Newspaper Page Text
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COLUMBIA democrat. The Metijddist, is n mammoth quarto
' '-7 "r", fsliecl, phtilisltVl by- Loniuci Wangs, in
.. i , . L- f?3pfr . ,'-., T-r Ne'wjYofk City Wo hate, received a few
LEVI!!. TATBj. : : ll.'s EDITOR.-
BLOOMSBURG , PA.
Saturday Monrnua, rrBnoARY 2, ism.
Iho President's Special Messago
Wo publish to-day tlio m6ssifgo of the
President df tli4 "United (States; communi
cating tho resolutions of tbo Virginia Leg
islature. It speaks in approving terms
of tbeso resolutions, and recommends them
to" the favorable consideration of CongrcsS.
Tho president counsels CongTCSS to abstain
from any legislation looking to coercion
and collision, and says that his policy U
purely defensive. Ho thinks that there
wilt bo no likelihood of a collission, if the
Eeccding- States can bo prevailed upon to
berve moderation. 1 The Prcsident'does
not despair of the preservation of tbo TJn
'ion, but hopes, despitu the threatening as
pect of affairs, that a satisfactory settle
ment may yet be made.
Wo print elsowhcre in our columns, with
great satisfaction, the proceedings of our
nowly formed "Democratic Association."
It is a sensible ruovo in the right direction,
(which should have been made long since
but is better late than never,) and we fondly
hopo, it will bo properly coudueted arid
generally attended, and must eventuate in
the permanent organization of tho Demo-
cratie Party of Columbia. W6 trust our
Democratic fellow-citizens, in town and
icountry, will givo this organization their
approbation and support, by which all
who lovo tho fundamental principles' of
Constitutional equality may mutually sharo
itd benefits and aid in tbrj perpetuity 6f a
Democratic form of Oovernmcnt.
Wo propose making important improve
ments upon the opening of tho Twenty
Fifth Volvmo of tha "Columbia Democrat."
A gentleman of high literary ability who
is also a forcible writer of considerable
Editorial experience, will assume thu , en
tiro conduct of tho Local Department.
And another gentleman has kindly agreed
to furnish ua with weekly correspondence
from tho City.
Improvements will also bo mado in the
mechanical department of tho old 'Dem
ocrat.'' Tho Tvrc will partially bo re
newed. Wo shall also, life and health
permitting, devOto our own tlmo and ener
gies more exclusively to its conduct and
This is tho oldest institution in the coun
ty of Columbia. It is tho soundest demo
cratic journal in Northern Pennsylvania.
Wo.trustour friends and follow citizens
will yield it increasing patronage.
Wcndsll Phillips, tho notorious abolition
1st, mado a speech at tho Music Hall, on
Sunday, January SOth 1801 ; which is
published in Garrison's Liberator of Jan
uary SOth ult., wo find on looking over it
sixteen places where tho Reporter marks
' applause,1' ''applause and laughter,"
"loud applause, with cries of 'good,' "
speech was abolitionism, coercion John
Urown and.Disunion. "The Union,'' says
Mr. Phillips, "is a failure." Again, "I
bolievo a sudden, conclusive, definite dis
union, resulting in tho abolition, in tbo
disruption of tho Northern mind from all
connection with it, all vassalage to it, im
mediately, would bo a better, healthier,
und moro wholesome cure, than to let tho
Republican party exert this gradual influ
ence through tho power of the government
for thirty or sixty years." And as a fitting
conclusion to such a discourse, Mr. Phil
lips ended with tho following choice par
All hail, then, Disuuion ! "Beautiful on
the mountains are the feet of him that
bringeth good tidings, that publisheth
peaco, that saith unto Zion, Thy God
rcigncth." The sods of Hunker Hill shall
bo-greener, now that tilth creator purposo
is accomplished. Sleep in peace, martyr
of Harper's Ferry 1 your life was not
privcn in vain, lteioice. spirits of Fav(l
and Kosciusko ! the only stain upon your
rwurua is jiassmg away. poon, flirougu
out all America, thero shall bo neither
power nor wuu to bold a slave.
Wyoming CapaC Company.
Tho following gentleman wero plected
officers of tho Wyoming Canal Hoard, on
tho 21st ult., in Philadelphia :
President Samuel T. Bodino.
Vice Pruident'Aha. Bennett.
Managers John 'II. Brown, Robert
Smith, Wm. S. Ross, Edward Wctherill,
secretary A- Treaswcr Charles Far
rub, Tho Columbia Democrat says, Johnston,
tho Vico President on the Douglas ticket,
und Alexaudor H. Stephens, his most clo-
mient defender in tho South, have both
Hgned tho secession ordinance of tho Stato
Brother Tate, who sold you?
Col. Haut, is informed, 'very respect
fully, that wo obtained the foregoing in
formation from tho -Tiibic Ledger, and if
any body is I'loltl," ho must be that indi-vidual.
numbers of tho t-Mcllwtist, fiffd" think;
amongst tho brat religious Vour.'aals of tho
age. Jo economize time in writing, wo
ad'op'Uho Viefr of thS-Kditor -of Jtlro iler:
trick Gazette, who says ! In no depart
ment of nowpapcr.malting, perhaps, has
thero been moro marked imnrovcmclit'th'aii
with tho religious press. Indepcn.dant-.of
tho fanatical abolitionism which has char
actcrlzcd too many of them, tho journals
devoted to tho churches havo at once as-
sumed a rank which makes theni,iu point of
typographical beauty ahd general arrange
rnent, inodols of tho,great weeklies. FirBt
among theso is tho now papor, recently
Btarted in New York, bearing tbo above
hub, ruvcrui. copies 01 wnicu iiavo. been
shown us. As is naino purports, ft is do
voted to ,tho interests of tho Methodist
Church ; and uuliko some of it3 predcecs
WrSj'Cdiifincs, itself to. its legitimate sphere,
instead of dabbling in, tho pool of political
discussion, or in tho propagation of fanat
loishi. Such a paper should bo enoouragod
by all who wisli to sustain a high-toned
. .Goucr F.pitifinu Any. This great
favorite with tho .ladies for February is
already on our table. It is tho best Mag
azine of the kind published. In adition
to tho usual amount of, matter hitherto
given, the. publiaher has added a new foa
turc doublq sized colored Fashion plates.
These aro.much prettier than those com
monly got up in other Magazines.
Aiithur's Home Maoazine. The Feb
.ruary nuinbor of this favorite Magazine, is
gotten up in a stylo, surpassing that of any
of its predecessors. Its engravings aro
varied and most elegant. W6 believe ft
is surpassed by none. in literary merit, and
certainly, most prized bytour first literary
The'Ladies'-'Repositor'T, our old and
valued friend, is otfOurTnblo for January.
It comprises threo lino engravings, viz :
Tho Qcn Commandments'; Portrait of
Miss Harriett E. Hosmcr, and for a vig
nette The Evening Twilight. Wo havo
long regarded the "Ladies' (Ohio) Repos
itory," ono -of the best,' of Magazines, and
found its contents of tho richest character
and admirably adapted to all tha wants of
a general literary and religious' Magazine
for tho Family;
The Home Monthly, Edited by Rev.
Wm. At, Thayer, assisted by Mrs, Aroy
and Mrs. Gildcrslecve, is on .our Table for,
February. It is a pleasing Magazine,
wiiii uumurous Micgauijiaws, anu 13 wen-
freighted with polite literatnrc a choice
!it 1 . 1 . . I '
Family Keepsake. Published by Stone,
- - k v .uu UU-
ExmACT from tho Speech of Hon.
Owen Lovojoy, of Illinois, in tho nouso
of Representatives, January, 2a, 1801.
Tho Houso having'undcr consideration tbo
report from tho select committee of thirty
threo But Mr. Seward, as ho is called, h for
a compromise, I am told. I do not know,
and will not. believo that, until I am ohli.
god to; although I confess, instead of
puuosopuicai anu polished essays, sailing
like a beautiful bargo around Point-no
point, I wish tuo Cicero of tho American
Senate had turned his eye' on tho Catiline
"liuousnue taiulem uOutere Cntihtm
patientih nostra 1"
It is said that our President elect is for
compromise. This I do not, cannot, and
never will believe, until I havo it from his
own lips or his own acts. I know he has
too much regard for tho common appella
tion by which ho is familiarly known, of
"Honest Old Abe," ever to believe that he
will betray the principles of the Republi
can party, which wero mado distinctly and
squarely in the last campaign, of inflexi
ble, unalterablo opposition to tho exten
sion or iiuinau tlavery. Uut, sir, even if
it were true that thePresidcnt elect and
future Cabinet advise compromho, I will
not follow their lead one step. If they or
an angel from Heaven proaeh any other i
Republican gospel than that which was
proclaimed at Chicago, let them ba anj
ttttna maranatha accursed till tho pco
pie oomo to eurso them. For all the
batons of earth, and nil tho diadems of
Heaven, I would not, in their place, be
tray or disappoint tho hopes of the peoplo
whose" confidence and suffragos havo placed
(hem in pewdr1.
Under tho leadershi n of Tin tnnn c'y nii
gel, by tho entreaties of no friends, by the
threats of no enemies, by no hopo of ro
wan! ni fint nrnwir!nt!. Fll T
,J , fiujuifiwu, win x ever
yield tho millionth part of a hair moro
guarantee to this slavo power, at any
time; and, wero it otherwiso, I would not
until we scttlo tho question whethor wo
have a Government or not. Tho spider's
most attenuated thread is cord, is cable,
to that gossamer lino that I will yiold in
tho way of compromiso or concession to
tho claims of slavery,
We have road with moro than ordina
ry interest, tho February Number of tbo
"Anfrican (N. Y.) Agriculturist." Tho
Rov. O. Judd, notiGes all subscribers to
the Agriculturist, that he has any quantity
of seeds for freo distribution, as per list on
tho 00th pago of tho February Number,
which ho will send on receipt of stamped
Envelopes. We hope our Fitrmors and all
other persons who tako that valuable
agricultural work, will avail themselves
ot this cxoellent opportunity, to get a full;
supply oi i rgciauic, i lower, I'ruit
and our word for it.
that if thoy sond S1.0U for tho miner for '
ono year, thoy will lind- this No. iiloco '
worth the dollar invefted '
At ajucctlng of Democrats, held nt tho
oflico of W'cslcyiWirtEsq., in llloonis
burs, 'on IFriday"; evening January iiOtli,
1601 f fopttiti Jrurpos of organizing a a seVicsof resolutions adopted by tho Leg
"DenvoeratiB Association'1 and establishing islturo' of Virginia fn tho 10th instant,
a Democratic RcadingRoom in lilooms- having in view a peaceful settlement of tho
burg? Alter some' niscussioo on tlio sill).
ject tho meeting resolved itself into a club,
to bo known by tho namo and style of
,''ehllobrato,A"ssociatioIi,, with the oh-
jccis above $pccincuy .
u "10"". "oan u 1,rczo wns elcctc
President of tho Association, Martin 0.
'Woodward and Ww- H. Jacobyj 'Vied.
Presidents, Wesley Wirt and D.ivid
I.owenbcrg, Secretaries,, and, E. II. Little,
Treasurer. ' I i ' ' . ' , ,
Tho Ircsidcut upon taking tho chair
stated moro explicitly the causes and ob
jects of thb Association : arid
On motion, Peter" Rillnioyer, Robort C.
Fruit, Daniel Leo, Jaoob:( R. ,droul,
Leonard D. Rupert, C. . Rrpckway and
Dr. P. II. Freeze were chosen a comiuitteo
to Bolieit subscription's and coutiibulions
in aid of tho cntcrprize :
On motion, Col., Freeze, E. II. Little,
Daniel Leo, W. II Jacoby? Levi L. Tato,
W. Wirt aud 0,. P. .Jiroc'kway wero ap
pointed to draw up a constitution for tho
On 'motion the President was authori
zed to procure a 'room' 'for tho1 use of tho
, On motion, 'adjourincd to meet nt tho
Grand Jury Roolp, 011 Ctbitrsday ovening,
January 3l$t at boVen o'clock, wheru; all
friendly to thc'suc'ce&B and pcrinanciico of
tho Association aro invited to attend.
J. G. FREE5EW.
Wksley Wiut, s .
D. LowENiiEiia, (
Tho Crittonden-Blglor Plan of
Lcttet from Senator Biglcr
. SbnateCuamueii, Jan. 22, 1861.
Dear Sir; I have to iay, in reply, to
your favor, that tho Crittenden sebemo, as
relating to ,thq Territories, makes tho best
adjustment .that has been devised, and one
on which, I have rcaton to believe, tho
entiro South could bo uuited, Tbo Sena
tors from tho cotton States frequently indi
cated their willingness to accept it. My
bill Is intended only to carry this scheme
before tho people. Tho border States will
not makq any adjustment ou which they
do not believo that they can unite the. cot
ton States hereafter j hence their unwilling-,
ncss to accept any one of the many diluted
propositions that havo been presented.
licsides,nothing can bo moro simple and just.
It is a proposition to divide tho Territories
in order to save the Union, aud by it tho
North, would got aboJt 000,000 squaro
mii.a. nn,l U,StiHi nlnl,t rhii nnn.n,.-,
lniIoa. the ronublicans violdinrr 11W
their futile claim to exclude the slave
holders from 230,000 square miles, and
the slaveholders yielding their right (a
clean constitutional right) to go into DOO,
Surely, nothing could bo moro gener
ous.on the part of -tho South. But, to
avoid all difficulty, wo now propose to first
tako tho sense of tho people, to govern the
action of their representatives iusubinitting
theso propositions as amondmouts tn tho
Constitution ; but even this is resisted.
So far tho Republicans (my oolleaguo ex
cepted) have rejected this measure of pcaeo
and refused to allow tho peoplo to accept
'(.niiu, -.:,. ii... ..
,uu" lu ",u "K0 I0,1 auu
mauness. iou aro right in saying that
somo measure of peaco is necessary, and
unless some one bo agreed upon, perma
nent dissolution, if not civil War and
anarchy, are inevitably to bo tho futuro of
Mr. Crittenden's propositions would not '
i-iiwuuaiavery one loot, nor add ono slavo; no engagement such as that proposed. I
to tho present number. It involves no' cordially commend to Congross, with much
dishonor and no abandonment of principle. I contideneo that it will meet their approba
Let thoso who involve thu country in war I tion to abstain from passing any law cal
ami break up tbo Confederacy for reasons eulated to produco a collision of arms,
su wsuinueui newaro of the iearlul oonsc-1
Mr. F. P. James, Now York city.
In the Scnato on Tuesday last, resolu-
tions were passed enabling tho Governor
to appoint Beven Commisfioncrs to renro-
sent Pennsylvania in tho Convention to bo
held at Washington, on tho 4th tf Feu-
ruary, at tho Suggestion of Virginia.
Theso resolutions, which wero reported
from the Coininitteo on Federal Relations, :
seem to havo been passed with tho special
view of preventing any good result from
tho conference. Tho Commistioners aro
clogged with certain instructions which1
must defeat a satisfactory agreement.
They aro not to consent to an amendment
of tho Constitution ; they aro to demand
guarantees for tho security of Northern
men in Southern States; and, in short.
rw.vu w m any
material particular. It hoping too much
to anticipate that any benefit will bo do-
rived from nmlinrv nflmml.t.: 4-
Washington with thcir heads tied down
to tbo Chicago platform. A e might as
well not bo represented at all; and wo
doubt whether Gov. Curti.v can induce
men of character and Handing to accept
tho position under sueh conditions.
Seciietarv of Wah.-Ho,i. Joseph
x-osi waster Lien-
crali lla9 bcou appointed by President
Buchanan, as Secretary of War, and oou-
firmed by tho Senate.
Spoclal Mossapo from tha Pres
To tho Smalt and Uouio of IteprosenUUvM of the
United t tiles t s, , -1
I dcoltrit lny, duty to tubraft.to longrei
oxsun questions which now threaten the
Union. They were, .delivered to ino on
Thursday, tho 24th instant, bv Ex Prcsi-
dentTyler,-whb; has' left lis digmfiednnd
honored retirement in tho hopo that ho
mrtv rnn.lor narv.ee, to hi cot.tttrv in this
its hour of peril. Theso resolutions, it
will bo perceived extend an invitation to
all such States, whether slavcboldicg or
non-slnvcholding, as are tvilliug to unite
with Virginia in an earnest effort to adjust
the present unhappy controversies in tho
spirit in which thu Constitution was origi
milly formed, and consistently with its
principles, so as to afford to the peoplo of
tbo sluvpholding States adequato guarari'
tecs for the security of their rights, to op
point , commissioners to mcctj ou the -lth
day of February next, in the city.of Was,l"
ington, similar oommusioliers appointed by
Virginia, to consider and,, if practicable,
agree upon Sumo suitablo adjustment. I
confess -I hail this movement on the part
.of Virginia with gteat satisfaction From
the past history of this ancient and re
nowned' Couunonwcalth'we havo tho fullcjt
nssuranca that what she has undertaken
shc'wllL accomplish, if it can bo dono by
able, enlightened, and porsoverlug efforts.
It is highly gratifying. to know that other
patriotio 'State? have appointed, and arc
appointing commissioners' to meet thoso of
Virginia, in .council .
Wheiiiajiaonibled, they will constitute a
body entitled, in an eminent degrco, to the
confidence of tho country. Tho General
Assembly of Virginia havo also rosolved
that ex-President John Tyler is hereby
appointed, by tho concurrent vote of caoh
branch of tho General Assembly, a com
missioner to tho' President of tho United
States and Judge John Robertson is hereby
appointed by a liko vote, a commissioner
to South Carolina and the other Statos that
havo seceded, or shall secede, with in-itruotious-
respectfully to rcquosttho Pres
ident of tbo United States aud tho: author
ities of sueh States to agreo to nbstain,
pending the proceedings contemplated by
tho action of this General At-sombly, from
any aud all acts calculated to produce a
collision of arms between the States and
tho Government of tho United States.
However strong may be my desiro to
enter into such an agreement, I am con
vinced that I do not possess the power.
Congress, and Congress alono, under the
war-making power, can exercise tho dis
cretion of agreeing to abstain from any
and all acts calculated to produce a collis
ion of arms between this or any other
Government. It would, therefore, bo a
usurpation for the Executive to attempt to
restrain their hands by an agreement in
regard to matters over which ho has no
constitutional control. If ho were thus to
act thero might pais laws which ho should
bo bound to obey, though it couflict with
Under existing circumstances, my prea
cut actual power is confinod within narrow
limits. It is my duty at nil times to defend
and protect the public proporty within tho
seceding States, so far as this may bo
practicable, and especially to employ tho
constitutional means to protect tbo property
ui-tiiu wiuteu-oiaies, anu to prorcct'tno
public peace at this tho seat of tho Federal
Government. If the seceding Statos ab
stain from any and all acts calculstcd to
produce a collision of arms, then tho dan
ger po much to bo deprecated will no longer
exist. Defence, and not aggression, has
been tho policy of tho Administration from
tho beimmintr. Hut whilst I run niitxr intn
pending tho proceedings contemplated by
tho action of the General Assombly of
lrgiuia. I am 0110 of tboo who will
never despair ot tho Kcpuulie. 1 yet
cherish the belief that tho American pco-
1'' Forpetuato tho Union of tho States
ou Eoalo terms just and honorable for all
tcct'0113 of tko couhtry. I trust that tbo
J1'00 of Virginia may bo tho designed
"leans under Providence of accomplishing
11,13 inestimable benefit. Glorious n3 aro
uo memories of her past history, such an
lehicvemont, both in relation to hor own
'"wo and the welfare of tho wholo couu-
"i would surpass tlicm all.
Asm.Naio.N uuy, Jan. 2b, 1801.
Senator Biar,i:rt. If thero is ono man
who moro than any other, with tho single
oxecptiou of Mr. Chittenden, deserves
the gratitudo of tho American people, for
his efforts to tccuro peaco and harmony to
tho couulry, tUat ill(ividual u gcJtor
UlaijEU) from tL;3 Stato. av anJ ,
. ' fa I
1',! . ,"Th,,UW
adjustment. His great speech 0.1 tho 21st
inst., which was so highly commended by
Senator CAM.'.no.v, is one of the most
masterly aud eloquent productions of the
session. fld in nr , ,.... . .......
cir pullisl. it entire, or such givo lcn.
frtuv extract as nur Rnnnn will inciTf..
j . - .utfuw itu OUUI1
Oun town is nuito brisk. Thoso who
advertiso, however, seem to be doiii" tho
Correspondence of tho "Boston
It may interest your readers to tnow
that they will soon havo the, opportunity of
seeing the far-famed Now;LctWrr;Envelope,
in conscqucnco of tho decision oftho Post
Office Department to dislnbuto it generally
among the Postmasters of tho country, not
only in its present form, but nlso with. a.
oiio-'co'ni stamp arfaohcdV f iiavo stated'
that it may intorewt your readers to learn
tho fact, for it is to be presumed that they
share tho curiosity of tho rest of tho world
ill regard to this grc:Ucit of little invcu
It would bo uncharitable, in yourcprrcs
pondent to. disenchant their minds by a
particular description of this Jittlo, dovico,
which is so soon to be in their hands in pro
pria persona;. Suffice it to say, that it
substantially consists in tho incorporation
of three parallel Hues, with the commou
ltttcr-rcuvclopo, to guide ttio pen in its
superscription ; but these aro truly remark
able, lines, as you, may judge by tho follow
ing amusing description ot,' a,u adveutiiro
with them by one uuiuitiated in tho myste
ries of tho now invention. A correspon
dent of a Now-York paper thus gravely
relates bis first experience, with the now
envelope. After spoiling threo or four
envelopes in tho attempt to superscribe
one in a satisfactory niaunor, he goej on
to say : 1
"At, this juncture my eye was attracted
to a package of stamped envelopes which
had just been procured, nud which day in
tempting proximity to my writing-desk.
Abstracting a.speeimqu from this buuchof
really supciiur white envelopes, I prepared
to essay my nerve-twitched hand upon it.
occurred to me whiqh is resorted to by the
ladies for securing those elegant superscrip
tions for which their correspondence is
remarkable tho insertion of heavy, ruled,
black lines behind the face of tho envelope.
No sooner had this idea presented itself to
my mind than, as if by magic, three paral
lel lines snrana across tho cnvelopo under
the pressure of my hand. The involuntary ,
. , , , i i -i in
start which now communicated itself to my
nerves caused me to drop my pen, and in
the act one more envelope was well nigh to introduce them into gcuerul use among
being numbered among the things useless, the people havo hitherto failed, through
Supposing that I had been surprised by a tbo danger of spoiling tho envelopes in the
r t t - i i superscription, and thus oflosiiiL' the stamp,
more fancy, however. 1 picked up my pen, v5... .1 :. ... . .1 . .
." ' ' . . .wow, tuo improvement in tho construction
and again attempted the superscription, of tbo now stamped envelope exactly meet
But no sooner did I place my hand ou the this difficulty, whilo at tho bamo time it
ouvelopo than tho same phoiiomeua was obviates. thu objection to tho uo of tho
again visible. There wurp the threo Hues ruled envelope proper. The black line
,. ,. ... combined with it. not only enables mdif.
as distinctly drawn across the wh.tesurfaco ftrout .)0IWen t0 avoid ni,,tllkM ; tll0
of the paper its it is possible to Imagine, dircoting consequent upon tho cfi'ort to
My first thought was that somo 0110 had writo without thu accustomed guide, but
iutended to use tho envelope before, but aro a's0 essential service even to the
omitting to do so, had restored it to tho penman in securing an elegant super
, 0 , . ' , , , , ,. .,, . bcriplion, as may he easily douion-tratcd
package, leaving the black lines still in by CSpeiluient. Tltoy also serve to indicate
their place; so, tltruiting my lingers into tho proper piano ou tho emelope for its
it, I felt about tor the forgotten pioeo of direction, thus preventing its obliteration
paper, but failed to discover it. Another hi' tllu Vast marlM ' which thousands of
attempt at addressing tho envelope resulted let"3 ar n'ay miscarried.
... 1 .1 ., liioso facts are patent, and the Govern-
in apparition number three of the three mcnt has shown a wiso foresight in rcco,
mysterious lines. Not a little nettled nay, u-uig ti,emi alui adopting thu newimprovo
startled, I jumped upon my feet, tore tho nieut. In-tond of purchasing stamps at
envelope in pieces, and threw it upon the t'10 Po-t-Gilioo and envelopes at the book
floor, when, it is hardlv necessary to add 'orcs, the people can obtain both (ombinod,
., . , T ,, ' and which embrace all the advantages of
the mystery was solved." convenience and economy above described,
The success of tho now envelope strik- If any of the postmasters havo failed to
ingly illustrate the influence of position sccuro the new cnvulopes from the Depart
in lines used as a chirographical guide as "l10"'' 1,10 P00P! wiI1 no, doubt ste t,lat
well as in other matters-upon our estimate 'fc"0"'1 to I1' , "i'0" ,,'fC0v0"861I lh
.. , , . ,.' , advantages. And thus will gradually be
of its value. Had theso lines been perma effected a revolution iu tho postago-:Uinps.
ot the envelope, they would have answered
every useful purpose just as well, but they
would have insured its unceremonious re
jection by people of tasto and cultivation j' MARRIAGES.
but combined as thoy aro, they havo not "TTT" ! .
only secured for it a success unparalleled Ur.
in tho history of inventions, but promiso to Danw, Ztauti.Kit to Miss Sahau Mar
contribute essentially to tbo solution of the oarkt Duakk, of tho vicinity of Orango
great problem of cheap postage. villlo Col. Co. Pa.
Perhaps you may bo curious to know On tbo 21th iiist. by Bcv. E. Wadsworth,
whut tho leading journnls of this city can Mr. F. McIIuNBV, of Jackson twp., to
And to say about so small a matter. Iis3, Helen Buink, of Sugarloaf twp
A Sunday paper thus poetically refers ,
to this attraetivo novelty :
"At length the new stamped cnvelopo,
which, during the last few months, has j
attained such a wido colobrity, has made 1
V Ti .... I
us uppearaneo in Aew-ioiK. it is not a
myth nor a mystery, as wo wero for a
time led to suppose, from tho delay attend
ing its introduction, and tho imperfect
descriptions givcu of it in tho nowspapers.
We havo beforo us the vcritablo article,
with its dissolving lines, and tho beautiful
Government stamp attached,"
A prominent daily refers to it in tho
following strain :
"There aro, perhaps, but few intelligent
persons in this country, or, indeed, in any
country where newspapers are publishod,
who havo not, during the past year, beard
something about tho new Self-Ituliug-Let-ter-Envelopo,
and who havo not felt a
curiosity to seo tho litt c invention which
can merit such a singular cognomen, and
which has, somehow, como to bo rankedj
among tho inventions celebies.
Another journal, iu announcing its
reappearance iu that city, says :
"Tho now cnvelopo has excited a wider
popular enthusiasm than many of the
great inventions of tho age. Its varying
fortunes at Washington during tho last
wmtor havo been telegraphed thonco by
tho agontsof the associated press as matters
of national iutiresi."
It would be btraugo if this little improve
ment upon tho letter-envelope should oll'eot
a solution of ono of the most important
(economical problems of tho agu,so fur as
this country is concerned. Yet this seems
to bo by no means an improbablo event.
. Tha wholo system of clilunp. postago
depends upon what Thackeray ''t'cruis
"adhesive prepayment,"' that! is, prepay
ment by attaching to the letter! tho ordinary I
postaco-itamrt, or Uy using iho envelope '
ng tllO envelope
already stamped by
But it is not, pcrhap
l.n Dnmraiminl 1
tllO UOVCrilllient, I
UntitU not. TMirlifitM. crcnornllv known
,1, -. !. mni., wiln i1i(Tnr..nrf !n nn enn.
tnal it makes a wiuo uiuerenco, in an ceo-
1 , it f t.n nnnlrt
, a -
WiuitJl iiuiui, ut viuw, uuiu u v.iu rn,ru
iru Hin irnvprnmnnt which of theso two
anu luo government, wuicu oi mt-su twu
plans aro adopted, to say nothing ot the
By tho act. of Congress establishing
prepayment, which is a transcript of tho
act of tho Parliament of Great Britain in
relation to "tho same subject, tho postmaster
general is repujred.to havo .manufactured
stamps and stamped envelopes, aud to sell
tho fqrmer at tbo price of postacc, and i
tho latter at tho prieo of manufacture and
the prlco of postago added. It wilt thus
bo seen that whilo the ordinary stamp is a
waste piece of paper, aud a dead loss to
tho. Government aud consumers, the
stamped cnvelopo is a genuine utilitarian
ism, being a saving lo tho seller tuul
buyer tho former saves tho oxpenso uf
manufacture, while tho latter saves the
retail profits ou tho lctior-envelopo. En
velopes of the quality sold by tho Poit
Oflico Department aro retailed by the trado.
eveu in large oities, at nbout a half a cent
each, whilo in the country romoto from the
placo of manufacture, tho price is olten
ono cent. The Post-Offico sells thcui nt
two mills each, or five for one cent,
exclusivo of thu stamp attached. The
gcueral substitution of the stamped cnvel
opo for the utamp, therefore, would not
only increase the postal receipts, but reduce
tho rate of postago to the peoplo from one
half to four fifths of a ocnt on each letter,
which would bring tbo ordinary thrce
ceut rate near the Biitish penny standard.
At tho same- time it would protect, the
Government from the frauds practiced by
tho re-use of tho stamps, and tho .fraud
ulent manufacture and sale of tho sumo ;
for the stamped envelopes, as is well known,
can neither bo rc-uaod or successfully
Tho great advantages to bo derived
frolu use. of 'uu stamped cnvclov
instead ot ttio Mumps, wore lon since
. , , , ,
recognized by tlio Jiritisli government, aud
more rccentlv bv our own : but till nttemnt,,
br. Valentine's Dav. The 14th of
In Kimir,. nn ,,, 0..1, :af v..
hy E. Wasseu, formerly of this place, iu
0.1. 1. -p 1 J r '
tho 30th yoar of ho r age
In Locust township, Columbia county,
on tho 1 !ith of January, Mr. Jacou Uel
WifJ, aged 77 years, 7ino 8 days.
At tho re.ideuco of his son, in AntisTp.,
Blair Co., Pa., on tho 7th of January,
1801, William Oauotueiis, aged 75
years and about 28 days.
Ho was n nativo of Northumberland,
when ho learned tho printing business with
Andrew Kennedy tho elder, aud went with
John Binns to Phila., as a prcssmau.
After working in various places, ho pub
lished a paper at Danviile, atBloomsburg,
aud Berwick, then printed tho first paper
iu Lewisburg, styled tho Gazette, in the
largo stono building where Dennis Phillips
now lives. For a few years afterwards,
hupriuted tho 7ifM,atNcw Berlin, for
tho proprietor, John A. Storrett, Esq,,
now of Lowistown. Mr. Carothcrs' last
paper was tho Union Hickory, established,
in Lewisburg, in 1828 or '0, and printed
in tho brick houso now occupied by
James C. M Clure. In 18U0, Daniel
Gotsball bought the offico, and published
tbo Letvhburg Journal toveral years.
For 15 or 20 of bis latter years, Mr. 0 '
suffered from partial blindness, when ho
sought any employment by which be could
earn Lis bread, und ,vns happiot wheu h0
could liud honest work. WLo can regret
that his toils mid wflcritigs aro past?
?A CARD TO HIE :LADIES
DrUtiponco's Col (fen l'Hbi fur Females.
InSdiMt in tormlinr, rtgntntinr &M, removing ell eft.
itruclldnl.J'roHt whttttier tauiefand always
lurccttfti at a prteeall St,
Tin CrnnMnallnn uf ImrViJIciila' in Dr. Iliimmr,,',
OolJn H l nriVpcilVctly linrmlii.e. They linvo lw-
,,,j i,i ll. nr i mo nmcl ci- nfn i I)r. Uuui'iirii bi,.,
.'!'!" :'"" "'"I "l??" : . ""I1 '''!,lf' '
iiietr Rreni iiiiu ui-vrr ixiiiiik niters- in iiiiiinm i-Wfy
o. forti'ctlttl! IrtctnlurltU'i, rclltnlnu pnltilul nn.l
( ,ns,rcni! mcitruution . pnrtiruiatiynt ino iIihuso t
lifo. I'roin flvo lo tin pills w ill cure tltut common vit
, dfral,ril, c,n,t, ,,.- wiiltL.,. Nearly cry Ktnoli
i tlio land sniivrs from mli cumplnltit. Tlio alovo pill
,M pormallcutly CHre, u,,,,,,,, , m cutl. yoi ,f
loilUAoUictu. TIipv ennttot Itnrtil yon. on the entitrnrv
tlmy removu n 1 iid.trnrtloiie, restormintttro loitn prop,
prchanmj, nttd Invifiorato thtMvhnlo eystvnt.- 1m!i
vli"Hf hrhltli not ovntilt an ncruiteu tfratnily,
will Hurt tlicso pills n Biicrosfut pruti'iitlvu.
Tlivsi I'ltla slmutil nut Imtakfiiiliirilitrtlio flnt lltrPn
niontlis of pro?nanry, ns th.-y rp stire l Lring oti mis.
cnrriJgo; lint nt liny otliur llinit llii-y arc pnfj.
Utlio, Ql I't'r OQt.- Hiilil. u htlrsilc nml rctull, 1
U M. II.MltlNHUL'll, Dmreltt.
BuTt'IHi'M fr Ulnoiualiurf,
To wlinm nil oritcrd liitict In1 rent. Lntlii't t by sen.
lag Him 8l.tW In tli liltMiiiislnlrK Pnnt.-Otnee enlt hayo
ttioe pfll t tunny part orpt; cuitiitry, (conn.tetitlnl-
lylninl "Ireo of l'0tai"t" liy'niail. S0I1I also by N. I..
IU11 n, Itaitrllle, 11. J.. Fry, Tauia'iua, J. A, I'vlk,
Mauch t linnk, and by .'una Druggist in u cry Town kn.l
city in lit l lVtteil states,
N. II. .ook nut fur cniinterfi-tls. Itny HO (li)Men PilU
ornii,! ktnil, nnlcssoer bulls signet H. 11. Ilmvc. All
others are n bus" Impo-tltlou unit niiMife, tlii-rt-T'ire, n
?oii valno ymir Ivs mtl liealtlt. (t sny ni.tlung' of be
nir liiimtiiiget'il nut or your money,) buy only of thusu
wliu show tlie letinturo of t4, U, llowfi on i-very bos,
w lilrli Ins recently b,.i-ll aililcd, or, areount of a rceeul
H. II nnwil.
Solo l'rotirlctor, New York,
Pec. W. IrUO-Iy,
i A A lotn l.gqt, wnntcil flttho I.tpfn jf.
I III fie'' tt,Ml,"1ll'3 ft whiflitauli will bo
illooitulinxc, Pcb. 2, JKI-lnm.
Thf Aimnnl Mecling uf thf ,lIVnnHlvniiU lMiInrlnt
Union," s ill be livid in I'liltoii Hull, in Ihunli'i.r l.nn.
cikit r, on r.llXHSIMY, Hi yuil. .f iVIminrv iitfxt.lit
'.'I u riock. V. .11. iiintrtniitliiitiiit-s4 ill h i tranntl'.''!
mid It l honeJ thai tlicru will Iu? fitll nti.lno.. ,.t
i ini-uibvra.uiiil lMuorH crjientllv lliniiiirhoiti tin? Htnt-
An cljitLm will Ik- li I.I tor rr U r tlm t'luuhigyenr.
.MUHTOV McMICMAKIj. I'ffbi-tt-nt,
J. 11. I'll KfTOH, I,. . )ah, S'lflnrHii.
Jlitfttte of lUr M wrer, fftctuscr?.
rl.iTi:UMtcntrimfiitrtryoii tlif l'tntc nfPitTKR Mm?
J RK. Jitfor l.nntut Inutintiln. In iWiimt.i.i Fmntt,
dri'tixril lnive lmn crnutctl Uy th) It"gitrr nrrouiubi'I
to nn uiiucisiUKtM ; ai( p-nnMt Uavliii! raiiii
ajrnin t tti l.tnto of tli! doccitfiit ore r.-iii'Bt.'d ft p"
nt tltfiu to tli-i Kxmitnr nt hi reMiIi'licc, In I,nrii.
towm-liio, ulMiotit (Wjiv. nnJ a ptrnoiN Indebted lu
nuke n.i) mo n i lorthu itli.
t ehrtury 'J, lUI (lv.
Estate of Jacob hciuig) (fcctasrd.
T HTTnitS tf'KldiuPiitaryoii tlie INlatfof Jaior If uvni
1 J it tn ot I,ni t tdvwit-liip in Couiiiliia roimt y.rl'-renx
i d liau bffn crnntfd by Hit Kc;int r ut Co'l'ului n nn
ty to thu iii.l.ik'nml; tut u riom U ulnge't im. nt-alnst
tin It.ilc of tho i!f(el nl, ji r - r nti t'! inprt-vi tit thin
to Hi.' Her ntnrj". lit their rcn.d -nfc, in l.oc it ton-tlii ,
w 1 1 Nun l ilWay and a iirnni itnlfbu-il to make ii.iymeiit
PI.Ti;it H. MLlAVIfl, Jr. ( .. .
JlHIV I'. WAlrWt, Ltor:
IVbruary 2. lol &w.
One lluiulriU Tuns of Cayuga Lr.kj
AT THE CATTAWISSA 3IILI.S.
J lie KiMiiT.illy tlut tluy lit
reiiper (fully inform ttie pub,
on lintiil al.irgu aiunulil
CAYUGA LAKE PL ASTat,
all of nlilih tlieyniT r fur sali'.ln lariri' or sum liuntitiei,
upon the i.i .-t ri- i-.jn il.l.- t. riu. IVrmma wliliiiuin
B""il nrtielu irplaterouM ilu u II tn cull ami ciani
ino tins beTuro purrlu-iiii,' cls.'Wluri.
U. W. M'KUI-VYfcl'U
C'attais.a, Jan. .11 lf01-3m.
It U AND ATTKMPT TO
PA KM tiUS.
SOME pfmnim iiiu-t tlii ik rnrimrs nn FoIi, or
would not Inv e tin iiiiiiiiiltjiii c nn.l hin'iii in in
llu' n.utu' ol Frunrj.rld for tint i(rp' s-i of tlt-c n iiig I lid
jiiiuiii; iiiiii llitlr.ll: UiipilUI OUl OI liailll. AU pf1!
noil or mrnoim wliu itdu m) ii.itnf in any .ji, Jurtn or
iiuiincr.on rardx or lian.ibilN.m atd hint in llion;
bofiin iirtjiUx. b it V. fflnblu Ci.ttl IWili r, 'atll
Uniiiit-nt, Iftatn ruwdcr.or an) linns vlv, i a duwn
riclit imjiot'.-r, and lU-taniBto Im nu roii-idi'rf d by ou
I'liliKlitoiiftl coiniiininty. I.t-in tin- nntjior iliarovrrcr,
xolu (ruiJiitHLliirLT, ami compounder f all ln ci lebruU-d
:f tie MfdiriiiL's fornti-rly iiuimn-d bj linn for Ur-lnitf
rroiiLtifld tfc Co., from tlnitr iiit introdnction to ihi
tiuu of their dindolution, Dr. ritu,;Kli:i,l) n-iU mh
Iitmi-Mt prhUiii protfctjug ttn public, and 1 unm r nt
liarti.-ular, I'rum turtb'T di't i iin from h-i) ing urlt'tt
and humlitij; inixtun-ii put up iiy Tom, Lit k and llurr,
wilhuutu pirtitli! of kiioiuil t-r eiptrii'mi- in audi
m.ittcra, ilLpi-udiiifj entirely on hit nnmo to nukf tln ni
jjII, To put a hti'p to ftiiih dilioiioratIi trick d, I hau
dL'termuiL'd toput my uriitfii kiL'iiaVuri'oti i-aiti put k of
tliH Vi-tabiu !,ittly I'ouder, and rarli bf-Hlc of L'atllq
I.inimi'iit. aiitl all my otlii-r pr'piirutiuiid, u I rjipcel
aoon to ieetliim nil (.uiintrfitol.
i.ouk Hi.rom; Yoir um
!ty Kicnatitrn wi I bt a una ranter for tho i who nnt
to buy a pur1 and pimumj article pn-parcd in a icicntt
tic manner. .Manufactutcd only by
At tb old Ktaiid.Nu. 317 N'orlli :id Ht 1'hiln-lc li.lna.
orml- by UK. C. S. UAKUlt, Main and li-Kalb.
xtn-cia. Nnrriatnwii. A'-cnt.
IV-briiar) rt, leul -3m
'PIIK i'UW SKLlMtULLNU LET-
TIIU curious little ili riec of ii.,ivlnp lin-s loeiiiilii
tbo pen iu tliu supi rreriptinn of kikr-.-nvi lull".-but
one e.ir aito only known iu.ir. iv seKct circu s- has al.
rcawy b 'coiny so rjiiunis, auilllio tleuiatut Itir it so great
Hi it oiu.j more yi m rat nrr.iiiifiiiiieiit l'.,r supplyiiiL' tM
iiiv-lcpescouibiiiliiB tins liiiprovelu.nt is iii.peralitcly
necessary , ' 1
Adopted llrst in their prlvati eiirrespimCeiicn by a few
of tlm Lisliionnblu laities of New York and asliingtoii,
ii'itlu lliu more FAti iinreriirrespoiiitciicu ut .nine uf
tlle ,.niliiiif business tlrinsiifiiur priuripal citiia, onilli.
linlly liiciirporuted by 111.- general (internment mill tin,
st.liupeil emelope, it una the intention untie Kuril,.
American huti lopo Company, ubu ouii tlio patent, tu
wait its general lutroiluc'iou llirouirll the i'o.t .Olllee.
tut tho interest an J curioMty It lias ecitncl henvcr
olroilutei , hirh is alino.l nitliont u parallel in thu
lilIii,y oriiiieiitiun, ami the cinu .pienl dissallsfaclioii
Jtll tlie monopoly or this invention bytliu tlmcriinn ut
.'' W" Company, mtlillie appinbatiiui of tin,
i i tl.iJtileo i Il.'p.irtuieiit, to otlvr it prtKrall) tolhetrauo
in its uuoltlcul lonu, or williuuttlw UiiileilBtaUssUuiH
Till' Silt ruling Unvelopes nllbout the .lamp annexeil
Hill be iiiaiiiil.il lureil in eery txl y of 11 1 ami
color, sol.l at nli, nit the usual pnci a of nruiimry em el,
opis of tlie same iuality. l.ettir c'lrreeponicnts, In lo.
i unties where tliey are not ulreaily upon sale, siiouM
ri'iuett tlnir bimkaelUrs tu nriiirthi-m, or II dentins
tnoiii rillier mill a one or a three cent stamp, should jm
'Pure luj tliein at the I'o.t lnhre. ,, it is impns.iblii
lor Ilia toaipauy to furnish specimen, tu satl.l, meru
i iiriohity it vwuilil ,tat,., ,n pi,. ,,!, many nppli.ii
tluiis from all s, ilmin, that Hit y tun aln uj s lie oluiiiiiefl
I t iislnusters, or by reiui ilinulh, tutu vend to Well
ington lor Ihelii. Matiom rs, mcriliauls ami n liars de
.lring the mutampti Self.Kiillna CiiVeli.pe..lioii,l app'y
oirittly tothi'Lompany, as parlle-aie manufacturing nit
iliiMglit.y initlopo, ruled .m III.- outside, vtlucli is, HI
many lu.tiincea, aalmed otr, iu niisir M ordf rs, for tie.
Coin lino article. I, unprincipled mi I irrespontllile agents.
As tlie patents held by tlio Company cover cmystija
orriiling, whether upon the innik: of tlio undir,iig, or
the back oflho envelope, or upon its face.nhetlur by
Hues or dots, colured orco'orb'ss, and as not only tli.i
maker but tin seller subjects lilinef to pros, cution for
iiilrliieeiuenl, all retail traders will consult tlnir inter
en ami their safety by riulins their orders dirtrtu tlio
inmii.iiiy. jii persuii of taste will uso an iitirually
ruled envilopoj llerelore tlie I'oinp.tny mil not furlh.i
present issue II, bat i I hold ullpi.rsons responsible for
uwnlati.m or its intent rights iuetery part of the ccuii
i'uou' ' 1)l"kl'flyr"iito liolico of any such viu.
Hell' Ruling lhivelopea will be furnished tn agents,
neatly pin up lof sale, In packages, of Iwenly.flvo enih,
and liieniy packuges, or fno hundrod cut elopes Iu a bus,
ut prices tunging troiu SI. '.'5 tug. per thousand, They
self ruuug slnuiped en elope, .old at the l'o
ti per thousand. Those ol the ouality of tlie
tamped i lit elopo at $1 ;u, 1'urcli.isers aro re co
o order tlie.o iir.t and aitfor speciinius of oi
itieslobo forwarded with tha supplies, tu ayoi
tssary corresuoiideiK., -I'll.. ..)..,. . ,
' ..,,. ...i,, v. iiiv uruiuurv inieoTenl
to order these iir.t and aitfor speriinuia of other oua.
itieslobo forwarded with tha .moI....!,, ..ni,i ,,.,.
t ssary correspotldeneo. They nea.a ul.n in,,;
cases incloso a postiiSe.,tamp or stamps tilth all letters
re piiriiigauatuueri also an citra staunfor tpecimuia
wl eil re.pureil In ,o sent by letter. 1 lie'iuui, iihul . i"
r "iait,uiii mat to tho Company from .uih mg.
.-v., n,.u,.tii iii iue aggregate toaery largo fieute.
lZZP. a. '"'n f"'"i-ncie. .Mil b.entertauicc!
i atilea at u dlstnuce are ri comiucudcd to tirruuge nu
ZY. ',:"',"t"",""S V Nu''"'K. 1" have" up .Ill's sent
with their snids us farm praitlroblo, ibus rellucing thu
tiiieti.e ol transportation. All souiinuiiKaltons addres
seiiiotho ".Nur iu.Amrti.au llinelotw Comiiany." 113
.Nassau strut, New-York, ' 1 '
Orders ucmimi.iiui.ti ultli .,.aLn.u ,n,...,,h
- 1V-'UJrr ' ""i1-"'
"1KMEX I' by the Darrcl. for Faloat