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AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL
LEVI L TATE, EDITOR
"TO HOLD AND TRIM TUB TOUCH 01' TUUTH AND WAVE IT O'ER TUB DARKENED EARTII."
TERMS: 2 50 JN ADVANCE.
VOL. 13. NG. 9.
AGRICULTURAL CHEMICAL Co'ff.
Th rertiljzern prepared by the Asrlcultual Cheralwil
ro , (i Company charteroJ by tho leslslature oTenn.
eylvanla with u capital nf t '50,00(1,) nut keen proved
la pactlca tuo the cheapest, innat prnfltaMeand boil,
fur tUe it'armcr Hardener nrd I'rOlt-f tovirr, of all
concentrated manures now offjrcd In any markil The
Coxpan)' list embraces the followlnj .
aPnTtlllfta' If This Fertilizer is com
ttUUIOUl, votri of,nt ,0 ,ndUi
ffitilltlnf clf-mint of mint', combined ihtinically
and mechanically with oilier valuable f.itllitlnj a
nta and ohsnrhr-nts
It la reduced to a pulverulent condition i ready for
Immediate use. and without Ion of Ms highly nltro
linuus lerllliilnc properties.
In universal applicability tn all rcp nnd aoila, and
its durability anil active qualities ara wall known to
be all that agriculturists can dealro,
l'nca J30 per Ton.
, Thla Ferllllier la largely composed of animal mai
ler, such aa meat, tone, flih, leather , hair and wool,
infMher with chemicals und inorganic fertillaera,
which decompose the mass, and ralaiu Uie nitrofeii
It ia a very vat in.hlc ftnltli'r for (let J crope finer
ally, aud especially fur pntatnc, anJ garden putpuses,
llseicelleniqiialltlts, ai r.-mtli aud cheapness, have
made it very porlul.ir with a'l who have uaod It,
Price U0 per Ton,
This highly phopBaUe fsrtiliier Is particularly aT.
adapted fr ib.culiiviitlon ol tre, fruili, lawns and
floaere. It will promote a vigorous and healthy
Uriiwth of wood uud lruil, and largely luacaic th
quantity and perfect the mat irity of the frill'.. For hot
house and houeihold plain and flowers, it n 111 ba
I 'und au iudipeuaabli urticle ti ai'cuia llioir greatest
perfection. It will prevent and rue diielied condi
turns ill the peach anJ grape, and la oicolleul for grsia
It it ecrapoied of auoh element at marc,tl adapted
t the (rntli of all klni of cmpe in all Und of mill.
The turiuula or method of cuiul'ixlng lu conlltueat
'tilltiug iugmdi juts hare received the highest ap
fr.ival ol eminent chemists & ssii-utllls ajiiculturiits.
I'rloe, 8 0 per Ton.
PHOSPHATE OF LIME,
The Agricultural Chemical Conipanj- iHanufarture n
sliopphsti) of Lime in accordance ivHIl & new and val
'.t'Jle formula by which a very s-iperior article Is pro
duced, no as tu be aiturded at a las price tbau other
Minufacturarr charge. Practical fata have proved
that lln value, as a lerlilizer, is e0,ua! to Uw boat Fhui
phut of l.ime In the mara.it.
Price, $00 por tou.
Tkhms Gash. Alt orders of aTon or
more, will be delivered at the IUI rod., J1.':I'JH nnd
tha Vli.irvei of tihlpiiif ut, tret of cartifc. Curlage
will be tlurged on all urdere of ri l.irrels,or leas
One dollar per Ton allowance fur eUWse will ba
made on all alia delivered at the Works uf tl Com
pany, uu Canal Wharf.
AUItlCCLTUR.M. UlU.MIOAt.rOMPANY'a WOUfiS
At Canal Wiiiar, ox -run lJeiiwini
Office. I3 Arch i-I., I'luladelpliia, Pa
R. U M I'TH, General Agent
The Company' rumphtct Circular, embracing (til
diri'Ctinna for using the above rrlilkzr, aont by
nwi,, free, when riiuslad,
March II, li.-3iu. (Ji-y, Con & Co
UP D GR'AFF'S
EVE AMI KAtt INF131RAKV,
(On the Si lare, Thiee Ilnora from Rteile's Hole I
, . WSLICESBARRE, PA.
'PHIS INHlli'l'lON ie r.ow opfurrl nnd
. ( furnialied In the moat cu.tly style." Ker.ptlr.n.
Privatuund Dpcinting Knoiii nri large, cunveuir.it and
veil adapted. 'lh; urgical upirtitient contains tha
flneet cullerlloit uf liultUinenta in tui? country, and
lhu iiia ftculticrt v ill enable hivnto meet any nnd nil
emerxeneic in piactn.e lie will opt-r,te upen all the
varmu forme or tU.IVDNKii, Catarnet. Uceluon n(
ihe Pupil, (.'roe. Eyee, Clmure of lh-. Tear Uueta, lh'
. yrrri'in of the Cyi lida, I'terygium, be. ic, And will
treat a I fnrnu i,f r,,ri . F.ye Gmnuled Lids. Opacetiea
of tha Cornra, and Bi-rofiiloua dieen.ea of the Kye to
gether Hltli nil tho diaeatee to which the ) le tab
)ect. DEU'NEHS Will treat all the dlfeaaea coianion to
the ot'.nn. Dirrharcei from (hu I ar, Nuie-e i" thi Car
Catarrh, difficulty of heann.tot.il l)ufnea. even where
the Drum In destroyed. Will ma, rt an artifirl il one
nnnwerlnc nearly all the pmpiKea ot the natural.
UIHEAHKH nr Tllll 'IIIROAT.-All diseaeea cm
no" to the Throat ami Kmc will te treated
KHNEHAL HUlirJKUV -lie will operat.) upon Club
feet. Hair l.ip, UlJtt l'ollntejTuiuur., Cnncere. F.nlur
d TenUIa, ( Plastic nperatlnnt by healing new
Seili into deformed parta, and Ueiieral Hurgtry. "I
whatever clmrai:tr it may preicnt.
lltl'.MA (or KUl'rURIl.V lie v.-jll perform "I.abii!
eperation for the r.dlcal (c mpli t-) tuie of Hernia,
thia ia unquestionably a perfect cure, nuil in n. ut rriih
little or no pain, tut cfa.Hr.y hui.dre l operated upouln
llo. ton there hn been no fai' irrr it having met U'e
perfect anprobatiou of all u hnlnve aubniilteil to it
AKTIFIi'AI, KYEX - lllini-ert artificial Kyea glv
, l.iy them th motion and erpreeslon cf the na'.urU
1 huy are iuteiti d wUb tht lcnt pain.
IIKMOUUilOlUH, (1'ilea.) -Triin troubleaome dueae'
i readily cured. Thoac jurTering fromtt willdowil
I)r Up Dc Oraffvliiita Wilkee-Rarre wlth'iewof
Vullding up a permanent Institute for the treatment of
the Hye, h'arand Cenernl riurery. Tho eipenince f
wore than a quarter ufn century in llujpit! nnd geuer
bl practice, he hopee, will bi a eurT.rieiit guaranty to
those v,ho may ne disposed to employ hi ji.
May 14, IHM.tr.
I KUadcIiihia & hric !8o5.
i A I & & O A SE a
Thla great tine traverses the Northern and North.
el countlea of lY'nurylvania tu thn city of line, on
It haa bnen leaici ty tbo Fcnnsylvania Railroad
cojnpariy, and (a operated fcy them.
. Ita entire length waa opened for paeaenger and
eight biuincta, October 17th, fbi.
, T1HX or rAk.ENilElt THAI AT HOkTltCMataLAKD.
Wail Train leaves, I'.rut 10 Hi V. M.
Elinira Uxpreia Train, 11 S7 1'. M.
Lock llavcu Accoipmodalion, III 37 A. M.
Wllllainipnri Accoiiiniodaticn. S ti V. M.
Mail Train, . - . - 1! A,M,
lUmira Kipreaa Train, . - 5 20 A.M.
Luck UaVen Accoiii'modatlon 4 34 1. M,
Wltliamapnrt Accommodation .1155 I', iu.
I'ativiigcra t'ara run through on Mall Train, witu-fct-Miami
btuu ways bi'.wecu I'hlladelptla and Eric,
tnd llaltimorv and Erie.
. Elegant Bleeping Can on Elmlre Fapreaa Trains
Volh waya between Willianitport and Ualtiinore.
. For Information respecting I'aaseiiger buiinens, ap
y at the Cor. 3i.I and Market flta.
And fur Freight bajinqssol' the Company's Agenta.
' 0. II. Kingston, Jr., Qor.Ulh and .Market tits., flnl'a
J. W. Uc) nolds, Erie.
J..M. Drill. Ag-'hN C. II: 11., Dulthnore.
.. JJ, II. Iloeston, Gen'l, Freight Agt , t'hlladelphls,
ti. W. Clv.lnr.er. Gen'l.Ticket Agt. I'htladclphia.
, Joseph I), t'otta, Gen'l. Manager, Williainspoit.
) HOOKS & HO EN HE I M
. WHOLESALE DEALER,
-Ni). 131 Market Street, north tido,Pliila.
;jlavo dow uppued their usual tiandsomo
& variety of Ribbous. Bound Mato-
ju tcriai8,otraw iitnoy uon.
nets, Ladies & Mtsfes'
LOWr.IlS, RUCHES, UACEd, Bd.Bl) other aril
es required by tha
J ML LINE II TRADE!
in innontnnrlenee andstrirt attcntiot to Ibis branch
'f buslnusa uiclUfiaely. we flatter ourselves that we
r.n offer Inducements, variety, styles, quality and
'moderate prlcee-ntevcrywhere to be found. Hie
Intention oiMllUneri aud Merchants, is respectfully
"Iffr Particular attention pal I to ftllllg Orders.
March II, lrt5, 3ui. "
8CH0US..ITB I'OIt SALE.
rittshurgh Commercial ColUge,
rilnghiuiptiu " ,,,.,.,
Crlttrjiden'a ' " I hiladolphia,
mrattmi, Uryant U Co,, "
Thesx Hrrlps, are in amounts of 115 and $30 and arc
a so much rash, bythePtudent on entringeilbcr nflhe
tliove Collrges, Young men desiring toobtain a finish
d Collegiate Education, ll here And a good specula
ion bv applying I lh" nftloe of the
' ally I Ul COMTMUM IlF.MtflU1
DY n. J. B.
The hour of partlhg cam-,
And teara filled every eye,
Ai one they love inuat go,
And they muil iay gnod-bye,
That hour waa aad, Indeed,
When waa given the Ian lock,
,Aa my mother grasped rnyhand,
Cave mi the aacred book.
Her worda I ntlll can hear ;
Her loving emile ran aee ;
And while I read I think, mother,
Eo of thee.
nd now I'm far away.
Hill1 memory will turn bark ;
And pain, the worat of pain I
My heart will tbrink,
My thought! arn with thee, mother,
Every hour of the day ;
And through nlght'a ghihmy houra,
And when 1 kneel and pray.
A FAIR TjRADE.
"Got a now
beaut thcro, hain't you,
(,Yos the beiit horao I erer owned."
"She ? Don't look very remarkable :
'riposo you paid seventy or eighty dollars
for him 1"
"Humph ! No mattor whit I paid.
Rut I wouldn't look at lets than three
hundred and sovcDty-five for hiui !"
"Fiddlesticks ! Got the spavin iu his
left bind leg, haint he 1"
"Not a spavin I" 4
"Well his left hip is lower than the
other by two inolia-
"No, sir. That's all in youroyo. He's
the best horso 1 ever owned, and that's
saying considerable. Spirited, but gen
tle, won't bear tho whip, though ; and
perfeotly safe for women folks to drive
My wife went to Concord with hiui last
Indeed !" with au appearatit)r. of in
tcrest. "Guoe-g I'll get in and try the
rciue." Juke I'inkhaui drew in iho reins
t'ver the baok of thn showy looking (jrey,
with u great trhibitioii of sirebrjtb, buu
dry cotninatids to "woe," and ''bo easy,"
atjd Tom Rcrry got into tlit buggy.
Il'ith geutleitluu wufe tioturious horse
jiekies, ami each was continually trying
to overreach the other.
The banc went well finely, in f.tot.
S'toretly, R rry was belter ptuaacd with
the amtnal than anything of the kind he
had nten for uiariy a day, anil iftoragreat
deal of haggling, which would fail to in
terest the render, a bargain was struoh
Mr. Rfrry had a celebrated cow that he
was d'.-.i'iroui of selling, and Mr. l'inkham
happened to want to buy, bo a trade was
confludd on thes terms. l'inkham
was to yivc Berry one hundred and fifty
dollars for the dow, and Berry was to give
him three hundred arid fifty dollar for
thy Ii'jr60. Bc-rry took the beast home
witb him, and Pinkham's hired man came
down and drove tip the cow
Both wcr8 highly delighted with their
czclnogc, and eaoh thought hinijelf the
gaiuyr. Wb ("ball see which was Dearest
After tea, that evening, Mr. Berry.wbo
was quite a fa.t young man, and very
muoh of a beau, thought ho would try hia
horse. He would ride down Ilonloy at.,
and cross to JefferBon, for just then be
was deeply anamorcd of a (air milliner's
girl on the latter -trcet, aud most of hn
peregrinations set that way.
Tho anirhal behaved splendidly. Barry
began to think himself tho most fortunate
ruau in existence. Just opposite (he mil
liner's window he reined up to fpeak to a
The horso pricked his ears, lifted hi
foro feet, aud commenced backing. Berry
exerted all his skill to subdue him, but it
was thrown away. The horse was bound
to go back. Down through tho gutter
up over the pavemf nt batig, smash and
rattlo ! and the nest thing Berry knsw,
he was flying through tho window of an
apothecary shop, scattering tho rod nnd
bluo bottles in cverv direct'un ! Tho
apothecary flew at him with uplifted pes
tie, and tho assistant pelted tho horso with
jars and jugs ad libitum but tho brute kept
on witb courage undismayed.
A glass soroon ran along tho tack of
the stove, dividiug It from Mts. Apothe-
oary's private par!or,wbere (lit. lady was,
at that moment, engaged in tho very in
teresting employment of spanb'iDg a (ow
A crash and the buggy went through,
and Mr. Borry was pitched headforemost
iuto the lap of Mrs. Aputbeoiry'a sister,
who was making her a call,
Tho elder lady eprnng to her feet and
seising a olothes-polo, was about wreaking
tuiumary vrngesooo oo the nnexpoctod
aiijiiiiMjaiuniTOmiragaw.mlvuuaiuujii u,iunan iiuieai
visitor.but her sister interfered, and Borry
hugged her in recompense. Mrs, Apothe
cary oontcntcd horself with throwing a
mug uf hot water at tho horse, which so
enraged tho animal that ho cleared him-
telf from the buggy, and hounded away
into the street.
Berry gavo a leofj-lcggcd youngster two
dollars to ontch him, which was accom
plished after a smart run, and having bid
den the young lucty who bail saved him
from fate, ah affectionate good night, Ber
ry got into his buggy and started for home,
promising to call next day to sottlo dam
They proceeded in lino ntylo for a couple
of miles ; and then upon a dreary heath
the horse came to a 'tnnd still, and re
fused to budge. Not an inoh would he
go cither baokward or forward.
Coaxing and whipping availed nothing.
Berry got down and pulled him by tho
bridle, stuck pins in tiihi, piixbod behind
at tho wagon but without nvail. An old
woman came along with an umbrella.
Berry got her to flourish that at him, but
he was immovable
"Yor bound to stand till jer take yor
seat, haint ye ?'' said tho ancient dame.
'See if this ere don't fotiili yc?" and she
left him have the whole contents of her
snuff-box full in tho faoo.
Tho effect was astonishing. Barry was
laid out on a rock heap the old woman
found herself with a caved bonnet, sitting
in tho middle of a mad puddle, and the
horso was flying home in a o'oud of dust
Berry walked tho remainder of the dis
tanco,aud that night the horse was sent
down to him from Pinkham's whither it
Meanwhile, PinWiarri Was greatly elatod
with bii cow, which was a very handsome
animal, a deep red, with a whito strip iQ
her face, and of the Leicester breed,
Mr. Pinkham's wife was it pretended
invalid, and l'inkham had a very pretty
girl, who acted as a milk mniu. Mm.
Pinkhura waa fearfully jaalous of Jenny
and l'inkham stood in mortal horror of
his wife's ancer, which waa more terrible
than an array with banners. So he verv
rarely said anything to Jenny in the bonne
but when she went to the cow-yard to
milk, ho sometimes Molo in. and talked
over, the "might havrt bcens," provided
Mrs. l'inkham novcr existed.
The fin-t timo Jenny went to mill: the
Berry cow, Mr. Pinkham happened to
enme along just at tho right moment, and
as Jcnhy took a seat on a stool beside the
cow, Pinkham took another stool and sat
down by her. And Mrs. Pinkham was
watohing them from behind the stone wall.
"Oh Jenny I" cried Pinkham "If 1
was only tingle, we'd fly "
Up went tho hcela of tho Cow in the air
over wont the pail ; over went Jenny,
and over wont Mr. Pinkhard, trampled
beneath tho hoof of the bellowing quad
ruped, who seemed to consider herself tho
Pinkham was the first to recover, and
tho instant ho did bo Hew to Jenny.
"Are you hurt? If you arc I'll be the
death of that cow !'
Mrs, l'inkham bounded over the wall
with a stool in her hand, and laid about
her with such effect that the ow fled from
tho yard Jenny hid in the hay-mow, and
Pinkham, on his knees in about two feet
of mud, swore never to speak to any other
woman as long as he lived,
Tho cow proved to be a confirmed
'kicker." It was uttcily imposfiblo to
milk her, and Pinkham's only consolation
consisted in tho thought, that bad as she
was, that horse was fully her equal.
A few days afterward, he was met by
Borry, who facetiously inquired how bo
liked bis cow, and was told that she was
fattening for beef. And Berry informed
Pinkham that lie had put the horac away.
And both c included to make tho beet of
it considering both had been ''sold.'1
A couple of weeks afterwards, a stylish
looking stranger, riding a dark ehettnut
horse, stopped at Pinkham's to inquire
tho distance to tho next village Pink
ham's eyo waa on tho horse at oncu, A
conversation about the beast ensued, and
the etrangcr affirmed him to be tho best
nag in tho Stato. Piukhaui offered to buy
him, but the stranger indignantly refused.
It was hia wife a bono and nothing would
tempt him io a stile, This only tnado
Pinkham tbo moro anxious to purchase
and bo urged tho man to name hia price.
"Three hundred dollars I not a oaiil
toss I'' said tho proprietor,
Pinkham considered a moment.
"I'll give it," said he, "on one condi
tion I see you are an I'locllsnt hand to
oruok up 5i trtiole and pet n giod prioo
I for it i and I want ) on to do mo & liUm
luvor. I must tako you into my confi
dence, and vou shall not Inso bv it. You
sec i traded with a neighbor of mino tho
other day, nnd got took in lrcmrndouly.
Boughl a cow of him for a bundled and
fifty dollars, and (he boast isn't worth fir,
toen ! I've got her color changed from
red to brown, and if you'll fell her to
Tom Borry down hero a couple of miles
for a hundred dollaro, 1 11 give y od three
hundred for your uag, and ton dollars for
Tho stranger's tjos fparkled, nnd a
curious expression shot ncros his face.
But Pinkham was ton eager to oulwit Ber
ry to pay much attention to mero look.
The stranger agreed to fiorform his
part of the business received the mouey,
took tho cow before him, turned the horso
into Pinkham's barn-yard, and trudged
off. And two hours afterward, Borry was
tho owner ol the cow he had sold Pink
ham, and his pocket was tho lighter by a
That afternoon thcro camo
up a smar1
stiowor. Pinkham went out to put his
new horso in the stable, and behold I thero
Dtood the identical grey "backer" ho had
sold to Tom Barry a fortnight previous ;
ho had boon oolord, and tho rain 1 ad
washed off tho paint !
And about tho samo time, Berry was
looking at his now cow, and had little dif
ficulty 'in recognising her as tbo samo
quadruped he Bold to Pinkham 1
And that night each of tho gfntlemcU
received a note which let the oat out ol
'tho brig. They ran thus :
"1 have told the horse to Piukhain,and
the cow to Berry and I am well paid for
doing it. The proceeds aro in iny pock
etc. Wouldn't you liko to finger them !
Tho outwitted sharpers pocketed their
loss laughed at Jim's cleverness, and
agreed never to trade with ouch other
Grant and Lee-
From tha riilladelrlna Age.
On the tomb of a gallant noldior of for
incr d'tv, it is recorded iu his honor that,
when made a prisoner of war ho chofo to
eharu the fortune of hN men, anil, remain
ing with them, paid the forfeit of his life,
a victim ot tiisoase. Jjot us in our mo
ment of triumph, remember that this is
ftencral liohert E. Lecl'o distinction, aud
that by rein&iuing with tlio gallant rnon
who had (ought under him, a voluntary
prisoner, he secured at tho handu of an
enemy as magnanimous ai himself, not
merely meroy but geuerously. Not one
can read tho correspondence published
yesterday, between Grant and Leo, with
out being eiruek, not merely with the
agreeable revelations it makes of the indi
vidual characters of the men, but with the
truth that, alter all, the generous iustlncts
of our natnro have more ready develop
incut in tbo hearts of true soldiers thau of
others who hear and eneountcr lets suITt
ing aim danger, there is no woru o
barslness. Thero i no tone of assuruj
tioa, no sign of humiliation. On the sword
which is surrendered, there is no stain
The blade ol victory reposes in its scab
bard and is not br jndished or flouri.-hed
over a fallen foo. In laet, the foo neither
falls nor kneels , he yields with grace and
dignity . And what a cemment is there in
General Grant s direction or exaction of
easy terms bis permitting, nay, offering
to his captives, rauk and tile, the privilege
of going homo aud remaining quiet till ex
changed. What a comment on the tcaou-
lent civilian tons ot certain newspapers
less than a week ago. It will be vain, -aid
the iSoilt American "to Ueok to ditcoitr-
&ge futtire rebellions if we deal thus letii
ently with tho chief' nf this ono. With
tho leaders who created and wieldsd the
machinery of the rebellion wo oan make
no terms. Espeoially with such inon as
Lee, perjured officers of tho Uuited Stales
army, who have waged war nguinst tho
republic they had sworn to serve, oan we
have nothing to do. Such a erimo is uu
pardonablo." 'Away ,' shriokud tho Press
"away, then, with tho protcxt that this
wretohed ingrate has any oluimti to tho
consideration of the American Govern
How summarily did General Grant
brush away such vindiotiyo trash, aud how
gladly and generously, without a word of
ineult or reproach, did he meet on terms
of perfect equality, his fellow-ioldicrs, a
viotory over whom, aflor tuony ti bloody
fiold and frustrated inanccuvor, is the
highest glory ho has won, Mr. Stantou'e,
congratulatory despatch to General Grant
proves that tho Administration approves
all that has been done, and said, and
written nnd oven if it did not, th eol
, drr'n wotd of honor wis pledged, and no
powor on earth could effect iti violation.
No ono better than General Grant knows
how precious U a bloodless viotory. It
was tnado matter of repronoh to him by
such a man as Butler that bo was regard
less of bureau lifo, and cared not how
many a friend or fon ho immolated, Tho
answer to this is iu the fiast words ha ad
dressed to General Loc, iu which ho sug
gested surrender -''as a means of saving
bloodshed." Ho had fought too often and
too long his brave antagonist to wish, with
out necessity to fight him again, even in
dispair. Suoh a man ns Butler, filled
with fierce resentment and a consciousness
of ingratitude, would, with the poor rem
nant of Leo's wasted legions hemmed iu
by multitudes have rejoiced in a bloody
sacrifice, aud tho more rejoiced in it be
cause it involved no personal peral to him
self. Not so, wo are happy to say, tho
snccessful soldier who now loads tho great
armies of the North. Of General Lee,
tho victorious North, still his countrymen,
can afford, in his moment of disaster, to
spoak gently and generously, and to do
him at tenet tho poor justioc to concede
that ho shared tho dark fortunes of his
soldiers with the samo chivalry with which
he had so often led them to victory.
What's to Come.
Whatever may bo the result of the mil
itary operations uow in progress, tho ro
establishment of tho Government upon a
permanent basis, involves a cboico between
the principles of a National and that of a
Federative system. A government organ
ized and administcicd under the former,
consolidates tho whole American people
nto a single body, governed by tho will
of a majority of representatives. It ccn-
trolizos political power, and affords every
oppoptuiiity to organize capital for future
aggrandizements ai the expense of tho la
bor of the people. If organized under the
latter, it will permit local communities to
control their own destiuies and to pro
mote thoir own local develop ment and in
terest, in accordance with their' natural
capabilities and their advantages of soil,
climate and productions.
It was in accordance with this latlor
idea that cur present admirable Federal
system was established. It wa9 only by
reason of a departure from it, that it has
been disturbed, if not altogether destroyed.
The will of the numerical majority, un
tier our present Federal Constitution, has
never been tho governing power in this
country. Mr Lincoln, himsslf, owed his
first election to the votes ol more than :
million lass than a mojority of the aggrc
gate number of voters of tho Uuited States
Neitbor branch of tho legislative dapart-
ment of the government is organized in
accordance with the principle that tho ag
gregate numerical msj irity shall rule. On
the contrary, ia every department, the
confederate rricciplo is distinctly recce-
If the people of tho States, that is a ma
jority ol the people of each State, acting
concurrently, de&iro to supercede their
present system by one in which an ag
gregate majority shall rule, it is their
light to make the alteration; but there is
no other powor on earth that can lawful)
tuako suuh a chnngo.
Every people not only havo the right,
but will utimatcly exert tho power, to eou
trol their own destinies if this is denied
to tho people of thssa States, instead of
being near tho end, wo aro tcurcely at the
beginning of the prest revolution.
A Wife in Trouble,
'Prey tell ine, my dear, what is tbo
causo of those tears 7'
'Oh, suoh u disgrace '.'
'What is it, ray dear I don't keep moiu
'Oh, I have opened ono of your letter?,
supposing it to bo addressed to my&clf.
Certainly it looked more liko Mrs. than
'Is that all ? What harm can thcro be
in a wifo's opening her husband's letters T'
'No harm iu tbo thing itself, but tho
contents. Such a disgraco !'
'Who has dared to write mo a letter un
fit to be read by my wife V
'Oh uo, it is oouohed in tho most ohasto
and beautiful language- Bat tho con
tents! tha contents!'
Hero tho wife buried her face in hor
faco in her liunkorchief and commenced
sobbing aloud, wbilo her husbaud cagorly
caught up tho loiter aud oommencod road
ing the cpistlo that had nearly brokon his
wife's heart. It wax a bill from tho priu
tcr for throo years' fubwiplioti (or tho
A Record of MonBtrous Outrage
and Injustice Tho Case of
Thomaa E. Courtney.
(From the ChicagoTimes. April 0.
Mr. Thomas K. Courtney, whose ie
arrest by the military authorities, oo Sat
urday last, was mentioned in tho 'IHtnes
of thu following day has been again re
leased rod i3 now at liberty. Tho event
ful experience of this individual, during
tbo last pix weeks, furnishes a record of
persecution and tyrautiy which nlwoit
equals the doings of tbo infanous Jeffreys,
whoso judicial crimes blackened tho his
tory of England. Called to Cincinnati as
a witness in the case of ihq acensed Chi
cago conspirators, Courtney had hardly
closed his testimony wbun, in obedience
to the impeiious caprico of a patty judge
advocate, ho wa seized by soldiery and
consigned to the ootnpany of a miserable
crowd of robots, spies and villainous boun
ty jumpers confiued in loathsome barracks.
No ono had prcferrod charges against the
unfortunate man ; not oven the iudeo ad
vocate, who had ordered bis arrest, could
recite on explicit accusation acainfct tbo
prisoner, but iu a strango and arbitrary
and unlawful manner, was Oourtnoy kept
io arrest day alter day, till, the days hav
icg lengthened iuto weeks, ho was finally
sent under guard back to Chicago.
Hero for tho first time Courtney was
assured that he was not accused ol having
committed any offenco against military
law j but learned to bis 3urpriso that the
Cincinnati judge advocate bad reason to
believe that he had committed last fall the
crime of importing voters. Tho military
authorities offered that tiuglo excuse for
his arrest in tho witness stand in Ciocin
nn: .,j t.: ...
uau nuu mo auuBcuuonc incarceration in
McLean barraoks. They, therefore, com
milled him to the chargo of tha civil au
thorities in this city, by whom ho was
straightway released. At liberty again
but without reparation for tho indipnity
h? had suffered, or tbo anxiety which had
overwhelmed his family with alarm
On Saturday last Courtney became the
victim of another arrest. Visited by Jno
Nelson, captain of police, be was ordered
into tbo custody of a squad of soldiers
from Camp Douglas, and, taken thither
was again consigned to tho company of
as villainous a crowd of fellons as ever
uisgraceu prison walls. ieicon naa no
warrant only the request of Colonel Sweet
that ho should arrest Courtney, and, in
violation of that sacred principlo of law
uiou secures every man against arrest
without a warrant, ptrformed the task with
reaay ana characteristic subservionee to
tho mcroilefs dictalos of military author
Iho victim of ell tnis persecution was
kept in custody at tho camp until Sunday
evening, when ha was ordered to prepare
for a journey, to St, LcwiB. To prepare,
meant enly to bare bis wrists for a pair of
handcuffs, As though ho would not be
secure, furrounded by an armed guard
and hemmed in by bayonets.
Arrived in St Lewis, Courtney was
escorted to the office of Provost Marshal
B iker, and tbsre for the first timo was
nforinod of tho oauso of his arrest. It
thcu transpired that the provost marshal
in that department had mistaken his man.
In oliort, he was not tho man Courtney
v, horn thoy warned. It was another Court
ney, a former citizon and ex-sheriff of St.
Louis, who had been a Confederate ofUcoi
and was .suspected of having, after his re
turn from the Confedraey, been concern
ed iu a plot to burn'Bovornmont oieamers.
Accordingly the prisoner was again re
leased, and, being again at liberty, has ro-
urued to Chicago.
Tho readers of this recital aro left to
form their own conclusions concerning tho
trocity which has pursuod Mr. Courtucy
and made him tho helpless victim of arbi
trary power. But concerning tho orimo
ol the man Nelson in yiolding himself to
ha thu wiiling agent of such monstrous in
iquity, there out to bo neither silcnoe nor
palliation. Not only has ho perpetrated
u great wrong against a ptivalo citiron,
for tho preservation of whoso acourity and ,
thu protection of those rights he is hired, 1
but has abo oominitted fl.igrsnt violation '
oflaw. ' i
How to Make a Paiuwsk Buy one
acre of giound. Fouoo it. Build a neat
cottago on it. Marry an angel in hoops,
and tako hor homo to the cottage. Go
homo to tho eottago yourself. Abstain
from all Bpiritual drinks. Join tho ohuroh
and bocotno a good chrUtian, livo up
rightly before God sod mau, and you
havo gained all the origiuul hsppineps
that hi survived tho fill.
' una iuiMAJaLij, jun'ii-a
An Elephant in Love.
A number of years ago two munagnrfo
woro laid up for the winter in a utorchouio
on the bank of a canal at Pittsburg. Hero
Hannibal was for the first time thrown in
to tho society of 0,ueen Anne. Thoy wro
fastened side by Bido, end on immodiato
iove sprung up between them. It was n
case of lovo at first siht, for tho moment
Queen Anne was brought into Hannibal's
presence ehe ran her trunk into his mouth,
tho elephant stylo of kissing, All winter
thoy were continually ctrressing eaob
other, and thoir demonstrations of mutual
affectiou wero really cxttaordinary. In
the spting Quceu Anno wos token away
to start on hor annual tour. The rega of
Hannibal at his eoperation was lorrifio ;
for eleven daj3 ho refused to touch e mor
sel of food, tho only nourishment that ho
received during that Umoboirig whisky and
By dint of continuous swaying or surg
ing against his fastenings he succeoded io
breaking looso on tho twelfth day, when
ho took entire possession of tho establish
ment. Tho animals in tbo cages were ter
ribly frighten6d,dashing against their baro
and filling tho air with their howls and
shrieks. Hannibal rauced around tbo
building, reared on his hind feot and en
deavored to tear down the rafters iu the
roof with his trunk, but molested nono ol
tho animals. Iu tho meantime a large
foroc of men were gathered steal hooks
attached to long poles wero inserted in his
cars and shoulders, and after great diffi
culty he was "hobbled" and cast, who i
the ousioui&ry discipline was opplicd with
usual satisfactory results. Queen Anno,
who was of a uioro gontlo disposition, boru
tho scperation with exemplary resignation.
How the News or Peace was Re
ceived in 1815. Years ago the ofiiee of
the old Gazette was in Hanover Squaro,
near the corner of Pearl street. It was
the placo of resort for news and conver
sation, especially in the evening. Tho
evening of February 15, 181JT, was" cold,
and at a late hour only Alderman Sobr
and another gentleman was loft with Fa
thor Lari, tho genius of tho place. The
office was about being clo'sed.wh'eii a pilot
rushed in, and atood for a moment so en
tirely exhausted as to be unable to speak.
"Ho lifts great news I" exclaimed iMr
Presently the pilot, grasping for breath
whimpered intelligently, 'Phage I Peao e !
Tha gentlemen lost their breath as fast
as the pilot gained hia. Directly the pilot
was ablo to say
"An English eloop is bolow, with newj
of a treaty of peace I'
Tboyeay that Mr. Lang exclaimed, in
greater words than ho ever used before,
and all bauds rushed into Hanover Square,
exclaiming, "Peacb ! Peach: !'
The windows fl-w up for famil.ies lived
there then. No sooner wero the inniatca
sure of the tweet sound of pecco,than iho
windows began to glow with brilliant illu
minatious. The cry of '1'uaco ! Peace I'
sproad through the city at the top of all
voices. No one stopped to inquire about
'free trado aud .viilors' rights." No otic
inquired whether even the national honor
had been preserved. Tho matters by
which the politicians had irritated the na
tiou into war had lost all their importance.
It was enough that tho runicus war was
An old man on BroMway, attrcced by
tho noisu to hia door, was semi to pull
down a placard- 'To Let," which bad
been long potted us Never was there
such joy in the citj- A few evenings after
thero was a general illumination, and ul
though the tuow was a foot deep, and
soaked with rain, yet th streets wero
crowded with men and wotnou, eager to
j ".u ouu r, " "u"u uau
I - n ...,,.' AMUn.t.tr... ..rt.lnt. I. .1
U lb kllU llUV Wl b,C Ul ILUUU.
C2? A paragraph is going lbs rounde
to tho effect that "since tho liret of Feb
ruary, all receipts of whatever amount
mudt havo on a two ocnt stamp," &o.
This ii incorrect. No chango has bnon
made in the law, and only receipts for
$20 or over, need the stamp.
' Tito workmen ol Paris aro busy
making locomotives for Egypt, Greece,
Turkey, Spain, Denmark and Kudia.
t&" Why ara youog ladies liko arrows I
Because they aro all m a quiver when iho
tiS' Why is the concluding lino of a
Mory liko a quarrelsome wouiau 1 Because
it is aluoys 'bound to have the last woid,'
I Why is thoBkating party like Nt
agial Becaiiso it id a good plac tc
, tho fall..