Newspaper Page Text
F.:U ;TlCOUr, Proprietor.
Troth arid rtiltttGQd and our Country.
f wo Dollars per Annus.
BLOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 2, 1861.
STAR OF THE NOETH
PUBLISHED ITKST VZDSXSPIT BT
W. fl. J1L0BT, ,
office on fflaln&t.,irij' Square below JSsrlnt.
'."TERMS: Two Dollars per annum it paid
ithin six months from the time of snbsclj
'bing : two dollars and fifty cents it riorp'a.d
""within the year. No subscription talc en for
aless period than six'months hb disc'on
Hinuances pefmitled'Uriiil all arrearages are
tpaid, unless at the dption'bi" the editor.
J'ht lei ms rj ' adttriuinVnli be 'tis follows :
0 fie" square, twelve lines, three' U'raesjji 00
''Every subsequent insertion, . . . . . ." 25
"One square, three' rnohtlis, . V60
"One year,. ...... . v.v . 8 00
v - t from the Lf coming Gazette.
Union War 6ng.
Dedicated to th. BloomsMrg Iron Guards, now at
Come, freemen, aasemble, Our fonrrtrys in danger ; t
Tna national ensign is sprinkled wrtli blood.
And traitora have iullied the ftars f Columbia,
Polluted the nOil'Where a Washington stood.
Then 'roue,ions 6f Freedutn,' from vaJK'jr and mountain,
Th. Wood of your is warm o Che-plain,
And millions or heroes with fcotl and Ic,lellan, .
Ar burning with veugi-auce to wipe out the stain. j
SemeBiber the days when your patriot fathers
Cnliuibered their pitres at liberty rail,
And MtixHl 'Death thu fohu ul'the star spangled banner,
, Till Tctory crowned th-jui srtyrsnny a fall ;
Thtiu awake, ye bold freemen remember Mana$i$.
And the blood oi your martyrs, now red on the plain,
"And join the brave legions uf scott and McC'leltau,
Xha Uiiion the couiUry, and laws to sustain.
TJre's Main, Maasachusett'.Xew York and New Mainp
Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Delaware too,
'feaasylvaiiia. New Jersey, ail arming ttu-ir ct.ildreh
In defu-aceof their baiiuer, the ttej. White aud Blue,.
Toon sons of Columbia, from mountain and prarie.
Shall the UodUcss of liberty call ye in yaia.
"VVhUe uhlliiNis of irccntua With Scott and AicClellan, .
.Axe aratinx, the Union ana laws to sustain f
Michigan, Hliaoisc, Wisconsin, Iowa,
Indiana, Ohio ar iu for the tight,
'Missouri, Kentucky. California and Kansas, ,
With .Maryland, Virginia, wi.l stanu by the right ;
Tbca ring out the war cry from ocean to ocean.
from hill-top and iree-top the sigual proclaim.
And join the brave legions of tScult anu .UeCwIlaB,
1'Um Union, 'the country, and'lawa to sustain.
Then friends of the I'riion, utisheathe yoiir bright sabres,
And swear by the graves of yourpalriot sires.
To stand by yoiir country auu'free institutions,
la deleuci of your homes, your altars aud fires;
Onr nation is arutiug, the war cry is vengeance,
. The dark clouds if battle encircle eai h plain.
Then frutttutn assemble, to Washington hasten,
lHare dcutt and JUcClcllau Williead you to faint-.
The Party now in Power.
Header, have you ever gone t6 the
trouble of tracing tut party now iu -power,
to iU origin ? , II you have not, I will do
it for you
If you recollect, at a 'certain time, the
Parliament oi l-Teat i3ritain told us we
'must pay a tax on paper, tea, &c, (they
did not say wc must ubblili ilaver that
as a profit aLe -part of li.cir commerce,
neither would JMuttsuchustUs if she could
make it profitable.) We 'claimed the pro
tection ot the British Constitution. Par
liament did not concur. "We resisted the
laws. Thus came the llevolutioHary
; At that time there waa two parties
'(Tlie eTe designated as wnia and lory.
The whigs supported and fought the war
the lories opposed aud did all they
'could (honorably and dishonorably) a
gainst tu war. The war wai concluded,
honorably to the whigs.
. Then came the first election for Presi
dent. Th parties still stood whig and
tory. Washington and Adams were the
'candidates. The tqries all voting for
Adams. . Washington was elected, and
Te-ehJcted, afteT which Attain was elected.
Then came the moat obnoxious laws of
thU government, "until now.
The Virginia Resolutions of 179?, pro
pounded aud advocated by JEFf&sox,
were a .popular measure wth the people,
and gave rise to the two parties known an
Democrat and JeUerui- the tories all
.dining the federalists. The democratic
party clung to Jefferson, the federalists
and lories to Alams.
In 1800 Jefferson was elected Presi
dent, and all tha obnoxious laws passed
Hinder Adams' administration were repeal
ed, and the right of franchise guaranteed
to every citizen. ...
, From tiie 4th . of Marcn, i801 fdr
twenty -four consecutive years, the demo
cracy administered the government under
Jefferson, Madison and Monrde, each ad
ministration was opposed by the federalists
-and tories, during which was the Hritith
war of 1812, and opposed by the federals
-and tories ; the celebrated-Hartford Con
vention was held in opposition to the war,
and in which resolutions were offered for
the secession of the Eastern or Kew pg
ind States. . , .. .
- At the. Presidential election of I824j
tJenefal Jacksojt had a majority of the
electoral votes, bul not a ' constitutional
majority.7' The election went to the House-,
nnd a coalition of black-hearted Villany
inade uAn Quinsey Adams President, all
ILe federalists and tories rejoicing in the
Victory. Adams was a son of the elder
Adams-, and cmbibed his principles. " .
' la 1823, Jackson was eletted Pfesi
1dent." " Pennsylvania cast 150,000 votes,
fend gave Jackson 52,000 majority; all
the federalists and tories voting for Adams;
In 1S32, Jackson was re-elected, in op
position to tha federal, iofy, bank protec
tive tarif party, at. which -time they
fcha:ir2l their name to whi, thtt3 tteaUng
le name cf our Revolutionary sires-. -'
TLIi Eam3 party opposed all the deiao
traluc cominees tp 'to 1S56, and also "the
2Ies.ican War, when they " committed an
fctier Cirft and stole the name cf KepUb'
ihanf bo rauch cherished by the-heroes
tf iL-3 CavoIutioDj and' detested by .the"
t:rlci. TLay nvere aain defeated by the
n:ninee but In 1S60, thrddgh
Ji!5 3 colors ana a c::aL:ctio in the
crstls j arty, they racc-ie-icd ,'ia ' dectis'
XiV hich c-'i?c a disruption' of the
Fcdiral Utictj v;ti:h I cea no war cf hsal-
Tor the Slar of the North.
'CaMpViaTTHiws, Sept. 20, 1861.
' Mr DKaa'SiV:
My last letter wis written from
Camp Tennally, and this is the first oppor
tunity 1 have had of sending a successor.
The intervening days have been all excite
ment and activity, giving us a better idea
of a soldier's lite than we have heretofore
had. Tronroor position in Camp Tennally
we could bear the occasional cannonading
abont the chain bridge and toward M'ana
sas-Junction, besides seeing th moke ari
sing from the gun. Orders would come to
harness with all speed, and as 'soon "as "all
was in readiness the orders would be coun
termanded, much to the disappointment of
the men. On Thursday of last wee'k, sev
eral batteries of the 1st RegiV krt.'went
some distance from camp for the purpose
of target shooting. Gov. 'ClfrtinGen. Mc
Cafl and others were present loVitness our
first efforts in this line. 'Several shells and
balls were fired by experienced dGicers ahd
gunners. Col. Campbell himself directing
some of ihem, but with no 'remarkable de
gree of accuracy. It finally came the torn
of our batl'ery. We labored under many
dadvahtages. In the first place the most
of the company are yo'ung "rrien 'whose av
erage age is about 21 years. Our pieces
are brass, fx pounder, and sightless
They stood on the side of a hill, which is a
great difficulty, because the ball lend lb
the Ibwest side. Again, the elevation m'usi
correspond to the distance, and the distance
lis judged by this eye. No. ,1 !Piece sent
. its shot directly over the mark, which was
6St) yards diciant, and made what is called
a fine shot ilie direction being pe'rfect.
No. 2 shot whizzed nrithin 2& feet "df tie
target. No. 3 came'abbd't as near. No.
struck in front, but in ticochet passed imme
diately 'under it. Col. Campbell, at this
"said: "That will do, Capt. Mathews ; yob
fan lata L.ilapw .1 t f iV, Ci.nk
shooting can't be beat in the regular ser
vice ; and if yon only continue it, Pennsyl-
a will have reason to be proud of you."
4 boys" straighteifed themselves rip
The 4 boys'' tfaihteifed themselves rn
like wen, after thai. Thonch raaoy shots
w'ere afre'rwards fired by different batteries,
4hey failed to beat us We had scarcely
reached ourcamp, when ihe orders reached .
cs'lo'strike tents and to join immediately cent events we now know well what Se
Gen. Bank's column. This we proceeded cession was intended to accomplish. Too
to do, and traveled as fact as the nature o( bitterly what it has accomplished ; and, we
the country would permit, until 2 o'clock in i wouli"! no more ihink now of gravely ex
the morning when we stopped to feed and ' amining "'t.with a view of showing its trea
rest the Worse's. The next morning we were n, than we would think of 'analyzing ihe
early on the move. Out route lay through kiss of Judas to prove that it was full of the
the most beautiful and fertile part of May- poison treachery. Applause.J Equally
land, and parallel to the Potomac We : matured is the public mind as to the cou-pa.-sed
through several pretty little villages ! Mue'ncea which would follow the success
and from the demonstration made, the peo
ple are decidedly lor the Union. Towards
noon we hal'ed in order to let a baggage
train, VevVrki miles in length, pass ns.
Late in the afternoon we moved forward
again, and halted lor the night near Gen. j bis unity of country, of government, and j those who look with more toleration npon
Bank's lie'a'i quarters, and adjoining ihe oJ Peo?le consists at once our greatness ' lnej,e dence which prevail among as lhan
Rhode Island batteries. The next day we j and onr happiness. To 'iism'emb'e'r these j "i'can jpo.ibly do. Perhaps I am too harsh;
found that our ration were short, being re- i States now, to cast their miserable fragments . bu I must say this that the men who in our
duced o sugarless coffee and hard crackers. ' P'i lhe bloody and wild torrents of revo- j niidst give aid and comfort to the enemy,
We were not in this condition tong. By lotidfr, to become the prey of every auda-ieiiher furnishinjr them secret information
some mysterious means ihe men procured c'onn aspirer, would utterly destroy the last ' or by advertising their cause, or by sttiving
fresh corn and fresh pork, while I was start- ; hope that belongs to ns. Equally is the (0 sew (fiei,tion$ timong ovrnthei or by insid
ed out for forage - The manner of getting it j public mind fixed, in toy judgement, in re- . ooosly dissuading foyal men from entering
as folfowi: When the forager discovers j gard to the character ol this war. It is nor the military service, are more vittally the
what he is after he estimates the amount ! a war ol conquest, or of aggression, or spo- foes of our country than if they were in the
inves the owner a receiot for what he lakes. ! liation, or passion or revenge ; but in every ! army nf tV;8 Confederate States, f Ap-
j and then return. I travelled several miles,
. and much against the wish of the owner got
Alter an inspection we proceeded
ward "se veral miles and located oui
camp, uur time is mostly employed in
maneuvering and firing at target To-day
we tlid exceedinj-ly-well at a target 1500
yards or neatly a me distant. The shper-
ical case or Schrapnell bortin all directions
whire the solid shot in one instance burst
! thVongn a stone wall near the target and
then went Kmje 500 Vards beyond. .
' In a few days we expect to lec'elve Ud '
rifled steel guns called the Parrot Guns ;.
one of which will be in my detachment.
If we wish we can have howitzers." My ad
dress now is Camp Union near Darnestown,
Maryland. Battery F. 1st Reg. Pa. Art.
HoVv 1 Man Fmls WheJ he is Shot -We
take th'e folfo wing frorn a lelt'e'r Written by
one of ifae Tbwa voluhteef-, who fought in
the pattle pear Springfield, Missouri i '
I was standing or rather kneeling, behind
a litilebnsh, re-loading rhy' mdsket, just
before the rebels engaged in this close work
retreated. Suddenly I fell a sharp pjin in
the shoulder, and fell to the ground. Jump
ing op, bne of our febys asked me if I was
hurt? I replied that I thought not, arid
drew op my ninsket to fire, "when he said :
- "Yes, yoa are shot right thrdogn the
I think it was the remark more than the
wound, which caused the field, all at once,
to commence whirling around me in a very
strange manner. I started to leave it, wllh
a ball-ounce- musket ball in rhy shoulder
and once or twice fell down with dizziness,
but in a short time recovered suGiciently o
be able to walk back to Springfield about
nine miles, where the ball wis taken otu
A Broker, not long ago, when escorting
a fair damsel home, asked Her what kind of
money ike liked besL Of coarse the blush
ing beauty instantly ivpggested matrimony.
'HVhat rate of interest does u bring !" in
quired las man cf funds and wildest- docu
ments. "H properly invested,". lisped the
wywiy ' " - ' w .... - 1
"if properly invested", It ivill '
na! slot': :cyeff two yeifi
dout!3 the original slot crery two yean.
Joseph fitiU at Irving nail, ,ewtork.
FtLowCiTizENs. When !I accepted the
' ' r i.. . ,
Commerce of presenting myself before you
O iud vuaiuu.i ui
tonTght, it was with a distinct understand-
ing mat i wouu not renect upon a stuuiea
.... . ..r, ' , . -.,
sion of those IrJpics Which now so painfully
occupy the'pubhc mind'is riot at all neces
sary before the'Ioyal men of New York.
The fearful import of current events, and
the stern duty which those events 'impose
dpon os all, are too well understood by
yourselves to'make it necessary that' I should
alte'rnpt'eiiher ib describe them, or to im
press them upon 'your minds. X few Words
however, in connection with a 'journey
which I have recently made 'through 'trie
loyal Slates. 1 have everywhere found the
most'encouragiug sentiment in reference to
the prosecution of this war; have nowhere
found any feeling of exasperation against
the "people of the South, 'no bluste'r, rib
threatening, but at every 'point a solemn de
termination to uphold this Government,
connected with a sadness whose depth ol
1 tenderness I should in vain endeavor to des
crioe. I sneers, i strona and orave men.
'while speaking tome of our unhappy dis.
sensions, have wept, and I honor them for
.... .ir ,
it ; i: a strong man cannot weep over the
ruin of such a country and of such a Gov-
'"" ment as this, wheTe is the catastrophe
! ,hat can touch nis heart? All men every,
j wh'ere seem now to realize that this is not a
! war ul,on 'he'people of the South, but
war in their defence, and for the deliver
ance. Cheers. 'That's true.' If it were
indeed a war asain'st them, 'we might lay
our faces in ihe dust, and confess that our
glorious institutions are a failure. But it is
a witr against a band ot "conspirators who
have arrayed themselves against our coun
try, and have established a military despot
i.tn,'and who, in the selfishness and re-
modeless of their undertaking, are kindred
to thoe traitors who, ih other af.es, have
, disturbed the repose ol nations LAPPIaU5e J
' The public fninii 'rib longer 'occupies itsell
with any 'discussion as to the cause of
this war. It no longer wastes its logic in
expoirrg the monstrosity of the docfrine ol
Recession. In the light ol curren. and re-
of this rebellion
The. providence of God, and the most
sacred compacts of men have made ns one
people, and the experience of three quar
ters of a centurv has demonstrated that in
j Hgtn n which it can be regsrded it is a
j war of duty. Applause Thi "struggle
is intensely a struggle for national existence
; And so allowed in all i: purposes, and in
! n ttVpiVii, that the flock and ihe pasfoV,
"ui-m oiuu.,u .ur.0
minlsteV at the altar, may rontnbiitH tt-eir
blood and treasure. in its support, and feel
, hal in doing so they only come np to
the requirements of Christian patriotic love,
' war of doty, because, under the
j light of oor Christian civilization, ho haion
can commit suicide iihout the perpetra-
ion of a cowardly and aitrocious crime, and
that nation does fcornfnit suicide which sn.
renders its hie up to an enemy Irom which
manhood and courage could save it. Ap-
plause. It is a war of duly, because we
have no right to bear our lather's names,
and insult and degrade their memories, by
giving up the institutions won by heir
. i.i l ' .i r ,k.-r
oioou to uo irouucii uuuer ma leei ui uai
tors. It is a war of doiy, because we have
no Hghl to- b'estow bur names upon bur chil
tlren stripped bt that grand inheritance
which 'rightfully belongs to them, and for
the transmission of which we are but
the appointed agents of those illustrious
men who won it by the sword and with
their lives. . Applause. It is A war of
duty, becanse devoted f as we profess to be,
to law and order, and all the highest inter
ests of civilization, there presses upon us an
urgent obligation to rebuke and chastise
this enormous crime which is being com
mittedbecause it is a rebellion not only
against hs hot against the very race to
which we belong. It is finally a war of
doty, because ' we have assumed to our
selves as a people the special champion
ship of the race for self-government; and
that assumption has been accented by the
lovers of Ireedora every where; and now,
With the nations of Ihe world looking down
upon ns, as from the seats of a vast amphi
theatre; wfe have no right to seller this sa
cred and soblime ciuse to be snicked down
and crushed upon the battle fields of the
South, and to berisV, there amid the scons
and jeers of kinds and despots. Applause,
- j - 4 , . i - 1
'ein potentsies predicted this day ! flow
i tvr hav " wAJJiTj'Jrr"'i IJ..
now auAK'UBijf oiihj vwuuuciiiii ucivo mi-
j tions to ours, and In the abhorrence which'
i they feel to that 'system 'of " government
."which gives tfie honors and fortunes' of the
. . ... ., . . u
' Ddl 111 IU IIIO IUIII1I! illllllUIIB WUU HID lllO
, . -nn.A .
i one of them this day build a monument to
- , ,.. - .i- .
. the skies, it he could only inscribe upon it
these words: "In memory of the great Re
public of the United 'Stales, founded by
Washington, destroyed by Toombs, Twiggs
arid Floyd." tVh'at V record for humanity
would that be I
Fellow-Citizens, I do but 'ntter a troth
which in painlully present to all minds, that
the disloyalty which is founded in our midst
especially at Washington, and in the bor
der'Siaies, has been a Iroitful'soiirce of dis
aster and bf'discbnragenient from the very
begining of th'is unfortunate struggle. This
evil has assumed proportions uf such mag
nitude that its correction has become a par
amount duty upon the part of those charged
with the administration of the'Government.
Its prevalence has been marked by all these
treacheries and excesses which have been
its unfailing characieiistics in other lands
and in Other times. Next to the worship of
the Father of our spirits, the grandest and
ihe strongest sentiment of which our nation
is susceptible, is the loveof our country.
When that lias been corrupted, like an nrch
from wliich the 'keystone has been displa
ced, tlie whole moral character 'seems to
tumble in 'ruirs. The public and the pri
vate profligacy of traitors and spies, both
male and female, has been vouched lor by
all history, "and indeed it has grown into a
proverb that "the man who will betray his
country will betray his God." Great ap
plause. He will betray his friends, his
kindred, and, if need-be, the ' wife of his
bosom and the children of his loines.
Suppose that you lived in one of theVe
cities where there is a steam fire engine
nd a paid company to operate it ; and sup
pose that your house was on fire, and ' this
company and this engine had been sum
moned to the spot and were vigorously en
gaged in extinguishing it ; and suppose that
you discern, from time to time, men creep
ing out from the crowd and sticking knives
into the hose, and the water is seen to spout
lorth in all directions upon the pavements
oft lie street ! How long do you think the
presence of such miscreants would be en
dured ? But strppose that, looking more
closely into the faces of these rhen, yon
discover they are members of this company
receiving the salary to which you have
youri-ell contributed ! In the first burst of
your indignation would you not feel that
their punishment would net be too great if
tKey were thrown info the flames which
they were thus indirectly feeding! And
yet this has been precisely the condition of
the Government of the United States. A
voice "That's a fact." That has been
from the commencement of the struggle,
its precise condition. I know there are
! A Bit or Soldier Bit Fck-A corres-
poi1dent of the Boston Courier, who i one of
,he Webster' (Massachusetts) regiment.
, There is a little of comedy oAen mingled
wilh ,he history of this war drama. A.
party nf toys kom the regiment
j wenl lJp 1o Lesbnrg, crossed over the
. potomac, and found themselves in Virginia.
AfleTr a few miies 'of qu;e! walkinz they saw
j QVeT ,he fis, d a ,are ,,OUPe brilliantly light
e(, Of course they climed the fences and
j crepl n ,owarj ;t nntii they heared Ihe
! merry voices ol the invited guests. Here
j :r,ev took counsel, and decided to advance.
Glad lo see you," said the host : "no apol
ogies ; what di.l you do wuh your horses?
! Been walling .or you. Come iu and lei me
hUrojce y0. The lady of the house
I . . .
presents them with many a smile, as the
cavilry for whom lhey are wailing
"Whsre did voa get so nice a disguise V
"Oh.we found a party of Yankees and strip
p'ed themt we ae alter more yoa know,
and could get here better by leaving the
nags." "Close by, I reckon V "Yes yon
der." . And in ihe face of a cavalry that
could not be far off, they ate the supper and
politely retired amid a shower of compli
ments, and something more, if the chiv
alrous fellows told ho stories about the"little
dears," of that American night's entertain
ments, whose history is yet to be told id the
bafcaars ol the Southern Bagdad.
"Let os die Friekes." -One of the Geor
gia regiment jay with a feariul shot wound
in his side, which' tore out several of his
ribs. The life blood of the poor fellow was
fast bbzing out, when one of our troops
dashed forward from out of the malee and
fell dreadfully wounded clofe by his side.
The Georgian recognized his uniform, al
though his wks fatally hurt, and feebly held
out his band. "We came into this battle. "
he said, "as enemies t let ui die as friends;
Fniflwetl " ' Ila : sooka iio fnOre, but his
! cotripanibn in disaster took Ihe extended
i nanaj ana 6fcapa 10 reiw 4110 wuvmu
flow Seeds are Disseminated.
Bibd Planters Occasionally, when
treading the woods in the fall, you will hear
a sound as if some one had broken a twig,
and looking dp, see a jay pecking an acorn
or you will se a flock of them 'at once about
it, on the top of an oak, and hear them
break them off. They then fly to a suita
ble limb, and placing the acorn under one
foot, hammer away at it busily, making a
sound like a woodpecker's tapping, looking
round from time to time, to see if any foe
is approaching, and soon reach the meat,
and nibble at it, holding up their heads to
swallow, while they hold the remainder
very'firmly with their claws. Nevertheless
it often drops to t lie ground before the bird
has done with it. 1 can confirm what Wil
liam Bertram wrol to WiUon, the ornithol
ogist, that "tHe jay is one of the most use
ful agents in the'econcmy of nature for dis
seminating forest t rees, and other nucifer
ous and hard seeded vegetables, on which
they live.'' Their cheif employment during
the autumnal season is loraing, to supply
their winter stores. In performing this nec
essary duty, they drop abundance ol seed
in'their 'Bight over fields, hedges, and by
fences where they alight to deposit them in
the post holes, etc. It is remarkable what I
numbers of young trees rise up in the fields
and pastures after a wet winter and spring
These birds alone are capable, in a tew
years time, to replant the cleared lands.
Sqcirrkl PlantersT I have noticed that
squirrels also frequently drop their nuts in
open land, which wMI siiil further account
for the oaks arid walnuts which spring op
in pastures; for depend or. it,every hew tree
comes from a seed. When I examine the
little oaYs, one or two years, old in such
'places, I invariably find the empty acorn
from which they sprung.
So far from the seed having lain dormant
in the soil since oaks jrew there before, as
many believe, it is well known that it is dif
ficult to preserve the vitality of acorns long
enough to transport them to Europe; and it
is recommended in Loudon's Arboretum, as
the safest course, to sprout them in pots on
the voyage. The same authority states
that "very few acorns of any epecie will
germinate having been kept a year," that
beech 'fnVst ''only retains its vital 'proper
ties one year," and the black walnut "sel
dom more than six rnnntlis after it has ri
pened." 1 have frequently found that in
November almost every acorn left on the
ground had sprouted or decayed. What j
wiui iju.-i, un'uiiui, iiiuisLui c, uiui worms,
i. u f . . 4 : u . ,..j i
the greater part are soon destroyed. Yet it
, . . . . . 1
is stated by one botanical writer that "acorns
that have Iain forcentunes, on being plough-
t, , . .. ,
ed up, have booh vegetated. Ihoreau.
. ,, r, ... ,
A Higlanr Bull run. Dr. Weatherspoon,
, .v.'!, r'T , , . . .
after the oatlle of Long Island in the Amer-
r, , . ,.'1 , .,..
ican Revolution, .n which the militia fina Uy
fled, alluded in the Continental Corfgres-,
as toilows, to incidents in English history
not more creditable. He says:
."Lord Howepeaks ol a decisive blow not
being yet struck, as if this cause depended
npon one battle that could not be avoided,
Sir: this is a prodigious mistake We may
fiaht r.o battle at all for a long , lime, or we
may tiose some Dailies, as was itie case witn
the British themselves in the Scotch rebel
lion of 1745, and ihe cause, notwithstanding ,
be tne same.. 1 w.sh it wsro considered ; aboye aJ( ja the city itself, by young Gen.
that neither loss nor digrace worth men- j McClellan, who bids fair to be the next,
tloning has befallen, us in the late engage- J pre(tident, if hi' success is al all com men
ment, nor comparable to what the British j curate with the 'enormous praise and fiat
iroops have ofieu "suffered. At the battle of i ,ery hich, much agaiu-t his will, are forc
Preston, sir, they brake to pieces aud run away ed jown hi- .hroat. Before his nomination
like fh'eep before a Jiw Highlanders I myself tne 6;reets of the Ca'pital presented a spec-
saw them do the same thing at Falkirk,
with very little difference, a small part only
of the army making a stand, and in a few
hours the whole retreating with precipita
tion belore iheir enemies. Did that make
any differenc iu the cause ? Not in the
least so long as the body of the nation was
determined on principle against the rebels.
Nor would U make any other differenc, j
but in time, thoti'h they had got possession
of London, which lhey mihl have easdy done,
if lhey had understood their business, for the
militia in England, there gathered together
behaved filiy limes worse than that of
America has done lately. They generally
disbanded and rin eff wholly a$ soon as the
rt'ieli ''came 'within (in ortwemy miles cf lhemJ
True to the Life. A school teacher in
Alabama had among her scholars one incor
rigible little Mis, npon whom "moral sua
sion" seemed lb have no effect. One day,
out of patience with some misdemeanor on
the part of the child, she called her up to
the desk, and expostulated with her on the
impropriety ot her conduct, setting forth the
enormity oi her offences, etc. The little
girl paid little attention at first, but ai length
tl.e seemed to realze her guilt more fully,
and watching her teacher closely, seemed
to drink in every word she said. The lady
began to have hope; her instructions were
evidently making an impression. At length
she made a slight pause for breath, I sup
pose when up spoke the child, with eyes
fixed npon her teacher, and wiih the ut
most grav My
"W'hy, Miss Susan, your upper jaw don't
move a bit!" '
' That was the end of that dicourse.
A company of Tennessee soldiers are
armed with Irish pike, a formidable weapon
with a hook at the end. Ex. .
, They should send for Floyd at once to
p njjnernjh mnhj.h ZJT- f $j?U?W-'r-
It is certainlv desirable, while the G
eminent 'is erigaged in the great work of
suppressing this monster rebellion, that the
people of the loyal Stales should not waste
their energies in ' useless contentions, and
ihat they should, so far as compatible with
public liberty, forget minor differences ot
opinion, and direct all their energies to the
one great purpose of rescuing the country
from the danger,, that' menaces it. To thin
end it would be advisable for the Adminis
tration to hint to those party organs subject
to its influence, and sustained by its patron
age, to cease the Diner warlare which they
have been carrying on against the Demo
cratic party. Manv or theee newspapers
habitually malign and misrepresent the
people, nourishing bitterness and inviting
retaliation.- They afford aid and comfort to
the common enemy by insisting that the
North is overrun with secessionsts who sym
pathises with the rebels, who ar? only wail
ing a favorable opportunity to thwart the
Government, when such Is not the fact.
The North is united in support of the Gov
ernment, and the rebels should be made to
understand this great troth.. So long, bow
ever, as these organs of discord continue to
misrepret-ent the North by proclaiming that
a large proportion ol its citizens aw disloy
al to the Govemrr.ent, just so long will the
rebels be encouraged to perservere in their
insurrectionary designs. A number ol these
mischievous newspapers are also engaged
in misrepresenting the objects of the war
They refuse to endorse the National plat
form of Congress, but insist that the Admin
istration must convert this struggle, conduc
ted upon national principles for a national
purpose, Into a great John Brown raid.
This suggestion, so abhorrent to all .Union
men, excites disgust and distrust among the
people, and iaiiicis serious injury to the
Government. The Administration should
show its disapproval of all shch incendiary
publications by withdrawing Irom them its
confidence and patronage. They are doing
more harm to the cause of the countr) than
it they were open advocates of dwnnion.
G"en M'Clellan, This gallant officer is
beginning to attract attention in Europe.
Th'e "London Actrj thus speaks of him :
"The officer who seems destined to wield
the chief power in the present crisis is Gen.
McCMIan. He is described as a young man
of striking capacity. Alter having acquired
distinction at Weet Poin:, he served in the
. ,., . . . ,
y - , ; . . ,
(heinr selected bv the tederal Government
',. . , . rc , . , )C ,
I to witness the eeige or Sebastopol, and final-
, ... . V- .
My 'ike many other American oflicers, retir
, . . , . . . r
ed Irom the army, and became the chief
' manager of a railway. Young as McClel-
, .- , ' . ,
Ian is, he seems to have the power of ac-
! . . , . , . , .
j quiring ihe confidence and respect ol those
j 0 l-i
win Birr uimci iii3 x.uiu iijanu, Willie ai iuc
same tirre he has the character of a strict
disciplinarian. These are the very qualfi
catior.s required "
Russell, ihe correspon dentof the London
1 T:ml! n i.:, A,t tp,At.r cai,t
j ,.Th h b j b ,he indiei-
. OQn exerci(ie 0f arJihor.ty in enforcing mili-
' ,ary rue9 an(1 regulations among them, as
arnori2 ,he re9l of mankind, is eonclurivolr !
! .,nn i"v, ,at rMnrPi imnmio.
menteffecte.lin the army of Washington and
" -" 6' ' f ....r. ,
tacle the like of which was probably never
seen iu any civilized city.
Russia Wife Show. The wife-show is
now the last lingering relic ol what, was
once a popular national custom. Here the
sons and daughters of tradesmen were wont
to assemble to select their partners for lite.
The girls would coma decked out in all the
valuable ornaments tne lamily conic raise, J
and sometimes carry in their hands a bunch
of silver teaspoons, or plsying gracefully
with a large silver ladle as it were a Ian ;
while the young men, also appearing to the
best advantage, would stroll by ihem; and,
on feeing any young lady who particularly
struck their fancy, would politely inquire j
about her dower from the parents, who in
variably accompanied the blushing dam
sels. The cus.'om so far exists to the pres
ent day. that had I been matrimonially dis
posed, I might have selected a wife with
out even thu trouble or advertising, to say
nothing of saving the time which the more
conventional customs of my native land
deemed requisite for a courtship.
An amusing incident recently occurred at
a theatre in a neighboring city, which illus
trated the depreciation of Western Virginia
currency better than the detectors. A com
pany of volunteers from our lown, on their
way tb the seal of war, slopped in the city oi
P to be equipped, and some of the
boys spent ihe evning at the theatre. The
heroine 61 the play is desperately irj love
wiih a poor young gentleman, but her
wealthy lather is violently opposed to the
match. In the last act, however, tbe "cruel
parent" relents, gives bis consent to the
marriage, and presents his daughter with
a large sum of money. The scene was high
ly exciting, and the audience was breath
lessly fcilent, when, just as the old gentleman
hands his daughter the roll of notes, one 01
the soldiers (.who had a V which he could
XilmwA ' ' iuiiii .1 -
A Story For Toe Boys.-
- Business called me to the United States
Land office. While there, a lad, apparent
ly sixteen or seventeen years pf age came
in and presented a certificate of forty acrea
of land. I was instantly struck with the
countenance and appearance of the lad, and
inquired for whom be was purchasing land.
"For myself, sir." '
I iiiqnjred where he got the money, he
answered : "
"I earned it.". . v
Feeling an increased desire to know
something more about thd boy I asked
whether he bad any parents, and where
lhey lived. At thai question be look a seat
I and gave the following narrative :
I am from York State. I have there liv
ing a lather, mother and five brothers and
siMers. I am the oldest, Father is a drink
ing man, and woula 'often retcro home
from work, drunk. Finding that father
would not abstain from drinking liquor, I
resolved to make an effort in eorae way, to
relieve my mother, sisters and brothers
from want. Alter revolving things in my
mind, and consulting with mother, I got all
the information I could about the far west.
I started frome home for Wisconsin, with
ten shillings iu my pocket. I left home op
loot. Attsr spending toy ten shillings!
worked my way to Wisconsin There I got
an axe and set out to work, and earned
money and saved it until I had gathered to
gether filty dollars and with it 1 can now
pay for lony acrea of lain?.
"Well my good lad," for by this time I
had becomenuch inte'reEfed in him, '"wba
are you going to do with the land !"
1 will work on it, raise myself a log house
and when prepared, will invite father moth
er, sisters and brothers to come and enjoy
this home.. The land 1 desire for , mother
which will secure her a home, in her decli
"And what will yon do wiih your father,
if he continues driukinj ardent spirits to
"O, sir, vrhen we get him on a farm, be
will feel at heme and be happy, and be
come a sober man."
"I then replied.. "Young man, these be
ing your principles, 1 recommend, you to
improve upon them, and the blessing cf
God will attend you."
t By this time the receiver haodeJ him b;
I J ir r - t . .
uuP'ca,e 'ece'P OI acres ci .ana.
itismg irom nis seal on leaving ice ornrc
he said : i
Atlastl have fcnr.d
a home for my
Horrible Rebel Untra'rs.
We have seen a letter from South eastern
Missouri, of a .recent date, in which the
writer gives a shocking pictura of the si&te
of thims under the rule o: the rebel. The
Writer speaks of ihe crazed acts" of ex-
Governor Jackson, and of his declaration of
war against the United Slates, forcing every
one to take a position fo or against tbe
United Siat3s. The writer steadfastly rs-
mained an old line Lnion W hia. The reb-
' els then attempted to drive out of the Slate.
; by mob law, all Union men. Tbe writer
refused to obey a writen notice to leave.
until a rebel lorce from Arknsas come into
He says :
j "This force, wiihtbetorrycitiV.ens. com
mitteJ acts that would shock ihe most bru
tal beast. Horses, cattle, sheep, hogsore.
powder, and in fact every munition of war
that could be seized was taken by them
The terror inspired by their guerilla parce
ls indiscrible. Some boys were hung nnti
nearly dead, and then let down, for th
purpose of forcing information from the-:
concerning the principles of their parent'
and a to what articles of value were con
cealed. Other persons ran at sight of th
foe, and were chased or shot at by tbe ret
dragged by the hair through their own hoi
ses, for the purpose of forcing iriformatii -from
them. Others traveled forty mi' -without
shoes, and almot naked, for th.'
purpose ot escaping these calamities, and
am credibly informed that others had po -lions
of poison prepared, preferring da'.-:
before dishonor. (Many other oulray0'
were committed, wbich would excite th
abhorrence of the reader.
"There are a great number of Federal .
troops crowding into this porton of :he St2te
thanks to General Fremont, and I hope and
trust the battle-field will be transferred to the
soil of the rebels."
A gentleman in London, in a letter to lu:
friend in Boston, writes as follows: "I
yesterday beard an excellent opinion cf
General. McClellan, from General Wou i
who was in the Crimean war; and is an old
soldier. He was talking with a friendof ruins
at one of the watering places in Germany,
on tne affair at Bull Run, and the incapaci
ty of the Generals, when Gen. Wood said,
'There is one man in the United States I
can answer for as fit to be commander in
cheif in every respect calm, prudent, ener
getic and full of resources. I watched
him and he watched roe in lre Crimea, and
I have the highest possible opinioi of hirr.
as a military man.' My friend was delight
ed on his arrival at Dover to read in the
newspapers that Gen- McCieilan was ap
pointed lo the cheif command.'
"How is it," said a gentleman to sl-?ri
dan, "that your name has aot an O attache -to
it ? Your family is Irsh and no doabt