The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, September 30, 1857, Image 1

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R. M . HeiTtr, Proprietor.]
OFFlCE— Upstaire. in Ike new brick build
ing, on tke eoutk side oj Main Street, tkird
square below Market.
VEK MB:—Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from the time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid Within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a.less period than six months; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
tare paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
Will be inserted three times for One Dollar,
fend twenty-five cents for each additional in
sejtion. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise by the year.
<2Ti)oic poetrjj.
Somebody's courting somebody,
Somebody or other to night,
Somebody's whispering to somebody,
Somebody's list'ning to somebody,
Uuder the clear moonlight.
Near the bright river's flow,
Running so still and slow,
Talking so soft and low,
She sits with somebody.
Pacing the ocean's shore,
. Edged by the foaming roar,
Words, never breathed .before,
Sound sweet to somebody.
Under,the maple tree.
Deep thougb the shadow be,
Plain enough they oan see-
Bright eyes has somebody.
No or.e sits up to wsit,
Though she is out so late—
All know she's at the gate,
Talking with somebody.
Tip-toe to the parlor door-
Two shadows on the floor-
Moonlight reveals no more-
Susy and somebody.
Two, sitting side by side,
Float with the ebbing tide,
"Thus, dearest, may we glide
Through life," says somebody.
Somewhere, somebody
Makes love to somebody,
The Multay to India.
The English papers are foil of the details
of the mutiny in India. The massacre at
Cawnpore is confirmed in all its horrors.—
Bat General Havelock has since severely
punished Nana Sahib at Fultehpore, where
the Engliab troops behaved gallantly. At
Agra, the disaster to the English was not un
qualified. The enemy thdy were opposed
to lost severely. The consequence ot the
movement eppeats to have been tbit the
mutineers abandoned the idea of assaulting
the position, and marched off to Delhi.
Another set of mutineers, who had march
ed off from Sealkote in the Punjaub,to reach i
Delhi, have been msl and romed by Briga- |
diet Nicholson. This affair look place on j
the banks of ihe Ravee, on of tbe principal
rireriof the Punjaub. Tbe mutineers had
already crossed tbe stream, when Nicholson
fell upou them, lorord tbem back, and com
pelled them to take shelter on an island.—
Hare be carried their position, slew a large
nnmber, and drove the remainder into tbe
At Delhi no progress had been made, the
British waiting for reinforcements. The Se
poys have made two sorties, but were beat
en back.
Sieans Hod Carrier.
The Philadelphia Bulletin haa the follow-'
ing description ol a "Steam Hod Carrier,"
which was io operation on a new building
in that city on Thursday:
"The motire power was a small locomo
tive-looking steam engine, npon wheels,
whiob, although stationary at Ihe lime, look
ed as though it could be moved readily from
point to point. A mammoth hod, holding
twelve or fifteen timee the quantity of bricks
and mortar which could be carrjpd by the
stoutest laborer, was whisked to the top of
the bnildiog in a trie* by the same hod car
rier, with the aid of a crane and a block and
tackle. One man attended the engine, an
other loaded tbe mammoth hod, a third at
tended ta its safe delivery np aloft, and
without toil or fnaa or tweat tbe little steam
engine did tbe work of folly fifteen men.
HEAVEN.— Can mortal mindseonceive the
glory of that upper sphere, where the sun
never goes down and night oan never corae I
Where the river of life roll* it* erysial waves
around the high white throne of the great
Eternal. Fairer flowers than any Flora's
hand haa airawn on earth, bloom in tne
fields of immortality. Cbernb forma float on
the wtvss of mnaio, swept from the golden
harps of God's elect. Earth's brightest sun
beams are but darkneaa compared to the light
that emanate* from tbe sun of righteousness.
Frail mortal* deem it shadowy land! Not
so I There no clouds come to dim the light
of eternal dayl Sorrow never flings it* dark
mantle o'er the sinless dwellers there. Ship
wrecked mariner, toaaed on life's tempestu
ous seal Weary pilgrim, treading the path
that lead* lo death I Let not earth's fleeting
pleasures deceive yon; trust alone in Heaven.
—Kate Clair.
Para ia still agitated by one of those fre
quent revolutions which are the bane of onr
alitor republ ios on this Continent.
. A Brother of Mrs. Cunningham, it i* stated,
la now confined in jail at Rivsrboad. He ia
•aid to bo • very bad character.
In Philadelphia them ia a widow lady who
Us twenty-five children, all living at home,
and none of them married.
Of Columbia County fir Ik* year ending Jane
let, 1887.
Io this connty the schools generally begin
to open aboot the first of November, and
close about the first of March, without hav
ing a term of public school ill summer. This
is unfortunate, as reducing the time of school
visitations to four months, and those the
most inclement of the year. It also prevents
the attendance of young scholars; and even
of the older scholars with that regularity
which is desirable and profitable. There is,
however, some improvement in this respect,
end in several of the most thinly setlled dis
tricts, the directors have resolved upon a
summer tfetrn.
Jixaminatione and Teachero. —la November
last I made a series of appointments through
the county, to meet and examine teaobers;
but, as in previous years, the attendance of
teachers and directors was not so general as
it ought to have been, to indicate and inspire
that interest in publio education which an
intelligent oommumly ought always to feel.
The teachers slay away, because many ol
them know that they are only apprentices in
the profession, ihoogh in most cases they
hare improved all the scant opportunities
for menial improvement that were in their
reach. Most of them frankly confess their
incompetency, and excuse it by, the want of
proper instruction, lu many cases I have
found it necessary to instruct teachers, rather
than to exanfine them. In order to find
teaobers for all the schools of the county, I
was still compelled to give certificates of a
lower grade than was desirable; and indeed
to some teachers so deficient, that thsy con
fessed they would have preferred to go to
school as scholars, instead of teachers. But
I know that our county is not worse, in this
respect, than many others; and the evil can
only be cured when Normal schools are once
established. We improve slowly, each year,
by heavy effort; but it is only in a pace with
the general progress of knowledge in the
community, and the schools do not, as they
ought, lead the public mind.
Within the time of my official service the
wages of teachers b&vq raised, so as to be
now quite up to the giade of qualifications,
and in many cases are rather above. It is
io be hoped that the pay will remain up,
and the teachers will now prepare themselves
to earn it, by organizing a teachers' institute.
True excellence will always command good
wages. *
Within the past year I granted one hun
dred and twelve temporary certificates, and
three permanent ones. Ten applicants wertf
reluied certificates. The teachers of last
year, in most easel, hold these certificates
with some improvements. Their ages, lime
of service, and relative capacity, would rank
very much as in my statistics of last year.
So also wonlj the condition of the school
houres, and their destitution of furniture, for
there has been very little change in this re
Visitation. —l visited all the schools I could
within the short months they were open,
and found in most of them a decided im
provement since my first visit in 1855.
Twenty five schools 1 could not reaoh while
they were in session. Catawisea is the only
district in which 1 fonnd retrogression from
the excellent graded schools of last year.—
I found twenty little abecedarians, and ten
different reading books, in a school which
(be teacher was expected to make " first
In general the manner of study and recita
tion has become more natural and more
comprehensible to the scholars, and they
have come to think more upon the subject of
their lessons. There is, however, still great
room for improvement, and in no branches
more than in arithmetic and composition.
I have found that the most benefit resulting
from a supervision of the public schools is
in the work at home, where almost every
dsy some teacher, director or citixen came
for information, or with a bill of complaint.
It is in explaining the workings of the com
mon school system, in reconciling difficulties
and misunderstandings, and in preventing
feuds and law-suits, that most good can be
done. Still, visitations are necessary, and
it is highly desirable tbat those of the Super
intendent should be followed by others from
the directors.
The examination of teachers has a very
good moral influence in driving inoompetent
persons out of the business of kttping school,
and in exciting among fit teachers a laudable
spirit of pride to sustain a respectable exam
ination, and obtain a good certificate. Al
though the school law of 1849 required an
examination of teacbers, its directions in
that respect were not generally observed in
this county, and where an examination was
attempted it was very superficial and imper
J^/Progrsss.—Three years ago there were no
graded schools in the county; oral arithmetic
was almost unknown as a school exercise,
and musio unheard, except io one or two
schools. There bad been no pnblio school
examinations or exhibitions of any free
school in the county, and co association of
the teachers for progress or improvement.—
Now almost all the towns have graded
schools; oral instruction is applied as a strong
element in every district of the ooonty;
musio it a common branch of instruction
and refi nament; publie examinations and
exhibitions are coming to be considered as
necessary incidenta ol the term, and within
my time of service there have been six
meetings of teachers' association.
Last summer proceedings warn commenc
ed to remove tie directors of Roaring Creek
for not opening eohooli end laying lax; and
that dlrttict last winter, for the first time,
acted upon the common school system, and
famished public instruction to all itschildren.
I shall therefore have the gratification of
seeing, for the first lime in the history of the
county, that every township is acting under
the common school system when my offici
al connection with its closes.
Taxation.— l believe that the people of this
county are generally disposed to treat the
system of State instruction with fairness and
justice. The present method of sustaining
the schools it certainly the best I can con
ceive. If they were supported entirely by a
State appropriation, this being raised by a
tax on the property of the whole State,
would be without any reference to the inter
est of each district, commnnily|in its peace,
security and order; and withont regard to the
doty of parental provision for instruction,—
The opposite system of private schools is
based on a sort of poll tax, which contem
plates only the duty of the parent, and ig
nores the duty of the State and its interest in
the peace and progress of society. The poor
con Id not bear their share of a poll school
tax; and, therefore, the present method of
supporting schools in part by a district tax,
and for the rest by a State tax, is a fair com
promise and disposition of the burthen. The
district tax must necessarilly be with refer
ence to the number of children to be edu
cated, based on the duty of parents and the
ability of children to be of service in earn
ing a common education. The State appro
priation is the contribution of the property
of the State for ite protection, and of the so
cial system of the State for the preservation
and progress of its civilization.
Exposure to severs and inclement weath
er Isst winter so much impaired my health,
that I did not think it right to continue any
longer my connection with the office I have
held. If it has not been profitable it has at
least been pleasant, both by reason of the
kindness and courtesy extended to me in the
county, and that also received from the De
partment at Harrisburg.
The Law Protecting Fruit Ac.
At the request of a neighbor and friend,
who has suffered from depredations of thieves
and unruly persons, we publish below the
Law to protect Fruit and punish Trespass in
this Commonwealth, as a warning to the of
fenders :
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the Common
wei-lib of Peunsytvania in General Assembly
met, and it is hereby enacted by authority of
the same, That the wilful taking and carry
ing away of fruit, vegetables, plants, orna
mental trees, vines-or shrubs, in this Com
monwealth, whether attached to (he soil or
not, shall be deemed and the same is hereby
declared a misdemeanor, and may be prose
cuted and punished as such under.tbe laws of
this Commonwealth.
SEC. 2. Tbat any person or persons who
shall wilfully snd maliciously enter or break
down, through or over any orchard, garden
or yard fence, hotbed, hot or green house, or
who shall wrongfully club, stone, cut, bark,
break or otherwise mutilate or damage any
nut, fruit or ornamental tree, shrub, bush,
plant or vine, trellis, arbor, hotbed, hot or
green house, or who shall wilfully and mali
ciously trespass upon, walk over, beat down,
trample or in any wise injure any grain, grass,
vines, vegetables or other growing crop,Bhall
and may, on conviction thereof in action of
trespass before any mayor, burgess, alder
man, justice of the peace,'or in any court of
law, have judgment against him, ber or Ibem
for treble the amount of damage proven to
have been done, with cost of suit; one half
the damage or penalty to go to the use of the
poor of the district wherein the premises lie,
the other half of the damage or penally to the
use of the owner of the premises on which
the said trespass shall or may be committed,
and io default of payment of the said fine or
judgment, with costs of suit, the parly con
vioted may and shall be committed to the jail
of the proper county for not less than three
nor more than twenty days; said complaint
or aotioo to be made in the name of the
Commonwealth, and the testimony of the
owner or occupant of the premises shall be
admitted as evidence to prove the trespass.
Monkish Legends.
In one of his notes to "Laton," Colton
gives the following account of tbe marvel
lous things wrought in the bosom ol tbe
"mother church" in ancient limes. Some ot
tba saints, especially Dunsian,Dorainicus and
Lupus, most have been fond of a practical
joke, and pretty 'oute hands at playing it off,,
too, to have so far gotten tbe weather-gage of
the devil—for he is said to be a "full band."
These legends abound with stories of pro
digious things, some of which are very ludi
orous such as St. Swiibin's making whole a
basket of eggs by the sign of tbe oross: Pa
trlcious making tha stolen sheep bleat in tbe
thiefa belly after he had eaten it; then, St.
Bridget's bacon, which in great charity, she
gave to a hungry dog, and was, after the dog
had eaten it, restored again ia ber kettle. Of
tbe like nature is tbe story of St. Dunstan, 1
who took tbe devil by the nose with tbe tongs
and held him until be roared wilh pain.—
Dominions made him bold the candle till he
burned bis fiugets. Lupus imprisoned the
devil in a pot all night. A consecrated boat
being put into a hive of bees, to cure them of
tbe murrain, was so devoutly entertained, that
Ike bees built a chapel in tbe hive, with a
steeple aodbell; erected an altar, and laid
the host upon it, and sung their canonical
hours liktt monks in a cloister."
Trith aid Rlgkt 6i H Mr Coiitrj.
Tbe day is set, the ladies met,
And at the frame ate seated;
In order plao'd, they work in haate,
To get tbe qailt completed.
While fingers fiy, their tongues they ply,
And animate their labors,
By counting beanx,discussing clothes,
Or talking of their neighbor*.
"Dear, what a pretty frock you've on"—
"I'm vsry glsd you like it."
"I'm told that Miss Micomicon
Don't spaak to Mr. Micst."
"1 saw Mist Bell lbs other day,
Young Green's new gig adorning 1"
"What keeps your sister M away!"
"She left tawn this morning."
'"Tis lime to rsll"—"my needle's broke"—
"So Menscn'e slock it selling
"Mary's wedding gown's bespoke"—
"Lend mo yoor scissors, Ellen."
"That neatck will never come abont"—
"Now donjt fly in a-NasAifNr;" v
"Hair-puffs, they say, are going out"—
"Yes, cnrls are all the fashion."
The qoilt is done, the tea began—
The beaux are all collecting;*
The table's cleared, the music beard—
His partner each selecting.
The merry bind in order stand,
The dance begins with vigor;
And rapid feet tbe measnre beat,
And trip the mazy figure.
Unheeded fly the moments by,
Old Tims himself seems dancing,
Till nights dull eye is on'd to spy
The steps of mom advancing.
Then olosely atow'd lo each abode,
Ttie carriage* go tilling;
And many a dream haa for its theme,
The pleasure of the quilting.
From the Home Journal.
Immediately aftsr the Creation, tbe Father
of all looked on his wotk and saw that it was
good. Since the Fall his best children have
looked on the same and pronounced it beau
tiful. Despite the great calamity, the mark
of God's finger is still upon us ; for man,
though he went forth from the preftnee of his
Maker and shunned His eye, was never for
saken by Him.
Now, although Goodness snd'Beaoty were
not synonymous terms, yet in this essay we
shall endeavor to show bow intimately they
are connected. The Pagans represented
Psyche, or (he Sonl, as delicately besnlifnl,
with a force that almost seemed to spesk, so
eloquent was it—which, indeed, conld be
read, for it symbolized innocence, loveliness,
aod goodness ; and the book* which we now
peruse merely symbolize the thonghts devel
oped in the sonls of writer/. "''Wot so Venus ;
fuller and more lusciously beautiful, she ere*
ated merely sensual desire, aod inspired the
best of her worshippers with almost inextin
guishable yearning to become like her, loose
zoned and careless of all higher aspirations-
Bat when Psyche was born, .(or, in other
worde, the sonl was lighted up,) pleasure
loving ae the Greeks were, they were not so
degraded that they could not perceive the
groater worth of their new acquisition, and
they left the shrine of Venne with all her fac
inatione, for that of ber inestimable rival.—
That they returned tbe belter from their jour
ney who may deny, seeing that the children
of ber worshippers became philosophers of
Greece, the hnmanizers of Rome, and the
art teachers of the Universe.'
Gome, too, embraced external beauty ere
she sought internal. She worshipped Venue
before ebe became Christiijtj but she never
forgot her Greek inetruction. She adored her
churches, and ber eons sought ont the fairest
staves to wail at their tables, which love of
the beautiful brought Christianity to the An
glo-British children for sale to Rome, and
there in the market-place Gregory admiring
them, pronounced theso remarkable words,
"Non Angli,nd angtlp' (no! Anglea, but An
gels.) That they must have been beautiful
who can doubt when they called forth such
an exclamation from the father of the Church
—from one who dwelt in the old metropolis
oi the world, into which all the spoils of ev
ery nation had once been emptied.
That when England became Christianized
she did not decrease in beauty, is sufficiently
evident from the many records wbioh have
come down to os. The statutes which re
main of the ladies of the thirteenth century
in their graceful draperies have almost al
ways beautiful faces; and Jite Troubadours
of France who perpetually abuse the Eng-*
Itsh, oannot help calling the women the 'most
fair of earth's angels.' Fiaxmao, too, a man
who prided himself on being classical, was
constrained to praise these monuments of
English beauty. But just about Elizabeth's
reign, art in England perished for above two
hundred years. A few portrait painters re
mained, because English beanly could not
be destroyed forever. And in Elizabeth's
reign, too, personal beauty culminated in
her great men and women, and with the
wane of art declined loveliness of mind, body
and soul.
But the love of art has again risen in Eng
land, and with it will her sons and herdaogh
lers return to the beauty of their ancestors, for
mind moulds mattsr. It ia the brain of the
potter, and not tbe baud, which fashions the
beautiful vase; the band is the slave—limber
Helot of the graceful Psychs—and ia often
untrustworthy; not carrying out tbe artist's
; conceptions. It is tbe fiat of God that makes
life what it is. Men is only the instrument,
and bo likewise is often unmindful of hie
That it is the mind wbioh moulds the mat
ter, we may easily convince ourselves by a
little ordinary reflection. We walk into tbe
, ci'y, and there we see anxious faoes—what
makes these bat business? We meet the
crowda leaving an execotion, and in them wo
behold specimens of homtoity which almost
make ua ashamed of the name man or wom
an—what makes these but vioe 1 We visit
a well conducted orphan asylum, the off
spring of various tempera and temperaments,
and there we perceive joyousness and inno
oence, for no ohild U born with an anxions
face; no infant is sent into the world wiih a
hang-dog countenance. Even where the
stamp of vice has began to set its setl, it may
be effaoed by care. Her Majesty has in her
possession some photographs of boys snatch
ed from tbs street*, whose faces after a few
months training were scarcely tar* be traced
in those portraits of their former features.—
Phoniography so nearly speaka the truth, that
it is likely to become a great adjanot to art
education. True it enlarges the prominent
features, and deepens the sbtdows as the
world exaggerates the great charao'eristioi of
a man; bnt it cannot oreale mind. Look at
Albert Dnrer's 'Man of Sorrows'—that heav
enly face with a suffering body—and oompare
it with the phontogrspb recently imported—
a vicious b/aee aotor in s greasy wig! Suu of
beaveh, they use tbee badly when they pat
thy life-creating beams lo such uses. Then,
too, there is a fine piece ol spectacular en
graving, published by the Galvanograpbic
Company, called 'Don Quixote;' bnt where
ia the amiab'e Don J A ruffianly 'paterer' in
achaii surrounded by stage properties, with
bit eyes turned up, is there, having left hie
vocation of selling 'bull-roarers' on'y'apenny
for the sitting.
Wonderful sa the discovery of phoniogra
phy, and minute as are its delineations, it can
only copy. Art can create, bnt can create
only op lo the conception of a painter. Lely's
women have no minds; Lawrence's ladies
small moralities—like their painters. Geo.
Moreland loved pigs, Meniere beer-drinkers,
Sir Joshua Reynolds children, and their art
haa bean graced in accordance therewith;
while tbe amiable Fra Angelico, although so
successful in his 'Paradise,'—when he came
to pamt Satan and his crew in Ihe 'Last Judg
ment,' drew only distortions, and Giotti was
so successful with his Mandonna—the Moth
er of mothers—that the very women of Flor
ence wept ss it was carried in procession to
cbnrcb. What a stride between this angelic
face and the first portrait drawn in charcoal
by tbe hand of love which turned to diamonds
to light up the cotiage of a forlorn girl I Par
ses like, we give thanks to the sun for hav
ing destroyed that prolific race which distorted
tbe'human divine' at five shillings per sit
ting ; thanks, many thanks to it, for having
dissolved the portrait clubs, which aoweu
inanities broadcast over the land at five guin
eas per betd.
We English have ever been fond of por
traits, and bave perhaps the.largest collection
in the world, could we gather them together;
not that we are vainer of onr personal ap
pearance than other nations, bnt home hab
its seem to have developed in ns an especial
love for portraits and landscapes. There is
scarcely a book whose sale has not been en
hanced by a portrait of tbe author, if perhaps
we except '• Dilworth" and other spelling as
sistants, with which are often accompanied
unpleasant reminiscences. The portrait helps
to illustrate the writing, and a clever work
withont one is like talking to a beauty behind
a curtain. But we often err in taking those
portraits. We select any time of life, any
condition of mind, and that we transmit to
posterity as the likness of '.he man; whereas
it is but a glimpse, little more tban a shadow,
of tbe living form. Ask tbe mother if ever A
psinter drew all the sweetness lo be found in
her beloved child's eyes; question tbe lover
about the locket at which he gazes so oft and
so earnestly, and see how be will disparage
the artist! Yet true love is not blind, as the
ancients depicted it. It looks beneath the
surface—it searches the heart, and discovers
the connection between that ar.d the face.-
Hatred is blind. Like Ihe blow fly wbiob
seeks tainted parts, it can only discover de
fects. Tbe poet, Ihe pointer, tbe musician,
and all who jeal in poetic expression, should
be painted as soon as the fire of tbeir eyes
breaks forth ; Ihe historian, the philosopher,
and all who think deeply just as thought be
gins to line tbeir brow; the holy man in his
grey hairs; while women of all classes should
be selected for portraiture ere Time with his
rough fingers has brushed the bloom from her
cheeks. This may seem very fanciful to
some minds bnt there is as mooh reaeoa in it
as in selecting the flower whan in its prime
—tbe rose-bud for its beanly, the opening pe
tals for the scent.
We have lilile conception how much love
lineis ia coupled with goodoese, because so
many of the beautiful ate dragged through
the sink-hole of vice, yet we still keep on
with that inherent lova of the elegant which
the Father of all beauty baa planted in us,
selecting lovely wives and adorning our off
spring with every ornament which can set off
their charms to advantage. Indeed, it ia not
easy to conceive the future destiny of the.
human race when the reign of peace shall
begin—when the second Paradise, for which
all sigh, shall be realized. Then the circle
of life being completed, women will reap
pear as beautiful as her mother Eve; for
beauty is normal, ugliness abnormal. But
what will man have gained 1 Knowledge.
He had chosen to know the latter, he must
suffer from it—conception of the feeling is
not sufficient; it must be nuraed and fed
with the lifespring of his bosom. Perilous
choice!—but the man who is true to his soul
shall conquer.
To recover this lost personal beauty of the
human race requires many years of labor,
as it has taken many centuries to make tbe
moat degraded nations the most ugly; but
1 that it is to ba attained, all history points out
to us. The Turks by intermarriage with
their lovely neighbors have turned the for
mer ugliness to elegance, while the de
scendants of the Prophet (the handsomest
man of his time) at Medina, on the same
princple have almost transformed them
selves, into negroes. During the time the
Turks were a conquering people they re
tained their ancient unlovelinets, but soon
after they settled in Turkey, they grew idle,
married women better educated than them
selves, and the latter transmitted their beauty
to their offspring.
The face of a beautiful good womed at
home is like the spirit of an angel in the
house, with the air of heaven still abont her,
and the light of the Eternal City in her foce;
but a false countenance; like veneer, cannot
stand in the sunshine of truth but warps and
twists, and turns into every fantastic form,
yet never by chance comes straight.
The Bandar Liquor Law-
Chief Justice Ellis Lewis, on Thorsday
last heard, at the Court House, in Potts
villa, an abdication made by F. W. Hughes,
Esq., for the allowanee of a writ of error, in
the case of the Commonwealth ve. Lewis
Reese, recently convicted of tbe violation of
the law of 1855, prohibiting the sale of intox
icating liquors on Sunday. Mr. Hughes ar
gued in support of the application, tha; the
third section of the law is unconstitutional,
because it provides a second criminal pro
ceeding and punishment in tbe Conrt of
Qaarter Sessions in addition lo the proceed
ing and penalty before a Justice of the Peace
provided for in the second section. Judge
Lewis declined to grant the writ of error, be
cause in the esse of Reese, the defendant had
not been proceeded against and paid the pen
alty before a Justice of the Peace before he
waa convicted in Conrt; bnt the Judge sta
ted that if a case should hereafter arise where
the defendant charged with violating the
Sunday law, and who had been coivicted
before a Justice of Ihe Peace and paid the
penalty, should be afterwards proseented for
the same offence in the Conrt of Quarter Ses
sions and after pleading the first conviction
and pnniahment in bar for farther proseca
tion, should be convicted and sentenced to
an additional penalty in Conrt, he would al
low a writ of error, in order to bring the ques
tion before tbe Supreme Conrt.— Harrieburg
Ancient Families.
It is well known that the Highlanders are
great Sticklers for hereditary honors, and
trace back, with the most earnest veneration,
tbe origin of families into lb* remotest ages.
An amusing instance of this tenaoity to holJ
to the dignity and autiqnity of their kindred,
may be found in the case we subjoin.
A dispute arose between Campbell and
M'Lean upon ibis never-dying subject.—
M'Lean would not allow that tbe Campbells
had any right to rank with the M'Lesns in
antiquity, who he were in existence
as a clan from the beginning of the world.—
Campbell had a little mere biblical lore tban
liH antagonist, and asked him if the M'Lean
clan lived before tbe flood!
" Flood! what flood 1" said M'Lean.
" Why the flood that, you know, drowned
all the world but Noab, and bia family, and
bis flock," replied Campbell.
" Pooh! yon and your flood," said M'Lean,
"my clan was afore the flood."
" I have not read in thsßibl9," said Camp
bell, "of the name of M'Lean going into No
ah's ark!"
" Noah's ark I" retorted M'Lean, in con
tempt, "who ever heard of a M'Lean, that
bad not a boat of his own !"
Rente in Chicago. —We learn from a gen
tleman jutfl arrived from Chicago, that three
months since, on his arrival at that oity, he
tried to lease a store for a stofck of carriages.
Ho could at that time find but one, and that
not a very eligible one, which waa offered
at a rent of $3OO per month. He declined
it, and the store remained unoccupied for
months, when it was finally offered to him
for nothing. The falling of rents in Chica
go is not at all surprising. The depression
in money matters has cooled the fever of
land speculators, and thrown a large amount
of property upon the market.
Tke Biggeet Fool in New Orleans. —Some
nine years since, a letter was received in
New Orleans, directed "To the biggest fool
in New Orleans." The post-master was
absent, and on his return one of tbe young
er clerks in the office informed him of the
the receipt of the letter. "Aod what be
came of it!" inquired the P. M. "Why
replied the clerk, I did not know who the
biggest fool in New Orleans was and so 1
opened the letter myself!" "And what did
you find in it!" inquired the P. M. "Why,"
responded the clerk, nothing but the wonla,
"thou art the man 1"
CALIFORNIA POETRY. —Tbe following i* on*
etanza of a patriotical poetical production
that appears in Ihe Nevada Democrat:
Keep your eyes fixed on the American Eagle
Whom we as the proud bird of destiny hail;
For that wise fowl you oan never inveigle,
By depositing salt on bis venerable tail.
MAnsiEr.—On the Slst inst., Mr. Strange
to Miss Strange all of this city. This is a
little strange but probably the next event
will be a little etranger.
X3T An. Ohio politician was boasting, in a
publio speech, that he could bring an ar
gument to a p'int aa quick as any other
man. " You can bring a quart to a pint a
I good deal quicker," replied a Kentucky ed
' itor.
[Tw Dollars par Una.
A company of Southern ladies were one
day assembled id a lady's parlor, wheo the
conversation chanced to turn on the subject
of earthly affliction. Each bad her story of
peculiar trial and bereavement to relate ea
cept one pale, sad looking woman, whose
lustreless eye and dejected air showed that
she was a prey to the deepest melancholy.
Suddenly arousing herself, elie said in a
hollow voice, "Not one of you know what
trouble is."
"Will you please, Mrs. Gray," said the
kind voice of a lady, who Well knew her
story, "tell the ladies what you call trouble!"
"I will, if you desire it)" she replied,
"for 1 have seen it. My parents possessed
a competence, and my girlhood was sur
rounded by all the comforts of life. I sel
dom knew an ungratified wish, and was al
ways gay and light hearted. 1 married at
nineteen one 1 loved more than all the
world besides. Our home was retired; but
the sunlight never shown on a lovelier one,
or a happier household. Years rolled on
peacefully. Five children sat around our
table, and a little curly head still nestled in
my bosom. One night, about aundown,
one of those fierce black storms came on,
which are so common to our Southern cli
mate. For many hours the rain poured
down incessantly. Morning dawned, but
still the elements raged. The whole Savan
nah seemed afloat. The little stream near
our dwelling became a raging torrent. Be
fore we were aware of it, our house was
surrounded by water; I managed with my
babe to reach a little elevated spot, on which
a few wide-spreading trees were standing,
whose dense foliage afforded some protec
tion, while my husband and sons strove to
save what they could of our property. At
last a fearful surge swept away my bus
band; and he never rose again. Ladies
no one ever loved a husband more; but that
was not trouble.
"Presidency my eons saw their danger,
and the struggle for life became the only
consideration. They were as brave, loving
boys as ever blessed a mother's heart, and
I watched their efforts to escape, with such
agony as only mothers can feel. They were
so far off 1 could not speak to them, but I
could see them closing nearer and nearer
to each other, as their little island grew
smaller and smaller.
"The sullen river raged around the huge
trees; dead branches, upturned trunks,
wrecks of houses, drowning cattle, masses
of rubbish, all went floating past us. My
boys waved their hands to me, and then
pointed upward. I knew it was a farewell
signal, and you, mothers, can imagine my
anguish. I saw them all perish, and yet—'
that was not trouble.
"I hugged my baby close to my heart,
and when the water rose to my feet, I
climbed into the low branches of the tree,
and so kept retiring before it, till an Alb
powerful hand staid the waves, that they
should come no further. I was saved—all
my worldly possessions were swept away;
all my earthly hopes blighted—yet that was
not trouble.
"My baby was all I had left on earth. I
labored night and day to support him and
myself, and sought to train him in the right
way; but as he grew older, evil companions
won him away from me. He ceased to care
for his mother's counsel; he would sneer at
her entreaties and agonising prayers. He
left my humble roof that he might be un
restrained in the pursuit of evil, and, at last
when heated by wine one night, he took
the life of a fellow-being, and ended his
own upon the scaffold. My heavenly fath
er bad filled my cup of sorrow before; now
it ran over. That w&a trouble ladies, such
as I hope His mercy will spare you from
ever experiencing."
There waa no dry eye among her listen
era, and the warmest sympathy waa ex
pressed for the bereaved mother, whose
sad history had taught them a useful lesson.
The Beauty of a Bhtek-— Goethe was in
company with a mother and her daughter,
when the latter, being reproved for soma
fault, blushed and burst into tears. He
said: "How beautiful your reproach has
made your daughter. The crimson hue
and those silvery tears become her better
than any ornament of gold and pearls—
These may be hung on the neck of a wan
ton, but these are never seen disconnected
with moral purity. A full brown rose, be
sprinkled with the pnrest dew, is not so
beautiful as this child blushing beneath her
parent's displeasure, and shedding tears of
sorrow for her fault. A blush is the aign
which nature hangs out to show where
chastity and honor dwell.
0T The last case of garrotiag that we
have heard of is this: As a young man
was about leaving the house in afashiohable
part of the place, where he had been spend
ing the evening, a pair of white arms was
thrown around his neck and hie lips were
stiffed. The suddenness of the attack de
prived him of all power of resistance. As
usual, "no policeman was to be seen."
OT God has written it on the flowers that
sweeten the air—upon the breeze that rocks
the flowers upon the stem—upon the rain
drops that refreshes the spring of moss that
lifts its bead in the desert—upon every pen
cilled sheet that sleeps in the carerns of the
deep, no less than upon the mighty son that
warms and cheers millions of creatures
whioh live in its light—upon all the works
he has wtiMwh: "None liveth for himself."
OV Thtfrlia* past fills the column.