The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, October 28, 1857, Image 1

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.. 8. fl r . Weaver, Proprietor.]
OFFIfB — Up stain, in the new brick build
ing, 0) the south side oj Main Street, third
equate below Market.
TKRItI S:—Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from the time of sub
scribing ; iwo dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months; no
discontinuance permjlled until all nrretyages
are paid, unless at the option ol the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three times for One Dollar,
and tweuty.five cents for each additional in
seition. A liberal discount will bo made to
lliose who advertise by the year.
An Act providing for the Resumption of Specie
Payments ly the Jtetnhp, and for the Relief
of Debtors.
SICTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the Common
wealth of Pennsylvania, in General Assembly
met, and ia hereby enacted by the authority
of the same, That the provisions of every Act
of Assembly, or of incorporation or re-tneur
poration, hcreloforejpassed, declaring or au
thorizing tbo forfeiture of the charter of any
Bank, Saving, Trust and Insurance Company
or Corporation having banking privileges, or
inflicting any penalties, or authorizing any
compulsory assignment, for or by reason of
the non-paymont of any of its liabilities, or
the issuing or paying out the notes of other
Banks incorporated under the Uws of litis
Commonwealth, though no! specie-paying,
or its loaning or discounting without the req
uisite amount of specie or specie funds, since
the first day of September, Anr.o Domini one
tbpassnd eight hundred and filly-seven, be
and tha same are ltnrchy suspended until the
second Monday of April, At)no Domini one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight, and
ell foifeitures and penalties, or liability there
to, heretofota incurred, or that may be here
after incurred, or that may be hereafter in
curred, before the said 2d Monday or April,
under such acts ot Assembly or of incorpo
ration or re-incorporation, for or by reason o!;
the causes aforesaid, or any of them, are
hereby remitted, ttnd so much thereof a pro
hibits any Bank from making loans and dis
counts, issuing its own notes, or the notes of
other Banks incorporated under the laws of
this Commonwealth, though not specie-pay- j
ing, or declaring dividends during the sus
pension of specie payments, or from loaning
or discounting, without the requisite amount
of specie or specie funds as aforesaid, he
end the same is hereby suspended until the
day and year aforesaid, and any such Bank, .
during such suspension cf specto payments,
may declare dividends to an amount nor ex
ceediog six per cent, per annunuon capital;
and this act shall extend also to all Banks,
Having, Trust sod Insuranco Companies and
Corporations with banking privileges, char
tered or re-chartered tinder any law, for peri
ods hereafter to commence, and to the pay
ment of slock to all Banks iticrporated by the
Legislature at its last session.
SEC. 2. That, in addition to all statements
and returns now required by law, each and
every Bank in the cities of Philadelphia,
Pittsburg and Allegheny shall, on the first
discount day in January next, and weekly
thereafter,and every other Bonk in this Com
monwealth, on the same day, and monthly
thereafter, make up a statement to bo veri
fied by tho oath or affirmation ol the Presi
dent ot Cashier thereof, showing—first, the
amount of its loans and discounts; second,
the amount of specie in possession of and
owned by such Bank, and the balance due
from other Bunks, in distinct items; third,
(he smounl of its notes outstanding; fourth,
the amount of its deposits, including individ
ual deposits end the balances due to other
Banks; which statement shall be published
in the next succeeding issue of a newspaper
of the county in which the Bank is located,
or if there be no newspaper in such county,
then a newspaper in some neighboring coun
ty ; and any violation of this law, or failure
to comply with its provisions by any Presi
dent or any Cashier ol any Bank, shall be a
misdemeanor, and each of the said officers
•hail, upon conviction thereof, ba punished
by a due of not less than live hundred dollars,
nor moro than one thousand dollars, at the
discretion of the Court—one-half to be given
lo the prosecutor, and one-hall to the county
in which such Bank is located.
SEC. 3. The said Banks are hereby requir
ed, until the second Monday of April afore
aaid, to receive at par in payment of glldeb'-
dua, or lo beooma duo lo them, respectively,
the notes of all the solvent Banks of the Oom
monwealth which paid specie for all their li
abilities on and immediately prior to the first
day of September last, and which shall con
tinue solvent; and the said Banks ate also
hereby authorized lo pay out, in all their bu
eintss transactions and discounts, the said
(idles to long as the Banks issuing lite same
ahall remain solveni; but in case any Prsi
dent, and a majority of the Board of Direct
ors of any of the said Banks shall cerfiTy to
the Governor, under oath or affirmation of
the President, his apprehension and belief
that any Bank in said certificate named is in
an unsafe condition, the Governor shall there
upon appoint three judicious persons, not in
terested in said Bank, as Commissioners to
investigate the condilition of suoh Bank ; and
the said Commissioners shall, alter taking an
ostb or affirmation to perform the duties of
their appointment With fldblity, forthwith pro
ceed to make the said investigation, add re
port the result thereof within ten days to the
Governor; and if IheofflcvTS of the said Bank
shall rofuse to permit the said Commissidners
IO mike suoh investigation, or to produce any
books or documents necessary for that pnr-
| pose, or if the said Commissioners, or a ma-
I jority of them, shall report that the said Bank
, is in a solvent condition, or conducting its
' affairs in violation of law. the Governor shall
i thereupon issue his proclamation declaring
j the charter of the said Bank to be forfeited,
and the said Bank shall be deprived of all the
benefits of this Act, and the Direclora thereof
. shall forthwith make an assignment In the
[manner provided by the Act entitled "An
Act regulating Banks," approved the 16th
day of April, Anno Domini eighteen hundred
and fifty, and the expenses of 6uph commis
sion, Including the compensation of the Com
missioners at eight dollars per day each, shall
bo paid by the Bank against which it is issu
ed, unless the report ihall be favorable to its
condition, in which case they shall be paid
by the applicants ; Rtovided, Ttiai. ro Bank
shall be required to roceivo the notes of any
Bank against which a certificate may be made
as aforesaid, at any time after the delivery of
the same to the Coventor, until the Commis
sioners shall report in lavor of such a Bank,
aftsr which the nous of such Bank shall again
be received as required by the provisions of
this section.
SEC. 4. That the several collectors of taxes, i
tolls and other revenues of the Common- J
wealth, and also County Treasurers, are here
by authorized to receivo, for State purposes,
the nolee of tho solvent Banks of this Com
monwealth, though not specie-pay ing Banks,
in payment of the said taxes, tolls, and reve- !
nues, nnd the State Treasurer is hereby au
thorized to reuetve and receipt tor the same
in the same manner as though the said Banks
were specie-paying.
SEC. 5. That the deposite by the State
Treasurer, or to tho credit of the Common
wealth, in the several Banks anil other corpo
rations, and all Bank notes which are now or
may hereafter be ia the Treasury during the
period of suspension aforesaid, shall from
lime to time, on demand ol the said Treasur
er, be paid by lite said Banks or other corpo
rations respectively, in specie, in such a
moitnts as may bo requited by the said
Treasurer to enable hint to pay the interest
accruing on tho public loans of the Common
SEC. 6. Thru upou all judgment* heretofore
entered in suits commenced by writ or olh- j
erwise, or which may bo entered during the |
period hereinbefore mentioned, in actions in*
stituted by writ or otherwise, in any court in ;
this Commonwealth,.or before any alderman 1
or justice of the peace, on judgment obtained
before said officers, if the defendant shall bo
possessed of an) e.'tate in feo simple, within
the tespective county, worth, in the opinion
of the court, alderman or justice, the amount
of the said judgment over and abovo alt in
cumbrances, and the amount exempted from
levy and sale on execution, ho shall be enti
tled to a stay of execution thereon, on judg
ment now obtained/or to be obtained on
suits now brought, lor the term of one year
from the dale of ihe passage of this act, and
on all others for 0110 year, to be computed
from the first day of tbo term to which the
action was commenced: ami every defendant
in such judgment may have tho same stay of
of execution thereon, if within thirty days
from the passage of this Act, or within thirty
days from ihe rendition of any future judg
ment, ho shall give security In be approved
of by the court or by a judge thereof, or by
such alderman or justice ot the peace before
whom such judgment was obtained, for Ihe
sum recovered, together with the interest and
costs: riov'uled, That this section shall not
apply to (he wages of labor nor to debts upon
which stay of execution is expressly waived
by the debtors, nor to judgments upon which
a stay of execution has alrendy bpen taken
under existing laws : And Provided , That the
provisions of this section shall exiend to judg
ments entered or to be entered, as well upon
bond and warrant of attorney as upon mort
gages to secure the same, and to any subse
quent grantee or owner ot the premises so
bound, as well as to the original obligor or
mortgager: Provided further , That said stay
of execution shall not apply to judgments or
mortgages, or on bonds secured by mortgage,
unless the interest thereon shall be paid with
in sixty days after Ihe accruing of the same,
in such funds as the bunks are authorized by
this act to use.
SEC. 7. This act shall take effect immedi
ately, except the third section, which shall
not go into operation until the provisions of
this act ate accepted as herein provhhuL
no Bank or other be em
w-oetr within its provisions more than thirty
days after (he passage hereof, or alter any
Bank Shall have suspended specie payments
upon its notes and obligations unless the
stockholders of such Bank or other corpora- j
lion shall, before the expiration of the said .
thirty days, or within thirty days alter any
Bank shall have suspended specie payments
upon Its notes or obligations, si a meeting to
be called by the Directors tnereot lor that
purpose, onhen days' public notice, in one j
or more newspapers, accept the provisions of i
this act by a majority of voles of said stock
holders, to be voted and counted according ■
to fhe provisions in the charter of such ac
cepting Bank, or other corpora'ion regulating
the election ot Directors, bat to make such
acceptance valid ttiere shall be filed in the
office of Ihe Auditor General of this Com
monwealth, a certificate that this act has
been duly accepted, under the common seal
of such Bank or other corporation, attested
by the signature of the President or Cashier.
Andetdh of the said Banks accepting the
provisions of this act shall tlao pay into the
Treasury Of the Commonwealth,on or before
(be first day of January, Anno Domini one
thousand eight hundred and filly-eight, or
within thirty day* after any Bank shall accept
ih© provisions ofi ibis scl, a sum equal to
one-foarlh ot one per centum upon the cap
ital slock of said Hank, in addition to any
amounts they are now required by law to
SEC. 8. That the 47th section of the act ap
proved April 16, 1850, entitled "An act to
regulate Banks," be and the same ia hereby
repealed : Provided. That all suits brought or
now pending,'for forfeiture or penalties under
the section hereby repealed, shall not be af
fected thereby.
SEC. 9. That the Legislature hereby reserves
the right and power to alter, revoke, or annul
the charter of any Bank or Batik", corpora
tion or corporation", accepting the provisions
of this act, whenever in their opinion the
same may prove injurious to the citizens of
the Commonwealth,>n such manner, howev
er, as to do no injustice to the corporators.
SEC. 10. That no Bank, Savings Fund, In
surance, or Trust Company shall, directly or
indirectly, purchase, or bo concerned in the
purchase, of the notes of any of h inoorpn.
rated Banks of this State at less than their pr
value; and any and every of the officers of
said Institutions violating the provisions of
this section shall be deemed guilty of a mis
demeanor, punishable, upon conviction, by a
fine of noi less than five hundred dollars, nor
more than one thousand dollars, one half
to be paid to tha informer, ami the other half
to the use of the Commonwealth.
SEC. 11. That no stocks, lionds, promissory
notes, personal property, or oilier valuable
securities by|rolhecated or held in pledgei
either with power of attorney attached or
otherwise, for ctedit or money loaned, shall I
be sold for the period of six months from the I
passage of this act without the consent of the
debtor, debtors, or party hypothecating or
pledging the.same being fits! had and obtain
ed in writing.
SEC. 12. That the notice requited for pay
ments, provided in the charters of Savings
Fund and Trust Companies, on all sums ex
ceeding one hundred dollars, be, and the same
is hereby extended for the period of two
months during tho period ot suspension of
specie payments authorized by this Act.
APPROVED October thirteenth, A. D. one
thousand eight hundred and fifty-seven.
Ilanisburg, Oct. 14, 1857. j
I do hereby cerlilv that (he foregoing and
annexed is o full, true and correct, copy of
the original act ot the General Assembly, as
the same remains on file in this office.
In Testimony V/heteaf, I have hereunto set
my hand and caused the seal of the Secreia
, -,'y " Office to bo affixed, the day and
' B '-S ear above written.
Secretary of the Commonwealth.
From the London Times.
Opinions ol Ihe English Dress on the FN
naucinl 1 roubles In the United Males.
The nnap of the United Slates 111 any En
glish alias twenty or even ten year 3 old is
about as much out of date as the geog'a
phies which occupied hall the middle of Eu
rope with "Polonia," which described a
somewhat less area as the kingdom of Mos>
covie, and gave to a few broken outlines ot
coast in 'lie Indian ocean the single name of
"New Holland." Regions that in our school
map of the "States" were traversed by the
Oitoways or the Ojibbeways, Sioux or !he
Mohawks, or generally "the Red Indians,"
are now as thickly fretted with railways as
; Lancashire or the suburbs of London. The
wonder is first how the railways uuua mads;
then, how they can pay. We are told to
look to the vast cities that have sprung up
in the wilderness, and to the lakes and the
canals. Then certainly the railways must
help one another; yet one cannot holp notic
ing how often one route has two or three
competitors. It is true that even here we
may go to Birmingham, lo Nottingham, or
to York by different routes; but this a tliicli
ly peopled country, containing a good many
peo| le who can travel for pleasure. >" ■*"
son and out ol sus.m, in bad limes as well
as in good. Then it is a comfort to those
wlui have inve-led their savings in a Michi
gan or Illinois railway to hear that it has
been done sn cheaply aud rudely that no
Englishman in this country woujd.i""-< his
limbs to its light rails jmA-s-mflSr bridges.—
Yet, CODSW 1 '""" "' IB mileage, something
enormous, and the fact that the population
of the Elates, after all, is not so great as th4t
of the British Isles, and not uearly so weal
thy, ttie most sanguine believer in improve
ment and progress inusi have his misgivings
as to the paying qualities of these long thin
lines. But how were Ihey made 1 It was
State Bonds and Canal Shares that Sidney
Smiih invested with such a halo ol notoriety.
The Slates borrowed and then repudiated.—
This was hut an elementary stage of Ameri
can progress, and the British public tins long
j since fluttered itself thai it is awake to the
l dangers ol simple repudiation. Row is it
done, theu, in these days 5 Our correspon
dence from New York throws some light on
this dilficully. That gay and lively cl y
adds now lo its other excitements a panie,
whieb our correspondent likens to vatious
gregarious terrors and mishaps, such as bi
sons rusk ing over a precipice, and sheep run
ning through a hedge-gap. But it is evident
that a panic in New York has us redeeming
features; lor there are people there who
thrive on a panic, and can even get up one.
It is evident, too, that a panic is well com
pared lo a rush, lor it has a direction, and
that direction is as gainful to one side as it
is ruinous to soother. It represents a run of
mouey, leaving a void at one quarter of the
compass, and giving to another rather more
Truth and Eight God Couutry.
titan its doe. A panic is not merely a spe
cies of commercial pathology; it is an act of
intention, strength and skill, with authors,
motives, victims, and all the rest that consti
tutes action. Let us see, then, how a panic
at New York operates upon American rail
ways and their numerous British share-hold
Let us suppose the British ''capitalist
generally a man who ha earned his money
slowly, and hie experience still more slowly
—alive to a few of the perils that environ
American speculation. Let him be fairly np
to a pretended Slate guarantee, or an infor
mal Slate guaran'ee with a flaw in it; to the
danger of rival lines, and of lineif made sim
ply to assist in the making of lines, which
will ruin them when made; to the dangers
of management, oi 'as, ol leases
and sales, which may or mky not leave the
general shareholder in an unpleasant condi
tion. Let the Englishman either devote the
autumn of his days and the flickering light
of hie declining income to gaining an insight
Into ihnsn curiosities of American enterprise,
or let him have the sense to consult a bro
ker, who can point out these dangerous
places oit that smooth, seductive surface.—
Still there remains one peril which hitherto
has not been so fully illustrated, and which
many of our readers must be learning to
their cost. Railways in the United States,
and a few other undertakings, appear to
have atrunlimited power of borrowing in a
market of which the ups -nd downs arc
wholly beyond all English ideas. All the
groat lines have been borrowing in the New
York market on their own acceptance, and
have done so easily, as they have generally
been willing to pay the highest rates of inter
est. Our own companies have done pretty
mueh the same, to thoir cost, but the highest
rate of interest here is not nearly so high as
there, and we have not seen a great company
going about from house to house begging for
an immediate loan to pay the interest duo on
its bunds, and Lombard Street crowded with
speculator whose lives depended on the re
sult. Oil the Ist day of this momh Wall St.,
New York, was in a state of delightful ex
citement. "The September coupons on the
Eiie second mid third mortgage bonds ma
tured, and the company were without means
to meet then, unless the Banks would ad
vance £6OO 000. it was riot nil midday that
the Batiks agreed to do it." Had they de
clined it appears the little confidenco left at
New York would have gone altogether, and
it is evident that humanil*. aiejs
were alowod to sway the decision.- But for
this appeal, and but for some itender ele
ments in the philosophy of what
would have become of the Erie shareholders,
when the second and third motlrjages woidd
have to go without their inteiesl? The re
suit was, the "second and third mortgages"
got their September coupons. But now
about the shareholders 1 Those of our'road
ers who may happen to havs embarked
their all in this company will be interested
to hear that it has been at its wits'ends to
pay a hundred thousand pounds, and that it
had to borrow for the purpose on a day when
"the best commercial paper colld not be
done below 12 and 15 per cent., and by far
the largest business was at 2 per cent, a
mouth." But these panics are periodical,
and at no such great intervals. There is not
a railway in the Siatee that has not to go
through a few of them. Bui when a railway
can borrow as much as it pleases on its own
acceptances, and when the rate of interest
for loanß is at the usurious rate stated above,
it results that the inevitable operation of a
-United Slates railway is 10 dm— ilto money
out of the pockets of the stockholders into
that of the Wall street money lenders. No
railway, certainly not any American railway,
can ever yield profit to cover such interest;
and. as the interest must be paid, the profit
musl disappear.
In lael, the best comment on this sort of
transaction is the value of the shares in the
market. What is a share worth when it be
comes merely an authority to
e'-mtrmeu toronfiact any debts they please,
at any rale of interest they may find neces
sary ? Railway stock, which was supposed
to have fallen quile low enough, had gone
down ton or twenty per cent, lower at the
and was still going down. The
truth is, American railways have been burn
ing on both ends, both on their income and
on their outgoings. The crops have not
been quite so good; traveling, ihere'ore, not
quile so brisk; while railways have had to
borrow money against a host of needy com
petitors. There is a crowd of specnla'ors in
sugar, cntiou, and in corn ; there are Slates
with debts rather abnve their present means,
and watttirg more money still; and there art
banking companies with means that would
nol bring them much credit in this country,
but which have won American confidence.
Ai the beginning of the month there was a
crash of tliem, end as one reads the list ano
seems to be reading a page of some commer
cial romance, aud ttot a matter-of-fact re
pott. What would Englishman, simple as
they are, have expected from the "New
Yp-k Life and Trust Company!.". What pru
dence, or even honesty, was -liksly to. be
lound in projectors capable of such a jumble
of words. Yet this Company had thriven
at Cincinnati,till in an evil hour it winged
its flight to New York, and became a ma
chine for drawing the money of the western
agriculturist into the coffers of the Wall St.
money-lender. Then the Mechanics' Bank
ing Association gave way to the storm, fol
lowed by a dozen private house*. Several of
the railway* were holding meetings to look
j their diffionlllet in the face. Meanwhile, it
| is evidently the game of a numatons and
I powerful body to keep op the panie, by
means which neither the taste nor the law
ol this country would allow. The journals
make pleasant remarks on the "weakness"
of such H "concern," or the amount of such
a company's bills, and the "aweatness" of
tho "lot." The public are carefully inform
ed of the difference between a company's
deposits and discounts; and when a few of
the more distinguished have been duly stig
matized, it is added that tho list is very far
from complete. No doubt we have had as
bad a state of things in this country. The
peculiarity of the N. York panic isthat it is
industriously and avowedly got up, aggrava
ted and prolonged; and this is done with the
most entire success and with the most formid
able results upon every class of debtors; and
thol to this market, thus in the hands of tha
money-lender, anu liable to these fearful
fluctuations, most of the American Railway
Companies have to come for the means of
completing their works, paying ihe interest
on their bonds, and the dividends, if any, on
their shares.
Washington's Opinion on Ihe Currency
The following letter, written by General
Washington, upon the currency question, in
answer to a communication from Colonel T.
Stone, a member of ihe Senate of Maryland,
is remarkable as setting forth precisely the
same views and opinions as those for which
the Democratic parly is contending at this
rim a. Tha ilatn of the letter is the 27th ol
February, 1787. At this early day the com
prehensive mind of the Father of his Coon
try saw the evils flowing front a currency
which is dangerous whan considered either
as a representative or a medium. This let
ter should be read, studied and reflected on
by every man in this country.
MOUNT VERNON, Feb. 27,1787.
DRAR SlR —Your favor of ihe 30th uli.came
duly to hand. To give an opinion in a rase
of so much importance as that which has
warmly agitated the two branches of your
Legislature, and which, from the appeal that
is made, is likely to create great and perhaps
dangerous divisions, is rather a delicate mai
ler; but as this diversity of opinion is on a
subject which has, 1 believe, occupied the
minds of most men, and as my sentiments
thereon have been fully and decidedly ex
pressed long belore the Assembly either of
Maryland or this State was convened, I do
hot scruple to declare that, if I had a voice
in your Legislature, it would have been giv
a -r S n;nst a T)3f er e.TIISo'iUII, upon I
the general principle of its utility as a rep
resentative and the necessity of it as a me
dium. To assign reasons for this opinion
would be as unnecessary as tedious; the I
ground has been so often trod that a nlace j
hardly remains untouched; in a word, Ihe I
necessity arising from a want of specie is
represented as greater than it really is. I
contend that it is by the substance not the 1
shadow of a thing that we are to be bene-1
fitted. The wisdom of man, in my bumble I
opinion, cannot, at this time, devise a plan !
by which the credit of paper money would j
be long supported, consequently depreciation
keeps pace with the quantity of emission,
and articles for which it is exchanged rise in
a greater ratio than the sinking value of the ,
money. Wherein then, is tbe farmer, the j
planter, and tbe atlizan benefitted? Ths ;
debtor may be, because, as I havp observed, \
he gives the shadow in lieu of the substance, j
and in proportion to his gain the creditor, or
body politic suffer. Whether it be a legal:
tender or r.o'., it will, as has boon observed
very truly, bare no alternative—it must be
that or nothing. An evil equally great is the
door it immediately opens for speculation, by i
which the least designing and perhaps most
valuable part of the community are preyed
upon by Ihe more knowing and crally spec
ulators. But contrary to my intention and
declaration, I am offering reasons in support
of my opinion—reasons, too, which of all
others, are leasr pleasing to the advocates
for paper money. I shall r>—r— ok.
serve generally, that so many people have
suffered by lormer emissions, that, like a
! burnt child who dreads the fire, no person
will touch it who can possibly avoid it , the
natural consequence of which will be, that !
the specie which remains unexported will be :
instantly locked up.
With great esteem and regard, I am, dear i
sir, Sic.,
A Miracle Worker.
A well known French Missionary, Father |
Bridaine, was always poor, for Ihe simple '
reason that he gave away everything that be I
One evening he asked for a night's lodging j
of a curare in the village through which he I
passed, and the worthy man having only one '
bed in sbare with him. At daybreak Father
' Bridain ruse, according to custom, and went'
! io say his prayers at a neighboring church.
Returning from his sacred daty he met a beg
gar who asked tor alma, "Alas! my friend,
I have nothing!" said the good priest, me
chanically pulling his hand in his breeches
pocket, where to his astonishment he found
something hard wrapped up iri paper, which
he knew he had not left there. He hastily
opened the paper, and seeing four crowns in
it, cried out that it was a miracle I He gave
the money to tbe beggar, and hastened to the
church to return ibanks to God. The curate
soon arrived (here, too, and Father Baidain
related the miracle with the greatest unction;
the curate turned pale, put his bands in his
pocket, and io an instant perceived that Fa
ther Bridain, in getting up in the dark, had
taken the wrong pair of breeehea; he bad
performad the miracle! with the onrale'e
crowns I
From the New York Picayune.
Philadelphia is nol in New Jersey; but io
: asmuch as to get to Philadelphia you must
go through New Jersey, and as when you
have got to Philadelphia you have got out of
New Jersey, the sensation of the disgusted
traveler on entering Philadelphia is always
a pleasurable one. The most noticeable
thing on the rente to Philadelphia, via Cam
den and Amboy Railroad, is the throng of
.Jersey infants, ol all sizes, who, as soon as
they can run alone, are trained by their sav
age parents to surround the cars at every
stopping-place in capacious hordes, and beg
the passengers for newspapers. Nobody ev
er gives them any, and their discomfited yells
pursue the train for miles; people are warned
when the locomotive is coming, not by the
bell or whistle, hut by the angry shrieks and
howlings of the juvenile beggars at Ihe last
Philadelphia, as a city, runs to Savings
Barks and Cemeteries. A Five Cent or
Sixpenny Savings Bank is on every corner;
and if yon ride out ol town in any direction,
you pass six Cemeteries with handsome gate
ways and an inviting prospect beyond. You
arc perpetually invited to make permanent
investments of of your sixpences or yourself.
Don't you do it.
The streets are so regular that a Bostonian
longs to give the city a kick which shall dis
arrange the buildings and make the streets
run nowhere, and so give the town a home
look to hirn; and a New Yoiker wandere
about in a elate of mild bewilderment, and
never comes out where he wants to, by rea
son of making, (rom force of habit, a metro
politan calculation for leeway.
The parks are a feature, and are full of
fountains with water in them—real water, by
George, which spirts—and thereby gives you
a disgusting reminiscence of New York,
where the fountains eeem to be labelled,
<l To be kept dry," and to be in charge of
some one who conscientiously obeys orders.
Besides the fountains, the parks are stocked
with squirrels and deer, all alive, and all do
mesticated, like cockroaches in a first-class
boarding house. Don't ask me what kind
of boys they have in Philadelphia—l'm sure
I don't know. I'm a New Yorker, and have
never had any experience ol boys who would
not stone a squirrel to death as quick as
they'd steal a pint of peanuts. But the Phil
adelphia bovs and the squirrels fraternize,
ami tba bovs fse.t lit— e--pirr*l-—Nr-v. YorV
boys would reverse this little arrangement.—
I honestly believe that a Philadelphia boy
could live with Barnum's "Happy Family"
without pulling the monkey's ears, or wring
ing the eagle's head off. Just think of it, a
boy, a real (toy, living ia a city; where there
are parks full of deers, and peacocks, and
squirrels, and tiainea hens, and lots of brick
bats and paving stones lying about, and nev
er sending the latter on flying visits to the
former—never bringing about an acquaint
ance between the brickbats and the squir
rels, or making the paving-stones so intimate
with the peacocks, that nothing but death
could part them—never pelting the deer with
clubs or bunting the Guinea hens into cor
ners and smashing them with boards. You
don't believe it ? you do'nt be
lieve it, and that's why I recommend Green
wood to catch a Philadelphia boy, and put
him in the Museum with the other curiosi
ties—he'd be a greater wonder than the
Feejee Mermaid. He might put him in the
Aquarium with the porgies. However, !
didn't see a boy in Philadelphia while I was
there—perhaps there ain't any, after all.
Philadelphians are proud of their city, and
waul lo make it appear as large as possible,
so they have adopted a plsn of numbering
their houses in a way to deceive strangers,
and make them think they are in a large
town. They count one hundred numbers to
every block. Though a block has but ten
city lots in it, those ten have to be the bur
den of a hundred numbers—tho even hun
dred must come out at every corner. Thus,
if a street a mile long is intersected daring
that distance by twenty-five other streets,
that street will have twenty-five hundred
numbers in it. Several streets are number
ed up above 3,000. Tbis, of course, gives
an idea of magnitude that is by no means
borne out by the facts. When a New York
er reflects that BroaUwdy is numbered for
over five miles, and still there are not four
teen hundred numbets in Broadway, he
it is a very clever trick ou the pari of
the Quakers. So it is; for a street with 3.000
houses !n n will be a novelty in America
long after Philadelphia has grown to ten
times its present size—if it ever does.
Philadelphtans have a curious fancy about
signboards; they impale every letter on an
iron rod sticking out from the wall about
two feet, as if the buildings fell themselves
to bo aristocratic, anu repelled the plebian
idea of trade to that arm's length distance.
Your Pbiladelphisn is a thorough going
good fellow; he is civil, but not officious;
generous, but wants his full change; he com
passionates New Yorkers, and when they
speak of their city in comparison with Phila
delphia, be regarda tlflm with benevolent
pity, aud declines *r.y conversation on that
subject; to him Philadelphia is a paradise; to
which New Yorkere are only to be admit
ted by courtesy, and It is his business, as
attendant angel, not to argue with the stran
ger, but merely to disgust him with his own
extra-heavenly heme, by exhibiting to hie
astonished g<ae tbe super-eminent felieitiea
and the great brag blisses of Paradisaic Phil
adelphia. He ie a Quaker cockney to hie
displacement of letters, and never uses the
initial "w" in the proper place, but talk* of
"wice," "wirtue" and wittlea" with a com
'[Two Dollars per Anna.
placency at great as if be were not com
mitting a lingual murder at every breath -
He boasts of the lagor beer of his native
city, ar.d triumphantly exhibits to you pint
specimens of this delectable fluid,{and glori
ous stuff it is too—there's no denying that.
Ir. a word, a Philadelphian is a gentleman,
:*but is a little hard headed; on the subject of
Philadelphia; you leave him. with regret,
wishing you could put him in your pocket
and carry him home. But be can't take a
; joke—he don't know what it is. I tried a
joke with a hotel clerk, whereupon he in
stantly called for and I escaped
! by begging for mercy on my knees; it was
; of no use to explain, it would a— k
| i una ins comprehension. He regarded me
; with an evil eye during the rest of my stay,
and when he made out my bill he charged
me an extra day's board with an air of fiend
ish malignity. Perhaps that was his,idea of
a joke; il so, I do not like Philadelphia
jokes—they are one sided, to say nothing of
being expensive.
Advice to the Tillers of the Soil.
The revolt in India is the harbinger of fern
. ine ; one hundred and eighty million* of bo
! man beings will need large supplies of food
; of the products of other regions. The army
| in India, (lie transport fleet of thai army and
1 its supplies, the necessities growing out of
( the disturbed state of that great English de
| pendency, will call for much of our surplus
[ beef, pork and flour. The two last named
articles ate the products of every year, but
beef requires years of nourishment before it
is ready for use. The wicked, wanton waste
of breeding power, which is the besetting sin
. of American fanners, ought to be cheeked.—
Every farmer ought to be required to give
an account of himself, who kills a female
j calf. We ought to preserve every "cow call"
that is dropped, for five years to come. By
| this method we might soon have a supply of
j beef, not only for ourselves, but for any emr
-| gcncy abroad.
j Beef, mutton, sugar, eggs and butter, the
; expensive articles of life, are shamefully
neglected by the general farming interests of
! the whole country. Calves are slaughtered
without regard to the sex or price of lood..
! Mutton i neglected every where, north and
. northeast. Fleece, without tegard to meat,
is the hobby, and farmers prefer to make
shoes rather than feed "oris" to sheep,^__^ —
Hens ere toll like praitio chickens, to lake
care of themselves. A farmer who has 20
hens lets them feed themselves, and buys or
goes without eggs. One rainy dsy devoted
to giving them shelter, and five minutes to
direct proper food, would give them eggs to
eat and to sell.
Care in making boiler is necesrary. It is
now, as a business, neglected, and, in most
inslanoes, done in so slovenly a manner that
il is impossible lo get a good article st rea
sonable rates. An immense quantity of but
ler is made, which has to be sold low, be
cause of the want of care in pulling it np for
the market. The few careful farmers gel
largo profits, while thousands are disgusted
with the result of their dairifti, who are them
selves alone to blame.
A little attention to these suggestions would
produce millions of dollars now lost to our
farmers, and would help to make labor light
and the ways of life more cheerful lo ranlli
tudes.—AT. Y. Post.
A Cornel's Ktvengc.
A fow yeorg ago il chanced that a valuable
camel workiiig an oil mill in Africa, wav se
verely beaten by its driver whe perceiving
thai the camel treasured np the injury, and
was wailing a favorable opportunity for re
venge, kept a strict watcb upon the animal.
Time passed away; the camel perceiving
that it was watched, wag quiet and obedient,
and the driver began to think that the beating
was forgotten, when one night after a lapse
of seven months, the man who slept on a
raised platform in the mill, whilst, as is cus
tomary, the camel is stalled in a corner, hap
pening to remain awalre, observed by tho
bright moonlight, that when altars* quiet the
animal looked cautiously aroundWte softly,
and stealing towards the spot whert a bundle
or ctotties and a bernous, thrown carelessly
on the .ground, resembling a sleeping figure,
cast itself with violence upon them, rolling
all its w eight and tearing them viciously with
its teeth. Satisfied that its revenge was com
plete, the camel was returning to the corner
when the driver sat up and spoke, and at the
sound of his voice and peroaiving the mistake
it had made, the animal was so mortified at
the failure and discovery of its scheme (hat
it dashed its head against the wall and died
on the ppot.
The Bible Twang.
Once upon a time an elderly Scotch woman
gave her grandson a newspaper to read, tail
ing him to read it aloud. The only —the
gloud the boy had been much in the way of
hearing was at the parish kirk, and he oegan
to read in the exact tone in which he had so
often head the minister read. Tnegoodlady
was shocked at the boy's profanity, and giv
ing him a box on the ear, exclaimed, 'Whatl
dot thou read the newspaper with the Bible
Many a minister has a twang, or a tone
for the pulpit, that he never uses in conversa
tion. II a lawyer at the bar ahould address
a jury in the preacning tone, he would make
them laugh when be wished to make (Wn
weep. Preaching would be far more efficient
in the ordinary tone, such as la used between
man and man ; but many preachers piloh on
a key so variant from their natural voioe, that
they would not be recognised unless they
' could be seen.—AT. Y. Observer,
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