Newspaper Page Text
a. W. WEAVER K B. S. GIL.MORE, EDITORS.
®lg#<sbtint. Thursday, July 11. 1 s .o.
Election held Get. 8, 1850.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONF.R,
FOR AUDITOR GENERAL,
TOR SURVEYOR GENERAL,
J. P. -BRAWLEY.
IDEA rH OF THE PRESIDENT.
"It becomes our sad duty to-day'o record the
death of President Taylor—the chief magis
trate of the Union. The afflicting dispen
sion will be a subject of melancholy reflec
tions throughout all the land. He was a
man who serCed well his country on the ten
ted battle-field, and in fact spent the best
part of his.life in the servico of the republic.
Patriotism no man denied to him. But ho
has fallen—the chief of tho nation is no.
more, but like the humblest peasant has re
turned to his mother earth.
Mr Fillmore will bo President, and the!
Senate will choose a Vice President, which,
from present appearances will bo Wm. R.
Kin.', of Alabama. The South will feel in!
' the atiorial council that a strong man liasj
been lost to its power, and when Congress
shall recover from its paralization it is likely;
that the Compromise bill will immediately
pass both branches, through the fears of the;
.South that a worse fate may betide that,
section of tho Union.
Another Chapter on the Tnrifl.
The tariff of 1846 is now yielding to the
national treasury an annual revenue of about
842,000,000 —or more than the sum ever
• biought in under any previous revenue act
•of our government. This is a condition of
• things that mutt be highly gratafymg to ev
•ery one of our citizens, and is an instructive
commentary on the doleful prophecies of
Wo know that some who do not under
stand tho A. B C's., of Poliiteal Economy
will reply to us that in order to raise so large
a revenue, we import too mm-y goods, and
that spevio must needs go >ul of the conn
try to purchase these. But let us maik that
such an evil as that could last only for a year
or two, and would cheek i'.self. Whenever
too large an amount of specie should go out
of our country specie, growing scarce, would
■ raise in value, and every thing elso fall so
low that goods could no longer be imported
• here. Extensive importations one year will
drain the country of its specie, so that we
cannot pur :base fntr abroad the next.
Now tho act of 1846 has been ill opera
lion more than three years and a half. It
has yielded a largo revenue every year, and
6teadily increased. This proves that our bu
siness of international exchanges has been
-conducted upon prudent and sound principles.
If wo had, as a nation, purchased beyond
ourmeans in 1847 or 1848, we shauld have
felt a consequent falling ofl in our national
revenue of 1849 and 1850, for tho miscalled
balance of trade will level itself.
There is one fact in this connection which
shows how little General Taylor's cabinet
knows about political economy. Secretary
Meredith in his esiimate for tho annual re
'■•ceiptsand expenditures of the government
• presented tho doleful result that there would
on the Ist of July be a deficit of £6,000,000
in our national f.nanees. The act ol 1846
was tho conception of Mr. Walker, and
Taylor's Dayboll could cipher nuthing bui
bankruptcy and ruin out of it. He believed
not that any good thing could come out ol
Nazareth ; and when ho found Utile diffieul
ties in the working of the revenue law, his
fertile fancy magnified these mole-hills into
mountains. But tho prophet of evil found_
• out his error; andonthe Ist of July discov
ered a suiplus in the national treasury.
While Mr. Walker was in that department
of state ho never once came near so wiilo of
rthe mark in his calculations, but made his
/ estimates with inch romarkablo precision
i that one might almost have doubted whether
they were tho reports of what And transpired
ol the foreshadowing of what was yet to
ty In his last paper Best again proposes
Hon. E. B. Hubley as the next Democratic
candidate for Governor, and says —"so far,
all the Delegates chosen to the next State Con
vention, arc understood to be in his favor."
This significant disclosure comes out while
the editor is commenting on the proceedings
of the Dauphin county convention, where
* Simon Cameron waschosed a delegate; and
is hence an admission that Simon is "under-j
stood to be in favor" of Mr. Hubley. This,
is just what wo havo said heretofore; and,
the people can now son how those who wor!
ked for Hubley havo been playing into the'
hands of Cameron, Best, Ovensnine & Co.
and thus attempted to sell tho vote ofColum-,
'bis to the very mon who dismombered our
EIDEE SPIT. —The Worcester, (Mass.)
ITmbupt slates, that "actions have been com
.menead against George Darracott, Gas Engi
neer, lot uttering a slander against Henry M.
Paine, calling him a humbug and cheat, atid (
asserting that the said Paiiie'a discovery was
a swindling operation. Damages laid at $lO i
,000. If Mr. Paine has made the discovery,
he claims, he is immeasurably above the (
/each of elander or detraction. . 1
tyThe proceedings of the Sabbath School
Celebration at Fox' School House, in Catta
wissa township, came too late for insertion
this week We will publish in our next. !
Taxes of Columbia County for ISSOt
The following table shows the amount of
county and state-tax levied in each town
ship of Columbia County for 1850, and also
the names of the Collectors for 1850.
James M'Dowell Anthony 435 35 436 68
Chris. Shuman Beaver 229 97 213 02
Hugh M 1 Bride 11 Creek 900 35 870 03
B. K. Hartmau Bloom " 1611 79 1 172 57
Casper Ithan Cttawis. 522 41 494 30
gßenj. Miller Canter 646 04 676 35
g.lohu Robison Derrv 488 17 484 65
JJohn Reynolds Dan.'Bor. 1587 54 1444 82
AM. M'Henry F. Creek 408 46 396 13
JtMoses Hnwer Frarklin 488 19 479 44
■Samuel M'Carty Greenwood 511 29 494 98
gSamuel Olil Hemlock 621 17 596 84
(jjohn Savago Jackson 118 79 116 37
SFred M'Bride I.imerfne 773 14 782 23
SR. Montgomery Liberty 570 06 543 96
SJJnnns Mourer Mahoning 590 79 554 46
raWm. Roberts Montour 573 72 561 19
|C. H. Hess Mifflin 527 04 512 69
|lsaac Yettet Main 283 82 273 05
?Wm. Howell Ml. Pleasant 231 36 223 67
jPeler Heiman Orange 448 82 <oe! 90
jjJonas Faringer R. Creea 942 55 885 51
IS. Anplemnu Sugarloaf 584 19 347 52
xJacob Sidler Valley 482 27 462 83
gJoseph Sheep Madison 772 49 778 12
U TOTAL 15149 27 14510 69.
THE FOURTH OF JULY. -
Efl The national holiday passed off very qui
jfctly in Bloomsburg, and thera were no 6eri-
Potis explosions of cannons, nor accidents, to
(ilife ainllimb. Hearts may have been lost
Hin the merriment of the pleasant pic tiics,
EJfor every otta who participated has cdm
gpltmenls to pay tho occasion. In tho svo-
Hning there was a Inrrc and reunion, at Bra
jaily's "Exchange," and another at Dojblcr's
S At Orangevillo there was a livoliy, time ;
j&and tho fourth was plainly visible, as tho al
ts manac makers say. Tho Columbia Artil
'crist from Light Street wore on parade, and
made a very respec'able appearance.
k TOLLS At REACH HAVEN.
COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, 1
Beach Haven, July Ist, 1850. j
Messrs Weaver & Gilmore:—Gentlemen :
Tho amount of Tolls received at this offiice
for June, 819,571 76
A int. per last report, 32,400 90
[By the above, it appears that receipts
lof lolls, for June, this year, are about 85,000
higher this year than last ]
Counterfeiting has become, quite a business
in these days. A number of spurious 810
Northumberland Bank notes have lately
been put into circulation by somo srnmpe.
j Tho counterfeits are a good inflation of the
genuine, and ea I only be d!eetod by obser
ving that they are (Tinted ru darker paper
and of a litde courser engraving. Those
circulated in this latitude aro of the data of
IFJAA ACCIDENT. — On yesterday morning, \vq
regret to learn, the cars on tho Company's
jgroailroad just below town passed over Mr
George Krenmer, crushing his log most hor
ribly ; so that it is feared the limb have to
be amputated. We are told that he attempt
ed to get on the coal car while it was in mil
lion, and slipping, fell beneath the wheels.
He is an industrious man, and the accident
will be a most serious ealamuity to his de
CW Fowler's "Phrenological Journal" for
July is a rich and spicy number of that ex
cellent periodical, amply fulfilling its prom
is ;s ro readers and justifying the wide popu
larity which it has acquired. It opens with
a description of the character of Andrew-
Jackson, with a good engraving of his strong-
Ily-marked physiognomy. The articles on
■'Temperaments" and "Copious Breathing,"
present many curious fact*, well worthy the
attention both of tho physiologist and the
invalid, while a good "Fourth of July" ora
tion wiih little common place and no bom
bast is contained within the compass of two
pages. (New-York: Fowler & Wells.)
ry 'The Water 1 ure Journal," (July.)
has a new frontispiece which is certainly far
mnro attractive than the lancets, pill boxes,
blisters, deaths heads and cross bones of the
regular prolessiou, presenting a strong temp
tation to every man to "throw physic to tho
dogs," and seek the fountain of health in
the host and purest of Na'uro's elements.
The reading matter in this number, from a
well-known pens is of a high or
der. (New-York : Fowler & Wells )
THE STUDENT. —The July number of this
valuable publicnliun moro than confirms our
good opinion of the work. It is designed to
furnish new reading to scholars and young
people generally, and would ptove a novel,
interesting and instructive visiter to every
school TermsSl per annum. Fowler and
Wells, New York.
TY SARTAIN for August is already receiv
ed First among the embellishmeeta are
'•The Discovery" ai d ''The Rabbit on tho
wall," tho fotmcr.a good mezzotinto bySam
oel Sartain, the latter a happily conceived
line engraving by Scrz after a design of
Wilkie. Tho reading matter is good, as
Sartain always has. The September num
ber of this Magazine will contain a portrait
of Fredriky Bremer.
HARVEST. —The bountiful favors of Ceres
are now gathered by the hardy husbandman
from hill and plain. The children of toil are
now reaping an abundant harvest of nature's
good things, and can this year lay up aplen
tiful supply of provisions for need.
The Farmtr's life is truly a most happy
one. He can bo contentod under his own
vine and lig-tr e, and there shall be none to
make him afraid. He is truly a monarch,
for the earth ministers to his wants and nev
'er rebels. He is the most indepccdent of all
men; for his industry can always coin him
wealth, and it is to him that the rest of tho
world looks for its sustenance.
Correspondent< of the Star.
MUNCT, July 1, 1850.
Messrs. Weaver If Gilmorc :
Gentlemen—As a looker on in Vienna I
am disposed to note some of the matters and
things which passed at Hnrrisbnrg during the
last session of tho Legislature, and do sim
ple justice to some of the actors in that dra
ma. In tho first place allow me to say that
legislation is not now conducted according to
the moral and spirit that characterized it some
thirty years ago. O noj Money, it is very
much fearad, has something to do with its
deliberations ! Don't start at such a sugges.
tion. Yes, gentlemen, tho writer verily be
lieves, that money and extraneous applian
ces have more to do with many of ','ne most
important measures of legislation than intrin
sic merit. Witness the completion of the N.
Branch Canal—a measure called for and de
manded by the vital interests of tho peoplo
of iho North and in Btrict harmony with the
financial interests of the State—as calculated
to secure more revenue to our treasury than
any other link in the chain of our public im
provements, which came near failing, by the
intrigues of the Whig party to defeat it, in
order to manufacture false political capital to
use in the ensuing fall election; whrle branch
Railroads, caleu atcd to divert tonnage from
our State works, and consequently dry up
the souraes of revenue ; Banks of doubtful
character, and with all the vices of the old
corrupt system embraced in their new char
ters ; together with a most unequal, unfair,
and gerrymandering apportionment bill, which
in its provisions, in many instances, gave al
most a double representation to particular &
favored districts, while it disfranchised whole
communities in others, which were suspected
of sound radical democracy ; found ready
favor and vigorous support. An honest pur
pose, it would seem, did not possess the at
tributes of atlraeiion, especially with the
whigs and some eight or ten professed dem
ocrats of rather easy virtue, I had almost
[ forgot tho striking instance of the Montour
county bill—a bill which before an impar
tial and enlightened body of men, would not
have been sustained a moment, found shelter
and countenance and a most disreputable
support when backed up by the agents and
officers of iho D B
There \%ere nevertheless a most rcspecta
ble minority of itreproachabie and unap
proachable democrats in that strange, com
pound-body. But they were unfortunately
in a minority. It is, I know, invidious to
particularize where so many deserve com
mendation and who could not be approached
with the lately developed appliances ; but
there is one individual whoso course under
all the circumstances, was so commendable
that, tho wrier believes, all who knew him
in his legislative capacity, will join in their
approbation of it The writer means Jere
miah Black, of Tioga. Mr. Black has no
pretensions to literature, which in a man of
shallow capacity, too often sots jjofT fjeblo
thought ith a false glitter. Like tin that
throws a falso and offensive ray at a distance
—convoying a vastly grantor conception of
its importance than traced toi' source,
iv will bear, ilul he possessed attributes of
v stly more value in the character of a man,
11c possessed heart and honor ; and a dis
crimination vastly superior to others (who
could flaunt a little book knowledge in many
cases grossly misapplied.) and which ena
bled him to pursue through the mazes of le
gislative operations a sound and consistent
course. Ho read the coustitution with an in
tegrity of purposo that enabled him to draw
just conclusions and airivo at a just interpre
tation ; so seldom met with among the legal
frat roily—who, usually instructed by the
old veterans of English la v, as derived to
them through the commentaries of the great
pet of the English aristocracy, seek first how
tho safe and healthy principles laid down in
our Republican constitution, can be effectu
ally eluded or perverted by false intcrprc'a
tions. It is this rotten part of a lawyer's ed
ucation, in this country, that so peculiarly
unfits that class for impartial and healthy le
gislation. Black's purpose sosmed to be in
all cases, to arrive at justice and fair conclu
sions. The lawyers in too many cases act
as retained counsel for particular interests a
gainst the common welfare. Few men can
go through with the routine of a legal educa
tion and come out unbiassed by its anti-re
publican and aristocratic tendencies—for the
legal course in this country, to our s°-~ame, is
through the rubbish of British barbarism—
Gothic feudalism and all the jesuitica! subtle
lics of ecclesiastical arrogance and pious
fraud which distinguishes the ecclesiastical
history of England. True, there are some
admirable traces of the ancient Roman juris
prudence discernable through voluminous &
barbarous übshrditief—but not enough to
compensate for the labor and hazards ot the
undertaking. A man of strong discrimina
ting intellect would make a much more safe
and more consisten constitutional American
lawyer, who had never read Blackstone's
commentaries, or (ho barbarous tomes of
Coke, Bracton Littleton, or Sleirnhook, but
merely by taking the American constitution
and common sense as his guides and impar
tial and philosophical thought as his inter
THE WEBSTER CASE. —Tho confession of
Prof. Webster bo found on our first
page, nd presents a truly sickening chapter
in the dark history of human nutare. Let
every one read it, and shuddering pray
"lead us not into temptation." - The exten
uating points are very improbable, and this
makes .t all the more horrible, to think that
a man should dare to go down to the grave
with a lie on his lips.
FUOM CALIFORNIA— We are pleased to hear
from our young friend JOHN D. PETKIKEN
"ormerly of this place, and ltow upon the Yu
ba river in California engaged in hunting
gold, lie is in good spirits and is gathering
gold to the value of from sl6 to $25 pur day.
The Columbia Spy has again made its
appearance after.an absence of several weeks.
The Spy was burnt at the recent disastrous
fire in that place. Its appearance is beauti
ful, as usual.
Ilotts on Taylor.
Who has not ticard of head-him-or-die-
Bolts—Hon. John M. Botts, of Richmond, Va.
—especially ihat whig has not! While a
member of Congress the whigs nsod to
"swear by him indeed, since tho mem
orable night, when he slept, or rather lay a
wake with Capt. Tyler, giving hiin "caudle
lectures" from thiT'blowing out of the can
dle to the rising o?the San," as to his duties
as the surviving parinor of the lirrn of "Tip
pecanoe and Tyler too,'' his name has been
household words ■ in the "great whig"
family. HQ swallowed Tnylor, as every
body remembers, after much hesitation and,
as ho expressed himself, as a man would a
very nauseous dose of medicine. But it ap
pears that the longer the dose has remained
on his stomach the more unpalitable it has
bocom", and ho lias at last thrown up tho
"Gnlplin," notwithstanding tho "faculty"
unremitting in their prescriptions.
The Boston Post says: "At Powhatan court
house, Va., on the 15th, a grand barbacue
was given to Hon. John M. Bolts, who made
a speech two hours long, which is roported to
ha ve been one of bis best efforts. He came
out decidedly for the Senate-compromise bill
ar,d came down upon the President and his
"plan" in a way that was greatly applauded.
The General, he said, had grossly violated
his pledges HI (he Allison letter not to inter
fere with the wishes of the people as expres
seJ through their representatives. Ho had
openly electioneered on the public squares
against the compromise, had ridiculed the
"omnibus bill, ''and removed his friend Bul
litt from tho Republic for supporting it—Bul
litt the reputed author of the Allison letter.—
"He lias," continued Air Bolts, "two public
presses pensioned to oppose it. He denoun
ces its authors, and has done what no other
President ever did, in writing a letter to a
portion of Air. Duer's constituents, thinking
them lor approving of the plan known as the
President'*." Mr. Bolls read the President's
letter to Ak. Coolidge in proof of this charge.
He then blew up the cabinet for the Galphin
swindle, and blatned the President, who had
been repeatedly urged by distinguished
whigs to get rid of them In fine, Botts s ya
that T'aylorism has used up the whig party.
The late Whig Convention repudiated JOHN
STROHM, because of his open hostility to the
Afexican War 5 yet that same Convention
nominated JOSHUA DUNGAN, of Bucks county,
for Canal Commissioner,, who according to
tho Doylestown ' 'lndependent Democrat,"
was a noisy opponent of that war. There
ar< many patriots even among the Whigs,
who will never lend their supoort to any
man capable or taking side against the coun
try, asdij the anti-war Whigs who exb'erted
the Mexicans to greet our bra";. Volunteers
with bloody hands and hospital graves.
The Anthracite Rnnu.
Tho Poltsville Emporium says:—Our
frtan.U af again give ' Ullcw tllUt
they will apply to tho Legislature at its next
session, ''for a Charter of a Bank of Discount
and deposits, to be located in the Borough of
Tamaqua, Schuylkill county, to be called
The "Anthracite Bank," with a capital of
iwo hundred and fifty thousand dollars, with
the privilege of increasing it to five hundred
' thousand dol ars."
It is certain that the business ofTamaqua,
already large, is rapidly increasing, anil we
have no doubt that a bank located there
would be of material advantage to its busi
DYING OF JOY.
A New York letter in the Philadelphia In
quirer says: "A death from sudden and un
expected joy occurred here yesterday. A
poor Gorman emigrant who left the home of
his fathers and all the associations of a long
life, to seek the new world with the view of
bettering his fortune, actually was unable to
bear the shock of seeing a well beloved
brother. The moment his eye fell on his
countenance, his frame was convulsed—
he swooned with joy—sunk and died. The
fond and devoted had ceased to beat, and its
possessor had at last found quietude in that
place where the wicked cease from troub
ling and where the weary are at rest."
The Last of the Theatre.
The front walls of the Park Theatre in
New York have been levelled to the ground,
and in a short space of time, new and ele
gnnt stores will rise upon the ruins of tho old
temple of the muse?.. Muslins and calicoes
will soon be vended upon the very floor
where Kean, Cooper, and their cotempora
ries chained the people with the readings of
the greet author whose statue rested over
the portal. Perhaps pork and beans, veal
pie and tapioca-both-kinds, will be vended
;n the basement, codl'.ver oil bottled in the
fifth story, and pill boxes manufactured in
the sixth. Alas! Poor Yorick !
LTCOMLNG COUNTT MUTUAL INSURANCE
COMPANY. —By a published statement of the
affairs of the Company, it appears that the
amount of property insured by it is $20,771,-
029,.04, on 18,672.
The losses by fire during tho last year, en
ding June 9, 1850, amounted to $52,359.44,
among which wo notice in Columbiacounty:
—David Masters, S2OOO ; E. Si J. Hicks, $12.-
12; Simon Dreifuss, $13.18; Caleb Apple
man, SOOO ; John Vanblaragram, $160; Da
vid H. llissol, $lO9-.91; James Simington,
$2007; Joseph Stackliouse, 10; and Jo
nas Huyman, $3908.
The actual state of tho Company's funds
show a deficit, on Juno 10, 1850, of SI7.J
481.20, to cover which assessment No. 10
on premium notes, will realize $32,500, lea
ving a balance of $1'2,01 .80 in the Treasu
ry, after depucting S3OOO for collecting ass
essment and exonerations.
EF" Gen. Bickle, the State Treasurer, paid
the July interest on the S ate debt, on Moc*
day last, atjhe Bank of Pennsylvania.
CF The York Bank has declared a div
dendof four per cent, for the last six months
From the Fennsylvanian.
IOWA CONTESTED SEAT.
Among the revelations which have been
made, growirg out of the contested seat in
Congress, from lowa, it appears that the
whole Mormon vote was thrown for the
Whig claimant, by the adviso of OHSON
HYDE, their "bell-wether;" that Orson wan
ted a printing press, and Fitz ifenry Warren
sympathizing with him in his emergency,
gave the Mormon Elder a lellor of intro
duction to Truman Smith, iit Washington,
who was at the head of the Whig General
C ommitlec. Orson went on to Washington,
and his mission seems to have been blessed
—for not long afterwards, as he testifieds, he
"effected a loan of $800," to enable him to
disseminate his new doctrines in lowa, but
whether his letter to Truman Smith was tho
cause of his success he "did n't know I" At
all events, the following order on the Mor
mons, was given into the hands of Fitz
Warren by Hyde. Hear the fellow's epis
"Burlington, lowa, July 8, 1848.
Dear Friends and Brethren:—
It has seemed good unto .me, vour brother
and companion in tribulation, and counsellor
in the Church of God, to advise ana request
you to cast your votes, at tho ensuing elec
tion, in favor of the Whig candidates for of
fice. This letter is placed in the hands of
Col. F. H. Warren, who will give you, or
cause lite same to he done, all necessary in
formation, how and when to act.
A due respect o 4 ' our prosperity as a peo
ple, and for the prosperity of the country at
large, has influenced me to give you the a
hove counsel, and with it I give you the
assurance of my hearty good will, and an
interest in my prayers, "that Heaven's blessing
may rest upon you here, and that His glory
may be your reward 'where the wicked
cease from troubling, and the weary are at
rest.' Your brother in Christ,
It is well known that the Mormons im
plicitly obey their leaders, and they most
faithfully followed their "brother in Christ"
with SBOO in his pocket, on the occasion.
How much this whole transaction is like the
bargain and sale between the Natives and
Whigs of this city and couhty. The Free
Boilers naturally voted to exclude the man
from his seat in Congress, whom the Mor
mons opposed. Parties of a single idea rea
From the Pittsburg Post.
The attempt or. the part of some corrunt
and unprincipled men to bribe a couple fl
Tejegates in the late Democratic Slate Con
vention, is a prolific theme for the Feder'
or Galphin press to descant upon. \Ve ar e
perfectly willing that tho G?J, p hinites shall
appropriate to 'hC-mss'ives all the capital they
can possibly mate out of that disgraceful
transaction. Not a single Democratic paper
in tho State will defend tho scoundrelly acts
of Ovenshino at.d Kankin ; and tho opinion
of the Conservative press, that echoes with
the praise of Simon Cameron, is of no weight
with the pure, honest and incorruptible Dem
ocracy of the State. Tho S2O bills on tho
Hnnlc of Middletown, that were so tempting
ly exhibited by Ovenshine and Rankin,
clearly point to the real author of tho at
tempted bribery. We would not burn his
fingers, while he could find cat's paws to do
tho work for him. Mo is too cunning for
Wo there f oro contend that the disgrace of
the bribery transaction attaches quite as
much to tho Federal party as to the Demo
cracy. Simon Cameron is now, and always
has been, a special pet of tho Federalists.
The Representatives of that party aided by a
few TRAITORS from tho Democracy, sent
Simon Cameron to the United States
Althoug he occasio'nhlly voted
with the democracy in that body, he al wapl
advocated High Tariffs, Banks, and other
schemes of monopoly and oppression, and
was considered a good Federal Whig by the
regular Democracy of the country.
Cameron (it is said) is now endeavoring
to get back into the U. S. Senate. He never
will be elected by Democratic votes. That is
certain. His only hope is to bargain with
his dear friends, the Whigs, as heretofore,
and then get a few creatures s>ho attach
themselves, like lecces, to the Democratic
patty,—who would be willing to betray their
constituents, and barter their principles, for
the sake of a loan from the Middletown
Bank, —to declino supporting the caucus
Wo speak plaisly on this subject, Tho
time* require plain talk. Towards Simon
Cameron, personally, we have not the
slightest ill will, But if ho was the best
friend we had in this world, we could not
avoid opposing him, when we know that
his elevati n would prostrate Democratic
principles. And herein we differ from tho
Whigs. That party will placo any man in
power, it matters not how corrupt, unprinci
pled, or incompetent he may be, provided
by so doing they can defeat the Democra
cy. Simon Cameron may be a clever man, a
good neighbor, and an enterprising citixen,
but we unhesitatingly declare in enr opinion
he has no more claims to the name of Dem
ocrat than Gov. Johnston, Moses Hampton,
Deacon While, or the gentleman on the Ex
change Bank ticket.
Let the Democraes of Pennsylvania, at
their primary elections, meet this question
boldly and fairly. let them be careful to o
lcct no man as a Delegate to tho County or
State Convention who it even suspected of
being favorable to Cameroiiian Federalism.
And above all things, they should nominate
candidates for the Legislature,, who will
pledge themselves in writing to volo for the
caucus nominee for U. S. Senior—men
whose votes could not bo bought by the
Middletown Bank or ten thousand swindling
Banks at the back of it.
Let the Camerous and the Bests, the O
venshines and the liankins, and all such cor.
rupt politicians, go over to the Federal Gal
phin party, where their hearts are. a:d the
Democracy will then become pure. For
every man of that clique of trimmers we lose,
at loast an hundred honest radicals will
break off the Whigs and join our ranks.
The population of Massachusetts, by the
State Census, just taken, is aboat 950,000
TWO WEEKS I.ATEK FROM CALI
ARRIVAL OF TIIE PHILADELPHIA.
•2,500,000 In (.old.
NEW YORK, J,Q^7 — 10 P.M.
Tho splendid steamship' ISiiladelphia ar
rived here al 8J o'clock tli is evenirg, with
two weeks larer news from California.
The Philadelphia Brings dates frow San
Francisco lo the Ist of Juno, and two mil
lion and a half dollar $ in gold —two million
being on freight, and five hundred thousand
in the hands of passengers.
The Georgia left Chagres on the 26th cf
June, thirty-four hours ahead of the Phila
The barque Lucy F.llen, of Boston, from
Chagrcs, capsized on the night of the 25th
ull., and was lost.
The gone al nows from California posses
ses but little interest.
The miners continue to obtain large quan
tities of go d.
No further disturbances have taken place
between the whites and Indians.
The late destructive fire at San Francisco
was tho work ot incendiaries.
There had been no arrivals ol vessels at
San Francisco from tho southern States.
SAN FRANCISCO, June I.—There is no par
ticular chango tonotice in tho markets. Lum*
ber, by the cargo, assorted, 340; American
Bricks com . and high pricos, but the sup
ply is good.
Candles are declining.
Coal is in good demand.
Coffee is scarce.
Clothing, dry goods, and drugs dull, and
The last Harrisbttrg Telegraph contains
the following sjt.opsis of a decision in a cu
rious "Will Case," by the Supreme Court,
now in session :
Long vs. Zook Error to Bedford. In this
•case the testator made his mark—scrivener
attached the wrong name to it—Jacob Long
instead of David Long. The will dated in
IS-14. Testator died in 1348. The Court
below rejected the will.
Gibson C. J. Under the act of 1833, this
execution would be imperfect; that act al
lowing the name of the testator to be written
by another. But this is not tho came of
Lie testator.—The right to make wills is a
positive, not natural right; and tho direct
ions of the statute must be followed.
But the act of 1848, when a mark is mailt",
it dispensee with the name, as an* essential
part of the signature, as it does with the
mark, when the name is written by another
by his direction. The imperfect mark, as
it could not corroberato, ought to weaken i:.
True, a name is an index to the mark, but
does not conclusively point to tho marks
man ; ho may b? individuated by proof ali
unde. Had the act of 1848 said nothing a
bout the name, the mark without a labol at
tached to ii-& the name is no more than a
label—would have satisfied the statute, and
nothing else would have done it. As we
have the testator's true and proper mark, tho
attachment of a false and improper label to
it, is a surplusage which never vitiates. Iho
mistake of the sciiviner in affixing such a
label, cannot avoid that which was perfect
without it. The fallacy is in supposing that
the name under the statute governs the mark,
when there is one, instead of being govern
ed by it. The name affixed by the scriviner
may intimate a falsehood ; but tho mark,
■hen it is made by the testator, never.—
■he latter when proved to bo genuine, may
satisfy the statute ; the former, without the
testator's authority, cannot.
This will was made before the act of 1848,
but the death was after it—and the will, con
trary to tho opinion of the Court below, is
Judgment reversed. King, for plaintiff in
error; Cox, contra.
IT'S BOU.NO TO COME. The way Mr. Sec
retory Crawford hangs on to his post in the
Cabinet since the exposure of the Galphin
fraud, shows pretty clearly that he imagines
that there is good picking yet in Uncle
Sam's Treasury. His removal or retirement
is demanded by the universal sentiment of
the country, and Whig orators in Congress
have bitterly denounced him. But he hangs
on. What little money remains is "bound to
come" in case the Second Washington retains
him in his present position. He skins the
people after the fashion of the Hoosier bar
ber who was; erforming the opperation of
shavir.g a customer with a dull razor.
"Stop," said the victim, "that won't do."
"What is the matter hoss?"
"That razor pulls."
"Well, no matter for dat, sah. I( the han
dle of the razor don't break, the haird ij bound
to come off." —Detroit Free Press.
PRETTY GOOD. —A willy Correspondent of
the Richmond Enquirer informs the editor
that he has a claim for furnishing material
to build > Orth's ark and says that he intends
to employ Secretary Ctawford to present the
claim to Mr. Meredith, and get it allowed on
the Galphinio principal; and will only ask
the interest without principle, in considera
tion of its being a rather antiquated debt.
HT During the three months ending June
30th, there were received from Europe at the
Now York Post ollico, 287,048 letter", from
&alifornia 95,311. Sent to Europe, 346,572 ;
to California, 108,991; making with other
ship letters, a grand total of 886,925 passed
through the foreign department of the office
in three months.
KOSSUTH.— The New York Tribune learns
from Count Dembinski that Kossuth intends
coming to America, as soon as he is permit
ted to leae Turkey ; and that forty of the
one hundred Polish refugees who lately ar
rived at Southampton are now on their way
here—the others obtained employment ia
The correspondent ot the Public Lodger
records the defeat of the Galphitis in Con
gress as follows:
•'WASHINOTON, July 7, 1850.
The opposition have hnd a great triumph
in the mnttcr tho Galphin claims. The
resolution of exculpation, submitted by Mr.
Toombs, weie voted down by an immense
majority, and a vole of censure passed on
Mr. Crawford, as well atM* l 'h® President,
Mr. Meredith and Mr. Jmnnn. The vote
implying censure to the President was even
greater than that censuring the Cabinet Mm
ister, (it being a majority of five inatead of
three.) and must be considered a test vote.
A good m ny members refused lo vote, but
looked on complaisamly as the administra
tion was whipped. Toombs and Stephens,
of Georgia, voted for Crawford, with some
of the kid glove Nullifiers of the Nonh,
('ycleped Democrats.) but when they saw
so many Northern Whigs deserting their
friend, and so many other Whigs looking on
without aiding them, they "'got mad" and
came down on tho President, which acconnts
for his vote of censure being larger than
that of Mr. Crawford's. The opposition are
in high spirits, and the supporters of the ad
ministration submit with great mortification.
To-morrow the notion to reconsider, pending
which the Houso adjourned, will come op;
but from all I can learn, the administration
will be subjected to still greater mortification.
Not only will tho vote of censure be con
firmed, but other re/oluliot s passed, inviting
Mr. Crawford to leave the Cabinet, which
he has disgraced, and refund the money to
the Treasury. It is expected that Mr. Craw
'or;! will resign on Tuesday morning, while
others believo he may hold on in contempt
for the decision of the House ; but the latter
is rather doubtful. Mr. Crawford cannot
now affect to despise the tribunal ho l *.s
himself invoked to judge his cause; he can
not now, after having calltd on the House to
examine ihe matter, plead :o the jurisdiction.
Nor can he say he was pronounced guilty by
a strict party vote, when so many Whigs
helped lo condemn him. Retirement under
such circumstances is perhaps the most ap
propriate thing, though I doubt much wheth
er, even if he be invited by a vote of the
House to do so, he will hand over his fee of
one hundred and fifteen thousand dollars—
ho must retain something to cheer him in
his retirement, and to compensate him for
tho loss of personal friends."
The correspondent of the Pennsylvaniait
describes the following rich scene as having
occurred at the White House on the 6th.
"It is said to day, that last night a curious
scene occurred between Crawford and Err
ing, at the White Houso, C. accusing E.
having conspired with Shenck, and the im
mediate confidants of Meredith and Rcver
dy Johnson-, in the Hous •, to ruin htm (C.;J
the President in the meanwhile sitting by
with his mouth open, and that eternal vacant
stare fixed on ltis countenance. If this story
is true, Crawford told General Taylor that ho
had nothing to upbraid him with, aR God
Almighty had denied him ordinary appre
hension to such an extent as to make him ab
solutely irresponsible for the mischief hi*
stolidity was effecting. Crawford's friends
are furious, as well they mar be, after tho
developmor.'.'of theboht and rascally con
spiracy to rui" him, to which the rest of 'be
Cabinet, and three-fourths of tho Whig par
ty of the Houso, wore parties. There is but
a single opinion among tho Democrats on
this point, viz : that Crawford is far loss
blame-worthy in this matter, than either tho
President, Meredith or Johnson. He receiv
ed that for which they knew he was strug
gling, as but his due, when he entered the
Cabinet. They, to give it to him, have set
law, constitution, precedent, and even shame
at defiance. On the whole, they are in a
nice condition. Their friends denounced
Crawford (in Schenck's censuring resolu
tion,) for being little better than a thief p.
while his (C.'s) friends, in the House, de
nounced the President, Meredith and John
son, for I eing the real rogues—in voting to
su tain Jacob Thompson's amendment, cen
surin., them in broad and vehement terms."
Hon. FPIIRAIM BANKS. —In a recent journey
through the centre of the State, we havo
beon very much struck with the wide-spread
poplarity of this gentleman. The highoct
integrity, thu most consistent devotion to tko
Democratic cause, united with grca. busi
ness capacity, will unite to make hint or e c.
the most accomplished and efficient pbii
officers of the day. The esfirret-ania whtch
he is held throughout the 5' a a, wi I ro .
for him a majority worthy of his high arts--
COM. VS. J. G. MlLLS.— Judge Coulter, de
livered an opinion in the Supreme Court yes
terday, reversing the judgment of the court
below in the seduction case, and directing •
new trial, on the ground of want of jurisdic
tion at the time of trial below. The case
was tried at an adjourned court of Quarter
Sessions, which the acts of assembly do not
The other two cases are not disposed of
CT A SLIGHT MISTAKE. —A Fort I.afami®
letter giving an account of the great emigra
tion now sweeping over the plains to Cali
fornia, says:—"The Indians begin to lalk of.
emigrating to the East, as they do not be
lieve tbat many moro whites can bo left in
that portion of the country."
A NOVEL VOYAGE —Mr. Wise is construct
ing two balloons for the purpose of testing
whether tho air may not be navigated in any
direction, and whether Europe may not be
reached, aerially, in shorter time than by
steamships. An aerial trip to Loudon indog
doys would bo Jeeidedly pleasant.
M Mettermch, the veteran Austrian ab
solutist, was at the last account at Paris,
preaching a crusade against democracy.- He
is anxious that the European Governments
shall return to the state they wens two yean