si to
$10 according to value.
On gold watches
Si per annum
50c. per ounce
50 cents each
5 ' "
On silver watches
On gold plate
On silver plate
On billiard lables
On slaughtered cattle
On licenses bankers
Retail Dealers in liquors
Retail Dealers iu goods
Hotels. Inns and Taverns (graduated
according to rental) from 5 to 200
EatiHg Houses . : 10
Commercial Brokers . 50
Other Brokers 20
Bowling Allevs (each alley) 5
Wholesale Pedlers 50
Other Pedlers S5 to 20
Coal Oil Distilleries, &c 20
On Incomes, 3 percent, on all over
S600, deducting the income derived
from dividends, &c , which are tax
On Railroad bonds and dividends of
Banks and having Institution 3 pr ct
Un payment ot aU salaries of Uthcers
in the Civil Military and Naval rer
vii e of the U. S. (including Mem
ber of Congress) 3 per cent
On Lesades nd Di-tribotinn Shares
ol the per.o"al property ofdrceased
persons (according to the degrees
of relationship) from la5 pr ct
And iamp Duties on all kinds ti legal
ar.d Commercial papers, all pate.it Medi
cines, Telegraphic Messages and all goods
The Tax Bill contains one hundred and
five sections, and is one ot the lonaest of
any kind ever before prepared months of
having been bestowed upon
Armies the Northern Frontier and the Lakes.
"The worst part of the struggle, however,
will not be on the Atlantic seaboard, but
on the great lakes of Upper Canada and
Nor h America. We are glad, therefore to
be able (o tell our readers that ihis danger
has been forerepn and amply provided
aaaiiibl, and ihat trilhm Q'xetkrifter the break
ing up of the ire in the river and canals, a whole
fi-.et of gn' oats, trVn the most powerful of the
&etw lorvettes tent out to Almir i Shine. xcAl
curty ike protect n of the llriih JIj& from
Montreal la Detroit.' London Times.
The folly of Secretary Seward offer to
permit ihe troop.- 0: Greal Britain to march
ihrongh Maii.e to our Northern frontier, is
made apparent by the above paragraph.
The armies and fleets of Great Britain are
to be accumulated 00 our Northern frontier
in order to menace U3. Fortunately, nature
has given us in Winter an icy barrier that
protects us from this armed demonstration
until May . next. Mr. Seward proposed to
give five months itart to the hostile aim)
by allowing it a road through our own ter
ritory I lhis was carrying complaisance 10
the extent of fatuity !
There is a provision in our treaty with
Great Britain forbidding the pulling of gun
boats or other armed vessels on the lakes.
Suppose Mr. Seward should waive this pro
vision and invite the British fleet to fill our
lakes, as the Times proposes ! It would be
of a piece with his fantastic and foolish dip
lomacy. Albany Argus.
Opening or Thade with thc Sooth
From Washington we understand that prep
eratioos are made for opening trade on the
Mississippi, Tennessee aud Cumberland
rivers, within the Confederate States, and
on the Southern coast. Permits for this
purpose have been applied for by citizens
of the Southern and Western Stales, and
the Treasnry Department has issued a num
ber of tbem. The applicants give bonds
as security for their fidelity to the govern
roent, and the permits are also to be coun
tersigned by surveyors of customs in the
West, and by officers specially appointed
for the purpose on the Southern coast.
is exDected that commerce on the rivers
and coast, where specially permitted wil
soon be actively commenced, and that sup
plies of provisions, goods, &c, will be ex
changed for cotton, sugar, or oiher Sooth
em products. As far as the government
can extend military protection, on the coast
and in the interior, commerce may be res
Misoritt Representation. We have re
ceived a very able document on this sub
ject which we will endeavor to lay before
onr readers in our next issue. It is from
the pen of an able jurist and siaesman
of an adjoining county, and we believe that
if the propositions discussed, were erabod
ied in the Constitution of our State, the
evils nnder which we suffer would to
great extect be remedied. PcltsvUU Stand
OUR ARMY CORRESPONDENCE
Camp Chasb, Virginia. )
Headquarters, 84th Regiment P. V.
Fiiend Will : The fiat is passed, the dec
laraiion has gone forth, and woe to. the ou
locky wight who chances to overstep the
bounds of free speech, prescribed by the
tyrannical powers thai at present rule this
nation with a rod of iron Already are the
recreant democrats that clamored to loudly
for a change, during the exciiing . political
campaign of 1860, becoming perfectly
gorged with the mighty impositions the
ruinous fraud the extravagant lorn fool
ery, that have been crammed down iheir
throats by the Republican Powers.
A mighty revolution is being wrought in
the minds of ihe thinking masses. They
got the change they so much desired ! And
such a change ! Aaain they desdre a
change; and thank God the lime is rolling
011 slowly Lut surely when there will be an
other change. But they are r.ot sick enor.gh
yet. A few more aurry contracts! A few
more curtailing of the liberties of the press
a ffw more examples ol their ideas, of
their much vaunted motto, 'Free Speech,"
and then the erneiic wi.l begin to work.
Aye. see ihe patient how deathTy- .pale,
how he writhes heave-o-heave aye there
comes the black bile, preteudiug deu.'h o all
political traitors, but more especially to
lhoie who aro driving to make this Govern
ment an unlimited monarchy; aye thai'
the word, an unlimited monatchy !
All men who have, wiihaii impartial eye
and an unprejudiced mind, watched the
workings of this mushroom party(can plain
ly see hat they are driving at. Little by
little are they stealing almost impercepti
bly our liberties from us. Those litile
wedges, res', assured, will make room for
larger ones, and soon our boasted liberties
will remain only on the pages of hixlory;
and these, if possible, they wilt endeavor
to destroy. Ch I the wrelege! Why let
me ai-lc the question will men, possessing
good sound reasoning faculties, let them
selves be led astray by such fanatics und
iruitors as JSumnkb and Cameron?
Treason stalks in high places, even ex
tending to the very threshold'of the White
House. Some of whose members are even
now watched with unweary eyes, and
strongly 6nspicioned of being in me tecret
employ of the Southern Confederacy. Yet
we hear of no threats of arrest; of no effort
being put forth to ferret out the author and
propagator ol iteason! and all because the
guilty party, or pariie.i, happen lo belong to
the same pariy or cliqe that now reigns su
preme and is fast converting this once peace
ful and happy laud into a desert, bairen and
But those who assisted to place the pres
ent autocrat upon ihe throne, will hftil with
delight the approach of the day that shall
forever put an end to the rulings of this
aristocratic and tyrannical party. The peo
ple have seen a sufficient amount of
their doings to fairly demonstrate the fact
thanhey are a humbug
The Bapiism of thi party has been a
baptism of blood, and long will it be re
membered ! No sooner did it tegin to rule
than this land was deluged in seas of hu
man Wood! no soon inaugurated than des
olation and destruction swept like a destroy-
and it now remains for ihe Democratic par
ty to rise in Us might, come back to the
old land-marks of the party, and stay the
lestrover's hand, bring back this Ian J to us
former greatness and glory, and sweep this
andora's box from the tace of the ear.h.
On Wednesday night the rebels bnmcd a
railroad Bridge at Paitersoi Creek, thus
stopping the ru.inina of cars and cutting off
oor supply of provision from that direction
Uut it is thought the damage will re repair
ed in a day or two. This same bridge was
burned by the scceih last summer.
Ihete is nothing new transpiring in this
Camp worthy of note eAcept that sicknes
is on the increase, yet very lew cases prove
fatal We were mnMereJ again to-day for
Dav : and there is areat disr-
amonn ihe men. from the fact that mere is
a rumor iu Camo that ihe Paymaster will
retain S16 from every man's pay as securi
ty that Le will not desert. Now this, if it
should prove true, is wrong, from the fact
that many of the men have lamilies at home
that need the money, and must uuer 11
they do not receife it. But this is aaclher
iilii.-iration of the beautiful workings of
Honest Old Jbe and his coadjutor
will say no moie on this subject for fear it
may be false, and then woe to Tooci.cs.
P. S. The bridge is again repaired, and
cars are running; the oarnmae was net as
great as at first reported.
Ihe Court Martial that wa to have met
at lhi place (n last Monday, the 2tth, for
the 'rial ol Colonel Ansinr.ti, 01 uih 1st vir
gin! t Cavalry, for cowardice, when in the
presence ot the eiemy, in the attiir al
bioomery Gnu did 1 ol asemtle, conse
quently I forbear giving any details in re
gard to the matter until further develop
men is. T.
THE WAR NEWS.
The following is a despatch received by
Secretary Welles, not long since, from A.
H. Foot, Flag Officer, at Columbus, ken
Sir : Columbas is in our possession.
My armed reconnoissance on the 2d instant
caused a hasty evacuation, the rebels leav
ing quite a number of guns and carriages,
ammunition and stores, a large quantity of
shot and shell, a considerable number of
anchors, and the remnant ot ihe chain lately
stretched across the river, together with a
large number of torpedoes.
Most of the huts, tents, and quarters were
The works are of very great strength,
consisting of formidable tiers of batteries
on the water side, and on the land-side
surrounded by a ditch and abatlis.
General Sherman, with Lieutenant com
manding Phelps, not knowing that they
were last evening occupied by four hun
dered of the Second Illinois Cavalry, while
on a scor "log party from Paducah, made a
bold dash to the shore, when those in tne
batteries hoisted the American flag on the
summit of the bluff. lis appearance was
greeted by the hearty cheets ot our brave
tars and soldiers.
The force consisted of six gunboats, four
mortar boats, and three transports, haying
on board two regiments and two battalions
of infantry under the command of Col.
Buford General Cullura and General Sher
man being in command of the troops. '1 he
former, leaving a sick bed to go ashore, dis
covered what was evidently a ma4azine on
fire at both extremities, and immediately
ordered the train to be cot, and thus saved
the lives of the garrifon.
While I cannot express too strongly my
admiration of the gallantry and wine coun
sel of ihe distiaguished aid and engineer
of Gen. Halleck, Gen. Cullum, I must add
lhat Commanders Dove, Walker, and Stem
bel, and Lieutenants Command-ng Paul
ding, Thompson, Shirk, and Phelps the
Utter being in command of the mortar
division, assisted by Lieut Lieford, of the
Ordnance Corps of the United States army
-nobly performed their doty. . .
1 have my flag on bord the Cincinnati,
commanded by the gallant commander
General Sherman remains temporarily in
command at Columbus.
From Gen. banks' Column.
Occupation of Martimlmrg. Rebels Preparing
jor an. attack at Winchester.
Washington, March "4. The following
despatch wns receive! here to-night, from
the correspondent of the Associated Press
General Banks' forces occupied Marlins
bnrg yesterday without opposition.
Our scouts and pickets continue to bring
in prisoners. Although few -in number,
they are of much importance. Among
those taken last night, were Rev. T. J Mc
Veiah, chaplain of the Second Virginia In
lantry. He was captured by Company K,
of the Michigan Cavalry, Capt. Mann, near
Intelligence from Winchester leads to the
belief that Jackson is there in full force,
and has completed his pieparations to op
pose our approach three miles east of '.hat
The same authority says his army is well
provisioned, supplied, and clothed.
The death of General Lander causes
much grief in military circles here. No
intelligence of his illness had previously
How the Rebel Authorities of Tennessee
Katie their 1'eople Enlist.
The correspondent of the St. Louis Bepub
lieun. w riling under dale of February 25tfi,
The out-ide world is not aware of one-
iwenttem ot the means that wvre used to
draw the people of Tennessee il o the re
hellion, and I propose to give you an idea
of the means adopted.
Tennessee has always been noted for
being "the volunteer State." . Her people
1 ave always hi-eu ready upon the sounding
of the first note of war to im media. ely repair
to the standard of their counlry. This pride
of being sons of the "volunteer State" was
appealed to, and they were asked if they
would wait 10 be drafted. The ambi'ion of
the young was stimulated by visions of
conquest, and stigmatized and dishonored
it they failed to enter the service. Even
to those advanced in years, these applian
ces were osed. The ignorrant were told
that, if they suffered themselves to be draft
ed, they would be subjected to many hard
ships, would receive no pay, and but half
rations, and be placed in front of the battle;
and when they still remained obdurate,
they were thieatened with being driven
from their homes. Some were severly
punished in every conceivable way, and
othM a aia actua ly tied and dragged
off into ihe service, as Was The cash in some
of ihe counties in West Tennessee. Uuion
men were not appointed or elected to posi
tions of honor or profit in the rebel army,
and, when actually in the service, were not
placed on picket duty, or allowed furloughs j
lor fear ol desertion. Others, who were
not cultivators of the soil, were compelled
to volunteer to save their families from star
vation, business of all kinds being eupeti
ded at the breaking mi of hostilities at the smooth, clan, and beautiful ; aUo foil di
Soulh j rections for using Pelareae's celebrate !
REVIEW OF THE 31AUKKT,
CAREFULLY corrected wceelv
WHEAT, 51 20
FLOUR pr.bbl. 6 00
LARD, JO j
POTATOES, 62$ '
Dim apples,! po !
At his residence in Berwick, Rev. I.
in his 60th year.
ot m. mm m & t p
I UVN MtJUo C MIND V.KJ I .
iilb undersigned w nl oiler a' piiu.ic
sale on Satu rday the 22sd day of Marcn.
1862. a Town Lot and Hous, situate on
I Kdroud JMreet, Below Third, Son h West
otiiomsourj, containing OS leet in irom auu
165 feet in dejth. The bt in a good
stale or cul:ivation,weil planted with y ouna
Gearing Iruil trees. The improvement', are
a one story and a half new frame dwelling
house, with the outbuildings uual'y found
upon town lot. Possession wll t -iien
on the first day ot April next. Sa'e iu coin
ii.ei.ee al oi.e o'clock P. M. of said day
when conditions will be nutle knon by
OSCAR P. GIUTON.
Bloornsburg. March 5, 1862.
THE County Commissioners will receive
proposal al the hou- of T'avid Davis, iu
leaver towiKhi.. C' Inmt'ia county, be-
isfeen ine hour o( 10 A. .vl , and one P.
M., on Friday t.' e 4th div of A; r I next,
for building an open TRUSS UUiDGE. ov
er Cali isa Cieek near the reside. 0 j
Ihe said Davil Uavi. aid bridg- to be
85 lee! between atiuiinents, vi iiii 16 tee',
bight 12 feet Irotn low wa'er iriiirk; ll.e
abutments 10 be six feet tSirk and 1 lie
wiugwali on upper and lower si. I ol Norih
abutment each 25 feet lon; the wmgwall
on lower side of south abutment 10 feet
long, and none required on the upper n'u'e.
Plan and specification can be seen on the
day and place of letting.
By order of the county Commissioner.
ft. C. FRUIT,
Commissioners' Office ) Clerk.
Bloornsburg, March 5, 1862.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE.
IN pursuance of an order of the Orphans'
Court of Columbia county, on
SATURDAY, THE 29th DAY OF .MARCH
next, at 10 o'clock in lh loreneen, Martin
A. Ammerman and Michael Lemon, Ad
mistrator of Peter P. Pealer, late of Fish
insicreek township, in said rnunty, decased,
will expose to sale by Public Vendue,
upon the premises, a certain, tract of land
situate in the township of Eishingcreek,
aforesaid adjoining lands of Elias Laubach
on the east, land of the heirs of George
Laubach on the North, Philip Unangst on
the west, and the public road on the Souib,
TWENTY A CUES
more or less, fifteen acres of which is clear
ed land and in a good slate of cultivation.
, Lale the estate of said deceased, bitaaie
in the township el Fishinacreek and county
aforesaid. Terms of sale made knowu on
dav of sale. JACOB EYERLY.
Bloornsburg, March 5, 1862. Clerk.
Kollock's Dandelion Coffee.
-.THIS preparation, made from the best
Java Coffee, is recommended bv ph yicians
as a superior NUTRITIOUS BEVERAGE
for General Debility, Dyspepsia, and all
bilious disorder. Thousands who have
been compelled to abandon the use of cof
lee will use ; his wiihoot injurious effects.
One can contains the 6lrength ol two
pounds of ordinary coffee. Price 25 cents.
The purest and best BAKING POWDER
known, for making ligbi, sweet and nutri
tious Bread and cakes. Price 15 cents.
M. H. KOLLOCK. Chemist,
Corner of Broad and Chestnut Streets.
J3TAnd sold by all Druggists and Gioctfi.jrj
February 26, 1862, ly.
j Sotice to the fleirs of feter Doffciart, Cecil.
ria Fnwtr. 'Rozeita Amaixia Cleaver, Sy 1-vpist-r
'Hdffmai', William Huffman".' Sarah
Fbzabeth 'Riehard. Chailoue Hoffman,
Hannah Huffman. Joseph Steele al Sairr-uel-Sieele,
children and devii es of Peer
Hoffman, deceased, late of Locust township,
You and each of yon are her by riled and
commanded 10 b and apuear in vnr per
sons before the -Judges nf ihe Orphan's
Court of said county, In I e hoh'eo at
Bloomsbnrg, in and for said county, on the
first Mondary of May nexi, then a-id there
to accept or 'refuse ihe estate of said dee'd
al (he "valuation or chow t au why the
same should not be sold. Witness the
honorable Aaron K: Peck ham, Esq , Presi
dent of our said Cnurt st Bloomsunrg the.
fourteenth day of February, A. D. out
tnouBand eight hundrfe'l s:xiy two.
Jacob Evkkly. Cirk O. C.
JOSIAH H. FI)RMAN,SA.ij.
Sheriff's Oflie, )
Bloornsburg, Feb. 26, 1862 J '
HE Snring Te'rra of thie In-'ituiion will
commence on ihe 7ih of Anril next.
The Piincipal will be &iitd by 'able
instructor, nd mm ample facilities will bit.
afforded to qualify S uder.ts for learhirg,
for business or for a more ex ensiVe course
in literature, a liberal eha-e yf partronags
is again solicited.
Pupil who do not come from home, of
are not put under ihe charge o' near Tela'
lives, must board at the bemtuary, and t
subjeel 10 the regulation thereof. They
must provide their own ioweN and hav
each article of clothing distint'ily marked.
Eleven weeks coretiicte a quarter and
there will be a vacation of atcul six weeks
in rr.id summer.
Boarding, washing and Tnftion, wi'.V
furnished rooms, will be S25 per quarter,
ore half payable in advance.
Tuition alone in Common branches, S5 00
" including sdvance Algebra
mathematics his'ory &c. 6 00
' in Lann, German or French
eaih extra I CO
f or furthxr p .r icn!ar ad frem
WM. BURGESS, Principal.
Millville, Col co., Feb. 6, 162.
rjOCTOfl THOMAS F. CHAPMAN will
send toall who wih H ( ree of chsrae)
the Recipe and fuU directions for making
und using a beautiful vegetable B-ilin, lhat
wiH effectually iemiie Pimple, Blotches,
Tan. Freckles. &c. &c. leaving the skin
Stimulant, waranteit to s'art a fnll growth
Mus'ach, ii le-6 than
ihiny day. Either of th
obtained by return mail,
fwiih stamp for return
above can b
for return pota2tO Dili
THOMAS F. CHAPMAN, Practical Chem
ist. 831 Bread way New Vorx.
January 15, 1862. 2m.
THE nnder2nd. api-oint-d an Auditor
by ihe Orphan's Coart of Columbia coumv
; lo 1i.tribnt the balance in ihe hand cf
j Reuben Miller, Exectitir of Jjhn Linden,
I late of Briarcreek Township, i i -aid count v
j dei-ea-ed to and among ihe creditors and
I ether ntHd, aeeorlir.a o iaw : vi I mt
I the parties inie rested for ir pnrrvra. of hi
' appointment on S-iiurday, Ajri 5th lo62
at hi cttice in tiommDiir, at Id o clone.
. s 1 ti . i "
J cairn, ar requ'std 10 prc-en ihm or b
A. !.. wnen ami wnere an person ihih-
1 forever debarred from comma in fur a share
of said fu ad,
JOHN G. FIIEEZE, Jilxtor.
B!ofmtnrj, March f i
THERE will be exposed to public !,
af the reside! ce of it e uider-gned in F.l
Clnomsburi', on Thursday, the 20th dav of
Man h IS62, lit 10 ovl A. MM tiie lo!"
low i de-cribed pr 'p-' tu .vit:
Cnu'iiir a-id i'-rlor St .ve. B-d an.l
Beddin, St!:ef Cu;. board, ChM, Brt
reaii, tab'e. Criet, Stands. Clock, Iu ardl
Copper de, Sioie ail C'n:it War,
tofthr witri tui ttntirrt iiou-tfiiulJ aa.'
Bloom -burg. Feb. 26, l:s6.!.
iEW If AKBEK SHOr.
Diposite the Court iime and ritxt dor to
Dcmocr-it Ufi c .
THE. nndcr'ui.ed,repefluy inform hit
friend and cn-ionir- il.a h- has op".iid
AXf w Karbcr fcbr-p.
In Court llu Al'ey, 'i-O ''or llow
the Office of lit Column Democrat. wiier
lie will be hpi-y to w.itt iuoi. ad ru-tomi,
and from long experifi.ee and s.rcl a'.t--tioti
to buifiess, lie hope.- t. a:enl and re
ceivp a liberal share of public patronage.
CFA1I things here "dom in decent? r and
in order." THOMAS BROWN. ,
Bloornsburg, March 5, 1S62.
ft MARRIAGE. ITS LOVE AND
hates, sorrows aud amer, hope and
fears, regret and joys; MANHOOD, how
lost, how restored; th natur, trealinAnt
and radical cure of spermatorrhoea or sem
inal weakness ; in vt luuury emissions, sex
ual debility and impediments lo marriage
generally ; nervousness, consumption, fit,
mental aud physical incapaci'y, resulting
from SELF-ABUSE -are Inlly-explained
in the MARRIAGE GUIDE, by WM.
YOUNG, M. D. This mo.t exiraordiuair
book should be in ihe han t of every young
person contemplating marriage, and every
man or woman who desire to limit the
number of their offspring to their esreum
stances. Every pain, disease and ache in
cidental 10 youth, maturity and old age, i
fully explained; every particle of knowl
edge that should be known is here given.
It is full of engravings. In fact, it disclo
se secrets lhat every one should know ;
still it i a book that most be locked op,
and cot lie about the house. It will b
eni to any one on receipt of twenty-five
cent in specie or no'ai pi a m . Ad
dress Dr. WM. YOUNG, No. 416 SPRUCE
Street, above Fourth, Philadelphia.
O-AFFLICTED & UNFORTUNATE,
no matte; what may be your disease, be
fore yon place yonrself under the care oi
any of the notorious Quacks native or for
eignwho advertise in this or any other
paper, get a copy of Dr. Young' book,
and read ft carefully. It will be the means
of saving you many a dollar, yoar health,
and possibly your life.
DR. YOUNG cun be consulted on any
of ihe diseases described it. his publication
at his office, No. 416 SPRUCE St reet.aboie
Fourth, Philadelphia. ;
Office hours from 9 o 3, daily.
Eebruary 26, 1862 y,
Notice of a Justice of the Peace. f
IF the few subscriptions remaining unpai 1
10 'he fund of the "Iron Guard?" are not
sell red on or before the firo day of Februa
ry I am instructed 10 commence sail, and
costs must follow in eacn individual ra.
i. M. Chtmbsrlin, J. P.
4Vvvt HE Coii'mofiweahh of Penn-
syivania to Louisa Lvnn,
lSj:'H'n'y Hoffman, Geo. V. Hnff
,7fo man. Harriet Fiher, Anna M-