The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, March 09, 1859, Image 2

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BLoinisrriiC.wi iiM.siiAY, M.uini n, iB6O.
Colnmhiii County Democratic Conventitn
We publish below, at the suggestion of a
large number of influential Democratic vot
ers, the RCI.ES AND CODE OF LAWS as adopted
by a full Democratic County Convention, Sept.
6lh. 1851, for the future government of the
CONVENTIONS " They are stro gent and
of binding force, and should be regarded
These RULES and LAWS were Irawteil and
adopted tor the governmenbof the Demo
cratic party, therefore why violate them?
If the Chairman o! the Standing Committee,
Levi L. Tate, thinks different of these Rides
and Law s than he did some three or four
years ago, when lie lauded them very high
ly, why does he not get out a remonstrance
against them and have litem repealed in
ate- d of violating every part of litem as is
being done by not calling a County Con
What is the use of writing when we have
before us the Chairman's own language al
ready written. We'll just quote a portion
from a copy of his paper issued in 1855.
He says :
"In the Columbia Democrat, of June 9:1),
and the issue ol June 11-'ili, we took occasion
to ask if this county was to he represented in
die Democratic Slate Convention, to assem
ble in Harrshnrg on the 4ih of July. It is
n s'andntg itt'e of the Democratic parly in
Columbia Cnuiitt that no appointment ol a
Delegate to a State Convention shall he
made by the Standing Committee and we
therefore presume, as no Convention lias
been called, that Columbia County is to
have no voire in that Convention, lieing
onrseif a strict constructionist, we do not
see how the Standing Committee dare ap
point a Delegate, in contravention of till
role and all justice; especially, as the time
of the meeting ol the Conven ion ami the
Title above nieinioned. ore, and have been
well known. How long is litis wor.-e than
British tyranny toronliuue? Have the peo
ple no rights, no voice?"
Now this is our sentiments exactly. We
would like to know whether the "people
have no rights" or "no voice." Probably
the Chairman can explain to the Democra
cy. We will quote a little further from his
paper as it answers every purpose :
"They not only [meaning the Standing
Committee] neglect their duty, [hy not call
ing a Convention ami allowing the people
n loiee in the mat er ol choosing Delegates]
but they vio ate a position and well estab
lished rule of the party, adopted lor the very
purpose ol preventing sncli men as now
seek to muzzle the party, from consumma
ting their tyrannical imentions. But even
the following rue was too weak [meaning
rue V 11!. which will lie found below] to
restrain the unprincipled and designing men
who boast they, God save the murk,
■are the Democratic party."
The words in the above, which are ar
ranged in crotchets , we have fixed in that
manner, that lite quotation may be belter
understood. We will not quote any more
from the Dcmocrul at present but leave this
Rule IX specifies that the Standing Com- i
miuee shall be five in number, ami makes
no provisions (or any more or less on tlie j
Committee. llnleXll. declares that none!
of these rules (hall beultered unless by a vote !
of twothmU tit a regular annual Convention.
Nothing can be plainer than the above, !
anil yet these rules have teen violated. No I
vote has been taken to have any of them 1
altered or rescinded, and yet in looking over \
the present Standing Committee we find it |
to consist of six in number, when lite rule :
calls for hat five. The following are the
tcleit and chosen Committee:—Levi L Tate, I
Iram Derr, Albert Hunter, John Nues, Daniel j
McHenty and I'. G. Campbell.
Well, vvesee through it all now. The Col
had his thoughts upon Representative Dele
gate to the llitrrishurg Slate convention,and
hoping to be a candidate for the delogacy, 1
lie thought it no more than proper and rigin j
that the Committee should consist of six I
members anil hitnseli be chairman, there- J
lore he would have control ol said Coin- j
mitlee, and being a candidate for the Dele j
gacy to the State Convention the Standing ]
Committee would consist of its proper num- j
her, an! if he managed to get the whole five
to sign his "paper" to serve as his creden- I
tials in the District Conference lie would '
come in of course as the unanimous choice 1
ol said Committee, and tho Conlerees ol i
said Cotilerence very probably would be
rone the wiser of it. "The principle lor
which we contend will statul forever, no
matter who may be chairman of the Stand
ing Committee ; and the outrage is equally
an outrage no matter who was tho counsel
The following are the rules and laws which
govern our political county affairs:
The undersigned appointed at the last
county convention to prepare some rules lor
the regulation of nominations hereafter, and
report the same to this convention do report
the following 12 Rules lor your considera
'They conform in most respects to the
usages of the parly as hereiolore existing
and we have endeavored to make them con
cise and intelligible
A slight change in the time of holding the
annual conventions, as contemplated in the
first rule, is rendered necessary by the lact
that the Court House will herenfter be occu
pied by the courts on the first Monday of
•September and lor some time afterwards.
Sept. 6, 1851. GEORGE MACK,
I. The annual Counly Convention shall
be held at the Court House ill Bloornsbtirg,
on the last Monday of August, at one P. M.,
and the Delegate Election shall he held on
the Saturday previous, at the places ol hold
ing the general elections in tlio several elec
tion districts, between the hours ol 3 and 7
o'clock in the afternoon.
11. The Delegate Election shall be by bal
lot and each general election disir.ct shall be
entitled to two delegates
III> The Delegate Elections shall lie held
and conducted by a Judge and clerk, to be
selected by the Democrats in attendance,
and the said officers shall keep a list of vo
ters and tally of votes counted, to be sent
by them to the convention with their certifi
cate of the result of their election.
IV. All cases ol di-puted seats in con
ventions shall he disposed of openly by vote
after hearing the respective claimants uud
their evidence
V. All delegates must reside tn the dis
trict they represent. In case of an absent
delegate be may depute another, il he fail
to do so, his colleague in attendance rr.ay
substitute for him. In other cases the con
vention may till up the representation Irom 1
the citizens of the District in attendance
VI. l ite voting in Conventions shall he I
open, and any two members may require I
the yeas and nays on any question pending (
VII. Special conventions may be called,
when necessary, by ilioStandingcommittee,
the proceedings of which shall conform to
these rules -
VIII All county nominations, and all
appointments ol conferees and of delegates
to State conventions, shall be made in coun
ty convention.
JX. The Standing committee shall he five
in nnrnl er, one ol whom shall reside at the
county seal, and shall be chosen aunun'ly
in convention. In case ol vacancy the com
mittee nitty till up their number.
X. No member of the Legislature shall
he chosen by this comity a.- a Delegate to a
St.'t'n convention during his term ol oflico.
XI In Convention a majority of all the
votes given shall be necessary to a nomina
tion, and no person named shall he perernp
torily stricken from lite ii.-l of candidate*
until after the sixth vole, 'when the lowest
ttttme shall he struck off anil so on at each
successive vote until a nomination is allect
XII None of these rules shall he altered,
or rescinded unless by a vote of iwo-lhirds
at a regular minimi Convention.
The above report was on motion adopted
unanimously, and the convention then ad
Tlic Washington Tragedy.
This terrible tragedy litis created a most
intense excitement, not only in Washington
and New York, where tho parties were
more extensively known, but at every po-nt
which tho new s has reached Our exchange
papers come to us daily, teeming with vari
ed accounts of the tragical affair, and tho
causes that led to it. From numerous sources
we have collected many interesting partic
ulars, which can be found elsewhere, into
to-day's paper. They are mostly corres
pondences taken from the New York Tit-
Imnc and Ilerahl. The trial of Mr.
which is ere long to lake place, for lite de
liberate inurderhe has committed, will furn
ish a fair representation of the lives which
many families lead itt Washington. At the
capital of the nation more than anywhere
j else, are the re'atiousof domestic life invad
ed, and lite ennobling modesty and refined
| reserve of woman endangered by promiscu
ous and umtarded social intercourse. Such
I le-sons should arouse every community to
j a sense of these dangers
j This is indeed a sad tragedy, but it is a
I step in lite direction : ami while the
j evil is as stupendous as it is—taking Wash
j ingtou as the radiating point—the hand of
; tho avenger of domestic woe, of ruined
j homes, of disgraced, defiled and prostituted
! wives, mothers, and daughters, should seize
■ the two-edged sword of death and drawing
| it from the scabbard, go forth and spare not,
till tho last foul Seducer had paid the forfeit
| for his wrongs, or until the existing mnr
-1 hidily in lite public mind on these tilings
| had been corrected by this uprising Are
I we permitted to-day to draw aside the Veil
| and look behind it and see the corruptions
I of,his kind which abound.
I It is freely rumored that a brother of the
! deceased declares his purpose tokiii Sickles
j on sight.
THE STATU JOURNAL is the title of a now I
paper just started in Philadelphia, by RBU- 1
BKN G OIIWIO to be devoted to the interests
of Pennsylvania generally. It is printed in
octavo form, and contains a large amount
of reading; well edited. The first number
contains a portrait of Joit\ BRIGHT, Esq.,
one of the greatest and best Englishmen
ol the present day. At the present time he
is engaged in a fierce contest with many
of the British aristocracy on the disputed
question, whether Democracy in the United
States is a failure or not. A daily paper 1
will l e published in connection with Trie
Slate Journal as soon as the necessary ar
rangements can be effected.
Terms ot 'lhe Stale Journal, $2 00.
enlarged and improved. It is now the larg
est, best and neatest paper published in
Schuylkill county. It is u paper that should
meet with good success. The editor has
been to considerable expense in making it
what it now is. He suffered a heavy loss ,
in being burnt onl on tlie 1-Jih of last Au
gust, when he was compelled to purchase j
all new material, anil start his paper anew,
lie certainly deserves a good patronage, \
which wc hope lie is receiving.
table, laden with reading of a very choice
and instructive character. This is, with out
the least doubt, a very useful periodical for
the family circle, and should circulate ex
tensively in those circles. This highly es- '
teemed work is published in Philadelphia,
323 Walnut Street, at $2 per annum iuflexi- ]
hly in advance.
SCRANTON RFPUBI.ICAN. —We have received
a number ol the Scranton Republican which
makes a very creditable appearance, edited
by F. A. MACARTNEY. Esq , formerly one of j
the editors of the Columbia Comity Republi
can, of this place. Mr. Macartney is an able
and litciil writer, and an ardent woker in
the Republican cause, therefore success to
him in all but politics.
WE HAVE before us a neat little work en
titled " Hoys and Gills'own Magazine." It
contains a good and large amount ol read
ing for the size of it, with thir y-two pages;
devoted to the interest of the young class
principally. It is an interesting little Mag
azine. William L. Jones, 152 Sixth Avenue,
New York, is the publisher. It is issued
monthly—price 6 cts per copy. Success to
the Hoys and Gilts' Magazine.
MuiißEn AND SUICIDE —We learn through
a friend that a Mrs Smith, (a charucter pret
ty well known,) at Bailysbnrg. Perry county,
poisoned her husband on Thursday last, and
that she, herself, has since died.— Tyrone
Star, Ist inst.
Another Star.
Another republic has been added to the
confederacy; another star to the galaxy
which studs the blue field of freedom's ban
Oregon, the youngest sister of the empire,
sits proudly in the national council —the
equal of her oldest and proudest sisters.
A noble and beantilnl land is Oregon.—
The waters of the Pacific lave her feet, and
her head towers high amid the loftiest peaks
of the great ranee of mountains which rise
in the centre of our continent.
Her hills are covered with the noblest for
ests and her valleys are clothed with per
j petttal verdure.
1 Her rivers are mighty. Her lakes crystal.
| Her soil strewn with gold. Her harvests,
abundant. Her resources, none can calcti
i late. Her prospective wealth, destined to
overshadow that of older communities.—
Her climate, salubrious. Iter sky, serene
Glorious is Ore.'on, the youngest ot the
sisterhood of Slates. That her future ca
reer will bo brilliant no one who knows
might of her history and resources can
With everything that can contribute to or
adorn civilization is she abundantly blessed.
Her water-power is sufficient to drive the
mnchienry in factories of tho world. Her
mineral resources are inexhaustible—inclu
ding the precious as well as the useful met
uls. Her climate, as we have said, is salu
brious; possessed of that happy mean ill
which lh rigors of winter and tho extreme
heats of summer are unknown. Karely
does the storm rage along Iter extended
coasts, and in her interior all is calm ami
peaceful as the haunt of zephyrs—
"Wooing winds from the balmy south."
Site has commenced the race for empire
nobly. Her constitution is most liberal, and
Iter laws enlightened. When, as undoubted
ly will he the case in a decade or two, her
fertile valleys shall he filled with an indus
trious, frugal population, cultivating the
arts of peace; when her eastern borders are
110 longer subject to the ravages of savage
marauders; when her rivers are the resort
of commerce, and tier harbors are whitened
with the sails of many nations, Oregon will
lake a proud position as the thirty-third
Stale of the Union—the mistress of the
Northern Pacific. •
I* THE Senate, last week, Mr. Douglas
announced that he still adheres to, and will
hercalter stand upon, his doctrine relative
to the lion iu'erference of Congress, and
the C'onsti'Uliomtl rights of the South in the
Territories, upon the subject of slavery.—
The Republicans say he denied the right
of the Territorial legislature to interfere, ex
cept by "indirect discouraging legislation."
The Democrats assert, he declared that
Territorial Legislatures may exclude slavery
from United Slates teriiiories, ami that Con
gress can neither protect slave-holders
against such territorial legislation, nor tur
ther the interests of slavery in the Territor
ies. Both parties are agreed that the an
nouncement which they so differently inter
pret has separated him (rom the po'ilical
organization now known as the Democrat
ic party. Ai d the extreme ultraists of the
South contend that "when this dogma on
which Mr. Douglas designs basing bis new
opposition party ptevails in the Govern
ments its existence may be measured by
hours—not years."
IF WE are not mistaken it was asserted by
the Republicans in 1856, at least by the
"Tribune," that if Buchanan was e'ected,
that none but slave States would be admitt
ed into the Union, or words to that effect.—
Since Buchanan's inauguration no slave
States have been admitted, but two free
States have entered the confederacy, ami
both in opposition to the Republican vote
in Congress. The only States that may yet
be admitted into the Union during his ad
mini.-lration will have to lie free States—
Kansas, Nebraska, Pike s Peak, Washing
ton, kc Free soil is pushing out its boun
daries further every day. Cuba is the only
territory that can be made available for a
slave State for some years to come, and
w bile Spain refuses to sell, and we have
not the money to buy, it is not probable that
I-Ian(I will enter the Confederacy in a hur
ry. In fact Mr. Slidell, on last Saturday,
displayed more sense in withdrawing his
£30,000 Olil) bill, than lie had -Iion in pre
senting it at this particular juncture—Sun
bury Gazette.
WE r.EARN from an exchange that a man
hy the name of Crab, in Brady township
Clearfield County, while out hunting, not
long since, came in contact with a bear-trap
minlo ol logs, and having never before seen
one of the kind, be was extremely anxious
to see ami learn the in which it was
arranged. Accordingly, he sat his gun
down on the outside and crawled in to satis
fy his curio-ity, when he touched the trig
gerand the trap closed, completely shutliiiv
him inside. Being unable to extricate him
self, he was kept shut up for two days with
out anything to eat, until the person who
made the trap came to examine it, and
found in place of catching a bruin he had
caught a plump Dutchman. So much for
that man's curiosity.
WE lIAVE received from DUANS RUI.ION,
Bonk Publisher, 33 South third street, Phil
adelphia, Ihe L'fe, Sp'echcs and Memorials, of
DANIEL WEBSTEII ; containing his most cel
ebrated orations: a selection from the Eu
logies delivered on the occasion of his death;
and the Life and Times by SAMUEL SMUCKRK,
A. M , author of "Court and Reign of Cath
arine II.," besides other very popular works.
This book of Webster is interesting, and
well gotten up, with neat binding; and con
tains five hundred and forty-eight pages —.
It will no doubt meet with ready sale, for it
is a book that every intelligent family will
have. Price, in cloth, SI 75; handsomely
embossed, leather, S2 00.
nr The Lewistown Gazelle states that ten
men and eight women, were baptised on
Sunday last by immersion in the Juniata,
at the three locks about seven miles below
The Pastli!sioii of Coniress.
At thiiuime ii is difficult to say with en
tire what are the particular provi
sions onrfe Appropriation bills that have
passed the Thirty-Filth Congress. To some
of them are attached sections which are lor
objects not al all gerniaiu to carry into efTect
the treaty with the Dacotah and Tonawan
da Indians has incorporated with it an ap
propriation for complying with* existing
contracts for carrying the mail via Panama
and Tehanntcpec, to California. This fact
makes it possible that other appropriations
ot a useful an cf Mfcled character may yet he
saved. The Miscellaneous Appropriation
bill contains the section extending tbe
Treasury-note law for two years, and ap
propriates SMS2 (100 for the Coast Survey,
besides appropriations for the Light House
establishment, survey of the public lands,
and an appropriation for taking the next
census, etc. The Post Office Approptiation
and Post Route bills, also the Ocean Mail
Steamer bill, failed to become laws owing
to lire disagreement of tho two Houses.
The Crnlit System.
At a recent meeting of the Glasgow
Chamber ol commerce, a report on commer
cial crisis 'was presented by Ilia Commit
tee on Banking Laws, v hiclt abounds with
sound, practical sensible views, plainly
and forcibly stated. They are as applica
ble to this country as that ill which they
were express, and are especially commend
ed to the attention of the people of this
Slate, at this time? When they are engag
ed in an effort to reform the banking sys
tem, and thus put a check upon the great
fountain of excessive credit. The similari
ty ol tho principles stated with those which
are now engaging the attention of the friends
of a relorm in the curreney both in Penn
sylvania and New York, shows that men
are to look at this question fern
i t fie stand point of commercial experience.
| and hence are verging to the same conclu
The report says "the bestsecurily against j
commercial convulsions is to limit credit— j
The nearer we come to a cash business, I
the sounder will be our trade. The com- j
parative security of French commerce dur
ing the late crises, was, no doubt greatly i
owing to the modified nature of its credits ; !
and, on the other hand, the disasters which j
overwhelmed the commerce of America, I
were as ccrtwwily the Ts.-uit of an exagger- |
ated credit system. Everywhere the stability
nf centme et is in an inverse ratio to the devel
opment of ci edit. But the abuse of mercantile \
creil t couhl not cxid to any preal extent, were 1
it not fostered by the abuse of '•ankinp credit
In our commercial system the credit given
by one trader to another, depends mainly on
ll:e cretit piven by bonkers to traders Trailers
could not give excessive credits unless
bankers supplied them with the means
Imprudent banking is the root of all unsound
trailing. The great fault of modern bank
ingisthe insufficient of reserves. Bankers,
like traders, are bound to provide for their
solvency; they must reserye ample means
to meet obligations, and in their case any
departure from this rule is the more inex
cusable that the proper amount of reserve
for them to hold may he ascertained with
almost mathematical precision, lint the
j desire of profit or the urgency of their cits
| tomers induces bunkers, in too many in
stances, to invest their deposits more close
ly than prudence warrants; safe'y is sacri
ficed r or an addition per centage of profit,
the reserve is allowed to fall dangerously
low, ami when a time of pressure comes
the Bank has itching to fall back upon.
I This insufficiency of banking reserves is
the immediate cause of our panics. When
| pressure occurs our great money lenders are
j the first to lake alarm; \vhh enormous lia
bilities and inadequate reserves of immedi
atcly available resources, they feel that
their solvency is endangered, and their
violent efiorts to regain a position of safety,
are the chief couse of disturbance in the
money market. Instead of lending to others,
they become themselves the most impor
tunate Those who should
sustain authors of dis
credit: they who should inspire confidence
are themselves panic stricken. It is not
the needy depositor or ignorant noteholder
oi the provinces who cause our panics; it
j is the millionaire money-lender of our great
centres of commerce. Ot.e great cause of
insufficient reserves is nndoubtly the high
rate of interest allowed upon deposits.—
Such rates can only be paid, and a profit
realized, by a closo investment of deposits.
Our trading cretli s rest mainly on accom
modation from the Banks. The provincial
Banks deposit a great part of their reserves
with London bankers on ealt. The London
bankers again invest their deposits closely,
and trust mainly to advances from the Bank
of Kuglarul in case of need, while the B'kof
Kiiglntid itself allows its reserve in times of
pressure to tail to a trifling fraction of its
deposits. Thus the vast superstructure of
British commerce "tests "Ultimately on a mere
trifle of reserved capi'al. Our whole credit
system is an inverted pyramid.— Penn'an.
learn that Hie slock of pig Iron for sa'e on
the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers does
not exceed three thousand tons, chiefly held
by four parlies, who are holding for better
prices ; that four lurnaces that were in blast
last year will not run this; and that the make
this year above the amount required for
home consumption will not exceed nine
thousand tons. There are now twen'y-five
furnaces standing idle many of them good
property and well situated, making a capi
tal of near one million of dollars entirely
unproductive. The losses incurred in this
branch of business in the past five years
will amount to seven hundred thousand
dollars.— Clarksvilic Chinaicle.
tlf P. T. Hirudin's Lecture on the Art of
Money-making has proved an extraordinary
hit in England. All the wits and writters
go to hear him, and the vast St James Hall,
London, is crammed every time he repeats
the lecture. He has declined an oiler of
$6OOO from a prominent London publishing
house for the exclusive right to publish the
lecture in Great Britian.
Air. Buchanan and Cotygye&s.
Nothing shoWs more clearly the provi
dential necessity which effected the elec
tion of Mr. tier MAN AN, and
cued the Union, than tho
our lawgivers in Congress,
cans as well as Democrats, to understand
and act up to the National and patriotic re
quirements of the country.
I It is quite apparent that a great number
of tbe National Representatives, if we judge '
them tiv their actions, have
reached the Capitol if
flood ol the people's will, which Mr
! BUCHANAN above his competitors, had not
at the same time carried on its waves all
{ smaller tilings.
I Congress lias now rejourned. It did not
I go out of existenre after having improved
jits time, and thus become prepared for a
| happy end. Quite the contrary. It has been
surprised and suddenly cut down by the
hand of time, while its members thought
, they had still plenty of time to change their
I course—time enough to dolheirduty—time
j enough to serve their masters, the people,
| who sent them to Washington.
| The constitutional representatives of the
; will of the people having failed to properly
: express the same on the most important
public questions, the Executive branch of
the Government is in a great measure paral-
I yzed, for when there is no will there ver
ly is no way, and thus the Nation stands
ashamed before the wotld ol its chosen Sci
ons, and shouid the epitaph ol the XXXV'.h
' Congress be written to-day, it would not be
j flattering. And tliat tjuijaph would be just.
| Because it has not unable to as-
I pire to the noble resolves of a policy worthy
j ol a great Nation of Sovereigns iu its dornes-
I tie and loreign policy, but had even been
| so thoughtless as to derange all social and
j commercial intercourse by leaving the most
important Department of the Government,
the l'ost Department, without means for its
: support.
Happily wo liave in Mr. BCCHANAM a
helmsman of that tried ability and true re
publican greatness of character which will
prompt him to stick by the ship in this ex
■ retnity, and lake the grave responsibility
which the Constitution wisely lays even up
on the most patriotic actions lor the publ.c
good—if the same be beyond the limits of
power belonging to the special branch of
Government. We dnubt not the President
will exert, without hesitation, all the consti
tutional power, and if needs be that power
which he asked for in vain from a factious
and derelict Congress, to place the nation
at home and abroad in the position due to
her and far above the level a Congress of
weak and intriguing men thought to leave
her — Pennsyluittijan.
a most lamentable accident occurred at Leb
anon, Ky. The Louisville Cornier says :
By passengers Irom Lebanon, we leant of
a most distressing alfitir which occurred
near that place yesteroay. Miss Susan
Shuck, daughter of John, Shuck was to have
been married to Mr. John I hotnas at twelve
o'clock. But a lew minutes prior to the
time the ceremony was to be perlormed,
her dress oil fire, and
the wedding of thin mat
erial, was Mr, Shuck
and other members of the family, who also
tried to relieve the young lady from her
perilous situation, were burned, but not
seriously. The bride was badly burned
from Iter waist up, and the hair burned
from her head. Alter her wounds were
dressed, and while she lay upon her
couch, suffering the intensest agony the
marriage ceremony was perlormed.
VILI.K, March 2.—An old political feud ex
isted between Thomas S- Low, of Hnwes
ville. and Cicero Maxwell, of Hartford. Ky.,
Prosecuting Attorney of that district. Low,
had threatened to cowhide Maxwell on
meeting. To-day Maxwell, while addres
sing the Court at Hawesville, was interrupt
ed by Law, denouncing him grossly by in
sufliug language Maxwell and others fired
several shots, wounding Low in the thigh
and arm, cutting off his thumb and riddling
his shirt. A general fire of pistols ensued
Irom the friends of Maxwell. John Aid
ridge, a friend ol Low, was killed. A Mr.
Miller was shot through the thigh. Low
was committed to jail for protection from
the mob.
TON, March 4.—The Post Office Appropria
tion bill contained an item ol three millions
of dollars fur the payment of deficiencies
lor the present year, and which were abso
lutely required to meet accumulated obliga
tions With this sum, the Department
could have got along comfortably till the Ist
of July.
No means can be available till the Ist ol
April, when the proceeds for the quarter
will be paid in. After the 31 si of June,
none of the incoming revenue can be ex
pended, as the present law will have ceas
ed to operate.
The land as well as* the ocean service,
and consequently the whole machinery ol
the Department, is thus disastrously affect
—A young man named Orlando G. Parsons,
formerly a clerk in the New York Post
Olfice, committed suicide at his boarding
house in Baltimore on Tuesday, by shooting
himself Through the head. He hud been
disappointed in his effort to secure a clerk
ship in (he State Department at Washing
ton, as a letter Irom Secretary Cass, which
was found in his pocket, showed. Out ol
menus, and in a fit of despair, he commit
ted the rash act. Letters Irom Hon. Charles
J. Faulkner and Hon. J. Clancy Jones, rec
ommending him for appointment, were also
found in his possession.
THE East Baltimore Conference is still in
session at Williamsport, and it is said to be
unusually welt attended. Some 165 minis
ters responded to their names at the calling
ol the roll. The presiding officer is Bishop
The Postmaster General.
Washington, Match 7—A rumor prevailed
ibis morning that Postmaster General Brown
had expired. This was incorrect; a; 2
o'clock he was apparently easier, and
breadied more free'y than at any time dur
ing the previous twelve hours.
to o'clock, P. M—The Postmaster Gen
eral still lingers, there being 110 pro>pccl
whatever of his recovery.
Washington Criminal Court.
Wurhin ctoii, Mmcli 7. —The Criminal Court
for the District assembled this morning.—
The death of the late District Attorney, P.
B Keys, was announced in filtingtcrms by
llobert Ould Esq the newly appointed
successor of Mr. Keys, and was responded
to by Judge Crawford. The Court then ad
journed over in respect to the memory of
the deceased.
The Court room was crowded in expec
tation that some action being had in relation
to the '.rial of Mr. Sickles, but the Grand Ju
ry was not assembled.
The trial of Sickles will not commence
so early in the session as many anticipated.
His counsel were not present to day. The
j jail docket.' embracing the smaller offences,
j is usually first taken up, ar.d may occupy a
j week or longer.
I TUB Hon Edward I). Hannegan died on
I the 25th ult., at St Louis. He was a United
j States Senator from Indiana from 1843 to
j 1849, and was then sent by President Polk
as Minister to Prussia, where his unfortu
nate habits inflicted great discredit on the
country. Mr. 11. was of Irish origin, an
eloquent, impulsive, warm-hearted man,
j whose single lading, though a sad one, was
counterbalanced by many generaus quali
fies. A hrother-in law fell a victim to his
fury in a drunken quarrel some four or five
I years ago, and his life as a wide, might
I serve belter to "point a moral" than to
j "adorn a tale." His age must have been
1 from 55 to CO.
WIFE POISONING.—On Saturday last a man
named Clark B Crooks, at Newark, Ohio,
had a quarrel with his wife about going to
Pike's Peak—Crooks wished her to go
along with him, and she refused. Procur
ing some strychnine, he forced open her
mouth, and choked In-r, until she hail swal
lowed enough to throw her into convulsions
He then called in some neighbor women,
stating that his wife was subject to convul
sions and he would go for the doctor, but
instead of going he got on the cars and
went to Columbus, where he was arrested.
His wife recovered sufficiently to give a
short account of the transaction.
not always careful in adapting hymns to
occasions. A correspondent of the Presby
terian says that at the funeral of a late pas
tor nl a church in New England, the offici
ating minister gave out to he sung as the
concluding hymn, "Not all the blood of
beasts;" ami as the remains of the deceased
pastor were carried down the aisle the nf
dieted congregation reached ihe expressive
"Believing, we rejoice
To see the curse removed."
Horace Greeley, in speaking of the extra
ordinary success of the New York Ledg,
er. and the way it has been advertised
gives the the following advice to business
men:—"Business men in our day have
three cardinal elements: 1. The article off
ered must he well worth tho money; 2. It
must he adapted to the needs and the tastes
of the million ; 3. It must he so advertised
lliiil they are made fully aware of its exist
ence ; and 4. It must he sold forcash down,
and nothing short. Based on these founda
tions business may succeed even in these
dull, hard times."
At the President's last levee Mrs. James
Gordon Bennet occupied the same room
with Mr. Buchanan, and by his directon,
the crowd were presented to her as well as
to Miss Lane. At one time, says the Post's
correspondent, it was difficult Ui tell wheth
er the reception was Mrs. Beimel's or Mr
Buchanan's. The two occupied a sofa to
gether in the reception room lor about three
quarters of an hour, tho President himself
introducing his friends to Mrs. Bsnuet. The
latter was attired after tho latest French
style, and was decked with jewels in abun
dance, and held in her hand a choice hoquet,
"put up in an unique manner."
THE proprietors of the Iron Mountain in
Missouri have succeeded in smelting the
ore from the mountain with the raw bitu
minous coal that is mined in the vicinity of
St. Louis. The experiment is pronounced
to he eminently successful. The question
will now he whether ore shall be transpor
ted to the coal and the furnaces erected in
the vicinity of St. Louis, or the coal carried
to the iron, and the furnaces be built and
the labor employed at the mountain.
—The President on Saturday returned to
Congress, with his veto, the bill which had
been passed, granting about 6,000.000 acres
of land to the Slates, according to represen
tation, for the purpose of establishing and
sustaining agricultural colleges, &c. In a
message of some length, he states his objec
tions to tho hill, which aie mostly of a con
stitutional character.
William Smith O'Brien, one of the most
consistent and honorable of the Irish rebels
of 1848, arrived at Now York in the steam
ship Prince Albert, February 25th.—He
proposes to make the tour of the United
States, not for a personal diplay, but to be
come accquuinted with the country and the
character oi its institutions and people.
SHOULD an extra session of Congress take
place, it will probably be called for June,
and special elections would have to be held
in all tho Southern Slates, hut those which
have already held.them—Florida, Arkansas,
Missouri and South Carolina, and Virginia,
which elect* in May. The President's
message would have to go to Oregon by the
sth of March, or that State would he unre
The Dcmocram Parly.
It is n notable fact, says the- Juniata Kvz
inter, that those who'have opposed the poli
cy and priheiples of the Democratic pa'ty,
have over predicted its speedy decay and
downfall, l'rophet after prophet had arisen,
and seer after seer has fallen, in the same
glorious work of lorptelling the destruction
ot that parv, which has survived the reso
lutions and nourished amid the downfall of
all other factions that have stood in its path.
Changes it must have uiideriono, since its
mea-tires have been modified to suit tha
changed exigences of the country, and to
adopt itself to thu wants ot new Sta'e and
Territories and to the extending area ot the
country. But it yet stands the same in
the great princip'es which it advocates a'>d'
maintains, that it did in the days ol Jeffer
son, anil during the career of Jackson. Its
polar star is the'constitution—the end it
aims at, the glory and permanent welfare of
the whole country. All the wurJs that are
said about its disintegration and its downfall,
are but the vaticinations of its enemies,
open or secict. These vaticinations are of
the same hue and character that they have
| ever been, and were there no such hopes
| for the enemies of Democracy to feed on,
i die spirit that animates all thsir political
| schemes would expire and they would
j have nothing to excite and stimulate tl.era
|to action. It is bui a slender reed whereon
: to lean, and it would he a cruel task to de
j prive them of the one passion of their lives
j —the desire for the destruction of their
| dreadful foes. Let them enjoy, in peace,
| die one little consolation that animates and
keeps them alive. Let them live by it,
feed on it, warm from it; and receive their
who'e strength from the poor comfort which
thoy nourish and cherish so sedulously, for
like all the prophets that have gone before
I them, they are doomed to a bitter disap-
I pointment.
Another Sickles Tragedy —The Rochester
U"Wn unci Advertiser , of Friday, lias tha
following: At Batavia this, David
Curry, an Irishman, shot John Foster; an
Englishman, Ilis wife hud been keeping
house for Foster some time, and Curry re
quested her :o come home. She refused.
They quarreled last night. Foster and two
other men Curry badly. Foster was
shot above the abdomen, the ball passing
through his body, and lodging in a fence
post. Foster died in afew hours afterwards.
Foster was passing on the opposite side of
the street Irom Curry's house, and on hit
way to work, lie was about 30 years of
age. and a laborer. Curry was immediate
ly arres'ed and committed to jail. There it
considerable excitement in llatavia iu r-
gard to it.
A I.ADY in New York lately appeared at a
fancy ball as -'Poverty and Riches." The
costume was divided through the center,
from head to foot, and face and hands made
to match with the costume. One half of
the person of this lady was dressed in the
richest silks and laces, the other'represenl
ing the most extreme poverty, with shocking
down about the worn shoe, and lace which
gave apparent evidence of a cruel husband.
Doc Ton DIXON says the use of oil would
decrease the victims of consumption nine
tenths Doctor Hooker also says, without
(at meat, sooner or later, the body is al
most certain to show the eflecis of defi
cient calorification. Young persons who
will eat plentifully of fat meat will never
die of consumption.
TIIK Princess, from Vicksburgh to'
New Orleans, on Sunday morning Feb.27th
uit., burst her boiler and then took fire and
burned to the water at Conrad's Point near
Baton Rough, La. 01 the four hundred
passengers on board at the time, only two
hundred are known to be survivors. Of the
number a large proportion were ladies. The
boat and cargo a total loss.
A new female order, called "Little Sis
ters of the Poor," spreads in France with un
common rapidity. Their object is to estab
lish homes for poor old men and women,
and to nurse them. Though founded only
a few ye irs ago, (the foundress, formerly a
female servant, still lives,) they have at
present some fifty houses.
THE borough Council of Pottsvllle made
an appropriation of twenty dollars reoently,
to pay the expenses of a borer to go to Har
risburg and assist in passing a bill in which
the town was interested. This, we believe,
says the Reading Gazette, is the first in
stance on record id a town corporation open
ly sanctioning the boring system.
TOBONTO, C. W., March 4. Fleming,
formerly a telegraph operator, and O'Leary,
were executed to day Both of the parties
made a confession. Fleming attributed the
crime for which he was convicted ta the
keeping of had company and the habit of
drink. Every exertion was made to obtain
reprieve in his case.
SON and OAKKS, H. R., hare our sincere
thanks for complimentary favors. Their
labors at liarrisburg are fast drawing to a
close. They have been good and failhtul
members ; such that the district may well
feel proud of; and in all their doings they
have had an eye single upon tho interest*
of their constituents.
A COUNTRY girl, coming from the field,
was told by her cousin that she "looked as
fresh as a daisy kissed with dew." "Wen,"
said she, "it wasn't any body by '.hat name
hut ii was Harry Jones that kissed me. '1
told him every one in the village woulrf find
it out."
A resolution has passed the j£luse of
Representatives of this State tjjMourn on
the 16th inst. This, hoWjr7 will he of
no avail without the concurrence of the
Senate, which is not afoll probable.
A Bnptist church hm been organized at
Beach Haven, LuzCrne county, composed
ot members converted under the labors of
Rev. J. R. Shanafelt, of Berwick.
•ST Ban •"rancisco, Cab, has every Sun
day night English, French, and Germas
theatres in full blast.