The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, September 09, 1857, Image 1

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!U IT. Weaver, preprieter.]
It. ff. WEAVER,
OFFICE— Up statrs, in Ike new brick build
inp, on Ike roulk side oj Alain Street, third
square below Market.
TBR M B: —Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from the time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months; no
disconlinnauce permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
Advertisements not exceeding one square
Will be inserted three times for One Dollar,
and twenty-five cents for each additional in
sertion. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise by the year.
<ffl)oict poetrg.
I often think each to'tlering frame
That limps along in life's decline,
Once bore a heart as young, as warm,
As full of idle thoughts as mine!
And each has bad its dreams of joy,
It's own haequaled, pure romance;
Commencing when the blushing boy
First thrilled at lovely woman's glance.
And each could tell his tale of youth,
Would think its scenes of love evince,
More passion, more unearthly truth,
Than any tile before or since.
Yes! tbey conld tell ol tender lays
At midnight penned in classic shades,
Of days more bright than modern days—
And maids more fair than modern maids.
Of whispers in a willing ear,
Of kisses on a blushing cheek;
Each kiss each whisper far too dear,
Our modern lips to give or speak.
Of passions too untimely crossed ;
Of passions slighted or betrayed—
Of kindred spirits early lost,
01 buds that biossom'd but to fade.
Of beaming eyes and tresses gay,
Elastic form and noble brow.
And iornis that all have passed away,
And left them whvt we see them now.
And is it thus—is human love
So very light and frail a thing ?
And must youth's brightest visions move
Forever on Time's restless wing!
Most all the eyes that still are bright,
And all the lips that talk ol bliss,
And all the forms so fair to sight,
Hereafter only come to this? .
Then what are all earth's treasures wonh,
If we at length must lose them thus—
If all we value here on earth
Ere long must fade away from ue.
AN " 1116 FOPS.
Holelsnsvenow become so numerous in
cities, and fare eo reasonable, that they are
the resort, at times, of nearly alt classes of
society. The man who can aflord lo travel
Irom home, can aflord to stop at a hotel; and
as landlords ore smart enough to regard the
wants ol the million as well as those of the
millionaires, we find the rich and the poor,
the high and the hnmble, side by side, at
hotel tables. Home-spon there fporta a sil
ver fork with as much gusto as Mr. Broad
cloth, and the humble 'Sally' is as much en
titled to and enjoys as fully, the good things
of life at the richly loaded table to the hotel,
as the accomplished Miss Josephine Martha
Washington Victoria Maria. Consequently
lha hotel is a good place to study human na
ture, for there we see men and women, too,
from all the walks of life, and of. all classes
of character. Often 'ex-treams meet,'and,
when such is the case, amusing incidents are
sure to occur.
Sitting one evening in the office of lite O.
House, in Cincinnati, my attention was at
tracted toward two genuine and unadultera
ted fops who occupied seats near me. A
description of them would be uninteresting,
for their is no community in this broad land
of ours without 'Ha fops, and a fop :s a fop,
and nothing else, the world over': They ad
mit of ope distinction—city fop and country
fop; and they differ in the extent of
their dress, or exterior display, it being con
ceded, I believe, that fops possess merely
sufficietk brains to make an animal a human.
Tbe individuals referred to were city fops,
diminutive specimens of humanity, in ev
ery regard.
One of them had received a letter from a
lady which he read to his companion to whom
he declatud-the writer was 'chawming beau
tiful; but, as she was without a prospect,(for
a fortune,)' he could not consent to return
her love. He vowed that the billotdoux an
noyed him exceedingly, as he disliked to
break ihe dear creatures heatt.
While tbey were thus engaged in conver
sation, a tall strapping Hoosier entered the
hotel. He bad a 'Buena Vista' on his bead,
and a red flannel 'wamua' on bis shoulders,
while bis lower extremities were in brown
linsy pants, and the stoutest hog-skin boots.
His hair was long and scraggy, bis face nn
ehaved, at least, for a week, while his whole
form was covered with dust, which indicated
that be had just arrived by railroad. In one
bend he carried a bundle, which was evident
ly his clothing tied up in a'span new'yel
low and red cotton handkerchief, and in tbe
other held a stout bnt rode walking stick,
oot long since from its mother hickory. He
bad that awkwardness of gait peculiar to
ctootrymen whose days ate epenl almost
entirely upon farms, and whose minds are
devoted to the one thing most sought after,
but not tbe most desirable, the accumulation
of wealth.
He paused a moment at tbe door, glanc
ing at die crowd within, and at once attract
ed the attention of the fops, who immedi
ately gave e sort of consumptive laugh or
sneer, at the homely appearance of the stran
'ls this yar a tavern V be enquired of tbe
■A twavorn ? horrible!' exclaimed one of
the fops holding np both hands.
'A twavem, indeed!' ssid the other, <ke
mutt be from the woode, Cbswlee,' and both
renewed their iaoghler.
The Hooeier gave them ah Indignant look
and wee about to reply, when the clerk, who
had observed him, approached aod informed
him that he waa at a hotel, and inquired if
he wished to atop.
'Stop, earttin I do,' waa bis response, 'you
don't reckon a feller wants to pass sioh a
smart tavern ea this yer, without stoppin, do
yon Kurnell?'
'Hardly, ait—allow me to lake your bag
gage, and furnish you with a room.'
•Just aa you've a mind—l'm not at all par
ticular so I get six feet o' bed, and a hull
plate t( the table. Qolly ! but ain't Ibie a
wronging town.
'Quite a place, eir. Walk this way il yon
please, andif witt attend to yon instantly,
said the clerk, as be took the Hoosier'a bun
'Wall, now, you're uncommon perlite,
stranger, but 1 reckon yon make a feller pay
for it all in the oburse of saronmetanoes, but
as yon're sort or human—set right op to a
feller what's in a strange country, I'm Ibe
ohap to square yonr bill for fodder to a fig
ure, when yon fotoh it np. Tbat'e my way
of doing bnsiuese, Kurnell."
'I have no donbt of it, eir, said the clerk,
smiling and banding bim the book for that
purpose, asking him to register hie name.
'Do what?' inquired the atrauger, some
what astonished.
'Register yuur residence in this book, sir.'
'Write down tbar!'
'Yes sir.'
'Cam, now Kurnell, none of yonr tricks,
said the Hooaier, it kind o' riles me lo cam
across sich critters.' ,
'Ob, sir, it's no trick, 1 essnre yon. We
require it of our visitors, as much for their
own aa our benefit.'
'Yon don't tell 1"
'Yes, sir, it is a fact.'
'Waul to know whether ibey can write, I
reckon. Wall that's on a squar. When a
feller goes a way from hum, he ought to
sbow bis education. 1 only learned to write
when 1 was a shaver, but got up purty high
in figures. I'll give you a specimen of my
chikogrsphy, as old 'Squire Smith calls wri
ten, in dsrned short order;' and the traveler
took the pen, squaring himself to suit, lean
ed over the book lo write. His oddity at
tracted the attention of all in the office, in
cluding the two fops, who amused at his re
marks, gathered about htm at the clerk's
desk. The pen in his band had touched the
book, when he paused, and aflet reflecting
a moment raised bis head, and addressiag
the clerk, said:
'Kurnell, do you want all of a toiler's name?'
'We would like to have your name in lull.'
'Full name I Wall, that's a puzzler. You
see my family name is Herapfield and then
my obristian name ie John Isaiah, that thar's
John Isaiah Hempfield, isn't it ?'
I 'Yes, sir.'
'Wall then, the boys down our way con
siderin' me a right smart chap, kind a gin
me a second cristenin'—they cslled me Hoss
| Head.'
The information so innocently given, caus
ed a loud burst of laughter from the crowd.
Hoss Head participated in it, for be loved a
laugh, and could be as merry as the next
'A rale smart name ain't it boysV he ask
ed after the laughter bad ceased. Wo'd you
pot it dowo in the book V
'Certainly, certainly,' cried all.
In a few minutes iho stranger, after giving
his pen many circnlsr movements over Ihe
book, and changing his position several
times, succeeded in writing his name in
full, as follows:
'Mr. John Isaiah Hempfield Hoss Head
Persimmon Post Office, Yaller County In
He pointed to this specimen of 'chicko
graphy' with pride, and seemed wonderfully
pleased with tbe fulsome praise bestowed
upon it by the gentlemen present.
Expressing a desire to get fixed up, tbe
clerk showed htm to the wash room when
tbe fops who had endeavored to enjoy the
Hoosier's greenness were struck with an
ids—about such a one as gsnerally racks
tbe bedulted brains of men'—if men tbey
may be called—of their stamp. Anxious to
display their smartness and create amuse
ment at tbe expense of another the fops seiz
ed the porter's brushes, and giving the crowd
a knowing wink, as mnch as to say we'll
make fan for you, approaobed Host Head.
'Shall I bwush yon, sirrah V asked oue en
deavoring to play the servant.
'Wall now, by tminder!' exclaimed Hoss
Head, as he dropped the soap from bis hands
and ceased his ablutions. 'I always was
good at guessin', bnt this beats all creation.
Look yer Kuril ell/ —addressing the clerk—'l
no sooner seed these fellers to-night than I
guessed right out that they was ssrvents.'
The boisterous laugh which followed was
to tbe great chagrin of the fops.
•They just look,' he continued-revery hit
being enjoyed by tbe crowd—as it tbey waru't
made for nothin' else than to scrape the mud
from a feller's legs, and do little chorea
around a tavern. I thunk ibat when I first
seed 'em; sn' by thunder warn't I right;
though I Brush me off? Sartainly I and
(with a dignified air) mind you makesclean
sweep, or I'll report you to the Knrnell,
The fops finding that Hoss Head bad thrown
the joko upon tbem, endeavored to recover;
so they informed bira that be should not be
brushed ucless he paid ia advance.
'Pay >n advance!' was Hoss Heads "radig
osnt reply. Thunder an.-* salvation! don't
the Javern pay you for your lazy, trifling
work! J reckon you think I'm kinder green,
and want to skin me, don't yon !'
•Pon onah we dwonV replied one. "We
ah epeak the twnth,' anewered the other.
By this lime Hoee Head wae victorious, eo
far aa the epeotatore were concerned. —
While Ibey contd not eport with the Hoo
eier'e ignorance of 'city mannere,' they could
but deepise the eeoeeteee dandies who made
bim an object of ridicule. Every hit, there
fore, Hoes Head gave them, drew forth
loud acclamations 'for the gentleman from
the country,' end giving hi* head a toss,
which threw hie hat to one aide beaeked:
'Ain't they try in' to ekin me, boye!'
'Yet,' came from a dozen.
! 'I thank so from the start, an' therefore,
wae on the lookout foi 'em. Sqaire Jones
teld me afore I left bom, to look out for tav
ern .thieves when 1 get to the city, anjl by
thunder I've nin.igint<rl 'em rmht el the
'Dwo you mean to insult usf' asked one
of Ibe fops, forgetting (fie part he had volun
teered to play, and feeling that he onght lo
profes" indignation on being called a thief.
'lf tho shoe fits, wear it,' was Hoss Head's
pointed answer.
'Did you apply the term twavem thief to
us!' asked the other ftp.
'Sartsui, I did.'
'Then, sirrah, we will let you know that
we only assumed the chwaracler of servant.
We are gentlemen,sirrah, and insist on yonah
taking bwaok the obnoxious wappelhrtion, or
we will wek wed wees.
'Yes, airrah, we will seek wedwess with
our otnes ah,' said his companion, as he
flourished a slim specimen of a cane over
hie head.
'What!' exclaimed Hoss Head, drawing
himself out to his (all length, and giving the
diminn lives before bim rather a scornful
look. 'What, you want to fight do you?—
Just clear a ring, boys and stand back il yon
want to see me eat them two critters in a
half e minute. I can do it by any watch in
the crowd. Just olesr the ring.
'Stop, stop,' interrnpted ihe clerk, who saw
that matters were going too far, 'we can't
have any fighting here.'
'Then lern your servants to be purlite,' re
plied Hose Head.
'They are not servants, sir, and do not be
long to Ihe bouse. They are not even board
ers, and I assure yon, sir, I never saw them
before this evening.'
'Don't belong lo the tavern, and trying to
skin me.'
'I presume sir, they onty Intended to play
a harmless joke.'
'That's all pon onah,' replied one of the
fops who saw the matters were assuming
rather a serious aspect for himeelfand friend.
'That was all we intended, wasn't it Cbaw
'Pon onah it was.'
'Kinder pokin' fun at me, oh! Wall now,
1 can stand a joke as well as the next man
on Mirth, and Kurnell, I'll gin twenty-five
cents all in silver, just to carry them at men
out of Ihe bouse.'
'I have nothing lo do with tbem, sir, and
you can act your own pleasure,' replied the
The fops surmising Ihe intentions of the
Hoosier, started for the door, but be seized
them and said:
'Hold on! its better to ride when it costs
nothing. I've got to tell yon a story and
tarn yon a lesson afore yon leare this tavern,'
and grasping both tightly by the collar, he
held them as if in a vice. The fops re
monstrated, but Hoss Head to the delight of
the crowd told them that there was no use a
lalkin' for they could not go until they heard
the story. They consented to remain if be
would let go of them to which he did notob
Surrounded by such persons as are always
found in a hotel office, Hoss Head wilb bis
eyes on the fops, told the following story:
'My old man down in Yaller County owns
as sumptuous a farm as lays in all them dig
gioa. On that ar farm he's got an old horse,
he calls him Dick, as good natored a critter
as ever rubbed hie noee in feed, and all any
body could say of him was that he was right
smartly common iu looks. One time a rich
feller, who lives Bomewbar in Ibis town, was
travelin' in a carriage, and broke down right
agin oar farm. He conoluded he'd go in
the cart, and left his horeeß with the old
man to take care on 'em, an' I must allow,
that a purtier pair of crittere never rubbed a
britcben. The old man put tbem in the
barnyard along with old Dick; and told 'era
to make themselves to bum. Old Dick was
monstrous glad to btve company aud be
cum runnin' up to tbem in a neighborly sort
of a way, and thro wed bis head over fust one
of tbeir necks and then the other, an' was as
lavin' as any gal could want her beau to be.
The city bosses didn't appear to like this
much, an' they kind 'o drawed back, took a
good look at Dick, end seeing be was un
common ugly, tbey just turoed up their no
ses and flirted their tails and stalked off.
•This sort 'o tiled old Dick, lot be knowed
he WM jost t good a horse as lifted a boof,
and after thinkin' to himself awhile, he de
termined to have satisfaction on the two up
starts, who thought they was better than him.
So he goes op to them and tarns his back to
'em jpst this wayand here Hose Head got
down on all fonrs, with hit "bind parts" to
the fops. 'After he had stood this way
abont a minit, be rared and kicked this way,'
and the same moment one of his feet was
in the stomach of each of the fops, and they
fonnd themselves sprawling on the floor.
'Old Dick/ said Hoss Head, unmoved at
what be had done, "keeled them over, and
by the time they war op he war th>r, and
he rared agin this way;' and the fops who
Tnrth aud ligkt-—fiffd awMgr CMtnr.
had jest risen Ind were making lor fire door,
(onnd themselves on their storaaohs. 'Our
old hoss kept rollerin' 'em np,' continued
Hon Head, as he moved back slowly on all
fonre, 'until ha got the city bosses who could
brag of nothin' bn t their purty bar aid their
hides, right by the bars, and he rated sort 'o
this way, and sent both of tbem oot of the
barnyard a kitin',' and taking good aim bo
gave the fops a third and harder kick, which
sent tbem through the open door on the
As soon as the fops could get op, they ran
off screaming murder at lbs top of their
weak, feminine voices, which, however,
were not loud enough to alatm any ane.—
The spectators of the scree nearly split their
sides with laughter, as kick after kick was
given, heartily concurring ityjffA opinion,
that Hoss Head was jest and
well deserved punistugiAV Alter he had
given the last and molt feariui kww, tkA.
Hoosier resumed an ereel position, tnd par
ticipating in the general roar of langbter,
said :
'Wall, boys, I guess I learned (hem dan
dies that ibe best boss don't always sbow
ibe finest hair.
The event made Hoss Head quite a lion at
the boteL Invitations lo drink ware extend
ed to him oftener than wss desirable; wine
was sent lo the table, he was conducted
in a oarrisge thro' the city to see the sights,
and when it length he Mailed for home, the
landlord told him he had no bill to pay, and
that be could consider his 'bat cha'ked' for
that hofcl whenever businets or pleasure
called him to thecity.
John Isaiah Hoss Head expres
sed himself highly delighted with the Queen
city, end all the people withifr. except fops,
and left the Western Metropolis a very
highly tickled individual. The fops have
not been seen since that 'ever memorable
evening,' when for a joke they assumed the
character of servant.
Renovating Articles of Wearing Apparel.
The art of removing stains from clothes
produced by acids, grease, mud, coffee,
wine, etc., is denominated scouring. To
carry the process to perfection requires not
only vast experience, but some practical
knowledge of chemistry. Our observations
upon this subject must therefore be only
received as applicable to the ordinary cases
of stained fabric; because so much modifi
cation of the process is required to be sub
servient to tho various materials
worked upon, that nothing but practice can
The commonest marks are grease spots,
and to scour them out of silk or satin the
best materials to employ are oxgall or pure
turpentine. If gall be used, it should be
quite quite fresh, unless it is purified, of
which we will speak hereafter. If turpen
tine be employed, it should be distilled, and
perfectly free from resin. The preparation
called "scouring drops" is pure turpentine,
perfumed with essence of lemon. Either
of these substances may be applied with a
piece of sponge, or with a remnant of the
same material that is being cleaned. When
the grease spot is large, the greater part
may be removed, in the first instance, by
the application of and a hot
If the stain upon sflk or satin is produced
by an acid, such a? from fruits, and that up
on black or dark colors, the best re-agent is
ammonia (strong hartshorn) rubbed in till it
disappears. For plain and figured silks, of
delicate colors, we cannot give a general
applicant, and therefore leave them to be
operated upon by the professed ilegraissourt.
To obliterate grease spots from white silk
or satin, we-may proceed., as directed for
for colored silks; but fruit, ink and glove
marks require a different treatment. These
marks are generally removed by damping
the part with oxalic acid dissolved in water;
about the eighth part of an ounce in a wine
glassful of water is strong enough. The
common salts of lemons in water also an
swer well. Coffee stains, mud splashes,
&c., will mostly give way to the use of soap
and water. Curd soap should be applied
for this purpose.
For grease spots upon cloth and all kinds
of goods, soap and water may be
used without fear, provided it is well wash
ed out afterwards. Fuller's earth, or pow
dered French chalk, made into a paste with
water, and laid upon the part is, however,
the best applicant, to 'be brushed out when
Paint marks are removed with turpentine,
the smell of which may be quickly dissipa
ted by hanging the article upon a line in the
The clarified bile, or gall, as it is termed,
of the ox, is invaluable lo painters in water
colors: it not only increases the brilliancy
and durability of the colors, but mattes them
spread better upon paper, and especially
ivory. When purified it is also much used
by scourers for renovating the delicate col
ored silks and satins. In its natnrrl state it
contains greenish coloring- matter, and is
then only applicablarfor restating the bright
ness of dark materials. It is dwcolored thus:
Take one point of gall; boil Mind skim it;
then divide into two parts; lo one half pint
add half an ounce of salt, to the other add
half an ounce of powdered alum; each part
| is to be heated till the additions are dissolv
ed ; then pour into separte bottles, and allow
them to stand and clear, (in a quiet place)
lor a month or eight weeks, even longer if
not bright. The clear portions of both are
then to be poured gently off tho sediments
and mixed together; the coloring matter co
agulates and falls, from which the tra^pa
rent gall ie finally separated by filtering
throngh blotting paper. In this state it will
keep any length of time with its qualities
unimpaired, and free from odor.
From Mr. Finch's Poem before Beta
Kappa Society of Yak College.
I am Storm—the King I
f live in a fortress of fire and elood,
You may hear my batteries sharp and loud,
In the summer night.
When I and ray warriors arm for the fight,
And the billows moan
And the cedars groan
As they bend beneath the terrible spring
Of Storm—the King 1
lam Storm—the King! [rain;
My troops are the wind, and the bail, and the
My foes are the woods and lbs feathery grain,
The mail-clad oalc
That gnarla his front to my charge and stroke,
The ship on the sea,
The blooms on. the lea— [ripg
And ttiey writhe and break as the war cries
Of Storm—(be King !
I am Storm—the King!
I drove the sea o'er the Leyden dykes;
To the walls I bore
The "Ark of Delft" from the ocean shore,
O'er vale and mead,
With warlike speed,
Till tha Spaniard fled from the deluge-ring
Of Storm—the King!
1 am Storm—the King,
I saw an armada set sail from Spain
To sprinkle with blood a maiden's reign,
I met the boat
With shattering blows on the island coast,
And tore each deck
To shreds on a wreck;
And the Saxon poeta the praises sing
Of Storm—the King.
I am Storm—the King!
They called the village the fair young queen
Of all that dress in the garden's green.
1 hurled the wave:
It was glory to see the cataract rave !
It whelmed and tore
With a splintering pour,
And none relief to their help could bring
From Storm—the King !
I am Storm—the King!
My marshals are four—the swart simoon,
Sirocco, Tornado, and swift Typhoon ;
My realm is the world,
Wherever a pennon is raved or furled
My stern command
Sweeps sea and land;
And none unharmed a seofl may fling
At Storm —the King!
I am Storm—the King!
I acour the earth, the sea, the air,
And drag the trees by their emerald hair,
And chase for game,
With a leap and a scream, the prairie flame,
The commerce ark
And (he pirate bark,
And none may escape the terrible spring
01 Slorm—the King!
From the Peniusylvanian.
The New York Heri.ld has, for some time
past, published articles expressing in strong
terms its apprehensions of an approaching
financial revulsion. The reasons which oar
coteraporary assigns for the position assumed
are: —That out importations of the present
year have been heavy beyoad any precedent,
while our exports have been less than those
of last year; that with double the quantity of
warehoused goods, the port of New York has
I received, since the Ist of July, importations
averaging a million of dollars a day. The
journal then endeavors to show that onr
means to meet these excessive importations
will prove inadeqnate. The growing cotton
crops being a month behind time, the first
shipments might be delayed till December, |
and if as large as last year, tbey would not
suffice to balance the accouut, and tbe pri
ces ol the articles being already 100 high to
remunerate manufacturers, it remained doubt
ful whether it would bear an additional ad
vance. The Herald admits an abundant har
vest of breadstuff's, but remarks that neither
England, France nor Germany would want
our surplus, the harvest prospects all over
Europe having never been so flattering as
now. And further, that Europe would not
accept our rsilroad bonds any longer, she
having not taken any of our stocks and bonds,
nor bad we made any fiuanoial loan of this
sort in London since tbe commencement of
of tbe Russian war. In addition to all this,
the Herald reminds ua of the faet that tbe
shipment* of Califbrnis gold fail abort of
those of last year each from two hundred
thousand to four hundred thousand dollars,
the deficiency up to the month of Auguet,
1857, amounting to about four million dol
lars, which deficiency, it prediots, would
reaob five or six millions before tbe end of
the year. Our cotemporary concludes from
all this, that the first decided symptoms of a
monetary pressure may be felt as early as
December next; that a drain of specie to
Europe will be experienced in the ensuing
spring, and that a postponement of the bal
ancing of accounts would only be adding to
the bidden under which we now stagger,
while the inevitable revulsion must remain,
after all, but a question of time. Tbe Herald
bat given us the biackesi and gloomiest aide
of the picture, but there is another descrip
tion of papers who present quite a cheerful
view of the matter. They assure us that
money continues to be easy, and that nobody
ia alarmed. Money continues to be easy !
If the mere assertion of the fact could hut
make it so, these papers would be most in
valuable institutions. But unfortunately, the
rates of interest are on an avenge more than
double what they were some three years ago,
while the demand for capita! ia equally ur
gent, if not more so. Admitting the fact of
exoeeeite importations, they console them
selves with the thought that most of the Ins
ses will fall on foreigners, end while they H
sure ne that they are the last persons to favoi
' extravagance, by countenancing such impor
tationa, they endeavor to palliate them on the
ground that a glut In the market, oausing a
decline of prices, benefits the people in con
sequenoe of the cheapness it cteates. We
do not share these lofty and comprehensive
views, neither from a moral nor commercial
point of view. The advantages of legitimate
Interchange, whether national or internation
al, are reciprocal. The loesee of one of the
tradiog partiea may indeed temporarily ben
efit the other, but except bestowing fortunes
upon a comparatively very limited number
of lucky speculators, they cannot result iu
lasting advantages to the people at large, be
cause every perturbation in commerce pro
duces a reaction of tbe same momentum.—
Cause and effect are of equal force. This
truth is applicable not alone to Ihe science
of Mechanics, but to all phenomena in nature
and transactions of men. The most regular
and equitable system of interchange, subjeot
lo no violent convulsions, tends to distribute
on both sides the greatest possible amonnt of
prosperity. The general law of the equilib
rium of forces governs the profits and losses
of trade as it governs the relations of produc
tion and consumption. If foreign importers
should lose this year in consequence of an
extraordinary decline of prices, the result of
excessive importations—which, after M,
were encouraged by our own wastefulaees
and extravagance—ibis decline will surely be
followed by a rise sdeqoate to the losses in
curred, eo tbat for these we shall have lo in
demnify them hereafter, unless, indeed, which
is not probable, we contrive meanwhile to
render ourselves independent of foreign in- 1
dustry. J
We do not agree with the Herald, beoanse
we consider its comments npon onr commer
cial uJ fioeietal position greatly exaggera
ted ; still we hold that there exist powerful
reasons urging the press to raise its warning
voice. For a series of years, we have reck
lessly indulged in habits of wastefulness, snd
loose speculations of every description ; we
have stretched onr credit, at borne and abroad,
to tbe utmost limits of our strength, and now,
when the consequences of this thoughtless
course ate brought home tons; when it is
felt by almost everybody, that the monetary
resources are greatly inadequate to tbe busi
ness requirements of tbe country, we see the
drain of precious metals continue without
interruption, and even exceed that of former
Previous to 1851 we never in any one year
exported above $9,500,000 of ipeoie and
bullion, as an excess of exportstion over im
porynion; but ijince 1851 that earn ranged
between $34,000,000 as a minimum, and
$52,000,000 as a maximum. In 1856 it a
mounted to $41,000,000, and now it is repor
ted, that the first seven months of the year,'
we have already shipped $7,000,000 more
than for the same period of last year. These
shipments are the main and immediate cause
of our troubles, and it is high time that Con
gress should direct its attentiou to the subject,
since the last tariff act baa evidently failed to
accomplish its purpose.
It is by a speedy and prompt application
of legislative remedies only, that the gloomy
apprehensions entertained in some quarters
can be prevented from becoming a sad reali
ty. On the other hand, we would remark in
contradic'ion to the exaggeration of the Her
ald, that besides the California gold, proba
bly some $17,000,000 or $18,000,000 are ad
ded annually to our monetary resources by
the immigration, and that though Europe
may uot require as large a quantity of grain
as in the previous years of war sod partial
failure of crope, the exportation will remain
considerable. The production of Europe ia
never adequate to its consumption. The bigh
price of cotton denotes comparative scarcity,
and warrants a ready sale of the growing
crop—all of which may suffice, if otherwise
(he dictates of prudence be heeded, in time,
to avert the threatening calamity. At all
events the people here will have oheaper
bread and provisions, which offero another
encouraging prospect.
Going to General Smash.
The extravagance of what are known as
fashionable people in New York, is extraor
dinary. To support it they most all be in
possession of incomes averaging from $30,-
000 to $40,000 each. Of course, this ia out
of the question, and hence, upper teodom in
Gotham ie rapidly rushing to desperate bank
ruptcy. Hear what a correspondent of one
of onr papers, who dates from New York,
" This is a fast age. We not only live fast,
travel fast and die fast,but we are fsst buyers.
In the way of extravagance no former age
ever excelled us. This not only proves that
the oonntry it running largely to weahb, bnt
also ginger dread snd tinsel. There are
dwelling houses in this city which cost 200,-
000. To keep socb a bouse in servants, par
ties, balls, bassons and butchers, runs away
with $30,000 more. Everybody seems bent
upon making the nlmott 'splurge'snd rnshing
to 'higbfalutio' and gold-edged apittooa*. A
lady, tbe other dey, paid S4OO for a handker
chief. A shawl worth $1,600 is a 'common
occurrence' in the metropolis. Port-monies,
set with pearls and diamonds and costing
from $75 to S3OO, have jnst been introduced
by a Pari* importer. Fans worth MO may
be found at Stewart's by the dozen. If this
fact don't prove that we live in a fast age
that we are doing business on tbe high pres
sure principle—l donl know what would."
BP* A Yankee thug advertises his wife in
rhyme "On the 16th of August, on the
night of Monday, eloped from her husband
the wife of Johu Grundy; his grief for ab
sence each day growing deeper, should any
one lind her he begs them to keep her."^
[Two BMlin jtor lnu.
There la no inurnment capable of prodne
ing a tons at all comparable with that of the
human votes, and the glory of all other in
strument* consists in tbe nearness of their
approach to its marvellous perfection. Not
that it were desirable that all instrument*
•honld exactly resemble the voice in quality
or tone—the individuality of each instrument
and the variety Of tone in the orchestra con
stituting its peculiar ricbnesa. Bat there are
meny characteristics of the voice which were
desirable in all instruments, such aa ease in
the produotion of tone—the facility of pas
sage from one lone to another—the purity of
I a tone, whatevei ila quality, may be—and a
sympathetic power in tba expreasion of ibo
,emotion*. , - ,
The iDstramenU vfhioh moat oioeely re
semble the ha nun voice arc the violoncello,
the eito, (he vioKn. The instrument which
cornea next after the voice, however, in
power and comprehensiveness, (although not
so near raaembling it in quality of tone,) is
the organ. In Its grandeur of expression and
in iu marvellous resources, combining, aa it
does more or lew, all other mechanical in
atromem* in itself, it is a king among instru
ments of tinman construction. The voice,
however, though possessing so poeoliar a
quality, is yet capable to romatkable degree,
of imitating other instruments; for not only,
by cultivation can it produce the actual tones
of msny instruments, but it can imitate at
almoet all sonnds with which the ear is ac
Let us torn, then, to the mechanical struc
ture of this instrument.
At the basis of the voeat apparatus, like the
bellows of aa organ, lie the human bellows
—the lungs. The offloe of these is to famish
sir for the musical instrument loeated above.
The air is forced by the lungs through what
are called bronchial tubes, which extending
from either lung up toward the throat, grad
ually converge until they are resolved into
onetnbe—the windpipe. At the upper point
of the windpipe is a little bundle of mechan
ism called the larynx. It is composed of four
pieces which have the power of playing into
each other, or of moving together. Through
the centre of the larynx is a hollow passago
or continuation of the air tube. Thia tube
terminates in a wide opening, which opening
is formed by the vocal cords, is of triangle
shape, and ii called the glottis. Above (bis
opening is a valve oatied the epiglottis. Tho
epiglottis covers tha air tube and protect* hi
the act of swallowing, tbe food passing down
behind the back of the throat. Above the
epiglottis is a continuation of the opening,
(leading both into the mouth and nose) call
the pharynx. Tbe walls of the pharynx have
the power of contracting or acting npon the
columna of air, thus modifying tbe tone.
It will be understood then, that tbe lungs
furnish the sir and send it up to the larynx,
(Adam's apple,) at which point the tone it
produced; the tone then passes np into tbe
pharynx and baok part of the threat, whete
it is modified at will, and then arrives et the
mouth and lips, wbsrs tbe organs of artiaolte
lion shape the tone, when necessary, iato a
It may be remarked that tbece are cavities
in the frontal bone between and over the
eyes and in the obeek bone*, whiob are in
connection with tbe back part of the throat or
pharynx, and which serve at a kind of Bound
ing board for the tone. So that when a per
ron has a cold, and .the membrane whiob
oorere a!! these cavities is'swollen and the
space of the cavity diminished, and the aides
of the cavities changed as to baldness er con
sistency generally, tbe voice show* it imme
diately, and is changed from ita usual resonant
A similar change is effected in tbe reso
nance of the voice by any unnatural cavities
in the longa, as in tbe case of the epaeea pro
duced by tubercular softening. Consump
tive persons, therefore, experience a change
in the voice, the tone growing deep and hol
In mechanism there are three kinds of mu
sical instrumentslst, the teed famfly, is
which the tone ie produced by the vibration
of (be reeds, or tongues fattened at one end.
2d, the string family, in which the tone is
produced by tbe vibration of cords fastened
at both ends. 3d, the flute family, in which
the lone ia produced by the vibration of e
column of air in a fixed tube.
Now, Csrpsnter, in bis celebrated work on
human physiology, considers (he human a
reed instrument, although in some subse
quent remarks he ooncindet that what are
called faltlUa tones more resemble the Ante
family. *
But 1 cannot resist '.he conviction that lbs
voice is an admirable compound of all three
mechanisms, and for this reason. It is not
a reed alow—because a voice can elide from
one tone to another (like sliding a finger up
a violin or guitar string) in a manner impos
sible to a reed instrument. Betides, in a
reed instrument, the reed ot tongoe is fasten
ed at one end only; whereas, the voeol cords
(in their perpendicular extension through the
larynx) are fastened at both. 2d. The voice
ia not a stringed instrument alone, because in
the production of felaeuo tones (so called) the
strings cease le vibrate. Sd. It ia not a flute
instrument slone, because only a portion of
the tones are produced by tbe vibration of a
column of air in a fixed tube.
The voice, therefore, I cannot but think,
wonderfully combines the advantage* of the
reed, the string and flute mechanism—moat
closely reeetabling, however, the reed.
OT It ia said that the National Hotel, at
Washington, ia to remodeled for a theatre..