The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, November 13, 1851, Image 1

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S. fft Wearer Proprietor.]
Is published every Thursday Morning, by
OFFICE—Up stairs in the New Brick building
on the south side qf Main street, third
square beluw Market.
TERMS : —Two Dollars per annum, if paid
within six months from the time of subscri
bing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid
within the year. No subscription received
for a less period than six months: no discon
tinuance permitted until all arrearages are
paid, unless at the option of the editors.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three times forone dollar,and
twenty-five cents for each additionl inser
tion-; A liberal discount Will be made to those
who advertise by the year.
"I" AND "WE."
"Cork, May the 6th, year ninety-four,"
—(Thus wrote a captain—now no more—
To let his owners understand
Why he was then in Erin's land ;
For he had his departure ta'en
From Falmouth, bound direct for Spain.)—
"Good sirs, upon the first of May,
I got the Echo under way :
J sailed along the English shore,
Weathered the Wolfe a league or more ;
I found the wind noiie of the best—
I shaped my course about southwest—
-1 saw a vessel heave in sight—
I made all close to have a fight—
I ran up on his weather side—
I many skilful tactics tried—
I fought him for an hour or so—
I made him strike his colors low—
I sept my prize to Plymouth Sound—
I steered then as by order bound—
I found the wind draw forward more—
I braced sharp up to keep off shore—
I found the gale increasing fast—
I reefed the sails, secured each mast—
I tried, but iour.d she would not stay—
J wore, but she made mucb lee-way—
I pricked our course upon the map,
And fnnnd great danger of mishap ;
So called all hands, who soon begun
To try their best in many a plan ;
But all in vain, for, truth to say,
We lost the 6hip in Bantry Bay."
A Modern Robison Crusoe.
The pious feeling among strangers which
is so frequently awakened by the vicissitudes
ol their lives, lias caused the name "Provi
dence" to be given to moro than one coral
reef and desolate island in the Indian Seas.
Rarely, perhaps, has it been more appropri.
ntely applied than it was on a small rocky
islet which lies to the northward of the Moz
ambique channel, a few days sail from the
Isle of Bourbon.
In the year 1820, M. Cremasy, the captain
of a Bourbon trading vessel, resolved to vis
it the Island of Providence, or order to ob
tain a cocoanut germ for planting in tbo col
ony to which he belonged. The appliances
for navigating the eastern coast of Alrica,
were at that time very rude. Chain cables
were not known, but wero made from the fi
bres of the palm, similar to those which are
called goumontou in the Belebeo, coer, on
the Spanish main. These cables are very
likely to bo cut by the sharp reefs and coral
bottom which abound so plentifully in the
Indian Ocean , aed in order to spare the an
chors, a wooden frame filled with slones j
called a pegase, was the frequent substitute.
Immediately on his anchoring in this man
ner at Providence, M. Cremasy went on
shore, and sent back his boat with her crew
to the ship, while he explored the island.
He had thus been occupied for some time
when the cable of the pegasso broke, anil
the vessel was carried out to sea by one of
those violent currents which set off those
shores. The mate made ssil as speediiy as
he could to regain the anchoring ; but ho
was unable to head the current, and the
night fell while he was endeavoring to do so.
ThecaptHian, left on shore by this accident,
had on at the lime nothing but a jacket and
a pair of white trowsers, and his only wea
pon a manchct/a, a kir.d of sabre used in
When he found himself condemned to
pass the night on this desert land, his first
care was to construct a place of shelter; and
with the broad leaves of cocac tree he built
up an ejoup, or hut, and made his supper of
cocoa nuts, eating the fruit and drinking Iho
milk. He did not sleep over soundly, for he
was tormented by vaguo apprehensions con
cerning bis vessel ; the sense of loneliness
oppressed him. and he was somewhat in
fear of rata and other noxious animals. At
daybreak he was on shore anxiously looking
to discover a sail on the horizgn ; but noth
ing was visible through the misty morning
air. The sun rose and dispelled the mists,
but his rays fell upon a wide expanse of
azure sky, unbroken by any vessel.
He sat down upon a rock and began to
meditate upon his future destiny. There
was but one course open to him—to bestir
himself for thfi support of his daily wants.—
With his manchette In his hand, he set out
once more to explore the territory of which
he was unwilling sovereign. He got noth
ing but cocoa nut for his breakfast, and din
ed also'upon the same fruit— luxury to a
school boy, but held not in equal estimation
by a hungry jailor, though he thought him
self lucky that the island produced anything
testable. By dint of prosecuting his resear
ches, M. Cremasy succeeded /• making an
addition to his vegetable diet in the shape
of some wild oucumbers; but he was !U>-
v tiling to eat them raw, and he had no
means of cooking them by a fire. A native,
if the island had been peopled, would have
lit one for him by the friction of two pieces
of wood. He remembered the method of
the savages ; and procured a sort of tight
wood, made a hole in it with another piece
of wood of a harder kind, and twirling it
rapidly, endeavored to kindle a flame; but
vbelbf! Fom acccident or waqt of skill, he
was not successful in his attempt; and when
the sun went down he was once more left in
On the following day, he again looked out
for the ship, but again without success. He
therefore redoubled his efforts to procure fire,
and by dint ol perseverance at length pro
duced a light smoke upon the wood ; he
then hastily collected some fibres of the co
coa nut, and placed them in contact with the
ignited substance, and at last was rewarded
by a brilliant spark, which presently broke
into a blaze. He now got together a suffi
cient quantity to keep the fire in all night,
heaped it with branches and dried leaves,
and watched it with interest until the third
morning broke. Tired out with his exer
tions, he at length fell asleep, but had not
been asleep long before he was awakened
by a singular noise as if some one was cree
ping towards him. Ho opened his eyes and
looked wishfully into the obscurity of the
dawn, and presently saw a large object steal
ing across the sand.
He grasped his manchctte and waited ner
vously for its near approach. At length he
discovered an enormous turtlo coming, ac
cording to the habits of that animal, to lay
its eggs above high wa'er mark. The turtle
always selects a situation that catches all the
rays of the sun; they make a hole in the
sand, cover up the eggs, and fifty days after
wards, without fail, their instinct brings them
back to disinter them.
At the moment whan tho layer of sand
which covers them ia removed, the young
turtles break their shells and follow their
dams to the water's edge, and when they
reach the waves, they make themselves fast
to her belly, and are towed out to sea, to
qualify tbem tn time for the feasts of tho al
As soon as M. Cremasy ascertained who
his early visiter was, he walked sternly tow
ards her, and turning her over, kept guard
over her till daylight come and then des
patched her. It was a task of 6ome difficul
ty to cut her up, but when he had succeeded
he found himself ropaid for his trouble. The
turtle was capital. He boiled the meat,
which ho thought excellent, and preserved
the fat, disposing of it in small shells, which
he fourd on the shore, and out of the fibres
of the cocoa nuts he made wicks, in this
manner constructing a very notable sort of a
lamp, antique in fashion, and moreovei high
ly useful. To season his turtle, he then pro
cured Balt from the evaporation of salt water,
and converted the shell of his visiter into a
cauldron. With these civilized means of
cooking, he ceased to enjoy his cocoa nut
milk, and laid in a stock ol fresh watar, ob
taining it by sinking a well in the sand.
It soon became necessary to wash his lin
en, but he could not bring himself to the
resolution of remaining a single instant en
tirely naked; and he therefore would wash
one garment at a time, wearing his shirt until
his trowsers were dried, and vice versa.. He
next burned a clear space around his hut to
keep off the rats, and fortified himself with
in a ditch, well fenced against intrusion by
sharp palmetto branches and the stiff leaves
of prickly pears.
In the course of Ills walks he had seen a
number of pigeons, who allowed him to get
tolerably close to them ; he therefore set lo
work to hunt them down on foot, with a pole,
and thus added a very agreeable dish to bis
repast, for when roasted they proved extrem
ely tender and succulent.
With flesh and fowl to supply his table, it
was not long before he got a third requisite
of a good dinner. On the sonth side of the
island was a coral reef, upwards of ten
leagues in length, which the tide when it
went out left it high and dry. At low water
the fish hid themselves in the hollows where
the water remained, and our solitary islander
discovered in this fact a new source of em
ployment. Every day at low water ho went
out to the reef, sought for the reservoirs
which contained the greatest number fish,
and then harpooned them \yith his boaring
sabre , some of these he salted and dried,
the rest were immediately cooked.
But however earnestly M. Cremasy labor
ed to improve his position, one thought pre
dominated over all others—the hope of find
ing the means of escaping from solitude.
When not employed in procuring and prepa
ring food, he passed his whole time on the
lookout for any vessel that might shape her
course within sight of Providence. His eyes
were ever turned towards that point of the
compass where his own ship had disappear
ed, and a thousand painful apprehensions
disquieted him—the dread of its having
been wrecked on some of the sunken rocks
of that dangerous arohipelago, being the
i most paramount. But he was not one to
give himself up for any time to inactivity.
He knew the value of the ptoverb which
tells men to assist themselves if thoy look
for the aid of others, and accordingly resol
red upon constructing a beacon which
should be visible al a distancs of several
It was not without difficulty that he suc
ceeded in collecting a sufficient quantity of
heavy wood to make a pile; he heaped i t
above a mass of dry leaves and placed dry
branches in alternate layers, with the trunks
!>f the cocoa and palmetto. This accom
piishod, his eyes wandered over the ocean
to seize a favorable moment for lighting up
his beacon, but day followed day, sod hia
solitude grew more add more dreary. His
only pleasure eonsisted io watching the frig,
ate birds as thoy ohased the gulls, aqd rob
bed them of the prey they brought home
from the great wators. It was after all a
melancholy Bort of pleasure, and the screams
of the famished birds did not tend much to
enliven the solitatiness of the shore.
M. Cremasy at length began'to get unea.
sy about the condition of hie wardrobe.
How could be manage to cover himself, he
asked, when his shirt and trowsers were
worn to tatters. The necessity of the case
snggested an expedient. He manufactured
a kind of cloth out of the thread-like sub
stance of the interior of the palm, which he
wove together as well as he was able. It
was not a first-rate production, but it served
at all events to preserve the sun from scor
ching, and the night air from chilling him,
and then he had the ineffable satisfaction of
admiring his own handiwork. He managed
also to fabrioato a pair of sandals out of the
ropy bark of the cocoa aut tree.
In this primitive costume ha determined
upon examining the island thoroughly. The
task was not difficult, Tor FroViOTSnec is tiu
little more than two leagues in circumfer
ence, and the surface is level. About one
third of it, the part of it that lies to the
windward, is covered with a forest of cocoa
nuts.—The currents and prevailing winds
have cast innumerable seeds on the eastern
shore, where tbey have germinated, taken
root, and in the lapse of Rges created the
forest wo spoke of.
The remainder of the island is merely a
sandy plain, with stunted shrubs scattered
hete and there ; but little grass, and where
there is, course in touch and salt in taste. A
more desolate spot altogether can hardly be
imagined ; and hero it seemed probable that
M. Cremasy was destined to end his days.
Deliverance came, however, when least ex
He was one evening returning to his e.
joup in a pensive mood, absorbed in thoughts
of the home he feared he should never re
visit, when as be stooped to gather some |
shell fish for his supper, he fancied that |
something like the sail of a ship glittered on
thg horizon in the rays of the setting sun.
He hail seen so often deceived by the clouds
which assumed the same form, that he was
afraid to trust to his first impression. He
watched the object steadily, and noticed that
whilst the aspect of everything else chang
ed, this alone preserved its first appearance,
and moreover, that it was nearing the island.
He could no longer doubt that it was a ship.
His heart bent high between fear and hope
Was it his own vessel or a stranger ? Should
! he at once light the beacon, at the risk of
rapidly and perhaps usulessly consuming
what it had given so much trouble to col
lect ?
But the sail grew closer. Ho resolved to
take his chance, and the moment It became
dark enough for his purpose, he set fire to
the pile. A pyramid of flame shot up into
the sky, and a minu'.e afterwards the report
of a gun assured him that the signal had
bee i seen.
He listened intently, and the next sound
(hat reached his ears was the noise of the
oars in the row-locks, as with measured
beat they urged the boat ashore. The keel
grated on the rocky bottom ; but he had al
ready hailed the crew, and in the joyous an
swer that floated over the breeze, he heard
his own language and recognised the voices
of his shipmates.
The vessel in the offing was his own, and
the mate had come back to look lor him.
Carried away by the violent currents, water
and provisions failing, the fotmer had been
I obliged to make for Anjouan near Magnatto,
to victual the ship; he then returned in
"%earch of his captain.
The exile wrote the history of his thirty
two days' imprisonment, and placed it in a
| bottle which he hung on one of the ir.ost
prominent trees on the coast. An English
vessel passing by a few months since hap
pened to send a boat on shore lor a supply
ot cocoa nuts, and thus discovered the nar
rative. The sailors also found that the island
was overrun with wild poultry; for when
M. Cremasy look leave of Providence, he
left behind him a small stock, which multi
plied as he desired. It was an offering of
grateful remembrance for the mercy which
had spared him.
Of Interest to School Teachers. —We have
been requested by the Superintendent of the
schools to call attention to the following act,
passed April 24, 1850 :
Sect. 1. Physiology and Hygiene shall
hereafter be taught in all the PubficSchools
of this Commonwealth, in all cases in
which the School Committee shall deem it
1 expedient.
Sect. 2. All school teachers shall hereaf
ter be examined in their knowledge of the
elementary prinoiples of physiology and hy
giene, and their ability to give instructions in
the same.
Sect. 4. This act shall take effect on and
after the first day of October, one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-one.
At a meeting of the board ot Sohool
Committee, on Thursday, it was voted that
the Superintendent be authrized to introduce
the above named stsdies "into any of the
schools of this town, as he may deem it ex
pedient.—Gloucester News.
t* It is said that, the lady who causes a
gentleman to loose his eye sight, is bound
to marry him. The ladies knowing this, are
determined to fumisb themselves with hus.
bam!:, f? r ffiey make divers efforts to put
out|the eyes of the males with the tips of
their parasols. We shall all be blind pups
before long, if the ladies don't up
your sun shades up. 1 '
Truth and Right—GetMßeor Conntry. ~
The Great Exhibition.
The editor of the New York Tribune, wh 0
served on one of the Juries of the GWat In
dustrial Exhibition in London, has published
a notice of the prizes awarded, as far as
they came withiu his knowledge. These
prizes were of two kinds, the jury Medals,
awarded by the juries to the several articles
of merit exhibited in their several classes,
and the Council Medals, given by the Coun
cil of Presidents of the juries. Of the latter
there were to be in all but 169, which were
to be distributed among the several nations,
!To Great Britain 79 To France 56
To Germany 12 To United Stales 5
To Austria 4 To Russia 3
To Belgium 2 To Switzerland 2
!To Tuscany 2 To Holland 1
1 fir fr" • 1
lo lull By®-"
Tbo following are the awards of the five,
which were to be given to the United States:
To C. H. McCormick, Chicago, Illinois,
for his Virginia Reaper.
To David Dick, Meadville, Western Penn
sylvania, for his Anti-Friction Press.
To Charles Goodyear, New Haven, Conn .
for his India Rubber Fabrics.
To W. Bond & Son, Boston, Mass., for an
Electric Clock.
To Gael Borden, Texas, for his Mcat-bis
Of tho Jury Medals it is stated that about
2,000 were to bo awarded, of which 100
probably would coma to the United States'
In the class of General Hardware, including
locks and grates, the following were the A
mericans who received Jury Medals.
To Day & Newell, New York, (represent
ed by A. C. Hobbs,) for their Parauloptic
Bank Lock.
To W-Adams & Co, Boston, for their
Combination Bank Lock.
To McGregor & Lee, Cincinnati, for their
Improved Bank Loek.
To G. A. Arrowsmith, New York, for Jen
ning's Permutation Lock.
To Charles Howland, New York, for his
Improved Bell Telegraph.
To Cornelius & Co., Philadelphia, for a
a Bronze Chandelier.
To Silas C' Herring, New York, for nis
Salamander Safe.
To Ohilson, Richardson & Co., Boston, for
Furnaces, and Stoves.
Condensed History of Steam.
About 280 years B. C., Hego of Alexan
dria formed a toy which exhibited some
or me pawers itnl Waß~morea iy
its power.
A. D. 450, Anthemius, an architect, arran
ged several cauldrons of water, each cover
ed with the wide bottom of a leathern tube,
which rose to a narrow top, with pipes ex
tended to the rafters of the adjoining build
ing. A fire was kindled beneath the caul
drons, and the house was shaken by the el
forts of the steam ascending the tubes. This
is the firrt notice of the power of steam re
In. 1543, June 17, Blasco D. Garoy tried a
steamboat of 209 tons with tolerable suc
cess at Barcelona, Spain. It consisted ol a
cauldron of boiling water, and a movable
wheel on each side of the ship. It was laid
aside as impracticable. A present, however,
was made to Garoy.
In 1650 the first railroad was constructed
at Newcastle on-Tyne.
The first idea of a steam-engine in Eng
land was in the Marquis of Worcester's
"History of Inventions," A. D. 1663.
In 1710 Newcomer made the first steam
engine in England.
In 1718 patents were granted to Savary for
the first application of the steam-engine.
In 1764 James Watt made the first perfect
I steam-engine in England.
1736 Jonathan Hulls first sot forth the idea
of steam navigation.
1778 Thomas Paine first proposed this ap
plication in America.
In 1781 Marquis Jouffroy constructed one
on the Saone.
In 1785 two Americans published a work
on it.
In 1789 William Tymington made a voy
age in one on the Forth and Clyde Canal.
In 1802 this experiment was repeated.
In 1782 Ramsey propelled a boat by steam
at New York.
In 1787 John Fitoh, of Philadelphia, nav
igated a boat by a steam-engine on the Del
In 1793 Robert Fulton first began to apply
his attention to steam.
In 1793 Oliver Evans, a nativo of Phila
delphia, constructed a locomotive steam-en
gine to travel on a turnpike road.
The first steam vessel that crossed the At
lantic was the Savannah, in the month of
June, 1819, from Charleston to Liverpool.—
Hunt's Merchants' Magazine.
fF A person never thinks so meanly of
ambition as when walking through a grave
yard.—To see men who have filled the
world with their glory for a half centory or
more, reduced to a six foot mud hole, gives {
pride a shock whioh requires a long stay in
a city to 'counteraot.—The gentlemen who
are now "spoken of for the Presidency,"
will in less than a century have their bones
caried away to make room for a street sew
er. Queer creature that man—well, he is.
iy In Warren county, Pa., the vote of j
the candidates for Register and Recorder is
a tie. This shows (he .importance of one
From the Keystone.
W liat the Whigs Mean by "Free-Trade."
It is usual with the whig party to call the
tarifl of 1846 a "free-trade tariff," and to in
sist upon increased duties upon imports "to
protect American labor." We quote the fol
lowing from an article in a late number of
the North American, to show the manner
in which that party speak of our present re
venue system :
"But while we wonder at the folly of oth
er and distant people, we have much rea
son to inquire whether we are any wiser our
selves at home. We havo long contended
with the growing infatuation as we are now
suffering from somo of the direct evils, of
American free trade. At the last and most
critical mo.-nent, Pennsylvania, whose inter
est in the protective policy is a vital one,
more close, more obvious, and more su-
liberately places herself on the side of free
trade by electing William Bigler, the avow
ed candidate of that policy, over William F.
Johnston, the tried, the true champion of
proteotion, and Pennsylvania. Is protec
tion, then, to be deemed an "obsolete idea"
in Pennsylvania—in the United Stales!"
"'We cannot but regard the result of Tues
day's election as the evidence of an infatu
ation having come upon tho majority of our
fellow citizens of Pennsylvania promising to
work them much evil. Whatever they in
tended. they have pronounced actually a
gainst the protective policy—against increas
ed duties on coal and iron—in favor ol tba
tariff law of 1846."
Now let us enquire a little into the
tion of the tariff of '46 and see whether it
is not more likely that the people of the U
nited States will call for a diminution of du
ties rather than an increase. During the
present year it is universally conceded, that
the collections under the tariff will amount
to at least sso,ooo,ooo—the cost of collec
ting being about $3,000,000, the net pro
ceeds will be 847,000,000. This is first paid
by the importers and enters into the cost of
the imported articles upon which they charge
a profit of from 10 to 15 per cent. Next the
goods go into the hands of the city whole
sale merchants who add their profit of from
12 io 20 per cent. From these they pass in
to the hands of the retail merchants through
out the Union, who again charge their pro
fits of from 20 to 30 per cent. It will be ob
served that the profit upon profit, is com
pounded at every transfer. By this process,
and it is the true one that cannot be contro
verted, the last purchasers, or consumers,
who are tho whole people of the United Sta
tes, are taxed at feast £75,000,000. to place
$47,000,000 ia the national treasury !
In addition to this vast sum, the manufac
turers of dutiable articles, who produce a
bout four fifths of ail that are consumed in
the country, under cover of the tariff, in
crease their prices, so that they levy upon
consumers more than tho government. This
can be proved by an investigation of the
proper statistics. But we will take a lower
figure, far within what the facts would es
tablish, ar.d call the levy made by the manu
facturers only equal to that made by the
government with its expenses and profits
say $75,900,099. By adding this to the gov
ernment tax above, we have the enormous
sum of $150,000,000 actually paid by tho
people -of the United Stales, lo place $47,-
000,000 in the treasury ! In other words,
the collection of $47,000,000 actually costs
the people $103,000,000 ! And yet, in the
face of these astounding facts, and in defi
ance of this crushing burthen upon the peo
ple of the United States, the whig leaders
have the inconceivable hardihood to denom
inate the tariff of '46 a "free-trade" tariff,
and to clamor incesnntly for an increase of
duties !
On a further examination of these figures,
and coming nearer home, it will be found
I that Pennsylvania, having a tenth of the pop-
I elation of the Union, pays a tenth of this
vast imposition amounting to $45,000,000 an
nually ! or to about $7 each for every man,
woman and child in the Commouwcalth !
a sum sufficient to pay off our State debt in
three years! An aggravation of this system
is that it operates unequally and oppressively
—people are taxed, not in proportion to their
means, but in proportion to the amount they
consume—the poor, and those in moderate
: circumstances, oftentimes paying more than
' the rich. It increases all the expenses of
' living—every thing we eat, drink and wea r
—rents, labor, &c.,,&c. It is a perpetual
drain upon d%ry body, and meets all with a
charge of more than 30 per cent, whenever
money is paid out, no matter what for. In
this way it taxes all labqr, all producers. The
farmer, in effect, is taxed over 30 per cent,
on all he sells, and the mechanic and day
laborer are burthened with an equal imposi
tion. The pressure is universal upon all
transfers of values that enter into daily con
sumption, aud yet, good heavens, the Whigs
persist in calling it free trade I
If we had free-trade truly, and our gov
ernment were supported by a direct tax upon
property, who oan calculate the immensity
of the burthen that would be removed from
the national industiy and business ? When
Congress assembles now, no question of fi
nance is agitated for raising ways and means
the money flows into the tress ary so rapidly
that the question is, how can it be expen.
ded ! and millions of it is lambed upon Gal
phin'claims, and other profligate or unneces
sary objects. Were direct taxation the re
sort, economy would be tbe order of the day
and $25,000,000 would carry on the govern
ment respectably and strongly, without the
corruption and enirgvagauce that now mark
its career. Here would be a saving to the
national tax payers of $125,000,000 a year
—a saving to those of Pennsylvania of $12,-
500,000 ; yet this is a difference which the
reason-proof Whigs cannot see, and in dis
pite of which they call for an increase of
duties I
Many despair of seeing real free-trade es
tablished for the reason that they think the
people would rather pay 8150,000,000 indi
rectly, that is, by a perpetual daily and hour
ly drain encountered in seemingly volun
tary expenditures, than submit to a direct
I call by the government tax-gatherers fot
$25,000,000; that Congressmen and other
public officers are too prone to lavish expen
ditures, drawing therefrom too much profit
to themselves or Irier.ds to aid in the estab
tablishmont of a system which would make
the people look closer into the objects of ap
propriations- and that tba monopolist man
ufactures, who are pocketing yearly under
the tariff system $75,000,000, will never re
lease their grasp upott such a mountain of
plunder whilst venal pens and venal orators
can be bought to manufacture ingenious so
phistries in favor of protection —to flatter all
the legislators, and other public men who
side with them, as statesmen of far-seeing
views, patriotic uphulders of the interests of
American labor; and to stigmatize as Ja
cobins, red republicans, Sans culottes, agrari
ans, degraders of American labor to the lev
el of the pauper labor of Europe, all who
oppose the existing crafty scheme of rob
bery by indirect taxation. For ourselves, we
cannot believe in the existence of such bru
tish ignorance as all Whig policy seems
based upon—we cannot believe that the peo
ple will not see their true intorests, will not
see that the present tariff is any thing but
tree-trade, and that they will refuse much
longer to league with their plunderers, and
aid them in pickiug their own pockets.
THE UNITED STATES.— The Courier, in an
able and well written editorial, upon the
present position of the United States com
pared with Great Britain, relates the follow
ing reminiscence ;
"Forty years ago, Europe sat in astonish
ment and (error under the shadow of Napo
leon's gigantic empire.—At that time, in a
I debate in the British Parliament, something
was said of the American navy, when a
member remarked that 'the American navy
consisted of six vessels,' 'whereupon,' says
the newspaper account, 'the House burst in
to a fit of laughter.' It would be interesting
to know how many of those laughing legis
lators Pre now living. The gigaqjjc empire
of Napoleon has cram bled to dust, aad the
despised nation of six vessels has now with
in her grasp the empire of the seas and the
dominion of the civilized world 1"
A JUDGE in Illinois, says that the only
way to keep doubt and indecision from the
bench is for the bench to listen to only one
side. This is the same Blackstone, who
once charged a jury as follows :
"Gentlemen: This is an action brought
by the plaintiff against the defendant. You
have heard the evidence on both aides, and
the court knows of no point of law that |you
may not be supposed to know already. The
case is a very plain one, and if upon a care
ful review of the testimony, you should
think the plaintiff entitled to a verdict, the
decision must be in his favor; but if, on the
contrary, it should appear that the defendant
ought to be the plaintiff in this suit, you will
please bring in a verdict lo that effect,
believe that is about all that is to be said in
the matter. If you think of any thing eise
that 1 ought to say, however, I have no ob
jection lo mention it."
For even-handed justice, this charge even
takes down those for which Recorder Wright
is distinguished.
piece of tallow; melt it, and dip tho spotted
part of the linen into the tallow; the linen
may be washed, aud the spots will disappear
without injuring the linen.— Ex.paper.
idtr' The Brussels carpets woven by power
j looms in New England, excited a great deal
lof attention at the World's Fair. None have
! ever been woven by power looms in Eng
| land.
j tW A Monk, named Rivalto, mentions in
: a sermon preached in Florence in 1305, that
' spectacles had then been known about twen
ty years. This would place the invention in
tho year 1285. .
IF The man who was arrested in Arkan
sas last week, for assault and battery, got
clear by proving that he was at the time
complained of, "too drunk to lift his fist."
A novel defence, that
E7* Dr. Johnson compared plaintiff and
defendant in an action of law, to two men
ducking their heads in a bucket, and daring
each other to remain the longest under wa
ty If you can get a man's thoughts to
entertain what is right, you tnay trust him to
do what it right, if he have a right principle.
OT A broker without money, is a good
deal like a man with a good set of teeth, and
nothing to eat.—He is willing to bite bat
whera is the goose to do it on I
tF It costs us more to be miserable than
would tupta us ptrijsctly happy.
[Two Dollars pr Annum.
A* Exciting Scene,
A few days sinoe, on boaida steamer from
Memphis to Cincinnati was a very larg3
crowd of pnsseDgers. Our attention was
drawn to the unusual number of passengers
crowding below deck ; with the captain and
two or three officers we joined the crowd in
search of nn incident to drive away the mo
notony of a steamboat trip. Arriving at the
spot which seemed the centre of the excite
ment, we found a man in Quakerlike attire,
sitting Spon a large chest, declaring that it
should not be broken open unless they kil
led him. Soon from the chest, as if M dis
tress, was heard a voice apparently of a col
ored person. •
"Let me out—l had rather go back to my
massa. O, mercy ! I can't stay here any
"Look here, my friend," says the captain,
"von'll have to aet off that chest immedi
"I'll be darned if I do," he replied.
"0, dear, let me out." came distinctly
from the chest, as if in apparent suffoca
'Male," said the captain, "bring some
men, take that person off the chest, and
break it open."
Ihe person showing fight, was seized by
the passengers, all believing he was carry
ing off Mr. Darkey, contrary to law made
and provided.
The mate seized an iron bar, and forced it
between the lid and body of the chest.
"O, don't! you'll Kill me," says the sti
fled voice; "I want to go back, O, dear ! I
shall die 1"
"Hold out a few minutes longer," says a
good naturod philanthropic person, stepping
out, "you shall soon be released."
j Quite an intense feeling was now raised in
, the crowd, when the male forced off the lid-
I as it came fiom the chest, an unearthly, de
j moniac laugh came from the old clothes
, with which it was filled, and no sign or ap
pearance of any living thing.—Amazement
appeared on the countenance of the before
angry, but now bewildered lookers on. VVe
were shortly after let into the mystery by
i the captain, who informed us of what he
was before aware, but had forgotten that the
inimitable ventriloquist, the "Faker of Ava,"
stood by, an apparently anxious spectator of
the proceedings.
The Itfan of Honor*
The man of true honor ever forgets an in*
sultj or if remembered, it is only with the
the kindness of a superior mind looking
above the shafts of onvy. True honor gains
I nothing bv fending the spirit of contention j
for if once that evil is harbored, it is sus
tained by the sacrifice of every just and
manly principle. The gentle rivulet becomes
a torrent when the elements contend; but
when the tempest has passed, the waters
contract to their former limits, flowing with
more freshness and adding new beaut)- to
their progress. So the elevated mind, if ev
er disturbed by the malice of ignorance and
envy, like that little stream, soon regains its
wonted gentleness, and feels the happiest
for the test. True honor acknowledges it*
self in rags as well as in costly raiment—it
neede no covering— most beautiful when un-
itself in all conditions,
for it is of it's cftvn croafing. The world
would be its arbiter, and false distinctions of
society would restrict it to high station ; but
the world would have been made to worship
it when clothed in the garb of the lowly.
Detraction has no blemish for n-Mt abide ß
all worldly tests.— Henry.
It waits for no man—it travels onward
with an even, uninterrupted, inexorable step,
without accommodating itself to the delays
of mortals. The restless hours pursue their
course; moments press after moments; day
treads upon day ; year rolls after year. Does
man loiter? procrastinate? Is he listless or
indolent ? Behold the days, and montbs>
and years, unmindful of his delay are never
sluggish, j>ut march forward in silent and
solemn procession. Our labors and tods, out
ideas and feelings may be suspended by
sleep, darkness, and silence; and death
may reign around us, but Time knows no
stoppages. We may dam up mighty rivers;
stop them in journeying to the ocean; gross
them back to their source ; but the arrest of
Time is beyond the power of any human
being, besides Omnipotenee. The clock
may cease to strike, the beU to toll; the sun
may cease to shine, the moon and the stars
withdraw their light; but the busy hours
pass on. The mon hs and years must move
on, ever forward.
U" Dabster says he would not mind living
as a bachelor, but when he comes to think
that bachelors must die—that they have got
to go dowi to the grave "without any body
to cry for him"—it gives him a chill that
frost-bites hre philosophy. Dabster was seen
on Tuesday evening, going convoy to a mil
liner. Putting this fact to the other, and we
think we "smell something," as the fellow
aaid when his shirt took fire.
E7* Summer is gone sure enough. Wa
took a stroll into the country the other day,
and all that was left of '<the painted day* of
June" were a few broken-hoarted hollyhocks
shivering against an Out house.
IST* Among the curiosities just added to
the Piaerinctum Institute is ''a caravan 47
yegrs old, sttffted