The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, November 04, 1857, Image 1

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B. U".
11. ff. WBAVER,
'OFFICII"— Up stain. in the new brick build• 1
ting, on the south side oj Main Street, third i
square below Market.
;I- E N BI s■ i wo Dollar* per annum, if \
paid within six montlia from the lime of sub- 1
-eeribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within die year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period (hail si* months; no
-discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
•ire psid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVEBTISEMENT* not exceeding one square
"will be inserted three times lor One Dollar,
and twenty five cents for each additional in
seition. A liberal discount will be made to |
'those who advertise by the year.
In storm or shine, two friends of mine
Go forth to work or play,
And when they visit poor men's homes,
They bless them by the way.
'Tis willing hand! 'tis cheerful heart?
The two best friends I know,
Around the hesrt come joy and mirth
Where'er their faces glow.
Come st.ioe—'lis bright! come dsrk—'lis light!
Come cold—'lis waim ere long!
to heavily tall the hammer stroke !
Meriily sound the song!
Who fall* may .'and, if good right hand
Is first not second be.t;
Who weeps may sing, il kindly heart
Has lodging in his breast.
The humblest board has dainties poored,
When they sit down to dine;
The bread they tat ia honey sweet,
The water good as wine.
They fill the purse with honest gold,
Tlrey lead no creature wrong;
tin merrily fall the hammer stroke!
Merrily sound the sung.
"Without thee twain the poor complain
Of evils hard to bear,
But with them poverty grows rich,
And finds a loaf to spare !
Their looks are fire—their words inspire—
Their deeds give courage high ;
About their knees the children run,
Or climb, they know not wby,
Who sails, or rules, or walks with them,
Ne'er finds the journey long;
So heavily fall rhe hammer stroke 1
Merrily sound the song!
If flowers were good as kisses,
Ob then I wilt be bound,
That sprouts would soon be growing
Ou every incb of ground.
If wine were good as kisses,
How very soon we'd see
All people who could gel if
As tipsy as could bo.
If bread were good as kisses,
Full well, my Iriend, I know
That corn would rise in price,
And to baking we would go.
If rakes were good as kisses,
We'd soon see high arid low,
The countess with hercook-mttid,
All rolling up the dough.
If books wete good as kisses,
And easy to bo earned
How many an ignoramus
Would be full deeply learned.
Go over the world, good fellow,
Consider all things well,
Thou'li see that ol every pleasure
Sweet kissing doth beat the bell.
I f Next to being upright and faiikfu! in
the performance of your duty, be decided,!
and then you will make either friends oi loes
worth having.
IT In treating diseases of the mind, mu- j
a'.c is not sufficiently valued. I:t raising the
heart above despair, ao old violin is wotlb
Jour doctors and two apothecary shops.
A certain cockney bluebrard overcome by
sensibilities, fainted at tbe grave of hia fourth
epoti6e. "What can wedowith him'"asked
a perplexed friend of his. "Let him alone,"
said a waggish bystander; "he'll soon rewive.
"You ate very stupid, Thomas," said a
country teacher to a little boy eight years old.
"You ate like a donkey, and what do they
do to cure him of his stupidity?" "Why, they
teed tim more and kick him less," said the
"If we ate to live after death, why don't
yse have some ceitain knowledge of it?"
■aid a skeptic to a clergyman. "Why don't
you have some knowledge of this world be
fore you cotne into it ?" was the caustic reply.
ur It it slated that the warehouses in Buf
falo arecramed to their utmost capacity with
grain, flour and general produce from the west.
Fresh cargoes are continually arriving, but
there is no one to recive them. Tho banks
in many instances have advanced the freight,
-taking the whole cargo as security- One firm
lias now thirteen boats lying st West troy
lieavily laden with valuable produce, and
tbey are unable to raise tbe money ($3000)
to pay tbe tolls.
A Gooc COMPARISON.—"If you have ever
-Been," wrote Willis to his daughter,'' a field
-of broom-coin—the most careless branching
and free sway ing of all the products of a sum
mer—and can fancy the contrast, in its des
tiny, between (weeping the pure eirwith the
wind's handling, and sweeping what it more
usefully may, wben lied up fot handling as
brooms, you can understand tbe difference
1 fsel, between using my thoughts at my
pleasure, si in country life,*nd using them
for subsistence as in my present profession."
FIELD.—A shipbuilder was once asked what
be thought of Mr. Whitfield. "Think!'' he
replied; "I tell you, sir, every Sunday that I
no to my parish church, I can build a ship
from neni lo alern under the sermon; but,
were I 10 save my eoul, under Mr. W. I
to Lid cot l.ry a eiii~ie pluck."
What has been the financial history of
the country for the last twenty-five years ?
-I can speak with positive knowledge upon
this subject during the period of eighteen
years since I first came into public life.—
'lt-has been a history of constant vibration
of extravagant expansions in the business
of the country, succeeded by ruinous con
tractions. At successive intervals many of
the best and moat enterprising men of the
country have been crushed. They have
fallen victims at the shrine of the insatiate
and insatiable spirit of extravagant bank
ing and speculation. Starting at the ex
treme poifit of depression -of one of theso
periods, we find that the country has been
glutted with foreign merchandize, and il re
quires all our efforts to pay the debt thus
contracted to foreign nations. At this crisis
the bunks can do nothing to relieve the
people. In order to preserve their own ex
istence, they are compelled to contract their
loans and their issues. In the hour of dis
tress, when their assistance is most needed,
they can do nothing for their votaries. Ev
ery article sinks in price, men are unable
to pay thoir debts, and wide-spread rain
pervades the land. During this firßt year
of the cycle, we are able to import but
comparatively little foreign merchandize,
and this affords the country an opportunity
of recruiting its exhausted energies. The
next year the patient begins to recover
Domestic manufactures flourish in propor
tion as foreign goods become scarce. The
industry and enterprise of our citizens have
been exerted with energy, and our produc
tions have liquidatod the foreign debt. The
third year a fair business is done. The
country preset)'* a flourishing appearance
The banks, relieved from the drains of
specie required for. foreign export, begin
onoe moie to expand, and temptthe unwary
to their ruin. Property of all descriptions
commands a fair price. The fourth or filth
year the era of extravagant banking and
speculation returns, again to be succeeded
by another ruinous revulsion.
This was the history of the country up
till 1837- Since then we have traveled the
road to ruiu much more rapidly than in for
mer years. Before that period it had re
quired from three to six years to get up an
expansion and its corresponding explosion.
We have now witnessed the astounding
fact that Ave can press through all these
changes, and even from one suspension of
specie payments to another in little more
than two years.
It is curious to observe with how much
accuracy you can read the ever-changing
condition of this country in the varied
amount of our importations. The year
1836 was one of the vast expansion, and
produced the explosion and suspension of
Bpecie payments in 1837. The imports
were greatly diminished in 1837, being less
than they had been in 1836 by nearly fifty
millions of dollars. In 1838 they sunk
down to twenty-seven millions less than
they had been In 1837, and nearly twenty
seven millions less tban they were in 1839.
In 1839 we had another expansion, and our
imports were forty-four millions of dollars
greater than they had been in 1838. This
expansion preceded ihe explosion and sus
pension payments in the mouth of October
iast. Thus we have become such skilful
architects of ruin, that a single year was
sufficient to prepare the late explosion.
There never has existed a nation on earth,
except our own, that could endure such
rapid and violent expansions and contrac
tions. It is the buoyancy of youth—it is
| the energies of our population—it is the
i spirit which never quails before difficulties
—which enables us to endure such shocks
J without utter ruin. Yes, sir r a difference in
: the amount of our imports, between the
j years 1836 and 1838, of twenty seven mill
ions of dollars, is sufficient to excite the
! astonishment of the world.
What causes chiefly operate to produce
this speedy recurrence of the second ex
plosion and the second suspension of spe
cie payments ? Three may be mentioned.
In the first place, after the bank suspension
1837, every person who was friendly to well
regulated banks, if such a thing be possible
under the present system, ardently desired
that the different State Legislatures might
impose upon them some wholesome restric
tions. It was expected that they would be
compelled to keep a certain amount of
specie in their vaults in proportion to their
circulation and deposits ; that the founda
tion of a specie basis for our paper curren
cy should be laid by prohibiting the circu
lation of bank notes at the first under the
denomination of ten and afterwards under
that of twenty dollars ; that the amount of
their dividends should be limited; and,
above all, that upon the occurrence of anoth
er suspension their doors should be closed
at once, and their affairs bo placed in the
hands of commissioners. The diflerent
Legislatures met. Much indignation was
expressed at the conduct of the banks.—
They were severely threatened; but at last
they proved to powerful for the people. In
deed, it would almost seem as if most of
the Slate Legislatures had met for no otiter
purpose than to legalize the previous sus
pension of specie payment, No efficient
restrictions were imposed; and the banks
were thus taught that they might thereafter
go unpunished—unwhipped of justice.—
Past impunity prevented tbem from reduce
ing their business and curtailing tkeir prof
its in such a manner as to render them
secure in the day of trial. They have fallen
again ; I fear again to enjoy the same im
In the second place, ihe immense, amount
of money loaned to many of the States in
England, a large portion of which was
brought home in the form of foreign mer
chandise, afforded great facilities for over
trading, or rather overbuying.
And in the third [place, the conduc£of
the bank of the United Statesgreatly tended
to produce these, excessive importations.—
That institution became the broker for the
sale of ell State bonds" in Europe. It en
deavored to monopolize the entire cotton
trade of the country ; and it drew bills of
exchange on England, roost freely, at mod
erate rates, against the proceeds of the
bonds and of its cotton. Every temptation
Avas thus presented to speculations in for
eign merchandise.
These three causes combining, have oc
casioned a second suspension of specie
payments within two years after the first,
and produced this bloated credit system,
from the wreck of whioh cur country is
now deeply differing.
1 most heartily concur with the Senatot
from Kentucky in one of his positions. We
certainly produce 100 little and import too
much. Our expanded credit system is the
great cause of this calamity. Confine it
within safe and reasonable bounds, and this
disastrous effect will no longer be produced.
It is not in the powei of Congress to do
much toward a consumation so desirable.—
Still we shall do ull we can ; and the pres
ent bdl will exercise some influence in re
straining the-banks from making extrava
gant loans and emitting extravagant is
What effect has this bloated system of
credit produced upon the morals of the
country ? In tho large commercial cities, it
lias converted almost al' men of business
into gamblers. Where is there now to be
found the old-fashioned importing merchant,
whoso Avord was as good as his bond, and
who was content to grow rich, as our fath
ers did, by the suoeessive and regular prof
its of many yearsof patient industry? Such
men were the glory and pride of commeroe,
and elevated the character of their country
both at home and abroad. I ask, where are
they? Is not the race almost extinct? All
notv desire to grow rich rapidly. Each
takes his chance in the lottery of specula
tion. Although there may be a hundred
chances to one against him, each, eagerly
intent upon the golden prize, over'ooks the
intervening rocks and quicksands between
him and it, and when he fondly thinks he
is about to clutch it, he sinks into bankrupt
cy and ruin. Such lias been the fate of
thousands of our most enterprising citi
If the speculator should prove successful
and win the golden prize, no matiet by what
means he may have acquired his wealth,
this clothes him with honor and glory.—
Money, money, money, confers the highest
distinction in society. The republican sim
plicity and virtue of a Macon would be sub
jects of ridicule on Wall street or Chestnut
street. The highest talent, directed by the
purest patriotism, moral worth, literary and
professional fame—in Aorl, every quality
that ought to confer distinction in society
sink into insignificance when compared with
wealth. Money is equivalent to a title of no
biltiy in our larger commercial cities. This
is the effect ol the credit system.
We have widely departed from the eco
nomical habits and simple virtues of our
forefathers. These are Ihe only sure foun
dations upon which our republican institu
tions can rest. The desire to make sn os
tentatious display of our rapidly acquired
wealth has produced a splendor and bound
less expense unknown in burner times.—
There is now more extravagance in our large
commercial cities than exists in anj portion
of the world, which I have ever seen, ex
cept among the wealthy nobility of England.
Thank Heaven this extravagance has but
partially reached the mountains and valleys
of the interior. The people there, so fsr as
their potential voice can be heard, are deter
mined to put an end to this bloated credit
system, which threatens to involve not only
their private fortunes, but their political lib
erties in ruin.
On Fridey last, when I eery unexpectedly
addressed lbs Senate, 1 stated a principle of;
political economy which 1 shall now read i
from the hook. It is this. "That if you
double the amount of the necessary circulat
ing medium in any country, you therefore
double the nominal price of every article.—
11, wnen the circulating medium is fifty mil
lions, an article should cost or.e dollar, it
would cost two if, without any increase of
the use of a circulating medium, the quanti
ty should be increased to one hundred mil
lions." The same effect would be produced
whether the circulating medium were specie
or convertible bank paper mingled with spe
cie. It isyhe increased quantity of the me
dium not its character, which produces this
effect. Of course I leave out ol view irre
deemable bank paper.
Let rhe now recur to the proposition with
which I commenced; and 1 repeal that I do
not pretend to mathematical accuracy in the
illustration which I shall present. The U. S.
carry on a trade with Germany and France;
the former a hard money country, and the
latter approaching it so nearly as to have no
bank notes iu circulation nnder the denomi
nation of five hundred francs, or nearly one
hundred dollars. On the contrary, the U. S.
is emphatically a paper-money country, hav
ing eight hundred banks of issue, all of
lbm emitting notes of s denomination as
low as five dollars, and most of tbem one,
two and three dollar notes. For every doi-
Itr of gold and silver in the vaults of tbeee
Truth And Right-— God tad oar Couutry.
banks, tbey issue three, four, five, and some
of tliern as high'aa'ten, soil even fifteen dol
lars of paper. This produces a vast but
ever-changing expansion of [the cnrrency,
and a consequent increase of the prioes of
all articles, the value of which is not regela
ted by foreign derhantl, above tho prices of
similar articles in Germany and France. At
particular stagev of our expansions, we
might with justice apply the principle which
I have staled to our trade with these coun
tries, and assert that, trom the great redun
dancy of our currency, artidlesare manufac
tured in France aad Germany for one half
'.heir actual cost in tbia country. Let me
preeeut an example. In 'Germany, where
the currency ts purely nretnmc r *fld trie cost
of -every thing is reduced to a hard-money
standard, a piece of broadcloth can be man
ufactured for fifty dollars, the manufacture of
wbich in our country, from the expansion of
our paper cnrreucy, would cost one.hundred
dollars? What is the consequence? The
Foreign French or German manufacturer im
ports his cldth into our country, and sells it
for a hundred dollars. Does not every per
son perceive that the redundancy of our cur
rency ie equal to a premium of one hundred
per cpnt. HI favor of the foreign manufactur
er ? No tariff of protection, unless it amoun
ted to prohibition, could counteract this ad
vantage ir, favor of loreign manufactures.—
I would to heaven that 1 could arouse the
attention of every manntactarer of the na
tion to this important subject.
The foreign manufacturer will not receive
our batik notes in payment. He will take
nothing home except gold and silver, or bills
o! exchange, which are equivalent. He
does -not expend this money here, where he
would be compelled ta support his family,
and to purchase his labor and materials at
the same rate of prices which he receives
for his manufactures. Ou the contrary, he
goes home, purchases his 'labor, his ivool
and all other articles which enter into his
manufacture, at half theirco.t in thiscoun
try, and again returns to inundate us with
foreign woolens, and to ruin our domestic
manufactures. I might cite many other ex
amples, hut this, f trfist, will be sufficient to
draw public attention to the subject. This
depreciation of our currency is, therefore,
equivalent to a direct protection granted to
the foreign over Ihe domestic manufacturer.
It is impossih le that nur manufacturers should
be able to sustain such an unequal competi
Sir, I solemly believe that if we could but
reduce this inflated paper bubble to anything
ike reasonable dimensions, New England
would become the most prosperous manu
facturing country that the sun ever shone
upon. ' Why cannot we manufacture goods,
and especially cotton goods, which will go
into successful competition with the British
manufactures in foreign markets? Have we
not the necessary capital? Have we not the
industry? Have we not Ihe machineryf—
And above all, are not our skill, energy and
enterprise proverbial throughout the world?
Land is also cheaper here than in any other
country on the f.ce of tbe earth. We poa
sees every advantage wbich l'rovidence can
bestow upon us for the manufacture of cot
ton; but tbey are all counteracted by the folly
of man. The raw material costs us less
than it does Ihe English, because this is an
article Ihe price of whioh depend* upon for
eign markets, and is not regulated bv our
OAn irflated currency. We, therefore, save
the height of the cotton across the Atlantic,
and that of the manufactured article on ita
lettiru here. What is the reason that, with
all these advantages, and with the protective
duties which our laws afford to the domestic
manufacturer of cotton we cannot oblaio ex
clusive possession of the home market, and
successfully contend lor Ihe markets of the
world? It is simply because we manufac
ture at the nominal prices of our own inflated
currency, and are compelled to sell at the
real prices of other nations. Reduce our
nominal to the real standard of prices through
out the world, atid yon cover oar country
with blessings and benefits. I wish to Hea
ven I could'speak in a voice loud enough to
be heard throughout New because,
if the attention of manufactures could once
be directed to tbe subject, their own intelli
gence and native sagacity wonld leach them
how injuriously they are affected by our
bloated banking and credit system, and
would enable tbem to apply the proper cor
Although this bill will not have as great an
influence as I could desire, yet, as far as it
goes, it will benefit the laboring man as
much, and probably more, than any other
class of society. What is it he ought most
to desire t Constant employment, regular
wages, and uniform reasonable prices for
the necessaries and comforts of life wbioh
be requires. Now, sir, what has been his
condition under our system of expansions
and contractions f He has suffered more by
them than any other class of society. The
rate of bis wages is fixed and known, and
tbey ere the last to raise with the increasing
expansion, and the first to fall when the cor
responding revulsion occurs. He still con
tinues to receive bl* dollar per day, whilst
the price of every article which he consumes
is rapidly rising. Hs is at length made to
feel that, although be nominally eatna aa
much or even more than he did formerly,
yet, from the increased price of ail the ne
cessaries of life, he cannot support his fami
ly. Hence he strikes for higher wages, and
the uneasy sod excited feelings whioh have
at different periods existed among the labor
ing classes. But the expansion at length
reaches the exploding point, and what dots
the laboting man now suffer I Be Is for a
season thrown out of employment altogether.
Our manufactures are suspended; our pu'blio
works are stopped: our private enterprises
of different kinds are abandoned; and, whilst
others are able to weather the storm, he can
scarcely procure tbe means of bare subsis
Again, a'u; who do you suppose, held the
greater part of the worthless paper of the
one hundred and sixty-five broken banks to
which I have referred ? Certainly il was
not the keen and wary speculator, who snuffs
danger from afar. If you wete to make the
search, you would find more broken bank
notes in the cottages of the laboring poor
than any where else. And these miserable
KUliiptasiere worn <™ wry, wnai em lire;)
After the revulsion of 1837, laborers were
glad to obtain employment on any terms,
and they often received it upon the express
condition that they should accept this worth
less trash in payment. Sir, sn entire sup
pression of all bank notes of a lower denom
ination than Ihe value of one week's wages
ol the laboring man is absolutely necessary
for bis protection. He ought always to re
ceive his wageß in gold and silver. Of all
men on rhe earth, the laborer, is most inter
oeted in having a sound and stable currency.
Tobnccn Smoking.
The Mahoramedau legend on the subject
is too long for repetition under its Eastern
garb. Suffice it that a viper was restored to
health by the warmth of tbe Prophet's body.
Immediately on convalescene, the ungrateful
reptile announced its intention of biting its
preserver. The I'tephet expostulated. An
argument ensued, which ended in the viper's
carrying out its original project. The Proph
et sucked the venom from bis wounded
wrist aRd spit it forth. "From these drops
■sprung that wondrous weed, which has the
bitterness of the serpent's tooth quelled by
tbe sweet saliva of the Prophet." But what
ever the origin of tobacco, no plant has ex
ercised so much political The
Pope Urban VIII excommunicated all those
who'iook snuff in church. The Empress
Elizabeth was less severe. She declared
ihe snuffboxes of those who made use of
them in churuh should be confiscated to ihe
use of the beadle. At Ilerne the use of to
bacco was classified with adhlteiy. In Tran
sylvania-the penalty was far gteater; ii 1639
entire confiscation of property was the sen
tence of those who should plant tobacco,
while consumers were condemned to fines
varying from three to two hundred florin?.—
Amuralh IV hung persons found guilty of
smoking, with pipes through their noses and
a tobacco pouch hanging from their necks.
The Grand Duke ol Muscovy forbade smok
ing and snuff-taking under the penally of
having the nose cut off; while Mohamed IV,
son or the Sultan Ibrahim, 1663, punished
the practice with decapitation. Il is related
of Amnrath that a smoking sapbi once anuck
the monarch himself for smoking with him
incognito on board a caique. Amurath in
formed the ssphi that the royal decree refer
red equally to himself. "No," replied the
saphi, "t fight for and would die for him.—
It does not apply to me." A few days sub
sequently Amurath sent for him, and, making
himself known, gave bis fellow-offender a
good appointment. But such penal regula
tions appear always to have been evaded.
Those modern Amuraths, rail way directors,
arrogate to themselves tbe right of inflicting
a fine or 4Da. and expulsion from their line
ou any one guilty of the sublime act. But it
is sweet to smoke under difficulties. Were
the prohibition removed, smoking on railway
carswoulJ probably cease. We know of
one young man who feigned madness that
he might secure a carriage to himself.—
Another, on seeing a bishop alight at an in
termediate station, immediately made for the
compartment' and calling for a guard com
plained that the carriage was reeking of to
bacco smoke. "To be sure, those clertoal
gentlemen do smoke terribly," answered the
official. "Then don't accuse me of it here
after," rejoined the yoolb with an arch smile.
I On one occasion a railway guard thrust his
head into a carriage filled with devotees in
the act of their devotion*, ar.d placing his
hand ou a cushion, observed, "There are
two very good rules on this line, gentlemen.
Smoking is strictly prohibited, and the com
pany's servants are forbidden to accept gra
A CELLAR "UP STAIRS."—H. A. Sheldon,
of Middlebory, Virecommends those with
out the conveniences of an onder ground cel
lar, the following substitute: "Take a box
of any convenient size and set it within
another of similar form, but enough larger to
admit a layer of dry sawdust four or five in
ches thickness to be closely packed betwen
the two, both at the bottom and eides. There
may be a cover on both boxes, or ocly one
on the outsiue box. In a room having a fire
by day, such a box will keep vegetables
enough for a small family during a month or
so, which will be a great convenience to
those living at a distanc from market. In
very cold weather the box may be left open
during the day." It will also do for a Sum
mer ice-cheat, by putting the ice in, in some
water-tight vessel.—American Agricultwid.
EF" PUNCTUATION— that is, putting the stops
in the right places—caunot be to sedulously
studied. We lately read, in a country paper,
the following startling account of Lord Pal
meralon's appearance in the House of Com
mon: "Lord Palmertson then entered on
his heat 1 , a while bat on his feet, large but
well polished boots upon his brow, a dark
cloud in his band, bis faithfo! walking stiok
in his eye, a meaning glare taying nothing.
He eat down."
The'tiappinesa of this world is not so une
qually distributed as many imagine ; the rich
have not all the priviledges, nor the poor all
tbe privations. Thank God, the'pureil plea
sures of life are those which mcney cannot
buy. The artisan going from hia wearisome
labor to his hum bio house, as he meets the
love-lit smile of his wife, and lakes his fair
and healthy child upoo his knee, knows a
thrill of sweeter joy than the most lavish ex
penditure of gold upon cosily stimulants can
bring the jaded mind of the epicurean in plea
sure- The wildwood IfloWets and the dew
drops ate not bought; Ihe glory of snnse! and
(lie magnificence of the full moon ere tree
to tf;l,' The blushing cheek end beaming
eyes of the effectiou cannot be purcha-ed ;
virtue and beauty receive not their glorious
riches from the hand of Mammon; the intel
lectually wealthy may well bold in contempt
tho baser coin of Ihe world.
ft is true that the bridegroom workingman.
as he bears -his bride to their lowly home,
longs, with Ihe impulse of affection, to attire
her graceful fo>m in the same adornment*
which her proufier sister* use to heighten
their charms; but it is foolish, though gen
erous impulse. If he loves his bride, and
she him, they need not covet the situation
of those whose love of rivalship, display,
and "pride of place" have most likely driv
en out simple, heartfelt happiness. The ra
diant smile of affection, and the clear glance
of unsullied virtue, are ornaments above
price, and will make the face of a woman
beautiful even in its old-agb.
So the working-man father, looking around
upon his blooming children, is conscious
that their intellect is as keen, their percep
tions as ready, as those ol the nabob's upon
the next street; and he determines they shall
have similar advantages. This is a noble
ambition. But in these days, it is no reason
why a man should spend his years ingrumb
litig discontent because he is not rich. Our
system of common schools places education
•within reach of ihe -humblest. Willi rnintl
and education, every son and danhter has a
fair chance to achieve respectability in this
couutry; and it is fa-lse ambition which
Avould seek the power and honor cotfferred
■only by money. Yet, (hat son or daughter
may have yearnings after the develnpemenl
of peculiar talents or genius; the son may
thirst to drink deep of the Pierian spring
of classical learning; may have a gift for a
profession (without which especial calling
he has no business to attempt competition
in the overburdened Tanksof the professions;)
and ihe daughter may have visions of beau
ty, or have dreams of melody, which call for
her fingers to accomplish themselves in pain
ting or music.
With health a moderate industry will bring
about all this, and still the soul not fall a vic
tim to the prevailing fever—the terriblegold
lever which scnrches the eensibillies, and
dries up the springs ol humanity in so many
There is still another class who feel yet
more keenly the want of wealth; not for the
petty pleasures of sense, or thetoeal influ
ence it would give tbem, but because-they
worship the B-autiful, and money would
gkye them the means of gratifying their ex
quisite tastes. With souls aspiring after
grace, fitness, and beauty in all things, they
have to struggle with the details of life and
poverty. These are the people of genius
poets, artists—men of divine, unworldly gifts.
They would convert the glorious Ideal into
the Real, ifrtiey had the necessary means.
They nre treated by the coarseness and ugli
ness from which they cannot escape, yet
they are self-deceived if they do not consider
themselves among the most lortuna'.e, as far
even as happiness, commonly considered,
goes. We doubt not that the painter in his
unfurnished gairet, with his coffee pot and
loaf of bread, and his hard bed in the same
room with him. ia filled with a richer plea
sure, as he sits, and dreams, and broods over
the creation of his genius upon the convas
before him, than it is possible for the weal
thy egotist, who buys it of bim, to conceive.
We doubt not that his Act—his beloved, wor
shiped Art—is more to him than pyramids
of diamonds. Ask him if he would exchange
himself, his hopes, his dreams, hi* ideals,
his fine perceptions of beauty, his deep emo
tions, for the withered soul ol yonder Croesus,
who has spent bis life in accumulating bonds
and mortgages, rent?, and interest upon in
And the poet —will he say that he has ev
er entered the portals of any Fifth Avenue
palace, that could begin to equal the splen
dor of the unearthly palaces through which
his imagination daily walks? Will he give
up the materials (torn which he constructs
these—gold of the sunset, marble of the
clouds, silver ol the Star light, gems of the
dew and waterfall, draperies of intangible
mists and inexpressibly lovely shadows, spray
and foliage, with all the delight which tbey
give and the beamy which they auggeet—for
the brown stone mansion of the millionare?
Will he notaay that his day and his night
dreaming, his fancies, bis earnest aspirations
after ibe pure end true, his deep sympathy
with the heart of humanity, hia mighty store
of lore, his keen delight in all ibatia fair, bis
broad and boundless realm of feeling and
imagination—where angels walk, and visi
ttnls more beautiful then flowers, linger to
smile upon bim—will he net say that tkese
are beyond price—a wealth which he has in
herited from the Father in Heaven 1
The scholar and the screniifio man ; will
tbey measure their pleasures along with
those of the sensualist and the epicure ? Yet,
for what nobler purpose are the moat of these
fortunes acquired, than for indulgence in
[Tw Dllars pe^^S^^
I good eating, good drinking, rich clod:, and
eltowy hoose, a'rtd for ihe means of rivalry,
I arrogance, and ostentation ?
j A good fortune, well spent noon ol'jecla
[ of real merit, upon works of art, and cnltiva
' lion of the mind and "tool; updo ihejpoor,
the sick, nnd upon the struggling men df tdl"-
em ; upon the advancement of science and
general intelligence, si a desirable thing.
But bow lew acquire money for Bach purpo-
Take heart, yon who belong not 10 throng
ol the vulgar "great!" Reconsider your for
tunes, and see if you liave'tlOl cause'lor lru
thankfulness. Press not on so madly" for the
glittering payment. Do you not see how
jrm kiittnjfh om itirTtirwrtd tty V
Why will yon be so unmindful ot their frag
rance upon the air, anil of the .blue heaven
over your heads ?
From ForiUj't rrcst.
Pursuit of Gain.
The irresiatibie impulse that has been
given, within the last few years, to every
branch of iudustry, has been productive of
great good. But every human benefit is
I apt to be closely attended by corresponding
evil. The lightning and the tempest purify
the elements, but, at'the same time, are the
agents of death and desolation. So, too,
while the whole country bears evidence to
the physical prosperity of our people, it is
equally evident that there is a too intense
and absorbing devotion to gain. This af
fects the whole-body politic. 'lt lias chang
ed, and will yet more radically change, the
whole order of society. "The great princi
ple of demand and supply," said Mr.
Calhoun, in one of his speeches on the
Sub-Treasury, "governs the moral and in
tellectual world no less than the business
and commercial. If a community be so
constituted as to cause a demand for high
mental attainments, as if its honors and re
wards are allotted to pursuits ihftt require
'.heir development, by creating a ifftmaPd
for intelligence, knowledge, wisdom, justice,
firmness, courage, patriotism, and the like,
they are sure to be produced. But if, on
the contrary, they bo allotted to pursuits
that require inferior qualities, the higher aro
sure to decay and perish."
Fortunes have been so rapidly accumula
ted in our country out of the regular and
beaten paths of ordinary pursuits, thkt a
rage for sudden acquisitions universally pre
vails. Wealth is fast becoming the cilerion
of mrt-it, as "Well as of individual and so
cial consideration. The influence of this
upon the intellect and more manly qualities
of a people is disastrons. All the higher
and nobler faculties of the mind dwindle
away when brought in contact with the
schemes of speculation and the arts of the
stock-board. In that presence they are as
surely blasted as the gTeen spot in the des
ert, when swept by the devouring sirocco.
"Wisdom, justice, courage, patriotism, and
the like," derive their inspiration from a
very different source.' It is true, to make
money, in the sharp competitions of trade,
may require and develop quickness of judg
ment and promptitude of action—qualities
desirable in themselves, but by no means
the highest and most desirable. That na
tion has arrived at a critical stage ill its ex
istence, when wealth, and the ease and lux
ury it secures, are become the chief objects
of ambition.
"11l fares the land, to hastening ills a
Where wealth accumalales and men
The heroic virtues have then departed.
Duly and honor no longer hold sway. In
any great crisis affecting for weal or woe the
good and glory of tho country through all
coming time, the decisive acion will be
determined, not by public and patriotic con
siderations, but by those which are personal
and pecuniary. The professions, and espe
cially the higher career of politics, will bo
adopted, not as the means to acquire honor
and do the Stale service, but as the means
of making money. Other considerations
will be sacrificed to this. A generous am
bition withers and dies whenever the pass
ion of acquisition gets possession of tint
It is on this ground that wars have been
vindicated. It has been said that they with
draw tire attention of mankind from thoso
objects that are dwarfing and benumbing
them, and fix it upon things of a larger and
more momentous character. Their bosoms
are aroused and agitated by the march and
encounter of armies, by gallant deeds, and
heroic sacrifices. They become insensibly
imbued with a higher and loftier spirit, and
obey with alacrity the call of honor or duly.
Such is the argument, and certainly it is
not without seeming force. Let us hope,
however, that a more effectual means to
check the undue and unrighteous worship
of Mammon may be found in the wider
diffusion of a sound and ennobling literature
and the re-awakening of a more healthful
moral tone.
A NARROW ESCAPE —" Muher! Miilrer!
what have you done?" said a little newsboy
lo a green horn who had jntlied his horse
to a spruce pole, as he thought. "Done!"
■siid -the fellow; "What do yon mean? I hain't
been doiu', ae I know on!" "Why, yelh
yon have thir you've hitched your both to
the magnetic telegraph, and you'll be in Naw
York in leth than two minute*, if you don't
look out."— the man untied Ids horse with
nervous anxiety, and jumping into his wag
on drove hastily down the street.
OF* A gentleman having fallen into thft
river Exe, relating it loSirT. A., viid, "You
will tnppoee I waa pretty wet." "Yes," said
1 the baronet, "wet, certainly, in the Exeltente.