The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, November 20, 1851, Image 2

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Blooasbnrf, Thursday, Nov. 20, 1831.
whose opinion has weight in our judgment
taks exception to the views of Mrs. Swiss
helm on dancing, which we published last
week, asks us to give publicity to some very
sensible conclusions in which*we heartily
coucnr with her.
It is all wrong that young ladies, in the
coldest of winter weather, should array
themselves in their thinnest gause and thin
nest slippers, and in a close heated room
dance Irom "early eve" to "broad day-light,"
do the midst of dust and some company per
' Laps not the most sober or moral.
It is wrong (bat young ladies should by
saltatory exercises work their blood to the
highest fever heat, and then run out into the
chilling air where the thermometer would
stand at zero.
But there are pros and eons to this thing;
i and as good old Sir Roger De Coverly was
iwant to-sey —something can be said upon
'both aides of this subject. We have seen
young ladies dress very unbecomingly thin
and fine at other places besides balls—aye,
pven to church, to show the Lord. We
have reen young ladies meet with question
able company at other plates besides the
ball-room, and to the pure minded all things
are pure—Hoiii soil qui male pens'.}
These objections of our friend then are
rather to the management of dancing parties,
and the imprudence of people than to dan
cing in the abstract. The young blood is
warm, and will flow last and free. Where
grace, youth wit and beauty meet, and,
tripping lightly through the merry dance, en
joy with happy zest the pleasures of the fes
■ tive night a looker on might remember that
a certain Tract society in our land of locomo
tives once offered a prize of filly dollars for j
the best tract against dancing, but he would
remain intractable to its doctrine ; unless to i
the fact, that even that sum had been una- 1
ble to purchase one ar.ti-sallatory text; and j
we have it from very good authority that |
even a certain cloven-footed personage of
very doubtful character 'can quote scripture
at a pinch.' Good old king David understood
human nature, and we like even his eon's j
songs much better than the Reverend Mr. j
Carey's tract. We like grace in young peo
ple's habits and social intercourse, as well as
at the deacon's table, and we believe that
taste is a fine thing in manners as well as in
mince-pies. We do not see the connection
between dancing and deviltry. But if this
natural ami universal amusement is really
very sinful, why not turn Iconoclast and I
Write down pictures and statues ? for these |
rhiogs wmetimo, represent peopte rattler 100 j
indelicately natural. Oppose songs certain
ly, for loose fellows sing; and there are
songs that lack both religious sentiment and
purity of diction. The Classics too are not
all expurgated, ergo Christians should not
But we never yet saw good como from
squeamish prudery. A bill was once intro
-duced into tbo English Parliament "for the
belter observance of Easter Monday," but
we have since heard ot English perjuries,
murders, and wars. In the days of the En
glish Commonwealth, not only the visages
.of men but their names were elongated to
"an astonishing and inexpressible extent, (as
Hew-Agag-to-pieces-belore-ihe-Lord, nam
est exemplo) but the generation which these
sanctimonious orthodox gentlemen begat |
proved the most profligate, licentious and
wioked thai ever disgraced the land, nnd
made the conrt of Charles I I proverbial for
its shameful outrages upon decency and mor
ality.—Unnatural strictness, will ever be fol
lowed by excessive laxity of morals, just as
rebellious anarchy is the natural consequence
of too galling a despotism. There is a quiet
stream of innocent mirth in the spirit of man
kind, that, if darned up, will c<#rode the bel
ter part of our nature, eat out our enjoyment
of life, ar.d then perhaps hurst forth in uu
restrained wildness and vice,
May the fair and gay of our friends whirl
vthrough the throng in joyous merriment—
-.may their witching smiles and tho glances of
ireen piercing eyes do execution for many a
year, and serus in coelum redeanl.
This prudent foresight for the benefit of a
. man's family after his death is somewhat of
a novelty in this latitude, but its efficacy
and advantages has been fully tested in the
older settled regions of the country. It will
no doubt, in time, become a very common
thing. A few cases in the history of the
Keystone Company will illustrate its use
Mr. Solomon Schoyer, a highly respecta
ble commission merchant of Pittsburg, ef
fected en insurance of 95,000 on his life
•with the Keystone Mutual Life Insurance Co.,
v of Harrisburg, on the 17th of July, 1850. He
■received his policy and paid his premium on
the 20lh of July, and died in a fit of night
mare on the 22d day of July, 1850, but two
days after he received his policy. He had
enjoyed uninterrupted good health all his life
up to the very moment of his death. His
widow, Penelope Schoyer, received from
thie company, within twenty daye after his
death 85.000.
Rev. T. Marshall Boggs, Pastor of a Pies
byleriatt Church in Mount Joy, Lancaster
county, Pa., took out a policy of insurance
in this company in June, 1850, for 9800. He
died of Erysipelas Fever on the 10th of No
vember, 1850. By his provident care and
forethought be left to his bereaved family
bis policy of 9800, which had cost him but
Cm POLITICS.— In New York city Mike
TYalah and Thomas P. St. John aro elected
-tithe slate legislature
The Dan rills papers of last week give so
count of the suicide of a stranger by shoot
ing himself, near the highway leading from
Danville to Washinglonville. He seems to
have been a friendless stranger—an emigrant
—perhaps an exile—from the Kingdom of
VVurtemburg in Germany. He had been in
Danville a tow days previous and begged for
work, but his trade of iilk-weaving could
gain him no employment, and he then talk
ed of destroying himself, saving that other
wise he mnst starve and freezd during the
winter for no frieml.y hand would assist him
to gel wotk. Spiritless and desponding, he
was in a strange land and with a heavy
heart laid himself down to die, afar from
the land of his fathers and friends, and for
ever closed his eyes to the beauties of life
and earth. Life had no longer loveliness for
him, and earth no pleasuteß for the weariad
wanderer. He was young enough to have
had time yet for an eventful and pleasant
life, but who can tell the anguish, the joys,
the sorrows and the pleasures that have heen
crowded into the short twenty-six years of
his life f He was well clad and intelligent
says one who conversed with him ; but the
name of Marlz is all we know of his his
tory, or of his wanderings from the vine-clad
hills of Germany to the western world. The
imagination may paint the eventful scenes
of his life,'and the sensitive heart conceive
his trials and troubles ; and then both heart
and mind will humble all false pride and say
to us "we know what we are, but know not
what we shall be."
The child of sorrow grew weary of earth's
coldness, and sighed to rest' at home in the
bosom of the great and good All-father. May .
the angel of Metcy bo moved by the sad
cnronicle of the truant's griefs, and when
the sin of his returning before he was called
from his work comes to be recorded above,
may the tear of pity blot it out forever.
Homicide at Bench Haven,
O.N last Sunday morning MR.'.CHIDLES
SF.TBERT of Beach Haven, Luzerne county,
shot MR. DKMOIT STOKEY, who had been
living with Seybert lor some time as a pau
per. We are informed that on Saturday
evetiing the parties had a quarrel and afTray,
Stokey attacking Seybert in a fierce and bru
tal manner, and Seybert defending himself,
until a girl in the family came to his assis
tance. Seybert then swore that Stokey
should no longer stay in his house, and drove
him away. But next morning, while Sey
bert was from home, Stokey went into the
house and laid down upon a bed in a room
up stairs. When Seybert'came home he in
quired whether Stokey iiad been 'here, and
the girl said he was up stairs. Seybert went
to some pains to get some good precussion
caps and then Stokey's room with a
pistol, shot him through the bead, and the
ball lodged in the victims neck. Seybert
veemed but little concerned for his rash act,
and told several persops that he had shot
Stokey. A telegraphic despatch from Ber
wick, on Tuesday, informs us that Seybert
T8 arrenlttt WH! now in tko Willtoobamo jii.
He is about 30 years of age, has been raised
in the neighborhood of Beach Haven, and
for some time kept a store there.
CP* Some half-witted political adventu
rers have attempted to drag the name of lion.
Robert J. Walker into the movement in fa
vor of an increased tariff. That gentleman
lately made a speech at Southampton in En
gland at the reception of Kossuth when in
reply to the illustrious guest of the people
on that occasion ho saiu—"He was delight
ed to hear their friend allude to
free trade. Tho United Slates struck off
half the shackles from commerce, and, God
he thanked, intended to strike off all the
TP* The Sheriff of this county has but
one sale at the coming torm of our court;
sad this stagnation in his business is doubt
less caused by the tariff of '46. He mu6t
get Congress to see to this matter.
Heck of Chambersburg and John B. Bralton
Esq., of Carlisle are named for the next Ca
nal Commissio ter.
An old lady reading an account of '.he
death of a distinguished lawyer, who was
stated te be the father of the Philadelphia
bar, exclaimed: "Poor man ! he had a
dreadful noisy set of children.''
ur That woman makes a good wife who,
whatever may be the length of her journey,
never travels with more than one trunk, and
four band boxes.
CP* We have received No. 5 of tho Hy
dropathic Encyclopaedia, a neat duodecimo
volume of 144 pages, eight numbers of
which (at 25 cents each) will complete the
work. Fowlers & Wells, New York, are
the publishers.
BERWICK TELEGRAPH. —Mr. Snyder of the
Berwick Telegraph gives notice in his last
paper that his publication has clpsed its ex
istence—at least for tho present. Surely but
few fortunes are mado by editors.
Hon. THOMAS Ross.—Tho Bucks couuty
Express, German, has an eloquent article in
roference to this gentleman, the accomplish
ed and fearless Democratic representative
Irom Bucks and Lehigh counties, recom
mending him fot Speaker of die next Con
gress of the United States. Ha is worthy
and competent for the station. '
I ST Gen. A. Bradford, of Mississippi, who
is one of the Union candidates for the Le
gislature in Marshall county, has a way of
accounting for the late victory in that State.
"Fellow citizens," said he, in a speeeh, "I'll
tell you the reason we triumphed so signally
in the election for members of die Conven
tion : it was because it was the first time in
the history of Mississippi that the CONSTITU
TION was oyer a candidate."
The Committee appointed by the late rail
road convention at Pbiladolphia has issued
an address, and appended to it a letter from
D. L. Miller, jr., Esq., the President of the
Snnbury and Erie Railroad, which contains
some very important facts upon this subject.
They prove that if this work shall be under
taken in good faith, and with a determina
tion to make it pay, it can and will be soon
completed, to the profit of all the stockhold
ers and to the great advantage of the whole
community. The following is Mr. Miller's
letter to the Chairman of the Committee;—
PHILADELPHIA, Umo. 6, 1851.
Esteemed Friend—ln reply to thy note of
yesterday, it affords me pleasure to stale that
the Charter of the Company, which is one
of the most liberal ever granted try the Le
gislature of Pennsylvania, authorizes the
construction of a Railroad from Sunbury to
Erie, a distance of 286} miles.
We propose first to build that portion of
the road between Wilhamsport and Erie, a
distance ol 240 miles.
This accomplished, will form, in connec
tion with the "Ca'tawissa," "Little Schuyl.
kill," and Reading Roads, a continuo'is chain
qf Railroads from Philadelphia to Erie, with
out transhipment.
The entire route is within the State of Penn
The distance is only 425 miles, being 8P
miles nearer to New York, and 193 miles
nearer than to Boston.
The highest grade will be 02 8-10 feel to
the mile, and that for only 8 miles.
VVe propose to pay interest on the instal
ments from the date ol payment, in the same
manner as is done by the Pennsylvania Rail
road Company*
The time necessary required to complete
the read will be short. We are informed,
on the authority of the first engineering tal
ent of the country, that no portion of the
work need exceed two years in construction.
The coat of the Itoad, graded and bridged
for a double track—with a single track laid,
and with sixty miles of siding—completed
ready for the locomotive, it is estimalod will
not exceed six millions'
It is believed that at least one-fourth ol
the whole cost can be raised by subscriptions
to the Stock of the Company, along the line
of the route, and that the road can be built
and all the materials furnished upon the
most favorable terms by responsible contrac
tors and friends of the enterprise, payable
one-fourth in stock at par.
The present low prices of iron and provi
sions, and the abundance of labor would en
able contracts to be made at prices material
ly below thoso paid by most railroad compa
nies now in operation.
The estimate of cost is based on the report
of Edward Miller, the Engineer, by whom
the route was surveyed.
The advantages possessed by our terminus
are very gieat; the Harbor of Erie is by far
the best and safest on the Lake, if not the
only one worthy of the name.
Its capacity is very great, being about six
K|unr* mia in nntant, and paving an vr-
age depth of about 20 feet.
It is free from obstruction by ice consider
ably earlier in the Spring and later in the
It is the point at which the competition
between the Atlantic cities must take place,
for the passenger and freight trade of all the
railroads running westward from it, by rea
son of the Law of the last Legislature, com
pelling the break of guage between ihe eas
tern and westward railroads to occur there.
We shall connect at Erie with the entire
net work of Railroads, penetrating in every
direction through tho Western and North
western States, the aggregate length Of which
Roads, built and in progress of construction,
exceeds 3000 miles.
There is probably no country in the world
traversed by a Railroad, the extent and vari
ety of whose source of intrinsic wealth ex
ceed those of the oountry lying between
Philadelphia and Erie.
The Forest not only offers an opening for
the moat extensive lumbering operations,
but also abounds in the most valuable ship
The Mines possess an inexhauslable sup
ply not only of anthracite and bituminous
coal, but also of iron ore.
The Xramf embraces a vast extent and va
riety of soil, of great agricultural capacity,
much of it of the limestone formation.
The construction of the proposed Road
must inevitably induce a very extensive im
provement in each of those branches of in
dustry, and develope an incalculable amount
of wealth now comparatively unproductive
for want of such an ontlet—while in time
those improvements will add largely and rap
idly to the business and profits of the Road
and the revenue of the State.
The great Western Country with which
the ptoposed road will unite us, contained in
1810, a population of only 272,000. The five
States which have been formed out of the
North-West Territory, bordering on the
Lakes, now number a population of four mil
lions and a half—being 50 per cent, more
than the entire population of the United
States, at the time of the Declaration of In
The Territory embraced between the Ohio
river and the Lakes, from the Western boun
dary of Pennsylvania to tho Upper Mississip
pi, containing about 180 millions of acres of
arable land—measures 280,000 square miles,
being nearly twice as latge as Franco, and
about six times as large as the wholo of Eng
The Trade of the Lakes, with which we
seek a direct connection, in the aggregate of
foreign and ddmestic imports and exports at
the several ports, largely exceeds $200,000.
The present avenues of travel between the
Lakes and the Seaboard, are not only all do
ing a profitable business, but they are entire
ly inadequate to the prompt and satisfactory
execution of the business already offering.
I have thus hastily thrown together some
of the facts and reasons which we think
should induce the citizens of Pennsylvania
to furnish the means for building the Sunbu
ry and Erie Railroad, and thus opon a com
munication with the Lakes shorter and chea
per than any now ra existence or projected.
With this, f also send some statements
and tables showing—
Th 9 estimated cost of the proposed Road,
The comparative distances by it and other
The cost, receipts and expenditures of the
present lines of communication between
, Lake Erie and the East,
The Trade of the Lakes,
The increase the population of the
northwestern bordering on the Lakes,
Which, if thought proper, may be annex
ed to the report.
Very respectfully, D. L. MILLER.
Estimated cost of building the road from
Erie to Williamaport:
Grading and Bridging 68} miles,
Erie to Warren, as per Ed
ward Miller's Engineers' re
port, 3498,923 00
Grading and Bridging 171}
miles, Warren to Williams
port, at an average of 310,-
. 000 per mile, 1,715,000 00
Superstructure—24o miles of
single track, 35,000 permile, 1,200,000 00
60 do do siding do do 300 000 00
Laying 300 miles at 32000 per
mile, j600,000 00
Making Pier and Water Lois at
Erie Harbor, Water Stations,
Turn Outs, Rett Crossings,
Depots, Warehouses, Ma
chine Shops, and Land dam
ages, 350,000 00
4,653,923 00
Engineering and contingent ex
penses, 10 per cent, 466,392 90
5,130,315 00
Interest on slock during construc
tion, and margin to cover con
tingencies, and towards the
equipment of the road, 869,685 00
$6,000,000 00
I Erie to Buffalo, 90 miles.
Buffalo to Albany, 328 "
Albany to New York, 150 "
Erie to New York, via Central N.
Y. Line,
Total, 568 "
Erie to Dunkirk, 45 miles
Dunkirk to N York, 460 "
Erie to New York, 605 " via N. Y. &
Erie Railroad.
Erie to Philadelphia, by our Railroud, 425
Erie to Buffalo, 90 miles.
Buffalo to Albany 228 "
Albany to Boston, 200 "
Erie to Boston, 618 "
The above statements are all taken from
the published reports. The New York and
F.rie Railioad was not completed to the kike
till May of this year. The following state
ment shows the receipts of that Road du
ring the ten months of this year:
January, 8144,909, 30
February, 125,105 20
oli, 103,409 99
April, 189,149 51
May, 174,345 12
June, 224,722 44
July, 228,460 33
August, 263,964 12
September, 306 888 96
October, 356,871 73
General Packer, of Lycoming county, in a
speech before the Senate of Pennsylvania,
February 21st, 1851, says ; "f have prepared
from an official source, a table showing the
value of the entire commerce of tlto Lakes,
both imports and exports, for the year 1848 ;
and 1 regret that I have not been able to lay
my hand upon the reports for the year 1849.
The value of the trade in the year 1848 on
Lake Erie was $115,785,048
I)o Huron, 848,152
Do Michigan, 20,320,481
Do Ontario, 28,141,000
Do Champlain, 16,750,700
Do St. Clair, 639,524
Total, $186,484,905
Showing the total value of our Lake Trade,
for the year 1848, to be over one hundred
and eighty-six millions of Dollars! And I
have not included in my calculation tho pas
senger trade—in ils;',i a most important and
profitable item. One hundred and eighty
six millions, Mr Speaker, of a commerce
concentrated on your northern frontier, ac
cessible within your borders, through the
best harbor on Lake Erie."
Population of the five States bordering on,
and contiguous to the Lakes, whose pro
duce chiefly find outlet by the Lake.'
1810. 1830. 1850.
Ohio, 230,760 037,637 1,981,940
Indiana, 24,520 341,582 990,258
Illinois, 12 282 157,575 850,000
Michigan, 4,528 31,629 3 97,576
Wisconsin, 305,596
272,090 1,468,433 • 4,625,370
Railroad Exairsion Tickets—lnteresting De
cision.—An Alderman in Pittsburg has deci
ded by giving judgment for plaintiff, that
railroad companies have no right to refuse
excursion tickets from passengers, offered
after the time for which they were issued.
The plaintiff in this case bought a ticket,
which had on it "good for two days only.''
He offered it to the ticket agent within forty
eight hours after he purchasod it, but beyond
the ti m 3 which the company had fixed for
its extension. It was refused. He then off
ered the lie ket and the difference in money
belweeu the excursion and regular ticket,
which was al=o refused. He paid his faro
in money, and then brought suit and recov
ered the price of ticket and costs. The
plaintiff's counsel argued that the notice
"good for two days only," printed on the
face of the ticket, did not nmount to a con
tract, any more than the common notice of
stage company and canal tickets, "all bag
gage at the risk of the owner," did, which
has been deoided again and again to be ot no
virtue ; that defendants bad no right to re
ceive the money of the plaintiff wrthou
giving value therefor; or place on their tick
ets anything which could bind the plaintiff
without his consent. What is purchasing a
ticket but consent to the conditions attached
I to it T
In the following article of merit from the
Berwick Telegraph we think we recognize a
young printer whom our tswn has Had the
honor of giving to usefulness.— ED. STAB.
I have thought for some time past, of off
ering a few reflections upon a numerous and
noble class of citizens—MECHANlCS—especi
ally in regard to the position they actually
sustain, and the position they should sustain
in relation to the other classes of society.
Their name is legion, and tbey are more or
less identified with all the departments of
business and life. They are the "lever of
Archimides," which moves the world. Rut,
are their importance and position duly con
sidered and respected f I mean in the ag
I know when some splendid luminary, like
Franklin, shoots up from the sphere, and
blazes through the world, attracting its gaze,
it lights up by its reflection the rank of me
chanic, nnd confers a temporary pride and
dignity on the sphere whence the orb arose.
But I also know, that when a mechanic, by
his industry nr.d skill, or by a fortunate com
bination of circumstances which confer no
honor on himself, emerges from obscurity
and poverty, and rolls amid all the luxuries
of uncounted wealth, he often seeks to forget
his origin in deference to the blind prejudi
ces of society, and the dictates of a pervert
ed and flattered heart, worse than cowardly,
denies himself to his great family kindred,
and turns up his pampered nose at the mere
mention ot the name that forms the subject
of this article. This place, even amidst its
fashionable walks, is fqjl of such pictures.—
Such facts speak more eloquently than words.
Why should mechanics, who combine and
exhibit in their diversified range, the highest
and most plastic energies of genius; on
whose laborious, never-tiring skill, wealth
and luxury depend, and to whose power
pride is subservient for its swelling "pomp
and circumstances" be treated as inferior be
ings, among the moving mass of the same
humanity? Is it because their hands are
harder or more stained, or because their
hearts are less capable of those sentiments
and affections which soften and elevate soci--
ety ? If the foimer, the cause must be ad
mitted ; but I protest against the effoctas un
natural and unjust. I deny that the proposi.
lion in the latter alternative is true ; but as.
sert on the contrary, that in this class natural |
and wholesome affections of the heart are
to be found.
Merit should be the only passport to socie
ty and consideration, and the state of socie
ty will be artificial and disordered until mer
it shall be thus respected. I wi'l admit that
I the inferior estimation in which mechanic*
! are regarded, is to some extent attributable
to their ow fault. They do not assert and
properly defend their rights. Let them as a
class, cultivate greater dignity and polish of
manners—fill memory's storehouse with
food for the mind to feast upon—and attend
generally to thoso minor accomplishments
which constitute, in the eye of a correct,
noi aiakU'lasls. JLheltruu uentlemau. Aiid
by doing this they will commend themselves
!as the true representatives of that skill and
genius which they exhibit in their various
departments, and be respected as such dele
gates, unencumbered by factitous impedi
ments.—Yes, Mr. Editor, methinks I SP in
the movements of the age, a progressive
tendency to the spirit of equality I advocate.
It is not the Agrarian principle ol "equality
in spite ot dollars and cents !" It is foun
ded on the recognition of the internal man,
in whatever guise he may be found—the
valuation of the jewel in the midst of its re
pulsive incrustation, the discernment of the
true ore, though deeply embedded in the
common earth. It is the test of the equality
to which the great Scottish poet alludes :
••l'he rank is but the guinea's stamp,
The man's the gold for a' that."
The operations of our Democratic institu
tions is helping on this moral consumalion.—
It is planting on every side free public libra
ries, and other means for the development
and improvement of the mind and heart,
and offering to all, facilities, in spite of die"
parities ot external advantages, to achieve
an equality with the highest standard of
mental and moral excellence. To tho me
chanic, I say, lift up your eyes to this stan
dard and keep it in view. Do your part in
the movements of the day, and compel, by
your efforts, recognition of your just position.
"So nioto it be." ALCHA.
Wilkes-barre, Nov. 1851.
Barnum, while highly estimaiing the pop
ular qualifications of Lola Monte/, has had
no engagement with her, for it seems he has
retired forever from the field of his glory.
Here is perfect evidence of the fact
JAMESTOWN, July 11, 1851.
My Dear 1 received your note, and en.
closed the within according to orders. Lola,
if rightly managed, will draw immensely
here ; but lam not the man for her. I have
done. lam perfectly content to slop where I
am, and hope I shall never aspire to again
cater for the public, in any way. Thanking
you for your kind attention. I am truly
yours, 1' T. KARNUM.
Second Marriages.
From the Marriage Statistics for 1850, of
the city of Boston, we compile the following
facts in referedqp to second marriages ;
Ist marriages, : Q'- 5,611 persons.
2d " 563 "
3d " 32 "
4th " 7 "
We thus see that a little more than one
tenth of married parties enter into second
marriages but the number of thoso who mar
ry oflener is very small.
Some may be curious to know what diff
erences there may be among men and wo
men in the tendency to second marriages.
The numbers are—
2d marriages 354 SJ9
3d " 28 5
4th " 5 1
This seems to give men the greatest ten
dency to marriages; but is not something
due to the difference of opportunities in tho
latter pari of life ?
Georgia V. S. Senator—Union Party of
Charleston, Nov. 13th.—The Legislature
of Georgia yesterday elected Robert A.
Toombs U. S. Senator for si* years from the
4th of March next, in place of Berrien,
whose term expires. There was no oppo
sing candidate. In the evening after his e
lection, Mr. Toombs addressed a large con
' coarse at Slate House, and in the course
of bis remarks announced thi t the Constitu
ting] Union Party would adhere to its pres
ent isolated state and independent organiza
tion and name—that it will not Bend dele
gates to or be represented in either tho Na
tional Whig or Democratic Conventions ot
the next year, hut that it will wait until these
Conventions have assembled atte set forth
their principles and candida'es before the
country, before determining with which side
or part it will act. He said, also, that as an
iddispensible condition for securing the sup
port ot the Union party of Georgia, the Na
tional Convention, whether Whig or Demo
crat, with which it might coalesce, must
adopt tho Compromise part of the Union
Party of Georgia, would be free to unite
with either the National Whig or National
Democratic Parly.
What Pennsylvania has done lor Common
Schools —We have received an address de-v
|ivered by Thomas Burrowes, Esq , before
die Lancaster county Educational Society, on
the 4lh ult., which, among other matters of
interest, exhibits the magnitude of the Com
mon School System of the State, which is
highly creditable to the character of the
Commonwealth, and shows the deep inter
est taken in this State in the cause of gener
al education. In the seventeen years that
the system has been in operation the people
of Pennsylvania have expended over fifteen
miUions of dollars in support of this noble
effort, exclusive of the large sumt annually
paid to sustain the numerous private acade
mies, seminaries and schools, which are al
so j.iving their invaluable aid to the cause
of general education. The number of
schools in tht Stale has increased from 762
j to 9200. and the teachers from 808 to 11,-
; 500. The pupils number half a million, and
ftlilTannual cost of the system is now SI, 100,-
| 000. Few States in tho Union have done
I more than Pennsylvania to dispel ignorance
and qualify its rising population for the du
ties of citizens required under its free Con
Drawing for Terms bf the Snpieme Court
Harrisburg, Nov. 14.—The drawing for
tho term each Judge of the Supreme Court ]
recently elected, is to fulfill, took placo in
this city, to-lay. JeremiahS. Black drew
the threo year term. Ellis Lewis drew six
years, and will follow Judge Black as Chiol
Justice. J. B. Gibson drew nine years. Wal
ler H. Lowrie drew twelve years, and Rich
nrd Coulter drew the full term of filteen
The first election to fill a vacancy, created
by law, will be that of Judge Black, and will
be for - 1
lections will be in the order of the shorter
terms, as they stand above.
ty The Case of the United States vs. R
H. Morris, the colored lawyer of Boston, in
dicted for abetting in the rescue of the fugi
tive* slave Shadrach, terminated on Wednes
day, in the United States District Court, by a
sealed verdict of not guilty. When the jury
first went out, they stood 11 for acquittal to
I, and remained so four hours and a half, at
the end of which period the outstanding ju- j
gave in. All tho jurors were in favor of en
forcing the law, as constitutional, but they
were not satisfied that Morris was in the cab
; with Shadrach, as testified by some of the
witnesses being met b) the witnesses for the
defence, who testified they saw all the
persons who were in tho cab, and that Mr.
j Morris was not one of them.
WINE-MAKI^;. —In Cincinnati and neigh
borhood not less thai one thousand acres of
land are devoted to the culture of the grape i
for making wine. A writer in the newspa
pers suys that oti a visit to Mr. Longworth
he saw 75,000 botllos of sparkling Catawba,
and abont 40,000 gallons of wine in casks,
varying from 40 to 50 gallans in each. This
cellar is 120 feet long, 40 feet wide, and 40
feet deep; and it is the intention cf the own
er to increase it to double Vtbis size during
the coming spring. Besides Mr. Longworth,
there ate many other persons in Cincinnati,
and the neighborhood, engaged in the culti
vation of the grape.
Railroad AccJdeut.
We are informed that a young lady, na
med Elizabeth Adams, met with a shock
ing accident, near Leesport, on Friday after
noon last. She was in company with one or
two other ladies, returning home fiom a vis
it to a relative, and was walking on the Rail
road. Meeting a train, they passed to the
opposite track. Another train was approach
ing from tho opposite direction, which they
did not notice, owing to the noise of the one
passing them, until too late fur this unfortu
nate one of the company to escape. Both
! legs were so severely injured as to render
amputation uecessary.— Tamaqua Legion.
CV The death of SAMUEL FEGELY, Esq.,
in announced under the obituary notice, iu
the last Reading Gazette, which speaks of
him as follows: "He died at his residence in
Greenwich township, on tho 4th inst., from
the effectß of a disease wi'.'u which he had
been long afflicted. MR FEOELY was a
member of the State Legislature from this
county, for o;,e term as Senator, and for sev
eral yec.vs as Representative; and throughout
his public career was a uniform and consist
ent supporter ot Democratic principles and
measures, and a faithful adherent to the will
of his constituents in all things."
ty A correspondent of tho Reading Ga
zette names Gen. Wm. Lilly of Carbon coun
ty for Speaker of the House of Represents,
We referred in a paragraph a few days a
go, to the opposition of Ibe Whig papers of
.New England to the law passed nt tho last
session of the Legislature of Massachusetts
giving the people of that State the protection
of the Secret Ballot. Since that we have ob
served that the subjeet has elicited remarks
in other quarters. The Hartford Daily 'limn,
in a recent number, after remarking the op
position of the Whig press generally to this
fust and salutary law, gives the following .
forcible illustration of its beneficial results:
Moreover, it has been frequently asserted
by the opponents of Democracy that there
was no necessity for snch a law—that there
were no Whigs who would coerce those in
their employ to vote tho Whig ticket. _
Now mark the result and the operation of
this law upon its first trial. Lowell, the great
est manufacturing town in Massachusetts,
and one which has been unsformly and reli
ably Whig heretofore, now sands lit Demo
cratic Representatives to the Legislature in tho
place of the ten Whigs that have always
been elected from that place. The Demo
cratic vote is increased in that city from B'Jl
to 1342—a gain of 451. What does this
mean? It cannot well be ascribed to the eo
alition, for the "coalition" was in fyrce, ami
just as thorough and effective, in Lowell last
year. But it can be explained by the fact
that Lowell contains a large population of
laboring men, who aro employed in the fac
tories lhare, and who have in this election,
for the fiist tirr.e, had the privilege of voting
as they please. The result shows which way
their political tendencies are. By the oper
ation of the "secret ballot" law, which has
I been so heartily opposed and ridiculed by
the Whig press, they have revolutionized
; the city and made a relative difference of 20
j in the Legislature.
In Boston, where there is a large amount
I of manufacturing under Whig control, tho
Democratic vote is increased 1,725, while
j the Whig vote has fallen off about 600!
j In Roxbury the Democratic vote is larger
than that of last year by 108, while the
Whig vote shows a decrease of 250. Other
towns where laborers are employed collect
ively exhibit a similar incrcaso of the Dem
ocratic vote, and a falling off of Whig
j strength.
The result of the first election in Massa-
I chusells under the "secret ballot" law would
! seem to indicate that the Whigs had exccl-
I lent reason for the fears they entertained of
that law.
FIRE AND LOSS on Lire.—On Wednesday
evening about G o'clock, a most destructive
fire occurred at the Southwest corner of Nix
on and Hamilton streets, near Fairmonnt,
Philadelphia, in a large lour story brick buil
ding, owned by Mr. J. I'. Bruner, wolleii
manufacturer, and occupied by Mes-re
Faulkner U Lewis, machinists, D. & L. DonJ
nelly, for spinning and carding wool, Ber
nard McNntt, manufacturer, J. P. Kroner,
above named, and Wm. Wilson, dyor. The
destruction of the building was complete
nothing but £he bare walls left standing.
The loss, in stock, machinery. Sea., mny be
estimated at from £30,000 to £35,000, upon
which there is only a partial insurance. Tho
fire is supposed to have been the result of
accident, although one person has been ar
rested on suspicion of huving fired tho prem
The most melancholy part of the afi'air is
the loss of human life, threo persons hsving
perished in the flames. Their names are
Edward Crossley, aged 88, a wool spinner,
in the employ of Mr. Bruner, and two fe
males, Miss Mary Ann Browning and Miss
Agnes Morrow, aged, the former 18, and
the lattor 21 years.
Mary Ann Palmer, a bouncing young girl,
leaped Iroin the third story window, and es
caped unhurt.
fn one of the New York Courts ou Wednes
day, a witness was called who has been
running an engine in the city ; he swore
that he had been an engineer for the last
eight years; took up the business himself;
was now employed running an engino. It
appeared further that during these eight
years he had been six mouths on Black
well's Island for drunkenness; that Very re
cently he had been confined in a cellar for
getting drink, he did not know how long;
he was told "one day," but could not swear
to one day or two, only as they told him.
fn summing up the counsel averred that he
was shut up so that he might be sober when
called on as a witness. If any period of his
drunkenness the boiler ot the engine he ten
ded had bursted, thero would, as usual, have
been ' 'nobody to blame."
The Ohio Statesman of tlip 6th has full re- "
turns of the vote lately cast in that State Tor
Governor. They sum up :
For Samuel F Vinton, Whig, 119,538
" Samuel Lewis, Free Soil, 18,911
" Reuben Wood, Opp. incumbent 145,607
" Wood over Vinton, 26,169
Wood over all, 9,148
Senate —Whig 8 ; Free-Soil I ; to 26 Dem
House —Whig 27; Free-Soil l ; to 6lfc
Oil tho 13lh inst., by Rev. Win. J. Eyer,
BOLD, both of Roaringc,reek.
On the 13lh inst , by tho Rev. P. Willard,
Mr. JOHN ROHIIRACN, of Catiawissn, to Miss
JULIA ANN RELD, ofShamokin Valley, North
umberland county,
O'.i the Ist inst., by Rev. J. Franco, Mr.
JOHN JORDAN, to Miss M.uiv JUNK Arties,
all of Danville.
I B, - J M
In Danville on tho Glh inst.. Mrs. ELIZA
BETH GRAY, wife of die late John Gray, a
god 32 years, 6 months and 3 days.
In Sa|em, Loserno county, on Wednesday
nt last weak, Mrs. FRANCIS, wife of Stc.ilietj
Sj beri, in her 38m year.