Newspaper Page Text
AND BLOOMSBURG GENERAL ADVERTISER.
LEVI L. TATE, Editor.
"TO HOLD AND TRIM THE TORCH OF TRUTH AND WAVE IT O'ER THE DARKENED EARTH."
m .00 PER ANNUM.
VOL. 14.--NO. 48.
PArL,TLD MARCH 9,
TRICE $10 EACH.
MKyiltJ. 'X'.M'lXCLIl Si. KOiiniNt?,.,r Hloniiiiljurg,
huvim punh.uud tliti uxilusuu fifiht uf Uii nlnnu
V UlllUlilu liMI'RotkD 1,'llh.Al' I'AILNI Hi. W lit 11 .MaIIIIIE, lit
tlx county or Columbia, w ill bj happy lu wippij their
ft k'li J with lint article fur the arrooiiuod.'iiiou u iheiu
atltti atiJ liunlltfR. The I'ullow an some of tlie bu-p-nor
advantages this iuipU'uit'ui pinnesnsj tntr tiny
vr vet oiler 'd to tin public. Viz
1. It o-w4 iroui inu to t,mi niucliii jm r minute, thus
iavint both timo nul labor In tlie operation,
J. Ill unistrii' turn ii Hit plum tniil iinipli with any
bin; Hku tuir UHijfc, it Is easy kept la order uml will
lv uiitiru iiitil.t ttau.
j. jiu' hi in i inosi .tiu:iiiii matures or tnu iiciiliiivrt
is tlii siimllii-jHs and Uii!coiiii!MtiHi!i of it ft iiii't danism.
4. Double-thread Mm bines, arc nlwaj s riillirtiU to mail
and wry unhandy in threading, hut this Ala liinu fa
litLHii'r threaded tli.tn t pii u louiiuuii lu-udlc.
3. UciuiIjj attached tun liuanlt table or stand, in cp
erutiui order, nn 1 doin. hod in K'ss than halt' a minute.
1 1. It groatly uiotioinui's thj thread, and yit, product's
11 mc.iiii. sjiluiiMitly Htrtinif lor mi) work for wlmli it it
dtinud, u qtulifkatioii nut Know n to other sewing Ma-
7. Nil human lucid is cnp.iblq In producing a seam eo
rguUr ami Hyiuniat it-.
e. Anions; thu array of Talent dm lug Mnrhincs, there
ar none aotlmip an I durable lis lk wmt'a I'ai i r, hut
(j j Mar Li in is adapted tu all friuds tf work us expenemu
V. The operator can thnpf) his wenm, Just a tie pleases,
wave a, lavus mid llowsrs, etc., ran bJ ri presuiled or
IU. It is pnrtietit irly nilapted to (ill kinds i.f stitrTunit
sjth a -jr mleno-u's sdntts, boaonn, risilMiut. toll.irs.
tU.t- uml nil kinds of Audi's' new niif, n Indini; ailks,
iMtvuit, dvlniiu-a.cnlitoui, &.ci!Xit'ptiutlr lufit'd In my
wmr. this Mi-lnne is r'Ulitr too lilit if roiistrui i
II. Hut all Hie infoiiif( luhantdgt a, th.uigh r al in
tluuiiiclvi4, dullidlii I ii in iiMiqn i rlraiii c, Tlh-li fuini,irrd
with the prHcratnMMf h'-tilth, Jj-i n b'ihifi of both
labor au I ojHixht, and leu fa the operator v ithout btoop.
Inj, atiJ i ennbled tu put form hi work, octupj iiijj a iu
Ftr iuIi by th tindcTsignciI, nt llieir rp'itlu
rciidtntt n, in itloouiriliiir. hIio will put the inuilnim iu
vjiuratiou ajJ (if4 all ujcvsiury iiihtrmtnm.
IIIiMtV .I I'l'lVULR,
ilAMl'.h W. KOlllU.Na.
Cljineburg. May 13, I?tU
A NUVKhTV IX TUB HT WOUIsD!
rhoti gr?i!hy Ipon rnrcrSnln.
Btniurcd by l.'tti'fs putciit in th I'tntul tiUU'it,
UiiLiud, i-rant, niul liilijium.
77ic American Ptio'ngrajJuc Porcelain
t oMfHinytVo. 71 JJtoadwif A Y,
ijiTiii?iLCur4dtliJir novel and Jiiguiuoti iiumtioii by
Aunt Kan and rurpitiii palnti. arc Inlly prtprcd to
t4cutiall ordirfuf J Vlnuatur-i l.ikiirs ul IV r sun on
i luiu. prtnitiii' all lb itttrKi lt c an I aitv.uitan'-wuB
fnatarc ul ordinary pljntohT'iphs, tlii brilhauty nud fin
UIiMh wjtr color iliau mi;, and a hilhf-rto uunltii itctl
ti3 ily of dnrbi ily b) Lciiir ri'iidtrred ait iiiip.ruliiblit
as the natural pr-ipertu-H ol'tlu urtiUu upnti which th.j
At tlis xt-ntcd jT'icam uf the Company enables tho
raprodu.rtiu of I'liotmjr.ijilii, nut muI on plain Hiirl'ttc
LjI ux'tt niirh Uh ar round or ff uny dVr- f i rdtiLir
tty pnitrnU ca.i li raprui'itrd iwih laulllcsa in curacy
aa J d'luacy uf no i itiiini, opmi 1'orrrliti ar s tf iiu
d4Jtf nptifciti and iiitirnhn un-l aa aitiel-a ul luxury or
ofbuuslwlJ utility, kiiih aa I ii)a, Mt.s, niittkrAar
CVii, PuitKr hiiiu, ac tht-rcby H'TUring faithful
pii tiaita huJ r inn jliitij uni pif ,nni cvpjiaiitj btl of
Or II lit Ittti rl of .-KlUll'i l.t lluiri'hllC ix.
I a rtlf r to Cumuli f u iliu a f r the g ratification of tut
popular tasta. and to uifct tli want -f Hi.m patroua of
i'jc 1 i.i rt a-uini i iiai ia' rnrtrnita on lure i ii
tlx Coipjuy Inw iiupoit.'il iroin lUriipt-' a colt ittiuii
upvrii'r pi.rr'ilMu ;it)dii, i nil jfu tur to tlicir own or
dr, whirh th-y -wll .il r -at , u ca
a the 4 r. m uupaiiy ar nt. net uf tJl ritnt
rlhl au court" i.itfiill tlf only pprNoua nuitmr i x 1 t
uaa the prucs. thy h-i 4 drtcruii.n'd iu f t r lo alford
reod 111 ery s-rln.i f;tln L'ltnifi an (.pp rtunily t '
piitni 1'uttri.ilb uii t ni'in, t-i ui.iki th1 I'dl'tw iuk pniu
it luii l-i ri'ai lnli 1:1 t!i" t'ojntiy, u In an' itttjldc t v in
it ftfrao4i:ill th'- Alcller anJ (JjIIpd. f in Ni'v i.rtt
fart-t.ia 4 m linj! u pli toj;ia'h, au.hr t p , i,r d.o;iKr
rntpe to lli oihc i,f thf t ouipaiiy in Vw Vrk ac
.ip.iiidb J'ivt U-ilUr will reci'ivt iiir-tJr.i b ti
prrs-t, free uf utlur r ti ii ,'f, a ricily trn iincutjl hn-akfiit
C'jp aud Maj -er with ill purlrait transit rr-'d tti n on.
i-y triiia.nilli.is .1 oatf'i-rr'otM"" and Ten I't-lhifii they
wl.l ccur In l It.' I'lH niir. a iHirlsoior frnrh Vatu 1 r
Totltft ait ids, with th p irtrait rtpiiduccdby tint piuu
Uy acndiui a p.ur tif djfrnc-typf a ami fiflii u llul
Hri. thy will fc-ivo mi ret.tru n pair of rich K.'tn'a,
Vjvs. with th' portrait cn-tutt'd tu.u to iinti.ituri-paiutl-ixi
, Mini, iu likf uiunu r, pMtratti can hf ripro
ducd on porc'Um ms or 'nsof uvrty ipt.ility if
fiaiah, ru 11 1 11 k in prici tiuAi UiMity to (fuo Hundred
I)IIura th pair.
S. K. - li" p irtiru'nr tn intj tin ndt'rs, tewn,
unty aad htata dmti'irtlv All 1 -tt rs tu Iw iilJicnUil
tu'3UVi;i:il. AMKUKA'i 1'IH 1 1' KiUAriUC fOlt
CUhilN' CO. al : ruauwu), Saw uaa.
Oct. 3, lew,-Jm.
EKOPLH'S TA0IF1U HAIL HOAI)
Tbo (miiiiufiii lers (f tho Tcoplc's Paflfl Uailroad
CuNiiiaiiy would aniiuiiC'.a 10 ilu IV'-i-ly .f tlm Lnitt'l
lUatfa Hut tin ir "n-ird ( t"u.uuuti ja.-ia arc (uHy organ.
Liad. hi lh fhnirc of
' ' JO-ilAII rilllHAM. H'LMI.kNr.
til.lVI.K ritu-r, Vn k. t'us.i'txr,
AiiiKi, Aitmrr. uuuni.
. vi riiiM;ro't TitfeMiiuR.
anJ lliat the funk of the ('oi.i.my nr 1 p-11 It Iho nub
acruuion i.r."l" "t 'it'at.ui, N.mv V.trk. I'lul idt Iplm,
1 . i.. ,,..!.. a-ij Wjshiiit.ni .uni will H..ini bi in-u -d I'l
l!i pilticiflJ nalluriund Wetter 11 lilus and C.ihfut
"''I'lia t'lnrUT 'f il ('"nipaiiy whi granted by the liCg-liljtur-
ol thi! H.alo of M.ii:i 111 ILiicli, liil.
Til rii lit ( lhi"'i;!i tli' p ibliL' Ju'i U ill Vi-t 1 it
ifruu. by t'l" ' 1" -ak doid Mm
Wr null tub, u now ojieu t.i Hie Company, by
rlliuii ol lilii I nit '4 Mai w. IM1.11 wifioiiri liiwi in ai
C M!f'l'."'.,1i.. .,f th.' I'nifd Siati'S are raiiu sl!y reuncs
. . 1 , ..,.., ..... r).-,r... riiu.l Itv Law a uf tlu ComlMiiy
aiiJ aeud 111 Ihr ubirlpi' All ptuoii dre im Ufd
to -ubsenbe ollehire iaUi-"J iwoiiuitiwa tn.i H
'rPiar;-s,OiwlIiindr.'.l UolUrs enHi. tru J.Unrs jTw'-UU
tu b.t paid hen th J aubacriptiou li inado.as will be attii
l.a tlu'p.'i'ph' ilMi-nh" Kfiicrnllyaud lib.;r..lly forth.
w,th, and thefoinpai.y will b.- abln lo aecurft '
prass, at its neit ai.aioii largo (?rauiaoi ijhu .u..
tlu WI10I.1 iicoi.k.. all a "". Pt '''' '''V!.!'.
lo tin nliorl, liy .iiliifii.'iij
JUilri.i.1 will b-j l.nill wiIIiiii lnu )'" ,. -
l.n l-IiiIm i.f ti n. ti" ni, rm..i r nri '"""' . ;
.irlMl by Mail r i:ir., an I IVililuiU'. ol cKKk
. . - .1 .1 .11 !. rLtllr.ll'd.
Itjsmtiuib m -it. 'l u p'-achaUo ihirja. r.a" 1 wl o
nr AJt.ni lli.ii.ii. 11.1.I..11. au.l tnulimn ill a iiliruliiiii
"uiJ- jllSIMI ITIIIIAM.
IliKlnn, Nor. ID. IHfil-iam.
FllEOK BUOWN, Jit.,
CHEMIST & DEMIST,
jtiiilli nml UirMiiut Slrrcls,
t'mwmM Mil iMvas.
n. f.iill W. 'I'nil.'l I'm.d' rn Mi L'(i.lntiei.
i:v iiki'uMB.k.iiriiwu.t.ii.iiii.;n. .
lltir I...IU.H T..ril llHimu. ."full .ui'inml U)li.
llisrirRiii.T.iril tVi.iin ul.lTrotcJ kmJ.
llrnr i;si.l."il llnt llmm". .,.,...,
I -.mi i.t .ill kind.. Hull ilu. lii'lm Hubl.. r. ic. Ii'-
r..R . Il.m-I.iil""','. -oinltnyi uui Man.
curl'.. &.t., I't Kr itKKV Oil.,
rm. "..i n f"i" VlH"r"" I'Tilain I'umnnin..
Urx "IW'Hi; K lllM)VVS. J .
S I'., Cor. till ail I'lic.tiwl HI'-A-ijuit
WINK AND LIQUOKS.
1 .Main riir-il. f-; ' ' "' '," ,?''X , ,l
lnn..,..-. " Ul, ,
I'UIILISIIEI) KVEHY SATU11DAV, UY
LEVI L. TATE,
IN BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA.
0 fFFc k
In i nw Rrlrk HuUdtntr, rr;.Btf the r.ithanrt, hit lUU
vftht Court lloutc. "Dcnmratic Jltad (iuarttn."
CJ 01 In .nhaiice, for one copy, for aU inontlis.
I . In ad ance, fur one copy, one year.
12 00 If not p.ild within the lirM thrro innnths.
S Zo If ihi paid within the tlrat six months.
2oii If net piid within thi'ir.
Dp" N' siibsrripti.iu tattn for Ica than it month,
and no paper disLoniiimcd until nil urrenracus shall Imvu
U7" UrdinarvA ovtnTtsi-.Mi i rs itisrrttd, and Job Work
eiccutcd, at the t'ttabliiliedincu.
THE ETERNAL FATHER,
O, how I faar thtc, living Cod!
With tJei peat, tuiidcrstt, fear a,
And worship thee with trt'inbliiig Impo,
And penitential tuars.
Yet I may ov tdec too.O Lord 1
Alniljhty na tlmu art;
Fur thou liant stooped toatk of mo
Thi lovo of my poor heart.
O ttiuu this worse tlinnworthlass heart
1 11 pity di iurt to take,
And make it love thuc for lliyavlf,
And forthy glory'n pake.
N'ncirtlily fntlivr Ioea like thee,
So iiiutlii-r ha'f o mild,
llfarnaiiil forbjnrt ni thou has doiiu
U ith tuethy sinful child.
Only to tit and think cf (Jod,
U what a Joy It isl
To think the thouiiht, tn broatha ilia imu-j
Lratli Ii is tiu hltjln r btit.
Father 'f Jtfinin, oc's reward 1
U bat rapture will it be,
1'roatratu In fore thy throne to ie.
An I gazunnd gaze on tht I Fabtr,
DELIVERED IN NEW Oni.EANS, BY
Rev. El. M. I'alsjtcr, W. C).
The Ruv. gcntlcmau took tbo following
for Iih text :
Slinll tlio tlirono of iniquity have fcl
lowship with thee, which fmmetti uiischiuf
by 11 law I 1'salm xciv, "11.
All (lie men of thy confederacy have
liroujiht tlmo uvea to tlio border ; tlio men
tlmt woru at poaoo with then have ileciived
ami prevailed airaint tbee ; they that alo
thy biuau liatu lunl a wound uiiilur tlieo ;
thoiois none undorstaiulin in him. Obo
liuli 1, vii.
After it fuw remarks of an introductory
naturo and cxnlanatory of tliu text, the
mieakor came to hii ajiiilication. Hu said :
Wo have fallen upon timis when there
aru ".igiu in tlie run, autl iu tlie moon,
and in the tarri j upon tlie earth di.tress
of nations, with perplexity ; tbo sea and
the wnvci roaring ; men's hearts failing
them for fear, and for looking after those
things which are comiug'' in the near yet
Tbo cords which, dining four-fifth of a
century, have bound together this growing
Republic, aro now strained to tho utmost
tunitnn J tlioy ju.t nontl lll.i toitclt of Uru lu
art asunder forever. Like a ohip labor-
.. 1 l.l..1.. ....Mtirli.ll
ni. in tlio storm, "i i-uuucin (j.,........
upon sonio trcacbcroiH fboal every tim
ber of this vast confederacy strains an4
groans under the pressure. SLCtional di-
viions, the jealou'-y of rival interests, the
lutt of political power, a bastard ambition
which looks to personal aggrandizement
rather thau to tho public weal, a reckless
radicalism which seeks for the subver.-ion
of all that is ancient and itable, and
furious fanaticism which drives on its ill
considered conclusions with utter disregard
to tho evil it engenders all those eombino
to create a nortcntous crisis, tho like of
which wo have never known before, and
which puts fo a crucifying leut the virtues,
tbo patriotism and tho piety ot the couu
Is it immodest in mo to assumo that I
nintr n.iirpMlit a elaSS wllOsO OnilllOllS 111
ii..,, iiu.tfii.. - - .
such a controversy aro of cardinal impor-
taticc! Tho class which saoks to ascertain
its duty in tho light simply of couscicnco
and religion; aud which turns to the mor
alist and Christian for support and guid
ance. Tho question, too, which now places
us upon the brink of revolution was in its
origin a quottion of moral and religion.
It was debated in cccle.iastical circlns bo
tnni it entered lc'-islativo balls. It has
riven nsuuder the two largest religious
communions iu thu land, and tho right
determination of this primary question will
go far towards fixing tho attitude wo must
assume in tho coming struggle.
In determining our duty iu this cmer-
i'cuov. it is necessary that wo e
ascertain tho naturo of the trust providen-
.;iK. eninmitted to u'. A nation
' . , ll oiiil infiMn
Uas a can. tor a w -- " -
achate, tno t.,u. -
ot courts, up a w, . - -
t hrou"h a lout; period of timo. it is uuo
. f " .At, iu l,i,l, dLtin-
!3 the stock fro,,,' which it springs, and
ii. ..i.n.iUntial traiinui' which
f,.nu.d its education. But, however dcii
v.d this individuality of character
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA-,
to work out its specifio mission, bad to be
come a factor in tho world's progress. The
particular trust assigned to such a people
bceomo tbo pledge of Divino protection,
and their fidelity to it determines tbo fato
by which it is finally overtaken. What
that trust is must bo ascertained from tho
necessities of their position, tho institutions
which are tho outgrowth of their principles
and tho conflicts through which they pre
serve their identity and independence. If
then the South is such a peoplo, what, at
this juncture, is their providential trust. I
answer, that it is to conserve ami perpetu
ate the institution rf domestic slavery as
now izist'wg. It is not necessary hero to
inquire whether this is precisely the best
relation in which tho hewer of wood and
drawer of water can stand to bis employ
er j although this proposition may perhaps
bo suecassfully sustained by those who
choose to defend it. Still less aro wo re
quired, dogmatically, to affirm that it will
subsist through all timo. Rallied as our
witdom may now be, in fiuding a solution
of an intricate focial problem, it will nev
ertheless be the height of arrogance to
pronounce what changes may or may not
occur in tho distant future. In the grand
march of ovouts, Providence may work
out a solution undisooverable by us. What
modifications of soil and climate may
hereafter bo produced, what consequent
changes in tho products on which we de
pend, what political revolutions may occur
among tho races which aru now enacting
the great diauia of history ; all such inqui
ries are totally irrelevant, because no pro
phetic vision can pierce the darkness of that
future. If this question should ever arise,
the generations to whom it is remitted will
loubtless have wisdom to meet it, and
I'rovidenco will furnish the lights in which
it is to bo resolved. All that wo claim for
them and for ourselves is liberty to work
out this problem guided by nature and God,
without intrusive or obtrusive interference
fioin abroad These great iiuestions ofl
I'rovidenco nud history must havo free
cope for their solution ; and tho race whoso
fortunes are distinctly implicated in tho
same is alono authorized, us it is alone
competent to determine them. It is just
this impertinence of human legislation, set
ting bounds to what Ood can only regulate
ihat the South iri called this day to resent,
ind resist. Tho country is convulsed sim-1
nlvbieausa tho throno of ininuitv frameth
I L I
mischief by it law.
Without, thereforojdcterinining the ques
tion of duty for future generations, I sim.
ply say, that for us, as now situated, the
luty is plain of conserving and transmit
ting tho system of slavery, with tho freest
.ouiu rut lta luturul development una u-
tension. J.et us my brethren, iook our
duty in tho face. With this institution
assigned to our keeping, what reply shall
wo make totho-c who say that its days aro
numbered ? My own conviction is, that
wo should at onco lift ourselvos,intolligont
ly, to the highest moral ground and pro
claim to all tho world that wo hold this
trust from God, and in its occupancy wo
aro prepared to stand or fall as God may
appoint. If tlio critical moment has ar
rived at which tho great issue is joined, let
us say that, iu tho sight of all perils, we !
will stand by our trust; aud God bo with
tho right !
Tho argument which enforces tho sol
emnity of this providential trust is simple
ana condensed. It is bound to us, then,
by the principle oj self preservation, that
"first law" which is continually asserting
its supremacy over others. Need I pause
i - - , ,
to show how this system of servitude un-
lerlies aud supports cur material interests?
That our wealth cousists of our lands and
iu tho serfs who till them 1 That from the
naturo of our products thoy can only be
cultivated by labor whioh must bo con
trolled in order to bo ccrtaiu '( That any
other than n tropical race must faint and
wither beneath a tropical sun t Need I
pausu to show this system is iutcrwovcu
with our entire social fabrickf That these
slaves form part of our households, oven
as our childrcu i and that too, through
relationship recognized and sanctioned iu
tho scriptures of God even as tho other?
Must I pauso to show how it has fashioned
onv modes of life, and Uctermiucu all our
habits of thoughts and teeliug, and moul
ded tho very type of our civilization?'
How then eau tho hand of violence bo laid
upon ,t H,lll0Ut iQvolving our existence ?
; : Uql0 ao cilUoil freo Stat.s of this country
. worU out thu social proUcn
conditions peculiar to themselves.
conditions are su,hV,,.y hard and thur
ia!i suoecM is too uneertaiu.io excuu iu us tuo
least jealousy of their lot Un a team-
...n..l..,...M ,1-1'lnK tlirt cnil pjinnnt. sun.
1US I'"!"""" " -
' -1 ' r and their capital
grinding against each other like tho upper
and neither mill stones with labor cheap
ened and displaced by now mechanical in
ventions, bursting moro asunder tho bonds
of brotherhood, amid these intricate perils
wo have ever given them our sympathy and
our prayers,and havo novcr tought to wea
ken tho foundations of their eot-ial order.
(Jod grant them complete success in tho
bolution of all their perplexities ! Wo too
have our responsibilities and our trials :
but they aro all bound up in this ono in
stitution, which has been tho object ofsuch
unrighteous assault through five and twen
ty years. If we are true to ourselves we
shall, at this critical juncture, stand by it
and work out sorao destiny.
The duty is bound upon us agaiu s tin
constituted guardians vj the slaves them
selves. Our lot is not moro implicated in
theirs thau is their lot in ours ; iu our mu
tual relations wc survive or perish togcth
Tho worst foes of tho black roco are
those who havo intermeddled on their bo
half. Wo know better than others that
every attribute of tbo character fits them . the guillotine in tho days of KouesI'Ikhrk
for dependenco and servitude. By nature j and .Mauat, which abolished tho Sab
tho most alTectionato and loyal of all raoes bath and worshipped reason in tho person
beneath tho sun, they aro also tho most of a harlot, yet survives to work other
helpless; and no calamity can befall them j horrors, of which thoso of tho French
creator than tho loss of that nrotectiou . revolution aro but tho typo. Among a
thoy enjoy under this patriarchal system.
Indeed tho experiment has been grandly
tried of precipitating them upon freedom
which thoy know not how to enjoy ; and
tho dismal results are before us iu statistics
that astonish tho world. With tho fairest j tho decrao has gono forth which strikes at
portions of tho earth iu their possessiou, God by striking at all subordination and
aud with tho advantage of a long discipliuo law. Availing itself of tho morbid and
as cultivators of iho soil, their coustitu- misdirected sympathies of men, it has en
tional indolence has converted tho most , trapped weakr consciences in tho meshes of
beautiful islands of tho sea into a howling
It is not too much to say that if tho
South should at this moment, surrender !
every slave, tbo wisdom of tho entire world j
united in solemn council, could not bolve
the question of their disposal. Transpor
tation to Africa, even if it wero feasible,
would bo but tho most refined oruelty ;
they would perish of starvation before they
could have time to relap-e into their primi
tive barbarism. Their residence here in
the presence of tho vigorous Saxou raoo
would bo but tliu sigu.tl lor their rapid cx
termination before they had time to wasto
hitv.tv throuifh listletsness, filth and vice.
Freedom would bo their doom ; and equal
ly from both they call upon us, their prov
iilnnti.il rmardiaiis. to bo protected. I
kuo.v this uruumeiit will bo seolfed abroad
a) tho hypocritical cover thrown over our
cjpidity and selfishness; but every South
ern master uuuiva
irutli unu leeta its
power. My servant whether born in my
house or bought with my money, stands to
me iu the relation of a child. Though
providentially owing mo service, which,
providentially, I am bound to exact, he is
nevertheless, my brother and my friend ;
and I am to him a guardian and a father,
lie leans upon mo for protection, for coun
sel and for blessing ; and so long as tho
relation continues no power, but the pow
er of Almighty God, shall come btrtween
him and me. Wero thero no argument
but this, it binds upon us tho providential
dutv of preserving thu relation that wo
may savo him from a doom worso thau
It is a duty which wo owe, further to tts
i Uilizcd uorld. It ii a remarkablo fact that
luring thoso thirty years ot unceasing war
fare against slavery, aud while a lying
spirit has inflamed the world against us,
that world has grown moro anu more no-
pendent upon it for sustonanco aud wealth.
Every tyro knows that a'l branches ot
industry fall back upon iho sou. e
must como, every ono of us, to tho bosom
nt ibis treat mother for uourishmcut. In
the happy paitncrship which has grown
up iu providenco between tlio triucs ot tins
confederacy, our indu-try has been con
ceutrated upon agriculture. To tho North
we havo cheerfully resigned all tho profits
arising from manufactures and commerce.
Thoso profits they havo, for tho most part,
fairly earned, and wo have never begrud
ged them. We havo sent them our sugar
and bought it back when refined; wo
havo scut them our cotton and bought it
back when spun into thread or woven into
cloth. Almost every articlo wo ue, from
tho shoo latchct to tho most elaborate aud
costly article of luxury, they havo mado
and wo havu bought ; and both sections
havo thriven by tho partnership, as no
peoplo evnr thrived before since tbo Grit
shining of tho s.uu.
So liti'rallv truo arc tho wordtoftho
text, addressed by Ubailiali to l.tloiu, ' prestrvt ana irummu our kbh,- .jci
"All tho nun of out cuntedorai y Ihamcul rtoutesti. seiviludc. intU l he nlit, un
that were at peace, win us, havo catou I thanked by man, to go and root xisilj
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 18G1.
our bread at tho very timo they havo do- wlicnvcr I'rovucnte and nature mat car
ceived and laid a wound under us." Even ' rj it. This trust wo will dischargo in the
beyond this tho enriching commerco J laco of tho worst possiblo peril. Though
which lias built tho uplcndid cities and
marblo palaces of England as well as of
America, has been largely established upon
tho products of our soil ; and tho blooms
upon Southern fields, gathered by black
bauds, havo fed tbo spindles and looms of
Manchester and Birmingham not less than
at Lawrence and Lowell. Strike now n
blow at this system of labor, and tho
world itself totters at the stroke. Shall wo
permit that blow to fall ? l)o wo not owo
it to civilized man to stand in the breach
and stay tho uplifted arm I If tho blind
Samson lays hold of tho pillars which
support tho arch of tho world's industry,
how many moro will bo buried beneath
its ruins than the lords of tho Philistines I
" Who knowcth whether we ore not coma
to tho kingdom for fnch a timo as this ?"
Last of all, iu this great struggle, tee
dtfend the cause uf God and religion.
The abolition spirit is undeniably atheistic.
The demon which erected its throno upon
peoplo so generally religious as tho Ame
ricans, a disguiso must be worn ; but it is
tho same old threadbare diguiso of tho
advocaoy of human rights. From a thou
sand Jaoobiu clubs here, as in France,
its treachery ; and now, at last, has seat-
cu ul8" tlrlU!" UI'U" l"u mruuo, emu m
tbo black garments of discord and schism,
so symbolic of its ends. Under this spe- i
V- t. .1.- .1 -1 .l I
cious cry of reform it demands that every
evil shall bo corrected or society become
a wreck tho sun must be s.iicken from
tho heavens if a spot is found on his
Tho Most High, knowing His own pow
er, which is iufiuito, and His own wisdom,
which is unfathomable, can afford to be
patient. For these self-constituted re
formers must quicken tho activity of Je.
bovah or compel his abdication. In their ,
furious haste they trample upou obligations
sacred as any which can bind the con- ,
science. It is timo to rcproduco tho ob-
soleto idea that Providence must govern
niau, and not that man suoultl control
Providence. Iu the imperfect state of hu-
mnn Kfinllt.v. it nleascs God to allow CVlls
( ,... i. wiui u utu uiBiner. a
in the physical world, objects are moved
forward, not by a single forca, but by tho
composition of forces ; so in his moral ad-
ministration, there aro checks and bal-
ances whoso intimata relations aro com-
prchended only by himself. But what
reck they of this theso fierce zoalots who
undertake to drive tho chariot of tin) sun ?.
working out tho singlo and falso idea which
rides them liko a nightmare, they dash
athwart the sphores utterly disregarding
tlio delicate mechanism of Providence ;
which moves on, wheels within wheels,
with pivots and balances and springs,
which tho great designer alono can con-
This spirit of atheism, which knows no
n...t .i.,rn.OJ ;i r, UitnV wliir i
sanctions law, and no conscience that can
bo bound by oaths and covenants, ha, sc-
lectod UJ for its victinis.and slavery for its
iciin i T4 n.miicr crv rmira oul mruauv
upon tho air "liberty, equality," frater-
nitv. which simnlv interpreted means
bondage, confiscation and massaerc. With
its tri color waving iu the breeze, it waits
to inaugurate its reign of terror. To tho
South the high position is assigned of do
fending, beforo all nations, tho cause of
religion aud of all truth. In this trust
wo are resisting tho power which wars a
gainst constitutions and laws aud com
pacts, against Sabbaths and sauetuanes,
against tho family, tlio Btato anu inc ttetcruuuea resistance .tt mm lavimm -fthurch
: which bla-phomously Invades tho pends tho salvation of tho wholo eountry
prerogatives of God, aud rebukes tho Most
High for tho errors of his administration,
which, if wo caunot snatch tho rtitis of
empire from his grasp, will lay tho uni
verse in ruins at his feet. Is It possiblo
that wo shall decline the onset f .
This argument, then, which sweeps over
tho entire circle of our relations, touches
tbo four cardiual points of duty ta our
selves, t) our sluvis, to tlie u-o) Ul, and lo
Almighty O'od. It cstablisbci the naturo
nnd solemnity of our present trust, to
war be tho aggregation of all evils, yet,
should tho madness of tho hour appeal to
tbo arbitration of tho swords, wo will not
shrink even from tho baptism of fire. If
modern crusaders stand in serried ranks
upon some plain of Esdralon, there shall
wo be iu defenco of our trust. Not till
tho last mau has fallen behind tho last
rampart, shall it drop from our hands;
and then only iu surrender to tho Qod
who gave it.
As it appears to tnc, the couno to lo
pursued in this amorgency ia that which
has already been inaugurated. Let the
peoplo m all the Southern Statos, in scl
einu counsel assemble, reclaim tho powora
thoy have delegated. Let thoso convcu
tions bo composed of men whoso fidelity
has been approved men who bring tho
wisdom, cxperienco and firmness of tho ago
to support and anuouuee principles which
have long been matured. Let theso con
ventions decido firmly and solemnly what
thoy will do with this great trust commit
ted to their hands. Let them rilcdiro
each other iu solemn covenant, to uphold
and perpetuate what they cannot resign
without dishonor and palpablo ruin. Lot
them further, take all tho steps looking to
sepcrato an independent oxistenco ; and
initiate measures for a new and kotnogen
cous confederacy. Thus, prepared for
every contingency, lot tho crisis come.
Paradoxical us it may seem, if thcro be
any way to savo, or rather reconstruct,the
Union of our forefathers, it is this.
Perhaps, at tho last moment, tho con
servative portion of tho North may awake
to see the abyss into which they aio obout
, - . .. . .
to piuiigo- rcrcuanco tnoy may arise ami
crush out forever the Abolition hydra,
aud cast it into a grave from which there
shall never bo a resurrection
Thus, witli restored confidence, we may
bo rejoined a united aud happy people.
But beforo God, I believe that nothing will
effect this but the lino of policy which the
South has been compelled in self-preser
vation to adopt. I coufess frankly I am
not sanguino that such an auspicious result
will bo reached. Partly boeauso I do not
sco how new guarantees aro to be grafted
upon tho Constitution, nor how, if grafted
thoy can be moro binding than thoso which
have already been trampled undsr foot
butchicfly becauso I do not seo how such
guarantees can bo elided from tho porplo
at tho orth. It cannot be disguised that
almost to a man, thoy aro anti-slavery
rlnrn ftinv nrn Tint ftlinlilirtn X "I.-I-
eencration has been educated to look upon
tho system with abhorrence as a national
blot. They hope, and look, and pray for
its extinction within a reasonable time,
and cannot bo satisfied unless things aro
1 seen drawing to that eonclusion. Wo, on
tho contrary, as its constituted guardian,
can demand nothing less than that it should
bo left open to expansion subject to no
limitations savo thoso imposed by God and
, nature. I fear tho antagonism is to great,
1 and tne conscience of both parties too
1 deeply implicated to allow such a compo-
1 sitiou of the strife. Nevertheless, sinoo it
1 is within the rango of possibility in tho
Providence of God, I would not shut out
Should it fail, what remains but that wo
sav to each other, calmly and Kinuiy.wuai,
Abraham said to Lot :--l.ct thcro be no
strife, I pray thee, between mo and thee,
and between my herdmon and thy herd -
i iiiuuttvs, . - -
land before thee? Separate thyself, I
pray thco, from me if thou ivilt take tho
j left baud then I will go to tho right." "or if
.thou depart to the right hand, then I will
goto tho left," Thus ir we cannot save tuo
Uuion, wo uiaj savo tho iuestimablo bles
sings it enshrines; if wo caunot possoss
thovaso, we will preservo tho precious li
quor it contains.
Iu all this I speak for the North no less
than for tho South ; for on our uuited and
in saving ourselves wo shall savo tho North
from tho ruin sho is madly drawing down
upon her head.
Tho position of tbo South U at this mo
ment sublime If sho has graeo given
her to know her honr sho will savo herelf
the country aud tho world. It will involvo
indeod temporary prostration nnd distress;
tho dykes of Holland must ba cut to save
Imr from tho troops of PlIILLIP. But I
warn my couutrymeu, tho historic moment
onco passed never return? It sho
aric in her majesty mid speak now
with thu voice oi one man, sho w 11
ba-k for nil tuii", tho curse that is
lmr. If elm succumbs now, alio transmits
that curso as an heirloom to posterity.
We may, for n generation, enjoy com
parative ease, gather up our foot In our
beds, an dio in peace ; but our ohildrci
will go forth beggard from tho homes oi
their fathers. Fisherman will oast their
nets wbero your proud commercial navy
now rides at anchor, and dry them upon
the shore now covered with your balas of
merchandize. Sapped, circumvented, un
derminded, tho institutions of our soil will
bo overthrown ; and,within fivo and twen
ty years, tbo history of St Domingo will
bo the rcoord of Louisiana. If dead men's)
bones can tremble, ours will movo under
tho muttered curses of sons and daughters)
denouncing the blindncsj aud lovo of caju
which havulcft thorn an inhcritaneoof woe;
I have done my duty undor as doep a
senso of responsibility to God and man a.s
I hare ever felt. Under a full oonviction
that tho salvation of tho wholo cotntry is
depending upon the action of tho South, I
am impelled to deepen the ecntimont of
resistance in tho Southern mind, and to
strengthen tho current now flowing towards
a union of tho South in defenco of her
chartered rights. It is o duty which I
shall not bo recalled to repeat, for such
awful junctures do not occur twico in a ocn
tury. Bright and happy days aro yot beforo
us, aud beforo another political earthquako
shall shako tho continent, I hopo to bo
"wbero tbo wicked ceaso from troubling
and tho woafy aro at rost."
It only remains to say, that whatever
bo the fortunes of tho South, I accept them
ror my own. Horn upon her soil, of a fa
ther thns born beforo nic from &n anoos
try that thus occupied it whilo it was yet
a part of England's possessions sho is iu
every senso my mother. I shall dio upon
her bosom she shall know no poril but it
is my peril no conflict but it is my con
flict and no abyss" of ruin into wluoh I
shall not sharo her fall. May tho Lord
God cover her head in this hor day of
Prettv Wome.v. A pretty -woman li
liko the "institutions" of tho oountry an
angel in dry goods and glory. Sha mako?
suubhiuc,bluc sky and happiness wherover
sha goes. Her path is ono of delicious
rosos, perfumes and beauty, Sha Is a
poem written in raro curls ond ehoieo
calico and good principles. Her words
float around tho ear liko music, birds of
Paradise, or tbo chimo of Sabbath bell.
Without l er, society would loso its trnost
attractions ; the church its Inmost reliance,
aid young men tho very best of comforts
osity restrain tho vicious, strengthen tho
weak, raiss the lowly, flannel clu'rl tho
hcathon, and strengthen tho faint heart.
Wherever you find tho virtuous woman,
you also find Dresido bouquets, clean
clothes, order, good living, gentle hearts,
music, right and model institutions gener
ally. She is tho flower of humility, tho
very Venus in diviuity, and her inspira
tion is the very breath of heaven.
Oili.io Lkatukii. Tho Scijntifia
America says that oils should not bo ap-
plied to dry leather, as thoy inevitably
injure it. If you wish to oil a harnesj,
it over uigut, cover it witn a blanKet,
auu in tuu mo. mug it m uu ur n.iu
turph) ; then apply Neat's foot oil in small
' """""i .i"" """""" b' "
will insure Us disseminating .tsclf
throughout the leather A .oft, pliant
, barness easy o handlo.and lasts longer
than a iicclcctod ono. Novcr uso vogeta-
bio oils on leather, aud among animal
oils, Neat's foot is tho best.
Fort Mooltiuk. Fort Moultrio was
defended by four hundred and saventy-
fivo men in tho American Kovolution. In
I nullification times, under President Jack
1 son, it contained eight hundred men ; but
now, when it should be made imprcgnablo,
the galLtnt commander had only eixty
four men to protect it.agaiust tho assaults
of an extited and hostile state.
A little boy fell into tho river a few
days since, barely' escaping drowning.
When aiked by his mother what he was.
thinking about while in tho water, ho said
he thought to "furnish an item ftr tlw
A utile ragged fellow, whom a bonov
olcnt lady was fitting out with a suit of
second-hand clothes objocMd to tha dona
tion, becauso there was uo watch pocket in
If som i pcrsous wero to bestow ouo half
of tlin'r lortuuo m le'trning how to spend
tne other half it would bo mousy extrumo
ly will l.d out