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AND BLOOMSBllRG GENERAL ADVERTISER,
LEVI I, TATE, EDITOR
"TO HOLD AND HUM Tim TOKOIJ Oil' TRUTH AND WAVE IT O'Btt TUB DAUKBNBD EARTH."
TERMS : 32 00 PER ANNUM-
VOL. 17 NO. 50.
'PUIS INSTITUTION In unJor the sole management
J Mid direction of Prof. I). U'. Lowell, to loin l'rin
Bl.VO IM.VTOtf COMMl'.liUI.H. CO u.Kan. '
'the course of Iii4trurtlfin embraces all Ilia requisite
ft a thorough pr.icl irnl business education, and has
been lately extended by the Introduction or an Ailu.il
lluslncss Course, n which llin Hludent encage In thu
egutar routine ol business trnusactloiit, exemplified
ami familiarised by mentis ol a store, (In which the
ecluli lutimst ul buying uiiil sullin foods Is carried
do by imcIi student,) iii.l lluslncss Offices, viz : llnnks
,f Ism-Hi;il Deposit, Unll-Uoridingnnd Slenm-noallng
l'oit Office, Telegraph, cc &c.
TIiq Proprietor has spared no t linn ir expense in ins
klnR thin Course tho mnn thorough mid ronipletenf
any ever preseutcn in ui pumic, nna lorn Hilly n
riucu mm inter iinvinK nc
ArrntMits, and bciui; iiidtid i.y
nutini-ss, mui nnvinc
leadline thn f clnce of
n full and cfficolcnt rorps
tiled to make thorough mi,
who may place themselves untie bis churtfo.
lnthl9 cetrntlit brunclinfn bii.ini.. .duration no I
r ea'm.i. xiin r i
CnlUW oirom bcttnr rnril itjf-tt to llio learner. Tho I
SpfMccrian Kytcin will taught In nil Its varii Of" by
the moH skillful innster of thr art. Hiu'clnn'na nf
rllinc from tlii Iiitltniioii Lave received lliu hishi'sl
I'Mroniiniiii frnin thu pros?.
For sonnrnl Information, terms, A.c. ndilres fort'ol.
legp : Monthly, which will bo mailed fre! rot fpecl
tuenj of l'emcoiiihlp, rnclose two threa rent lnmpi.
Addrem 11, VV. LOUT.I.L, I'rinclpal.
1 ovvell'n Coinrr.orrlal ColloRe, Blnnhamtou, N. Y.
r, S.-Ono of miter & Duncan's No. 1 hichly ritilnlicd
line, perfect puint, lull I spring Gold I'cn j, with holder
und cane, uarranted fur one jcar and to suit, will bo
uitti ku.v, , ui i .iiiiu'i iur iiiii jiai iinii i,i pill., in uu
eiit. free of chame to any onu who will reinii $3,Mw (
the above addrem
Oclobej a, 1803 1y.
"lllE people of tbo county of Columbia
5 are rrcpertfolly. Informed that thu undersigned
fo. rale, nt the
niu ou n u ivs oj-'FJcn.
in iiLooiisnuuo. Tiir, lir.sv and ciikaitut
To bo fniinil nnywhero in thn Comity, ionriftin: nf
Note. I.eitnr, l.ujal and Cup I'npi'r. l'ene, llulilem,
I'cncils, Ink and llnvelopi's , .1l.no
NEW AND SECOND-HAND BOOKS,
Comprnlni! Ul-toiv. l'oelry, rictioti.Tlie
cliij,' and th' cliinrirn.
of Hnhli'i) London ntihllratlntia. frnin
which u l." U,,n c-.iii lm nnde, .ind Hooks Inriii'licd to
order j by tp.'i.lal in r.ingeinrnt w ill, Now York Agi'ius.
HOOKS, DOCUMENTS, I'AMLMlLETb'
nod SporclK'' : and coplei of tho United State", an
iCtatc roiiblltution ', m v ariouj pl lei. alwnvson hand.
John o. rucr.zi:.
tilcpnirl urir, N'ev. 7, 1
For the Fruity it'twu Kitrhen Garden.
' 1864. The 1064.
G A RDNEirs MONTHLY.
W. G. 1. UltiNtniliOK, I'L'iiusni.it.
Ollim': !i:l Nonh Sixth st, l'hiladelphi i.
Tl.l.tl. -il J,l A VII.Mt.
Edited by Thomas Median.
Till". MONTHLY CONTUSTSMHI'.
IIixtj I'lower Garden and I'Iimhim' fJioaTnl ; t'rnit
(Oarileu ; Veyt-talilu Card n; mdow t;.i;,li:iuiij.
( 'OMMIJMIl AT ION" Kllibl 'u llll I hy '.1IV.M of IImI b-'t
writers on llorlii'iilture. Arlmui uli'iru, ami KuralHir
LDnoaiAi, Living the t.iliinr'ri lew . on the unporl'
ant Aoitleiilinr'il I'lipri'.-n. in t.
ycrepi and tin nen N ", liniM-New Tlanlp llo
inert it and i'ori ittn 1 at' Hi-; 'iic'ror. 11, Curri noiid
cure llnrlii 'Hinr il Noiitvi.
With each llepailineiit h 'IoU.iii.i ly tlhmtrnted.
fJUESE general features will he retained
S nil'! the pulilixher ph ilgi'n Iniusell that no Mlior
01 fxp.'nii shall he i-pau d in render 1 lie t urcediiiir
fnei. of the Miti!.!7iiij ever) a woith ol tin laor
v. ilh nlilili his pri'Mnii- i illirts havs bei n amply re
warded. yi:i roit a hi'i:ci.mi:n.
Jannaiy 23, 1S04.
I. P. tYFR
L N. MOV
& T O R iu.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
pill". tfhilerMiincil would inforn1 their Iro nds and the
1 public generally, Hut Ihey lime taken the stand fur
;ncrly occupied b) (.en ,V1. Ilauetihm h, inlhe K.rhaiice
lluildin;, on .Main utreet, in lllo inihiiiirp, where he has
Just receiveu a full supply tit
JL:i !:1-;, &c,
Who h will b" sold on moderate teinii for ready pay.
AI.o, NOTION'S (jeni rally, of evi ry variety, si rtiiud
l'liji-iciani' prefiipiloii8 car' fully compounded, at
bit times and on short notice.
(C" L'onfeilinneiy of lho bent relertioiis, and Soda
Water in M-nyon.
CJ" A sluiu of tho public cinloiu is respectfully so.
I'.YKll ii moyi:h.
Clnonisbui;, April 11, 18li3.
A Fint Cluss Farmer's Magazine for
18G4. Tho Pennsylvania 1064.
Farmer & Gardner.
AND RURAL AFFAIRS,
EUITL'D AND I'UliLlBllEO BY
wfliiiiiiAtia aosas &m,
Oi! North Sixth Street, Philadelphia.
TWOIS: ONi: 1)01,1, Alt A YI'Alt.
The Eulli Volume coiuinencts with Jnniiary nuinber
HAVING obtained tho services of em
I nc in und practical Agriculturists, lloitUultur
Isld, rtock lireeders and Dee keepers, we l onlldeiitly
oll"er thu Ciirrint Volume as onv of the host ever isiued
for originality, practical thoujht und reliable lui.irmu
lion January 'J.I, icio.
rpiIE undersigned informs his frionds
X anil fellow cilliens tllroushnnt this and tnu ad
Jomg eountiwr.tliat he is a regularly licenced auctioneer
under thu L'uiled ritales Laws, and is prepared to cry
Havint had several years eiperience in lh Imalurie.
he flatters liimself that lm will ba able to to o sans
.faction to all who 0U.i.loy ''j-Aro SIiISl.II.18-.-.
lumille. Jan, 50, Ic'CI. L'oopcr twp..
lliltCCT I'llOM TUB INHIAN
FIVE THOUSAND ROUES,
uu,,.!. h. m sell v olcsai.i; nr r.iiAii.. ut
VKUY LOW THIOLS.
Al.o HORSE ULAN'KB I'i, very
40? Matkttbt. Ut l-r oboye Fourth.
Hov. II. JS03 -3.
Card I'lmtojiaphi, Ulank Hooks, Family lliblsi,
Wiltlns Vaper Al'oalars stock of coods mitabls
or lloiuays. pmiu rmuis, rl,.,PC.
rouiili ar1 AkIi, I'ht'adrlrhu
MIWWOBWWMtlllMW IM wh I. LJWIUIJW J III Mil i
Hon. Charles L, Lambertoii,
OF CLARION' COUNTY ,
Delivered in th
Uiveredin the Semite nf I'enmnluania If...! uyuir.ici, uu law, uwo v oincors. iuu cacu ocnaio mcois, as
Januani 7 1801 In iiL , E J '? h B3.ma uurro,1y liitherto paid, and in , provided in section lO.upou the first 1'ues
thl 'i that which the federal government pays 'day 0r January in each and every year
J ' ' to lt3 creditors, and thlm nresorvn tinmlliirl i oxennt u-linn cnnntnnil liw llin flnvniinr nn
Mr. LAMUERTON. Mr. Speaker,
during the last three weeks 1 havo been
more inclined to rcticenco than to join in !
what seems vaiu and unnecessary discus- ,
bion, auu havo chosen as the belter part
tho duty ol urging (ho prompt organize !
tion of tho Senate, now too long deferred,
than to give back initating invective for !
invective. Jut it seems, bir, that this is I
not to be allowed us, and our ailunce is m !
, no miaconstrucd into want ol faith in tho i
jus',JL;sa ,f 'W""'' of Ho 'nly courage
io ilolenu it. i feel tli i s morning I cannot
I'uuinin silent under tho iiiTputatiou -that
! uas occb nuricu against this side of the
'"'"' "g"M mil lliaiVUlUally. 1)V
UlO beiiator from Elid fMr. LoWllV.I Hn
1,D pi, : ,l0 ! ,i ... ' i
....j uu.. iu jnuu iiiaw iuu course WC
yure pursuing uiai tno course 1 was sus
taining was more detrimental to the
catifo of tho Union more injurious to the
tatei-csts of the country, than a rebel rani
upon t.he high seas, lighting up Ui0 ,igi,.
ways 01 commerce with the lurid glare of
Our Uliriling snips
that whcii that charge is
acainsi me, a senator reiiresentimr
a loyal coiistituencvr-oli I no sir : I
not use that woid "loyal :" it is the lan
guage of kingcraft ; it wa the banucr crv
of the tory, and i the catchword of corrup
tion ; it is in the mouth of every plunderer
every shoddy ennlractor who is bleeding
the Mate politic at every vein, who is coin
irig the blood of the djing and tho tears
ol the widow and the hrcut: of tho starv
ing orphan into ungodly gain I would
rather tpenl; those other words which tho
immortal WebMei used in bis crush ng re
ply to llajuo, when the nullification of
Sou h Carolina raised its traitorous head.
1 will say that, as a Senator representing
"iVkc American harts," conscious of their
and my fidelity to constitutional govern
ment, I musi and will resent the slander
fin. n . f- .. .1 . .
i i lu eoiKuor, lorgeiimg mat no is a
I Senator of 1'i'iiu.ylvaiiia, that this is the
Si unto hall of a free people, ami this a
Idi 'iiilied body, h s usul comparisons both
iiiiU't'oro'ti and untrue to iiie,lus peer upon
this floor iff am not within the charmed
dumai; of Abolition "loyalty." if I,
bir, was to indulge in his vein of denuncia
tion to forget what is due to myself and
other.- iflw'iialiku to be discourteous
.mil u'ldiuiiiliul, -lot descend to hi.-region
of coiiip.il ison, I milii pay that that
Seiiatoi was net o-ily liko "a rebel ram,"
I..,., ii .
i out Mini ins v. noie cour-o .-inoe tne com-
iiieuceuicnt of this seosiou madoit apparent
that he li.ii been making ''a ram'' cf hini
But, Mr Speaker, it is not my inten
tion to indulge in pcr.-oiiul allusions to
gentlemen on thu opposite side, lho
question which divides tho Senate and
delays legislation, is one that rises in
moment Iur abovo personalities and com
mends itself to tho butter judgment and
the self-rrspect of very Seuator. What
is the issue before it? It is the Ipf'itmate
organisation of the Sewate. It was
lest, it the time, when in obedience to the
Cou.-tilutiou wo were called together, that
owing to tUe isbiH'iice ot JMajor lute theie
might be difliculiy in organizing tliisboJy.
, In the spirit of compromise, those with
! ulioiu I have the honor to net met and
tool: counsel together. Wo eschewed all
j fae ious purposes, we felt disposed to re-
eeirin.ie tiie tact mat one ot me members
! of the Senate w.is absent although
peers, sisteen against sixteen, we wero in
clined to he liberal in ccmprouiiso, and
wo tendered the Speakership to the op-iio.-itB
siiln il' tbe chamber, with the nro-
mi-irinn tl.nr MW that tl.n nllio.es rIiiiiiIiI I
nlroviinn. This wn ilionrtlii. Kns I'nii- in i
every sense of the word. It was, sir, the
same manner in which the Somite was or
ganized when parties were reversod iu
1 855, during the absence of that distin
guished statesmen, Mr. Buekalew, in
South America. A Democrat was elected
Speaker, a member of the opposiliou Clerk'
and so they alternated. This liberal com
promise was rejected. We then proceeded
to ballot, When the question ot inaugur
ating tbo Governor elect was brought be
fore us the mandate of tho Constitution
was plain and positive ; we were uot fact
ious, but before the day arrived offered a
resolution that Mr. Quauam, the court
eous Senator from Allegheny, should bo
declared Speaker pro tempoie, for the
purpose of adopting lho usual measures
for the innuiuratioii and lor the election
of Stato Treasurer. This, too, was reject -
ed. Our offers of compromise did not
cease there. A special incssngo was re
ceived from the Governor inlbuuiiig us
that the iuteretft of tho Stato debt would
bo paid, as hitherto, r-s directed by law,
iu coin, unless other legislation was cnao
ted. 1 will not now speak of the previous
incsjagu of tho Governor, that which
waruod us "to bo careful uot to violate
tho Wth or impair the credit of tho Com
monwealth." I will not debate the utter
ance of tho Republican Stale Treasurer,
that "tho oucstion was not, could Putin-
sylvania afford to pay tho interest in coin,
but whether tho could afford not to pay
it." Rut wo wnro told unless immediate
action wa3 taken a million of dollars was
In lm nv traded from the pockets of the
people of tho Stato by lurd taxation.
This question wo deEircd to dolibeiato
upou , we wanted to aseertaiu tl the Exe
cutive of this Commonwealth proposed to
idisf shove this cjpHol the pirate flag of
GOUMBIA COUNTY, PENN'A,, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1864.
lepudiation! Wo wanted to seo wlietlior
tbo people of this State aro willing to bo
taxed to pay thu interest on their honest
debts in nccordanco to contract and law,1
i tho plighted faith of tho Commonwealth,
i For thu purpose of coiifidcritin- this imnnr.
t,nt question, the Senator irom Uuoks
(MrKinsoy) on our behalf offered to
. , , o I
e,cc' a Speaker pro tempore, and you
"bould name tho man, and tho opposite
Ei,' of 'bo chamber turned their hacks
c o r u fti 1 1 y upon tho proposition rathr
t,la.n temporarily surrcutlur their present
claim to "perpetual orrranizatiou ." With
whom rests the aliened odium of onmus
taxation, thu people will truly judge.
!t will not be upon us. Upon ono
si(1 wc av.c been all concession, upon tho
0luc.r a" nitucrality. Wo hoped in this
fl""' ' cuncuiou 10 OrKflUlZ0 1110 Collate,
" WP COIlld, and to M'OCL'cd harillOtlionsl V
irilli l!m a.,1I .. 1... .. i. '
wimiuuij uiiniuts ui lugistaiion
ivo iiiougut witli compionuso and liher
ality in the onset the same generous feel
ing would pervado us until the end of tho
session. On the other side, they havo
held to but ouo assumed fact, that this
benuto was permanently organized, that
tho b'enatn of 1803 u as competent to elect
a Speaker lor tho Senate of 1601. Wo
believed this wai not constitutional ; uor
in accordnuco with law or prcccdant ; and
wo have Ormly resisted that assumption.
How havo wo been received? We havo
seen Scnatois upon this floor, speaking by
common poriuisssioii, by courtesy, den
ounce us almost day by day in language
at once discourteous and unnarliamoiitarv.
Outside of these walls the wholo legion of
shoddy contractors meu, as 1 havo said.
coining the blood of tho battle-Celd, the
wails of widowhood and the starvation of
tho orphan, under the guiso of loyalty, into
filthy lucre, have denounced us. Mon
have sought to delilo us who cumber their
broad acres by the hundreds, not one rod
of which is tho result cf honest gaiu, but
has been tho accumulation of years ol per
jury, forgery and public robbery. We
havo been denounced by men who have
risen from tho bottom of society, as the
petrifying, festering corpse rises in the
stream, by their own bloastcd corruption,
to a position where their disgusting put
trefcenco o fiends the eye and tho nostrils
of all. lint, sir, tho discourtesy within
these walls, the defamation without, will
not move us from our unalterablo resolve
to stand by the Constitution, tho landmarks
of tlio past and the precedents of those
wlio nave gone before us in this Scnato.
I tits iiisuo, sir, is whether vou. the
Speaker elcctod at the close of the last ses
sion, have the right to hold over without
a re-election : whether you aro an institu
tion permanent and utialterablo ; whether
you sir are constituted by a higher power
than tho people : whether you, sir, are
thcro in obedience to the organic law, the
statutory law and precedents of the Sen
ate. We deny that position; the Sena
tors upon tho opposite side afiirin it, Now
sir, let us look at the charter by which we
oeeuny our seats as Senators, Let us ex-
j amino tho fundamental law of this State
I upon which is huildcd all our institutions
J except thoo that arc delegated to tho Fed
I eral government.
i ho Constitution ot l'ennsylvaniti, bpc
tioii 1, vests the legislative power of this
CommonweuUh in a (Jeueral Assembly,
which shall consist of a Senate and House
i ot iicprc&ontativos. l uen provision is
I made for the election annually of those
! Senators. In the subsequent portions of
! tho Constitution tho Senate anil House ot
Representatives are designated respectively
as "each house," Tho word "houor
applied to this as well as to the co-ofdiuate
branch cf the legislature. That is uiani
lest in every section in which tho term is
Used, "Each llOUSO
shall choose its I
Speaker and other
houso shall judge of
tho qualifications of
its members." "A majority of each house
shall constitute a quorum.'' ''Each house
may determine tbe rules of its proceedings
punish its members, expel a member und
shall have all other powers necessary for a
branch of th? Legislature oj a fiee ttate."
Now, sir, the Supremo Court, iu t) Harris
in construing these words which I havo
just read from the Constitution, uses this
language, so as to show clearly that the
word ''house" is applied to the Senate as
well as to the co-ordinato branch of the
General Assembly j
"Theso words aro not to limit tho pow
ers of tho General Assembly but to oonfer
certain parliamentary privileges on tho
separate branches, so that each hose when
in session could without tho concurrence
, J the other,promptly proteot itself against
indcotiicy, disorder, corruption or
havior of members und stranger,'
then wo havo lho lauguago of tho Consti
tution, authoritatively construed, designa
ting both branches ol tho General Assem
bly by the general name of "house." So
that when wo refer to tho powers of tho
Senate, iu tlio language of tbo Constitution
wu must interpret the word "house" lo
apply to tho Scnite as well as to tbo
Houso of Representatives. Under this
view of that instrument then, what don it
say ? That "The General Assembly"
"each house" "shall meet on the first
-Uiesuay ot January iu every year, unless
ouuuur uuuvcui'u uy iuu voveruur, u ui-
reeled in section 10. Now, immediately
following tho section providing forcouven-!
ing tho Legislature, in section 11, wo havo
nrovi&iou lor tho organization of "each
houso " Each house ehall chooco its
Speaker and olbor officers," But under
the vkt7 that I have taken, and nliich
seems to bo sustained by tho Constitution, you, and ns wo have shown in our' mo
and tho decisions of our courts, it will read ' morial ontered upon tbo Journal of this
tach Senate shall chouse its Speaker and house, the precedents of sovculy years aro
otiior oinccrs. And cacli benato moots, as ,
oxcept when convened by tho Govonor on
Thus, Mr. Speaker, tho Constitution
provides lor tho election of a Speaker at
the beginning of each session. This has
been tho established precedent during the
present century. Thcro is but ouo in
stance in nil that time whero any Speaker
rightfully hold over. That was the Speaker
elected at tho meeting of the General As
sembly which convened in December of
the year 1603. To make this plain, I
will refer to another portion of tho Consti
tution. Iu tho schedule to the amend
ments of 18U3, section 4, it is provided
that, "Tho General Assembly, which shall
continue its session as heretofore, notwith
standing the proyisiou in tho eleventh sec
tion of the first article, which provides that
'each houso' shall elect its Speaker and
other officers;" or to interpret section
foutth of tho schedule, nothwithstauding
tho provision of the Constitution which de
clares that tho General Assembly shall
convene upou the first Tuesday of January
iu each and every year, and that each
houso "then shall organize itself as direc
ted in section eleven. The Speaker and
other officers of tho Assembly that con
venes in December, 1633, shall hold over
and constitute but ono sessiou." Now,
Mr. Speaker, that is the only instance iu
tho history of this Commonwealth, iu
seventy years when any person occupying
that chair did hold over by operation of
law. lliat cxcoption is distinctly niado;
and vou, sir, as a lawver. know full well
that1 it is an universal rule of construc
tion founded on the clearest reason that
general words in any instrument aro
strengthened by an exception." Here are
the general words compelling us after wo
meet to go into an election lor Spoakcr,
with but ono exception j and that was at
the time of the adoption of the Constitution,
and for the purpose of preventing any em
bairassment in legislation just as for tho
same reason the term of the Governor was
then extended until tho third Tuesday ol
January, 1839, so as to prevent an intcr
rcguui. Then, sir, under my view of the organic
law, this Senate is not a permanent or
ganization. It is idle to compare this
body to tho Senate of tho United States.
We uro governed by tho special words of
our own Cnnstitution. S'osuck lauguago
is contained in the Constitution of the
United States. Tho presiding officer of
the United Stales Semite is not a Senator
ho is uot a representative of any individual
State, but is elected by the people. His
term expires by its own limitation, and
tho people elect his successor, except in
certain contingencies. That body is foun
ded upon tho precedent of tho English
House of LonK. which is a permanent
body ; tho members are hereditary and
the Lord Chancellor or other person who
may be designated, presides by virtuo of
the King's commission.
The statutory law of the State ij against
you. In 1804 an act of Assembly was
passed, already cited hy tha Senator from
Clearfield, (Mr. Wallace,) nud which is
found on the statute books of tho present
day,as will be found by reference lo Pardon.
It is in tlioso words : "If, when ether
branch of the Legislature shall have made
choice of a Speakcs, the oath or affirma
tions prescribed in the Constitution of this
Commonwealth and the Constitution of the
United States shall bo administered to tho
Speaker elect hy a member appointed for
that purpose, by a majority of tho members
present, and the Speaker so sworn or af
firmed shall administer the oaths or affir-
resneolivolv." Now. Mr. Snp.ikr.r-. Ilial.
law was passed but a year or two after tho
rcsijniution of Air. Wood ns Speaker of
the Senate, for the reason that his term ns
Senator expired at the next annual clec-
tion, and it was ucocssary for the Senate
to elect a Speaker who should hold his off-
ico "until the ucxt annual meeting of tho
General Assembly." If thcro were no
Senators at that scsssion who had been at
tho resignation of Speaker Wood, tho in
cident and tho custom must havo been
fresh in the recollection of all, for during
the balloting tho chair was vacant, and
remained so until aftor an election was
duly had. Now lit its look at tho words
of that statuto. It tpcaks of the organi
zation of ''cilhor branch" of tho Legisla
ture, without any distinction as to tho du
lation of the terms of the respective mem
bers of each branch. Tho houso of Rep-
: resontotives meets and orgauizoi annually
this has never been nuestioned. Hence wq
I find the same lun'ruarro a. to organization
applied indiscriminately to both branches, places false lo their oath ; those iu subor
, thus showing conclusively the intentions of I dinato positions giviug aid and comfort to
j thoso who enacted this law. It also di- rebels ; corruption in official circles stalk
I reels that tho "Speakes elect" shall first ing abroad at nuoudny, and tho liberties ol
have tho oath administered to him. nnd
Uicn J to bhall administer it to the "s.uvi-bcr-i
The "members elect" in "each house'1
appear at the beginning of each nnnual
session and arc duly qualified, unless
booncr convened by tho Governor. This
is undisputed. Hence tho qualifications of
members elect, aud the election and quah-
uoetion ot opoafer oi "eitner orancn ' ue-
f Spoakcr of "either branch
ing considered iu tha directions of tho
statuto as of tho saino period of time, Wo
think no unprejudiced mind can hesitato to
determine that that time is at the annual
meeting of tho General Assembly iu Jan
uary. Theu, sir, the organic, law is against
you, tuc statutory law is likewise against
We havo taken this position at tho be
ginning wo intend to maintain it until
tho end and no transparent nttompt of
Senators to distort ntid falsify our posi
tion can movu us iuto departure from tho
right. For this purpose wo havo dcon
Senators upon tho opposito sido offer reso
lutions commendable and proper, and coin
ing from them both novel and fctariling.
IielioviuK tho Senate not duly organized at
this time, wo have been compelled to vote
against them, and all other attempts at
legislation, which will recognize this usurp
ing organization. They havo offered res
olutions of compliment to Uen. Moadc,
who, upon our own soil, hurled back tho
rebel hordes. They have offered com
plimentary resolutions in favor of General
Grant, ol Meado and Grant tlioso two
great commanders und their veteran sol
dioru, who on tke 4-th of July, 1803, re
baptized that Immortal day in glory trans
cendent and imperishable. 1 say unto
theso Senators that when wo aro duly or
ganized in obedicaco to law, wo will go
further than they have offered to go in
compliment to these distinguished men
No cheap lip service shall measure our
meed of praise; but we will give them our
thanks, earnest and hcartful ; wo will
crown them with tho garlands of victory,
and adorn them with medals of refined
gold, as a tribute of our gratitude for deeds
of eminent service
We have hoard resolutions offered that
wo voted against because of tho want of or
ganizaiion, giving bounty and increased
pay to thu soldiers of the army. I tell you,
sir, and I tell those Senators, that if they
will but accept our offer of compromiso, if
they will but remove, as they can, the
blocks ffom tho wheels of legislation, and
permit our organization, we will go further
than tboy daro go in behalf of tho brave
soldiorsjscarred and weather beaten, Hand
ing as a living battlement between the
rebels and their homes. Wo will not
alono ask for them increased bounty and
increased pay, but wc will demand that
pay in the solid gold that under Demo.
cratio rule was the legal currency of tho
couutry, in the gold tuat you pay your
ministers basking in tlio sunsuiuo ot tno I
court flatteries ol St. James, or living amid
tlio tcstivities, splendors ami auurments ot ;
HI. .Ml.,.: , 'I'l.:, Sl.n nntnni r. '
IUU XUIIIOliOC, X HIS ,VUO UU liUULIUlil,
this they are justly entitled. If you voto
with us. vou must diracreo with vour
jfiiends in Congress, who havo donied this
great boon to thoso war scarred veterans,
j Orgauize this houso, and wo too will do
1 houor to the immortal Jackson. I am
I astonished to hoar resolutions comuieuea
tory of the hero of New Orleaus coming
1 from gentlemen on the opposito side.
Though young in years, I can remember
iu my boyhood days tho odium that was
heaped upon that great tuau by the oppo-1
sition to tbo Democracy. When Andrew
Jackson was wielding tho executives pow-'
ers of this government, wliou he was in 1
that war of Titans, when giants grappled
with giantStWhcn he had his iron hand up-1
on the throat of tho United States bank, ,
the groat moneyed power of tho country, '
wo remember how your representatives
denounced him in the halls of Congress as !
a despot, as a tyrant, nnd compared him I
to tho usurping IJourbon who proclaimed, j
"I am tho State." j
Wo remember that when his namo went '
before the people, your party placarded
lho walls with coffiiu hand bills. Wo re-1
member that you did more. You bursted
the doors of his own household ; with sav-
age brutality you invaded the privacy, tho 1
sanctity of his home, and by his vory
hearthstone you intrude the poisoned day-,
gers of mendacious slander into the repu- j
tation of hor who btood nearest and dear
est to him in tho holiest relation of life.
Wo remember, sir, all this ; and tbo Sen
ator from Philadelphia (Mr. Connoll) lias
exclaimed in wondermout that tho Du
j inocracy havo refused to join them in do
iug honor to General Jackson, on tho an
I niversary of tho battlo ol Isew Orleans
Sir, when that hero patriot was in tho
death struggle with your money power,
and his namo went before tho people of
Pennsylvania, the Democracy of our grand
old Cnuimonwcalth threw their protection
and sustaining arms around him aud gavo
him fifty thousand majority. O, wo are
not disposed to forgot Andrew Jackson.
We sustained him when living, wo honor
and revere him when dead, Aud when we
look uround upon our bleeding aud dis
membered country, every sighing wind
wafting "the death smell from a hundred
battlo fields balmy with brothers' blood ;"
when wo seo trcasou in arms nssailinr
, constitutional covernmciit. thoso entrusted
' with its caro betravinu it : men in bich
the people being rolled together as a scroll,
0, .sir, we sigh for hut ouo hour's rulo of
the old man of the Hermitage to Bavo what
wc havo left of our country and its liberty,
and, hy his stern dcrcrmination, to redeem
tbo lost. You praise Androw Jaoksou !
You do honor to the old man of the Her
mitage 1 If ho could hut hear your fulsome,
hypocritical words ot praiso it your voices
could descend to the tomb, and ho eould
but know that tho party that defamod tho
wife of his bosom while living, was at
tempting to .canonize him when dead ; this
mouldering bones would turn iu his coffin
with hissing soorn upon you.
Tho Sonator from Alloghony, who was
tAtctcd Speaker at, tbo lute session, and
whom almost all the precedents of tho patt
desiguato as ''tho lato Spoakcr," has been
congratulated by tho Senator from Phila
delphia m the "USURPER of the present
hour.'' In bold capital letters, docs ho
send forth to tho Stato, in his published
speoch.thatyou.sir, nro "a USURPER:" 1
nrwl Itn nnn it 1 1 n in f na trmi f inl Iih .
!,... ,." j "I , ' juui v u
UWJ osaiuuiuii I1U1U 1IAIIU11UU3 UIJVVU, U US
boon a usurper against tho inroads of tha
Mr. Speaker, the "fierco domocraoy''
the words tho Senator has used are tho
people, aud it is their rights you resist,
and if you aro to bo crowned with fho gar
lands of "lho usurper of the preseut hour,"
you havo but to search the precedents of
uisiurv io uuu wiui uas ueeu mo iavq oi
usurpers in nil limes.
In resisting this ti8urpatiou,wo are obey
ing the dictates of ponscioiitious duty, tho
requirements of law and precedent, aud
tho nidiidatos of tho Constitution. Upon
those who attempt it must rest all tho con
sequences, before tho country and in tho
judgment of impartial history.
Wo our duties know,
Hut know our rights and knowing dare
John Morgan's Narrative of his
Gen. John Morgan was honored with
an ovation on tho 7th, ou his arrival iu
Riohmond. An interesting account of his
escape from tho Ohio penitentiary, aud
subsequent adventures, is published in tho
Enquirer. After narrating tho means
that Morgan und his six companies re
sorted to, such us secretly horiug through
thick wulls for many nights, making a
rope ladder from strrps of bed-tick, olc,
the account proceeds :
After 153 days of unremitting labor, and
gotling through a granite wall of 6ix feet
in thickness, they reached the soil. They
tunneled up for somu distance, and light
began to shino. Thio was the morning
of tho 150th day of November, 1803. The
next night, at 115 o'clock was determined
on as the hour at which they would at
tempt their liberty. Each moment that
intervened wap filled with dreadful anxiety
and buspense, ai.d each time the guard
entered iucrcascd their apprehension.
X il ! 1 . , , I , n .
noiuing rcuiaineu to no uoua out lor tue
General and Uol. Dick Morgan to change
ccii. mhc 10ur anm-oa-ohed for them to
jj0 lockcj UDl
, , '
They changed coats, aud
each stood at the other s cell tloor with
his back exposed, and pretanded to be
engaged in making up their beds. As the
turnkey entered they "turned in" and
pulled their doors bhut.
Six, eight, ten o'clock came. How each
pulse throbbed as they quietly uwaitod the
approach of twelve I It came the sen
tinel passed his round all well. After
waiting a few moments to see if he intend
ed to slip back, tho signal was given all
quietly slipped down into the air cham
ber, first Muffling their flannel shirts and
placing them in bed as they wero accus
tomed to lio. As they luoycd quietly along
through the dark recess to the terminus
whero they were to emerge from the etjrlh
the General prepared to light a match.
As the lurid glare fell upon their counten
ances a scene was presented which can
never bo forgotten. There wero crouch
ing seven brave men, who had resolved to
be free. They wero armed with bowie
knives in ado out ol case knives. Li lb in
ibeir condition, was scarcely to be desired
and the moment for desperate chance had
The inner wall, by tho aid of the rope
ladder was soon scaled, and now tho outer
one had to be attempted. Captain Tav-
lor, (who by tho way, is a nophow of old
Zach,) being a very active man, by the
assistance ot his comrcdes reached the top
of tho gate, and was enabled to get lho
ropo over tho wall. When tho top was
gained they found a rope extendiug all
nrouud, which tho general iniinedia'cly
cut, as ho suspected it might load into the j
warden's room. This turned out to bo
correct. They then eutered tho sentry I
box on tho wall aud changed their clothes,
and let theuiBclvcs down the wall, Sliding'
down tho general skinnod his hand very j
badly, and all were more or less braised, j
Once down they separated, Taj lor and j
Sbclton going ono way, Mokcrsmith and
Dennett and McGeo another, and Gcu. t
Morgan and Captain Hiues proceeding im i
mediately toward tho depot.
The general had by paying S15 iu gold,
succoeded in obtaining a paper which in- j
formed hint of tho sohcdulo tiius of the
different roads, The clock struck one,
and ho knew by hurrying ho could roach
tho down train for Cincinnati. Ho got
there just as tho traiu was moving off.
He at ouco looked to bee if there were any
soldiers on board, and spying a Union
officer, he boldly walked up aud took a
sent beside him. He remarksd to him
that "as the night was dump aud chilly,
porhaps ho would join him in a drink."
He did so, and tho party soon became
vory agreeable to oaoh other.
The cars iu crossing tho Scioto havo to
pass within a short distanco of tho peni
tentiary. As they passed tho ofiiocr re
marked, "There's tho hotel at which Mor-
gau and his officers aro spending their
leisure.' Yes,' replied tho General, 'and
I binccrcly hope ho will mako up his mind
to board there during tho balauco of tbo
war, tor ho is a great nmsauce, hen
tho train reached Xenia, it was detained
by some accident more than an hour.
lniagino his auxictv, as soldier uftcr sold
icr would pass through tho traiu, for fear
that when the sentinel passed his round at
i5 o'elook their abseuco might be discov
t Tho train was duo in Oiuciunati nt 0
o'clock. This was tho hour at which they
wore turned out ofthoir colls, nnd of courso
their esoapo would then bo disonvered.
lu n few moments after it would bo known
all over the countrv. Tho train hitvinc
been dotnino,! vn'in
it.. . . . . D r
ruP'uiy io mauo up tlio tiuio. It was al
ready past six o'clock. The General taid
to Lupt. liinos, 'it is after six, if wo go to
tho depot wo aro dead men. Now or
novcr.' 'They wont to tho rear and put
on the brakes. 'Jump, Hinesl' Off lis
went, and fell hccla over head in lho mud.
Another scvero turn of tho brako, and tho
ful, and lighted on his feet.
vjuHcriu juinpoa. no was tuoro buoco3-
i uey weniiminouiateiy to tlio r;vor,
They found a skiff, but no oars. Soon a
little boy came oyer and appeared to bo
waiting. 'What aro you waiting for V
said tho General. 'I am waiting for my
load.' 'What is tho prioo of a loud?'
'Two dollars.' 'Well, as wo are tired and
hungry, we will give you tho two dollars,
and you can put us over.' So over ho took
Ho remained iu Kentucky some days,
feeling perfectly safe, and sending into
Louisville for many littlo things ihat hu
wanted. Went to Bardstown and found
a Federal regiment had just arrived thcro
looking for him. Remained hero and
about threo or four days, and then struck
out for Dixie, sometimes disguising him
self us a government cattle contractor,and
buying a large lot of cattle; at other times
a quartcimastor, until ho got to tho Ton
nebseo river. Hero ha found all means of
transportation destroyed, and tho bank
strongly guarded, but with tho assittanca
of about thirty others, who had rccogniied
him and joined him in spite of his remon
strances, ho succeeded in making a raft,
and ho aud Capt. Hinos crossed over. -His
escort, with heroic solf-sacrifico, re
fused to cross until ho was safely over. Ho
then hired a negro to get his horso over,
paying him twenty dollars for it. The
river was so high that tho horso camo near
drowiug, out! after more than one hour'a
struggling with tho stream, was palled
out to exhausted as scarcely to bo able to
The General throw a blanket on him
aud commenced to walk him, whon sud
denly, he says, ho was seized with a pre
sentment that lie would ho attacked, and
remarked to dipt. Hiues, 'wc will bo at
tacked in twenty minutes,' and commen
ced saddling his horse. Ho hardly tied
his girth when 'baug, bang,' weut tho
Minio balls He bouuocd hi; horse, and
the noble animal appearing to be inspired
with new vigor, bounded off liko a deer up
the mountain. Tho last ho saw of his poor
fellow3 on the opposito sido they were dis
appearing up thu river bank, fired upon by
a whole regiment of Yankees, liy this
time it was dark, and also raining. Ho
kucw that a perfect cordon of pickets
would surrcund the foot of tho mountain,
and if ho remained there till morning ho
would bo lost. So ho determined to run
tho gauntlet at once, and commenced to
descend. As he noared tho foot, leading
his horso, ha camo almost in personal con
tact with a picket. His first impulso was
to kill him, but finding him asiccp, ho de
termined to let him bleep on. Ho niado
his way to the house of a Union man that
ho know lived thoro, and went up and
passed himself off us Captain Quarter
master of Hunt's regiment, who was on
his way to Athens, Tenu., to procure sup
plies of suga r and coffee for the Union
. people of the country. The lady, who ap
pearcil to be asleep while this interview
was taking plaoo with her husband, m tho
montion of sugar and coffeo, jumped out
of bed in her night clothes, and said:
'Thank God for that, for wo ain't seen
any rale coffee up here for God knows how
long!' She was so delighted at tho pros
pect that sho made up a firo and .cooked
j them a good supper.
Supper being over, tho General romar.-
ked that he understood somo rebels had
'tried to cross the river this after uonn,'
'Yes,' said tho woman, 'but our meu kil
led somo un em, nad driv lho rest back.'
'Now,' says tho Goneral, 'I kuow that but
didn't some of them got over V 'Yes.'was
her reply, "Hut they uro on tho mountain
and can't gel down without being killed ,as
every road is stoppod up. Ho then sa.d
to her : 'It is very important for mo to get
to Athens by to morrow uiyht, or I may
lose that sugar and coffee, aud I am afraid
to go down any of these roads, for fear
my own men will Kill me.
I ho fear of losing that susrar aud coffeo
brought her again to an accommodating
mood, and sho replied: 'Why Paul,kao't
you show tuc Uaptain through our farm
that road by tho Gold ?' Tho General
says: 'Of course, Paul, you can do it,
aud as tho uiglit is very cold, I will citu
you 810 (in gold) tohelpjou along. Tho
gold, und tho prospect of sugar and coffee
was too much lor any poor man s uervos,
and ho yielded, aud gotting on a horse ho
took them seven miles to tno big road.
Jbrom this timo lorwaru ho had a gones
of adventures and escapes, all very won
derful!, but finally ho anived safe within
the Uonfodorate lines.
The General says that his escape waa
made entirely without assisstanoe from
any ono on tho outside, and to far as ho
knows, also without their knowlcdgo of his.
intention : that tho announcement of Ins
arrival at Toronto was one of those fortui
tous co-iuoidences that cannot bo accounted
for; that it assisted him materially, no
doubt. In fact, ha aays, that his 'wife'
prayers' savod him and as this Is thoniiHt
agreeable way of explaining it, ho is de
termined to believe it.