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quiro au augtnontallon of I ho army.
The volunteer forco has already boon
reduced by tho discharge from tcrvioe of
tvnr eight hundred thousand troops, and
tho Department is proceeding rapidly Sn
the work of further reduction. 'J ho war
cUimates aro reduced from S5l0,210,im
to $83,811,101, which nmouut,in tho opin
ion of tha Department, ia adequalo for a
tioaco celablishmcnt. Tho moaturcn of re
trenchment in oaob Bureau and hranoh of
8crvico cxhibt a dillcent eootiomy worthy
of oommendation. llofornnoo i also mado
in tho report to tho necessity of ptovidluii
for a uniform militia system, and to tho
propriety of making suitable provision for
wounded and disabled officers and eoldiors.
Tho revenue svstcni of tho country is a
mibjeot of vital intcrost to its honor and
prosperity, and should oomuitvnd tho earn
est consideration of Congress, The Sec
retary of tho Treasury will lay boforo you
a full and detailed report of tho receipts
and disbursements of tho last fiscal year,
of the first quarter of tho present fiscal
yoar, of the piobablo receipts and expen
ditures or othc ther thrco quarters, and
the estimato for tho year following the
aOth of June, 1800. I might contont my
self with a rofereuco to that report, in
which you will Cnd all the information re
quired for your deliberations and decision,
But tho paramount importance of the sub
ject so presses itiolf on my own miud,that
X cannot but lay boforo you my views of
the measures which arc rcqtnreu tor tuo
good charaotcr, and, I might also say, for
the existence ol this pooplo.
Tho life of a republio lies certainly in
. the energy, virtuo and intelligence of its
citizens, but it ia equally true that a good
revenue system is the life of an orgauized
novernmeut. I meet vou at a time when
the nation has voluntarily burdened itself
with a debt unprecedented in our annals.
Vast as is its amount, it. fades away into
nothing when compared with tho countless
blessings that will be conferred upon our
country and upon man by tho preservation
of the nation's life. Now, on the first oc
casion of tho meeting of CoDgrcss sinco
the return of peace, it is of the utmost im
portanoo to inaugurate n just policy ,vhich
shall at onco be put in motion, and which
shall commend itself to thoso who oome
after us for its continuance,
We must aim at nothing less than tho
complete effaccment of tho financial evils
that necpssari v tolloweu a taic 01 civil
war. Wo must onuoavor 10 appiy mo i
earliest rcmody to the deranged state of tie
currency, and not shrink from devising a
policy which, without bring oppressive to
the people, shall immediately begin to ef
fect a reduction of the debt, and, if per
sisted in, dischargo it fully within a defi
nitely fixed number of years.
It is our Grst duty to preparo id earnest
for our recovery from the over-increcsing
evils of an irredeemable curroney, with
out a sudden revulsion, and yet( without
untimely procrastination. For that end
wo must, each in our respective positions,
prepare tho way. I hold it the duty of
the Executive to insist upon frugality in
tho expenditures ; and a sparing economy
is itself a great national, resource Of tho
banks to which authority has been givon
to issue notes secured by bonds of the
United States, wo may requiro tho great
est moderation and prudenco, and the law
must be rigidly enlorced when its limits
Wo may, each ono of us, counsel our
active and enterprising countrymen to be
constantly on their guard, to liquidate
debts contracted in a paper currency, and,
by conducting business as nearly as possi
ble on a system of cash pay menta,or short
credits, to hold themselves proparod to ro
turn to tho standard of gold and silver.
To aid our fellow-citizens in the prudent
management of their monetary attain, the
amy uevoivcs on us to uimtnicti, uy iaw,
the amount of papor money now in circu
lation. Five years ago tho bank nolo circulation
of tho country amounted to not much
more trfan two bundr.cd millions. Now tho
circulation, bank and national, exceeds
seven hundred millions. Tho simple state
ment of tho fact recommends moro strong
ly than any words of mine could do, the
necessity of our mlrainingthis expansion.
The gradual reduction of tho currency ia
. . -, , . ... .if- ! i. i , i
the oaly measure that oan save the busi '
nest of tho country from disastrous calam
Hies; and this cau.be almost impercepti
bly accomplished by gradually funding Iho
national circulation in securities that may
bo made redeemable at tho pleasure of the
Our debt is doubly secure Grit in tho
actual wealth and still greater undeveloped
resources of tho country ; and next in tho
character of our institutions. The most
intelligent observers among politioal econ
omists havo not failed to remark, that the
public debt of a country is salo in propor
tion as its peoplo nro free ; that tho dobt
of a republio is tho safest of all, Our
history confirms and establishes tho theo
ry, and is 1 firmly believe,- destined to
givo it a still more signal illustration.
The secret of this superiority springs
not merely from th fact that in a republio
tho national obligations aro distributed
more widely through countless numbers in
all classes of society ; it has its root in tho
character of our laws. Hero all mca con
tribute to the public wclfare,and bear their
fair sbaro;of tho public burdeni. During
tho war, under the impulses of patriotism
tha men of tho great tody of tho people,
without regard to their own comparative
want of wealth, thronged to our armies
and filled our fleots of war, and held them
selves ready to offer their lives for tho pub
lic good, Now, in their turn, the proper
ty and income of tho country should bear
their just proportion of tho burden of tax
ation, whilo in our impost system, through
moans of which inoreased vitality is inei-
dently imparted to all tho industrial inter
ests of the nation, the tlutios shou d be so
adjusted as to fall most heavily on articles
of luxury, leaving the necessaries of life
as (reo from taxation as the ab.'oluto wants
of tho Government, economically admin
istered, will justify. No favored class
should demand froedom from assessmout,
and the taxes should bo so distributed as
not to fall unduly on tho poor, but rather
on tbo accumulated wealth of the country.
Wc should look at the national debt just
as it u not as a national blessing, but as
a heavy burden on tho industry of the
country, to bo discharged with unnecessa
It is estimated by tho Secretary of the
Treasury that the expenditures for tho fis
cal ytar ending the 130th of June, 1800,
will exceed tho racolnts $113,104,017 Itl
is gratifying, however, that It Is also rsii-
inatotl tli tt tuo revenuo lor tho yoar end
ing tho UOth of June, 1807, wlllcxcocd'
the expenditures in tho uiu of lll,0'28,
818. This amount, or sn much ns may
be deemed sufficient for the purpose, may
bo applied to tho rcduoltou of tho public
debt, which, on the 81st day of October,
1805, was 2,740, 854, 750.
Evory reduction will diminish tho total
amount of interest to bo paid, and so on
largo tho moans of still further reductions,
until tho wholo shall bo liquidated ; and
thii, as will bo scon from tho estimates of
tho Secretary of tho Treasury, may bo
accomplished by annual payments even
within a period not exceeding thirty years.
I have faith that we shall do all this with
in a reason alio timo, that, as we havo
amazed the world by tho suppression of a
civil war which was thought to bo boyond
tuo oontrol ot any iiovrrumcnt.so wo will
equally show tho superiority of our insti
tution by tuo prompt and faithful dis
charge of our national obligations.
iuo Department of Agriculture, undor
its prc3cntdircction,is nccompliihing muoh
in developing and utilizing the vast agri
cultural capabilities of tho country, and
for information respecting the detail: of its
management reference is mado to tho an
nual report of the Commissioner.
I have dwelt thus fully on our domestic
affairs becauso of their transccudant im
portance. Under any circumstances, our
great extent ol territory and variety of
climate,- producing almost everything that
is necessary for thu wants, and even tho
comforts of man, mako us singularly in
dependent of tho varying policy of foreigu
Powers, and protect us against every tempt
ition to "entangling alliances," while at
iho present niomont tho re-establishment
of harmony, and tho strength that comes
from harmony, will bo our best security
against "nations who feel power aud for
For myself, it has been and it will bo
my constant aim to iromolo peace- and
amity with all foreign nations aud power.-;
and I have every reason to believe that
they all, without exception, arc animated
by tho sntno disposition, Our relations
with tho Emperor of China, so recent in
their origin, aro mot friendly. Our com
merce with his dominions is receiving new
developments ; and it is very pleasing to
find that tho Govcrumont of that ereat
inninirn mnnilVltq H.Hl.fnpfinn c!ll nnr lint.
: - :1Kf n.rnnrl ;,, ,u rnl..
icy,and reposes just confidence in the fair
ness which makes our intercourse.
Tho unbroken harmony between tho
United States and tho Emperor of Russia
is receiving a new support from an enter
prise designed to carry telegraphic lines
across the continent of Asia, through his
dominions, and so to connect us with all
Europe by a now channel of intercourse.
Our commcrco with South America is
about to receive encouragement by a di
rect lino of mail steamships to the rising
empiro of Brazil. The distinguished par
ty of men of soienco who have recently left
our country to inake a scientific csplora
t on of the natural history, and rivers and
mountain ranges of that region, have re
ceived from the Emperor that generous
welcome which was to havo been cxpeot
cd from his constant friendship for tho
United Statc3, and his well-known zial in
promoting tho advancement of knowlcdgo.
A hope is entertained that our commerce
with tho rich and populous couutrics that
border on tho Mediterranean Sea may ho
largely increased. Nothing will be want
ing on tho part of this Government; to ex
tend the protection of our flag over the en
terprise for our fellow-citizens. We re
ceive from the powers in that region as
surances of good will ; and it is worthy of
note that a special envoy has brought us
mcat-aHCs ol condolence on too dcatli ot
onr ia,D cAuet Manictrato from the Bav
.... . ----- - - -- ..J
of Tunis-, whoso rule includes the eld do
minions of Carthago on tho African coast
Our domestio contest, now happily end
ed, has left some traces in our relations
will. nnn. nt Irnst. of Hin rrrpnt mar.itimf!
Powers. Tho formal accordance of bd- ouou mo 10 repeat with solemnity tho
ligercnt rights to the insurgent States was' pledges of our fathers to hold ourselves
unprecedented, and has not boen justified i auewerablo beforo our fellow-men for tha
by the issue. liut in tho systems or neu- j succcs of tho republican form of govcru
trality pursued by the Powers which mado '"ent. Experience has proved its suffii
that concoision, thore was a marked dif- j ccncy in peace and in war; it has vindica
fnrinnn Tlin mntortnlR nf war fnr thr In- 1 ted its authority through dangers, and
6Urient States wcio furnished, in a irrcat'
racasun, from tbo workhop3 of Great,
llritain, and I3ritih ships, manned by
British subjects and prepared for rccciv
ing Dritish armaments, sailed from tho
ports of Great Uritain to make war on
Amcrioan commcrco, under the shelter of
a commission from iho insurgent States.
Theso ships, having onco escaped from
British nort3. c?er afterwards entered 1
them in everv nart of tho world, to refit. ,
and so to renew their doprcdations. Tlio
consequences of this conduct was moat dis
astrous to iho btatca then in rebellion, in
creasing their desolation und misery by ,
tho prolongation of our civil contest. It
hail, moreover, tho tliect, to a great cx- ,
tent, to tlrivo tho American flag from tho
sea, and to transfer much of our shipping
and commerce to Hit) verv power whoso
suVjcct had created tho necessity forsuoh .
a chango. These events took pjaco beforo
I waa called to tho administration of tho
Government. The sinccro desire for peaco
by which I am animated led mo to ap
prove tho proposal, already mado, to sub
mit the questions which had thus arisen
bctweon tho two cduntrics to arbitration:
These questions aro of such moment
that thoy must have commanded tho atten
tion of the groat powers, and aro ao inter
woven with tho peaco and interest of every
ono of them as to havo insured an impar
tial decision. I regret to inforn you that
Great Uritain declined tho arbitrament,
but; on tho other hand, invited us to tho
formation of a joint commission to settle
mutual claims between tho two countris.
(from which thoao for tho depredations beo-
foro mentioned should be excluded, 'Iho
proposition in that very unsatisfactory
form, has been ueclincu.
Tho United Statos did not present this
object as an impeachment of the good
faith of a power which was prolossmg tuo
most friondly dispositions, but as involving
questions of publio law, of winch tho set
tlement is essential to tho peace of a uaiion;
and although pecuniary reparation lo thir
injured citizens would havo followed inci
dentally on a dicision against Groat Brit
ain, Biioh compensation was not their pri
mary object. Thoy had n higher inotivo,
and it was in tho interests of peaco and
justice to establish important principles of
international law. The oorrcspondcaoo
will be plaood befoio you.
Tho ground ou which the British Min
ister rests his justification Is substantially,
that tho municipal law of a nation, and tho
domcstlo interpretations of that law, aro
tho measure of Its duty as a neutral, and
1 feel hound to declare my opinion beforo
you aud beforo the world; that that jiistiQ
catlou oanuot bo sustained before tho tri
bunal of nations. At tho same timo I do
not adviso to any present attempt ut ro
drcss by aots of legislation. For thu fu
ture, friendship between tho two oonutrics
must rest on tha basis of mutual justice.
From tho moment of tho establishment
of our frco Constitutionals civilized world
has boen oonvulsed by resolutions in tho
iniercits of democracy or of monarchy ;
but through all thoso revolutions the
United States have wisely and (irmly re
fined tobecomo propagandists or republi
canism. It is the only govornmcnt suited
to our condition; but wu have novcr sought
to impose it on others : and we have con-
sistcutly followed the advico of Washing
ton to recommend it only by tho carolul
preservation and prudent use of the blocs
ing Buring all the intervening period
tho policy of Europeau Bowers aud of
the United States has, on tho wholo, been
harmonious. Twice indeed rumors of tho
invasion of somo part' of America to the
iutcrest of monarchy have prevailed; twice
my predecessors have had an occasion
to anuounco tho views of this nation in
tospect to such interference. On both
occasions tho remonstrance of tho United
States was rcspct'-d from a deop convic
tion on tho part of Euro; can Governments
that the hystuui of lion interference and
mutual abttinenco from propagandise was
the truo rule for tha two hemisphere.
Since times wo havo advauccd in woalth
and power ; but wo retain the same pur
pose to leave tho nations of Europo to
choose their own dynasties aud form thoir
own s)6tPius of government. This con
sistent moderation may justly demaud a
j enrrotponding moderation. Wo should
regatd it as a great calamity to ourselves
to the cause ol good government and to
the peace of tho world should any Euro
pean Power challengo tho American poo
plo as it wero to the defence of ropublio
ism against foreign interference. Wc can
not foresee and ate unwilling to consider
what opporlunili' s might present them
, solves what oomb. nations might offer to
protect ourselves against designs mimical
to our form of government. The United
States desire to act in the futuro as they
havo ever acted herclolorej they never will
I bo driven from that course but by the ag
gression of European Power.1; aud wo rely
on the wiidom and justice ot thoso lV.v
ors to respect tho system of nou-iutcrfcr-enco
which has so long been sanctioned
by time and whioh by its good results,
has approred itself to both continents.
Thu correspondence between the United
States aud France in relureocc to questions
which havo become subjects of discussion
between thu to Governments will at a
proper timo ho laid before congress.
When ou the organization of ouv govern
ment under the Constitution the President
of the United States delivered his inaugu
ral address to the twu Houses of Congress
ho said to them and thiough them to the
country and to mankind that ''the preser
vation of tho suered fire ot liberty and
the destiny of tho republicau model of
government are justly considered deeply
perhaps as finally staked on tho experi
ment intrusted to tho American people. '
And the House of lleprasentitives answer
ed Washington by the voico of Madison :
" We adoro tho invisible hand which has
led the American peoplo through so many
difficulties to ohorisb a conscious respon
sibility for the destiny of republican lib
orty." Moro than seventy-six years havo
glidsd away since these words wero spo
ken. tho United States have passed through
severer trials than wero foreseen; aud
now at this new epoch in our cxistenco as
one nation with our Union purified with
our sorrows aud strengthened by conflict
and established by thu virtue of tho peoplo
IUO CrealnesS 01 tllO Occasion invites US
afflictions aud sudden and terrible etner
goncios wnicn wouiu navo crusncu any
system mat nau neen less urmiy uxcu m
tuo Heart 01 me people. At tue iuau"uri-
tien of Washington tho foreign relations
for the country were few and its trado was
deprotscd by hostile regulations; now all
thu civilized nations of the globo welcome
our couiniirco aud their Governments pro.
loss toward) us amity, ihen our couutry
its way hesitatingly along an untried
P"th with States so little bound together
by rapid means of communication as to bo
hardly known to one anoiher aud with
traditioni extendinc over verv few years
now intorcouiso batween tho States is swift
and intimate tlio cxpcricnco of centuries
has been crowded into a few generations, ,
and has created an intense indestructible
nationality. Then our jurisdiction did
not reach beyond tbo inconvenient bound
aties of tho territory which has achieved,
independence now thvouuh occasions of
lands first colonized by Spain and France
. tho country has acquired a maio complex
character and has for its natural limits the
chain of Lakes, the Gulf of Mexico, anil
! ou tlio east and tho west the two great
oceans. Other uatious wero wasted by
( civil wars for ugc3 beforo they could C3lub
1 lish for themselves the neccessrry degree
of unity ; tlio latent conviction that our
I form of government is tho best ever
Known to tho world has ouabled ua to
omergo from civil war within four years
with a complcto vindication of tho consti
tutional authority of tho General Govern
ment, and with local liberties nnd State
institutions unimpaired. The throngs of
emigrants that crowd to our shores are
witnesses of tho confidonce of all people
in our perinauce. Here is tbo great land
' of freo labor whore indutry is blessed
unexampled ro wards and the bread of the
workiiigtnen is sweetened by the oonsoious
ncsi thit tho oatiso of thu country "is his
own cause, Lis own safety his own digni
ty." Hero every one enjoys tho free uso
of his faculties aud tho choice of activity
as a natural right. Horo under tho com
bined influenoe of a fruitful soil genial
climes and huppy institutions populations
has increased fifteen-folds within a centu
ry, Hero through tho easy development
of boundless resources wealth has incroas-
" two-iom grcator raputity tnan
numbers bo that wo havo become secure
against tho fimuioinl vicissitudes of otho
countries and tillko in buisiuess and in
opinion sre self centrod and truly indo
ntltlrtnf. Horn tnnrn llllll milra l:trn 14
glvon to provido education for every one
born on our soil, Hero rcliglou released
from political connection with tho civil j
government riiuso. to subsei vo tbo cralt
Ul DlUVUaUlUU iWIU UUUU'llbQ HI IW 1UUUIIWI
denco tho spetitual life of tho peoplo
Hero toloiatiou is extended to every opin
ion in the quiet certainly that truth needs
only a fair llolil to secure thu viotory.
tlorc tho human mind goes fourth un
shackled in thu pursuit of science to col
lect stores of knowlcdgo and acquire
au-incrcasing mastery over tho forces of
nature Hero the national domain is off
ered and held in millions of seperato free
holds so that our fellow-cstizcus boyond
occupants of any other part of tho earth
coostituto in reality a pooplo. Hero exists
tha democratic form of government; and
that form of novcramcnt by tho confession
of European statesman, ''gives a power of
which no other form is capable, because it
incorporates ovcry man with the Stats,
aud arouso ovcry thing that belongs to the
Where, in past history does a parllel
exist to tho public happiness which is with
in tho roach of tho people of the United
States? Whuro, in any pait of the globe
can Instiutions bo found so suited to thoir
habits or so ontitlod to their love as their
own frco Constitution ? Every ono of
them thou in whatever part ol tho land
ha has his homo must wish its prosperity.
Who of thoin will not uow acknowledge,
in tho words of Wa.-hinlon, that "every
step bv which the pooplo of tho Uuitcd
States havo advanced to tlio character of
au independent nation seems to have been
distinguished by some token of Providen
tial agenoy I" Who will not join with me
in prayer that tho invisible hand which
has Itiad us through tho clouds that gloom
ed around oar path will so guide m on
ward to a perfeet restoration of fraternal
affection that wo of this day mav bo able
to transmit our great inheritance of State
Ci'ovcrnmeits lu all their rights of the
Goueral Governments in its whole consti
tutional vigor lo cur posterity and thoy to
their through countless generation-! I
Washington, December 4, 1805
EDIT I ID BY LU.V1 I.. TATE, FHUPUlHTOa.
Saturday Morning;, Dec. 16, '65.
.Tonna ISarnin-nr. v Emanuel Ashton
Eieetment Freeze for PllJ-Claik for
Deft Judgment for Plahtiif.
Abraham Djwoi-, vs Abigail Mowor
Libel for divorce Preezo for Libcllant
Wbitmovcr for ltofDondent. Divorce de-
nrnnA An .l.nnailinnu. I
Lticvann 31. Tcenle. vs ltobert Teenlo
Libel for Divorce-Freeze for Libcllant. ,
Divorce decreed on depositions
ri 1.1. ni I.... i.v.1. T...i:..
... . , . , 1 ho is attending to the proper duties ol thu
mout relusing to raecivo a legal vote, as 1 0 ,
Inspector of Election, in Hoarin-crcek 1 'residency 1 u that department. Iho re
township. The objectiou was that Henry ' organization of Slate governments, the
Fry, the Prosecutor had been drafted and . catablishmeut of tho several States ou sal
had failed to report. Little, Freeze and ! id fQUIlJalioU!j ot- Bcir.governmcnt-thusc
Diockway for Oomth Clatk for Defend- , , . 0 ,.
.,nr. Thn wna nnruetl to tha Jar bv "ud tuc OUipauyiUg pro -ccdings are to
Mr. Clark, who admitted that tho act of
Congress under which the vole was reject
ed, did uot touch tlio question, and that
Henry Fry was entitled to vote that such
had,been his expressed opinion 011 iho
point both before anil since the olection,
and that he would uot now pretend to thu
Court aud Jury that tho vote had boon le-
gaily rejected. lie rested the defence upon
tho rouud that Lck did not reject tuo '
, U1U UUI Ul lUipi lUUIIIkD
Col. Freeze arerued tho caso for the
Commonwealth, and urged that tho De
fendant's previous knowlcdgo of tho right
of Henry Fry to vote his open disregard
of tho laws of Pennsylvania which pre
scribed his duties, and within whose pro
visions Henry Fry clearly showed hinuolf
to como his threat to unset tuo election
if tho voto was received, and his wilful
decision of tho question of Fry's right to
vote, illegally aud against tho oath pre-
scribing aud limiting his duties, would au-.
thorizo hia conviction.
After a very able and lucid opinion trom ,
tho Commonwealth which w ! forbear to,
give any synopsis, becauso wo learn that j
tho District Attornoy has requested it for '
publication, tho Jury found Charles Eck '
Oomth. vs James II. Ityan-Indictment,
larceny. Little for Cotnth ltishel for
Delt. Guilty. Sentence S5, fine, tho
costs of prosecution, and three mouths to
County j ail.
Comth vs Thomas S'odd, Indiotment
larecuy. Littlo for Comth. Brockway
and Datkley for Deft. Guilty and sen
tenced to Penitentiary for twenty-two
1 Oomth vs Joseph II. Long, Indictment
larceny. Liitlo aud Spinney for Comth
Clark and Frcze for Defendant verdict
Comth. vs Wm. Stettlcr, Indictment,
manslaughter, Liitlo, Ilaughawoul and I
.breeze lor Uoinlh , Ularu, opinney,
L'Vcllo aud Baldy for Defendant. De
fendant was a Constable and rested his
caso under the evidence upou tho ground
that he was in the dischargo of his official
duties, and that deceased resisted the pro
cess ; antl death having occurred in the
ssulllo with tho Constable, it was juslifiablo.
The oaso having gone to tho Jury, thoy
returod a verdict of '-not guilty."
Tho Grand Jury made tbo following re
7b I he Honorable Judges of the Court of
Common Pkasjwiv comprising u C ourt
of Quaiter Hasions of the peace in anil
Jor the county of Uolwiibiu :
Tho Grand Inquest of tho Common
wealth of Pennsylvania enquiring for the
body of tho Couuty of Columbia, respect
fully repot t :
That wo havo examined iho publio build
ings belonging to the County and find
ihtm in good repair. Wo would respeol
fully recommtnd that lamps bo procured
and placed in front of thu Court Uouio for
tho safety and convenience of tho publio.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
IitAM DEiut, Foreman.
Court adjounred on Saturday evening,
no Ecssion having boon held on Thursday,
t$t- Julian MEKiin'iui.D'H letter next
week, Also, ''Gkay Beaiui."
Tho President's Mcsaagc.
This dooumont, whioli wo lay boforo our
readers this morning, says tho Journal
"j lommtrce, is ono 01 tuo most important
ever presented to tho consideration of
Congress and tho people, Tho President
reU0gUiaQ3 1,0 responsibility whioh rests on
him aud docs not fat I , to indie ale that ro
cogiiitiou. It is a pleaturo to read his
olcar, striking scnlonoes, tho untli.'guiscd
utterances of n4man who thus approcitca
his position aud dutius. Tho stylo of tho
mcsaago pUocs it very far abovo anything
of its kind for many years. It is ablo,
viger6us, aud, us it approaches tho conclu
sion, rises lo eloquence seldom equaled,
pcrhapj never surpassed in any Amcrioan
Stalo paper. It will take rank among
tho noblo documeuls of our history, and
we may bo pardoned tho expression of a
bopo that it is tho iuauguration of a return
to that style of mcssagu which lias not for
a long peiiod been in uso at Washington,
but whieh will bo acceptable to all cultiva
ted men who admiro and chorish purity
anil olegauco in the English language.
Tho tono of tho message ia in a high
dogroo satisfactory to patriotic men. Wo
look uithsiucere pleasure on tho repeated
rclercnccs to and quotations from Wash
jugton. It is manifest that Mr. Johnson
has fixed his eyes on, aud learned well
tho lessons of tho early days of the Uuion.
He means to bo a disciple and follower of
the Fathers, Ho takes tho Constitution
itself as his guide tho guido which alono
can lead tho nation to tho high seats of
prosperity and poaco which ho points out
beforo us. llo teaches tho doctrinea of
good old daj'3. Thcro aro points on
which perhaps he might havo spokon to
our satisfaction ,'but chooses to rcmaiu si
lent. Ho is doubtless tho bestjudgoof
tho propriety of silenco or speech on ouch
point?. As a wholo, tho tone of theses
sago is likely to bo acceptable to conser
vative men, aud if they do not wholly
agree with his views on all the subjects of
which ho treati. they cannot I41I to rrjoico
at the firm determination indicated by tho
President; so far as in him lios,to preserve
both the Union and tho States which
iorm the Uuion.
Upou tho Bubjeet of reconstruction he'
draws tho line very plainly between the!
duties) of the Executive nnd tho duties of
Cungross, Ho informs the two Houses of
I Congress that ho has adopted a ccituiti
I geueral hnj of policy, aud liu gives the
for it. He does uot say, but ho
to be mferred, that the whole
subject of uiilitary(rulc in the Southern
j tstatcs is within his discretion, and that
he tho aots of tho peoplo of the States
The President makes kuowu on what
terms aud under what) guarantees ho pro
puses to withdraw military rule and per.
mit the.exorciae of sclf-governmuut. With
reference to representation in Congress, he
submits that matter to tho Houses where
.( M It ig ,lot within his depart-
... - ..... , .,
ment, and it is within theirs. It would
1 ment, and it is
seem ai if this was about all that is left for
them to attend to.
Ou tho negro question ho states dis
tinctly thu doctrine that tho Oenural Gov
ernment has nothiing to do with tho i lut us
of the negro in tha States, but that this is
purely within tho control of tho peoplo of
mo several otaii.
-)u the great question of tho day, that
whioh throws tho negro into tho shade
(Mr. Sumner aud Mr. Stevens to tho cod-
trary notwitbtauding), the fiuances, tho
, , . , .
tho debt, Mr. Johnson
speaks words ol soberness aud wisdom,
Such words coming from a President
uavo a 500(i 0& s,0uud that is pleasant to
our ears- Wc need not point out to our
readers how thoroughly ho expresses ideas
and iueuloates duties which wo have been
for months urging as tho necessary and
practicable steps toward a redeomablo cur
rency. Stop extravagant expenses, check
tho outgoing stream aud show an income
greater than tho necessary disbursements
ol tbu government. This is tho first groat
step in tho right direction.
Upou our foreign relations the message
is suggestive. When we havo the corres
pondence with France, to whioh allusion is
mado, wo shall know more about that.
Tho oourso of Great Britain is character
ized in a few strong sentences which arc
j legible and intelligible to nil who know the
language. In theso few clear phrases he
sums up the whule story of tho long cor
respondence. Wo shall not attompt any digest of tho
inossago. Every one will read it carfully
and thoroughly. Tho concluding portions!
aro eloquent and imprcssivo, full of prom
ise, hope-giving and oheerful. Wc do
uot look 011 tho bright side so steadfastly
as to adopt tlio views or accept tho proph
ecics of Iho President in all their length j
and breadth. But wo hope with him and 1
aro ready to work with him, for their ful-,
filuiout. May he bo correct, und realize ,
his expectation!, .Ho will not, unless sua-'
taincd iu the course ho has marked out,
by the people of tha wholu country. Wo I
foresee that ho will need support against 1
some of tho moo who placed him in power,
If he pursues tho general policy laid down ,
in this message, firmly adhering to tho
Conititution, and opposing with oalm front
tho revolutionists who would still divido
tho Union, ho will not lack that support 1
from many of his own party and from tbo
men who opposed his election,
"WJ ILL ho exposed to Publio Sdlc, at
llio Lite rrsldmico ofllllas Ulettcricluln Man
ton iovnihlii,l'oluiiitil.i county, un
j Tuesday 10;i day of Dcctmbo; 1805,
Tho following ueicriuoi vaiuaoio imrtonai inopuuy,
VAkTi2iV VALUABLE HOUSES.
rouu MtL.cn cows,
Fivo hoad of young Cattlo of blooded
slock, at Hhocp ol' tho CoUwoM litecil, II litouJ
Soivi, I Ikrar, II I'al lli:, H Hhmi'.j, all uf
tlio CliciUr county flock,
TWO FOUU HOUSE WAGONS,
Three Two Horse Wagons,
1) . i u..-! tir i oi.!l.
Viiu J'U"iiy, i 01111111: y itnuu 1 oiciiiii,
2 pair lloli ilcdH mi. I 'i two horse Slt-il, I 'lhruphmij 1
Jtaihliio, I llram Drill, 1 .Monur nn,l ltuaer, I Tun
ning Mill, hurnt'is ut nil Unit, 8,iilill. lnvn, li ir
rm. cwlllVKlorsnuil 11 roller ofUm hunt .uility, two
cr liuUK'im j, a lul oflutnbcr, I'linliu, Crowbars, irul
lines, picks ami huvcl, 1 Ulack.uillh Uullowa, a lut
nfnuw liurso nhocs and Iron, carpenter lloncli and
Grain of all kind3 by the Buahcl,
Clover Seed, Timothy Seed by tho bushel;
a lot ofl'otatoM.
I May by the I on,
' A largo lot of Oorn foddor ; Winu by I ho
U.1II011, together Willi lili cnllru
nnni8tin nf Tables. Chairs, stands. IWs
nn.l ll"iliUtiB n Secretary hiiiI 1'eivlii; Mmhlnri, nloj, 1
lent Ullld, 1 CniMin1, 1 uouiiin nnrcei onoi uuu nnu
Nnw I'iitol. with other atllclcmun numerous 0 nun-,
, tlon. t (
Sale to comrucnc at 10 0 clock A.
' M.. ul ralil dav. mid to conllnue from day to day until '
I.II li diinseil of uhrn cttclidancu will bo given und
1011U Itlons inauo Known uy
JOHN G. QUICK.
gliTiir tJIIRMIAKT. Auctioneer. Adm'r.
ll"c li, IMi-i.
"ILL be esiosed to Public Sale, at
7 f t!i.: late dwi llini! houe of Wm, Cole, deceased,
in lleiituii loivnshii, CoUiiii'jU co, m
'liitrsdai the 18t of Jtiwiart,, 18G0,
nt 1(1 o 'clork in tho rnreuoon of said day, tho follow
ini detcribi-d real i'tate. M. :
A CEUTA1N Tit ACT OF LAND,
tMtualo in II, ntnn town-hip. Coluiiibia co.. adjoining
lauds ofth.. Iii-irs of John l.auUacli 011 tin: em-t, and
citlnr lauds brimming to Hi" t'tate of tho said Win.
Uolu on tho ninth, south, and west, containing Ten
Acres morn or less, w hereon is creeled a largo unit
yufe Qy'mi jm
.... , , rj. 0 ,...,,,. I
(,'ont.iNiiii: thrco pair of tftoui's, a Saw .Mill, lhelllii
House and Hlublc.
ALSO, a certain Planttition and Tract
of Laud, siluiiti' in Hi-ntou tivp,, urori'Mtid, adjoining
lanes of li.-nj-iiiiin Drink on Hi.- north, llii" hsirs of Jnu
l.iubai-li ou III- oast, I'lfliiniirrii'kou tho nost. Mid
tin; .Mill trim tbuvc dccribtd nu thu south, conlaiii
iiiu rii; I.N'l'Y ALKl.tf, niiro or lets, uhiii-oii are
reili;d a tuo ctory
Stone Dwelling House,
A Largo Framcijutik Darn, and out-
hoiiM'S, about Villy Am s is linprnv e.l latnl.
ALSO, a eertaiu tr.ict of laud linnitc iu
lii'iiton tw'., afori'said nnd mi lilt- west side nf fish -inSiTi-elc.
ailjoiniiu' t-ind of lli-iijaiuin drink on Iho
norili. unjoining the manor tr. rt on tho miiiIIi. S.hiiiiu
llurlnnn and oilii-r. ou thu ucl and l irlmnicrrii. ou
tho cast, cuiitaiiiiii'
moro or lt-sj, aijout t enly in-ics cli-arod and tin In I
anco tinibir laud ; tln'io is 0.1 tho promisi-s a liiack
ALSO, one other tract of land ai.uatf
in Hiicailoal lp., in s.itd i-ouiity. n.ljoinini: lands of
Johiii'olf on tho uoitn, J.nob Kimhl'; and ftjiiiu':!
IIi'skoii thu south an I e-t, mid other laudj ut Wm
Colo 011 tau cast luiiuiiiinj
moro or los, ahuul rlj arr's iinjirovi,! land, the Kal
inin tiuibi-r ; timo aru uu iho pri'inisi-s a two story
liamo i!,,i'lln:i( houxo, a Irainu bam, out ball lings,
A GOOD ORCUAILD.
ALSO, a Tract of Woodland, t-iluate
in Suzarloaf two,, Mori'-aM, adjniiuio: la.i.'i, of Mnnl-Homti-y
t.'ulc and riFlunui-ri-i'k on tin rnsl, Alnus
l ulu 011 the north, oil iho t-outh by lands 01 John
ttnrlvout, on tlio uosiby otliur lands uf tho diii
dent, containing about
Tho abo c lands to be -old purruaoL to thu .iic-clioiii
uouiaiii'-d 111 thu li-,t iv ill and tustaiui-nt ol William
Coli', iti-ci'.isuit. I'oiiilitiii'is and tunns uf sale will be
n ade kiionu , n dav of s.il. by
MU i'CO.UlXV coi.n,
Tllu.llArt II. com:.
Ilieci 10:1s ur W.M. Coii:,i)in'u
ltcntou tvp, Dec. 10, 'oj Is
Fanii lor 8iile.
'he undersigned ofTeis to sell at Public
Sale, on tut' preiuisis, on
baluriluy, 30iA of December,
A Farm and Plantation, fituato in
Orauu lownsliip, Coltuubia county , Pa , about thro.?
miles from Urangi v illi- and una and a half luil.s
from Kohrtburi,'. cuiitaiuini:
about sixty ac H's of whuh is ilcan.d land, and the
ba mice in timb t. Thcro aru ircitel upoa tin said
premises u laiyo new js.
Frame Ilonso ; -
aUso, a good Los House, a neu- l'mmc lianli li.irn,
Wajjon blied and uther oiil-biiildius, with a good
A UP Li-: Oli CI I A HI),
and plenty ol I'e.ith and Cherry Trues. Also, a)nnn!
Diehard of KSuf AppU and 1'iaeli Trees, of su)curs
? mv th.
, f j- S.i
ro arc ivvo noon cprn s ana .ueauoir on eain
day , lieu one iiiluudaiicu lull be tivui and term.
ui.iuo known by
Dec. JO, U'-at
L 0.1 e to commence at lun ciocii, A. ,11. in sain
Triumph in Art.
Just is?ued-a finely Engraved Portraito
GEN. ROJiEil'l E. LEE,
Size nf engraving 'b ly 8, inrhss -, pninli d on heavy
plate paper of ih" lliu-st ipnllty l'J by 111 im hea suit
able for frainiuii or Hie portfolio of the eoniiisseur ;
ensrnvi-d on Heel by A. it Walter, rhilu.li-lphin, uf.
ter the 0r13111.1l photoinp!i from life, and published
by U. Iloliu, roiirneiitli street, I'iclin.oud Va. Ail
lifa proof I, UD si ut by null to any nddress on re
ceipt of pricj. CuiivabM'rs sUpHhed at low rates
Addicts, A. II. W M.Ti:it.
fc.')7 Nurth bth Street, l'hiladclpbla.
Dec. ID, l(?f.3.
L LOU II I !
A PrimiJ ortiolo just rccoivod
Provision titurJ id lbs, Saik 83i U.
Dec. ia. 13dj.
Ilovolver, Colt's Patent, iu excellent
order, for sale a t Ibis (Jlacc.
A good ltlFLE, fer salo cheap at this
AN EIGHT-DAY BrvASS CLOCK,
good tir.it'-pn-re, and will iii sold cheap.
Dec. ID, 1305
Return That Robe I
A good Buffalo Itohe, marked Thos. H.
Case, uf Ccniro iwp., was taken nway from the
Hotel of tlio iiiiilerKii'iied In Catawissa. on llio 01 en-
iiil! ollhe Mill of November, ami nnu marked J. 1' left
nils place. The ceullemuu who mado the i.viiuinuu
s known and If it is uof hi on returned In- will he sent
lor. It inn ba deliver d to r-auiuul It. Iliitlies, in
liliiouibburk', or thu sujtcnber iu L'uiawis.a, and nu
TJCttions will bu asked.
JACOB B. KISTLEIt.
Caiawjssa, nee.!.', lbC3-3ts SI, SI)
House and Lot for Bale
A valuable Lot, situato on Third Street,!
JL Bu liioomsburi!, licri'nn is crcctsit an ein llcnt
nioumsburi!, liori tin is creclsd an citvllcnt
ttricK ilwultiuj liuusu, Ktlclicii and i) table, is 0 lie red
(or laic cheap. Apply to
' WI13. AMELIA MCAIIB.
Doe. 3, leOS-311
BLANKS I BLANKS! I
Of evory description, for sale at tuia ofBo
TlliHIAlSilf OFTHE WORLD
Ihcsn l.lfo. clvliin roincdlcn nro now, fur Iho flnt
timo. civeii publicly totha world, for over a quartor
tlicso"' l'ivjto practice, thu insrcdicnti lu
tmv! Wen iHeil with Iho Rnntrn tuttem. Their inl
1I011 H 110I i nly lo pretrnt iImnuo, hut to euro. They
eenrrh tit tho vnrloiin tiiulaillu h whkhtho pattant
I iiHurliii, nud rc-itivlgnrati't Iho fulllnc; r-yiiem.-To
tin) figod nud Infirm a few doses ur thcto valuable
1'ILI.H will provo to ho
A VEllY FOUNTAIN OF YOUTH,
I Tor in every cum: thoy mid imw lire mid vitality, Hint
iumdiu in u tvniiinK mirrKim 10 int i r pruiine slam. Ti
tlio )uiiig nud iulddlu-niti.il they will prove inoit In.
v ol uble, 11.1 11 reiuty. rperiilr, mid sterling medicine
llete Is a dream realized, that l'unce-.lo l.i iui touch!
fur Ihric hundred tints iito and 1 1 u k r funinl. llo
, looked Inr A fountain III it would rettoro llm bid lo
I vigor and mako youth over
An Eternal Spring,
It was loft liir this day and hour to reullzo thn drmn,
mid a how. in tno gloiloiia fact, Iho magic that inauu
iliose IV.mous Ecinecfe,
Cannot stny tho fliiht or, yrar. but they can rorci
bark, mid hold al.ioi', dlsenaa that n.lcht triumph ovi-r
the aif'd mid thn ymlim. I.ut nnii'i hi-nilato then, but
s.-lio (hi; f.worahU' opportunity that uirtrs. YV'hnu
takou 11s proscribed
For Bilious Disorders
Ofolhlus.nin he nifire pro'liictl 01 ctirn thunthfru
Tills Tlii-lr ul must luaaic liilliicticu is full ..it .nr..
mill lliu usual, 1 ou :oiiiitnnts of this most distrixliiu
disease nro renio ed. These remedies uro u.uilo from
Tlwy vv ill not harm thu most ilclicatn fr-mato, ami
can In- ittvun Willi guud i-ffjit ill prescribed duitis li
ho jouiijjcsl Lhbu.
For Cutaneous Disorders
And all eruptions of tho skin, tin? HAt.VK Is mn,t
invuluuhlu . It dors not lintl cMijiinlty tilout', Imi
pi nilrnli s u itli tin- must searching edicts to thu swiy
root uf the uvil I
ml umm m
Invariably cure tho follow ing Diseases :
Female i.'omplaints iuvsrnat A
lull 1 11 1 m .1 1 1 .1 ii
N'OTICU Vinn gi.n lin without thn I'l-rav.v i
trade mark around eirli pot or h-u, signed by tut J
.MAt.'GIM.. 4H l'ultoii rit., iVeir Yuiii, to oaniurlnit
Hhirii is fi loiiy.
i.m r'ol.l hy nil ieprrt nhlo M.'al. ra in Miiioln-.
Ibriiiiithoui the L'uitcil flatus and Lju.Uaj ui .Ot.li
ier box or pot.
Dec. V, laii." ly.
READING RAIL ROAD.
NoVEMISUtt U7, 1605.
"t rent Trunk Linn Krnni Tlnv
ft and Nnrtli-IVtst tor I'lill iilelplua, New York.
Iteadiuit, I'oltsi 1U1'. TauiiHiua.
Aetiliiiitl, Lubanun, ai
leuiown, i.aiion, cci.
Trains li ,tw llarrisburi; for New Y"rK. as lollowi
At auu,?, vs and 0.U.I A. .l.. and l.-lo and Cue P M .
iirnvms at New YorK .it .". W and lil.UU A ,M aiol 3 i 1
and 111. ai I', il. 1 oiiiieeii.ij with similar Tiuu.s on In
l iiii-j l niii.i II til ito.oi ; rib 1 puu .im 111 , ouipa'ty
the, 'l.oo n 1 h.uj a. .AI 'I'ruiu-. w-itli.nil cii.11 K'
la mo llnrrisburi; lor KiadiiiL'. 1'olOnlli'. I.n.i.i.pn,
Miuirsvilk, A-olnid, 1 1110 (;,'. 1. A1.1 nio" a. ni
l'lipadelpliia at i V A M. and 1 1.1 ..ml !) en l- M, ...
I in',' at l,"!i.inon ..ml all Way muiihiis ; i)iu OJ 1 .VI
'I ruin iii.ikin 1,0 tlose i.oiuiLCii'i.ib lor Pn'.tsv.ile ion
I'liiladi Ipliij I'or t'ott.v ille. Si.iuvlkill llavrnait
Auburn, v ia filial 1I.1II .in I S.u'iueiiami.i Mai. fl. a.
leu e U.irMiiii; a, -1.00 I'. M.
ltftiirniiiK I l.iave New-Yurk at '.100 . M. noil
noon anile IMP M ; I'liil-idelpbia 1,1 i OU - .11 n.)
It .kl P. .M ; Polt-ville at a aj A. M. .,,) 2 4.', I' It
A aliiaiid 0 uu ami II 4. M. nud 1 15 l'..M luinaius
at 1 llj A. .M, und I lu l M.
I.i ai c P.'tw, lit.! lor A a 1 ri--hiii i 1 St hnytkill ael
...pjcll.uiil,i K..1I litMil, al 0 4a . .M,
Itiaiiu Ai't omiuod,ili"ii Train i.,-.ivoa P,r s.'.inj .it
A. M . r.lu, r.nl- Irui.i t'liiiii it-Ij.Jll 1 ,il 1..111 1' )
Culuiiilna Kail liun.1 Ti.mis kav e It, .i.iin; ai 0 1.1 A
M. and d 15 I'. Jl, for UpliruU, l.itu, I.aiiisslt'r, Co
laiobia. ,'.f .
til. buud.ij s ; l.envo w Yoik nt Mid P M I'hila
dilpin 1 :i 1 j p M, l'uit-,v 1 : 1 1 1 f iu A ,M . I'aiii.i'pia So -t
M, llurrislitiii! ti I'.'i A.'luuil liiailni'i al l.oo .11 lw
liiiriiburh', nt ,1 IU :l A Al. for Nsvv 01K.
t'ol.ilnu'atliMi. alil.Mue M'.uoil. keloid and Mnir
b iu 11 'J'uliitaio anil fruiu nil poini-, al ri ilii" d li.u a
l,a.ie ilieiked through ; lU ponims allow v I -it 11
l'aselli-er. ' (J. A. Mi OU..1,
tjLMfltAL Ai-yicHi. n.iuar,
Heading, I'a. Nov. -, , Ib.U,
Leaf Tobacco for Sale I
'jpill'l undereigntd, residing in Light
JL ritrei t, t'olu inbia county, I'a., ulfers for isle a
lot uf about
1,000 lbs, of Liif Tobacco,
It was rui.cd vein before last and is 111 excellent ci
ditiou. Apply lo
' AllllA.M CUSTEK
I.i jht Htrcr.t. 1) c. !), 'ii :it il on,
a-'sjishioEJii hie Tailori hJ'.
NEir shop in'ITgut STREET.
THE undersigned, respectfully informs
the public: in general, that he hasopouad a nuiv
Tailoi'ing listablishmenr, s&j
in t,i;bt Street, l.'oluiiibia county, whera he is K
prep ro.l to HXi'into all Kinds of Tailoring 111 JliA.
the lal-ls !)lo, wnti dfbp.itili and 011 meliorate terui.
Will be UuiiUI'till for .fsliarc of palillc p uronai-
A. J. NEW HARD-
I.iflit ftrect, Dec. 0. I'M.
ITaving sold out my store, I hnrebv
eivu nonce to all iiuli-bted to 1110 mat I will ro
iiiiiinlllidoll st mil for thirty days for iho nurpos-
of scllluiKp itli Ilii 111. I mu'it havo all my uutalaad
ina' atacouuts si tied up,
J, J. UKUWUII.
Illuouijliuri!, Dec. U, 'no -tt
ho partnership horetoforo t-xi-iting be-
.l. twecii fan nit I 1'. avery and tnim Kr i.n un h-r
the tlriu of iavery . Kriiiu, ha been ili.solv ed. Tti
uudersisned will be (o 111,1 i,t lliu olil siuud HU're all
indebtc d to the lute t'u in 1110 K-iUi-tled to 'inane pa
liloomtburj, Dec. 0, 'C5 nt
Public Srj uure, Withes-Bzre,
1 III' b
ripHF. undersigned, having pu.ehased tho
tho above properly aud propo.o to relit and imi
it tiltrst-iluas liuti'l
Nu pains will be spared in any of its departments
In reader satif.ntiou to all ijiiesla.
Tin. luble and tin liar ill always be fiupplii il with itM
hu.t tliu ma' I.i t allot ds tiood .l.ililiuj fur liorci,artd
attiiitive o-lleis Also, l.ivry nu. ailed.
The exili.m.'u is clli-jibly situated on thu rublo
r?piaro, ami has thcreibie peiuliar iidvuntaijt'S to psr
so. 13 attuiiditi cumt or tiling business in tho puolp.
oldces. L'liatf.'s muderatu
.V, II Whenever you come In town, please (all.
II. S111ME1L& CO., Prop'rs.
Decep.ber 3, IrkS- ly
Eittile J Thos. Sluchhoust, tlcc'd.
T otters Testamentary on tho estate o
8 J Thomas bluckhoiisc, l.itu or 1'iuii township. Co
luinbia county, deceased, havo been Rrnuled by th
Refiner of Will -.. lu tho uiiderslgiud. botli rend
ins in kin. I lownsiiin. all ner.iins li.ivinir claims
I auuni.t Ihoi'siiile of tho decedent ure reipiested in
" Juil V (JDUDM'.lt
Dec 2, IcM-6w 83
j. ALiiuMs tc A1.11U.M ricruuns, -n-iiiiii ai
nry low ptiscs tor run. w, o. ruunv.
arcn t, ire:. ri. v c'- a hair miia.