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AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER,
levi l, tate, editor, "to hold and thim tub to 110 ii of truth atfd wave it o'er the darkened earth." terms : $2 00 per annum-
Vol. 17. no, 46. bloomsburg, Columbia county, penn'a,, Saturday, January ig, ism. volume 27.
Select J cairn.
Old Abc'a Visitor.
All N.ituru wiis decked for her evening rent,
For tho goliltn nun li.nl gone from tlm went,
When lloiieU(l) Ol.l Aliu with Ills usual eruco
tn I a smite liko a sliail'a that llluinliiod hi. face.
Hcpoacd itt lit a emu In n cosy nrm clinlr,
tile Unlwnys ntvnun when nettled in tliero)
YVhllo lio ttimtKlit of thu "Nig,' thu war rind tit draft,
Aid tho glorioui" ilnj'8 uUen ho cruised on a raft.
'rim IJcvlt olipcaicd and grasping ti chair,
Q.U duwii wltli a Ktln that raised Abraham's hair;
'JIiimi twitching his tall he emitted a sneczo
'Hint occasioned Old Abo tn drop down on his kneei,
How are you my Abe I Is my list nearly tilled
Of sick men and dying, rf wounded and killed I
Of ttldows in tears, of orphans unfed,
Of poor, honest men iiuw struggling for bread I"
'Ucnr Devil," luoth Abe. "I'm doing piy best
To promote Uu interests of you and the rest
Hut then you must know 1 uni only tho tool
Of Seward nnd Uhasc, and that other old fool
Who the Navy controls, nnd who always condemns
Any modern plan of capturing Seiuines i
He reminds mo of one t knew in the west-"
"l'shaw t jour jukes ;" said tho Devil, "arc none o'er
Continued Old Abe, "Since last you va liiro
Tho Copperhead trlbj havo thrown otf tlnir fear ;
And would you believe it. havo striven to TOtn
(Of which fact. Mr. Devil Jut t plca mako a note,)
Ab their loiibCionrr dictated I n tiling never know n
In ocr party, or which you're thu pinew and bono ,
nut," chuckled Old Abe, "I settled their fat,',
t or I paroled enough men to carry tho State 1"
"dood I" cried ill" Until, "I command you no'cr cease
To strangle all efforts that tfnd to n peace ;
Hut tell me, mt Abe, what worries your mind,
Is your conscience li'.t dead and your Judgment not
"Ah !" murmured Old Able. "I've n hankering four
That the South will bn free in loss than a year,
And striving our best, we'ru trjing our chaiica
To kick up a war with England and Trance I"
"Dully for you I" cried tho Dm II, in glee.
I'hff nows is mi good come sit on my knee ;
'1 lovu thee, my Abu, and love thi'i1 so well
That you ami your ahk shall tluuriili in Hell I
1 must luJ you good-bye keep on with your T.ork,
Tio doubt of you how in my bokom lull lurk ;
noon with your Leagues' a very good joke!"
And kissing Old Abo, lid vanished in smoke.
Th" widow ttill weeps for the one that is ileal
'flu' orphan )el crave fur the mursc I of bread
While the gloiious Sun and Night's htarry bund
Slime angry and sad on our grirf-jtrirkeu laud.
DiMth's hul ling a IV.ist, and cnuliing the life
l'miii a Nation now turn hy unualural stril's ;
lint lut care tlie men now holding the helm f
Th7 rule o'er us all, and the Devil rules them I
j a-Iiw I't ay.vr. . .1 -v. fi.a, u. r r 71 "a vu"3ff if. maa,
operations," ami ho was urged to bear iu
mind ''that we shall most readily suppress
this rebellion and restore iho authority of
"Ifuot attaoked to-day I shall laugh at
them. Flag Officer Goldsborough is con
fill cut ho can kcop open my corntnunica-
Uio government by religiously respecting Hons by tho James." Excepting an at
tho constitutional rights of all." In ac- tack, he says, as a necessity to tho enemy,
cordanco ''with thu feeling aad opinion of and feeling tho critical uaturo of tho posi
tho President" Gon. M'Clcllau requested I tiou, Gen. M'Olellan on tho samo day ad
Gon. Buell to assuro tho "people of Ken j dressed to tho President tho following let
tucky that their domcstio institutions will ' tor :
in 110 mnuncr be iuterfcrred with ;" and '. "Mr. Presimint : You havo boon ful-
"to allow nothing but tho dictates ol mili-1 lv iul'ormcd that tho rabel army is in our
tary necessity" to camo him to "depart lront) with tho P"rP03c ..f overwhelming
r. . i 'l e 1 . . 11 I u by attaokinc our positions or reducing
from tho spirit of his instructions." t t.11 P
1 I us by blookaiding our river communica-
Iu respect to louncssco, Gen. Buell was tjous, i cannot but regard our condition
ordered to throw the mass of his troops' as critical, and I earnestly desire, in view
"by rapid marches by Cumberland to1 of possible contingencies, to lay boforo
havo written this letter with sincerity to
ward you from lov for my country.''
Gkouqi; B. iMcOlkllah.
Early in August tho army was ordorod
to leave Harrison's Landing, on James
rivor, contrary to tho opinion of Gen. Mo
Olollan that the road to Richmond was by
way of tho Peninsula. On that occasion
at South Mountain and again at Antiotam. six human beings whoso livos depended Abolition Negro Equality.
It was not surprising that thoy wcro in a upon my exertions. When within ton j On Wednesday evening last, about fivo,
large degree destitnto of iho absoluto nc- miles of tho fort I had to oross a stream o'clock, a very respcetablo whito girl, of
ecssarics to effective duty. Shoes woro and lcavo tho Arkansas river, striking about fifteen years of ago, passing from
worn out and blankets were lost; olothing across a rolling prairie: Tho snow was : Madia station, through a wood Bouth of
was in rags ; in short, tho array was unfit hero from ono to thrco feet deep, and tho
for activo service, and an interval for rest trak ontirely filled
When tho 1 had bcon over tho road but onco ex
nnd nnuinmnnt was ncccssarv
ho addressed Gon. Hallook tho romarkablo ! sow,y forwarfl BUpplies camo to u I led cept in a covered stago, and had no par
letter, under data of "Berkley, Va,, Au-1 tbo a ncr05B tho r;vcr) renoviltea, ro-, ticular idea of the direction. I only knev
Walker's Gap, on Knoxvillo, in order to
occupy tho railroad at that point," and
"cut the communication between Eastern
Virginia and tho Mississippi." Gen.
Buell was further counselled to avoid "wi
dening tho broach existing between us and
tho rebels'' by causeless arrests and perse
cutions of individuals." "I havo always
fotiud," says Gtn. M'Olellan, "tliat it is
tho tendency of subordinates to mako vex
atious arrests on mere suspicion,"
Gen. Sherman was advised that tho fa
vorable movement I'or a conn do main
against Savannah bad been lust, and that
the best course before him would bo "to
isolate and reduce Fort Pulaski." But
tho "reduction of Charleston and its de
fences" was held up as the 'great moral ad
vantage to be sought for, aud this was sla
ted to bo an object for which Gen. M'Clol
lau was actively maturing his combina
tion. Gen. Butler was instructed as to
the obstacles to bo encountered in reducing
New Orleans, and was ordered, as soon
as possible after tho fall of that city, to.
"seize all tho approaches leading to it
from the tfast." and particularly ''Jaek
son, in Mississippi, with an ultimate view
as well to the capture of Mobile as to tho
opening of the Mississippi.
The instructions thus issued to tho gen
erals named oomprehend the entire scope
of tho plans of Gen. M'Olellan, of which
1'iomtho n-. v. Commercial Adverser, plans the movement of tho Army of the
1 ho report is dated New York, August' Potomac under his own orders was the
4, ItfiU. It begins with an allusion to j central feature. It was considered by
the results of tho victories in Western Vir-1 him necessary to the success of those plans
jjiuia , which, we learn, were not wou in j that they should be carried out Hmultaiie
connection with any general co-openitivo j ously, or as nearly so as possible, and tho
plan of action ; and then goes on to recite ! advauce of the Potomac Army upon llich
the arrival of Gen. M'Clcllau at Washing- inond by tho lower Happ.thannock was
ton afier Dull Run; the organization ol kept iu hand by him, to bo delivered as
the Army of tho Potomac j the grand plan j the decisive blow in cojunction with all the
laid out for the general campaign of ItiGl- ( rest of the general movement.
'G'i; the Dual invasion of Virginia in lfci(W; ! Passing over Gn. Al'Clellan's full clab
tho Peninsular movement ; tho seven days' orato account of the consultations and op
baltles, and tho short but glorious Mary- orations which preceded tho advance to
land campaign of September, 180'i, I Manassas, March 9, 1802, wo lind that
On tho 1st of November Gen. M'Olellan this advance wa3 intended by him morel v
was appointed to tho chief command of to occupy the troops during the prepara
nil tlm forces ot the Union, and at once
began activo operations
war had now
o'trcutnlercnce of the South, and it became with 85,000 effectives early in April.
ms tvdl :ia nraiiticab e. lo plan 1 l'ivcs his reasous lor uot assaulting
vour Exoollency, for your private considor
ation, my geuural views concerning tho
existing stato of the rebellion, although
they do not striotly relate to tho situation
of tho army or striotly oomo within the
soopo of my official duties. These views
amount to convictions, and arc deeply im
pressed upon my mind and heart.
"Our cause must never bo abandoned
it is the cause of free institutions and self
government. The Constitution and Uni
on must bo preserved, whatever may bo
the cost in time, treasure, and blood. II
secession is successful, other dissolutions
are clearly to bo seen in the future. Let
ucither military disaster, political faction,
nor foreign war shako your settled pur
pose to enforce the equal oporatiou of the
laws of tho United States upon tho people
of every State.
"The tiiuo has come when the govern
ment must determine upon a civil aud mil
itary policy oovoriug tho whole grouud of
our national trouble. Thu responsibility
of determining, declaring and supporting i;t serve(l a3 a barrier against tho advanco
SUCU Civil itnu uiiuiaiy pulley, uuu ui ui-
reetiug tho whole course of national affairs
in rnirnr il tn thn reliallion. must now he
assumed aud oxcrciscd by you or our ' and, uuder tho discipline which it then
gust 4th," which was republished in yes
Tho coudiliou of affairs at Washington
during tho campaign of Popo is graphical
September 2, tho President directed
General McClcllan to take commend of his
own nnd Gen. Pope's armies and find the
enemy. On tho 17th of Soptonibor Antic
tarn was fought, South Mountain aud
Crarapton's Gap having been already won
by us. Not a singlo gun or color was lost
by us in these battles, and our total Iojs in
men at Antietam is stated by Gon. McClel
lan at H2,4GO.
Tho advanco into Virginia after Antic
tain is related, with an account of the cau-
! scs by which that advanco was delayed,
j On tho night of Nov. th aeu. M'Olellan
' was relieved, and tho command transfer
red to Geu. Uurnsido.
Gun. McGlellan thus describes his own
"The report is in fact the history of the
army of tho Potomac. During the period
occupied in tho organization ot that army
freshed, in good order nnd ditciplino, and ( that tho fort was on a crook with trees
followed tho retreating foa to a position ( growing along it, and the best I hopod
whoro I was confident of decisive victory; or was to reach tho trees that night. I
whon, in tho midst ot the movement, whilo kept two objects in view so as to make a
.P n l.iroltr t Inlnrmiia nnnmw wlilln , frlr
! tilication of tho capital was iu progress,
The Report of Gen. McClellan. !
cause will ho lost. The Constitution giveh 1 received, it acquired strength, education
and some of that exprience which is noo
cssary to success in activo operations, and
which enabled it afterward to sustain it
self under circumstances trying to tho
moit heroic men. Frequent skirmishes
occurred along the lines, conducted with
great gallantry, which iuurcd our troops
to the realities ol war.
''The army grew into shape but slowly
my advanced guard was actually iu con
tact wilh tho enemy, I was removed from
''Instead of reporting a v'ntorious cam
paign, it has been my duty to relato tbo
heroism of a reduced army, sont upon an
expedition into an enemy's country, thcro
to abandon ono and originato another and
new plan of campaign, which might and
would havo been successful if supported
with apprecidtion of its necessities, but
which failed because of tho repeated failuro
of promised support at the most critical,
and, it proved, tho most fatal moments.
That heroism surpasses ordinary descrip
tion. Its illustration must bo loft for tho
pon of the historian in times of calm re
flection, when the nation shall be looking
back to tho past from tho midst of peace
ful days. For me now it is sufficient to
say that my comrades were victors in every
field save one, and there tho enduranco of
a single corps accomplished tho object of
its fighting, aud, by securing to tho army
its transit to the Jamos river, left to the
cnemv a ruinous and barren victory"
you powur sufficient oven for tho present
"This rebellion has assumed tho char
acter ol war ; as such itshouid bo regard"
ctl, and it should be conducted upon ihc
highest principles known to Christian civ
ilzatiou. I should not he a war looking
to tho subjugation of the people of any
Stale in auy event. It should not be at
all a war upon population, but against
armed forces and political organization,
Neither confiscation ol propctty, political nnd the delays which attended on the ob-
executions of persons, tsrritorial tirgauiza- taining of armc, continued lato into the
lious ol States, or forcible abolition of sla- , . e,ant nn i .
. i . i c ,i winters of 1801-02, wcro no ess trying
very should be contemplated for a momenr,. , i .
Iu prosecuting tho, war all private proper- to the soldiers than to tho pcoplo of tho
ty and unarmed persons should bo strict- country. Even at tho time of tho organi-
ly protcctod, subject only to the necessity zaiion of the Pecinsula campaingn sonic
of military operations. All private prop- 0f tl0 fincst reniments wcro without rifles
Tlu-illiug Adventure on the
The following account of on adventuro
in tho recent great snow-storm on tho
Plains is given iu a private letter from ;
Capt. James II. Dodge, of Milwaukic :
Pout Lakned, Kansas, Dec. 4, 18G3.
On Saturday morning, Nov. 28th, wo
started from Fort Lyon for Fort Lamed
Hons for the Peninsula
The theatre of ! fully decided upon.
extendi d about tho whole I Gen. M' Clcllan reached the l'oitinsula
ertv taken for military use should bo paid
or receipted for; pillai;o and waste should
bo treated as high crimes; all unnecessa
ry trespass sternly prohibited, and offen
sive demeanor by the military toward cit
izens promptly rcbukod, Military arrests
should not bo tolerated except in plaoes
where active hostilities exist, and oaths
nor were tho utmost exertions on tho part
of tho military authorities adequate to
overcome the obstacles to active service.
"When at length the army was in con
dition to tako tho field the Peninsula cam
paign was planned and entered upon with
nccossary, as well as pra
a large and sweeping combination of mili
An organization of New Eugland troops
for occunvinii tho coast lino ot tho south
( rf o
on tho middlo Atlantic, which had bec
suL'gested by Gen. M'Olellan in Suptcm
not venuircd bv enactments constitutional- enthusiasm by officers and men. Had
ly mado should bo neither demanded nor this campaign been followed up as it was
received. Military government should bo ' dcsi llcd i oannot doul)t it wouid have re-
comned to the preservation of public or- ... . , . 4 . , .
. ', ,. P ii,:' i ,.;i,. a suited in a g brious triumph to our arms
dor aud the protection of political rights. t ...
Military powur should not. be allowed to , and tho permanent restoration of the poy
interfere wilh the relations of servitude, ; cr of tho government in Virginia and in
cither by supporting or impairing the au- Nqj Oarolina, if not throughout tho re-
tno.ity ot tuo master, except ior repressing . , g j. howevcr othorwiso
ordered ; aud the Army of the Potomac
straight line. I walked all day, and just
as the sun wan two hours high or bo I saw
the trees. Two miles, or about that, be
yond mo I saw a lono tree, and that was
tho last object I bad made up my mind to
reach, but when within half a milo or
thereabouts of tho trao I saw what I
thought was the fort and took courage.
I walked on at tho rate of a milo an hour.
Before I reached tho tree I knew for a
certainly that it was tho fort I had seen,
and saw that a sleigh had started for mo.
Thoy were coining on a gallop ; I could
sco them ; one or two wcio standing up
looking toward me. They were whipping
their horses, and the snow was flying in
all directions; I knew that I was saved
and my strength gave out ; I could go no
lurthcr, and sank down in tho snow.
When they were almost to mo, I saw Lieut.
Crocker driving, and hoard him say :
"Good Lord ! it is Dodgo 1"
Dr. Clark jumped out with a bottlo of
whisky in one hand and a pie in tho other.
I was in no mood to refuse cither. They
had been looking for tho stago with a glass
and saw mo as I came over tho last roll of
tho praiiio, and ordered up a team to go
out and help somo one, they did not know
In half an hour they had two six mule
j teams and one two mule team going after
tho stage, with refreshments for man and
I boast. Thoy camo baok in twenty-four
I hours and said that I saved their lives.
' Only two were frozen, ono very badly,
her homo, was followed by ono of "Old
Abo's Amerioan citizons of Afrioan de
scent," in the shape of a buok negro, who
assaulted her, and attomptcd to gratifiy
his lust upon her. llcr screams reached
tho cars o( several persons at the railroad
station, who immediately went to her ros
cuo, and when thoy reached tho vicinity
they obsorved her fleeing towards them,
and the black demon running to mako his
escape. Thoy pursued ond overtook him,
and tho same night deposited him in tho
Delawaro county jail. Tin frequency of
these practical demonstrations of Abolition
Nogro Equality Freo-lovcisni, which is
largely owing to tho teachings of Abolition
preachers and politicians,' is becoming
truly alarmiDg.-lfej Chester Jeffersonian.
The OmaiN or Famimau PimAsK8.
The term "masterly inactivity" origin
ated with Sir Jame3 Mackintosh. "God
tempera the wind to tho shorn lamb,"whioh
every ono who did not supposo it was in
tho Biblo, credited to Stcrno, was stolen
by him fron George Ilcrbort, who trans
lated it from the French of Henry Es-
tinno. "The cup that cheers but not in
ebriates," was conveyed by Cowpcr from
Bishop Berkoley, in his Siris, Words.
worth's "The child is father to tho man,'
is traced from him to Milton, nnd from
Milton to Sis Thomas More. ''Like an
gels visits few and far between," is tho
offspring of Hook ; it is not Thomas
CympbolPs origional thought. Old John
Norris (1058) originated it ("Liko angel
visits, short and bright,") and after him,
Robert Blair, as late as 1745. "There's
a gude time coming," is Scott's phrase in
Jlob Boy, and tho ''almighty doHar" is
Washington Irving s happy thought.
nvnnMln.. (r mnlrn (lin frin (Min ilistniiRR
, n in ! i. ..i r ., ! and ho will probably havo to lose his foot
beinir 2 10 miles) in the usual time ot tour ' . f . . . .
i i t i n... .,. r,,i.n.,i ubc wa3 with us wlio had been in
aud a half days. Our party numbered six. ... , .
n,n fir,t av n nnn nhont fortv.fi I country for thirty-two years, and in
mSl. - t. nJrrltt madn m,r hod the ham I tliat ,i,ne Baya 1,0 had DeVcr B00n a WOre
ground, and in tho morning found six or
eight inches of snow covering us, and tho
wind blowing fearfully, as it can only
military nrolection. should receive it. was reeaiica iroin wuuin siguc 01 xvion-
- j "anwu, - -v...- ------ , ,lt0 penuanontly to its own service claim
h ; mond. Tho siugo of that city is narrated qq ,abor g(iou,d b(J asseulci? and th
n ! at length, aud the "change ol base," with r;ut 0f t1Q owner to compensation there
an exr edition uuder Gen. liurusidc, de
signed to facilitate the movements of tho
main body in Eastern Virginia by an oc
cunatiou of the coast line of North Caroli
na. Gen. Uurnsido being ordered, when
he should have seized Newborn, to occu
py and destroy tho Wcldon aud Wilming
ton railroad as far west as Goldsboro,and,
should ciicumstaucL'S favor, to push as far
asllaleigh, Wilmington being, however,
his ultimate objeotivo point. "Caution
about proclamation" was rccommcnded,tho
General being urged "to say as little as
posiblo about politics or tho negro," aud
to stato merely "that tho truo issuo for
which wa arc fighting is tho preservation
of tho Union and upholdiug tho laws of
tho General government."
At tlm mmn lima letters were sent to
Gen. Ilallcek, (appointed to tho command
of tho department of Missouri;) to Geu.
Buell, (in command of tho department of
tho Ohio;) lo Gen. Sherman, (command
ing in South Carolina and Georgia ;) and
to Gen. Butler, (oommauding tho depart
ment of tho Gulf.)
Gen. Halleck was charged with the duty
of "rcduoing chaos to order" iu his de
partment. In respcot to military opera
tions he was ordered lo hold tho 8late by
fortified posts and conccntrato his force on
Geu. Buell was instructed as tothe vast
importaneo of tho military occupation of
T.'npom TCfninnifv and Tennesseo. in
Kontuoky itself he was advised ''tho con
duct of our political affairs is perhaps
disorder, as in othor case, blavcs con-
works at Vorktown, describes the battle of' traband under the act of Congress, seeking
itl, miwril nr.iisc of Gen. I military protection, should receive it. i
Hancock, and recites tho advance to Kioh-1 j-"uib" b'"- " "'''', r i . . . i""""" ".' ,
Virmnia. tub oisappoiuimctiis ut tnu
0 I . ... .,. ii...,: i., , ,i,
UUUipalgU Ull IUL- I C1I1U3UIU uau liu. uuui-
pened their ardor or diminished their pa
triotism, Thoy fought well, faithfully,
gallantly under Gen. Pope, yet were com
pelled to fall back on Washington, defcat-
. .1 t -i .. .i i: 1 'l'l. .,.....
Oil 11 uu Ullliusl uuinui .uituu. iuo uuumjr,
no longer ocoupicd in guarding his own
capital, poured his tooopa northward, cn
its attendant battles from Meohauicsvillc, for should bo recognized.
nifht bo extended upon grounds of mill-
. . . r i iT-n r -i.i. .
i irtMi -t T. 1 r.M no r,..tl.t limn VII tn iMHlVniTl Mill. IN
oer, loo., wou ftuaiiu u-uujr w-, . " . , , , " PPA,silv and sccuritv to all tho
.Tulv 1. lbO'J, " ims c Ooeu, ' says ucd. -j - --- . .i i
ouiy i, lou-. ' . . s nvns wit bin a particular Stato. thus work-
itlnl.1l.... ft-lititur iiMtwtli linii ' . 1 '
iu uicuan, -uie mu uB..i,i..s manumission in such btato : and in
nrr manumission in
continued fioui iho afternoon of tho otli ;iiSg0uri perhaps iu Western Virginia
June, in a series, of engagements wholly also, ami possibly even in Maryland, the
unparalleled on this continent for the do. ' expediency of such a measure is only a
turminaliou and slaughter on both sides , nA.i'of 'policy thus constitutional
July 4th, the General telegraphed to the nm, corJscrvativ0. and pervaded by tho in
Prcsident that he occupied at Harrison's flusnces of Christianity and freedom would
Bar positions "which could ho carried roceive the support of almost all truly loy
only by overwhelming numbers." "The! al men, would deeply impress the rebel
. . , , , . Vppi masses and all foreign nations, and it
spirit of the army, ho added, is excel-. b(j u wouW oommend
lent; stragglers arc finding their regimeutsj tsieir to the favor of tho Almighty.
and the soldiers exhibt tbo best results of i "Unless tho principles governing the
He thus sums up tho results future conduct ot our strugglo shall be
of tho bricl but fierce campaign :
"I cannot now approximate to. any
statement of our losses ; but wo wcro not
beaten in any conflict. Tho enemy were
unablo by their utmost efforts to drive us
frnn, tho'field. Wo have lost no
made known and approved, tho effort to
obtain requisite forces wi.lbo almost hope
less. A declaration of radical views, es
pecially upon slavery, will rapidly disin
tegrate our present armies.
"The policy of the government must be
supported by concentration of military
power. 1 UO national lorccs buuuiu nm uu
puns except tweuty-five on the flold of bat-1 dis ed j expeditions, posts of occupa-
fi .1-1. 1nt t.., l,n . ' . r . 1...1 ..1 1.1 l.
tie, twenty ouo oi wmcu wuro juai, uj 0U) anu nunierous armies, uui uuuum uu
civinu- way of M'Call s division under tno
onset of suporior numbers. When all the
circumstances of tho oaso are known it
will bo acknowledged by all competent
..... ..l !..lI fiA,nl ,r nil
judges tnat me movenicut jui. wu.v.,
by our army is unparalleled m mo annais
of war. Under tho most difficult circum
stances wo have prcservod our trains, our
guns', our material, and abovo all our
To this tho President replied : "Bo us
sured tho heroism and skill of yourself,
officers, aud mou, is, and forovor will bo,
appreciated. If you can hold your pros
cut position wo shall hive tho enemy yet."
nn u,n7ili fleii. M'Olellan telegraph s as
mainly collected mto masses and brought
to bear upon tho armies of tho Confederate
States, Those armies thoroughly defeat
ed the political structure which thoy sup
port would soon cease to exist.
''In carrying out any system of policy
which you may form you will requiro a
commander-in-chief of tho army, ono who
possesses your confidence, understands
your views, and is compctont to execute
your orders by directing tho military for
ces of tho natiou to tho accomplishment of
tho objeots by you propoaod. I do not
ask that plaoe for myself. I am willing
to serve you in such a position as you may
assign me, and will do so as faithfully as
ever suBordinato served superior.
'I may bo on the brink ot eternity, and,
I hope forgiveness from my Maker, I
blow across these plains. On Tuesday
came another fall of snow, and Wednes
day we traveled only sovon miles. Dur
ing that wholo week we wcro onlyablo to
thaw out our provisions, not oven making
an effort to cook anything, for on tho
whole route thcro arc no habitations.
Until Saturday morning wo were obliged,
every little way, to shovel the stage out
of tho snow banks, and finally, when wo
were about fifty-two miles from Lar'ncd,
wo gave up the idoa of proceeding further
in that way.
Hearing that there was a small Indian
camp not far from where wo wero embank- I
cd, I concluded to leave tho stago and go I
on to fiud it and get somo diicd buffalo I
meat, for our supplies were exhausted, as I
storm, and that he had made up his mind
I could not possibly live through it.
rnoso wlio went out alter tlie stago say
they never saw a more rejoiced lot than
they when they knew of my safety.
Traitors. Not long sinco a lady re
siding in the Stato of New York, while
en route for Toledo to visit a friend, met
in our depot tho lady whom she was wish
ing to see. Luokly tho latter lady was on
her way homo, and thus the two traveled
tho remainder of tho journey together.
During tho trip Iho following conversation
chanced to arise :
I Toledo Have you any "Copperhead'
'Democrats in New York I
I Now York Well, no, nono that lover
. heard of.
Toledo Have you any "Butternuts "or
Now York I think not. I never heard
ran lin'l mi Iff I n n clrArn fri ! fivit
Willi 1U1U 111 u oiuiu ivi ui J , . - . . -
T ,. , , anything said about thorn; but perhap
trip. The Iudmn camp, howevcr, proved i . ' . , . ' r r
to bo farther off than wo thought, for I
walked fifteen miles, with the snow up to
my knees nearly all tho way, boforo tho
huts came in sight. 'When within a milo,
or thereabouts, of them, one of tho drivers
tored Maryland, threatened Pennsylvania, overtook mo and reported that tho mules
aud even Washington itself. Elated by j had given out entirely and ho had started
his recent victories, and assurod that our , to go to tho fort for help. 1 he camp be-
troops wore disorganized and dispiriteddio j ing close by, I told him to go on and get
was conlidcut that the seat of war was somotiung to cat anu l wouiu oo aiong
now permanently transferred to tho loyal I found him thcro with his bauds and feet
States, nnd lhat his own exhausted soil ' badly frozen, so I told him to stay thcro
was to bo relieved from the burden of , and I would go to tho fort myselfthirty
stinnortinff two hostile armies. But ho , fivo miles.
1 started at mrtc o ciock, p
When Brady, tho celebrated lawyer of
New York city first opened a lawyor'a
office, ho took a base-room, which had
previously been occupied by a cobbler.
Ho was somewhat annoyed by the previ
ous occupant's callers, and irritated by
the fact that he had a few of his own.
One day an Irishman entered. "Tho
cobbler's gone, I sco," ho said. ltI should
think he had," tartly responded Brady.-
"And what do you sell I" ho asked, look
ing at the solitary table and a few books.
"Blookhoads," responded Brady. "Be
gad," said the Irishman, "yo must bo
doing a mighty fino business you hainf
got but ono loft."
did not understand tho spirit whioh ani
mated tho soldiers of tho Union.
mule carried inc until sundown, and would
Ul e.1,.,11 nM nnr n-ill T. livinr. fftl'fTiit ' not co anv further. I had wilh mo, for-
that when I was ordered to the command tunatoly, a buffalo robe ; so taking tho
of tho troops for the defence of tho capital saddle for my pillow, and tucking tho robe
tho soldiers, with whom I had shared so oloso about mo, laid down to try and keop
much of the anxiety aud pain and suffering awako till moraing. I was then twenty-
of Iho w'ar, had not lost their confidence seven miles from tho fort and tho cold so
in mo as their commander. They sprang intonso that one of tho mules had frozen
to ray call with all their ancient vigor.dis- to death tho night before. When morn-
ciplino and courage I led them into ing broko I was thankful to tho kind Provr
Maryland. Fifteen days after thoy had idoneo whioh had kept mo from all harm,
fallen back dofeatcd bofero Washington I had nothing to eat, but saddled tho mule,
thoy vanquished tho enemy on tho rugged which had not strayed moro than six rods
heichtB of South Mountain, pursued to the away, aud started again. Tho poor ani-
hard-fought field of Antietam, and druve raal, however, would not carry me mors
him, broken and disappointed, aoros3 the than aules, and laid down. Without bos-
Potomac into Virgiuia. ituting ono iuslaut I strippod him, piled
"Tho army had need of rest after the the saddle, bridlo and robe together, and
.terrible ozperienco ol battles and marches in less than fivo minutes was wadiug
wi'h scarcoly an interval of rcposo, which through tho suowup to my knees. I knew
thoy had gono through from tho timo of probably, I would havo to bo out another
leaving tho Pcnimula, the roturn to Wash- , night, but thero was no such thing as
ington, the defeat in Virginia, tho victory turning baok, for thero wero left behind
they aro known by somo other name.
Toledo Well, have you any traitors in
your section !
New York Traitors? Oh yes, plenly
of them ; but we call thoin by a different
name in Now York. We call them Aboli
Tho Toledo lady was perfectly dumb
founded by this reply, and had nothing
moro to say.
From that time until ariving at Toledo
tho subject of ''copperheads" and "trai
tors' was totally osohewod.
The above narrated ocourrence is a fact.
Bishop Hopkins, of Vermont, in his
letter to tho llev. Dr. Do Wolf, of Phila
delphia, says :
"I knew that tho opinion which I had
expressed as to tho right of secession was
iu accordance with tho opinion of tho
Southern loadors, and of many Northern
and Western statesman of high character
Especially I knew that it was tho doctrino
of Hon. Josiah Quincy, and other distin
guished men of Massachusetts, at tho tirau
ofthefamons Hartford Convention, and
of Hon. Abraham Lincoln, on tho floor of
Congress, in 1848, and of tho Hon. Hor
ace Greoly, in tho Tribune, after the
Southern cause had been decided."
A Short Prayer. Tho Bev. Mr.
Shrino, Chaplain of the House of Repre
sentatives, in the Iowa Legislature, on tho
opening of the recent sesiion, prnyed thus ;
'Bless Thou tho young and growing
Stato of Iowa, her Sanators and Bepresen
tatives, tho Governor and State officers,
Give us a sound currenoy, pure water, and
undefiled religion for Christ's sake.
A woman named Elizabeth Maci, who
died at Florenco in 1708 had been mar
ried to soven husbands, all of whom iho
outlived. Sho married the last of the
seven at tho ace of 70. When on her
death-bed, she recalled tho good and bad
points in each of her husbands, and having
impartially weighed them in tho balances
she singled out her fifth spouse as tho fav
orite, and desired that her remains might
be interred near his. (Soo St, Matthew
A Bloodthirsty Ki.no. The Pans
papers publish adviBes from Egypt, an
uounoiug tho victory of tho Emperor The
odoro of Abyssinia over tho population of
Gojam. The Emperor has ordered the
tnassaoro of fiftcou thousand prisoncrsjincn,
women and children. IIo is also stated to
havo had tho English CodbuI at Massoma
ar res tad, and to havo set tho Fronch Con
ml at libetly.
The richest individual in England is tho
Marquis of Westminister, whose daily in
como is estimated at 5,000. Tho Roths
childs, four of them, arc tho richest houso
in Europe, and their incomo is cstimatod
at about nine millious a year, or a thou
sand dollars an Hour.
"It is strange," muttered a young man
as ho staggered home from a supper par
ty, "how evil communications corrupt
good manners. I havo surrounded by
tumbler's all the evening, and now I am a
tumbler my self."
The man who is in pain to know what
alteration time and age have made in him,
naods only to consult tho eyes ol tho fair
ono ho addresses, and by the tono of her
voice as sho talks with him, hu will learn'
what ho fears to know. But, Oh How
hard a lesson '.
It ia estimated that 40,060 deserters
from tho Army alouc, not including run
aways from tho draft, aro now in Canada.
What a splendid purgatory Canada u I
more important than that of our military
J U VMW