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W, II. JACOBY, Proprietor. Truth and Right God and oar Country. . Two Dollars per Annum.
VOLUME 12. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY AUGUST 22, 1860. NUMBER 33-
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B BECK IX RIDGE, LANE JLD F0S1ER.
Tune. "Yankee Doodle."
Father and I went down to see
The Chicago Convention,
And then we saw more minicry
That it would do to mention.
Chorus With Breckinridge to take the lead,
And General Lane to help on,
Our numerous loes we will oppose.
As in the days of Jackson.
The friends of William, King of York,
Were there, quite confidential,
Brains were much needed by the crowd,
But could not claim attention.
. Old "Wigwag," the great Financier,
Had many good advisers,
. Who found at last, without a tear,
He was 'mong the outsiders.
Knowledge is Power, and Gold i God,
So says the ancient maxim.
Bat both here on a rail were rode
' In spite of this good axiom.
The friends of "Honest Uncle Abe,"
Had the records been o;erhauling,
And found, by making a grand sirike,
They could give their foes a mauling.
So we may talk just as we choose
If mauling rails or towing boats
Makes rulers for great nations.
Our friends have met in Baltimore,
And made their nomination,
And Breckinridge, of Kentucky,
Received their approbation.
The Squatter King should join with us,
Against the nation's freemen,
Instead ot kicking up a fuss
'Boot niggers 'rnongst our Yeomen.
The Lnne is long which has no turn,
And though foes beset us fiercely,
Ue'il Foster principles that live.
And march straight on to victory.
With Breckinridge to take the lead,
And General Lane to help on,
Our numerous foes we will oppose
As in the days of Jackson.
Cf the Tresideut of the V. S. to the friends of ',
"BUECKIM1IDGC AND LINE
The great ratification meetina of July 9th,
having adjourned to the Executive Mar.sion,
and paid their respects to the Chief Magis
trate, Mr. Buchanan appeared and spoke as
Frimds and FeUovo-alizens : I thank you
from ray heart for the honor of this visit. I
cordially congratulate you on the preference
which you have expressed for Major Breck
inridge and General Lane, as candidates for
the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the
United States over all competitors. Ap
plause. " They are men whose names are
known to the country; they need no eulogy
from me. They have served their country
in peace and in war. They are statesmen
as well as soldiers, and in the day and hour
of danger they will ever be at their post.
They are conservative men ; and in the
coarse of their administration they wl!I be
equally just to the North and to the South,
to the East and to the West. Applause.
Above all, and first of all, they are friends
of the Constitution and the Union.cheers;
and they will stand by them to the death.
Renewed cheers. Bnt we ought not to
forget that they are also friends to the equal
ity of the sovereign States of this Unionjn
'the common Territories of the country.
Cries of "Good!" They will maintain
that principle, which should receive the
cordial approbation of us all. Equality is
equity. Every citizen of the United States
is equal before the Constitution and the
laws ; and wiiy should not the equality of
the sovereign States composing this Union
be held in like reverence? This is good
democratic doctrine. Liberty and equality
are the birthright of every American citizen;
and just as certainly as the day succeeds the
night so certain will this principle of dem
ocratic justice eventually prevail overall
opposition. Cheers. But, before 1 speak
further upon this subject and I shall not
dei&io'you very long I wish to remove one
stumbling-block out of the way.
Inave ever been the friend of regular
Dominations. I have never struck a political
ticket in my life. Now, was there anything
.done at Baltimore to bind, the political con
science of any sound Democrat, or to pre
vent him from supporting Breckinridge and
Lane? "No! no!" I was cotemporary
with the abandonment of the old Congress
ional convention or caucus. This occurred
a long time ago j ' very few, if any, of you
remember it. Under the old Congressional
convention system, no person was admitted
to a seat except the. Democratic members
of the Senate and House of Representatives.
This. rule rendered it absolutely certain that
the nominee, whoever he might be, would
le sustained at the election of the Demo
cratic States of the Union. " By this means
t was rendered impossible that those States
which could not give an electoral vote for
the candidate when nominated should con
rcl the nomination and dictate to the Dem--;rVJc
Sulei who should be their nominee.
(This system was , abandoned whether
widely or not I shall express no opinion.
The National Convention was substituted in
iis siead. All the States, whether Demo
cratic or not, were equally to send delegates
to this convention according to the number
of their Senators and Representatives in
A difficulty at once aroe which never
could have risen under the Congressional
convention system, lf.a bare majority ol
the National convention thus composed
could nominate a candidate, he 'might be
nominated mainly by the anti-Democratic
States against the will of a large majority of
the Democratic States. Thus the nominating
power would be separated from the electing
power, which could not fail to be destruc
tive to the strength and harmony of the
To obviate this serious difficult' in the
organization of a National convention, and
at the same time to leave all the States their
full vote, the two thirds rule was adopted.
It was believed that under this rule no can
didate could ever be nominated without
embracing within the two thirds the votes
of a decided majority of the Democratic
States. This was the substitute adopted to
retain, at least in a great degree, the power
to the Democratic States which they would
have lost by abandoning the Congressional
convention system. This rule was a main
pillar in the edifice of National conventions.
Remove it, and the whole must become a
ruin. This sustaining pillar was broken to
pieces at Baltimore, by the convention
which nominated Mr. Douglas. After this
the body was no longer a National conven
tion ; and no Democrat, however devoted to
regular nominations, was bound to give the
nominee his support; he was left free to
act according to the dictates of his own
judgment and conscience. And here, in
passing, I may observe that the wisdom of
the two-thirds rule is justified by the events
passing around us. Had it been faithfully
observed no candidate could have been
nominated agair.st the will and wishes ot
almost every certain Democratic State in
the Union, against nearly all the Democratic
Senators and more than three-fourths of the
Democratic representatives in Congress.
1 purposely avoid entering upon any dis
cussion respecting the exclusion from the
Convention of regularly-elected delegates
from the different Democratic States If the
convention which nominated Sir. Douglas
was not a regular Democratic convention,
it must be confessed that Breckinridge is in
the same'conditiori id that respect. The
convention that nominated him, although it
was composed of nearly all the certain
Democratic States, did not contain the two- j
thirds ; and therefore every Democrat is at j
perfect liberty to vote as he thinks proper,
withont running counter to any regular
nomination of the party. Applause, and
cries of "three cheers for Breckinridge and
Lane." Holding this position, I shall pre
sent some of the reasons why 1 prefer Mr.
Breckinridge to Mr. Douglas. This I shall
do without attempting to interfere with any
individual Democrat or any Stats Demo
cratic organization holding different opin
ions from myself. The main object of all
good Democrats, whether belonging to the
one or the ether wing of our unfortunate
division, is to defeat the election of the Re
publican candidates ; and I shall never op
pose any honest and honorable course cal
culated to accomplish this object.
To return to the point from which I have
digressed, I am in favor of Mr. Breckinridge,
because be sanctions and sustains the per
fect equality of all the States within their
common Territories, and the opinion of the
Supreme Court of the United States estab
lishing this equality. The sovereign States
of this Union 'are one vast partnership.
The Territories were acquired by the com
mon blood and common treasure of them
all.- Each State, and each citizen of each
State, has the same right in the Territories
as any other State and the citizens of any
other State possess. Now, what is sought
for the present i?, that a portion of these
States should turn around to their sister
States and say, "We are holier than you are,
and while we take our property to the Ter
ritories and have it protected there, yon
shall not place your property ic the same
position." That is precisely what is con
tended for. What the Democratic party
maintain, and what is the true principle of
Democracy, is, that all shall enjoy the same
right, and that all shall be subject to the
same duties. . Property this Government
was framed for the protection of life, liberty
and property. They are the objects for the
protection of which all enlightened govern
ments were established. But it is sought
now to place the property of the citizen,
under what is called, the principle of squat
ter sovereignty, in the. power of the Territo
rial Legislature to confisicate it at their will
and pleasure. ' Tnat is the principle sought
to be established at present; and there
seems to bo an entire mistake and misun
derstanding among a portion of the public
upon this subject. When was properly ever
submitted to the will of the majority ?
"Never." If yon hold property as an
individual, you hold it independent of Con
gress or of. the State Legislature, or of the
Territorial Legislature it is yours ; and
your Constitution was made to protect your
private property against the assaults of leg
islative power. Cheers. .-Well, now, any
set of. principles which will deprive you of
your property is against the very essence of
republican government, and to that extent
makes you a slave ; for the man who has
power over your property to confiscate it
has power over your njeans of subsistence ;
and yet it is contended that although the , and hands off ty the Territorial Legislature.
Constitution of the United States confers no j Loud applause. With the Supreme Court
such power although no State Legislature j of the United States I hold that neither Con
has any such power, yet a Territorial Legis-, gress nor the Territorial Legislature has any
lature, in the remote extremities of the j power to establish, impair, or abolish slavery
country r can confiscate your property !
A voice. "They can't do it; they ain't
going to do it."
' There is but one mode, and one alone, to
abolish slavery in the Territories. That
mode is pointed out in the Cincinnati plat
form, which has been as much " misrepre
sented as anything I have ever known.
That platform declares that a majority of the
actual residents in a Territory, whenever
their nnmftr is sufficient to entitle them to
admission as a State, possess the power "to
form a Constitution with or without domes
tic slavery, to be admitted into the Union
upon terms of perfect equality with the
other States." If there be squatter sover
eignty in this resolution I have never been
able to perceive it. If there be any refer
ence in it to a Territorial Legislature it has
entirely escaped my notice. It presents the
clear principle that at the time the people
from their Constitution, they shall then de
cide whether they will have slavery or not.
And yet it has been stated over and over
again that, in accepting the nomination un
der that platform, I endorsed the doctrine of
squatter sovereignty. I suppose yon have
all heard this repeated a thousand times.
A voice. "We all knew it was a lie !"
Well, 1 am glad you did.
How beautifully this plain principle of
Constitutional law corresponds with the best
interests of the people! Under it, emigrants
from the North and the South, from the
East and the West, proceed to the Territo
ries. They carry with them that property
which they suppose will best promote their
material interests ; they live together in
peace afld harmony. The question of sla
very will become a, foregone conclusion
before they have inhabitants enough to
enter the Union as a State. There will then
be no "bleeding Kansas" in the Territories;
they will all live together in peace and har
mony, promoting the prosperity of the Ter
ritory and their own prosperity, until the
time shall arrive when it becomes necessary
to frame a Constitution. Then the whole
question will be decided to the general sat
isfaction. But, upon the opposite principle,
what will yon find in the Territories ? Why,
there will be strife and contention all the
time. One Territorial Legislature may
establish slavery and another Territorial
Legislature may abolish it, and so the strug
gle will be continued throughout the Terri
torial existence. The people, instead of
devoting their energies and industry to pro
mote their own prosperity, will bo in a
state of constant 6trife and turmoil, just as
we have witnessed in Kansas. Therefore,
there is no possible principle that can be so
injurious to the best interests of a Territory
as what has been called squatter sover
eignty. . r r .
:n another point of view. The people ofi
c w j w'
lue ouuLiieiu ciaica inu iicici ui'uuuuu 11113
great principle of State equality in thu
Union without self-degradation. ''Never!"
Never without an acknowledgment that
they are inferior in this respect to their sis
ter States. Whilst it is vital to them to pre
serve their equality, the Northern States
surrender nothing by admitting this princi
ple. In doing this they only yield obedience
to the Constitution of their country as ex- . .
j.j 1 c- : . .iberofCon
pnunueu vy me supreme iourr 01 me
United States. While lor the North it is
comparatively a mere abstraction, with the
South it is a question of co-equal Slate sov
ereignty in the Union.
If the decrees of the high tribunal estab
lished by the Constitution for the very pur
pose are to be set at naught and disregarded
it will tend to render all property of every
description insecure. What, then, have the
North to do ? Merely to say that, as good
citizens, they will yield obedience to the
decision of the Supreme Court, and admit
the' right of a Southern man to take his prop
erty into the Territories, and hold it there,
just as a Northern man may do; and it is
to me the most extraordinary thing in the
world that this country should' now be dis
tracted and divided, because certain persons
at the North will not agree that their breth
ern at the South shall hare the same rights
in the Territories which they enjoy. What
would I, as a Pennsylvania:), say or do,
supposing anybody was to contend that the
Legislature of any Territory could outlaw
iron and coal within the Territory ? Laugh
ter and cheers. The principle is precisely
the. same. The Supreme Court ot the
United States have decided what was
known to us all to have been the existing
slate of affairs for fifty years that slaves
are property. .Admit that fact, and you ad
rait everything. Then that property in the
Territories mnst be protected precisely in
the same manner with any other property.
Ii it be not so protected in the Territories,
the holders of it are degraded before the
world. - '
We have been told that non-intervention
on the part of Congress with slavery in the
Territories is the true policy. ' Very well. I
most cheerfully admit that Congress has no
right to pass any law to establish, impair,
or abolish slavery in the Territories. Let
this principle of non-intervenCTon be exten
ded to the Territorial Legislatures, and let
it be declared that they in like manner have
no power to establish; impair, or destroy
slavery, and then the controversy , is in ef
fect, ended. This is all 'that is required at
present, and f Verily believe all that will
erer be required. Hands off by Congress
in the Territories. But if, in the face of this
positive prohibition, the Territorial Legisla
ture should exercise the power of interven
ing, then this would be a mere transfer of
the Wilmot proviso and :he Buffalo plat
form from Congress, to be carried into exe
cution in the Territories to the destruction
of all property in slaves. Renewod ap
plause. An attempt of this kind, if made in Con
gress, would be resisted by able men on
the floor ot both Houses, and probably de
feated. Not so in a remote Territory. To
every new Territory there will be a rush of
Free Soilers from the Northern States. They
would elect the first Territorial Legislature
before the people of the South could arrive
with their property, and this Legislature
would probably settle forever the question
of slavery according to their own will.
And shall we for the sake of squatter
sovereignty, which, from ils nature, can
only continue during the brief period of
Territorial existence, incur the risk of divi
ding the great Democratic party of the
country into two sectional parties, the one
North and the other South? Shall this great
party which has governed the country in
peace and war, which has raised it from
humble beginnings to be ono of the most
prosperous and powerful nations in the
world shall this party be broken up for
such a cause ? That is the question. The
numerous, powerful, pious and respectable
Methodist Church has thus been divided.
The division was a severe 6hock to the
Union. A similar division of the great
Democratic party, should it continue, would
rend assunder one of the most powerful
links which bind the Union together.
I entertained no such fearful apprehen
sions, lne present issue is transitory, ana
will speedily pass away. In the nature of
things it cannot continue. There is but one
possible contingency which can endanger
the Union ; and against this all Democrats,
whether squatter sovereigns or popular sov
ereigns will present a united resistance.
Should the time ever arrive when Northern
agitation and fanaticism shall proceed so
far as to render the domestic firesides of
the South insecure, then and not till then
will the Union be in danger. A united
Northern Democracy will present a wall of
fire against such a catastrophe !
There are in our midst numerous persons
who predict the dissolution of the great
Democratic party, and others who contend
that it has already been dissolved. The
wish is father to the thought. It has been
heretofore in great peril ; but when divided
for the moment, it has always closed up its
ranks and become more powerful, even
from defeat. It will never die whilst the
Constiiutionmd the Union survive. It will
live to protect and defend both. It has its
roots in the very vitals of the Constitution,
, ... , - , , r '
ad, I'ke ore of the ancient cedars of Leb-
anon, it will flourish to afford shelter and
protection to that sacred instrument, and to
shield it against every storm of faction. Re
Now, friends and fellow-citizens it is
probable that this is the last political speech
that I shall ever make. A voice, "We
hope not !" It is now nearly forty years
since I first came to Washington as a mem-
gress, and I wish to say this
night that during the whole period I have
received nothing but kindness and attention
from your fathers and from j-ourselves.
Washington was then comparatively a
small town ; now it has grown to be a great
and beautiful city ; and the first wish of my
heart is that its citizens may enjoy uninter
rupted health and prosperity. 1 thank you
for the kind attention you have paid to me,
and now bid you all a good night. Pro
The Broker and his Clerk. One of the
leading brokers of New York had a young
man in his employ. The vast amont of
money in his bands was a great temptation
to him. Small sums were missed day after
day ; a quarter once then fifty cents, then
one dollar, then two dollars were missed.
He was charged with speculation. The bro
ker showed him how he could detect the
abstraction of the smallest sum of money ;
the young mar. stammered and confessed.
"Nowj said the broker, "I shall not dis
charge, I shall not dishonor you. I intend
to keep, you, and make a man of you. You
will be a vagabond if you go along in this
way. Now let me see no more of this."
He went to his work. He not disappoint
confidence. He did honor to the employ
er;.' and the other day he was inducted into
one of our banks in an honorable position,
and his employer became his bondsman to
the amount of $10,000.
Had he conducted as some would have
done sent the boy away, proclaimed his
dishonor perhaps he would have ended
his days in the States Prison, and been sent
to his tomb in the garb of a convict. But a
young man was rescued from ruin who had
been placed amid the temptation of money,
and for a moment was overcome.
Irish Wit. A Roman Catholic peasant
boy in Ireland is reported to have listened
attentively to a priest earnestly denouncing
the "revival," and warning the people
against it as the work of the devil.
."Ah ! thin, "your liverence," replied the
lad,, "it mnst be a new devil, for that's not
the ould divd used to make the people be
have themselves. ; !
BY CEO. D. PRENTICE.
'Tis sad yet sweet to listen
To the soft winds gentle swell,
And think we hear the music
Our childhood knew so well ;
To gaze out on the even
And the boundless fields of air,
And feel again our boyish wish
To be like angels there !
There are many dreams of gladness
That cling around the past
And from the tomb of feeling
Old thoughts come throbbing fast
The form we love so dearly,
In the-happy days now gone,
The beautiful and lovely,
So fair to look upon.
Those bright and lovely maidens
Who seemed so formed for bliss,
Too glorious and loo heavenly
For such a world a this !
Whose soft dark eyes seemed swimming
In a sea of liquid light,
And whose locks of gold seem'd streaming
O'er brows so sunny bright.
"Whose smiles were like the sunshine
In the spring time of the year
Like the changeful gleams of April,
They followed every tear !
They have passed like hope away
All thoir loveliness has fled
Oh ! many a heart is mourning
That they are with the dead.
And yet the thought is saddening
To muse on such a they
And feel that all the beautiful
Are passing fast away ;
That the fair ones whom we leave,
Grow to each loving breast,
Like tendrils of the clinging vine,
Then perish where they rest.
And can we but think of these
In the soft and gentle Spring,
When the trees are waving o'er us.
And the flowers are blossoming !
For we know that Winter's corring,
With his cold and stormy sky
And the glorious beauty 'round us,
Is blooming but to die ?
A Rake Chance for Editors. The pro
prietors cf "Our Home' a Water Cure, lo-
caled Dansville, Livingston county, N. Y , r.ies. Let us separate ; they are unworthy
kept by Dr. Jackson, formerly of Glen Hav- j to be our brethren. Let us renounce them:
en, publish through the Herald of that place and, instead of eupplications, as formerly
an invitation to all editors of newspapers , for their prosperity and happiness, let us
throughout the United States who are 6ick, 1 beseech the Almighty to blast their coun
to become their guests without charge, for sels and brinir. to nought all their devices."
three month, to take a course of treatment
for that time. It says: "Those of you who
are addicted to the use of Tobacco, Ardent
spirits, Drug poisons,Tea, Coffee, or Opium,
and would like to be relieved from jour
dependence on them, to you we extend this
j ft blowed great guns, and carried away the
Wtalk or Life. Wo talk of human life bowsprit ; a heavy sea washed overboard
as a journey, but how variously is that jour- j the binnacle and companion; the captain
ney performed ! There are those who lost his squadrant and couid not take an ob
come forth girt, and shod, and mantled, to servation for fifteen days ; at last we arriv
walk on velvet lawns and smooth terracess, ed safe at Halifax !"
where every gale is arrested and every beam j Ti,e old woman who could not read her
is tempered. There are others who walk ; self, got a neighbor to repeat it to her three
on the Alpine paths of life, against driving cr four times, until she thought she had got
misery, and through stormy sorrows, over j it by heart, she then sallied out to tell the
sharp araictions ; walk wnn bare leet and
naked breast jaded, mangled, and chilled.
A Hard Name. A man named Stone ex- !
claimed in a. bar-room, "I'll bet I have the
hardesr name in the company." "Done,"
said one ot tho company, "what's your
narue?" "Stone," cried the first.
1 1 ami
me the money," said the other, my name
A country parson was addicted to using
the phrase, "I flatter myself," instead of "I
believe." Having occasion to exhort his
congregation, during a revival, he "flatter
ed" that more than one half of them would
An Inhuman Order. A captain of a rifle
company, out west, was guilty of an unheard-of
piece of barbarity on one very
I cold day recently. He actually marehed
his men to the very brink of the canal, and
then coolly commanded them to "full in."
A person asked another if tolling a bell
didn't put him in mind of Lis latter end.
He replied (knowing that his interrogator
was a man of more than questional morals,)
"No, sir ; but tho rope remids rae of yours."
An incorrigibl3 wac. who lent his minis
ter a horse, who ran avay and threw his
clerical rider, thought he should have some
credit for his aid iu "spreading the gospel."
The following no'ice might have been
seen some time ago stuck up iu corset-maker's
shop in Glasgow : "Ail sorts of ladies
Many beautiful women, when walking or.
the street, seem to be very angry if they are
gazed at, and sadly disappointed if they are
Two girls, cousins, aged 15 and 16, hung
themselves in Jackson county, Iowa, re
cently, on account of loving the same man.
The Chinese picture of ambition is "a
Mandarin trying to catch a comet, by put
ting salt on his tail."
Picture of despair a poor pig with his
nose through a garden fence, almost touch
ing a cabbage stalk.
Pcrsons most suridly rise to eloquence
not by distinction, but by seeking a worthy
Ccltivate true sentiments, - and good j
Tlie wife of John Adams.
In a few wests the proclamation reached
the colonies at several ports. Abagail
Smith, the wife of John Adams, was at the
time in their home near the foot of Penn
Hill, charged with the sole care of their lit
tle brood of children ; managing the farm ;
keeping house with frugality, though open
ing her doors to the houseless and giving
with a good will a part of her scant portion
to the poor; seeking work for her own
hands, and ever busily occupied, now at
the spinning wheel, now making amends
for having never been sent to school by
learning French, though with the aid of
books alone. Since the departure of her
husband for Congress, the arrow of death
had sped near her by day, and the pesti
lence that walks in darkness had entered
her humble mansion ; she herself was still
weak after a violent illness ; her house was
a hospital in every part ; and such was the
distress of the neighborhood, she could
hardly find a well person to assist in look
ing after the sick. Her youngest eon had
been rescued from the grave by her nurs
ing : her own mother had been taken away,
and, after the austere manner of her fore
fa;hers, buried without prayer. Woe followed-
woe, and one atflction trod on the
heels of another. Winter was hurrying on ;
during the day family affairs took off her
attention, but her long evenings, broken by
the sound of the storm on the ocean, or the
enemy's artilery at Boston, were lonesome
and melancholly. Ever in the silent night
ruminating on the love and tecdernes of her
departed parent ; she needed the consola
tion of her husband's presence ; but when,
in November, she read the King's procla
mation, she williiigly gave up her nearest
friend exclusively to his perilous duties,and
6ent him her cheering message : "This in
telligence will make a plain path for you,
though a dangerous one ; I could not join
to day in the petitions of our worthy pastor
for a reconiliation between our no longer
parent State, but tyrant state, and these cob'
The Sailor's Letter. A Sailor writing
to his mother, gave the following account
; of a storm :
"We have been driven into tho Bay of
Fundy by a pampoosa right in the teeth
"Oh, my poor son."
"Why, what's the matter he's not lost?"
inquited a sympathizing friend.
"O, lhank God, he's safe, but he has been
driven into the Cay of Firmament by a
bamboozle right into the teeth it blowed
great guns, and they carried away the pul
pit a heavy sea washed overboard the pin
nacle of the tabernacle the captain lost
his conjuration, and could'nt get any salva
tion for fifteen days at last they arrived at
A wag thus plays upon the names of
some of the United States Senators :
A Senator of metal Bell.
A shining Senator Bright.
A verdant Senator Green.
A greasy Senator Chandler.
A depillions Senator Wigwall.
A lazy Senator Doolittle.
A healthy Senator Hale.
A grave Senator Toombs.
A royal Senator King.
A brick of a Senator Mason.
Sporting Senators Hunter and Chase.
A pious Senator Tugh.
A provisional Senator Rice.
A colored Senator Brown.
A lowly Senator Foot.
An old "salt" Seward.
A hard nut lor Sumner to crack Chest
nut. A Good Dog. A Worth7 Dutchman sued
his neighbor, a "gentleman from Erin,"
for killing his dog. In the course of his ex
amination, the Dutchman being asked wbat
was the value of his dog replied. "Ash for
ter dog, lie vos wort Bhust nothing at all ;
but ash Pat vos so mean ash to kill him, py
tarn, I make him pay de full value of him."
Another Meteor. Another billiant me
teor passed through the heavens on Mon
day evening of last week, between seven
and eight o'clock. Its oourse was nearly
from east to west.
The rose has its thorns, the diamond its
specks, and the best man his failings.
To-morrcw is the day on which lazy peo
ple work and foois reform.
Why is a fool like a needle?
has an eye but no head.
Did the horseman who "scoured the plain"
use soap ?
If you want to keep your health, don't
The Destiny of ths Republic.
ty JUDGE STOHT.
When we reflect on what has been and
wbat is, how is it possible not to feel a pro
found sense of the responsibilities of this
republic to all future agesl What vast
motives press upon us for lofty efforts !
What solemn warnings at once demand oaf
vigilance and moderate onr confidence !
The old world has aiready revealed to C3
in ils unsealed books, the beginning and
end of all its marvelous struggles in the
cause of liberty. Greece ! lovely Greece 1
"the land of scholars and the nurse of
arms," where sister republics, in fair pro
cessions, chanted the praise of liberty and
the good where and what is she ? For
two thousand years the oppressors have
bound her to the earth. Her arts are no
more. The last sad relics of her temples
are the barracks of a ruthless soldiery ; the
iragments of her columns and her palaces
are in the dust, yet beautiful in ruin. She
fell not when the mighty were pon her.
Her sons were united at Thermopylae and
Marathon ; and the tide of her triumph roll
ed back upon the Hellespont She was
conquered by her own factions. She fell
by the hands of her own people. The man
of Macedonia did not the work of destruc
tion. It was already done by her own cor-
ruptions, banishments and dissensions.
Rome ! republican Rome ! whose eagles
glanced in the rising and setting sun'
where and what is she 1 The eternal city
yet remains, proud even in her desolation)
noble in her decline, venerable in the maj
esty of religion, and calm as in the compo
sure of death. The malaiia has but travel
ed in the parts won by destroyers. More
than eighteen centuries have mourned over
the loss ol the empire. A mortal disease)
was upon her before Caesar had crossed the
Rebicon ; and Brutus did not restore her
j health by the deep probings of the senate-
chamber. The Goths, and Vandals, and
Huns, and swarms of the north; completed
only what wa3 begun at home. Romans
betrayed Rome. The legions were bought
and sold, but the people offered the tributo
And where are the republics of modem
times, and Genoa exist but in name. The
Alps, indeed, look down upon the brave
and peaceful Swiss, in their native fastness
es ; but guarantee of their freedom is in
their weaknessand not in their strength.
The mountains are not easily crossed, and
the valleys are not easily retained. When
the invader comes; he moves like an aval
anche, carrying destruction in his path.
The peasantry 6ink before him. The coun
try, too, is too poor for plunder, and too
rough for a valuable conquest. Nature pre
sents her eternal barrier on every 6ide, to
check the wahtosess of ambition. And
Switzerland remains, with her simple insti
tutions, a military road to climates scarcely
worth a permanent possession, and protect
ed by the jealousy of her neighbors.
We stand the latest, and, if we fall, proba
bly the last experiment of self-government
by the people. We have begun it under
circumstances of the most auspices nature.
We are in the vigor of youth. Our growth
has never been checked by the oppression
of tyranny. Our constitutions never have
been enfeebled by the vice or the luxuries
of the world. Such as we are. we have
been from the beginning, simple, hardy,
intelligent, accustomed to self government
and self-respect. The Atlantic rolls betweea
us and any formdable foe. Within ourown
territory, stretching through many degrees
of latitude, we have the choice of many
products, and many means of independence
The government is mild. The press is free.
Religion is free knowledge reaches or may
reach every home. What fairer prospects
of success could be presented ? What
means more adequate to accomplish the
sublime end ? What more is necessary
th?n for the people to preserve what.lhey
themselves have created ?
Already has the age caught the spirit of
our institutions. It has already ascended
the Andes, and suffered the breezes of both
oceans. It has infustd itself into the life
blood of Europe, and warmed the sunny
plains of France and the lowlands of Hol
land. It has touched the philosophy of Ger
many and the north, and, moving onwarnd
to the south, has opened to Greece the les
son of her better days.
Can it be, that America, under such cir
cumstanccs, can betray herself ? That 6he
is to be added to the catalogue of republics,
the inscription upon whose ruin is, "They
were, but they are not!' Forbid it, my
countrymen ; forbid it, Heaven !
I call upon ou, fathers, by the shades of
your ancestors, by the dear ashes which, re
pose in this precious soil, by all you are,
and all you hope to be, resist every project
of disunion; resist every attempt to fetter
your consciences, or smother your public
schools, or extinguish your system of pub
1 call upon you, mothers, by that which
never fails in woman, the love of her off
spring, to teach taem, a3 they climb your
knees, or lean on your bosoms, the bless
ings of liberty. Swear them at the altar, as
with their baptismal, vows, to be true to
their country, and never forsake her. : '.
1 call upon you, young men, to remem
ber whose sons you are whose inheritance
you possess. Life can never be too short
which brings nothing but disgrace and op
pression. Death never comes loo soon, if
necessary ia defence of, the liberties ci oat