The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, March 13, 1851, Image 2

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ttiootMsburg, Thursday, March. 13, 1851.
Labor is dignified, and prompt attention
to a man's calling or occupation most honor
able. Tha workshop of the honest and en
terprising artisan is a great school of life.
But in America the man dependant upon the
bounty and alms of govornment has ever
beon regarded either as weak or imprudent,
when no accident has made him utilortunate.
In this land of the many broad rich acres,
teeming everywhere with happy lite and bu
oyant industry, accidont and misfortune must
be the chief of honest excuses for being ve
ry poor. Every channel of honest industry
is here open for the thrifty man of toil and
enterprise. Men are early taught to depend
upon themselves for success in business, and
our republican institutions do not contain
plate that a privileged class of lawgivers and
rulers shall make each study yeomsn an on
-darling and bondman to the goverrfment.
In this country the goverment looks up to the
citizen for protection, and the servants 01"
the people are not meant to be greater than
their matters.
In despotisms, where the patriarchal and
protective system has ground down tho chil
dren of toil to the lowest misery, the mania
for workshops drives the government to
erect edifices in which to find employment
for the needy, and these hives of govern
ment industry and official patronage are
called "irorhhouft." In Parie a crowded
and restless population could no longer earn
enough to pay the oppressive tax of the ru
lers, and the government erected workhou
see—went into tho business of tailoring, hat
ting and storakeeping, and became the over
eeer of the citizen mechanic or merchant.
(This was ■ pon the presumption that'the gov
ernment knew more of business than the
fn tbe worst days of old Roman degrada
tion, the government diverted the attention
of the ignobilt vu/gus fiom the corruptions of
tbe rulers, by furnishing public plays and
games for amusement, until the deluded and
starving people of the whole empire cried
. the.circus first. Mctternich of Austria has
, played the same game upon his master's qp
■fHii subjects.
tlnftU these cases the government becomes
everything aud the ci'tlzoo Jesoa tbe esanly
feeling of independence, esurgv STtd wauan
•l pride. Ho ie degraded to b-j a toira ma
- the privileged rriWs.
.The world oaUt tbe w<*teho{. of govern
ment a "srortAot/jr, ' 80 j e ( j| {,(, known
where it must exist. But be it known, too,
that the country which has the most of these
workhouses is the most to be pitied ot despi
••a. England tins enjoyed me protective
system to her sorrow and shame, until she
has made of her Irish appendage one vast
lazaretto of misery and suffering. The gov
ernment took business under it| protection
and now look at the picture even in the cap
ital of tho merchant-princes and money
changers. Read the history of the pauper
from the government work house—the histo
ry of toil aud suffering, of sin and shame,
debased in character, but simple and sub
, lime in it> agony a- d tears. Read it, says a
friend of ours in his eloquent cnlhusiasm r
written, as it is, in the puddle of the streets
of the great metropolis, traced in the snow
under the winter shed, engraved on 'tha
granite steps of the rich man's door, blurred
on tho damp floor of the workhouse, by
this woman's blistering, burning tears—this
. history, every word a drop of liquid fire, is
envolvcd in the shadow aud glaro of that
.-•nighty London.
'There she sits, the lone outcast, in her
- empty-garret, tha garb of theft on her shoul
ders, and the price of defilement in her
hand, whereby she stills the hungry cry of
one as dear to her->a is the boy Prince of
-Wales to the mother>ef a line of monarchs;
-wild having a soul as near and dear to God,
as kindred to his spirit, and as much an heir
to his kingdom ; there she sits, perhaps mid
way between the palace and the tower, in a
region overflowing with milk and honey,
wine and manna, and yet dying of hunger
and thirst; there she sits, having need of
endurance more eternal than that of Tanta
,'lua, tor she had lost in hor shame and im
-1 mortality that imparted his power to him;
there-she sits, iu the midst of all the nation
al wealfhi abundance, luxury and superfluity,
which industry, unscrupulous energy and
aekless rapacity, could pile together—there
in the qtore house of the world, in the lap of
excess, sits "ths desolate woman, owning
nothing pf-her sox, but its shame; lonely
. childless, tJ.'Ottgn the offspring of her error
may bo still living, but chained to the re
pentant iton Jing ot> heartless charity ; there
she rocks her to a.?d fro, ritis fallen angel
a thief, a beggar, and a J>rot>?' tu,e am ' *">
all because England must be Jhe
. of tbe world.
MB. HUKTER'S BILL. —As there is no littu"
speculation afloat in regard to the .real opera
tions of this bill, as affecting the .coal and
iron intarests'of this State, ore publish the
-following, which we'ate informed .by the
'gentlemen who communicated the informs
tion he obtaiue'd frornthat quarter from which
the constructioc of the new< law- is to email
ate. The additional duty imposed on iron,
M near as can be ascertained, is aquiralentto
>boutsl T els., per too, which will add,
-from this source alone, to the national reran
ue about $490,000 per annum. The leading
Wen masters profess, under all the circum
st an en, to be satisfied with this inorease.
The additional duty eneoal is about 60 cts.,
per toe.
W Tae establishment of the Sullivan
JCugft tabeen removed fiont Cherry to La
A wer4 of Reply.
A correspondent of the last Wilkesbarre
Advocate volunteers to argue (he re peel ques
tion relating to Montoor county, and in bis
zeal betraye how little tboeo out of the dis
trict can judge of the propriety of this mea
sure, and how imperatively the case re
quires that the people direotly interested in
the matter ehould alone decide the question.
They alone oan fully and fairly judge of all
the facts, and see the bearings of any legis
lative action on this subjeot. And they have
ticict decided the question. First on the r#
move! of the seat of justice by a triumphant
majority; and again last fall, by tbe eleotion
of the present Senator and Member, they de
cided that the divisioo law should be repeal- j
ed. These officers werein Colombia and
Montour nominated on the repeal isaue, and
(ho very vote tbey received is full proof of
this fact, and, that their position was under
stood, The people ir. interest ate the prop
er tribunal to decide this case, and they
have set in judgment upon it, end recorded
their decision.
Tbe case is not to be likened to that of
Chester end Delaware counties. The peo
ple of what is now Delaware said that the
old removal of their county-seat was unfair
ahd was the act of a minority of voters. In
Columbia there was no room for such com- I
plaint after a vote was onc (aken. Tbe
people of the lower corns, had always insis
ted ths;, majority was with them, and final
ly the issue was made and they agreed to
abide by it. Nothing was then whispered of
a new county there to compromise the con
troversy. Tho leaders there made lb isaue
and went to the people. The decisive ma
jority was against them, and the removal
was quietly accomplished. The mass of the
people there, were quiet and resigned to the
fate of the contest. No "troop* marched" to
Bloomsburg, "armed to the teeth," nor was
the new court house threatened with cannon
or conflagration. The people of Danville
professed to£ave forgotten the old issue and
came to our courts and county conventions
in a spirit ol neighborship and friendliness.
The elections were again conducted upon
political grounds, and Skcji end of the COUR
ty gave its strict party vote for party nomi
nee. Even the mischievous and treacher
ous Sinon who sacrificed his character to re
vive the old feud with ten-fold iu wonted
bitterness—even he came into the conven
tion a penitent suppliant, and only obtained
the power for mischief by professing a feel
ingof union, harmony and friendship with
the whole oounty, and a submission to the
people's decree fo: a tetnoval. Stealthily
and treacherously he obtained his power and
most Drjely he used it. The first chance
9 ' v '°h the people obtained they improved to
rebuke his faithlessness.
Now in the case of Chester and Delaware
there was nothing like all this. In obtaining
removal there was no reference to spy di
rest expression of the popalar will, nor was
the eounty divided by an ignominious trick.
Agtee, iu old Chester connty the seat of I
justice had not been originally fixed at Ches-!
ter under protest, as in the case at Danville.
And hence there was in Chester some well
founded ground for an implacable feud after
a sudden removal and some reason to sup.
pose that there could be no remedy but by
division sf the county.
But there is proof on the record of the
Chester and Delaware case to show that
even the people of Delaware county do not
regard a removal of the as in it
self a sufficient cause for a division of the
•county. Within a few months the county
seat of Delaware county will be removed to
Media from Chester, and yet we hear of no
necessity for a division now. No doubt
many persons in Delaware are opposed to
this second removal, for such things we nev
er done by uuiversal consent. No doubt
thore is much bitter and angry feeling there
and with quire as much cause for it as ever
existed in Danville. The people of Media
had induced the citizens of Chester to arm
themselves to the tee'.h and to drag the can
non under the very -walle of Wesohester in
most fierce and belligerent attitude. The
Medians no doubt helped iu forming the
ranks, or especially in furnishing oflicets,
but it is most natural that in such a case it
was Cheetcr that bore the brunt of the
charge. And then when the fray was over,
for Chester to see the Medians bearing oil
the trophiea of the contest in the shape of
the county-seat must certainly have been a
better cause for bitter feeling than any which
Danville can point to. By the rule which
|he Advoctae man would fix there must
then be another necessity for dividing Dela
ware, and *0 in every case where a county
seat is removed. For it is quite certain that
no town will quietly submit to have the seat
of justice removed from its presincts ; and if
mere petulance shall be in every such in
stance gratified bjr the legislature, as a babe
is hushed with a toy, or a hysterical spouse
restored by a new sha*>l, we shall have no
such things in legislation as removing a
county-seat, for every removal will be an in
direct division of a county. And tbe very
fact that the legislature has heretofore recog
nised such thing as a removal is evidence
that this is meant to exist without an inevi
table division of the county.
BT The Delaware Legislature is talking
of borrowing SBOOO from the school fund to
I psy the expenses of the session and claims
•raiuatthe State, to be teturned before it is
{o ' de,wi bution. The Senate has de
foaled th.' TEM Prance Bill. The bill to
compel prop^ holder,of w 'l®'ngton city
to pare to the streets in pmt of
their real estate, becomes law. It is
quires, howerer, the orO ,r of,h " majority
of the property to petition w or^,r oompel
the minority to aooede.
office has bean established at Port Bland*l
- Pa., and Samuel Hodgden
jr. appointed poet master.
John MdCauley has bean appointed post
master at'Shiofcshinny, Lucerne 00., in the
place of S. F. Headloy, resigned.
U" At DanvHle the Epicureans have bean
feaeting on fresh shad.
from the annual report of lha superinten
dent of oommon schools we gather the fol
lowing interesting atatiatica showing the con
aition of the echoola in thia count}.
!f I I
J1 * *
Beaver 6 2 5
Bloom 2 3 7 2
Briarcreek 7 4 7 1
Cattawiasa 6 4 5 2
Centre 6 4 6
Derry 6 5 4 2
Fishing Creek 8 3 5 4
Franklin 4 6 4 1
Greenwood 8 3 6 8
Hemlock 6 3 6 2
Jackson 3 3 12
Liberty 8 6 7 9
Limeator.e 3 5 4 0
Madison 16 4 14 6
Mahoning 4 6 4 2
Maine 4 3 4 0
Mifflin 7 3 7 0
Moutour 5 3 6 0
Mount Pleasant 5 2 5 0
Orange 6 4 4 0
RCSling Creek 12 5 12 2
Stunt Loaf 9 3 8 2
Valley 5 5 4 6
Danville It 7 ' 6 6
Anthony 7 4 6 3
TOTAL, 171 4 150 60
The following table shows the average
salary paid to teaohers in the various town
Towi, " n,pß - £.
Bloom 24 28 15 00
Beaver 1711
Briarcteek 19 00 14 00
Cattawissa 15 60 11 50
Centre 15 34
Derry 18 50 12 00
Fishingcreek 11 50 7 00
Franklin 15 62 8 00
Greenwood 17 24 10 87
Hemlock 16 00 10 00
Jackson 15 00 10 00
Liberty 18 06 9 00
Limestone . 20 00
Madison 57 11 75
Mahoning ~8 00 10 00
Maine 14 50
Mifflin 18 00
Moutour 19 00
Mountpleasant 16 00
Orange 14 25
Roaringcreek It 75 7 00
Sugarloaf 11 00 • 9 00
Valley 16 50 9 50
Danville 25 00 12 00
Anthony 15 00 9 00
Total average, 16 80 10 33
The following table will also be found of
interest in this connection, showing the num
ber of scholars in eaoh township, the aver
age number in each achool and the cost of
instructing each scholar per month.
. .11
~ ''| It f|
n vH
~ •> J. ** >|
'" ' ' J|l il
Beaver 108 58 21 81
Bloom 317 231 43 33
Briarcreek 261 177 58 46
Cattawissa . 157 175 28 40
Centre 207 14 1 58 26
Derry 177 132 34 47
Fishingcreek 218 188 44
Franklin 126 89 53 39
Greenwood 321 258 72 44
Heonock 189 169 89 33
Jackson 75 01 45 49
Liberty 303 161 44 30
LimeMohe 142 111 72 81
Madison 276 22 1 3 1 21
Mahoqing 137 114 46 43
Maine 97 72 29 47
Mifflin 173 141 35
Montour 141 112 46 41
Mountpleasant 116 144 52 73
Orange 191 129 54 26
Roarmgcreek 534 458 33 23
Suearloaf 143 9 1 27 1,00
Valley 106 93 26 60
Danville 360 360 62
Antbony 156 115 38 36
TOTAL, 4,9313,991 40 41
The number of scholars learning German
in the county are given as follows :
Beaver 28
Mifflin 36
Orauge 33
The number of German scholars in O
range as set down above we think should be
for Roatingcreek, and it is most likely an
error of the clerk.
Cheap Postage'
We are gratified in being able to announce
to our readers, that the bill reducing the
rates of postage passed both branches of
Congress and has been signed by the Presi
dent. The law will go into operation on the
Ist ef July neat.
By this law, weekly newspaper? will g0
free in the mails to any paat of the c^* nt y
in which they are printed. Out subscriber*
therefore, in Columbia cgunly, will receive
the Star free o. after the above men
tioned date, We hope this will be a strong
Inducement for many to subscribe who
have heretofore neglected to take the paper.
Will eur friends be kind enough to exert
themselves tn * welling our subscription list?
The new rale on letter*, not exoeediog
half an ounoe, is to be three cents pre-paid,
or fire eents if not pre-paid, (or all distances
under three thousand miles. Over that dis
tance, double those rates.
The Mints are authorized to coin three
cent pieces immediately.
THE LAMM' Kaamaa for Febrnary is fur
nished ap to make a rich oasket of rare
beauties and happy thoughts. It is edited
with talent and published with good taste,
i John S. Taylor publisher, New York. Terms,
jl per annum, free of postage to subscribers.
Wa see jt stated thai John B. Gough has
obtained Three Thousand names to the
Temperance pledge, in Pittsburg.
A Bridge is to be built over the Susque
hanna at Tunkhsnnock.
Tha Cheap rentage law.
The lew, reducing the rate* of latter pos
tage to three cent* when pre-paid, and five
centa when not pre-paid, and aiao reducing
the portage oa newspapers, 4p*e not fO into
operation unfit the first of Jriy next, with
the exception ef the coindfce of three cent
pieces, ordered by it, which is to be com
menced imirtediately.
That our rMdfinmpy see at a glanoe the
newspaper rates, 'present tha following
table of the ngrouafs which are charged upon
weekliee, semi- weeklies, tit-weeklies, Ac.,
according tojh* nges laid down ia the bill:
wawsrxrxss via QOSBTW.
. | J| $
In 00. where published Fret.
Not exceeding 50 miles, 5 10 25
From 50 to 300, " 10 20 50
• XOO to 1000, " 15 30 75
" KWIOMSO,. * 40 UP
" 200b to 4000, 25 60 125
Excepding 40000, " 30 00 160
Othpr newspapers, and each eircular not
sealed* handbill, engraving, periodical,mag
azine, exceeding oo* ounce, the follow
ing rates:
900 miles, 1 cent. 500 to 1500, 2 cents'
1900 to 2900, 3 cents. , 2900 to 3500, 4 cts-
Exceeding 3500 6 cents. Each additional
ounce, double those rates.
Subecriberste al periodicals shall bs re.
1 quiied to pay .en* rfttorter's postage in ad
vance, Wd ia all seek mmi the am says the
postage shall be one-half the foregoing rates-
Sulllvaa County Democratic Coaveatlou.
Convention met, pursuant to notice, at La
ports, on Tuesday evening Fab. 18th, 1851,
and organized by appointing Hon. YV*. COL
LET, president; and James Deegan, Jacob
Deitz and VV m. Smith, Esqrs., vice presi
dents j Getk 0. Jaehsen and John Armstrong,
Hon. J. R, Jones, in a brief and eloquent
speech, ofiered tbe following resolution
-which was adopted.
Ruoh)*d, Thayhe democracy. of Sullivan
county on* and indivisible is and ever must
be invincible.
The object of the meeting being stated—
L. Zaner, Geo. B fsehaeu, and Wm. Smith,
were appointed Representative Conferees,
A. J. Dietrich, Sena-
On motion, the Representative Conferees
were instructed to support Hon. YVm. Colley
for delegate to the gubernatorial convention.
On motion tbe the Representative Confer
ees were instructed to support Hon. J. R.
Jones, for delegate to the judioial convention.
On motion, the Senatorial Conferees were
instructed to support the nomination of the
delegate appointed by Lycoming county in
tbe judicial convention.
On motion the Senatorial Conferees were
instructed to support James Deegan, for the
delegate to the gubernatorial convention.
Re-Organization of the Canal Board.
Mr. Penniman, from the Committee on
Inland Navigation, in the House of Repre
sentatives, has reported a bill for the re-or
ganization of the Boarii of Canal Commis
sioners, or rather the aboiitiou of the Board
of Canal Commissioners, apd the appoint
ment of a single fapmmptndent of Public
Works in its atoad.
This bill authoring the votes of tho Slate
tapiect at tfie uex4 "-general election, and'
every three years thereafter, a gunervn'in
dent of the who perform
all the duties now enjoined law upon the
Canal other duties
as may be prescrihad by law. It also pro
•ides for the establishment of a revenue bu
reau, and an etigihser bnreau, and the 'ap
pointmcv.; iiso of a Slate engineer, and such
othbr officers as assy be neeessary to an ef
ficient iranagemeat ef the public works.
Thirty-second Congress, which will com
mence its sitdbgs in December next, will
contain 61 Senators, of which number 41
(18 Whige end g3 % DcraocroU)bold ever
from the 4th of Ms mouth, and ft are new
Senators, of whom Sid am ym to be eUotod,
as follows—Nedftptfc, Ohio, Massachusetts
Connecticut, Cankxnia, Tennessee, the
House ooosmu a( MB members and 4 tern
orial delegate. These delegate, however,
hffo no vote. Of the members of the now
House 480 bare already boon elected—
Whigs 53, DomocNOs 77, making a Demo
cratio gain of 89 compared with tho petition
of parties in tho lata, Congress.
Dtmand qf tie Untied Stales on Htsyti for
Redress —Letters from Capo Haytion, of the
15th of Febrsary, received at Boston, state*
that Comraodre Parker, of the Saradeo, had
made a formal dgmand upon the Emperor
for redress ia tho matter of the imprison
ment of Capiain.MayoJ of the brig Loander.
(The Saranac sailed, February fMh| for Pr*,' r
Rioo and St. Thomas, for nog), er-L n, '
returned In Paw 1W-
-rerofthotapmm. .
ilenry L. Dieffsnbach Esq., of Clin
ton county has bean chosen Senatorial dele
gate to tha Readbig convention from the
district composed of Lycoming, Centre, Ciin
ton and Sullivan nonntiea ; and C. D. F.ldred
Esq., of Williamsport aa Senatorial delegate
to the Harrisburg Convention.
Despotism and Free Triads.-A journalist ir.
Puebla, in Mexico, has been thrown into
prison for writing krtieiM in favor of frae
THE SovEamcii POPE— Jt is mentioned in
the French papers, that the Pope is abont to
cause himself to be rspsesogtod aaa sover
eign at Washtngtoa by a high diplomatic
agent. If this be *O, his priests, bishops
and cardinals will Ms constitutionally inter
dinted from holding titles under hint'
Mr. Webster, hrfco was larded partake
of a public dmufitin BWtoa, Mtha 7th of
Miroh, the szmimtssay of bUgtadt speech,
declined Ifefi iqriMHm. „
rr I 1 ilT'lidßifili In Inn mm
to thruaht thetnseJrtmfaßE perils a* cieeam* 1
stances, we ra*y expect la ham af Is meats
bis con sequence*."
OF "They wbh taka Am wo*d will par
ish with the •word.'*
Haaatsauao, Mirch 4tb, 1891
Mr. Fretley presented thirty-two remon
ttrances from Montour County, against the
annotation of that county to the county of
j Columbia; alio,remonstrances from Colum
bia county, on the aama subject.
| Mr. Bockalaw, from Luaerne county, in
favor of tbo repeal and utter annihilation of
tbe charter of the Montour Iron Company.
Mr. Sanderson, from Susquehanna ao. f te
rn on at rating against the proposed removal of
tha county seat of said county. *
Mr. Guernsey, from Tioga eounty, in favor
of a law prohibiting the sale of intoxicating
drinka in said county, except to licenaed inn •
Mr. Shull, two for the repeal of the laws
sxempting property from taxation.
Mr. M'Reynolda, for a law to determine
and fix disputed oomers and lines; also, fo r
the repeal of the state road from Berwick to
the foot of tbe North Mountain.
HaaanacßO, March 8.
On motion of Mr. Brindiu the HC%M took
up the bill relative to the WilliamspoN and
Elmira railroad, (Mr. Robertson in the ehair.)
The bill passed finally.
On Ibotion of Mr. Shull, the Ilouee took
up the report of the Committee an Inland
Navigation relative to the State keeping up
the bridge* oyer tbe canal.
Mr. Mowiy (of Somerset) moved to
amend by exoepting township and county
bridges from the erne of the State.
The whole subject was debated by Messrs.
Lilly, Shull, A. E. Brown, Mowry of Somer
set, Bowen, Brindle, Linton and Huniecker,
when the amendment was disagreed to.
The resolution was then adopted:
The following ie the resolution :
Resolved, That tbe sense of this House is
that tbe bridges which crow tha public works
should bo kept in good repair by the Com
monwealth, in accordance with the provis
ions of an act entitled "An act providing for
the repair of tb* bridges over the canals and
railroads of this Commonweslth," passed on
the 18th of March, 1839.
Harrisburg, March 8, 1891.
Mr Buckalew read in place a further sup
plemenl to the act incorporating the Little
Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad com
pany, and for other purposes ; also, a bill to
authorize the heirs of Francis Millen, of
Philadelphia, to sell certain real eatate.
On motion of Mr. Buckalew, the bill to
incorporate the city of Carbondale was taken
up and read a second and third time and pas J
sed. ~
In the House, the bill to incorporate tho
Fsrtnera and Mechanics Bank of Easton
came up on motion of A.E. Brown and pas
sed second reading by the following vote.
Yeas—Messrs. Armstrong, Baldwin, Bent,
Bingham, Blaine, Broomall, Brower, Alex
ander E. Brown, Joseph Brown, Cooper,
Downer, Dungan, Ely, Evans, (Indiana.)
Fiffe, Freeman, Gossler, Haldeman, Harrj,
ton, Hurt, Hunsecker, Kunkel, Lai'.Vv
Lilly, Linton, Maclay, M'Clß&r.y jj'curdv'i
**"• M Sh4,
0 eJ J P Raid, Rhey, Riddle,
™; 80n ' Slifer, Smith, Stmthers,
Van H' n,,
N\Vs—Messrs. v ßanedi r(i Bigelow. Blair
dOnham, Brindle, Cmsiday, Derners, Dob
bins, Feather, Fegely, Fmtz, Gabe, Gibbs,
Gufley, Hemphill, Huplet, iagkeon, I.aughlim
M'Koan, Moiroe, Mowry (Sorpertst,) Mow
ry, (Wyoming,) Oiwine,backer, Penniman,
Reck how, Reitsnyder, Rhoads, hoe;, Ecof
field, Scouller, .Simpson, Skinner, Souder
Steward, Trone and Cessna, Speakee —37.
Harriaburg, March 10, 1851.
SENATE —Speaker Matthias laid before the
Senate a remonstrance, signed by Bishop
Potftr, Rev. Dr. Dorr, Rev. Henry H. Board
man, Dr. N. Chapman, and other citixens of
Philadelphia against Dr. Wethcrill's appli- 1
cation for a divorce from his wife.
The bill to repeal all laws exempting prop
erty from taxation was recommitted to the
Catnmluee on Finance.
HOUSE.— Tha House beiicj called to order
by Speaker Cessna, proceeded to business.
Hoars qf labor Bill.—the bill regulating
the hoars of labor ia manufacturing districts
was taken up and discussed olength. Sev
eral ameodments wece odwpd and rejected.
Tim bifi paoeed seOood reading m its original
form. T Has 43, nays 33.
frrfilsfts warn received praying for a law
inquiring tha togiHahl of births, mtrria
gesand Iptfia; for widening Broad
to* changing the mode of
> Wld ,or the e f Rog erß '
Geological report in P.-
. J" d, ° the ten hour law relating to
tow*' P'-sied second reading by the follow
ing Vote.
Yms—Messrs Armstrong. Benedict, Bige
low, Blair, BpnJjaqt, Brindle, Deraers, Dob
biim, Downer, Evaas, (Berks,) Feather,
Fegely, Freeman, Fretr, Gabe, Gibbs,
Griffin, Guffey, Hagaa, Hemphill, Jackson,
K oak el, Laeghlin, Leet, Lilly, M'Curdy,
M'Kean, Monroe, Morris, Mowry (Wyo
ming) Penniman, Seckhow, Reifsnyder,
Rhonda, Ross, Scofield, Scouller, Sbull,
Simpson, Skinner, Souder, Steward, Strnth
en snd Cessna, Spraker— 44.
NATS— Messrs, Blaine, Bowen, Broomall,
Brower, A. E. Brown, Jos. Brown, Dungan,
Evans, (Indiana,) Fiffe, Gossler, Hamilton,
Hart, Hnnaeoker, Killinger, Loeoh, Linton,
Maolay, M'Cluskey, M'Lean, M'Reynolds,
Mowry, (Somerset,) O'Neill, Packer, Pat
ten, Rhey, Riddle, Roberta, Robertson, Sli
fer, Smith, Van Home and Walker— 32.
CaogMse in the last houn of the session,
will give to tha Colonization Society about
937,100, for taking care *f 710 slaves cap
tured on board the Peas by a Government
Vessel, which started with 900 alavas from
Calranda for Braxil. They were carried to
Monrovia, and there provided for by the Col
onisation Society. Of the 900, 150 were ta
ken into slavery. The Seorstory of the
Treasury is authorized to pay a sum not ex
q ceding fifty dollars for the car* of each.
OT Tha Montour bill has not jet been
acted upon in the Senate.
Fatal aa4 Malaacrtlr AciMtab
Yesterday moming about 5 o'clock a par
ty oonaisting of four men, t. Miller, 8. Gum
pel, N. Roberts and Mr. Kteanin, stared from
the residence of the latter, about four miles
from this place, in a skiff, towards Cox's Is
land, with the intention of hunting for wild
duoks. Whan about sixty yards from the
shore, the skiff sprung a leak, and began to
fill immediately, after which it capsized. The
two former gentlemen clung to the skiff,
and floated down the Susquehanna for about
two miles, when they were rescued by Mr-
Hummel, in a state of the utmost exhaus
tion from cold aud exposure. We regret to
say that the two latter gentlemen lost theii
lives- Mr. Roberts leaves a wife, and Mr.
Rierain, a wife and six small children, to
lament (heir unimely death.— Harrisburg
r...yin.. —I letter from California, da
ted 2>d of January, published in the New
York Journal of Ctwn-Wce, says: Judg
ing from the competition to Sacramento,
Stockton, and other up rive" c?ties, the chan
ce* for big profits to owners am Wy smalt
indeed. Passengers have been (aheif up to
Sacramento and Stockton the past md"Qth,
for a mere nominal sum. Opposition run-.*
high in these waters, now that coal has fal
len to New York price, and labor in like pro
portion. There are less being forced at
auction now, than for a long time past,
though there are but few articles now that
will pay cost and charges. Chili flour has
fallen to sl2 per sack of 200 lbs,, and is dull.
Agricultural implements are all the go just
now, at remunerative prices. Garden Seeds
sell at sls to S2O per box of 100 small pa
pers, while onion seed is in great demand at
$lB per pound, with some sales at even a
higher rate.
WE have to record another warning again*!
robbing the printers. On tho 20th ult., as
Rev. Mr. Dosh was on his way to the Bait.
M. F. Conference, (and also to bis own wed
ding—see our Marriage Notices,) ha was
robbed of his valiso while the stage was
changing horses in Milton. Soon afteri
however, the thief was detected, as w* are
informed, while in the very act of devouring
a splendid cake he had found in the valise,
and which, doubtless, was intended for the
printers. The thief was a stranger named
Jesse Lewis, and was bound over to the
April Term of Northumberland Court.—Leu
etburg Chronicle.
John B. Bratton, Esq., of Cumberland,
county, has been named as a candidate for
Canal Commissioner, ii. a numbe; of Dem
ocratic papers. Mr. Btefton ,e the fearless
and energetic, editor of lie Carlisle Volunteer,
or.e of the übfost orthodox papers in the
State, and is *oundantly compotent to per
form the. duties of Caual Commissioner. His
Co,r *mporaries of the press have generally
I noticed the suggestion of his name for that
I office with high favor.— Pennsylvanian.
I BEAR IN MlND. —Tbat the life of business
■is publicity—especially ot extensive and
I profitable business. Wherever we look, wo
find that large and money-making operations
in l.avsi r nly been reached by climbing
the ladder of publicity. Deoltedly the ea
' sic-, method of doiug this, ie Sheetgh ike
newspapers, and the cheapo* way beyond
doubt, is by advertising laapeiy ia the Star.
an any of Col. Benton's friends are felicita
ting themselves upon their gbility to run
him into the Senate, at (tee next election, in
ptace of Judge ATCHMM. The Judge's term,
however, does not nxpira until the 4th of
March, 1855; and the election cannot take
place before the wiuleref 1851.
CV John B. Bratton, Esq., of the Carlisle
Volunteer, is urged by some of the Demo
cratic papers as a candidate for Canal Com
missioner. Mr. BnMaitaa done good ser
vice in possesses all the
requisite qualifications to make an efficient
officer, end richly deserves the honor of a
nomination at the hands of the -Democratic
party.— Rending Gazette.
TUB town of Fayetterille, Tennessee,
was nearly destroyed on the 24th ult., by a
tornado, causing tho loss of many lives. The
wind blowa perfect hurricane, and the at
mosphere wsi highly charged with eleotri
city- lio rain fell during the violence of the
tornade, but it afterwards fell in torrents.
iy The people of Marshfield, Mn-s.
where Mr. Webster resides, have held a
meeting, at which th-y passed violent reao
lotions against the Fugitive Law, anffideclara
they yrdl assist all slaves to escape. Has
Web**' got the pluck of a Douglas, and
i will be go back and set matteis right at
home? „
QT John B. Bratton, Editor of the Carlisle
Volunteer, is named in several Democratic
papers, for the office of Canal Commission
er. He is a sound Democrat, a man of en
ergy and decisiou, well qualified for the sta
lion, and would make an exoellent officer.—
fVesteheeter Republienn.
CANAL COMMISSIONER. —A correspondent
in the Reading Gazette, warmly recommends
Maj. Maxwell MoCaslin, of Greene county,
as the next Democratic candidate for Canal
Mr. J. B. Bratton, of the Carlisle Voluntee'
is recommended as a suitable candidate for
Canal Commissioner. He would make an
excellent officer.— Pottstovm Ledger—neutral.
CONSUL TO BELFAST. The President has
tendered to Hon. H. Jones Brooke, Pennsyl
vania State Senator from Delaware county
the appointment of consul to Belfast.
CONFERENCE.— The German Methodist
Conference was held in Schuylkill Haven
lest week. Above forty ministere were pres
High Ptite of Negroes Eight negro men
were sold at Camden, Ark , lately, tor an av
'age of SJIOO.
dT A New OfMverg tn lib JMgitew rtfti
Art I* Jest SIMM need by the Daguenean
Journal of Fetrtery, by which Impressions
upon plates see procured with all the esters
of nufrin. This discovery has beea made by
L L. RiO, of WemkUl, N. Y., and it is said
that ho has produced numerous copies of
colored engravings true to the tint. Etch
particular shade ie presented with all the
softness in nature or art, and marked with
great delicacy and brilliancy. The dlsoev
eter had some difficulty with the yellow cot
or at first, but all colon have end can now, it
is said, be produced. The picture* have
much the appearance of enamelling, gad
am believed to be equally durable, tor it ie
very difficult to efface them by scouring, and
are not acted upon by light. This process,
he says, involves the use of one substance,
entirsly new, and ia unlike anything over na
mod by chemists. Mr. H. says he hat been
offered $20,000 for a half interest in hie dis
covery, but declares his intention to eoathuie
experimenting until he has perfected it as
he can: when, whatever disposition'may be 1
made of it, he has resolved that it shall not
be monopolised. '
A PERTINENT QUESTlON.— Children bent
and bread in a village, imbibe sauemeae and
pop at one and the same time, and .draw in
impudence and daily bread in about equal
proj.NWtions. Our bachelor dignity was nev
er ntorrf significantly or severely trodden
upon, than one day last week, when making
some trifling remark to a psffifinfe minx tm
the street, shp looked up to where We art
enthroned in majesty above a standing col
lar—and with an afv of supreme indifference,
screamed, "You think great, don't
you? I'd just like to know Uhottpnja you
arrV'—Lytoming Gazette.
Commodore Stockton is elected I'. S. Sen
ator at last. Well, so far as we knew the
character of the man, he will do honor to
the position be is called to fill. A fresh rea
ding or Washington's farewell advice, makes
us feel less inclined than ever to insist upon
mere party distinctions in candidates for of
lice. Give as good, so 2nd, intelligent I'm-
ON MEN, and we won't wrangle about tri
fles.—N. Y. Mirror, If lug.
Marriage of the President of France,-Presi
dent Bonaparte's friends are said to be ma
king a marriage for him with the Infanta
Amelia, of Sparj,. The young lady ia sev
enteen, pro'ity, accomplished and rich. The
Paris Correspondent of the N. Y. Commer
r'.al it ''more inclined to believe in the ear
nestness of the president in his intention to
marry, from the fact that in the last few
months certain matters that afforded ground
for scandal have disappeared."
BROKE JAIL. —Two individuals named Jack
M'Avoy and Thomas Davis, who were con
i fined in the Sniibury jail on a charge of as-
I saull and battery, mado their escape on
Monday night week, by breaking through
' the jail wall. The Sheriff offers a reward of
! Sls for their apprehension and delivery.
MVTIIII.DE DE.MIDOFF, oousin to Louis Na
i potoou, a year ago seut the prosident a largo
' cake with the single word "Dure.' worked
on the top in sugar. This year she repeated
the present, with the words "will yon never
I da® J" worked in the same agreeable man-
I tier.
GENERAL S<orr.—Tito whig members oftho
legislature of this State havo published a cir
eular to the friends of General Scott through
out the Stain to meet and consult together op - •
on the expediency end propriety of prase at
iug his name for the next Presidency.
W When the members of the RsnnsyL- .
vania legislature lately visited Baltimore a 1
wag cried out ia seeming wild suprira "Why,
by Golly, some of em doesepeak English
It seems that many Held mo ream had though,
the Pennsylvania legislators transacted ml)
their busniew in the Gorman language.
The IVest Branch Caual will be ready for
navigpfion rt Marty- We learn that the
water be let in m Stfrtiuy, and the
Packet boons wWmeome their ragutee trips
on Tuesday —Jfiftonsen
\3r Ttw Mhoftk flTcmaal w eopoetod to
be ia navigable order from PhMa. to Reading
by the 10th inst, and to Pottaville by the
QT Tire Donaldson estate in Safcuylkill
Co., was sold by Sheriff Strmab, on Saturday
last, for $50,900.
IW The first load of gispared timber lor
the new railway station at Pottsvilie, came
,40 hand in a train on Wednesday last.
IT was Bonaparte who said, speaking of
family quarrels:—"Our dirty linen should be
privately washed."
In Mahoning township, on the 24th ult.,
ROBERT, son of John and Elizabeth RisheL
aged 5 years, 10 months and 7 days. *
Died at the residence of Miss Ann C. Mor
'is, m this place on Thursday the 27th ult.,
ISAAC Ttujtn, aged about 70 years.
The deceaed was formerly a slave of the
late Thomas Grant near this place, one of
the earliest and most prominent settlors in
this section of the State. He resided ia the
family of Mr. Grant and his descendants, un
til the time of his death, a period of fifty
five years. The early years of the deceased
is not without interest, and lead* us back to
the time when slavery existed in Pennsylva- •
nia. Isaac, a brother, two sisters and parents
were purchased by Mr. Grant, about the •
year 1796, in what is now Columbia county.
They were the property of a Mr. Rosenberry,
and were sold as a part of his offsets, at his
death. The scene at the eefe was a most,
trying one to the poor slaves. A gentleman,
who wanted them for the Southern market,
was bidding against Mr. Grant, hnd tbsir fate,
for a time, was uncertain, and when it was -
announced that Mr. Grant had become the -
Grchaaer, the poor creatures were almost
ntio with joy. Mr. Grant set them aU free
at the age of 21 years, but Isaac would nev
er leave the roof of his master art benefso
i tor, aud remained with his descendants until
I the day of his death, s faithful, honest art
| trustworthy servant. He was wfce in his
I choice, for he never knew what it was to bis
HI want, and was kindly attends I to in sick
ness and in hoalth.— iSunbury American,