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"17. U.XitOBY, Proprietor.
Truth aiid Rights d aiid orir Country.
Two Dollars per Annco.
tetOOMS BURG. COLUMBIA COUNTY, xP A., WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 4, 1861.
STAR OF THE NORTH
'roausHai. TrtrVDiT ir " : ,
S r t j
Sfnln St Irif Snhnrii fi?rtir IHnrtut '
vimt m umnuBjfn uuii nvivu luuiuva.
, i. TERMS: Two Dollars per annum it paid
Vithin rx rnomh from the lime of anb.cri-
bing : two dollars and fiHy1 cents if not paid '
within the year. I No iubt,crtpton taken for '
'tinuances permitted nntil all arrearages 'ire
IpaKl, unless at the option oT the editor.
21 terms of advertising wilt be as follows" :
One square, twelve lines, ihre'e'iirries, $1 "00
Every subsequent insertion, . . . . Y . Y25
One1 square, three months, . . . : . v3 60
' One year, . . . . . . ... . . ; . , v ."8 'Oft
ipoh jvi iv tuuti cijfe (14 y ii . i o uu VI 1 ovu i
' QTIoict JJoetrn.
. In a poem on Manassas," byJFlorehce,
Yf. Barron, we find the following : ; -
"Wake! glorious Uuion save thv'realra
'irpon ih quicksand striWes ihy helm
Thy ''niorning star" the" siofms'o'erwhelroT
-'Thy "talent' buried lies.' " " '
Wake! by the cannons' ulleu'roar,
That tumult tears lrotn shore lo shof'e,
'By him who cannot watch the rhdre.
- Save dowiticatd Iroiti life tkie.
'Antoos-like. Ihy sdrfs feboun'd, -'Uj
risina trom the ensanguined ground,
'Unflinching hearl'and 'hand, around
. 1,'Shall peal the baitle'slrJin-;
Till Freedom's arm uphold the 'right,
-And eanh reuervins tdr the fight,
Thy Mars, a meteor through (he fright
ft In ttiumph blt2e ffga"in. i
Rise like tl.e Phirnftc from "its p:re:;
'Let incense Irom the urn and Jyre,
From living bard, Irdm deihlea eire,
Embalm the banner' Ink1, ,
.Till buhed shall be the tru'rup'et 'ffeal, V
.The thunderOu clouds where .-laiidards rsel,
The t-eet bin g eail serried sfeel .
s,That tnim Mana.as rolled.
INCIDENT 'DMYESTERJ LIFE.
"Bf C W.' DA TICS.
ua a uitan: prairie, al.rirpluiali. a way.
Vorn and weary traveler wa over-ta'ker. by
m snow storm. When the 'first 'few flake's
'came oft!y dropping down, he tooted ea
geny around in fhe hope of 'discerning a
"a placn of 'heher, but none 'was to be reen
only the re'clles nte 'o! rolling lands
and far.off hills in the direction whither he
was going o far off that he feared he ne
er shouhJ reach them. With the departure ;
olligbtiha snow began falling, the wind
blew keener." the foftfl overtbe frafrte Voon
hidden irom view, and the trav'e'e'r felt that
he was lol on a luckless wate, without a
tar to guide him across the dangerous j
country. . -x ' ' ' j
'This is terrible P safa he aloud. 'I fear I
tnuch I ohall never come to my desiina ton. (
If I had but a compass and a haht I shouTd
'cot fear, for I could resist the effect of cold
ton enouah to reach the hill.-, there I .
should find human habitations, or at lest the
"shelter of rock. . Now, I may go in a circle !
till J freeze and ndneireT help. What a
fool I was to leave the river side and cross!
the prairie just for the ake of a; few miles
Vnore or less of journey. No matter: I must
Bten battle it out now, Heaven helping.'
r And battle it out he did, most manlully.
fie drew his cap down ' over his ears and
brow, and his for fcolhir over. his mouth,
and thrusting his hands deeper in his pock
ets. pressed on through the yielding snow. '
The gloom increased, the wind came sharp
er and throu'h his heavy clothes the travel '.
erbejan to leel the effect of the cold. His :
feet grew numb, his arms chilled, and after
in hour's rapid . walking, he ' suddenly
fauped. ' :
How do know whiiherT am goin?' he ,
exclaimeX 'Perhaps I have already turned I
aside from the straight line, and am wan- j
Bering on the verge of detruciion. . 0, that
1'conkl shake of this drowsy feeling that :
Is stealing over me ! I know what it i
lhe precursor of a ret in this cold winding '
sheet Of snow. ; dreal Heaven I am freez ,
ing to death !' shriekedhej bottntUni . for j
ward with renewed energy. . Action-ac-j
ttoa-actioti is life, and life is too sweet to .
; He hurried a!on? with a springing mtf- j
lion, stamping his feet vigordusly at. every .
etep, and swinging his arms to keep the j
blood ia circulation Yet with all his ef
forts, he knew that the angle of death was
folding his white wings sileutly . but surely
around bim. ,s ; - . ---z,j
'Despair no !' he cried, 'not wliile thh
Inemory ormy loved ' wifa and dear Chil
dren is left tti i irsg. 1 will", struggle ,'ba for
toar sake, and fight the Bto'rm-fienJ to the
last, extremity. O, jnst Heaven, for the
ftake of the lanocent ones whose- ooly btay
Is rny right arm, help me lo retist help
ha to triumph P ' ' ' '
t- At this moment be plunged into a hollow,
Li3 fset strode upon ice, and heard the
voice of a stteatn'St tinging of life and ac
t';oa leneatli its icy crust. vAt the same
liins the smell cf wood -smoka saluted his
hostiUs. ' ' : ', 't '.;-'. -:
' 'O, Thoo who reneit abdve,' ha ejacu'
fated, 'I thank thee that thou has Jieard my
prayer. Help U o6ar tzbJ .
V- lie reeled ,fceavi! fchivard thro'ugh, ihs
Liir.ding snow, and saw just before him a
lew shed, one uore struggle, and he fell
'fe-xi&st it. In an instant tS divined its
character. With & .las: deperate. effort he
ioaad i!i3 door, tb.sMr it cp-!n, and fashing
in. liana Cim3.;:i in ic.t tenaia
in an at-
ficr, koowiog t-r.y that La was
luiOaiafere ;s6in: v tr.e rjraes 01 bacon,
t?A wrn? with the which idSaUorst
the c: atr? of
It. v.-as a
... . f
. .. C. i.'i
heart "nl d?.a.tribule t,eaven. for lhi
P,ace OI reia8 40 neaesen ot.snow.
I , In a large logcabin'in the valley of ihe
, in o laigo iug 111 mo . Biiey , 01 ine
(iiciliuiei Ullliy Utfin Sal alOuO. tier tiU6-
band'had gone to'a distanl town and the
J0an? wife wa, left jth fier Accus.
. ... . . '
!med t0 lhe 8ol,tude ehe felt safe . and .sat
' ww.w mw w ii , n vj a
uarries leaped right joyfully op the chim
ney, and the green logs fizzled and dracked
in the heat like things' of life. Om doors the
wind waslhdwling drearily, and the snow
failing heavily : but Milly cared not, for'it
only made the fire more cheer'ul.
-' There came a rapping at the door.
'How Mtrange ! Who can be at our door
in this wild night ?', she saw! to herself, as
she'rose and went into lhe little entry.
. 'Who is there V she asked.
'For heaven's sake, let hie in;-l am
freezing to death !" was the reply.
'Who are you I' and how-carhe ybu in
this lonely place on such an evening as
y. 'I am a traveler, from below ; I lost my
way, and 'I am olying wish "cold. For piiy
sake let me in, or 1 shall perish !'
' Milly hesitated. ' She was alone, and it
was three miles to the nearest neighbor's
What "sho.tild ske do 1 She 'paused in per
plexity. ' , ; -
'O, save me save "me ! I am ayirrg !'
weie the words that met her hearing
There was a heavy fall against the sill, and
then moans. Her woman's nature could
tand no more; true to the instmci of her I
beinjr, unbarred the door nhd threw it open. I
A closely muffled figure reeled by her into
the room, and shutting trie dorfrshe follow
ed. 'On :f"each?rrg tile "fire 'pla'c'e, the stran
ger threw off his disguise, and stood erect
and btTOhg, Vithout a sign of inconveni
ence f'om the effect of the weather. . Milly
retreafed from him in amazement ; but "re- ,
covering herself, and putting the best face
n the 'matter, she tremulously addressed
the man :
'I am sorry, sir, you are cold. It is a bit
ier niht to be abroad. Will you not sit by
the fire V As she poshed a chair forward.
The 'man made 'n 6 respond, but stooping
over ran his finger through the blaze Then
he ,amt.j a:.d stared at her wi h a look j
m htch ,natja ht blood run cold. She would
yrelend there were others In the houie, for ,
-sh-8 arireajy felt afraid of the man, and bit-'
(erIy regreUed having admitted him.
"Would you like to fee some of the men
folks, sir?' she inquired. 'If so, I will call
them tVom thefr beds.
The man laughed hoarsely and replied : .
'Mill Dean, lor thai 1 believe iyour name
you cannot deceive me, you are alone in
'.his house, i look particular care fd ascer
tain' that before I came." So y'oo maV mate
yonrself ea.y bVi thai score and do a? I bid
you me,' exclaimed Milly in
terror; 'what do yon want of meP
I want the twelve hundred dollars in
goj yoar hD8band received for his produce
two days ago. You probably know where
Miy into the entry . and would
ba,e d 5u, the Mranger caoght her by
,he wrislanj dra,,2ed her roushlv back. .
'You cannot escape me, young woman
he said. You will find it most convenient
to make a clear breast of it at once. It will
be oetter Vo'r you. . . ' ,
Milly strove :o telease . her arm. The
ro'igh trfatraen: she received aroused her
-temper, and indignation, overcome all other
Let me go, you scoundrel, let me go or I
will call (or help,' she cried
' 'Call, yon fool said the brutal fellowj
and rnuh good may It 'do you. Keep your-
etUj anJ ms eris the money is.'
I 'I will not !' ihb feplled, hef eyes flashing
- ,You wiU not, he tben repi;eJ rwe shaU
He released her wrist so violently that
.he ree,fcd ha.facr08j the room. Xhen hg
seized that sleeping infant from its cradle
and helJ -lf al arrnB Ieng,h aIm08l inVo the
b,azing g 8Q lhat lhe lerrified mother ex-
- bJ lfr 6;e -u hl garltil!lli3 calch' the
' "Now then, where's the money 1 Speak
out quick of bear 'your baby" shriek with
pain. I will bhrd it to death" before your
eyes if yon do not tell me where the mon
ey is.' '-': '
-'Mbnster give me my child, shrieked
Milly,"' endeavbrirfg td reach the little bnbi
'Let me have my baby. '
' Sot every effort was frustrated, Sot again
and agaia the strong hand' of the robber
thrust her back; -'
'See, its clothes will be on fire in & min
ute, said the man putting the helpless iri
nocent elbser to the - flames. The- mother
looked into' his - eyes. She ssw there the
look of heartless determination. Shd be
come it ware that1 the ' fcotton garrfjen!' of
the child "were smoking with the beat. '
' lHow thai! it be!' asked the ruffian.
rIIurry, or the child 'dies.' I have no tirhe
to waste' hefe'.' r ! ; ' ' '''')' i ;
: 'Any thing, anything, only give ihj
child P she cried. ! The next' instant if' was
handed to her, and she sank upon the' Roor
and folded it to her boora.r- ' lt'-i'-
'Come exclaimed the man, touching her
rudely with his foot, yoa have hot' told me
where the money iaiy
'la the bpi on the upper shelf, '"ih'e 1e
plied, pointing to the 'closet.' -'' " " "
The rrian fouad lhe box, placed it'o'n the
table, opened it saying:' : ''"' " '' fcl".' I'
""to far so Wcl'l. It U nearfy all gold I trill
leave, just as you please He filled his
"pbclcets with the golden coin,1' and threw
the erripiy box in the'fire. Tnen he came
and stood beside her. "
' 'Put year baby in the cradle,' he'sald, 'if
you wish' lb save its life. 'I have ' other b"u
siness I6r yoti.' ' . .
'W'hat'db yob' men ? cried Milly, "eyeing
the man with suspicion. '
'Let me have hirri,' ' fie said, ifyingVo tike
it.' - ,''.'. ; ' ' : ' ;' '
'No, no,'I 'will put him in the' cradle rhy
self. You shall not touch the poor little
thing. 'Now, sir,' she continued, almost
Choking wiih excitement. 'What is it?
After'having laid the pretty 'Infant on its
downy place bf rest, 6he stood erect arid
'waited the reply.
1 am going to 1ci!l you ! said the man.
'Kill me! she exclaimed, her face grow
ing pale AWilh terror. 'Kill me! What
have I ever done to you that ybu should kill
'Nothing, nothing, ray 'dear, only yorf
know 'ybu have Seen me, and'you will "know
me again." Xnd he advanced upon her.
'0, sir, let me live. Have you ; not done
enough lo take my husband's money, wuh
out'deprivlng him of his wife loo? I will
never say a word against you, if ybu wiil
spare ttie'P '
As she ejpolie she clasped her bands and
looked 'imploringly at h'im.
'I am sorry that I'cannot safely grant ybu
your requen,' he responded. 'There Ts rib
help for it, so come along but doors."
He reached out hia hand o "grasp Milly.
But the instant Belf-preservatibn was strong
npoh her. She evaded him, flew to the
chimney ; piece, snatched her husband's
loaded rifle from the hook's on which it
hung, cocked and presented it at "the breast
of the robber. Her motions were so rapid
that betore he could prevent it, her finger
had pressed the frigg'er and there was an
explosion.' But wi.h equal readiness the
man had s'.ept aside, the ball had passed
over his head, and ihe next instant the gripe
was on her 'throat.
'I will teach ybu how to handle arms,'
he' said. 'You would have killed me,
would you t 1 will show you a trick worth
two of that.'
'Ale'rcy, 'hiecy,' cried the terrified worn
There's no mercy for you,' he ejaculated.
He dragged her into the entry, and flung
open the door.'" 'Out with you into the
Hold, what is this V 'exclaimed a deep
toned voice. 'tJnhaiid that woman, you
A powerlul man sfbod in the doorway.
He dealt ih'e robber a blow between the
eyes struck hi'm back into the en;ry. His
grasp of Mitly was relinquished, and the
tell to the floor.
"O, sir' she cried to the comer," 'save
me. This man has robbed us, and would
murder me that I would not tell of it.'
'Fear not,' Vhada'rri, he s'tiall nit harm
you,' responded the strainger. 'Fellow,
'Get out ol my way,' cried the robber,
making a rush for the door, and striking t j
the stranger with a bowie knile. Giving
back a lew steps the 6trauger seized the
robber by the collar, whirled him around,
I and threw him on his face in the Snow.
j The robber struggled, but the stranger knelt
heavily on the small bf his back, and grasp
j ed his hair. ,
Lie still,' said the stranger, 'or I will
fiend a bullet through your brain '
The robber fill the cold barrel of a pistol
at bis ear, and obeyed. Milly quickly
brought rope at her rescuer's request, and
the robber was bound hand and foot. ' 1
'It was a strange providence,' the new
com me r said, 'that 'overtook me with a
sno w storm on the prairie,and forced me an
hour ago to take refuge in your smoke house
nearly dead with cold.'
Milly acknowledged the truth of the re
mark, end bhe knelt and thanked her' Fath
er in Heaven for deliverance.
The next day Milly's husband came
home and when he had been told all he re
marked : - . ' ' : ' - -
This fellow was in the taverri at the til
lage, the day I sold my produce. It: will
learn me a lesson never to let strangers
know when money is plenty with rae, lest
they should be tempted to crime and bring
ruin on me and mine :
' That day sonfe sixty or seventy rhe'n gath
ered at the house of Mr. Dean. The' robber
was recognized as a fiotorious horse thief
who had long infested the neighborhood -There
was a summary trial, and then in
dogged silence, the wretch who wbdldh'ave'
burned a harmless infant and murdered 4.
faithful and gentle woman submitted to hi
Inevitable fate. A ' rudely constructed gal
lows, and a stout rope ended bis existence.
So on the thinly settled frontiers bf the west
do they meet out justice to offenders" against
property and1 life. 4 ' 4 '' '
About seventeen hundred dollars in bills
wefe found on ihe person of the robber', be
sides the gold be bad from Mrs. Dean. As
there wera no. claimants for the bills at the
ioggestioa of the stranger, whose life had
been saved from the-anger of the wlntef
storm by the shelter. he had found in 'the'
etnoke-house, a'thousahd dollars of the sev
enteen hundred were presented to Milly iii
consideration of what , she ( bad passed
thfoug'add "the Remainder, was , divided
around.. , vtl , , v , . , , j ,,
?. On that very spot there is now arthnTiEg
town, and one of the finest residences in
the place is that where dwells MiUy.eao
A great deal of nonsense has been writ
ten about lhe 'masked batteries' of the Reb
els. Their'mapked batteries' at Bull's Run
were nothing but batteries in the woods
placed al ihe most advantageous points.-
There was no effort to hide them, and the
fact lhat they could not be een easily,
grew out of the nature of the ground occu
pied by the enemy, and not out of "any ef
fort to conceal them. The erie'rriy,' of" course
took no pains to'parade his batteries before
our men ; he merely availed himself of the
natural advantages at his 'command, and
this, we think, has been the case with ev
ery 'masked battery 'yet heard of in this
war. There was not, "we venture lo say, a
battery at Bull's Run that could not have
been plainly seen, at a comparatively safe
distance, if a sharp lookout had been "kept
To a commander who goes blundering
thro' the woods, in a neighborhood where
the enemy might rationally be expected,
without exercising any prudence or watch
fulness, every battery which he stumbles
.on, is, of course, a 'masked' one; but the
chances are a hundred to one that it is
masked b'y his own blindness. The battery
at'Bullfs 'Run which Gen. Tyler came upon
in lhe first ei.counter in that locality, was
plainly visible, through a glass, from the
top of the ridge opposite, over which our
troops poured without once looking, or
'feeling lor it, as military - men : say, w ith
their artillery, and the enemy was scarcely
to blame for withblding itc fire until our in
cautious General had thrust his troops right
under its nose.
It is time that 'this tafk kbout 'masked
batteries' should cease. It is the business
of the gooJ military man to proceed very
cautiously in an enemy's country, to save
his men from 'unnecessary risks, and to
find out where ilie enemy is before expo
sing his men (o attack. The enemy has a
right to every advantage, which the nature
of the ground give him; and no man fit
'to head an army will act upon the presump
tion that the enemy has noi sense enough
to avail himself of such advaaVages. Pitts
A Noble Tooth.
The following anecdote was telated to a
gentleman during a night he spent in a
farmhouse in Virginia, some years ago ':
In December 17, towards the close of a
dreary day, a woman with an Infant weie
discovered half buried in the snow by a lit
tle Virginian'seven years old. The prom
ising lad was returning from school, and
hearing the moans of some one in distress,
threw down his 'satchel of books, and re
pairing to the spot whence the sound pro
ceeded, with a firmness becoming one of
riper yeais. Riking the snow from the be
numbed body of the mother, and using
means to awaken her to;i sense of her de
plorable condition, the noble youth suc
ceeded in getting her upon tier feet ; the
infant nestling on its mother's breaM, turn
ed its eyes towards their youthful preserv
er, and smiled, as it seemed, in gratitude
for its preservation. With a coun tenance
filled with hope, lhe gallant youth cheered
the sufferer on himself, bearing within his
liny arms the infant child, while iha moth-,
er leaned for support on the shoulder ol her
little conductor. "My home is hard by,"
.would he exclaim, as oft her spirits faiied.
And thus for three miles did he cheer on
ward to a happy haven the mother and
child, both of whom otherwise must have
perished, had it not been for the humane
feeling and perseverance of this noble
A warm fire and kind attention soon re
lieved the sufferer, who it appeared, was
in search of her husband, an emigrant from
New Hampshire, a recent purchaser of a
farm in the neighborhood of, near
this place. Diligent inquiry for several
days found him, and in five months" afier,
the identical house " in-which we are now
sitting was erected, and received the happy
family. ; The child gre up lo manhood
entered the army lost a limb at New Or
leans, but returned to end his days a solace
to the declining years of his aged parents.
"Where' are they now 1" I asked the riar
' Here !" exclaimad the son. " "I am lhe
rescued one ; ihere is my mother ; and
here, imprinted on my ' naked arm, is lhe
name of lhe noble youth our preserver !"
I looked and read, "Winfikld Scott,"
now LieutSuaatGeneial of the United States
Army. . . .. ..
livhii For Jonathan. A green looking
chap from the Green' Mountain State went
over the line and on to Montreal to look
round a leelle. Going ir.io a' large and hand
some dry goods stdre, his verdancy attracted
the attention bf the proprietor, who attempi
ed .o quiz him, but unhappily having an
impedihient in' his speech, had to give it
up, and his bead .clerk, came forward to
speak'for him,.. The clerk, began, Mr. Bull
wishes to kno if joa can tell him why
Balaam's ass epokel , r , . : t.
' "Wa'!,". said Joaathau-, "1 rather guss as
how Balaam -was a stutterria? man and his
ass had to speak for him!" ; ; -i
A Judge who acted -as floor-manager at
a fashionable ball, made the following an
nouncement from' ihe mosie-gallery,' jnst
previous to the last dance of the night: " By
general request, there will now be an extra
TlraiQinjE 'Artillery HorseS.
The Fortress Monroe , correspondent of
the N. York'Commercial Advertiser, says :
''It requires considerable time to mount
trie gurls'properiy for an "advancing army,
to Bupply them with trained horses, and es.
Dfccially ihe right "kind 'of harness. Thn
horse is a' curious, shy, inquisitive animal,
and "when first taken from trie stable or
pasture, for trie strategic 'puf pose of war,
demands lo be handled with great care and
f ence. He must be gradually accustom
"l he sudden and marked change in his
su vlie gleam of arms, the roll of diums,
tlie Vaunting of banners the , flash, the
smoke and the roar of cannon.. It is remar
kable however that when the'practical war
horWis thus drilled and disciplined, his
proficiency in wheeling with guns and cais
slons, at the critical moment of limbering
and unlimberirig light artillery, is wonder
ful. XVithout a word, without a touch,
without a sign from man, he wheels, sd
vances.'and retreats with almost miraculous
rapidity at limes compelling riders and
gunners to spring to keep their saddlts or
escape his lightning like evolutions. Such
war-hbrses as these are intended to be,
'i ' i
have been practising belore lhe window ol
your correspondent on the parade grouud
of the 'Fortress this morning. Sothe few ol
the more recent comers 'reared "and sprang
a little at the first flashes and thunder of
the cannon, while lhe others stood as firm
as the adjacent trees, and looked on as
cafmfy as if they were feeding from a rack.
At the close of the firing, some, of ihem
were marched to the muzzle of the still hot
and smoking gun, and made to put their
nostrils close to the metal, feel the heat and
inhale the smell cf ''ihe powder." They
are thus taught to become on familiar terms
with their new and strange acquaintance
and fellow soldier, to measure his length
with their eyes, and that his touch at their
rider's command, is rendered harmless."
A titieer Rare of People.
Chamber's Journal, discussing a recent
book of missionary travels in. Africa, thus
alludes to one of the tribes which are found
in lhat ferra incognita :
But lhe strangest of all 6tories told are
of the Dokos, who live among the moist,
warm bamboo woods to the south of Caffa
and Sbsa. Only four feet high, of a dark
olive color, savage and naked, they have
neither .'fire nor human" food. They live
only on ants, mice, and serpents, diversified
by a few roots and fruits ; they let their
nails grow long like talons, the better to
dig for ants, and the more easily to tear in
pieces their favorite snakes. They do not
marry, live indiscriminate lives of animals,
exhibiting very little maternal instinct. The
mother nurses her child for a short time,
accutiorning it to eat ants and serpems as
toon as possible ; and when it can help it
self, it wanders away where it will, and
the mother thinks no more about it.
The Dokos are invaluable as slaves, and
are taken in large numbers Ttie slave
hunter hold ud brinht colored clotns as
soon as they come to the oamooo woods' . r j
where tWe human monkeys live, and lhe I collectively, is so plain thai none can mis
Dokos cannot resist the attraction offered They must support the admin.s-
by such superior people. .They crowed rali in "erX masU,'e calculated tp put
-.,,i '.a ;, ..loo tn ihnn.amU. In ! dow" rebellion, and conquer peace, lo
.l,vrv. ihev are docile, attached, obedient
with lew wanu' and excellent health.
They have only one fault, a love of ar.ts,
mice, and serpents and a habit of spaak-
ing to Yer with their heads on the ground,
and ibeir heels in the air. Yer is their.idea
of a superior power, to whom they talk in
this comical manner when they are dispirit
p.l nr nncrrv. or tired of an is and snakes, ana
longing for unknown food. The Dokos
seem to come nearest of all people yet d.s-
covered to that terrible cousin of humanity
for the Carious.
The greyhound runs by eyesight only,
and this we observe as a fact; the carrier;
pigeon flies his two hundred and fifty miles
homeward by eyesight, viz: Irom point to
point of objects which he marked but this
is only our conjecture ; the fierce dragon fly,
with twelve thousand lenses in its eye,
darts from angle to angle with the rapidity
bl a flashing sword, and as rapidly darts
back not turning iri the air but with a dash
reversing the action of his four wings, and
infctantly calculating the distance of the ob
ject, or he would dash himself lo pieces.
But in what conformation of this does this
consist ? No one can answer.
' ' A cloud bf ten thousand gnats dance WP
and down in the sun the minutest inter
val between them yet no one knocks an
other headlong upon the grass, or breaks a
leg or a' wing, long and delicate as they are.
Suddenly amidst your admiration ol this
matchless dance a peculiar high shoulder
ed, vicious gnat, with a longi pendant nose,
darts 'oui the rising and falling c!oud, and
settling on your check inserts" a poisonous
t ting. What possessed the little wretch to
do this i No one knows.
A four-horse coach comes suddenly upon
a flock of geese on a narrow road and drives
through the middle of them. A gooe was
never yet fairly run over, nor a duels. They
are under the very, wheels and hoofs, and
yet someho'T they contrive to flap and
waddle off. Habitually stupid heavy aud
indolent, they are nevertheless equal to any
emergency. Wvhy does the lonely wood
pecker, when' he deseuds hia' tree and
goes to drink stop several times on hia way
: ; i boat soxc. :
Oh, give the sailors life lo me,
, To roam upon the ocean, .
To live a careless and as free
As billows in commotion.
I'll take an easy road through, life,
Have pleasures rare and jolly,.
Keep fear at bay dull sire away
And drive oil melancholy.
Land lubbers boast of joys a shore, '
, They're miseries to the sailor ;
Hih joys are midst the ocean's roar,
In merchant man or whaler.
He feareth not thetem'ptersihoWl,
Nor e'en the rattling thunder ,. v
Nor when, beneath the storm-god's scowl,
The clouds rent asunder.
Upon "he touring raizen:ma-t,
Rocked by the billows dashing,
He sleeps above the ocean vast ;
Lulled while? its waves are lashing.
Then, give the Jailors, life to me,
To roam up7n the ocean, .
To live as careless and as free
As billows in commotion. -
Napoleon on Trained Soldiers.
The advocates of the ''Forward lo Rich
mond" policy have been in the habit of
quoting Napoleon the First as sayin" that )
three months' training for soldi w. ' '
good as three years
Such nonsense put in
the mouth of that great conqueror might well
make hirn "turn in his coffin." Allison, in
his History of Napoleon, cites his language
in disenssing the qjestion of how much
rime is required to make a reliable soldier.
In a conversation respecting the naval
conscription, Truget observed : t
"Much longer time is required to form
a sailor than a soldier. The latter may be
trained in all his duties in six months."
"There never was so great a mistake
. . i .
Nothing can be more dangerous than to
propagate such opinions. If acted upon
they would speedily lead to the dissolution
of the army. At Jemappe, there were
50,000 French against 6,000 tAustrians.
During the first lour years o! lhe war, all
the hostile operations were conducted in
the mon ridiculous manner. It was nei
ther the volunteers nor the recruits who
saved lhe( republic : it was the 180,000 old
troops of the monarchy, and the discharged
veterans whom the revolution impelled to
the frontier. Part of the recruits deserted,
part died ; a small portion only remained,
who, in the process of time, formed good
soldiers. Why have the Romans done
such great things? Because six year's in
struction was, with them, required to make
a soldier. A legion composed of three
thousand such men was worth thirty thou
sand ordinary tioops. With fifteen thou
sand such men as the. Guards, I would
everywhere beat forty thousand. You will
not find me engaged soon in war with an
army ol recruits.
Ilnty ol Democrats.
In the war which the Government is now
waging lor the integrity of the C onstitution
! and the preservation of the Union, the duty
i i i . . . . it.. i .i
;. doi"3 li"Y are no1 commuted to any of
the political tenets of Mr. Lincoln or his
party, r.or can they be charged with giving
aid and comfort lo their political enemies.
; ue,uut"!'8 ,w ,a,"cu
: " 8UPPorl of tho country when it was
! ii .r j i -i.---. n:4
in danger, ihey tougnt the battles ol Ine
war of 1812, and defended the honor of our
flag in Mexico ; and lot it not be said lhat
j hey are any lhe less mindful of their duty
This contest is one in which we are ALL
EQUALLY interested ; the stake is not for
ihe present but for all time lo come. Our
party has ever proclaimed itself the especial
champion of the Union, and branded the
Opposition ai its enemy ; and there will
never again in our history occur such an
opportunity to vindicate onr claim to disin
terested patriotism. Let os strive -to excel
all other parties in our devotion to the
country, so lhat when the war shall be over
we can point to our deeds with pride and
pleasure. In our nominations
this fall, the only qualifications required be
side competency, should be that of devo
tion lo the constitution and lhe Union, and
an unqualified support of the Government.
"A Terrible Reverse." .
Forney's Presi, a war journal which sus
tains the Lincoln Administration, in all its
acts, whether fight of wrong, constitutional,
We are hoi disposed lb exaggerate the
great Issues which have been forced upon
us by the recent disaster in Virginia. That
we have met with a terrible reverse : that the
largest army which ever inarched under
our banner has been beaien; that we have
been driven Irom our advanced position in
Eastern Virginia, are facts which the people
must reluctantly and carefully; consider.
Th3 people of the Sooth have gained the
greateM triumph of this revolution.' II Ibere
has been division belore, there cannot be
division now, lot the sword which checked
the career of .the Federal army, under the
brow of the Blue Kidge, w;il check any at
tempt to maintain .a loyalty to the Union m
the seceded States, 1 he victory . of tneir
troops will consolidate the southern seuti
ment ; for i rebellion lhat is formidable
enough lo win a ereal battle, within thirty
"U 68 "
tiers t"i,T.y i.r '-wr P4wa,.vf '- ' ' - -
By the President of the United Slates
'i A froelamation."1
Whereas.' A. joint committee of ' both
, HouKes of .Conjures fa; waited ori the Preii-
iileht ot the, United Mate, and requested
him to recommend a day of. public humil
iation, prayer, and lasting, is -be. observed
by the people of the Un'red States with Re
ligious solemnities, and. the offering of fer
vent supplication. :o Alraisjhty God for the
salety and welfare ol these states, his blees
ing on their arm, and. speed v restoration
to peacn; and. whereas, itis fit. and j becom
ing in al people, at.,all tmes,tto acknowl
edge, and revere ihe supreme, Govern,menl
of God, to bow in humble submission to
His chasiisements,.lo confess, and denlore
their sins and agzresitiorts, ia the full con
viction that the lear or the Lord is ,the be
ginning of wisdom, and to pray, with all
fervence Bnd contrition for the pardoao
their past offences, and for a blestng upon
their present and prospective. .actions, and
whereas, when our buloved country, once
by the blessing of Got, united, prosperous
and happy, is now aillicted with factions
.and civ;l war, it is peculiarly fit for os to
recognize the hand of God in this visitation,,
in sorrowful remembrance of our own fault?
and crimes, as a nation and mn individual,'
lo humble ourselves before Him and to
pray for His mercy; to" pry that we may1
be spared further punishment thousb most
i justly , deserved; that our arms may ber.
blesned and made effectual for re establish;
ment qf:law ,prder, and peace throuahont
pur.country, and that the inestimable boo
of civil and religious liberty, earned -under
His guidance and b'eseing by the labors
and sufferings ol our fathers, ,may be restor,
ed in all its original excellency; Therefore
1, Abraham, Lincoln, President. of the United
States, do appoint the last Thursday in Sepi
lember next, as a day pf humilintiori i pray,
er and fasting for all the people of (he na
tion, and I do earnestly recommend lo t'.e
people, and especially to all-ministers sa i
teachers of religion, of all denomiuatk.r;?,
to all head .of families, to observe and,
keep .that, day . according to their several
creeds and modes of worship in: all humil-;
ity an with all religious solemnity, to the
end thai the united prayer of the natior.'
may ancend lo the Throne of Grace an J
bring down plentiftl blessings upon c-f
own country. .
In testimony whereof, &c , ; i -.;.;..''.
By the President, - ;
William H. Scwakd, Secretary of State.
Exhacstio or Talk. How the. lam p. of
conversation holds put to burn between, two
persons only, is curiously- set Uowrj ia the
following passage from Conm Gonralhon-
ier'a account of his imprisonment: .
. ..... t
- Fifteen years existed , in a dungeon ten
feet square. During six years I bad com
panion ; during nine I was alone.- I never
could rightly distinguish' the face, of bim
who shared my activity, in the eternal
twilight of our, cell. The . first year we
talked incessantly . together;, we related
our past lives, our joys forever gone, over
and over again. The next year we com
municated to each other thought, and. ideas
on all subjects. ..The third-year we bad
nothing to communicate; we were beginning
to lose the power of reflection. .The fourth,
at the interval of a month or so, we would
open our lips to ask each other if it were
possible that the world went as gay and
bustling as when we. formed a portion .of
mankind. The fifth we were, silent, , The
sixth he was taken away J never knew
where, to execution or liberty. . But I was
g'ad when be was gone; . even solitude wan
better than the pale, vacant face. One. day
must have bees a year or two after
my companion left me the dungeon .door.
wa opened, whence proceeding, J , knev,
not, the following words were utt,erd; '.Bjf
order of his Imperial Majesty, I ictimate iv
you that your wife died a year ago." The
the door was shut and I heard no more :
ihey had flun? this great agony upon me,
and left me alone with it. . .
Washington's Di appointments-We migh:
puzzle our brain with the question of Wash
ington's great disappointment in regard tc
the destiny of Virginia. Washington . sa
the advantages of his native Stale. "Look."
said he to Sir John. Sinclair, "look at a ma,i
of the United Stales. See Virginia neith;:
frozen like New England, nor scorched HI' o
the Carolinas and Georgia. See ber water
courses and her fruitful soij. Observe htr
Potomac coming down from the very head
water bf iheOhio,and furnishing the neare:!
and best line of artificial water communica
tion with the great West. Here on the banl-s
of the Potomac, vt be. the centre cf co m
merce and of civilization on this continc-
The Capital ot the United States will be t "
London of the New World." .These we -"e
Washington's expectations.- But Virgin :a
has rpissed this destiny, and steadily, sub
sided from her original pre-eminence
Western commerce seeks the ocean by :u.o
roundabout routes of Pennsylvania an?
New York. The question Wht! is trouble
some intrusive, and before . .we can accej t
without misgivings, the superiority of he?
civilization, the change of her lroitful fielce
to desert wastes must have a satisfactory
' . .,
A rifleman in the late fight, .seeing a ball
bury it 6pf in a bank near hinv, sprang ta
the hole it had made, saying; "Shoot away;
yon can't hit twice, in the same place."
Instantly another shct struck a few leeldif
tant, covering the ' fellow with sand and
gravel. Emerging" frm. his new quarter ,
he continued the unfinished sentence, "but
yoa came so pesky near it that the first bole
Ter.hyscn is expected to write the poem
for the opening ol the great World's Fair at
London, during the coming year.
i'rn'in ram irl-ul that h OT nmrirrfn