Columbia Democrat and Bloomsburg general advertiser. (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1850-1866, May 24, 1862, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

iEVB Jli. TATE, Editor.
VOL. 16. NO, 12.
tfn 4i Uriels nuttdlnp, o;i;(( A Exchange, by aide
''"A Court llnuie. "Democratic Head quarters."
u; wis
4 terms or suiisicntVTioN.
iU 00 In advance, for ono tupy, Cor six montlii.
1,75 tin advance, fur one copy, ono year.
..S twlf not paid wltliin the tirst three months,
. i Ii;if not pjlil within tliu first six mouths.
S'StS iriwX paid within the year.
tE?5No subscription taken for less than six months,
citt no pnp .discontinued until all arrearages stall have
ifeaen 1)9.1 l.
"t7" OrdlnarvAiivctutiEMiciTS inserted, and Jon Work
-tncutcd. at tlio I'stnbllshedpriccs
' The Only Place ivtcie a (Jure can be
DIl.tJOIINHTOM has ibscovercd the most Cottain,
fnocdy mill only Dlfectuiil Roomily in the World
.ror;all"prlvulo Diseases, Weakness uf till Hack or
Llmbsj Htrlcture", Atfcctions of tlio Klducja ami Iliad'
ifer, involuntary Discharges, Impoteney, Uencrnl Du
.uillty,"Nermusiics3, Dyspcpsy, Languor, Low Spirits
Contusion of ideas, 1'alpltitiou of thu riuurt, Timidity,
Trsmbllugs, Dimness ufriight or ljdiness, Ilisiiasu of
..the Head, Throat, Nose or skin, Ail'ectinus of the l.ivir
Lungs,, Btumucli or llovvcls -those terrible liisnj-dcrs
arising from thu f'olitary Habits of Youth those suitEr
mid solitary practices mora fatal to th.'ir victims than
ithisongul tireus t tlu Murium of Ulysses, blight
ing their most bn Hunt hip or anticipations, rcnilur
Hag marrla.'e, i-K. impusBilile.
KspicKlly, who have become tlio letiins of Solitary
Vice, that dreadful and destructive habit which mum
ally sWeops to an untimely grao thousands of Young
"Men of th most exalted tale n'j mid brilliant intellect,
who mlsht otherwise Iiutc cittranc.d 1 i sti-n I iir Senates
-with Um thunders of clu'iucnedoi ivaked to cclusy tlu
-1 i t 1 ii if 1 r e , ina call uith full confidence.
" rf ' M A It K I A (1 15.
Married persons, or Young Men contemplating mar
rlace.boiiU nwure of physical weakness, organic deabili
vty, diformitics, &c, speedily cured.
)Io who places himsclt under the rare of llr. Johnston,
may religiously coulWo in his lionui as n gentlemen, and
cunfldently rely upon his hlcill as a physician.
I .. .; ORGAN! O W 15 A K X II S U
.Immediately cured and full vigor restored.
ilTbta Distressing AU' ction--whlih renders lifo mis
CrabU and marriago iuiposible is the penalty paid by
tlu vittlms of impropir imiulijenn s. louug p'r
suns are too apt to commit uncsi, fiom nut beius
awurs of the dreadful com "pienco tint may enuu,
"Now.lwho that underitunds the kiibjr.ct mil pre
ld to deny til it til prnver of pro.-roation is lost vooiht
IjytllOjeiailinjriUlU Itljpiopri n.iifin, ukihuj in---
llealdns h'liii deprivuil ol th.i p! asuru ul hciltby oil
sprluBs, ths must huriuus and ib'structlvo symplouis to
both body and mill 1 arise. The' system becomes clcrani;
edtitlie physical and ni'nlal rurutiou- wenbened, loss
ufprocreatlvi! pouvr, nervous irritability, llyspepsi.i
lialuitatlon of the h 'art. ludl'o tin n, lonstltutiobal de
iilltyjtt w itiui; of the Kramo, t'oujli. Oonsuiuption,
decayaud ,kMth.
tjTQjT'cn, No. 7 south na:i)i:iiii-K sTitr-KT.
Jift iiahd side goiui! from llaltimoro street, n tew doors
frouitiie rorutr. Tail not tuobsprte name and niii.ili r.
iLctters must be pau and contain a stamp. The Doe
tor's Diplomas han; in his office.
A C U It C V A It It A N T V. II IN' T W O 1) A Y H
no uunuuitv oa nm.'si.uus nutos.
4.,,. Dti. joii.varox
Member of the IMI.s.s of Surgeons, London.
Graduate from one id the most eminent Colleges of the
United Hiatus, and 111' Rreater part of nlnisu life has
ibooii spent in the first Hospitals or l.uudun, I'.irjs, riula
.delphiaaud elsewhere. Iris etl'eite.l spine u." tlio most as
itonishlni! c ires til it were ever 1-uoh i: ; many troubled
with' rinsing in tlio h-Td un l eais when asleep, ifreat
njrvodsnesH. bein uli'riued at sudilcu pounds, an JlMtli
fulness, nil fi"iueul LliiHlung. ult.'tijed souietluies Willi
licraiiliemeut wf mind, weie cured
. ,,JaVA i: E 1' A It T I 0 V. 1. All N O T 1 C H.
Ur.'J.addiesses all those lio have iuj ircd themselves
by Improper indulgence and solitary habits, nhiib ru
in both body and mind. uiilititi'J them for cither buti-
ncss.rstiidy, society or uiai nas".
TJicss are so.n ' of Uie sad and nu laurholy ellects pro
duCodTby early habits of youth. M.: Ve,iknes of the
Hack and I.imbs, Tain in tli" Head, liieiucss of Sielil,
liiis df Muscular I'ovver, l'aljmatioii of the II. art. !
pjAsia, Nervous Irrntabiltty, ll. ranuemunt of the Diaes
'!lv;t'iiuuiuns, Mineral Debility, sjmptomsof Cousump.
''"m'eNTAM.Y. The fearful effects on the mind are
much to be dreaded, I.nssof M. mory.Coiifiisiuii of Ideas
'Dlpression of the Spirits, l'.vil rorebodiiifs, Aversnui
ta Bockt) . elf-disirust, loio of solitude, Timity, &.c ,
are tumu uftlie evils produced.
.Thousands of persons ol all at'is can now Judite what
Is tlialcauso of their deUiniut! health, l.oosiiiij tin ir
vior,'beLouiins wuak, pale and umaciaiad, having kin
ljuiar appeurano about tlu eyes, cough and syippiouis oi
Ooiisuinption. y 0 x Q j j; jj
?Who have injured thnis( Ives by u certain practice"
Indulged in whan ulono-ahabit frc'iiumly learned trom
evil companions, or at school -the eirccts of wliiih aro
iiislitly felt, evuu when aslcvp, and if not cured renders
marrlago impossible, and destrojs both luiud and body,
hould apply immediately.
. What A pmv that ayouux man, the hope of his cuntry
and tlio darliiiu of Ins parents, shoulil bn suattlu d from
'all prospects and enjoyments of life, by the couscueii.
cos of deviating from tin path of nature, and indutci,:"
iit.aicertain secret habit. Such persons ttusi belors
contSnipluUng H It 1 A B.
tcflocU.thal :i sound nund mid body are the most ni--cessary
ni'pilMties to promote connubial happiness
Iiidced,'ilhout Hi se the Journey through lifi becomes
n'.weary pilgrimage, the piospect hourly darkens to
tlio view; thu mind become, thadoweil with despair Ac
lilled'witli the melancliuly relL-clion that the happiness
of another becomes blighted Willi our own,
ft I s i: a d u or i si r it u n h n c 15.
When the misguided and Iniprndeut votary of pleasure
finds Im h n Imbibe,! the seeds uf this painful disease, it
.to.j often happens 111 it an ill timed senss of shame i r
dread'tif discovery, deters him fiom applying to thojo
wliu from eilueatio.i and resp ettabilny can alone b Mricuil
him! delaying till the constitutional symptoms oflhis
horril dlseasu make, til ir appearance, such as ulcerated
aor throat, diseased nose, uoilutnal, pains ill thel.cad
an. I limb, dimness of sieut, deafness, nodes on tlio shin
bilucs,, blotch s 0,1 tin) head, face and evtrome
ties, piojtrcssiuoi nil rapidity, till at la-t the pulalu of
thu mouth and buues of the nose fall in, and the vktim ol
this Uossaso becomes 11 h urid ubjeilof comiuisscratlou
,Xl death puts 11 p"ilod to ins dreadful surl'erings, by sen.
dingliinrtu "thut bourne from whence uu ir.uelerru-
It is 11 melancholy fact that thousands fall victims 10
jttlis torriblo disease, owing to tliu unskillfulfness of Ig
norant pretenders, who, by the use of that Deadly I'vi
ton. Mercury, rum the constitution and make thu ruti
dm of life miserable.
B T It A N 15 R S
Trust not your lues, or health, to the ca,riioftio inn
,ny Unlearned und Worlhless Pretenders, destitute: uf
Jcnowledga, iiauie or character, w ho copy Dr. Jonutton'a
advertisements, or stylo thoinsclob, in tlio nowspaiers,
regularly Uducatod 1'hynicians incapalde of Ciiring.they
'.keep ynu trilling inoutii after mouth taking their flithy
'and polaouus compounds, or us long us Ihu smu!lut feu
J4can bo obtained, and in dopair, leavu you with ruined
.health to sith nvfr your ga.llnig di.appuintment.
I)r, Johnsoi: is the only l'hysiuan advertising.
Ilia credential or diplomas alwuys hang In hlsolUoo.
Ills roniedios or treatment are unknown to all ulhers,
.prepared from u lire .pent In Hid great hospital of I.ii
,xopojlh first in llus country and 11 mnro extensive Tn
vf readies than any other I'liysalan in the woild.
,-('; INH01tBU.Mi:.N"l 01' Till! I'ltUr-S.
Tin many thousands cuiudpl this lntitutiun yoarnf-tr-r
year, and tlie numerous important riurglcal Opera
tions performed by Dr. Johnston, witnessed by tlio re
porters of the ".-un," "Clipper," pn4 many other papeis
notices of which havo appeared iigaiii and aeaiu beioro
'.His public, besides his standing u U gonllemeii of char
acter and r-iiponsiliility, is u sufficient guaraiileo lolho
"bkim iii3i:asi:s ii:i:ii l.v cimr.p,
Porsons writing luuld la particular in directing their
.later! to his Institution, 111 Ino folluwiug manner:
Of the Jlalti mora I.otl: Hospital, llaltimoro, Marylumli
jan nor,Ji. tjmini "i "-
rpllfi undersigned rrspeclfully Informs his old fricndl
J. and ciiilomera, that ho has purthasrd his brothers
Interest in thu abovu establishment, itndtho concern wia
liereafter bo conducted by liliniciruxclutivcly.
110 lias Jllst rcreiveu aim oneis tor suiit, ,1111 iui
I est and limit extensive assortment of r A N O Y
Iki'rrivnsi ever introduced lntu this market.
li- nu aiork consists of ii counilctu ussortiuent of
thci best RnoKing and parlor stoves in uie muii.ei, ioSeue
er with filovii I-'nturus of every description, Oven nnd
noxBtove, Iladiators, t'jlindar tjlovcs, Cast Iron Air
Tight stoves, (!aniion Btoves, feci tc, Hlovepipe and
Tiutvara constantly on hand und maiiiifactuied to order
All kinds of repairing dono, at Usual, on sl.oit notice.
rTha pationagc nf old friends and new cusloinnrs rfl'
psttfully .ollcitid M. KLl'CBf.
BIoomtiuis Xavi'"'t3illf!C0 tf
Original Poetiy.
Tor tiu Columbia DkMocKAr.
1 0 im .-.icnory cf .Vn. J. W. Cimpbttl, of Reach drove.
Hushed bo tlio volcu of gladness,
l.ct no vain siind be heard I
Tor lol wj'm bowed In sadness,
Our hearts with jrlef aru stirred,
l'or tliu loved and the lit lug
Tha lender mother's guuo j
Tojnin thiungcls hovering
Around the blood-washed tlirona.
How lonely seems tbe dwollltig,
How cloumy seems the honrlh i
Our aching hearts nru swelliu;
There is no room for mirth.
Oh, how wo nils? her fuot-stsps,
Her sweet and soothing voice,
The soft mild glances of her eye,
"That mado us all rejoice.
Oh tan wo o'er forget Iter,
i'orget her tender care,
I'uiget her precious precepts,
I'orget her earnest prayer 1
We'll think of her whn morning
ttheds forth lis radiant light ; "'
We'll think uf her at noon-tlnio,
And in the deep sad night.
i'orbld that we should niutuiur
At Death's stern decree.
Hut our sainted mother, v
We'cr lonely without theo.
May he nhu in his wisdom
1 ml ict x the chastening rod,
(Jivo us grace to say forever,
"Nut my will, but thine oil Uod."
S II. Jcnkiks.
CMMfiT.TFTSS' t.w wi ssi1! j'i'p, " ". sf- n Yimrm
National AHairs.
Washiiiytou, April 52-1, 1602.
To Jly Comtitucntb :
I am compelled, very much against my
inclination, to address a low lines to you,
in regard to my vote in opposition to tlio
bill which recently passed Congress, abol
ishing slavery in the Di-itrict of Columbia
I regret it beeaui-c the acts of a represen
tative should not make ic necessary for
him to appear in the public press ; but as
the bill passod under the pressuro of the
previous question, which cuts off debate,
am in a measure forced to pursue this
'courso of informing my constituents of my
reasons for voting ngaicct the bill. 1
miuht add otic other motive for troubling
you, and that is charges made in private
letters from my district expression of the
press in and out of the State as to a vio
lation of the pledges I made before my
election. To save the trouble of separate
aiiswcis, and to supply you with what I
should have said, in debate if I could
have had the opportunity, I am obliged to
adopt tlio present plan.
I voted agaiust the bill for abolishing
slavery in the District of Columbia ; and
it is my purpose to vote against any other
bill abolishing blavery any where, without
-tlio consent of the people in the State
whore it exists. And in doing this, I will
violate no pledgo that I ever assumed,
cither by word or implication, in the ro
motcit degree.
Whou you did 1110 tlio honor to elect nic
to the !J7th Congress, you imposed upon
mo the following obligations, and I am
free to say that they fully and cordially
met my own approbation.
'They were to aid and assist, to tho ex
tent of my power, to put down tho rebel
lion and crush out au unholy und wicked
insurrection j to voto to raise armies and
the necessary means to support them ; to
stand by tho government, in tho crisis, then
aud now pending, and do all I could for
its restoration .
'1 hcao wore the obligations imposed np
011 me by both tlio political parties of my
di.-tiict, aud which I have faithfully aud
honorably discharged. Hut 1 did uot
then consent, and will not now, to become
an abolitionist. It is the last position that
1 will assuuio, at least while I havo reason
aud judgment left. To bccoino an aboli
tionist would bo to .rcverso tho whole
courso of my public life ; and to give tho
lio to those doctrines which 1 havo publicly
proclaimed for a period of thirty years.
Tho doctrines of Wendell Phillips and
his associates aro as abhorrent and mon
strous as those of Jell. Davis nud his con
spirators. Jioth tho open and avowed ad
vocatcs of tho destruction of ftich a gov
ernment as tho world novor boforo saw,
and both deserving thosamo iufainy. 'With
neither of them have I any aflinity, and
no human being can say that I ever hud.
Wciidoll Phillips lias proclaimed within
the last two mouths to a public audience
in this city, that ho had been engaged for
tho last ninotccn years in attcmptiug to
overthrow und destroy tlio Uuion ; nnd
ho received, on tho uttcrnnco of this un
mitigated troasou, rounds of applause!
Has Jeff. Davis and his band of traitors
dono auythiug worse I Now tlio idea that
I bhould follow in tho wuko of any such
leadership ought to bo preposterous with
you, wl9 havo known me to many years.
No, I am n Union man, and will stand by
tho Constitution while I havo tho strength
to do so, and light manfully ngainst tho
fanatical schemes of abolition fanaticism
north, as well as tho blood-red doctrines
of soccssion north or south I
Dut I como to tho question whether it
bo true that I havo falsified my pledges J
Let my recorded votes speak for mo, and
let unprejudiced men bo my judges, I
havo uniuformily voted for all appropria
tions that havo passed Congress, and theso
amount to bomo seven hundred millions of
dollars. I voted for tho necessary tix
bills to raise theso enormous sums of
money. I voted to put in tho field au army
of six hundred thousaud men I voted for
all resolutions expressing tho sentiments
of tho House as to the propriety of crush
ing out tho accursed rebellion, punishing
tho leaders and restoring tho government.
I havo upon all occasions, as I conceived,
pursued a conservative course, and attemp
ted, at all times, to avoid any interference
with exciting sectional questions, regarding
tho agitation of them as grave, and I may
say insurmountable objects to tho restora
tion of the Union and tho suppression of
tlio rebellion. And who can entertain n
doubt of the truth of tho position 1
It is my candid opinion that the passage
of tho slavery abolition bill was more
disastrous than to havo added fifty thousand
men to 4ho ranks of the rebels. How 1 it
may bo asked. Dy exemplifying, in the
net, what they havo uniformily charged
upon us, and which we havo stoutly de
nied, that it wai a war to emancipate ne
groes, in place of restoring tho Union : by
holding out to our army an issuo of eman
cipation when tho proclamation of tho
executive, which called them to the field,
was to suppress the rebellion and protect
tho persons and property of loyal men
every where. If tho effect of the passago
of the bill is calculated to prolong tho war
to weaken aud demoralize the federal
army and strengthen the rebel cause, then
indeed I should havo acted in direct op
position, not only to my pledges, but for
tho best interest of tho country in giving
it my support.
In my opinion this iva3 net the time nor
the occasion to agitate tho slavery question.
More momentom issues arc upon our
bauds. We havo a government to save
and tho homes of thirty millions of peo
ple to protect. Lifo or doath of the great
Ilepublie bhould bo tho all absorbing ques
tion, and that alone, till it be solved.
Never, sinco tho sun lirst dawned upon tho
globe, was there so solemn so responsible
a position as tho one now occupied by tho
people of this country. No effort of
which tho human heart and tho humau
frame is capable of cxerei.siug should bo
omitted to rescue from ruin aud overthrow
tho United States of America. Dut ous
thought should occupy tho public mind,
and ono impulse movo tho public heart
how is tho government to bo saved ? This,
and uot negro abolition should agitato the
Congress tho nation the people. AVo
should sooiho the feelings of our loyal
brethren of Maryland, Kentucky, Virginia,
Tonnesseo ami Missouri, rather than har
row them up, and drive thciti .to .deeds of
madness by acts of legislation which havo
a tendency to create distrust for, if not
tho destruction of, their social customs aud
local lans, Their sons jivo fighting Btdo
by side with ours of tho north ou thosamo
battle field, and many of thc.m occupy tho
same gravo 1 Amidst these terriblo scouos,
honor and justice, nay the common doce.ii
cies of lifo forbid that they receive insult
from that government which they aro
pouring out their blood to defend. It was
indeed out of timo aud place to lug in tho
negro question at such a moment. Half
tho people of tho west wero in mourning
over tho slain at tho battles of Port Dou
olson and Springfield of Poa Ridgo and
Pittsburg Landing, at tho very time negro
emancipation occupied tho debates in Con
gress. Was tho issuo upon tho bloody
fields tho safety of tho nation or tho free
dom of tho negro ? If tho latter were tho
issuo, then it was all right to pass tho bill ,
if tho former, then tho subject should havo
been so outed from tho halls of Congress.
At all ovents, expedicnoy and a duo re
gard for tho public interests demanded n
cessatipu of hostility against tho institu
tions of tho Border States, as thoy wcro
marshalled undor tho national banner,
Dut supposo tio nation in rcposo tho
great battlo of freedom won tho States
ro-united aud tho leaders of tho rebclliou
hung or in cxilo, wero not tlte people of tho
District of Uolunibiu oiitit,lod to a voice in
a mattor which affected them bo much ?
Are tho tcventy-fivo thouBaud poqplo of
tho Distriol to bo treated as of no account?
Aro they dumb mutes, mcro stupid things,
to reflect tho whims and caprices of aboli
tion fanatics? I proposed an amendment
to tha bill submitting tho measure to them
to bo decided by their votes. It fell as
matter of course.
1 would havo gono so far as to havo
waived the very gravo constitutional ques
tion, whether under tho terms of tho
deeds of cession of tho District, by tho
States of Virginia and Maryland, for tho
purposes of a National Capitol, slavery
in it could bo abolished without their con
sent ? if tho peoplo of tho District had
determined to rid themselves of tho un
natural and repulsive institution.
Again, I am opposed to tho appropria
tion of money out of the national treasury
to day for tho freedom of slaves, cither in
the District or any of tho States whero it
exists. I assumo that every loyal man is
in favor of maintaining tho national cred
it. If so, to meet tho interest on tho im
in onso debt already incurred, and that
which must bo unavoidably added to it,
will give us taxation to our heart's content
without putting on the additional burthen
of the emancipation of slaves. Secession
aud abolition together havo already made
half tho busiucss men of tho north bank
rupt, and put endless exactions upon the
peop'o in tho way of exorcises and taxes ;
and assuming that tho war wcro to end in
six mouths, (as it may unless fanaticism
should make it interminable,) twenty gen
erations of peace and prosperity will not
conceal it. It is enough in either event
without the addition of millions for emancipation-
Another objection to tho bill is, that the
owner of slaves is compelled to accept tho
amount awarded by commissioners, which
shall in no one caso exceed three hundred
dollars, and which might not bo a fourth
of the value of the slave. No man's prop
erty should be taken from him by compul
sory process in violation of tho great ?nrjg
! charla principle of our constitution, tho
right of trial by jury. And that tho
slaves shall bo a competent witness as to
thi loyalty of his master, is u feature
which strikes tho mind with aitonishuieut
and alarm.
The foregoing reasons, 2'ticithirhj, in
duced uie to cast my veto agaiust tho bill.
Under the same state of facts I would do
tho same thing again. It is among the
possibilities that I was wrong, but I havo
an abiding conviction that a very large
majority of the people whom I represent
will ratify and approve tho vote. It may
and will probably create a gulf between
mo nnd very many who cast their votes
for nio, but while thoy may thus differ
with mo, they canuot impugn my motives,
or alleged that I havo by word, action or
implication deceived them.
At one timo 1 entertained the opinion
that tho conservative Union men of all
parties could have moved on in harmony,
at least until tho fact became manifest
that wc still had a national existence.
And 1 on tertaincd this up to tho time that
Congress decided upon the abolition mea
sure. It is very apparent now that union
and harmony cannot exist. A very con
siderable number of conservative Re
publicans iu Congress voted for tho abo
lition bill with extreme reluotanco. Thoy
yielded to what thoy supposed were the
impcrativo demands of party; and ,novv au
entering wedge is mado by tho passage of
tho District Dill, which will lead to more
and more hcctional, fanatical legislation,
until all hope is ended, and parties must
necessarily assume their old positions.
This indeed is a fixed fact.
It seems to mo that whilo ca upon are
booming upou fields of sanguinary war,
almost under the caves of tho Capitol; and
while the bodies of mutilated, bleeding,
dyingsoldiors aro bomo along tho avenues,
that I ho wounds of tho living should bo
dressed, and tho bodies of the dead bo
interred, iu tho absence of abolition liar
raugues and songs of emancipation. Tho
solemn cortege should bo spared the irca
touablo outbursts of such demented and
crazy fanatics as Wendell Phillips and his
kindred followers.
Tho District bill is already succeeded
by projects of law ou tho files of Congress
to allow- negroes to bo omploycd iu tho
mail scrvieo of tho United States ; to give
them tho right of suffrago iu tho District;
to allow enter tho jury box, and
to hold office Tho next step will bo com
pulsory abolition in tho States by a de
cree of Congress.
Aud is this tho mode mid manner of
suppressing tho rebclliou and restoring tho
government? Is this the doctrino which
is to nervo the arm anil givo courago out!
hopo to tho soldiers who aro doing battlo
in tho sacred eauso of tho country ? Can
it bo posaiblo that good can como of it ? I
cannot givo my aid and countenanco to
any such wild and judicious schemes ; and
if such a courso separates mo from men
who have given mo their support, whilo 1
regret that they differ with me, so must
it bo.
I am willing to confiscate, under consti
tutional forms, all tho property that a
rebel in arms against tho government may
have, and whether it bo oxen, .or horses,
or slaves, it matters not; but tho property
of loyal men I will go as far to protost.
I will maintain tho objects which inau
guratcd the war. 1 will sustain tho gov
ernment in every constitutional mcasuro
to put down rebellion and punish treason;
but I will not lend myself to promoto ab
olition schemes; thereby weakening and
destroying it forever, I profess to bo a
patriotic man, (if I am not I am mistaken
in myself,) and thcreforo it is with mo a
matter of conscience. If therefore tho
wild doctrines of abolition aro not to bo
mado a party test, as it u?w seems to bo,
and tho negro set up against tho constitu
tion, I must stand as I over have done,
by the latter. I canuot and will not con
sent to yield the life principle of tho Re
public. It is true the voto of tho House
was comparatively small in opposition to
tho bill; but I think thoso thirty-nine nays
represent a principle which must survivo,
and the chances are that the number will
bo four fold increased in tho aSth Con
gress ; for between this and that period
of time, tho great tribunal of the sovereign
peoplo will havo settled tho question
whether abolitiou or the constitution is
Your obedient servant,
HuxmucK 15. WmaiiT.
Reports of Investigating Com
IlAUitisnona, April 8, 1802.
The Committee to investigate tho means
restored to procure the passage of tho act
for the commutation of tho tonnage tax
upou tho Pennsylvania Railroad, made
their report .to tho Legislature this after
noon. The Comniittco iu their investiga
tions, have confined themselves to tho
means employed to secure the passage of
tho act, and have classed tho testimony
taken under .three heads as follows : Tam
pering with the press ; tho distribution of
eight thousand dollars duo the Stato by
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
among other railroad compauies, aud the
distribution of cash by Thomas A. Scott,
Vice President of the Pennsylvania Hail
road Company.
Mr. Puller testified to havicg paid tho
Editor of tho Allsntown Democrat two
thousand dollars to sustain Senator Shin
del, and to publish tho tonnago tax bill.
Tho .money Mr Fuller states, was his own;
but the Comniittco declare that this is im
probable. Tho Editor of tho Drowns ville
Clipper visited tho room of Mr. Scott at
Coverly's Hotel and Mr. Scott handed to
him threo or four huncred dollars to sup
port tho bill. Tho editor testifies to that
fact himself. The Committee believe that
money, to tho amount of thousauds of dol
lars, was thus espondod.
It was iu evidence that tho section of
the Commutation bill requiring tho Penn
sylvania Railroad Company to assist oth
er railroad companies in tho Stato, was
inserted for the purposo of enticing tho
members from tho counties through which
itheso roads passed to voto for tho passago
for tho bill. Mr. Rurns, a member of tho
Legislature fron Allegheny county, was
induced to favor tho commutation bill, by
tho promiso qf Mr. Scott that tho Pitts
burg aud Stcubodvillo Railrod should bo
completed; and Mr. Scott cntorcd into a
written agreement, to .tp.Uo four hundred
thousand dollars worth qf ,tho bonds of
tho Northwestern Railroad .Company at
par, when their valuo was only .estimated
at twenty five ccuts on tho dollar. Tho
Senators and Representatives residing .on
the liuo of tho Northwestern Itailroad
consequently voted for tho bill. Dy such
mcaps as these, eight hundred thousaud
dollars, which should havo gono into tho
Stato Treasury, wcr.o divided cmpng cer
tain railroads.
Tho Comniittco next considered tho di
rect application of monoy as a bribery.
Tho individual pointed out as tho chief
agent in tho distribution of tho funds was
Thos. A. Scolt. In March last tho Com
mittee addressed a note to Mr. Stanton,
Secretary of War, desiring to know at
what timo Mr. .Scott could visit Hams
burg without interference with his duties
to tho Government. Mr. Stanton replied
ou tho 8th of March, that Mr. Scott was
than at Cairo, ,aad would bo roliovcd on
tho tenth. A subpoena was then loft at
tho house of Mr. Scott, but ho did not
24, 1862,
como beforo the Committee, and whilo
thoy aro temporarily absenting in Pitts-,
burg ho passod through Harrisburg with
out stopping. On tho 25th of Maroh tho
Committco again telegraphed to Mr. Stan
ton to ascertain whero Mr. Scott could bo
found. Tho reply was that Seott would
bo relieved from duty at Fortress Mon
roe in four days. Tho Sergoant-at-arms
was accordingly despatched to Washing
ton to bubpeena Jir. Scott, but was una
ble to find him, and tho Committee bo-
novo that ho purposely kept out of the
Mr- Kenedy Marshall, a member of
the House from Allegheny couutv. last
year, testified that at tho closo of tho ses
sion ho visited tho room of Mr. Seott, at
Coverly's Hotel, and was handed a pack
age, which contained fivo hundred dollars.
Mr. Scott remarked to Mr. Marshall that
the package had been left for him, and
that he did not know what it contained.
There wcro other packages laying about
the room at tho timo Mr. Marshall fur
ther tistified that he had always been in
favor of tho repealof the tonnago tax, and
had voted for tho Commutation bill with
out any expectation of a roward.
Mr. Marshall also testified that ho had
visited tho room of Speaker Davis, and
saw firo or seven thousand dollars laying
upon tho bed. Mr. said that ho had re
ceived the money from Scott, but subse
quently deuied the fact. Davis acoompa
uied Mr. Marshall up the Allegheny river
and gave him a portion of tho money to
carry, rcmarkiug that he was afraid to
carry so much himsolf. Tho Committee
had endeavored to procure the attondanoo
of Mr. Davis, but had not succeeded up
to tho present timo.
Thomas Ostorhout was a member of
the Legislature from "Wyoming county,
last year, and parties tcstiGed to having
heard him say that he had mado a cood
thing out of tho tonnago tax bill, and that
ho had paid all his debts amounting to
one or two thousand dollars. Ostorhout
was Bubpconed, but having been warned
by a man named George II. Bardwell, was
thus enabled to cludo the Sergeant at arms.
This Bardwell is also believed to havo
been instrumental in inducing tho import
ant witness named Gcarhart to lcavc.llar
risburg in tho night time.
John Edgar Thompson, President of
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, was
summoned to appear before tho commit
tee, tut replied that bad health would not
permit him to attend. A suh-Committoo
was appointed, and proceeded to Phila
dolphia to obtain tho testimony of Mr,
Thompson, but ho refused to receive them,
and a certificate from J. Pancoast, M. D..
stating that Mr. Thompson could not bo
seen, was shown to tho Committee. Sev
en Directors of tho Pennsylvania ltail
road Company were examined, but testi
neu mat tucy Know nothing about any
Mr. Thomas T. Frith, Treasurer of tho
Company, also failed to appear beforo th
Committco, on account of sickncs3. Ho
subsequently expressed a willi ugness to
appear, but was not examined.
In summing up their report, tho Com
mittee expressed a positive conviction, from
tho evidence before them, that unlawful
means wero used to procure tho passago
of tho Commutation bill, by Mr. Scott,
who has sinco wilfully eluded tho sum
mons of the Committco.
After tho report was presented to the
House, Mr. Williams made a cpecch. Ho
declared that Mr. Thompson had been
seen on Chestnut Etrcet, looking as well
as ever, two days after tho dato of tho
certificate of tho physician, which was
shown to the Committco.
It is reported that tho Parrot gun has
sent newly invented bhot completely thro'
a target formed of twelve ono-inch iron
platca and a backing of twonty-four inches
thickness of oak, at a distanco of threo
hundred yards. At tho samo distanco,
; another target, sloped to an anglo of twen-ty-fivo
.decree, representing the side of tho
j Mcriraao, backed by twenty-four iuches of
oak and covered with six one-inch iron
plates, was completely perforated by ovcry
Tub diffecenco between the rebellion
and abolition is just tho diffetenco between
a bold highwaymau and a midnight ts
sassiu. An artist is hunting for Harris, of Ten
nccsc. IIoeo admires his swift logs, ho
wishes to got a shin plaster cast of him.
"Never saw such stirring times," as
the spoon said to the Bauoopan,
Beforo tho commencement of tho rebell
ion, Yorktown was a quiet unobstruaivo
littlo village, of bctwoen twenty and thirty
housos, half of thorn uhinhabitod, with tho
ruins of tenements destroyed during Corn
wallis's siego overywhero. Tho American
breastworks wcro destroyed, whilo the more
prominent entrenchments of tho British
wcro still comparatively perfect. Tho
outworks whieh tho latter were compallod
to cvacuato on tho nichtoftho 20th of
September, 1781, lio on tho western out
skirts of tho town, and aro probably ,11
in good preservation. They wero ctrong
positions, and their abandonment must
havo left tho portion of the town in whieh
they wcro situated in a very exposed con
dition ; and tho American officers when thoy
tool: possesion of them cxprcssod much
surpriso at their being voluntary given up.
1 lio most eastern of tno redoubts stormed
by the allied forocs on tho 15th of October,
1781 , being near tho river, has nearly been
washed away ; that taken by tho French
portion of tho army may still bo traced.
Tho capture of tho redoubts rendored tho
destruction or surrender of tho British
forco inevitable, and on the 17th Cornwal-
lis solioited a truce and agreed toculpitulate
'lho mam work situated on tho eastern
edge of the town, were in excellent keep
ing in 1S51, and must havo been formida
ble when bristling with cannon and occupied
by soldiers. Tho embankment was too
broad to bo perforated by cannon shot,
anu too steep to bo scaled by au assailant.
The field whero tho formalities of tho
surrcuder occurred is a rcipcctablo en
closure of some hundred acres, and it was
about the sumo iu 1781. It joins tho
town on the south. The very spot where
Gcu. O'llarra is said to have delivered up
his sword and apologized for tho absence
of Cornwall's, is now marked by two pop.
lar trees which wcro planted in commem
oration of tho event. The field itself is
nearly a plain, and is admirablo adapted
to tho purpose of drill and parado. From
the top of the hill on which tho town is
situated, there is an excellent view exten
ding into Chesapeake Bay, aud reaching
almost to tho Virginia capes.
BEAUTiruii Answkus. A pupil of tho
Abbo Sicord gave the following extraordi
nary answers :
" What is gratitude "
" Gratitude is the memory of tho heart."
" What is hope ?"
Hope is the blossom of happiness."
" What is the differonoo between hopo
and desire."
" Desire is a trco in loaf, hopo is a tree
in flower, and enjoyment is a tree in fruit.
"What is eternity I"
" A day without yesterday or to-morrow
a timo that has no end,''
" What is time ?"
" A line that has two ends a, patn,
which begins in the cradlo and ends in, tho.
i grave. '
" What is God ? '
" Tho necessary being, the Bun of etcr-.
nity, the machinist of nature, tho oyo of
justice, the match maker of tho universe,
tho soul of the world."
" Does God reason ?"
" Man rcasous because ho doubts; ho
deliberates ho decides. God is omnia
ciont; Ho dover doubts lie therefore,
never reasons."
Time fou am Things. "Mrs. B.,"
said a neighboi who stopped into tho housq
of the former, just as she was in the act;
of seating herself at tho table. "Havo
you heard of that dreadful accident?"
" Why nor-what is it?"
"Mr. B. has fallen from his wagon and,
is killed."
" Is it possible ? well just wait till
havo finished my dinner and then you'R
hoar crying.
" Mammy, whore is tho roan going to
sleep?" asked a girl of fifteen of her
mother, who had just promised a travclor
a night's lodging in their out of-the-way
hut. "I'll havo to put him in with you.
and Jaok and Iyate aud Suo and Bet, 1
supposo, (wa3 tho reply) and if it's too
crowded, ono of you must turn in with mo
aud dad and Dick and tho twins."
Tueiie is a deed on filo in Camhridge
Mass., whieh desoribos a picco of land a?
bounded by "stumps and stones whor.o,
Daniel Harringtou licked William SmUh,.'
An old baokelar says that duripg'Jftaj
year tho ladies jumped at every offeA
marriage j hence the term,