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MiUtion nnd resloio the I'nion. Tlio
( I ta of loyal citizens who. nbovc nil
utncrs, nro entitled to tho protection of
tin- government nro those who have re
main, d truo to tho flag of our country.
And yet tho solo forou of this proclama
tion is directed ngainst them. May not
this measure, so clearly impolitic, un
just, and unconstitutional, and which is
calculated to create so many barriers to
tho restoration of the Union, be miscon
aimed by tho world us an abandonment
ofthohopoor tho purpose of restoring
it a result to which tho State of Now
ITork is unalterably opposed, and which
will be effectually resisted. '
Wb tuu9t not only support tho Constitu
tion of the United States and maintain tho
rights of the states, but wo mutt rohtoro
our Union as it was boforo tho outbreak of
the war. Tho niscrliou that this war was
tho unavoidable result of Mnvery is not
only orrotioous, but it has led to a disas
trous policy in its prosecution. Tho opin
ion mat slavery must no nuutisheu to re-
.store our Union creates an antagonism
between tho frnn nn.l tlinalnvnafnt., .rt.l-l,
ouglit not to exist. It it is truo that slavery
.must he abolished by tho force of tho fed
eral government; that the South must bo
held in military subjection ; that four
millions of uogroos must, for mauy years
. bo uudor tho direct management oi au
thorities at Washington at tho public cx
penso; then indeod, wo must enduro tho
wasto of the crimes in tho field, further
drains upon our population, and still
rcaUr burdcni of debt. We must not con
vert our govornment into a military des
potism. Tho mischievous opiuion that in
'th s contest tho North must subjugate and
destroy the South to savo our Union has
weakened tho hopes of our citizens at homo
and destroyed confidence in our success
THE CENTRAL AND WESTERN STATES.
It is a suggestivo fact, affording instruc
tion and hopo for tho future, that tho the
ories rchich havo exercised an evil influ
cuco on our national politics did not
originate in what may bo called tho heart
of tho Union, among tho intimato and
well- icquainted populations of tho Central
and Western States, whoro the Etatos per
mitting and forbidding slavery aro in ac
tual c .intact, nor in-thc portions traversed
by th 3 great cast and west lines of com-ni.-rcs
and intercourse Thoy havo been
developed almost entirely in two sections
comparatively isolated by position, tradi
tions, and peculiar habits of thought, and
l aU connected with the more homogeno
ous mass of our people. There have been
cxtremo northern views and extreme
southern vi;ws, but also tho broader and
more tolerant viows of tho more populous
t mitral and Western States. These cx
li?nd on both sides of that indenturing
lioundry between " slave" and "freo"
stales, which is not a lino of opposing
opinions, but of intermingling interests
Their plains aro interlocked by confluent
rivers, and not dividod by mountain
ranges. These itates arc a region of har
monizing views and sympathies. They
are not only bound Jugothcr by peculiar
interests, out also uy strong reasons lor
resisting a division on that boundary,
which would maku them frontier states.
which would rcplaco their cordial inter
course by hostile relationship, and throw
upon them all tho greatest and sharpest
evils of the separation. Thus, while
they do not share the passions and preju
dices of those extreme states which strove
to enlist them in the contest, thoy have
motives of tho highest intorcsts to restore
the old' order of things and of tho gravest
apprehension from a soparation. This
w.tr blights and destroys tho hopes and
the happiness of this region, while tho
sections whoso passions and interests
Undled it arc mainly remote from tho
terrible suffering it has caused.
Tho Western and Central States en
listed varmly in a war for tho Union and
'Constitution. Tho northern tier of ''slave
btates" (except Eaetorn Virginia) earnest
ly snpportcd tho government in its policy
while it was consistent with this purpose,
which was known as tho ''Uordcr Stato
policy." 15olh the administration and
Congic.s declared their solo purpose to
hi to restore the Union and maintain tho
Constitution. When tho administration
abandoned this policy, and took up the
views of cxtremo Northern Statos, it lost,
at the late election, nearly all tho politi--cal
fupport which tho Central and West
ern Slates afforded in tho elections 'of
While the North cannot hold tho south
ern State in subjection without destroy
ing tho principles of our govornment, the
great Central und Western States can '
control tho two extremes. They will not
a, -o'ipt tno viows ot etiner as eato cuiucs
in tho oonduot of public affairs. This is back, too, with all its elements of nroduo
1.., t. i : : i t.:. I i i.i , ... 1 .. .
oiiuiiii uiu luuiiuui uiaiur ui uui ,
country during the past four years. When j
it was bolioved that ths lato arlministra-
, i nj i... ..I... f .i.
uuu ma tuiiiiuiu-'u uy mu views ui vuu
GulfStatcs,itlostitspovor in tho Cen
tral and Western region. Tho opposing
party, to gain publio support, woro obligod, j by interests that whon cotton is "burned in
by assurances and resolutions, to rcpolthoj Louisiana, Indian corn is used as fuel in
charges that thoy would intorfero with Illinois. Tho ruin of tho southern con
fclavcry in tho states, aud thoy denouuccd,sumor brings bankruptcy upon tho north
as unjust, tho imputation that thoy held , crn producor. Whon tho capacity of tho
tho views of tho abolitionists of the ex- j ono to buy is annihilated, tho ability of thc
tremo northern section.
pledges thoy could not have gained politi
rrninnil ,nl if f
When tho Gulf States seceded, tho cen
tral slave states, by large majorities, refused
to act with thorn. Thoy sought to 'avoid
war and division by thoPoaco Oonforenoe
held in Washington. Unfortanatoly tho
dominant leaders of tho party which had
succeeded at tho election of 1800, over
looking tho fact that this was dono by tho
voto of about l.dOO.OOO against a dividod
opposition of about f2,80O,OOO, rejeoted all
tortus of compromise and conciliation as
inconsistent with tho results of tho election
and attempted to govern and control an
agitated and convulsed country strictly by
tho opinions and sentiments of a minority.
J iio outbreak ot war involved our whole
country in its excitements. The Stato of
D lawaro, Maryland, Kontucky, nnd Mi3-
B iuri, and too western part ot Virginia,
adhered to tho Union. The purposo then
nvowrd by the administration and assort
ed by Congress, as to tho objec's of the
war, gavo to tho administration ovcr
vh lining majorities at tho clootion of
1 401 , in nil tho loyal states. All engaged
h prfully aud unitodly in tho work of up
holding our Constitution and of restoring
qur Uniou to its former couditiou. Whou
tlta piliey waa changed and it adopted tho
sontiments of tho cxtremo Northern Statos
and ilinennlml ilman nf tt
cstorn Stntos, n rcmarkablo nolitical
ro volution was tho result.
, . . . .
EXTREMES WILT. NOT PtlEVAIIj.
ft has been assumed that this war will
end in tho ascendancy of the viows of one
of tho oxtremcs of our country. Neither
will provail for neither can command tho
support of tho majority of tho American
people. Tho great Central and Western
States, which havo tho largest share of
tho population and resources of our coun
try, will not accept of cither class of pur
poses. This is tho significance of tho late
elections. Thoir determination is to de
fend the rights of stales and tho right! of
individuals, and to restore our Union as it
was. It will bo restored by tho Central
and Western States, both freo and slave,
who are exempt from tho voilcut passsions
which bear coutrol of tho estrcmos. It is
a fact full of hope that tho prejudices bo-
tween northern and southern states are not
U.C1U 00 T "uo 01 nut in tho sec
' 6101,3 ",0it roulolc I1" Melt Other, and
separated by tho groat controlling regions
aud resources of tho country. Tlioso of
tho central slave states whioh rejected the
ordinanco of secession, which sought to
remain in tho Union, and which wcro driv
en off by a contemptuous, uncompromising
policy, must be brought back. The resto
ration of tho whole Union will then bo
onlylbo work of time, with such exertion
of power as can bo put forth without need
lessly sacrificing tho life and troasnro of tho
North in a bloody and calamitous contest.
Wo must nor wear out the lives of our sol
diers, nor exhaust the earnings of labor,
by a war for uncertain ends, or to carry
out vaguo theories. Tho policy of subju
gation and extermination means not only
tho destruction of tho lives and property
of the South, but also tho wasto of the
blood and treasuro of tho North. Tho
exertion Rod armed power must bo accom
panied by a firm and conciliatory policy,
to restore our Union with tho least possi
ble injury to both sections.
To mako this Union New York gave
up a vast end rightful political power in
tho Senate. It has proved a greater bless
ing that tho most hopeful expected. To
savo it wo thavo made groat sacrifices of
blood and treasure. Is it not also worth
a sacrifico of passion ? Shall wo let it bo
torn to fragraonts without ono conciliatory
effort to prctorvo it !
ADJUSTMENTS Or INTERESTS, &C.
Those at tho North and tho South who
havo been laboring to broak down our na
tional Constitution and Union, and to
mako two oonfwdcraoics, overlook thc fact
that in caoh of those it would bo more
difficult to adjust conflicting interests and
state representation than in our existing
Union. Tho vast extent of our couutry,
and its varied productions and pursuits,
have relieved antagonism between com
mercial, manufacturing, anda;ricultnring !
interests. Thoy give to each groat fields ,
for prosperous pursuits. If tho nroduo-
iug statcB of tho West aro cut off from tho
markets of tho South thoy will demand a
freo trade policy which will open to them
tho markets of tho world ; aud oven theso
will not mako good tho loss. Thoy will
notcivo ud their ncculiar ndrnntnna f :
raising grain and oattlo for tho pursuits
and tho markets of tho Eastern States and
Europo are not equal to westorn produo-
tions. Tho past two years have shown '
thij. With an unusual Euronean call for !
oreaustuus tanu provisions, with a vast
consumption of theso articles by our
American armies; thcro is a great section
of tho West whero tho prices do not pay
for their production. Thcro is bankruptcy
unu nuanoiai aisiress in ino nnUst of abun
dant harvests, and a wasto of untrathcrod .
grain at a tima of tho largest exportation .m'sli'v efforts wo aro making to save our1
of agricultural products known in tho his- Union aro stimulated by a purposo to ro-1
tory of our country. Reducing tho cost of store peace, prosperity, and happiness to
carrying these products will not euro thisjovory section. j
trouble. Opening tho "Mississippi, its a Tho vigor of war will bo increased when
Way to tho markets of tho world, will not j tho publio mind and energies aro conccn-
overcome this evil. Tho cotton raised on i tratcd upon tho patriotic, goucrous pur
thc Mississippi ia tho joint product of tho'poso to restoro our Union for tho common
provisions of tho North and thc labor of good of all Bootions, It cannot bo so united ,
tho South. Tho peoplo of tho West must ' upon any bloody, any barbarous, any rov
havo tho markets of tho Southwestern ' olutiouary, or auy unconstitutional 6chemo
ni?3a r0''',' They
must bo rouuitcd, politically, socially, and
commercially, to tho vallev of tlm lownri
Mississippi. Thoir grain and provisions power, every influence of pcrsuaMou, every Koither tnonoy nor ofBeo, nor both corn
must be converted into cotton, and in this ' moaauro of reconciliation, must bo used to binod, could for a niomont, stagger tho fi-
form canicd profitably to the Eastern and
European ports. Whou thov havo thim
gaiuod tho returns for thoir labor, thoy will
oiioo moro uecomo tno supporters of our
commerce. To rcstoro this croat remnn
to ita former prosperity, and to rocraiu for
oursolvos its onriching trado, tho lower
valley of tho Mississippi must bo brought
back into tho Union : it must lm Tirmmlif
iiuu uuu wumm uilliupaircu, With all the
advantages of local self govornment ; not
a devastated and ruiucd territory, under a
unuuuii", uuuasiuir military Control.
So closoly aro tho uppor and tho lowor
valleys of tho Mississippi bound togethor
Tli ia finikin inetnonn rHnm II..
J his singlo instaueo, from many equally
Diroug, siiowa mar, neither in a northern or
wuthoru Union can tho conflicting interests
ot agriculture, coiumorco, and jnanufao
turos bo adjusted.
rfll.lTlCAL I.VTEUE3TS &0.
iho division ot our Union into two or
moro confederacies would rconen in each
those questions of distribution of power
anu roiaiionsuip oetweon states whioh
woro settled by our national Constitution1
Eveu now, tho centralization of powci
and partronago at tho national capital
causes uneasiness m thoso statos which
now are, or will soon become, thc most
populous. The Sonato can prevent tho
passage or repeal of laws by tho House,
which represents tho popular will, and at
the samo time can control tho power of
tno executive uy rejecting treatios formed
or nominations made by tho President.
At this timo it assumes to dictato tho
organization of tho oxecutivo department.
This body also has tho advantage of lon
ger tenure of office, while it is Author
removed from popular control. It is in
this powerful branch of government that
elates havo an equal representation,
without regard-to population.
Even under our present Union, it is for
tho interest of tho small states to centra
lizo power in the national government,
as they enjoy a disproportionate control
in tho most influential branch of that
govornme it. All now acquiesce in that
compromise of the Constitution. It is the
host adjustment whioh can ho made be
tween tho larger and smaller slate.
So long as all the states of our present
Union were represented in Congress, this
tondency wai checked by tho existence
of states with small populations, distrib
uted in dillbi'siit sections, of our country,
and fomowh it equally among tho agricul
tural, commercial, uud manufacturing
regions, Hitherto, no injurious or iiitat
ing results havo been caused. A division
of tho Union, or tho disfranchisement of
tho Southern Statos by putting them back
into tho condition of mere territories, or
a representation dictated by the military
power of government, would make inevi
table a readjustment of political power.
If tho Southorn States are cut oil' or dU
franchised, every map of our country will
constantly Migccst this to the public
mind. In the Northern Union the group
of six small NiUv England States, with
New Jersoy and Delaware, lying on the
Atlanlit coast, far removed" from the
central and western sections of our coun
try, with united populations only about
equal to that of this state, would balance,
in the controlling brunch of tho national
legislature, tho great producing states of
New-York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana,
Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa
In a few years, each of these states will
have populations gicatcr than that of all
New England. This disparity of politi
cal power would bo increased by t be fact
that tho population and pursuits of New
England, confined within very limited
bouudcries, have the uniformity of one
community, while the larger states have
diversified and distinctive pursuits to
prevent thctn from acting so readily in
The danger or controversy would be
increased by our vast national debt.
This, mainly held by a few Atlantic
Slates, divides our country into the per
ilous sectional relations of debtor and
creditor regions The ownership of this
debt cannot bo diffused over our country
so that the .same communities which pay
taxes will rcceivo incomes. Tho inci
dental advantages of protective tariffs
growing out of this debt would be largely
gained by tho creditor states, which also
enjoy his disproportionate share of polit
ical power. Tho great producing stales
would bo compelled to pay a heavy taxa
tion to other communities at a time when
the division of our Union would deprive
them of their most profitable markets ;
and heavy duties would tend lo diminish,
tho damands of foreign countries for
their producti 'tis. No ono can look for
ward to such agitations and discussions
without tho deepest concern.
Tho small states, grouped upon the
shores of tho Atlantic, wcro all original
panics to inc uonsmution. They arc
(gloriously associated with tho history of
the revolutionaiy struggle. They boar
names that are honored, and have mem
ories that aro cherished in every part of
tho land. Thoy must not, through tho
folly of blind and bigotoil leaders, lose
1110 SrCi" special political powers which
aro ?jivcn t0 thcm by thc compromises of
cstltutou- Tllcy mnst not suffer
hat ,lstrBm0"' wluch 8t)cl"cs to them
Peuul,ar advantages, to be weakenod or
MUST HE RESTOlinD.
Thcro is but ono
way to save us from
demoralization, discord, and repudiation.
(JumJnion must bo restored, complete in
all its parts. No Bcctiou must bo disor
ganized beyond thc unavoidable nocEsitici
of war, All must bo made to feci that tho
looking merely to the gratification of
hatred, or purposes of party ambition, or
sectional advanta-o. Even- evortinn F
restore this Union tons former condition.
Let no ono demand that tho blood of his
neighbor shall be shed; that tho fruits of
tho labor of our citizens shall bo eaten up
by taxation,-to gain this end, and thou ro
fuso to givo up his own passions, or ta
mouny uis own opinions, to savo
country aud to stop tho
r. r..i i
iUUHUl WilSlO WO i
aro now malcinir nf triwanm nnrl nf lifn '
Lot no ono think that tho poonla who havo
refused to yield this Union to rebellion at !
tliA S3nilM, Unit tnritiW Wo .noln.nli.n . l.n I
provoutod by fanaticism at tho North
wuw 1, 1,1. .1,11 ,lO ( KOIVI .11IU1J IU UU
Tho pervading sontimont of tho crcat'
controlling sections of our country will not
only savo our Union, but it will do in a I
way harmonizing with tho genius it our j
institutions, tho usages of our peoplo, and
tho letter and spirit of our Constitution.
It will manifest itself in tho customary
maillior bv dissmissmn nml nntilinnl mlin,,
'I'l.r. f., r .. .. n iii. i- I
iu uuuii;!.? ui uui luuaiuubiuil, lurcsceiug
that events would roudor it necessary for:
tho peoplo of tho several states not only
thus to address our govornmeutbut also to
produco a concort of purposo and action
between different cominunitios, provided in
tho Constitution that ''Congress shall mako
no law abridging tho freedom of speech or
of tho press, or tho right of tho peoplo
poaooably to aasomblo and to petition tho
govornmont for a redress of griovauocs.''
Our present alarming conditiou na
turally calls for such expressions of publio
opinion with respect to tho objects of this
war, and ths spirit in which it should bo
conducted, and tho cud for whioh it should
bo waged ; when tho publio will is olearly
oxprossod it must bo recognized and re-
6peoted by govornmont. It will also mako
itsolf offectivo in our frequently recurring
oleotions whioh peacefully but rapidly form
a body of government in harmony with its
purposes. It will influence oongrossiona'
aotiun, or it may lead lo a convention of
Tho condition of our country is not
hopeless, and unless it is mado so by
paisioni and prejudices which nro in
consistent with tho government of a great
country. This war, with ull its evils, has
taught us groat truths which, if aocoptcd
by our peoplo, will (ako tho luturo relations
of the various sections of our Union on tho
firmest bails. It bus made ui know tho
value of tho Union itstlf, not only in our
internal but in our foreign relations. It
has given us it wisdom and knowledgoof
each other which had wo possessed oarlior
would havo averted our present calamities.
If the Interests of different sections of
our country arc conflicting in somo respects
thoy nro to balanced and adjusted by na
turo that thcro is an irrepressible tendency
lo intercourse, harmony, aud union. This
tendency must, in the cud, overcome mutual
misapprehension. Wo havo also loarncd
the great mutual strength of tho Noith and
of tho South, and amid all bitterness of
feeliug engendered by tho war caoh sec
tion has b&oti taught to respect tho power,
resources, aud courago of tho other.
Wo must accept tho conditiou of affairs
as thoy stand. At this moment tho for
tunes of our country aro influenced by tho
results of battles. Uur armies in tno tie Id
must bo supnoitcd; all constitutional do-
niands of our general govcrnuieut must bo
promptly responded to.
But war alouo will not savo tho Union.
Tho rule of action which is used to put
down an ordinary insurrection is not ap
plicable to a wide spread armed resistance
of great communities. It is weaknes and
folly to shut our eyes to this truth.
Under no circumstances oau the division
of tho Union bo conceded, We trill put
forth every exertion of power, we will use
every policy of conciliation j wo will hold
out every iuducoinent to tho people of tho
South to return to their allegiance, consis
tent with honor ; wo will gu.irantco them
every right, every consideration demanded
by the Constitution, and by that fraterna
regard which must prevail in a common
country ; but wo can never voluntarily
consent to thc breaking up of tho Union of
these states, or thc destruction of tho Con
stitution. Humbly acknowledging our dependence
upon Almighty God, aud repenting our
pride, ingratitude, aud disobedience, let m
pray that our minds may bo inspired with
tho wisdom, the magnanimity, tho faith,
and charity, whioh will enable us to save
Alhany, January 7, ISOtf.
IIUITIID BY LEVI L. TAT I!, NlOrillCTOK
ITS LenSE5iI!i, PA.
SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 17. 163.
UNITED STATES; SENATOR.
Tho Election lis Incidents.
Tho first woek of the session of the pres
ent Legislature, was one of great excito
mcnt and anxiety not only to tho gentle
men who wore contesting tho seat of senator,
but to tho Slato of Pcnsylvaui-i, and to
her stern and unyielding Democracy.
Having honestly and fairly achioved a vic
tory, thoy wcro extremely desirous, and
rightfully so, of securing, against bribery,
corruption or treachery, its benefits. So
much bad been said in tho Abolition news
papers, about the cortain success of Cam
eron, so many predictions had been inado
about his ability to securo tho necessary
number of votes to elect him over a Demo
crat, in a convention which contained a
majority of Domocrats, that tho peoplo
were justly alarmed and indignant; nnd
any unusual display must bo attributed to
tho bravado of thoao papors.
During tho woek, all sorts of rumors
wero afloat, and tho intrigues of Oaraoron's
lacquoys could bo readily traced. On
Monday tho 12th, it.oamo to bo reduced to
certainty that all their schemes had failed.
dclity of any ono of tho Bixty-iovon Dem
ocrats in tho LcgisliUure. And when tho
abolitionists went into caucus on Monday
evening to make a nomination, tho feoling
of defeat rnado them bitter even iwnotie
themselves, and they adjourned without
!, : ..
candidate. Tho moro radical!
ProP3od to doat tho will of tho
refusing to go into convention, but
more moderato counsels finally prevailed ;
and on Tuesday morning thoy reass3m-
bled, and nominated as thoir caucus can-
(1 5 rl n tn fit m nrt fn m oiAn
n V.,i i,v;. i Tt n r n
On Monday Lvoning tho Hall of tho
HU3 was with eager and anxious
faces. Tho mootinc of tho Democratic
oaucus was tho causo. At tho appointed
hour Mr. Speaker Cessna, rapped tho desk
with tho pave!, and annonnond Mir nnm.
bling of tho caucus. Tho spectators remain-
od in the hall, awaiting tho result. An hour
and a half passed, aud uo word camo of
progress. Thon a messenger camo hur
riedly in, and announced tha result of tho
first ballot. Huokaluw wai in tho load
a second followed, ho still lead and by
an inoroascd voto, aud iti a few minutes
word camo, Duckamiw, forty. It was
enough, aud with cheerful faces, forgot
ting personal proforeuces, tho crowd lustily
cheered tho result.
Tho scono at tho hotel when wo got
down surpasses all description. It was al
most impossible to got near Mr. HuciCA
i.Kv's rooms. Hundreds called with com
pliments aud congratulation. In another
portion of tho houso refreshments wcro
provided ; and ouo after auothor thc crowd
called upon ilia unsuccessful candidates aud
prominent Domocrats, for toasts and
speeches, Such spontaneous rcjoiuiug wo
novor beforo witnessed, About midnight
we quitted tho scene, but tho ,!weo sina'
hours ayout the twal,'' passed, and over
aud anon, to our distuut bed room, came
tho cheers, mid shouts and laughter of en
But tho battle was only half founht
It was tho "South Mountain" of tho cam-
pnign. Tho groat oontost of'Antiotam"
was yet to come
Early on Tuesday morning tho llottto
began to fill, aud when tho hour camo for
calling to order, and a cail of thc IIouso
was had, every Democrat was in his place.
No business was done. All sat in
anticipation of tho grand contest which 'h'tlcr ; Assistant , 11. Milton Specr of
was to open at twclvo o'clock noon. ! Huntingdon ; Transcribing Clerks, Will
Half uficr eleven came, and not a single iam H. ltnUtun of Armstrong, William
opposition member was in his &eat, but! C!rrgory of Philadelghia ; A. J. Sander-
just then their caucus, which had been
sitting for some hours, having nominated
Uamcron, adjourned, aud they began to
file in through tho crowd aud tnko their
aces. At fifteen minutes to twelve, Mr.
KaitiQ moved a call of tho House, when
ovory member on both sides, answered to
his name. Au expression of satisfaction
j and confidence passed over tho faces of
, tho Democrats.
Mr. McCullough movod a comtnittco of
two, to wait upon tho Senate, nnd inform
it that the IIouso was ready to assemblo in
convention to proceed to tho cloction of
an United States Seuator. Just as tho
miuuto baud of the clock reached tho mark
of XII, thc committee roo and passed out
of the Hall, tho Sergeant-at-Armu closing
tho door behind them. Wo sat in breath
less silence for two minutes then the doori
wore fluug open, and tho committco enter
ed and announced "Tho Speaker and
members of thc Scnato." Tho member
of the House arose to their feet, aud re
mained standing, until the Senators had
taken their scats.
The speaker of tho Senate is, cx-Jkio,
tho Pre.-identof tho convention ; uud as
such occupied tho Speaker's chair. The
President then announced tho objeot for
which tho convention had assembled, re-
quested tho vast audiouci to preserve strict
, order ; aud directed tho clerk of the
Senate to call the names of Senators.
Tho first Senator called, voted lor "Gen.
Simon Cameron." At this poiut' somo
'slight applause was manife.-ted, which
was promptly checked of itself aud a
; little coufusion was created bv reason of u
drunken man forcing his way iuto the
Hall. Tho Soargcnt ntArms speedily dis
; posed of him, aud tho President ordered the
j doors to be closed.
I Thc balloting thon proceeded in a ti
I lonco only broken by the voice of the
j actors. When the Crt Democratic Sena
j tor was called, ho pronouueod tho namo of
"Charles It. Duokalew,'' which was ech
oed by tho Tellers at tho clerk's desk.
. Steadily the vote progressed in solid mass
es for tho caucus candidates, until iho Sou
, ators wcro all called. The President then
directed tho olork of tho IIouso to call tho
i members thereof.
j When tho name of Bartholomew La
porto was called, bo Yoted for ''William
D. Kelly." For ono moment, business
J scorned to utand still, aud all eyes turned
I to tho sent of tho member form Uradford.
lie was a republican bolter from tho nom
ination of Camoron. Tho Tellers entered
tho vote, repcatod tho namo, and the bal
When the namo of "Schofiold," of Phil
adelphia was called, ho ro.-o aud said:
"Mr. President, thcoffor of one hundred
thousand dollars is as nothing, compared
with ray own integrity and tho bucccss of
tho Democratic party. I voto for Ciias.
Loud applause followed the voto, whioh
was promptly checked, and tho call pro
ceeded. Thoro is no truth in tho Ktory in
tho Inquirer, that when Mr. Schofield
arose, a stalwart stranger btepped
to liia bido, and romaiuod thoro until ho
voted Nothing of tbo sort occurred.
Wo woro in full view of Mr. SchoGold at
Ilundrods of men wero koeping tally,
when tho last namo was called aud Duoli
,,, , P- , ., -p. ,.
alcw had 07, and tho Democratic success
ivas nliinnd ltnnnnil -i rlnnll flin i,-!lrlnwt
was placod boyond a doubt, tho wildest
oheoring shook tho Hall. Tho Sorgeant-at-Arms
throw open tho doors and tho
joyous crowd rushed foith, Wc glanced
over tho Hall Democrats woro shaking
each other by tho hand, and tears of joy
wero coursing down mora than one bronzed
nil tj -i . , ,
-miimuM.u vmu mo xcii-
ors agreed in their tally, aud that Charles',
It. liuekalow was duly and legally elected
United States Senator, for six years from
- t5 1 vvminui.. tuuif
the 4th of March, 1803. Again ohccrlty, aud a member oftho bar. Prior to
after cheer went up from tho nsscmblcd ' 18,r'7 u0 had served scvon years in tho
multitude iu and outside of tho IIouso
and was echoed by tho crowd on tho board ! , l?M,x.0 "0C0Pt 1 ' PPoIl
,. . , - u u aiu mcnt of Minister Hosidont to tho ltepubli
walk and along tho streets. Tho Star of Ecuador, which place ho held until ro
f.., .,..inri n.. . .i. t. ' n i i. . t. , . - . . ....
jiciugitu ijaunui ,nis iuu to mu poau ot
tno liag-stuu on tho (J
sigued tho cortificutcs
V... Zl'r 7
motion of Mr. Cessna, tho Convention ad
Tho fight was over
-tho viotory won-
corruption robuked-tho will of tho peoplo
carried out,-aud joy and gladness lighted
This great document appears in ys
..noi.iiMiiiA I),-,.,, . "
"Columiiia Dwiocua'J'." Hvcrv bodv
will read it with interest and satisfaction,
It is, beyond a doubt, thc most important '
Sta. paper ever laid beforo tho American
leoplo tho light oftho ago aud tho hopo
of thu country and reflect, unfading lau-
rols upon tho Executive Statesman oftho
Tho Organization of tho LcrIs-
. The Legislature of Pennsylvania as-
scmblcd at Hards burg, on Tuesday, the
Tho Scnato was organized by tho
election of Hon. Geo. V. Lawrence,
Speaker, and (leo, W. llainmcrsly,Clcrk.
Tho following aro tho officers oftho
, House : Speaker, .John Cessna of lied
ford t Chief Clerk. Jocnb Zuiirlcr of
ford: Chief Clerk,
son of Lancaster ; Hiram ('. Keyser of
Franklin ; Scrgeant-at-Arms, llcnj. V,
Kcllcy of Philadelphia ; Doorkeeper,
Sobastino Lobar of Hoi ks ; Messenger,
James 11, Toinlpin of Northampton j
Postmaster, A. J. Ccrrilson of Susque
hanna. All Democrats.
Dr. Jon.v A. Smum,, ono of thc fixtures
oftho Legislature, und an almost indis
pensable ornament to the House, is of
course retained as Asistaut Soc-ctary.
He is both a gontlcman and a soholar.
His administration was unanimously
approved by tho last ID of It.
Without transacting any hnsiness of
importance, both Houses ailjjurncd over
from Thursday to Monday.
Now York Asaornbly
Tho New York Houso of Representatives
is a tio. Gov. Seymour's Messago was
seutinto tho Senate only in tho abscuco of
tho organization of the IIouso. On Thurs
day the IIouso voted for Speaker, as usual:
Gilbert Dean, (Dem.) 41
Henry Sherwood, (Itep.) 41
And then adjourned.
? Wo aro informed that tho celebra
ted, notorious, loud mouthed, loiring,
rampant abolitionist, Professor John, has
resigned his position iu tho army. It is
singular that ull tho-.e abolitiouists novor
get into danger. They tiro not tho moil
to fight. We suppose ho heaid tho olank
of the manacles of tho &lave, aud saw that
great, largo black cloud of uhiok ho so
(eloquently spoko, und haying heard and J
Dr. Job u will please notice.
Democuath: Nomination von U. S.
Senator. Tho Democratic member of
the two Houses met iu caucus Monday
, , , J ,
Evening jan. 12th aud nominated tho Hon.
thus. It. Uuckalew for U, S. Seuator on ,
tbo Oth ballot. Tho ballotimr wero as fol-
d. 4lh. 5th. Oth
C. It. Duckalew,
F. W. Hughes
II. D. Foster,
K. L. Ulood,
C. E. Wright,
J. S. Week,
D. 11. Porter.
Hon. Jon.N U Ellis, and Hon. Geo.
D. Jackson, o ur Mombors of the ilnu-n
of the Senate, havo our thanks for public
555"" Wr. are uudor many obligations to
.1.- r v....i .... .. r.
iuu xjuuiuur.uiu iucmucrs oi tne Di.-nuo
. tt f , 4. ' ,
vauia for their Bubsoriptious to tho Col-
........ T.. .
Now TJnitod Statos Senators-
Tho election of United States Senator
from Pennsylvania, whioh r?avu rua to :i
vast deal of partisan excitement and occa
sioned a groat many revolutionary rumors,
passed off, yesterday, at Harrisburg, with
out any oftho unpleasant rosults so con
It is to the credit of tho principal par
i .i .-..
fir rnvnlntinnnr TTrftr.r.nr1ln ,.. '...J I
irresnon-iblo persons, feared hv nZ
and hoped by others, wcro resorted to by
-.i .1 'mi ' ... . J
citnor siao. more was a lu couvoi.tion
f both IouMgi amJ
... . "
uuuius was cast,
The eoutoaing candidate, were General'
l .Tfn!' -": h",M Rr JiUka-
low, ho former reoeiv.ng s.sty-fivo votes
ami the latter s,S y-scven ; so the choice
of ho LegHlaturo to 1 upon Mr. Duckalcw,
and ho is the Uniled States Senator elect
tirZi dJfof Vte0ti r0"' -ftni1 "ft"
uiu m.ru u a; oi iuarcii ensuing. Mr.
-o i T ,7 i u"eu"'r.- r.
, ) B" " l:l"J"l,: tnrougn-
?ut ' l. Stnto a3 a lwmg.inn m his party
It ftlTLTvah BnboBlIIfor.,y
1 . 10 .oonai0' an" wasin U13 ''"ru term
L,.l,m.i l .....!. - .
nuvu,OTiiuW IU HUOU II, UIU appOIIll-
mentof Minister Kcsidont to tho ltepublio
Japitol, tho oihcors'Storis amanoffirst rat'o intellectual
J i,lu ility aud of strict intPeritv. Ho vvas
uaiiau oy rresidout jjincoin. I ho now
I onoo happily described by a speculator
onco happily described bv a speculator
u-linm lm i,n,i .lit, i ,
........ ..u ...... uwuiiijifiiiiuu, in iiiosu woroa:
"I can do nothing with T!,mlfn10 - i..
I UUU UO 1101 U2 witn nuo ta OW- m'
'just liko ono of our mountain streams,!
i r U1U n P-- I
A - ...1 -.1.1 .. 1 . II
,. "f " ' pitying to
..U. sTZLZS .. :"
: .: . o uuauu i
do'. L?v. maZ' d oi ' ,Z
nman.nersonallv.as Olmrlo, !t MT1
" personally, as Charles It. Ducka
, , cle?ti?,n.of Senator is tho fifth that
of Michigan ; .lames A Bayard, of Dola'
ware i J- J. Henderson, of Missouri;
,'",: ' ,1ioliardson, sf Illinois; Ohailcs
1 Bu,0!jal,iv'.0.f J'onnsylvanla.
rulad-lphta Inquirer Iteyubliccm,)
Election of U. S. Souator Hon
O. K. Bucknlow.
The L"gislaturo Tuesday elected C.'p
Uuckalcw, of Columbia county, Un'iic'i
Stntcs Senator for Mx yoars fiom the '1th
of March next. Tho election was made
on tho first ballot by n strictly party yotj
07 for Duokalow, 05 for L'umoron and
one for Win. D. Kelly,
Wo mako tho announcement of tii4
groat Democratic triumph with noordiuury
degree of pleasure aud pride, With pleas
ure, because contrary to tho cxpcotatioin
of our political opponents .he result wm
attained without disturbing in the lui.-t tin
harmony of tho party, aud without pi0.
longed strife ; with pride, that a geuile
men whose ability, honor and punty uru
unquestioned, was chosen, at a eiisis so
momentous, to roproiont this great Coin
monwealth in the higher branch of tm
National Legislature, tho nio.it exalted
stution, the most distinguished honor to
which a citizen e.m aspitu.
Tho United States Senator elect, Hon.
C. It. Di.ckalew,waibi)rn in the year lb'Jl'
in Columbia county, iu this State. In'
18-15 he filled the olUce of pioieeutin " m.
toruey of his native uotinty . In lt-50 l(J
was chosen to represent, in the State Sen
nto, the district then composed of tin
counties of C olumliu and l.uzei-ue, ami iu
18DU was re-elected. In 1850 he was a
Democratic senatorial clcoior for this
Statu. In 1857 he was again seut to tltu
Stato SVi ate from the district composed of
tho counties of Columbia, Montour, Noitli
umbcrland sud Snyder, aud filled, iu tin
sumo year, tliJ position of chairman oftho
Demociatic Stuto committee. Iu InH
bo roigncd bis- scat in tho St.it;' bin iu ,
well us the appoiiitmcn of coiiitiii.H-imu r to
revhe the criminal code of tin; State, ami
accepted tho po.it of Minister Jlusideut tj
tho Kepubho of Ecuador, Iu Aiftit
1801, bo returned to his home in liloou.s
burg, Columbia county, where he has ro
muiued op to the time his election.
Mr. Uurkjlcw is tho author oftho sev
eral amendments to the Stato Constitution,
nd.ipted iu 1857, nnd of nuiito.ous mill-
li bed reports and stioeehei. :n u-..ii n,
many popular and political iidJres.se.". Li
18 5 Lo win the Democratic candidate fur
the United Stat.e S.-uator, ugaiimt Simon
Cauierou, at which timu the eluct'on v,;n
postponed by the uotiou of thu legislative
Iu Mr. Uuoknlow'p career as a puMio
man, he h u fbown evidence of t!io liijie t
integrity and the luosldistuiuubcdahi.ttj.
Uo has always hueu a Htuadl.ut o.pon. iit
of tho fauatual, abolition uariv. nml
in aupportur of D.-iuoeraet uuJ its iuia-
uro.-t. las purliJi incut jry reputut on in
the Stale, is second lo that of uo ouo wi h
in it.- limits; aud as a eon.-i -tent uud uln..
politioian, he stands in tiie formost rank.
Asa statesman, his visiug genius iuij.ii-u-.
V "J ouu en.-u ot the v.luc
iJouiocratie party iu tho biate, who ou
, future e,4r with unused iuure.i
We uougmtul .le th-j parly and ike State.
iou the clovution of u mua bo wuitln in
i respect-, ot th.i high po.Mtiou tn vim li
nu.i i;eeu i-noseu. Above uJI, wo f si
' .1... .1 ... . . .-: : :. '
iuu ucrii.-sc e ii ei i iu iim mii-in.- ...
H puru-ii.iudcil, capable ttatediunij, our
u.i. .,...1 1. i-
4.3 ..uy uuuauuujiiuj ui uurrupuou, UliU
The election is all, in its result, wo
could havo wished. We look upon it as
upon tlio duwnitig of u hotter day iu tlu
history of tl.ii Commonwealth 'i Lj pow
,- l,t II I. .I..,.!,.,.'., .1 !
honest men. ha, lost its prestige, uud wo
hone, nassed uwav fjiwur p..,m
u,a la!v well be proud of bur rciL-mptiju.
J'airwt .t U.
Clurlos li. Buckulov.
Tho llou. C'ha.k-j It. Uuckuluw wu
VCaiCrUU,' uIOCIjU to the SuUr.t s ui tin. I ia-
. i . . ... .
'uJ fclalc l"u lm State as the Bucicjur
0l' tbo Uou. David W.ituot, whow tcim
expire with tho preout (Juueros. Mr.
It, .Mr.. I..... ..... ..I ... .1 . I
lsu'ekuluw was chosen on the li.-.st
sh is opponent being Hon. Simon Cemoron
The etcv.itiou of Mr. Uuokulow to tins
high position is a lino compliment to ouo
of our ablest public men. Ho bus uol tu
kon an uotivo purt iu polities inee h.d
return from Keu.nlor, although hid sympa
thies have been with the i tmocratio party.
Mr. liuokalcw i-., we hhould judge, about
forty-five forty onu years of age. Ho
h.is been a olosu student all his life, and
ii a gcutleman of erudition and experieuce.
For six seven years hu was in tlit- fii-u.,
Sonatc at a icpruntaiivo from Coluiubi.i
Ci' !1"d made .1 hllO ItputatioU OS .1
"dua. augaelou. uud well-iufonu-
Z C' ! v iM"'01 T
101 1OVe.inor uu.-iiM.ir iit i.,.,v-h i
n i i . , , 'w.,.....
CratIO Sl.'ltO UOlltral Cniiiiniltun nn.l ...n.
. , ---- ...... .......
61,id t0 u,,tort-'li Domocra en!
timents. and is quoted as a warm believer
i , tho dootr.uo ,,f Stnto ItVlt" Th s, wo
trUelils nnt tUo US30. VV0 did ,ot supper!
IJuckalew's elcction-wo ,houl havor
j0'10'1'1 Vur tb0 r(,turn of Mr W met or
Mr. Cameron, but thU dr)O.S lint nrnvuril itj
iHr. Cameron, but thi:
C 1 -.. .1 . . . 1
trom hoping that 3Ir. Duckalc
ncw and exalted position will
pnrty and place and take euch a
Li'u '? and lo
Luckalcw, in his
nd Inv-nl IWnnrK
of tho Union and tho Administration.
Forney's J'rcss (iiyitbham.)
i o.mjkkvativk HuNATfiR vnrnt
'!,. .,.,,.., fill T,
-ns AtA- Pennsylvania Leg-
, .....j,,. ,vjf u4 li, y, lias I'lUUllU
Charles 11, Duckalcw fdemocratio consor-
tho'.liio 'f IJM1 if-i". Hen"t0' '"
! 10 , K 00 "i Vav"1 t, ai.thor of
i v r.-",U0"Af s0 u tUo pioneer oftho
nboliUon rapublicau faot on. Tims, with
i l,.n-mu05 1 '.,s0. tUo pioneer oftho
' a . . , . , ,. '
i Xomlov t ownn (republican conservative)
us hor other Sonator, Poiiusylvnnin, iu
mu iiusi uotigress, win bo truly represent
ed in both branches,
, ,ho hto olrction, was tho candidate of
Ss."';'. ' l.a.o ..
n UlUItir 11 nr hi mr t in ni vn h. .
T2' f time'
. ,t !..lab,t. tImc a lll,,l a lfinoorntio
maioiitv of two or il, I it) I'm
haps thought ho could do so again, hut
tlio times have changed, und iho man of
tho past is behind tlio necessities and
controlling influeueca oftho pavent dav,
JStw Yp; Ucrail. '
CThe Ptesidout speaks of our For
eign Relations uioani ig wc suppose, h.s
wife'a relative iu the rebel Service.