Newspaper Page Text
,1L, .1 ii- .flL- j JUVSSSSll-Z
AND BLOOMS BURG GENERAL ADVERTISER.
Wt liBVl TASTE, Editor.
"TO HOLD AND TltlM Villi TOIVJK OP TRUTH AND WA.VH IT O'EIl THE DARKENED EARTH."
TERMS: p,00 PER ANNUM.
- 1 . " n TT - - mTnii
BLOOMS BURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA, MARCH 15, 1SG
IfMT .ITMimiHrMfinn A
VVWU HI Dill AJM1U VVHil I
1'UIILISHED -EVI.RY SATUHDAY, 11 Y
' LT3tI L. TATE,
BjiJl DLOOMsiUBIi COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA,
ftU nta DrUVniWing, mosite tht Eichant, by tldt
'cftht Court Hoi'l- "lienoeratie Head (inciters."
t I '
TERMS OF SUBHCIUI'TION.
riai 00 In advaticJ.l'" 'o copy, fur tlx months.
i -iC I 71 In fl.lvnnrc.llir OI0 COIIV. one war.
S 00 If not paid w Itlilt Urn first three tiimittis.
1 S'i If not pnit vfiilili tliu first bIx iiiontlm.
v. r.n if nnt n.ilJ tithl the year.
it s" Vn viiinrrliititii ta.en fur lean than tlx months,
Sstid no pnper.discontUuei until nil arrearages shall have
been paid. , ,
Ks ir?- tiriHiinrvAm'tiTiSiMESTs Inserted, and Jon ork
Nxecntcd, at tliu cutiSHsli1 Jiriccb
"Wf DALTIMOr.E LOOK HOSPITAL
ESTAULISHEO AS A lEl'UUE I'UOM UUArKEIlV.
The Only Tktcr.ichae a Cure can be
ft ,ln lHLt nHri- lli;hat!S. IlllllOtellt'V. (.eiliTill !'.'
Ttl. JOHN'STO-V," Mtcurcreil tlio mot Curtain, I
i4t XJ .-"needy unci onl.' etitnl Ueiiie.ty In tin? Wcnl.l '
'ftut all private Dneas.il Weakness of the Hack nr
ft'u I.lmLn. strictures, UlVc.ons of tin! kidney anil Mail-
"Ability, Nervousness. Hypiisy, j'1'll"ur' l',u', ''.l1 I
Confusion of i.l.-aa. t'.l'tAtlo of Hi' Heart, Timidity,
v Tremblings, DIiimks of Jight or (Jlddlness, Disease of i
tills UoaJ, Tliroal, !ne r skin, Affections of the Liver I
Lungs, Htoni.ii'h or -tliuau terrible lusords
arising from the Kdiliirjlt ikits or Voiilh -those sniti.T I
mid solitary urnetl." fatal to tlu'lr victim' tli.ui i
Mill Bonot ri)renlo th Murine of Ulyas!. blu'lit- ,
4jU"II their most briLuut lopen or uiitiiihatious, rcinkr- i
r marriuije, ica. MiJioHible.
, YlUU JIM
iipeclill)'( who hive b como the vletiins of-Sulltnry
'ivice, that ilreuJfu nrnl Ji'stnictivo habit which annic
flfftilly sweeps to all intiiiijly grave thouMuuli' of Young
'SlMii of tho most fcialtL'l latent, and hrilllnnt int.- I.-ct. I
ifwho nilcht otlierwsu hiyc entrance! imening seiinirs ;
&ling lyre, luaycill will full coullcleuco.
Kf :t A It It. I A U U.
niiiiiiiu I nil niii'r ii en luri luui iiuiivu iv ihvi'i
Jf Marrloil personf or iTonni! Men contcinplalln,' mar
. .iity, deforniilies, 4f . in eillly cnreJ.
ifclle who placwl il-!.'. under the care ofllr. Johnston,
v'iay rcllBioiisly cjiJ Jo m his honor a a gentlemen, and
"C0KH Jenny reiy uiiw mi aiviii u ynj
O K 0 M
i c w u a ic n j; a y
H mil roll visor ri'Htored.
Thin Ulntrensini ll:itiou which renders life wH'
' arable and uuirri UtI'opoHslbliis the penalty juid by
ttm victim qf JnipVT Indulgences. ouiiir "
sous are tiio fl'tJM commit excess from not In lui;
' lawaru of the drenful cimsoqueiico that may i-nsin'.
.iftfe Now, who llialuiderslanils the kiibject will pri
"ml to deny tti it III- power of procreation N lout moiier
;by4hoji!fiilllii(!into.niroperlKiblti than by the pruili nt.
;i' 4Ilsii.les h-ins duprvi d of the pleauru of healthy oil-'.-.i
vprlinrs, the lumt, hrinus and denlruitiie i.yiuitom to
?both body and inindm'e. The system Iwcoiues deriiug
llu physical .luilienlal mm lli'iu weakenrd, Iims
4'of iirocreatlve povi'i nervous iriiluhility, Dvvp'-p.ia
'wnalpitatlon of th.fh imlige-tion, coustitutlohal ,1c
' 'Jttbllitv. .1 w.iitlui! if ' e I'Mme, Cough, (.onsuuildion,
uecay ami ncum. r,
I . urr'ci:. No.? eh.'tii nti:i)t:iMcK s'rnr.irr
T-.r. i i,l.. ,.,.li,..i'rrini Hull Imore street, a few doors
Wfrouilhe corner. IFsl not loobsere name and numb.'r.
' 'T-'h Letters mutt hu?uil and confiin a clamp. The Ioc
.tor's lliplomai hang m his oMicc.
i 'OU 11 U V A II I A X TIUI IX T V O I) A Y rS
Kl) MURIUM OH NAl'rfMIUS UllL'US.
(Member-of the H.)iil Coll. go of burgeons
ii :. .ufi.vsu.v
iV4t;raduati! from one tl Hie mmt eiiiinent Colleges of the
United dialer, a udll! (,'ruttr part of whose life has
Lyinien spent in the 6 Hospitals ut London, l'arls, i'hil.i
TOj.L.i.i I 1 1 d.it.'l 1 1 . I:,4 elli?i tnd some of thu mot us
. 7I1UI I 111., I" " r-l ' - ii ,
Mtoiiislilug cures tl ll were ever known; many trou'ded ,
witli riu"lng In l ie lienil and ears when asleep, great
jjinervousiiess. beiujli1""11-'11 "l ""I'le" sounds, and h.uh
Raininess, wilh fru'i I'liliisliing.alteudedsomi'liiues with I
jfderangemeul of nun., were cured immediately
' t a i: i: ni t i r v r. a ii x o t i c i:.
i Dr. J.addressei ill thosJ who have lnj ired themselves
"by improper IinliUeiicj; anil solitary habits, win. Jl ru
Jin both bodi aiiil mi id, uullting them lor eilher bun-
Stiess, stuily, socAiy or uiarriage.
These are sum it the sad and melancholy eueit pro
SJ'duceil by eaily h AtJ of until, vi.: Weukness ol the
'Uacltnml Miobsjl'ila in thu Head, lliinnes ol bight,
fLoss of Macular fewer, l'aliitation of the II .art. Dys
iieiisla, NerV6uJl ri.lstillty, Derangement of the Dim s,
live riiiiclloJS,(ii.nr.il Debility, sjuiptviusof Coiisunip
Vr m'ovtai i.v.iT-i,. r,.arfol etfects on tboiiijud are
jn'uh'lo bedrearfel l, of Memory. Coiil'usion of Mi en '
mepressiou of thct",irits, 1'Ail l'orebodiugs, Aversion
10 aoclcty, eil-JII-l',llM, lovo '! auiuuiiv, w , ,
ore some of the (ills produced. i
Ht'l'lmusanil of'lKisoiis of all ages can now Judge what !
lstho cans i, of, Hi ii declining li -alth. Loosing lli-ir
...Vigor, bccoi.iiug'wuk. iale and emaciati'd, having sin
ular .ipiiear.iuq uviui iiw ejes, toiigii un j ..n-vV...
!rtlMllliitl1 inn. '
' I O tJ X 13 M i: X.
Who Itav.i Injurs 1 thnm lves by a certain practice.
"Indulged in wlotii 'nn.i-u habit fre.pi.'iilly learned from
' .SRevil lompaiioni, o. .it school-thu ellects of which arn
'f nightly leltl ev.i he,i asleep, and if not cured renders
'llmarriuge in posaibl , and destruys both niiuil and limit,
'"should appl inlm.i!lately.
MBWIiat u ilitty th it ayoiing man, the hope of his rouiitr
Tiand the durliug blms parents, slinuld be matched from
' 1 nil prnsnecli anil tiijoyuieiits of life, by the couse.jin
'hf.ee of ilevlk'ingR'nin the path of nalure, and inilulgiHg
ln u certain sjent habit, siuch persons msst bclum
-lis conteinplaiig f,
" . i A 11 II I A O IJ,
&JIect JbiU 'ii.d mind and body are Uio niott lie-
i!essary rciJi.iii.s vo luiin.uti; "';i'i
Ilndceil, willoui tii'se tnu journey inrn..,i mu " - -n
weary i(igmun:e, thu prnspect hourly darkens to
ih vlnvn tin nlnl heroines shadowed w ill) despair :
rmie.l with tie mehiiiholv relleclionth.it the happiness
Ai '.of another IfjcyiiCH blighted with our own,
,,1'; umhfi: or imimi.udknoe.
When th.) usgjiLled and imprudent votary of pleasure
flnds he liuslulnM tliu seeds of tins painful disease, it
too often hirietu that nn ill timed sensu ofshanic or
Tyilrcail ot iiMiivefy, ueiers iui i ". uvij' "
IWiwIio from sil'iaiitai and respectability can alone befriend
him, delajinrall tiJ constitutional s iiipi-...ij .on...
nor r ill nie.i mas j uieira.i.enIu..i.u, j,,... " ..,...m.
fforo throat, ieas d no.o, nocturnal, pains in the head
('and limbs, u ibici. ot signt, uaiues, nunc. ".
)k,,. n,i,,.i Mmii-Iihk on the head, taco anil extreme
Rites, progres,iigwltli rapiility.till (it last the palate of
gjtou iiioutli anlbun s of the nose fall In, and Ilia .victim of
Itpis uesease leconesn norrin uiiii.uui.,....,...,..
till dcalh iiuhi pc iod tohisdreadtul sunerings, by sen.
....... . . . ..Ii.im ,ir lriv,lir n, .
soinguiin 10 .'nut uourue no... .....-. p-
JUn"u arseinrsal fact Ihat tlicusninls fall victims to
atlis terrildedis a,e owing to the unskiliru iness o ig
Siorant ur 'tinder who, by thu use of Hint Deadly fof
'fan, .Vers j. rui thu constitution and maitu tue resi-
ui i ,,,jiiscr- iv
,'f RANG UU8
ve, or health, to the care of the ma
iVorthlesa rreleiiders, destitute of
ir character, who copy Dr. JoiinHon's
rtyi themselves, in the newspapers,
I'hvsiciaus incapable of Curing.they
nit n after month taking their filthy
muds, ur as long as the suiallot feu
i in despair, leavu you with ruined
our gaining disappointment,
nulv IMivsirfan advertilinz.
Writs' r-it vonr
. ih ton
i tela ov
- 3kou y
. can b o
it Tl f
liploinas always hangin hUofltec,
....lnnt.',, l.lltll ,kllllr
Hi rrtiedips treatment nie unknown to nil others,
r.; nr., innnt lu tin) ercat hoeliitals of Cll
triiin this country and anwro extcnsjve rri
icr than any oilier l'hysician in the world.
INDOUBIi.ilL.Yl ut int. rinaia
iry iliousands cured (it this Institution year ai
ui.i.Y.. ,,,,,nrniis itniiortant Huruical Opera,
tloiis pcrf,,i,,i by ur, Johnston, witnessed by thu re
porters cf Hi j I'tuu," "Clipper," f.nil ninny other papers
nntlr.es nfi.i.i, h .'., -iinnl m,.iii and neain before
,.the,pubie,bssidis Ills stamUngas a geiillcmen of char-
oner una I'ljioniibility, Is a suiucieni guaraiuwu tu ..
'sicx DisoAscs srunniuY cuiii:d.
V ,fi,orfiritllr.g should bo particular in directing their
-vlottors, soils Institution, lu the following manner!
ft juiin ni, juiitot ," '.
WtmoruLock Hospital, Uallluiore, Mary and.
Mii-i' March 17, lrJOO.
T' n4.lfif?3i'io' Informs ,tie
A nS rhnn.l. Hint he') ai
citizens of Illoom
. .1.. I'Mhail rhood, that He 'has takf.n the largo room
VUlf... Hiiici l"ck. extending over Mess;s, titoncr
h. (OX l"" ,,,, ,,, ni,.,,., ,!,.,, h,irlniinutln
A Ifl'KUt cxtcnJluy over Mem. Mioner
A and tha Uookitoro whero tie luu put in
It Uonly by Skylight that good pic-
!' """ilai well as seoarate.
eipcclally groups whero vacu person
.'ST.KTJti nFonflderabloexpenieto make hi. ci-
l class one, and he tl.'reiore idiiciti a
lilli enable him, to constantly Introduce
VvWeistxls of the utl.
.ilea Uken in KxchaHge for pictures,
.. til III.NUY llUHKJiBTUVK,
WoouiiiUlS "j.3ii. Nov. n, '3'J.
Tiio Little Boy's Faith.
I know n widow very poor,
Who four small children had ;
The olilest was but fix years old
A gentle modest lad.
And vciy hard that widow tolled
To feed her children four;
An honest Joy the Woman felt,
Though she was vcey poor.
To labor she would leave her home,
I'or children must he fed ;
A ml glad was khu when she could buy
A shilling's worth of bread.
And this was nil the children had
On any day to cat ;
They drank their water, ate their bread,
Hut nover tasted meat.
One day, when snow was falling fast,
And piercing was the air ;
1 thought Ihat I would go and see
llu-.v t lese poor ihlldren were.
lire long I reached their cheerless Inline,
Twin seardie.l by every hrorzo;
When, going in, the eldest child
I saw upon his knees.
I paused to listen to the boy
II.' iievof raised his head;
Hut .till went on and Fitjd, "Kjye us
This day our daily bread,"
1 waited till (he ihlld was done,
btill listening a he prayed ;
Ami wln-ii he ills'; I a.krd him why
Tin Lord's prayer he had said ?
"Why, tlr," s iid he, "this morning when
My mother wentaway,
he wi-pt because she said she had
No bread for us to-day.
"She said we children must now starve
Our father being dead ;
And then 1 told her not to cry,
l'or 1 could gi t some bread.
"Ourfjlher," sir, the prayer begins,
Willi h makes uie think that he
(And we have no kind f.illier here)
Would our kind father be.
"And then, j on know, the prayer, ton.
Asks C'd for bread each day;
Ho in the corueri sir 1 went,
And that's what made inu pray."
I ipiirkly left Hint wrcuhed room,
And went w ilh hasty feet :
And very soon was back again
Willi food enough J,oenl.
"1 Vnuejrt Cod heard p,e," said thu hoy ;
I answered with a nod ;
1 l onld not i uk but much I thought
Of ithat hoy's "filth in Cod."
'he Victory ut Ft. Dondson
Sketches of Iho Oommnndiug
SKKTl H ov oi:nci:al oiiaxt.
liiigiHliei'-Geiioral Uljsscs S. Gr:nt,
was born nt Point l'.cmaiit, 0!air.iio..t
county, Oliio, April U7, 18il-, and cntur
cil West Point Military Academy, from
Ohio, in 1H38, wlieic liu graduated vj'ith
Iioiiok in 18'IU, and was nttachod a.s brc
yet fc't'cond Jjioutenant at CJprpui Uliriati,
in Sej)teu,'bcr, WH, and Eorvcd as such
through Mexico, under General Taylor at
I'alo Alto, llcsaca de la Palma and Mon
tery, tijd under Gencyal ScgU frm Vera
Uruz to the City of Mexico, aud was twice
promoted for bravery. Jle was regimen
tal (luartcrniastor from April 1,1817,
and when he rofigued the service on the
HI st of July, 131.J, lie was a full captain
ju the Fourth infantry of regulars. After
his resignation he settled in St. Louis coun
ty, Missouri, aud moved from there to
Gale.ua, Illinois, in 1800.
Upon the breaking out of the presen.i
war, ho oOercd his service to Governor
Yates, and was appointed (Jo.oucl of the
Twcnty-fir.it Regiment of Illiuois volun
teers, aud served with his regiment until
promoted a JJrigadisr-Gcnerr.l, with com.
micsiou and rank from the 17th of May,
1301. lie was engaged as Colonel and
acting brigadier-general in several of the
contests in Southeastern Missouri, and his
course ns commander of the southern dis
trict of Missouii has been thoroughly hcru
thiizcd, and among his mo.'t praiswo.rthy
acts was the occupation of Paducah and
stoppage communication and supplies
to the Rebels, via: the Tenncssco and
Cumberland rivers. The manner in which
ho conducted tlio battle of Belmont is still
fresh in our readers minds. The rest of
his course as commander thero is too well
known ,to bo repeated here, and certain it
is that his action, in every instance, has
been applauded both by his superior offi
cers and the people, After tho capture of
Fort Henry a new district was created
under tho denomination of tho District of
West Tennessee, and General Grant was
assigned by General llallcck to tho com.
maud of it.
SKETCH OT QENEUAL JICCIiEKXAND.
Urigadier-Goueral John A. McGlcrnajid
has not provious to the present war, been
particularly noted ls ninilitary man j but
as a Etroug supportor of tho Uuion, ho
has shono forth on more than ono occa
sion. Ho is a man of about forty-thrco
or forty-four yoars of ago, and is rather
tall in rtaturo, IIo has always bcon noted
as a demooratio politician, and tolc .an
active part in leading tho Douglas factions
in opposition to tlio Lccomptou Constitu
tion of Kansas, lie was auaetivo loader
of tho Douglas party in tho IIouso of Rep
resentatives of 1800, and also in tho
Charleston aud Baltimore Democratic Con
ventions. IIo was alwayR strongly opposed
to Breckinridge and his party, and as a :
Douglas man he was elected to Congress.
Ho left his scat to take up arms in defeuco
of that Government which he so strongly
supported by his speeches in Congress.
lhcre is an interesting, if not a curious,
circmnstanco in connection with his ap
pointment to the position of brigadicr-
goncral. IIo had, during the late extra
session of Congress, been making, whilo
in his seat, a itrongly-wordcd speech in
support of tho action of tho government
in their troubles, and in the o .iirsc of soxio
remarks, at tho conclusion, he in cil'ect
stated that notwithstanding tho thousands
of Douglas Democrats who had enlisted in
tho cause and service of the United States
not one of them had been honored with
any high military appointment ; other
parties had their appointee, but his party
had not, and ho thought it somewhat un
lair, ji'c. A leading republican took up
the question after McCleruand had finish
cd, and, complimenting him highly on the
patriotic tone of his remarks, intimated
that Jio did not know of a man more en
titled to a position than his houored friend
from Illinois ; and it is a remarkable cir
cumstance that shortly after this discission
in the House the name of John A, Me
Clernand appeared on the list of those
who were appointed BrUulior-Geiiurals of
volunteers. Time will doubtless show forth
his soldierly qualifications, which may
even outrival his political cues. In the
Bulmot fight hemamfested that he possess
ed very good military capacity, aud du
ring his administration of military affairs
at Curio he r-.ecured the good will of the
men under his coiumaud,
SKETCH OV ACTING lIUUiADIEK (JEXEKAIi
Col. Riuhard J. Cgle.iby, Acting Brigadier-General
under Goneval McClcrnand,
is a man about thirty-seven years of age.
Ho was born in Kentucky, but removed
into Illinois at an early ago. He enlisted
in Decatur, LliuoW, and commanded the
threj mouths men who composed the
Eighth Regiment at Caiio, under General
Prentiss. When tho regiment reorganized
for tho war Colonel iglesby Was again
chosen to the eommaud. In the General
Order, issued from Ciirio, on tho 1st of
February he was appointed by General
Grant the commander of the First Brigade
of the First Division of that dis'rict He
has been engaged in several skirmishes
and contests w Southeastern Mis.ouri al
ways with a degree of .credit t-o himself
and honor to the country.
SKETCH 01' .GEXEUAIj WALLACE.
General Lewis Wallace was formerly
tho Colonel of the Elccnth Regiment of
Indiana three mouths' volunteers, better
known as the Indiana Zouaves. It will
bo remembered that this regiment was
stationed in Juno last :t and near Cum
berland, Maryland, and that on the
'eleventh cf tha,t.mouth, the Zouaves, head
1 cd by the Colonel, made a dash upon Rom
ucy and routed tho Rebels at that place.
Tho regiment was noted for its reckless
modo of fighting aud tho degree of "dash''
with which they always moved. When
tho regiment returned to Indiana to be
reorganized for the war, General AVallaco
romaincd quiet for a few days, when the
,trouuics in iuissoun roused ins energies,
and ho issued tlie remarkable call upon
his troops which crea.ted sych an amount
pf enthusiasm at ,ihc tiae. The Indian
iaus flocked to his standard, and the regi
ment was reorganized and sent to tho De
partment of tho Missouri. Somu little time
elapsed and tho regiment was sent to Pad
ucah, after which the Colonel was ptoino
, ted to the Generalship of a bigado in the
j division of Gen. 0. F. Smith. Souio 1 i t tl o
difficulty occurred between thess two gen
er'ls, and General Wallace was transfor
med, at his own request, to a new command
EKETcu .or arxEitAr. c. r. bjjitji.
General Charles Ferguson Smith, com
mander of tho Second Division, is a native
of Peunsylvania,und sou of tho colebratnd
Dr. Samuel B. Smith, lie entered tho
Millitary Academy as a Cadet ;n J821,
and graduated in 1825, standing No. 19
in his class. On tlio 1st of July of that
year ho was inado a sccoud lieutenant of
( tho Second Artillery. Iu 1821) ho was
' appoiutcd tho Assistant Instructor in In
fantry Tactics at the Miljtary Academy,
which position ho retainted until .Septem
ber 1831, when Jio was jiromotcd to tho
Adjutanoy, retaining tho samo office till
April 1838. During that iuterval (viz.
Way 1833) ho yau mado a firat Hciitcuaut.
On tho4st of April 1838 ho was Instruct
or in Infantry Tactics and commandant of
Cadets at West Point, which position ho
filled until September 1, 18-1'J, in tho
meantimo being promoted to the captain
cy, viz, on July 7, 1833. In April, 1817
ho was breveted Major for gallant conduct
in tho battles of Palo Alto and Rcsaca do
la Palma, in Tcxas,his brevet dating from
May 0, 1810. In May 1848 ho received
auothcr brevet, being that of Lieutenant
Colonel, for gallant conduct in several
conflicts at Montory, Mexico, on the tilst,
S2d and 23d of September, 1817, his
brevet bearing the last mentioned date.
During tho following August ho received
a further brevet Colonel for gallant and
meritorious conduct iu tho battles of Con
treras and Chcrubusco. This brevet dates
from August 20, 18.17. lie was appoint
cd Acting Inspector-General in Mexico
during Juno 1848. On the 25th of No
vember, 1851, he was promoted to the ma
jority of tho lirst Artillery, aud on the
3d of March', 1855, ho was further pro
moted to the Lieutcnaut-Colouolcy of tho
Tenth Infantry. On the 31st of August,
1801, ho wan made a Brigadier-General
of Volunteers, aud took charro under
General Hailed: pf the troops at Paducah.
OB X, AI.WJU' SIDNEY JOHNSTON',
who was erroneously reported to be cap
tured at tho fa',1 of Fort Donclson, is one
j . i, it ri ..I , .
oi uie uvo "t.ciicrai.s oi tne rebel arm v.
the other four bc?ng Bsaurcgard, Lee,
Cooper, aud J. G, Johnston. Ho is con
sidered by military men as the ablest Gen
eral in the rebel service.
IIo is a native of Mason County, Ky.,
and is now 00 years of ago. His father
was a native of Connecticut. Ho was
graduated at West Point iu 1825. Du
ring eight years succeeding ho served in
the army as a Lieuteuant and Adjutant
of the Sixth Infantry. Ho subsequently
resigned his commission iu tho army, and
in 180 removed to Texas. IIo entered
tho Texan army as a private soldier, but
soon rose to bo senior Brigadier-General,
was promoted to succeed Gen. Felix Hous
ton, which led to a duel between them,
wherein Johnston was wounded. In 1837
ho took the jcoiiiJiiand-in-chief in Texas,
and in 1831) he acted as Secretary of War
of the now republic, under President La-'
mar. In 18-10 he ictircd from office. Iu
18'10, at tho request of General .Taylor,
he went to Mexico, aud arrived there
shortly after the battles of Rcsaca de la
Palma and Palo Alio. Ho was elected
,,,,. , . '
Uolonel of the Ii irst lexaa RcKimcnt, and i
, . ... , .1
aui iii. I" it. .it ii cut tut .ha iiiviifcu-i,
He then served as aid to Gen. Butler in
the battle of Montgomery ; and for his
conduct on that day ho was recommended
by Gen. Taylor for tho appointment of
Brigadier General, but the position was
bestowed upon Caleb Gushing. After
this battle ho retired to a plantation iu
Brazoria Couuty, Texas, where he rc-
niaiuou until appointed ty 0 on. -xayjor i
iu 1819, as Paymaster iu tho army. IIo :
was appointed by Jeff. Davis, Secretary of i
War, Colonel of the Second Cava'ry, with I
his headquarters at San Antouia, Texas !
In tho latter part of 1857, ho received tho
command of tho United States forces sent
to coerce tho Utah Mormons into obedi
ouco, and conducted the remarkable expe
dition across tho plaius to Salt Lako City,
in .tlio .Spring of tLs succeeding year. Ho
was put iu command of the Military Dis
trict of Utah, and received tho brevet rank
of Brigadier-General. On the oloso of
the Mormon troubles ho was sent to Cali
fornia, aud on tho death of Gen. Clarke,
Resumed tho command of the Department
of tho Pacific. Shortly after the rebellion
got uudor way, his loyalty was suspected,
aud Gc:i. Sumner vas scut out to super
sede him. Bcforo Gen. Sumner reached
California, Johnston had left his com
mand to joiu tho rcbils. At first ho was
appoiutcd to a rebel commautl cn tho Po
toinac ; but upon tho great importance of
tho AVcstcrn Department being ecch by
Jeff. Davis, ho was appointed to take
chief command at Iiowlhig Green. Gen.
Johnston stands a little over six feet high,
js of a large, bony, sinewy frame, with a
gravo, gaunt, nud thoughtful faco ; pos
scssscs quiet, uuassuming inauuers form
ing, in all, a " soldier of very imposing
SIMON IlOIiIVAR BUCKNElt,
Gen. Buckucr, captured at Fort Donel
son, as a Brigadier in tho rebel army, and
for somo months was;n chiof command iu
tho rebel Western Department, lio is a
native of Kcutuoky' a grnduato of West
Poiut, and is uow 38 years of ago. In
1811, ho was appoiutcd, by brevet, Sec
ond Licntouant in the Second lufantry,
aud next year ho waa Acting ABiiataut
ProfclsoFof E thicT" af West Point 11T
1810, ho was transferred to tho Sixth In-,
fantry, in which ho went to Mexico, aud !
was breveted First Lieutenant for gallant
conduct at Contrcras and Chcrubusco, at
which later battle he was wounded. He
was subsequently breveted Captain for
gallant conduct at iMolino del Rcy.
When the sccessipn movement began, ho
took an active but secret part with them,
and as commander of Iho Kentucky Stato
Guard, ho exercised a powerful itiflucnca
on tho'fighting clement of his native Stato.
Last Summer he visited Washingtou. rep
resented himself there as loyal, ingratiated
himscl, into Gen. Scott's cotnfidcnpc, ob
tained pcrmmission to inspect all (ho forti
fications iu that vicinity, returned to Lou
isvillo, and remained for a brief period
without gsving public indication that ho
contemplated any disloyal movement.
Subsequently ho ijiauagod to ceducc a
largo part of tho State Guard into tho
rebel service, and for thja was apuoiutcd
to Bowling Green. IIo is an adroit, skill
ful, bad man.
Tho Senate, in executive Fossion, on
Monday, confirmed tho nomination of
Ethou Alien Hitchcock, as Major-General
of Volunteers, lie was immediately
ordered by fclegraph to take command at
Cairo, where he is probably by this time.
Gen. Hitohcock Is a grandson of 'old
Ethan Allen, and was born iu Vermont.
The Now York Tribune says he was ed
ucated at West 1 qjnt, aud wai Assistant
Adju'ant General to Gon. Seott, iu Mexi
co, where he reached tho rank of Brina-
dier-Goucral by brevet. Scqu after Jeff.
Davis, then Secretary, of War, quarreled
with him and ho was obliged to resign
Since his resignation ho has resided iu re
tirement at St. Louis. He is considered
among the very ablest officers iu the ser
vice ; is a Green Mouutain boy in all tho
noble souses of the word ; is a thoroughly
roligious and anti-slavery man, ono after
the fashion, in a word,oftho bl csscd fight
ing saints of Cromwell's time. His ap
pointment was desired by Gen. Ilalleck.
IIo will outrank Gen. Grant, and take
full command under llallcck. Wo sec it
stated that Gen. Sherman is assigned to
SJiClchOS ol Hie OHtccrs oflhc Fort Doit-
SKETCH OF I'LAO oi'ricnn ANDREW TOOTr
Captain Footo ii a native of Connecticut
cf which Stato he was appoiutcd to the
navy ot tlio uuitcu states, lie is a son
- 0 . ,, . n ,. . . ,
of conator i'ootc, of Connecticut, to whom
, -i.r , . .1-1
iJ'inii'J nlwrni- ri.h en
, jn tho Senate,
with one of his famous speeohe3. Ho en
tered tho. United States scrvico on iho 4th
of December, 1S22 and has consequently
' served tho country nearly forty years.
! IIo steadily rose in bis profession, apd was
J made a comiu.'indcr on tho 18ih of Decern
j her, 1852, uuder which commission he saw
I about two years and three months sea
service. His total sea scrvico was nearly
twonty years aud a half, aud he performed
nearly eight years shore duty. Ho was'
unemployed for over ten years, and was
last at sea in June, 185S- At the break
ing out of the present trouble ho was in
command of the Navy Yard at Brooklyn,
and shortly after tho comincuootiiont of
hostilities was promoted tp ,tho .captaincy,
with tho charge of tho Western of Missis
sippi flotilla, of which ho is tho commo
dore or flag officer. IJ'.hilo engaged in
his duties ho is reported as Laving worked
night and day with a zeal end energy that
aro worthy of emulation jn both branolua
pf the .service, and has accomplished an
almost. herculean task. Being dependent
upon the Navy Department for lucn aud a
portion of this equipment, find compelled
,to call upon the War Department for oth
er things equally necessary to the success
of his mis.'ion in tho inland waters aud
apparently an object of jealously and a
subject of neglect from both, h; has quiet
ly worked through all obstacles, and is
about prepared to undertake the opening
up of tho Mitis'usippi river from- Cairo to
Now Orlcaus lie is a quiot grey haired
veteran, and although holding a rank
equal to Major-General of tho land forces,
attained by a lifo's service on tho brpad
seas under tho old flog, Las becu quietly
and unostentatiously serving his country
ut tho junction of tho Ohio and the Mis
sissippi, His present expedition has been
carried out with spirit and energy, and
tho result is gratifying to tho nation.
SKETCH OP LIEUTENANT TnEIiPS.
Lieutenant S. Lcdyard Phelps is a ua
tivo and citizen of Ohio, and was appoint
ed to the pavy from, ihat Stato. Ho en
tered Iho sorvico ou tho 10th pf October,
18-11,. and recoivedhis present commission
on the 11th of Septombor, 1&55. Up to
tho end of 1800 ho had seen but four year3 1
sea service as
lieutenant, but his total sea
Eorvico was nearly ton ycar3. Tho lime
spent on shore and other duty to thatdato
amounted to seven yoars and nine months,
and ho had been unemployed for nearly
two yoara. Tho length of timo employed
by tho subject of this sketch in tho Unjtcd
Stat.es scrvico was over twenty years. He
was on board tho sloop St, Alaris from
April 1803, ufltil a short time since, when
ho was ordered on special duty to Cincin
nati. IIo was then appoiutcd to tho cpui
maud of the gun-boat Conafr'gn, niup
guns. At tho beginning of 1800 his namo
stood No. 183 on tho list of lieutenants,
but iu tho extra a.iyy list ho rank3 No.
105. " '
SKETCH OV LIEUTENANT TAUIiJIINO.
Lieutenant Leonard Paulding is a na
tive and citizen of Now York, from which
Stato ho was appointed to tho navy. Ho
first entered tho scrvico on ttyo l'Jth of
December, 1810, and has, therefore, ser
ved tho United States over twenty qnc
years. His present Commission of Lieu
tenant bears dato from September H,
1855, and he has scon under that about
five years sea service. Hi3 total sea ser
vice is nearly bixtenn years, with about
four years shore and other duty. He was
unemployed about eighteen months, and
was fast at sea in December, 1800, on
board the brig Volphin: lie then ob
tained a short lcavo of absence, after
which he was appointed to the steamer
Michigan, -While on the Dolphin hi:
name stoou jNo. lot ou tne list ot Jjicu
tenants, and at the commencement of the
rcbolliou he had only ascended six rounds
of tho ladder of promotion, being then No.
151. Tho traitorous resignation in the
uavy, however did him somo gepd ; for in
tho extra navy list his name stands No.
38 ; in the present engagement he had
command of tho gun-boat St. Louis.
SKETCH 01" LIEUTENANT QWIN.
Lieutenant William Gwin, of the United
States Navy, is a nativo and citizen of In
diana, from which Stato ho was appointed
to the navy. IIo entered the scrvico on
tho 7th day of April, 1847, and received
his prcscut commission on tho lGth day of
September, 1853. He has seen about four
years' sea service as lieuteuant, aud has
becu over tsn years at sen since ho cn
torcd the navy. IIo has had about two
j year's shore and other duty, and has been
, about the same length pf timo unemployed.
I He was appointed to the steam sloop
quchunna in Jfovombcr, 1859, and on lea
ving her was ordered to tho Western flo
tilla. His total service under tho flag of
the Union has been nearly fifteen years.
He is at present iu commcd .cf tho United
State gun-boat Tayl"r, nine guns. On
( the 1st of January, 18G0, his namo slopd
. No. 205 on . tho lieutenants ; m twelve
months he had but risen thirteen in tlio
' grade of promotion ; but the rebelliou has
'given him a rapid advance, for Lis name
' ns w .stands r.bput No. 100.
.SKETCH OP COMMA.NJVER WALKE.
Commander Henry Walko is a native
of Virginia but Js a citizen of tho Stato of
I Ohio from which State ho was appointed
t to the United States Navy. He first cn
! torcd the navy on February 1, 1827, tLus
', making his servioes under tho flag of tho
Union over thirty five years. His present
' commission bears .date September 14,1855,
I ;iim jiiiuc iiiivy lists iui iouu uuu ioui iiu
jstaudsNo. 00 on tho list of .commanders J
. having steadily risen iu rauk. Under that 1
commission be had,up to tho end pf 1800
seen but ono year aud four months sea !
service, although his total sea scrvieo,wss .
about fifteen yeass. Up to that time ho
up w ui.it, nine no
! had been on shore and other duty besides
his sea service about seven years nud a
half,aud had been nearly twelve yor.rs un -
employed. At tho commencement of tho
Rebellion he was in command of .the storo-
i o i . ",,,
ship Supply, cn the Gulf squaddon, and
while performing that duty brought away
a number of meu women and children from
Pensaeola, after tlio 'suvrender pf tho Na
vy Yard by Commodore Armstrong. This
humane act was attended with somo dan
ger j but as it was not authorized by tho
Navy Deparimcut o,r the flag officer of tho
squadron, Commander Walko was, ju
March last, tried by naval court martial
for npt following red tapo and leaving tho
poor creatures to starvo or bo taken pris
oners by the rebels. No ono could deny
the humanity of tho act; but, although
gallautry and humanity approved of it,na
val law did not, and ho was fouud guilty
of tho second cbargo, viz ; upisob,edienco
of prdors in jiot returning to Vera Cruz'
instead of doing which ho brought tie loy
al sufferers to New York. For this offence
he va3 sentenced to be admonished ly Iho
Secretary of tho Jfavy
But ns this trial,
and its attendant delays
timo, the Supply had to sail again to the
squadron under a new commander, and
tlio subjopt pf this sketch,by doing a brave
ami humane action, lost his ship. 'Jto
rebellion, ho.wovcr, has given lijra' oppor
tunity to have command of a gun vpsscl.
He was but recently ordered o ho Missis
sippi flotilla, and uppoinfed to (ho com
mand of tho United Spates gui hoat Car- ,
omlolcl, thirteen guns, and fortunatply parj
ticipatc iu die capture of the Rebel Fori)
Henry. His n.amu now stands No. 59 ou
SKETCH pP CpIM0I)0RE DOVE, U. 8. K.
Commodore Benjamin M. Dore, com
manding tho United States gun boat Pitts
burg, is a nativo of Virginia. Ho entered
the United States Navy in Diicon.ber,182Q
Tho dato of this present commission is
September 14, 1855 j under it ho has becq
one year aud live mouths at sea. His to
tal sea service is nineteen years aud siz
months. He was on sliore and specal du
ty for sevch years, and seven yoars unem
ployed. His total icrra of Bervico up to.
tho present timo is tlirty-four years. Pri
or to assuming command on tho Mississippi
flotilla ho was in pomrnand qf tho afore;
ship Relic.''. Ho ranks fifty-three in the
present list cf naval commanders.
SKETCH OF LIEUT. ROBERT THOMPSON
UNITED STATES NAVY.
Lieut. Robert Thompson, tho comman
der of the gun Ijoat Tyler, is a native of
New York. IIo entered tho United States
Navy iu 1837. His present commission is
dated October 3, 1850 j under it he has
been four years aud thrco monfhs at sea,.
His total service up to the present time is
sixteen years and one mouth. He has
been cn shoro or ether duty thrco years
aud ten months, aud unemployed a similar
period. His total sea service is over twen
ty threo years. Prior to assuming hia
present command he was on the steam frig
HRIQ-GE.N'. GEQIjaii H. THOMAS.
Gen. George II. Thomas, the senior
Union General engaged in tho lato battle
at Mill Spriug, aud to whom, with tho
brave men under his command should be
awarded the honors of tho repent victory,
is a native of Virginia, and is ono of thoso
loyjl offioers iu tho regular army from tip
seceded States who resisted tho lures of a
false political theory. He graduated at
West Poiut,in l830,witL tho rack of brev
et Second Lieutenant, of Infantry. la
1850, ho was appoiutcd Instructor of Ar
tillery and Cavalry ,which position ho held
at tho breaking out of the present rebellion
when he was appointed Brigadier-General
of volunteers, and placed in charge of d
division in Gen. Patterson's command oa
the upper Potomac National Intelligent
Charges against Gen. Blenker are now
current in mauy of the German journals oi
the country, which, iu justice to himself,
Lc ought to refute if possible. Theso
charges are, that being a sub-lieutenant
iu the Greek army, he was dishonorably
cashiered ; that lie thou returned to Ger
many and became a dealer in wiao at wor
ms, 'but that being unfortunate in that bus
iness he bceamo guilty of fraudulent bank
ruptcy, and was tried aud condemned
iu June, 1850, to five years, imprisonment
for that crime and that previous to this
condemnation, beiug engaged in the rev
olution pf Southern Germany, under Gen.
Sigcl, the latter found it necessary to issue
tho following order concerning him :
"Stukli.nge.n (Badon,) July 3, 1849,
"Col. Blouker of the Paleutine, to whoza
the command iu chief of tho second divis
ion, mostly consisting of volunteers from
the Paleutine, was intrusted, has acted
most unaccountably in evory respect.
"1, Of his own free will ho has disc
; , , i rilnra , nnrn
I ,)0iu0X1 nci.r Lorraeh.
"2. He has transgressed hi? order3( to
' procure tho ueccsary provisions for cash
I or hi' an oni,cr 011 tho Government, by
C0l,nm,ittUJ,S mSt olH Citortiou
j i.a. He has gono so far as to take for.
! cible possession of a train of ammunition
wagons ou their way hither, and to siezo
for his ownuso eighteen wpgpns with arms
ammunition, and provisions.
"1 thorcfore dismiss Col. Blenker from
all his commands, I declare him a cowar
dly plunderer and a traitor against our
country, and I authorizo any man to ar-?
rest him and to deliver him up at Load
quarters. The Genoral-in Chlof.
Various acts of a discreditable charac
ter aro also charged to havo boon commit
ted by Gen. Blenker muco his arrival in
tlilo country, both boforo and since his en
trance into tho army. Ampug theso, it is
alleged that the staff and field officors of
tho divisou under his oommand havo made
a grbft deal of monoy out of their poiit
tions. Whether theso charges aro truo or
not, wo do not know. Wo alludo to them
with no desiro to injure Gen. Blenker,
but simply to express our astonishment,
that he leaves them unanswered.