The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, October 28, 1857, Image 1

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1. W. Itm, FraprloUr.]
OFFICE—-Up stairs, in Ike new brick foiiftl
ing, on Ike south side oj Main Street, third
square below Market.
X ER 91 S:—Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from the time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
Will be inserted three limes for One Dollar,
and twenty-five cents for each additional in
reition. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise by the year.
An Act providing for the. Resumption of Specie
Puyments by the Ranks, and for the Relief
of Debtors.
SicnoN 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
llouse of Representatives of the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania, in General Assembly
met, and is hereby enacted by the authority
of theiame, That the provisions of every Act
of Assembly, or of incorporation or re-incur
poration, heretofore passed, declaring or au
thorizing the forfeiture of the charter of any
Bank, Saving, Trust and Insurance Company
or Corporation having banking privileges, or
inflicting any penalties, or authorizing any
rompuisory assignment, for or by reason of
the non-payment of any of its liabilities, or
the issuing or paying out the notes of other
Banks incorporated under the laws of this
Commonwealth, though no! specie-paying,
or its loaning or discounting without the req
uisite amount of specie or specie funds, since
the first day of September, Anr.o Domini one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven, be
end the same are hereby suspended until the
second Monday of April, Anno Domini one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight, and
all forfeitures and penalties, or liability there
to, heretofore incurred, or that may be here
after incurred, or that may be hereafter in
curred, before the said 2d Monday of April,
under such acts ol Assembly or of incorpo
ration or re-incorporation, for or by reason of
the causes aforesaid, or any of them, are
hereby remitted, and so much thereof as pro
hibits any Bank from making loans and dis
counts, issuing its own notes, or the notes of
other Banks incorporated under the laws of
this Commonwealth, though not specie-pay
ing, or declaring dividends during the sus
pension ol specie payments, ur rrom loaning
or discounting, without the requisite amount
of specie or specie funds as aforesaid, be
and the Bame is hereby suspended until the
day and year aforesaid, and any such Bank,
during such suspension of specie payments,
may declare dividends to an amount not ex
ceeding six per cent, per annum on capital;
and this act shall extend also to all Banks,
Saving, Trust and Insurance Companies and
Corporations with banking privileges, char
tered ot re-chartered under any law, for peri
ods hereafter to commence, and to Hie pay
ment of stock to all Banks incrporated by the
Legislature at its last session.
SEC. 2. That, in addition to all statements
and returns now required by law. each and
every Bank in the cities of Philadelphia,
Pittsburg and Allegheny shall, on the first
discount day in January next, and weekly
thereafter,and every other Bank in this Com
monwealth, on the day, and monthly
thereafter, make up a statement to be veri
fied by the oalb or affirmation ol the Presi
dent or Cashier thereof, showing—first, the
amount of its loans and discounts ; second,
the amount of specie in possession of and
oavned by such Bank, and the balance due
from other Banks, in distinct items ; third,
the amount of its notes outstanding; fourth,
the amount of its deposits, including individ
ual deposits and the balances due to other
Banks; which statement shall be published
in the next succeeding issue of a newspaper
of the county in which the Bank is located,
or if there be no newspaper in snch county,
then a newspaper in some neighboring coun
ty ; and any violation of this law, or failure
to comply with its provisions by any Presi
dent or any Cashier ol any Bank, shall be a
misdemeanor, and each of the said officers
•hall, upon conviction thereof, be punished
by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars,
nor more than one thousand dollars, at the
diicretion of the Court —one-half to be given
to the prosecutor, and one-half to the county
in which such Bank is located.
SEC. 3. The said Banks are hereby requir
ed, until the second Monday of April afote-
Mid, to receive at par in payment of all debts
due, or to become due to them, respectively,
the notes of all the solvent Banks of the Com
monwealth which paid specie for all their li
abilities on and immediately prior to the first
day of September last, and which shall con
tinue solvent; and the said Banks are also
hereby authorized to pay out, in alt their bu
siness transactions and discounts, the said
notes so long as the Banks issuing the same
shall remain solvent; but in case any Presi
dent, and a majority of the Board of Direct
ors of any of the said Banks shall certify to
the Governor, under oath or affirmation of
the President, his apprehension and belief
that any Bank in said certificate named is in
an unsafe condition, the Governorshall there
upon appoint three judicious persons, not in
terested in said Bank, as Commissioners to
investigate the conditition of such Bank ; and
the said Commissioners shall, after taking an
oath or affirmation to perform the duties of
their appointment with fidelity, forthwith pro
ceed to make the said investigation, and re
port the result thereof within ten days to the
Governor} and if the offictrs of the said Bank
shall refuse to permit the said Commissioners
0 to make such investigation, or to produce any
book* or documents necessary for that pur-
pose, or if the said Commissioners!, or a ma
jority of them, shall report that the said Bank
if in a solvent condition, or conducting its
affairs in violation of law, the Governor shall
thereupon issue hie proclamation declaring
the charter of the said Bank to he forfeited,
and the said Bank shall be deprived of all the
benefits of this Act, and the Direclors thereof
shall forthwith make an assignment in the
manner provided by the Act entitled "An
Act regulating Banks," approved the 16th
day of April, Anno Domini eighieen hundred
and fifty, and the expenses of such commis
sion, including the compensation of the Com
missioners at eight dollars per day each, shall
be paid by the Bank against which it is issu
ed, unless the report shall be lavorable to its
condition, in which case they shall be paid
by the applicants ; Provided, That r.o Bank
shall be required to recetve the notes of any
Bank against which a certificate may be made
as aforesaid, at any time after the delivery of
the same to the Governor, until the Commis
sioners shall roport in lavor of 6UCh a Bank,
after which the lions ol eucb Bank shall again
be received as required by the provisions of
this section.
SEC. 4. That tbe several collectors of taxes,
tolls and other revenues of the Common,
wealth, ond also County Treasurers, are here
by authorized lo receive, for Stale purposes,
the notes of the solvent Banks of this Com
monwealth, though not specie-paying Bunks,
in payment of the said taxes, tolls, and reve
nues, and the State Treasurer is hereby au
thorized to receive and receipt for the same
in the same manner as though the said Banks
were specie-paying.
SEC. 5. That the deposits by the State
Treasurer, or to the credit of the Common
wealth, in the several Banks and other corpo
rations, ai'd all Bank notes which are now or
may hereafter be ih the Treasury during the
period of suspension aforesaid, shall from
lime to time, on demand of the said Treasur
er, be paid by the said Banks or other corpo
rations respectively, in specie, in such a
mounts as may be required by tho said
Treasurer to enable him to pay Ihe interest
accruing on the public loans of the Common
SEC. 6. That upon all judgments heretofore
entered in suits commenced by writ or oth
erwise, or which may be entered during the
period hereinbefore mentioned, in actions in
stituted by writ or otherwise, in any court in
tbin Oommorav".lil rr Ffra ony l.lurmon
or justice of the peace, on judgment obtained
before said officers, if the defendant shall be
possessed of any estate in fee simple, within
the tespective county, worth, in the opinion
of the court, alderman or justice, the amount
of the said judgment over and above all in
cumbrances, and the amount exempted from
levy and sale on execution, he shall be enti
tled to a stay of execution thereon, on judg
ment now obtained, or lo be obtained on
suits now brought, for the term of one year
from the date of the passage of this act, and
on all others for one year, to be computed
from the first day of the term to which the
action was commenced ; ami every defendant
in such judgment may have the same stay of
of execution thereon, if within thirty days
from the passage of litis Act, or within thirty
days from the rendition of any future judg
ment, he shall give security to be approved
of by the courl or by a judge thereof, or by
such alderman or justice of the peace before
whom such judgment was obtained, for the
sum recovered, together with the interest and
costs: Piovided, That this section shall not
apply to the wages of labor nor lo debts upon
which slay of execution is expressly waived
by the debtors, nor to judgments upon which
a stay ol" execution has already been taken
under existing laws : And Provided, That Ihe
provisions of this section shall extend to judg
ments entered or lo be entered, as well upon
bond and warrant of attorney as upon mort
gages to secure the same, and to any subse
quent grantee or owner ol the premises so
bound, as well as to the original obligor or
mortgager: Provided further, Thai said stay
of execution shall not apply lo judgments or
mortgages, or on bonds secured by mortgage,
unless the interest thereon shall be paid with
in sixty days after Ihe accruing of the same,
in such funds as the banks are authorized by
this act to use.
SEC. 7. This act shall take effect immedi
ately, except the third section, which shall
not go into operation until the provisions of
this act are accepted as herein provided, but
no Bank or other corporaliari shall be em
braced within ita provisions more than thirty
days after the passage hereof, or alter any
Bank shall have suspended specie payments
upon its notes and obligations unless the
stockholders of such Banker other corpora
tion shall, before the ex,><ra'ion of the said
thirty days, or within thirty days after uuy
Bank shall have suspended specie payments
upon its notes or obligations, at a meeting to
be called by the Direclors thereof lor Ibat
Durpose, on len days' public notice, in one
or more newspapers, accept the provisions of
this act by a majority ol voles of said stock
holders, to be voted and counted according
to the provisions in the charter of such ac
cepting Bank, or other corpora'ion regulating
the election ol Directors, but lo make such
acceptance valid there shall be filed in the
office of tbe Auditor General of this Com
monwealth, a certificate that this act has
been duly accepted, under the common seal
of such Bauk or other corporation, attested
by tho signature of the President or Cashier.
And each of the slid Banks accepting the
provisions of this act shall also pay into the
Treasury of the Commonwealth,on or before
tbe first daygrf January, Anno Domini one
Ihousaud eight hundred and fiity-eight, or
within thirty days after any Bank shall accept
the provisions of this set, a sum equal to
one-fourth one of per centum upon the cap
ital slock of said Bank, in addition to any
amounts they aro now required by law to
SEC. 8. That the 47th section of the act ap
proved April 16, 1850, entitled "An act to
regulate Banks," be and the same is hereby
repealed : Provided . That all suits brought or
now pending,dor forfeiture or penalties under
the section hereby repealed, shall not be af
fected thereby.
SEC. 9. That the Legislature hereby reserves
tho right and power to alter, revoke, or annul
the churter of any Bank or Banks, corpora
tion or corporations, accepting the provisions
of this act, whenever in their opinion the
same may prove injurious to the citizens of
the Commonwealth, in such manner, howev
er, as to do no injustice to the corporators.
SEC. 10. That no Bank, Savings Fund, In
surance, or Tiust Company shall, directly or
indrrectly, purchase, or be concerned in the
purchase, of the notes of any of the incorpo
rated Banks of this State at less than their par
value; and any and every of the officers of
said Institutions violating the provisions of
this section shall be deemed guilty of a mis
demeanor, punishable, upon conviction, by a
fine of not less than five hundred dollars, nor
mure than one thousand dollars, one ball of
to be paid to the informer, and the other half
to the use of the Common weahh.
SEC. 11. That no stocks, bonds, promissory
notes, personal property, or other valuable
securtlies hypothecated or held in pledgei
eilper with power of attorney attached or
otherwise, for credit or money loaned, shall
be sold for the period of six months from Ihe
passage of this act without the consent of the
debior, debtors, or parly hypothecating or
pledging tbe same being first hud and obtain
ed in writing.
SEC. 12. That the notice required for pay
ments, provided in the charters of Savings
Fund and Trust Companies, on all sums ex
ceeding one hundred dollars, be, and the same
is hereby extended for the period of two
months during the period ol suspension of
specie payments authorized by this Act.
APPROVED October -thirteenth, A. D. one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven.
Harntkurg, Oct. 14, 1857. J
Ido hereby certily that the toregoing anu
annexed is n full, true and correct copy of
the original act of the General Assembly, as
the same remains on file in this office.
In Testimony IVheicoJ, I have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the Seereta
r -.ry's Office to be affixed, the day and
L 1" 8 Lear above written.
Secretary of the Commonwealth.
From the London Times.
Opinions ot the English Press on I lie Ft*
nuiicitil Troubles in the United Mutes.
The map of the United States in any En
glish atlas twenty or even ten years old is
about as much out of date as the geog'a
phies which occupied hall the middle of Eu
rope with "Polonia," which described a
somewhat less area as the kingdom of Mos.
covie, acd gave lo a few broken outlines ol
coast in '.he Indian ocean the single name of
"New Holland." Regions that in our school
map of the "Slates" were traversed by the
Oltoways or the Ojtbbeways, Si DUX or the
Mohawks, or generally "the Red Indians,"
are now as thickly fretted wilh railways as
Lancashire or the suburbs of London. The
wonder is first how the railways were made;
then, how they can pay. YVe are told to
look to the vast cilies that have sprung op
in Ihe wilderness, and to Ihe lakes and the
canals. Then certainly the railways must
help one another; yet one cannot help notic
ing how often one route has two or three
competitors It is Hue that even here we
may go lu Birmingham, tu Nottingham, or
to York by different routes; but this a thick
ly peopled country, coutaiuing a good many
peo| le who can travel for pleasure, in sea
son and nut of season, ill bad times as well
a in good. Then it is a comfort to those
who have invested their savings in a Michi
gan or Illinois railway to bear that it has
been done so cheaply and rudely that no
Englishman in this country would trust his
limbsto its light rails and timber bridges.—
Yet, considering the mileage, something
enormous, anil the fact that the population
of the Sales, after all, is not so great as that
of the British Isles, and not nearly so weal
thy, the most sanguine believer in improve
ment and progress must have his misgivings
as to the paying qualities of these long thin
lines. But how were they made' It was
State Bonds and Canal Shares that Sidney
Smith invested with such a halo of notoriety.
The Slates borrowed and then repudiated.—
This was but an elementary stage of Ameri
can progress, and the British public has long
since flattered itself that it is awako to the
dangers of simple repudiation. How is it
done, then, in these days? Our correspon
dence from Now York throws some light on
this difficulty. That gay and lively cl.y
adds now to its other excitements a panic,
which our correspondent likens io various
gregatious terrors and mishaps, such as bi
sons rushing over a precipice,and sbeep run
ning through a hedge-gap- But it is evident
that a panic in New York has us redeeming
features; for there ore people there who
thrive on a panic, and can even get up one.
It is evident, too, that a panic is well com
pared to a rush, lor it has a direction, and
thai direction is as gainfol to one side as it
is ruinous to auolher. It repreaenls a run of
money, leaving a void at one quarter of the
compass, and giving to another rather more
Truth and Itlsht Cod and our Country.
than its due. A panic is not merely a spe
cies of commercial pathology; it is an act of
intention, strength and skill, with authors,
motives, victims, and all the rest that consti
tutes action. Let us see, then, how a panic
at New York operates upon American rail
ways and their numerous British chare-hold
Let us suppose tho British 'capitalist,''—
generally a man who has earned his money
slowly, and his experience still more slowly j
—alive to a few of the perils that environ
American speculation. Let him be fairly np
to a pretended Slate guarantee, or an infor
mal State guarantee with a flaw in it; to the
danger of rival lines, and of lines made sim
ply to assist in the making of lines, which
will ruin them when made; to the dangers
of management, of amalgamations, of leases <
and sales, which may or may not leave the
general shareholder in an unpleasant condi
tion. Let the Englishman either devote the
autumn of his days and tbe flickering light
of hir declining income to gaining an insight
into these curiosities of American enterprise,
or let him have the sense to consult a bro
ker, who can point out these dangerous
places oil that smooth, seductive surlace.—
Still there remains one peril which hitherto
hag not been so fully illustrated, anil which
many of our readers must be learning to
their cost. Railways in the United States,
and a few other undertakings, appear to
have an unlimited power of borrowing in a
market of which the ups and downs are
wholly beyond all English ideas. All the
great lines have been borrowing in the New
York market ort their own acceptance, and
have done so easily, as they have generally
been willing to pay the highest rates of inter
est. Our own companies have done pretty
much the same, to their cost, but the highest
rate uf interest here is not nearly so high as
there, and we have not seen a great company
going about from douse to bouse begging for
an immediate loan to pay the interest duo on
its bonds, and Lombard Street crowded with
speculators whose lives depended on the re- !
stilt. On the Ist day of this month Wall St., I
New Yotk, was in a 6tate of delightful ex- ]
citement. "The September coupons on the j
Erie second and third mortgage bonds ma- |
lured, and the company were without means
to meet then, unless the Banks would ad- ■
vance $600,000. It was not till midday that
the Banks agreed to do it." Had they de- j
dined it appears the little confidence left at i
•• TO U I-I ■-*. < J 1
it is evident that humanity and patriotism!
were alowed to sway the decision. But for I
this appeal, and but for some tender ele
ments in the philosophy of Wall Street, what
would have become of the Erie shareholders, [
when the second and third mottgages would
have to go without their interest? The re-1
suit was, the "second and third mortgages" i
got their September coupons. But now
about the shareholders ? Those of our road- '
ers who may hapden to have embarked I
their ail in this company will be interested
to bear that it has been at its wits' ends to
pay a hundred thousand pouuds, ami iiiat it
had to borrow for tho purpose on a day when
"the best commercial paper could nol be !
done below 12 and 15 per cent., and by far j
the largest business was at 2 per cent, a j
month." But these panics are petiodical,
and at no such great intervals. There is not j
a railway in the States that has not to go |
through a few of them. But whee a railway I
can borrow as much as it pleases en its own !
acceptances, and when the rate of interest :
for loans is at the usurious rate staled above,!
'it results that the inevitable operation of a
United States railway is to draw the money |
out of the pockets of the stockholders into
that of the Wall street moneylenders. No!
railway, certainly not any American railway,
can ever yield profit to cover such interest;
and. us the interest must be paid, the profit
must disappear.
In (act, the best comment oil this sort of
transaction is the value of the shares in the
market. What is a shafe worth when it be
i comes merely an authority to half-a-dozen
' gentlemen to contract any debts they please,
at any rate of interest they may find neces
sary ? Railway stock, which was supposed
to have fallen quite low "enouglj, had gone
down ten or twenty per cent, lower at the
last date, and was still going down. The
truth is, American raiLways have been burn
ing on both ends, buth on their income and
on their outgoings. The crops have not
been quite so good; traveling, therefore, not
quite so brisk; while railways have had to
borrow money against a host of needy com
petitors. There is a crowd of speculators in
sugar, cotton, and in corn ; there are States
with debts rather above their present means,
and wanting more money still; and there are
banking companies with means that would
not bring them much credit in this country,
bu< which have won American confidence.
At the beginning of tbe month there was a
crash of them, and as one reads the list ane
seems to bo reading a page of some commer
cial romance, and nol a matter-of-fact re
port. What would Englishmen, simple as
they are, have expected irom the "New
Yo-k Life and Trust Company?" What pru
dence, or even honesty, was likely to be
lound in projectors capable of such a jumble
of words. Yet this Company bad thriven
at Cincinnati, till in an evil hour it winged
its flight to New York, and became a ma
chine for drawing the money of the western
agriculturist into tbe coffers of the Wall St.
money-lender. Then the Mechanics' Bank
ing Association gave way to the storm, fol
lowed by a dozen private houses. Several of
the railways were holdiug meetings to look
their difficulties in the face. Meanwhile, it
is evidently tbe game of a nuraetoua and
I powerfnl body to keep up the panic, by
means which neither the taste nor the law
ol this country would allow. The journals
make pleasant remarks on the "weakness"
of such a "concern," or the amount ol such
a company's bills, and the "swealness" of
the "lot." The public are carefully inform
ed of the difference between a company's
deposits and discounts; and when a few of
the more distinguished have been duly stig
matized, it is added that the list is very far
from complete. No doubt we have hail as
bad a slate of things in this country. The
peculiarity of the New York paic is that it is
industriously and avowedly got up, aggrava
ted and prolonged; and this is done with the
most entire success and with the most lormid
able results upon every class of debtors; and
that to Ihits market, thus in the hands of the
j money-lender, anu liable to these fearful
| fluctuations, most of the American Railway
Companies have to come for the means of
completing their works, pacing the interest
on their bonds, and the dividends, tf any, on
their shares.
Washington's Opinion on the Currency
The following letter, written by General
Washington, upon the currency question, in
answer to a communication from Colonel T.
Stone, a member cf the Senate o( Maryland,
is remarkable as setting forth precisely the
same views and opinions as those for which
the Democratic parly is contending at this
time. The date of the letter is the 27th ol
February, 1787. At this early day the com
prehensive mind of tho Father of his Conn
try saw the evils flowing front a currency
which is dangerous when considered either
as a representative or a medium. This let
ter should be read, studied and reflected on
by every man in this country.
MOUNT VEKNON, Feb. 27,1787.
DEAR Slß—Your favor ol tlie 30ILI till, came
duly to hand. To give an opinion in a case
of so much importance as that which has
warmly agitated the two branches of your
Legislature, and which, from the appeal that
is made, is likeiy to create great and perhaps
dangerous divisions, is rather a delicate mut
ter; but as this diversity of opinion is on a
subject which has, I believe, occupied tho
minds of most men, and us my sentiments 1
thereon have been fully and decidedly ex- '
pressed long before the Assembly either of I
Maryland or this State was convened, I do j
not scruple lo declare that, if I had a voice
S— - J , '• N-.. S a—
en decidedly against a paper emission, upon
the general principle of its utility as a rep
resentative and tho necessity of it as a me
dium. To assign reasons for this opinion
would be as unnecessary as tedious; the
ground has been so oflen trod that a place
hardly remains untouched; in a word, lite
necessity arising from a want of specie is
represented as greater than it really is. I
contend (hat it is by the substance not the
shadow of a thing that we are to be bene
fitted. The wisdom of man, in my humble
opicion, cannot, at this lime, devise a plan
by which the credit of paper money would
be long supported, consequently depreciation
keeps pace with the quantity of emission,
and articles for which it is exchanged rise in
a greater ratio than the sinking value of the
money Wherein then, is the farmer, the
planter, and tbe artizan benefitted? Thy
debtor may be, because, as I have observed,
he gives the shadow in lieu of the substance,
and in proportion to his gain the creditor, or
body politic suffer. Whether it be a legal
tender or not, it will, as has been observed
very truly, have no alternative—it must be
that or nothing.* An evil equally great is the
door it immediately opens for speculation, by
which the least designing and perhaps most
valuable part of the community are preyed
upon by the more knowing and crahy spec
ulators. But contrary to my intention and
declaration, I atn offering reasons in support
of my opinion—reasons, too, which ol all
olhers, are least pleasing to the advocates
for paper money. I shall therefore only ob
serve generally, that so many people have
suffered by lormer emissions, tbal, like a
burnt child who dreads the fire, no person
will touch it who can possibly avoid it , the
natural consequence of which will be, that
the specie which remains unexported will be
instantly locked up.
YVith great esteem and regard, I am, dear
sir, &c., &.,
A Miracle Worker.
A well known French Mtssionarjr, Father
Bridaine, was always poor, for Ihe simple
reason that be gave away everything that be '
had. I
One evening lie asked for a night's lodging ;
of a curate in the village through which he
passed, and the worthy man having only one
bed to share with him. At daybreak Father
Bridain rose, according to custom, and went
to say his prajers at a neighboring church.
Returning from his sacred duty he ntct a beg
gar who asked lor alms, "Alas! my friend,
I have nothing!" said the good priest, me
chanically putting his hand in his breeches
pocket, where to his astonishment he found
something hard wrapped up in paper, which
he knew he had not left ihere. He hastily
opened the paper, and seeing four crowns in
it, cried out that it was a miracle! He gave
the money to the beggar, aod hastened to the
church to return thanks to God. The curute
soon arrived there, too, and Father Baidain
related tbg miracle wilh the greatest nnction;
the curate turned pale, put his bands in his
pocket, and in an instant perceived that Fa
ther Bridain, in getting up in thq dark, had
taken the wrong pair of breeches; he had
performed the miracle wilh the enrate'e
From the New Yoik Picayune. |
Philadelphia is not in New Jersey; but in- I
astnuch as tu get to Philadelphia you must
go through New Jersey, and as when you I
have got to Philadelphia you have got out of !
New Jersey, the sensation of the disgusted j
traveler on entering Philadelphia is always I
a pleasurable one. The most noticeable |
tiling on the route to Philadelphia, via Cam
den and Amboy Railroad, is the throng ol
Jersey infants, ol all siies, who, as soon as
they can tun alone, aro trained by their sav
ago parents to surround the cars at every
stopping place incapacious hordes, and beg!
the passengers for newspapers. Nobody ev
ergives them any, and titeir discomfited yells
pursue the train for miles; people are warned
wl en tbe locomotive is coining, not by the
bell or whistle, but by the angry shrieks and
bowlings of the juvenile beggars at the last
Philadelphia, as a city, runs to Savings ;
Banks and Cemeteries. A Five Cent or
Sixpenny Savings Bank is on every corner;
and if you ride out ot town in any direction,
you pass six Cemeteries with handsome gate
ways and an inviting prospect beyond. You
are perpetually invited to make permanent
investments of of your sixpences or yourself.
Don't you do it.
The streets are so regular that a Bostnnian
longs to give the city a kink which shall dis
arrange the buildings and make the streets
run nowheio, and so give the town a home- j
look to him; and a New Yorker wanders
about in a state of mild bewilderment, ami
never comes out where he wants to, by rea
son of making, Irom force of habit, a metro- ]
politan calculation for leeway.
The parks aro a feature, and are full of
fountains with water in them—/eaf water, by '
George, which spirts—and thereby gives you i
a disgusting reminiscence of New York,
where the fountains seem to be labelled,
"To be kept dry," and to be in charge of
some one who conscientiously obeys orders. 1
Besides the fountains, the parks are stocked
with squirrels and deer, all alive, and all do- j
masticated, like cockrcaches in a first-class j
boarding house. Don't ask me what kind !
of boys they have in Philadelphia—l'm sure !
I don't know. I'm a New Yorker, and have |
never had any experience ol boys who would j
not stone a squirrel to death as quick as
they'd steal a pint of peanuts. But the Phil
adelphia bovs and the squirrels fraternize, j
am! tlie Boy's ieed the squirrels—New York
boys would reverse this little arrangement. — 1
1 honoslly believe that a Philadelphia boy
; could live with Barnom's "Happy Family" '
without pulling the monkey's ears, or wring
i ing the eagle's head off. Jusl think of it, a !
boy, a real boy, living in a city where there [
are parks full of deers, and peacocks, and
squirrels, and Gainea hens, and lots of brick
bats and paving stones lying about, and nev
er sending the latter oil flying visits to the
former—never bringing about an acquaint
ance between the brickbats and the squir
rels, or making (he paving-stones so intimate
with the peacocks, that nothing but death |
could part thein—never pelting the deer with |
clubs or hunting the Guinea hens into cor
ners and smashing them with boards. You
don't believe it ? 01 course you do'tlt be-i
lieve it, and that's why I recommend Green
wood to catch a Philadelphia boy, and put
| him in the Museum with the other curiosi
ties—he'd be a greater wonder than the
i Feejee Mermaid. He might put him io the
Aquarium with the porgics. However, 1
; didn't see a boy in Philadelphia while I was
Ihere—perhaps there ain't any, after all.
I Plnladelphiansare proud o! their city, and
want lo make it appear as large as possible,
so tliey have adopted a plan of numbering
their houses in a way to deceive strangers,
ami make them think they are in a large
town. They count one hundred numbers to
every block. Though a block bus but ten
city lots in it, those len have lo be the bur
den of a hundred numbers—the even hun
dred must come out at every corner. Thus,
if a street a mile long is intersected during
; that distance by twenty-five other streets,
that street will have twenty-five hundred
numbers in it. Several ntreets are number
ed up above 3,000. This, of course, gives
; an idea of magnitude that is by no means
j borne out by the facts. When a New'York
i er reflects that Broadwdv is numbered for
1 over five miles, and still tltete are not four
; teen hundred nuinbets in Broadway, he
j thinks it is a very clever trick on the part of
the Quakers. So it is; for a street with 3,000
j houses In it will be a novelty in America
long after Philadelphia qas grown to len
times its present size—if it ever does.
Philadelphtans have a curious fancy about
signboards; they impale every letter on an 1
iron rod sticking out from the wall about !
two feet, as if the buildings fell themselves
to be aristocratic, and rppelled the plebian
idea of trade to that arm's length distance.
Y'our Philadelphia!! is a thorough going
good fellow; he is civil, but not officious;
generous, but wants his full ohange; he com
passionates New Yorkers, and when they
speak of their city in comparison with Phila
delphia, he regards them with benevolent
pity, and declines any conversation on that
subject; to him Philadelphia is a paradise, to
which New Yorkers are only to be admit
ted by courtesy, and it is his busiaess, as
attendant angel, not to argue with the stran
ger, but merely to disgust him with his own
extra-heavenly home, by exhibiting to his
astonished gaze the super-eminent felicities
and the great brag blisses of Paradisaic Phil
adelphia. He ia a Quaker cockney to his
displacement of letters, and never uses tbe
initial "w" in the proper place, but ialka of
"wice," "wirtue" and wittier' with a corn-
[Two Dollars per AUIIUB.
placency as great as if he were not com
mitting a lingual murder at every breath
He boasts of the lager beer of bis native
city, ar.d triumphantly exhibit* to you pint
specimens of this detectable fluid,(and glori
ous stuff it is too—there's no denying that.
It: a word, a Philadelphia!! is a gentleman,
but is a ItUlo hard headed on the subject of
Philadelphia; you leave him £wilh tegret,
wishing you could put him in your pocket
and carry him home. But he can't take a
joke—he don't know what it is. I tried a
joke with a hotel clerk, whereupon he in
stantly called for assistance, and I escaped
by begging for mercy on my knees; it was
of no use to explain, it would have been be
yond hi* comprehension, lie regarded me
with an evil eye during tho rest of my stay,
and when he made out my bill he charged
me an ex'ra day's board Willi an air of fiend
ish malignity. Perhaps that was hisjdea of
a joke; if so, I do not like Philadelphia
jokes—tltey are one sided, to say nothing of
being expensive.
Advice (o the t illers of the Soil.
The revolt in India is the harbinger of fstn
ine ; one hundred and eighty millions of hu
man beings will need large supplies of food
of the prod nets of oilier regions. The army
in India, the transport fleet of that army and
its supplies, the necessities growing ont of
the disturbed state of that great English de
pendency, will call for much of our surplus
beef, pork ami flour. The two last named
articled ate the products of every year, but
boel requires years of nourishment before it
is ready lor use. The wicked, wanton waste
of breeding power, which is the besetting sic
of American faimers, ought to be checked.—
Evory farmer ought to be required to give
an account of himself, who kills a female
calf. We ought to preserve every "cow call"
that is dropped, for fiifd years to come. By
this method we might soon have a supply of
beef, not only for ourselves, but for any emer
gency abroad.
Beef, mutton, sugar, eggs and butter, the
expensive articles of life, are shamefully
neglected by the general farming interests of
the w hole eoouritry. Calves are slaughtered
without regard to the sex or price ol lood.
Multyn is neglected every where, north and
northeast. Fleece, without ;egard to meat,
is the hobby, and farmers prefer to maka
shoes rather than feed "oris" to sheep
Hens are left like praiiie chickens, to taka
care of themselves. A farmer who has 20
hens lets litem feed themselves, and buys or
goes without eggs. One rainy day devoted
to giving them shelter, and five minutes to
direct proper food, would give them eggs to
eat and to sell.
Care in making butter is necesrary. It is
now, as a business, neglected, and, in most
instances, done in so slovenly a manner that
it is impossible to get a good article st rea
sonable rates. An immense quantity of but
ter is made, which has to be sold low, be
cause of the want of care in putting it up for
die market. The few careful farmers get
large profits, while thousands are disgusted
with the rosult of their dairies, who are them
selves alone to blame.
A little atention to these suggestions would
produce millions of dollars now lost to our
farmers, and would help to moke labor light
and the ways of life more cheerful to multi
tudes.—A'. Y. Post.
A Gamcl'i Iteveogc-
A few years ago it chanced that a valuable
camel working an oil mill in Africa, was se
verely beaten by its driver who perceiving
that the camel treasured up the injury, and
was waiting a favorable opportunity for re
venge, kept a strict watch upojt the animal.
Time passed away; the camel perceiving
that it was watched, was quiet and obedient,
and the driver began to thing that the beating
was forgotten, when one night after a lapse
of seven months, the man who slept on a
raised platform in the mill, whilst, as is cus
tomary, the camel is stalled in a corner, hap
oening to remain awake, observed by the
bright moonlight, that when all was quiet the
animal looked cautiously around, rose softly,
| and stealing towards the spov where a bundle
i of clothes and a bernous, thrown carelessly
on the ground, resembling a sleeping figure,
cast itself with violence upon them, rolling
all its weight and tearing them viciously with
its teeth. Satisfied that its revenge was com
plete, the camel was returning to the corner
when 'he driver sat up aid spoke, and at the
sound of Ins voice and perceiving the mistake
it had made, the animal was so mortified at
the failure and discovery of its scheme that
it dashed its head against the wall and died
. on the spot.
1 he Bible I'wtug.
Once upon • time an elderly Scotch woman
gave her grandson a newspaper to read, tell
ing him to read it alood. Toe only reading
aloud the boy had been much in the way of
bearing was at the parish k rk, and he Degan
to read in the exact tone it. which he had so
I often head the minister read. Tne good lady •
I was shocked at the boy's profanity, and giv
ing him a box on the ear, exclaimed, 'What!
dost thou read the newspaper with the Bible
twang V
Many a minister has a twang, or a lona
for the pulpit, that he never uses in converse
lion. It a lawyer at the bar should address
a jury in the presetting tone, he would make
them laugh when he wished to make them
weep, l'reaching would be far more efficient
in the ordinary tone, euch as it used betwsea
man and man ; but many preachers pitch on
a key so variant from their natural roice, that
they would not be recognized unless they
could be seen.—A* Y. Observtr.