The star of the north. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, January 17, 1850, Image 2
STAR OF TIB NORTH. It. W. WEAVER It B. S. GII.MORE, EDITORS. Bloorasburfr. Thursday. Jan. 17. 1850. TVV. B. PALMER, general neirspaper, sub scription. and advertising agent, N. 11. Coner, of Third and Chestnut streets. Philadelphia, TFE. W. CARR, U. States newspaper agent, Third and Walnut sts., opposite the Exchange, Philadelphia, and CF*GEORGE PRATT. 164 Nassau street. New York, will receive and receipt for- subscriptions and advertisements fur the "Star of the North." ry C. PF.IRCE General Advertising Agent, Bulletin Buildings Phila., is also agent for sub scription ami advertising in the Star of the North. TY S M. GII.MORE, SR., will act as our agent at Berwick, Pa., in receiving and receipting for subscriptions, advertisements andjob-work. Ad vertisements left with him on Tuesday trill ap pear in our paper of the same week. All orders or job-work lej t with hint will be attended to im mediately. Ptaocratic County Convention. The Democrats of Columbia County arc requested to meet at the several places of holding the general elections in said county Saturday, the 2d day of February next, between the hours of 2 and 7 P. M., and e lect two delegates from each district to as semble in County Convention, at the Court House in Bloomsburg, on the Monday fol lowing, (February 4.) at 12 o'clock, noon, for the purpose of choosing a Senatorial and Representative Delegate to the next State Canal Commissioner's Convention. By order of the Standing Committee, L. B. RUPERT, Chairman. Bloomsburg, Jan. 2, 1850-te The ''Know thyself is an aphorism which had its erigin, certainly as far back as the Grc eians; and has met with the universal appro bation of wise men. To know thy enemy, in our view, would be a prudent aphorism in these days of plots, perfidy and audaueious defectiont Our Federal enemy, tho' always hostile to the rights of white men, and of black men too, while they could make a profit in buying and selling them, in its early history had one of the attributes of honor, and that was a boldness in contending in the open field of politics and openly carrying on the VT nr -whb liginmnto wonponn. But they have sadly fallen off from the chivalry of their fathers and condesce id to use forbidden arms and to violate all the rules of approved warfare and manly honor. The appeal to the people to the support of their political here sies, having failed, they have adopted tho weapon of bribery, and secret combinations. They despair, since the people have weigh ed, discussed their political dogmas and pro nounced them absurd ; since the people have hissed at their brazen audacity in declaring that "gold and silver was a humbug," and the "notes of the United States Bank were the only imperishable and unchangeable" stand ard of value or currency, for the use of man —Bince they dare no longer to offed the com mon ear with the blasphemous maxim that "a public debt was a public blessing," and since the people no longer endure the shame less insult that to impose burdensome and wanton taxes upon a laboring people was pro tecting their labor, they rosort to bribery, thinking it a more "convenient mode to cor rupt one agent than to stupify and corrupt an independent and intelligent yeomanry.— These then, freemen and fellow citizens, are the weapons against which, in the future, we, the American Democracy, must contend, and it would bo a slander upon your virtue and intelligence to suppose that you would permit yourselves to be subdued by such a system. Let a strict and rigid discipline bo adopted—let union and harmony among hon est Democrats be the motto upon your ban ner—and war—implacable war be waged a gainst traitors and deserters, and betrayers of the cause of Democracy. The honest por tion of the Federal, or Whig, party if you like, will desert a banner so dishonored and soiled as is now borne aloft by their reckless leaders. Let us, fellow citizens, and ye hon ost Democrats, oppose honor to dishonor- tho truth and purity of our creed to the ab surdities ana abominations of Whig or Fed eralist—let us oppose the unbought purity of tho ballot-box to the execrable system of bribery resorted to so audaciously and shame lessly by our enemies. ▲ small Court. An inquest inquiring as to the lunacy of Matthias Kline, of Orange township, is now in session in our court-house. Some twen ty-five witnesses have been subpoenaed in the case, and it creates quite a sensation in the community. He is an old gentleman o ver 80 years of age, and is personally pres ent during the trial, declaring that he is as sane as he ever was. Whether his failing is anything more than cxcossive excontricity, is for tho inquest to decide. Tho previous in quest was set aside by the court. Counsel for Kline—Bancroft and It bodes. For petitioner —Burkalow and Hurley. When is a Mnn Crazy. Barker, the newly elected Mayor of Pitts burg, is th! man who a few months ago was ranting upon the streets of that city against the Catholics, in a most blasphemous and in decent manner. He was aslreet preacher ala George Munday. The Catholics had him ar rested, and he was convicted and sentenced to six months' imprisonment. Many of the citizens regarded this as a persecution on the . part of the Catholics, and expressed their de termination to vote for Barker for the next Mayor. Accordingly, he was elected last week, and immediately upon his election was released from prison by a pardon from Governor Johnston. ty T ie extract in our last number by mis take credited to the Carlisle Democrat should ),aire been given to the Carlisle Volunteer, — from which we copy another sound nrticle to-day. Secret Associations. Our Philadelphia correspondent has to-day something to say upon the subject of secret societies, and we embrace the occasion to give our ovrn views upon this subject. Secret so cieties are most in vogue in despotic coun tries, where the government does not allow the free expression of public opinion. Such ■Moomtionp, for the discussion and spread ot liberal politica' views, are perhaps most com mon among the students of the German uni versities. Almost every student belongs to one or more of these secret societies, and if the government drscover this fact, the stu dents suffer transportation, and the Profes sors are dismissed from their office. In those countries, then, it is indispensable that such associations should be secret. In our own country, political opinions may be openly discussed, and we have no secret political societies. But tho turn of the American mind is for Associations. Our government does not, as in Europe, manage every thing. It is a lim ited power and an easy master upon the peo pie; or rather the people are here the mas ters of the goaernment, while in the old world the government masters tho people Stupendous improvements are there made by public authority, while hero they are ac complished by a combination of private en terprise. Our people yet in some degree distrust their own ability, and wo have no class of families among us who can accom plish any great undertaking by the force ol their individval influence or wealth. Hence almost every thing is done here by means of associations, and so powerful is this charac teristic of our people, that it lias found its way as a feature into our laws. This is car rying it too far : for as our citizens grow in wealth, individuals will be competent to car ry through any undertaking, and where opin ion is free it needs not the prompt of a char tered company's influence to make the com munity appreciate merit. But the object of most of the American societies is a moral one, and in this they will have much higher success than in their pe cuniary department. The inculcation of a fraternal feeling is tho high aim of must mo dern secret societies; and it will not be long until, in this respect, public societies will su percede the secret ones. In a country where all are placed upon an equality, it only re quires a little further spread of intelligence to make all reciprocate the feeling of univer sal brotherhood, Another Tricu. We learn that petitions are in circulation in the lower part of Luzerne county praying that Huntington and Fairmount townships may be annexed to this county. At this time, the movement is a trick instigated at Dan ville to aid in the erection of Montour coun ty, by flattering the upper end of Columbia with praises, pledges and promises. It is in stigated by tho tools of Best, and we warn our friends against this plot to dismember the county. Toward the people of Huntington & Fair mount we have the most friendly feelings, and when our own local and political diffi culties shall once be settled—when our coun ty shall bo purged of such men as the traitor Best—and when peace and harmony shall pervade our own borders—then will we con sider our house in order to receive a fraternal visit from them. We desire that when they become a part of our county, they shall find their abode in it pleasant, and feel that they have lost nothing by the change. Their ad mission at this time would only be produc .ive of a new quatrel and a more bitter local strife in our county. Serious Areiilcnt. On Monday of last week a unfortunate oc currence took place at the Montour Boiling mill, of Danville. The large fly-wheel of the heaviest engine, weighing some twenty five tons, exploded when going at the rate of 80 evolutions a minute. The segments were thrown through the roof of the building with great violence and noise. Some of the frag ments thrown oil' weighed two and a half tons. The accident was caused by a small piece of iron getting between the cogs of the driving wheel and the spur wheel, and pro ducing a sudden check in the motion of the machinary. It is surmised that some villain ous scamp, from mischievous motives, threw the bit of iron between the cogs. No per son was seriously hurt by the accident, and only one or two persons received the slight est personal injury. The loss is estimated between ten and twenty thousand dollars.— It will require three or four months to repair the machinery. The County Finances. The County Expenditures for 1849 are $534,66 less than for 1848. The County Ex penditures for the last four years are as fol lows ; 184(1, $12,(>23 Gf> 1847, 8.9G5 90 1848, 13.908 07 1849, 13,363 31 The heavy freshet of March, 1846, and the extraordinary one more recently, upon Fishing Creek, have pressed upon the coun ty, as well as other outlays arising from the new location ot the county seat. The form er has however been the most prolific source of expenditure. The county is now, however, in such situ ation that we may expect lighter expendi tures, and increased credit, a state of affairs creditable to the county officers, and agreea ble to the citizens. MORE COSTI.Y SHAWLS. —One hundred and eighty shawls were recently sold in Boston for $18,675 60; being an average ot S9B 20 for each shawl. The most costly one brought SB6O, another $475, a third $260, fourth $350 fifth $320; three at S3OO. &c. W A Cherokee Law, passed at their late council, makes it the duty of the sheriffs of the several districts, each, to summon a guard of four men to assist in searching for whiskey, and, if found, to spill it upou the ! ground. A Federal Heresy. We look upon the pructiceofelectingmem bers of the Legislature to the position of State Treasurer and United States Senator as a most dangerous and injudicious one. It leads the members to have a steady eye to their personal promotion, when they should care only for the interests of the State and their constituents. Their conduct and their votes begin to yield gradually to an easy profitable spirit of conciliation, and finally settles down into a most dangerous compromise of prin ciple. Every session a number of members think tlroy hear a brighter future prophecy to them of preferment and, like the weird sisters of the bard, saluting them by a higher title. Such men begin to represent themselves alone upon the floor of the House or Senate. They cease to deal out that even-handed jus tice, which is due from them ; and they have no longer that fearless independence which is above interest or prejudice. This subject is one of importance, and de mands the mosls serious consideration of every true Democrat. If it is true that all political power emanates from the people, the best remedy for the evil is to have these officers elected directly by the people. This will leave the members of the Legislature nothing to look after but thejinterests of their constituents. There will be nothing left for them to trade, gamble or plot about. They will then have the business of legislators to attend to and nothing else. They will be 'reed from those elections which but too often only disgrace the character of their le gislative body, and make it a placp where honor is bartered and sold. It could not but be a great relief to all honorable and high minded members if these elections were ta ken out of the legislature. The only class of members that would suffer would be those who fatten upon corruption and the trade of honor. The people would be the grea.est gainers by the change. (SHAMELESS (EFFRONTERY. In the last Danville Intelligencer, Best still calls himself the '■ Democratic Senator from Columbia." We ask, was it a proof of bis Democracy to enter into an infamous bar gain with the Whigs for his own elevation to the Speaker's chair ? Was it a proof of his Democracy when he gloried over '.Vie defeat of Geo;go W, Woodward for L T . S. Senator, and of John B. Andcrsou for State Treasurer? Was it a proof of his Democra cy tliat he could not get the vote of a single Democratic Senator for the Speakerssip of the Senate ? Was it a proof of his Demo cracy that he gave the Whigs the best half of the appointments in the Senate, and al| the important Committees? Was it the proof of his honesty when he published two papers at the same time—one for Cass and the other for Johnson for the Presidency? And was it a proof of his Democracy or honesty when ho violated every promise he had made, and betrayed the faith of the people who had trusted him? A man who has done all '.his must be most shameless & abandoned who can with brazen effrontery call himself a Democrat. He must be lost to all sense of honor and manliness, and must be sunk to the lowest depths of moral turpitude and baseness. Ah! no wonder that the guilty thing shook like an aspen leat. No wonder that he trembled, like Belshazzer of old, till his knees smote together, and he became almost speechless. And what a little price he brought! Why Judas of old brought nearly as much when he sold him self to the fiend of baseness. CLEMC OF THE HOUSE.—On last Friday the House of Congress elected air Campbell (Whig.) Clerk over John W. Forney by the following vote. Ballots 18th 19th 20th. Campbell 96 103 102 Forney 93 97 96 Trench 18 13 11 Scattering 6 5 4 213 218 223 The House then ballotted for Sergeant-at Arms, but without making choice. Da. WEBSTER IN JAIL. —We learn that Dr. Webster has made frequent complaints to Mr. Andrews, tho jailer, that the occupants of the cells in his immediate vicinity are in the habit of shouting out to him at nights, uttering all sorts of unkind epiihets such as, "You're the man that cut up Dr. l'arkman," "You're a murderer,'' "You're a blood-thirs ty scoundrel,'' &c., &c. Mr. Andrews had no other knowledge of this matter except what he heard from Dr. Webster. He one night placed two men in the passage way that leads to the cells, where they remained until morning, but heard no unusual or un pleasant noises. The day following this the Doctor repeated his complaints to Mr. An drews, saying that "last night the same out rages had been repeated." Mr. Andrews knowing this not to be true, of course con cludes that the Doctor's imagination is so wrought upon, or that his dreams are of such an unpleasant character, as to produce in some degree mental aberration. Dr. Web ster has lost much of the buoyancy of spirit that sustained him when he first became an inmate of the jail.— Roston Mail. tW The Post Office at Carrick, Franklin, Pa, has been discontinued. That at Monroe, Buck's county, Pa., has had its name chan ged to "Durham." That at Greenville, Lu zerne county, Pa., has had its name changed | to "Green Grove " Glossbrennor, the editor of the York Gazelle, has been elecied Sergeant-at- Arms in tho House of Congress by the fol lowing vote : For Glossbrenner, (Dcm) 107 " Giddings, (Whig) 102 FV A piece of Lead Ore weighing 1,500 pounds was recently received at New Orleans from Arkansas. The ore is said to yield 120 ounces of silver to the ton. Just as we expected. —Bost says, in his last paper, that lie "will vote for such new Bank Charters as he may think proper." Tbe Senator of Broken Pledges. We are pleased to observe the healthy tone of the public press in denouncing the treason of Senator Best. We copy, on our first page some more of the scathing denunciations which flay him in these days. The one from tho Pcnnytvanian should be read by every person in thin-Senatorial district. But there is one editor who knows Best in a manner never to be forgotten. This is Mr. Bratton. of the Carlisle Volunteer, a gentleman of in tegrity and a Democrat of principle. He for merly edited a Democratic paper at Harris burg, and lays bare the villainy of Best in this fashion : "We envy not the feelings of Valentino Best, the miserable traitor who occupies the Speaker's chair of the Ssate Senate. By re ceiving the entire Federal vote and voting for himself, he succeeded in accomplishing his base purposes. We happened to be in the Senate chamber when this disgraceful scene took place. After the vote had been announ ced, Best was led to the Speaker's chair, and in ascending the platform presented the ap pearance of a criminal mounting the scaf fold In his attempt to address the Senate, he shook like a reed in the wind—his words were broken and interrupted, like the accents of a man in despair, and void of the energy suitable to the occasion. Ah, it is not to be wondered at that he trembled. He had just perpetrated a most dastardly and villainous act, by turning traitor to those who had elec ted him to represent them in the Senate. He had, by a base bargain with the Federalists, thwarted the hopes of the Democratic party, and he trembled like a culprit as his con science upbraided him for his treason. The treachery of Best should serve as a lesson to our Democratic friends in every county of the State. It should teach them never to trust a man with political power who is not a reliable and honest Democrat. Val entine Best has always been—touse a vulgar expression—e. "fishy Democrat." We were when the Democrats of his dis trict nominated him for the Senate, for we well knew that he was not a trustworthy pol itician. In 1843 Mr. Best was the editor of tico papers—both purporting to be democrat ic—one of which supported Gen. Cass, and the other Richard M. Johnston for the Presi dency ! This fact of itself was proof of his dishonesty as a politician. When Governor Porter turned traitor to the Democratic party, Best was his supple tool and defender. When George W. Woodward, the regular Denocra tic nominee for the U. S. Senate, fivo years since, was defeated through the defection of a few Democratic members of the Assem bly, Mr. Best rejoiced over his defeat. When, some years since, William B. Anderson, who received the Democratic nomination forStato Treasurer, was defeated, by a union of the Federalists with a sufficient number of mem bers who had been elected as Democrats, Best zealously defended those Democratic members who proved recreant to their prin ciples. Such lias been the course of Valentine Best ever since we have known him. He has al ways been a truckling disorganizer—a tra ding politician, who never cared a straw a bout the principles of the Democratic party. And yet, the Democrats of Luzerne and Col umbia, knowing the political characterof this man, elected him to represent them in the State Senate. They now curse him because of his treachery, but we must say, in all kindness, that it does not become them to do so. They recognized, and apparently appro ved Mr. Best's democracy. He has now re hired 'the poisoned chalice to their own lips,' and they cannot, with a very good grace, complain. We trust, however, as we said before, that the treachery of Mr. Best will serve as a wholesome lesson, not only to our Democra tic friends of the thirteenth Senatorial dis trict, but also to the Democratic party of the whole State. The people, in many of the counties, it appears to us, aro too careless in •electing proper persons to represent them in the State Legislature. It has been too much the habit of late, to nominate men of doubt ful political character. Men of modesty and of worth, who are Democrats from principle, and who would scorn a base act, are too oft en pushed aside by those who pride them selves in being well versed in political in trigue, and who are steeped to the eyelids in corruption. Let the base treachery of Valen tine Best, therefore, serve as a warning here after to the Democrats of the different coun ties of Pennsylvania. Let it teach them not to place in nomination for the Assembly any man who is not a Democrat from principle." Tbe Pardoning Power. At the November court, in Luzerne coun ty, B. Morrison, Esq., was found guilty upon an indictment, and last week, at the January sessions, was called up for sentence,when he presented to the court a pardon from Govern or Johnston. We shall next expect to see the Governor give his particular friends a gen eral indemnity from all punishment for crime. CP" At the late Election in Wisconsin, the question of free suffrage was voted upon, and resulted in 4,090 for, and 3,603 against the measure, which established the right of every male citizen, of whatever color, over the age of twenty-one years, to vote at all elections. Toll on Coal Iron Flour, (fc. —According to the report of Canal Commissioners, the toll received on the following articles trans ported on the State Works, were as follows: —Coat $257,096 54; Iron, $98,21 i 38; Flourand Grain, $92,972 17. ty The Cherokee Indians, it is said, de sign to apply for admission into the Union in a few years, and, with that view they are ex ceedingly anxious to compete with the whites, in all kinds of improvements. MORE SALT IN VIRGINIA. —The Martins burg Gazette says that a rich salt well has receatly been discovered in Mercer county, sufficient to manufacture 300 bushels of salt per day. It is about six miles from the Red Sulpher Spring. A New Song. The Speaker's Old Chair. X PARODY ON THE "OLD ARM CHAIR." "I love it, I love it, and who shall ilare To chide me for loving the Speaker's Old chair, I have cherished it long," and had little rest, Until I resolved TO DO ALL FOR THE BEST. I have dreamed every night, for these many weeks past, Of that Chair, and the means to attain it at last; I have councilled with Whigs, from the East and the West, And at last I resolved, TO DO ALL FOR THE BEST. When the bargain was made, but no matter where. That I could be placed in the Speaker's Old Chair; My mind was at ease, and at last got some rest, By the sage resolution, TO DO ALL FOR THE BEST. The Democrats may thunder,as much as they please, Since my object's attained, MY POOR MIND IS AT EASE ; They may swagger and rant, for I know their distress't, Since they see how I fixed it, BY DOING ALL FOR THE BEST. The Whigs, too, despise me, but what do I care, Since I am promoted, to the Speaker's Old Chair: "A cool hundred" I'll make, which will ease my poor breast, And the world will agree, I'VE DONE ALL FOR THE BEST. For the Star of the North. A Reminiscence. MESSRS. WEAVER & GILMORE : The recent open defection of Sena tor Best from our party affords a convenient opportunity to review the manner of his no mination, and I therefore wish to say a few words on that subject. It is clear that Best was the choice of a large minority of the par ty when he was nominated. In the Colum bia County Convention the final vote stood, 25 to 21; our townships each being repre sented by two votes. In the Luzerne Con vention the vote stood 33 to 5 against him— each township there being repiesented by 1 delegate. So that in the Senatorial district the choice by townships stood as follows: For Mr. Buckalew: Columbia, 10} Luzerne, 33 43} For Mr. Best: Columbia, 12} Luzerne, 5 l7} Majority against Best, 26 And yet he was nominated under the usa ges of the party, the conferees of the two Conventions standing two against two ; Mr. Best's competitor magnanimously declining to be a candidate, undei the circumstances, to divide or disorganize the party. It is but justice to him further to say ; that he never asked the nomination,and that he could have obtained it without difficulty if he had desir ed it, and that along with this he could not anticipate the depth of rascality which Best has displayed. But from this plain statement of facts, it is indisputable [hat Best was the choice of a small minority of the district,and not of the majority of the Democratic party. Besides, in order to get nominated he poured out pledges and promises in all direcliions, which the result shows he intended to falsify and/iolate. He was nominated, so far. as this county was concerned, from a generous and magnanimous desire to conciliate his section, deal justly with all interests, and pro mote the harmony of the party. His subse quent acts of treason are therefore peculiarly wicked, ungrateiul and scandalous. The peo ple have however learned a lesson that will not soon be forgotten ; and that is, to nomi nate men that can be trusted without pledges. A DEMOCRAT. Pittsburg Municipal Election. PITTSBURG, Jan. 9. At an election held yesterday, for Mayors and Councilmen, Mr. Joseph Barker was e lected Mayor of this city by 270 majority, and HughS. Fleming, Whig, Mayor of Alle gheny. The Whig Council ticket have been elected, Mr Barker, the Mayor elect, is confined in prison, but he will be released to-day. [There wore three candidates for the May orally in the city of Pittsburg : Robert Mc Cutcheon the Whig nominee ; John B. Gu thrie, Democrat, not regularly nominated, but recommended, as an indepent candidate by the Democratic party; and Joseph Barker whom our correspondent denotes as tho Bi ble candidate.] Ohio Democratic State Convention. COLUMBUS, Jan. 9. Reuben Wood, was nominated as a candi date for Governor, on the sixth ballot, by the Democratic Stale Convention. The vote stood. Wood 164, Medill 113, Lowe 20. More Annexation. BALTIMOBF., Jan. 13—6 P. M. The Soutnern mail due this evening, carao through. The Picayune his private accounts from Jamaica, from which we learn that the people of that [place were making strong moves lor annexation to the United States. Maryland 11. S. Senator. ANNAPOLIS, Jan 10. The State Legislature, to-day, elected ex- Governor Pratt United States Senator, for the unexpired term of the Hon Reverdy John son, and for six years, commencing with the first session of the thirty-second Congress. A UNION of the Franklin and Marshal Col leges, of this State, is talked of, the new college to be loeated at Lancaster City, and the title to be Franklin Marshall College. „THB BOSTON CHBONOTYPF. is no more. The editor on Saturday had the mournful du ly of writing its epitaph. lie says—"lf it had told less truth in its life, it would not be lying now in death/' PENNSYLVANIA LEGISLATURE. HARRISRURO, Wednesday. Jan. 9, 'SO. SENATE. —Mr. Konigmacher, an applica tion from the President and Directors of the Farmers' Bank of Lancaster, asking the re charter of said bank. Mr Shimer. a petition from citizens of Northampton, praying for the incorporation of a Bank at Boston. Mr Drum, a petition from citizens of Jeffir son Co., praying the erection of a new coun ty, to be called Mahoning. Mr Muhlenberg, from the Committee on the Judiciary, presented a report unfavorable to petitions of Homestead exemption, with a resolution asking to be discharged from fur ther consideration of said petition. Mr Darsie presented a petition from citi zens of Allegheny county, praying the pas sage of a general Banking law, &c. A report of committee, granting pensions, was read, extending the right of application to the Widows of Revolutionary Soldiers, who were married prior to 1800, an exten sion of fivo years. The Senate confirmed the nomination of Jacob Hammer as Associate Judge of Schuyl kill county. HOUSE.—Mr Porter, from the Committee on the Judiciary, read a bill relating to the salaries of certain Judges, with amendments. Jan. 10th. SENATE. —Mr Crabb presented a memori al from the Beaver Meadow Railroad Com pany, relative to the issuing of additional stick. Mt Frailey presented a petition from citi zens of Schuylkill couaty, in favor of the An thracite Bank. Mr Cunningham presented a petition from the boatmen navigating on the Pennsylva nia Canal asking that the locks may be closed en the Sabbath day. Mr Darsie presented a memorial from the stockholders of the Exchange Bank of Pitts burg, asking an extension of charter. Mr Drum, from the Committee oti Judici ary, reported a bill providing for the election of Attorney General, with recommendation that said bill be negatived. The bill for the permanent creation of the office of State Printer, was taken up and passed. Bills Read in P lace. —Mr Fricb, an act to incorporate Odd Fellows' Hall Association! Northumberland county. Mr Matthias offerred the following resolu tion : Resolved, That the Apportionment Com mittee be instructed to inquire into the ex pediency of so districting the Slate as to form one hundred separate representative dis tricts, each to elect one member of the House of Representatives. Laid on the table. HOUSE. —The Speaker presented the mem orial of the late Convention of Editors and Printers hold in this Borough ; also a peti" tion from the new county of Mahoning. Mr McClintock presented the petition of the stockholders of the Exchange Bank at Pittsburg, asking for a recharter. Messrs Cessna and Smith presented peti tions from the Seventh day Baptists, asking for the repeal of the laws of 1784. Mr Williams presented a petition, asking for a repeal of the present school law, and the establishment of the school law of 1842. as far as Bucks county is concerned. Mr Myers, one for a new bank at Easton Mr Porter, one from the boatmen of the Pennsylvania Canal, asking that the lock may be closed on the Sabbath. Mr Grier, a petition in favor of the county of Lr.ckawena. Mt Laird, for the amendment of the poor house law in Westmoreland county. Bills Read in Place. —Mr Beaumont, a bill incorporating the Wilkesbarve Water Com pany. Mr Coryngham, a bill relative to arbitra tions. Jan. 11th. Mr Crabb, a petition from citizens of the Northern part of Luzerne connty, ir. favor of the new county, "Lackawanna." Mr Drum, a petition and the proceedings of a meeting in favor of a new county, "Pine." Mr Lawrence presen'ed ten petitions from a new county to be called "Montour." Mr Streeter, two petitions in favor of a new county, "Lackawanna." Mr Koningmacher—"An Act for the re charter of the Lancaster County Bank. Mr Lawrence—An Act for New County to be called Montour. Mr Streeter— A supplement to the act for the exemption of property to the value of S3OO from distress for rent. Jan. 12th. The Speaker laid before the Senate, the Report of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. Also, petitions for the new coun ty to be called "Montour." Mr Crabb presented memorials from citi zens of Pittsburg, praying for the establish* ment of a general Banking Law in this Com monwealth. HOUSE. —Mr Biddle, (Corporations) a sur plcmentary act to the charter of the Potts ville and Danville Railroad Co.. Mr Schofield, an act for the removal of the ceunty seat of Elk to St. Mary's. Mr Stone, to extend the jurisdiction of Jus tices of the Peace to jury liials, in certain cases. Mr Laird, to amend the School Law, so as to allow persons over twenty-one years of age to attend the Public Schools. January 14th. SENATE. —Mr Darsie presented a memorial praying for the repeal of the S3OO exemp tion law of 1849 Mr D. also presented a petition from citizens of Allegheny county, praying for the passage of a general Bank ing Law. Mr Laurence, for the incorporation of a Bank at Kutztown. ] HOUSE. —Mr McClintock, tor a General Banking Law.—Also, for an increase in the •alary of the Associate Judges. Mr Marx presented a petituion from citi zens of Lehigh, asking the repeal of the ex emption law of 18 49. Mr Porter presented a petition, afiking a renewal of charter for the Easton Bank. Mr McCuHongh a supplement to an act to | enable creditors to attach property in the I hands of Administrators. [From the New York Tribune oj yesterday.'] TWO WEEKS LATER FROM CALIFORNIA. We last night received the subjoined des patch, made up at San Francisco by our As sociate, Bayard Taylor, who is now in Cali fornia. It came to us dated New JOrleans, January 9th, having reached New York by the telegraph wires on the same day it was received at the Southwestern Metropolis. The canvars of votes cast at the State E lection shows that about 15,000 were given in all, a smaller number than that of the cit izens edtitled to vote and much smaller than was anticipated. Peter 11. Burnett is elected Governor, and John McDougal Lieutenant Governor. The members elect to the U. S. House of Repre sentatives are George W. Wright and Ed ward Gilbert. All these gentlemen are Dem ocrats. Of the complexion of the Legisla ture, or the prospect as to tho candidates for U. S. Senator, there is nothing decisive to be added to the advices by the Panama, which were up to Nov. 15. No disturbance of any kind had occurred here or in other regions of California since the sailing of the last steamer. Public order throughout the whole country is completed. Labor is becoming constantly cheaper at San Francisco, on account of the great number of persons' coming down from the Mines to spend the winter, and seeking occupation in every department of industry. The prices of vegetable? here are enormous, owing to iheir scarcity, and_ in fact the necessaries of life generally aro much higher than they were this time last year. Heavy boots are now selling at San Francisco, at the rate al most unimaginable to any one but a Califor nian of ninety-six dollars a-pair. The growth of this city is still without parallel even in the records of magic. It now numbers twenty thousand regular in habitants, to say nothing of the vast num ber of its transient population. Commerce with other ports is growing more and more active, and the Bay no longer presents the spectacle of a desert of inactive shipping. The departures of vessels during the month of November equalled the arrivals in num ber; and the trade with all parts of the Pa cific is not only becoming active but regular, and is steadily undergoing a vast increase. Freight from Stockton to the Diggings is seventy-five cents per pound Flour at Stockton is Si per lb., and other articles in the same proportion. The quantity of gold dug still continues to increase. The yield of the river bars is great; they are as rich as ever. Companies are now being formed to work the strata of quartz, which are very rich in gold. Tests which have been made in San Francisco give from one dollar and a half to three dol lars worth of gold from every pound sf quartz. The Carpenters at Sacramento city made a strike for higher wages, as they were only paid sl2 a day, whereupon the contractors settled the difficulty by raising their wages to SIG. The weather hero is delightful. The air is bland and balmy as an Italian summer, and the hills around the bay are already co vered with afresh crop of grass. Yours truly, BAYARD TAVT.OR. IMPROVEMENTS IN READING. —There wore 192 new buildings erected in Reading last year and 47 repairod. The Gazette says, of the 192 new buildings above enumerated 18 were framfo dwellings and 6 brick stables. The remaining number, 168, were substan tial brick dwelling-houses, mostly 2i and 3 stories high. The list of permits never in cludes all the new buildings, as 'there are houses constantly going up for which no per mits are taken out. Adding these, the num ber of new buildings is estimated at 250. In 1843 ttaere were 98 buildings erected ; 1844, 120 j in 1845, 184; in 184G, 246; in 1847, 460; and in 1848, 318. The improve ments during the past year have fallen con siderable short of tho two last proceeding years. CALIFORNIA GOLD. —The quantity of gold bullion imported from California iuto New York, during the year 1849, is estimated by a correspondent of tho Journal of Commerce at nearly seven millions and a half—nearly four millions by the steamers and storeships and the rest by passengers. ty Millions of Pigions have been filling the woods for miles around Fronklin, Tenn., for several weeks past. They have a roost several miles in extent in Hickman county, and with a torch and club the people sally forth at night and bring home their Kama by meal bags full. tW By reference to our legislative pro ceedings it will be seen that the Senator of broken pledges has introduced his bill for the now county ol Montour. VIRGINIA. —The white population of Vir ginia has increased 146,717 from 1810 to 18. 49, which is 16 54 per cent., upon tho whole white population of the foimer year. Tho whole white population is estimated at 887, 717. TUB Matchmaker, by the author of the Jilt, and tho Nun, or the Inside of tho Convent, arc two now tales just published and for sale by T. B. Peterson. TJIRKATEMNU LLTTLRS —Lewis Ostinell has been sentenced, in Boston, to two years' imprisonment in the State Prison for sending threatening letters to another pe.-on, to ex i tort money. tyJacobHatnmer, Esq., has been appoin ted associate judge of Schuylkill county. pyGcn. t jliazy and the othet Hungarian exiles ate now in Washington city.