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H. wrwnvrn T R. s. oir.Moaa, EDITORS.
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UloomsbunC) Thnrsduy, March 14, 1830.
OFV. JB. PA! d newspaper, sub
enptign. rmd hdrtrlismg agent. N. W. Corner
of Third and Chestnut streets. Philadelphia,
IVE >WI'CARR' V, States newspaper agent,
Third and Walnut sis., opposite the Exchange,
U*tJeokeE PIUTT. Ifil Nassau street, Nrw
York) unll receive and receipt for subscriptions
and aihertiscrneidsfur the - Shir of the North
17* C. I'EIKCI: General Advertising Agent,
Bulletin Buildings Phila., is also agent for sub
scription and advertising in the Star of the
M. Gll.Mohf.. SR.. will act as our agent
at Berwick. Pa., in receiving and receipting for
subscriptions, advertisements andjob-work. Ad
vertisements lefCwilh him on Tttcsday will ap
pear'in our paper of the same week. All onlers
or job-work left with him will be attended to im
The Ranks of I'ounsylnanbi.
a.:. UO l.a.drd iu Ibis
State. These have iu circulation notes to
the anjouut of $11,385,779, owe to other
banks $4,024,905, owe depositors $15,412,-
530, and owe unpaid dividends to the a
mount of $390,479. In short, the total lia
bilities of the banks is $53,380,968. TomeC!
this indebtedness they have a total of only
$0,200,741 in specie and treasury notes.—
True, they huve on hand a large amount of
discounted bills, but who knows that one
half of those can ever be collected. They
report that they have nearly $3,000,000 in
notes and cheeks of other banks, but what
secuiity haewe that these arc not notes and
cheeks of some exploded rag-manufactory
in the back woods. The report says that
these banks have over $3,000,000 in real
and personal proporty, bonds, mortgages and
other securities, but this personal properly is
perishable and transient, the roal estate may
consist of rock-ribbed portions of Rattle
snake Mountain, or well-wooded and well
.vatercd plantations in Sullivan county. The
bonds in .such cases are generally against
Mister Non Est, of Nowhero, or some of his
In this state of ali'airs then, how shall the
FIFTY-THREE MILLIONS of bank indebt
edness be liquidated with a scant SIX MIL
LIONS of specie ? The other resources of
the banks may at some time be_ worth "a ve
ry Handsome por ccntage upon their nominal
value, but it is ridiculous to say that they
can safely be put down at par as specie
And now, in this condition of affairs,what
security is there for the ultimate redemption
of our paper currency? What guaiantee
liave we that it will continue Bolvent! Nay
we looi upon tho circulating mediurrffcmong
us as a heavy national debt, liko that incu
bus which weighs down the prosperity of the
English nation and is never to be removed
from the neck of that people.® Tha people
who use the paper currency of the country
pay a heavy tax in the shape of interest upon
a fictitious value which the stamp of a pic
ture gives to paper. For in borrowing bank
notes, it is not real money upon which we
pay the interest, for the bank still uses the
greater part of its money in some other in
vestment to draw profits, and thus realizes a
double per centago, while an individual is
punished for taking usury
Tlie members are talking away upon the
Slavery question. and nothing of importance
is done. A more reasonable feeling is be
ginning to per/ade the members, and we feel
confident that the great Slavery question will
be disposed of beforo the close of the ses
sion. California must become a State ; and
a patriotic disposition among tfic great men
of the Senate will consummate this event.
Mr. Webster, last Thursday, made a speech
in the Senate, taking grounds in favor of ad- 1
milting California with its present Constitu- j
tion, and thus practically adopting the Dem- i
ocratic doctrine of non-intervention. Clay, I
Cass, Houston, Benton, Dickinson, Webster, !
Muugum and Bell will voto together on this |
proposition to admit California with its pros- i
ent State Constitution.
Mr. Foote is active in gotling his commit
tee of 13 to whom the whole subject is pro
pored to be submitted. This committee, it is
•aid, will consist of the following Sonalors :
Messrs. Clay, chairman, Webster, Phelps, (
Cooper, Cass, Dickinson, Dodge, jr., Mason.
Soule, Butler, Mangum, Bell, Berrien.
Seven Whigs anil six Democrats, of whom
seven mcmbors are from the Slave, and six
members from tho Free Stales. Their report,
it is believed, will lead to tho linut disposal
of the whole subject.
Meanwhile, the members must talk to
pass their time. They must make a reason
able apology for drawing their eight dollars
per day. We believe that after the dog-days
they will iu good uaturo settle all difficulties,
and leave the frightened "dear people" to
breathe free iu peace and quietness.
Tho Democratic Review for March con
tains its usual number of sound and judi
cious articles. Among these are "Federal
Finances," thu review of Macaulay's I.ay
of Ancient Rome, "A sermon to the Cler
gy," "Judicial encroachments," and "Sir
Tborngs MP°re." This number has two
portraits. Terms *3 per annum. It is pub
lished iu New York by Kettell and Mooro.
THE CxsiALs.-We learn that the water was
let into the lower seotious of the Delaware
Canal on Friday and Saturday last—it is to
. be Jet into the upper (tedious to-day, so that
whole the line will be in navigable order in
the early part of next week.
y OTA new post office has been establish
ed at Old Forgo, Luzerne county, Kbenozer
Drake Postmaster; and another at Crescent,
Lycoming county, Henry U Heylinan Post
Grand Jurors for April Term 1850.
Anthony —Wm McVjoher, Aid Holdron
Bloom —Peter Shuck,
Briarcreek —Wm Herrin, Enoch Ritlenhouse,
Cattuwissn —Tlios. Harder, Abraham Ludwig,
Danville —Henry Vandlitig,
Greenwood —Elijah Albertson,
Jackson —Fred'k Knouso .
Limestone — Dlldtni,
Madison —Wm Ditdinc,
Mt Pleasant —Wm Ililburn,
Grange —John Rcmbly,
Boaringcreck —Samuel B. Deimer, Solomon
Fetterman, Daniel Keller,
Sugarloaf- —Reuben Davis sr., Andrew Dau
bach, Wm Appleman,
Valley —Allen Welliver, David Heinbach
David P. Blue,
TdS. VERSE JURORS FIRST WEEK.
Anthony —Jonathan Slrouse, Lucus Young,
Beaver —Jacob Brown,
8100m —Mahlon Ilamlih jr., Eli Criveling,
Briarcreek— John Doak, V. Richard,
Centre —Emmet Aickman, Wm Hutchinson,
Danville —Wm C Yorks, Abraham Decider,
Honry P. Baidy, Wm Beaclier,
Dcrry —James Miller, Alexander Cummings,
r yamam— uwiotmi;Dimisvi.,
Greenwood —lsaac R. Kline,
Hemlock —Adam Stroupjr.,
Liberty —John Simington Israel Macham?r
Ail. Pleasant —Jacob Shipinan,
Madison —Enoch Fox,
Montour —Jno Deitrich,
Mifflin —John Bond,
Orange —Conrad Adams,
Boaringcreek —John Snyder, P. R." McMur-
SugarloaJ'■ —Wm Stephens Reuben Davis,
Philip Fritz Gearhart Kile,
Valley —Andrew Chiids,
ERA VERSE JURORS—SECOXD WEEK.
Anthony — McKee,
Reaver —John Iloatz, Henry Lehr, Isaac Lon.
Bloom —Geo. Gilbert,
Cattaivissa —Jacob Gensel Paul R. Baldy,
Centre —H. D Knorr Andrew Freeze,
Deny —John McGonigal, Robert B'ee,'
Franklin —Valentine Vocht,
Vishingcreek —Daniel Thomas, J. D. Mellon
ry, Peter Criveling,
Hemlock —Alexander Roat, James Roat,
Liberty —John Bower,
Limestone —John Gouger,
Maine —Daniel Fenstamaeher Daniel Yetter,
Mahoning —Edward Morrison, John Kocher,
Madison —David C. Albertson, YVm Hender
Mifflin —Thomas Aten, Peter Smoyer,
Orange —lsaiah Conner, Geo Apploman Wm
Roaringcreek —lsaac Rhodes, P. S. Yeager,
John Perry sr., Jacob Fisher,
Sugarloaf- —Elijah Hess,
Valley —Chas. Fenstetmacber.
List of [Causes
ForjTrial at the ApriljTcrm, 1850.
1 Commonwealth et a', vs. Matthias Kline
2 Commmonweidth vs. Charles F. Mann
3 Edmund L Piper vs. John Baily *
4 Elislia B Stelter vs. Samuel Stedcr
5 Henry Hartman vs. Noah S Prentis
6 Jacob Welliver vs. John Runyau
7 Isaac Tyler vs. Benj. P Frick
8 Geo. Fox, Admrs. vs Andrew _Emmans,
9 Lloyd Thomas vs. Pe'er Mourcr
10 Thos. Wildoncr, Admr. vs. Robt. Lock
11 Same vs. Same.
12 John Shively vs. Jacob R Hower
13 Manassa Bowmau vs. Joseph Sharpless
14 Anne Dilman vs. S M B Yantz
15 John Davis etal. vs. William H Wooden
16 Isaac Barnheimer et al. vs. J K Froder- j
ics et al.
17 Levi Ashton vs. Abraham Cool
18 Frederick BeatesExr. vs. James Hartman
19 David Ritter etal. vs. Joseph Maus
20 W. Donaldson et al. vs. J P Giove et al
21 Charles Kalbfus vs. Nicholas Seybert
22 John Barret vs. Thomas Welliver
23 Samuel Yost Adror. vs. Elijah It John
admr. et al.
24 Daniel Hoats et al. vs. Wm Sch uyler
25 David Mastors et al. vs. Henry Johnston
26 John T Davis vs. Charles F Mann
27 Thomas Brandon vs. Benjamin Wintei
28 Jesse Hughes vs. Benj. P Frick et al.
29 Alem Sechler et al. vs. Johu M. Fiester
30 William McKelvy et al. Simon I' Kaso
31 Charles Kram vs. William E Albright et al
32 Samuel P Huey vs. the Montour Iron Co.
33 Jacob B Maus vs Samuel Bondman
34 Lafayette Kessler vs. Elisha H Hess
35 William Sloan vs. Joseph J. Fry
36 Frederick Isler vs. John K Grotz
37 Azima Vallerchamp vs. Geo. Moars
38 David Ritter vs. Lewis II Maus
39 YVm Montgomery exr. vs. David N Kow
40 Drake & Bechtel vs Nicholas Seybert
41 Isaac Pollock vs O C Kahler.
42 Dr John Ramsey vs. Rev.John P. Heistor.
rrThe death of Captain May, who won
the earliest laurels during the Mexican cam
paign, is announced in tho St. Louis papers.
He died, says the Union, in San Francisco,
after a short illness of scurvy and bronchitis,
produced by a long and very disogreeablo
voyage from New York to that place, by tho
way of Capo Horn. At the period of his
! death bejwas 27 years old.
' AITOINTMENT OK JUDGES. —Private advices
from tlarrisburg inform us that George H.
YVillits of Caltawissa and John Covonhoven
of Orangeviile have bgeu appointed by the
Governor to be Associate Judges for this
LtF The Water Cure Journal for March is
by far the best number of that publication
yet received. Its contents form a valuable
Wo must confess, that wo wore not pro
rated t 0 see thi s now county hill pass the
Senate. Of aH the new county projects in
the State, (and their name is legion) this, of
all others, in our humble opinion, has the
fewest merits. Inceed it may well be ques
tioned whether it has a solitary one.
This county, if it becomes u law, .will be
about ten miles one way and" some 12 the.
other* What a farce! The very sublimation
of all f arces!—and yet strange .as it is true,
there were in the Senate, composed of 33
men, a majority found who were in favor of
the bill! A bill establishing n new county—
not as large as some townships in territory in
the commonwealth! An act of injustice to
the people who reside within the contempla
ted new territory—as well as to those who
are out of it. Why should it be?
Every Senator who takes his seat, before
he is qualified to act. subscribes an oath—a
sacred oath —to act, among other things,
"with fidelity"—in good faith! Where, pray,
is the act of good faith made manifest, in di
viding a county in twain of the size of Col.
umbia? Every man in it now, is within 12
miles at the farthest from the county seat.
It does seem to us such an act of gross injus
tice, that wo cannot refrain from the" expres
sion of our condemnation of the measure.
T"*, >i ;•* pnrnly a local measure; but still,
as a citizen of the State, we must form our
opinions of even local matters as they occur
—and in this case to conceal them would be
winking'at sin. What may become of this
jfiliin'.he popular branch, we cannot of
couise tell at this :. ir *ie. We have hopes,
however, that the House will do .'!* duty and
reject the paltry and mischievous meapre
We hope so. It is said that a large majority
of the people out of Danville are opposed to
it £3ti so far the tax-payers are concerned,
well they may bo. ThL' of new coun
ties is growing to an eitraordi.l.ary' extent.
It is said there are now over twenry projecio
in the Legislature for new counties. Some
of them may have merits; bnt we suppose
the great mass of them are designed for the
especial benefit of some towu-lot speculator.
Our people were alarmed by the cry of
fire, on Saturday night, about 12 o'clock.
It proved to be in the new brick room
of Mr. Marx Long, on the South side of* .'h o
Public Square.—Considerable [damage was
done to Mr. Long's goods, but the flames
were soon subdued. The loss we arc in
formed is fully covered by insurance.
How the fire originated we can't tell. It
may possibly have been the work of an in
cendiary, but more probably it was occa
sioned by the carelessness of the one who
had the store in charge.
When the door was broken open, the
room was full of smoke, and but a small
blaze of fire discovered issuing from under
the counter, and about the lower shelf. . Hail
two buckets of water been at hand at that
time, the fire might have been extinguished
with comparatively little damage. As it is,
the loss will be about a thousand dollars—
fully covered by insurance in the Delaware
Co. Insuranco Company.— Luzerne Democrat
Scarlatina or scarlet fever.
This disease is lately raging to an alarming
extent among children through the country.
The following is said to be an excellent cure
and comes recommended by both science
Boil t ro ounces of marshmallow root and
ten grains of Spanish saffron in one pint of
water, and give to a child of one year a half
tablespoonful every three hours—persons ol
der, in proportion. Poultice the throat with
the bruised marshmallow root, after the tea
is made ; and if there should bo congestion
of the brain use leeches. Keep the bowels
moved at least twice a day, but not more
than three times.
tyThere was a tremendous Union meet
ing in Baltimore on Monday evening. The
Mayor of the city presided, and it is estima
ted that at least ten thousand people were
present Col. Giles offered a series of reso
lutions sustaining the Union at all hazards,
though at the same time advocating a com
promise on the slavery question, and recom
mending moderate measures to be pursued.
He said in the course of his remarks, "Wo
must stand by the Union first and always.—
Minor questions can be settled afterwards."
The Phrenological Journal, of Fowler &
Wells, contains in the March number its u
sual amount of valuable and interesting in
formation. Among its articles is a phreno
logical character of Thomas Jefferson, a use
ful and well written article on Colds, and the
best means of killing and preventing them,
a portrait and phrenological character of E.
A. l'oe, the philosophy of approbativeness,
beauty, &c. The work is worth thrice its
subscription price of one dollar.
MODE RUIN. —The Naumkcag Steam Cot
ton Company, at Salem, du
ring the last year divided a profit of eight
per cent, on its capital, laid aside $48,500 for
what is called a "reserved fund," and paid
$48,000 for new machinery. &c. This is
pretty well, when we consider that the man
ufacturing business has been "ruined" past
redemption ever since the Tariff of 1846
DOMESTIC MANUFACTURES. —The Lock Ha
ven, Pa., Tribune says: There are, we un
derstand, a number of persons in the eastern
portion of tho county, who aro extensively
engaged in the manufacture of counterfeit
coin of various denominations. All the cru
cibles that were in town have been bought up
for the business, and the demand for bis
muth is very great.
According to tho Montrose Democrat, Sus
quehanna county is infested with a gang of
horse thieves, several horses having been
stolen within three or four days, No less
than three were purloined in Rush and Au
burn, on Tuesday night.
UtitHisßuitc, March 7, 1850.
SENATE.—Mr Packer," remonstrance of cit
izens of Bradford pait of said
county being annexed loljlm county of Sulli
In Executive Session the Scna'e confirmed
the nomination of Benj F Pomefoy, as Asso
ciate Juylge of Common Pleas
of Schuylkill county, "Alio, the nomination
of Wm Waugh. to be Associate Judge ot
the Court of Common Pleas of Mercer co.
Also, the nomination of James Harrison, to
be Associate Judge of the Court of Com
mon Pleas of Union county. Also, the nom
ination of James Whippo, to be Associate
Judge of tho Court of Common Pleas of
On motion of Mr Packer, the bill author
izing the Canal Commissioners to purchase
the water power at Loyalsock Creek, on tho
West Branch Division of the Pennsylvania
Canal, was taken up, considered, and - pas
The bill repealing all laws exempting cer
tain kinds of property from taxation, was ta
ken up, amended and passed through Com
mittee of the Whale. It was then referred
to a select committee of fivo Senators.
HOUSE. — The Apportionment Bill. —The a
mendmcnt uniting Lebanon and Lancaster
tame up In order, Mr - Kiltingar having the
floor, who was followed by Messrs Cessna,
Jesso R Burden, Baldwin and Porter. After
a lengthy discussion, the amendment was
An amendment was mode making North
ampton and Lehigh one district, to elect one
senator. Also, Carbon Monroe, Pike and
\Vayri? one district, to be entitled to one
No further alterations word made up to
the 24th district, when the House adjourned.
SENATE.—On motion of Mr Streeter, a
biil to the act incorporating
the Wayne CCUTL!" Mutual Insurance Com
pany, was taken up ana passed final reading
also, a supplementary bill to the act incorpo
rating the Catawissa Williamsport Jaud trie
HOUSE tWays and Means)
reported the bill askitfj 525,000 for the com
pletion of a certain dam oil .' Be West Branch
with a negative recommendation'.
The Judiciary Committee reported
petitions foi the abolition of Caprtal Punish
ment. The same committee also reported
the biii the Court of Nisi Prius,
with an aiileu : ' o, ent.
The Apportionm'dl Bi camc up in order,
and amendments were discussed until the
hour of adjournment.
SENATE.— I Toe bill supplementary to I? 10
act to abolish imprisonment for debt, and to
punish fraudulent debtors, came Uj ami pas- (
sed second and third reading. I
Mr Streeter read in his place a bill supple
mentary to the act incorporating the Wilkes
harre Coal Corrqfl?iy,Vhich was taken up on
motion, and finally passed.
HOUSE. —Mr Klotz presented a memorial
from citizens of Allentown, praying ihe ex
pulsion of all free colored persons from this
State; also, petition for the incorporation of a
new bank, to be located at Allentown.
Mr Baker, petition for repeal of the S3OO
Exemption Law of last session; also, one to
suspend the sale of liquors and travel on the
Mr Conyngham, petition for the passage
of a general Banking Law ; also, one for the
recharter of the Wyoming Bank. *
The Committee on New Counties reported
a bill for the erection of the new county of
Liberty out of part of Bedford county.
The Apportionment Bill then came up in
order, and amended so as to allow Dauphin
county but one membe.t. Adjourned.
Harrisburg, March 12, 1850.
IN EXECUTIVE SESSION. —The Senate unan
imously confirmed the nomination of Jacob
Kirk, Jr., as Associate Judge of the Court of
Common Pleas of York County; also the
nomination of William Vankirk, as Associate
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas of
Washington County; also the nomination of
Paul S. Preston, as Associate Judge of the
Court of Common Pleas of Wayne County;
also the uomination of Augustus O. (ester, as
Associate Judge of Dauphin County; also,
the nomination of John F. Dentler as Associ
ate Judge of Northumberland County; also,
the nomination of Samuel Marshall and John
McCanlaßs as Associate Judges of Butter
County; also the nomination of George H
Willits and John Covenhovan' as Associate
Judges of Columbia Coun'.y.
EyDuring the revival of religion in the
Methodist Episcopal Church of Columbia
Pa., which continued about seven weeks,
upwards of one hundred new members were
added to the church.
tyMilton wrote twenty-one thousand
lines; Dryden, including his translations,
about sixty thousand lines, Pope, about forty
thousand lines, some eight thousand only of
which were original; Gray, one thousand
verses; Byron, about teu thousand verses
more than Homer, and triblethe number of
Virgil and Tasso.
A NEW FACTORY.— The Manchester (N.
H.) Company are making arrangements to
erect an extensive delaine mill in that city,
early in the Spring. The mill is to be over
300 feet in length, and is to run 20,000 spin
dles. The whole machinery for tho mill is
now under contract, to be ready for running
by the first of January next.
The Washington correspondent of the Bal
timore Sim, states that James Gordon Bennett
Editor of the New York Herald, is now in
Washington City, an applicant for the Vien
na mission, lately given to Watson Webb, by
the Pres-'dent, without the advice and consent
of the Senate.
CyThe editor of tho York Advocate has
been informed, by several farmers, that
there will be hardly any poaches this year
in York county, on aocount of tho trees be
ing frozen in tuo wood. Bad news.
d From the Pittsburg Saturday Post^
The Iron Manufacturers—The Tariff.
It is clearly evident that tlio attempt on
the part of the Iron "Masters" to reduce the
wages of tho Puddlers and Boilers, was a pol
itical movement, intended to operato upon
Congress. Those philanthopists supposed
that, if they would suspeud their mills for a
few weeks, and (hen get up a cry about the
'' British Ttfriffof 18-16," they might induce
the members ofCongress to believe that they
required a"a little more protection." The
trick was to transparent—it would not do.
It is to late in the day to expect Congress to
pass a law tc tax the farmers and mechan
ics of the United States' for the benefit of the
manufactures. It is not democratic—it is
not right. The Tariff of 1846 is the best the
country has ever had, and it will not be dis
turbed. This may be written down as a fix
, Although we are willing to admit that du
ring the past year there was considerable
depression in the iron business; yet at the
same time we contend that it is not in the
power oi human legislation to remedy evils
of this description. Every branch of indus
try is subject, occasionaly, to inflations and
depressions. It is unavoidblo. But it is an
admited fact that the depression in tho iron
business haß been at its worst. All our re
cent advices from Europe show a brisk im
provement in the Iron Markets of that coun
try. Many of the Railroads that were pro
jected and commenced in England, a few
years ago, and then suspended for want of
means, are about to bo resumed, under
more favorable auspices. This of course
will give a buoyancy to the British Markets;
and as these Markets generally regulate pri
ces on this side of the Atlantic, it is fair to
suppose that alike buoyancy will be felt
here. In truth, we may say it is begining
to be felt now.
Notwithstanding the foolish stories that
were told President TAYLOR, while on a vis
it to this city last eummer, it is a well known
fact' that pig metal now commands a fair
price in market. It will be remembered
that the Tariff monopolists, with tears in
their eyes, (such tears as crocodiles are said
to shed,) told the old chief that sales of
"good pig iron are made at S2O per ton."
The President was induced to believe that
the Tariff bad actualy produced this result,
and was positively ruining the manufacturers!
' We now find, by referring to the commer
cial' "'Chtmns of the whig papers in this city,
that Metal is quoted at
$27 a $25, and n y at $25.
From all the facts wCc-u gather, we are
inclined to believe that iheW wl'l he a brisk
business done in the Iron business Jd Fitts
burgh in the courso of the present yC.a*'
Tin manufactures will find it to their inter
ests to resume opperations and pay the
I workingmen the old wages. That they can
nnt afford to do this is all gammon and rldi
cuioui .* lollSollse - They cannot afford to loose
Col. lieiiton,!* C&*- A PP roved of -
Louis, March 9.
A very large meeting was ' lero
night. A series of resolutions werb , oaase '
appoving of the course of Col. Benton in '' lo
United States Senate, and repudiating Mr.
Calhoun's speech on the slavery question,
and the threats of disunion. They also a
greed to make "Bentonism" a test vote on
the Democratic candidates at the municipal
MONTREAL, March 7.
The Sherbrooke election has resulted in
the choice of Mr Ranborne, the Annexation
ist candidate by forty majority.
Twenty-one Horses BurntjtolDeath.
CINCINNATI, March 11.
Last night, a range of stables at Rossville,
in this state, were destroyed by fire, and
twenty-one horses perished in the ltames.
The work of an incendiary.
Death of the Speaker of the Louisiana
House ol Representatives.
NEW ORLEANS, March 9.
Preston W. Farrar, Speaker of the House
of Representatives of this State, died at Ba
ton Rouge on Thursday last.
Charge to Austria!
WASHINGTON, March 9.
I understand that Richard W. Thompson
Esq., of Indiana, was to-day nominated
Charge to Austria.
DAMAGES FOR SLANDER.— Miss Ruth Case
has recovered 81,572 damages of Lyman B.
Marks, of Hartland, Ct., in the Superior court
at Hartland, for slander. The plaintiff was
a school teacher in Hartland, and the defen
dant accused her of unchastity. He produc
ed two witnesses on the trial, who swore to
having seen hor In illicit intercourse with a
man, but their testimony was overborne and
broken down by the plaintiff's counsel and
ty On last Sunday a large fire destroyed
a valuable portion of Buffalo in the state of
New York. Hotels, stores and churches
were laid in ashes. The loss is estimated at
On the same day a fire broke out in St.
Louts, and destroyed property to the value
About as ridiculous a position as a man
can be placed in, is to have his hat blown
off while he is chasing a runaway pig tbro'
the streets —with a crowd of men and boys
laughing at him.
iyThe township elections in this county
.will be held to-morrow. Wo will give the
full returns next week.
ty A number of gentlemen in New York
have determined to erect a bronze statue to
the memory_of De Witt Clinton, at a cost of
\ $15,000. A model has been prepared and
J $5,000 subscribed-
Mr, Cathoun'a Speech,
Mr. Calhoun having the floor, briefly
stated his inability to address thcWenaie
in person, and returned thanks for the
courtesy which the Senate had extended
him, in permitting him to' have his views
upon the great question , f present agitation
Mason to read his speech for him.
Mr. Mason then proceeded to read the
speech. Mr. Calhoun commences by ask
ing— "What can be dope to save the Uni
on ?" It was necessary, first, to find the
cause of danger, before a remedy could be
applied. The danger, arose—first, from
the discontent in all tho Southern States,
which commenced with the agitation of
the slavery question and has contiuued ever
since. The next question was—"What
has caused this disquiet?" It resulted
from the belief on the part of the Southern
States that they could not live in the Union,
under the existing state of things, with saf
ty to their honor and interests.
He proceeded next to show by statistics
that (tie equilibrium of the different sections
of the Union has been lost, inconsequence
of the increase of population in the North ;
this state of affairs placed the control of
the Government exclusively in the hands
of the North—giving them a majority of
the States, and a large majority in the pop
ulation, which would be largely increased
by the next census. In addition to this,
the newly acquired territory would also
add speedily, at least five new Stales,
which would be admitted to the North
while no additional territories were pro
gressing in the South.
He next proceeded to show that the ac
tion of the Government has been such as to
give control to a sectional majority, by
which the South has been deprived of its
share, in the territories. The first act hav
ing such effect, was the ordinance of 1787.
The next, the Missouri, compromise ; and
the last the act by tho South were
excluded from Oregomi The result of all
of which has been to exclude the South
from three fourths of the terri'ory acqui
red by the federal government, giving her
one fourth only. The North had also un
settled the necessary equilibrium between
the two sections, by adopting a system of
revenue and disbursments which had im
posed unequal burdens upon the South, to
the advantage of the North. The action
of Congress in tho next place had resu ted
in a concentration of power in the federal
government, to the manifest disturbing and
violation of State rights. The result of all
these series of measures, and this course of
policy, was to give the North an ascendan
cy in evpry department of the Government.
He then proceeded to consider the views
and feelings of the people of the North rel
ative to the institution of slavery, which
-T;? South felt to be necessary to her social
orxani'-" 11 '' 0 "' and which he said was look
edupon cre4le r, °i k3S , Lo3t ; li, y b >;
the whole NorW* Uth ® P eo P k of wh,ch
felt bonnd, at least, td Jwunteqanee it
while they felt themselves Jnp>- ® t0
He reviewed the curse of the ulevery
agitation by the North—commencing with
the first battle upon the right of petiton, and
coming down to the present day—for the
purpose of showing that encroachments
upon this point had been continued, gradu
al, and always successful—until imminent
• ->?er to the Union itself had now arisep.
Hg v COI "♦ended that from the first organized
movement Abolitionists had continual
!y iucreaaed in J""""" B', 8 ', importunities and
demanded and earncst cffort f or
its arrest. . .
What then could be do,J arreßt itß
progress, and what could save n. e n . lnn . *
Disunion would not be efl'ectcd at a
blow. It was the work of time—for tiiV
cords which bind the Union were too nu
merous to be snapped all at once. One of
the many cords which had bound the Uni
on together was the religious cord —the
sympathy between the associations of vari
ous religious denominations of both sec
tions. The first of the cords which snap
ped was that of the Methodist Episcopal
Church. The next, the division of the
Baptists with two opposing sectional par
ties. The Presbyterian cord had not alto
gether given way, although some of its
strands were broken. The Episcopal only
of the four great denominations remained
firm ar.d unbroken—as a result of this agi
tation. [Mr. Calhoun makes no reference
whatever to the Catholics.] The next
great cord which had snapped was that
of political party organization, which
had held together until recently severed
by the increased agitation. Again—"how
could the Union be saved !" It could only
be saved by adopting such measures as
will satisfy the Southern States that tliey
will remain in the Union with safety and
honor to themselves. It could not be sav
ed by eulogizing the Unibn, nor by ap
peals to the memory of Washington.—
Neither was there anything in the life or
example of that distinguished man which
would deter the South from seceding ; on
the contrary, there was much to encour
age them to scession as a remedy for op
pression and deprivation of their rights.—
Mr. Cass' plan or the plan proposed by the
Administration, could not save the Unon.
The latter was nothing but a modification
of the Wilmot Proviso, and still morn ob
jectionable than that measure. Its very
object was to deprive the South ol lis right
ful participation in the territories.
Looking at the ConstiluVional question,
he contended that the power of legislation
for the territories is, vested exclusively in
Congress. In view, the action of the
people of California in forming a govern
ment for '.aemselves, had usurped the pow
er of Oongrcss. Their conduct in this re
speot was revolutionary and rebellions in
its character. He expressed his full con
viction that the people of California bad
been influenced in their action by persons
acting under the suggestions and authority
\ of the executive.
He also proceeded, with an effort, to
show that the action of California, and the
Executive proposition for her admission
into the Union, was in direct violation of
all the past action ef Congress. What now
would the Senate do? Much depended
upon their action, If they admitted Cali
fornia into the Union, they would sanction
all that she had dono. Were Senators pre
pared, in admitting her, to surrender the
Constitution, in view of their oaths to sup
port the Constitution ? He denied that
'here wat arrj' iueh Stale as California.—
It had no le£al existence, and could not
have with mil the sanction of Congress.—
They could not term a Constitution when
Congress had not given them leave so to
tlo, How cockl gentlemen 011 live W big
aide of the chamber, after defeating the'
candidate of the Democratic party (Cass)
atlficlatc election- who look the ground
that Congress had no poWer of legis^M! o *
—now turn around and admit a State upon
the ground thaVahe has exercised this very *
power whi'h had been denied* in the Presi
dential content? Wow'could thosegentlfe
men who voted on the Oregon question a
gainst the position that Congress had the
sale aud absolute power of legislating for
the Territories, ntVv propose to sanction •
coarse directly the reverse ? What did all
this mean? Were llkW to conclude that
the exclusion of the Soi'th from the terri
tory acquired from Mexico. as an object of
such paramount importance that rights
justice, consistency, and the Constitution
must all yield thereto? There was but
one way by which the Union could be .*-*
ed, and that was by the full and final sef
tlcment—upon the principles of justice—
of all the questions at issue between the
two sectio s.
The south asked for simple justice —less
than that she ought not to take. She had
no compromise to offer but the constitution,
and could make no surrendei or conces
sion. By satisfying the south—she ceuld
remain honorably and safely in the Union,
and thereby restoring tranquility. Could
this be done ? Yes ! easily—not by the
weaker party—for it could not protect it
self— but the stronger. The north had
only to do justice by conceding to the south
a participation in the territories—her duty
by causing the arrest and delivery of fugi
tive slaves—by ceasing the agitation of the
slavery question, and to provide an amend
ment of the constitution, such as would re
store to the south the power to protect her
self, which she possessed before the equi
librium between the sections was destroy
ed by the action of the government.—
Would the north agree to this? Yes/if
her love for the Union was half as great as
her professions. Alall events, the respon
sibility of saving the Union rested on the
north and not upin the south. The south
could not save it by any sacrifice of hers,
and the north might save it without sacri
fice. If this question was not now set
tled—there was no telling when it would
be. If you, said Mr. Calhoun, cannot
agree to settle these questions on the prin
cipal of justice and duty—say so, and let
the Stales we represent agree to separate
part in peace. If you are unwilling we
should part in peace, tell us So, and we
shall know what to do when you reduce
the question to submission or resistance.
If you remain silent, you will compel us
to infer what you intend. In that case
California will become the test question.
If you admit her under all the difficulties
that oppose her admission, you compel us
to infer that you intend to exclude us from
the whole of the acquired territories, with
tho intention of destroying irretrievably the
equilibrium between the two sections.—
W would be blind not to perceive in that
ase that your real objects are power and sg
„ra„u'!Ts£jfl?nt, 3'id infatuated not to set
according!)', in cOßeiWft-'w repeated that
he had all long endeavored to repel,these ag
gressions of the North by arresting lite agi
tation, with the intention of saving i|>e
Union, if possible—and if not, to save
section where his lot had been ca, 'fT7
done bis duty, let what wojlu
come, he >Vould bo free from all re^iptty 4
Hon. James RiichananV
The folloiviug handsome compliment to tie
Hor. JAMES BUCHANAN is taken from the Glickn
bemburg Sentinel, ami will be read with
pjjasure by his many friends in Demetratic Co
Mr, lias been spending sotfce'
eight or ten days it'ith us. The warmth l
with which he hag J?een welcomed l(y
old friends who are gathered here lrom ill>
parts of the Uoion, mark the hold he
upon the confidence, respect and affections
of his countrymen. His great abilities as a
statesman seem to have been brought to tlio
public eye in more prominent relief even
than before, by the contrast presented in
the weak, bungling and vascillating course
of his successor in the Department of State.
In regarding these two Secretaries, one in
voluntarily views them as Mr. John M.
Clayton,of the State of Deleware, and BU
CHANAN of the UNITED STATES!
CALIFORNIA NO NEW THING.—The
Lancasterian says a friend has given it
the following lines,which he recently found
printed in the ornamental heading of a
deed, dated 12th October,l7B4. The dic
ti >n is not over accurate,and the verse halts
a little; but the passage shows that the
poet scrivener was no doubt a member of
progress; who had unfortunately got into
the wrong century.
"And now extend 0 Friendship furthermore
Thine sacred wings to Californy's shore.
Gome and reside in every Savage breast.
I And doom the swords of Sempiternal Rett."
HON. JAMES M. •POWER.—By a letter receiv
ed from the late Canal Commissioner ..dated at
Havanna, we are sorry to learn from the Harris
burg Telegraph , that he has not realised the ben
eficial effect* to his heslth, that he anticipated in
that climate, and that he would immediately re
turn to Savannah, with the intention of going to
San Augustine, Florida. Hia friends will regret
to learn (hat he entertains hut faint hopes of re
The Harrisbnrg Unien says: "The Pennsyl
vania Canal is now in line navigable order, and
the line boats to Pittsburg, hive been paaairg
through our borough tur the last two days, hsav
ily laden with dry goods, groceries, hardware, 4rc.
on to the West, From present indica
tions, there will bo a very heavy amonnt of goods
. sant westward through our improvements this
spring, both from Philadelphia and Now York
as the New York canals will not be open for the
| next five or six weeks.
Art effort is melting at Harisbnrglo revive the
charter of the Valley Railroad.
j The tonboat Patrick Henry was sunk in the
| Mis-issippi near New Orleans en the 15th.