The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, December 04, 1851, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    • 4TABOF TBI MfH.
Bloomsbnrg, Tbsrnlaf Dec- 4, 1861.
IN Ttir. SENATE, notice of I number of
bills has already been given; and for to ear
ly in the session California figures some
what largely in cutting out business for Con
gress. Of seven bills thus alluded to six of
them hare reference exclusively to matters
in the land ol gold. This 4s -a good begin
ning foi a young State, and shows that i'.
kiiuvjf properly hew to-estimate vtie value
of being in the Union. Her representative
is determined to lose no time. With the
exception ot a somewhat desultory debate
-on the admission of tho member trom Flo
•r.da, and the proposition to appoint a joint
•committee to make suitable arrangements
for the reception of Kossuth on his arrival in
this reunify, nothing of interest transpired,
tnd the Senate adjourned.
In ihe House the proceedings were more
interesting. The preliminary discussion
with which the House opened indicates the
direct on lite delates el take as soon as it
is organized. Fach parly is endeavoring to
out-manoeuvre the other in regard to the
compromise of the lust session, with a view
of making political capital for the approach
ing presidential election. This lubject will
bo lugged by the head and ears iuio every
question which will come up. The ap
tproaclies made towards organization consis
ted in tire .election of the Caucus i andidates
Linn Boyd of Sty., as Speaker, and Col. J.
W. Forney as Clerk, after which the other
nominees were declared elected, and the adjourned.
Mull Rontc to llloomsburg.
We observe that the Post Office Depart
ment does not invite proposals for carrying a
tri-weekly mail between this Borough and
Bloomsburg, in accordance with the act e
stablishir.g such a route, 6aid to have been
passed at the close of the last session of i
Congress. Wq presume there must have
bpeu some mistake in regard to the final
passage of the h 11. and, therefore, as Con
gress has again met, would it not be well to
agaiisforward oil petitions to our members,
urging the establishing of the tonte I The
public convenience certainly demands lhat
something should be done. What say you
friends of the Star and Democrat, at Blooms
burg I — Muncy Luminary.
For ourselves we certainly think '.hat the
Tost Office Department might dispense with
several mail this neighborhood if a
direct communication between this place and |
Money was cflecled, and thus perhaps save !
money. The Department has given notice!
that proposals will be received for running a !
weekly mail from herd to Muney, and if the
mm proposed for shall not be deemed 100 \
large the proposition will be accepted. In
shat event, the rouio will be an extension of
that now to While Hall.
Coal Trade for 1851.
The Coal Trade for the present season lias
now almost been brought to a close. From
fireseut indications, the I iltie Schuylkill !
•Company will send about 510,000 tons of
the Black Diamond to market, which will be |
an increase of 80 000 tons over last year, I
when the shipment amounted to 210,000 j
lons. The Lehigh Canal has, lliis year, car- j
red in market upwards of 930.000 tons of
Anthracite Coal, which will yet be consider
ably increased before the season closes. It
may nearly reach a million of tons. There
lias been an increased quantity, also sent to
'market trom the Schuylkill anil Susquehan
na Legions. The lotal amount sent to nuir
-ket trom our Sia e, this year, exceeds that of
the last, about 1,250.00u tons. In 1122, the
total umoutit of Anthracite Coal sent to mar
ket was about 6,090 toi.s. That went from
Maueli Chunk. Earl)|iti the full of that year |
John Fell, Esq., the venerable President of
lhat Company, wrote to Messrs. White and
llazzard, at Mauch Chunk, to stop sending
' any more, as the market was glutted ; and
they sent no more W*at fall.
the gOvernmenial institutions of Great Brit
ain at the opening ol the ensuing session of
Parliament is about ho lake place ; one of
the most important for that country since the
time of Magna Chnrla, or at least, the times
.of William and Mary. It is no less than a
project of a law to he introduced by Lord
John Russell, the premier, sanctioned by the
'Queen herself, in give to the people the
•right of vnnersal Suffrage, by ballot, such as
•exists in this country, thus wholly reforming
the present representative system, and caus
ing a radical change in the character of die
government in ull its important elements and
C 7 WE this morning receive the PRESI
DENTS' M ESSACKJ but just a day too late for
our paper this week. It is just such a dor-u- 1
ment as messages generally are, respectably
as a literary production, and snrnewLat rr,od
erate in its Wluggery. We will print it next
was sold on last Wednesday for 87657 upon
the bid of Mr. John Richz.rds of this place.
We are informed that aeveral other gentle
men of this town are connected in the pur
chase. It was sold under the direction of
the will of the late Ma. Bioos.
17* Judge Conyngbant has made a very
favorable impression on the people of this
county, during the present term of our
courts, and his charge to the Grand Jury has
been highly spoken of by every intelligent
listener to it. _
CP* The nice little compliment for us
which got awkwardly into our columns last
Week was from the Lycoming Gazette, and
ivc regret we couldn't get it all terighl.
Court Protfciiuis,
COCRT was organized oulast Monday mor
ning under the new Judges—JOHN N. CON
-1 NGHAM President and LEONARD B. RUPERT
and GXUUUF. 11. WILLITN Associates. John
Sbarpless of t'litiawissa was appointed Fore
man of P, e Grand Jury. The following in
dicltr.enls were relumed by Ihe Grand Jury.
Com. vs. David Cox.—For assault and
Battery. Verdict guilty by the Traverse Ju
Com. vs. Isaac R. Kline.—For Perjury, a
true bill
Com. vs. John De Hart.—Larceny, not a
true hill. Defendant discharged.
Com. vs. Alfred Lockart—Assault and
Battery. No prosecutor appearing defendant
Com. vs. Adam Albert.—Com. vs. Mary
AI bgr t —Com. vs. Richard Shannon two bills
all foi Assault and Battery, and all returned
not a true bill and the prosecutor for costs.
They were cross indictments.
Com. vs. James John alias James Collins-
Larceny, u Uae bill. Trial and verdict not
guilty. Another bill was returned against this
defendant for assault nnd baiterv, upon which
he plead guilty & the court sentenced hist to
pay a tine of 81 and the costs ol prosecu
Com. vs. Aaron liar!man.—Oblainining
goods under lalse pretences, a true bill. By
direction of court u nolle prosequi was enter
ed in this case.
Com. vs. Isaac De Hart.—Not a true bill
for Larceny, and the defendant discharged.
The lux cases between Columbia and
Montour counties were then taken up and
argued ulily at length liy Buckalew and
Clark for Columbia county k Cornly & Leidy
for Montour county. Two cases stated were
submitted to the court, and Judge Conyng
ham will prepare his opinion some lime du
ring the present month..
In the caso of the Commonwealth IT.
Kline for perjury a jury was called and the
prosecution stated lhat they had no evidence
to submit, and, under the circumstances
were willing that a verdict of acquittal should
be entered but desired that the eosts should
be imposed on the county, as they alleged
that the prosecution was instituted from no
malicious or selfish motives, but solely for
the public, wetlare. The jury ate out, but
i"will no doubt present a verdict this morning
The Grand Jury will also be discharged
this morning.
The case ol Com. vs. John Ruckle for
Aduliery will be tried this morning, & court
will most likely adjourn finally this evening.
Arising out of the disturbance which look
place recenlly at a place called Christiana,
in Lancaster county, during tlto progress ol
which Mr. Gorsuch was killed and his ne
phew badly wounded, commenced at Phila
delphia, in the Lb S. Circuit Court, on Mon
' day last. The list of jurors summoned, was
| called, and 81 answered lo their names. A
: greater portiou of those who asked to be e.x
--| cused Irom serving on the jury gave as a reu
| son their deafness.—Judge Grier, appparcnl
!y dissatisfied with this excuse, it being so
general, remarked "that the whole country
must be getting deaf." He expressed a fear
that an epidemic must be prevailing. Those
jourymen not present were fined one hundred
CASTNER HAKAWAT, thu principal .actor in
the riot,.was artaigned the second day of the
setting of the court. The counsel who ap
peared for the United Stales, were, U. S. Dis
trict Attorney John IV. Ashmead, James R.
Ludlow, K>v., and George L. Ashmead, Esq.
For the Slate of Maryland, Robert J. Brent,
Esq , and the Hon. James Cooper Counsel
for Castner Hanaway—John M. Read, Esq ,
Tnaddeus Stevens, Esq , Joseph S. IAJW is,
Esq., 01 Chester county, and Theo. Guyler,
There is more than ordinary interest man
ifested in the trial. Eveiy day the Court
room is said lo be filled to overflowing.—
To gel through with all prisoners, against,
whom true bills have been found, the judge
thinks, will take until next Spring.
The follow ing are the names of the jurors
to this cause : Robert Elliot, of Perry ; Jar
Wilson, of Adams; Thomas Connelly, of
Carbon; Peter Martin, of Lancaster; Rob
ert Smith, of Adams ; William R. Saddler,
of Adams ; James M. Hopkins, of Lancas
ter ; John Junkin, of Perry; Solomon New
man of Pike ; Jonathan Wainwright, of
Philadelphia county ; Ephraim Fenton, of
Moutgomery, and [James Cowden, of Lan
young men and boys ot Harrisbnrg were ar
raigned before Judge Heisler, a few days
since, for congregating around a church,,
using profane language, and insulting re
unites and others as they passed to and irom
church. They were touud guilty, n, n d fined
five dollars each and costs r jt gu ; t This
might serve as a warning to die young men
of oilier places, for it , s a habil too many
indulge in.
Gf Kossu'.'n and Ids Patty will arrive in
the HnmljoUlt, at New York, about Wediies
dz.y or Thursday next, should no accident
deluy the ve.-sel. There will bo a great out
pouring of the citizens of New York to wel
come the illustrious Magyar.
Population of California. —Census returns'
recently received from California, indicate
that Iter complete enumeration wiil give her
a white population of 165,000. and 1800
blacks. This makes her fractional Repre
sentative enumeration .74,000, and secures
her a second Representative in Congress.
IN LlNßO. —Siguor Samuels, the Magician,
well known in this region, was arrested last
week in Harrisbnrg lor passing counterfeit
money. This is a kind of legernemain that
the Signor don't appear lo understand very
I*" The Bradford Reporter, declares its
preference for William O. Butler, of Ken
tucky, for President, and William Bigier, of
Pennsylvania, for Vice President.
I#" Mr. John R Eck has retired from the
Lycoming Democrat, which remain* under
the sole cbarge'of Col John F. Carter.
r £® T * rin *** ••.
Since lite election amov-erfleiit is making
nmoni; certain democrats of Pennsylvania,
to procure a ''modification'' of thu tariff,
which, we presume, means an increase of
tax on the consumer of coal and iron. If
deemed advisablj by the people at large we
shall not object to the increase.
To a change of the great and leading fea
ture of the tariff of 1846, which distinguish
es it from a whig tariff—or the tariff of '42
—we are emphatically opposed. To a
change of the graduated schedule of taxes
made for the chief object of raising a reve
nue, we have no objectiou. No objection,
because, we are not wedded to any sched
ule, and are willing to acknowledge any fair
and reasonable change that promises well
to the treasury and the people. But to all
increase for the purpose of taxing the labor
ing portion of the community to afford inci
dental protection to the capitalists, we do ob
The tariff is a legitimate child of England,
cunningly devised to raise money from its
own citizens to pay the expenses of govern
ment. Protection is an after-thought, con
cocted by the wealthy, to throw the weight
nnd responsibility of payment on the labor
ing portion, and is tl.e bone of conceution
between the rich and the poor.
With whig politicians, during an election,
protection is everything—a perfect "poor
man's plaster," lhat is to draw money from
'•the lord knows where," and make him in
dependent; a genuine Dr. Townsead's Sar
sapaiilla, that is to cure all the ills that the
country is heir to, and make everything ami
everybody great, glorious, rich and happy—
especially the poor.
But let us examine the proposed "modifi
cation," and we can do it, perhaps, as well
by asking questions that may be answered
at leisure, us in any other way.
The coal factor asks an increased duty—
would he do so unless he expected to be
benefited thereby ?
If you award the coal merchant ten per
cent, will he share it with his workmen ?
Then who gets benefit?
Will the manufacturers of iron, and other
goods, be willing to pay an advance on ma
terial, unless they are equally protected, and
can they afford lo pay advanced wages, ei
'.heir with or wiihout the increase ?
It coal, iron or manufactured goods are
raised to the oou-uiner, and t.o correspond
ing rise in the price ot labor, who will re
ceive the benefit 1
Is it not apparent, that while capitalists
are contending with eacli other in grasping
from the community—tho consumer—the
benefits of the protection, the laboring por
tion, being the largest, have to pay it ?
But the whig will tell you lhat protection
does not increase, but reduces the price to
the consumer.
If the coal merchant cannot afford to sell
coal now at the present price, how can he
afford to sell it for a less price uuder incrna
.cd tariff taxes, and pay the same wages to
the laborer ?
Competition it is itue, has a powerful in
fluence over prices. But it is a dangerous
experiment to offer protection with the view
of inducing excessive competition in order
to reduce prices; nay it is infamous; be
cause such competition not only compels a
reduction of wages to the laborer, but leads
to disastrous failures, and consequent distress
among the poorer class of laborers, from
which tliay never after rise, except, perhaps,
isolated cases of extraordinary enterprise and
California editors had a convention lately
and fixed upon' the lollowing schedule of
wages for journeymen :—For composition on
morning papers, each 1000 em", Si,so; eve
ning papers, $1,25, morning papers per week
800; evening papers 850; job hands, SSO;
baud pressmen, each token, 1,50. F'orerren
ol morning new spaper offices, per week, not
less than 80 dollars; evening papers, per
week, not less ilian 65 dollars; job offices,
per week 60 dollars.
CV AT the present time the aggregate of
specimens of ancient coins in the United
States mint is about 650 in gold, 2100 in sil
ver, 1200 in bullion, brass, copper, &c. ; in
all, 3750. Of these the ancient Greek and
Roman number 82 in gold, 503 in silver, and
480 in other metals : in all, 1065.
There are a number of scarce English &
Colonial coins, also some very rare ancie/m
Persian coins from the Esst India Company,
and some very curious antiques. irom Middle
The Tariff Movement, suited in
berks, notwithstanding it has for its object
the very thing that our whig friends hereto
fore advocated, does not meet with the lavo r
in thai quarter we desired to see. Obstacle-;,
will be thrown i.i the way of those w tie
wotk for u modification for 110 other reason
under Heaven than to still keep >,'oe question
open lor political purposes,-— P-Miville lit 411
HEAVY VERDICT.—The Gettysburg Star
given an account of a heavy verdict obtain
ed last week in the Common Pleas of that
county, tor slander in the cane of J. Andrew
Shriver, by his next friend Benjamin Shriver
vs. William Haman. The jury found a ver
dict for >3OOO damages, the amount - laid in
the declaration.
QT The U. S. House ot Representatives,
a! the present session, stands 143 Democrats
to 90 Whigs, showing a Democratic majori
ty of &3. Of these parties, there are 22
Southern Rights men, and 13 Free Soilers,
20 Stales have a Democratic representation,
7 a Whig iepreseutation, and 4 arc divided.
stP TWENTY young men left Mauch
Chunk on Thursday last for California. They
were all hardy and industrious mechanics,
who fully understood tee practice of work at
home, mid the Democrat thinks will not be
come more theoretical in their notions when
once lauded amnng the Rocks of Cold.
CF" There are no less than fifty sewing
machines, driven by steam power, in the
city of New York.
Another California Arrival*
NEW YORK, November 30 —The steamer
Cherokee, with full California advice*, ar
rived here at a late hour last night. She
brings 300 passengers, and cpwards of 82,-
500,000 in gold.
The - (invention for the division of Cali
fornia into two Slates met at Santa Barbara
on the 30th ultimo. Only four counties were
represented, and but It delegates were pres
ent. The Convention adopted a resolution'
proposing the line of division to be run along
the northern boundary of Montorey county
to the main coast range, running thence
south with that rarge to a point west of the
northern boundary of Tulare Cake, thence
east to the northern part of said Lake, and
thence in a north eastern direction to the
eastern boundary of the Stale. This would
include in the southern section, the count'es
ot Sail Diego, Lo* Angelos. San Loup*, Ob
ispo, Saiua Barbara, Monterey and about
halt of Mariposa, which is two-fifths of the
entire area ol the State. A committee
were appointed to prepare an addrees on the
subject to be presented to the Legislature.
A convention was also in reason in San
Fraacisco for a division ol the State Near
ly all the Southern counties were represen
ted, and tesoluitous were pussed in lavor of
division, alter u considerable opposition as
to (lie manner in which it should he effected.
The terrible tragedy on board the ship
Challenge, resulting in tiie murder of leu of
the crew, is still enveloped in mystery. The
excitement at the wharf, when the vessel
arrived at San Francisco, was very great, and
an altem pt was made to lynch the captain
and mate, both of whom, however escaped-
A reward ol 500 was offered for their arrest'
It was rumored, when the steamer sailed,
that the captain had surrendered himself.
California was generally tranquil, and the
Vigilance Committee were becoming ex'.inct.
The Indians on ,the borders were quiet,
but it was rumored that hostilities had bro
ken out among three tribes oil the Lower
Great discoveries of gold had been made
tit Queen Charlotte's Island, off the coast of
British Oregon,
Trade with the Oregon and the Sandwich
Islands was rapidlv increasing.
The accounts from the mines were of the
most brilliant character. Quartz mining at
tracts considerable attention. The estimated
yield ol gold during tho present year is $75,-
OUO.OUO. The heahh of the miners was
The ship Dodalus, sent by the British Gov.
ernmeut in search of Sir John Franklin, had
arrived at San Francisco without discovering
any traces of his expedition.
Accounts from Oregon stale that the im
migrants with the exception of about 5o
wagons, were all in. They were unusually
healthy and in excellent spirits.
The miners were reaping a fair reward,
though in the Chas<a diggings nothing had
been done since the water gave out last
spring. .
From tkf TVilkesbarre Farmer.
tyThere are two or three subjects which
our cotempnraries are beginning to agitate,
for the purpose of giving to them, if possi
ble, the force and shape of laws, which
strike us is based upon sontul policy and
true wisdom. One of these is the exclusion
of negroes seokitig admission into the State,
and another, the substitution of the standard
of honor and interest in the place of fear
and violence in the dealings between mart
and man.
The mixture of the bluck with the white
population in the free Slates, has brought,
thus far, nothing but mischief anil misery to
both. It has bred crime, confusion and
feuds, that have threatened, and still threat
en, the most fatal consequences to the domi
nant rm e. The competition in the markets
ol labor between the two races in the free
States, has ever seemed to us unjust to the
whites. Following the clear and uumista
keable guidance of nature, our laws and
cus'oms, deny the equably of the races,
without establishing that which should ever
follow if mischiel would be avoidott, a con
trolling authority on the part of the domi
nant race We trust that during the ap
proaching se-jsion of our Slate Legislature,
some measure will be adopted to Iree our
Comr.ionwealth from this growing evil, ati'' a
render its increase and perpetuation if.,pos
In regard to the other f or t j, e
further amelioration of ou-, lawg re | al i n g to
deb'or and creditor, ii r .p' jr | a „t steps have al
ready been taken Among these, the home
steed exempt>on M and the securing to her
own use aiVi j contr() |, 0 f the wife's inheri
tance. , lna y ij e mentioned as examples that
nave hud, and are daily having, a whole
some and benevolent influence. All such
laws should of course he entirely proapee„
live and deprive no man of his just rights
and remedies. But let a commencement
he made somewhere, and at some date of
time fix the commencement of a period
when some standard shall govern the deal
ings ol men other than craft and violence.
EST The Hon. Hemliick B. Wright left
Philadelphia, yesterday, for Washington, to
which place he repairs to contest the seat in
Congressclaimed by Hriry M. Fuller as
Representative of the 11th district of Penn
sylvania. Mr. Wright, we are informed, is
furnished with abundant and convincing ev
idence to establish the fraud by which his
opponent obtained the certificate of the elec
tion officers.— Penntyhanxan.
Bio LEAP.—A horse at Trevorlon, Nor
thumberland County, run away iasi week
along the line of the Railroad, and coming'
suddenly to an unfinished bridge, made a
clear leap from one abutment to the other—
a uistance, afterwards accurately measured,
of thirty fett t The Sunbury American is re
sponsible for the story.
C?" The Jewelry establishment belonging
to C. J. Housed in Lock Haven, was broken
into on the night of the 24th inst., and rob
bed of several valuable gold watchei.
The Tariff.
We observe in our exchanges, the procee
dings of a meeting held in Berks county, as
king for a further protection to our iron mas
ters. The series of resolutions are woll adap
ted to mislead the people; they are most in
geniously framed. We have no donbt some
iron masters had a finger in the pie. It can
not be possible that the farmers, who are not
only the bone and sinew of the Democracy
but are also the consumers of a vast propor
tion of the iron, should ever be so blind to
their own interests, as to ask for any further
advance in the price of iron, and most par
ticularly so at this time, when their products
are at the very lowest prices. We can see
no necessity for a further protection to the
manufacturers of iron, than the tariff of 1846
now affords them. The honest iron masters
who conduct their business on economical
principles, assure us that they can make iron
at fair profits, and ask for no funher action
of Congress than that afforded them by the
tariff of '46. Under these circumstances,
we can see no necessity in agitating this per
plexed question. The Tariff has been the
Whig hobby to deceive the people long e
nongh.—That party tried it in the last cam
paign against Col. Bigler's election, but it
would not take, neither will it take by the
people, and wo lie unto the representative
who should advocate such a measure in ei
ther our Stale or National Legislature.
Let us inquire—will the iron masters give
the farmer five Hollars per barrel for flour
when it only commands three dollars seven
ty-five cents elsewhere ? No. Will thev
raise the wages of llto laborer! No. Yet
they have the iron conscience to ask the far
mer to assist them in raising the price of
iron, which is now above a fair pioportion
between that article and the agricultural pro
ducts Then away wilt the "Whig Protec
tions !" although they may come to us en
dorsed from Old Berks.— Perry County Dem
change says;
"Seven-eights of the splendid fortunes in
this country has been made through the in
fluence of Printer's Ink—Mark that!"
Printer's ink has not only made "seven
eighths of the splendid fortunes," that have
been made in out country, but also nine
tenths of the great men. Booby's transfor
med into statesmen, prosy talkers intr, elo
quent orators, crack voiced simmers into
nightingales, murderers of Shak.spearo ir.lo
perfect delineators of the creatures of Av
on's great bard, and humbugs into the most
philanthropic of their sprites—ail by the ap
plication of a little printer's ink. And what
is more inrprising, people are made to be
lieve those things in upposition to their sev
en senses. Printer's ink is a great thing
when properly put on.
Mistissippi WITHOUT a GOVERNOR. —The
office of Governor, President of ;he Senate,
and Speaker of tho House of Representa
tives, having become vacant, tho Secretary
of Slate of Miss., has issued his proclama
tion, calling the Senate together on the 24th
uit., ilmt o Preai.tout tUoreoT may be chosen
to exercise the office of Governor until the
first day of January. Mississippi thus pres
ents the singular spectacle of being without
a Governor till the Senate met on the 24th,
and elected a President. Gov. Guion, who
succeeded to the office, as President of the
Senate,!on the resignation of Gov. Quitman,
had so construed the law, as to make ni
term of office to expire with the period to
which he was elected to Se:,ate, viz :on
t.hs fourth of the presobt mouth, and hence
the proclamation inferred to above.
ELEGANT COMPARISON. —The following !
beautiful extract we find floating like a wail
upou the waters
"The American Constitution.—Like one
of those wondrous rocking stones by
the Druids, which the finger of a e'.,ild. might
vibrate to its centre, yet the mii'bl 0 j an ar .
my could not move from its p|a . e our con
stitution is so nicely poise"'. i', at j t seems | 0
sway with every breath, „( p ag# i 0ll) jet so
firmly based in the he jr ts and affections ol
the people, that ihq wildest storms of treason
and fanalic'.sm break over it in vain."
PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. —It is slated that the
President's Message will be sent under seal
to the several Post Offices in Baltimore, Phil
adelphia, New York, &c., in advance, as it
was last year, to be delivered to the news
paper offices the moment it*is sent in to
Congress. This arrangement last year work
ed admirably, and it sures the expense lo
government of expressing the message, as
it used formerly to do.
MARVELLOUS ! —The New York Daily Timet
tells of n fanatical Abolitionist in that city,
famous for his love and sympathy for the
"poor negro," whose wife last week presen
ted him with a fine, bouncing baby, the col.
or of which is something like a storm-cloud
in the tropics. The doubting parent was
puzzled how such a thing could have hap
pened, but he thinks it wqs the result of
is stated that Henry C. Stimson, cashier of
the broken People's Bank, Patersou, N' J.,
was arrested about 12 o'clock on Monday
night list, at the instance of D. K Allen and
others, on a charge of withdrawiig his ac
count in the People's Bank, with intent to
HT A mathematical wonder has appear
ed in in the form of a young
girl of Wullachian origin, who cannot read
or write, but solves tlio hardest questions in
arithmetic in a moment.
fir The Emperor of Russia has just or
dered 6000 carriages to be built for the dif
ferent railways in his empire, in order to fa
cilitate the conveyance of troops.
CT General Cuvaignao is about to marry
Md'lle Odier, daughter of the banker of that
name. The lady ie said to possess • fortune
of one million.
Dr. Graves (appropriate name) has been
investing the character of the Dead Sea.—
He says that the reason wh#aniraal life can
not exist in it, is, becauselts water contains
twenty-four per cent, of various salts, it is
m fact a pickle, in which not even a mack
erel would like to swim unless it was de
funct. Dr. Graves says that the waters of
the G eat Salt Lake ol Utah are similar. This
is important. If Graves would ouly turn his
attention now to Salt River and the reason of
its peculiar effects upon political life, he
would confer a great obligation on Governor
Johnston and his associates, wno intend to
exploie the head waters of that famous
stream in a very short time.
The following is a good illustration of the
penny-wise, pnuud foolish policy which mi
ny persons'adopt: A man in Saybrook,
Conn., recently had a farm for sale, and was
advised to advertise it ; he (aid "lie could'nt
afford it;" the farm was sold for 61500. The
purchaser bought it "on speculation," paid
$4 for advertising, and shortly afterwards
sole the same farm for two thousand dol
lars I
The Lockport Comet knowes of a man of
business in that city who once determined
to ruin himself by squandering his money
in advertising ; but he found that the more
he advertised the richer he grew, until at
last he was obliged to give up in despair of i
ever effecting his purpose iu that way I
—An address was presented in Loudon, late
ly, to Madame Kossuth by a deputation from :
tho "Society for the Emancipation oV Wom
an." In an addition to an exr,res-don of
sympathy, this address contained the wish
that the wife of the honored hero ol the day
would communicate to th.ese ladies her sen
timents respecting their tjfforts to achieve
the freedom of her sex, Madame Kossuth
replied that she '.ua'jKed them heartily for
this proof of_ ihei.f sympathy towards herself,
and, through t j6rj „, ore particularly towards
her country • mat, with respect to hei own
views o;, me emancipation of woman, she
'■" di *.n earlier years, confined herself io the
ulr 'jle of her domestic duties, and had never
'jeen tempted to look beyond it; and that
| latterly, the overwhelming course of events
had left her, as might be well supposed, still
less lei-ure for any speculation of this kind:
it would, moreover—such was the codclusion
of her little speech—be readily forgiven hor,
the wile of Kossuth, a man whom the gen
oral voice, not more than her own heart,
pronounced distinguished, if she submitted
herself entirely to his guidance and never
thought of emanotpalion. The admirable
pertinence ol this reply will be doubly ap
preciated, when it is mentioned that Mad
ame Kossuth was altogether unprepared foi
j the address of those ladies.
IV "WHAT A HAT I" an ejaculatoryphrase
in covimon use among the b'hoys, doubtless
originated upon the introduction of the
'"shocking bad" top-dressing faithfully de
scribed it the roil awing paragraph Irom that
racy sheet, the New-York Day-Book. The
article is worn to a limited extent, by tho
bucks of our city ; but we trust when they
see themselves in the mirror which the Day-
Book presents to their they will with
one voice cry "/tab of !>' if evet we felt
like knocking a ma-, into "a cocked hat," it
is when we have -sen him crowned with
this hideous ae.d shapeless mass of wool :
'•THE NF W SMASHED HAT —The smashed
lelt hat v h , c h seems to be rapidly coming
into ur.tvergjii use is beyond all question the
u gl' e*t and meanest head-covering aver in
v euted by the perverted genius of man. It
is a sort of emu promise between a shot-bag
and a corn-meal pudding The otdy place
in which such a hat could possibly be toler
ated would be on die head of the second
murderer in Hu hard lll—With such a hat
I resting upon our brows, we feel that we
[ shoulu be capable of committing any sort of
a murder or other atrocity, without icgard to
consequence. In lact, \vc consider the
smashed hat a depraver of the public mor
als and an abatable nuisance."
South Carolina Politics.
Charleston, Nov. 28.—Tha legislature of
thf State has under consideration a bill pro
hibiting the citizens of such ol the States as
have by sympathy or encouragement ob
structed the action of the lugilive slave law,
from using the Courts of South Carolina, for
the collection of debts, &o.
The Union men of Savannah, Ga., have
nominated Or. Arnold, as their candidate lor
Mississippi Convention.
Washington, Nov. 29.—We have intelli
gence from Jaukson, that the Mississippi
Convention has adopted resolutions to abide
by the Union as it is, and b> the constitution
without amendment.
tyTlie Democracy of Beaver county
have appointed Gen. Thomas J. Powet Sen
atorial and David Boies Representative Dele
gate to the 4th of March convention without
instructions. —They are friends of Gn. Cass,
Bedford, Cambiia and Fulton have appoin
ted Hon. Philip Noon, of Cambria, a'. l( t
James B. Sansotn, Esq , of Fulton, re |ir()80n .
naive delegutes to the 4th of Me;,oh conven
tion, with instructions to supp'ort James Buch
anan lor President.
DUEL FXPECTED. —The New Orleans Bee
intimates that it is feared Senators Downs
.and Soule are about to fight, in consequence
of an insult aimed at Gen. Downs in a letter
of Mr. Soule's. Gen. Downs, the Bee states
once had an affair of honor it which he re'
ceived a wound so desperate that its effects
will accompany htm to the grave.
I=#" Mr. Forrest, the Drowing-Rnom Com
panion says, has been offered fifteen thous
and dollars for four weeks' performance in
San Francisco, California, but declines, as
the sum is not sufficient tor the risks and
personal inconvenience* he will be subjected
to io the passage to California.
The London correspondent of the National
Intelligencer, of the Oth ultimo, envs
The coming year, any the political sooth*
say era, is laden with three great political e-
vents: all of them are, it true, contingent;
hut all are strongly marked with probability
ot occurrence, and each and alt of thanx,
should they occur, calculated to materially
affect the welfare of Great Britain.—Tha
great events to bo apprehended in >652 ara
political disturbance in France, in Italy, and
in Germany ; financial embarrassment and
national bankruptcy in Austria ; and scarcity
of food, and all the horrors and evils una
voidably arising from it, in the North of Eu
rope, and generally throughout Germany-
YVe have been preparing ourselves for th*
first two of these calamities for some months
past, but the last is a lately arisen cloud its
the European horizon.
We are willing to hope that the occurrence
of any one or all of these calamities, griev
ous as they would be to the country and the
I people that had to bear them, would not af
-1 lent England socially or politically ; would
not disturb Iter quietness at home, or her
peaceable relations abroad ; but each and alt
would prove highly injurious to her com
merce; and destructive to her trade with tha
Continent of Europe, When it is remstn*
bercd that of the seventy millions which
England now exports, not loss than ticenty
eight of those millions—a much larger sum
than the amount of Briti'h exports to tha
wnole 'jf the Colonial possessions and India
put together—is taken by the nations of Con
■ mental Europe, it ronst be admitted that any
[ thing which'is likely'to affect the commercial
: relations of England with those countries is
' not to be overlooked in our estimate of the
future. Of the three anticipated evils, per
baps a scarcity of food, with the unavoida
: ble accompaniment of high priees, is the
i most to be dreaded ; because, if there were
I not on the continent any symptoms of poliu
cat ferment and financial ombairassinett
; tliey will be sure to be induced by the pres
, sure of these calamities. We will not speak
: of the condition of France; something new,
! and probably decisive respecting the up
! proaching crisis in that couutry tnay be de
! veloped before we close this communica
tion. To Germany and Italy the year 1852
must bring many new events ; and if to tha
| former, full as Germany is o! all the fer
menting elements of diecorJ and discontent,
| be added famine at the north and national
i bankruptcy at Vienna, what can be reasona
bly be looked for but the breaking out of an
overwhelming loirent ol anarchy and confu
j sion 1 And Italy, if her oppressors are busy
>at home, will not let tho opportunity pas*
That thore has been a general and very
serious failure of crops throughout Germany,
is no longer a mailer of doubt: this applies
to nearly every description of grain. The
wine is also almost a general failure. Wheal
is already twenty Ave per.ct. -dearer than it
was in May ; rye about the same ; and pota
toes fitly per cent, higher. The vine has
somewhat recovered under an unusually
warm and geuial October sun; but the wine
will be poor and small in quantity, the fruit
I having suffered from a disease similar to
| that of the potato. Such is the alarm a-
I motig the farmers in the Rhenish provinces
| that a considerable quantity of cattle has
| been sold at half the ordinary price, owing
to the anticipated scarcity of winter feed.
| Not only the crops of the last harvest were
| deficient, but the old slock on hand is more
I than usually'reduced by supplies for the
! large army on foot. The Prussian Govern-,
I ment is beset with petitions for the prohibi
tion of exports of grain, and for the suspen
sion of the duties upon imports. Large pur- '
chases have already been made of Ode-sa
wheat, under the expectation that these pe
titions will be acceded to. Some of the
governments of sourthem Germany, particu
: larly tliat of YY'urtomburg, are making large
purchases of corn. The markets at Rotter
i dam, Hamburg and Cologne, are brisk, and
. from all parts of the interior of Germany
I large orders continue to be received. In the
I course of last week 10.000 quarters were
sent from England. Certainly the English
| corn market is at present more favorable to
I the producer than the censuincr; but even
| iu the latter capacity we have abundant rea
| sou to be satisfied with our bountiful harvest.
' Much ol the Hungarian wheat lias already
been consumed in Bohemia ; and it is said
that unless very considerable help is cuutri-
I buied by the Government, half of the pope
' lation of Galncia and Transylvania innst per-
I ish during the coming winter. This aid die '
Government is iu no condition to yield, for
their already more than a probability that
the Austriun Minister of Finance must have
recourse to a forced loan to keep the wheels
of government going a little longer. It will
be levied chiefly upon Tries'e, and in Bolte
i inialt and Moiavin ; but it would have a rui
nous effect upon the entire country, and givq
a tearful impetus and concentration to tins
general discontent. Under these appearan
ces' of an interruption in our commercial
dealings with continental Europe, it is plsas,
ar,t to reflect that with all the rest of the
world—east, west, and south— there has nof
been for many years a better promise ol a
ffoo.a trade than there * at the present rao
CF" "Hie world is governed 100 much."
The aphorism is irus, and we should study it
well. Our republic is very large, and has
interests as diversified as it has apparent dif
ferences in estiranle, soil, agricultural pro
ductions, and peculiarities in tho condition
of its society. In the attempt to govern too
much lies tho greatest danger before us.
The tenure of our Union and its harmony
are to be determined by the degree of con
sideration this saying receives. We may
exist and prosper by leaving undis'nrbed
those things upon which general agreement
is impracticable : but oirce declare them to
be essentials, and dangers arise.— Washing
on Telegraph.
learn from the St. Louis papers, of the 13th,
that, coulrary to all expectations, tho Illieois
Bonking Lew has basin defeated.