The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, February 06, 1861, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

t r
; IF. U. JACODY, Proprietor. ; Truth and Right God and our Country. Tvo Dollars per Annua.
7 - ' . - - .. '
CHlce on Main St., Srd Square bleow market,
TERMS : Two Dollars per annum if paid
witha six months from the time of subscri
bing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid
withir the year. No subscription taken fur
less period than six months ; no discon
tinuance permitted until all arrearages are
paid, unless at the option of the editor.
The terms of advertising will be as follows :
One square, twelve lines, three times, 81 00
Every subsequent insertion, 25
One square, three months, ....... 3 00
On year, 8 00
(Shout floetrg.
We sing "Oar Country's" soag to-night
With saddened voice and eye ;
Her banner droops in clouded light
Beneath the wintery sky.
We'll pledge her once in golden wine
Before her stars bavt set;
Though dim one reddening orb may shine,
We have a country yet.
'Twere vain to sigh o'er errors past,
. The fault of sires or sons ;
Our soldier heard the threatening blast
And spiked his useless guns;
He saw the star-wreathed ensign fall
By mad invaders torn ;
Bat saw it from the bastioned wall
That laughed their rage to scorn !
What though their warlike cry is flang
Across the bowling wave,
They smite the air wiih idle tongue
The gathering storm who brave.
Enough of speech ! the trumpet rings ;
Be silent, patient, calm.
God help them if the tempest swings
The pine against the palm !
Oar toilsome year have made us tame,
Our strength has slept unfel ; .
The furnace fire is slow to flame
That bids our ploughshares melt ;
'Tls hard to lose the bread they wiu
In spite of Nature's frowns,
To drop the iron threads we spin
That weave our web of towns ;
To see the rushing turbines staud
Before the emptied flume,
To fold the arms that flood the land
With rivers from their looms.
But harder still for those who learn .
The truth forgot so long;
When once their slumbering passion burn,
The peace ul are the strong !
The Lord have mercy on the weak,
. And calm their frenzied ire,
And sate our brothers ere thev shriek,
"We played with Northern fire!"
The eag'a hold his mountain height,
The tiger pace in his den !
Give all the country, each his right !
God keep as all ! Amen !
National Fust, Jan 4lh 1861.
V . The Coronet of Toil.
. The sweat-drop is the jewel in the coro
net of toil When mau wasdriven from the
Paradise-garden, it -vas declared to him
that in the sweat of his brow he should eat
his bread. If the history of ages is credible
that edict has never been annulled. Either
from corruption ot man's, primitive tastes,
or the force of wants consequent upon the
change, the earth, though mellow and gen
erous to toil' has steadily" refused to yield
spontaneously the fruits of Eden. To satis
fy hanger and thirst,-to defend the body
from heat and cold, and to shelter it from
storm and danger, man has been compell
ed to tax an invention and exert powers,
which his original simplicity might have
avoided. God did not turn him from bis
earthly paradise without good provision for
bis new wants. Sterile as the unbroken
larf seeme J. it yielded to the stick and the
iron j and when . the dry seeds were cast
into it, the rains, and dews, and sunshine,
nourished them into plentiful harvests.
Bat necessity the ever-recurring .'calls of
human want, which are as angel infirmities
have allowed man no cessation from la
bor. To live, to generate and fulfill a being
"faded but not lost," he has been forced to
toil from duty to day, providentially permit
cd, ia the average, to accumulate little be
yond supplying immediate wants. In the
perpetual summer of Eden nature supplied
all things; oat from that man came as a
eavage, without plan or capitol beyond the
capacity of his hands" and the fruitfulness of
the earth. Step by step he emerged from
the dependence of ignorance and folly he
praote the forests farrowed and drained
the earth reared bis dwellings while
broad fields, filled", with, flocks and herds,
and populous cities, crowned with domes
and spires, rose before him, nntil he is now
what we see the genius of civilization, by
f oil mastering the elements to do his- bid-
' Nor will man, on earth, ever be exempt
from toil. -'All that is fair and noble in the
great picture of his triumph, has risen from
jhemouon pC'activg brains' and 'hands.
Garden and grainfield cottage anoV palace,
Temple and raoqameqt, the shrines and al
tars whereon the highest faiths and holiest
affections are pqnseerated, are the preation
f toil which, in the wilderness, jri the van
pf armies, and in the cooncil-ha'Js, not for
getting the glorious birth or man,' has bow
ed to the expalsqry sdipt ol God." By sweat
and in pain, the . great, the true, and the
. hsreic have, - wrought qqt their lives, and.
their brows bear the only coronet that spar
kles with imperishable diamonds. - Let no
pan fcprq tpil toil, which Providence has
rfiiciated, a? the basis of our ; earth -life, and
by which (ta c,r understandings at least)
ths Supreme peirij roils and rules tha nni-
versa jq immensity. ' ' ' " . , .
We think that a man carries tha bcrrow-
.irj' principle a trials tc-o far" whin, he ass
A Warning from Ohio.
One of the resolutions adopted by the
Democratic State Convention of Ohio is in
the following words:
Resolved, That the two hundred thousand
Democrats ot Ohio send to the people of
the United States, both North and South,
greeting: And when the people of the
North shall have fulfilled their duties to
the Constitution and the South then, and
not until then, will it be proper lor them to
take into consideration the question ot the
right and propriety of coercion.
The Republican party, which has so un
deviatingly pursued the idea of coercion,
has scarcely allowed itself time to fulfill its
"doties to the Constitution and the South."
In thirty three days, the 4th of March will
be here, when it is expected to inaugurate
Mr. Lincoln as President of the United
States. Congress has had ample time to
make a settlement, but instead of doing so
it has driven six States into secession from
the Union by its failure to come to some
understanding with them. It will in all
probability, by pursuing the same fatal and
criminal policy, compel the remaining
Southern Slates to withdraw in the same
manner, and thus when Mr. Lincoln comes
into power, he will find himself the Presi
dent of nineteen States, Kansas included,
instead of thirty-four States. For this, he
will have nobody to blame but himself and
his party, ile cannot blame the Southern
States, because they gave him fair warning
that unless guarantees of safety were given
to them, they would retire from the confed
eracy. He cannot blame the Northern
Democrats and conservatives, because they i
have been willing and anxious to unite
with the Republicans in effecting a settle
ment Mr. Lincoln and his advisers stand re
buked this day before the civilized world
by the whole population of fifteen States of
the Union, and by at least two thirds ol the
population of the free States, for thus tri
fling with the happiness, safety and pros
perity of the American people.
Can he successfully reverse his policy in
the short time allowed him? We fear not.
The States that have separated themselves
from the Union are greatly exasperated
Their reverence for the Union has been
destroyed. The charm that it had lor them
has been dissolved The Southern States
that yet remain are only held by a thread.
Already they are making solemn and well
considered arrangements looking to separa
tion. Their faith in the Union is shaken,
their hopes of receiving a compliance with
their petitions for a redress ct grievances
are daily growing more faint and feeble.
One word from Mr. Lincoln in favor of
conciliation would have changed the policy
of hU party in Congress, and that change
of policy would have arrested secession
and place this Government on a solid and
enduring foundation. Instead of concilia
tion the Republican leaders are for coer
Let them ponder well the admonition
from the two hundred thousand Democrats
of Ohio. Let them bear in mind that if the
great Democracy of the North were divided
in the Presidential canvass, those divisions
no longer exist. The unied Democracy of
the free States, backed up by the Bell-Ev-ebett
men, and reinforced by two-thirds of
the Republican masses, demand a settle
ment, and join their Ohio friends in decla
ring that the right of coercion shall not even
be considered, until the North has fulfilled
its "duties to the Constitution and the
South." Pen nsylvanian.
Obituary Fibi.
The story of a. good man's life, simply
and truthfully related while the mold is yet
fresh upoc his grave, is one of the most in
structive and impressive lessons which the
press can present to the rising generation.
If all the obituary notices published in the
newspapers were of this class, editors might
be forgiven if tbey omitted to censure with
due rigor the misdeeds of departed scoun
drels. Bat the mercy of silence is all which
the utmost stretch of benevolence can right
eously accord to the memories of the vic
ious. The Latin apothegm de mortuus nil
nut bonum "Speak only good of the dead"
is in the highest degree mischievous as a
social maxim. To gloss -over, excuse or
justify the crimes of bad men who have
passed to their account, is treason to the
living. We have loo much of this post-mortem
flattery. Death abates a nuisance like
a faithful scavenger removes a piece of
moral putrefaction from our midst.. But at
the heels of Death pomes the literary em
balmer, intent on perfuming with the in
cense of compliment what the warms, if
they were intelligent, would disdain to
touch. The deceased is returned upon our
hands transfigured, clothed io shining rai
ment, and surrounded with all the glories
apposed to belong to the just made perfect.
Too often the
"Well-graced actor leaves the stage" '
unh.onorad and onsung, while the exit 'of
the rich and bloated sensualisjt is followed
by a flourish qf trumpets
If the vicious and depraved are good for
anything when dead, it is to ''point a mor
al" not to 'Worn a tale ;n arid should feel
ings pf sympathy and respect for those
they leave behind them forbid the press to
paint them in their trqe colors, let it at
least abstain from white-washing their infa
my.. A false and flattering obituary notice
of a hypocrite, a rufSan, ot any ' other spe
cies of scoundrel, is the meanest thing a
mean man can write. " ' '
j' . Dssams. Let nr.l esr b3bl!t..r?.jti
Giving the Sack.
Some eight or nine years ago the body
of a man was found in the Tiber at Rome.
It was recognized as that of a porter well
known about the city, but a strange thing
was that a second body (also that of a man)
was found at the same time, tied up in a
sack which was strongly stitched on to the
collar of the coat of the porter. The body
was not so easily recognized, but the
strangeness of the circumstances set all the
authorities immediately to work in the
greatest earnest, and excited much interest
in thecity. Before long, suspicion arose,
which attached itself to a woman of doubt
ful character, who lived in the , out-skirls,
and whose husband had all at once disap
peared. All, however, that was known,
was this that she had lived unhappily with
him. Nothing could be discovered or
brought homo to her, beyond the fact that
he was gone, and of course she maintained
that he had left lierj and that she was a
much injured person. 'And thus, as there
was no proof, after a while the talk of the
affair was dying" out, when all at once it
was fanned into a flame again ; the sus
pected house was revisited, and the woman
actually brought to confess the truth, that
she had murdered her husband and caused
likewise the death of the porter. Upon
this, without further ado, she was appre
hended, and had to undergo her trial. The
obtaining of this confession,and the discov
ery of what had baffled the wisest heads in
Rome, caused a very great sensation, but
nobody seemed to know how it was it had
been brought about. Upon her trial she
said she had murdered her husband out of
jealousy, and wiih no help from any human
creature. The great difficulty 6he found
was in disposing of the body. At last she
hit upon this contrivance. She crammed it
into a sack, and sent for a porter with
whom she . was acquainted. It was then
the dusk ot the evening. On his arrival
she represented that she had been cleaning
out her house, and had collected a great
mass of rubbish, which she did not know
well what to do with or how to get rid of;
she thought it a good plan to stuff it into a
sack and have it thrown into the river. It
was heavy, she said, but she would pay
him well for his job, and give him relresh
ment before he started with his load. The
matter thus arranged, :hey supped and
caroused together, and she supplied him
with drink that he was well-nigh overcome.
She then brought out the sack and while
pretending to adjust it to his shoulder,stitch
ed it strongly to the collar of his coat, tell
ing him all he had to uo when he got to the
middle of the bridge was to lean it toward
the edge, and chuck the sack as far as he
could over the parapet, so as to get it clear
out of the way of the current, and she
would give him his money when he came
back; which of course be never did. She
could, not tell, she said, how it had been
found out, but she suposed God and the
Virgin Mother had brought it to light; that
was the whole truth, 6he added, and all she
had to tell. When the trial had arrived at
the point, a young lawyer stepped forward
and asked her if she had ever told anybody
what 6he had done, or had any accomplice
who culd not have divulged it ?
"No," she said, "nobody helped her, and
they might as well suppose she would
not be such a fool as to tell any living crea
ture." "What, nobody ?' the oung lawyer ask
ed. "No," said she, "only to my confessor."
Here was the solution of the whole busi
ness, and the lawyer soon discovered that
the confessor had a brother in te galleys,
and calling to mind an old custom that if a
galley slave can be the means of bringing
a Torse criminal than himself to justice, he
receives his freedom, he arrived at the con
clusion that the galley-slave had furnished
the clue, which turned out to be the fact.
The woman escaped punishment, as the
discovery had been made through a breach
of the confessional. The father-confessor
absconded as soon as possible. The young
lawyer rapidly rose to eminence.
Life in Switzerland.
The taste and skill of the Zuricbers in the
mechanic arts is not less decided, and the
hnm of industry is heard literally in all her
borders. The manufactures are not crowd
ed into one corner ot a great city, but oc
cupy the leisure hours of those who live in
the country. Especially is this the case in
the weaving of silk. All those beautiful
fabrics, which now equal those of any part
of the world, are produced in the cottages
scattered over hill and dale, and by those
who perhaps work in the field in the sum
mer and weave silk in the winter, or de
vote the leisure hours of every season to
this light and tasteful labor.
' First, yon must see the weavers, who
wear a white linen cap ornamented with
glass beads on both sides, and lied under
the chin, with a velvet ribbon. A short,
blue jacket, with light blue bodice, on
which ' appears the letter V, wrought or
formed with colored velvet ribbon. What
the letter signifies we do not know, and
they do riot know themselves.
The house is of two stories, built 'first of
umbers, and then a wall of coarse bricks or
stones, covered with plaster . On the first
floor are a siuing-room, two small looms,
and ' a kitchen. These1 are finished with
panels, painted light green, looking beau
tifully neau The most conspicuous object
is the great stove of potter's work, veneered
apartment below and above. These stoves
are everywhere at the north, and very com
fortable when thoroughly heated night and
day, but require much wood, and in the
mild weather of spring or autumn not very
economical unless permitted to remain cold,
which i often the case !
Under the windows are long wooden
benches.'and before these the table, 6et
around with wpoden chairs. The nnfailing
chest, with its various compartments, is
near, and on it a tin pail and copper wash
basin ; a book shelf is suspended over, and
on a nail at its side a towel and a bruh.
On a little table in the corner is the folio
family Bible, and upon two nails over the
door rests the family gun, polished to bright
ness. The next article is a curious relic of
the olden times, and here we are able to i
state exactly what marked the times as old.
When they use this term, thej mean the
age of oatmeal pudding made so thick that
tne spoon would stand upright in the centre:
These are the days their grandmothers still
remember, and the great wooden, spoon
hangs by a string to the wall, as does also
the bread knife, with the initials of the heads
of the household thereon, and the date of
their marrjage. It is a curious article on
which to preserve the record of so important
an event; but being the one they would
oftenest have to use, it is not, on the whole,
so inappropriate. A slate, an almanac, a
looking-glass, and a pair of scales, occupy
their wonted posts, and in accordance with
their - humble offices, the cat's dish, the
cricket, the cradle, and standins-stool. Un
der the stove are the unoccupied shoes and
playthings, and in the most honorable po
sition pictures from the Bible, Swiss his
tory, and the never to be-forgotten Black
Forest clock.
Near the window is the loom. Does it
seem marvelous how one of those beautiful
and delicate tissues of green, of gold, or
purple, can come forth from the midst of
such a medley without spot or blemish ?
We can only answer, that we wonder all
the same, though everything is remarkably
neat. The loom is like any other, except
that it is more light and delicate in its con
struction. The reed, through which the
warp is drawn is fine as gossamer, and the
shuttle for the filling might answer for a
fairy. The web goes underneath, and
winds on a beam like any other web, of
tow or plebeian pretentions. The threads
break, and fingers which are not at all fairy
like tie llem together with marvelous ce
lerily, a we watch the checks and stripes
or figures formed with never-ceasing inter
est and amazement.
These are the homes, and the happy
homes, of free and industrious people, who
may be said to lack nothing that is abso
lutely necessary to comfort and happiness.
Thers is none of the abject poverty which
is seen in exclusively manufacturing dis
tricts, and none of the luxury attended upon
suddenly acquired and immense fortunes.
Collages of the Alps.
Queer Teople.
Chambers' Journal, in discussing a re
cent book of missionary travels in Africa
thus alludes to. one of the tribes which
were found in that terra incogr.ita :
But the strangest ot all are the stories told
of the Dokos. who live among the moist,
warm woods to the south of Kaffa and Snsa.
Only four feet high, of a dark olive color,
savage and naked, they have neither houses
nor temples, neither fire nor ordinary hu
m an food. They live only on ants, mice and
6erpants diversified by a few roots and
fruits ; they let their nails grow Jong, like
talons, the better to dig for ants, and the
more easily to tear to pieces their favorite
snakes. Tbey do not marry, but live the
indiscriminate lives of animals, multiply
ing very rapidly, and with very little ma
ternal instinct. The mother nurses her
child for only a 6hort time, accustoming it
to eat ants and serpents as soon as possible;
and when it can help Itself, it wanders
away where it will, and the mother thinks
no more about it. Dokos are invaluable as
slaves, and are taken in large numbers.
The slave hunters hold up bright colored
cloth as soon as they come to the moist, warm
bamboo woods where these human monk
eys live, and the poor Dokos cannot resist
the attraction offered by such superior
people. They crowd around them and are
taken in thousands. In slavery they are
docile, attached, obedient, with lew wants
and excellent health. They have only one
fault a love for ants, mice and serpents, and
a habit of speaking to Yer with their heads
on the grour.d, and their heels in the air.
Yet is their idea of a superior power, to
whom they talk in this comical maimer
when they are dispirited or angry or tired
of ants and snakes, .and longing for un
known food.1 The Dokot seem to come
nearest of all people yet discovered to that
terrible cousin of humanity the ape. ;
Mother I should not be surprised if our
Susan got choked some day."
"Why, my son?"
"Because her bean twisted his arm a
round her neck the other night, and if she
had not kissed him he would have strang
led her; besides, mother, he sits by her,
whispers to her, and hugs."
To Converse with spirits lay a five cent
piece on. the table in a grog shop, and
they'll show themselves quicker than you
can say "beans."
EsT, Jet - black eyes are an attraction ; Jet
The State Of the Country. i
Under this head the last number ol the ter in marraige. A the old fellow, without
Parish Visitor, published by the Episcopal . bein8 8een had witnessed all that had trans
Church, has the following calm and dispas- j Pired. and liked th J'oulh'8 appearance, he
siona'e article. Its entire absence from par-1 al once 8ranted his Praer on lhe w
tizan bias, and its Christian spirit, comes that ,he demand should be official, by the
like oil to the troubled waters. We hope it ! grant's father. Here was the difficulty
will be read and treasured up in many
"Though there is not much likelihood of
our whispers being heard in this tornado,
we look for, at least, a lull, when Christian
men may bethink themselves. There is
beyond dispute, a growing feeling ol dis
like between the different parts of this great
national family fixed, intense dislike, to
use the mildest word an evil, in this view,
which few seem to estimate in its true mag
nitude, or consider how difficult it is to re
move when once established. In propor
tion to its extent and intensity it is the direct
antagonist of the Gospel, and destructive of
all religion.
History and the principles of human na
ture leave no room to doubt the calamities,
involving all the parties, which such hatred
portends. The interests at 6lake will not
necessarily, even delay the calamity. It
always was for the best interests of men to
live together in peace and good will. But
this has not preveuted them from warring
with and destroying each other, until com
pelled, lrom 6heer exhaustion, to 6top.
When passion is up, reason is down, and
all true interests are disregarded. The fee
cular papers, at such times, do enormous
mischief. There is only one of any' influ
ence, which has come under our observa
tion, which does not tend to fan the flame
which they should seek to extinguish, and
could extinguish, in the course of a year or
two, if they had the heartfelt desire and
self-discipline to do it. The sources of
grievance they might not, indeed, be able
to remove, but they could induce the par
lies to bear them, under the coi.viction that
there has never yet been any state of so
ciety in which there was not something to
be borne. Whereas, now even those papers
which evidently wish, on the whole, to be
moderate and conciliatory, ought to see
that if they were themselves the subjects
of the same kind of writing in which they
indulge, they would fael it to be irritating
An insulting and lying press in both coun
tries would have precipitated war long
since between England and America, had
they lain side by side, instead of having
three thousand miles of ocean between
The press is often like a man with the
strength of a giant, and the discretion of a
child, and a bad child, too.
Now, our counsel is this, to all our Chris
tian readers (and we have many such in
all sections of the country:) Ca.t all ha
tred out of yout hearts But the persons ha
ted are your enemies? Be it so. Wnat
does your Saviour say ? Lve your encmei.
Again, regard him, whether editor, or other
, . ,, . , ,
peaker, in public or private, who
. i
ays any thing no matter what'
J J .
writer or e
writes or say
side he advocates or opposes to make one
man hate another man, as sinning auai
God, and an enemy to the true interests of
mankind, and Ut him know that you so re
gard him ; and this shall, at least, be your
witness for Christ, and your confession of
his religion, and it will do good, and may
be the salvation of the country.
Onr hope for the preservation of onr na
tional happiness does not rest in the
strength of the Constitution, or in the wis
dom of our ancestors, or in the intelligence
of virtue of the people, or in the magnitude !
of the interests to be sacrificed, but in the j
strength of religious principle, such as it j
3 ' 3
God felt by some all over the land. Ten 1
righteous men wonld have saved Sodom We .
have more than ten thousand, but are they!
' 3
pertorming ior uieir country lae pan oi in-
terceding Abraham, and in their closets, j
and familes, and meetings for prayer, look
ing to God, who alone can control the un
ruly wills and passions of sinful men V
Appearances Deceitful. .
In one of the narrowest and dirtiest streets
in Paris, on the ground floor of a crumb
ling old honse, is the shop of Monsieur
Thomas, a rag merchant. In the back part
is a sort of a glass office, in which an ex
ceedingly pretty girl not long since trans
acted the business of the establishment.
This young girl was Mademoiselle Julie,
old Thomas' daoghter.
Not a great while ago an elegant looking
young gentleman chanced to pass through
the dirty street, and involuntarily stopped
to admire ber. The oext day he came
again, but it was not chance that brought
him there; for, after pausing on the street,
as before, he entered the shop under the
pretence of asking the way, but in reality
to approach nearer the object of his sudden
admiration. A very few words sufficed to
confirm and fasten first impressions, and
he was about lo go away in a very discon
solate state of mind, when, in among the
old junk which the shop contained, be ob
served a pile of old books. Seizing upon
the excuse to prolong bis stay, the young
man turned over the tattered refuse, and
purchased several of the books, promising
the fair sales-women that he would from
time to time replenish his library at her es
tablishment. He must have been very
studious that day, for early the next morn
ing he returned and obtained another sup
ply. So too, the next, the next, until,
troubling himself no longer about the old
i books, he came and PM?g?Li?jLM'l
asking M.Thomas to give him his daugh-j
The father of the lover, M. Gorges, was a
dry goods merchant, having a handsome
store in one of the most brilliant quarters of
the city, and he looked for something better
for his son than a rag merchant's daughter.
However, as there was nothing better for it,
the youth broached lhe subject to his pa
rents. At first he was laughed at ; but as.
he frequently returned to the charge, his
father ar.d mother, iu the hope of diverting
by other means from this mad project, in
vited Thomas to a family dinner, in order
to talk this matter over. It was hoped that :
lhe ridiculous figure the old man would
cut, and his inability to give hi daughter a
respectable marriage portion, would put an
end to the affair.
The invitation was accepted, and the par
ties came. At the dessert the merchant
endeavored to jest with old Thomas and
turn him into ridicule. This didn't seem
to work particularly well, and nothing re
mained but to try the financial question.
This was Madame George's point and she
commenced by asking what he intended to
give his daughter on lhe day of her mar
riage. '0! pray mother," cried young Georges,
who saw the trap, "dou't talk about that
another time "
"Not at all, young man," interrupted M.
Thomas. "Let us talk of it at once, as
your mother wishes. A little money does
newly married couple uo harm, certainly.
If Madame will 6ay how much it is pro
posed to give her son, I will try to furnish a
like sum."
"We intend," said Tom, with a shrug,"!
must say 1 expected better than that for my
little girl's husband ; but, as the young peo
ple love each other, I will throw no objec
tion in the way. Julie is my only child, and
on the day of her marriage 1 shall give her
four hundred thousand francs, money down.
It may readily be imagined the the Geor
ges "changed their gait" in a harry about
this time. But now came ano-her difficulty.
Expecting to frighten old Thomas off Mad
ame Georges had rather stretched the truth
in naming fifty thousand francs as her son's
wedding present, and both she and her hus
band were now very anxious to see their
son so richly married. Sacrifices were
made, and loans negotiated, in order to
gather up the sum mentioneJ.
Things went oi: for some tine, and the
day of ceremony haJ been several times
postponed, when one morning the mer
chant received a package containing fifty
bank notes fot a thousand francs each, with
these words.
"I see where the shoe pinches, and, for a
trifle, I won't have things drag on any long-
, . , , . . .
er. 1 send you the necdlul. Another time,
, . , , . , , , ,
be more candid with your friend, and don t
put on any more air with poor people. On
. , , r . - . . . I
the hneenin oi me nexi mourn is me weu-
You remember one of Shakspeare's mnet
celebrated apothegms, "All is not gold that
glitters ;" might it net be well to add and
lhe pureM gold otten does no; shine at all ?
Little and frecions.
Everything is beautiful when it is little
except souU ; little pics, little lambs, little
birds, little kittens, little children.
Little martin-boxes of homes are gener
ally the most happy and cozy; little vill
ages are nearer to being atoms of a shatter-
ed I'aradise than anything we know of.
L,te ortQlM brilJg ;he mosl conlentmect)
amJ ,iu,e hopesthe least disappointment.
,,, ,. ,,.,, , .
Little words are the sweetest to hear,
and little charities fly the fastest, and stay
the longest on the wing Little lakes are
tne stillest, nine near.s tne luiiest, ana in-(
tie farms lhe beet tilled ; little books are the
most read, and little songs are the dearest
And when na'ure wonld make anything
especially rare and beantiful, she makes it
little ; little pearls, little diamonds, little
Augur's is a model prayer, but then it is
a little prayer, and the burden of the pen
tion is for little. The sermon on the Mount
..! 1 - l I . 1 1 " IT.
is little, but the least dedication discourse
was an hour. The Roman said vtni vidi
via 1 came, I saw, 1 conquered but dis
patches now a-days are longer than the
battles they tell of.
Everybody calls that little that they love
best upon eanh. We once heard a good
sort of a man speak of his little wife, and
we fancied she must be a periect b'jou of a
wife. We saw her; she weighed two hun
dred and ten ; we were surprised. But
then it was no joke ; the mau meant it. He
could put his wile in his heart, and have
room ior other things beside ; and what
could she be but little ? '
We rather doubt the stories of gTeat ar
gosies of gold we sometimes hear of, be
cause Nature deals in littles, almost alto
gether. Life is made up of littles; death is
what remains of them ail ; day is made up
of little beams, and nigh: is glorious with
little stars.
Multum in parvo much in little is the
great beauty of alt that we love best, hope
for most and remember longest.
Our carrier says that he would be very
moch obliged lo the patrons of the Star,
whn nvco him fnr an AArmm t Sat? nrnnlt
The Message of the. President,
To the Senate and Itoust of Eepreentutivet tf
the Uniltd Stales $ '-.'.
1 deem it ray duty to submit to. CpngreM
a series of resolutions adopted by the Leg
islature of Virginia on the- 19tb instant,
having in yiew a peaceful settlement of the '
existing questions which now threaten the
Union. They were delivered to ma or
Thursday, the 24th instant, by Ex-PresU
dent Tyler, who has left bia dignified and
honored retirement in the hope that he may '.
render some service to, his cpoiury in tbit
its hour of need.
These resolutions, it will be perceived,
extend an invitation lo all such States,
wkeiher hjavtholding or non-slavehnlding,
as are willing to unite, with each other in
an earnest eifort to adjust the present un
happy difficulties in the spirit in which tha
Constitution was originally formed, and
consistently with its principes, so as tot af
ford the people of the tslaveholding States,
adequate guarantees for the security of tbair ;
righits, to appoint commissioners to meet
on the fourth day of teoroary next, in tha
city of Washington, similar commissioners ;
appointed by Virginia, to consider, and if
practicable, agree upor soma sort of ad
justment. 1 confess I hail th:s movement on tha
part of Virginia with great satisfaction
From the past history of this ancient and
reno-vned Commonwealth, we have tha
fullest assurance that what she has under
taken she will accomplish, if it can be done
by able, enlightened and persevering ef.
forts. It is highly gratifying to know that .
other patriotic States have appointed com
missioners to meet those of Virginia ia
council. When assembled, they will con
stitute a body entitled in an eminent degree
to the confidence of the country.
The Federal Assembly of Virginia have ,
alo resolved "ihat Ex-President Tyler is
hereby appointed by the concurrent vote of
each branch of the General Assembly a
comraiss'oner to the President of the Uoi
ted States, and Judge John Robertson U
hereby appointed by a like vote a commis
sioner to the State of South Carolina and all, ,
other seceeding States that have seceeded,
or shall secede, with instructions to res- .
pectfully request the President of the Uni
ted States, and the authorities of such Slates
to agree toabsiain, pending the proceeding
come n plated by the action of this General
Assembly, from any and all acts calculated
to produced a collision of arms between the
States and the Government of the United
However strong may le my desire to en
ter into such an agreement, I am convinced
that 1 do not possess lhe power. Congress,
and Congress alone, under the war making
power, can exercise the discretion of agree
ing to abstain from any and all acts calcu
lated to produce a collision, of arras between
this and any other Government. It would
therefore be a usurpation for the Executive
lo attempt to restrain their hands by an
, agreement in iegard to matters over which
he has no constitutional control.
If he were thus to act, they might pass
laws which he would be forced to obey,
though in conflict with his agreement.
Under existing circumstance my present
actual power is confined within narrow
limits. It is my duty at all times to defend
and protect the Federal property within the
seceding State?, to far as this may be prac
ticable, and especially to employ the con
stitutional means to protect the property of
the United States, and to preserve the pub
lic peace of this the seat of the Federal
Government. If the 6eceeding States ab
stain from any and all acts calculated lo
produce a collision of arms, then the dan
ger so much to be deprecated will no longer
exist. Defence and not, aggression has
been the policy of the Administration from
i tne beninnin'.
j But whilst I can enter into no engage-
men t such as that proposed, I cordially
commend to Congress, with much confi
dence, that it will meet their approbation,
to abstain from passing any law calculated
to produce a collision of arms, pendiog the
proceedings contemplated by the action of
the General Assembly of Virginia. I am
one of those who will never despair of the
Republic. I yet cherish the belief that the
American people will perpetaate the onion
. ot ,ne Sta!es on eorae erms t aod hocor.
able to all sections of the coun rv.
I trust that the meditation of Virginia
vf.&y be the destined means, under Provi
dence, of accomplishing this ibesliaiabl
Glorious as are the memories of her past
history, such an achievement, both in re
lation 10 her own fame and the welfare of
the whole country, would surpass them all.
James Buchanan.
Going in on Share..-"Boy, where do
you come from, and bow do you live !"
"Come from Pennsylvany, and live by
"Would yoa like to have something to
do ?"
"Don't care, if 'taint hard work."
"Well, boy, if you like, 1 will set yoo op
in a business that will prove both pleasant
and pufitable." :
"Drive ahead; I'm a lissenen ,.
Well, yoa go somewhere and steal a
basket, and go around begging for cold
victuals, and yon may have half yoa get
J The parson who prefaced his sermon
rri'h !T lJI lLaJ !nJ- r J t V c