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LDITirDUY LEVI I.. TATE, PROrRtETOIl.
Saturday Morning, Feb. 1, 1065.
" Orfr Constitution enard It ever!
Our glorious Union hold II dear I
Onr Starry rittr-'forsaho It imvcrl
The proud Caucasslan our only peer!
T ERMS OF THIS PAPER:
( ATT Ell JANUAUV 1t, 16G3. )
$3 00 per Year, or
2 30 if paid strictly in advance.
The Overthrow of a Government
the Work of Inferior Minds.
The fanatical Abolitionists of tho Noith
after yoars of preserving labor, havo suc
ceeded 'in subverting tho liberty of the
white race in their mad zeal for securing
tho freedom of tho black1 or inferior race.
The cry of "Liborty,Fratcrnity and Equal
ity," in revolutionary France, eventually
led to the entire, overthrow of all govern-
,.,i ,i kii:. c
. . , ti . !,..... n ....
an nnarcny wnose Diooa-sinmua looisieps
upon tho historio pago, tho ntuircnt starts
back from with horror. Fanaticism never
ovokes the higher powers of the human
mind. It is so narrow and'eontracted, in
its mental vision, that there is; in reality,
nothing great or lofty for tho mental pow
ors to oporatc upon. Hence, it will ba
found in history, that fanaticism dotroys
and weakons governments, never builds
up. Appealing to tho passions, moro than
tho reason, it makes revolutions, but never
eoeomplishosjbenefioent reforms. Pindar,
in one of his poems, very felicitously says:
"It is an easy task for men of inferior
abilities and slender worth to shake a
country from its foundations; but to placo
it firmly again upon its basis is an enter
prise of r common difficulty ,of no instan
taneous accomplishment, unless the Divin
ity' vouchsafe his indulgent co-operation
to. the rulers,''
Wc have an illustration of iho sagacity
of observation of tho pagan poet in tho
Hi c n now in po'wer in our own timo. For
somo wise purposo of his own, God has
permitted the government of this country
to nass for a timo into the hands of fanat-!
ical idcalMs, who havo manifested tho
.rocH.i.ic. .U U. .,,. .
in.tho fanatics of all ages to destroy, butf
not to reform. Tho Abontion leaders,
have clearly exhibited tho trutli of the say
ing of Pindar, "that it is an cay ta.k for
men of inferior abilities and slender worth
to shako a country from its foundations."
It remains to he ecen whether the future
has, in.storo, tho development of that im
mense ability which is requisite to build
np a nation from the ruins fanaticism has
created, and whsther Providence will 6mile
upon such an effort.
Four Years of War.
Few persons realize the fact that the
present war has been going on, within a
few months of four years. More than half
as long as tho revolution, it has boon char
acterized by battles, in comparison with
which the most bloody ones of thit war
wcre'but skirmishes. Theonlinuance of
lho war is a significant comment on the
faluo of the gift of prophecy as developed
in our people, How many in April, 1801,
thought for a moment,of such a whirlwind
of war has swept over our devoted coun
try ! ' Had wo realized it,how many would
huvo shuddered at tho contemplation of
so much destruction, death and misery.
The revolution,was a great struggle for
those days,but Washington's whplo army
tvas never much larger than ono of our
full corps. It was a war of but a few
people againit a powerful foreign tyrant,
nnd though with small armies tho bravery
and endurance of our fathers has made
their fame eternal. Tho history mado by
the United States during the past four
years has astonished the world. Tho
immenso armies raised, equipped, and sent
tJ the field by both sides, bayo shown our
capabilities for military greatness, and giv
en proof of what we aro and what we can
do whon we ure once again united under
ouo flag and pursuing the same great des
tiny. This has all been done and Etill the
military resources of the North havo been
in no way exhausted. Every town and
oily is yet full -of young men, who havo
novcr buen to thc field, whilo thero aro
thousands moro of the veterans of many
campaigns in our midst.
During theso four yeari of trial, we Iirvo
become a military nation in ovcry tseusa
of tho term. On land our armies am in
vincible, while on the ocean tho saying
"that Britannia rulos lho wavo" has hu
come hardened to deed of death aud suf
fering, nnd no longer do tales of blood cx
eita our nerves. Men die now by hundreds
on the field of balllo, and in crowded hoi
pitals and awaken -but a faint thrill of sor
rowi Disabled floldiora meet us at every
step and arouse butfevr fueling of pity or
sorrow ; and lho news of the deuth or
ftienda 'on Southern plains has becomo au
Jvery day thing. Our,peoplo havo grown
no worso but familiarity in this matter Iiuj
bred indiffernuc: Under all this seeming
Ueartlesmcsa tho memory of1 tha happy
dujs of peaca are yet strong, ami there is
every rufuoti to believe that our nation
having boon purgod by this long war, will
arise from her humiliation and go on in
the march' to yot greater glory atid greater
Tlio provalenco of liigli excitement is al
ways succeeded by a reaction, This is'
true in roferenoo both to individuals and
communities. A few months ago, when
political excitement ran liigli, men wcro
often ready (o approve of almost any do
1 greo of excess which might bs directed
ngninst their opponents. Even the argu
ment that chauges,iri our political nrango
meuls wcro frequent, nnd that eomo day
the mischief encouraged might rcttiru to
plaguo the inventor, had no force. Sinco
i that time several moutLa have elapsed,
nnd it is nuw pleasant to observe that rea
son or.ee more mcccetU to passion, in
lartjo decree. Tho liberty of the press
contended for now all sides, nnd tho lib
UIly u. iu tH.-i.uu .a UULU....UU "
. t. !. i. .
Gatcttc, than which probably no other
iour,lal would llavo B0,,c rurlher tiU with
in a recent period ,iu justifying recourse
to tho moist arbitrary acts, so lone as tho
objcot profcsfcd was to "sustain the gov-1
...... .. .. ....
crnmcnt.-' now uitteront is tue spirit ot
tno loiiowing. trom a receni numuer 0.
.1 ; 1.
. . ..... 1
AiN ALi Ul' JUoitOJbj.
mm.. rT.... ,.e ...:., ji.i ucri'"J"
i:. i... .t.. . nn;...,. 1
utuuu uiuiuug a iuiuuh iuiuhjwu
n,t0 hl! cases f persons held in
Wnahinotin. iinilfp mihtarv
. .. i
. . V m" 1 Vi
Wool, nnlnn iimlf.p militnr nut iiirit.w.
nno nil nr
,,u.U6Y:-u, ..-w. j .""i
against wUom cnargc? navo never ueen
preferred, anu to whom trial lias neon uc-
11ICU. Alll. UUIUU1I1 EIIUIUU bliai. Ik jajiliuii
investigation by the Military Committee i
had developed outrages of tho most start
ling character. This investigation should
not stop with tho Old Capital Prison, as
similar outrages nro practiced throughout
the couutry. Subordinate ollicers,cloihed !
with authority, very oftenmako arrests mere i
ly to show their power.or to gratify a mali-.
icious feolinp, aud persons thus airested,'
unkas' th'ey have iuiluenlial friends at hand,
are often kept confined and their cases fre
quently forgotten by the person ordering i
them into custody. This practico is a dis
graco to the government, and Congress
should promptly adopt measures that will
protoct citizens against such outrages. I
Tho scoundrels who abuse their office aud
disgrace their uniform by violating the
rights of individuals, should ba disgraced,
and severely punished beside, by impris-
M. nrrnef ctinnttl a nn rm tf toA tn nnv'
11U UllUSb DUUUIU Uw WUIUltlllil., 1U tttl Y
case, except upon charges regularly made.
and then the accused should be promptly
tried. In tbo early stages of iho war, high :
officers of tho government sot tho bad cx- i
ample which rotty officials are now imita
l'"g- We hope this movement in Congress
foum Kuitr . out in or,cr to rcacu tue
bottom .commissioners should bo appoin-
ted to visit all lho military prisons
throughout the North,and inquire into the
cases of persons confined. This would in
volve labor nnd expense, but theso are as
nothing compared with the importance of
In view of such articles as this, wo may
hopo that such subjects are no longer to
be viewed from partisan stand-points, and
that a healthy uuamimity in nieir aud
presses of all parties may result in saving
SSf The pleasant mirago of peaoo
fades upon tho horizon. All that has
been written, or said, or sung, concerning
the blessed influence which preliminary uc-
gotiations were to exert upon tho minds of
tho rebel leaders and, through them, upon
tho stales in rebellion jboeoines as a "talc'
that i& told," in the face of tho news from'
A'l means war. It means war proso
outcd with a new energy of despair ; and
with all tho fresh impulso which men long
strung to one purpose, and wearied by a
series of damaging failures, go often find
even in a merely formal change of lho lines
upon which they are acting.and ono of tlio 011 tuo -very verge ol irretrievable bank
iiutruments which they uso. I ruptcy. This poverty-stricken condition
It would be childish not In sna in tho
timplo faot of tho popular feeling which
has forced such a change upon the aspect
of affairs at the South abundant ovidenco
that, in prosecuting the war as tho radicals
havft insisted thai, ivn sluill nnrsrinti it ten
are henceforth toencouuter all the fire and
Ibrco which the conoentratcd passions of a
whole peoplo can put into the wagintj
Amendment to the Enrollment
Mr. Wilson has introduced into tho
Senate a number of amendments to the en
rollment bill which effects it in very im
portant particulars. They providu that
persons already enrolled may bo received
as substitutes, nnd that none shall be ex
empted by reason of furnishing to the naval
sorvioe, unless such substituto shall be
presented in person to the enrollment board
and accepted. Any porsou offering as a
substitute an individual who- is insane, a
convict, or is convicted of nny crime, or
who is n deserter, or any person in aetata
of intoxication, or shall defraud any sub
stitute, shall pay. a fine not exceeding ono
thousand dollars, and bo imprisoned for
tho term of tco-y.cors or )cs, and any
officii mustering into tho scrvico a substi-
tute in any of thenbovo conditions, shall
D0 dishonorably jlismiaacdi
csy Col. North, arrested for complicity
.with alleged election frauds Jn New York,
,has bcon unconditionally released. The
election boing ovor, and tho objcot , ol tho
arjoat having been uecured, thoto was no
further necessity for detaining tho prisoner!
Ilio- dischargo U a clear admission that
thoro was no causa for his arrest. Thoro
... . .. !. iLl. f I . 1 i I
wa ocna iu mis tair laim retueds lor suon
riroDg-, but is thero now !
llomteui-urj, Jan. 2;!, 1805. "
Col. Tatk .
J)eat Sir Wo huvo a flourishing
Lodge of the Ancient Order of "6W-
Fellows" in oxlatonoc in oilr placo for tho
last niltn n nnlh. Thin U A linnnllciitl an.
i - " " . .
Icicty siutilar to tho 1. 0. of 0. F.,
I Amorican Mechnnios.
"Ua,IO I1m,U amenorauon o,
juo uumau lamuy generally, out especially
that of its own mombers, as well as that of
our uonio soititcrs wuo aro periling tnoir
lives and health in defense of our plorious
, Union. It has been sending boxes ol
j provisions &o., to the soldiers and will
continue to makoits mission of Charity and
lirood deeds, felt as lanrf ftBit has existonca
or tho pOWCr to do 80.
tho nower to do so.
Yoti will confer a favor upon an old
bscriber, by noticing tho above facts.
M. M. A,
O1UNCIEVII.1.B, i'A., Feb. 2d, 1805,
unon von nnd one of vour nrmv oorroa-
" - - "
nmw nn 9 in ilio nnlnmlln nf Mm "TIoBiih
Mgned M. li. Hughes, JJattcry '1 ,
lflt 1 a. Jjt
tVrt'y, 2d Army Corps
2d Army Corns." 1
L'tintff flin tn it n ntirl net lio ia itnltinr fli n
If.,i . - . t . i.
Iitlln nnlnrintv. I nrnnnan In nrinntninnilnln
uu i v u v uimui ihm t ti - iu nvuiui: v i
7 ' - - . .
bim. On the promiao of easy times in
i(1 compiiny u0 cHsted and took tho
Bounty. He says ho "claims to be aoy
a. soldier." Of ooursc ho is; so loyal
that during the past campaign ho was not
in n single fight, and when his company
was under fire he was always sonic miles
to tho rear. Ho says, inrsfcrring to your
ecrrespoudenl that ''the part of tho lino
where lie is stationed it is an unusual thing
to hear even a musket fired." Now, Mr.
Editor, in view of what I havo stated, to
wit, tho propensity of Mr. Hughes to keep
out of a fight, tho above quotation is quite
But, again, ho makes a klung allusion
to tho "Company C'o.ok." Poor soul !
what is he ! a Company Clerk ; a man to
do the Capt's scribbling. "How we apples
The above facts I havo from a letter in
II.. f .,. '
ny -mls written by ono of this man's thcr progress.
comrades. I never would lave mentioned Riohmond papers of Saturday morniBir
tho facts had not the poot soul debired
publicitr. ' In return, I.challenno him to
say ho was over in a fight, ever was in
danger, and that ho has uot boon all along
a company clerk. -J-
Peace. Tho "truo" result of tho Blair
mission" is given aB follows in tho telo
grams of Saturday ; but, as the efficial
stamp is wanting, tlio public will await
further advices :
"That Jefferson Davis is willingto waive jlu,v Ulu 80Utu tn" 01 100 u l.apoanal
all formnlitics and fiend to Washington, or 'expressly to prevent such a movement bo
reeeivo from there Commissioners to treat . came terribly frightened, lie ator.ee got
for peace upon the batisof separation. I, up atfam and sailed down to City Point,
I he President of the UniteU States, on ! ,.; .,,:. i . - ,.
,, ,i..i...j :. :n- . , 1 giving most i iicohcrcnt reports ot duater
t :mv nnraon of infinnnc., who ,nv nnm
from the States in rebellion, with or with -
out authority from Davis, tn treat for
peace on tno basis ol submission to the
Union. Of the above facts there is iw
Income Bevenue A contcmpoary
sagaciously remarks that "if Mr. Lincoln
could see tho published liit of ''SpeoiSl In
eomo" returns ho would not havo so ex
altcd an opinion ol the boundless wealth
and resources of the Northern States as ho
had when ha and Seward wroto tho Fourth
Annual Message. In every section of tho
country there are found hundreds of citi
zens who were thought lo be wealthy, who
aro absolutely borderiug on starvationand
many others who, from their style of liv
ing compared with their returns must
of tho country, as sworn to hy "loyal" citi
zons' 0u2bt t0 bring serious reflection to
those who make policies and manage the
exchequer at Washington."
Rf Tho people of Lowell and vicinity-
are about getting up a Butler testimonial
Every ono to their tasto, but how much
finer it looks in the eye of tho world to be
doiug what Ohio is lor SiiEUMAN than
Massachusetts is for Boti.eu. Ono,
ranking among tho beat of tho Generals of
tho ago, whilo tho other notoriously weak
and incompetent, is h mark for tho scorn
of all nun except his own immcdiato fol-
lowers. Once so seemingly mighty, "now ' ' ' , t , 7 , prooauio mat it may becorao a living, tan
lies he there, and none.o poor to do him 'f Lef la'"rcs of 1,10 b;at(; f " blo proposition belorp many months.
, ' 1 ion to make ltrtho suproiuo law of tho laud, . -
.", g."T, , ,. . J,
fSff" I lin Allnnlln Mnllllilu ahnlilinnS'
, , e
la out for February, MrJ. Stowo contin
uos her series of papers Iko Marvol bo
1 gins a new story Somebody wrltos an
ill tempered and ignorant article on Chief
Justice Taney and somebody elso lias
undertaken lo abuse and denounoo tho
Literary meu of Connecticut. Tho wri
1 tcrs teem all out of sorts, running over
with bile. An East wind must havo blown
ovor there. Ticknor &. Fields, Boston,
JGST Tho Saunte.will probably follow tho
lead of the Hoiiao cud.pass tho biii-iepeal-i
ing tho duty on paper. Tho relief lo pub
' lishcrs will not Uien bo as great-as many
people would imagine. Paper will btil'l
bo double wnat it was bctore tlio war.
Wages, ink, and all tho ncocssarios of life
will continue at the prosent starvation
prices, though paper docs get cheaper.
C-'Gon. MoOlellan, with his wifo and
child', sailed for Europe on Thursday, in
tho steamship China, from New York. He
, was attended to tno vessel by a
of pcrtoual fiends and relatives.
Thoro ft rcPorl tuot 11,0 Confederates
'iavo oapturcd Fort Smith, Arkansas.
Tho probability U Hint this post was abitn-
(loDct ,ll(J Federal lniops,and occupied
b? tho Confcdarates lomo timo jifter-
uoucrai iuoauo nas ucon rcmovca irom ms
- -- -- - - - ' " """'L,.
"- " i6,'u" "u 1110 "" ou iuio-
Jay- General Sheridan is to succeed htm.
nr n .... e.i ..n ........
They havo not boon for
a long time.
'I'hough ho laved Pennsylvania from
vasion in 1803, and acted with such mark
jctl gallantry that his fellow-citizens pre
scntcd him with a rosidouco in Philadel
' phia, Oenoral .Meade u now taken awav
. ffm an army that has known him for over
! ,liro0 7- Vhat his now ooinmand is
, to bo is not announced. There arc reports
that bo is to have ono.
Tim f!iinfflilr.iin 'anno! Un-l, t,o.
been removed fr.un command in tho Shon-
1 andoal yaI,
lie is succeeded by Gan.
i Gordon. Sheridan's army is quite at Win
; Chester. On January 20th he sent out a
rcconnoissanec. two hundred ktrnim.wtnnti
. ,,'. ......
"""" ",u lu ' uuuaiucn,
iieru tuey nurprueu a suiau uontcuerato
camp, capturing about fifty prisoners.
t r.' 1 J
i They turned back towards Winchester,
but had not gfone far when tho Coufoder-
pUes attacked them, released ail the priso
ners, toized tho camp cquipago and bag
gage, and killed, wounded and oapturcd
about seventy Federal soldiers. Tho rem
nant of the party was coming- into Win
chester in small parties on Tuesday last.
TM, M C.l,:., .....I
j...,, iiuuiumaiu(; uu ujiiji uiiacK iipqu
Wilmington appears to have been given
up. Tho Federal troops have not yet ad-
Ufini.nl! tn WMrilu tttn nit., . lime
ed no reinforcements; and still rcmain'in
r ort I isher. Tho Confederates have con
structed a formidable lino of oarthworks
completely across Federal Point at Battery
G'atlln, fcur miles north of Fort Fi-?hcr.
Tho Federal gunboats have advanced threo
miles above Fprt Fiiher, along Cape Fear
river. The torpedoes in the water, and
forts on the bank, however, prevent fur-
announce that General Breckinridge has
been aproiuted tho rebel Secretary of War,
and also contain the nartin" nddrcsj of
Gencral Hood to his troopt, dated at Tu
polo, Miss., on tho 2a inst General Dick
Taylor is Hood's successor.
It is staled that when tho Oonfodeinta
iron clads came down the James river on
Tuesday, tho commander of the Federal
I monitor Onnndago, that was at anchor bo
i .i. .. . i . . . .
I above. In about two hours t tcl.-ram
1 came from Washiog'ou dismiaf.ing him
, from service. We have not yet received
any particulars of the second advance of
the iron elads said to have been made on
Tuesday night. Wo do not think it was
made. The Confederates on the Charles
City and Now JIarkct roads, north of the
I'cueiul works on the north side of the
James, havo appeared in strong Ibrco. In
order to prevent annolher iron-clad attack,
tho new Ironsides aud Atlantic havo gone
to City Point.
tSr The House of Representatives of
the United States on Tuesday adopted
, the amendmont of the Omstitutiou of tho
, uuuuu owies, wuicu nau already passed
the Sonato, declariug that slavery and in-
voluntary servitude shall no longer exist
in any Plate of tho Wuion. Tho vote was
n.a yeas to uo nays, neing the lull two
third majority required by tho Constitu
linn t twl tilts mi i,a nta
The result was accomplished by the
votes of thirteen Democrats, as follows :
Messrs. Bailey, of Pennsylvania; A. C.
T?T,Uuin ne M.-,.i.:...,n. n.,re.n,. r n
i AiaiUwin' ot OHouiijan; Oolfroth, of lenn
,uU. mbuU,u,,,)Ui j-cuu-
sylvania; English, of Connecticut; Gansou,
ot riewlori:; liernck, of New ITork ; of the Monroo doctrine lo all tho states of
King, of Miino ; U'adford, of Now York; North America can bo agreed upon.
Nelson, of New York; Odeil, of Now When that proposition is made, it will be
York : Rollins, of Missouri j Wheeler, of timo enough to discuss if In the mean
Wisconsin ;Yeamau, of Kentucky. i time our readers may as well revolve the
The question having pum-d Congress.it ' 6ul)jsct in thuir minds, for it is not im-
rrflt rnnnifnc llm in fi n 1 1 mi nC rl.i fn.il, i . . ...
Mind, Matteu. Money, Beauty. -
' ' '
obster'a Quarto Dictionary, as now pub
- ',. , ,. . , . . . .
tiaucu,is'auiu iu uuvu cost .uiuro inieiicct-
ual lab')r,more money in its "getting up," i
and to contain more matter, aud a largo
nambcr of beautiful engravings, than any
single volume ever before published for
popular use in this or any other country
Bell & Daldy,the now publishors of Bohns
libraries, aro to bo tho London publishers
of this utaguificcnt volume
I Brown's Bronchia-. Tnocnits. We
would call the spcoial attention of ,olergy
men and teachers to "Brown's Bronchial
' Troches.'' It is well known to our ra
' dcrs thai wo do not admit medicines to our
coUnius- We ndvartiso thess Trooher,
because, after a trial of them, wo aro'sat
istled that they aro tho best thing of tho
kind' extatt. Chicago School Journal,
i fits- Tho Dayton Umpire gets off tho
following on what it considers Butler's
present nud future midenoo :
'General Butler's prosenj residenoo is
Liwtll ln.i future residence will bo low
Return of Mr. Blair Nothing
I diato Poaco What the South
i Ib fighting For, nnd on What
1 Tnrmn Tt. Will Stnn Fltrlitltirr.
From the Illcliinoml inquirer, January SO.
Thosocond mission of U6n. F. P. lilair
to Richmond is endod, by tho return oi
tliat rrontlcman to Washinnton vestordav
- , '
"b uu,u,uti uuwww
Plisncu towards an lmmcdiruo noaco wo
fc01 iu.ti0od in nsstirin. our reader. Tho
- o - - -
c"cmy "0 willing to permit us to diotato
nr own terms, nrnvidnd nnlv wo will not.
, ! a r
'"" uu,ol"i K"
slavery, nny constitutional provision for
its protection and extension, lull compen
sation in greenbacks for all the ntgrocs
that havo been carried off during tho war,
nnyuiiug, cvcryining tuat wo can nau or
think will bo frooly granted, If only vro
W'H 0lscnt to reunite with them. Thosu
maJ 110t ha bcou exactly Mr. Blair's
tonus, but they embrace tho substanco
of his mission, and do not in tho least ex-
aGSorate tho extremity to which tho cne
mf arb willing to concedo us if wo will
oniy return to tno union, uut those
. . I l!l.-. itr,
itmia uuiiuui (iuiuiissu uur iiuuriy. yo
are not fighting for slavery, neither its
protection nor extension. Wo aro will
ing to givo up slavery for our liberty. Wo
intend to be independent aud frco,or to bo
' exterminated. The cnomy will under
stand tho earnestness of ourpeoplo in duo
timo. As yet thoy do not fully know ua :
but they aro learning fast. Wo aro aeok-j
ing n place among tho nations of earth,;
believing it to bo a right securod to us by j
our forefathers. Slavery has nothing ,
whatever to do with this war. Wc will '
awnon thn institution frnm linfnrn tl...
...... u- .uu
moment it stauds in tho way of tho ao -
oomplishtnent of our liberty. The enemy
Mlirrllt net wpll nt.nnilrtn tlio i.tTnrt tn nril.n
U3 protection for slavery out of our
liberty. We admit that thero arc a few
recreant wretches in tlieo ttatos who
would sell their liberty for their negroes ;
but our word for it, they aro few aud tit-
torly contempMble. Resolutions may be
introduced into tho Virginia legislature
looking to reconstruction, but thoy will bo
njected with a unaHimily which will for-
I 1., ,,,.. .1
, ever damn the wretched traitor that has
"lus BOllfi''- ' ,,rillg shamo and disgrace1
ur.n tUR -a'r name of tho state. When
t',L'3r ,lla'i0 l'ic'r appearance it will bo timo
c,10us'' t0 fipeak of their authors and abet-
t rs in th'Jir treasonable work. Thoy will
be found to be men of no earthly influenoa ;
men who have maintained ihcir places in '
the L gislaturo because the army had ta
ken into its ranks all the men fit for such
places. Those who wou'd now entertain
propositions of reconstruction and remain
with murdurs of our sous and brothers,tho '
violators of our women, the wrctol.ea who
have burned our houses and desolated our
li:ld , aro either already purchased up or
have fixed their own price upon their trca-
sou 311,1 are sat,3fifll1 ttlcy will obtain it
It would be most niortifiying to eeo any
suoh re-olutious introduced, and wo do
most carnu-tly hopo'that good sense may
provont their being offered. Tho stooud
mission of Mr. Blair is tho best evidence
that wc can desire that our people havo
ou'y t0 00 trul! 10 themsdves and they will
ovcntually secure their freedom. When
Mr. Lincoln is willing to give up his love
for freeing ncgroos, and whuii he and his
peoplo aro willing to give constitutional
guarantee for tho protection of slavery, and
oven to repeal all laws prohibiting its intro
duction into tho free states, to nav for all
stolorf Legroes, thero can be no later evN
Jence that the enemy are befeinninK to un-
dorsland that the job is .too big. Stand
firm now. Wo have gone tbrouah the
Gory ordeal, Wc havo only to be as faith
lul to our cause as wero the sons and'bro
thora wo dow mourn, and we shall
- ' rejoice in the CBjoyment of our liberty and
t m .
muepenuenoa. luero is a oompromiso
; that yet may open tho way to peace. It
bas heon suggeatod that tho United Statee
will acknowledge our iudependence.provi.
- ded a treaty of cotnmerco and a league
oeu a treaty oi cotnmerco anu a league
offensive and defensive f?r the application
Soldiers' Vote in Michigan Un
constitutional. DETR0iT,Jan. 28. Tho Supreme Court
of Michigan to day decided the colciers'
voting law ol the .State os unconstitution
al. 4sr In tho Ilouso on Monday a resolu
tion was offered thanking the President
for removing CJon, Butlor from ooinmand.
T .lilt i
it was tauiou oy n vote ot yeas 07 nayo
i 43. It is no wonder a curco .rests on tho
laud when so many of its ohief, prieeta bbv
down aud worship "tho beast."
CSyr Tho American' Monthly (Demo-
cratio) for February is on our'tablo, and is!
perhaps tho best No, yet issued. It U
also improving iu paper and printing, in'
I which it was not quite up to tho standard. '
Tho publisher piomises still additional ad
j vantages, and will soon tnako tho "Ainer- j
leun" he best Magazine in tho United
States. A'ddress American Monthly, No.i
37 Park Jiow, Now York.
- . .-.. . .. .
Wc hay been compelled to omit several
column of A'dvc-rtmracnti for want of
Statement of the Finances of llto L'ounlj of
TjiROM the firat day of January, A. D., t
1804, to tho first duy of Jauuatj, A.D, i
...... . ..1. 1... . 1
J.I1U AdllllOIB U11UIUU IU EUlllH HI1U IIIIJUJI
the public accounts of Columbia Coonty,
respectfully bug leave to report that they
tiavo examined mo sanio irom mo isi ua)
1 of inn, A. D., 1801, to the. 1st day of Juu.
A. D., 1RG5, nml rospect u y lay beloro
tho Honornblti Jiu.icft ot tiiououn oi uom
mon Pleas, of said County the lollowina
Statement and report agreeably to tho 22,1 ,
nectinn oi tho ' Act ot "onerul Afsomoiy ot,
tlsis Commonwealth pas.od on tho 4th day
of April, A. P. 1834.''
I DANIKI. MuHKNRY, Treasuror rf Co.
lumbia County, in account of said eo i
Jan. To caph of J S. M'NIinch, lalo treas
urer, a par Auditors ettlement ol
I8G3. 040 26
To U.os ouMutiilinu;
To laves onistHiidiiij;,
j Mrl c'uBlreeelvoJ oi'snn
. dry persons for uso of
j JmiU07un iv lax
ton day lll, 18G3,
assessed for tho yevr
County tax soaioil
and unsealed lands)
returned, 043 07
do do Road 1053 51
'do do School 911 60
do do Poor 583 14
Sopt. Cash roe'd ol Brier
crook twp., por Sm'i
ol keeping Catharina
Suit at llurrirbur
and Court charges, 105 00
ov. Catl) of b.Savnga
old bridge limber- 12 00
Cash reo'd of liner
creek twp., expen
ses keeping Catha
rine Suit at Harrii
burg, 115 00
Cach ree'd of Jeno
Coleman I'ro't. finu
S 1) Kilar.
i Alll'l IBII llliy ttifOSS
j merit 1861
1 r)ec, y0 't.a,u 0( jsa
I Coleman I'ro't
im-Ii ol miiiii coal
.cash of K llarinn
cn-h of W Wirt .
ciixh of R C Fruit
cull ree'd of mili
lary fund to wii :
cu.il ol l'.iirollmtMil
papers HUnk Hook
Pdid Tata for print
i n it prucepis and
Paid a'r for -prinii
military a-.-,'mi,18G I 08 AO
paid aM'fi for rnak-
ui enroll rot under
C.ish paid ae-isors,
axaet b ill ent ol dii'
tdX lor )8ii4,
ct li received on siiU'
CP jU 4668 0
Aint ontxtultdiu I lor
18(34, mid previou J t.
Am! or ler tedn.-m'd.
tion on SI 1241 .1
4 per ceo'
mi. Iia:id ol l'n'aa'or.
IUU6 85 HI3i 73
4 19 6 1
DANIEL .M,llENItV,Tr.Mtiiir.ir ot to:
lumbia I'oJtny iu account Willi tnx on do.
Hy am't outnUndiuu and un
collected Sor H33 1168 01
Am't a.eeai-ed for 1864 1322 50 2tPu45
Ami. outa.'.andin': nnd uii-
Exoneration allowed to
Comrnii-nioHs alio A'ud to
' Am ""eepdamn,
pan! ass x lor nm
rnenl of do lax lor 186 1
Am'i paid J S McNinch,
lale Trea-urer, l&l 03
TieaMi ror's co in m i ioa
on SI276 13 1 00
BJi. dueaaid fund, 2 90
Auditors and Clerk.
Am't pd Auditors and;Clerk, 48 00
do W Witt, audiiiiiii,
do Proh'y nnd RHK'ie'ae'lh 12 50
, Am'i paid aps'rs for spring
asessmeni, -Ho yi
do Triennial ass'jnent, 484 00 ,927 12
BRIDGE AND ROAD VIEWS.
Amount paid mndry persons, 07 00
Am't paid David Savage, 460 00
Am't .paid sundry pe ipoiik, 1278 09
Am't paid (.undry persons for
P.-oth'y and Regisiar'sfli ce, 114 3:
Am't paid the several Conslubles
during tho year. 06 28
Am't paid Moes Coffman, 36 00
CLEANING COURT HOUSE.
Arn'l paid sundry persons 27 50
Am't paid sundry persons fot tepairs
to Court House and Jail. i3C''8G
COMMISSIONERS AND CLERK.
Am't paid R C Fruit. Clerk, 8450 00
do t; it Hess, uommisninner, 173 50
T J Vanderslico
Am'i paid W Wirt Attorney, 60 00
COM MON W EA LTH .COSTS,
Am't paid mi miry person, 100 21
Am't paid E 11 Lililtt, 64 00
Ainjl paid at SpritiR election, 397 87
do General, Presidential
and t-pecial elections 1227 78
FOX AND WILD CAT SCALPS. .
Am't paid to sundry persons, 87 40
Am't paid for Court House aud Jail, 130 33
Am'i pH d (or nalioiigr) lor Cotin, 35 10
Ain't paiil r.ycomlna Iiuuranea Co.
Am't paid J.M ChamborUIn for In-
qiiBst on body ol C ll.ittnn,. ,
P R Uerbino, for iiiijueii on
bod; ol I Adartli,
J H Kriiz, lor iuiiuesl on body
of 1 Snlif.
Samuel Rhoni', for Inquest on
body of S Jackmii,
Samuel Nuvhan for innnoM on
body ol S Wnruce,
JUHOFl'S .WAiJKS AND MILK AO li,
Am't paid J uror3 at toveml Cnms, 873 2b
Am't paid J R Kvims, attendance oh
prisoners, & oo
. , , , .. MILITIA. (
Am't paid ! L flutter lor enrollment
papers and blank book, and ox
proMiiRe on iho samo -4 49 00
do pnid Trtto for prinlim: precepts
mid iioiicHs. jo o
do paiil uVi fur makina enroll-
men i uinlui net I Mil 66 63
. 138 53
I'lilNIING A NO AOVKUlTflNlS.
Am' i paiil L Ilulu,
do (!u '.V U Jacotiy,-
do till' J S ,l1l!fi.,
Am't paid li S Poniimiiary,
do Poun'.i S 1, IIh-iiii,
A m'l pnid J Kjerly, Ji,., Proih'y,
do do JetBti Coleman, do
Am't paid P John, Postmaster,
Am't paid sundry personn in Hlnom, 226 .10
I SHERIFF'S HILL.
Am't paid J H Kuinipn, bonrdiiif
do paid J II Fnrinan ciiiivuyin
1 R Ttiijer, mid J Ilnrot lo E S
do paid Samuel So ilnr, convey
ing ft Callulet, li s Peiriry,
Aiu'i pnid kumlry pcrio.i4, lo wii
20 J 74
1 2 50
' 7 60
He ti I ot i
Mi. P o.i-miil
Mi 111 in
It EVEN UK STAMPS.
A m'l pi'nl ' John Inr iki).-.,
Am't pt id ai ilio nemral Cmirn,
Am 't of rimd n'liwol ami puor, n
llilult-il lo dillelenl i ti a ii e h i -,
do lelunded lo O A Jnioliy,
noiiUOn ED Mt)NE.
Ain't paid loiiind( per-ons, and
mi ere-' nn dm s.uii.u, 181 0 75
IVHOLlv AMOUNT OF ORDEtU
li limt Inr II u ) nr I8tj I, l 1718 20
Dedncl uni'l flmep dam
ie ordert. lor .-.ifim ) ear, 116 J 25
Deib.el ny. lelunded 10
I' Mil -hip. ice. 188S 18
Deiiuct bnno'.vdd money
and inlerevl on Kime, 1819 75 5170 18
Acinal fixpe'iiilu'ires lor llie ,
jear IfjGt, 9548 II
Wii llie tin iH f nii .'hujiiors of Colum
Inn cnui'ly, bfint; dnjy eluded to ailjil-l
and setlirt llie iccour.lii of llie 'J'r' aurer
and CnminirN'Oiie.ri do conify that wh
oiel til llie ollico of llm Coiiiini.-ioi ers in
Blnoiuabiirg, and c.iri'l;jjly uxamined lho
nccoiinis mill vouchers of l ho amo, from
llie l-l iIbv ol J.uiiinry A. D., IfiGl, loiliu
1-1 of J41: A. D , 1865, and find thorn oor
reel as nel fnnli in llie feittoim; eluleinmil
and that uu find n balance due C'oletnbi.t
cnunly ol Five Ilumlretl anil Six')'-' 'irnn
Dollar nml Iwenl) cenls (8503 20'; Iroirr
D iituel Mcllenry, 'Tieafiirer ol sdid comiiy.
Given under our lianiN, thii lourili day
of January, A. I). 1865.
A.'J EVANS, ) Ceu)ify
DANIEL SNVDER, ) Auiiiloit,
MtH :-VV. WIRT, Clark.
We, the uiu'drxiuud, CotninUiiiouHr h of
Columbia eonniy, do ciiilily llul tlio ,om
goius isi a corteui fctalainum of I'tu iteeu urns
of t-a'id couniy lor Ilia year 18 64
Witneis our luuds, Jan. 4, 1865
R C FRUIT, Clerk,
T J VANDERSLICE, ) Commissioner
ALLEN MANN. ol Col. Cotiuiy.
FINANCES OF COLUMBIA CO.
Bal. duo Irom collector, S6GG4 76
Deduct for exonerations
ami Conimis.iotiK, 1200 00 55 IG 4 77
Bnl. due from D Mollanry,
Treaittrcr, 5G3 20
Deduct orders uiurdre'med
for 1863 and ptevioui. jears 27 30
Deduct orders uiiredeen.M
for I8G4, 251 33
Deduel rodem'ion money, 662 66
Balance borrowud money
unpaid, 1000 OC
Interest on lho same, 00 00 2001 35.
Blanco in favor of. County. S4026 61
STATEMENT OF DOG TAX.
Bal. dun Irom collectors, 5784 65
Deduct for exonerations
and ComiuiiMon 300 00
2 90 '
Balance due fro in Drtniul
Deduct orilwrs unrede em'd
lor 1863 and previous jra. 41 CH)
Doduui orduw unreJeein'd
lor 1864. ' 614 50
Excess of sheep dgmagei
oror said fund.
Februaly, 1, 1863
"iVj OTIOK is hereby given, to all peraoua
Ll indebted tu, ur having' .knlltifl with. lh lit
(Inn offuruian, l.c i l'u I.imo Uunieii. nt l.imu
Rlilgi), that tho llouki ami Accomiti ft .ant l.nn lm
been iUcu4 in tlu lijml. uftlir umlnniE'i 'd ( r neltlu.
inriit ami cullt ctinn. Jrllliiil-nli niuat be iiuile L) lh
lOthufrV-bruir' nit, ur lliuu liitsru.leil neti nulrnin.
plain. Ifcoit iiitiu. Tho UooK, tr,, are In in) oilica
JOBUl'H I.II.I.UV.J V
l.itjhl eticd, J4iiuar It, "603 In