Columbia Democrat and Bloomsburg general advertiser. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1850-1866, October 08, 1864, Image 1

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    COLUMBIA
DEMOCRAT,
AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER.
LEVI L, TATE, EDITOR.
"TO HOLD AND TllIM TUB TORCH 0 L? TRUTH AND WAVE IT O'ER THE DARKENED EARTH."
TERMS : $2 00 IN ADVANCE.
VOL. 18. NO, 32.
IS LOOMS BURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, FENN'A,, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1864.
VOLU ME 28.
S P 15 13 C H.
ov
ROBERT R. LITTLE, Esq.,
Of Wjomlog county, at Oraugevlllfc, lo
luinbU county, Sent 30, 1801.
nttrORTHD tlV I). V. MURPHY.
or some years past, fellow-oitizon,tbo
people, or at least a considerable portion
of ttiein, have been following after strange
gods, ad announcing strange dootriucs
doctrines iuri nut many years ago wouiu
have boon scouted by every statesman in
tis land, aud porhaps I may say aro still
loatitrd by every statesman in the land.
These doctrines havo beeone for sotnufow
yc&ts past tho fashion, to such an extent
that thoso of u who Mill adhere to tho
dootrincs of tho Fathers aro stigmatized as
"copperheads." What peculiar signifi
cance our Iriends on tho other side who
arrogate to themselves all tho loyalty
and patriotism that it had pleased God
cvur to vouchsafe tu man, attach to this
Krtr;, I do not know; but I think I do know
that not many years Iigiico wo ihall find
them undertaking to etual it from us, olid
claiming to have been tho original Cup
perhi.as of the laud, to havo uecn Cop
perheads from tho brginuiug.
When tho nraus of this ,lloynl" party
shall oowt to pubiiih tho usual notice of
tho ptoccedings of this meeting they will
undoubtedly tell thoir ''loyal" reader that
your speakers upou this occasion hud a
great deal to say against Abraham Lin
colli, but uot a word against Jifi'ijrson D.v
TU. JiCSt 1 iuigut unng icpruueu upuu
this rueottug, i- beg ol you, fellow-citizens,
lo aisumc that I havo devoted a fair por
tion of my allotment of time lo denuueia
tiou and abuse of Joffersou Davis. It will
save jour time ; it will SHve me somo ta
bor j and it will he all the same to Jtffer
ioq Davis. (Laughter.).
I need not lomtud you, fellow-citizens,
that Washington aud Jaaksou on the oo
eision ol their retiremeut from public life,
At a lime when no lUotives other than mo
lives of the purest aud loftkst patriotism
could have iufluenccd theic, warned the
people of America lo boware of f cetioual
urn ; to beware of sectional putties, par
ti., kaa.il nnnil rr n rw r .1 !1 1 1 i (1 5 I (1 1 V LSI 1)118 Or
itnti. or bused upon issues which might
arri the people of onu section of tho
eonniry in hostiliiy to the people of aneth
or seotion of the country. ou all rceo,
leet tho warnings of those venerated
stttosmen in rolotenoe to that subject. I
need not remind you of the history of our
eountry for the last four years ; it is too
fresh in your recolleoimn. Until lbOl) no
Motional party ever triumphed in the Uni
ted States. In 150U a purely sectional
pUy triumphed in the election of that
year, lkuow U is deuied that that party
vts scctioniil ; but let us seo
That party was based upou the idea ol
hostility to the so called "peculiar insti
tution" of the South. That institution
was ooufiQeil lo the southern section of tho
Union. It wa6, therefore, a spolional in
stitution. The party termed upon the iJea
ofhostilitj to thatinet.tution h.id its loca
tion in tho northern sjctiou of the Union.
The object of iU hostility was a Pectioual
institution belonging alouo to the Stales of
ih ijouth. Theretoro, a party based on
this idea must bo a iectioua! party. I he t war man as we cm ro.nlily lul l,
dtation of such a sectional j arty iu the What right thm, Mlow-citiz-ns, has
North based upon tho idea ol hostility to this party to accus us of fympaihy with sc
an institution which belonged only to tho cession! Further, what right h-u this pir
Bonth, naturally originated the iuaugura ' ty to deuounco scecs.ion ? They have ad -tion
of a party in the South based upon '. vocated i; almost from the beginning : .they
tho idea of thu support oi that institution. 1 nre a secession party. I thiuk I may
W o had those two parties, one in the North ' safely sny that at ono time or another all
and tho other in tho South, aud wo have , the present leaders of the Hepublioan par
I ofore as the consequences which were so ; ty havo been declared, avowed secession
accurately anticipated and foretold by the , Tits
Illustrious statosmen whose names I men-r Then permit mo to ask which of the
tioncd a moment since.
Why should tho Democrats party sym-
palhizr with tho South ! Why should it
sympathize with secession t Let us look
at this questiou a moment, for you know
lhat wo arc charged with 6uch sympatjiy.
Looking to the past, what has the Demo
cratic parly gaiued by secession I Nothing,
Ha it lost anything by secession I As a
paity, as a political organization, it lost
everything by secession. We woro iu pow
er iu Congress. This Administration
would havo been barren of all seriously
ovil rssults lo the country had it not been
for secossion. We should have btill ro
uiAined iu a majority in Congress, and no
sectional policy could hava boen carried
out by the present Administration, How
is it with tho other party I What have
they lo6t by secession ! Nothing. As a
political organization, ybat havo they
gained by secesiion I Dominion in this
land, absolute, arbitrary, despotic do
minion. Thon I ak yon again, fellow-oitizcus,
whv iiotW the Demooratie party sympa
thize with, feel kindly towards tho south
ern seoosiion movement I Looking to tho
future, how is it I Our hopes aro based
upon tho restoration of tho Union ; all our
interosts as a political organization are
Identified with tho Union. Restore the
Union, and we aro again in powor, porma
nontly in power as a political organization.
How will it bn with tho Republican par
ty t Ah, fellow citizens, thoy seo tho
doom of thoir party in tho restoration of
tho Union as it was.
Again : of all tho Domooratio statesmen
of tho Und in tho putt or the prosent,
when or where liayo you known ol ono that
has evor favored disunion or secession !
What Democratic Convention has over by
vi resoVutTon's e'nrhTfc'ed or favored reoei-
won? Not ono. Upou tho other hand,
bow hosit boon with our opponents ! I
oannot give you tho dato, but you all ro-
uiembcr ai part of tho history of tho ooun-
try the fact that lomo years ago Senator
Halo of Now Hampshire, Mr. Secretary
Chase, roccntly of Mr. L'tncolu's Cabinet.
ana fllr. beward, at this moment a nart of,
Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet, presented and sua- j thereforo, whether good or bad, it is in no covcry that slavery was tho cause of all
taincd a pclitiou to Congress asking thorn jsonso responsible: if they will aban- our troubles,aud attempted to ram it down
to doviso'somc plan by which tho Union , don that institution, 1 will linen to propo- our throats. As I said before, tho coun
mtght bo divided. sals of pcaoo." 1 thiuk that if Mr. Lin- try got along very well, very peacefully,
Nor need we stop hero, In 1848, Mr. coin does not listen to proposals of peace . very prosperously with slavery for tnauy
Lincoln, tho present Prosident of the ! Iroin the South until tho happening of that 1 years ; lis had very little troublo until tho
Uuited States, then a member of Congress condition, he will never listen to ouch j Republican party became abolitionizod and
from tho State of Illinois, announced on j proposals j ho will have a cbanco to carry I became, in fact, tho abolition party of the
luu huvi ui yuniii Lai una (M iucipiu, mai
any people, anywhere, being iuclincd, and
having the power, have tho light to with
draw from tho exutirig government and sot
up another to suit them bettor. That I look
upon aa pretty good secession doctrine.
(Laughter.) That is just tho doctrine that
Jeff D.tvis contends for to day, - just the
dootrino that ho announced at the time of
tho secession of tho Southern States from
this Union, just the doctrine that the up
holders of secession in the South stand
upon to day. oil have tho hiitory of
Wendell Phillips before you I ncd not
repeat the hundreds of instances in which
that man, political preacher as ho is, has
declared his hostility to this Union, has
declared himself to have beon in favor for
twenty years past of dividing this Union,
You have tho hiitory of Garrison before
you, the man who dec'ared that tho Con
stitution of the Uuited States was a "league
with death and a covenant with hell. '
You havo tho history of Mr. Greoly bo
foro you, an old DiMituoniat. What
has he said on this subject ! . On the UOth
day of November 1800, Greeley said in
his Tribune :
"If tho cotton States unitedly aud earn
estly wish to withdiaw peaeolully fr.om
the Union, wo think they should and would
bo allowed to do so. Any attempt to
compel them by foree to remain wou'd bo
contrary to ttio principles enunciated in
the immortal Declaration of Independence
and contrary to thu I'mihI uncntal ideas on
which human liberty is based ''
On ilTs 17ih of Deennlier following,
while South Carolina was in tho very act
of seceding, Mr. Greeley declared :
"If the Declaration ol Indepnidonce
j'tified :ho iccciisiun from
l"fo ol three millions ol
tho liri ttnh Hin
.)lonits in 1770.
we do not seo why it would not justify
the secession of five millions of Smihoru
crs from the Union in 1801.''
On the C'.'hd of lMiruary ISfil, after
Sitvi-n Slates hail already Receded, Mr.
Greeley s .id :
''Whenever it shall he oloar that the
great body of the Southern people have
brconio conclusively alienated Irom tho
Union and asxious to escape from ii, we
will do our best to forwaid their views, '
If I were to r.uuouneu such doctrines
to you lo-day from lhi stvid, you would
have rcism to pronounce m disloyal !
This man Greelev very clorlv doliuod his
position .a a subsequent time in the follow
in;.; language :
,lll the Cotton Stat'i shall I aaomo rl;s
fied that they can do be iter out of the Uni
on than in it, wo insist ou lettiDg them go
in peace." Is i'U.vok !
. r , t. r 1
Iiow, L behove, iir. ur.'uicyias vnieni
two irreat parties n ititiuruiy i ho Union
party of Uio country As I was on my
way hero, I saw at Snranton a great lull
in large letters posted up ag-iinst tho wall
of onu of the hotels there "headed ' Lm
oo'u, Johnson, aud Union ;" and you will
recollect that last fall when intelligence of
the defeat cf Judge Woodward in the gu
bernatorial contest in this St.ito wa an
nounced, Secretary Stantou declared that
that was a gieat Union victory, that tho
election of Governor Curtin was a grout
Union triumph, of mora importance to the
country evou than a great victory in tho
field ! And you will recollect that Win.
II. Seward in a recent speech at Washing-
ington, made within the past threo weeus,
ueu iiusinn'MUigo : --uio issue is now run -
1ji.ti i. ... : . r . ..
lingo
ly mado up ; that issuo is Lincoln and
I mon or iWeClolluti and limtmnn."
(Laughter.) Hero this old Secession par
ty, this party that has to-day upon Iho
staluto book of th e Stato of Massachu
setts a seccs-iou statute unrepealed, this
great Republican party claims to ba the
tiuon party ; and .ucuieliuti, who de
clares for tho Union as the one aud only
condition of peace, is said to bo tho Dis
union candidate 1 Is" it not a pretty par
ty to claim to bo the Union party ! Ah,
and it is not long siuce Mr. Greeley called it
tho Unconditional Union party! (Laugh
ter.)
What is the present isBuo ! Is thoro an
Unconditional Union party in this country,
and if so which is it ? MoClollan says that
the Union is tho only condition of peaco ;
and he says more : ho says that with it
view to tho restoration of tho Union ho is
in favor of oxhausting all the resources of
modern statesmanship. That is the posi
tion of tho Democratic oandidate for tho
Presidency. That is our sido of the pros
ent r me. How it il upon Che olhor sfde t
Mr. Lincoln says in effort "oh, yes, I will
agree to peace upon tho basis of tbo in-
tegrity of thu ontiro Union, upon comli-
tion that you will first abolish slavery in
tho South, upon condition that tho people
of tho Southern Slates will abandon an in-
Stittltion over which t.hn TiVdr'ril finwrn.
uiont hat no iiirmllntlnn niwl
on this war at least four years more, if he j
should unfortunately be re-elected. What 1 1
he will listen to terms of peace on the ba-
nis of the Union, prowled the people of j
the South will lirst abandon tho institution '
of slavery 1 And this is Greeley's "Un-
conditional" Union party ; imposing this '
impossible condition in the way of the tcs-!
toratiou of the Union I Fellow-citizen,
we do not want any such Unionism as this;
u 'un not nave any sucu muouisiu as
this ; and we do not think much of the
''leyill;" of the party that impofis thu
impossible condition iu tho way of the res
toration of the Uuion and of peaco.
I have thus stated to you Mr. Lincoln's
avowed position, and we h'ul hW whole
party occupying it to day. Tho Now
Vork Times, the leading Lincoln o:gan
of the north shortly after Mr. Lincoln's
"to whom it may concern'' manifest, la
.... ..ill..... .. ... , . .
bored hard to convince tho people that it
did not mean what it said; that in ayiug
that ho would listen to tonus of peace ba
sed upon the integrity cf the Uuion and
the abaiidoiiinenijOf slavery ,hu did not say
that he would uot listen t ) proiios Is of
peace upou any other basis 1 That was
the argument which, doubtless, most of
you saw in the leading Kcpublican papors
ol tho day. They labored hard to prove
that Lincoln did not mean what he said ;
but now they have given It up, aud since
Mr, Greeley has been nominated a elec
tor at Urge upon tho Lincoln electoral
tick t in the State of New York he has
ahaudouid thu effort to di-guHc Mr. Lin
coln s poucy , to disguise the meaning of
his manifesto, and he comes out openly
and K've him credit for nosncrasiui; u lit
tle muihoodin this at lean and declare
that Mr. Lincoln aud his parly aro op
posed to the restoration of the Union uu
til slacry ihill be lirst abolished. Why !
What is tho secret of Mrs condition J The
party has a mo'.ivu in thU, and I thiuk wo
can very readily B'-e it. It h because they
know that the restoration of the Union as
it wav i3 tlui end of Republican rule in this
country. They know Ibat if the souther
orn States arc allowed to come back into
the Union with all their rights under the
Jonstiiution as they wre before tho re
bellion, tho white people of those States
would bo voters; would have the right and
the opportunity affrJod to them to voto
against Mr. Lincoln and his sectional pol
icy. Of coure, thu rial dt would ho an
end of Republican Dominion iu this coun
try ; their pi'rty would io down torcver
there would be nothing left of it.
I'liey
are unwilling to see the Lincoln dynasty
fail; it mut be perpetuited; and heneo
'the Union as it was'' must be scouted ;
hence "the Union as it was" must .never
bo allowed to return to us ! Of course,
however, they mustdisguiso their real mo
tive ; it would not do to avow it ; and iu
what way do they disguise it ? Thoy dis-
.r.ilci i, lit ,,itt.-ir,i. t.lc- )i.nnailinr,j an-ini.:,
, "'r"1. r-rrT. "
SIS "Who ..r Is "Liiln'and
IT.,; M,.ninllnn -.ml n ..,. 1,
calling Democrats "copperheads," "trai- I "."-able attempt to disguise he true at
inn." and other bad names. They at. I ltulle a,ld -,ollc of ,,ho "upublioan Pty
tempt to disguise it bv false statements of I Any " n wo it that m It see it. Any
the lause of all our troubles ; by the mis. . ,;' " " n c0 !lat 8la,v.7 waB
erahlc pretext that slavery was the cmso
i 1 1 : .i c ,
must be put down. Ah ! Wis slaverv the
causo of secession This Union existed
happy and pro-perous for many year?
with slavery. Is there anything iu tho
institution ol slavery which renders it in
compatible with the perpetuity of tho
discovery was never mode until 1800 !-
Indeed, they did not make it so soon, be
cause you will recollect that iu 1801 when
wo heard so muh about no-paity-isin,
when they told us that thero should bo no j
moro party now, that we should oomo up
10 the rescue ot the Uuion, they also told
us tat we must not. Fay anything about
tho came of the rebellion until tho rebellion
, b .(1 ho t fo, yliy tlis set1ejtivo
i .
..... ., . . n.,rt 0f
ncss on thu p'jrt of tho Republican party
iu reference to tho causes our national
troubles ! The Democrats wero not afraid
tu talk about those causes ; we wtre wil
ling at any and every lime to discuss the
Cannes of the country's troubles ; but they
told us that whon tho rebollion was put
down it would bo time enough to talk
abotit its causes ; and you will remember
how thoy illustrated this idea.
Thoy said "if a man's homo is on fire, he
would be a great fool to stop and enquire
who set the houso on firo or how tho
fire was ooinmunicated to the houso, in
stead of putting out tho firo first and thou
instituting iuquiry as toils oauso" doubt
less a very familiar iustaueo to you all of
Republican logic Wo woro of opiuion
that while tho soldiers of our armios wero
engaged in putting down tho aruied re
bellion it was always proper for the civil
ians to inquiro into the oause of tho troub
les and annlv tho proper remedy: for we
know that wo could never apply that rem
edy without first ascortaiuing tho causo of
the diffionlty.
Rut tho Kcpublioans then woro remark
ably sensitive on that point) ttioy did not
like to hear tho ''caino" talked about.
In 1802, however , they inado a new dis
covery. Then thoy stopped forbidding
Deinoorats to talk about tho oause of the
country's troublo and went to discussing
country ; for there is no Republican party
now. Thero aro but twoparties,thc Dcm
oeratic party and the Abolition party ;
and it is idlo for the Republicans of 185t5
and 1800 to claim any longer that thoy
aro not abolitionists. Thoy now declare
in favor of carrying on this war against
slaverv ; Abraham Jiinooln by his Emaci-
nation proclamation uudertook to pledge
tho whole military and riaval power of the
country against the institution of slavery.
ILs party sustein him and that proclamation
and aro endeavoring to reelect him with
th it avowed policy of his upan record.
Is not that party.then an Abolition party !
Tho old Abolition party was never in fa
vor of waging war against this peculiar in
stiiuticii of the South, never lor involving
the eountry iu a bloody fratricidal war on
its account: at least it never so declared it
Self. Rut the so-called Hc ublican party,
that only a few years nijo would havo
deemed itself insultud if termed an Aboli
tion part), now stands squarely upon Lin
coln's platform in favor of employing the
wholo military s'nd naval power of tho
couutry against this institution of tho
South. I suv therefore thcro are now but
twn rrnnt rmrtina in the countrv. tho Dem-
cerr.lio party and tbo Abolition party. j
I said that in 1802 tho Republicans dis-
covered that slavery was tho cause of all '
our troubles. In what senso can slavery ;
bo considered the oauso of secession anil
of the evils which havo lollowed secession !
If ono of vou. havincr a little money in
his nockot. should hannen to be robbod '
on thu wav homo, vou oould say with
precisely the same propriety that money
was the ouiso ot your being robbed. If
you had not had tho mouey, you would
not have been robbod ; and therefore mon-
ov was the cause of robbery. Tlic.rel'ore
money ihouLl be iilmhaheil. If it were not
tor the lovo of money, which inheres in
i ho human breast, our list of crimes would
be very greatly reduced : therefore. money
is to a very large extent the oiu e of crime!
Il'klavcry had never c.vited, thero wo ild
never have been an abolition party. If
there had never been an abolition party,
thero never would have beon nuy secession.
If thcro had been no secession, thore would
have been no war. Rut that is a strange
nay to prove that slavery is tho cauo of
tho war I Now go back a Ktep. So long
as slavery was lot alone, so long ai thu
eonstitutioml principlo that tho federal
government had no power or jurisdiction
over any domestic institution of nny of tho
' !'tatci' wa9 reooguized and reapeeWd, there
Will nu secession nuu uo war. n was um
until a political organization was formed
on the basis ol hostility to an institution
basis ol hostility to
of tho South ovor which neither the federal
government, nor tho government of any our even in time of peace to ro elect any
State where it did not exist had any ort man to tho Presidency, because of tho im
of nnwer or authority, that thero was any mcnio oatronauo which ho wields; and
troublo ou this account ; and yet wo arc
told that slavery is tho cauo of all our
1 national trouble, 1
t " -ot require a man of any great
menial capacity m uu luriwn
Jiliai capacity u ecu luruui.i uti una
1101 100 causo oi iitu iruuuiui miu-ii uuw
afflict tho country
; that il slavery had
tho Coiiititiuion com
, heen le alono, as
manded us to lot it alono, there would
have beon no trouble on account ol the
southern system of labor. I need not
stand hero aud argue to you that wo of
the North havo uo belter right to intcrloro
with tho svstem of labor of tho South than
i PU0P u l luu ouu' uaU ,lu , lUfc
' we shall adopt in tho Northern Statos I
, think wo should not be long in getting our
backs up if tho people uf tbo South should
attempt to dictate lo us what system of
labor wo Bhould adopt hero. If they
should undOrtako to say to us ''you shall
uurr uur system ui iuuui tutu jruui unuuij
you bhall implaut it there, and if you don't
do it we will mako you do it," I think wo
should not submit to it very quietly. If
not, why should wo expect them to sub
mit nuietlv to suoh dictation from tho
.. -. . .... . .... . flv,.... ...i....
North ! j
In 1S60 tho penplo wanted a change, 1
A great deal was snid about the virtue of
a change. True, thu country was pros- j
terous, every tiling was going on very
well ; but it was said thore was a groat
deal of virtue iu a change, there was no
telling how muoh good might oomo from
it ; and therefore many of tho people wero
for a change. Well, .hy got a chango,
and now how do thoy h . it ! I tell you,
fellow-citizens, that vr want a ohango
now, aud wo moan to ivo it. Tho op
portunity is now afford to us to effect a
chango by choosiug hotwoon Abraham
Linooln and George R "loOlellau. What
sort ofi reoord has M Lincoln mado for
himself! He deolan t in 1818 iu favor
ofseoesfion. That w..s tho first wo bad
ever heard of him. V-'o hoard nothing
mora ol him until aboi.' thu time he hap -
nencd to have a littli
introversv in Uli-
aud got beaten.
nois vh Senator D'ou
Wc board no more of him until 1800,
when by a minority voto ho was elected1
President of tho United States. Sinco
thon, ho has issuod an emancipation proo-1
tarnation ; and he has issued an amnesty '
proclamation by which ho proposos to
organizo bogus States in tho South on the
principle that one-tenth of the people shall
govern all tho rest. That is Mr. Lincoln's
record. That is about all the record ho
ha! ; It is alt I have ever known of him.
General MoClellan has a record. I
will not occupy your time now by going
over his war rocord or his pcaoo record.
It is familiar to this people. On this '
point I might refer to Raymond of the '
Times; to Grocloy of tho Tribune to, !
almost all tho present leaders of the Ro-
publican party; for there is scarco one of,
them that bas not at ono tunc or another;
lauded McUlellan and concccdcd to him !
tho praises so riohly merited by
his akill and his transcendent services.'
1 will not occupy jour tiino now by quot-1
ing their many laudations oi his sagac
ity, his regard for his soldiers, his skill
l,in tbo accomplishment of important re
sults with but littlo sacrifice of lifo,' his
courage, his fidelity, his patriotism. All
this was beforo bo was known to be a
Democrat, or wc should nover bavo heard
it from these loyal sources. I will ouly
refer to Hallcck's pitiful dispatohos when
tho rebel cannon wero thundering in the
ears of the trc blititr Migrates at Wash
ington ; when McClellan's army had Ken
withdrawn from his commaud ; when,
standing within hoariog of thoso cannon
at Acrtuia Creek, while Leo's legions were
driving the exhausted and shattered col
' umns of the braggart Pope,he telegraphed
to the General in Chief ''if I cannot be
! allowed to command mv own army, per
mit me, at least to join its ranks aud ehare
tie fate." nt that dread moment the
trembling Halleok with pallid lips and
shaking pen was writing his despatch, now
historical, "como to me and aid mo iu. this
crisis with yous skill and experience."
What an endorsement of our glorious
Hero ! and from such a source from tho
nmn who had conspired with tho shuffling
demaifoaues nt Washington to render
abortive his plans, lest success might
crown them and make him the people's
idol. Ah! our Hero triumph was Biul
den and sure. Ho came lie re-organ iz
ed the shattorod remnants of our defeated
forces, and pressed on to South mountain
and Antietam, driving tho czultaut and
hitherto victorious iogions of the enemy
before him like chaff before the storm.
I will only add the verdict of General
Uurnsidc ; know lien. iUcUeiian as
"well as I know any human being on the
''luce of the earth. 1 know that no feel
"ing of ambition beyond that of the mc
"cess of our cuiee, ever outers his breast
"All that ho does is with a single eye to
"the sucooss of the covornment and the
''breakina down of this rebellion. J know
"that nothing under the sun will over in
"duce that man to swerve from what he
"knows to bo his duty. Ho is an honest,
'ehristian-likc, and conscientious man ;
"and let mo add ono thing, he has tho
"soundest bond and tho clearest military
"perception of any man iu, the United
"States."
Mr. Greeley about the time of tho
Cleveland Convention, said it was danger
that especially in time of war,
of war, whon the
patronage of tho Government was iucreas- j
ed to such a vast extent, thero would bo
dangc rto the country -oinatiogand
lu-uituuui: in, jjtuui. ui wuj wmn u.u.,.
occupying ihe Pro-idential chair
Rut
Mr- Greeley has forgotted all this now ;
heswallows Mr. Lincoln. Lven Lremont,
who accepted tho Clevelaud nomination
only upon condition that Mr. Lincoln
should be the nominee at the subsequent
Raltimoro Convention, has come into Mr.
Lincoln's snpport. They mako a groat
many wry faces about itjiowovor ; ho does
not go down easily ; but still they take
him down, long legs, boots aud all:
Laughter. Mr. Greeley, in tho articlo
in whioh ho gives in his adhesion, says,iu
effect and 1 helievo I give almost his
very words "truo, Mr. Lincoln lacks
capacity ; truo, he lacks earnestness, but
wumustgivo him earnestness; true, he
lacks onergy, but we must give him en
ergy," That is tho kiud of a mau whom
it 'n nrnnnscil to lnakn President of tho
Uuited Statos for a second term, notwith-
staudina tho immense danger that must
certainly rosult from the reuotnination and
ro-election of nny President,
Rut, follow-oitizens, as time nre other
speakers to follow mo. I iuut uot tres
pass too much on your paiionee. Ono
moro point aud I shall relieve you. Wo
wero told a few yoars sinco, as I tiioutioned
a short tiino ago, that wo should havo no
party now ; that wo should all join to put
down tho rebolliou, and whon that was
done, wo could talk about politics. In
other words, wo were all to go togotber
until the Ropublioau party becamu tho
only party of tho country, aud then things
would go on smoothly. You havo doubt
loss heard a groat deal of this kind of
talk, Whon tho loadors of ihe Republi
can party first mado to us this no-party
proffor you rooollcot how it was received.
Wo mot them unit way. At tuatttinea
Republican Congress declared a platform
of principles, which was to govern tho
conduot of tilts war. I refer to tho Crit
tenden war resolution. The Dcmooratio
party accepted it. It was placed at tbo
editorial head of tho leading Democratic
papers throughout the oountry. 'Tho De
mooraoy iMd'woitoespt that resolution ;
wo accept it evou as a test of loyalty, if
you will) as a tost of lidolity to tho coun
try ) as a tost of patriotism." Wo stood
b it ; we stand by it to-day. Wo did
more : wo voted in Oongross all the men
and all tho money asked for by tho Ad
ministration to carry on tho war. We
certainly met them moro than half way,"
Rut how woro wo treated by these no
party men! As tho time for tho election
campaign came round each year, we found
them organizing their party machinory,
issuing their party circulars, making their
nominations, and all tho tiuio talking
about no-party. What did it moan? It
uinaut, simply, ,uo party but the Repub'i'
lican p.uty I" They may havo pulled tho
wool ovor our oyca lor a short tiruo but wo
have got them open again.
They talked about holding ''country
above patty"; aj if tho Dernocraoy had
ever dune otherwiso than hold Country
abovo party ; as if our organization was
not planted upon the Constitution; as if
wo did not own all our success in the past
to ilia fact that our party was for tho
couutry and was iho only party that was
for the country ! "Country above party''
that is our party creed ; and 1 believe I
but express the honest sentiment of all
those Democrats who like you, Mr. Presi
dent, have stood laithfuliy by their party
through good report nnd through ovil ro-
port: through darkness aud storm una
adversity as well as in the sunlight of, incentive to send forth Us protest against
prosperity, when 1 declare that wo have uo( this infamous war, whioh uterus to be do
attaohment to our party except so far as, basing human nature on this Continant
wo deem it necessary to the vindication ot ,
the Constitution, necessary to tho restora-
tiuu and preservation of the Union, ncccs-'
r . . .
aary to the restoration ot ttio country to
its lortncr condition ol greatness and pros-:
pority. 1'iouu ana glorious a me uisiory
of that party has been, and as its record
is to day, I would see that history and
that record blotted out and forgotton, and
the glorious old party itself swallowed up'
in oblivion if I believed that tho restora
tion of the Union to its old status and of
the country to its former happy and pioa-
porous condition, demanded such a sacri
fice Rut no, fellow-citizens; wo must
not now look for relief in this dark hour of
tho nation's calamity to the acriQca of
that party under whoso counsels the coun
try became great and prosperous ; the
Unioo, tho admiration of tho world ; our
syitcni of Govcrnmon, at ouco tho prido
of the American citizen and the terror of
the old world royalists. From tho tem
porary defeit of that party in its vain
struggle with sectionalism and fanaticism
in IbGO, camo war and blood and carnage
and doath and desolation and disaster
c.tmo a violated and trampled Constitution
camo tho prostration of the great writ
of liberty, the peoples only protection from
arrest without warrant, and imprisonment j
without crime camo tho suppiession of
free speech, and of a free press came a
reign ol terror in this land of boasted lit) i
erty came taxation, to the fall limit of
the people's endurance, upon everything!
wo eat, drink, wear, see, feel, smell, own
or possess camo an inheritonca of na
tional indebtedness that will cause ourj
children's children to ourso our memory :
and worse then all, and with all, eame ai
broken and shattered Unioo. To the suo-!
cess of that party in this renewed contestl
with tho samo loo we now look for the
triumph of tho Unicn, and "iu this sign we j
conquer.
The Republican Convention at
Chicago, whioh nominated Mr. Licoln,
passed this resolution :
Resolved. That tho maintonanco inviolao
! of tho rights of the States and especially
tho right of oaoh State to order and con
' trol its own domostie institutions accord-
ing to Us own judgement exclusively, is
essential to that balance of powor on which
the perfection and endurance of our polit-
jCal fabrio depend, and wo donounco tho
lawless invasion by armed force of tho soil
of any State ar territory, no matter under
what pretext, as among tho greatest of
oriuies. '
la his Niagara lettor Mr. Liucoln now
dcolares that tho control ovor tho domes
tic institutions of the States confirmed to
them in our Constitution, and in tho con
federate Constitution not less explicitly,
shall bo assumed by "an authority that
can control tho armies now at war with
, the United States," and transferred to him
who now controls tho armies and navies
of tho United States, and that otherwiso
ho will not listen to overtures of peace.
In his inaugural Prosident Lincoln
quoted Irom one ol his own specohes and
reiterated this declaration :
"I have no purpose directly or indireot
ly to interfero with the institution of sla
very in the Statoi where itoxits. I bc
liev'j I havo no lawful right to do so, and
I have uo inclination to do so. I now ro-
iterato these sentiments, und in doing so I
ouly press upon tho public attention tho
most conclusive evidenco of which the caso
is suiccptiblo that tho property ,poaco, and
security of no seotion are to be in any
wiso cudangorcd by tho now incoming ad
ministration. Mr. Lincoln now justifies tho rebels in
disbelieving thoso solumn assoyerations by
proving that they wero falso. He now
doos what he then dcolarod he had no
lawful rieht to do, and, for tho sako of
ro-election, confesses tho inclination whioh
ho then dUavowrd;
Tho Horrors of St. Domingo R&s
peatcd.
Wc regret to perccivo tht odr BUok
Hepublioan ootctnporaries, who never fail
to raise a huo-and-ory whenever tbo Con
federates, as in tho caso of tho brirning of
Chambcrsburg, overstep lis reeognieod
limits of warfare, studiously rufraiu from
giving publicity to similar or muoh worso
outrageous acts of barbarism perpetrated
under the direction1 or with tho taoit ftp'
proval of Federal oommandori. Wc hare
published a number of extradtsfro'iri South
ern journals in relation to thi conduot ot
tho negro troops under General Sheridan;
during tho recent raid into Westmoreland
County. It is Impossible for rannhood to
restrain the blush of shame and indigna
tion at tho perusal of tho enormities of
which theso unrestrained savages warn
guilty.
Without reforcaco to tho system of In
cendiarism and destruction of privato prop
erty that seems to have beon adopted in
those useless and vindictive raids that have
become a theme for boastfulness on the
part of the Administration organs, thero
are deeds upon tho records so horrible that
shuddaring Christendom need no further
oeiow mo aunouies oi no oruio creation.
What American can road without humili-
ntion such statements as tho following:
it.M ... t.i..i:.u f.. i :
-nir. uon, uuguau, mc uuviug uyury-
thing destroyed, was stripped, tied up, and
given thirty-nino lashes with tho oowhide.
And moro horriblo, but only too true, twen
ty or thirty ladies woro violated by tbh
party of negroes. Six noeroos violated
the person of Mrs. G. eleven times, she
being sick at tho time with an infant sir
mouths old at the breast.''
What power is thero to subdno n rnoo of
froomen norved to redistanoo by tho mem
ory of such wrongs ? The Southerners
would be the lowest of cowards, the most
abject of slaves if they would consent, wa
will not say to lower their weapons in tub
mission, but cvon to bo reconciled to a foo
that sanctioned these outrages by their
black myrmidons. Let tho poeple of tho
North proclaim to the world that they aro'
nut sanctioned by tbo popular sentiment;.
Tho honor of the North' demands that inf.
mediate steps should bo taken to prevent
the recurrcuco of suoh horrors. A mass
meeting ehould bo held to express tho
popular abhorrence of suoh orimos, and
to demand of tho Administration' that ef
fectual moasures be adopted to repress and
control tho infernal lusts of the nogroos,
and that if they insist upon arming thm
for the butchery of white men, tho persons
of white women shall at least be spared.
d '
tSr In his first message to Congress,
at thu extra session in the summer of ISO!
Mr. Lincoln said :
Lest theru ba ecnro unossiness in the
minds of caudid men as to what is to be
tbo oourse of tho government toward tho
Southorn States after tho rebollion shall
have been supprcssed,th9 oxecutivo doems
it proper to say it will be hii purpose then .
as ever, to be guided by the Constitution
and tho laws ; and that ho probably will
have uo different understanding of the
powors and duties of tho federal govern
ment relatively to the rights of the states
and the people, under tho Constitution,
that thoy expressod in tho inaurural ad
dress. He desires to preserve the gov
ernment, that it may be administered for
all, as it was administered by the mon
who mado it. Loyal citizens everywhere'
havo the right to ulaiin this of their gov
ernment, aud the government has no
right to withhold or neglect it. It is not
porceived that, in giving it, thoro is any
oocrcion, any conquest, or any .subjuga
tion, in any just sense of those terms.
Now avowing that tho abandonment of
siayary shall precedo tho aoceptanoo of
overtures of peaco, Mr. Lincoln's messago
can be interpreted only as tho oonfossion
that ho is doing what 'loyal oilizons' have
a right to protest against his doing, and
what he violates tho Constitution of tho.
United Statos in doing.
E& In August,18G2,Mr. Linooln wrote'
to Mr, Greoloy :
My paramount object iu to save tho
Union, and not oither save Or destroy sla
very. If 1 could save the Union without
freeing any slaves, I would no it ; if I
could eavo it by freeing some aud loaving
othors alone, I would also do that. What
I do abont slavory nnd the oolored race,
I do because I boliovo it helps to save tnn
Union ; and what I forbear, I forbear be
cause 1 do not believe it would help lo
save tbo Union. I shall do lass when
ever I shall belioyo vrbst I am doing hurts
tho oause ; and I shall do more whenever
I boliovo doing moro will help the cause, ,
Mr. Lincoln's last letter to Mr. Grec
loy declares two objeots of tho war,witb . at
whioh it shall notooase, "the integrity f
the Whole Union and tho Abandonment i '
slavery." He does not baso tbo latter u?
on thu former a effeot upon oause. Eaol"
is tho on-equal and oo-ordinato of the oil'
cr. His paramount objeot is not now to
"save tho Union and not cither to save or
doslroy slavory. He avows openly that
slavery must bo destroyed as well as the
Union saved. The salvation of tho Union
is not even profesiod to ba the xelosir
and puraraoivnt objeot,
ft
I
ji
l'!