The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, June 10, 1857, Image 1

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R. V. Hunr, Priprittin]
11. W. WEAVER,
OFFlCE —Upstaire, in the new brick build
ing, on the south side oj Alain Street. third
square below Market.
* E B M B' —Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from lbs time of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVEBTUKMCNTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three times for One Dollar,
end twenty-five cents for eecb additional in
• eition. A liberal discount will be made to
those wbo advertise by the year.
Cfyoue Doctrn.
' ....OwwtNA..*... - - r - l _- L „_ r<
ROD 1 It 8 COME.
From the elm-tree's topmost bough,
Hark! the robin's early song,
Telltns, one and all, that now
Merry spring-time bastes along ;
Welcome tidings (boa dost bring,
Little harbinger of spring!
Robins come.
Of the winter w* are weary,
Weary of its frost and snow,
Longing for (be sunshine cheery,
And the brooklet's gurgling flow;
Gtadly when we bear tbee sing
The reveille of the spring 1
Robins come.
Ring it out o'er hill and plain,
Through the garden's lonely bowers,
Till the green leaves dance again,
Till the air is sweet with flowers;
Wake the cowslip by the rill,
Wake the yellow daffodil,
Robins come.
Then, as thon wert wont of yore,
Budd thy nest and raar thy young,
Cloe beside our cottage door,
In the Woodbine leaves among;
Hart or harm thou needst not fear;
Nothing rude shall venture near.
Robiua come.
Swinging still o'er yonder lana,
Robin answers merrily,
Ravished by (he sweet refrsin,
A LICE claps her hands in glee;
Shouting from the opeu door,
With her clear voice o'er and o'er,
''Robins come !"
MIX almost any sort of meal, as Indian corn
or wheat shorts, and artanic, in the proportion I
of show two auaiu oLihe former tp one otiuce
of the latter. I'lace it in protected places
under jour barns and oul-honses, where the
childien, pigs and cbickebs will not be likely
to get it.
I advise thus to place it some Utile distance
from human dwellings, both on account of
greater safety to human beings h and the pro
bability that the rale and mice getting tbe poi
son, wonld die at a distance from them. My
own way is to remove a stone in the under
pinning of my barn, and thova under a nar
row board, lo which a tin pie pan is fastened
—by driviug shingle nails each side of it, —
and on which I place some of the mixture.
1 also place it in sheltered placea in my wood
house, where there are known places of the
entrance of these creatures.
Where the ordinary provisions of the family
are well secured during the summer, rats and
mice usually lake to the fields and hedges.
They return during the summer, as provisions
become scarce in their summer haunts. This
is the very rime to interrupt them in the man
ner 1 have mentioned. Thus f did during the
past autumn. The result is that but one rat
has beau heard about my premiaas for a long
time, and that one waa bat once heard, and
at a long rime ago. My family contains bnt
one. servant and no smalt childrtn, and the
whole arrangement of the thing is in my own
hands, otherwise it might not be safe to use
so powerful a poison as arsenic. There are
numerous other substances that may ba used
besides arsenic. An 3 I write now not so
mucb to commend i> as the especial ingredi
ent of poisonous mixtures, aa to describe
what I consider the safest and most sflectnal
mode of Its application.—C. E. Goodrich,
Utica, N. Y.—Country Gentleman.
geance of the allied powers demanded some
victims and the intrepid Ney who had well
r.igh bnt the crown again on Bonaparte's
bead at Waterloo was to be one of them.—
Condemned to be shot hg was led to >he
' garden of Luxemburg on the morning of the
7ih of December and placed in front ol a file
of soldieni drawn up t6 kill him. One of the
officers stepped up to bandage bis eyes but
tie repulsed bim saying:
Are you ignorant that for twenty-five years
t have been accustomed to face both ball
and bullet*
He then lifted his hat above bia head, and
■with tbe same oalm voice tbat steadied his
columns so frequently in the roar and tumult
of battle said:
1 declare before God and man that I never
betrayed my country. May my death ren
der her happy. Pics la France.
, He then turned to the aoldiera and striking
bis band on hla heart, gave the order ''Sold
iers fire I"
A simultaneous discharge followed and the
brave of the brave sank to rise no more.—
Ha who bad fought five hundred kaitlasfor
France, net one against him, was shot aa a
MOULDINESS.—Fruit jsilies may be preaer
rffffsd from covering tf>a surface
of an ioeh deep with finely pol-
soger. Thus protected they will
condition for lon years,.
From " Tkinge not Generally Known,"
bt o. a. WELLS.
There are many phrases and quotation*
which are as " familiar in oar months aa
household words," whose origio Is either
onknown or misconceived, cod, without en
ctoaohing upon the sphere of tbe works de
voted to this purpose, we may mention a few
of them;
"There ia death in the pot," is from the
Bible, 2 Kings, Iv. 40. "Lovely and pleas
ant in their lives, and in death thay were not
divided," is spoken of Sanl and Jonathan, 2
Samuel, i. 23. "A man after his own heart,"
1 Samnel, xlii. 14. "The apple of his eye,"
Oval, xf. St. *A eeUk email uiee,". *-
Kingv, xix. 12. ''Escaped with the skiu of
my teeth," Job, xix. 20. "That mine adver.
sary had writtan a book," Job, xxi. 35.
"Spreading himself like a green bay tree,"
Psalm, xxxvii. 85. "Hanged onr harps npon
the willows," Psalm, cxxxvii. 2. ''Riches
make (not take, aa it is often quoted,) tbem
aelves wings," Proverbs, xxiil. 5. "Heap
coal* of fire upon his head," Ibid, xxv. 22.
"No new thing onder the sun," Ecclesiastea,
I. 9. "Of making many books thsre is no
end," Ibid, xii. 12. "Peace, peace, when
there is no peace," (made famous by Pat
rick Henry,) Jeremiah, viii. 11. "My name
is legion," Mark, v. 9. "To kick against
the pricks," Acts, ix. 5. "Make a virtue of
necessity," Shskspeare's Two Gentlemen of
Verona, "All that glisters is not gold," usn
ally quoted "All iv r.ot gold that glitters,"
Merchant of Venice. "Screw yonrronrage
to the slicking place," (not point ) Macbeth.
"Make assurance doubly sure,''lbid. "Hang
,out onr banners on tbe outward (riot onter)
walls," Ibid. "Keep the word of promise
to our (not the) ear, but break it to our hope,"
Ibid. "It is an ill-wind that turns none to
good," usually quoted, "It's an ill-wind that
blows no one any good," Thomas Taster,
1580. "Christmas comes but once a year,"
Ibid. "Look ere thou leap," Ibid; and "Look
before you era you leap," Hudibras, com
monly quoted, "Look before you leap."—
"Out of mind as soon as out of sight," usu
ally quoted, "Out of eight, oot of mind,"
Lord Brooke. "What though the field be
lost, alt is not lost," Milton. "Awake, arise,
or be for ever fallen," Ibid. "Necessity, the
tyrant's plea," Ibid. "That old man, elo
quent," Ibid. "Peace bath her victories,"
j Ibid. "Though this may be play to you, 'lis
| death to us," Roger L'Estraftge, 1704. "All
erf mmt no ttiftgrwent.) Mnd-ims*
"Count their chickene ere (not before) they're
hutched," Ibid. "Through thick and thin,"
Dryden. "When Greeks joined Greeks, then
was the tug of war," usually quoted "When
Greek meets Greek, then comes the lug of
war," Nathaniel Lee, 1692. "Of two evils,
I hare chose the least," Prior. "Richard is
himself again," Colley Bibber. "Classic
ground," Addison. "As clear as a whistle,"
Kyron, 1763. "A good halter," Johosoniana.
"A fellow feeling makes one wondrous
kind," Garrick. "My name is Norval,"
John Home, 1808. "Ask me no qnestions,
and I'll tell you nc fibs," Goldsmith. "Not
muoh the worse for wear," (not none the
worse,) Cowpnr. "What will Mrs. Grundy
say," Thomas Mortion. '-No peut up Utica
contracts your powers," Jona. M. Seweil.—
"Hsth given hostages to fortune," Bacon.—
"His (God's) image cut in ebony," Thomas
'Wise and masterly inactivity,"
Mackintosh, in 1791, though generally attri
buted to Randolph. "First in war, first in
peace, and first in the hearts of his fellow
citizens," (net countrymen,) resolutions pre
sented to House of Representatives, Decem
ber, 1799, prepared by Gen. Henry Lee.—
"Millions for defence, but not one cent for
tribute," Charles C. Pinckney. "The Al
mighty Dollar," Washington Irving. "As
good as a play," King Charles, when in Par
liament, attending the diacusalon of Lord
Ross's divorce bill. "Sellings bargain," is
in Love's Labor Lost "Fast and Loose,"
Ibid. "Pumping a man," Otway'a Venice
Preserved. I Go eotcks," Pope's prologue
to Satires. "In the wrong box," Fox's Mar
tyre. "To lemm in the eenae of to heel,"
King and no King, by Beaumont and Fletch
er. The hackneyed newspaper Latin quota
tion, "Tempora metantur, noa et mutamua
in illie," is not found in any classic or Latin
author. The nearest approach to it was
"Omnia mntantor," &0., and this is found in
Borbonins, a German writer of the middle
"Smelling ef the lamp" ia to be found in
Plutarch, and ia there attributed to Pytheas. i
"A little bird told roe," comes from Ecclesi
astes, x. SO, "lor a bird of the air shall carry
the voioe, and that which bath wings shell
tell the metier."
"He tbat fights and inns away
May live to fight another day."
These lines, usually ascribed to Hodibras,
are really much older. They are to be fennd
in a book published in 1670. The same idea
is, however, expreeaed in a couplet publish
ed In 1649, while one of tbe few fragments
of Mecaader, the Greek writer,, that have
been preserved, embodies the tame Idea in
a single line. Tbe eonpiel in Hudibma is—
"For those that fly may fight again,
Which he can never do that's slain."
"Them's a good time coining," is an ex
pression used by Sir Walter Bcolt in Bob
Roy, and has doubtless for a long time been
a familiar saying in Scotland.
Eripuit talo fubnen, scepttumgue lyranmt,
wse a line upon Fmoklic, written by Ttugot,
tbe minister of Louis XVI. It is, however,
merely a modification of a line by Cardinal
Polignac, Eripuitqut Jovi fulmen, Phaboque
I Migil/os, wbich in turn was taken from a line
Traill and Right Cod aad ear Ceantry.
of Marcus Madilius, wbo says of Epicurus,
Eripuitque Jovi fulmtn viresque Tonatdi.
Voxpopuli, Vox Dei. The origin of this
familiar phrase in not known, bnt it is quo
ted as a proverb by William of Melmeebury,
who lived in the early part of the twelfth
Ultima ratio regum. This motto was en
graved on the French cannon by order of
Lonis XIV. ]
"Whistling girl* and erowing hana
Always come to some bad end."
In one of the carious Chinese books m
cently translated and published in Pari* this
proverb occurs in substantially the same
words. Uis also an injunction of the Chi
, neae priesthood, and a oarefnlly observed
nonsenota custom, ro-Miftmnwonßety i
hen that orosrs, aa a preventive against tbe !
misfortune whioh the circumstance is sup
posed to indicate. Tbe same praotioe pre
vails throughout many portion* of the Uni
ted State*.
It may not be generally known that "John
Phoenix has been a passenger on the Central
Railroad, but such is th* fast. Ha talis au
incident connected with bis ride, in a letter
to the Knickerbocker Maganne, which he pnts
on record to serve at a camion to fntnre in
nocent travelers. He eaye:
"I bad observed at each change of cars,
and they were frequent, when the general
scramble took place, one car was defended
from the assault by a stalwart man, usually
of Irish persuasion, wbo deaf to menaces,
unsoftened by entreaty, and uncorrupted by
bribes, maintained his position for the bene
fit of the "leddies." "Leddies' oar, sir, av
yeplase; forrid car for gintlemen without
leddies." Need I say that this car so reser
ved was by far tbe most comfortable of (be
train, and that with tbat stern resolve which
ever distinguishes me in tbe discbarge of my
duty toward myself, I determined to get into
it eoute qui coute. So when we changed cars
at Utica, L rushed forth; and seeing a nice
young person, with a pretty face, bonnet and
shtwl, and a large portmanteau, urging her
way through the crowd, I stepped up by her
side, and with my native grace and gallant
ry, offered my arm and my assistance.—
They were grstefnlly accepted, and proud of
my success, I ushered ray fair charge up to
the platform of the ladies' car. My old en
emy was holding the door. "Is that your
lady, sir?" said be. With an inward apolo-
OX to Mrs. Pboßjiix for the ureal iuiuaiieo
done to her charms by the admission, I re
plied, "Yes." Judge of my honor when this
low employee of a monopolizing and unac
commodating Railroad Company, addressing
my companion with the tone and manner of
an old acqnaimance, said—"Well, Sal, I
guess you've done well, but I.dont believe
his family will think mucb of the match."—
However, I got into the ladies' car, and hav.
ing repudiated the young person, Sally, got
an exceedingly pleasant seat by the side of a
very warm and comfortable young lady of
sleepy turn and quiet deposition. I wonld
not have exchanged bet for two buffalo
robes, but alas ! she got off at Syracuse, and
then frosty Caucasus, how oold it wast—And
so grinding and jolting, jarring, sliding and
freezing; wore away the long night.
. In the morning we were at Buffalo. I saw
nothing of it bnt a railroad depot; but I re
member thinking I stamped my feet and
thrashed my arms to restore the circulation,
that if that sort of weather continued, "the
Buffalo girls couldo't come out to night,"
end probably have lo postpone their appear
ance until the summer seaaon."
my experience in regard to the enemies of
ibe vine. On my vines first appear, aa a
general tbing, tbe small black bug or fly; the
only Ibing I ever found to drive them off is
Scotob snuff sprinkled on the vines. I have
found tbat Ibe most effectual preventive
against tbe effects of striped bogs, cut worms
or black flies—and in fact all tbe enemies of
tbe vine, (or cabbage), sa follows: Make a
box about seven inches deep by six inches
square on top, and eight on bottom. This is
to be placed over the bills as soon as tbe
vines begin to break the gronnd. I have had
ray vines eaten off when the blow was just
breaking ioto sight. These boxes are tbe
only thing that I know of tbat will prove ef
fectual. R.
gardens have their appearance spoiled by un
sightly beanpoles, as the old saying is, 'stand
ing seven ways for Sunday.' 1 have a way
that looks belter, and as lot tbe productive
ness, there is a (nil difference in favor of my
plan. Set posts twenty feet apart, six feet
high, and fasten No. 8 or 10 wire on the top.
Plant under the wire in hills two leet apart,
leaving two plants in a hill to grow. Stick
with willow or aay kind of sprouts, peeling
tbe ends to prevent growing. Tie them to
the wire and cut off the tops of the vines two
or three inches above the wires. Tbe rows
should run north and south, and be four and
! a half leet apart. R.
PATRIOTIC. —Dr. Bandrsth proposes to fin
ish the Washington Monument himself, and,
it is said, devotes the proceeds of bis busi
ness, annually 9*0,000, to that patriotic pur
pose. The Doctor is a very publio-spiriled
man sod knows tbe benefits of advertising.
For tbe purpose of putting tbe monument up,
every mas, woman and child in the country
will take down a full box of the doctor's
pills. A greater sacrifice to doty than this,
patriotism ought not to exact of any indi
vidual who has a prudent regard for his
health, and does not like tbe taste of aloes,
Fiom "Tkt Slates."
Geology teaehes as Ibat there have been
three great era* when the aurface of the
earth haa undergone ebangea aucb aa might
have reaulted from ,a uciveraal deluge, ef*
fee.led, perhaps, by the collision of comets
with the earth, giving a new direction to it*
rotary motion, or making it revolve aroand
a aew axis.
Geology teaches, aa plainly aa anything in
Holy Writ, that the aeaa have thrioe forsaken
their beds, and, by the noiversal raebing of
the waters to a new equator, have over
whelmed continents, the abode ot men and
Now, however, mwfcjwur differ in regard
tome Mosaic,' luMoly.of the flood, as tot
whether it ever look pi son in the manner in
which it is literally set forth in the Bible,
and however tbey may ridicole the probable
or possible contact of a comet with the earth
on the 16th day of Jane next, one thing is
certain that neither their sneers, ridicole, nor
unbelief will affsct the law* of geometry and
motion nor the mechanism of the universe.
What has been, may be again; like onuses
produce like effeots. If there have been
three deluges, which at different eras have
overwhelmed and destroyed every veatage
of the races of man and animals then on the
surface of the earth, what astronomer or
philosopher ia prepared to show that there
will not be a fourth, a filth, a sixth!
Of 99bComets whose elements have been
calculated by astronomers, 30 passed be
tween the son and Mercury, 23 between the
orbits of Meroury and -Venus, 21 between
the orbits of Ceres and Jupiter.
It is not a well known fact that Blsla's
comet, whose diameter ia nearly twine that
of the earth passes so very near, 'that at the
moment the centre oi the comet ia at the
point nearest to the earth's path', the matter
of the comet extends beyond that path, and
a portion of it within it ! This is the comet
which it was predicted wonld come in col
lision with and destroy the earth on the 26th
of November, 1832; bat happily the comet
anticipated the earth by passing the point
were the fight was to come ofl on the 26th
of October, so that either the astronomers
were 32 days behind, or the comet 32 days
before time.
It was the opinion of Dr. Whiston. the
friend and successor of Newton, that the
comet known as Haliey's deluged the world
ia the time of Noah. This is the same oom
et which, in 1456 universal Jerror
throughout Ebropd, liisJßftg the belief that*
it would destroy the earth, and that the day
of judgement was at hand; to avert which
awful doom, Pope Calixtos added to the Ava
Maria the prayer, ''Lord eave us from the
devil, the Turk and the comet."
Now, there are men in the world so hard
ened in sin, that tbey will say in regard to
the predicted.emash-up in 1832, that a miss
is as good as a mile; and in regard to the
one which so horribly frightened old Calix
tos, that "it ia of no son of consequence, as
it will not arrive tt its perihelion again until
1911," but let these sinners remember that
there are other cornels which are continually
crossing the earth's pafh; and whether we
shall escape the one of the 16th of June
next, at luckily as we did that or 1832, lime
may or may not unfold to oa. The collision
of the earth with comets at certain epochs is
not only possible bat unavoidable; and the
writer tit this article t&Tfeves that all th£ del
uges which the different strata of the earth
prove to have taken place, (in an antiquity
to be measured, perhaps, only by millions of
years,) have taken place tbrongh cometary
There is no doubi in the minds of most
astronomers that the asteroids between the
orbits of Msrs and Jupiter are the fragments
of a great planet, which, from some cause,
has been burst asundsr. If that cause was
exterior, it must hare been cometary, for
there are no bodies in our solar system
whose orbits interaect those of the planets.
The fact is well known to astronomers,
that the remarkable hornet of 1770, whioh
was found to rerolre in moderate ellipse in
a period of about fire years, was thrown
out of its orbit by the attractions of Jupiter
and has not been beard of since. What the
effect of the collision wto, to that planet it is
impossible to stale; for although no percepti
ble ohange took plaoe in its motions, yet a
change might bare taken place in its auxil
iary motion sufficient to hare thrown its
oceans from their beds, and to orerwhelm
erery inhabitant on its surface.
There are a great many phenomena as
cribed to the influence of oomels; it is eren
the opinion of some that Sodom and Gomor
rah were destroyed by one of these erratio
visitors, molten with perihelion beat; but who
knows J ALPHA.
THE LAND FEVER.-*. Speculation in the lands
baa reached a height in the West, that the
Government land offices are besieged by the
buyers. Recently, at Osage, two thousand
persons arrived for the purpose of purchas
ing, and the rush was so great, thai some
posted themselves before the doors of the
offioe oe Saturday night, -with their provis
ions in their pocket, add remained there till
Monday morning, when the salee began.—
Several persons had their ribs broken in the
preesnre of the crowd. This beats the scram
ble lor bank slook, which was once witnes
sed in Philadelphia though now new bank
stock aeeaaa rather unattractive to those who
have capital to invest.
Friendship is a-silent gentleman that
makes no parade !—the true heart dances no
hornpipe on tiro tongue.
Tbe THIRTY-THIRD Annivereery of ibl* im
portant Institution wss bold in Philadelphia,
on lbs evening of the 12th inet., in tbe capa
cious Hall of Or. Jayne; Ambrose White,
Esq. In tbe ohair. Earnest and appropriate
editresses were delivered by tbe Rev. Dr.
Brantley, Rev. Mr. Jenkins, Rev. Mr. Breed,
and Abraham Martin, Esq., to which the
large and intelligent audience liatened with
m arlted attention. The opening and conclu
ding religious exercises, were conducted by
the Rev. Dr. Btork, and the Rt. Rev. Bishop
Eastburn. The abstract of the annual report
was read by the Rev. R. B. Weatbrook Sec.
of Missions, from which the following facta
are gathered.
Tbe receipts ef tbe Mtaatnntnjr department
have been: in donations, $71,982 87; in leg
acies,.!! 1,954 87, and a balance on hand
from laat year, being specially designated by
the donors, $769 43, making tbe total re
sources of the department for the year, $84,-
897 87.
Thia sum has been faithfully appropriated
in accordance with tbe wishes of the donors.
A large corps of Missionaries have been sent
forth into 26 different Statee aad Territories,
who have established more than 1800 nets
schools, gathered into tbera about 80,000 chil
dren, and secured for the instruction of these
children,over 13,000 teachers: supplying poor
and needy schools and children with booki
and other Sunday-school requisites. In ad
dition to planting tlieat new schools, they
have visited, anpplied with books, and oth
erwise assisted, nearly 3000 Sonday-schools,
containing more than 100,000 children ; ma
king a total of Sunday-seboola organized and
aided of nearly SOOO.
If we take into onr estimate the result of
the last six years, we find that tbe Society
has organized in that time, through the di
rect labors of its Missionaries, more ibati
12,000 new Sonday-schools, containing about
78,000 teachers, and nearly 600,000 chil
dren !
The Missionary labors of the Society are
entirely distinct from the publishing depart
ment. Indeed,the latter is quite subordinate
to the former. As a missionary institution,
the Society has two chief objects: 1. Toopen
new Sunday-schools in neighborhoods and
settlements where they wonld not otherwise
be established; visiting and reviving old
Sunday-schools; and 2. To supply them with
books for carrying on the schools successfully,
when thus begnn.
All donations made to the Society, see sere
! pulonefy applied to tbe mjeels designated by
the donors. In no case are tbey applied to
carry on the publication department of the
Sobiety'a operations.
The Publishing department has distributed
during tbe past year, books,&o., to tbe amount
of $177,663 13.
It should be remembered in this connection
that it is tbe policy of the Society to arrange
the price of books as lo merely sustain, and
enlarge as the occasion may require, this
branch of its operations, and not with a view
of creating a revenue for the missionary de
The Society now pnblish s comolete Li
brary for Sunday-schools, containingß4l vol
umes, and 4 selections from the general Li
brary of 100 volumes each, for $10; also two
" Five dollar Juvenile Libraries" of seventy
five volumes each ; Child's Home Library 60
volnmes, $3.60; Ibe Village and Family Li
braries, tweniy-four volumes, $3 each, and
the Child's Cabinet Library of fifty volumes,
The "Snnday-sohool Journal" and "Youth's
Penny Gazelle," are published as formerly;
and in order to increase the nsefulneas of the
latter, and to bring it witbic the reach of all,
the price of subscription has been reduced lo
fen cents per annum, where one hundred cop
ies are taken.
A foil report of tin Society's operations
may be obtained gratuitously, upon applica
tion at any of the depositories.
It is a miserable thipg to be rich I We aver
it not from experience, but from observation.
Solomon Southwick, tbe veteran Rhode (el
and editor, once published a poem, entitled
tbe " Pleasures of Poverty;" and, although
nobody read more than the first page, it was
the beat thing that Solomon—and he really
was a man ol genius—ever did. It was the
perversity of mankind, not tbe "absence of
calorio'' in the poem, that prevented the
" Pleasures of Poverty" from becoming as
immortal as tbe " Pleasures of Memory."
We pity a ricb man—and whyl Because
he is lik%the unlucky fellow who used lo
adorn the first page of old-fashioned Alma
naos. Aries, tbe ram is eternally jnmping
over bie bead, ready to butt out bis brains for
the sake of getting el Lis purse. Taurus, the
ball, it goring bins with horns, to make him
bleed freely. [Gemini, the twins, generally
fall to the lot of the poor mao, so we will pass
over them.] The claWt of Cencer ere fas
tened on his 1 , breast in the shape of needy
relations. Leo is the conchant before him,
watohing the opportunity to prey npon his
possessions. Virgo is laying snares for bis
heart. Liora is weighing his losses. Sagit
tarius transfixes him with the arrows of envy.
Capricotnus is bearding him witb the spirit
of rivaty. Aquarius (obsnging the sex) is
keeping him in a whirlpool oi routes, parties
and balls, to please a dashing wife and mon
ey-spending daughters. And to sum up his
miseries, the slippery fishes render bis footing
unstable, and his standing uncertain—fot they
are neither mote or lets than the obanges end
chances of life. Wbe,sohard-besrted as not
to pity the rich man 1
Who ii dogged in the stteeta, and knocked
down at midnight? Whose house is broken
into by robber* 7 The rich man's. Who
has his pocket oat on), and bis coat spoiled
in a crowd" The rich roan. Who is in
doobt whether the people are not laughing at
him in their sleeves, when they are eating
bis dinner? The rich roan.- Who adds to
his trouble by every ?tone be add* to his
house ? Tbe rich man—for the higher he
ascends, tbe colder is tbe atmosphere. A
bank breaks, and who suffers ? Tbe rich
stockholder and depositor. War blows bis
horn, and who trembles ? Death approaches,
and who fears to look him in the faoe?—
Why, the rich man—and yet, all tbe world
envies the rich. Depend npon it, reader, the
length of your faoe will always be propor
tioned to tbe length of yonwporse. II yon
lis* in a two-storied bd rhankfbl and
covet not the lofty mansion of your neighbor.
Yon bnt dishonor yourself, and insult your
destiny, by fretting and repining.
In early ages, com was planted is mortar*
by hand. Solomon alledes to that custom,
when be says: "Though thou shouldst bray
a fool in a mortar with a pestle among wheat,
yet will not bis foolishness depart from biro."
Tbe hand mills, of later times were of very
simple construction, and were operated prin
cipally by women. In proceas of time, shafla
were added to these machines, and they
were worked by cattle. Water milla were
invented about ths time of Julius Cmsar but
they did not come into general use till A. D.
400. It is supposed that wind-mills origina
ted in tbe east and were introduced into Eu
rope by the Crusaders. This however, is
doubted, as sucb mills were in ose in Eu
rope as early as the first Crusade. Feudal
lords claimed the privilege of erecting all
corn milla and requiring their vassals to
grind st their mills, called ban-mills. Tbe
buildir.g of such mill was then very expen
sive, and none but lords and barons could
afford tbe expense; hence they olaimed all
tolls, from their dependants, byway of remu
neration. At one time the monks of Hol
land desired to erect a wind-mill fur their
own convenience; tbe lord of the soil op
posed their purpose saying that the wind in
that district belonged to him.
The monks appealed to their bishop, who
in great indignation, claimed spiritual control
of the winds, in his diocese, .and granted
letters patent to the holy father*. By im
provements introduced in France, io the
grinding of corn, about the 1700, the amount
tt< finer oblainod dwfikJ. .. ..
Saw milla are morb recent in their origin,
than corn mills. The earliest method known
for procuring planks, was by splitting the
trunks of trees with wedges, and hewing the
sides with axes.
Until the middle of the sixteenth century
all the plank ir. Norway were thus manufac
tured. The saw is an instrument of very
remote antiquity. The inventor of it like all
filler benefactors ranked among the gods.—
Ovid celebrated bis praises, in his metamor
phoses. He says the idea waasoggested by
the spine whioh projects from the back-bona
of a fish. By others, tbe discovery is attri
buted to the accidental n.*e of the jaw-bone
of a snake in severing a piece of wood. The
saw was used in pit sawing during most of
thedark ages. It was first adapted to mills,
in Uermany, in 1322. Snwa ware not intro
duced into England until 1767. Tbe first
constructed rail lowers destroyed by.mob^.—•
Ths invention of the circular saw added great
ly to the efijcienoy of modern mills, and now
almost every variety and form of limber used
by mechanics is cut into the proper shape
for use, by snch stwe. —OAio Farmer.
The g-eatest cataract in the world, is the
Falls of Niagara, where the waters accumu
lated from the upper lakes, forming a river
three quartets of a mile in width, are auddenly
contracted and plunged over the locks, in
two columns, to the depth of one huudred
and sixty feet.
The greatest Cave in the world, is the
Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky, where one
can make a voyage on the water* of a sub
terranean river, and catch 'fish without eyes.
Tbe greatest river in tba world is tbe Mis
sitaippi, four thousand one hundred miles in
length.' It* name is derived from an Indian
word, meaning "The Father of Waters."
The largest Valley in the world is the Val
ley of the Mississippi, jit contains five hun
dred ihousahd square miles, and is one of
the most prolific regions on the globe.
The largest Lake in thq world it Lake Su
perior, 430 miles long.
The greatest Natural Bridge in the world,
ia that over Cedar Creek, in Virginia. It ex
tends across a chasm 80 feet in width, and
250 feet deep, at the bottom of whioh a creek
The greatest solid mass of Iron io tbe world
is the Iron Mountain of Missouri. It is three
hundred end fifty f*et high, and two miles in
The largest Railroad in tha world, ia lha
Central. Railroad of Illinois, which is 731
miles long and cost fifteen millions of dollars.
Tbe greatest number of miles of Railroad,
in proportion to its surface, of any country in
the world—ia in Massachusetts, whioh ftae
over one mile to each square mile of its area.
The greatest number of clock* manufac
tured in the world, is turned out in the small
State of Connecticut. ....
Tbe largest number of whsle ships in the
world, are sent out tjy Nantucket and New
The greatest grain port in tbe world isLbi
largest aqueduct in the world, is the
Croton Aqueduct, in New York. It is forty
end a hall miles long, aod oo twelve and a
half millions of dol'ars.— Bridgeport Chronicle.
[TwoDollars pwlam.
God made tbe heart with every chord
Responsive to his love; •'
To cheer, to bless, and keepjhis word—
Like angel hearts above!
Twae made to lael for others' woe,
Life's sorrows; to beguile;
To soothe tbe tears tbe wretched know,
Aud bid the mourner smile.
Twas made to be the charm of earth,
Where all affeciions'.meet;
Where every heman bliss hatb birth,
Aud every hope is sweet.
'Twas formed tbe weak and eerl to aid,
To bid misfortune fle;
II man ne'er marred whet God had made,
(How heavenly earth would be !
. .. , _ From the Newark Advertiser.
The.last lime I saw I'almerstou was in the
summer of 1864, in the House of Commons.
It was a field day, end he had been running
e tilt against every Parliamentary knight that
dared break a lanoe with him in ite encoun
ter of debate. His lace was flush, bis eye
was bright, and with the snows of seventy
winters on his head, I ,he appeared to me a
perfect miracle of intellect. There is age in
his hair, his limbs and his voice ; but Ibis is
physical decay only—the intellect ir uncon
scious of the decline; the sword ia eot tbe
less sharp that it gradually cuts through tbe
The late Dr. Maginn, writing of the mythi
cally old Mr. Rogers, mid, lhat after passing
the first eighty or ninety years of hie ege in
tbe dissipation of youth, he begun to think
him of a profession; and in the same way the
illnstriou* career of Palroerston commenced
whan his lordships was attaining half a hun
dred yours. It is (rue be was io the House of
Commons before be was in a beard ; but tbe
srlesce of some twenty years would appear to
intimate his profound conviction, that the
Romans were right in admitting to the Senate
only those who had attained the dignity of
forty years. Bnt although became latecpon
the Honse of Common's arena, his whole life
had been spent in office.
He held office nineteen years under tbe
tories, and about sixteen under the whigs.—
He was tbe Secretary of War who signed
warrants for tbe conveyance ot Napoleon 1. to
St. Helen*—and be was the Secretary of
Stale who offended his sovereign by recogni
sing that Napoleon 111. had commenced to
reign. As the English cricketers would say
—"be has had the longest innings on record."
-He affif' ee. (AO, appear IO have been sine
cures. He was Secretarj of War at war time;
and bis sixteen years of Forsign Secretary
ship were sixteen years of attempts to brek
the peace.
With the pressure of age he has nothing to
do—ibe daring and indifference of youth are
the salient point* of his character to ibis day
—and from the lime when he, on behalf of
Canning, undertook to crush " The Duke," to
lhat manifesto of a few years since, when in
answer to some Scotch, clergyman who peti
tioned him to advise Her Majesty to fix u day
for a national feast on account of the cholera,
and he suggested "they bad belter look after
the town drainage," he has always manifested
the same energy, spirit aad humor; and now
in 1857, in his seventy-fourth year, tbe vet
eran statesman has triumphed in one of the
' fiercest popular straggles England Las ever
witnesseJ since the days of the great reform
t The high position of Lord Palmerston in
the House of Commons is attributed, not only
to the fsot that be is a first rite intellect lead
ing the century, bnt to his most emphatically
practical character, polished into statesman
ship by the experience of more than 40fears
of responsible office.
He 16 said to be the only peer of pure Sax
on descent, and he h&a always appeared to
me Ibe intensest Englishman in English pub
lic life. No one has perused his recent P ir
| liamenlary efforts, bnt has been strnck with
the vigor and variety of his intellect Prac
tically comprehending all the details of Eng
lish statesmanship, and thorooghly conver
sant with the political history of European
polities, he is a perfect giant in debate. Cool
and sagacious, he ia ever prompt and ready
at self defence. Fall of humor, and abound
ing in sarcasm, h* is a moat formidable ad
versary in the tanning tilt of an efl-hand de
bate. J. W.
Buck TarrH.r-The cause of this disease
in bogs, is close confinement from the ground.
Its symptom* are these: The hog loaes ap
petite, becomes dizxy, and is weak in the
hind legs; the teeth are black. Prevention
and cure may be affected by giving tbe ani
mal a claan, dry pen well strewed with wood
and ashes, and plenty of turf lor him to root
over; feed him well, 100. In bad cases, re
moval of the worst teeth is thongbt good, but
this may bt avoided by due care. Many
farmers and rgricnltur*! writeis, ridicule tba
idea tbst swine are liable pi all to such a dis
ease. Tbey deny that a well authenticated
case has ever been proven.
or It is estimated that mom than tea thou
sand sewing machines ware mad* and soki
in this ooontry daring the last year. This is
too low—sey twenty. Mom than two hund
red patent* have been granted and applica
tions for now one* are ao numerous at Wash
ington that it require* the entire service of
one individual to examine them. The inven
tor* of reaping and mowing machines are
equally numerous.
HT The highest price ever given for a
horse of whioh there ia any authentic ac
count-,was paid in lg$l ( for* race horse that
brought |32,.'>00. .