Newspaper Page Text
STAR OP THE NORTH,
WM. H. J ACQ BY, EDITOR,
BLCOHSBERG, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 2, lSeT.
flews from Washington.
Monday last was the most exciting day
exprlenced in Washington since the open
ing of the present session of Congress -In
view of the recent Intelligence of move
ment at Charleston, the principal interest
centered in the Congressional proceedings
it being expected that some allusion
would of course be made to even's which
have trannoired during the brief holiday
recess. . In the Senate galleries a great
crowd was gathered the attraction being a
peech by Sena'or Benjamin, of Louisiana,
which he .intimated in advance would be
secession speech. After some prelimina
ry business, Mr. Powell, of Kentucky Chair
man of the Special Committee of Thirteen
on the State of the Union, reporteJ that the
Committee had been unable lo aeree, and
asked that the journal of their proceedings
be printed. Air Douglass intimated a desire
t speak upon tl-e subject, but postponed
his remarks until to-day. Mr. Crittenden's
joint resolution was made the special order
for to-day. . Mr. Wilson , of Massachusetts,
offered a resolution, which was objected to
cd laid over, requesting the Secretary of
War to inform the Senate relative to the
condition of the arms in the national ar
Death of Henry 21. Fuller.
The Hon. Hcxry M. Fcller died, at his
MaUanAa tn PKitastAtntiia rn tfio 9fith nit
In the 40th year of his age, just in the prime
of life. Mr Fuller was well known and
respected by many in this Congressional
District. He was born, as it has been sta
ted, in the town of Bethany, Pa., educated
at Princeton, studied and practiced law at
Wilkesbarre; joined the Whig party, was
chosen by them lo the Legislature, and to
Congress in 1850; re-chosen by the Amer
ican party in 1854. and was their candidate
for Speaker of the House in the long strug
gle which ended in the election of N. P.
Banks of Massachusetts. Last October he
was the Constitutional Uuion Party candi
date for Congress, in the lid District, where
he resided, but was beaten by his Repub
lican opponent. He had larse interests in
the coal regioas of Pennsylvania, and was
a warm friend to' American industry. He
leaves a widow and a family of seven chil
dren. His disease was typhoid fever.
Legislature. This body assembled at
the Capital on Tuesday last. As yet we
have scarcely anything worth the while to
T K. Qanila T? 1 Palmar nf
Schuylkill, will, most likely, be chosen
. Speaker by the Republicans. In the House
the chances are that the Republicans will
make Elisha W. Davis, of Venango, Speak
er. E. H. Rauch, of Carbon, is on band
again for the office of Clerk, and he is just
about lucky enough to get it. We will en
deavor to keep our readers posted should
this body attempt to do anything desperate
. this wintor.. .
Colombia Countt. In spite of the "hard
times" and "scarcity of money." Columbia
county finances, we are credibly inlormed,
are in a flourishing condition. The present
Treasurer Mr. Johw A. Fpkstok is able to
pay off all outstanding ''orders," and will
do so, in case there are any presented, with
the greatest pleasure. The Commissioners
have seen to the matter, a little closer than
has been customary for them to do, and
fiot allowed our Collectors to trifle along
with the collection of their Duplicates, as
has been too much the case heretofore.
Columbia county finances were never more
ably managed, nor in a more healthy con
dition, than at present. May they long con
tinue to be so. -
For the Star of lke North .... . .
v . Equality.
As some persons have fancied that Socie
ty could realize a sta'.e of absolute equality,
could be attained,' it is said in the Declara
tion of Independence that, "all mankind
are created equal"; and this has often been
-taken as literally true. But absolute equal
ity, is as impossible as absolute liberty. In
the first place, mankind are not born equal
in respect to civil condition. Some, as the
surfs of Russia, are born slaves in this coun
try, and in some of the States certain indi
viduals are born to seivitude, while others,
are born to enjoy freed om. There are other
grounds of inherent and necessary inequal
ity. One person is born with a good con
stitution; another is sickly from the cradle.
One person is endowed with a strong mind,
and others with weak ones. One person is
gifted with beauty, another with deformity.
One person has natural grace, another awk
wardness. The surface of the earth, thrown into hills
and valleys, with mountains whose tops
mingle with the clouds, and ravines that
never 6e,e the sun-light meadows that
bloom with flowers, and deserts that know
no living thing plains and sloping hills,
covered with forest and rocky regions,
where no tree can root itself all this diver
sity of nature present no more inequality
than the conditions in which mankind are
born. The whole system of nature and
Providence, shows it to be the design of
the Creator and moral Governor that there
shall be diversity in human society as well
as in nature.
Besides, even in those countries where
there is the greatest freedom, and the near
est approach to equality in 6ocie'y, even
there, mankind are neither born iree nor
equal, in the view of the law. If we take
no account of 6laves, still the children of
white persons are not born free; they are
under the control of their parents till they
are twenty-one years old. Females, who
con-titute a part of mankind, and whose
natural rights are the same as those of men,
are never placed on an equality with men
before the law. They are never permitted,
even in enacting the laws, nor in choosing
rulers, to use the right of voting. They are
excluded from all share in the government,
by the stronger sex, who proceed to make
such laws as they please; and in all countries
these laws exclude women from political
It appears, therefore, that mankind are
not born free and equal, in a literal sense.
In what sense then, can it be truly said that
men are created equal? only as meaning
that all the members of society are born
with a just claim to civil liberty to that
freedom which is compatible with the
general good, and to the equality of rights.
It means to say that, those laws which make
one man a lord'and another a serf which
make one a citizen and debar another in
the same condition, from t!ie right of voting
are violations of the principles of Justice
and the rights of man. While, therefore,
equality of condition is out of the question,
one thing is plain that, equal rights, equal
laws, and an equal adm:nistra:ion of these
laws so that the rich and the poor, the
high and the lowly, the citizen and the office-holder,
shall all stand on the same foot
ins: are the ends and designs of a good
government; and every person should so
use bis power as to establish such ends and
Equality does not mean that a woman
shall be equal to a man, or a child the same
as a man ; but that all woman, all children,
all citizens, shall enjoy the same relative
rights, privileges, and immunities.
Latclt we mentioned a peculiar freak of
nature of the critter kind, since then we have
heard of a lamb that was born with equal
curiosity, on the place of David Lewis,
Cole's Creek, Sugarloaf Township, this
county. There was two distinct lambs
from the shoulders down, but. there they
were joined together and merged into one
reck and head ; it was perfect, and appear
ed to bare been born alive.
Thocgh tberc appears to have been an
onosnal quantity of deer this fall, as yet
there has been but few killed ; there hav
ing beeu a permanent crust upon the moun
tains, made still hunting a difficult amuse
ment, and to far, "laved the meat." We
should not be surprised if some of the hun
ters tresspass upon the restriction law,
which pnrects the deer after the first of
January, as the penalty is twenty Ace dollars,
it might causa it to be dear meat.
All sorts of rumors are afloat now-a-days.
, A few days ago it was circulated in
this place that the property of President
Buchanan was destroyed by fire, leaving
people to draw their own inference as to
the cause ot it. ThU rumor, with many
others that have been current, had not the
lightest foundation of truth.
The New Year was ushered in existence
&t this place by the firing of guns, shoolins
of pistols, ringing of bells, burning of firo-
cracteta. and a good deal nf hollowing ! If
may judge from the hollowing; the get
.ting ot it a psinfuloperatioru During
the day an vras ,,, business circles
were as operative a usuat. - ,
m.ct,xc We learn 'frou.
tv.e Emcidfc GazeUe that a protracted meet-
. . , mn? hsmstciosaa
Drifting Eapidly to Civil War.
that p'.ace, ar
No intelligent observer of passing even's,
knowing ttie corrupt and depraved materi
als of which the House of Representatives
is composed, expected from its "action any
solution of the crisis which threatens the
country with the calamity of civil war ; and
if any credulous persen had ever been delu
ded with such an idea, he has been long
since undeceived, both by the proceedings
in the open chamber and by those of the
Committee of Thirty three. But there was
some vague expectation that the Senate, the
conserva.ive branch of Congress, would
adopt a satisfactory plan of compromise to
loose the Gordian knot, instead of cutting it
with the sword. The action, however, of
the Committee of Thirteen on Saturday, of
whose proceedings a report will be found
in another column, leaves no room for a
ray ot hope from that quarter, in the face of
the fact that one Southern State has just led
the way out of the Union, to be fo llowed in
rapid succession by several others. The
republican members of the Committee nt
terly refused to make any compromise or
concession upon any point, on the ground
that ''the people in the late election bad
decided the question of slatery."
Xhis is only in keeping with the intelli
gence (hat seven Governors of Eastern and
Northern States including Governor Mor
gan, of NeV York, and Governor Andrew,
of Massachusetts at a recent secret meet- j
ing in this city, "unanimously determined
that the republicans should not offer a com
promise, but that on Mr Lincoln's assump
tion of th e reins of government they should
push theit anti slavery Doctrines to the ut
termost, even to the extent ot a war upon
the South." In confirmation ot this news,
as far as regards at least one ot" the Gover
nors, Wendell Phillips declared, at the
Town Hall of Watertown, oc Friday even
ing last, that he spoke by authority for Mr
Andrew, who would not sign a bill repeal
ing the Personal Liberty law of Massachus
ettsone of the most infamous of the nulli
fying revolutionary acts of the Northern
AH the republican leaders and journalists
speak in the same strain. At the New En
gland dinner in this city, on Saturday eve-
SewWw) republican orators, including Mr.
raise. LaHjH the idea of any com pro
same morning, proci.rrll jyiiune, of the
bled to state, in the most pu.. ,ena.
. nMortw npcosed to anr'.:"r
lican party on the subject of slavery in the
Territories, and that be stands now. as he
stood in May last, when he accepe'.ed the
nomination ior the Presidency square up
on the Chicago platform." Thurlow Weed
alone holds out the olive branch to the South
The other journals are in favor of maintain
ing the irrepressible conflict to the bitter
end, most of them denouncing Mr. Buch
anan because he does not commence civil
war at once, and promising that as soon as
Lincoln is inaugurated President of the eigh
teen free States, he and his Wide Awakes
will devastate the fifteen slave States with
fire and sword.
Such is the aspect or the North.' If we
turn to the South, what do we find ? South
Carolina out of the Union, with Florida,
Alabama and Mississppi to follow her with
in three weeks, Georgia and Louisiana, and
probably Texas, before the expiration of
January. In all of these States sovereignty
conventions have been called ; and it is ex
pected that similar conventions will be
called immediately in Arkansas and North
Carolina In the latter the Legislature is in
session, and has ordered the arming of the
State, which will undonbtedly go, sooner i.r
later, with the Cotton Slates. The Legisla
tures of Tennessee and Virginia meet in
special session on January 7, when it is
probable they too will call conventions. It
is stated that even in Maryland the Legisla
ture willjmeel and call a convention, in op
position lo the will ot the Governor, as has
been done in Texas. The arming of the
whole South, the demonstrations of joy in
every 6lave State on receiving the news of
the secession of South Carolina, and all
other signs of the times, plainly show that
before the 4th of March the whole fifteen
Southern States will be banded together in
Thus the Union, the '-'ship of State,''"
which has been steered safely through logs
and darkness atid various danger ior up
wards of three score yeara and ten which
has' hitherto weathered every storm is
now being driven swiftly before wind and
tide to the rocks and shoals of civil war ;
and it is of no avail that the foaming break- j
ers ahead are pointed out to the officers
and crew to whom has been entrusted the
management of the noble vessel with her
precious freight of historic glory, present
prosperity and power, and all the glowing
hopes of future years. Every man seems
drunk or mad, and shipwreck appears in
evitable. Reason and moderation are ban
ished from both sections. The organs of
opinion North and South are equally violent.
There is no disposition to compromise on
either side. By the elevation of an abstrac
tion iuto the position of' a vital question, the
reckless politicians have precipitated the
United States into the most revolutionary
condition ever witnessed in any country in
the world, and from present appearances
there is every probability that we shall soon
be in the same predicament as the people
But what is so strange in the present con
flict is that it has been commenced, and
will be carried on, in spite of the wishes of
the vast majority of the people. Three
millions and a half of those who voted at
the Presidential election voted for Union
and peace. Out of four millions and three
quarters of suffrages, less than a million,
probably not more than seven or eight hun
dred thousand, were cast with the intention
of voting for abolition ; and vet by this
small fraction of the people is the whole
country to be committed to a deadly strug
gle. The tirr.e is rapidly passing nearly half
the period between the election and the in
auguration has already elapsed without any
step being taken to arrest the progress of
revolution. Congress will do nothing the
party leaders, North or South, wijl do noth
ing It is high time for the people them
selves to act and take the matter into their
own hands before it is too late, before the
bloody strife actually begin, and places
the peaceful settlement of the quarrel be
yond their control. Unless the people im
mediately meet in every city and town, and
appoint vigilance committees and commit
tees of public safety, and insist upon peace
and harmony between the two sections,
there will be war the, end of which it
would be folly to predict. The politicians
and a portion of the people on both sides
are committed to hostilities. There is only
one man in the country, who, with the aid
of the conservative millions, who abhor
war, can now save the country from its
horrors, and that man is Mr. Lincoln, the
President elect, who has been elected for
four years from the 4th of March, and will
h&rv'e the control of the patronage and be
Coramander-in Chief of the Army and Na
vy. Let him go back to first principles go
back to the compromises of the constitu
tion and firmly plant his foot where Wash
ington, the first President, stood when the
COLUMBIA COLNTY TEACHERS' INSTITUTE.
Union was established, under which for
more than seventy jears we have enjoyed
domestic peace and an amount of prosper!
ty without a precedent in the annals of
mankind. Let him at once promulgate his
intention to do this, and he will save a
grateful country from anarchy and blood
6hed, and at the same time place his name
as a patriot and a statesman in a high niche
in the temple of fame. But let him con
tinue silent, or let the Republican journals
speak in his name in the tone in which
they have hitherto done, and revolution,
civil war and bloodv carnage will inaugu-
ra'e his Presidency, and probably flourish
long after any good he has ever done shall
be interred with his bones. N. Y. Herald,
IIolloway,s PVls. What is Life Insurance ?
Apoplexy, &c. Many people insure their
Jives to betieht their families ty deatn
how paradoxical is this. To prolong life
bv preserving the health would be a far
more rational manner of assuring it. Ap
oplexy is swift and insidious in its attacks,
striking its victim witnout a moments warn
ing; happily, a preventive has been dis
covered uouowar-s mis ma oniv saie
and certain antidote for this disease, they
cool the blood and equalize its circulation
through the system. To preserve the stom
ach in a sound condition and the blood pure
t -rlJV ?JTtl f fret of health. Uol low ay'i
In answer to a call published in the sev
eral newspapers of the County, a number
of Teachers met, ir. the Church, at Orange
ville, on the forenoon of Dec. 24th 1860, for
the purpose of holding the fourth annual
session of the Columbia County Teachers'
Institute. It was called to order by the
County Superintendent, Mr. L Appleman,
who briefly stated the objects of the meet
ing. On motion, he was elected President,
and A. P. Young and G S. Coleman, Secre
taries. . .
After some brief remarks by the different
members, the President was authorized to
appoint a Committee on General Arrange
ments. He selected G. S. Coleman, James
V. Keeler and Sylvester Dieterich to form
that Committee. Committees on Finance
and Criticism were also ordered, but their
appointment was deferred until the after
noon. The Institute then adjourned (o meet
again at half past one o'clock.
The Institute was called to order at two
o'clock. The President then announced
the order of exercises for the alternoon and
evening, and the fol'owing Committees:
Committee on Criticism. J B. Knittle, A M
White, R. R Pealer, Misses E. L. Rich and
H. H. Vanders'ice. Committee on Finance,
M. Whitmoyer, C. B. Brockway, and Miss
Jennie Warden. Prof.'ll. D. Walker open
ed the exercises by a drill on Object Les
sons, showing their benefits, and the man
ner of conducting them. After a recess of
ten minutes, Wm. Burgess gave a lecture
on Reading, showing in a forcible manner
the necessity of its being properly taught
in our common schools.
Prof. Walker devoted the next half hour
to the consideration of Arithmetic. He criti
cised the definitions usually given in oar
text books, and supplied their place by
more substantial ones.
The Institute then adjourned to meel at
6i o'clock, in the evening.
The meeting was called to order at the
appointed time, and 6ome miscellaneous
business was transacted. The Committee
on Criticism were called on, but made no
report. On motion the following Committees
were appointed. On publication, C. B. Brock
way, A B. White and D. J. Patterson.
They were instructed to take a synopsis
of the lectures and publish them in con
nection with5the minates. On Resolution,
S. J. Pealer, U. P. Campbell, James V.
Keeler, Lizzie Masters, and R. P. Eves.
Wm. Burgess called the attention of the
members to the importance of subscribing
lo "The Penna. School Journal."
Prof. Walker then delivered a lecture on
"Culture" which was treated in a mas'erly
manner. It evidenced not only thought,
but finish and culture in the author. A
short recess was then given the members,
after which they proceeded to discuss the
question, "How shall the regular attend
ance of pupils be secured?' Mr. Burgess
made a few remarks, expressing the hope
that the teachers would take up the subject
without delay. He was followed by Mesrs.
Brockway, Schlicher, Pealer, Whitmoyer,
and Krickbaum. The President reiterated
the invitation to all the citizens to attend
On motion, also, all friends of education
whether teachers or not, were allowed to
participate in the exercises.
Adjourned to meet at ten minutes to nine
in the morning.
The Institute was called to order at the
appointed time- Prof. Walker read a por
tion ot the Scriptures and offered up a. fer
vent prayer. He then took up the subject
of Arithmetic, and developed further his
plan of teaching it.
Mr. Burgess followed on the Eubject of
Orthography which he treated in his usual
stvle. A recess was again c:.ven, after
which a piece of music was well sung by
some members of the Institute.
Grammar wa3 then lectured on by Prof.
Walker who spared no pains to make that
usually dry subject interesting. He amply
illustrated his method of teaching it.
The President then read the programme
for the afternoon, when the Institute ad
journed to meet again at the stated time.
The Institute was called to order at one
quarter to two o'clock. Prof. Walker im
mediately proceeded to call the attention
of the teachers to the subject of Geography, j
fie showed conclusively how it might be j
made the most interesting of our Common
School branches. After enjoying a short
recess, a beautiful Glee was sung. I
Mr. Burgess then resumed the eubject of
Reading, and brought out 6ome very good
ideas. Another recess was bad, which was
followed by more singing.
Prot. Walker, during the next hour, gave
a very interesting drill on Object Lessons.
At the conclusion of his lecture a vote of
thanks was tendered to the New Columbus
Quartette Club, for the delightful manner
in which they had entertained the Institute.
The Institute was called to order at half
past 6 o'olock, and the minutes were read,
corrected, and adopted. The Committee on
Criticism followed with their report. Mis
cellaneous Business was next taken up,
and Mr. Brockway from the Committee on
Finance asked for instructions in regard to
the publication of the proceedings. After
considerable confused discussion, the fol
lowing motion passed : That the extent of
the report, and manner of getting it up, be
left with the Committee on Publication.
By another motion, each member was to
have as many copies as he would pay for.
After a livel) Glee, Prof. J. A. Shank was
introduced to the audience. His subject,
"The Representative Educator of the Amer
ican min3," was treated in a manner that
showed depth of thought and great elocu
tionary powers. Though but a young man,
he has already made his mark; and we
have no doubt that the "Orangevit'e Male
and Female Academy" will prosper under
his direction. The building was so densely
his popular lecture pr. "The Personal Qual
ifications of the Teacher." It was conceded
on all sides to be the production of a well
stored and mature nind.
Prof. J. P. Wickersham, who had entered
during the last lecture, was then introduced.
He simply maJe a few remarks, stating his
intention of commencing to wok on the
At the appointed time the Teachers were
called to order, and the Rev. Mr. Goodrich
opened the Institute with an eloquent pray
er. The questions which had been placed
in the box were then answered by Prof.
The subject of leaching the Alphabet was
then taken up by Prof. Wickersham, who
showed several feasible plans of making it
an interesting and easy study for children.
After a recess of a few minutes he con
tinued the same subject.
He was followed by Prof. Walker, who
introduced some new ideas relative to the
study of Grammar. The Committee on Fi
nance then reported that they had decided
to levy a tax of one dollar on ech member
of the Institute, for the purpose of defraying
the necessary expenses, and hoped that
the payment would be prompt.
Prof. Wickersham next considered the
importance of studying Geography, and the
manner of teaching it. His remarks were
pointed throughout. He also answered a
few questions which had been assigned
him. The register showed the names of
nearly ninety teachers. Many present re
fused to register their names, though fol
lowing that 'vocation. We presume they
feared the tax. Adjourned to meet at the
The presiding officer, and the Class In
structors, were somewhat dilatory, which
gave a number of teachers a chance to
make some motions at their expense. They
however soon made their appearance, when
Prof. Wickersham conducted a lecture on
reading, in which much important infor
mation was embodied.
After a recess, Prof. Walker continued
the subject of Arithmetic, in which he gave
some important definitions.
After another recess, Prof. Wickersham
answered some questions which had been
placed in the box, and then proceeded fur
ther with Orthography, dilating especially
oo the different methods of spelling. At
the close of the lecture, a question to the
Committee on Finance was answered, and
the Institute adjourned.
At the usual hour, the teachers were call
ed to order, minutes read, criticised, and
adopted. The Committee on Criticism made
a report, and questions from the box were
answered by the Class Instructors.
Prof. Wickersham then delivered a lec
ture, full of noble sentiments, on " The
Teacher and his Profession "
Prof. Walker being called upon, respond
ed in a neat address, dwelling particularly
on the question "What shall be the future
history of this company of teachers." Ad
The President called the Institute to order
at 9 o'clock. Prayer was offered by the
Rev. Mr. Goodrich.
Prof. Wickersham then by a series of
questions to the teachers, rapidly reviewed
what he had gone over on teaching the
Alphabet, and Orthography. The balance
of his time was consumed by continuing
Mr. Burgess occupied the r.ext hour in
explaining the principles o! Penmanship.
The usual recess was then taken, when
the Committees on Finance and Publication
made statements, showing the necessity of
prompt payment from the members.
Prof. Wickersham then lectured on gen
eral subjects, selecting those of the most
importance to the teacher. The Institute
adjourned at the conclusion of his remarks,
to meet at the usual hour.
Order was called at SO minutes to 2 o'rl'k.
Questions were answered somewhat at
length. Prof. Wickersham then gave his
views on School Management. He proved
them to be eminently practicable.
Mr. Burgess next lectured on Reading,
giving examples of the manner in which
pieces on certain subjects should be treated.
Prof. W ickersham dwelt a short time on
Reading, and then continued the subject of
School Management. He contrasted the past
and present methods of managing schools.
At 15 minutes past the appointed time of
meeting, a motion was made and carried to
elect a President pro tern. Mr. Brockway
was elected, but before he could enter upon
the duties of hi? office, the. regular Presi
dent made his appearance. The minutes
were then read and adopted, and the Com
mittee on Criticism made their report.
After some general criticism Prof. Wicker
sham answered the questions sent him
through the box. The church choir then
enlivened the proceedings by singing one
or two pieces.
Prof. Wickersham, then gave a final lec
ture. The subject was "The Duties of the
Citizens to the School " Though the build
ing was crowded to excess, yet the utmost
attention was paid to the plain and pointed
facts as they came from the lips of the
speaker. He closed by inviting all to visit
him at the State Normal School at Millers
viile. After recess, ihe Committee on Pub
lication again urged the matter of subscrip
tion (or the minutes. A piece of music was
also sung by the choir.
Prof. Walker lectured for some time on
the duties of parents and teachers, and also
alluded to the right of children. In answer
to repeated calls, he read Poe's celebrated
Poem, "The Bells."
Mr. Burgess presented the following res
olution which was unanimously adopted.
Resolved, That we hereby tender our
warmest thanks lo Mr. Wickersham, for his
able and valuable labors among ns in ele
vating the educational standard of this
After tee singing of a beautiful piece of
music in the gallery, the Institute adjourned .
The President called the teachers to order
at one quarter pasl nine. Prof. Walker
read a chapter in the Bible and then offered
up a prayer. Besides answering a number
of questions, be talked tor frome time on j
general subject. He also explained his
method of teaching Grammar, and his rea
sons for it. He next took up Arithmetic
and solved many practical questions. Af
ter recess he continued his remarks on
Grammar and parsed several sentences by
a system of symbols. Adjourned.
The Institute was called to order at to 2
The question box was examined, and its
contents commented on by Prof. Walker.
The Finance Committee again called the
attention of delinquent , teachers to the fact
that they should pay the amount levied up
Prof. Walker made 6ome further remark
on Arithmetic, and showed an easy method
of extracting the Cube Root. He also spent
some time on Percentage.
His next subject was School Government
His experience in that alore would be of
immense benefit to any teacher. Adjourned
The Institute was called to order at the
usual hour, when the minutes were read,
corrected, and adopted. The Committee on
Criticism made their usual report, after
which there was some sharp general criti
cism . The Committee on Resolutions made
their report which was accented. The Res
olutions will be primed in the Pamphlet.
The Committee on Finance made their re
port, showing that S65 had been received,
of which amount 561.11 had been expend-
i. i r .1 . L.
eil lO ueiray ine necessary expenses; mus i
leaving a balance of S3 89 in the hands of
the Committee. On motion, this amount
was given to the Committee on Publication
to assist in publishing the proceedings in
pamphlet form. As a number of the teach
er thought some of the items too high, Mr.
Brockway, from the Finance Committee,
stated that he had agreed to the report,
though if any one would do any of the
work cheiper, he, for one, would be willing
to let them have the job. This led to a slight
misunderstanding, which, however, was j
The Committee on Publication reported,
that they had nearly enongh money col
lected to get the proceedings published in
a respectable manner
Mr. Burgess then spoke a few minutes on
"The Personal Qualifications of the Teach
er." His remarks were listened to atten
tively. The place for holding the next Teachers'
Association was next discussed, Lul noth
ing definite was arrived at. After a short
recess, the County Superintendent made an
extemporaneous address, in which much
good advice was given to the teachers.
Prof. Walker then addressed himself to the
Institute. He spoke in a very feeling man
ner, and thanked the teachers, and citizens
of Ora ngevillo, for their marked couney
Piof. Shank was next called om, and in
a neat speech he invited the teachers to
return to Orangeville again ; assuring tl.em
that the citizens would receive them with
Dr. Lott was next called for, but he de
On motion, adjourned sine die.
A P. YOUNG, ) ,. .
ALMASAr FOR 161.
3 I -f
JaM'ahY ... I 12 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 II 12
13 14 15 18 17 lM 19
2ola 1 12 Hi 24 ib 26
27 1 28 29 30 31
Fkbruarv. . 1 2
3 4 h G 7 8 9
W 11 12 13 It 15 16
17 18 19 2o 21(22 23
24 25 26 27 2
March I 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
li 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 lb 19 2r 21 22 23
24 25 56 27 28 29 30
to! i i
2 2' 23
1 9; 20
G. S. COLEMAN.
Note. -The lntitute appointed C. B.
Rrockway, A B. White and D. J Patterson
as a Committee on Publication. The two
last named gentlemen, being unable to as
sist in the preparation of the Minutes lor
Publication, have authorized their Chair
man to act lor them ile ha- deemed it
proper to give only a brief synopsis of the
fy vime of wins of Venditioni Exponas in
'me diri-l'!, issu"l out of th- Court of
Ccininoii Plras of lb enmity of Columbia.
J Pennsylvania. will bt exposal io public lt
j at (he Cnri House, in 15'onmsbo'it on
MONDA1' THE 4TH DAY OF FEB. 1861,
I at one o'clock in the alternoon. the fallow
! inj propeity to wit :
j All that cer'ain tract of Lmd siiiiaM
Siigarlo-al invi ifOiip Columbia rownj abound-
etl as follow- : C-'iiiin.i'i at po-i oi
: line of land of Jnn-iihmi C Psnnin2 o-i. and
i cornei of Ian I of Gr M totf . iiiri9 oi
i a ro;iil Nor'h eighteen ami ba'd dpc'ee
I Wes', ni.-iet) five percli nj "X tntis to
j a post, thence by land of Chrtsti in I.. M or
. South luelve anJ a hall leurees east, ninety
! ihree jrche and eiht tTt'hs to a ost,
;hei ce t y Ian. Is of Kzekifl Snu'z and J. C.
, Peunnitoii, North eiahty four and thre
j quarter decree, eM til" y - ! fctnl two
if nib percns i the pUr of b"inninj,
j eon aini. g I HIKFY-ONK ACKES and
: enty eisht perches, strict masur, nearly
1 all of which is improved lai-d, whereon m
j ereci? ) a one a-id a half story Pia-)k Oxel
i lnm Hou-e. a Frame Bank Barn a Frame
Wapoti Shed, a S ill Hou-e and Other out
budtin" with the appnreua.iee
Sei.-il, -aen in execution an 1 to btf olJ
as the prope.-iy ol Juhu F. LauDacti.
ALSO : At the same lime and place, all
that certain Id' ot sroun.l, sit-n'e i i BoriM
buri, Blfiom town-hip, Columbia comity,,
bounded and desenbt-d a toll-iv to wit :
On ih Nonh bv lands ol Samuel Gros. on
proceedings, as they will hereafter be pub- j ti,e F.asi by an Alley, on ib-i Suiti by lot oH
lished much fuller in pamphlet form Jai'ob Evans, and on ihe VVe-l loniierly bv
land ot Wm. loati . eontainiii n e HALr
i OK AN ACUE, more or less, vier-oi i
I erected a o:ie a id a half iory franrirj lirew
! ery. a Well of Water, an I o:.'Mroil builJ
! ins wim the a,pur-ena-iots.
j S-i.r I, lak'eu in execotio i anJ to be soi l.
a the properly of Jdcolt L i1!.
On the 9;h ult., by the Rev. Wm. J. Ey
er, Mr. John S Mf.nsch to Miss Anna Ma
tilda Zakr, both of Franklin twp , Colum
In Philadelphia, on th 13th ult. bv the
Tvev Dr. Durborrow, Mr. Wm. T W. Di. k
kson, of that city, lo Mis Emelik M.,
daughter of Jacob bnyder, it., of Pheipsvilie,
Sullivan county, Pa.
Or. :he 27ih ult., by A R Hsacock, Eq.,
at the residence of the bridf's f.v.her, in
Madison township, Mr. John F x and Miss
Margaret E. Miller, ail of Columbia co.
On the 15th ult., by the Rev. Isaiah Bahl,
Mr Christian T. Har.mas. to Miss Mak? E.
Breach, both of Maine township, Columbia
On the 25th ult , by the same, in Berwick,
Mr. John Hetlcr, ol Maine township, and
Miss Rebecca Slcsser, of Nescopeck, Lu
zerne county, Pa.
In Berwick, on the 27th ult.. by the same,
Mr. Freeman Sittler, and Miss Kosanna
JiiGHT, ooin oi oriarcreeiv, unuinuM u,. a ; I,.. K.m f,-
9 of iiVKm. i v": -
oy mail ior 2D cents eacn. r jnr iticn
ildlti'ent power, lor one old dollar, New
Eniiiiid money, or stamps.
Address E. E. KINO,
Lock B x 223 Boston, Miss.
Jin. 2. 1 6 1 lw.
ALSO : At t; e same time and pi ice, U
that certam irnct, piec or parcel of land
si:uate in Sugarloaf townshin, Columbia;
county, containing about SIXTY ACRES,
about Forty Acres o) which is cleared land,
bounded on the N rth by land ;ot Andrew
He-?, o.i the South by Nn.N of -H.-.rriso'i
and Andrew Hess, (n We-l by Und. of
BrMijiinin IVteiman, whereon i eiected
one and half s;ur dwelling t.ou-e, h Irani
stable, w ith the appur'enancts.
Seized, take.i in f-eciti :i all to be soli
as ttie property of Jamb S. H-'
JOHN SNYDER, Sheriff.
Bloom-burs, Jiiiu-uy, 2, ISfil.
I II IMP AM) YCKY POWERFUL.
lf ICRCOl'ES Siuuie lens No SmU
j ietis can be made more powerful than
In Williamsport, on the 22d of
ber last, by the Rev. T hompson Mitchell,
Mr. William Hill, of Lime Ridge, to Miss
Elizabeth A. Brown, of Mitiiinville, thi
In Bloornsburg, on Tuesday, December
:k ... 1 M I 'I,,.... V.r! t r I'.n lr Tuo
.jiii, vy w- ii t in w i i , .v.. ..... ..... j i
J. Morgan, to Miss Margaret Davies, both I V"rw -m-vw rr
of Montour County Pa. PtBLIC OTILL.
October 24th. 1860. bv Thomas J.Morris, "tOTICE, U hereby sivei tint the fol
Esq . Mr. Benjamin F. Hicks, to Miss Ellen ! ji lowir.; peisoual proper: beloniiu
J ! . . ... . t. i ... ... . . , i : I . I-
it,. VYellivek, both ot uloomsbur, t'a
Nov. 15th, by the same, Mr. Amos Krvh,
to Miss Eliza Ann Miller, both of Blooms
December 20ih. bv the same, Mr. Wel- !
ling ton Kar.ns, of Bloornsburg, to Miss
Marv Hart, of Luzerne county. Pa.
William Lou", has been placed in ihe hand.
of Lawrence Marr, of Sco:t iownsip. Co.
Icmbta enuidy for keeping. O ieM.re,on
Sotinz Wason, one si of doubl H-rns.
Scott !ownhi;, January 2d, l6l.
Near Liht Street, on the 7ih ult., Gulias
L , son of John and Harriet anhew, aged
6 years, 7 months and 29 days.
In Orange township, Dec. 1 5th, 1860,
Harriet Louisa, daughter of D'tvid Achen-
l bach, atred 20 ;ears.
I.. T- : " r n n I nn ihn 9A1 tl
1(1 IV IIJL'StUII, jUriHC I.UUIJIJ,
ult.. Mrs. Rachael Joses, wife of John Jones,
deceased, formerly of Berwick, aged 76
REVIEW OF THE MARKET,
CAREFDLLT CORRECTED WEEKLY.
County ; and we trust the tnends of educa- OA IS,
rioiu ami Feed Delivered !
CHEAPER THAN THE CHEAPEST I
rpHE undersigned ha made arringe
J- ments ihat will enable him lo deliver
Flour and Feed, FOR CASH, about ten per
ceni. cheaper lhan any bou ele in town.
His price ar as follows
Flour $7 25; Corn and Oats Chop Si 55;
Corn and Rye Chop SI 65 ; Bran SI 10 ;
I respecdully solicit ashreof Ihe public
patronage. MOSF.S COFFMAN.
Bloornsburg, June 14, 11560.
jVOTICE is hereby given that two orthre
spacious rooms will be lei on reavjiiabbt
terms. Inquire of
CHARLES H. NOLL.
Bloomsbnrs, Jan. 2d, 1861
At XU RIPEUT,
TIXiSER $ STOVE DEALER,